• #Croatie : vague de #colère après le #viol, collectif et impuni, d’une jeune fille de 15 ans

    C’est une véritable marée humaine et indignée qui a envahi les villes de Croatie, ce samedi. Les #rassemblements dénonçaient la remise en liberté des auteurs du viol collectif et répété d’une jeune fille de quinze ans à #Zadar, et l’impunité dont continuent de jouir les auteurs de #violences contre les #femmes.


    https://www.courrierdesbalkans.fr/Une-vague-de-colere-en-Croatie-apres-le-viol-collectif-d-une-fill
    #viol_collectif #impunité #manifestation #résistance

  • Controversial migrant legislation scrapped in Slovenia

    The Slovenian Constitutional Court has scrapped an article of an immigration law that allowed the country to limit foreigners’ access after a vote in parliament in the event of a migrant crisis.

    The Slovenian Constitutional Court has ruled to scrap a controversial article of an immigration law that allowed strong restrictions on the access of foreigners in the event of particularly intense migrant flows, as were registered in 2015 and 2016.
    The sentence, which was published on Monday, eliminates three paragraphs of the law that would have prevented specific cases from being examined individually.

    The legislation

    The controversial amendment to the immigration law was approved by the country’s National Assembly in January 2017 and came into effect on February 4. Under the amendment, special measures could be approved to limit the access of foreigners after a vote in Parliament.

    Then-interior minister Vesna Gyoerkoes Nidar assured parliament, when the legislation was presented, that it had been written as a measure of last resort if Slovenia were to be unable to apply legislation on international protection in the event of a migrant crisis.

    Over 20 human rights organizations had called for the legislation to be scrapped, saying it went against the principles of the constitution, which rejects discrimination and guarantees equal rights and the principle of non-refoulement, among others.

    28 detained at the border with Croatia

    During the weekend Slovenian police in the district of Koper reported the arrest of 28 migrants who were trying to enter the country from Croatia, according to a police statement. According to the statement, 10 people were apprehended in #Bistrica as they were trying to cross the border illegally, nine in #Koper, six in #Kosina and three in #Piran.

    https://www.infomigrants.net/en/post/20197/controversial-migrant-legislation-scrapped-in-slovenia
    #Slovénie #loi #législation #fermeture_des_frontières #asile #migrations #réfugiés #frontières #Croatie #Kozina

    Une petite carte de localisation des lieux dans lesquels les personnes ont été arrêtées en Slovénie :

    c’est donc proche de la frontière croate, mais aussi proche de la frontière italienne... donc de la #frontière_sud-alpine
    #Italie #Trieste #Istrie

  • A #Split, l’Europe tente de former les #gardes-côtes_libyens

    La mission militaire européenne #Sophia a accepté, pour la première fois et dans des conditions strictes, d’ouvrir à un journaliste l’une des formations qu’elle dispense depuis 2016.

    « Vous ne pourrez pas rester au-delà d’une matinée » ; « Tout sujet politique doit être évité » ; « Vous ne pourrez pas interviewer les élèves »… Après plusieurs demandes, la mission militaire européenne Sophia a accepté, pour la première fois et dans des conditions strictes, d’ouvrir à un journaliste l’une des formations qu’elle dispense depuis 2016 à des gardes-côtes et d’autres membres de la #marine_libyenne.

    En ce mois de septembre, sur la base navale de Split (#Croatie), onze militaires libyens participent à un cours avancé de #plongée_sous-marine, dispensé par d’anciens membres des forces spéciales croates. Dans une salle de classe, on les retrouve en tenue, chemises bleues, pantalons marine, mocassins noirs et casquettes neuves sur lesquelles a été brodé au fil jaune, en anglais, « #Libyan_Navy ». Ils s’appellent Saïd, Aymen, Tabal… La plupart sont sous-officiers et ont entre 20 et 35 ans. Au tableau, un instructeur, traduit en arabe par un interprète, déroule le programme de la journée.

    Volet controversé de l’aide apportée par l’Union européenne (UE) à la Libye pour lutter contre l’immigration clandestine, le soutien aux gardes-côtes a accompagné le désengagement des secours venus des Etats membres en Méditerranée centrale et le transfert à la Libye de la coordination des sauvetages au large de ses côtes, autrefois assumée par l’Italie. L’opération Sophia avait été lancée en 2015 après une série de naufrages afin de « démanteler les modèles économiques des passeurs ». A la demande de Rome, elle a, par la suite, été privée de ses navires pour se concentrer sur la surveillance aérienne.


    https://www.lemonde.fr/international/article/2019/09/24/a-split-l-europe-tente-de-former-les-gardes-cotes-libyens_6012777_3210.html
    #formation #Frontex #asile #migrations #réfugiés #contrôles_frontaliers #opération_Sophia #operation_Sophia

    ping @karine4

  • Croatie : avec la disparition du café Na Kantunu, le vieux Split broie du noir - Le Courrier des Balkans
    https://www.courrierdesbalkans.fr/Split-disparition-du-cafe-Na-Kantunu-derniere-oasis-de-la-vieille

    C’était une institution pour les derniers habitants du Palais de Doclétien. Face à la concurrence des bars à touristes et aux pressions de la mairie, Neno, le patron du Na Kantunu, a dû mettre la clé sous la porte. Une disparition symptomatique de la dérive d’une côte dalmate qui mise tout son développement sur les visiteurs étrangers. Au détriment des locaux.

    Derrière #paywall.
    #tourisme #gentrification #Croatie

  • The Swiss Federal Administrative suspended the return of asylum seeker to Croatia according to Dublin due to police violence taking place at the Croatian-Bosnian border. The asylum- seeker experienced violent pushbacks from the Croatian border 18 times, which left him with physical and psychological consequences. This ruling confirmed all the testimonies of refugees and numerous reports from both international and local organizations, institutions and the media that warned about this continuing practice of the Croatian police.

    Reçu via la newsletter de Inicijativa Dobrodosli, le 26.08.2019

    #suspension #Dublin #asile #renvois_Dublin #Suisse #migrations #réfugiés #expulsion #Croatie #violences_policières #frontières #violent_border #violence #Bosnie #push-back #push-backs #refoulement #police

    –------

    Source:
    Švicarski sud suspendirao vraćanje izbjeglice zbog prijetnje ponavljanja pushback-a

    Švicarski Federalni upravni sud suspendirao vraćanje po Dublinu zbog policijskog nasilja nad izbjeglicama.

    Švicarski Federalni upravni sud suspendirao je vraćanje tražitelja azila prema Dublinu u Hrvatsku zbog policijskog nasilja koje se događa na hrvatsko-bosanskoj granici. Tražitelj je 18 puta iskusio nasilne pushbackove s hrvatske granice što je na njemu ostavilo fizičke i psihičke posljedice. Ovom presudom potvrđena su sva svjedočanstva izbjeglica i mnogobrojni izvještaji kako međunarodnih tako lokalnih organizacija, institucija i medija koje već godinama upozoravaju na kontinuiranu praksu hrvatske policije.

    https://www.cms.hr/hr/azil-i-integracijske-politike/svicarski-sud-suspendirao-vracanje-izbjeglice-zbog-prijetnje-ponavljanja-pushbac

    ping @i_s_ @isskein

  • Border Violence Monitoring Network - Report July 2019

    The Border Violence Monitoring Network just published a common report summarizing current developments in pushbacks and police violence in the Western Balkans, mainly in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro and along the Serbian borders with Croatia and Hungary.

    Due tu a new cooperation with the Thessaloniki-based organisation Mobile Info Team, we were also able to touch on the Status quo of pushbacks from and to Greece.

    This report analyzes, among other things:

    – BiH politicians’ rhetoric on Croatian push-backs
    – Whistleblowers increasing pressure on Croatian authorities
    – Frontex presence in Hungarian push-backs to Serbia
    – The use of k9 units in the apprehension of transit groups in Slovenia
    – The spatial dispersion of push-backs in the Una-Sana Canton

    Competing narratives around the legality of pushbacks have emerged, muddying the waters. This has become especially clear as Croatian president Grabar-Kitarovic admitted that pushbacks were carried out legally, which is contradictory to begin with, and that “of course […] a little violence is used.” Croatia’s tactic of de facto condoning illegal pushbacks is similar to Hungary’s strategy to legalize these operations domestically, even though they violate international and EU law. On the other side of the debate, a whistleblower from the Croatian police described a culture of secrecy and institutional hurdles, which prevent legal and organizational challenges to the practice. The role of the EU in this debate remains critical. However, despite paying lip service to the EU’s value, Brussels’ continues to shoulder the bill for a substantial part of the frontier states’ border operations.

    https://www.borderviolence.eu/wp-content/uploads/July-2019-Final-Report.pdf

    #frontières #violence #push-back #refoulement #route_des_Balkans #Frontex #Subotica #Bosnie-Herzégovine #Croatie #Italie #Serbie #Hongrie #rapport

  • Au grand banquet des illusions perdues de l’Europe
    https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/culture-idees/180819/au-grand-banquet-des-illusions-perdues-de-l-europe

    C’est un classique de la littérature yougoslave d’une glaçante actualité que les éditions Inculte donnent l’occasion de redécouvrir : publié en 1938, le « Banquet en Blithuanie » de l’écrivain croate Miroslav Krleža semble parler de l’Europe de 2019.

    #Au_détour_des_livres #croatie,_Miroslav_Krleža,_écrivain

  • Matteo #Salvini veut construire un mur à la frontière entre la Slovénie et l’Italie

    Voilà une semaine que des #patrouilles slovéno-italiennes parcourent la frontière entre les deux pays pour empêcher les passages illégaux de réfugiés. Présentée comme une intensification de la coopération entre Rome et Ljubljana, la mesure ne satisfait pas le ministre italien de l’Intérieur, Matteo Salvini, qui a évoqué l’idée d’un mur à la frontière Est de la Botte.

    L’image, digne d’un spot de campagne proeuropéen, a fait le tour des médias slovènes : tous sourires, deux gardes-frontières slovène et italien se serrent solennellement la main, encouragés par un concert de bons mots sur la coopération policière entre Rome et Ljubljana. La mise en place d’une patrouille frontalière binationale, proposée par le ministre slovène des Affaires étrangères Miro Cerar et approuvée par son homologue italien, vise à empêcher plus efficacement les franchissements illégaux. « Nous nous attendons à des résultats positifs », a déclaré à la télévision slovène 24UR Vincenzo Avallone, chef de secteur de la police frontalière basée à Udine. « Cette coopération contribuera à un meilleur partage d’informations, crucial pour continuer notre travail. »

    Jusqu’au 30 septembre, quatre patrouilles de police se succèderont chaque semaine, trois côté slovène et une côté italien. Formées à Trieste, les équipes pourront entrer jusqu’à dix kilomètres dans le territoire des deux pays, avec pour mission de surveiller les points de passage les plus sensibles. « Nous avons travaillé sur cette initiative durant des mois », s’est félicité le gouverneur de la région de Frioul-Vénétie julienne, Massimiliano Fedriga, cité par l’agence italienne ANSA. « La pression politico-diplomatique sur la Slovénie et les pays des Balkans s’est accentuée », précise-t-il, tout en présentant la mesure comme « un commencement, pas une solution ».
    « Rendre la frontière infranchissable »

    La semaine dernière, Matteo Salvini, vice-Premier ministre italien en charge de l’Intérieur, a affirmé que si ces patrouilles ne suffisaient pas, il ferait installer des « obstacles physiques » à la frontière, à commencer par une barrière de fils barbelés. Avant d’évoquer l’idée de sceller la frontière orientale : « Nous allons rendre la frontière avec la Slovénie infranchissable, et ce par tous les moyens disponibles ».

    Le 5 juin, 500 personnes s’étaient rassemblées en signe de protestation dans la commune frontalière de #Nova_Gorica - #Gorizia, et 300 autres à Trieste lors d’une visite de Matteo Salvini à Trieste pour la signature d’un contrat d’investissement avec la Hongrie. « Chez nous, le dernier mur est tombé en 2004 [date de l’entrée de la Slovénie dans l’UE]. L’érection d’un nouveau mur éveillerait le passé, ce qui serait non seulement douloureux mais également contreproductif », explique le maire de Gorizia, Rudi Ziberna, à La Repubblica. Au premier semestre 2019, 5306 migrants auraient franchi la frontière slovéno-croate, une hausse de près de 50% par rapport à 2018 (3612 passages). 146 auraient été renvoyés en Slovénie, contre 158 l’année précédente.

    https://www.courrierdesbalkans.fr/refugies-Salvini-mur-frontiere-Slovenie-Italie
    #frontières #frontière_sud-alpine #murs #barrières_frontalières #Italie #Slovénie #asile #migrations #réfugiés #coopération_bilatérale #gardes-frontière #militarisation_des_frontières

    • Il muro anti-migranti tra Italia e Slovenia proposto dalla Lega costerebbe 2 miliardi di euro

      Il governatore del Friuli Venezia Giulia, Massimiliano Fedriga, ha parlato dell’ipotesi di costruire un muro di 243 chilometri al confine orientale dell’Italia, tra Friuli e la Slovenia.

      In un’intervista rilasciata al Fatto Quotidiano domenica 30 giugno, ha dichiarato che sta valutando l’ipotesi di realizzare il piano insieme al Viminale. La sua realizzazione risponderebbe infatti alla necessità di “fermare l’ondata migratoria che avanza”.

