• #DOAJ (#Directory_of_Open_Access_Journals)

    DOAJ is a community-curated online directory that indexes and provides access to high quality, open access, peer-reviewed journals. DOAJ is independent. All funding is via donations, 40% of which comes from sponsors and 60% from members and publisher members. All DOAJ services are free of charge including being indexed in DOAJ. All data is freely available.
    #liste #OA #open_access #édition_scientifique #université #revues #revues_scientifiques

    • List of OA journals in geography, political ecology, anthropology, planning, area studies, and various social sciences

      “…….So things might have happily continued, had not the corporate interests within this limited, subsidised economy pushed journal subscription prices to the point where access to the knowledge went into a state of decline, at a time when new publishing technologies enabled researchers to take publishing back into their own hands. These new technologies have been used to demonstrate how access can be greatly increased, improving the circulation of knowledge, restoring the researcher’s control of knowledge, and extending its value as a public good by making it far more widely available.” Willinsky J. 2003. The Nine Flavours of Open Access Scholarly Publishing . J Postgrad Med 49:263-7.

      Academics write most of their work in journals. Journals should publish and curate good quality work, but unfortunately the majority are also used to make money for commercial publishers. This is not a win-win situation. Corporate profits are frequently high because companies retain author copyrights, and sell the material to (mainly) scholarly and university libraries, that frequently struggle to stock key journals because of the cost. Five companies are now dominating the field, and buying out smaller ones. Financing of this form of scholarly publishing is opaque. Academics do not rock the boat on this very often, because their prestige and careers are linked too much to the journals they publish in, and most of the prestigious ones are commercial and expensive. Our systems of merit and performance measures are not yet geared to rewarding publishing that is ethical, or based on social justice criteria (Cahill and Irving 2015). This is especially bad at research universities. (good ref. here, a depressing study here that shows social scientists in particular don’t care as much about OA as they about the rank of outlets).

      To make some contribution to the debate about whether social scientists can avoid the big commercial, firewalled journals, I list below decent academic journals that are free or cheap to publish in, have proper refereeing, and are Open Access – free for readers. Copyright is retained by the author in most but not quite all of them. Open access journals can also impose substantial fees on authors instead of readers. Those with high fees above cUS$500 for authors are excluded- like most social scientists I don’t have more than this to contribute to a publication and I don’t think more is justified. There is a long debate about whether in our internet world, we should be paying at all, which I won’t get into here.

      The list began with fields my students and I publish in, hence the small number of themes [environment & development, human geography, anthropology, urban studies and planning, area studies, general social science, and the university research/teaching/publication process], but it should be useful as a starting point. Further discussion on journals and open access here. Journals are the main systems of prestige, ranking and hierarchy that we have, much as it would be fairer to ignore them and just publish in the most appropriate venue for the readership. I have included Scopus and its useful impact factor derivative Citescore (released Dec 2016, now called Scopus Sources), Web of Science (formerly ISI) and their newish Emerging Sources Citation Index listings.

      For the majority of my colleagues reading this who have not thought much about OA and publishing ethics (and are manically trying to publish in the best places), I hope you find something you can contribute to. In brief, open access is the best way to publish scholarly material – more readers, and articles under authors’ control. It is a logical outcome of the invention of the web, and the Academic Spring protests of 2012 (analysis, reasons), which have had echoes – eg the Lingua debacle over the resignation of an editorial board that was dissatisfied with Elsevier’s control of copyright and high OA charges, and all the Netherlands universities’ fight with the same company in 2015 about high charges.

      Most of the journals on the list are run by the “community economies” of unpaid academics, university libraries or departments, or scholarly societies, and a few are commercial but still have acceptable author fees that mere mortals could afford (APCs) *. Only if the big publishers are able to offer OA at reasonable fees, is it worth considering publishing an OA article with them. That said, as Sir/Prof. Tim Gowers argues, journals these days exist only to accommodate author prestige – you can publish anything online, or easily just email the author for a copy of an article (or use Researchgate, or Sci-hub). So OA journals need to be as good in quality and meticulous as those conventional ones that are costing our libraries a fortune. I hope I only list good ones here.

