• L’invention du colonialisme vert
    Pour en finir avec le mythe de l’Éden africain
    de Guillaume Blanc

    Lu ce #livre pas mal du tout

    L’histoire débute à la fin du XIXe siècle. Persuadés d’avoir retrouvé en #Afrique la #nature disparue en Europe, les #colons créent les premiers #parcs_naturels du continent, du Congo jusqu’en Afrique du Sud. Puis, au lendemain des années 1960, les anciens administrateurs coloniaux se reconvertissent en #experts_internationaux. Il faudrait sauver l’Éden ! Mais cette Afrique n’existe pas. Il n’y a pas de vastes territoires vierges de présence humaine, et arpentés seulement par ces hordes d’animaux sauvages qui font le bonheur des safaris touristiques. Il y a des peuples, qui circulent depuis des millénaires, ont fait souche, sont devenus éleveurs ici ou cultivateurs là. Pourtant, ces hommes, ces femmes et enfants seront – et sont encore – expulsés par milliers des parcs naturels africains, où ils subissent aujourd’hui la violence quotidienne des éco-gardes soutenus par l’#Unesco, le #WWF et tant d’autres ONG.
    Convoquant archives inédites et récits de vie, ce livre met au jour les contradictions des pays développés qui détruisent chez eux la nature qu’ils croient protéger là-bas, prolongeant, avec une stupéfiante bonne conscience, le schème d’un nouveau genre de #colonialisme : le colonialisme vert.

    Guillaume Blanc parle de « conservationnistes » (exploiter les ressources naturelles, mais sans les épuiser) mais selon Thierry Paquot il serait plutôt question de « préservationnistes » (protéger des territoires de toute activité humaine)

  • Palestinian volunteers help olive harvesters in ways the Palestinian Authority can’t
    Amira Hass | Oct. 23, 2020 | 10:49 AM | Haaretz.com

    In dozens of villages, the harvest has become life-threatening, and Israel prevents Palestinian security forces from protecting farmers. Volunteers have fill the vacuum – but settler violence isn’t limited to three weeks a year

    Volunteers with the Palestinian group Faz3a, whose members accompany olive harvesters to protect them from attacks by settlers, fill a vacuum. It’s a vacuum that the Palestinian Authority’s security forces never could fill in the West Bank’s areas B and C, where the Oslo Accords bar them from operating.

    Tens of thousands of Palestinian youths train in martial arts and the use of weapons for recruitment to the Palestinian security forces, including the police. Under the agreements with Israel, they must help the Shin Bet security service and the army monitor Palestinians, arrest and interrogate them.

    They’re expected to avert any harm to Israeli citizens. But they’re barred from protecting Palestinian civilians against attacks by thugs who are Israeli citizens.

    All the PA can do is “condemn” the violence. Its security agencies may pass the complaints of the assaulted Palestinians to the Israeli police (before coordination was halted in May), and write down the details of the assaults.

    At the beginning of the month, Palestinian media outlets reported on the establishment of the group Faz3a for the 2020 olive harvest. They quoted one of its founders, Mohammed al-Khatib of Bil’in, as saying that faza’a – Arabic for a response or a call for help during a war – is a Palestinian tradition of coming to the rescue of the masses in times of trouble.

    Faza’a operations in 1948 are etched in the Palestinian collective memory, when residents of Palestinian villages gathered their guns from their hideouts and went out to help the organized Palestinian fighters in the fighting against the armed members of the Jewish community.

    Olive harvesting isn’t just any seasonal farming or source of income. It’s a cultural, multigenerational and festive family event that everyone eagerly awaits. Entire families take part, young and old alike, and the process is a skill taught by the grandparents.

    But in dozens of villages in the West Bank, the olive harvest, and agriculture in general, have become dangerous activities, even life-threatening, due to the proximity of the ever-spreading outposts and the settlements that spawn these outposts. Settler violence and the Israeli authorities’ refusal to stop it have had a chilling effect: Not everyone dares to take the risk, not everyone wants to bring the women and children along, for fear of putting them in harm’s way.

    Year-round violence

    Unlike the faza’a of 1948, the volunteers today have no weapons, only determination, courage and political awareness. They know that an abandonment of the farmers and villages contributes to social disintegration.

    Khatib was among the founders of the coordinating committee of popular resistance against Israel’s separation barrier in the early 2000s and was arrested for this, stood trial and went to prison. If we wish to draw any conclusions from his past, the volunteers take into account the possibility that the army will arrest them. When it comes to Palestinians, even self-defense can be considered a crime in Israel and reason for arrest.

    Faz3a says about 200 volunteers have joined so far, and they are expecting to work for around three weeks until the harvest is over. But the violence isn’t seasonal. It’s a problem year-round, and the Palestinian farmers stand alone in the battle, as if it were a personal problem, not one of Israel’s direct and indirect methods of shrinking the Palestinian space.

    The violence during the olive harvest is only one of many Israeli measures that have had a chilling effect or killed the joy of farming. In some regions the army routinely denies Palestinians access to their land “to prevent any friction” with violent settlers, except for three times a year, a few days each time: to plant, plow and harvest grain crops, and for the trees, to harvest, trim and plow.

    These farmers have had to give up on the custom of growing vegetables among the trees for private consumption or small-scale marketing. Ten or even 20 days of access a year aren’t enough, though some owners of land beyond the separation barrier have turned, against their will, into 10-day-per-year farmers.

    An example of this can be seen in villages like Biddu and Beit Ijza, whose orchards are surrounded and cordoned off by the large Israeli-only expanse that the settlements of Givat Ze’ev and Givon have created.

    “At one time the orchards were a place for the entire family to relax on Fridays,” a resident of Biddu said while waiting for soldiers to open a gate for the villagers to get to their land. “We would come to work here a few times a week. Now accessing the area is like visiting a prisoner in jail.”

