country:malaysia

  • MOL Tribute Loads Record 19,100 TEU in Singapore – gCaptain
    https://gcaptain.com/mol-tribute-teu-record


    MOL Tribute.
    File Photo : MarineTraffic / Maik R.

    The Ocean Network Express’s ultra-large containership MOL Tribute has set a new record for the most twenty-foot equivalent containers ever loaded onto a vessel with 19,100 TEU. 

    The record-setting stow took place at the PSA Singapore terminal on February 11, 2019. It was announced by Navis, part of Cargotec Corporation, which provided the stowage planning software that optimized the arrangement of containers.

    The last record for the most containers ever loaded was held by Maersk’s Mumbai Maersk with 19,038 TEU, taking place in August 2018 at the Tanjung Pelepas Port in Malaysia.


  • Long, strange trip: How U.S. ethanol reaches China tariff-free | Reuters
    https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-trade-ethanol-insight-idUSKCN1PW0BR

    NEW YORK/KUALA LUMPUR (Reuters) - In June, the High Seas tanker ship loaded up on ethanol in Texas and set off for Asia.

    Two months later - after a circuitous journey that included a ship-to-ship transfer and a stop in Malaysia - its cargo arrived in China, according to shipping data analyzed by Reuters and interviews with Malaysian and Chinese port officials.

    At the time, the roundabout route puzzled global ethanol traders and ship brokers, who called it a convoluted and costly way to get U.S. fuel to China.

    But the journey reflects a broader shift in global ethanol flows since U.S. President Donald Trump ignited a trade war with China last spring.

    Although China slapped retaliatory tariffs up to 70 percent on U.S. ethanol shipments, the fuel can still legally enter China tariff-free if it arrives blended with at least 40 percent Asian-produced fuel, according to trade rules established between China and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), the regional economic and political body.


  • #vietnam #fintech in a Flash — Part II : #digital Payment
    https://hackernoon.com/vietnam-fintech-in-a-flash-part-ii-digital-payment-1a49bd155add?source=r

    Vietnam Fintech in a Flash — Part II: Digital PaymentNOTE: If you haven’t read Part I, please read it up here: Part I: Grasping Vietnam’s Financial Technology Landscape.Currently, the level of fintech penetration in daily use remains low. A survey by World Bank reviewed that the number of non-cash transactions over population was merely 4.9%, comparing to 59.7% in Thailand and 89% in Malaysia. Dao Minh Tuan, vice chairman of Vietcombank and Chairman of the Vietnam Bankcard Association, stated that roughly 90% of Vietnamese daily spendings are cash-based. Consequently, the payment landscape in Vietnam attracts a lot of fintechs, with 47% of local fintechs serving this segment, per the EY’s ASEAN Fintech Census 2018.Payment FinTechs density in ASEAN countries as of December 2017. Source: (...)

    #vietnam-fintech #payments



  • The Belt and Road Initiative Is a Corruption Bonanza – Foreign Policy
    https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/01/15/the-belt-and-road-initiative-is-a-corruption-bonanza


    Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak (left) shakes hands with Chinese President Xi Jinping during the welcome ceremony for the Belt and Road Forum in Beijing on May 15, 2017.
    Kenzaburo Fukuhara-Pool/Getty Images

    The Belt and Road Initiative Is a Corruption Bonanza
    Despots and crooks are using China’s infrastructure project to stay in power—with Beijing’s help.

    When former Malaysian Prime Minister Najib Razak was ousted from office in May 2018, it’s possible that no one was more dismayed than officials in Beijing.

    … alors que l’achat de F-35 états-uniens, de Rafales français ou de sous-marins allemands se fait en toute transparence…


  • #Penan Community Mapping: Putting the Penan on the map
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KwGdEzh1e3w


    #cartographie #visualisation #peuples_autochtones

    #vidéo reçue via la mailing-list du Bruno Manser Fonds (26.12.2018):

    Chères amies, chers amis du Bruno Manser Fonds,

    Que diriez-vous d’une brève pause durant les fêtes ? Alors prenez-vous 12 minutes et apprenez comment les Penan sauvent la forêt pluviale avec des cartes topographiques.

    Avec la publication de 23 #cartes_topographiques de la forêt pluviale par le Bruno Manser Fonds, soudainement les Penan prennent vie sur la carte. Sur les documents du gouvernement, les rivières dans la zone penane n’ont pas de nom et les arbres utilisés par les Penan pour récolter le poison à flèches ou pour fabriquer des sarbacanes ne sont même pas signalés. Pour le gouvernement, les Penan ne disposent d’aucun droit sur leur forêt traditionnelle. C’est là qu’interviennent les cartes que nous avons publiées : elles démontrent les #droits_territoriaux des Penan et constituent un précieux instrument dans la lutte contre les sociétés forestières, qui défrichent illégalement la #forêt.

    Apprenez dans le bref #documentaire comment ces cartes servent la #forêt_pluviale et les autochtones ! Nous vous souhaitons beaucoup de plaisir à visionner la vidéo !

    Notre travail de cartographie a éveillé un grand enthousiasme en #Malaisie. D’autres villages de Penan, de même que d’autres groupes ethniques, se sont adressés à nous en nous demandant également de soutenir la cartographie de leur forêt pluviale. Ils souhaitent, au moyen des cartes, faire cesser les défrichages et la mise en place de plantations de #palmiers_à_huile sur leurs terres.

    #déforestation #cartographie_participative #huile_de_palme #cartographie_communautaire #résistance #Bornéo #visibilité #Sarawak #Baram #biodiversité #répression #community_mapping #empowerment

    –-------------

    Quelques citations tirées de la vidéo...

    Rainer Weisshaidinger, of the Bruno Manser Fonds:

    “When we came to the Penan area, the maps we had were from the British. They were quite good in telling us the topography, but there were no names. It was empty maps. The British cartographers did not have the chance to go to the communities, so very few rivers had names in these maps”

    #toponymie #géographie_du_vide #vide #cartographie_coloniale #colonialisme #post-colonialisme #exploitation

    “Joining the Federation of Malaysia on 16th of September 1963, Sarawak was granted self-government free from the British colonial administration. However, the government undertook no effort to map the interior areas. This lead to unfair and unsustainable #exploitation of the land and its people”
    #terre #terres

    Voici un exemple des cartes officielles:


    Comme on dit dans la vidéo: il n’y avait pas de mention des rivières ou des montagnes, ou des noms de villages...