      The invention of the web and its rollout in the early 1990s spelled the end of the need for conventional firewalled journals. Printed copies are no longer required (although they may be desired by a few) and the culture among scholars has changed to storing individual article PDFs and only printing them if needed. There are few costs for hosting a journal online – storing its files is easy. Costs, or value, are all in the labour. To suggest there are major cost implications of OA is not true, unless professional editors or translators are used. If publishing is done largely by academics and their institutions, which is my hope, the cost of running journals is absorbed into regular workloads or taken up by grants, and we have a true change in publishing underway. “The commitment of scholars everywhere to finding new ways of improving access to knowledge” (Willinsky 2003) need not be commercialised or costly. The ‘big five’ publishers (who now control 66% of papers in social sciences in the WoS, and rising…) and some of the smaller ones will have to adapt or perish (but they do produce indexing, which is useful for now). We will have our copyrights and a larger potential readership, and university libraries will have more money to spend. We will also be able to support smaller and multilingual world periphery journals.

      Useful sites

      DOAJ if your journal isn’t on here, a curated list of proper OA journals, not good. However in 2016 they did some housecleaning, but it was pretty poorly done so many legit. journals complained about being missed off. This now (2017) seems to be rectified.
      A campaign to alert you to dodgy publishers, because there are some
      A listing of academic articles on radical OA
      A video about OA

      Paywall (2018) the movie – free and recommended.
      Open Access Chronicle
      Beall’s List, Original site was removed in Jan ’17 – possibly the author was threatened with litigation in some way. (now archived and updated Crappy journals designed to make money, and allowing substandard work, (were) identified and weeded out. Beall, now retired, did focus on the negatives of OA, was criticised for libertarian views supporting free enterprise but only for the conventional, subscription-based publishing establishment. And it must be said, he held a very embarrassing conspiracy theory about all OA publishing!
      QOAM Quality Open Access Market. Crowd-sourced assessment of OA journals. Evolving. List of journals and publishers is useful.
      Francophone journals list (geography)
      All Australian university-run journals
      Useful journal list in the environmental field, not all free
      JURN – good and updated list of OA journals, edited and searchable. Site down 2019 try here for a pdf instead
      ESOP young academics list of OA planning journals
      List of online anthropology journals
      INASP It funds Nepal Journals Online (most with credible academic status), Bangladesh Journals Online (BanglaJOL), Philippines Journals Online (PhilJOL) and Sri Lanka Journals Online (SLJOL), (and other countries). For Africa see Not all of these are good though; if I find good ones there I will place them below. For Eastern Europe see
      Latin America journal listing (til 2015)
      Impact of the social sciences – a useful LSE project with some actual data.
      Giant list by Jan Szczepanski, 9mb word file! Not all are cheap or taking english articles.
      Radical Open Access conference, June 2015, Coventry
      Walt Crawford writes more about OA publishing than anybody else- even book length manuscripts interrogating the DOAJ database. He shows reputable free OA journals are predominant – only a minority have high APCs.

  • Dear Scholars, Delete Your Account At #Academia.Edu

    As privatized platforms like look to monetize scholarly writing even further, researchers, scientists and academics across the globe must now consider alternatives to proprietary companies that aim to profit from our writing and offer little transparency as to how our work will be used in the future.
    #science #connaissance #privatisation #recherche

  • Contours of Conversion: The Geography of Islamization in Syria, 600-1500 | Thomas Carlson -

    This lengthier process was also not one-directional. Muslims converted to Christianity as well as vice versa. Ruined non-Muslim religious sites could sometimes be rebuilt.

    Al-Muqaddasī (fl. late tenth century) acknowledged that despite his high praise for Syria’s many advantages, “some [of its people] have apostasized.”

    Yāqūt al-Ḥamawī (d. 626/1229) mentioned a village named ʿImm between Aleppo and Antioch, “in which today everyone is Christian,” but he quotes the Risāla of Ibn Buṭlān from the eleventh century to say that two centuries earlier it had a mosque.

    In certain contexts Islam was not the only religion supported by the state, as Muslim rulers sometimes provided stipends to Jewish and Christian religious authorities in addition to the ulema.

    Furthermore, the Byzantine reconquest and the Crusades reintroduced non-Muslim rule to portions of Syria from 358/969 to 690/1291, so that even state support for Islam could not be taken for granted. Indeed, under Frankish rule a large enough number of Muslims sought to become Christian that canon law needed to be developed in order to handle difficult social questions regarding marriage and slavery in such cases.

    As Benjamin Kedar concludes, “in the Frankish Levant, passages from Islam to Christianity and vice versa were not rare at all.”

