• I Rode All the E-Scooters. Most of Them Are Awful Except Two

    So sieht es im paradiesischen Wunderland des Transport-Sharing aus : #ASAB Alle Roller sind Mist, außer einem, und der ist genau genommen kein Roller. Und in Berlin? Sind das bessere E-Roller Made in Germany ? Wohl kaum. Tragt bloß einen Helm!

    Matt Farah, 6/10/19 3:45pm - One weekend morning toward the end of 2017, I woke up at home in Venice, CA and took a walk, only to see something entirely new: people on electric scooters. And I mean lots of people on electric scooters. Literally overnight, a new company called Bird, founded just two miles away in Santa Monica, had launched an app and dumped thousands of dockless scooters all over the place. A few things happened very quickly after that:

    Bird Scooters became litter. Freelance chargers, or “Juicers” as Lime would later call their not-employees, would do their best to place the scooters in an orderly fashion, out of the way in common areas. But since people only have respect for a.) things they, themselves personally own or b.) are locked down or are being watched, kicking, destroying, throwing them in the ocean, and more turned into Venice’s favorite new sport. The other morning, I watched someone line up a dozen or more scooters neatly, get into their van, and drive off. Not 10 seconds later, someone used a shopping cart as a bowling ball, turning the whole thing into some kind of bramble.
    Everyone wanted to compete with Bird. Lime was next, with its fun, fruit-themed livery. Bird and Lime were the new disruptors, and the OG disruptors, Uber and Lyft, wanted in on that sweet, sweet last-mile dollar. So those two started dropping their own scooters all over.
    E-Mobility Scooters have absolutely decimated the bike rental industry in Venice. Enterprising bike rental shop owners began to moonlight as scooter chargers or repair facilities. Some bike rental shop owners began buying and renting out their own scooters. Now, just 18 months later, on any given weekend, well over 50 percent of the wheeled traffic on the Venice bike path is battery powered.

    There were injuries. Lots of injuries. Anecdotally, I regularly see people wiping out and getting hurt on mobility scooters. It happens enough that I have made something of a pastime watching a specific corner on the bike path near my house. Business Insider reports over 1,500 injuries serious enough to record in the U.S., in 2018 alone, plus four fatalities.

    For the record, I sympathize with local residents who resent them taking up sidewalk space in front of their home, hate them for becoming litter in a neighborhood that often has too much of that already, and who have to deal with yet another way for dumb, lost tourists to be dumb and lost.

    I’ve found scooters blocking my own front door or garage on several occasions. And folks tend to want the best of all worlds while riding one: they want the rights of a pedestrian, the rights of a bicycle, and the rights of a car, all at the same time, which is an incredibly dangerous mindset.

    Also, for the record, I have found some extremely convenient uses for the scooters when I need to get somewhere that is just out of walking range, or to “run to the store to pick up some forgotten ingredient” while a recipe is in the oven. I have used every brand of scooter at one point or another, with extremely mixed results. I will factor in previous experience into my rankings.

    The Test: My goal was to find out which mobility company provides the best motoring experience for the rider, for their money. A showdown, for which scooter is best.

    For purposes of this piece, we will not be discussing company policy, only the scooter itself, and whether or not you should get down with it when you come hang out with me on Venice Beach.

    The Circuit

    Allow me to introduce you to The Mobiliring: a 3.4-mile handling circuit featuring a variety of surface changes, corners, crags, obstacles, sand, and people.

    You begin at the Venice Beach Parking lot at 2100 Ocean Front Walk, with the densest population of scooters around. Proceeding straight across the parking lot to the bike path, you go north on the bike path over a winding way made of slatted, rough, sandy concrete, all the way to the Santa Monica border, where you turn back south because mobility scooters can’t be ridden on the bike path at all in the city of Santa Monica.

    You ride south on Speedway, basically a decaying alley full of potholes, but appropriately named, as it was LA’s first paved road. Take Speedway south to Windward Avenue, the heart of Venice, and turn right, weaving across the freestyle dance skating grounds, through the throngs of tourists, and back to the bike path where it meets the legal graffiti area. Continue south on the bike path until you get to the Venice pier, then turn left on Washington Blvd and an immediate left to go north on Speedway, taking you right back to Start/Finish.

    This course is approximately 60 percent unlimited-speed bike path and 40 percent public roads, and in order to successfully complete a lap, you must pay attention and obey all posted road signs and laws.

    (Before you ask, Yes, I bought the Mobiliring domain name. Yes, I will be inviting you to post your own lap times.)

    The Contenders: We’ve restricted our entrants to scooter-type vehicles (as opposed to e-assist bicycles) available on the street for rent in Venice, CA as of May 13, 2019. For this test, that means Bird, Lime, Lyft, Jump (Uber), and Wheels are in the game. Now let’s see how they did on our handling course.

    5th Place – Jump – DNF

    Jump, along with Lyft, uses the Segway / Ninebot ES2 scooter with 19 miles of range and a claimed top speed of 15 mph. This scooter also uses two independent braking methods: regenerative via a toggle on the handlebar, and direct friction via a pressure plate on the rear tire. But, as with shared platforms in cars, the difference is often in the fine tuning, and here, the tuning mattered a lot.

    Our test started well. I picked up a fully charged and seemingly brand-new Jump scooter a few road blocks from the Mobiliring’s Start/Finish line. On the road, it seemed reasonably well made and stable, and reached the claimed top speed of 15 mph relatively drama-free. Then, just after starting off my official lap time, I hit the bike path, and it told me “no.”

    This is important. You see, the Venice bike path is exactly what it sounds like: a dedicated path for bikes, separate from cars and pedestrians. How each of these scooters deals with the bike path, as we will learn, is a defining factor in their Mobiliring time. The bike path and some of the surrounding pedestrian areas, a few of which are on-course, are “restricted” for some scooters, but not for others.

    While each scooter company deals with the bike path its own way, Jump has elected not to deal with it at all. The scooter refused to move, the app told me to take it back off the path, and into a “parking zone,” to lock it up and end my ride.

    I pushed it back where I found it, and even though my phone knew where I was, the scooter disagreed, and I was penalized for $5 for, ultimately, parking it legally.

    4th Place – Lime S – 44 minutes - $7.60

    Lime, the second scooter brand on the scene after Bird, has just released a heavier-duty version of their scooter, called the “Gen 3.” It features an underfloor battery for better stability, improved front suspension, bigger wheels, and a 30-mile range with all-weather capability.

    Unfortunately, since California doesn’t need that as badly as, say, Boston, we don’t get those. Here in Venice, we get the original Lime S scooter, also by Ninebot, but with a 18 mile range and a top speed of 14 mph. The Lime S has the tallest handlebars of all scooters and a single, rear-wheel bike-style cable and disc brake.

    In my previous experience, I’ve found the Lime S to be the fastest of the stand-up scooters, regularly exceeding the claimed 14 mph number, but also with the twitchiest handling in part because those handlebars are so high up and with a column full of heavy batteries in the front. Allegedly the handling issues are solved in the new scooter, but I will have to wait to see on that.

    Lime has decided that an appropriate speed for the Venice bike path should be 3 mph. Now, I don’t know if you’ve ever tried to operate a two-wheeled vehicle at 3 mph, but it’s actually quite a lot of work. Three is just barely enough speed to keep a two-wheeled vehicle standing up. It’s slow enough that I was passed by old people walking.

    It’s so slow, that you really can’t keep it in a straight line, which means the ride takes that much longer because you have to cover more zig-zaggy distance, and have I mentioned you’re going three? 

    I was openly mocked, to my face. I realize how mean-spirited you need to be to mock someone to their face for doing nothing besides silently riding a scooter very slowly on the bike path, but honestly, no one has just randomly mocked me on the street really ever in my lifetime. That’s how embarrassingly slow Lime wants you to go on the bike path.