    Fewer permits allotted

    Thousands of Palestinian families own tens of thousands of dunams of fertile agricultural land that has been imprisoned beyond the Israeli separation barrier. The barrier has 74 gates that allow farmers to pass through to reach their land. Forty-six of them are defined as “seasonal” and are opened only a few days a year. Twenty-eight are supposed to open every day or at least three times a week.

    The soldiers arrive, open and shut the gates a short time later, three times a day. Since the barrier was built, Israel has gradually stiffened its terms for obtaining a permit to access farmland. The number of permits has decreased, and thus, so has the number of family members reaching the orchards. Young people in particular show less and less interest in enduring the hassle.

    Each permit is issued only after a run-around from one Israeli Civil Administration office to another. The shortage of working hands is noticeable in the number of thornbushes among the trees, as well as in the decayed leaves and unpicked fruit. Sometimes farmers must go through a gate quite a distance away and then get to their plots on foot, because not everyone receives a permit to enter with a tractor or a donkey and wagon.

    Beyond the fixed opening time of the gates, the farmers have no control over what happens on their land. Harvested crops and equipment are stolen. Garbage gets dumped there. There are fires, whether due to negligence or a stun grenade or tear gas canister shot by a soldier; the Palestinian farmers depend on the Israeli firefighters’ goodwill to put out these blazes.

    Here the Faz3a volunteers can’t be helpful. Though it’s public and private Palestinian land, part of the West Bank, they are barred from reaching it. Only Israelis and foreign tourists may freely access this Palestinian land.

    The attitude of Palestinians to this situation falls somewhere between feeling a bit sorry for the Palestinian Authority to being angry and mocking it. “What can it do?” the farmers wonder when access to their land is blocked by settler violence or Civil Administration rules.

    Some people conclude from this state of helplessness that “they don’t even care there in the PA.” This is how Israel widens the gap and sense of alienation and distrust between the Palestinian citizen and a disabled Palestinian self-rule.

    #colons #olives

    • Settlers hurled rocks at the Palestinian farmer’s head. His age didn’t deter them
      Gideon Levy, Alex Levac | Oct. 22, 2020 | Haaretz.com

      Settlers stoned and injured a 73-year-old Palestinian in his grove, others vandalized another farmer’s 200 trees. A journey during the season of harvest – which is also clearly the season of settler violence

      At home on the outskirts of the West Bank village of Na’alin, an elderly farmer, Khalil Amira, is nursing a head wound he suffered when settlers stoned him while he harvested olives in his grove – in front of his daughter and grandchildren. About an hour’s drive south, in the village of Jab’a, two other aged farmers are lamenting the damage wrought to their olive trees by other thugs. And these are only three recent examples of the dozens of Palestinian harvesters who are being assaulted on their lands on an almost daily basis.

      It’s autumn, with its clouds and its howling wind, as the old Israeli song goes, and it’s also the season of the olive harvest – and with it settlers who go on a rampage every year at this time, across the West Bank. It’s not autumn if there’s no olive harvest, and there’s no olive harvest without settler rampages. And the start of this season bodes ill.

      Several weeks into the harvest, which began this year on October 5, the Yesh Din – Volunteers for Human Rights NGO has already documented 25 violent incidents, and no one apparently intends to put a stop to them. The police accept complaints and take down testimonies, but that seems to be the extent of their activity.

      According to Yesh Din, between 2005 and 2019, only 9 percent of the complaints filed by Palestinians over Israelis’ violence against them ended with the alleged perpetrators being brought to trial. Fully 82 percent of the cases were closed, including nearly all of the complaints about the destruction of olive trees.

      Amira is surrounded by family in his fine house in Na’alin, west of Ramallah. His head is bandaged, concealing 15 stitches; his family envelops him with concern and warmth. Since being wounded last week by a stone thrown at him by settlers, he’s returned to the hospital twice, because of possible intracranial bleeding. A working man of 73, Amira was employed for 20 years as a welder in the predominantly ultra-Orthodox city of Bnei Brak, in Israel; he also worked for years at Elco, an industrial conglomerate. His father left him, his two sisters and his six brothers 100 dunams (25 acres) of olive trees, which he has been cultivating since his retirement, after becoming ill with a heart ailment. He speaks Hebrew fluently, and he and his family are gracious hosts.

      Amira’s access to his land was cut off in 2008 by the construction of the West Bank separation barrier – a fate that befell many Palestinian farmers. Part of his property was also expropriated for the establishment of a settlement called Hashmona’im, which is on the other side of the barrier, yet another annexation-type stunt. Recently, settlers ruined the two wells that were his on land adjacent to Hashmona’im. They would descend into one of the wells with a ladder and wash themselves in it, contaminating the water. The settlers also made a breach in the fence that encircles Hashmona’im and dumped garbage and construction debris on another part of his land – the evidence is still there. Amira filed a complaint with the Binyamin District police, and the dumping stopped for a time, but it resumed last February. It was clear that the perpetrators of the recent assault on him also set out from Hashmona’im, even if they were not necessarily residents of the settlement.

      For 11 years, the farmer was unable to visit the land he owns, adjacent to the fence surrounding Hashmona’im – others were able to work it for him – until last fall, when he was able to harvest his olives with no interference. He wanted to do the same this year. The Israel Defense Forces allow him four days to pick olives – with advance coordination. Amira was supposed to start picking Monday last week, but because of a doctor’s appointment, he didn’t arrive until the following day.

      They set out early in the morning: Amira, his son Raad, 47, his daughter Halda, 35, and three young grandchildren. The IDF does not permit them to arrive at their lands by vehicle, so they had to walk about a kilometer from the gate in the separation fence. By about midday they had collected enough olives to fill a large sack. Raad hoisted a bag with half of the olives onto his shoulder and carried it to the gate, and then returned for the other half. Seeing that Raad was tired, his father told him he didn’t have to come back again.

      At 2:30 P.M., Amira hid the tools he had used in the grove, before his departure. When he returned from the hiding place, he saw that his daughter and grandchildren had already left. On his way to the gate he saw his grandson’s knapsack on the ground. He picked it up and continued to walk, when suddenly he heard shouts.