      “Se l’Europa non tutela i suoi confini noi saremo costretti a fermare l’ondata migratoria che avanza attraverso altri altri Paesi dell’Ue con tutti i mezzi. Non possiamo mettere poliziotti a ogni metro”, ha detto il leghista.
      Muro anti migranti Friuli | Costo

      Ma quanto costerebbe realizzare un vero e proprio muro anti migranti tra Friuli Venezia Giulia e Slovenia?

      Il coordinatore nazionale dei Verdi, Angelo Bonelli, ha calcolato che la sua costruzione costerebbe circa 2 miliardi di euro alle casse dello stato.

      “Per 100chilometri di reticolato al confine tra Usa e Messico il congresso americano ha autorizzato a Trump la spesa di 1,3 miliardi di dollari. E quindi per 243 chilometri di reticolato in Italia, il costo sarà di circa 2 miliardi di euro”, ha detto Bonelli.

      Un’infrastruttura del genere sarebbe, per questo, non solo discutibile dal punto di vista politico e morale, ma anche dal punto di vista pratico.

      Le spese per la costruzione del muro ricadrebbero su molti di quei cittadini italiani che, di questi tempi, probabilmente accoglierebbero con favore il piano.
      Muro anti migranti Friuli | Le critiche

      Le critiche all’idea del progetto non sono tardate ad arrivare anche da parte di altri personaggi pubblici, che si sono concentrati sull’aspetto politico del piano, ritenuto da alcuni anacronistico.

      Lo scrittore e saggista Claudio Magris ha scritto sul Corriere della Sera che un progetto simile sarebbe anti-storico, e rievocherebbe l’epoca della cortina di ferro, costruita alla fine della seconda guerra mondiale tra Trieste e la ex Jugoslavia di Tito.

      Anche diversi membri del Movimento 5 stelle hanno criticato il piano, tra cui il deputato e giornalista Emilio Carelli, che ha detto: “Spero che l’idea del governatore Massimiliano Fedriga non venga raccolta da nessuna forza politica. Non è alzando i muri che si governano i problemi delle migrazioni”.

      Giuseppe Brescia, presidente della Commissione Affari costituzionali della Camera ed esponente del M5S, ha invece affermato: “Questa iniziativa non ha né capo né coda, non se ne dovrebbe nemmeno parlare. Non è in agenda né nel contratto di governo, quelli della Lega non possono spararla sempre più grossa”.

      https://www.tpi.it/2019/07/01/muro-anti-migranti-friuli-fedriga-costo/

    • PM Says Fence Not Needed on Slovene-Italian Border

      Prime Minister Marjan Šarec has dismissed ideas by senior Italian officials that a fence should be erected on the Slovenian-Italian border, telling the National Assembly that such proposals had to be interpreted “in the domestic policy context”.

      “In talks with the Italian government we will state that there are no reasons for the border, this is clear from the numbers ... Italy is not threatened by Slovenia’s inactivity, and we will substantiate that,” he said.

      Šarec made the comment when he was quizzed by opposition MPs in parliament on Tuesday about the recent launch of mixed police patrols on the border, their implication being that the beefed up controls are the result of Slovenia’s failure to properly protect the Schengen border.

      Stressing that the number of persons Italy returned to Slovenia had dropped by 17% in the first half of 2019 compared to the same period last year, Šarec said Slovenian police were doing all they could to protect the Schengen border and curb illegal migrations.

      Border patrols are “not a measure that would squeeze Slovenia out of the Schengen zone,” as Democrat (SDS) MP Branko Grims claimed, as Italy has such cooperation with all of its neighbours and Slovenia also had such mixed patrols on its other borders, according to Šarec.

      New Slovenia (NSi) deputy Jernej Vrtovec wondered why Slovenia had proposed mixed patrols, labelling it an admission of its inability to control the Schengen border. But Šarec stressed that it was not the government that had proposed joint patrols, this was the result of an agreement at the level of both police forces.

      For Šarec, the key thing to dam migrations is for Frontex, the EU’s border agency, to be deployed on Croatia’s borders with Bosnia-Herzegovina and Serbia.

      Overall, border control is “a serious issue that the new EU Commission will have to tackle with all seriousness... Migrations will be with us for years to come ... the EU is not active in tackling these issues,” he said, adding: “Schengen is de facto not working anymore.”

      Italian Interior Minister Matteo Salvini recently suggested Italy might erect a fence on its border with Slovenia if joint police patrols do not suffice to stop migrations, raising fears of a return to border checks that would severely disrupt life along the border.

      While the right has taken the announcement as evidence of Slovenia’s failings, politicians on the left have started urging the government to take action to prevent such a scenario from unfolding.

      Social Democrat (SD) deputy Matjaž Nemec thus urged Šarec today to take the initiative and invite the prime ministers of all countries on the Western Balkan migration route, including Italy and Austria, to jointly tackle the issue.

      But others think Italy will do as it likes regardless of what Slovenia does.

      Robert Polnar, an MP for the Pensioners’ Party (DeSUS), said Italy’s measures would probably be harsher than the measures Slovenia is adopting.

      And Luka Mesec, the leader of the Left, said Salvini was “playing his game” in order to win the election in Italy.

      "What the Slovenian right is doing, and partially the government by starting to announce drones and fencing ... is acquiescing to this game... Our politicians are dancing to Sallvini’s tune, Mesec said on the margins of the plenary today.

      https://www.total-slovenia-news.com/politics/4072-pm-says-fence-not-needed-on-slovene-italian-border

    • Misure rafforzate contro l’immigrazione irregolare e per difendere i porti

      Nell’occasione è stato espresso apprezzamento anche per la decisione della Slovenia, che confermando le intenzioni anticipate al governo italiano ha annunciato il via ai pattugliamenti congiunti con la polizia croata.

      www.interno.gov.it/it/notizie/misure-rafforzate-contro-limmigrazione-irregolare-e-difendere-i-porti

      Commentaire Sara Prestianni, reçu via email:

      « l’Italie, qui avait annoncé il y a quelque semaine de vouloir construire un mur avec la Slovenie puis dementis puisque ont été relancé les patrouilles conjointes Italie/Slovenie, se felicite de l’annonce de la Slovenie de proceder à des patrouilles conjointe avec la Croatie »

    • Reçu via la newsletter Inicijativa Dobrodosli, le 29.07.2019 :

      Slovenia deployed 35 soldiers at the border to Italy to prevent migration and confirmed its “commitment” (www.h-alter.org/vijesti/slovenija-od-danas-s-vojskom-na-granici-kod-kopra) in helping Croatia with combating illegal migration, and proposed the potential sending of #Frontex to the EU’s external borders, H-alter writes (www.h-alter.org/vijesti/slovenija-od-danas-s-vojskom-na-granici-kod-kopra).

      Slovenija od danas s vojskom na granici kod Kopra

      Slovenski mediji objavili su jučer kako će se od danas “u zaštitu granice s Italijom od ilegalnih migracija” uključiti dodatnih 35 vojnika, koji su poslani kao ispomoć policiji kod Kopra, gdje je prošli tjedan uhićeno 122 osoba u tranzitu. Vojnici će koristiti sredstva koje vojska ima u redovitoj upotrebi, od sredstava za promatranje do oklopnih vozila.

      Pojačani angažman Slovenije na sprečavanju migracija na granici s Italijom počeo je početkom ovog mjeseca kada su uvedene zajedničke ophodnje slovenske i talijanske policije.

      Slovenski ministar unutarnjih poslova Boštjan Poklukar i njegov talijanski kolega Matteo Salvini sastali su se prošlog tjedna i potvrdili svoju “predanost” pomoći Hrvatskoj “u borbi protiv nezakonite migracije”, te su predložili potencijalno slanje Frontexa na vanjske granice Europske unije.

      http://www.h-alter.org/vijesti/slovenija-od-danas-s-vojskom-na-granici-kod-kopra
      #armée #armée_slovène

    • Reçu via la newsletter Inicijativa Dobrodosli, le 02.08.2019 :

      Also, after last week’s news on the Slovenian army at the border with Italy and the proposal to send Frontex to the border with Croatia, this week we learn (https://www.tportal.hr/vijesti/clanak/slovenci-navukli-uniforme-i-sami-stite-granicu-s-hrvatskom-od-migranata-vice) that a group of Slovenian locals in the Metlika and Črnomelj area dress in camouflage uniforms and patrol the border area. Non-sanctioning of such patrols, especially fueled by anti-immigrant attitudes, may further jeopardize access to international protection and the safety of persons on the move.

      –----

      Slovenci navukli uniforme i sami štite granicu s Hrvatskom od migranata : ’Vičemo im : Ovo je moja zemlja, odmah lezite’, a oni bježe’

      Neobična priča dolazi iz pograničnog područja uz Kupu sa slovenske strane granice s Hrvatskom. Razočarani odnosom službene Ljubljane, koja bi po njima trebala činiti više da zaštiti granicu od migrantskog vala, dio mještana tog kraja organizirao se u ’seoske straže’. Iako nisu naoružani, tvrde da im je cilj povećati osjećaj sigurnosti uz granicu

      Kako izvještava slovenski portal Siol.net, straža se sastoji od desetak mještana koji u maskirnim uniformama patroliraju pograničnim područjem u okolici Metlike i Črnomelja. Jedino oružje koje koriste u svom ’nadzoru granice’ njihov je glas.

      ’Vičemo im: ’Ovo je moja zemlja, ovo je Slovenija, odmah lezite!’ No oni ne slušaju naša naređenja, okrenu se i bježe’, svjedoči Blaž Zidar, jedan od mještana koji svakodnevno patrolira.

      https://www.tportal.hr/vijesti/clanak/slovenci-navukli-uniforme-i-sami-stite-granicu-s-hrvatskom-od-migranata-vice ?

      Les photos publiées avec l’article :

      ... dont une qui montre le nom du village : #Gibina (#Gibanje_Omejeno), à la frontière entre la #Slovénie et la #Croatie, et non pas avec l’Italie —> donc sur la route vers l’#Autriche :

      #barrières_frontalières #barbelés

    • Reçu via la newsletter Inicijativa Dobrodosli, le 12.08.2019:

      The Slovenian government (http://hr.n1info.com/Regija/a425162/Slovenija-mobilizirala-pomocnu-policiju-zbog-migranata-i-sigurnosti-u-pro) has mobilized an increased number of reserve police forces, arguing that the Slovenian border is threatened by ’’an increased influx of migrants’’. The Border Police of Bosnia and Herzegovina (https://m.vecernji.hr/vijesti/eurozastupnik-podupire-bih-sram-me-je-hrvatska-granicna-policija-se-ne-sm) said it expects border surveillance equipment from the Czech Republic, stating that they "urgently need sophisticated sensor and radar systems to monitor day and night conditions and detect illegal crossings, special cameras, drones, vehicles for monitoring and surveillance, mobile equipment for direct access to databases as well as border control equipment intended for the detection of people in hidden spaces.’’

    • Italy/Slovenia enact joint patrols along their shared border

      This month saw the introduction of joint Slovenian and Italian police patrols on their mutual border, raising concerns about the retrenchment of national boundaries contra the Schengen Agreement. The collaboration between authorities, due to be implemented until the end of September, mobilises four joint operations per week, with respective police forces able to enter 10km (https://www.infomigrants.net/en/post/17916/italy-slovenia-start-joint-border-patrols) into the territory of their neighboring state in order to apprehend migrants. Mixed operations by member states signifies a growing trend towards the securitization of the EU’s internal borders, and in this case a tightening of controls on the departure point from the West Balkan route. The patrols aim at stemming the transit of migrants from the western Slovenian regions of Goriška and Obalno-kraška, into the eastern region of Friuli Venezia Giulia, Italy. Given the extensive pushback apparatus being employed by Slovenian and Croatian officials, arrival in Italy has often been the first place where persons-in-transit can apply for international protection without the threat of summary removal. However, these developments in cross border patrols highlight a growing effort on the part of the Italian government to prevent people seeking sanctuary on its territory. The Telegraph reported (https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/07/08/anti-migrant-patrols-italy-slovenia-border-raise-spectre-post) that the operations had already generated “the arrest of 97 migrants in just 48 hours”, and were being carried out on both local roads and motorways across the breadth of the 120 mile land border. But the newspaper also expressed its concerns around the reintroduction of border controls, suggesting the joint operations were “conjuring up memories of the barbed wire and fences which made peoples’ lives miserable after World War Two”. The article cited the rise in local tensions in the town of Novi Gorica, as the functions of a more formalised border came back into place. Split in the aftermath of WW2, #Gorizia came to form half the town on the Italian side while the other half, #Novi_Gorica, was under Yugoslavian control. The local experience of separation within the community has informed a growing unease regarding these new border procedures, as seen in demonstrations on the Slovenian side by locals opposing a hard border. But it would seem the patrols are likely to become a regular function within the bilateral work of the Slovenian and Italian police given the rising anti-migrant rhetoric being mobilized by Italian Interior Minister, Matteo Salvini. The Interior Minister has already made calls for a border fence between the countries, should these joint patrols not bring transit into Italy under control. The knock on effect has been felt in Slovenia, where conservative opposition party NSi have made subsequent calls for the further protection of its border with Croatia. Concerned by what Balkan Insight termed a “Hungarian-style border fence” in Italy, the Slovenian parliamentary right are seeking assurances that Slovenia will not become a bottleneck for migrants whose passage to Italy is blocked. To this end, Slovenian Prime Minister Marjan Šarec made a visit to the southern border and, according to Croatian media (https://www.total-croatia-news.com/politics/37027-slovenia), pledged further police to the efforts, along with military assistance and drones. Here once again, the courtship rituals of these respective member states continues to dance ever closer to the reestablishment of fixed borders and further from a reappraisal of their obligations to international asylum law.