    To make matters worse, Lime’s GPS calibration is so bad that, not 20 feet away from me on the pedestrian foot path I was passed by a dozen Limes going full-tilt, weaving between pedestrians, while I was a rolling chicane on the bike path, being passed by folks going slower than my own top speed.

    3rd Place – Lyft – 31 minutes, 47 Seconds - $7.01

    As I noted earlier, both Lyft and Jump use essentially the same Ninebot ES2scooter, painted different colors. But the difference between Jump’s DNF and Lyft’s podium finish? The software.

    Jump uses a basic LED display with a speedometer, whereas Lyft just has five little lights to indicate battery status. You could say that makes Jump better, but in fact it makes Jump worse, because there is nothing worse than looking at a powered vehicle’s speedometer and seeing a number lower than where you’d set the treadmill during cool down.

    Lyft’s “Prince Purple” and black livery also features a metal cage surrounding the column-mounted auxiliary battery pack, Mad Max style. I guess they follow @BirdGraveyard.

    I actually tested the Lyft before Lime and Jump, so when I hit the bike path and got stuck with a 5 mph limiter for the first mile and a half, it was bad. I thought that was, at the time, as embarrassed as I could be on a motorized vehicle, traveling barely faster than a walk. The thumb throttle, remained fully depressed for a solid 20 minutes, and my right hand began to cramp. I suddenly realized that, if the other scooters were this bad (they were worse) the test was actually going to take all day (it did).

    In unrestricted zones, the electrons flowed like a burst dam; the combination of power delivery and incredibly cheap, low-grip tires mean that you can actually get wheelspin on the sandy stuff – man this thing is fast. Maybe Lyft doesn’t put a speedometer on the handlebars because they are hiding the fact that their scooters are massively juiced up? Maybe it’s like Japan in the 1990s where everyone says their car makes 276 horsepower, and this is the R34 Skyline actually pushing 450?

    Southbound on Speedway, there were sections where I couldn’t use full throttle because it was just way, way too fast. With these tiny wheels, and this amount of power, when you hit the pavement head first (your only option when the front wheel “pivot point” of a crash is 4” in front of your toes), your head will explode like a Gallagher watermelon.

    The regenerative braking system on these Ninebot scooters is really cool, except, like most cheap regen systems, it stops working at low speed. So you really do have to use the friction brake on the rear wheel to come to a full stop.

    Considering the speed, you do not want to be standing on your toes on your back foot, which means you have to do a mid-brake foot shuffle to get that back foot planted on the brake to stop it. It seems like a good idea, and probably adds to the range to use regen as much as possible, but in a panic, complex braking systems are not good.

    Nevertheless, the bike path clearly took a lot away from Lyft’s time here, and so if you live in a city without restricted zones, commuting on one of these could be faster than you think. Wear a helmet.

    2nd Place – Bird Zero – 20 minutes - $6.20

    Bird is the Kleenex of mobility, the Google of mobility, the iPod of mobility. They were the first on the scene and made everyone else play catch-up. The original Bird scooter was a modified Xiaomi unit (sidebar: the guy who modified it is super interesting on his own and races a very fast and aero-fied Nissan GT-R in the Global Time Attack series), which proved not to be durable enough to stand up to the abuse put forth by Americans handling items they don’t own. So they first did a stint with Ninebot before developing their own in-house scooter, the Bird Zero, which is what I rode.

    The Zero has the widest deck of any standup scooter available, making it the most comfortable and stable to ride. (EDIT: New “Bolt” Scooters in LA have wider decks, but were not online at the time of my test). The handlebars fall between Jump and Lime height, so right in the middle, and between your hands is a speedometer and battery indicator.

    Though Bird says the Zero will go 25 km/hr (15 mph), the onboard speedometer would stop at 11.5 mph, and if you actually hit 12 mph (like on a small downhill), it would kill power until you dropped down to 9 mph, an incredibly annoying bug.

    It has larger wheels than the Ninebots used by Lyft, Jump and Lime, and what appear to be grippier tires. At 11 mph and change, you feel like you’re moving along pretty good, but it’s not sketchy fast, and the combination of (slightly) larger wheels and a basic front suspension mean the cracks in the sidewalk aren’t so jarring. The only brake is a bicycle-style cable disc brake on the rear wheel. The cable is exposed, so it’s vulnerable to tampering, but it’s intuitive and effective.

    (Side note: Yes, people are constantly messing with the brakes of these scooters. I regularly find cut cables, and on a few occasions, have started riding only to find out while in motion that the cables have been cut or removed entirely. Check any scooter before riding for functional brakes.)

    I took my first lap ever around the Mobiliring on a Bird, figuring they would be the one to beat, and frankly, Bird is the gold standard for a reason. The Zero is unrestricted on the bike path, and maintained its top speed for the entire first twisty section. The handling is predictable, and there is more grip than other scooters, right up until it gets sandy. Turning southward on Speedway at the north end of the course, the Zero absorbed many of the bumps and ruts in the road better than other scooters. Because I didn’t bump up on any stupid limiters, the entire lap was quite pleasant and relaxing.

    Having tried all three generations of Bird scooter, the Zero is a vast improvement from the first two, and if you’re going to scoot on your feet, not on a seat, Bird is probably the one to ride.

    1st Place – Wheels – 15 Minutes, 16 seconds - $5.60

    “Wheels” is the newest mobility company on the scene; their miniature bicycles only appeared in Venice a few months ago. These bikes are, frankly, genius. In theory, they go up to 35 km/hr, (21.7 mph), though I never saw more than 33.5 on the display.

    Because they are the first mobility option with hot-swappable batteries, the bikes themselves never go out of service during daytime hours. Wheels “Transporters” pick random bikes from where they are left, swap the batteries, and return the bikes to “hubs,” where, in my experience, you can pretty much always find at least one.

    The fact that they are more like bicycles than Razor scooters is, itself, a major advantage. Sitting, rather than standing, means stability. It means your knees and ankles aren’t a suspension component. It has 14-inch wheels with pneumatic tires. It uses dual disc brakes from a high-end bicycle. It has a twist-grip throttle, like a motorcycle. And it has Bluetooth speakers, so you can play your music from the bike itself, freeing you from having to dangerously (and in Santa Monica, illegally) ride on the street wearing headphones.

    A Wheels has enough power that you don’t have to push-start it, real tires so you can ride confidently on sandy tarmac, and the kind of brakes you’d want on a vehicle capable of keeping up with, and passing, folks on geared bicycles, or even cars in urban traffic. The kind of bumps that would sail you headfirst into a parked car on a traditional scooter are mere inconveniences on a Wheels.

    I knew it would be faster than the scooters on specs alone, but honestly, it was also so much more fun. Every single scooter is kinda terrifying, because a crack or a bump can come up so quickly, with really bad consequences. Even while having fun, it’s virtually impossible to escape this train of thought. Especially since right when you do, that’s when you crash.

    A Wheels is like riding an electric Honda Grom. The bike path, unrestricted on a Wheels, might as well be Angeles Crest Highway. I was taking apexes, leaning it down, balancing the brakes, and leaning into the throttle on exits. You can actually look up and around, rather than four feet in front of you, because you aren’t terrified of uneven pavement anymore.

    Best of all, because it looks more like a bike than a Razor scooter, many folks are riding them in more appropriate places than sidewalks, because they no longer see themselves as pedestrians.

    And the speed, Lord, the speed. It completed the Mobiliring a full five minutes faster than Bird, in half the time of Lyft, 1/3 the time of Lime, and for less money than all of them—after all, you’re literally renting these things by the minute, not the mile. Time is money.