      In a nearby grove, he saw four masked young people throwing rocks at his nephew, Abd al-Haq, and his son, Yusuf, who were working there separately. Spotting Amira, the masked men began hurling rocks at him as well. The fact that he was elderly apparently made no impression on them. According to Amira, they had large rocks that they had brought with them. Otherwise, they were not armed and did not wield clubs. He tried to evade the onslaught but could not escape. At one point, he was struck on the left side of his head, and he collapsed to the ground. He doesn’t know how long he lay there, nor does he remember any more about the person who threw the rock that hit looked like.

      “They didn’t look like people to me, but devils,” he tells us now.

      Soldiers appeared out of nowhere and administered first aid. His wife and the three grandchildren, also arrived, and were distraught. Blood streamed from his head, and an army paramedic stanched the wound. The soldiers summoned an Israeli ambulance to meet them at Hashmona’im. Amira managed to walk with the aid of the soldiers, but the Druze guard at the settlement’s gate refused to allow any of them to enter.

      “Your dogs attacked me and you guard them and don’t let me in?” Amira said to him angrily, in Arabic.

      An IDF jeep arrived and took him to the Nili checkpoint, where he was transferred to a Palestinian ambulance and taken to the Ramallah Governmental Hospital. There Amira was stitched up and held for three days to check for possible intracranial bleeding. After he was released at the end of the week, however, he started to suffer from headaches and vomiting. He returned to the hospital this past Sunday, was checked and released again. He was still experiencing headaches and continuing to throw up this week when we visited.

      Amira tells us that he feels even more determined than he did before the incident. Of course he will return to his land, there’s no question, he asserts. It’s his property, no one is going to stop him. He has already filed a complaint with the police, and handed over an Israeli ID card that his nephew found at the site of the attack. It belongs to a Y.C., born in 2003, resident of Ganei Modi’in, a neighborhood in the ultra-Orthodox settlement of Modi’in Ilit.


      Mohammed Abu Subheiya, 63, a father of eight, is waiting next to his house in Jaba, north of Hebron. For 24 years he worked in Ashdod for Ashtrom, an Israeli construction company. Lately he’s been working in construction in Israel with other employers.

      In 1990, Abu Subheiya’s father planted 22 dunams of olive trees, which Abu Subheiya tends in his spare time.

      We walk with him down a precipitous, rock-strewn trail to his plot of land, which lies in the valley that runs between Jaba and the settlement of Bat Ayin, which gained notoriety in 2002 when a terrorist underground was uncovered there. Some of the settlers there are newly religious, including some from the Bratslav Hasidic sect. Bat Ayin is where the assailants of the Jaba groves come from.

      Abu Subheiya hadn’t visited his grove since early March, because of the coronavirus crisis, which forced him to remain in Israel and not go back and forth to the West Bank. At the beginning of October, the International Red Cross informed him that days had been set for him to harvest the trees in his grove, which lies in a danger zone because of the Bat Ayin settlers. Arriving there on October 4, he was stunned to see that only about half of the 48 trees he has here were still intact. The assailants had gone from tree to tree and sawed off the branches or uprooted the trunks completely. It will take five years for the damaged trees to recover and bear fruit again, he tells us.

      We walk from one tree to the next, examining their battered branches, and reflect on the malice of people who are capable of wreaking such destruction upon the fruit of the earth and upon those who work the land. An aroma of sage wafts from bushes along the edges of the grove. Across the way, the mobile homes of Bat Ayin are perched on the slope of a hill. Abu Subheiya says that when the settlers approach his land he flees in fear. After the incident early this month, he too filed a complaint with the police, at the station in the ultra-Orthodox settlement of Betar Ilit; some officers even came to see his grove, but since then he has heard nothing from them. Nor will he. Five years ago, settlers spread a chemical substance on the ground that poisoned 13 of his oldest trees, whose jagged trunks still stand as a silent monument in the grove.

      “They work very slowly,” he says of his attackers. “That’s their politics. To destroy slowly, every time somewhere else, so we will remain without olives.”

      We descend the hill on the other side of the village, opposite Betar Ilit. The road leading to the olive groves was demolished by the Israeli Civil Administration six years ago, because this is Area C (under full Israeli control). Access now is possible only in a 4x4 vehicle.

      “Why does a road bother anyone,” asks Abu Subheiya. “You want to take our land – take it. But why does a road bother anyone? We paved an asphalt road. They came and smashed it to bits.”

      We are now making our way on foot to the grove belonging to Khaled Mashalla, 69, on the lower slope of the steep valley. The remains of the ruined road are still evident under the dirt. Only the section near the village was demolished, the rest was left paved as it was.

      Last week, assailants came here, too, and uprooted dozens of trees; trunks and broken branches are strewn along the way. Mashalla estimates that he lost 220 trees. He’s an amiable, colorful man who works in the improvised parking lot at the Gevaot checkpoint for Palestinian laborers who cross into Israel, Together with his business partner, he takes 7 shekels ($2) protection money per car per day to guard it against theft. Plump and gleeful, he wears a tattered felt hat that he removes in a theatrical gesture to reveal his bald head. He and his brothers own 400 dunams of olive trees in the area.

      The vandalism occurred on the night between Tuesday and Wednesday of last week. The Bedouin who live on the edge of the village called Mashalla to say that they saw headlights in his grove that night. The next afternoon, when he got there after working at the checkpoint, he couldn’t believe his eyes. Dozens of branches had been sawed off. When we visit, we see that the younger trees were spared. They had been wrapped in plastic tubing, to protect them from the gazelles.

      #vandalisme #barbares

  •  » Illegal Israeli Colonists Burn 13 Palestinian Cars In Jerusalem
    August 17, 2020 12:33 PM - IMEMC News

    Many fanatic illegal Israeli colonists burnt, on Monday at dawn, thirteen Palestinian cars, and wrote racist graffiti, in Beit Safa town, south of the occupied Palestinian capital, Jerusalem, in the West Bank.

    The colonists infiltrated the town at dawn, before setting thirteen Palestinian cars ablaze, while parked in front of their owners’ homes.