    #Syrie #histoire

  • Economic downturns, universal health coverage, and #cancer mortality in high-income and middle-income countries, 1990–2010: a longitudinal analysis | Richard Sullivan -

    both unemployment and PEH are significantly associated with cancer mortality, with associations lasting up to 5 years. We estimate that the 2008–10 economic crisis was associated with about 260 000 excess cancer-related deaths in the OECD alone. Our analysis also suggests that UHC might mitigate the association between unemployment and cancer mortality, lending evidence in favour of ambitions to adopt and deliver UHC across different countries.

    #santé #inégalités #chômage #mortalité

  • An introduction to electroacoustic, noise and experimental music in Asia and Africa. | C-drík Kirdec -

    This essay as specified in the title is only a short introduction to the history of alternative electronic and experimental music in asia and africa, Very fe$ has been written on this topic and forgive me if ’ didn(t mention some important composers or events, and if i didn(t develop this topic a bit more regarding some countries, this is a work in progress that will lead to a book including a more detailed vue on events, composers, music genres and other references. ’n the present paper, i speak about some major places $here electro-acoustic and experimental music *mostly academical+ de!eloped or are under dev elopment and composed by local musicians, i’ purposely omit expatriateswho live*d+ and compose*d+ there, not that their works as a lower value, it is simply not the topic of this paper.we can trace back the first electric instruments and other tools in the 18th and 19th century /

    An Introduction to Electroacoustic Noise and Experimental Music in Africa and Asia :: CTM Berlin - Festival for Adventurous Music and Art

    The first experimental music piece composed outside of the Western world was written by Halim El-Dabh in Cairo, Egypt in 1944. In 1948, the Japanese composer Tōru Takemitsu conceived of a music in which he used technology to “bring noise into tempered musical tones”. These are some of the starting points for a hidden or largely ignored history of Asian and African sound art and electroacoustic, electronic, experimental and noise music. This presentation will not only focus on early academic experiments but also on non-academic artistic genres such as noise, electronica, and industrial, as well as on some of the developments that have occurred in the past decades in various Asian and African music scenes.

  • Becoming “White”: Race, Religion and the Foundations of Syrian/Lebanese Ethnicity in the United States | Sarah Gualtieri -

    ON 14 SEPTEMBER 1915, George Dow, a Syrian1 immigrant living in South Carolina appeared before a circuit court judge and waited to hear the fate of his petition for naturalization. Twice already, it had been denied in a lower court because he was deemed racially ineligible for citizenship. Specifically, Dow had been refused naturalization on the grounds that he did not meet the racial requirement of the United States law, which limited naturalization to "aliens being free white persons, and to aliens of African nativity and to persons of African descent."2 George Dow could not, therefore, be accepted into the fold of American citizenry. The Syrian community which by conservative estimates num bered around 150,000 persons nationwide was outraged by the refusal to naturalize Dow.3 His was not the first case to ignite a community response, but around it Syrian immigrants mobilized to a degree that was unprecedented. Their efforts would ultimately prove effective, for in this, George Dow’s final appeal, the judge ruled that Syrians “were to be classed as white persons,” and were eligible for naturalization.4 Although it was not the last time a Syrian appeared before the courts attempting to litigate his (the cases involved men only) racial status, the Dow case established a weighty legal precedent in favor of Syrian white


    Simply put, Syrians wanted to be recognized as white because it made them eligible for citizenship and the privileges it afforded (such as the right to vote and travel more freely); but being white was not the only way to gain naturalization. It was also possible, since the amendment of the naturalization statute in 1875, to argue for naturalization on the basis of African nativity or descent. Yet, not a single appliant in the racial prerequisite cases, Syrian or otherwise, attempted to make this argument.9 One could argue that it would have been inherently illogical for Syrians to argue for naturalization on the basis of African nativity or descent since Syria was not in Africa. However, as this essay attempts to show, arguments in favor of Syrian whiteness were rooted more in ideology than logic, for there was nothing more fanciful, ridiculous and illogical than the idea that whiteness could be linked to a single skull; that of a Georgian woman found in the Caucasus.10

    The main reason Syrians chose to stake their claim to citizenship on the basis of membership in the “white race” was that there was some thing compelling, even alluring, about whiteness that went beyond the strategic and the practical. Historian David Roediger, drawing on W.E.B. DuBois, has called this the “wages of whiteness”, the psychological compensation of being “not black” in a racist, exploitative society.11 This theory helps explain why working-class immigrants claimed whiteness, but there is also the question of how they did so. As Roediger and Noel Ignatiev’s work on the Irish shows, immigrants participated in and transformed institutions and cultural traditions that marked them as “white” and blacks as "others."12 “To enter the white race,” Ignatiev reminds us, “was a strategy to secure an advantage in a competitive society,” and whiteness was, ultimately, the "result of choices made."13

  • Why a radical geography must be anarchist | Simon Springer -

    Why a radical geographymust be anarchist

    Simon Springer

    University of Victoria, Canada

    Radical geographers have been preoccupied with Marxism for four decades, largely ignoring an earlieranarchisttraditionthatthrived acenturybeforeradicalgeographywas claimedas Marxistinthe1970s. Whenanarchism is considered, it is misused as a synonym for violence or derided as a utopian project.

