• #Propaganda (9/10). Korean Pop

    Vous faîtes partie des milliards de personnes ayant dansé sur #Gangnam_Style ? Dans le neuvième épisode de #Propaganda, on verra pourquoi produire de la musique pop et raconter des #histoires_d'amour permet de donner une image positive à un pays. C’est la technique du #NATION_BRANDING.


    https://www.arte.tv/fr/videos/075937-009-A/propaganda-9-10
    #pop #musique #nationalisme #géographie_culturelle #musique_et_politique #imaginaire_national #Corée_du_sud #vidéo #soft_power #image #ressources_pédagogiques

    ping @sinehebdo

  • Songdo, la « ville du futur » face à ses contradictions
    https://usbeketrica.com/article/songdo-la-ville-du-futur-face-a-ses-contradictions

    Elle alimente fantasmes et caricatures. Lancée au début des années 2000, la smart city de Songdo, en Corée du Sud, est aujourd’hui en phase de finalisation. Sur place, les habitants, qui mettent la sécurité au cœur de leurs préoccupations, semblent satisfaits. Mais pour les instigateurs du projet, l’objectif reste inchangé : faire de Songdo un modèle. Et l’exporter. « La ville du futur dont le monde entier a rêvé. » Tout en haut de l’immense gratte-ciel G-Tower qui surplombe la mer Jaune, c’est un petit (...)

    #SmartCity #domotique #surveillance #algorithme

  • Defending women in Korean courts
    http://m.koreatimes.co.kr/pages/article.asp?newsIdx=272899

    “As long as I can remember, women were always a socially disadvantaged group in Korea,” Kim said in an interview at her office in Seocho, southern Seoul, Wednesday. “Being a female lawyer, it was just something I had to do.”

    After passing the bar exam, Kim joined a legal team that was pushing to abolish the country’s patriarchal family registry system, or “hojuje,” while still at the two-year judicial training institute. Kim and her team eventually won the case at the Constitutional Court in 2004. From there, it was a natural transition to other gender issues that remain unsolved in the legal realm.

    The most prominent case Kim represented recently was the landmark Constitutional Court ruling against the country’s abortion ban in April. Kim and a group of female lawyers at Lawyers for a Democratic Society ― representing an ob-gyn doctor in Gwangju who was criminally charged for carrying out abortions ― argued the 66-year-old abortion ban acted as a tool of oppression, citing real-life examples of how the ban exposed women to overpriced and dangerous medical procedures as well as blackmail from ill-wishing partners.

    #avortement #Corée #femmes #droit

  • En guerre contre les procureurs, le président sud-coréen dans la tourmente
    https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/international/160919/en-guerre-contre-les-procureurs-le-president-sud-coreen-dans-la-tourmente

    L’entrée en fonctions d’un ministre de la justice soupçonné de corruption met la Corée du Sud en ébullition. Cette nomination controversée cache un conflit grandissant entre la présidence et le puissant bureau des procureurs. Une bataille de plus pour le président Moon Jae-in qui traverse une bien mauvaise passe.

    #Asie #Corée_du_sud,_Cho_Kuk,_Corruption,_Moon_Jae-in,_Park_Geun-hye,_Justice

  • La Corée du Sud liquide un fonds créé avec le Japon pour les femmes de réconfort AFP - 5 Juillet 2019 - Le figaro
    http://www.lefigaro.fr/flash-actu/la-coree-du-sud-liquide-un-fonds-cree-avec-le-japon-pour-les-femmes-de-reco

    La Corée du Sud a liquidé un fonds créé conjointement avec le Japon en 2015 pour indemniser les femmes enrôlées dans les bordels de l’armée nippone durant la guerre, une décision unilatérale que le gouvernement japonais juge inadmissible.

    Le ministère sud-coréen pour l’égalité des genres, chargé d’administrer ce fonds, a confirmé ce vendredi que l’organisme était en liquidation. Le président sud-coréen Moon Jae-in avait prévenu fin 2018 qu’il avait l’intention de dissoudre cette organisation qui avait été mise en place pour répondre aux demandes de dédommagements de victimes des soldats japonais durant la guerre.


    « Nous n’accepterons jamais » une telle décision, a réagi ce vendredi le secrétaire-adjoint du gouvernement japonais, Yasutoshi Nishimura. L’accord signé en 2015, sous la précédente présidence sud-coréenne, était censé régler de façon « définitive et irréversible » le contentieux sur les « femmes de réconfort » grâce à ce fonds conjoint, auquel l’Etat japonais a contribué à hauteur d’un milliard de yens (8,2 millions d’euros).

    Toutefois, le fonds n’a jamais bien fonctionné et une partie de l’opinion sud-coréenne a beaucoup critiqué cette entente jugeant que le Japon s’en tirait à trop bon compte, en payant mais sans assumer une pleine responsabilité juridique. « Nous devons encore décider du sort de l’argent venant du Japon », a précisé un fonctionnaire sud-coréen à l’AFP.

    La question des Sud-Coréennes forcées de se prostituer pour les soldats japonais durant la guerre empoisonne les relations bilatérales depuis des décennies, nombre de Sud-Coréens y voyant le symbole des abus et violences commis par le Japon pendant sa domination coloniale de 1910 à 1945.

    Le Japon et la Corée du Sud entretiennent des relations très houleuses, particulièrement ces derniers mois. Outre ces disputes autour des femmes de réconfort, la décision de tribunaux sud-coréens d’ordonner à des entreprises japonaises de dédommager des ouvriers forcés de travailler dans leurs usines durant le conflit a récemment envenimé la situation.

    Tokyo a répliqué cette semaine en durcissant les conditions d’exportations de produits chimiques aux firmes sud-coréennes et menace d’élargir ces sanctions.