    The cars were completely burnt and destroyed. The Israeli assailants also wrote racist, anti-Palestinian graffiti, before fleeing the town.

    The attack is part of numerous and escalating Israeli violations against the Palestinians, their property, and their holy sites in several parts of the occupied West Bank, including Jerusalem.

    Israel’s colonies in the West Bank, including those in and around occupied East Jerusalem, are illegal under International Law, the Fourth Geneva Convention, in addition to various United Nations and Security Council resolutions.


  • Illegal Israeli Colonists Attack Shepherd, Unleash Their Dogs Toward Him Near Bethlehem
    December 20, 2019 – IMEMC News

    Many fanatic Israeli colonists, illegally squatting on Palestinian lands, attacked a Shepherd from Kisan village, east of the West Bank city of Bethlehem, and unleashed their dogs at him, causing various injuries.

    Ahmad Ghazal, the deputy mayor of Kisan Village Council, said the colonists came from the illegal Ibei Hanahal outpost, which was installed on stolen Palestinian lands, near the illegal Maali Amos colony.

    He added that the assailants attacked the farmer, Atallah Ibrahim Obeyyat, 53, causing many cuts and bruises, before unleashing their dogs toward him. The dogs also attacked and bit some of his sheep.

    The wounded farmer was transferred to Beit Jala Governmental hospital for treatment; he said the attack took place when the colonists invaded the Palestinian lands and started trying to force him out of the grazing lands.


  • Illegal Israeli Colonists Burn Two Palestinian Cars, Write Racist Graffiti, Near Nablus
    December 20, 2019 – IMEMC News

    A group of fanatic Israeli colonists, illegally squatting on private Palestinian lands burnt, on Friday at dawn, two Palestinian cars and wrote racist graffiti, in Far’ata village, west of Nablus, in the northern part of the occupied West Bank.

    Ghassan Daghlas, a Palestinian Authority official who monitors Israel’s illegal colonialist activities in northern West Bank, said the colonists infiltrated into the village and burnt two cars, owned by Saher Abdul-Rahim Hussein and his brother Tha’er.

    Daghlas added that the colonists also wrote racist, anti-Palestinian graffiti on several walls and cars in the village, before fleeing the area.

    The attacks are the latest in ongoing and escalating violations by groups of fanatic right-wing Israeli colonists targeting the Palestinians, their homes, lands and other property, in addition to holy sites, including graveyards.


  • Les olives amères de Palestine

    Chaque année, aux mois d’octobre et de novembre, a lieu la récolte des olives en Palestine. À l’occasion de la cueillette, la violence de certains colons israéliens à l’égard des paysan·nes redouble d’intensité. Pour protéger un tant soit peu les familles de ces agressions, des bénévoles de la terre entière viennent les assister. Cette saison, la violence a eu pour cible les bénévoles mêmes. Voici quelques éléments pour tenter de comprendre une situation très problématique. par Johanna Schreiner L’olive en (...) #Billets

  • Over 1 Million Settlers Living in 503 West Bank & East Jerusalem Settlements
    June 25, 2019 9:09 PM – IMEMC News

    Latest statistics show that the number of Israeli settlements, established on Palestinian lands in the occupied West Bank and East Jerusalem, has reached 503, of which 474 are located in the West Bank and 29 others in Jerusalem, says Hanna Issa, Secretary-General of the PA Islamic-Christian Council for Jerusalem and the Holy Places.

    Issa added, in a press statement on Monday, that the number of settlers residing in these settlements exceeds one million, indicating that “Peace Movement,” in Israel, says that settlement expansion on Palestinian lands in the West Bank is higher than population growth itself, in Israel. (...)


  • #AIPAC to host first settler leader at U.S. policy conference | The Jerusalem post

    ❝In what settlers hold is a historic first and a sign of the settlement movement’s growing acceptance among US Jewry, AIPAC has invited a representative of the YESHA Council to speak at its annual foreign policy forum in Washington DC later this month.

    The bi-partisan American Israel Public Affairs Committee is flying YESHA Council foreign envoy and Efrat Council head Oded Revivi to Washington to participate in a side panel at the conference called “Catch 67: The Left, The Right, and the Legacy of the 6-Day War.”

    #colons #voleurs #sionisme #etats-unis #etat_voyou

  • 2 Israelis killed, 2 critically injured in shooting attack in Ramallah
    Dec. 13, 2018 11:50 A.M. (Updated: Dec. 13, 2018 12:30 P.M.)

    RAMALLAH (Ma’an) — Two Israeli soldiers were killed and another two critically injured in a shooting attack, reportedly carried out by Palestinians, east of al-Bireh City in the central occupied West Bank, on Thursday noon.

    Initial reports said that an armed Palestinian opened fire, from a passing vehicle, targeting a group of Israeli soldiers, who were setting up a flying checkpoint at the entrance of the illegal settlement of Ofra.

    The official Israeli army radio station reported that an armed Palestinian, who stepped out of his vehicle, opened fire towards Israelis, was shot.

    Earlier on Thursday, Israeli forces shot and killed a Palestinian who carried out a stabbing attack in Jerusalem, injuring two Israeli police officers.

    On predawn Thursday, Israel executed a Palestinian attack suspect while inside a house in a Nablus-area refugee camp.

    Israeli forces also killed a Palestinian, late Wednesday, who had carried out a shooting attack earlier this week.


  • #Kanaky, #Nouvelle-Calédonie & #RéférendumNC2018
    Quand les #Kanak votent, c’est pour l’indépendance

    OUI 94,5% NON 5,5% à #Belep (dont la population est quasi-exclusivement kanak), archipel situé au nord de la Grande Terre.
    OUI 89% NON 11% pour la commune de #Canala (côte est).
    OUI 84,2% NON 15,8% à #Ouvéa, ... Mais aussi un OUI majoritaire à Poum, Gomen, Poya, Sarramea, Thio, Pouebo, Hienghène, Touho, Ponerihouen, Houailou, Lifou, Yaté, l’Île des Pins, Kouaoua ...