    #géographie_critique #cartographie_radicale

  • In Search of Local Knowledge on ICTs in Africa | Nicole Stremlau, Iginio Gagliardone, Lauren Kogen, Ashnah Kalemera, and Wairagala Wakabi -

    a narrative has developed about the transformative potential of ICTs – one that emphasizes particular uses and strategic benefits of ICTs and de-emphasizes others. ICTs have tended to be used in building new images of the nation – encompassing all citizens, promoting fairness, and offering a future of security, economic prosperity, and everyday well-being. To date, most analyses have focused on this plane, viewing ICTs as a new reality that is being built on top of pre-existing ones, rather than exploring the ways in which new and old practices and technologies coexist and integrate.Insufficient research and critical discourse exist

    #technologies #afrique #discours #idéologie #critique

  • Why did the woman cross the road? The effect of sexist humor on men’s rape proclivity | Manuela Thomae -

    TL ;DR : L’exposition à des blagues sexistes augmente la tolérance envers les comportements sexistes (ici, le viol) Le hommes qui trouvent plus drôles les blagues sexistes sont ceux qui font preuve d’un sexisme plus hostile.(Permalink)


  • 3月10日のツイート

    卓史 岩根 | Ritsumeikan University -… // インデックス、というか。 posted at 01:57:02

    RT @kaeru_no_neko: Paper on 「国文学研究」を問い直すということ/問い続けるということ posted at 01:50:35

    Interview with Avital Ronell posted at 01:38:41

    Les Entretiens de Po&sie ♯16 : Poésie, savoir, imagination posted at 01:21:16

    Entretien avec Bernard Stiegler posted at 01:12:12

    Marvin Gaye - Ain’t No Mountain High Enough (Greatest Hits. Live In ’76): via @YouTube

    posted at 01:00:39

  • Reflections of the First Muslim Immigration to America in Ottoman Documents | Mehmet Uğur Ekinci -

    In the early 1890s, the Ottoman state discovered that some of its Muslim subjects had recently emigrated to the United States. It already was known that many Ottoman Christians had departed to the New World, but the emigration of Muslims was a somewhat unexpected development. Soon the investigation of the number and conditions of the Muslim immigrants became an essential task for the Ottoman legation and consulates in the United States although a lack of official records made it a difficult one as well. The aim of this article is to portray the official attitude of the Ottoman state towards the first Ottoman Muslim immigrants in the United States, primarily using Ottoman archival documents from the late 1880s and early 1890s. Because the intention is to provide some idea of the reasons for, as well as the extent of, the Ottoman government’s interest in the migration, contemporary reports and figures are cited for this purpose, rather than as factual data. The official documents categorized the emigrants according to their religion, so it could be misleading to ascribe ethnicity to these people, no matter how much about their ethnic background can be inferred from the documents. For example, almost all of the Muslim emigrants from Harput and its vicinity can be considered Turks. For scientific purposes, however, ethnic identification will be used in this article only if such information is found in the documents.

  • #Elsevier is taking down papers from

    Lots of researchers post PDFs of their own papers on their own web-sites. It’s always been so, because even though technically it’s in breach of the copyright transfer agreements that we blithely sign, everyone knows it’s right and proper. Preventing people from making their own work available would be insane, and the publisher that did it would be committing a PR gaffe of huge proportions.

    Enter Elsevier, stage left. Bioinformatician Guy Leonard is just one of several people to have mentioned on Twitter this morning that took down their papers in response to a notice from Elsevier. Here’s a screengrab of the notification:

    #copyright #revue #revue_scientifique #revue_académique #université #propriété_intellectuelle
    (mais, en fin de compte, cher Elsevier, les #auteurs ne comptent vraiment rien du tout ?)

    J’aime beaucoup ce « Hi guy » (et tout le reste évidemment...)