    #japon #armée #Corée #femmes #femmes_de_réconfort #bordels #viols_organisés par l’#armée_japonaise #irresponsable #abus #violence #impérialisme #esclaves #esclaves_sexuelles #crimes_de_guerre #armée

  • Corée du Nord : selon un ex-haut diplomate nord-coréen, le régime pourrait s’effondrer d’ici 20 ans
    Aude Solente, BFMTV, le 20 juin 2019
    https://www.bfmtv.com/international/coree-du-nord-selon-un-ex-haut-diplomate-nord-coreen-le-regime-pourrait-s-eff

    Sachant que la fin du monde est prévue pour #2030, cela indique que la #Corée_du_Nord survivra dix ans de plus que le reste du monde, probablement grâce à la sagesse et à la vision de Kim Jong Un...

    On l’ajoute à la troisième compilation :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/680147

    #effondrement #collapsologie #catastrophe #fin_du_monde #it_has_begun #Anthropocène #capitalocène

  • South Korea region seeks to tag Japanese firms as ’war criminals’ - Nikkei Asian Review
    https://asia.nikkei.com/Politics/International-relations/South-Korea-region-seeks-to-tag-Japanese-firms-as-war-criminals


    Il faut apprendre le coréen si on veut appendre des choses sur la participation des entreprises japonaises aux crimes de guerre. Le web de langue anglaise ne contient guère de documents, on a l’impression qu’un énorme balai nippon soit passé pour mettre à la poubelle chaque information nuisible à l’image de marque de son propriétaire.

    SEOUL — South Korea’s largest province is considering whether to stigmatize nearly 300 Japanese companies over their purported actions during World War II, by imposing an ordinance that requires schools to put alert labels on these firms’ products in their schools.

    Twenty-seven members of the Gyeonggi Province council submitted the bill last week in an attempt to give students the “right understanding on history.” If passed, schools will have to place on the items stickers that say: “This product is made by a Japanese war criminal company.”

    The move is likely further deepen a diplomatic spat between Seoul and Tokyo, which are at loggerheads over territorial issues and the legacy of Japan’s 35-year colonization of the Korean Peninsula (1910-1945).

    The list of 299 companies includes Nikon, Panasonic and Yamaha. The rule would apply to items such as projectors, camcorders, cameras and copy machines with a price tag of 200,000 won ($190) or more. Most of the companies on the list do not commonly supply products to schools — they include Tokyo Gas, Kawasaki Heavy Industries and Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.

    Both Nikon and Panasonic declined to comment for this story.
    The proposed sticker says: “This product is made by a Japanese war criminal company.” The image was captured from the Gyeonggi Provincial Council website. © Kyodo

    “Consumers have a responsibility to remember Japanese companies committed war crimes, and that they have not apologized [for their past wrongdoings],” Council member Hwang Dae-ho said in a statement. “It is a part of history education to help students remember clearly about war-crime companies who do not take social responsibility.”

    The sensitive historical issues were reopened last October when the South Korean Supreme Court ordered Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal to pay reparations to Koreans who were forced to work in Japan during the period of Japanese colonial rule. This was a reversal of a long-standing diplomatic understanding that reparations issues were settled in a 1965 accord establishing diplomatic relations between the two countries.

    The neighbors have also clashed over Seoul’s decision to disband a fund for wartime “comfort women,” which Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and former South Korean President Park Geun-hye set up in 2016. The countries also dispute the sovereignty of islands in the Sea of Japan, and in December a South Korean warship locked fire-control radar onto a Japanese patrol plane.

    Earlier this month, Japanese Finance Minister Taro Aso said tariffs were among measures Japan could take against South Korea should the dispute worsen. He also said steps such as halting remittances or stopping visa issuance could be taken.

    But the head of Gyeonggi Province’s education office said he was concerned about the negative impact the ordinance could have on relations between Seoul and Tokyo.

    “The [central] government should make a decision first because it can hugely affect diplomacy between South Korea and Japan,” Lee Jae-jung said in a news conference. “I think it is natural that students study on this by themselves rather than making it a rule.”

    Gyeonggi province is located in the northwest of the country, and surrounds the capital, Seoul. It has a population of more than 12 million. The council is dominated by President Moon Jae-in’s ruling Democratic Party, with its members accounting for 135 members of the 142 seats.

    #Japon #Corée #censure

    • la source selon dlf serait la suivante : http://english.chosun.com/site/data/html_dir/2019/05/31/2019053101126.html

      #Corée #États-unis #execution

      // avec #prudence svp //

      Kim Hyok-chol, who was the counterpart of U.S. Special Representative Stephen Biegun in the runup to the summit, was shot at Mirim Airport in March with four other senior officials on charges of spying for America, the source said.

      Kim Jong-un is believed to have ordered the purge, which also swept up other officials in the negotiations, to contain internal unrest and mounting public dissatisfaction over the failed summit.

      The source said Kim Yong-chol was sent to hard labor in Jagang Province, while Kim Song-hye of the United Front Department was sent to a political prison camp. Kim Jong-un’s interpreter at the summit, Shin Hye-yong, was accused of “tarnishing the authority” of the leader for an interpreting error and is also believed to have been sent to a prison camp.

      The North Korean leader’s younger sister, Kim Yo-jong, was told to lie low. “Kim Yo-jong has not been spotted in public since the Hanoi summit,” a government official here said.

      [...]

  • Le 18 mai 1980 en Corée du Sud commence le soulèvement de Gwangju qui est violemment supprimé par la dictature militare
    https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soul%C3%A8vement_de_Gwangju

    Cet événement est généralement appelé « 5 1 8 » (« 오일팔 » (hanja : 五一八), prononcé « o il pal », c’est-à-dire « cinq un huit » en français) en coréen, en référence à la date du soulèvement (avec, dans l’ordre, le mois et le jour).

    Dix an après les l’ambassade des États Unis nie toute implication dans les événements. Le commandant des forces américaine en Corée due Sud n’est pourtant pas autorisé à témoigner devant un comité parlementaire à Washington.