    Downsides? Admittedly, there are two: First are the exposed brake cables for the dual disc brakes. During the single day of this test, I found three Wheels with intentionally cut brake lines. Someone not as vigilant as myself might not notice, which, considering where they were cut, I believe was the sadistic intent.

    Secondly, 20 mph is fast enough to have a crash where you can get hurt pretty badly, and Wheels is getting awfully close to moped territory; those do require helmets. While you’re no longer worried about pavement quality, you are going fast enough to misjudge things and just, crash. I hate to say it, but helmets should probably be mandated. And if I’m nit-picking, a height-adjustable seat would be nice, although not having to pedal negates most of the negative effects of a fixed seat.

    When scooters first arrived in Venice, I rolled my eyes and said to myself, “Great, at last a substitute for walking.” And in some ways, I was right. These scooters do expose us at our most slovenly, both in how we treat them when no one is looking, and in how tourists do actually use them, right in front of me, every day: as a walk you don’t have to walk; as a bike you don’t have to pedal.

    But they also do give mobility to people who don’t otherwise have it. 30 miles in LA is a pretty long way; you could ride a Wheels from Venice to Beverly Hills and back, for less than an Uber or Lyft, and without having to be a sweaty mess when you got there. Bird scooters and their ilk are good for short trips that are just out of walking distance, as long as you don’t have to deal with restricted zones and the surface is good.

    A Wheels is good for that too, but it can also be a bicycle. And frankly, it’s safer. Wheels wins this one by a mile.

    But as I write this, some three more e-scooters are coming to Venice in the next month. I guess the Mobiliring’s work isn’t done yet.❞

    #USA #Elektroroller #Verkehr

  • #strategy and Agility: Lessons from #toyota, Honda, Yamaha, and #tesla

    A great example of strategy tightly coupled with agility/fast-product-feedback-loops: Toyota and the Toyota Production SystemThe aim of the Toyota Production System (“TPS”) is “making the vehicles ordered by customers in the quickest and most efficient way, in order to deliver the vehicles as quickly as possible” (emphasis is mine).In other words, the TPS is the mechanism that Toyota uses to build a lean / #agile / high mobility mentality into its production lifecycle from order to delivery. The TPS supports Toyota’s overall strategy of building the most reliable and lowest total-cost-of-ownership cars in the world.All workers are obligated to improve any process they can to improve speed and reduce waste in the production line. They’re not just permitted to improve, but obligated… in other (...)


  • Royaume-Uni. À six semaines du #Brexit, #Honda va annoncer la #fermeture de sa seule usine britannique

    Le constructeur automobile japonais s’apprête à annoncer la fermeture de son usine d’assemblage à #Swindon, entre Londres et Bristol. 3 500 emplois sont en danger et le signal inquiète à quelques jours du Brexit.

  • Anatomy of a Killing - BBC News

    Voici une recherche (Forensic research) très impressionnante sur cette histoire horrible : La démarche devrait beaucoup intéresser @simplicissimus et peut-être pourrions nous reparler et débattre de ce que le BBC a réussi à faire ici. Je reste sans voix.

    In July 2018 a horrifying video began to circulate on social media. It shows two women and two young children being led away at gunpoint by a group of Cameroonian soldiers. The captives are blindfolded, forced to the ground, and shot 22 times.

    #cameroun #nigéria #meurtres #boko_haram

    • These women and children while being led to their deaths the soldiers accused them of belonging to the jihadist group Boko Haram graphic tissue here they’re blindfolded posted the ground and shot a close-range 22 * one of the women still has the baby strapped to her back the video began to circulate on my 10th 2018 some claimed that this atrocity took place in Molly where government soldiers have been fighting Boko Haram since 2014 the government of Cameroon initially dismissed the video as fake news a month later they announce the seven members of the military wear under investigation but there has still been no official admission that these killings were carried out in cameroonian song by government soldiers and there is still no guarantee that anyone will be held to account so how can we tell what really happened here over the next few minutes we’re going to follow these women and children on the short walk to the end of their lives and to glean from this video the clues that tell us where this happened when it happened and who was responsible for this atrocity this looks like the kind of Dusty anonymously track that could be anywhere in the Sahel what the first 40 seconds of the film capture a mountain range with the distinctive profile we spent hours trying to match this rage to the Topography of Northern Cameroon and then in Late July we received a tip-off from a cameroonian sourced have you looked at the area near Santa Fe close to the town of side of it we found a match for the Ridgeline it this is the scene on a dirt road just outside of Village called crime Alpha a few hundred meters away is the border with Nigeria the video also reveals other details that can be matched precisely to what we see on the satellite imagery this track these buildings and these trees putting all this evidence together we can say with certainty but the killings took place here less than a kilometer away instead of it we found this compound and identify this the combat Outpost used by the cameroonian military and their fight against Boko Haram will come back to this base later exactly when the killings took place at First Sight harder to say but again the video contains Clues this building is visible and satellite imagery but only until February 2016 the murders must have happened before that date satellite images also captured this structure the Wolves surrounding it I’ll present an imagery dated March 2015 but it not yet been built in November 2014 giving earliest possible date for the atrocity the video also reveals this footpath a part that only appears in the hot dry season between January and April less obvious clues in the video as they leave these women away the soldiers like moving sundials cost Shadows on the track a simple mathematical formula tells us the end the sun in comparison to the Horizon we can also see what direction the light is coming from when we add this data to our location we can get a precise time frame for this event The Killing between March 20th and April 5th 2015 we now know where this happened and we know when it happened but who are the men who murdered these women and children in July is Serta Roma Bakery cameroon’s minister of communication insisted that the killers are not cameroonian soldiers and presented what he claimed was irrefutable evidence from the video itself the weapons he said I’m not those used by the cameroonian Army in this area of operation but your analysis shows that one of these is a Serbian made the stopper M21 it’s rare in sub-Saharan Africa but it is used by some divisions of the cameroonian military also claimed that a close examination of the shoes the soldiers wearing colorful Forrestal camouflage in the phone knows he said cameroonian soldiers wear pale desert style fatigues a closer look at the evidence reveals this cancel just seen here in a 2015 report by Channel 4 News filmed inside of it wearing darker forestal fatigues similar to those seen in the video on Facebook we also found these pictures cameroonian soldiers wearing the same type of camouflage the images attack to CertiFit but carry also question why the soldiers are not wearing the standard combat gear of troops stationed in that area be helmets bulletproof vest and ranges boots Beyonce is that the soldiers when those house on patrol they would just a few hundred metres away from the combat Outpost we saw earlier we know that this is a military base because we match the features visible in satellite imagery to the details in the channel 4 news report that was short hair in 2015 new movies this year and I Misty International investigators spoke with residents who have been displaced by the fighting to a nearby Town among them was the man who said that sold these women and children being brought into the base by cameroonian soldiers a short while after they will either way he said he heard gunfire in August there was a sudden change in the government Fishing Off 2 weeks of denying that these killings took place in Cameroon vicari announced that seven members of the cameroonian military had been arrested and we’re under investigation or analysis has and avoid three men who actually pulled the trigger one of them is this man introduced at the start of the film as chocho that links the nickname chocho to a soldier called Syriac patiala is among the detainees named by the government the BBC has also spoken with a former cameroonian Soldier to confirm but this is chocho cyriak patiala at the end of the film we see him again blindfolding the little girl he’s about to kill a few seconds later he draw his weapon and opens fire analysis Identify two other guns that were used in The Killing one of them was in the hands of this man we see him here blindfolding the woman with the baby seconds before the shooting starts resource identified him as Barnabas go no so we would not able to confirm this identification a very similar name Barnabas Donna Sue appeared 11 days later on the government’s List of soldiers under investigation the 3rd weapon used in The Killing is the Zastava M21 we saw earlier it is in the hands of a man introduced in the video as second-class cobra so who is Cobra of the women and children are killed Cobra is the lost man still firing into the body’s one of his colleagues calls out tangle leave it there dead when he still does not stop shooting the cold out again that’s enough tanker that’s enough the name Sanger also appears list of men under investigation suggesting but Cobra is a nickname for Lance corporal Tanga another man named among those arrested is Etienne Sebastian he’s the platoon commander who was interviewed by channel 4 news in 2015 as far as week until he does not appear in the video we put these findings to the government of Cameroon who responded Honda investigation right now until the investigation has been concluded and that hold of them will be given a fair trial new due process was extended to the two women killed outside set of it and no presumption of innocence was a foot to the children who died with them
      In July 2018 a horrifying video began to circulate on social media. It shows two women and two young children being led away at gunpoint by a group of Cameroonian soldiers. The captives are blindfolded, forced to the ground, and shot 22 times.

