company:google inc.

  • The future is here today : you can’t play Bach on Facebook because Sony says they own his compositions

    James Rhodes, a pianist, performed a Bach composition for his Facebook account, but it didn’t go up — Facebook’s copyright filtering system pulled it down and accused him of copyright infringement because Sony Music Global had claimed that they owned 47 seconds’ worth of his personal performance of a song whose composer has been dead for 300 years. This is a glimpse of the near future. In one week, the European Parliament will vote on a proposal to force all online services to implement (...)

    #Sony #Facebook #algorithme #ContentID #Robocopyright #censure #filtrage

    • his personal performance

      On doit bien pouvoir dire que c’est bien son interprétation à lui, sur son instrument à lui, qui a été reconnue comme un plagiat d’un enregistrement de Sony.

      Et là, c’est une des références du texte : le chercheur publie des enregistrements antérieurs dans le domaine public, reconnus simplement par la signature musicale...

      Les contrôleurs vont faire valoir que c’est un risque à courir afin de défendre les bases de notre civilisation... et que l’intelligence artificielle va s’améliorer... et qu’il y a une procédure d’appel.

      Can Beethoven send takedown requests ? A first-hand account of one German professor’s experience with overly broad upload filters – Wikimedia Foundation

      I decided to open a different YouTube account “Labeltest” to share additional excerpts of copyright-free music. I quickly received ContentID notifications for copyright-free music by Bartok, Schubert, Puccini and Wagner. Again and again, YouTube told me that I was violating the copyright of these long-dead composers, despite all of my uploads existing in the public domain. I appealed each of these decisions, explaining that 1) the composers of these works had been dead for more than 70 years, 2) the recordings were first published before 1963, and 3) these takedown request did not provide justification in their property rights under the German Copyright Act.

      I only received more notices, this time about a recording of Beethoven’s Symphony No.5, which was accompanied by the message: “Copyrighted content was found in your video. The claimant allows its content to be used in your YouTube video. However, advertisements may be displayed.” Once again, this was a mistaken notification. The recording was one by the Berlin Philharmonic under the direction of Lorin Maazel, which was released in 1961 and is therefore in the public domain. Seeking help, I emailed YouTube, but their reply, “[…] thank you for contacting Google Inc. Please note that due to the large number of enquiries, e-mails received at this e-mail address cannot be read and acknowledged” was less than reassuring.

  • Local Guides
    Warum wir nicht dabei sind, lesen Sie hier: Google befiehl, wir folgen dir ist nicht unsere Devise. Dann sind wir schon eher Gegen-Google.

    Aber Sie lesen den Kwatsch wahrscheinlich auch nicht. Nutzen Sie Google dennoch? Dann sollten Sie einen kurzen Blick auf werfen.

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    Photographic, audio and video recording release
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    #Google #Berlin #Stadtführung

  • Computer vision uncovers predictors of physical urban change

    Fig. 1.
    Computing Streetchange: (A) We calculate Streetscore, a metric for perceived safety of a streetscape, using a regression model based on two image features: GIST and texton maps. We calculate those features from pixels of four object categories—ground, buildings, trees, and sky—which are inferred using semantic segmentation. (B–D) We calculate the Streetchange of a street block as the difference between the Streetscores of a pair of images captured in 2007 and 2014. (B) The Streetchange metric is not affected by seasonal and weather changes. (C) Large positive Streetchange is typically associated with major construction. (D) Large negative Streetchange is associated with urban decay. Insets courtesy of Google, Inc.

    We develop a computer vision method to measure changes in the physical appearances of neighborhoods from street-level imagery. We correlate the measured changes with neighborhood characteristics to determine which characteristics predict neighborhood improvement. We find that both education and population density predict improvements in neighborhood infrastructure, in support of theories of human capital agglomeration. Neighborhoods with better initial appearances experience more substantial upgrading, as predicted by the tipping theory of urban change. Finally, we observe more improvement in neighborhoods closer to both city centers and other physically attractive neighborhoods, in agreement with the invasion theory of urban sociology. Our results show how computer vision techniques, in combination with traditional methods, can be used to explore the dynamics of urban change.

    Which neighborhoods experience physical improvements? In this paper, we introduce a computer vision method to measure changes in the physical appearances of neighborhoods from time-series street-level imagery. We connect changes in the physical appearance of five US cities with economic and demographic data and find three factors that predict neighborhood improvement. First, neighborhoods that are densely populated by college-educated adults are more likely to experience physical improvements—an observation that is compatible with the economic literature linking human capital and local success. Second, neighborhoods with better initial appearances experience, on average, larger positive improvements—an observation that is consistent with “tipping” theories of urban change. Third, neighborhood improvement correlates positively with physical proximity to the central business district and to other physically attractive neighborhoods—an observation that is consistent with the “invasion” theories of urban sociology. Together, our results provide support for three classical theories of urban change and illustrate the value of using computer vision methods and street-level imagery to understand the physical dynamics of cities.