      (pp.16-18)

      Source: https://www.borderviolence.eu/wp-content/uploads/July-2019-Final-Report.pdf

    • Italy, Slovenia start joint border patrols

      A joint border patrol mission between Italy and Slovenia started Monday. The aim is to stem the flow of migrants reaching the north-eastern Italian region of Friuli Venezia Giulia from the eastern border.

      A joint Italian-Slovenian border patrol officially began Monday. The main aim of the cross-border collaboration between the police forces is to stem the flow of migrants who cross into Italian territory from the eastern border, authorities said.

      To start, four joint patrols have been planned per week with two Italian border police officers and two Slovenian colleagues who can be deployed in an area of up to 10 kilometers within their respective territories.

      Massimiliano Fedriga, governor of the Friuli Venezia Giulia region, said ’’we have been working for months on the initiative’’ because ’’Italy’s political-diplomatic pressure on Slovenia, as well as on Balkan countries, has increased." He added that the measure is “a start, not a solution.”

      Italy is ready ’’to adopt other’’ measures, the governor also said, including the suspension of Schengen rules, ’’as already done by Austria with Slovenia’’, or erecting a border barrier in northeastern Italy, The barrier, the governor added, would not be erected along the entire border, as previously reported, “but potentially on some of the most critical points,” citing the woods in the Karst region, in order to “channel undocumented (migrants) along routes that are easy to control.” Deputy Premier and Interior Minister Matteo Salvini has repeatedly spoken over the past few days of “sealing the eastern border.”

      Slovenia says no emergency at the border with Italy

      Speaking at a press conference at the former Lipica border crossing to mark the start of the joint patrols, Slovenian authorities said there “is no emergency at the border with Italy.” Since the start of the year, said the director general of Slovenian police, Marian Stubljar, ’’the readmissions of illegal (migrants) from Italy to Slovenia were 146 against 158 last year." The most critical situation in terms of migrant arrivals today is at the border with Croatia, the Slovenian official said.

      As of June 29, Slovenian police at the border with Croatia registered 5,306 illegal crossings, compared to 3,612 in 2018, noted Stubljar. Most of them were ’’Afghan, Algerian and Pakistani citizens." Therefore the situation remains critical outside the Schengen area ’’at the border with Bosnia," said the official.

      Patrols to prevent migrants from crossing into Italy

      Although readmissions have not increased compared to last year, Italian authorities explained, the aim of the joint border patrols is to prevent migrants from entering national territory. Once they have crossed into Italy, they cannot be sent back if they apply for asylum, the officials said. Vincenzo Avallone, the official in charge of the so-called Fourth zone of the Udine border police, said authorities ’’expect good results’’ from the operation.

      Further developments in immigration policies could follow the visit of Deputy Premier Salvini who is expected on Friday to travel to Trieste, the main city of Friuli Venezia Giulia.

      https://www.infomigrants.net/en/post/17916/italy-slovenia-start-joint-border-patrols

    • Migranti: fine pattugliamento congiunto Italia-Slovenia

      Il pattugliamento congiunto del confine fra Italia e Slovenia, una iniziativa avviata a luglio scorso e programmata fino alla fine di settembre, è formalmente terminato, ma la collaborazione transfrontaliera delle forze di polizia in alcune aree prosegue. Lo scrive l’agenzia di stampa STA, che riporta una dichiarazione della polizia distrettuale di Capodistria, dove la collaborazione prosegue. A Nova Gorica invece le pattuglie congiunte sono state sospese. Durante il pattugliamento congiunto nell’area del capodistriano sono state condotte 46 operazioni di pattugliamento congiunto, 36 in Slovenia e 10 in Italia. Fino al 30 settembre di quest’anno sono stati poco meno di quattromila (3.922) gli stranieri intercettati lungo la zona di frontiera, un numero leggermente in crescita rispetto allo stesso periodo dello scorso anno, quando furono fermati 3.272 migranti.

      http://www.ansamed.info/ansamed/it/notizie/rubriche/cronaca/2019/10/02/migranti-fine-pattugliamento-congiunto-italia-slovenia_c0eb4322-dde5-4141-

  • Migranti: premier annuncia più controlli a confine Croazia

    LUBIANA - Il premier sloveno Marjan Šarec ha deciso di aumentare la presenza di polizia e soldati lungo il confine con la Croazia. «Non abbiamo mai detto che non c’era alcun problema con i migranti», ha dichiarato Šarec durante un sopralluogo effettuato oggi lungo la frontiera meridionale, nel comune di #Ilirska_Bistrica, insieme al ministro dell’interno Boštjan Poklukar, e alla direttrice generale della Polizia, Tatjan Bobnar. Anche se ha preferito non dare dettagli sul numero di ulteriori agenti che saranno inviati per il pattugliamento dei valichi di frontiera, Šarec ha detto che le forze di sicurezza saranno dotate di attrezzature tecniche, come i droni, e che viene anche valutata l’eventualità di rinforzare recinzioni e barriere fisiche, ove necessario. Lungo alcuni tratti del confine fra Slovenia e Croazia è presente una recinzione con filo spinato, ma sin dalla prima visita del ministro Poklukar il numero di attraversamenti illegali è raddoppiato e «questo per noi è inaccettabile», ha dichiarato il primo ministro. Come si apprende da una nota diffusa dal governo, in linea con le aspettative di protezione dei propri confini il governo ha stanziato considerevoli risorse finanziarie destinate alla polizia slovena e continuerà a farlo in futuro. La collaborazione con la comunità locale, prosegue il comunicato, deve essere portata avanti senza che la retorica politica prenda il sopravvento. La visita di Šarec è poi proseguita nei comuni di #Kostel e #Črnomelj.

    http://www.ansamed.info/ansamed/it/notizie/rubriche/politica/2019/07/08/migranti-premier-annuncia-piu-controlli-a-confine-croazia_01b75f45-24ae-4f
    #militarisation_des_frontières #drones #barrières_frontalières #murs
    #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Croatie #Slovénie #frontières

    • Le Premier ministre slovène annonce le renforcement de la frontière avec la Croatie

      12 juillet - 11h30 : Au lendemain de l’agression au couteau d’un chauffeur de taxi par un ressortissant irakien, le Premier ministre slovène, Marjan Šarec, a promis l’envoi de soldats supplémentaires à la frontière avec la Croatie et l’achat d’équipement supplémentaire, dont des drones et de nouvelles barrières.

      Cette annonce survient peu après la création de patrouilles slovéno-italiennes. Le Premier ministre était pressé par l’opposition de droite, qui craint que la Slovénie ne devienne un goulot d’étranglement pour des réfugiés coincés à la frontière italienne. Le parti chrétien-démocrate NSi a demandé au gouvernement de prendre les « mesures nécessaires pour empêcher les franchissements illégaux de la frontière et garantir une protection efficace de la frontière sud ».

      https://www.courrierdesbalkans.fr/fil-info-refugies


      https://twitter.com/vladaRS/status/1148273439406534657?ref_src=twsrc%5Etfw%7Ctwcamp%5Etweetembed%7Ctwterm%5E11

      #murs #barrières_frontalières

    • While the Croatian Ministry of the Interior has publicly expressed concerns about maintaining the security of Croatian borders, neighboring Slovenia started building additional fences along the border with Croatia. The Slovenian Interior Ministry said that they plan to put an additional 40 kilometers of wire at the border with the river Kupa, which means that Slovenia will have a total of 179 kilometers of border covered by ’’ technical barriers ’’.

      Reçu via la newsletter de Inicijativa Dobrodosli, le 26.08.2019

      source:

      Mediji: Slovenija počela dizati dodatne ograde uz granicu s Hrvatskom

      U MUP-u kažu da se dodatne prepreke postavljaju na mjestima gdje je to neophodno za zaustavljanje ilegalnih migracija.

      Slovenija je počela postavljati dodatnu protumigrantsku ogradu uz granicu s Hrvatskom, na sektoru gdje je ove godine zabilježen povećan broj ilegalnih ulazaka, uz rijeku Kupu, prenose u četvrtak slovenski mediji.

      Kako je objavila televizijska postaja POP-TV, u srijedu je započelo postavljanje četiri kilometra duge nove panelne ograde na potezu između sela Žuniči i Zilje, prenosi Hina.

      Posao bi trebao biti završen u nekoliko idućih tjedana, nakon čega će granica na Kupi između Vinice i Žuniča, gdje je ovog proljeća i ljeta bilo mnogo ilegalnih prelazaka, biti praktično u cijelosti zaštićena, navodi televizijska postaja, pozivajući se na svoje izvore.
      Na granici 179. kilometara ’privremenih tehničkih zapreka’

      Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova je u vezi s tim navelo da se dodatne tehničke prepreke na granici postavljaju na mjestima gdje je to neophodno za zaustavljanje ilegalnih migracija.

      “Gdje će se prepreke konkretno postaviti i u kojemu opsegu, o tome se odluke donose temeljem konkretnih ocjena i prijedloga policije”, naveli su u izjavi u slovenskom MUP-u.

      Slovenija je tehničke prepreke za zaustavljanje migrantskog vala počela postavljati u jeku velike migracijske krize 2015-2016. godine, a vlada je ovog ljeta najavila da će postaviti dodatnih 40 kilometara ograde, na mjestima koja su najriskantnija i nalaze se na rutama ilegalnih migracija.

      Trenutačno je na granici Slovenije i Hrvatske 179. kilometara “privremenih tehničkih zapreka”, od čega 116 kilometara čini bodljikava žica, a 63 kilometra takozvana panelna ograda, potvrdilo je ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova.
      Odabrano poduzeće iz Beograda

      Ograde je do sada postavljala slovenska vojska, dok je za postavljanje dodatnih 40 kilometara panelnih ograda sada odabrano poduzeće Legi-SGS iz Beograda, koje je na natječaju za taj posao dalo ponudu od 4,56 milijuna eura.

      Kako prenose slovenski mediji, Slovenija je do sada za ograđivanje granice potrošila 19 milijuna eura, u što nije uračunat rad vojske te odštete vlansicima privatnih parcela na kojima su barijere postavljene.

      Dodatne ograde se postavljaju i zbog prijetnji talijanskog ministra unutarnjih poslova Mattea Salvinija da će postaviti fizičke prepreke na granicu sa Slovenijom, ako zajedničke patrole na granici i dodatne mjere slovenske vlade do ove jeseni ne rezultiraju smanjenjem ilegalnih ulazaka migranata u Italiji preko slovenskog teritorija.

      http://balkans.aljazeera.net/vijesti/mediji-slovenija-pocela-dizati-dodatne-ograde-uz-granicu-s-hrvats

  • #Croatie : dans les #montagnes, la police traque les #réfugiés

    Ce sont des randonneurs pas comme les autres. Dans les refuges de montagne du massif de #Risnjak, non loin de la frontière croato-slovène, les hommes des forces spéciales paradent en expliquant leurs tristes exploits contre les réfugiés, qui tentent de chercher un peu de chaleur ou de nourriture. Un randonneur choqué a témoigné dans une lettre ouverte auprès de la rédaction H-Alter. Morceaux choisis.

    Le samedi 15 juin, un groupe de randonneurs arrive au #refuge de Risnjak, dans le but d’y passer la nuit avant d’entamer le lendemain l’ascension du sommet. Mais à l’entrée du refuge, ils tombent sur une scène inattendue : un fusil automatique trône sur une table et deux membres des forces spéciales discutent avec la gérante du refuge. Ils sont là pour la « protéger des réfugiés », explique-t-elle. Cet hiver, certains seraient entrés par effraction dans le refuge et l’auraient « dévasté ». Pourtant, on ne voit nulle trace de dégradation, pas la moindre fenêtre cassée. Les malheureux étaient simplement à la recherche de chaleur et de nourriture.

    Au cours de la soirée, les #militaires sont au centre de l’attention : fiers de leurs exploits, ils expliquent qu’ils patrouillent constamment dans la forêt pour chasser les réfugiés, confisquer leurs affaires et les renvoyer en Bosnie-Herzégovine. Certains migrants, se vantent-ils, se font attraper pour la vingtième fois, et « crèvent de trouille devant eux ». Pourtant, ils reconnaissent eux-mêmes qu’aucun cas de violence envers des locaux ou des randonneurs n’a été signalé. Le seul crime de ces « bêtes sauvages et dangereuses », répète notre témoin, est donc d’avoir voulu dormir au chaud et volé des boîtes de conserve dans des résidences secondaires et des refuges.

    Malgré tout, la soirée se déroule dans une atmosphère relativement chaleureuse, on nourrit avec enthousiasme Pablo, le renard mascotte du refuge, et son ami le blaireau. Même les animaux sauvages sont ici, semble-t-il, plus humains que les étrangers : à 23h, alors que les #militaires sont rentrés, c’est au tour des réfugiés de s’approcher du refuge, à la recherche d’eau. Un jeune couple leur en donne, sans avoir le temps de les avertir de se cacher. Les militaires se ruent dehors en hurlant Lay on the ground, frappent les hommes à terre à coups de matraque, tirent au-dessus de la tête de ceux qui s’enfuient. L’un des réfugiés, paniqué, tombe dans la pente et se blesse, mais nul ne sait ce qu’il advient de lui, car les militaires font rentrer tout le monde dans le refuge et les enferment à clé « pour leur propre sécurité ».