    Simon Kaelin, of the Bruno Manser Founds:

    “The perspective from the government for this area... It was an empty area, for logging activity, for palm oil activity. Open for concessions and open for making big money”

    #extractivisme #concessions #déforestation

    Lukas Straumann, of the Bruno Manser Founds:

    “If you have a map with every river, having names (...) you see that it has been used for hundered years, it makes a really big difference”
    "The Penan started mapping their lands back in the 1990s, when they heard from indigenous people in #Canada that they have been very successful in claiming back their lands from the Canadian government, with maps

    Rainer Weisshaidinger, of the Bruno Manser Fonds:

    “To understand why these maps are important for the Penan community, it is because there is the Penan knowledge inside these maps”

    #savoir #connaissance

    Bateudah, community mapper:

    “Our work is to map the land. This is very important because it makes our community’s boundaries visibile”

    Rose Melai, community mapper:

    "All that is important in the forest is on the maps.

    The Penan worked about 15 years on their map...
    Au total, ils ont produit 23 cartes.
    Voici le coffret avec les cartes:

    Sophie Schwer, of the Bruno Manser Fonds:
    When they started, they relied in easy techniques, like skatch mapping and just the compass:

    But in the end they used the state-of-the art mapping #drones to present and show where their settlements are, so that they could no longer be neglected by the government.

    Le “mapping drone”:

    Peter Kallang, indigenous activist:

    “Community mapping can help to eliminate or reduce the #corruption, because you have everything there in black and white. It is so transparent. So when the government gives timber licences, when it overlaps with these, we can see from the map”

    #transparence

    Rainer Weisshaidinger, of the Bruno Manser Fonds:
    “The map of the government, they represent the government’s perspective, which means: nobody is in this area. The Penan map represents the Penan perspective on their own area. If you look at these maps, you will see that the Penan are living in this area. On each of these maps, it’s not only a topographic knowledge, there is a small history specific of this area. Below that, the drone images are very important, because it is very easy to mark one point. In order to give credibility to these maps, it was very important for the Penan to also be able to fly over their own villages to get the images of their villages.”


    L’histoire du village marquée sur la carte:

    L’image prise par les drones:

    Les cartes sont signées par les #empreintes_digitales des cartographes autochtones:

    Les empreintes digitales servent aussi à “valider” (c’est le mot utilisé dans le documentaire) les cartes.

    Un cartographe autochtone:

    “With these maps we document our history. Our myths and legends stay alive. The next generation will remember our way of life long after our elders have passed on”.

    #mythes #légendes #histoire #mémoire

    #ressources_pédagogiques (mais malheureusement la vidéo est disponible uniquement avec des sous-titres en anglais)
    #géographie_politique

    ping @reka @odilon

    Et je suis sure que ça intéresse aussi @_kg_


  • Can Facebook Ads Tell Us Which Asian Country Is Most #crypto-Crazy?
    https://hackernoon.com/can-facebook-ads-tell-us-which-asian-country-is-most-crypto-crazy-6dc4b9

    Can Facebook Tell Us Which Asian Country Is Most Crypto-Crazy?As a marketer in the crypto/blockchain space, I’m fascinated by how similar and yet different crypto #marketing and “traditional” digital marketing are. I’ve been particularly interested in the reaction in Asia to the crypto craze, so when Facebook threw a few bucks in free #advertising credits my way, I thought: “How can I use Facebook to test crypto interest in Asia?” With that goal, I promoted a recent article about decentralized exchanges — “The Paradox of Decentralized Exchanges: Many Projects, Few Users” — targeted at 18+ year olds in China, South Korea, Japan, Singapore, Vietnam, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Malaysia, Laos, Cambodia, Thailand, Taiwan, Philippines, and Myanmar, and who show an interest in cryptocurrency as a topic.Facebook (...)

    #facebook-ads #blockchain


  • The secret deal to destroy paradise
    https://news.mongabay.com/2018/11/the-secret-deal-to-destroy-paradise

    In December 2012, at a press conference on the sidelines of an Islamic business forum in Malaysia, a man named Chairul Anhar made a bold claim. His company, he said, held the rights to 4,000 square kilometers of land for oil palm plantations in Indonesia.

    If true, it would make Chairul one of the biggest landowners in the country. That land was not just anywhere, but in New Guinea, a giant island that glittered in the eyes of investors. Shared by Indonesia and Papua New Guinea, the island had the world’s biggest gold mine, untapped oil and gas, and the largest remaining tract of pristine rainforest in Asia. For the companies that had steadily logged their way through the rest of Southeast Asia, New Guinea was the last frontier. For the investor who could tame it, a fortune awaited.

    #déforestation #Indonésie #Papouasie #colonisation


  • http://www.amnesty.my/malaysia-protect-indigenous-land-rights-advocates

    On 29 November, Amnesty International published a report on the precarious situation of Indigenous peoples in Malaysia and supporters of their land rights. Titled “The Forest is Our Heartbeat”: The struggle to defend Indigenous land in Malaysia , the report shows that Indigenous communities and their advocates face human rights violations when asserting their land rights.

    They have been harassed, intimidated, and physically attacked by armed individuals, and arbitrarily arrested by the Malaysian police. Their communities and land are not recognised or protected by federal and state governments.

    The Malaysian government has promised, in its manifesto for the May 2018 general elections, to take steps to address Indigenous peoples’ land rights. These include recognizing their customary land and protecting them in land development schemes. However, the report by Amnesty International highlights that much more needs to be done.