      The government of Cameroon initially dismissed the video as “fake news.” But BBC Africa Eye, through forensic analysis of the footage, can prove exactly where this happened, when it happened, and who is responsible for the killings.

      Warning: this video contains disturbing content

      Investigation by Aliaume Leroy and Ben Strick.
      Produced by Daniel Adamson and Aliaume Leroy.
      Motion Graphics: Tom Flannery

      Please subscribe HERE

    • (je commente ici…)

      Intéressant (et horrible !) La localisation par la ligne de crête me laisse très dubitatif. Elle me semble habiller une localisation obtenue par des moyens plus … classiques ; peut-être pour protéger une source.

      En particulier, la suite de la vidéo montre que les enquêteurs ont eu accès directement sur place, par exemple lors du reportage sur le poste militaire, à diverses informations, notamment l’identité des participants.

      Le recoupement entre images et vues par satellite interviennent plus comme confirmation ou pour préciser la localisation des séquences : les constructions sont vraiment sommaires et elles manquent totalement d’éléments remarquables. Sans localisation globale, rien de tout cela n’est utilisable.

  • SenseTime, la start-up chinoise en pointe dans la reconnaissance faciale

    La jeune pousse, qui a levé plus de 1 milliard de dollars en deux mois, s’impose comme une championne de l’intelligence artificielle. Vous n’avez sans doute pas encore entendu parler de SenseTime, mais l’entreprise chinoise, elle, vous connaît peut-être déjà. Du moins, de vue. Si vous avez voyagé en Chine, ou si vous utilisez un smartphone chinois, de la marque Huawei par exemple, il est probable que votre visage soit enregistré dans la base de données du leader chinois de la reconnaissance faciale. (...)

    #Alibaba #Honda #Huawei #Qualcomm #SenseTime #Temasek #Tencent #Xiaomi #Baidu #algorithme #smartphone #CCTV #biométrie #facial #surveillance (...)


  • European Commission Fines Car Carriers 395 Million Euros for Participating in #Cartel – gCaptain

    The European Commission on Wednesday fined four shipping companies a total of 395 million euros for taking part in cartel relating to the transportation of new cars and other vehicles by sea in violation of EU competition laws.

    In a statement, the Commission said it had imposed the fines on the roll-on/roll-off shipping companies CSAV, K-Line, NYK and WWL-EUKO for forming and participating in the cartel with the goal of aligning prices and dividing up customers to their benefit. A fifth shipping company, MOL, was also involved in the cartel but did not receive a fine because it had alerted the Commission to the cartel.

    All five companies admitted to participation in the cartels and agreed to settle the cases.

    For almost six years, between October 2006 and September 2012, sales managers from these companies met at each other’s offices, in bars, restaurants and other social gatherings. They were also in contact over the phone on a regular basis,” the Commission said.

    • Second Japanese shipping firm admits to cartel conduct in Australian court

      Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha has pleaded guilty to criminal cartel conduct in the transport of vehicles, Australia’s competition regulator said on Thursday, the second Japanese shipping company to make such an admission.

      The conduct relates to the shipping of cars, trucks and buses to Australia between 2009 and 2012, according to the Australian Competition and Consumer Commision (ACCC).

      Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha was convicted last year by Australia’s Federal Court and fined A$25 million ($20 million) for its part in the activity.

      The ACCC on Thursday declined to disclose details relating to the K-Line complaint.

      During the NYK case the court found that cartel members fixed freight prices for carrying Nissan, Suzuki, Honda, Toyota and Mazda vehicles to Australia and agreed not to try and win business from each other from as early as February 1997.

  • Uber Knowingly Leased Unsafe Cars To Its Drivers In Singapore, Report Says : The Two-Way : NPR

    It was a good market to enter: In addition to all the rain you might expect in a tropical climate with two monsoon seasons, owning a car in Singapore is extremely expensive. The government requires owners to buy a certificate of entitlement, which represents “a right to vehicle ownership and use of the limited road space for 10 years.” The certificates are released through competitive bidding, and recently they’ve fetched prices from $44,000 and up.

    That kind of expense made it hard for Uber to find drivers, the Journal reports, and so the company created a unit, Lion City Rentals, that would lease cars to drivers. It represented a new approach for the company, which avoids owning assets.

    Instead of buying cars from authorized Honda and Toyota dealers, the company reportedly began importing hundreds of used cars a month from small dealers in the “gray market”, where safety standards are hard to enforce. At least one of those dealers didn’t get the Vezels fixed before selling them to Uber. While Uber was aware of the problem and asked the dealer to hasten its repairs, the company continued to lease the defective vehicles to drivers without warning them of the safety issue.

    Even after the fire, Uber told drivers that the Vezels needed “immediate precautionary servicing” — without mentioning the risk of fire and overheating.

    #Uber #disruption #Singapur

  • Australia Fines NYK $25 Million for ’Criminal Cartel Conduct’ – gCaptain

    Photo: Pholly /

    The Federal Court of Australia has convicted Japanese shipping company Nippon Yusen Kabushiki Kaisha (NYK) of criminal #cartel conduct and ordered it to pay a fine of $25 million relating to the transportation of motor vehicles to Australia between 2009 and 2012.

    The fine is the second-highest fine ever imposed by the Australian Competition & Consumer Commission (ACCC). The judgment also marks the first successful prosecution under the criminal cartel provisions of the country’s Competition and Consumer Act 2010 (CCA).

    Following an extensive investigation by the ACCC, the Commonwealth Director of Public Prosecutions charged NYK with “giving effect to cartel provisions in an arrangement or understanding with other shipping lines” over the transportation of vehicles to Australia between 2009 and 2012, the ACCC said in a statement.

    The cartel operated from at least February 1997 and affected vehicles transported to Australia by NYK and other shipping lines from locations in Asia, the US and Europe on behalf of major car manufacturers including Nissan, Suzuki, Honda, Toyota and Mazda,” The ACCC said.

    … and Europe…

    #transport_maritime #cartellisation

  • Un mois plus tard, #WannaCry frappe encore !

    Un mois après la première apparition de WannaCry, une usine Honda a été forcée à l’arrêt suite à une infection du ransomware. Si la propagation du programme a été contenue, des systèmes hors ligne non protégés sont toujours affectés.
    Malware Tech, découvreur du kill-switch, soulève deux hypothèses. WanaCry a pu être introduit dans le réseau interne de l’usine par des laptops renfermant une version dormante du malware. Une fois connectés, ils ont servis de vecteur d’infection, le malware se répandant dans l’infra hors ligne du site. Sans accès Internet, ses requêtes au domaine kill switch restaient sans réponse, permettant sa propagation.