    Le lendemain, nulle trace des réfugiés. Les militaires affirment en avoir « attrapé six », et devant le refuge, les braises d’un feu exhalent une odeur de plastique brûlé : les restes fumants des affaires confisquées aux malheureux. L’atmosphère est délétère. Si certains randonneurs choqués gardent le silence, d’autres se félicitent ouvertement des actes des militaires, qui les protègent contre ces hordes sauvages venues envahir la chrétienté. « Il y a des choses qui différencient les hommes des bêtes, et eux, ce sont des bêtes », lance un marcheur satisfait.

    « Dans une situation où tu as d’un côté des gens qui demandent de l’eau, de l’autre ceux qui répondent à cette prière par des coups de matraque et des tirs de fusil, avec l’approbation de la majorité de l’assistance, alors, il est vraiment temps de se demander qui sont les hommes, et qui sont les bêtes, et dans quel camp toi, dans cette situation, tu te ranges », conclut notre témoin, qui refuse que de tels actes soient perpétrés en son nom.

    https://www.courrierdesbalkans.fr/Croatie-dans-les-montagnes-les-forces-speciales-traquent-les-refu
    #montagne #police #asile #migrations #réfugiés #frontière_sud-alpine #frontières #Slovénie #violence #violences_policières

    Publié aussi dans ce rapport :
    https://www.borderviolence.eu/wp-content/uploads/Final-June-Report.pdf

    • Na strani zvijeri

      H-Alter je primio pismo planinara koji je u subotu svjedočio nasilju nad izbjeglicama na Risnjaku. Pismo prenosimo u cijelosti. “U domu sam ugledao automatsku pušku na stolu i specijalce kako razgovaraju s upraviteljicom. Oko 23 sata, došle su i izbjeglice. Tražili su vode. Specijalci su izjurili van, počeli ih odmah mlatiti, a jedan od (ili više) policajaca počeo je pucati, direkt iznad njihovih glava. U situaciji kad s jedne strane imaš ljude koji pitaju za vodu, a s druge one koji na to odgovaraju pucnjavom i pendrecima, uz većinsko odobravanje ostalih, stvarno se moraš zapitati jesi li na strani ljudi, ili na strani zvijeri”.

      Pismo prenosimo u cijelosti.

      U subotu, 15. lipnja, krenuli smo na vrh Risnjaka u čijem smo podnožju planirali prenoćiti u planinarskom domu. Kad smo došli u dnevni boravak planinarskog doma, ugledao sam automatsku pušku na jednom stolu i dvoje specijalaca kako razgovaraju s upraviteljicom doma. U početku nam ništa nije bilo jasno, no ubrzo smo saznali da je specijalna policija postala dio domske svakodnevice.

      Nismo dobili neko službeno objašnjenje zašto su među nama naoružani specijalci u punoj spremi, ali nam je upraviteljica doma rekla da nas “oni čuvaju od izbjeglica”. Kako je vrijeme prolazilo, kroz razgovore u veseloj i prisnoj atmosferi, kakva je inače karakteristična za planinarske domove, situacija nam je pomalo postajala jasnija. Upraviteljica je vrlo ljuta na te “migrante” budući da je jedna ili više skupina izbjeglica koji bježe kroz planine da bi došli do Slovenije, ove zime provalila u dom, kako bi se sklonili, najeli i ugrijali.

      O tom i sličnim događajima (ulazak u vikendice, planinarska skloništa), kao što se može vidjeti uglavnom po planinarskim stranicama i lokalnim medijima, priča se kao da su došli “divljaci”, “oni”, i u ovom konkretnom slučaju “devastirali dom” jadnoj ženi. Na ovaj način su razgovarali specijalci, upraviteljica i dio planinara a nitko od ostalih prisutnih (bilo nas je petnaestak) nije naglas pokušao osporiti takvu retoriku.

      Iako u takvoj atmosferi ni ja nisam ništa rekao, u sebi sam razmišljao da, iako je do provale uistinu došlo, teško je pričati o devastaciji, osobito u kontekstu u kojem se provala dogodila - nad prostorom se nije iživljavalo, prozori nisu razbijeni, sve prostorije funkcioniraju, od sanitarnih, kuhinje, do soba... Dakle, ako uzmemo u obzir tko je provalio i zašto, prije bi se moglo govoriti o osnovnoj ljudskoj potrebi i preživljavanju, nego o devastaciji.

      Tu večer svi zajedno sjedili smo ispred doma, a u centru pažnje su bili specijalci koji su odgovarali na razna pitanja, ali i davali neka svoja razmišljanja i interpretacije situacije. Saznali smo da konstantno patroliraju šumama, da je cijeli Risnjak pod kamerama i da su tu da love izbjeglice. To rade u koordinaciji s bosanskom policijom. Na pitanje, što rade kada ih “ulove”. Odgovarali su da im uzmu stvari te ih vraćaju u BiH.

      Tijekom tih razgovora ispričali su i razne “dogodovštine”, uz puno smijeha. Primjerice, kako su jednog migranta ulovili već dvadeseti put pa ih je preklinjao da ga ovaj put puste. Kako mnogi migranti već znaju proceduru pa im više i ne moraju ništa objašnjavati. Kako ih krijumčari ostave podno Risnjaka i kažu im da su u Sloveniji pa oni lutaju po brdima izgubljeni.

      Jedan od specijalaca konstatirao je i da ih se “oni boje više od svega”, na što je bio osobito ponosan. Čulo se i komentara o tome kako smrde i kako su glupi, no važno je spomenuti da je jedan od specijalaca istaknuo i da do sada nije zabilježen niti jedan slučaj nasilja migranata prema nekome od mještana ili općenito ljudima koje sretnu putem.

      Radi se o tisućama ljudi koji lutaju šumama gladni, žedni, promrznuti, prestrašeni, a “krimen” zbog kojeg se poziva na linč protiv njih i dehumanizira ih se jest to što upadaju u vikendice, skloništa i planinarske domove u potrazi za hranom i skloništem na svom dugom i mučnom putu.

      Unatoč tome što je rečeno da još nije zabilježeno nikakvo nasilje, generalna atmosfera je ta da su migranti opasni i da je jako dobro što ih specijalci love, te se većina u razgovoru priklanjala tom stavu. Glasno su se smijali na šale specijalaca i njihove dogodovštine prilikom “lova na izbjeglice”.

      Izdvojio bih jedan moment - na Risnjaku uz dom živi lisica Pablo, koju svi obožavaju. Vole je hraniti, upraviteljica joj svakodnevno daje ostatke hrane (lisici se ponekad priključe jazavci i pokoji medo) komentirajući kako “ona to nit’ ne jede, već zakopava”. Jedan specijalac je s vrlo velikim žarom pričao kako je Pablu jedno jutro dao mesni doručak, zatim mazao paštetu koju je ovaj lizao s kruha, te je tom prilikom snimio i lijepi video.

      Slušajući te priče i gledajući kako taj isti čovjek koji lovi izbjeglice istovremeno s takvim žarom i obzirnošću hrani već prejedenu lisicu, po glavi mi se stalno vrtilo - čak i lisica ima pravo na ime i svu humanost koja uz imenovanje ide. Istovremeno, na izbjeglice se uglavnom ne gleda kao na ljude, čak kao ni na živa bića, već u najboljem slučaju smetnju koju je potrebno ukloniti.

      Pablo je došao i tu večer i svi su ga oduševljeno hranili, a malo kasnije došao je i jazavac, što je izazvalo opće veselje. Istu večer, oko 23 sata, došle su i izbjeglice. Vani je bilo još nekoliko ljudi, dok su specijalci bili u domu na katu.

      Došlo ih je nekoliko, i tražili su vode, na što im je jedan mlađi par odmah pružio bočicu, te su sjeli na pod premoreni i pili vodu. Mladi par nije ih ni stigao upozoriti na to da su u blizini specijalci, već su specijalci izjurili van na dojavu jedne od osoba koja je vidjela dolazak izbjeglica.

      Izletjeli su van s pendrecima urlajući “lay on the ground” ("lezite na pod") i počeli ih mlatiti. Izbjeglice su počele bježati, na što je jedan od (ili više) policajaca počeo pucati iz oružja, iznad njihovih glava. U toj suludoj situaciji, i strahu, jedan od izbjeglica strčao se niz provaliju i prema izjavi jednog očevica, “cijeli se polomio” (ne možemo biti sigurni kolike su bile ozljede jer nakon toga više nitko od nas nije smio napustiti dom) - te je jedan od šestorice uhvaćenih (kako saznajemo od specijalaca kasnije i idućeg dana).

      Očevici koji su vidjeli događaje ispred doma u dnevnom su nam boravku u šoku prepričavali kako su “došli migranti i tražili vode, na što su ih specijalci mlatili i pucali iznad njih”. Na to je reagirala upraviteljica doma i stala u obranu specijalaca ustvrdivši da ih “nisu mlatili” te da su oni “dobri dečki”, iako, koliko mi je poznato, ona uopće nije bila prisutna na mjestu događaja i nije mogla znati što se točno dogodilo. Bez obzira na to, djevojku koja je svjedočila događaju upraviteljica je posjela za stol i objasnila zašto su postupci specijalaca opravdani.

      Usprkos tome, svi su saznali što se dogodilo. Nakon petnaestak minuta u zajedničku prostoriju uletio je jedan od specijalaca. Vrlo zadihan, pozvao je upraviteljicu da dođe pričati s njim. Pritom je nas ostale krenuo smirivati, govorivši nam da smo sigurni, da se to tu njima događa svaki dan, da se ne bojimo.

      Ne znam na koga je pritom mislio. Je li mislio - da se ne bojimo izbjeglih ljudi koji su došli moliti vode? Ili njih koji su automatskim puškama pucali iznad njihovih glava, u neposrednoj blizini ostalih planinara? Jedini strah koji sam osjećao jest pred onima koji mlate ljude, zastrašuju ih pucanjem te zatim love po šumama kako bi im oduzeli sve stvari i vratili ih u Bosnu (i potencijalno prebili, jer ako se ne libe to raditi pred svima nama, strah me kako se prema njima odnose kad nema svjedoka), a još više, prema onima koji to odobravaju.

      Nakon toga su nas zaključali u dom te više nismo mogli izlaziti do jutra, “radi naše sigurnosti”, uz odobravanje ostalih planinara. Ono što me najviše zapanjilo u cijeloj situaciji jest to kako se priča od prvotne verzije da “policija mlati i puca po migrantima koji su samo tražili vode” promijenila u to da je “ovo bila samo izvidnica” i da ih “ima sedamdesetak” te da je dobro što je tu policija da nas “štiti”.

      O mlaćenju i pucanju više nije bilo ni riječi (bar ne naglas) dok se dio planinara dodatno raspištoljio (smatrajući da sad imaju opravdanje, da je situacija pogodna) i počeo migrante nazivati zvijerima, i onima koji su došli ratovati protiv nas kršćana – uz “ogradu” da ima među njima uglađenih i visokoobrazovanih, koji nisu "takvi“, što god to “takvi” trebalo značiti.

      Tek me tada obuzela prava jeza - kada sam vidio kako se fokus priče u 10 minuta, uz navođenje upraviteljice, specijalaca i nekoliko glasnijih planinara počeo premještati s onoga čemu smo svjedočili - bezrazložnog nasilja nad izbjeglicama koji traže vode - na to da su oni opasne zvijeri. Postupak specijalaca pritom ne samo da se pravdao, već im se počelo tepati do te razine da su ih jutro nakon neki prozvali našim “anđelima čuvarima”. Naravno, bilo je par disonantnih glasova, i upravo zahvaljujući njima dobio sam više informacija od ove varijante “službene priče” koja se počela formirati ubrzo nakon događaja.

      Nakon što smo se ujutro probudili, pili smo kavu na otvorenom ispred doma. Atmosfera je bila uzavrela - ljudi su uzbuđeno pričali o događajima od prošle noći dok su specijalci podnosili izvještaj da su ih “noćas ulovili šestero”.

      Dio glasnijih planinara nije se libio izjavljivati kvalifikacije o izbjeglicama koje nisu ništa doli rasističke. Svojim su paranojama i strahovima pridavali znanstveni karakter i objašnjavali nam razliku između nas i zvijeri.

      Pritom sam primijetio da cijelo dvorište smrdi na spaljenu plastiku i vidio kako tik do nas tinjaju ostaci vatre.

      Uskoro sam saznao da su to stvari koje specijalci uzimaju izbjeglicama (dobili smo i slikovite prikaze kako im noževima odrežu naramenice s ruksaka čim ih uhvate....), ruksaci i odjeća... Njih se, navodno, redovno pali (ispred doma u nacionalnom parku “civilizirane države”). Tamo su između ostalog završile i plahte te madraci koje su migranti koristili kad su bili u domu, valjda jer ono što oni zaprljaju, “normalan čovjek” više ne može koristiti.

      Ovo iskustvo mi je pokazalo kako lako postaje opravdati nasilje nad ljudima, čak i kada se dogodi pred našim očima. U stanju smo nasilje nad ljudima interpretirati kao da se ustvari dogodilo nešto drugo. Nakon što su izbjeglice uspješno stigmatizirani i dehumanizirani, ljudi su, prestrašeni od strane medija i rasista koji lažu i kapitaliziraju taj strah, spremni opravdati nasilje. Gube sposobnost empatije, suosjećanja s patnjom drugog živog bića.