    Sauf que la Kanaky est une #colonie de peuplement, les #peuples_autochtones y sont largement devenus minoritaires et nous, #colons, utilisons la #démocratie comme arme de protection du #colonialisme... et donc ce #referendum arrangé qui macère depuis des années, à coup d’injonction à la réconciliation et à l’oubli, a un goût d’imposture #caldoche.

    Il va surement y avoir des soulèvements, des révoltes, qui vont, forcément, être réprimées, pas tant par la police ou l’armée que par l’étouffoir des gens qui pensent #unité & #majorité plutôt que #pluralité & #consensus...

    Pour mieux comprendre les résultats du #ReferendumNC2018 La répartition ethnique de la population sur l’île :

    Lire ou relire pour s’éclairer :

    Kanaky, autodétermination : la longue patience du peuple kanak : http://www.cnt-f.org/urp/publications-cnt/autogestion-2-kanaky-autodetermination-la-longue-patience-du-peuple-kanak via #cnt

    Sur le Mouvement des Groupes Révolutionnaires Koutumiers Kanak (MGRK) : https://lundi.am/Sur-le-Mouvement-des-Groupes-Revolutionnaires-Koutumiers-Kanak-MGRK et Le noir vote blanc : https://lundi.am/Le-noir-vote-blanc via @lundimatin

    Nouvelle-Calédonie-Kanaky : le 4 novembre, un référendum « décolonial » ? : https://npa2009.org/actualite/politique/nouvelle-caledonie-kanaky-le-4-novembre-un-referendum-decolonial via #npa

    En Nouvelle-Calédonie, société en ébullition, décolonisation en suspens : https://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/2014/07/BENSA/50620 via @mdiplo [2014]

    ... et tout plein d’articles déjà recensés sur #SeenThis, avec en particulier les compilations précieuses de @sinehebdo : https://seenthis.net/recherche?recherche=Kanaky%2C%20Caledonie&follow=all

    Suivi sur twitter chez @ADecroissance (à qui j’ai piqué une partie de cette #recension) : https://twitter.com/ADecroissance/status/1059012326941249537
    Recherche : https://twitter.com/search?f=tweets&q=%23Kanaky%20OR%20%23NouvelleCal%C3%A9donie%20OR%20%23R%C3
    Suivi sur France O : https://la1ere.francetvinfo.fr/referendum-nouvelle-caledonie-emission-speciale-france-o-646022.
    Suivi sur France 1nfo : https://la1ere.francetvinfo.fr/nouvellecaledonie/caledoniens-aux-urnes-direct-numerique-645080.html

    Pour finir, un peu de musique : Proud to be Kanak par Waan, dans une #playlist #kaneka, le son traditionnel de l’#indépendance : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3GYg-IqKcS8&list=PL6UhI7omDFjitWcizhk95V-5yZXJqjJvB&index=113

    #autonomie #decolonialisme

    • Kanaky indépendante !
      Solidaires, le 6 novembre 2018

      A l’occasion du référendum organisé le 4 novembre, le peuple Kanak a très largement confirmé sa volonté de mettre fin à la colonisation française et d’accéder à l’indépendance. Nous ne devons pas nous laisser tromper par la proclamation officielle d’une "victoire" du non à 56,4%. Ces chiffres masquent mal un des problèmes majeurs de ce scrutin, qui entame largement sa légitimité : la composition des corps électoraux a été faite de telle façon qu’une partie de la population kanak en a été de fait exclue.

      Car les résultats là où le peuple kanak vit majoritairement sont éloquents : 82,2% de « oui » dans la province des Îles et 77,5% dans celle du Nord (25,9%, dans la troisième province, celle du Sud).

      Y compris le résultat global, qui intègre donc le vote de milliers de personnes directement issues de la politique de peuplement de la colonie appliquée durant des années par l’Etat français, est très différent de ce que les sondages annonçaient : 19,37% d’abstentions et, parmi les votes exprimés, 43,6% pour l’accès à l’indépendance.

      Au-delà des choix tactiques et politiques autour de ce scrutin, le mouvement indépendantiste va poursuivre sa juste lutte pour le droit à l’autodétermination du peuple Kanak. Celui-ci est inaliénable.

      L’Union syndicale Solidaires n’est pas une organisation de Kanaky et ne prétend nullement agir à la place des femmes et hommes de Kanaky, « dans les usines et dans les tribus » pour reprendre l’expression de nos camarades de l’USTKE. Prolongeant notre engagement anticolonialiste, qui est celui d’une partie du mouvement syndical français, notre rôle est d’informer sur la réalité coloniale, de soutenir celles et ceux qui luttent pour leur indépendance, d’être solidaires contre la répression.

      Voilà à quoi nous nous attèlerons dans les mois qui viennent, avec toutes les forces syndicales, associatives et politiques actives en France qui partagent cet engagement.

  • Palestinians in Jerusalem demolish own homes rather than see Israelis move in | Reuters

    Two Palestinian families on Thursday demolished the homes they had lived in for nearly two decades, saying they would rather destroy them than face the prospect of Israeli settlers moving in.

    #vol #voleurs #colons #Israel#villa_dans_la_jungle#Palestine

  • « #Terrorisme agricole » : comment les #colons israéliens détruisent les cultures palestiniennes | Middle East Eye

    HÉBRON, Cisjordanie occupée – Ce mardi matin-là, Maher Karaje, 50 ans, est parti s’occuper de son vignoble, comme presque tous les jours depuis des décennies, et il s’est retrouvé dans un cimetière. 

    Suspendues aux treilles construites par Karaje et son frère, les 450 pieds de vigne présentaient le tronc tailladé. Il n’a pas fallu plus de quatre jours pour que les ceps, seul moyen de subsistance de Karaje, se dessèchent.

    « J’étais aussi abattu que si j’avais perdu un enfant », confie Karaje à Middle East Eye, sous la canopée des vignes maintenant jaunies et flétries, en bordure de la route principale de la ville de Halhoul (sud de la Cisjordanie), au nord d’Hébron. 