    The Kwangju Incident
    https://kr.usembassy.gov/wp-content/uploads/sites/75/2017/05/The-Kwangju-Incident.pdf

    On December 2, 1988, after careful consideration of the relevant diplomatic precedents and legal principles with regard to such testimony, the Department determined that it would be inappropriate for Ambassador Gleysteen or General Wickham to testify before the Committee on matters related to their official dutiesas U.S. officials in the Republic of Korea. They were so advised and they concurred in this view. However, the Department agreed to answer written questions from the Committee. On March 17, 1989, the Embassy of the Republic of Korea in Washington conveyedto the Department of State forty-eight questions prepared by the Special Committee. This statement reflects those relevant events and actions as known to the U.S. Government, as can best be determined at this time. Answers to the Committee’s questions areincorporated in the Appendix to this Statement, with references to the pertinent paragraphs in the Statement and, as appropriate, clarifying comment

    Gwangju-Aufstand – Wikipedia
    https://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gwangju-Aufstand

    Vor allem die Gemetzel an der Zivilbevölkerung an den Tagen des 20., 21. und 27. Mai müssen als Massaker angesehen werden.

    Die Opferzahlen des Gwangju-Aufstands differieren je nach Quelle. Nach offiziellen Angaben von Untersuchungen, die im Jahr 2006 vorgenommen wurden, sollen bei dem Massaker 154 Demonstranten getötet und 4141 verletzt worden sein. Die Zahl der bis heute als vermisst geltenden Menschen wurde mit 74 angegeben. In den Tagen nach der Niederschlagung sollen mehr als 3000 Menschen verhaftet worden sein.

    Das Militär sprach seinerzeit hingegen von insgesamt 170 Todesopfern, darunter 144 Zivilisten und 730 Verhaftungen. Doch Pfarrer und Lehrer erstellten Listen, auf denen rund 850 Familien aufgeführt waren, die mindestens einen Familienangehörigen vermissten, und Angaben von ärztlichen Augenzeugen sprachen alleine im Chan-Nang-Provinzkrankenhaus von 440 gezählten Todesopfern, während die katholische Kirche 600 bis 1000 Tote als wahrscheinlich ansah.

    Weitere Quellen, wie z. B. eine Informationsbroschüre von terre des hommes, gingen von über 2.000 Todesopfern aus. Die Zahl könnte realistisch sein, denn wie Asia Watch in dem Report Nummer 1 vom Januar 1986 bemerkte, lag die Sterberate der Stadt Gwangju laut Statistik der Stadt im Mai 1980 rund 2.300 Todesfälle über dem monatlichen Durchschnitt.

    #Corée #histoire #dictature #USA

  • https://vimeo.com/335387747

    A l’occasion du Mayday International #Festival à #Séoul et la la grande manifestation du #1ermai avec les #travailleurs .ses de #Corée, Voici des images de la #CompagnieJolieMôme tournées par #OlivierAzam, en marge des projections de #HowardZinn, une histoire populaire américaine et les films de #RenéVautier.
    Depuis la France, ça n’a l’air de rien mais il est fort probable que le #drapeaurouge n’avait pas été sorti dans les rues de Séoul depuis la division de la Corée à l’issue de la seconde guerre mondiale. Quant au #giletsjaunes… d’habitude ce sont les #policiers là-bas qui les portent… Un grand moment donc !

    http://www.lesmutins.org

  • Last Suspect Freed in Kim Jong-un’s Brother’s Murder Case | News | teleSUR English
    https://www.telesurenglish.net/news/Last-Suspect-Freed-in-Kim-Jong-uns-Brothers-Murder-Case-20190504-000

    There are no other suspects held in custody now that Huong has been released, and it is expected that the case will not reach a conviction.

    Doan Thi Huong, the Vietnamese woman accused of assassinating North Korea’s Supreme Leader Kim Jong-un’s brother, Kim Jong Nam, has been released from a Malaysian prison after being held for over two years.

    Huong was accused of murdering Kim Jong Nam using the highly toxic VH nerve agent. After being released, Huong was taken into immigration custody until her scheduled flight to Hanoi. The formerly jailed woman stated that she wishes to pursue a career in acting and singing once she returns home.

    There are no other suspects held in custody now that Huong has been released, and it is expected that the case will not reach a conviction, considering Malaysia and Vietnam are attempting to normalize tense bilateral ties.

    Critics believe that the release of Huong will prevent Malaysia from raising further questions.

    On April 1, Vietnam successfully convinced Malaysian prosecutors to drop the murder charge against Huong. Vietnam increase lobbying efforts after the Indonesian government successfully negotiated with Vietnam to release the other suspect, Siti Aisyah, involved in the case.

    Aisyah was released and returned to Indonesia on March 11.

    Both governments used either good or improving intergovernmental relations to convince Malaysia to release the accused women, who maintain that they were tricked by North Korean agents into thinking their act was a harmless prank for a hidden camera TV show.

    The remaining suspects, four Korean nationals who boarded flights out of Kuala Lumpur International Airport, were also allowed to leave Malaysia in order to maintain relations with North Korea.

    “The best the two suspects could have pleaded guilty for is involuntary manslaughter. Instead, they both walk off free,” Sung-Yoon Lee, the assistant professor at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy at Tufts University, stated and added that someone should have been held culpable for the death of Kim Jong Nam.

    #Corée #Vietnam #Malaisie #assassinat #espionnage

  • Manifester est un droit dans tous les pays démocratiques


    En Corée du Sud, on manifeste beaucoup, assis.e, debout, en fanfare ou seul.e dans son coin… que ce soit télécommandé ou sincère… pour les causes les plus diverses, avec des prières bouddhistes contre le nucléaire, par nationalisme, en chaise roulante pour les personnes handicapées, pour la moralisation de la vie politique, pour soutenir un challenger politique, pour rappeler au Japon les « comfort women » ou les disputes territoriales, contre la politique nord-coréenne du grand ami US…

    La police, en gilets jaunes, est là pour protéger les gens et non pour leur tirer dessus.
    Est-ce parce que le soulèvement de Gwangju de 1980 est dans toutes les mémoires ?