      Ne pišem ovo kako bi stigmatizirao ljude u domu, jer krivnja ionako nije individualna. Ovaj primjer jasno je pokazao kako se ljudi u atmosferi straha, nacionalizma, zatrovani ponavljajućim pričama o “drugima” i “vječitoj mržnji nas i njih” osjećaju sigurnije i superiornije kao dio neke mitske zajednice, u ovom slučaju "bijelih kršćana“. Kako ti ljudi lako povjeruju da se oni samo “brane” jer ih drugi “napadaju” – drugi koji goloruki, žedni i gladni danima lutaju po planinama koje ne poznaju.

      Danima me prati jeza od ovog događaja, jeza od toga da je nasilje tako blizu, da se vrši i u “moje ime”, da je toliko prisutno i da je vjerojatno pitanje vremena kad će dodatno eskalirati na zajedničku katastrofu ogromne većine nas i veselje onih koji (će) na tom nasilju i ratu profitiraju.

      Na kraju svega, u glavi mi se ne prestaje vrtjeti rečenica koju je jedan od planinara izrekao ujutro nakon cijelog događaja: “Postoje stvari koje čovjeka odvajaju od zvijeri, a oni su upravo to, zvijeri”. Uz mnoga pitanja i odgovore koje sam htio uputiti onome koje to izrekao, na kraju bih ga pitao samo jedno.

      U situaciji kad s jedne strane imaš ljude koji mole za vodu, a s druge one koji na tu molbu odgovaraju pucnjavom i pendrecima, uz većinsko odobravanje ostalih, stvarno se moraš zapitati jesi li ti u toj situaciji na strani ljudi, ili na strani zvijeri.

      http://www.h-alter.org/vijesti/na-strani-zvijeri

  • The Croatian government decided to put a fence at the Croatian-Bosnian border crossing #Maljevac (https://www.bilten.org/?p=28196#). This is another practice put in place by the government to frighten and harm both refugees and the local community living in the surrounding area. Building a fence, and using violence at the border, are two sides of the same coin: discourage and deny refugees their right to seek asylum in an EU country.

    #murs #barrières_frontalières #Croatie #frontières #migrations #réfugiés #Balkans #route_des_balkans

    Reçu via la newsletter de Inicijativa Dobrodosli, le 14.06.2019

    • Hrvatske anti-izbjegličke ograde i nacionalna nevinost

      Hrvatska je još jednom pooštrila svoje antimigrantske mjere. U ponedjeljak je na graničnom prijelazu Maljevac prema Bosni i Hercegovini podigla željeznu ogradu sa šiljcima, visoku tri metra. Temelji za postavljanje ograde napravljeni su i na graničnim prijelazima Gejkovac i Pašin Potok, izvijestilo je Ministarstvo unutarnjih poslova RH (MUP) te podsjetilo na Schengenski katalog za nadzor vanjskih granica i odredbe Zakona o nadzoru državne granice.

      Ministarstvo financija kao tijelo nadležno za izgradnju i održavanje graničnih prijelaza, na traženje Ministarstva unutarnjih poslova RH, postavilo je 10. lipnja 2019. godine pomičnu fizičku barijeru (ogradu) na Granični prijelaz Maljevac s obzirom na to da je Schengenskom katalogu EU-a za nadzor vanjskih granica, povratak i ponovni prihvat navedeno “kako granične prijelaze i neposredno okolno područje treba tehnički nadgledati, a granične provjere i nadzor trebaju biti osvijetljeni“.

      Granični prijelazi, u pravilu, trebaju biti odijeljeni ogradom, a iznimke se mogu napraviti u slučaju graničnih prijelaza za lokalni granični promet, priopćio je MUP. Hrvatska dakako nije kriva, objašnjava nam MUP, jer je postupala u skladu s mogućnostima koje dopušta Europska unija – u skladu s “katalogom” za nadzor granica.

      Maddalena Avon iz Centra za mirovne studije kazala je za Bilten kako je “ograda na graničnom prijelazu Maljevac način na koji se RH pokazuje ispred Bruxellesa i institucija EU”. Dodala je i da “ova odluka još jednom pokazuje kako migracija mora biti zajednička odgovornost u cijeloj Europi, utemeljena na načelu solidarnosti, i kako bi odgovor na nju trebao biti kolektivan”. Iz CMS-a još jednom neumorno ponavljaju zdravorazumske društvene zahtjeve: “Još jednom, od RH zahtijevamo da poštuje zakon i prestane uskraćivati ljudima pravo na traženje azila u EU, a od EU tražimo da osigura legalnost prolaza za ljude koji traže sigurnost u Europi.”
      Obeshrabriti i uskratiti

      Avon zaključuje kako je ovo “još jedna praksa koju vlada provodi kako bi zastrašila i naškodila i izbjeglicama i lokalnoj zajednici koja živi u okolici.” Dodala je kako su “izgradnja ograde i korištenje nasilja na granici dvije strane istog novčića: obeshrabriti i uskratiti izbjeglicama njihovo pravo tražiti azil u nekoj zemlji EU.

      Granice se više ne štite od kriminalaca i mafije. Kao što vidimo po medijskim natpisima, droga i druge ilegalne potrepštine najnormalnije prolaze, nema gotovo nikakvih zastoja u opskrbi. Valjda to znači slogan “slobodan protok kapitala, roba i ljudi”. Ljudi su i u stvarnosti i u sloganu na posljednjem mjestu. Sad kada je eksploatacija prirodnih resursa dovela do klimatskih promjena koje vode u društvene nesigurnosti i egzistencijalne neizvjesnosti, zidovi koji se podižu vjerojatno generacijama neće biti srušeni. Hoćemo li u Hrvatskoj ostati poslušni i sretni zbog toga što smo se kroz ušicu igle provukli u EU koja nam omogućuje da ostanemo s prave strane zida i za promjenu i sami ne budemo izbjeglice?

      Hrvatska, zbog ograde dakako kriva nije, baš kao što nisu krivi ni ispitanici u poznatom Milgram eksperimentu provedenom na Sveučilištu Yale kojim se dokazalo da većina ljudi između svojih osobnih i društvenih vrijednosti i naredbe figure autoriteta zapravo sluša naredbe autoriteta, makar pritom te naredbe rezultirale smrću trećih subjekata. Najave kažu da imamo još 30 godina do kraja civilizacije. Društvena situacija može se samo pogoršavati, ako ili kad nestane hrane, začeci ove politike “svako sam za sebe” dobit će katastrofalne razmjere odustanemo li već sada od načela solidarnosti i uzajamne društvene pomoći.

      https://www.bilten.org/?p=28196#

  • Report on illegal practice of collective expulsion on Slovene-Croatian border

    Last year Slovenian police officially deported 4653 people to Croatia under the regulation of the readmission agreement. This is means that more than half of 9149 people who were processed for illegally crossing the border were handed over to Croatian police and in further expelled to Bosnia and Herzegovina. Large majority of people who were processed under the readmission agreement were denied their right to asylum procedure by Slovenian police who is still conducting systematic expulsions to Croatia under the guise of the readmission. This practice of denial of right to seek asylum has become systematic with the issue of general police instructions on end of May 2018 when official number of readmission increased dramatically. For example, in police station Črnomelj which the closest in walking distance from Velika Kladuša in May out of 379 people who were processed for illegally crossing the border 371 applied for asylum, but after the issue of police commands in June out of 412 people who crossed the border illegally only 13 officially asked for asylum. Threats, violence, abuse of power and denial of basic rights has became a common practice in other border police stations, collective expulsions to Croatia are happening daily with the knowledge and support of high police and government officials despite high risk of further violence and theft done by police in Croatia.

    In this article is attached a report on collective expuslion from Slovenia and Croatia and work of civil iniciative Info Kolpa which operated a phone line to act as mediator between police and migrants in asylum procedurees. The phone line was used when migrants who contacted the phone number were on the territory of the Republic of Slovenia with the intention to seek asylum and would express a desire for the volunteers to inform the police about their location. In such cases the nearest was informed. The phone line volunteers would send the geographical location, information on people seeking asylum and a clear statement that people are in dire need of help and wish to apply for international protection in Slovenia to the regional police station. This was done via phone or an email sent to the police station in jurisdiction. Also the Office of Ombudsman in Slovenia and different NGOs involved with protection of human rights were informed. This report contains 20 such recorded cases (106 persons); in 6 cases, persons were admitted to the asylum procedure in Slovenia (27 persons); in 7 cases they were pushbacked to Croatia and then illegally expelled to Bosnia and Herzegovina (39 persons); only one person was able to initiate the procedure for international protection after extradition to Croatia and was not expelled to Bosnia and Herzegovina. In 7 cases (39 people) there is no information of what had happened with the people, as they haven’t made any contact after they were apprehended by Slovenian police.

    You can find the full report in attachments along with censored police instructions and documents from Ombudsman office.


    https://push-forward.org/porocilo/report-illegal-practice-collective-expulsion-slovene-croatian-border
    #push-back #refoulement #asile #migrations #réfugiés #frontières #Slovénie #Croatie #rapport

    Pour télécharger le rapport:


    https://push-forward.org/sites/default/files/2019-05/Report%20on%20illegal%20practice%20of%20collective%20expulsion%20on%20

    • Balkan Region – Report June 2019

      No Name Kitchen and Border Violence Monitoring have published a common report summarizing current developments in pushbacks and police violence in the Western Balkans, mainly in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Montenegro and along the Serbian borders with Croatia and Hungary.

      As such, this report contains analysis and a review of the situation in these areas as well. This report covers 41 reports of push-backs involving 237 people in transit. 21 of these were incidents of push-backs to BiH, 4 of these were incidents of push-backs to Serbia, and 4 of these were incidents of push-backs from BiH to Montenegro. The reports were conducted with a wide demographic variety of respondents ranging from families to single men to unaccompanied minors. The respondents to these reports also originate from a wide variety of countries such as Tunisia, Kurdistan Iraq, Syria, Pakistan and Algeria to name a few.
      The report details, among other things:

      Push-backs to the Sturlic area of the Una-Sana Canton
      The use of balaclava masks as an accessory to push-back violence
      The Croatian Ministry of the Interior’s June media event in Grabovac
      The trend of reverse flows along the Balkan Route
      The publication of an open letter by a hiker in Croatia who witnessed the apprehension of a transit group by the country’s Special Police
      The situation in northern Serbia related to border violence

      https://www.borderviolence.eu/balkan-region-report-june-2019

      Plus précisément pour les refoulements depuis la Slovénie :


      –-> les précisions sur les différents cas :
      https://www.borderviolence.eu/violence-reports/may-28-2019-0400-smarje-sap-slovenia
      https://www.borderviolence.eu/violence-reports/may-29-2019-0800-kortino-slovenia
      https://www.borderviolence.eu/violence-reports/may-31-2019-0300-bogovolja-croatia
      https://www.borderviolence.eu/violence-reports/may-31-2019-0100-near-sturlic-bosnia-herzegovina
      https://www.borderviolence.eu/violence-reports/june-5-2019-0400-croatian-bosnian-border-next-to-poljana
      https://www.borderviolence.eu/violence-reports/june-7-2019-0700-kocevje-slovenia

    • Bosnia-Croatia border: Needs grow for migrants losing EU entry ‘#game’

      It’s referred to by everyone here as “The Game”, but there are few winners and a humanitarian crisis is brewing on the Bosnia-Croatia border as thousands of migrants and asylum seekers trying to reach the EU find themselves stuck with limited access to food, shelter, or healthcare.

      They are caught between two poles: EU policies designed to reduce irregular crossings and keep people out, and political stalemate in Bosnia, which aid groups say is preventing local authorities from providing those in limbo with adequate protection or living conditions.

      Since the closing of the old migrant route through the Balkans in 2016, Bosnia has emerged as a new way station for those trying to reach Croatia and head on to other nations like France and Germany in the EU’s Schengen free movement zone.

      Migrants and asylum seekers bide their time in northwest Bosnia before attempting “The Game” – the cat-and-mouse evasion of Croatian police as they cross the highly securitised border and try to navigate dense woodland further into EU territory. The majority making this trip are pushed back by Croatian police, who are supported financially in their border operations by the EU.

      Bosnia’s northwestern canton of Una-Sana has become the locus of the ensuing crisis, especially around its main city and administrative centre of Bihać.

      As of June 2019, the UN’s migration agency, IOM, runs four migrant centres in Una-Sana, housing more than 3,100 migrants and asylum seekers. However, with an estimated 6,000 migrants in the canton, it’s not enough and thousands are sleeping rough.

      Faced with sustained protests from local residents about the pressure this has placed on their communities, authorities have scrambled to find solutions.

      In April, Una-Sana police increased measures that were introduced in October 2018 to prevent migrants and asylum seekers from entering the canton. In June, Bihać City Council began to clear the urban centre, with police rounding up and relocating groups of people to a new location at Vučjak, eight kilometres from the city centre.

      The UN has refused to operate at Vučjak, citing concerns about its close proximity to minefields and situation on top of a former landfill site, referring to it as “unsuitable for human habitation”.

      Opening additional accommodation centres would ease the pressure, but politicians have failed to create a national plan to share the burden. Milorad Dodik, Bosnian Serb member of Bosnia and Herzegovina’s tripartite presidency, has notably refused to host migrants and asylum seekers in Bosnia’s mainly Serb entity of Republika Srpska.