    Autre théorie, les proxys. Le ransomware n’a pas été conçu pour les gérer. Si Honda utilise des proxys pour « filtrer » son trafic en interne, WannaCry s’est retrouvé incapable de sortir du réseau interne et donc d’envoyer sa requête au domaine du kill-switch. Il a donc pu poursuivre sa propagation sur l’infrastructure interne, chiffrant les terminaux Windows à sa portée.

    Dans un cas comme dans l’autre, cette infection signifie surtout que Honda n’a pas patché ses systèmes Windows, laissant ouverte la vulnérabilité permettant à WannaCry d’infecter ses PC. Mais le constructeur japonais n’est certainement pas le seul : Malware Tech note que le domaine du kill switch reçoit encore 200 000 requêtes chaque jour.


    Avec un peu de connaissances en mécanique, et beaucoup d’imagination, cet inventeur brésilien a créé, dans son garage de Sao Paulo, la Moto H2O. Ricardo Azevedo a transformé une Honda de 1993 en une moto futuriste, qui fonctionne à l’hydrogène, à faible coût. L’engin utilise une batterie de voiture pour produire de l’électricité, et avec l’électrolyse, l’hydrogène est isolé. La combustion fait avancer la moto.

    Un Brésilien construit un moteur à eau pour sa moto !

    Ricardo Azevedo est un officier publique brésilien résidant à São Paulo. Dans son garage il a développé un moteur où il récupère l’hydrogène comme propulseur. Avec une autonomie de 500km/L, cela pourrait-il être une alternative au pétrole ?

    Avec un peu de connaissances en mécanique, et beaucoup d’imagination, cet inventeur brésilien a créé, dans son garage de Sao Paulo, la Moto H2O. Ricardo Azevedo a transformé une Honda de 1993 en une moto futuriste, qui fonctionne à l’hydrogène, à faible coût. L’engin utilise une batterie de voiture pour produire de l‘électricité, et avec l‘électrolyse, l’hydrogène est isolé. La combustion fait avancer la moto.
    Six mois après avoir lancé son concept, et après plusieurs tests et améliorations, Azevedo pense que son projet pourrait contribuer à réduire le niveau de pollution : seule de la vapeur d’eau s‘échappe, au lieu du monoxyde de carbone.
    Pour tester sa technologie maison, l’inventeur brésilien a utilisé plusieurs types d’eau, comme l’eau potable, l’eau minérale ou même l’eau d’une rivière locale très polluée. Et le résultat n’a pas varié.
    Si l’hydrogène n’est peut-être pas la seule réponse aux besoins énergétiques mondiaux, c’est au moins une alternative à la combustion de combustibles fossiles. Marcelo Alves est professeur de génie mécanique à l’Université de São Paulo, et il apprécie le procédé.
    L’hydrogène est l‘élément le plus abondant dans l’Univers, mais sur terre, l’hydrogène gazeux pur est très rare, car il est trop léger. L’hydrogène en général est lié à d’autres atomes, comme de l’oxygène dans l’eau.
    Les recherches sur la combustion de l’hydrogène se sont multipliées ces dernières années, et de nombreux constructeurs automobiles ont lancé différents types de véhicules.
    Un moteur à hydrogène, comme celui de Ricardo Azevedo, ne crée pas de pollution, comme les émissions de carbone des moteurs à essence classiques. Bien que le marché potentiel soit énorme, il est encore freiné par les moyens de contenir en toute sécurité le gaz d’hydrogène qui reste hautement inflammable.
    #hydrogen #carburant #moteuraeau

  • Guerre ouverte entre Trump et l’industrie automobile Le Devoir - 12 novembre 2016 - Éric Béziat

    La bataille « Donald Trump contre l’industrie automobile » est engagée. À peine le résultat de l’élection présidentielle a-t-il été proclamé que General Motors (GM), le premier constructeur américain, annonçait, mercredi, la suppression de plus de 2000 emplois dans des usines du nord des États-Unis. Une provocation et une forme d’avertissement, au lendemain de la victoire du candidat républicain, qui avait protesté contre les réductions d’emplois dans l’industrie automobile pendant sa campagne.

    S’il est une industrie qui ne se réjouit pas de la victoire de M. Trump, c’est bien celle de la voiture. Le président désigné a fait des constructeurs et équipementiers l’une de ses cibles favorites et les experts s’accordent à dire que le turbulent milliardaire a construit sa victoire dans la « Rust Belt », ces États du Nord-Est américain qui ont perdu plus de la moitié de leurs emplois industriels en 30 ans.


    Un mois avant le scrutin, le candidat milliardaire était à Flint, dans l’État du Michigan pour fustiger le projet de Ford de délocaliser la production de toutes ses petites voitures citadines vers le Mexique. « On ne devrait pas laisser faire ça, a-t-il déclaré. Rien. Nous n’aurons rien, à l’exception du chômage à Flint et dans le Michigan. C’est affreux ! » Dans son combat pour le « made in USA », Donald Trump a dénoncé le traité de libre-échange nord-américain, l’ALENA, négocié par le président Bill Clinton dans les années 1990.
    Depuis l’entrée en vigueur, de ce traité, le 1er janvier 1994, le Mexique est peu à peu devenu un eldorado pour les industriels de l’auto. Cette ruée vers le sud s’est accélérée depuis 2012 et les projets d’usines ont fleuri en 2016. Celui de Ford, annoncé début avril, prévoit un investissement de 1,6 milliard dans le centre du Mexique et la création de 2800 emplois directs.
    Salaires bas, main-d’oeuvre bien formée : le Mexique cumule les atouts pour les constructeurs automobiles et les groupes industriels devenus dépendants de ces accords commerciaux, avec le risque qu’ils soient confrontés à l’avenir à des coûts plus élevés.
    Charles Chesbrough, économiste de l’OESA (Original Equipment Suppliers Association), un groupement d’équipementiers automobiles à Detroit, affirme que la mise en oeuvre du programme de Donald Trump obligera les consommateurs américains à payer leur véhicule plus cher. « Cette politique pourrait grever de 5000 $US le prix d’une petite voiture en provenance du Mexique » , a-t-il calculé.
    Pas que le « Big three »
    Le pays a attiré la fine fleur des constructeurs et équipementiers mondiaux, et pas seulement les « Big three » américains (GM, Ford, Fiat-Chrysler). Les Allemands sont bien représentés avec Mercedes, BMW, Volkswagen et Audi (qui vient d’inaugurer une usine pour produire ses modèles Q5), ainsi que les Japonais (Toyota, Honda). Nissan emploie 15 000 personnes au Mexique, et l’équipementier français Valeo 8500.
    Dans ce paysage, l’idée d’un mur entre le Mexique et les États-Unis n’est pas du goût des constructeurs, la production mexicaine étant avant tout destinée à l’exportation. Ainsi, l’usine des Audi Q5 à Puebla est conçue comme une plaque tournante pour le commerce extérieur. Sur 3,4 millions de voitures fabriquées en 2015 au Mexique, 2,8 millions ont été vendues hors du pays, dont 2 millions chez le voisin américain.
    Face à la menace d’une hausse des tarifs douaniers brandie par Donald Trump — il propose de taxer les voitures importées du Mexique à 35 % —, les industriels ont gardé leur sang-froid. En dehors de l’annonce provocatrice de GM, la seule réaction officielle est venue de la fédération allemande de l’automobile, la VDA. « Davantage de protectionnisme et des barrières commerciales supplémentaires seraient aussi préjudiciables aux États-Unis qu’à leurs partenaires commerciaux » , a mis en garde son président, Matthias Wissmann.
    Les constructeurs automobiles sont partis dans un round serré de négociations avec la nouvelle administration américaine. Ils vont devoir alterner menaces, comme GM, mais aussi pédagogie. « En fait, la mondialisation profite à l’industrie automobile américaine, explique Laurent Petizon, associé au cabinet AlixPartners. Les usines anciennes, les sureffectifs, le poids des retraites aux États-Unis sont financés par les gains réalisés en Europe, et surtout en Chine. »
    Barrières douanières
    Les groupes industriels américains tels que Ford, General Motors, Caterpillar et nombre de leurs fournisseurs ont investi des milliards de dollars en profitant des traités commerciaux avec le Mexique, la Chine et d’autres pays.
    Ford a annoncé cette année le transfert de la production de ses petits modèles de son site de Michigan vers le Mexique et un investissement de 1,6 milliard dans le pays. Son concurrent GM avait annoncé en 2014 un investissement de 5 milliards au Mexique sur quatre ans pour y créer 5600 emplois.
    En juin, BMW a ouvert une usine à San Luis Potosi, au Mexique, en s’engageant à y investir 2,2 milliards d’ici 2019 pour une production annuelle de 150 000 voitures. Trois mois plus tard, la division Audi de VW a inauguré une installation de 1,3 milliard de la même capacité près de Puebla, au Mexique, a recensé l’agence Reuters.
    Forte capacité de production
    Reuters rappelle que d’ici à 2020, le Mexique aura la capacité de fournir un quart de tous les véhicules vendus aux États-Unis, selon le cabinet d’études IHS Automotive, contre un sixième en 2012. Pendant ce temps, entre 1994 et 2013, les emplois dans les usines automobiles aux États-Unis ont diminué d’un tiers tandis que les emplois au Mexique ont presque quintuplé au cours de la même période.
    Le Mexique représente désormais 20 % de toute la production de véhicules en Amérique du Nord et a attiré plus de 24 milliards de dollars en investissement automobile depuis 2010, selon les données de l’association Center for Automotive Research basée à Ann Arbor, dans le Michigan, reprises par Reuters. Selon les plans d’investissement actuels, la capacité de production automobile du Mexique augmentera de 50 % au cours des cinq prochaines années, estime l’association, qui est financée par l’industrie automobile.
    « Le démantèlement de l’ALENA à ce stade serait assez difficile à réaliser » , estime Kristin Dziczek, directrice pour l’industrie, le travail et l’économie dans cette association.