    Alors, des milliers de personnes étaient descendues dans la rue pour réclamer la démocratie contre le régime du général Chun Doo-hwan. La répression fut sanglante (entre 200 à 2000 morts). Il fallut attendre 1997 pour que ces personnes, discréditées par la désinformation qu’avait mise en place le gouvernement, soient réhabilitées. Elles sont aujourd’hui le symbole de l’instauration de la démocratie en Corée du Sud.
    Ici, le chant du soulèvement et des images des humiliations infligées aux manifestant.es et de leur assassinat : http://guibuni.over-blog.com/2014/12/il-y-a-35-ans-une-chanson-de-polnareff-transformee-en-chant-de-lu
    Voir le film A Taxi Driver de Jang Hoon (2017) : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WZsT9QOh2HU

    Voir aussi https://blog.slate.fr/la-gazette-de-seoul/2013/05/18/le-martyr-de-gwangju

    #Corée_du_Sud #soulèvement_de_Gwangju #manifestation #répression #démocratie #gilets_jaunes

  • How Japan is using an old German map to irk South Korea | Asia| An in-depth look at news from across the continent | DW | 27.03.2019
    https://www.dw.com/en/how-japan-is-using-an-old-german-map-to-irk-south-korea/a-48078274

    Yellowed with age, with visible creases and slightly damaged on its bottom right corner, a world map drawn up by a German cartographer in 1856 is one of the most prized possessions of the Japan Coast Guard.

    In a ceremony in Hamburg on Monday, a copy of the map was donated to Germany’s Federal Maritime and Hydrographic Agency in a gesture that Japan’s Foreign Ministry said was a demonstration of the “good bilateral relations between Japan and Germany.”

    However, a single inscription on the map makes the gift a far more significant present, at least in the eyes of Japanese nationalist circles. In small but decipherable letters, the words “Japanisches M” (Sea of Japan) appear over the stretch of water that divides the Japanese archipelago from the Korean Peninsula.

    #carte #géographie #Japon #Corée_du_sud

  • North Korean diplomats in Spain : CIA implicated in attack on North Korean embassy in Madrid | In English | EL PAÍS
    https://elpais.com/elpais/2019/03/13/inenglish/1552464196_279320.html

    Les assaillants de l’ambassade nord-coréenne à Madrid liés à la #CIA, selon la presse - L’Orient-Le Jour
    https://www.lorientlejour.com/article/1161481/les-assaillants-de-lambassade-nord-coreenne-a-madrid-lies-a-la-cia-se

    Au moins deux des dix personnes qui ont pris d’assaut en février l’ambassade de #Corée_du_Nord à Madrid, dérobant des ordinateurs, sont liés à la CIA américaine, affirme mercredi le quotidien espagnol El Pais.

    « Au moins deux des dix assaillants, qui ont frappé et interrogé les huit personnes qui étaient dans la légation, ont été identifiés et ont des liens avec les services secrets des #Etats-Unis », a assuré El Pais, citant des sources policières et au sein du contre-espionnage espagnol (CNI).

  • En #Corée du Nord, les pires récoltes agricoles en plus de dix ans
    https://www.lemonde.fr/international/article/2019/03/06/en-coree-du-nord-les-pires-recoltes-agricoles-en-plus-de-dix-ans_5431911_321

    Les récoltes de l’an passé se sont élevées à 4,95 millions de tonnes, en baisse de 500 000 tonnes, indiquent mercredi 6 mars les Nations unies dans leur rapport sur les « Besoins et priorités » de 2019. […] Le résultat est que 10,9 millions de personnes en Corée du Nord, soit 43 % de la population totale, ont besoin d’une #aide_humanitaire, soit 600 000 de plus que l’an passé, d’où un risque accru de malnutrition et de maladies. Mais alors que le nombre de personnes ayant besoin d’aide augmente, l’ONU a dû réduire son objectif de personnes à aider de six à 3,8 millions, car l’organisation cherche à toucher les personnes les plus dans le besoin.

    #agriculture #disette

  • Sommet Trump-Kim au Vietnam : un vague accord de paix à la place de la dénucléarisation ? - Asialyst
    https://asialyst.com/fr/2019/02/23/sommet-trump-kim-vietnam-vague-accord-paix-denuclearisation

    Du reste, son patron, que l’on a connu à maintes reprises plus exalté sinon ouvertement inconséquent, semble se montrer inhabituellement plus mesuré. « J’espère, a déclaré Donald Trump, que nous serons aussi chanceux que lors du premier sommet [de Singapour]. Mais, je ne suis pas pressé [vis-à-vis des avancées de la dénucléarisation du régime nord-coréen]. Nous ne voulons simplement plus qu’il y ait d’essais [nucléaires, balistiques]. »* Le président américain est bien loin de ses positions maximalistes entrevues un an plus tôt. Moins un sursaut de lucidité que l’évidence de devoir rabattre ses improbables prétentions face à un interlocuteur sur lequel le monde extérieur possède toujours fort peu de prises. Kim, de son côté, semble se targuer d’une position allant tranquillement en se renforçant. Selon Siegfried Hecker, professeur à Stanford et parmi les meilleurs spécialistes du dossier nucléaire nord-coréen, Pyongyang pourrait – sur la base de la production toujours en cours de matières fissiles – avoir fabriqué l’équivalent de sept armes nucléaires supplémentaires en 2018 alors même que le régime négociait sa « dénucléarisation » avec les États-Unis

    #vietnam #Corée #Géopolitique #nucléaire #trump

  • Child Inmates of South Korea’s Immigration Jail

    Helene* had a challenge that no mother would want. She, with her husband, was a refugee in a foreign land with a foreign language, trying despite all odds to raise her children as best she could. If this weren’t enough of a challenge, Helene was in jail, locked up in a 10-person cell with others she didn’t know. The only time she could leave her cell was for a 30-minute exercise time each day. But her task was more daunting still. Her children were locked up with her.