      “The Ministry of Security doesn’t have a strategy,” Šuhret Fazlić, mayor of Bihać, told The New Humanitarian. “The only strategy they have is to try and close the border between Bosnia and Serbia, and to let migrants go to Croatia. But it doesn’t work because Croatia is pushing migrants back, and because Dodik won’t allow police from the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina or the army on the border with Serbia.”

      Decision-making is complicated by the fact that the outgoing government has been acting in a caretaker capacity since October 2018 elections.

      “If you look at who is currently the Minister of Security, his party and he as a person will definitely not be part of the new government,” said Peter Van der Auweraert, IOM’s chief of mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina. “The parties that will eventually form the government have no incentive to collaborate with him.”

      With weak central leadership, IOM must navigate Bosnia’s local politics to open additional centres for migrants and asylum seekers who currently fall outside of the system.

      “We have identified six alternative locations and now need a political decision at the canton level on which one of those is acceptable,” Van der Auweraert said. “In Bosnia it is so decentralised that canton authorities can really block that from happening. It takes a level of political courage to explain to people on the ground that there are actually economic benefits attached to opening a migrant centre. Unfortunately this has not happened, for example, in Una-Sana canton.”

      As winter nears and thousands of migrants and asylum seekers continue to live in squalid conditions, the urgency of agreeing on the location of a new centre will only grow.

      “Somebody has to find a solution,” said Fazlić. “The only thing that is up to the city is to propose new locations. We are ready for this, but we have only land and somebody has to find a way to build and prepare conditions for them.”

      Journalist and photojournalist Nick Newsom spent 10 days in July talking to aid workers, migrants, and asylum seekers in northwestern Bosnia. Their testimonies and photos follow.
      “We’re scared that the police will catch us”

      “We don’t go into the city centre because we’re scared that the police will catch us. You should see how we were when we lived in Turkey – I looked nothing like this," said Sufyan Al Sheikh Ahmad, 23, from Syria. “The circumstances here are very hard. Last time, we walked for six days in Croatia and reached Slovenia, but the Slovenian police caught us after two days. They handed us over to Croatian police, who took our money and bag, and broke our telephones. They took us to the border and we had to walk about 30 kilometres to Bihać. That was the fifth attempt. Inshallah, I will try again. I don’t have 3,000 euros to pay a smuggler, so I’m trying to walk. Wallah, I feel very tired.”

      View from the road towards #Šturlić

      Many migrants and asylum seekers set off into Croatia from the Bosnian village of Šturlić, which lies just a few hundred metres from the border. The landscape on the Bosnian side is mountainous, densely forested, and becomes more so once one enters Croatian territory. Croatian authorities, funded to the tune of 131 million euros by the EU, deploy a wide range of technologies to detect and apprehend migrants on their territory. By contrast, the EU has provided 24 million euros to Bosnia since 2018 to help the country manage the migration crisis, on top of 24.6 million euros of assistance in the area of asylum, migration, and border management since 2007.

      “I didn’t even have a t-shirt or shoes”

      “I’ve been in Bosnia four months,” said Zuhaib Arif, 18, from Pakistan. "I got here by train but got off about 70 kilometres from here, at Banja Luca, and walked the rest. The police told me to get off the train there, and anyone who this happens to has to come here by foot. Police tell us to go back and not go to Bihać. I went to Jungle Camp [Vučjak] but I didn’t have a blanket – I didn’t even have a t-shirt or shoes – they were stolen from me whilst I was sleeping.”

      “They didn’t let me inside because they told me there is no space”

      “They didn’t let me inside the [Bira] camp because they told me there is no space. When the police came, they told us, ‘do not run – if you have no ID card, no problem,’ but when we stopped for them, they arrested us and took us to Jungle Camp. We walked for one and a half hours there. More than 200 people were walking. I think 30 to 40 percent came back here from Jungle Camp. If we don’t find a way to jump over the fence [into Bira], we will stay here tonight.”

      “We urgently need more support”

      With the EU and UN having refused to support operations at Vučjak, the City of Bihać Red Cross is the only humanitarian organisation providing assistance to migrants at the camp, providing two meals a day for up to 700 people and first aid. “We are extremely stretched, both financially and in terms of human resources,” Rajko Lazic, secretary-general of the Red Cross Society of Bosnia and Herzegovina, told TNH. “Our volunteers and staff are exhausted. Our funds are running out. We urgently need more support.”

      “We don’t want problems with the #police

      Independent groups providing support to migrants and asylum seekers have been forced to operate more covertly as the political context in Una-Sana has changed and patience has begun to wear thin. No Name Kitchen, an NGO of volunteers from several countries that predominantly helps migrants and asylum seekers in Bosnia, runs a free clothes shop and carries out a distribution of food and non-food items to about 30 people a day in the town of Velika Kladuša, about 50 kilometres north of Bihać. “The way that we do that is low profile, hidden… because we don’t want problems with the police,” a No Name Kitchen volunteer told TNH. “As the political will to keep people contained within camps outside of cities has become more salient, there has been an effort to control independent organisations.”

      “The conditions are always violent with the Croatian police”

      “I’ve made six trips from Bosnia,” said Rachid Boudalli, 35, from Morocco. Each time the Slovenian police have caught me and handed me over to the Croatian police. The conditions are always violent with the Croatian police, they hit us, take our stuff from us: our money, our telephones, anything we have. They’ve taken eight power banks from me and four mobiles. I ask the responsible European parties to look into our situation.”

      “They are shameless beyond belief”

      “The Croatian police steal our money, our personal papers – everything that we need," said Eman Muhammad Al Ahmad, a 30-year-old Palestinian refugee from Syria. “As an already persecuted people escaping war, we now suffer from bandits in European countries. When I asked for my Syrian ID card back, they shouted in my face ‘shut up’ and threatened to hit me in the head with their truncheon. They are shameless beyond belief, searching us in a filthy way that doesn’t fit the police of a developed European state. They persecute women by removing her hijab under the guise that she’s got something hidden in there. What does a refugee want to hide? As refugees, we just want to cross peacefully into a European state to be with our families and children – no more and no less.”

      “I told them that I want asylum in Slovenia, but they didn’t reply”


      “I see all kinds of animals in the forest,” Yassin Nowar, 24, from Algeria told TNH. “After eight days of walking, we found this bear in Croatia. Four days later the police caught us.”

      For some, the circumstances are too much to endure any longer. “I want to go back to my country because the situation here is very difficult,” Amjad Al Ghanem, a 24-year-old from the Occupied Palestinian Territories told TNH. “I’ve tried ‘the game’ six times. Three times I reached Slovenia and I told them that I want asylum in Slovenia, but they didn’t reply and returned us to Croatia. At least in Palestine I can take care of myself. I had a dream, but it’s gone: I’ve had enough.”

      https://www.thenewhumanitarian.org/photo-feature/2019/08/05/bosnia-croatia-border-needs-grow-migrants-losing-eu-entry-game
      #The_game #Sturlic #police #violences_policières

  • Informations sur les migrants morts aux frontières alpines collectées par l’OIM.

    3 cas recensés :

    Lieux :
    #Karlovac
    #Pasjak / #Rupa
    #Žakanje

    #frontière_sud-alpine #montagne #mourir_aux_frontières #asile #migrations #réfugiés #décès #morts #frontières #Croatie #Route_des_balkans #Slovénie #Zakanje

    J’ajoute à la métaliste sur les morts à la frontière alpine :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/758646

    • 4ème cas , une femme s’est noyé dans la rivière #Kupa, août 2019, une rivière qui délimite la frontière entre la Croatie et la Slovénie.

      Migrant dies after van plunges into river in Croatia

      One person died in Croatia after a van carrying 12 migrants plunged into a river. The driver of the van that was registered in Germany fled the scene, leaving the vehicle to sink into the river. Separately, police in North Macedonia discovered 30 migrants in an abandoned truck.

      A migrant woman died after a van with 11 migrants fleeing from the police plunged into a river in central Croatia, police said on Sunday.

      The crash happened near the Croatian border with Slovenia after the driver refused to stop at a police checkpoint and was subsequently chased by a patrol. The driver, presumably a migrant smuggler, managed to get out of the sinking vehicle, fleeing into a nearby minefield.

      “The police tried to stop the vehicle, but the driver accelerated and the van skidded into the #Kupa River,” the police said in a statement.

      The van, which was registered in Germany, was first spotted by a police patrol in the village of Slatina Pokupska, about 50 kilometers north of the border with Bosnia, which has become a key transit country for migrants trying to make their way to Western Europe.

      https://www.infomigrants.net/en/post/19076/migrant-dies-after-van-plunges-into-river-in-croatia

  • News about opening a new shelter for asylum seekers in the village of #Mala_Gorica in the vicinity of #Petrinja has been circulating for a while in the public and disturbed Petrinja’s War Veterans Initiative. The Initiative has so far launched a petition against the construction of the shelter, and recently announced the blockade of the state road to Petrinja and Sisak on the day of elections for the EU Parliament if they did not comply with their request to withdraw from the construction of the shelter. The Ministry of Internal Affairs yesterday published a press release telling the public that because of the refusal of the local community to open the shelter there, pushed them away from the idea. The funds provided for this purpose will be redirected to the reconstruction of the existing reception capacities and to the reconstruction of a number of flats owned by the Republic of Croatia for the accommodation of refugees. The script we are witnessing reminds us of the one in 2004 when the leadership of the Ministry of Internal Affairs tried to build an emplacement in the area of ​​Stubicka Slatina with the EU funds, and the citizens opposed it almost the same way as today.

    #Croatie #réfugiés #asile #migrations #accueil #hébergement #logement #Balkans #route_des_balkans

    Reçu via la mailing-list Inicijativa dobrodosli, le 15.05.2019

  • The creation of preconditions for Croatia’s entry into #Schengen is visible in the both on the field and diplomacy - while the Croatian border police continues to prevent the entry of refugees into the country and does not restrain from using violent methods, Minister #Božinović received praises from Bavarian Minister of Interior, Sports and Integration, #Joachim_Herrman, on the work of Croatian #police and protection of Croatian Borders (http://hr.n1info.com/Vijesti/a401099/Bavarski-ministar-unutarnjih-poslova-pohvalio-hrvatsku-granicnu-policiju.). The border area of the European Union seems to have become a mirror in which politics sees only itself and those who “pat it on the back”, while they refuse to face with the reality.

    #route_des_balkans #Allemagne #asile #migrations #réfugiés #frontières #Croatie #externalisation #contrôles_frontaliers #militarisation_des_frontières #buffer_zone #Balkans

    Une manière de contrôler la #frontière_sud-alpine

    Reçu via la mailing-list Inicijativa dobrodosli, le 15.05.2019

    ping @isskein

  • An article about the experiences of one of the Syrian families living in Zadar and the struggles that followed them due to insufficient support from the state.

    PRIJE GODINU I POL DANA U BIJEGU OD RATA U SIRIJI STIGLI SU U ZADAR: OVO JE NJIHOVA EMIGRANTSKA PRIČA Djeca nam se ne sjećaju Sirije, njihova je kuća ovdje, u Zadru

    Sirijca Abdulrahmana prvi put sam vidjela prije godinu i pol dana.
    Hladnog siječanjskog dana stigao je u Zadar sa suprugom Jašir i četvero male djece, skupa s još sedam drugih obitelji koje su pobjegle iz ratnog vihora rodne Sirije.

    Prvi susret s tim mladim ljudima, preplašenim i zabrinutim roditeljima koji su u strahu od neizvjesnosti koja je pred njima, a istodobno presretni jer su uspjeli spasiti živu glavu, teško je zaboraviti. Iza sebe su morali ostaviti izgrađene živote i obitelji, a do temelja porušeni rodni Alep, najveći i najljepši sirijski grad, preko noći zamijeniti kampovima u Turskoj i Prihvatilištem za tražitelje azila u Kutini. Najmlađa djevojčica Tabarak tada je bila beba ni od godinu dana, a najstarija Đenan imala je četiri godine. Te dvije godine izbjegličkog života uzele su svoj danak i ostavile veliki pečat na njihovim životima.

    Drugi put Abdulrahmana sam vidjela dva mjeseca kasnije, kada sam ga posjetila na radnom mjestu. Dočekao me je u trlišu, na gradilištu, gdje je dobio prvi posao. Zajedno s kolegom Šukrijem, koji mu je danas susjed, postavljao je knauf i bio neopisivno ponosan što će za to dobiti svoju prvu hrvatsku plaću.
    No, puno ga je toga mučilo. Suočavanje sa stvarnošću, prije svega. Vladin pilot-projekt integracije u sklopu kojega su sirijske obitelji stigle u Hrvatsku, u Zadru je funkcionirao uglavnom zbog poduzetnika Mladena Ninčevića i njegove supruge Sarah, koji su sami odrađivali sve ono što sustav nije. U tom najosjetljivijem razdoblju prilagodbe, kada jedna topla ljudska riječ znači više od svih međunarodnih sporazuma, smjestili su ih u svojemu hostelu, dali im posao i brinuli se o njih 40 kao da su im najuža obitelj. Abdulrahman je tada nestrpljivo čekao pristojan smještaj za svoju obitelj, zabrinut kako će se djeca snaći u školi i vrtiću. Znao je tada samo nekoliko riječi hrvatskoga pa smo se jedva sporazumijevali uz pomoć prevoditelja.
    Prije nekoliko dana posjetila sam ga ponovno, no ovaj put razgovarali smo na hrvatskom u njihovu zadarskom domu u Diklu. Prevoditelj nam nije trebao, osim za pokoju riječ kada bi ocu simultanim prijevodom pomogao devetogodišnji Fadel. U godinu i pol dana, koliko se nismo vidjeli, puno se toga u njihovu životu promijenilo. Abdul, kako ga hrvatski prijatelji zovu, drugi je čovjek. Nasmijan je i puno opušteniji, bez onoga grča i straha na licu.

