• Embracing #web 3.0: The New Internet Era Will Begin Soon

    2018: Facebook’s data breach exposes the accounts of 50,000,000 individuals [source]2017: Equifax, one of the three largest credit agencies in the U.S., suffered a breach that may affect 143 million consumers [source]2016: AdultFriendFinder network hack exposes 412 million accounts [source]2015: Insurance giant Anthem hit by massive data breach compromised the data of 112,000,000 individuals. [source]2014: eBay faces massive data breach of 145,000,000 individuals. [Source]2013: Yahoo!’s data breach compromised the data of 3 billion individuals [Source]These incidents leave us with the questions like:In spite of high-end security, aren’t giant servers capable enough to protect data?Isn’t data security should be a key factor for all the upcoming large and small enterprise?What web has (...)

    #web3 #ai #web-development #technology

  • #identity on the #blockchain doesn’t need to be perfect, it just needs to be better than Yahoo

    Source: PixabaCryptoSlate, a very useful blockchain aggregation website, maintains a list of projects which specialize in digital identity or at least some elements of personal identity on the blockchain. At present there are no less than 28 such projects, the bulk of which emerged in 2018.On the face of it, storing any personal information on a blockchain sounds like the most ill-advised thing one could do. A public, immutable, decentralized ledger should be no place to keep your name, date of birth, medical histories or anything that could be used to track you down and kidnap you for ransom. This information would be safer with a private enterprise following strict data protection laws in service of its customers, surely?Well, as it happens those enterprises have a tendency to leak (...)

    #hacks #cryptocurrency #identity-management

  • How Plato Delivers Mobile News Feed Content using a Headless CMS

    Plato’s mission is to bring people together through meaningful & social games. Plato combines chat & games seamlessly, as the first messenger built from the ground up to support full multiplayer games. With a team comprised of Yahoo! and gaming veterans, plus backing from WhatsApp, Plato is available now on iOS & Android.Plato had a home-built CMS that, between operational costs and the engineering salaries to maintain it, was costing far too much. The team decided to replace their internal system with Cosmic JS to allow their developers to build new content models when they need to while empowering editors to manage content without bottlenecking the development team.Plato’s new tech stack is #golang-based and hosted on AWS. Plato’s mobile clients, written in #swift and #kotlin, (...)

    #mobile-news-feed-content #web-development

  • How #chat #api boosts the Engagement and Retention of Users

    Instant #messaging is a term that entered common usage during the 90s. The days of GTalk, Yahoo Messenger, Orkut, who can forget?But do you know that the actual concept of instant messaging dates back to the mid-1960s? The Compatible Time-Sharing Systems (CTSS) were one of the very first multi-user operating systems, created at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)’s Computation Center in 1961. They allowed up to 30 users to log in at the same time and send messages to each other. Those systems, which perhaps seems closer to emails today, had a lot of registered users from MIT and nearby colleges by 1965.Since then, we have come a long way as today we have multiple ways to communicate. In the case of user-user interaction, we have options like push notification, in-app (...)

    #in-app-messaging #chat-api

  • Facebook : des accès « partenaires » aux données utilisateurs ont été accordés à Apple, Netflix, Spotify, Amazon, Yahoo !

    Le « New York Times » dévoile les contours des partenariats menés entre Facebook et d’autres géants de la tech. Si l’accès aux données des utilisateurs semble souvent justifié, la question de leur consentement se pose. A quel point Facebook, ces dernières années, a-t-il donné à des entreprises extérieures l’accès aux données de ses utilisateurs ? La question est devenue centrale, depuis le scandale Cambridge Analytica, qui a démontré que, au cours de son développement tous azimuts dans les années 2010, (...)

    #Microsoft #Sony #Apple #Amazon #Facebook #Netflix #Spotify #BlackBerry #Altaba/Yahoo ! #Pandora #données #BigData #BankOfCanada (...)

    ##Altaba/Yahoo_ ! ##écoutes

    • @biggrizzly voici une probable raison de cette ormerta :

      Par exemple, le New York Times révèle que le moteur de recherche Bing de Microsoft avait accès à la liste complète de vos amis, sans votre consentement. Grâce à ces informations, il pouvait améliorer ses suggestions. Amazon a de son côté pu compléter sa liste d’informations personnelles sur ses utilisateurs (mail, téléphone etc.) en se basant sur leurs amis. Yahoo pouvait accéder à votre fil d’actualité alors qu’Apple avait accès aux contacts et à l’agenda Facebook de ses utilisateurs, même si ces derniers avaient désactivé l’option. Interrogé par le New York Times, l’entreprise de Tim Cook assure ne pas avoir été mis au courant de cet « accès spécial ».

      Le journal confesse lui même avoir eu un deal avec Facebook , qui lui donnait accès à la liste d’amis de ses lecteurs jusqu’à 2011. Au total, plus de 150 entreprises auraient bénéficié de ces « exceptions de confidentialité » et n’auraient pas été soumises aux règles habituelles du réseau social. Certaines entreprises comme Amazon, Yahoo ou le Chinois Huawei (que le gouvernement américain considère comme une menace) auraient aussi partagé les données personnelles de leurs utilisateurs ou clients avec Facebook.