    « Ces vignes, c’était toute ma vie. Je les ai arrosées et j’ai pris soin d’elles tous les jours depuis des années, et maintenant tout est fichu ».

    Le raid du 22 mai sur les vignes de Karaje a été mené une semaine seulement après une attaque étrangement similaire dans le village voisin de Beit Hanoun, où 400 vignes ont été dévastées, à quelques centaines de mètres du vignoble de Karaje, pris entre deux grandes colonies israéliennes. 

    À Beit Hanoun, un graffiti en hébreu près du vignoble détruit menaçait : « Nous irons vous chercher partout ». Karaje a trouvé un message identique, écrit à la bombe de peinture sur ses terres.


  • Des milliers d’Australiens manifestent contre la « Journée de l’invasion » - L’Express Styles

    Des dizaines de milliers de manifestants ont défilé à travers l’#Australie vendredi contre la #fête_nationale commémorant l’arrivée des premiers #colons_britanniques en 1788, fête qu’ils considèrent comme une insulte aux populations indigènes.

    #aborigènes #peuples_autochtones #colonisation #manifestation

  • Ces #Colonies israéliennes financées par la galaxie Trump

    Yael Ben-Yashar à #Beit_El le 7 février 2017. © Anthony Lesme Ces dernières années, la famille du gendre de #Donald_Trump, l’ambassadeur en #Israël nommé par le président américain ainsi que le milliardaire lui-même ont versé des centaines de milliers de dollars à des colonies juives en #Cisjordanie.

    #International #Alon_Shvut #Benjamin_Netanyahou #colons #David_Friedman #Jared_Kushner #Moyen-Orient

  • #Issa_Amro : « Israël sombre dans la folie »

    Issa Amro © Mondoweiss Poursuivi en justice par l’armée israélienne, l’activiste palestinien non violent Issa Amro dénonce la droitisation du gouvernement Netanyahou et la dégradation des conditions de vie pour les Palestiniens à #Hébron. Il déplore également l’inertie d’un #Mahmoud_Abbas et d’un Fatah vieillissants.

    #International #colons #Israël #Moyen-Orient #Non_violence #Palestine #résistance

  • A #Amona, les #colons israéliens n’ont « aucune intention de partir »

    En dépit des tentatives du gouvernement israélien pour éviter sa démolition, l’avant-poste illégal d’Amona, construit en 1996 sur des terres palestiniennes, doit être évacué d’ici au 25 décembre prochain.

    #International #Benjamin_Netanyahou #Cisjordanie #Colonies #Israël #Justice #palestiniens #Proche-Orient

    • Bon finalement j’ai flingué ma soirée de travail pour regarder les deux parties... Rien de nouveau après deux fois 52 minutes, on comprend peut-être que les gouvernements israéliens (qui feignent d’avoir perdu le contrôle de la colonisation, c’est la bonne blague de ce docu) se servent de ces dangereux psychopathes pour faire le sale boulot.


    • « Les colons », un documentaire d’Arte
      De braves gens qui font de mauvaises choses ?

      Mardi 27 septembre 2016, Arte diffuse Les Colons, documentaire en deux parties du réalisateur israélien Shimon Dotan. Il a voulu avec ce film proposer une « exploration en profondeur » de ceux qui incarnent la politique de colonisation et exercent de ce fait une influence déterminante dans la non-résolution du conflit israélo-palestinien. Décryptage.

      — Êtes-vous un colon ?
      — Colon ? Habitant…
      — Quelle est la différence ?
      — C’est une question de sémantique, uniquement.
      — Quelle est la différence sémantique entre les deux ?
      — Un colon, c’est quelqu’un qui s’installe sur une terre qui ne lui appartient pas. Un habitant, lui, revient s’installer sur la terre de ses ancêtres.
      — Alors, comment vous considérez-vous ?
      — Vous avez raison… Un instant… On peut recommencer ?

    • Si la politique d’apartheid est clairement exposée, avec ses routes réservées aux colons, le(s) mur(s) et la spoliation des terres palestiniennes, il n’en reste pas moins que le spectateur peu au fait risque d’en retirer l’impression que l’État d’Israël, impuissant, n’en finit pas de devoir gérer à son corps défendant une politique agressive du fait accompli. Comme si s’interroger sur les profils, les motivations, l’argumentaire et la vie des colons faisait disparaître la question centrale du fait colonial israélien, qui est à la fois une politique assumée et la première des violences. Celle qui tout à la fois légitime, autorise, finance (très généreusement) et justifie chacun des actes de ces « fous de Dieu », dont Shimon Dotan dit pourtant que « ce sont de braves gens qui font de mauvaises choses », dans un entretien au journal Haaretz. Néanmoins ne grinçons pas des dents, ne crachons pas dans la soupe : le récit historique comme les portraits de ces femmes et de ces hommes aux sourires angéliques valent tout de même bien deux fois 52 minutes de notre attention.
      Françoise Feugas

    • La face cachée du « modèle » qui fascine la France. #Israël ou la religion de la #sécurité, par Gideon Levy (octobre 2016)

      Après les attentats qui ont ensanglanté la France, de nombreux responsables politiques ont érigé en modèle la gestion par Tel-Aviv des questions de sécurité. Au risque d’en taire les effets pervers sur les plans politique, économique et social. Dans la société israélienne comme dans les territoires occupés, la réponse militaro-policière au terrorisme a montré ses limites.
      On considère souvent Israël comme l’un des États les plus religieux du monde ; il l’est encore plus qu’on ne l’imagine. Ici, religion et État ne font qu’un. L’orthodoxie juive accompagne les citoyens de la naissance à la mort, qu’ils soient croyants, agnostiques ou athées. Mais, comme si cela ne suffisait pas, un second dogme encadre la vie des Israéliens : celui de la sécurité. À chaque étape de leur vie, il leur impose ses règles implacables.