    #Malaisie #forêt #peuples_autochtones


  • Investment platforms vie to capture a share of global #remittances

    Investment platforms are vying to capture a share of global remittances
    IN 2016 AYO ADEWUNMI, a Nigerian-born agricultural trader living in London, bought a five-hectare farm in
    his homeland. It has produced little since. “I am not in the country, so I have to rely on third parties. It’s just
    not good enough,” he says.
    Mr Adewunmi has since discovered another, potentially more satisfactory way to make such investments:
    through #FarmCrowdy (https://www.farmcrowdy.com), a crowdfunding platform that lends to Nigerian farms and provides technical
    assistance to their owners. The two-year-old startup, which is considering expanding into Ghana, places high
    hopes in the African diaspora as a source of funds.
    The case for such platforms goes beyond agriculture. Global remittances are expected to soar from $468bn
    in 2010 to $667bn in 2019. They are among the top two foreign-currency sources in several countries,
    including Kenya and the Philippines. Yet hardly any of the money is invested.
    In part, this is because recipients use three-quarters of the money for basics such as food and housing. But it
    is also because emigrants who want to invest back home have few options. New investment channels could
    attract lots of extra cash—about $73bn a year in Commonwealth countries alone, according to research by
    the 53-country grouping.

    Crowdfunding platforms would enable investors to put modest sums directly into smaller businesses in
    developing countries, which are often cash-starved. Yet of the emerging world’s 85 debt- and
    equity-crowdfunding ventures, only a handful raise money abroad. Several platforms set up in rich countries
    over the past decade to invest in developing countries, including Emerging Crowd, Homestrings and Enable
    Impact, quickly folded.
    A big problem is that few developing countries have rules about crowdfunding. Many have allowed activity
    so far chiefly because the industry is so small, says Anton Root of Allied Crowds, a consultancy. Cross-border
    transfers using such platforms easily fall foul of rich countries’ rules intended to stop money-laundering and
    the financing of terrorism.
    Some developing countries have realised that they need to act. Thailand, Malaysia, Singapore and Indonesia
    have all recently passed regulations on equity crowdfunding or peer-to-peer lending. But from a
    cross-border perspective, Africa seems most inventive, owing to active entrepreneurs and Western help.

    Last month the British government approved a grant of £230,000 ($300,000) to the African Crowdfunding
    Association to help it craft model accreditation and investor-protection rules. Elizabeth Howard of
    LelapaFund, a platform focused on east Africa, is part of an effort to see such rules adopted across the
    continent. That would help reassure sending countries that transfers do not end up in the wrong hands, she
    says. She hopes to enlist the support of the Central Bank of West African States, which oversees eight
    Francophone countries, at a gathering of crowdfunders and regulators sponsored by the French
    government in Dakar, in Senegal, this month.
    Thameur Hemdane of Afrikwity, a platform targeting Francophone Africa, says the industry will also study
    whether prospective laws could be expanded to the Central African Economic and Monetary Community, a
    grouping of six countries. Harmonised rules will not guarantee crowdfunders’ success, but would be a useful
    step towards raising the amount of diaspora capital that is put to productive use.


    https://www.economist.com/finance-and-economics/2018/11/08/investment-platforms-vie-to-capture-a-share-of-global-remittances?fsrc=scn/tw/te/bl/ed/investmentplatformsvietocaptureashareofglobalremittancesitscominghome
    #agriculture #crowdfunding #migrations #investissement #développement


  • Home Minister : Syrian Man Insisted On Going To Canada Despite Offers To Stay In Malaysia
    https://says.com/my/news/home-minister-syrian-man-insisted-to-go-to-canada-despite-offers-to-stay-in-ma

    Hassan’s alleged helpless situation has been disputed by a United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) spokesperson

    In an email to Vice, the spokesperson revealed that both UNHCR and the Malaysian government have reached out to Hassan on a number of occasions.

    “He (Hassan) has been offered reasonable support and assistance to enter Malaysia, which would then allow UNHCR and others to consider his situation in more detail and to explore possible solutions for him. Clear offers of support and assistance in Malaysia have been communicated to the individual, and so far he has chosen to not accept. It appears that Malaysia is a place of transit for him and not a place where he wishes to remain. We understand that he is considering his options.”

    Des nouvelles du Syrien de l’aéroport à KLIA2.
    Et j’en profite pour poster ces photos des toilettes du même aéroport.
    https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=913269442205218&set=pcb.913272422204920&type=3&__tn__=HH-R&
    https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=913269448871884&set=pcb.913272422204920&type=3&__tn__=HH-R&


  • Can Islamist moderates remake the politics of the Muslim world? - CSMonitor.com

    https://www.csmonitor.com/World/Middle-East/2018/0919/Can-Islamist-moderates-remake-the-politics-of-the-Muslim-world

    By Taylor Luck Correspondent

    AMMAN, JORDAN; TUNIS, TUNISIA; KUALA LUMPUR, MALAYSIA
    Alaa Faroukh insists he is the future. After nearly a decade in the Muslim Brotherhood, he says that he has finally found harmony between his faith and politics, not as a hardcore Islamist, but as a “Muslim democrat.”

    “We respect and include minorities, we fight for women’s rights, we respect different points of view, we are democratic both in our homes and in our politics – that is how we honor our faith,” Mr. Faroukh says.

    The jovial psychologist with a toothy smile, who can quote Freud as easily as he can recite the Quran, is speaking from his airy Amman clinic, located one floor below the headquarters of the Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood, the very movement he left.

    About these ads
    “The time of divisive politics of older Islamists is over, and everyone in my generation agrees,” says the 30-something Faroukh. “The era of political Islam is dead.”

    Faroukh is symbolic of a shift sweeping through parts of the Arab world. From Tunisia to Egypt to Jordan, many Islamist activists and some established Islamic organizations are adopting a more progressive and moderate tone in their approach to politics and governing. They are reaching out to minorities and secular Muslims while doing away with decades-old political goals to impose their interpretation of Islam on society.