  • The importance of #decentralization

    If you cast your mind back to the early days of the Internet, many of the services were built on open protocols owned by the Internet community. Big platforms like Yahoo, Google and Amazon started during this era, and it meant that centralised platforms, like AOL, gradually lost their influence.During the Internet’s second growth phase, which largely started in the mid-2000s, the big tech companies like Google, Apple, Facebook and Amazon built software and services that left open protocols trailing behind. The skyrocketing adoption of smartphones helped propel this as mobile apps started to dominate the way we used the Internet. And, even when people did access the open protocol that is the worldwide web, they usually did it through the medium of Google and Facebook etc.On the one hand, (...)

    #crypto #opinion #business #blockchain

  • Browser Mining — An Effective Revenue Generation Alternative to #advertising

    Browser Mining : An Effective Revenue Generation Alternative to AdvertisingAdvertising revenue is an important income source for the internet domain; even tech giants like Google, Yahoo, Baidu, etc., rely on it. Advertisement mediums such as premium-posting, pop-ups, banner spaces, sidebar ads, etc., generate commissions via click-through rates or sales. However, these advertisements come with a fair share of pitfalls. The revenue generated from ads is considered intrusive and adversely impacts the overall user experience, resulting in higher bounce and dropout rates. Websites that become too dependent on these ads end up losing visitors and potential customers. Below are some more critical setbacks of generating revenue through online advertisement.Impacts the Viewing ExperienceWhen (...)

    #cryptocurrency #business #technology #blockchain

  • Sneak Peak into Apache #zookeeper

    Apache Zookeeper is open source tool from Apache Foundation. Originally developed at Yahoo. Thanks Yahoo for the Zookeeper.Zookeeper is written in Java and it is platform independent.What is Distributed Systems?Multiple independent computers connected together and appears as single computer to the users. Distributed System communicate through network by passing messages. All components in distributed system interact with each other to performs subsets of tasks to achieve common goalsWhy to use Distributed System?Reliability : System will continue to run even if one or more servers in Distributed system fails.Scalability: System can be horizontally upscale and downscale as per the workload requirement.Challenges of Distributed System?Race Condition: A race condition occurs when two or (...)

    #devops #distributed-systems #apache-zookeeper #linux

  • Le contrôle des données numériques personnelles est un enjeu de liberté collective

    Les révélations des failles de sécurité touchant des services en ligne s’accumulent. Et la collecte de nos données fait peser un risque collectif d’envergure

    C’est une litanie. Facebook a admis, vendredi 12 octobre, que des données personnelles de 29 millions d’internautes avaient été subtilisées par des pirates informatiques. Quatre jours auparavant, son concurrent Google confiait qu’une faille avait exposé un demi-million d’utilisateurs de Google+.

    Il ne s’agit-là que des exemples les plus récents. Mais chaque jour, chaque mois, chaque année charrie son lot ininterrompu de piratages et de fuites de données. De l’entreprise de crédit américaine Equifax au grand groupe Yahoo !, en passant par Target, British Airways, Uber, Adidas, Exactis ou Ashley Madison.

    Personne ne bouge, ou à de rares exceptions
    L’affaire est simple : si vous avez utilisé Internet ces dix dernières années, une partie de votre intimité est accessible en ligne. En premier lieu, pour les entreprises et les applications dont vous utilisez les services. Au-delà des failles et des hacks (« piratage »), les données personnelles sont devenues le carburant de la société du XXIe siècle. Toutes nos actions numériques sont captées, mesurées, identifiées, analysées, sauvegardé, alors que les services en ligne ne cessent de se multiplier, depuis l’apparition des ordinateurs jusqu’aux smartphones en passant désormais par vos télévisions, fours micro-ondes et voitures connectés.

    Mais les données des utilisateurs sont aussi, parfois, accessibles à des malfaiteurs ou à des services tiers. Ils arrivent à contourner la sécurité des entreprises et des applications en question, ou à en explorer les limites, pour en tirer toujours plus d’informations.

    Malgré les scandales à répétition et les intrusions toujours plus systématiques dans la vie des citoyens, face à ce constat personne ne bronche, ou à de rares exceptions, sauf des militants des libertés numériques ou quelques individus gênés par ce système intrusif. En mars, l’affaire Cambridge Analytica – qui a participé à la campagne électorale de Donald Trump – dévoilait que l’entreprise avait eu accès aux informations privées de 87 millions d’utilisateurs. A part une violente tempête politique, l’affaire n’a pas eu le moindre impact pour Facebook. Six mois ont passé et les utilisateurs y sont toujours d’une fidélité à toute épreuve. Ils sont toujours, chaque jour, 1,47 milliard à se connecter au réseau social.

    Il serait commode de penser que l’humain du XXIe siècle a renoncé à sa vie privée. Mais il ne s’agit pourtant pas d’indifférence. Les sondages montrent avec insistance et sans ambiguïté que les internautes la chérissent encore à l’heure des réseaux sociaux et des smartphones. Comment, alors, expliquer cette apathie ? Très souvent, parler de la vie privée évoque l’image du héros du film La Vie des autres (2007), de Florian Henckel von Donnersmarck. On imagine cet agent de la police politique est-allemande, un casque vissé sur la tête, écouter avec soin les moindres soubresauts de la vie de ses voisins du dessous.