    Helene’s jail was an immigration detention facility, and her crime was not having enough money to begin refugee applicant proceedings. She spent 23 days in that cell with her two sons. Her oldest, Emerson, was three years and eight months old, and her youngest, Aaron, was only 13 months old. She watched their mental health and physical health slowly deteriorate while her pleadings for help fell on deaf ears.

    *

    In June, American news media were shocked by the revelation that migrant children, who were only guilty of not possessing legal migrant status, were being held in large-scale detention facilities. This was something new—a part of President Donald Trump’s ‘tough on immigration’ stance.

    In South Korea, detaining children simply due to their migration status, or the migration status of their parents, is standard practice.

    Children make up a very small percentage of the total picture of unregistered migrants in South Korea. However, as the nation’s foreign population reaches 2 million and beyond, that small percentage becomes a large number in real terms. The Ministry of Justice (MOJ) doesn’t keep statistics on the exact number of unregistered child migrants in the country.

    Most unregistered child migrants in South Korea fall into one of two broad categories: teenagers who come alone, and infants or toddlers brought by their parents or born to migrants already living in the country. In both cases, the majority of children (or their parents) come from other parts of Asia seeking work in the industrial sector.

    These children often end up in detention facilities when immigration authorities carry out routine crackdowns targeting workplaces in industrial districts or transportation routes workers use to get to these districts. Authorities, by policy, detain any unregistered migrant who is 14 or older. Younger children are technically exempt from detention orders, but parents are often caught in crackdowns while with their children. The parents can’t leave their children on the street to fend for themselves, and so, left with no other options, they choose to bring their children with them into the detention facilities.

    Helene’s case was different. She and her husband brought their sons to South Korea with them when they fled religious persecution in their home country of Liberia. The South Korean government rejected their refugee applications, and the family only had enough money to begin a legal challenge for one person. Emerson and Aaron, along with Helene, became unregistered migrants.

    How they were detained would be comical if their case were not so tragic. After a trip to a hospital, the family was trying to board a subway to return home. Their stroller could not fit through the turnstiles, and after a brief altercation an upset station manager called the police. The police asked to see the family’s papers, but only Helene’s husband had legal status. The police were obligated to arrest Helene due to her unregistered status and turn her over to immigration authorities. Because her children were very young – the youngest was still breastfeeding – she had no viable option but to bring her children with her.

    *

    Helene and her sons were sent to an immigration detention facility in Hwaseong, some 60 kilometers southwest of Seoul. Inside and out, the facility is indistinguishable from a prison. Detainees wear blue jumpsuits with the ironic Korean phrase “protected foreigner” printed in large white letters on the back. They live in 10-person cells with cement walls and steel bars at the front. Each cell has a small common area up front with tables, a sleeping area in the middle, and a bathroom at the back.

    For detainees, these cells become the entirety of their existence until they are released. Food is delivered through a gap in the bars, and the only opportunity to leave the cell is for a brief 30-minute exercise period each day.

    These facilities were never intended to house children, and authorities make little to no effort to accommodate them. Young children have to live in a cell with a parent and as many as eight other adults, all unknown to the child. The detention center doesn’t provide access to pediatricians, child appropriate play and rest time, or even food suitable for young children.

    Government policy states that education is provided only for children detained for more than 30 days. Children have no other children to interact with, and no space to play or explore. During daytime, when the sleeping mats are rolled up and stored, the sleeping area becomes a large open space where children could play. According to Helene, whenever her sons entered that area guards would shout at them to come back to the common area at the front of the cell.

    Emerson’s fear of the guards’ reprimand grew to the point that he refused to use the toilets at the back of the cell because that would mean crossing the sleeping area, instead choosing to soil himself. Even after the family was eventually released, Emerson’s psychological trauma and his refusal to use bathrooms remained.

    The stress and anxiety of being locked in a prison cell naturally takes a severe toll on children’s wellbeing. Like the adults they’re detained with, they don’t know what will happen to them or when they will be released. Unlike the adults, they don’t understand why they are in a prison cell to begin with. Without any way to alleviate the situation, the stress and anxiety they feel turn into mental disorders. These conditions can include depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and even increased rates of suicide and self-harm.

    Kim Jong Chul has seen many examples of these symptoms firsthand. Kim is a lawyer with APIL, a public interest law firm, and he’s worked to secure the release of many migrant children held in detention.

    In one such case, May, a 5-year-old migrant from China, spent 20 days in a detention facility with her mother. Over those 20 days, May’s extreme anxiety produced insomnia, a high fever, swollen lips and more. Despite this, her guards never brought a doctor to examine her.

    For most migrants in immigration custody, children included, their release comes only when they are deported. In 2016, authorities held 29,926 migrants in detention, and 96 percent of them were deported. The whole deportation process, from arrest to boarding a plane, typically takes ten days.

    But for children, ten days in detention are enough to develop severe stress and anxiety. Special cases, including refugee applications or a migrant laborer with unpaid wages, can take much longer to process. South Korea’s immigration law doesn’t set an upper limit on migrant detention, and there are cases of migrants held for more than a year. The law also doesn’t require regular judicial review or in-person checks from a case worker at any point in the process. According to Kim from APIL, the longest child detention in recent years was 141 days.

    Existing children’s welfare services would benefit migrant children, but the MOJ opposes any such idea. In the view of the MOJ and the Ministry of Health and Welfare, welfare facilities should be reserved only for citizens and foreigners with legal status.

    Children between the ages of 14 and 18 are yet another matter. The MOJ’s stance is that most of these children are physically similar to adults, highly likely to commit crimes and in general a danger to society, and they need to be detained.

    Kim argues that it’s hard to interpret the MOJ’s stance that migrant teenagers are all potential criminals as anything other than institutional racism. South Korean citizens who are under 18 are considered minors and treated differently in the eyes of the law.