    • Data and Methods
      We obtained 360∘ panorama images of streetscapes from five US cities using the #Google_Street_View application programming interface. Each panorama was associated with a unique identifier (“panoid”), latitude, longitude, and time stamp (which specified the month and year of image capture). We extracted an image cutout from each panorama by specifying the heading and pitch of the camera relative to the Street View vehicle. We obtained a total of 1,645,760 image cutouts for street blocks in Baltimore, Boston, Detroit, New York, and Washington, DC, captured in 2007 (the “2007 panel”) and 2014 (the “2014 panel”).* We matched image cutouts from the 2007 and 2014 panels by using their geographical locations (i.e., latitude and longitude) and by choosing the same heading and pitch. This process gave us images that show the same place, from the same point of view, but in different years (Fig. 1 B–D).

  • On YouTube, Amateur Is the New Pro - The New York Times

    Odell’s destination was the Manhattan office of Google Inc., YouTube’s corporate parent. He was among the 25 winners of a competition called Next Up, which is aimed at “accelerating the growth of the next big YouTube stars,” as an official YouTube blog explained. The prize included four days of tips and training from “YouTube experts” in New York. It also included a $35,000 check, no strings attached.

    #YouTube #histoire #Youtubers

  • Bruxelles pourrait attaquer Alphabet (#Google) sur de nouveaux dossiers

    Si Google est le dénominateur commun dans différentes affaires sur lesquelles enquête la Commission européenne, cela ne veut pas dire qu’en résoudre une, c’est les résoudre toutes, a prévenu la commissaire européenne à la Concurrence Margrethe Vestager dans une interview.

    Alphabet, maison-mère de Google, a du souci à se faire en Europe. Alors que Bruxelles accuse le géant américain de position dominante avec son moteur de recherche, mais aussi avec son système d’exploitation mobile Android, la commissaire européenne à la Concurrence, Margrethe Vestager, a tenu à séparer les affaires pour souligner l’importance de chacune, dans une interview publiée par le Wall Street Journal lundi 26 octobre.

    « Ce que l’on retrouve en commun [dans ces dossiers], c’est le nom Google, [...] mais à part ça, ils sont vraiment différents. C’est pourquoi je ne vois pas ça comme une affaire Google mais littéralement comme des enquêtes et dossiers différents. »

    Et de citer notamment le dossier Google Shopping -le moteur de recherche est accusé de mettre en avant son comparateur de prix-, et les enquêtes concernant Android -"une haute priorité"- et le marché de la publicité.

  • Google devient Alphabet

    Google Inc. devient Alphabet Inc. ! Lundi 10 août, la société de Mountain View a annoncé un changement majeur de sa structure d’entreprise. Le moteur de recherche va devenir une filiale d’une nouvelle entité, baptisée Alphabet.


    « Alphabet est une collection d’entreprises, explique M. Page dans un message publié sur le blog officiel de Google. Google est la plus importante. Mais ce nouveau Google va être allégé : les entreprises éloignées de nos principaux produits Internet seront désormais regroupées dans Alphabet ». Concrètement, cela signifie une séparation claire entre le cœur de métier de Google et tous ses projets annexes. Il s’agit de Google X (projets futuristes), de Calico, de Sidewalk Labs (logistique urbaine), de Nest (objets connectés), de Fiber (fibre optique) et de Google Ventures et Google Capital (investissements).

    #Alphabet_Inc. #Bourse #Conglomérat_(économie) #Google #Larry_Page #Sergei_Brin #Sundar_Pichai #Économie

  • Google - CNIL - Commission nationale de l’informatique et des libertés

    La formation restreinte de la CNIL prononce une sanction pécuniaire de 150 000 € à l’encontre de la société GOOGLE Inc.

    Le 3 janvier 2014, la formation restreinte de la CNIL a prononcé une sanction pécuniaire de 150 000 euros à l’encontre de la société GOOGLE Inc., estimant que les règles de confidentialité mises en œuvre par celle-ci depuis le 1er mars 2012 ne sont pas conformes à la loi « informatique et libertés ». Elle enjoint Google de procéder à la publication d’un communiqué relatif à cette décision sur la page d’accueil de, sous huit jours à compter de la notification de la décision.

    #données_personnelles #google #cnil #fichage

  • Informatique : Quaero à l’heure du bilan

    Lorsqu’en 2005 le président de la République Jacques Chirac, pour reprendre la main sur une politique de recherche et d’innovation mal entamée, avait lancé l’idée de grands programmes de R&D, les commentaires s’étaient enflammés autour du projet, baptisé Quaero, (trop) vite comparé à Google ou au succès européen d’Airbus. L’objectif était d’innover dans l’analyse des contenus multimédias et multilingues. Huit ans plus tard, Quaero se termine sans avoir tué Google, ni s’être comparé à l’entreprise aéronautique. L’accouchement a été difficile. Ce n’est qu’en 2008 que le projet a débuté, lorsque l’Union européenne a accepté ce soutien public à des entreprises. Puis la machine s’est mise en branle, dotée de 198 millions d’euros de budget.