    Or, pour l’immense majorité d’entre nous, il n’y a pas d’agent des services secrets derrière l’écran de notre smartphone. Personne, que ce soit chez Google, Facebook ou toute autre entreprise du numérique, ne va éplucher avec délectation le détail de nos déplacements, l’historique de nos recherches ou nos dernières photos de vacances. Même les pirates de Google ou de Facebook n’avaient sans doute que faire de l’intimité individuelle de leurs cibles.

    L’invraisemblable machine à cibler
    Pendant des décennies, à raison, défendre la vie privée revenait à protéger l’individu. Aujourd’hui encore, on s’obstine à rechercher et mesurer les conséquences individuelles de cette collecte effrénée de données personnelles et de ces piratages à répétition. Mais le paradigme a changé : la question des données personnelle n’est pas un problème d’intimité. C’est un enjeu de liberté collective.

    Prenez l’affaire Cambridge Analytica : le problème n’est pas que Donald Trump et son équipe de campagne ont consulté méthodiquement la liste d’amis de 87 millions d’utilisateurs de Facebook (dont plus de 200 000 Français). Mais qu’ils aient pu utiliser ces informations, agrégées à des millions d’autres, pour mener une campagne politique extrêmement personnalisée, quasi individualisée, en utilisant à plein l’invraisemblable machine à cibler des messages proposée par Facebook. L’impact de cette fuite de données personnelles n’est plus individuel, il est collectif. Il ne s’agit pas de l’intimité de son existence vis-à-vis d’une organisation politique, mais de la liberté collégiale de choisir en conscience son dirigeant politique ou ses conditions de vie commune.

    Les algorithmes enserrent nos vies : ils nous disent quoi acheter, où partir en vacances, qui rencontrer, quel article de presse lire, comment nous déplacer, décident ce que nous pouvons écrire. Cette trame nouée autour de nos vies est tissée de nos données personnelles. Pas seulement des nôtres, individu connecté, mais de toutes les autres : les algorithmes ne fonctionnent qu’assis sur des masses de données. C’est la somme, l’agrégat et la combinaison des données à l’échelle de milliers, voire de millions d’êtres humains, qui font leur puissance.

    Les facteurs qui poussent une entreprise à orienter nos choix, en analysant nos données et celles des autres, seront perpétuellement obscurs. Au bout du compte et si rien ne change, alors que ces entreprises s’immisceront de plus en plus dans nos activités quotidiennes, passant peu à peu de la « suggestion » à l’« injonction », nous serons sans doute pris au piège des données personnelles. On décidera à notre place, d’une manière qu’on nous présentera comme optimale puisque conçue sur l’analyse de données de millions de personnes dont la vie nous est similaire, et en nous confisquant une part de notre libre arbitre. Il ne s’agit pas d’intimité vis-à-vis d’une quelconque entreprise de la Silicon Valley, mais de liberté individuelle.

    Une urgence comparable à celle du climat
    La seule solution est de limiter la dissémination aux quatre vents de nos données personnelles. Mais comment le faire sans se retirer des connexions, sociales et professionnelles, d’une société désormais numérisée ? Comment renoncer à tous ces avantages ? La solution se trouve quelque part entre le collectif (des règles politiques pour limiter la collecte et l’exploitation des données) et l’individuel (le recours à une technologie plus frugale et plus décentralisée).

    Ces questions ne vous rappellent rien ? La question de la vie privée se rapproche d’un autre problème aux sources individuelles et aux conséquences collectives : la pollution. Une photo postée sur Facebook ou un achat sur Amazon n’ébranle pas la démocratie ; pas plus qu’un unique trajet en voiture ne met, à lui seul, la planète en péril. C’est lorsqu’on les agrège et qu’on les combine que les dégâts deviennent apparents et évidents.

    Bien sûr, l’urgence climatique dépasse de loin les enjeux des données personnelles. Mais la comparaison montre l’ampleur du changement de modèle qui sera nécessaire pour défaire le piège que la collecte de données personnelles fait peser sur la démocratie.

    Martin Untersinger

    #Internet #économie_numérique #données_personnelles #vie_privée

  • Yahoo scanne les mails pour de la publicité ciblée : comment désactiver ce service ?

    Comme d’autres webmails, Yahoo scanne le courrier électronique à des fins de sécurité informatique, pour contrer le spam et les logiciels malveillants. Mais il ne fait aussi pour proposer de la publicité ciblée et faire des affaires. Il est possible d’en sortir. Vous utilisez Yahoo Mail ? Alors il est temps d’aller faire un tour dans les paramètres de votre webmail pour vous assurer que tous les réglages actifs vous conviennent, à commencer par ceux qui ont un lien direct avec votre vie privée. En (...)

    #Yahoo_Mail #Altaba/Yahoo ! #algorithme #écoutes #publicité #Oath

    ##Altaba/Yahoo_ ! ##publicité

  • Oath’s new privacy policy allows it to scan your Yahoo and AOL mail for targeted advertising

    This month, Oath updated its privacy policies, which grants the company the right to scan your AOL and Yahoo email for the purposes of tailoring ads for users. Verizon acquired Yahoo in 2016, and brought AOL and Yahoo together under an unfortunately named brand : Oath. At the time, we noted that the merger, coupled with the passage of a bill allowing ISPs to share browsing data was something that the companies had worked towards for years : the ability to extract revenue from consumers (...)