    – Uh, te početke bih najradije zaboravio – priznaje nam.
    – Ne znaš govoriti jezik, nikoga ne razumiješ, ništa ne znaš. Nisam mogao sam u dućan otići kad ne znam tražiti ono što mi treba. Nisam znao ni cigarete kupiti – smije se 35-godišnji Abdul svojemu “broken” hrvatskom.
    – Težak vam je ovaj jezik, uh! Rekao sam sam sebi – Abdule, pomalo, jedino tako ćeš hrvatski naučiti. Mene je spasilo što na poslu s ljudima puno razgovaram, većinu vremena samo hrvatski govorim, nema arapskog više. I moj najbolji prijatelj, kojega sam upoznao na gradilištu, Hrvat je imena Velimir. “Samo pomalo”, te sam riječi prvo naučio – govori ovaj simpatični Sirijac, kojemu je Ninčević vrlo brzo nakon dolaska dao priliku i posao u svojoj građevinskoj tvrtki. Trenutačno radi na njegovu gradilištu u Sinju, ponedjeljkom ujutro odlazi na teren, a petkom se vraća obitelji. Rado govori o poslu i ekipi na gradilištu, ponosan što sam zarađuje svoju plaću i što više nikomu nije na teret.
    – Sada je sve dobro. Radim dobar posao, vozim bager, imam dobru plaću, djeca su sretna ovdje. Iako su svi rođeni u Siriji, oni je gotovo i ne pamte. Naša najstarija, Đenan, sjeća se jedino malog dućana kraj naše kuće u Alepu, i ničeg drugoga iz tog okruženja. Njihovo djetinjstvo je ovdje u Hrvatskoj. Kada im žena i ja kažemo da ćemo se vratiti kući u Siriju, govore nam da neće natrag te da je njihova kuća ovdje u Zadru. I jest, još šest mjeseci. A što će biti nakon toga, ne znam – retorički se pita Abdul.

    Za tih šest mjeseci koje spominje, sirijske obitelji imaju osiguran podstanarski stan koji im plaća Hrvatska preko svojega Središnjeg državnog ureda za stambeno zbrinjavanje. Od dvije godine, na koliko se Vlada obvezala osigurati im smještaj, već je prošlo godinu i pol. Što će biti kad taj ugovor istekne?
    – Ne znam. Zadar je jako lijep, ali skup. Puno skup za život. S jednom plaćom teško mogu prehraniti četvero djece i plaćati pristojan podstanarski stan, ako ga uopće uspijemo pronaći jer je država i ovaj jedva pronašla kada su nas doselili. O svom domu možemo samo sanjati. Koliko god radio, svoje kuće neću vidjeti jer je cijena kvadrata nama ovdje nedostižna. Tri obitelji koje znam otišle su nedavno za Njemačku jer u Zadru nisu mogli pristojno živjeti. U Njemačkoj isti ovakav program traje deset godina, što ipak daje neku sigurnost da možeš planirati život. Vidim da i Hrvati puno odlaze vani iz istog razloga. Da nema Mladena i Sarah, koji su prema nama kao rođeni otac i majka, i mi bismo već bili otišli. Sarah se brinula o ženama i djeci, vodila ih kod doktora i zubara, u kupnju, organizirala proslavu rođendana za djecu – priznaje Abdul i prepričava anegdotu iz prvih dana nakon dolaska.
    – Kad smo tek stigli u Kutinu, moj prijatelj Šukri razgovarao je s jednim gazdom o poslu i troškovima života. Kad je sve zbrojio i oduzeo, rekao mu je: “Znači, da bih mogao normalno živjeti od svoje plaće u Hrvatskoj, trebam raditi tri puta! Ne dvaput, jer to nije dovoljno za sve troškove, nego triput. Kolega”, pitao ga je na kraju Šukri, “a kad da ja spavam?” – smije se Abdul.

    On, a pogotovo supruga Jašir, često razmišljaju o povratku u Siriju. Kazuju nam kako je život u Alepu bio lijep i kako je Abdul tamo posjedovao automehaničarsku radionicu od koje je cijela obitelj mogla lijepo živjeti. Njezini roditelji i braća ostali su u rodnom gradu. A sam Abdul ima desetero braće i sestara koje je rat raselio po cijeloj Europi, od Turske do Njemačke. I njegovi roditelji su ostali u Siriji.
    – Otac mi je rekao da ne želi otići i da će, ako već mora poginuti, umrijeti u vlastitoj kući. Mi smo morali otići zbog djece. Koliko god nas vuče povratak, stanje tamo i dalje je daleko od normalnog. Sve je razrušeno, nema ni struje ni vode. To bi se možda još i dalo preživjeti, izgraditi porušeno i krenuti ispočetka, samo da rata nema. Ali, tom ratu kao da nema kraja.


    https://zadarski.slobodnadalmacija.hr/4-kantuna/clanak/id/600056/djeca-nam-se-ne-sjecaju-sirije-njihova-je-kuca-ovdje-u-za
    #Croatie #Zadar #migrations #réfugiés #asile #accueil #réfugiés_syriens #Balkans

    –-> signalé par Inicijativa Dobrodosli, via leur mailing-list (29.04.2019)

  • Report of the fact-finding mission by Ambassador #Tomáš_Boček, Special Representative of the Secretary General on migration and refugees, to Bosnia and Herzegovina and to Croatia 24-27 July and 26-30 November 2018

    https://rm.coe.int/report-of-the-fact-finding-mission-by-ambassador-tomas-bocek-special-r/1680940259
    #Bosnie #Croatie #Bosnie-Herzégovine #asile #migrations #réfugiés #route_des_Balkans #Balkans #rapport #2018

    Commentaire reçu via la mailing-list Inicijativa Dobrodosli:

    Report by the Special Representative of the Secretary General on migration and refugees, Tomáš Boček, was published following his visit to Bosnia and Herzegovina and Croatia in 2018. In all areas covered by the Report; access to territory, access to asylum, reception, detention and returns, unaccompanied minors – numerous problems have been detected, followed by testimonies from refugees who have experienced violent pushbacks. Although the Report contains different data, contextual descriptions, perspectives of different actors and recommendations, the language of the Report is rather tepid and does not leave any impression of the urgency of resolving serious violations of human rights. The Report addressed, among others, violations concerning policy and practice of detaining children, specifically unaccompanied minors, the failure and unavailability of integration measures, seizing money for the purpose of covering expenses related to stay in detention center, the lack of access to legal aid and the lack of information about the grounds for detention.

  • La police croate renvoie de plus en plus de migrants en #Serbie

    4 avril 2019 – 17h30 : La police croate déporte de plus en plus de migrants en Serbie, y compris des personnes qui n’ont jamais transité par ce pays. Il s’agit donc de #déportations illégales. Des migrants sont également renvoyés de Hongrie. La police serbe tolère ces « retours » infondés, dénoncent plusieurs organisations de soutien aux migrants au réfugiés, notamment les ONG croates Are you Syrious, Centar za mirovne studije et l’Initiative Dobrodošli.

    https://www.courrierdesbalkans.fr/fil-info-refugies

    #route_des_balkans #Balkans #renvois #expulsions #push-back #refoulement #Croatie #migrations #asile #réfugiés #frontières

  • Y.M (20) i N.S.(34) iz Irana su danas ujutro, posle 7h, uhvaćeni od 4 hrvatska policajca na granici kod Šida,koji su ih psovali,tukli pendrecima po glavi,šutirali po celom telu.Nakon torture,licima je oduzet novac,dovedeni do granice kod Šida i gurnuti ilegalno nazad u Srbiju.


    #Šid #Sid #Croatie #Serbie #push-back #refoulement #violence #violent_borders #asile #migrations #réfugiés #réfugiés_iraniens #frontières #route_des_Balkans

    métaliste sur la route de balkans :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/714898

  • VIOLENCE REPORTS

    The collective expulsion and violent return of asylum seekers to the Bosnian border surrounding #Velika_Kladuša is a routine occurrence. Men, women, and even children regularly return from their attempts to cross through Croatia and Slovenia with split lips, black eyes, and broken bones. The search for safety and asylum is all too often met with police batons and closed fists.

    The brutal practices of the Croatian police are against international laws and directives. Firstly, the beating and deportation of all people on the move, both irregular migrants and asylum seekers, is against the prohibition of collective expulsion (Article 4 Protocol 4 ECHR*), and the absolute prohibition of torture and non-humane or degrading treatment or punishment (Article 3 ECHR*).

    Secondly, according to the EU Directive on Asylum Procedures (2005/85/EC), all people on the move are entitled to information about asylum, translation assistance, the ability to present their case to a competent authority, notification of the outcome, and the right to appeal a negative decision (1). But most importantly, viewing people searching safety as mere illegal numbers and dangerous bodies pushes them to a grey zone. Within this grey zone, they are stripped of the right to have rights, resulting in their humiliation without legal consequence, leaving perpetrators unrecognisable and unpunished.

    Thousands of lives are being slowly destroyed while the EU community silently overlooks the brutality of its own border regime, absolving itself of any real sense of responsibility.

    To this end, No Name Kitchen, in coordination with several other independent groups operating in the area, has been engaged in the collection and presentation of the violence which occurs at Europe’s doorstep. In this capacity, we collect the testimonies of victims of border violence and present them to a variety of actors within the field in the hopes of highlighting the systematic nature of this violence. The methodological process for these reports is centered on leveraging the close social contact that we have as independent volunteers with refugees and migrants to monitor pushbacks from Croatia. When individuals return with significant injuries or stories of abuse, one of our violence monitoring volunteers will sit down with them and collect their testimonies. We collect hard data (dates, geo-locations, officer descriptions, photos of injuries/medical reports, etc.) but also open narratives of the abuse.

    http://www.nonamekitchen.org/en/violence-reports

    Lien pour télécharger le rapport :


    http://www.nonamekitchen.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/01/Finished-Border-Violence-on-the-Balkan-Route.pdf
    #violence #rapport #route_des_balkans #Balkans #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Bosnie #frontières #Croatie #Slovénie

    • Garaža za mučenje migranata

      “Policija je dovela njih sedmero u garažu u Korenicu, gdje su im oduzeli sve stvari. Slomili su im mobitele, uništili punjače. Uzeli su im novac, cigarete i hranu. Kad su skinuli odjeću policajci su ih počeli tući rukama, laktovima, nogama”. U posljednjih pola godine pojavila su se višestruka svjedočanstva koja ukazuju na to da hrvatska policija pritvara i muči izbjeglice i migrante u garaži u policijskoj postaji u Korenici. Garaža s plavim vratima, u kojoj, kako se opisuje u svjedočanstvima, izbjeglice i migranti bivaju pretučeni i izgladnjivani, nalazi se svega par metara od dječjeg igrališta.

      U više izvještaja različitih organizacija, a najnovije i u posljednjem izvještaju Border Violence Monitoringa, opisuju se garažna mjesta za pritvaranja i zlostavljanje, koja po opisu mogu odgovarati policijskoj postaji u Korenici, koja je zbog blizina granice često u službi odvraćanja izbjeglica i migranta natrag u Bosnu i Hercegovinu.

      Prema posljednjim svjedočanstvima u travnju je grupa muškaraca iz Sirije, Alžira i Maroka, uhvaćena blizu granice sa Slovenijom, odvedena u garažu u Korenicu i zatim vraćena natrag u Bosnu i Hercegovinu. Izrazili su namjeru za službenim traženjem azila, ali im je odbijen pristup proceduri, iako na nju imaju zakonsko pravo.

      “Policija je dovela njih sedmero u garažu u Korenicu, gdje su im oduzeli sve stvari. Slomili su im mobitele, uništili punjače. Uzeli su im novac, cigarete i hranu. Jednoj su osobi uzeli čak i naočale. U prostoru je samo prljavi pod, bez deka, spužvi, wc-a. Morali su na njemu ležati, iako je bilo užasno hladno. Kad su skinuli odjeću policajci su ih počeli tući rukama, laktovima, nogama. Imali su i elektrošokere i pepper sprej, koje su koristili nekoliko puta. Svi su ljudi plakali”, stoji u svjedočanstvu.

      Prva svjedočanstva i opisi garaže pojavili su se u prosincu prošle godine, od strane migranata koji su nakon prelaska granice u Hrvatsku uhićeni, odvedeni u “garažu” pa protjerani natrag u Bosnu i Hercegovinu, bez da im je omogućeno pravo da u Hrvatskoj zatraže azil.

      U prosincu 2018. godine, kako je evidentirao Border Violence Monitoring, grupu Alžiraca je nakon prelaska granice pokupio kombi s policajcima u maskirnim uniformama, koji su izgledali kao vojska. Odveli su ih u garažu.

      “Policijska postaja je ispred garaže. Dvorište je između policijske postaje i garaže. Unutra je umiovaonik i grijalica, te svjetla na stropu. Prostorija je malena. Nema prozora, samo plava vrata”, stoji u opisu. Istaknuli su kako je bilo hladno te zbog hladnoće nisu mogli spavati. Policajci su, navodi se, s njima pričali nasilno te su im odbili dati hranu.