    #Rust_Belt #Mexique #USA #Aléna #TTIP #CETA #Trump #GM #Ford #Fiat #Chrysler #Mercedes #BMW #Volkswagen #Audi #Toyota #Honda #Nissan #économistes #économistes_fous

  • Uber wants to disrupt the car loan and leasing industry

    To many observers, the endgame of Uber’s auto market disruption is a world where you never own a car again.

    But there’s an irony in how Uber, (2016 CNBC Disruptor No.1), plans to get there: It’s making a big push into the hundred-plus billion-dollar auto financing market.

    Think about all the money that goes into leases and loans from captive financing units at Toyota, Honda and Ford, luring consumers into shiny new vehicles.

    Automobile financing amounts to $116 billion a year just in the United States, according to IBISWorld, all for the sake of car ownership — or something resembling it.

    Uber’s mission is very different than that of a car company. It wants more Ubers on the road by any means necessary, and the newer the car, the better. After all, it’s setting out to create the anti-taxi experience.
    The company created Xchange Leasing last year as a wholly-owned Uber subsidiary. For a $250 deposit, an Uber driver can lease a new midsize or economy car, be it a Chevrolet Malibu, Honda Accord or Toyota Prius.
    At a Chicago-area Nissan dealership, Xchange accounted for 41 percent of sales in May. In each of the first three months of the year, sales more than doubled from the same time in 2015, mostly because of Xchange deals, said a store executive, who asked that we not use his or her company’s name.
    Financing cars by the thousands is hugely expensive. Xchange secured a $1 billion credit facility led by Goldman Sachs, according to a person familiar with the matter. The facility was put in place last week and includes capital from Citigroup, Deutsche Bank AG (New York Branch), JPMorgan, Morgan Stanley and SunTrust, the person said.

    The credit facility was previously reported by Bloomberg News.

    By the end of 2016, Uber expects that 100,000 cars will have been provided globally through the vehicle solutions programs, with $2 billion going toward car sales.

  • Die Klick-Arbeiter | DIGITAL PRESENT
    Le gouvernement municipal de Berlin se vante d’avoir encouragé l’ascension de Berlin á la tête du palmarès des capitales des startups europénnes. Nul part ailleurs en Europe les venture capitalistes accordent des sommes plus importantes aux nombreuses entreprises innovatrices.

    Le prix á payer pour ce statut est la liquéfication du droit du travail et sa dissolution dans un univers de flexibilité - au profit des capitalistes investisseurs.

    C’est facile, on est bien payé dans l’administration et on apprécie les compliments flatteurs des stars de chez #Google et #Uber. Par complaisance on omet de mentionner que la réduction des coûts de transaction n’est pas due au gentils programmeurs d’apps géniales mais à la disparition d’une rémunération en règle.

    Par un beau concours de circonstances on est en mesure de récupérer les appartement des berlinois appauvris par la disparition des emplois réguliers. Après les interventions policières pendant les évictions des nouveaux pauvres on revend et reloue leurs anciens appartements à la nouvelle génération d’immigrés de luxe qui peuplent les agences du capital international.

    Cet article décrit la réalité chez les gens qui, suite à la précarisation de la majorité de la population par l’Angenda 2010, tentent de survivre com clickworkers en exécutant un travail émietté.

    L’industrie 4.0 c’est pour bientôt, nous nous trouvons sur la scène de l’avant-première de la pièce intitulée la disparition de l’ouvrier qualifié . L’interview avec le patron de Crowd Guru a le mérite de décrire le caractère éphémère et transitoire du crowdworking tel qu’on le rencontre aujourd’hui.

    Crowdworker erledigen online einfache Jobs – für ein paar Cent bis ein paar Euro. Das Berliner Unternehmen Crowd Guru betreibt eine dieser Plattformen. Ein Besuch beim Gründer – und einem der Mitarbeiter.

    Eine neue Form des Outsourcing

    „Als IBM 2012 begonnen hat Teile der Arbeit an die crowd zu vergeben, sind wir richtig auf das Problem aufmerksam geworden“, erzählt Karl-Heinz Brandl von der Dienstleistungsgewerkschaft ver.di. Die Gewerkschaften kritisieren vor allem fehlende Mitbestimmungsmöglichkeiten, niedrige Löhne und fehlende soziale Absicherung. Klickarbeiter wie Daniel haben keinen Kündigungsschutz oder Anspruch auf Lohnfortzahlung bei Krankheit. Und während die „Gurus“ hauptsächlich aus Deutschland kommen, sieht Brandl ein weiteres Problem: „Es kommt zu weltweitem Lohndumping“, warnt er. Schließlich können viele der typischen Aufgaben problemlos von Vietnam oder Indien aus gelöst werden. Viele Plattformen haben bereits eine internationale crowd. So könne es zu einer Abwärtsspirale bei den Löhnen kommen. Weltweit gibt es bereits Tausende solcher Plattformen, in Deutschland sind es etwa 40 und nach Schätzung der IG Metall etwa eine Million Crowdworker. Die größte deutsche Plattform clickworker wirbt inzwischen mit 700 000 „on-demand workers“ und Kunden wie Honda oder T-Mobile. Immer mehr Firmen entdecken die Möglichkeit des Outsourcing an die Crowd – „Crowdsourcing“.

    #Berlin #économie #disruption #gentrification

  • Meet the Female Motorcyclist Riding Solo Across Pakistan | Broadly

    Tucking her hair into a helmet, Zenith Irfan, 21, is preparing for a motorcycle ride through the busy roads of Lahore, #Pakistan, despite hostile stares and gaping mouths. Lahore’s roads are lawless, crammed with donkey carts, horse carriages, and rickshaws; drivers weave in and out of the livestock and zoom past traffic lights.