    #AOL #Altaba/Yahoo ! #Oath #Yahoo_Mail #algorithme #terms #écoutes #publicité #reconnaissance

    ##Altaba/Yahoo_! ##publicité

  • Fournisseurs d’emails, arrêtez de faire de la merde ! (#PasMonCaca)

    Cet article fait écho à mon précédent article sur le pouvoir de nuisance des #silos de mail. Dans cet article, je pestais contre le pouvoir ahurissant que confère une grosse base d’utilisateurs à certains fournisseurs de mail (Gmail, Yahoo, etc). … Lire la suite­­

    #Dégooglisons_Internet #G.A.F.A.M. #Internet_et_société #antispam #Facebook #Gmail #ipv6 #laposte #mails #orange #rejet #serveurs #spam #wanadoo

  • #RGPD : Les « dark patterns », ou comment s’asseoir sur le Règlement

    Vous l’avez sûrement remarqué, que ce soit pour exprimer vos préférences vis-à-vis des cookies sur d’innombrables sites web, ou au travers de diverses applications mobiles, réseaux sociaux… Quand bien même on vous demande de « revoir vos paramètres », il y a des dizaines (voire des centaines dans certains cas, coucou Yahoo) de cases à décocher, alors que c’est pénible et que c’est supposé être un véritable « opt-in » (à savoir, une inscription qui nécessite une véritable action positive de votre part, comme un clic dans une case).

    Du côté des gros affamés de données (Google, Facebook), c’est la même, en plus chafouin. Tout est pensé pour que la collecte de données personnelles puisse continuer à avoir lieu. Le tout bien caché derrière un petit assistant en 4-5 écrans qui vous explique que olala le RGPD on l’a bien pris en compte. Et quand vous creusez… C’est la cata.

    Toutes ces techniques, on les appelle les « dark patterns » (eux-même partie intégrante de la « captologie »), et l’équivalent norvégien de l’UFC Que Choisir (le CCN, pour Consumer Council of Norway) les a documentées, fort précisément (mais en anglais). Du coup, je vais vous résumer leur rapport, qui se concentrait sur 3 acteurs : Facebook, Google, et Microsoft (au travers de Windows 10).

    #dark_patterns #data (Quand c’est gratuit ... j’utilise Cookie Auto delete.)

    • Sur le fond, je te suis. À mon sens, ils peuvent vaguement s’appuyer sur les autorisations passées pour ce qui est des users existant avant le 25/5/18. Par contre, pour le nouveaux ils sont clairement en infraction. Et si on va chercher du côté des applis pour ordiphones, c’est une horreur complète.

  • Is #blockchain Social Network The Answer to Securing User Data Online?

    Data breaches, especially those associated with social media, have attracted their fair share of headlines in recent years. Yet, if there has been one winner to arise from the wreckage, it’s the reputation of blockchain as a method to secure user data.To date, blockchain technology has gained a lot of attention due to its ability to establish secure transactions using smart contracts. One of the latest incidents of information theft has wiped $40 billion off the value of Facebook in light of a scandal which exposed the personal data of tens of millions of users. Mark Zuckerberg’s social behemoth joins the likes of Yahoo, eBay and Equifax in facing a severe data breach over the last five years. But can blockchain social network become the panacea for safeguarding those in the firing line: (...)

    #blockchainsocial #social-network #blockchain-network #blockchain-social-network

  • Behind the Messy, Expensive Split Between Facebook and WhatsApp’s Founders

    After a long dispute over how to produce more revenue with ads and data, the messaging app’s creators are walking away leaving about $1.3 billion on the table​
    By Kirsten Grind and
    Deepa Seetharaman
    June 5, 2018 10:24 a.m. ET

    How ugly was the breakup between Facebook Inc. FB 0.49% and the two founders of WhatsApp, its biggest acquisition? The creators of the popular messaging service are walking away leaving about $1.3 billion on the table.

    The expensive exit caps a long-simmering dispute about how to wring more revenue out of WhatsApp, according to people familiar with the matter. Facebook has remained committed to its ad-based business model amid criticism, even as Facebook Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg has had to defend the company before American and European lawmakers.

    The WhatsApp duo of Jan Koum and Brian Acton had persistent disagreements in recent years with Mr. Zuckerberg and Chief Operating Officer Sheryl Sandberg, who grew impatient for a greater return on the company’s 2014 blockbuster $22 billion purchase of the messaging app, according to the people.

    Many of the disputes with Facebook involved how to manage data privacy while also making money from WhatsApp’s large user base, including through the targeted ads that WhatsApp’s founders had long opposed. In the past couple of years especially, Mr. Zuckerberg and Ms. Sandberg pushed the WhatsApp founders to be more flexible on those issues and move faster on other plans to generate revenue, the people say.