    Taylor Luck
    “The time of divisive politics of older Islamists is over, and everyone in my generation agrees. The era of political Islam is dead,” says Alaa Faroukh, a young Jordanian who left the Muslim Brotherhood for a moderate political party.
    Part of the move is simple pragmatism. After watching the Muslim Brotherhood – with its call for sharia (Islamic law) and failure to reach out to minorities and secular Muslims – get routed in Egypt, and the defeat of other political Islamic groups across the Arab world, many Islamic activists believe taking a more moderate stance is the only way to gain and hold power. Yet others, including many young Muslims, believe a deeper ideological shift is under way in which Islamist organizations are increasingly recognizing the importance of religious tolerance and political pluralism in modern societies. 

    Think you know the Greater Middle East? Take our geography quiz.
    While Islamist movements remain the largest and most potent political movement in the region, a widespread adoption of democratic principles by their followers could transform the discourse in a region where politics are often bound to identity and are bitterly polarized.

    “We believe that young Jordanians and young Arabs in general see that the future is not in partisan politics, but in cooperation, understanding, and putting the country above petty party politics,” says Rheil Gharaibeh, the moderate former head of the Jordanian Brotherhood’s politburo who has formed his own political party.

    Is this the beginning of a fundamental shift in the politics of the Middle East or just an expedient move by a few activists?

    *

    Many Islamist groups say their move to the center is a natural step in multiparty politics, but this obscures how far their positions have truly shifted in a short time.

    Some 20 years ago, the manifesto of the Muslim Brotherhood – the Sunni Islamic political group with affiliates across the Arab world – called for the implementation of sharia and gender segregation at universities, and commonly employed slogans such as “Islam is the solution.”

    In 2011, the Arab Spring uprisings swept these Islamist movements into power or installed them as the leading political force from the Arab Gulf to Morocco, sparking fears of an Islamization of Arab societies.

    About these ads
    But instead of rolling back women’s rights, the Tunisian Islamist party Ennahda pushed through gender equality laws and helped write the most progressive, gender-equal constitution in the Arab world. The Moroccan Justice and Development Party (PJD) has played down its Islamic rhetoric, abandoning talk of Islamic identity and sharia and instead speaking about democratic reform and human rights. And the Brotherhood in Jordan traded in its slogan “Islam is the solution” for “the people demand reform” and “popular sovereignty for all.”

    The past few years have seen an even more dramatic shift to the center. Not only have Islamist movements dropped calls for using sharia as a main source of law, but they nearly all now advocate for a “civil state”­ – a secular nation where the law, rather than holy scriptures or the word of God, is sovereign.

    Muhammad Hamed/Reuters
    Supporters of the National Alliance for Reform rally in Amman, Jordan, in 2016. They have rebranded themselves as a national rather than an Islamic movement.
    In Morocco and Jordan, Islamist groups separated their religious activities – preaching, charitable activities, and dawa (spreading the good word of God) – from their political branches. In 2016, Ennahda members in Tunisia went one step further and essentially eliminated their religious activities altogether, rebranding themselves as “Muslim democrats.”

    Islamist moderates say this shift away from religious activities to a greater focus on party politics is a natural step in line with what President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan has done with his Justice and Development Party in Turkey, or even, they hope, with the Christian democrats in Europe: to become movements inspired by faith, not governing through faith.

    “While we are a Muslim country, we are aware that we do not have one interpretation of religion and we will not impose one interpretation of faith over others,” says Mehrezia Labidi, a member of the Tunisian Parliament and Ennahda party leader. “As Muslim democrats we are guided by Islamic values, but we are bound by the Constitution, the will of the people, and the rule of law for all.”

    Experts say this shift is a natural evolution for movements that are taking part in the decisionmaking process for the first time after decades in the opposition.

    “As the opposition, you can refuse, you can criticize, you can obstruct,” says Rachid Mouqtadir, professor of political science at Hassan II University in Casablanca, Morocco, and an expert in Islamist movements. “But when you are in a coalition with other parties and trying to govern, the parameters change, your approach changes, and as a result your ideology changes.”

    The trend has even gone beyond the borders of the Arab world. The Malaysian Islamic Youth Movement (ABIM), founded in 1971 by Malaysian university students inspired by the Brotherhood and now one of the strongest civil society groups in the country, is also shedding the “Islamist” label.

    In addition to running schools and hospitals, ABIM now hosts interfaith concerts, partners on projects with Christians and Buddhists, and even reaches out to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender activists in its campaign for social justice.

    “We are in the age of post-political Islam,” says Ahmad Fahmi Mohd Samsudin, ABIM vice president, from the movement’s headquarters in a leafy Kuala Lumpur suburb. “That means when we say we stand for Islam, we stand for social justice and equality for all – no matter their faith or background.”

    *


  • Malaysia’s Queercore Band Shh…Diam! On the Politics of Being Out and Punk Where Homosexuality is Illegal
    https://www.intomore.com/culture/malaysias-queercore-band-shh-diam-on-the-politics-of-being-out-and-punk-wh

    Shh…Diam! means “Shh…Quiet!” in Malay. It’s what our mums used to tell us when we were first learning our instruments as teens. The name can relate to how LGBTQ folk have always been told to keep our “lifestyle” to ourselves. There are the sections 377A and 377B in the penal code, introduced in colonial times, which forbid anal sex and “carnal intercourse against the order of nature.” Those are basically laws against butt sex, which should mean that nobody, not even straight people, can have butt sex, but they are used against queer people.

    We also have to put up with the religious authorities. As people assigned Muslim at birth, we are also governed by shariah law which means the religious authorities can fuck with us at any time. We’re special that way. The religious police can raid your home and arrest you, just like cops. That’s what they love to do, instead of tackling real issues. In fact, in some cases, they have more authority than the police, because God is the highest authority of all.

    It is tough, though, being an out band. People need to make a conscious decision to be out, because there are risks. You can never be a mainstream musician if you are out, not unless things drastically change.

    Who are your influences?

    That’s always a difficult question. Maybe this depends on the song. “Lonely Lesbian:” The oppressed LGBTQIA+ people in Malaysia and the ignorance of the government-controlled media. “Basah:” The horny people of the world. “Where Are Them Girls:” the lack of women at local Malaysian gigs. And the list goes on. Sound-wise, each of us likes different kinds of music, and we are non-conforming when it comes to genres and sounds. Whatever goes. One song can have multiple influences in terms of genre.