    International treaties ban detaining children, including teenagers, due to migration status, and the South Korean government has signed and ratified each of the UN treaties that relate to children’s rights. It means that under the country’s constitution, the treaties have the same power as domestic law. And yet abuses persist.

    Lawmaker Keum Tae-seob from the ruling Minjoo Party—often called one of the most progressive members of the National Assembly— is fighting this reality. He has proposed a revision to the current immigration law that would ban detention of migrant children, but it has met opposition from the MOJ. Ironically, the ministry argues that because South Korea has signed the relevant international treaties, there is no need to pass a separate domestic law that would ban such detention. This is despite the fact that immigration authorities, who belong to the MOJ, have detained over 200 children over the past 3 years, including many under the age of 14.

    To rally support for a ban on detaining migrant children, APIL and World Vision Korea launched an awareness campaign in 2016, complete with a slick website, emotional videos and a petition. As of this writing, the petition has just under 9,000 signatures, and APIL is hoping to reach 10,000.
    Back in June of last year, another petition received significant media attention. A group of Yemeni refugee applicants—fewer than 600—arrived on the island of Jeju, and in response a citizen’s petition against accepting refugees on the office of the president’s website garnered over 714,000 signatures. A collection of civic groups even organized an anti-refugee rally in Seoul that same month.

    APIL’s campaign has been underway for more than two years, but the recent reaction to Yemeni refugees in Jeju has unveiled how difficult it will be change the government’s position on asylum seekers. A Human Rights Watch report released on Thursday also minced no words in critiquing the government policies: “even though [South Korean president] Moon Jae-in is a former human rights lawyer,” he “did little to defend the rights of women, refugees, and LGBT persons in South Korea.”

    For now, Keum’s bill is still sitting in committee, pending the next round of reviews. Helene’s family has been in the UK since her husband’s refugee status lawsuit failed.

    *Helene is a pseudonym to protect the identity of her and her family.

    https://www.koreaexpose.com/child-migrant-inmates-south-korea-immigration-jail-hwaseong
    #enfants #enfance #mineurs #rétention #détention_administrative #Corée_du_Sud #migrations #sans-papiers #réfugiés #asile

  • #MeToo en #Corée_du_Sud : un ex-procureur condamné pour abus de pouvoir - Asie-Pacifique - RFI
    http://www.rfi.fr/asie-pacifique/20190123-metoo-coree-sud-ex-procureur-condamne-abus-pouvoir-ahn-tae-geun

    C’est un verdict inhabituellement sévère pour ce type d’affaire en Corée du Sud : le tribunal central de Séoul a condamné à deux ans de prison ferme l’ancien procureur Ahn Tae-geun.

    L’homme est accusé d’avoir tripoté une jeune collègue en 2010 lors d’un dîner organisé à l’occasion de funérailles. Quand la jeune femme, Seo Ji-hyeon, l’avait dénoncé en interne, il avait utilisé sa position pour la faire muter dans un petit tribunal de province, une mutation qui avait brisé sa carrière prometteuse.

  • The roundabout revolutions

    The history of these banal, utilitarian instruments of traffic management has become entangled with that of political uprising, #Eyal_Weizman argues in his latest book

    This project started with a photograph. It was one of the most arresting images depicting the May 1980 #Gwangju uprising, recognised now as the first step in the eventual overthrow of the military dictatorship in South Korea. The photograph (above) depicts a large crowd of people occupying a roundabout in the city center. Atop a disused fountain in the middle of the roundabout a few protestors have unfurled a South Korean flag. The roundabout organised the protest in concentric circles, a geometric order that exposed the crowd to itself, helping a political collective in becoming.

    It had an uncanny resonance with events that had just unfolded: in the previous year a series of popular uprisings spread through Tunisia, Egypt, Bahrain, #Oman, Yemen, Libya, and Syria. These events shared with Gwangju not only the historical circumstances – they too were popular protests against military dictatorships – but, remarkably, an urban-architectural setting: many of them similarly erupted on roundabouts in downtown areas. The history of these roundabouts is entangled with the revolutions that rose from them.

    The photograph of the roundabout—now the symbol of the “liberated republic” – was taken by #Na_Kyung-taek from the roof of the occupied Provincial Hall, looking toward Geumnam-ro, only a few hours before the fall of the “#Gwangju_Republic”. In the early morning hours of the following day, the Gwangju uprising was overwhelmed by military force employing tanks and other armed vehicles. The last stand took place at the roundabout.

    The scene immediately resonates with the well-known photographs of people gathering in #Tahrir_Square in early 2011. Taken from different high-rise buildings around the square, a distinct feature in these images is the traffic circle visible by the way it organises bodies and objects in space. These images became the symbol of the revolution that led to the overthrow of President Hosni Mubarak in February 2011 – an event described by urban historian Nezar AlSayyad as “Cairo’s roundabout revolution”. But the Gwangju photograph also connects to images of other roundabouts that erupted in dissent in fast succession throughout the Middle East. Before Tahrir, as Jonathan Liu noted in his essay Roundabouts and Revolutions, it was the main roundabout in the capital of Tunisia – subsequently renamed Place du 14 Janvier 2011 after the date on which President Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali was forced to flee the country. Thousands of protesters gathered at the roundabout in Tunis and filled the city’s main boulevard.

    A main roundabout in Bahrain’s capital Manama erupted in protests shortly after the overthrow of Mubarak in Egypt. Its central traffic island became the site of popular protests against the government and the first decisive act of military repression: the protests were violently broken up and the roundabout itself destroyed and replaced with a traffic intersection. In solidarity with the Tahrir protests, the roundabouts in the small al-Manara Square in Ramallah and the immense Azadi Square in Tehran also filled with protesters. These events, too, were violently suppressed.