    Once, after Mr. Koum said he “didn’t have enough people” to implement a project, Mr. Zuckerberg dismissed him with, “I have all the people you need,” according to one person familiar with the conversation.
    Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg testified about privacy issues and the use of user data before a Senate committee in April.

    Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg testified about privacy issues and the use of user data before a Senate committee in April. Photo: Alex Brandon/Press Pool

    WhatsApp was an incongruous fit within Facebook from the beginning. Messrs. Acton and Koum are true believers on privacy issues and have shown disdain for the potential commercial applications of the service.

    Facebook, on the other hand, has built a sprawling, lucrative advertising business that shows ads to users based on data gathered about their activities. Mr. Zuckerberg and Ms. Sandberg have touted how an advertising-supported product makes it free for consumers and helps bridge the digital divide.

    When Facebook bought WhatsApp, it never publicly addressed how the divergent philosophies would coexist. But Mr. Zuckerberg told stock analysts that he and Mr. Koum agreed that advertising wasn’t the right way to make money from messaging apps. Mr. Zuckerberg also said he promised the co-founders the autonomy to build their own products. The sale to Facebook made the app founders both multibillionaires.

    Over time, each side grew frustrated with the other, according to people in both camps. Mr. Koum announced April 30 he would leave, and Mr. Acton resigned last September.
    Big Bet
    Facebook paid substantially more for WhatsApp than any other deal.

    Facebook’s five largest deals*

    WhatsApp (2014)

    $21.94 billion

    Oculus VR (2014)

    $2.30 billion

    Instagram (2012)

    $736 million

    Microsoft† (2012)

    $550 million

    Onavo (2013)

    $120 million

    *price at close of deal †approximately 615 AOL patents and patent applications

    Source: Dealogic

    The WhatsApp co-founders didn’t confront Mr. Zuckerberg at their departures about their disagreements over where to take the business, but had concluded they were fighting a losing battle and wanted to preserve their relationship with the Facebook executive, people familiar with the matter said. One person familiar with the relationships described the environment as “very passive-aggressive.”

    Small cultural disagreements between the two staffs also popped up, involving issues such as noise around the office and the size of WhatsApp’s desks and bathrooms, that took on greater significance as the split between the parent company and its acquisition persisted.

    The discord broke into public view in a March tweet by Mr. Acton. During the height of the Cambridge Analytica controversy, in which the research firm was accused of misusing Facebook user data to aid the Trump campaign, Mr. Acton posted that he planned to delete his Facebook account.

    Within Facebook, some executives were surprised to see Mr. Acton publicly bash the company since he didn’t seem to leave on bad terms, according to people familiar with the matter. When Mr. Acton later visited Facebook’s headquarters, David Marcus, an executive who ran Facebook’s other chat app, Messenger, confronted his former colleague. “That was low class,” Mr. Marcus said, according to people familiar with the matter. Mr. Acton shrugged it off. Mr. Marcus declined to comment.
    Staff at Facebook headquarters in Menlo Park, Calif. Small cultural disagreements between Facebook and WhatsApp staffs, involving issues such as noise, size of desks and bathrooms, created friction.

    Staff at Facebook headquarters in Menlo Park, Calif. Small cultural disagreements between Facebook and WhatsApp staffs, involving issues such as noise, size of desks and bathrooms, created friction. Photo: Kim Kulish/Corbis/Getty Images

    The posts also prompted an angry call from Ms. Sandberg to Mr. Koum, who assured her that Mr. Acton didn’t mean any harm, according to a person familiar with the call.

    When Mr. Acton departed Facebook, he forfeited about $900 million in potential stock awards, according to people familiar with the matter. Mr. Koum is expected to officially depart in mid-August, in which case he would leave behind more than two million unvested shares worth about $400 million at Facebook’s current stock price. Both men would have received all their remaining shares had they stayed until this November, when their contracts end.

    The amount the two executives are leaving in unvested shares hasn’t been reported, nor have the full extent of the details around their disagreements with Facebook over the years.

    “Jan has done an amazing job building WhatsApp. He has been a tireless advocate for privacy and encryption,” Mr. Zuckerberg said in May at the company’s developer conference about Mr. Koum’s departure. He added he was proud that Facebook helped WhatsApp launch end-to-end encryption a couple of years after the acquisition.

    In many ways, Facebook and WhatsApp couldn’t have been more different. Facebook from its beginning in 2004 leveraged access to user information to sell targeted advertising that would be displayed as people browsed their news feeds. That business model has been hugely successful, driving Facebook’s market value past half a trillion dollars, with advertising accounting for 97% of the firm’s revenue.
    A sign in WhatsApp’s offices at Facebook headquarters. Some Facebook employees mocked WhatsApp with chants of ‘Welcome to WhatsApp—Shut up!’

    A sign in WhatsApp’s offices at Facebook headquarters. Some Facebook employees mocked WhatsApp with chants of ‘Welcome to WhatsApp—Shut up!’

    It is also the antithesis of what WhatsApp professed to stand for. Mr. Koum, a San Jose State University dropout, grew up in Soviet-era Ukraine, where the government could track communication, and talked frequently about his commitment to privacy.