    #Malaisie #LGBT #punk #musique


  • Deux lesbiennes ont été battues en public dans le Terengganu, le deuxième État malaisien à appliquer la syariah (plus précisément, une partie du droit qui suppose des châtiments corporels, j’ai oublié le nom mais c’était le gros débat en 2014 quand c’est arrivé dans le pays). Quelques coups de canne symboliques, l’essentiel étant d’humilier. Ça marche, et pas que pour les deux femmes en question. Hier j’étais en compagnie de lesbiennes malaisiennes (le groupe le plus mixte que j’aie vu ici, Malaises, Chinoises, Chindians et même trois mat salle comme moi) et elles étaient au fond du trou. Déjà au printemps un collab gay (et militant) de ministre a perdu son job dans une campagne de dénigrement. Et cet été deux portraits ont été « auto »-censurés dans une expo sur les Malaisien.nes au motif qu’une trans et un gay (sur des dizaines de portraits), c’est pas très malaisien. Et fin août, ce truc d’Arabes (pardon pour l’expression mais vu d’ici, l’idée de frapper des gens en public ressemble vraiment à l’importation de traditions allochtones et on en parle dans ces termes). Peut-être que dans la nouvelle Malaisie, un peu plus ouverte qu’avant l’alternance, les choses vont changer. L’espoir de ces femmes, c’est que tout ça occasionne une prise de conscience. Et déjà, le Premier ministre condamne au moins l’affaire du Terengganu.

    Women caned in Malaysia for attempting to have lesbian sex | World news | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/sep/03/women-caned-in-malaysia-for-attempting-to-have-lesbian-sex

    Two women found guilty of attempting to have sex have been caned in Malaysia’s conservative north-eastern state of Terengganu, in the first punishment of its kind.

    The two women, aged 22 and 32, were caned six times each in the Terengganu sharia high court just after 10am, after the sentence was read out.

    The caning was carried out in the courtroom and was witnessed by up to 100 people, including the public.

    While women in Malaysia have been caned for sexual offences in the past, such as adultery, rights activists say this is the first time two women have been caned for attempting to have sex.

    Malaysian PM says caning of lesbians counter to ’compassion of Islam’ | Reuters
    https://www.reuters.com/article/us-malaysia-lgbt/malaysian-pm-says-caning-of-lesbians-counter-to-compassion-of-islam-idUSKCN
    https://s2.reutersmedia.net/resources/r/?m=02&d=20180906&t=2&i=1301353464&w=1200&r=LYNXNPEE850FD

    Mahathir’s government has appeared divided about the LGBT community, while the premier himself had been silent on the caning and recent attacks on transgender people and marginalized groups in the Muslim-majority country.

    In a video posted on his Twitter account, Mahathir said the caning “did not reflect the justice or compassion of Islam”.

    It was the women’s first offence, he said, which warranted a lighter sentence, such as counseling.

    “This gives a bad impression of Islam,” the 93-year-old leader said. “It is important that we show Islam is not a cruel religion that likes to impose harsh sentences to humiliate others.”

    Traduction : ça fait mauvais genre, on aurait pu se contenter de les envoyer en thérapie. Plus courageux, les député·es de sa coalition.

    ’We need to grow up’ : Malaysian MPs condemn caning over lesbian sex | World news | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/sep/04/malaysian-mps-condemn-caning-lesbian-sex

    A Malaysian MP has called for laws that criminalise homosexuality to be immediately abolished amid outcry over the caning of two women convicted by a sharia court of attempting to have lesbian sex.

    Charles Santiago, a parliamentary member from the Malaysian state of Selangor, expressed his outrage in a series of tweets after the punishment was carried out in the Terengganu court on Monday morning.

    That two women were caned while “100 people gawked at them” in the public gallery of the court was shocking and humiliating, he wrote on Twitter.
    Women caned in Malaysia for attempting to have lesbian sex
    Read more

    “We need to stop targeting the LGBT community. We need to stop invading their privacy. We need to stop abusing them. We need to grow up as a society and learn to embrace diversity,” he wrote.

    Santiago said the government was “voted in on the premise of inclusion” and must therefore repeal all laws criminalising homosexuality without delay.

    His anger was echoed by other politicians. Khairy Jamaluddin, the MP for Rembau, criticised the punishment on his Twitter account, saying: “Islam teaches us to look after the dignity of every human being.”

    “Mercy is preferable to punishment.”

    Hannah Yeoh, a member of parliament for Segambut, reacted to the punishment with the statement: “Education doesn’t work this way.”

    Homosexuality is illegal in Malaysia and punishable under a colonial-era sodomy law that carries a 20-year prison sentence, while strict Islamic laws that apply to Malaysian Muslims, but not people from other religious backgrounds, prohibit sexual relations between women.

    How public caning is performed in Terengganu
    https://www.malaysiakini.com/news/441727

    The cane is to be made of rattan or a small branch twig that does not have segments or joints.

    It should not exceed 1.22 metres in length and 1.25 centimetres in diameter.

    What are the rules for performing the caning?

    The convict must be dressed in accordance with religious rules (hukum syarak). If the convict is male, he receives the caning while standing. If the convict is female, she will be seated.

    The official who carries out the caning is to lash the convict with “moderate” strength and without raising the cane above his head to avoid injuring the convict’s skin. The cane must also be raised upward after each lash instead of being pulled away.

    The official may hit any part of the convict except the face, head, abdomen, chest, and genitals.


  • World Nuclear Industry Status Report 2018 (HTML) - World Nuclear Industry Status Report

    https://www.worldnuclearreport.org/World-Nuclear-Industry-Status-Report-2018-HTML.html

    #nucléaire #nuclaire_civil et bravo @odilon !