    Irfan was drawn to motorcycles after learning that her late father had always wanted to ride across the country on one. She made it a goal to carry out his dream. After she became tired of commuting to university in a rickshaw, her family bought her the first motorbike— a small Honda C70—and her mother insisted that it was now or never that she start learning.

  • Après le scandale Volkswagen, les actionnaires s’alarment pour tout le secteur automobile

    Quand le scandale Volkswagen a éclaté, l’action du constructeur allemand s’est immédiatement effondrée en Bourse. Trois semaines plus tard, elle demeure en recul de 20 %, soit 15 milliards d’euros partis en fumée. Très inquiet que le même phénomène puisse se répéter chez la concurrence, un groupe de grands investisseurs institutionnels vient d’envoyer une série de lettres aux principaux constructeurs automobiles mondiaux, pour leur demander des explications. « En tant qu’investisseurs, nous voulons comprendre l’attitude et les agissements de l’industrie automobile sur les questions réglementaires et environnementales », écrivent-ils, dans une initiative dévoilée mardi 13 octobre. Leur objectif : détecter le plus tôt possible les risques d’un nouveau scandale, et éventuellement retirer leurs investissements à temps.

    L’initiative, coordonnée par Share Action, une association britannique qui promeut l’actionnariat responsable, rassemble dix-neuf grands investisseurs, qui gèrent au total un portefeuille de 850 milliards d’euros. Parmi elles se trouvent le géant AXA Investment Managers, quatre fonds de retraite suédois et une série de petits fonds connus pour leur activisme dans les affaires sociales et environnementales. Leur lettre a été envoyée à Volkswagen, BMW, Honda, Daimler, General Motors, Ford, Fiat, Peugeot et Toyota.
    La lettre s’inquiète particulièrement du lobbying anti-climat très actif mené par les constructeurs automobiles. Les investisseurs constatent que ceux-ci mènent un travail de sape auprès des régulateurs européens et américains, qui semble aller à l’opposé de leurs discours publics en faveur de l’environnement.

    Ils s’appuient pour cela sur le travail mené par Influence Map, une association britannique à but non lucratif qui documente le travail de lobbying des grandes entreprises. Selon elle, Volkswagen, BMW et Daimler – les trois constructeurs allemands – sont parmi ceux qui cherchent le plus à mettre des bâtons dans les roues des autorités. Ford et Hyundai sont également identifiés comme les mauvais élèves de ce classement. Renault-Nissan est le mieux noté.

    « On ne peut évidemment pas demander aux entreprises si elles utilisent des logiciels illégaux pour frauder les contrôles, explique Dylan Tanner, d’Influence Map. En revanche, connaître le travail de lobbying est une bonne façon de comprendre l’attitude réelle des entreprises, et cela peut servir de signal d’alarme. » En d’autres termes, plus le lobbying est développé, plus l’entreprise a des choses à cacher…
    La lettre envoyée par les investisseurs s’inquiète aussi du travail des organisations qui représentent les constructeurs automobiles. L’Association des constructeurs européens d’automobiles (ACEA) en particulier, basée à Bruxelles, « s’est opposée systématiquement aux régulations sur le climat », dénonce Influence Map. Dans une lettre ouverte en 2014, elle demandait à ce que les « objectifs d’émission de gaz à effet de serre et d’énergie renouvelable ne soient pas fixés aux dépens de la compétitivité et de la croissance de l’industrie ».

    Dans ce contexte, Influence Map s’étonne du rôle joué par Renault-Nissan. D’un côté, les deux marques sont parmi celles qui mènent le lobbying anti-climat le moins actif à Bruxelles. De l’autre, Carlos Ghosn, leur patron, est actuellement le président de l’ACEA. « Il semble y avoir un “mauvais alignement” [entre les deux] », s’inquiète l’association. Les dix-neuf investisseurs lui ont donc envoyé une lettre séparée, pour lui demander des explications.

  • Wide range of cars emit more pollution in realistic driving tests, data shows | Environment | The Guardian (30/09/15)

    New diesel cars from Renault, Nissan, Hyundai, Citroen, Fiat, Volvo and other manufacturers have been found to emit substantially higher levels of pollution when tested in more realistic driving conditions, according to new data seen by the Guardian.

    Research compiled by Adac, Europe’s largest motoring organisation, shows that some of the diesel cars it examined released over 10 times more #NOx than revealed by existing EU tests, using an alternative standard due to be introduced later this decade.

    Adac put the diesel cars through the EU’s existing lab-based regulatory test (NEDC) and then compared the results with a second, UN-developed test (WLTC) which, while still lab-based, is longer and is believed to better represent real driving conditions. The WLTC is currently due to be introduced by the EU in 2017.

    NOx emissions for new diesel cars
    _ADAC put Euro 6 diesel vehicles through two tests – the NEDC test that regulators use and the WLTC test that better reflects real driving.

    The factor shown is how many times greater the WLTC test emissions were than the NEDC test. Vehicles with the biggest factor would be expected to emit significantly more NOx on the road than regulatory tests suggest.

    Peter Mock, one of the team at the International Council on Clean Transportation who exposed the VW diesel scandal, said the Adac test centre was “_absolutely trustworthy”.

    But Mock said the high profile now being given to the issue of misleading emissions data left him with mixed feelings. “I feel happy, but I also feel sad because there was enough data and people knew for a long time. The emissions in cities have not gone down like we expected and they could have been reduced a long time ago.


    • Four more carmakers join diesel emissions row | Environment | The Guardian

      Mercedes-Benz, Honda, Mazda and Mitsubishi have joined the growing list of manufacturers whose diesel cars are known to emit significantly more pollution on the road than in regulatory tests, according to data obtained by the Guardian.

      In more realistic on-road tests, some Honda models emitted six times the regulatory limit of NOx pollution while some unnamed 4x4 models had 20 times the NOx limit coming out of their exhaust pipes.

      The issue is a systemic one” across the industry, said Nick Molden, whose company Emissions Analytics tested the cars. The Guardian revealed last week that diesel cars from Renault, Nissan, Hyundai, Citroen, Fiat, Volvo and Jeep all pumped out significantly more NOx in more realistic driving conditions. NOx pollution is at illegal levels in many parts of the UK and is believed to have caused many thousands of premature deaths and billions of pounds in health costs.

      All the diesel cars passed the EU’s official lab-based regulatory test (called NEDC), but the test has failed to cut air pollution as governments intended because carmakers designed vehicles that perform better in the lab than on the road. There is no evidence of illegal activity, such as the “defeat devices” used by Volkswagen.
      However, in a letter seen by Reuters to EU officials, the ACEA [European Automobile Manufacturers Association] chairman and Renault chief executive, Carlos Ghosn, said that no significant progress on NOx was possible before 2019. Reuters said that ACEA, which lobbies for Europe’s carmakers in Brussels, told the officials on 1 October that the NOx limit for a new, more realistic test should be 70% higher than today’s limit. An ACEA spokeswoman said it was “too early in the process to confirm or comment on hypothetical figures.

  • Comment Elon Musk veut transformer deux industries (et le XXIe siècle)

    En février, Elon Musk prédisait que Tesla Motors allait réaliser ce qu’aucun constructeur automobile n’avait jamais fait, en atteignant une capitalisation boursière de 700 milliards de dollars en 2025. Pour mettre cela en perspective, Apple est devenue la société la plus cotée de l’histoire lorsqu’elle a atteint une valeur de marché de 700 milliards en novembre 2014. Et si l’on se réfère à l’industrie automobile, cette somme peut être comparée à la valeur des cinq plus grands constructeurs mondiaux. Ensemble, Volkswagen, BMW, Ford, Toyota et Honda ne pèsent que 522 milliards.