    Mr. Koum, 42, and Mr. Acton, 46, became friends while working as engineers at Yahoo Inc., one of the first big tech companies to embrace digital advertising. The experience was jarring for both men, who came to regard display ads as garish, ruining the user experience and allowing advertisers to collect all kinds of data on unsuspecting individuals.

    WhatsApp, which launched in 2009, was designed to be simple and secure. Messages were immediately deleted from its servers once sent. It charged some users 99 cents annually after one free year and carried no ads. In a 2012 blog post the co-founders wrote, “We wanted to make something that wasn’t just another ad clearinghouse” and called ads “insults to your intelligence.”

    Text MeWorld-wide monthly active users for popularmessaging apps, in billions.Source: the companiesNote: *Across four main markets; iMessage, Google Hangoutsand Signal don’t disclose number of users.


    The men are also close personal friends, bonding over ultimate Frisbee, despite political differences. Mr. Koum, unlike Mr. Acton, has publicly expressed support for Donald Trump.

    When Facebook bought WhatsApp in February 2014, the messaging service was growing rapidly and had already amassed 450 million monthly users, making it more popular than Twitter Inc., which had 240 million monthly users at the time and was valued at $30 billion. WhatsApp currently has 1.5 billion users.

    The deal still ranks as the largest-ever purchase of a company backed by venture capital, and it was almost 10 times costlier than Facebook’s next most expensive acquisition.

    Mr. Zuckerberg assured Messrs. Koum and Acton at the time that he wouldn’t place advertising in the messaging service, according to a person familiar with the matter. Messrs. Koum and Acton also negotiated an unusual clause in their contracts that said if Facebook insisted on making any “additional monetization initiatives” such as advertising in the app, it could give the executives “good reason” to leave and cause an acceleration of stock awards that hadn’t vested, according to a nonpublic portion of the companies’ merger agreement reviewed by The Wall Street Journal. The provision only kicks in if a co-founder is still employed by Facebook when the company launches advertising or another moneymaking strategy.

    Mr. Acton initiated the clause in his contract allowing for early vesting of his shares. But Facebook’s legal team threatened a fight, so Mr. Acton, already worth more than $3 billion, left it alone, according to people familiar with the matter.

    Some analysts in the tech community said a clash was inevitable. Nate Elliott, principal of Nineteen Insights, a research and advisory firm focused on digital marketing and social media, said the WhatsApp founders are “pretty naive” for believing that Facebook wouldn’t ultimately find some way to make money from the deal, such as with advertising. “Facebook is a business, not a charity,” he said.

    At the time of the sale, WhatsApp was profitable with fee revenue, although it is unclear by how much. Facebook doesn’t break out financial information for WhatsApp.
    David Marcus, vice president of messaging products for Facebook, spoke during the company’s F8 Developers Conference in San Jose on May 1.

    David Marcus, vice president of messaging products for Facebook, spoke during the company’s F8 Developers Conference in San Jose on May 1. Photo: David Paul Morris/Bloomberg News

    Facebook’s hands-off stance changed around 2016. WhatsApp topped one billion monthly users, and it had eliminated its 99 cent fee. Facebook told investors it would stop increasing the number of ads in Facebook’s news feed, resulting in slower advertising-revenue growth. This put pressure on Facebook’s other properties—including WhatsApp—to make money.

    That August, WhatsApp announced it would start sharing phone numbers and other user data with Facebook, straying from its earlier promise to be built “around the goal of knowing as little about you as possible.”

    With Mr. Zuckerberg and Ms. Sandberg pushing to integrate it into the larger company, WhatsApp moved its offices in January 2017 from Mountain View, Calif., to Facebook’s Menlo Park headquarters about 20 minutes away. Facebook tried to make it welcoming, decorating the Building 10 office in WhatsApp’s green color scheme.

    WhatsApp’s roughly 200 employees at the time remained mostly segregated from the rest of Facebook. Some of the employees were turned off by Facebook’s campus, a bustling collection of restaurants, ice cream shops and services built to mirror Disneyland.

    Some Facebook staffers considered the WhatsApp unit a mystery and sometimes poked fun at it. After WhatsApp employees hung up posters over the walls instructing hallway passersby to “please keep noise to a minimum,” some Facebook employees mocked them with chants of “Welcome to WhatsApp—Shut up!” according to people familiar with the matter.

    Some employees even took issue with WhatsApp’s desks, which were a holdover from the Mountain View location and larger than the standard desks in the Facebook offices. WhatsApp also negotiated for nicer bathrooms, with doors that reach the floor. WhatsApp conference rooms were off-limits to other Facebook employees.

    “These little ticky-tacky things add up in a company that prides itself on egalitarianism,” said one Facebook employee.

    Mr. Koum chafed at the constraints of working at a big company, sometimes quibbling with Mr. Zuckerberg and other executives over small details such as the chairs Facebook wanted WhatsApp to purchase, a person familiar with the matter said.

    In response to the pressure from above to make money, Messrs. Koum and Acton proposed several ideas to bring in more revenue. One, known as “re-engagement messaging,” would let advertisers contact only users who had already been their customers. Last year, WhatsApp said it would charge companies for some future features that connect them with customers over the app.