    China Still Dominates Developments

    Nuclear power generation in the world increased by 1% due to an 18% increase in China.
    Global nuclear power generation excluding China declined for the third year in a row.
    Four reactors started up in 2017 of which three were in China and one in Pakistan (built by a Chinese company).
    Five units started up in the first half of 2018, of which three were in China—including the world’s first EPR and AP1000—and two in Russia.
    Five construction starts in the world in 2017, of which a demonstration fast reactor project in China.
    No start of construction of any commercial reactors in China since December 2016.
    The number of units under construction globally declined for the fifth year in a row, from 68 reactors at the end of 2013 to 50 by mid-2018, of which 16 are in China.
    China spent a record US$126 billion on renewables in 2017.

    Operational Status and Construction Delays

    The nuclear share of global electricity generation remained roughly stable over the past five years (-0.5 percentage points), with a long-term declining trend, from 17.5 percent in 1996 to 10.3 in 2017.
    Seven years after the Fukushima events, Japan had restarted five units by the end of 2017—generating still only 3.6% of the power in the country in 2017—and nine by mid-2018.
    As of mid-2018, 32 reactors—including 26 in Japan—are in Long-Term Outage (LTO).
    At least 33 of the 50 units under construction are behind schedule, mostly by several years. China is no exception, at least half of 16 units under construction are delayed.
    Of the 33 delayed construction projects, 15 have reported increased delays over the past year.
    Only a quarter of the 16 units scheduled for startup in 2017 were actually connected to the grid.
    New-build plans have been cancelled including in Jordan, Malaysia and the U.S. or postponed such as in Argentina, Indonesia, Kazakhstan.

    Decommissioning Status Report

    As of mid-2018, 115 units are undergoing decommissioning—70 percent of the 173 permanently shut-down reactors in the world.
    Only 19 units have been fully decommissioned: 13 in the U.S., five in Germany, and one in Japan. Of these, only 10 have been returned to greenfield sites.

    Interdependencies Between Civil and Military Infrastructures

    Nuclear weapon states remain the main proponents of nuclear power programs. A first look into the question whether military interests serve as one of the drivers for plant-life extension and new-build.

    Renewables Accelerate Take-Over

    Globally, wind power output grew by 17% in 2017, solar by 35%, nuclear by 1%. Non-hydro renewables generate over 3,000 TWh more power than a decade ago, while nuclear produces less.
    Auctions resulted in record low prices for onshore wind (<US$20/MWh) offshore wind (<US$45/MWh) and solar (<US$25/MWh). This compares with the “strike price” for the Hinkley Point C Project in the U.K. (US$120/MWh).
    Nine of the 31 nuclear countries—Brazil, China, Germany, India, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Spain and United Kingdom (U.K.)—generated more electricity in 2017 from non-hydro renewables than from nuclear power.


  • #Inde : la Cour suprême prend la décision historique de dépénaliser l’#homosexualité
    https://www.francetvinfo.fr/societe/lgbt/inde-la-cour-supreme-prend-la-decision-historique-de-depenaliser-l-homo

    Inde : la Cour suprême prend la décision historique de dépénaliser l’homosexualité

    La plus haute instance judiciaire du pays a jugé illégal un vieil article du Code pénal condamnant les relations sexuelles entre personnes de même sexe.

    #droits_humains

    • La Cour suprême indienne prend la décision historique de dépénaliser l’homosexualité

      La plus haute instance judiciaire d’Inde, 1,25 milliard d’habitants, a jugé illégal un article de loi datant du XIXe siècle condamnant les relations sexuelles entre personnes de même sexe. Une disposition « devenue une arme de harcèlement contre la communauté LGBT », a déclaré le président de la Cour, Dipak Misra.

    • Vu sur Facebook : Ezra Goh
      September 15 at 3:00 PM

      Okay Singapore. Let’s talk about “traditional Asian values”.

      This is from the Ming Dynasty.

      Here’s a rough translation of the text for those whose Mandarin isn’t that good:

      “Surrounded by a lingering fragrance, and so handsome as to make the ladies pelt him with fruit till his carriage is full, who is that gentleman of dignified mien? In order to explore the Charm of the Rose he has inveigled his partner into allowing him to try the Flower of the Hindgarden. The other is a little bashful and gently pushes him away, for this is quite a departure from the ordinary! Looking over his shoulder he calls out softly: “Hurry a bit! And please don’t say anything to the others!”

      Signed:
      The Candidate from the South”

      Bitch we were gayer than the Greeks. We invented homoerotica. We had a thriving culture of homosexuality, transgenderism, what would today be called gender non-conformity, and tons and tons of porn. You know when we stopped? Early 20th century. Aka when the white people came. And they brought Victorian values, Western bourgeois morality and Christian doctrines.

      Oh right we were talking about “Asian” values right? Not just Chinese? Yeah. Same spiel with Korean and Japanese culture. Oh yeah Indians are Asian too, let’s not forget about them. Dude Indians were the gayest of all. When did we all become nice and hetero? When the white people came, when the white people came, when the white people came.

      Of course no social change is purely due to a single factor. It’s history 101. But the point is that Western influence played a huge part.

      So let’s get one thing clear (yes American liberals, I’m looking at you). India removing their Article 377 is not them Westernising. It’s them decolonising. They’re returning to pre-colonial Indian tradition. Hindu law was never against same-sex intercourse. That was drafted by Lord Thomas Macaulay, which borrowed from British anti-buggery laws, which was based on the ecclesiastic laws enacted by King Henry VIII so he could executed monks and nuns and take their monastery lands, which he installed as part of his formation of the Anglican Church, which he formed because he wanted to defy the Catholic Church and divorce his wife. In other words, the whole reason we have 377A was so a British king had a moral pretext to himself commit an act that was considered immoral at the time. Score 1 for hypocrisy.

      Summary: You want traditional Asian values? Repeal 377A. #TraditionalAndGay #WeAreReady #TryAgain #Ready4Repeal #Repeal377A

      #Singapour

    • Malaysia cannot accept same-sex marriage, says Mahathir
      https://www.reuters.com/article/us-malaysia-lgbt/malaysia-cannot-accept-same-sex-marriage-says-mahathir-idUSKCN1M10VA
      https://s4.reutersmedia.net/resources/r/?m=02&d=20180921&t=2&i=1306664877&w=1200&r=LYNXNPEE8K0KV

      “In Malaysia there are some things we cannot accept, even though it is seen as human rights in Western countries,” Mahathir, 93, told reporters. “We cannot accept LGBT, marriage between men and men, women and women.”