    Cet été, Tesla fera sa première incursion sérieuse du côté des voitures sans conducteur. L’entreprise envisage de mettre à niveau son logiciel dans l’ensemble du parc de modèle S : toutes les Tesla, y compris celles vendues il y a deux ans, seront capables de se conduire presque toutes seules sur l’autoroute. Bientôt votre modèle S de 2013 vous conduira de la Silicon Valley à LA sans que vous ayez à toucher le volant, l’accélérateur ou la pédale de frein — sauf si vous décidez de quitter l’autoroute pour aller manger un morceau ou vous dégourdir les jambes.

    Article bien peu critique et sans doute bien trop enthousiaste. Même si je reconnais que l’idée est là. Et que ça ouvre quand même la voie à la réalisation d’une smart grid P2P de distribution électrique, ce qui serait quand même fort bienvenu.

    Mais là encore, c’est à la puissance publique de se confronter rapidement à ces questions, de construire une vision d’avenir exigeante et au moins aussi ambitieuse, de proposer des alternatives (technologiques, politiques, sociales) et de s’assurer de sa souveraineté technologique et énergétique.
    Sans ça, elle en sera bientôt réduite à pleurnicher en dénonçant l’hégémonie d’un géant américain à coup de « communications de griefs » et à consacrer le reste de son action à maintenir en vie artificielle ses grands groupes industriels déliquescents et leurs emplois.

    Et pour ça, c’est à nous de l’y aider. En commençant peut-être par éviter de reproduire nous aussi les mêmes erreurs : celle de l’émerveillement béat devant des solutions clef en main, séduisantes, économiques, ambitieuses. Et dont cet article est un parfait exemple. Ce coup-ci, n’attendons peut-être pas 2025 pour écrire, amer, des « lettres ouvertes à Tesla ».

    #Automobile #Elon_Musk #Pair_à_pair #Smart_grid #Tesla_Energy #Tesla_Motors #Voiture_électrique #Énergie_renouvelable #Énergie_électrique

  • 2月24日のツイート

    Top story: Whole Foods: America’s Temple of Pseudoscience - The Daily Beast…, see more posted at 12:29:50

    Papier is out!… Stories via @ChronCulture @Cine_maniac @Val_Do posted at 09:16:21

    Sinisa Mihajlovic is now Samp coach, I didn’t now by now. Honda is not that good. posted at 00:43:35

    Top story: 100 Ideas That Changed Film | Brain Pickings…, see more posted at 00:33:13

  • Building an Open Source Laptop | MAKE

    About a year and a half ago, I engaged on an admittedly quixotic project to build my own laptop. By I, I mean we, namely Sean “xobs” Cross and me, bunnie. Building your own laptop makes about as much sense as retrofitting a Honda Civic with a 1000hp motor, but the lack of practicality never stopped the latter activity, nor ours.

  • « Nous recevons aujourd’hui les premières voitures à hydrogène de série immatriculées en France »

    Ces deux Hyundai ix35 FCEV sont en tout cas les premières voitures de série à hydrogène à être immatriculées en France. Avec 1000 unités prévues par Hyundai dans un premier temps, cela reste certes de la petite série, mais c’est de la série !
    Toyota et Honda viennent par exemple de montrer au salon de Tokyo les voitures qu’ils comptent produire en série en 2015. Tous les constructeurs sont dans cette logique. Ceux qui sont moins avancés visent 2017.

    Rappel des inconvénients (majeurs) des piles à combustible à hydrogène :

    The dirty secrets of clean cars

    First, there is the problem of providing the hydrogen fuel, along with the infrastructure for transporting it to garages across the country. […] Another study suggests making hydrogen dispensers as common as petrol pumps would cost America the small sum of half a trillion dollars.

    Then there is the question of where the hydrogen comes from. At present, industrial hydrogen (…) is produced by reforming natural gas with steam. This is not a particularly clean process. According to the National Renewable Energy Laboratory, a federal facility in Colorado, producing a kilogram of hydrogen by steam reformation generates 11.9 kilograms of carbon dioxide. As the Honda Clarity could travel 68 miles (109km) on a kilogram of hydrogen, it would cause 175 grams of carbon dioxide to be dumped into the atmosphere for every mile it was driven.

    By way of comparison, Volkswagen’s small diesel cars produce 145 grams per mile. On that reckoning, even petrol-electric hybrids like the Toyota Prius, which produces 167 grams per mile, are cleaner than the fuel-celled Clarity. Admittedly, fossil fuels also produce carbon emissions while being dug out of the ground, refined and transported to the pump. But burning hydrocarbons in internal-combustion engines is becoming cleaner all the time. When measured on a well-to-wheels basis, the steadily declining emission levels of conventional vehicles is putting the squeeze on so-called ZEVs [zero-emission vehicles].

    #automobile #voiture #hydrogène #électricité #environnement

    • Can Hydrogen Fuel-Cell Vehicles Compete With Electric Cars?

      Global automakers will start to build and offer very acceptable hydrogen-fueled vehicles, in numbers from dozens to thousands a year, between now and 2020. [...]

      Meanwhile, U.S. plug-in car sales are likely to come in around 90,000 this year—of which more than 15,000 will be Tesla Model S electric luxury sedans with more than 200 miles of range.

      We expect there to be multiple fuels in the decades going forward; the hegemony of gasoline and diesel will slowly erode as more ethanol, more natural gas, and probably a lot more electricity makes its way from the grid into more vehicles.

      Will hydrogen have a place in the mix?

      Perhaps not surprisingly, electric-car advocate Chelsea Sexton, to whom we often turn for perspective, thinks not.

      But in responding to our question, she raised an interesting point.

      “There’s never been a pent-up market for hydrogen vehicles,” Sexton said, “even a small one.”

      And that contrasts with the thousands of drivers who’d already experienced electric cars in one form or another by the time the first Nissan Leaf and first Chevy Volt were sold in December 2010.

      “I don’t see either the market or the infrastructure materializing” in any way that will put meaningful numbers of hydrogen fuel-cell vehicles on the road over the next decade, she said.

  • Pour un salaire juste - La Vie des idées

    L’usine Honda Nanhai, dans la province du Guangdong, a connu en 2012 une importante grève qui a par la suite servi de modèle à d’autres. L’analyse de l’évolution des grèves du début des années 2000 à aujourd’hui en Chine révèle un changement fondamental : le passage de la conscience de la loi à la conscience des droits.

  • Hydrogen fuel-cell cars look to overtake electric autos -

    piles à combustible à l’hydrogène

    Commitments by automobile manufactures to develop hydrogen fuel-cell cars have surged in recent months. Toyota, Hyundai, Daimler and Honda announced plans to build vehicles that run on the most abundant element in the universe and emit only water vapor as a byproduct.
    “A lot of auto makers believe the fuel-cell vehicle is just a better performing vehicle and just makes more sense,” said Kevin See, a senior analyst of electric vehicles at Lux Research in Boston.
    A fuel-cell-powered car can travel much longer distances than battery-powered ones before needing to be refueled, and fuel cells can be more readily used in large vehicles like trucks and SUVs.

    #automobile #énergie #environnement #électricité

  • Domestic robots failed to ride to rescue after No. 1 plant blew

    After the March 11 tsunami slammed into the Fukushima No. 1 nuclear plant and wrecked three reactors, many people expected the nation’s cutting-edge robotic technologies to come to the rescue.

    That, however, turned out to be wishful thinking, and the public was left wondering why Japanese robots, such as Honda Motor Co.’s Asimo humanoid, weren’t sent to the power plant to assist firefighters and workers trying to bring the crippled reactors under control.