    None of the proposals were as lucrative as Facebook’s ad-based model. “Well, that doesn’t scale,” Ms. Sandberg told the WhatsApp executives of their proposals, according to a person familiar with the matter. Ms. Sandberg wanted the WhatsApp leadership to pursue advertising alongside other revenue models, another person familiar with her thinking said.

    Ms. Sandberg, 48, and Mr. Zuckerberg, 34, frequently brought up their purchase of the photo-streaming app Instagram as a way to persuade Messrs. Koum and Acton to allow advertising into WhatsApp. Facebook in 2012 purchased Instagram, and the app’s founders initially tried their own advertising platform rather than Facebook’s. When Instagram fell short of its revenue targets in its first few quarters, Facebook leadership pushed the founders to adopt its targeted advertising model, and the transition was relatively seamless, according to current and former employees. Today, analysts estimate that Instagram is a key driver of Facebook’s revenue, and its founders, Kevin Systrom and Mike Krieger, remain with the company. The men didn’t respond to requests for comment.

    “It worked for Instagram,” Ms. Sandberg told the WhatsApp executives on at least one occasion, according to one person familiar with the matter.
    Attendees used Oculus Go VR headsets during Facebook’s F8 Developers Conference.

    Attendees used Oculus Go VR headsets during Facebook’s F8 Developers Conference. Photo: Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

    Other high-profile acquisitions such as developer platform Parse, ad tech platform LiveRail and virtual-reality company Oculus VR have fallen short of expectations, people familiar with those deals say.

    The senior Facebook executives appeared to grow frustrated by the WhatsApp duo’s reasons to delay plans that would help monetize the service. Mr. Zuckerberg wanted WhatsApp executives to add more “special features” to the app, whereas Messrs. Koum and Acton liked its original simplicity.

    Mr. Zuckerberg and Ms. Sandberg also wanted Messrs. Koum and Acton to loosen their stance on encryption to allow more “business flexibility,” according to one person familiar with the matter. One idea was to create a special channel between companies and users on WhatsApp to deal with issues such as customer-service requests, people familiar with the matter said. That setup would let companies appoint employees or bots to field inquiries from users and potentially store those messages in a decrypted state later on.

    Last summer, Facebook executives discussed plans to start placing ads in WhatsApp’s “Status” feature, which allows users to post photo- and video-montages that last 24 hours. Similar features exist across Facebook’s services, including on Instagram, but WhatsApp’s version is now the most popular with 450 million users as of May.

    Mr. Acton—described by one former WhatsApp employee as the “moral compass” of the team—decided to leave as the discussions to place ads in Status picked up. Mr. Koum, who also sat on Facebook’s board, tried to persuade him to stay longer.

    Mr. Koum remained another eight months, before announcing in a Facebook post that he is “taking some time off to do things I enjoy outside of technology, such as collecting rare air-cooled Porsches, working on my cars and playing ultimate Frisbee.” Mr. Koum is worth about $9 billion, according to Forbes.

    The next day, Mr. Koum said goodbye to WhatsApp and Facebook employees at an all-hands meeting in Menlo Park. An employee asked him about WhatsApp’s plans for advertising.

    Mr. Koum responded by first alluding to his well-documented antipathy for ads, according to people familiar with his remarks. But Mr. Koum added that if ads were to happen, placing them in Status would be the least intrusive way of doing so, according to the people.

    Some people who heard the remarks interpreted them as Mr. Koum saying he had made peace with the idea of advertising in WhatsApp.

    In his absence, WhatsApp will be run by Chris Daniels, a longtime Facebook executive who is tasked with finding a business model that brings in revenue at a level to justify the app’s purchase price, without damaging the features that make it so popular.

    Among WhatsApp’s competitors is Signal, an encrypted messaging app run by a nonprofit called the Signal Foundation and dedicated to secure communication, with strict privacy controls and without advertising. Mr. Acton donated $50 million to fund the foundation and serves as its executive chairman.

    Corrections & Amplifications
    Facebook Messenger has 1.3 billion monthly users. An earlier version of a chart in this article incorrectly said it had 2.13 billion users. (June 5, 2018)

    Write to Kirsten Grind at and Deepa Seetharaman at

    #Facebook #Whatsapp

  • The $300 system in the fight against illegal images - BBC News

    Mr Haschek used three Raspberry PIs, powering two Intel Movidius sticks, which can be trained to classify images. He also used an open source algorithm for identifying explicit material called NSFW (Not Safe For Work), available free of charge from Yahoo.
    Image copyright Christian Haschek
    Image caption Christian Haschek said the system took a couple of hours to assemble.

    He set it to find images which the system could say with 30% or more certainty was likely to contain pornography - he said he set the possibility low so as to be sure not to miss anything.

    He has since discovered 16 further illegal images featuring children on his platform, all of which he reported to Interpol and deleted.

    He then contacted a larger image hosting service, which he declined to name, and found thousands more by running images uploaded to their platform through his system as well.

    #Images #Protection_mineurs #Intelligence_artificielle

  • Why ’Ethereum not being a #security' is a big news?