      His comments are likely to spark further debate in the country where activists have voiced concern over the hostility towards LGBT groups both from within society and from the administration.

      Two women were caned this month for “attempting lesbian sex” in Terengganu, a conservative state in the east. Mahathir denounced the punishment, saying it “did not reflect the justice or compassion of Islam”.

      Last month, a gay bar in Kuala Lumpur was raided by police and religious enforcement officials, while a transgender woman was beaten up by a group of assailants in Seremban, near the capital.

      The minister in charge of Islamic affairs also came under fire, from activists and other ruling party lawmakers, after he ordered the removal of portraits of two LGBT activists from an art exhibition.

      Malaysia describes oral and anal sex as against the order of nature. Civil law stipulates jail for up to 20 years, caning and fines for offenders, although enforcement of the law is rare.

      Je l’ai lu en malais cet aprem et je n’ai rien pigé ! Normal, c’est un peu de l’enfumage (et je suis vraiment mauvaise lectrice). Autant, le mariage ouvert aux personnes de même sexe, ça me gonfle, autant le droit de ne pas être humilié·e, battu·e, emprisonné·e parce qu’on est LGB ou T me semble vital. Et ça me gonflerait, d’entendre répondre à cet enfumage par Mahathir (merde, tu fais quoi contre ça ?) une défense du couple occidental. Ce serait accepter cette confusion sous prétexte de valeurs asiatiques.


  • #Rohingya crisis: 132 MPs across region call for Myanmar to be referred to ICC | World news | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/aug/24/rohingya-crisis-132-mps-across-region-call-for-myanmar-to-be-referred-t

    More than 130 members of parliament, across five countries in south-east Asia, have demanded that Myanmar be investigated by the International Criminal Court (ICC), the most united condemnation from the region since the violence began against the Rohingya a year ago.

    In a joint statement released by Asean Parliamentarians for Human Rights, they called for the Myanmar military to be “brought to justice” for its “ murderous operation in Rakhine State”.

    Speaking on behalf of those 132 who had issued the statement, APHR member Charles Santiago, a Malaysian politician in the ruling coalition, said: “As Myanmar is clearly both unwilling and unable to investigate itself, we are now at a stage where the international community must step in to ensure accountability.”

    #birmanie


  • BBC - Future - Are forgotten crops the future of food?

    http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20180821-are-forgotten-crops-
    the-future-of-food

    Just four crops - wheat, maize, rice and soybean - provide two-thirds of the world’s food supply. But scientists in Malaysia are trying to change that by reviving crops that have been relegated to the sidelines.

    By Preeti Jha

    22 August 2018

    On a small fruit farm near the Straits of Malacca Lim Kok Ann is down to just one tree growing kedondong, a crunchy, tart berry that Malaysians mostly use in pickles and salads. “It’s not very well-known,” says the 45-year-old, who is instead focusing on longan berries and pineapples, which have bigger markets. For a smallholder like Lim, demand for kedondong would have to grow rapidly to justify scaling up his business. “We have to grow what is profitable,” he says.

    #agriculture #alimentation #cc @odilon


  • How Refugees’ Trauma Became ‘Currency’ in Resettlement

    For many, seeking asylum requires repeatedly recounting your story, compounding its impact. Refugees feel pressured not only to prove persecution, but also that they’ve also been damaged by it. Betsy Joles reports from Malaysia.

    https://www.newsdeeply.com/refugees/articles/2018/08/10/how-refugees-trauma-became-currency-in-resettlement
    #réinstallation #asile #migrations #réfugiés #audition #preuve #persécution #trauma #traumatisme #interview


  • Rights activists call for stringent laws to stop premature marriages
    http://www.nationmultimedia.com/detail/national/30350592

    Thailand has one of the highest rates of youth marriages in the region, with Unicef figures showing one of every seven Thai teen aged 15 to 19 being married.

    Premature marriage in Thailand occurs for many reasons, including cultural and economic. While the legal age of marriage is 18, the Thai Civil Code allows parents to approve marriage at age 17, and younger with a court’s permission.

    An exception is made for the four predominantly Muslim provinces of Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat and Satun where girls can get married after menstruation – which usually occurs at around 12 – under Islamic law.

    “While some progressive Muslim communities want to set a clear standard [for a minimum marriage age], some religious leaders who benefit from organising these marriages don’t want to change and they use religious faith as their explanation,” Sanphasit said.

    “This has led to many Malaysian men exploiting the loopholes to marry children,” he said. In Malaysia, a religious court must approve a marriage involving a Muslim girl under age 16.

    L’affaire fait du bruit en #Malaisie : un imam malaisien de 41 ans « épouse » une fille thaïlandaise malaise (des provinces malaises du Sud annexé de longue date par le Siam), l’affaire est ébruité par l’une de ses épouses qu’il n’avait pas prévenue. Il aurait profité d’une plus grande vulnérabilité (économique et juridique) des filles en #Thaïlande, et d’autant plus dans les provinces du Sud. Et je vous passe le détail...

    #mariage_forcé #pédo-viol

    • L’affaire a retenu l’attention du NY Times. Les autorités malaisiennes ne s’en sortent pas pire que les nôtres quand un adulte avec un an de taule pour violences a extorqué une fellation dans un lieu public à une enfant de 11 ans et que le procès a tourné autour de sa moralité à elle.

      11 and Married : Malaysia Spars Over an Age-Old Practice - The New York Times
      https://www.nytimes.com/2018/07/29/world/asia/malaysia-child-marriage.html

      Ayu’s marriage to Che Abdul Karim Che Abdul Hamid, a 41-year-old rubber trader with a prominent role at his mosque and a fleet of fancy cars, has reignited debate in Malaysia about the persistence of conservative Islamic traditions in this modern, multiethnic democracy.