    Au final, une « organisation unique autour de trois piliers », que les Shadoks n’auraient pas reniée :

    Un succès, vous dis-je.

    Retrouvez toutes nos vidéos (présentations, démonstrations, usages) sur la chaîne YouTube QuaeroVideo.

    (Dailymotion, c’est nul).

    Ce site utilise Google Analytics, un service d’analyse de site internet fourni par Google Inc. (« Google »). Google Analytics utilise des cookies, qui sont des fichiers texte placés sur votre ordinateur, pour aider le site internet à analyser l’utilisation du site par ses utilisateurs. Les données générées par les cookies concernant votre utilisation du site (y compris votre adresse IP) seront transmises et stockées par Google sur des serveurs situés aux Etats-Unis.

  • U.S. Surveillance Is Not Aimed at Terrorists - Bloomberg

    In a January 2012 report titled “Jihadism on the Web: A Breeding Ground for Jihad in the Modern Age,” the Dutch General Intelligence and Security Service drew a convincing picture of an Islamist Web underground centered around “core forums.” These websites are part of the Deep Web, or Undernet, the multitude of online resources not indexed by commonly used search engines.

    No Data

    The Netherlands’ security service, which couldn’t find recent data on the size of the Undernet, cited a 2003 study from the University of California at Berkeley as the “latest available scientific assessment.” The study found that just 0.2 percent of the Internet could be searched. The rest remained inscrutable and has probably grown since. In 2010, Google Inc. said it had indexed just 0.004 percent of the information on the Internet.

    Websites aimed at attracting traffic do their best to get noticed, paying to tailor their content to the real or perceived requirements of search engines such as Google. Terrorists have no such ambitions. They prefer to lurk in the dark recesses of the Undernet.

    “People who radicalise under the influence of jihadist websites often go through a number of stages,” the Dutch report said. “Their virtual activities increasingly shift to the invisible Web, their security awareness increases and their activities become more conspiratorial.”

    Radicals who initially stand out on the “surface” Web quickly meet people, online or offline, who drag them deeper into the Web underground. “For many, finally finding the jihadist core forums feels like a warm bath after their virtual wanderings,” the report said.

    When information filters to the surface Web from the core forums, it’s often by accident. Organizations such as al-Qaeda use the forums to distribute propaganda videos, which careless participants or their friends might post on social networks or YouTube.

    Communication on the core forums is often encrypted. In 2012, a French court found nuclear physicist Adlene Hicheur guilty of, among other things, conspiring to commit an act of terror for distributing and using software called Asrar al-Mujahideen, or Mujahideen Secrets. The program employed various cutting-edge encryption methods, including variable stealth ciphers and RSA 2,048-bit keys.

    The NSA’s Prism, according to a classified PowerPoint presentation published by the Guardian, provides access to the systems of Microsoft Corp. (and therefore Skype), Facebook Inc., Google, Apple Inc. and other U.S. Internet giants. Either these companies have provided “master keys” to decrypt their traffic - - which they deny — or the NSA has somehow found other means.

    Traditional Means

    Even complete access to these servers brings U.S. authorities no closer to the core forums. These must be infiltrated by more traditional intelligence means, such as using agents posing as jihadists or by informants within terrorist organizations.

    Similarly, monitoring phone calls is hardly the way to catch terrorists. They’re generally not dumb enough to use Verizon. Granted, Russia’s special services managed to kill Chechen separatist leader Dzhokhar Dudayev with a missile that homed in on his satellite-phone signal. That was in 1996. Modern-day terrorists are generally more aware of the available technology.

    At best, the recent revelations concerning Prism and telephone surveillance might deter potential recruits to terrorist causes from using the most visible parts of the Internet. Beyond that, the government’s efforts are much more dangerous to civil liberties than they are to al-Qaeda and other organizations like it.

  • Google Fiber provides faster Internet and, cities hope, business growth - The Washington Post

    Of course, #Google has much to gain if the test in Kansas City works. It won’t say how much it spent to build the #network, but it wants faster speeds so consumers will search more, put more videos on YouTube and shift all e-mails and documents to its cloud system of servers. By doing so, the company gathers more data to build more complete portraits of users and boost its $37 billion business of selling customized ads.

    There is a “Home for Hackers,” donated by a local resident who lets entrepreneurs live and work there for free.