    The roundabouts in Tehran and Ramallah had also been the scenes of previous revolts. In 2009 the Azadi roundabout in Iran’s capital was the site of the main protests of the Green Movement contesting President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad’s reelection. Hamid Dabashi, a literature professor at Columbia University and one of the most outspoken public intellectuals on these revolutions, claims that the Green Movement was inspirational for the subsequent revolutionary wave in the Arab world. In Palestine, revolt was a permanent consequence of life under occupation, and the al-Manara roundabout was a frequent site of clashes between Palestinian youth and the Israeli military. The sequence of roundabout revolutions evolved as acts of imitation, each building on its predecessor, each helping propel the next.

    Roundabouts were of course not only exhilarating sites of protest and experiments in popular democracy, but moreover they were places where people gathered and risked their life. The Gwangju uprising is, thus, the first of the roundabout revolutions. Liu wrote: “In all these cases, the symbolism is almost jokingly obvious: what better place to stage a revolution, after all, then one built for turning around?” What better way to show solidarity across national borders than to stage protests in analogous places?

    Why roundabouts? After all, they are banal, utilitarian instruments of traffic management, certainly not prone to induce revolutionary feeling. Other kinds of sites – squares, boulevards, favelas, refugee camps – have served throughout history as the setting for political protest and revolt. Each alignment of a roundabout and a revolution has a specific context and diverse causes, but the curious repetition of this phenomenon might give rise to several speculations. Urban roundabouts are the intersection points of large axes, which also puts them at the start or end of processions.

    Occupying a roundabout demonstrates the power of tactical acupuncture: it blocks off all routes going in and out. Congestion moves outward like a wave, flowing down avenues and streets through large parts of the city. By pressuring a single pivotal point within a networked infrastructure, an entire city can be put under siege (a contemporary contradistinction to the medieval technique of surrounding the entire perimeter of a city wall). Unlike public squares, which are designed as sites for people to gather (therefore not interrupting the flow of vehicular traffic) and are usually monitored and policed, roundabout islands are designed to keep people away. The continuous flow of traffic around them creates a wall of speeding vehicles that prohibits access. While providing open spaces (in some cities the only available open spaces) these islands are meant to be seen but not used.

    Another possible explanation is their symbolic power: they often contain monuments that represent the existing regime. The roundabouts of recent revolutions had emblematic names – Place du 7 Novembre 1987, the date the previous regime took power in Tunisia; “Liberty” (Azadi), referring to the 1979 Iranian Revolution; or “Liberation” (Tahrir), referring to the 1952 revolutions in Egypt. Roundabout islands often had statues, both figurative and abstract, representing the symbolic order of regimes. Leaders might have wished to believe that circular movement around their monuments was akin to a form of worship or consent. While roundabouts exercise a centripetal force, pulling protestors into the city center, the police seek to generate movement in the opposite direction, out and away from the center, and to break a collective into controllable individuals that can be handled and dispersed.

    The most common of all centrifugal forces of urban disorganisation during protests is tear gas, a formless cloud that drifts through space to disperse crowds. From Gwangju to Cairo, Manama to Ramallah, hundreds of tear-gas canisters were used largely exceeding permitted levels in an attempt to evict protesters from public spaces. The bodily sensation of the gas forms part of the affective dimension of the roundabout revolution. When tear gas is inhaled, the pain is abrupt, sharp, and isolating. The eyes shut involuntary, generating a sense of disorientation and disempowerment.

    Protestors have found ways to mitigate the toxic effects of this weapon. Online advice is shared between activists from Palestine through Cairo to Ferguson. The best protection is offered by proper gas masks. Improvised masks made of mineral water bottles cut in half and equipped with a filter of wet towels also work, according to online manuals. Some activists wear swim goggles and place wet bandanas or kaffiyehs over their mouths. To mitigate some of the adverse effects, these improvised filters can be soaked in water, lemon juice, vinegar, toothpaste, or wrapped around an onion. When nothing else is at hand, breathe the air from inside your shirt and run upwind onto higher ground. When you have a chance, blow your nose, rinse your mouth, cough, and spit.


    https://www.iconeye.com/opinion/comment/item/12093-the-roundabout-revolutions
    #révolution #résistance #giratoire #carrefour #rond-point #routes #infrastructure_routière #soulèvement_politique #Corée_du_Sud #printemps_arabe #Egypte #Tunisie #Bahreïni #Yémen #Libye #Syrie #Tahrir

    Du coup : #gilets_jaunes ?

    @albertocampiphoto & @philippe_de_jonckheere

    This project started with a photograph. It was one of the most arresting images depicting the May 1980 #Gwangju uprising, recognised now as the first step in the eventual overthrow of the military dictatorship in South Korea. The photograph (above) depicts a large crowd of people occupying a roundabout in the city center. Atop a disused fountain in the middle of the roundabout a few protestors have unfurled a South Korean flag. The roundabout organised the protest in concentric circles, a geometric order that exposed the crowd to itself, helping a political collective in becoming.

    –-> le pouvoir d’une #photographie...

    signalé par @isskein

    ping @reka

  • Benoît Quennedey placé en garde à vue Libraire Tropiques

    Lundi soir, Benoît Queneddey a été placé en garde à vue. Le président de l’Association d’amitiés franco-coréennes serait soupçonné d’espionnage pour le compte de Pyongyang. Les perquisitions ont été nombreuses durant la période d’Etat d’urgence et ont notamment visé des syndicalistes ou des ecolo-anarchistes. Sans compter tous ceux fichés S sur base d’obscurs critères. Par ailleurs, les intimidations se multiplient contre des partis politiques et les militants qui ne marchent pas dans le clous. La garde à vue de Benoît Queneddey est-elle une nouvelle manifestation de la chasse aux sorcières qui semble s’abattre sur la France ?

    Ses proches ont tenu mardi soir une conférence de presse à la Librairie Tropiques à Paris que vous pouvez visionner.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=GnZ5HcsjKYs

    URGENCE civique
    http://www.librairie-tropiques.fr/2018/11/urgence-politique-benoit-quennedey-en-garde-a-vue.html

    Ce matin, Mme Quennedey, la maman de Benoit, http://www.librairie-tropiques.fr/tag/benoit%20quennedey m’a téléphoné de Dijon ...
     