      In its election manifesto, the opposition coalition that won power in May promised to outlaw child marriage.

      Last year, Malaysia criminalized sexual grooming, in which an adult creates an emotional bond with a child for the purpose of sexual exploitation.

      “The girl is a victim, no doubt about it,” said Latheefa Koya, a prominent human rights lawyer. “Why are we dillydallying in protecting a child? The lack of serious urgency about this case is disturbing,” she added.

      The Shariah Court in Kelantan this month fined him $450 for the infraction of marrying Ayu in neighboring Thailand without the court’s prior permission.

      Malaysian child rights activists said that about 15,000 girls under 15 were in child marriages in 2010. Globally, Unicef estimates that there are about 650 million girls and women of various faiths who were wed before they turned 18.

      This month, Malaysia’s Islamic affairs minister, Mujahid Yusof Rawa, said that his ministry had begun efforts to prohibit child marriage for Muslims, even as he cautioned that putting such a ban into effect would take time.

      Les deux lois qui clashent en Malaisie, c’est l’héritage de la politique identitaire de l’Umno, avec laquelle on ne sait pas si Harapan va pouvoir rompre.


  • The ’great-grandmother of all scandals’ comes to China - BBC News
    https://www.bbc.com/news/business-44813753

    Malaysia’s new government - which took office only in May - has suspended three major construction projects with Chinese firms.

    A senior ministry official told the BBC that it believes that two of the contracts, for pipelines, were used to launder money for Malaysia’s previous administration, led by the former Prime Minister, Najib Razak.

    These allegations open a new front in the inquiries into 1MDB, which is already being investigated in the US, Switzerland and Singapore.

    The ministry’s new leaders were staggered to discover that 88% of the contract cost had been paid to the Chinese company in charge, China Petroleum Pipeline Bureau - but only 13% of the work had been completed.

    Mr Pua said building work had not even started; only consultancy studies had so far been completed.

    “The entire project smelt like a scam. [There were] clearly elements of money laundering taking place,” he said.

    “We were giving money out - to a Chinese company - and we suspect this money is being funnelled to parties related to the previous administration.”
    Image copyright Tony Pua
    Image caption MP Tony Pua is leading the investigation into 1MDB

    He said the ministry believes the money was being used to cover debts linked to 1MDB, which he said now stand at more than $12bn.

    #Malaisie #1MDB


  • How do kleptocrats spend the money? - The FCPA Blog - The FCPA Blog
    http://www.fcpablog.com/blog/2018/7/10/how-do-kleptocrats-spend-the-money.html

    Last week police in Malaysia arrested former prime minister Najib Razak after seizing $273 million of loot from his houses and condos.

    [...]

    One or two handbags weren’t enough. Police confiscated 457 Hermes bags worth $12 million. 

    They also took 423 watches worth $19 million from Najib’s homes, and 234 sunglasses worth $93,000.

    #kleptocrates


  • Forced Labor in Malaysia’s Electronics Industry - The Atlantic
    https://www.theatlantic.com/business/archive/2018/06/malaysia-forced-labor-electronics/563873

    At the heart of this economic success are migrant workers. From Bangladesh, Nepal, the Philippines, Indonesia, and India, they arrive at Kuala Lumpur International Airport by the scoreful, papers in hand, hoping for a better life. Estimates of the number of foreign workers in Malaysia vary widely, from the government’s count of almost 1.8 million to perhaps twice as many, which would amount to a quarter of the country’s workforce. Migrant-worker advocates estimate one-third of those workers are undocumented.

    Many foreign workers believe “Malaysia is the land of milk and honey,” said Joseph Paul Maliamauv, of Tenaganita, a workers’-rights organization, when I met him at the group’s office in Petaling Jaya, a suburb on the outskirts of Kuala Lumpur. “They come out there, and think the streets are paved with gold.”

    But upon arrival, migrants find this paradise doesn’t extend to them. Malaysia is “a booming economy and one of the most developed economies, multicultural and multinational, with a huge amount of foreign investment,” said David Welsh of the Solidarity Center, an affiliate of the labor group AFL-CIO, when I met him in Kuala Lumpur. “But in a region plagued with human-rights abuses and labor abuses, Malaysia is in many ways transparently the regional leader.”

    Malaysia provides a window into a troubling part of the global economy that makes the whole system work, one that touches and connects practically every part of the world and billions of people: a flow of humans that shapes lives, creates the world’s things, and is built on the availability of a massive, inexpensive, and flexible labor supply.

    #migrations #travail_forcé #Malaisie


  • Malaysians make record bust of crystal meth, shipped from Myanmar | Top News | Reuters
    https://ca.reuters.com/article/topNews/idCAKCN1IT0FH-OCATP


    Malaysian Customs display 1187kg of Methamphetamine worth 71 million ringgit ($17.8 million) seized during a news conference in Nilai, Malaysia May 28, 2018.
    REUTERS/Angie Teo

    Malaysia has made its largest ever seizure of crystal methamphetamine, officials said on Monday, finding nearly 1.2 tonnes of the drug disguised as tea in a shipment from Myanmar, and arrested six suspected traffickers.

    The bust comes as Southeast Asia reports a flood of the stimulant throughout the region. Indonesia and Thailand have also made record seizures of the drug this year.

    A total of 1,187 kg of the drug, worth 71 million ringgit ($18 million), was shipped in a container from Yangon, Myanmar, to Port Klang, on the outskirts of Kuala Lumpur, Customs Director-General Subromaniam Tholasy told reporters.


  • Oil palm landscapes: Playing the long game with palm oil - CIFOR Forests News
    https://forestsnews.cifor.org/55174/oil-palm-landscapes-playing-the-long-game-with-palm-oil?fnl=en

    Palm oil has long been used locally in cooking and personal care products, and more recently as a biodiesel feedstock. In colonial times, the oil and kernels were among the country’s most valuable export goods.

    However, because of various supply chain issues, Cameroon is no longer self-sufficient and increasingly relies on imports from Indonesia, Malaysia and neighboring Gabon.

    #industrie_palmiste #Cameroun #importation