    • Voilà un événement qui mérite qu’on en parle : il y a là une attaque très violente à la liberté de publier son propre travail, ses propres créations, Elsevier joue sur les mots de la loi. a diffuser largement et tout faire pour lutter contre. Je me souviens avoir personnellement demandé à un éditeur scientifique de libérer un texte sur la cartographie de la pensée, lequel texte n’était accessible qu’àprès avoir payé 50 dollars à l’époque, c’était il y a dix ans. Je me souviens que j’étais furieux...

    • Elsevier s’en prend maintenant directement aux universites.

      Elsevier steps up its War On Access

      Now, they’re targeting individual universities.

      The University of Calgary has just sent this notice to all staff:

      The University of Calgary has been contacted by a company representing the publisher, Elsevier Reed, regarding certain Elsevier journal articles posted on our publicly accessible university web pages. We have been provided with examples of these articles and reviewed the situation. Elsevier has put the University of Calgary on notice that these publicly posted Elsevier journal articles are an infringement of Elsevier Reed’s copyright and must be taken down.

    • How one publisher is stopping academics from sharing their research

      Both the University of California-Irvine and Harvard University have confirmed to the Washington Post that they received similar takedown requests.

      With academics doing much of the work and the Internet reducing distribution costs, you might expect the cost of academic publishing to fall as the Internet makes communication more efficient. Instead, the opposite has happened. Subscription rates for top academic journals have skyrocketed in recent decades — with one study reporting per journal subscription costs rose 215 percent between 1986 and 2003, despite the consumer price index only increasing 68 percent in that same time period.

      More recently, these rising costs coupled with scaled-back library budgets due to the Great Recession have left many universities struggling to maintain access to the body of scholarly work they helped produce. Even one of the world’s wealthiest universities, Harvard, has felt the crunch. “Many large journal publishers have made the scholarly communication environment fiscally unsustainable and academically restrictive,” said the Harvard Library Faculty Advisory council in a 2012 memo on the subject.

      But while libraries have been hurting, the system works quite well for the publishers. Elsevier represents the “scientific, technical and medical” segment of the business of its parent company, Reed Elsevier. The subsidiary generated over $1 billion profits in 2012 with a 34 percent profit margin, according to the company’s financial disclosures. That year, Elsevier accounted for 52 percent of the Reed Elsevier’s operating profits, with the disclosure reporting “approximately 65 percent of revenue came from subscription sales” like those to academic institutions.

  • Predator Empire: The Geopolitics of U.S. Drone Warfare | Ian Shaw -

    What I term the Predator Empire names the biopolitical power that digitizes, catalogues, and eliminates threatening “patterns of life” across a widening battlespace. This permanent war is enabled by a topological spatial power that folds the distant environments of affiliates into the surveillance machinery of the Homeland.

    #drones via @cdb_77

  • Christianity in the Gulf during the first centuries of Islam | Robert Carter -

    This article re-examines the ceramics of SBY-9, a church and monastery site on the island of Sir Bani Yas, Abu Dhabi emirate, U.A.E. It then explores other archaeological evidence for Christianity in the Arabian Gulf and compares it to the textual data, resulting in a reconsideration of the history and activities of the Church of the East. The pottery of SBY-9 indicates that the monastery complex was occupied some time between the second half of the seventh century and the mid-eighth century AD and not, as previously believed, the sixth–seventh centuries AD. Other excavated churches and monasteries in the Gulf region should also be redated to the eighth and ninth centuries AD (al-Qusur, Kharg). These findings cast a new light on the history of Christianity in the Arabian Gulf after the Muslim conquest

  • Anarchism and geography: a brief genealogy of anarchist geographies | Simon Springer -

    Anarchism and geography have a long and disjointed history, characterized by towering peaks of intensive intellectual engagement and low troughs of ambivalence and disregard. This paper tracesa genealogy of anarchist geographies back to the modern development of anarchism into a distinctpolitical philosophy following the Enlightenment.

    The initial rise of geographers’ engagementwith anarchism occurred at the end of the 19th-century, owing to E´lise´e Reclus and Peter Kropotkin, who developed an emancipatory vision for geography in spite of the discipline’senchantment with imperialism at that time. The realpolitik of the war years in the first half of the20th-century and the subsequent quantitative revolution in geography represent a nadir for anar-chist geographies.

    Yet anarchism was never entirely abandoned by geographical thought and thecounterculture movement of the 1970s gave rise to radical geography, which included significantinterest in anarchist ideas. Unfortunately another low occurred during the surge of neoliberal poli-tics in the 1980s and early 1990s, but hope springs eternal, and from the late 1990s onward theanti-globalization movement and DIY culture have pushed anarchist geographies into more wide-spread currency. In reviewing the literature,