      Cette religion-là repose sur la croyance qu’Israël vivrait sous une menace perpétuelle — conviction qui repose sur une certaine lecture de la réalité, mais qui se nourrit également de mythes méticuleusement entretenus. Nos gouvernants orchestrent ainsi des campagnes de peur. Ils exagèrent les dangers réels, en inventent d’autres et alimentent l’idée que nous serions victimes de persécutions constantes. Et cela dure depuis la création de l’État.

      Pendant la guerre de 1948, au lendemain de la Shoah, une telle attitude se justifiait sans doute : les Israéliens ne se percevaient-ils pas tel David face à Goliath ? Mais, depuis, le pays s’est hissé au rang de puissance régionale solide. Notre armée compte parmi les plus puissantes de la planète et dispose d’un arsenal technologique sophistiqué. La croyance demeure néanmoins : Israël lutterait pour sa « survie », même s’il se mesure à des organisations dont les membres marchent quasiment pieds nus, comme le Hamas ; même si, à part l’Iran, aucun État puissant ne l’a placé dans sa ligne de mire ; et même si ce sont nos troupes qui mènent des opérations d’occupation. La recette n’est pas neuve, ni propre à notre pays : réelle ou fictive, la menace extérieure justifie l’« union nationale » et l’emprise de l’État sur la population.

  • 60,000 American Jews live in the West Bank, new study reveals
    Scholar Sara Yael Hirschhorn calls group ’strikingly over-represented’ in settler movement.
    By Judy Maltz | Aug. 27, 2015 | 10:42 PM |

    Speaking at the first of a two-day Limmud event in Jerusalem, [Oxford University scholar Sara] Hirschhorn noted that the main focus of her research has been American Jews who immigrated to Israel in the 1960s and 1970s and became active in the settlement movement. She said her findings disputed many of the widely held presumptions about this group, namely that these immigrants had been unsuccessful back home and came to Israel for lack of any other alternative, that they were very Orthodox and supported right-wing causes in America.

    “In fact, these assumptions are patently false,” said Hirschhorn, who serves as the University Research Lecturer and Sidney Brichto Fellow in Israel Studies at the University of Oxford. “What my studies reveal is that they were young, single, highly-educated – something like 10 percent of American settlers in the occupied territories hold PhDs, they’re upwardly mobile, they’re traditional but not necessarily Orthodox in their religious practice, and most importantly, they were politically active in the leftist social movements in the U.S. in the 1960s and 70s and voted for the Democratic Party prior to their immigration to Israel.”

    #sionisme #messianisme #colons #colonisation #Palestine

  • On a déjà parlé ici du village palestinien (bédouin) de Susya, en Cisjordanie, menacé de destruction totale (une partie a déjà été détruite depuis les années 1980) et d’expulsion par l’armée israélienne, harcelés (et parfois assassinés) par les colons, de la résistance de sa population, du soutien international, de la pétition (tiens, je vous la renvoie à tout hasard : https://www.change.org/p/monsieur-laurent-fabius-savesusiya-stoppons-l-expulsion )...

    On m’envoie un petit documentaire d’un quart d’heure, qui date de 2011 et qui montre l’absurdité de la situation : le prétexte à l’expulsion des Palestiniens est la présence de ruines juives du 5ème siècle. Encore un exemple où la recherche « scientifique » archéologique n’est qu’un prétexte au service d’une politique raciste et brutale. Les ruines archéologiques se visitent, et les anciens propriétaires palestiniens doivent donc payer un ticket pour voir leur propre maison, 25 ans après en avoir été expulsés :

    Susya (Dani Rosenberg, Yoav Gross, 2011, 15’)

    Et dire que les habitants de Susya sont expulsés par des Juifs européens, au nom de leurs ancêtres qui sont en fait probablement ceux de ceux qu’ils expulsent, convertis entre temps à l’Islam ! On dirait une tragédie greque...

    #Palestine #Susya #Bédouins #Expulsions #villages_détruits #colons #documentaire #archéologie

  • Nine more Jewish families take over Silwan homes in dead of night | +972 Magazine


    If settling Jews beyond the Green Line in Palestinian East Jerusalem is legitimate, why are organizations sneaking in settlers in the middle of the night?

    Nine Jewish Israeli families took over two empty buildings in the Palestinian neighborhood of Silwan in East Jerusalem overnight Sunday. According to the NGO Ir Amim, the families took control over 10 housing units in two buildings in the heart of Silwan. They moved in under the auspices of Ateret Cohanim, a settler organization based in the Muslim quarter of the Old City that works to create a Jewish demographic majority in East Jerusalem.

    #israël #palstine #colonisation #silwan #occupation #colons

  • [Info-Palestine.eu] - Recruter pour aller tuer : la guerre à Gaza n’est pas uniquement israélienne

    Il n’y a pas à en sortir : les USA sont partenaires des #crimes israéliens à #Gaza et dans le reste de la Palestine. Sans un renversement complet de l’attitude étasunienne envers #Israël, les #États-Unis seront privés de toute crédibilité comme pacificateurs ou médiateurs de cessez-le-feu.

    Mais le soutien américain à Israël franchit de nouvelles lignes rouges. Il y aurait plus de 1.000 citoyens US combattant dans l’armée israélienne selon les rapports qui font maintenant surface suite à la mort de deux soldats israélo-américains - Max Steinberg, 24 ans, de Californie et Nissim Sean Carmeli, 21 ans, du Texas.

    Comme le reste des soldats des FDI tués dans les récents combats, ils ont été tués en envahissant des parties de la bande de Gaza assiégée. Mais ce nombre doit être une litote puisque certains des #colons juifs les plus ardents sont aussi des Américains, et il se trouve qu’ils sont armés et dangereux. Bien que cela suscite un peu de bourdonnement médiatique, il n’y a pas de crise politique. Au lieu de cela, on se contente de présenter des condoléances aux familles des Américains menant la guerre génocidaire contre Gaza.

    Les États-Unis ne sont pas seuls en cause. Des gouvernement européens étalent une #hypocrisie incroyable en continuant de parler un #double_langage dans leurs approches des conflits au #Moyen-Orient en général, et de la situation en #Palestine en particulier.