    #câbles #fibre #infrastructure #réseau

  • BiNet USA’s Blog: BiNet USA Wins Over Google in Search Term Dispute

    (Los Angeles, CA, September 4, 2012)—BiNet USA is pleased to confirm that Google Inc. (NASDAQ: GOOG) has unblocked the term “bisexual” from its search algorithm. Now that “bisexual” is allowed, terms such as “bisexual quotes”, “bisexual rights”, and “bisexual parenting” are automatically suggested to Google users. “It’s not every day one of the biggest companies in the world changes its mind, but we are thankful that Google now sees bisexual people just like everyone else,” said BiNet USA President Faith Cheltenham. “It will take time for bisexual search terms to be ranked as they were before the ban, but now bisexual people and their allies have a fighting chance to be seen, heard, and understood.”

    Since late 2009, Google has had “bisexual” on a list of banned words; such words were de-prioritized by the Google search algorithm, leading to a drop in search rankings for all bisexual organizations and community resources. Since its search engine would not auto-suggest or auto-complete any term with the word “bisexual”, Google made it harder for any user to find bisexual content, whether that be on coming out as bisexual or finding local support groups across the United States and elsewhere.

  • Criminalité : Google abat ses cartes contre les cartels- Ecrans,15056.html?var_mode=calcul

    Pour mieux comprendre comment fonctionne le marché parallèle de la drogue, le patron de Google Ideas, Jared Cohen et celui de Google Inc., Eric Schmidt se sont récemment rendus au Mexique pour rencontrer les dirigeants et les fonctionnaires qui y combattent les narcotrafiquants. « Défaits, impuissants, ils ont été tellement endurcis dans leur expérience avec les cartels qu’ils ont perdu la bataille et qu’ils ont perdu espoir, a commenté Eric Schmidt durant la conférence. « La technologie est la solution. »

    Non mais WTF ? C’est vraiment n’importe quoi.

  • Google n’acceptera pas les profiles Google+ avec un faux nom

    If you create a Google+ account under a fake name, it might be suspended.

    A Second Life user tried to create an account with the name of his avatar from the game, Opensource Obscure. According to Wagner James Au, Google canceled his account, then contacted him to get him to create a profile with his real name in the main spot. He was allowed to use his Second Life name in a secondary spot.

    Hmm... je ne vais peut-être pas rester bien longtemps dans ce bazar.

    En même temps, Facebook a les mêmes règles et ne les applique pas. (voir le profil de « Maître Eolas », par exemple)

    • J’aimerais le croire, mais l’article cite un exemple où la règle a été effectivement appliquée.

      Moi je trouve ça tout à fait idiot et inapplicable : je pourrais m’inscrire sous le nom de Jean Dupont ou Erwan Le Gall, et comment sauraient-ils si c’est mon vrai nom ou pas ?

    • @le_woodman Il n’est pas impossible que ce soit lié aux juridictions nationales, mais Google s’en moque, habituellement. Je veux dire que Google a trouvé la « faille » qu’il applique à toutes les juridictions du monde : Google est un service américain, exploité par une entreprise américaine aux USA. Ses filiales locales ne sont même pas ses représentants légaux nationaux, juste des prestataires facturant leurs services à Google Inc. D’où aussi la difficulté de poursuivre Google, que les entités locales défendent de fait, tout en clamant leur indépendance.

      Je pense plutôt que la raison est toute autre : la confiance des utilisateurs, d’une part, et la confiance des annonceurs, d’autre part.

      Maintenant, ça vaut ce que ça vaut. Facebook a plus d’utilisateurs enregistrés dans la ville d’Oslo que d’habitants de cette même ville.

      Pour la petite histoire, Blizzard, l’éditeur de World of Warcraft et de Diablo, notamment, a essayé de transposer ce principe de véritable identité à son réseau de jeux vidéo, sous le nom Real Name. Echec retentissant. Abandon de l’idée. Etonnamment, ça passe avec Facebook et Google. Pourtant, cela a certainement plus de répercussions négatives qu’avec un jeu vidéo... :-/

      Enfin, quand on est vraiment motivé, on arrive à se créer des identités virtuelles facilement. Il suffit d’utiliser un nom crédible pour pseudonyme. Et sinon, comme le fait l’un de mes amis sur les réseaux sociaux, son nom volontairement incorrectement orthographié.

      #identité #fichage #google #facebook #blizzard #réseaux_sociaux

    • Bien sûr ! C’est pourquoi j’ai toujours pensé qu’il était plus honnête d’utiliser un pseudonyme. Rien ne me prouve que ton vrai nom soit Martin Korolczuk. Et tu ne pourras jamais m’en convaincre, même à scanner ta carte d’identité : elle pourrait être retouchée par photoshop, ou être la carte de quelqu’un d’autre.

      Par contre tu peux être absolument certain que Wood n’est pas mon vrai nom. Un tel pseudonyme ne laisse absolument aucune ambigüité.