    Why #ethereum (ETH) not being a security is a big news?Are #bitcoin and ether securities? Finally, one of the biggest questions and debates in crypto has been answered by the #sec, officially. Here’s a detailed insight on why this announcement is such a big news for traditional and cryptocurrency investors.AnnouncementAs per Yahoo Finance, In an announcement at Yahoo Finance’s All Market Summit: Crypto in San Francisco on Thursday, the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission Director of Corporate Finance William Hinman said that the commission would not be classifying ether or bitcoin as securities.Photo by Mike Enerio on UnsplashCommentsHinman said that the SEC will not be changing cryptocurrency and digital asset rules, but rather would be applying them. Previously, bitcoin and ether may (...)


  • Yahoo ! UK écope d’une amende de 250 000 livres par le régulateur britannique

    En avril, la SEC infligeait une amende de 35 millions de dollars à Altaba (ex-Yahoo) pour avoir tenté de dissimuler son piratage massif (3 milliards de comptes, excusez du peu). C’est au tour la CNIL britannique (ICO, Information Commissioner Office) d’annoncer une amende de 250 000 livres (environ 286 000 euros) pour ne pas avoir « pris les mesures techniques et organisationnelles nécessaires afin de protéger les données de 515 121 utilisateurs [NDRL : de Yahoo ! UK Services Ltd au Royaume-Uni] (...)

    #Altaba/Yahoo ! #données #BigData #hacking

    ##Altaba/Yahoo_ !

  • Piratage massif de données personnelles : une amende de 35 millions de dollars pour Altaba (ex-Yahoo !)

    Yahoo ! a su dès les premiers jours suivant le piratage fin 2014 que des hackeurs russes avaient volé des noms, adresses e-mails, numéros de téléphone, dates de naissance, mots de passe, etc. Le gendarme américain de la Bourse a infligé à Altaba, ex-Yahoo !, une amende de 35 millions de dollars pour avoir dissimulé jusqu’en 2016 un piratage massif de données personnelles d’utilisateurs remontant à 2014, a annoncé la Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), mardi 24 avril. « L’entité anciennement (...)

    #Altaba/Yahoo ! #données #hacking #Securities_and_Exchange_Commission_(SEC)

    ##Altaba/Yahoo_ ! ##Securities_and_Exchange_Commission__SEC_

  • 3 Trends in Web #design from the Museum of Web Design

    Yesterday, my co-founder and I put together the “Museum of Websites” to showcase the evolution of popular websites. Since we’re both front-end design lovers, it was fun to put the project together and inspiring to see the humble beginnings of today’s tech giants. In this post, I’ll share three learnings from browsing the historical design trends of the web’s most popular landing pages.One: More media and bigger imagesAs the world has moved towards smaller screens, websites have made their images larger. Increasingly, media (images and video) take up more real estate than text. See Reddit, Product Hunt, Amazon.Two: Banner adsHaving a single splash ad across the top of the website, usually with visuals and color, seems to be an increasingly popular design choice. Check out Airbnb, Yahoo, the New (...)

    #website-design #web-design #museum-of-web-design #ui-design

  • India makes U-turn after proposing to punish ’fake news’ publishers - CNN

    (CNN)The Indian government is shelving a rule to punish journalists for publishing “fake news” just 48 hours after its introduction.
    The proposed order would have given the government the authority to strip individuals and media organizations of their accreditation — which is needed to go to government functions and makes access to government offices easier — if they received a complaint of reporting so-called fake news, a term that was not specifically defined.

    Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s government said the measure was meant to help stop the spread of misinformation throughout the country, but critics swiftly condemned it as an attack on free speech in the world’s most populous democracy.
    “Make no mistake: (T)his is a breathtaking assault on mainstream media,” Shekhar Gupta, one of India’s most prominent journalists, tweeted to his nearly 2 million followers. He is the editor-in-chief of ThePrint, an Indian website focusing on politics and policy.

    The measure’s introduction was troubling to some who saw it as the latest effort among powerful leaders of Asian democracies to target the free press under the guise of combating so-called fake news, a term popularized by President Donald Trump in his effort to fight negative press coverage.
    Malaysia’s Upper House passed a bill criminalizing the spread of fake news this week, the first step in it becoming law. Singapore is also planning legislation to tackle online misinformation. Journalists in Myanmar and Cambodia — two countries the West has invested heavily in to ensure successful transitions to democracy — have been arrested in recent months.
    And Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte has railed against the media by employing the term on a regular basis. His government has come under fire for reportedly targeting the online news site Rappler over its negative coverage of the Duterte administration’s bloody war on drugs. A presidential spokesman denied the allegations.
    India appears to be following a similar path, said Prem Panicker, a prominent journalist who used to be Yahoo India’s managing editor
    “There is a worldwide leaning toward hard-right governing style and hard-right leaders, and the corollary to that is that there’s increasing stresses on the press,” Panicker told CNN.
    “The single biggest problem is that this is when you want a very free, very vibrant press.”
    Despite the fierce criticism of New Delhi’s proposed rule, some of its opponents do believe there’s a need for either more regulation or greater responsibility on the part of publishers.
    India has one of the world’s most saturated and fastest-growing media markets, boasting thousands of options in print, television and online journalism.
    With that freedom and booming market has come a thriving tabloid culture, which has frustrated mainstream journalists who get lumped in with those peddling misinformation and flouting common standards.

    #Fake_news #Asie #Censure