    La police perquisitionnait chez elle ... au domicile familial de Dijon...
     
    Les agents - qui étaient encore chez elle lorsqu’elle m’a appelé- lui ont appris que son fils a été arrêté hier soir en rentrant à Paris, après avoir passé son week-end en famille à Dijon. Cette perquisition chez ses parents en province a donc lieu dans le contexte de sa garde à vue parisienne.

    Ses parents, sa famille, sont très inquiets et n’ont aucune nouvelle de Benoît qui étant en garde à vue ne peut être joint.
     
    Il est très probable, connaissant Benoît Quennedey, que cette interpellation, sa garde à vue, la perquisition au domicile de ses parents et tout ce que nous ignorons encore est en rapport avec les coréens (du sud) réfugiés politiques en France qui sont en eux-mêmes en rapport avec l’association d’amitiés franco-coréennes : http://www.amitiefrancecoree.org dont Benoît est président.
    ( plutôt que pour son adhésion politique au parti ... des Radicaux de Gauche ...)
     
    Il y a manifestement là un abus de pouvoir et des suites sans doute assez scabreuses à prévoir, vu la tournure des dispositions policières déployées et eu égard à la parfaite rigueur, honnêteté et respectabilité de l’intéressé, énarque sérieux, progressiste et consciencieux, travaillant au sénat et qui assume ses diverses responsabilités avec autant de prudence politique que de scrupule et de civisme...

    . . . .
    M. Benoît Quennedey a été arrêté à son domicile, à Paris, hier dimanche soir, au motif de « recueil et livraison d’informations à une puissance étrangère susceptibles de porter atteinte aux intérêts de la nation ».
    J’attends qu’on m’explique quels types d’informations un membre de la commission architecture du Sénat pourrait détenir.

    Je précise que M. Benoît Quennedey a toujours milité pour l’amitié entre les peuples, à commencer par les deux Corée, puis entre celles-ci et le nôtre. L’association qu’il préside a été fondée en 1969. 
    J’ai eu l’honneur de publier récemment son dernier ouvrage « La Corée du Nord cette inconnue » (éditions Delga, 2017) et je peux garantir que M. Quennedey met toutes ses compétences à apporter des informations non confidentielles sur la Corée du Nord, mais peu répercutées sur les médias et fort utiles, pourtant, à améliorer notre connaissance éclairée et pacifique de cette partie du monde.
    Me tenant à votre disposition pour plus d’informations, 
     
    Aymeric Monville,
    éditeur de Benoît Quennedey (éditions Delga)
    EXCLUSIF : les informations secrètes livrées à la Corée par l’espion du Sénat.
    http://www.librairie-tropiques.fr/2018/11/urgence-politique-benoit-quennedey-en-garde-a-vue.html

    Comme nous n’avons pas appris grand chose depuis hier soir ( voir urgence civique ), sinon que Macron « himself » était aux manettes ... Puisqu’en fait c’est nous qui avons révélé cette affaire à la presse, à la demande des parents de la victime. Nous avons jugé que pour désamorcer cette loufoquerie absurde et honteuse ( et très dommageable à notre ami Benoît qui reste au secret pour une durée indéterminée ), la chose décisive était de révéler à la presse la nature des « informations livrées à une puissance étrangère susceptibles de porter atteinte aux intérêts de la nation ».

    Les voici donc, puisqu’elles ne sont ni secrètes ni vraiment nouvelles (et encore moins « secret défense ») , ayant été diffusées il y a plus d’un an, au titre de bande annonce d’une des rencontres d’éducation populaire animées par Benoît à la librairie réfractaire (à la connerie politique et médiatique ambiante).

    Jugez vous-mêmes : Trailer Corée 1
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cy-iYJdtafc

    #Benoît_Quennedey #Librairie_Tropiques #Corée #répression #police #surveillance #France #Sénat

  • SK to dissolve sex slave foundation | World news | The Guardian

    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/nov/21/anger-in-japan-as-south-korea-dissolves-comfort-women-foundation

    South Korea has announced it will dissolve a Japanese-funded foundation to support former victims of wartime sexual slavery, sparking outrage in Tokyo and marking the latest deterioration between the two countries.

    #corée #japon #viols #viols_de_guerre
    Japan’s prime minister, Shinzo Abe, said the move risked damaging relations and foreign minister Taro Kono called the decision “unacceptable”.

  • Rapprochement intercoréen : la diplomatie des agrumes (et des champignons) - Asialyst

    https://asialyst.com/fr/2018/11/13/rapprochement-intercoreen-diplomatie-agrumes-champigons

    Le ballet des hercules C-130 aura duré deux jours. Depuis ce dimanche 11 novembre, ce sont près de 200 tonnes de mandarines sud-coréennes qui ont été livrées à Pyongyang via un pont aérien destiné à renforcer le rapprochement intercoréen. Un échange de bonnes intentions après les deux tonnes de champignons des pins envoyés par le Nord à Séoul en septembre dernier.
    Le palais présidentiel à Séoul.
    Ce sont des fruits dont on retrouve la trace dès le XIIIème siècle à la table des rois de Corée. Un fruit de saison rarement consommé en Corée du Nord, a expliqué le porte-parole de la Maison Bleue
    , et qui n’entrerait pas dans la liste des produits sous embargo de l’ONU. Un avis que ne partagent pas les conservateurs à Séoul. Au total : 20 000 cartons d’agrumes ont été avalés par les avions cargos de l’armée sud-coréenne pour être transportés en Corée du Nord. Une telle quantité s’apparente à de l’exportation, estiment celles et ceux qui voient d’un mauvais œil la politique de rapprochement vis-à-vis du voisin nord-coréen, menée par le président Moon Jae-in, et donc un geste qui violerait les sanctions imposées au régime de Pyongyang.

    #corée_du_sud #corée_du_nord