    ...non seulement les gouvernements occidentaux fournissent à Israël des armes, des fonds et une couverture politique pour soutenir son occupation et ses guerres, mais ils y contribuent aussi avec des milliers d’experts militaires et d’équipements sur le terrain pour combattre à Gaza, où crimes de guerre et crimes contre l’humanité sont perpétrés à chaque heure du jour.

    Considérez donc ceci : alors que des citoyens britanniques combattant le gouvernement syrien de Bashar al-Assad sont détenus et persécutés, les citoyens britanniques qui se battent pour Israël ne le sont pas. Le gouvernement britannique détourne les yeux de ce qui devrait être considéré comme un acte criminel.

    L’hypocrisie occidentale est à cet égard est aussi profonde que le phénomène des Occidentaux tueurs de Palestiniens, que certains appellent maintenant des #djhadistes israéliens.

    La #Belgique elle aussi est accusée de tolérer une telle criminalité. Alors que la société belge est une des plus ferventes partisanes de la Palestine, son gouvernement est d’une malhonnêteté manifeste. Pas mal de citoyens belges prennent part également aux guerres meurtrières à Gaza et à l’occupation du territoire occupé, suscitant peu ou pas du tout de protestation de leur gouvernement.

    #Union_européenne #France #Israel

  • Settlers torch cars in #west_bank after Israelis detained for attempted attack

    A Palestinian man speaks on his mobile phone as he looks at his destroyed vehicle in the village of Madama, on January 8, 2014. (Photo: AFP - Jaafar Ashtiyeh)

    #israeli_settlers torched two Palestinian cars in the West Bank on Wednesday, in an apparent revenge attack a day after Palestinian villagers briefly detained a group of settlers for trying to attack them and their property. Ghassan Daghlas, a Palestinian official who monitors settlement activity, told Ma’an news agency that a group of masked settlers exited a car by a bypass road near Nablus and set fire to the vehicles. read (...)

    #Israel #Palestine #Top_News

  • Des soldats sur le toit , un documentaire d’Esther Hertog (2013)

    A l’occasion du 20e anniversaire des accords d’Oslo, la télévision norvégienne a diffusé (et rendu disponible sur son site web gratuitement) une dizaine de documentaires dont deux ou trois inédits et/ou très originaux.

    Le deuxième film que j’ai visionné ce dimanche soir, c’est ce remarquable documentaire israélien qui propose une plongée en apnée dans le monde des colons extrémistes d’Hébron. Quelques rares films nous avaient déjà emmené dans cet univers inquiétant, mais jamais je crois, avec cette profondeur et cette distance. Une caméra fixe, le plus souvent, qui laisse les scènes se dérouler devant elle.

    Peu ou pas de violence physique directe, si je puis dire, à la différence des vidéos que l’on voit souvent sur Youtube ou Dailymotion et qui montrent toute la brutalité et l’arrogance de ces colons, mais une violence morale, intellectuelle qui fait très mal au coeur et au cerveau. Une violence dans les mots, leurs mots, qui vous fracasse l’entendement. Les fouilles systématiques et humiliantes des palestiniens qui ne font que passer dans la rue, les enfants des colons qui jouent avec les soldats, ces mêmes enfants de colons totalement « brain washed » [je ne trouve pas l’équivalent français] parlant des arabes avec haine, etc...

    Pour percevoir cela, il fallait les laisser parler, prendre le temps, avoir la patience de s’entretenir avec eux, ce qu’à fait la réalisatrice puisqu’elle est restée trois longues années avec eux. C’est ce qui fait de ce film un témoignage exceptionnel, qui en fait vient comme un important élément d’explication des vidéos ultra violentes qui circulent sur le net -, la plupart diffusées par l’excellent et courageux travail des membre de l’ISM ou de Btselem par exemple (ce ne sont pas les seuls).

    Ces colons sont clairement à des millions d’années lumière de toute réalité tangible. Et ils emmènent avec eux leurs enfants dans leur délire messianique, dans un enfer idéologique.

    La réalisatrice demande à un des enfants s’il joue de temps en temps avec les petits palestiniens qu’il voit tous les jours de l’autre côté de la rue. L’enfant regarde autour de lui, ne répond pas, finit par sourire : "Que vous dire ?" esquivera-t-il


    Soldier on the Roof by Esther Hertog, Ruth Diskin Films

    Ruth Diskin Films - Soldier on the Roof by Esther Hertog


    Hebron, only a dot on the world map, but a place that is known and recognized worldwide as the center of many conflicts between Israelis and Palestinians. It is also the place where patriarch Abraham has his tomb. In the West Bank city of Hebron, a major holy place to both Jews and Muslims, some 800 extremist Jewish settlers live in the midst of a Palestinian population of over 120,000. For three years, Esther Hertog has been filming from within the settler community, capturing unique scenes of their real, sometimes even surreal daily life. An entire army battalion watches over the Jewish community from the city rooftops.

    Esther Hertog, a young Israeli - Dutch filmmaker spent three years in Hebron. She observed the daily life of the settlers, which resulted in a fascinating document, the absurd mix of soldiers, ideological settlers and their children playing. As a character driven documentary the essential narrative of ’Soldier on the Roof’ depicts the filmmakers personal quest to understand the daily lives and motivations of Hebron’s settlers.

    Vu sur le site de la NRK mais je crois uniquement disponible en Norvège

    NRK TV - Tema Osloavtalen : Soldatene på taket


    Tema Osloavtalen : Soldatene på taket

    Israelsk dokumentar. Rundt 800 jødiske bosettere med ekstremt fundamentalistiske holdninger bor midt i Hebron, et palestinsk område med 120.000 beboere. Soldater fra hæren bevokter de jødiske bosetterne, og en ung kvinne har i tre år filmet den absurde miksen av småbarn, de ytterliggående foreldrene deres og soldatene. (Soldier on the Roof)

    #israël #palestine #hébron #colonisations #colons