      Naposljetku su, s drugim migrantima koji su već bili u garaži, bez da im se omogući da zatraže azil, izbačeni u planinama i poslani da hodaju natrag u Bosnu satima. Kad su izišli iz kombija, policajci su naložili vatru u koju su bacili sve njihove stvari. “Jedan je policajac htio uzeti i deku u kojoj je bila umotana djevojčica iz iračke obitelji, ali ga je drugi policajac zaustavio da to ne napravi”, navodi se u svjedočanstvu. Vreće za spavanje i šatori su završili u plamenu.

      “Policija radi što hoće”, komentar je koji se učestalo čuje među brojnim izbjeglicama koji su više puta protjerani iz Hrvatske. Većina odvraćenih i protjeranih u Velikoj Kladuši, gradu blizu granice u kojem smo nedavno bili, žale se upravo najgorljivije na hrvatsku policiju.

      I mještani Velike Kladuše, pogotovo oni koji svakodnevno pomažu izbjeglicama i migrantima, ističu kako ljudi s granice dolaze izmučeni i gladni, nerijetko s modricama, ožiljcima, otvorenim ranama. “Svi ti prizori podsjećaju me na zadnji rat, jedino što nema bombardiranja”, komentira nam jedna mještanka. Nasilje koje provodi hrvatska granična policija tako je postalo svakodnevna tema.

      Krajem prošle godine pojavljuje se još jedno svjedočanstvo o “garaži”, u kojem stoji: “Stavili su nas u ćeliju, ali to zapravo nije ćelija, nego više kao garaža, s plavim vratima i pločicama. Ispred je parkiralište i policijska postaja”. “Kad nas je policija uhvatila, nisu nam dali ništa. Tamo je bio neki stari kruh, dosta star. Zatražio sam taj kruh, ali mi ga nisu dali”, opisuje jedan od migranata.

      Ponukani ovim svjedočanstvima i opisima garaže za mučenje, nedavno smo posjetili Korenicu. Na ulazu u Korenicu primjećujemo jedan policijski auto parkiran kraj šume, i policajca koji se upravo izvlači iz šume prema autu. Tijekom zimskih mjeseci mogli smo čitati kako “službenici postaje granične policije Korenice provode mjere pojačanog suzbijanja nezakonitih migracija”. U razgovoru s mještanima doznajemo kako su pojačane policijske snage u okolici u posljednje vrijeme, a izbjeglice i migrante se intenzivno traži po okolnim brdima.

      Prilikom našeg kratkog boravka u Korenici, ispred policijske postaje se izmijenio velik broj policajaca, dolazili su i odlazili autima i kombijima. Osim policajaca u redovnim uniformama, bilo je i obučenih u tamnozelene uniforme. U postaju dolaze i kombiji bez policijskih oznaka, a prisutni su i policajci u civilnoj odjeći.

      Prednji dio postaje sastoji se od velike zgrade s mnogo prozora, dok je unutarnji dio kompleksa ograđen i s malim dvorištem na kojem je parkirano nekoliko policijskih automobila i kombija, uz prostorije koje nalikuju na garaže, s plavim vratima. Te prostorije s jedne strane gledaju i na obližnje dječje igralište i na tom dijelu nema nijednog prozora. U dvorištu se nalaze i Toi Toi WC-i.

      U najnovijem svjedočanstvu koje je dokumentirao Border Violence Monitoring stoji: “Možemo ići samo dva puta dnevno na zahod, ujutro i navečer. Za ovo nas se vodi van u dvorište, gdje se nalaze tri plastična WC-a”, što ukazuje da postoji mogućnost da se radi upravo o ovoj policijskoj postaji. Aktivisti nam potvrđuju kako su svjedočanstva o “garaži” postala učestalija i sve detaljnija u opisima.

      I u svjedočanstvima iz ožujka izbjeglice i migranti navode kako su bili zatvoreni satima bez vode i hrane, te su iz nužde morali urinirati u kutu prostorije. “Bili smo kao kokoši. Ne želim se prisjećati tog trenutka. Bili smo poput životinja”, opisuje jedan migrant. “Pod je betoniran, hladno je, moramo spavati na njemu. Postoji samo jedna slavina za vodu i mali grijač na zidu. Vrata su plava i na njima je ispisano na mnogo jezika, datumi, imena i mjesta. Pakistanski, alžirski, marokanski, iranski, sirijski, odasvud”, opisuje se.

      Kad su pušteni iz pritvora garaže, kažu, policija ih je ostavila u planinskom području i poslala da hodaju kilometrima natrag prema Bihaću. Učestalo se spominje oduzimanje novca i mobitela i vrijednih stvari koje migranti sa sobom nose.

      Procedure odvraćanja izbjeglica i migranata obično se izvode iza zatvorenih vrata i u skrovitim područjima, čime se umanjuje rizik da će biti onih koji će im svjedočiti. Paralelu možemo povući i sa tzv. trećestupanjskim policijskim ispitivanjima.

      “Većina trećestupanjskih ispitivanja događala se tijekom pritvaranja na izoliranim lokacijama, uključujući policijske postaje, garaže, ponekad i hotele i mrtvačnice. Ali obično se takva mučenja događaju u pozadinskim sobama, incommunicado prostorijama, posebno dizajniranima u ove svrhe. U javnosti se postojanje takvih prostorija poriče, a njihovo održavanje zahtjeva šutnju čitavog sustava. Policija je rijeko kažnjavana za brutalne metode ispitivanja, korištene za izvlačenje priznanja, ali i da se ’nepoželjne’ otjera iz grada”, navodi se u radu Police Interrogation and Coercion in Domestic American History: Lessons for the War on Terror, Richarda A. Leoa i Alexe Koenig.

      “Ovakve prakse postaju sredstvo putem kojeg policija nadilazi svoju ispitivačku ulogu, pojačava svoju moć i zaobilazi ulogu koja je dizajnirana kako bi se spriječila koncentracija i zlouporaba moći od strane države”, zaključuju autori.

      Brutalne prakse zlostavljanja i prisilnih protjerivanja koje provode policijski službenici na hrvatskoj granici i o kojima sad već postoje kontinuirana i detaljna svjedočanstva, protivne su i domaćim i međunarodnim zakonima te direktivama.

      “Premlaćivanje i deportacija ljudi protivni su zabrani kolektivnih protjerivanja (Članak 4 Protokola 4 ECHR) i zabrani mučenja i nečovječnog ili ponižavajućeg postupanja ili kazni (Članak 3 ECHR)”, navodi se u Petom izvještaju o nezakonitim protjerivanjima i nasilju Republike Hrvatske, koji su nedavno objavile organizacije Are You Syrious?, Centar za mirovne studije i Incijativa Dobrodošli.

      Vraćanje migranata u Bosnu i Hercegovinu bez uzimanja u obzir osobnih okolnosti svakog pojedinog slučaja, a posebice zanemarujući njihovu potrebu za međunarodnom zaštitom, pa čak i na izričito traženje azila, uporaba sredstava prisile te ponižavanje ozbiljna su povreda izbjegličkih i migantskih prava, ali i enorman prijestup MUP-a, na što je upozoravala i pučka pravobraniteljica.

      MUP-u smo uputili upit za komentar o opžubama za nasilje i mučenje od strane hrvatske policije, kao i za slučaj “garaže” koju se povezuje s policijskom postajom u Korenici. Upitali smo ih i jesu li, s obzirom na svjedočanstva koja se pojavljuju od prosinca, reagirali na optužbe i posvetili se detaljnoj istrazi i uvidu u potencijalne prijestupe i prekoračenja policijske ovlasti u Korenici. Do zaključenja teksta odgovor na upite nismo dobili.

      Kada su u pitanju optužbe za policijsko nasilje, u prijašnjim reakcijama iz MUP-a su isticali kako “prilikom postupanja prema migrantima policija poštuje njihova temeljna prava i dostojanstvo te im omogućuje pristup sustavu međunarodne zaštite, ukoliko im je takva zaštita potrebna, sukladno općim dokumentima o ljudskim pravima, regulativi EU-a te nacionalnom zakonodavstvu. Želimo naglasiti nultu stopu tolerancije ovog ministarstva na nezakonitu uporabu sredstava prisile od strane hrvatske policije naspram bilo koje populacije, kao i nultu stopu tolerancije nad neprocesuiranjem bilo kojeg kaznenog djela ili prekršaja počinjenog od strane policijskih službenika”.

      Kako je moguće da se u zemlji “nulte stope tolerancije na nezakonitu upotrebu sredstava prisile” kontinuirano pojavljuju svjedočanstva o garažama za mučenje? Ostaje nam zapitati se je li zaista moguće da su sva ova detaljna svjedočanstva, koja se u mnogočemu podudaraju, prikupljena u različitim vremenskim periodima, od ljudi čiji se putevi uglavnom nisu sreli, lažna? Volonteri i aktivisti koji prikupljaju svjedočanstva također se rotiraju i dolaze iz različitih organizacija, pa je i njihova “sugestivnost” faktor koji bi se moglo prekrižiti.

      Garaža za mučenje mali je prostor, ali je bijeg od suočavanja s njenim postojanjem velik i indikativan. Arundhati Roy piše: “Ne postoje oni koji nemaju glas. Postoje samo oni koji su namjerno ušutkani i oni koje biramo da ne čujemo.”

      https://www.h-alter.org/vijesti/garaza-za-mucenje-migranata
      #Korenica

      Commentaire reçu par email de Inicijativa Dobrodosli, le 22.05.2019 :

      H-alter published a text based on refugee testimonies and previously published reports of torture in a blue-coloured door garage that may correspond to the description of the police station in Korenica, located near the children’s playground. The testimonies describe denial of food, limited use of toilet and physical violence that occurs not only at the border but also in the depths of the Croatian territory.

    • ‘Nobody Hears You’ : Migrants, Refugees Beaten on Balkan Borders

      Migrants and refugees say they continue to face violence at the hands of police while trying to cross the Balkan peninsula.

      It was supposed to have closed. But migrants and refugees from the Middle East, Asia and Africa are still crossing the Balkan peninsula en route to Western Europe. Many report brutality at the hands of the police.

      In April this year, some 3,600 migrants and refugees – mainly from Afghanistan and Iran – were registered in Serbia, according to the United Nations refugee agency, UNHCR.

      Bosnia last year registered 25,000, though only 3,500 chose to stay in the country while the rest crossed quickly into European Union member Croatia.

      No Name Kitchen, NNK, an NGO assisting migrants and refugees, says police violence is on the rise.

      Between May 2017 and May last year, NNK recorded 215 reported cases of push-backs by Croatian police to Serbia, of which 45 per cent involved physical violence.

      Between May 2017 and December last year, there were 141 push-backs from Croatia to Bosnia, NNK reported, of which 84 per cent involved violence.

      Croatian authorities denied police used violence against migrants and refugees, telling BIRN that such accusations were often made up.

      BIRN journalists spoke to a number of refugees and migrants in Serbia, Bosnia and Slovenia about their experiences with Croatian police. Most chose to be identified only by their first names.

      Ahmed: ‘Nobody hears you’

      “They make the music loud and start beating us, one by one. With sticks, electrical sticks…,” said Ahmed, a Moroccan who had spent the past month in a migrant camp in the small Serbian border town of Sid.

      Ahmed said he had tried several times to cross the nearby border into Croatia, running a gauntlet known among migrants and refugees as ‘The Game’, but had been turned back each time by Croatian police.

      “I’ve been captured and they turn me back, beat me and turn me back,” he told BIRN. “They would come out from the car, one by one and they start, like that until you scream and nobody hears you,” he said.

      Ali: ‘Police have no heart’

      Ali and a group of friends had made it into Croatia from Bosnia in April and walked for six days in the direction of Slovenia.

      “Police officers, they caught us and after that, they brought us in the police station and we were for four hours in the police station like a prisoner and after that… they beat us,” he told BIRN in the northwestern Bosnian town of Bihac, a hub for migrants and refugees trying to cross the Croatian border.

      “Police have no heart. They don’t want to see that the guys are human. It’s really horrible.”

      Nue: ‘I don’t have a country’

      Some of those BIRN spoke to said they were fleeing repression in their own countries.

      Nue, a Palestinian now also stuck in Sid, said: “My country, I don’t have a country because I am from Palestine… I have ID just to say I am from Palestine.”

      Nue said that when he tried to cross the border, he was caught by the Croatian police. He pointed to a cut on his head.

      “When he’s [the police officer] catching me, he does like this,” he said, imitating being beaten. “I have to just stay in the tent because maybe I have a problem in my head because [the beating was] very strong.”

      Nue said he was now sleeping in the street.

      Another man, in the centre of Sid, said police were also violent towards his wife, who was nine months pregnant when BIRN spoke to the couple.

      “They don’t care if she’s pregnant or not,” he said. “There is no human qualities in them, you understand. I never seen such people.”

      Muhamed: Old and new injuries

      Muhamed, from Tunisia, said he had been in Serbia for six weeks having been beating by police on the Croatian border.

      “They done with you everything,” he said, and showed injuries he said were inflicted the day before by Croatian police.

      Muhamed said he was beaten for 10 minutes and then sent back to Serbia.

      “Everytime, doing this, everytime, look, this old and this new,” he said, pointing to the bruises and cuts.

      Khalid: It was necessary

      In a migrant camp in Slovenia, Khalid, from Eritrea, said he had been deported back to Bosnia eight times.

      “I came to Ljubljana by walk,” he said.

      “[Croatian police] deported me eight times – four times to [Velika Kladusa] and four times to Bihac. They beat us, and they take [our] phones. They make many things.”

      Though he personally had not faced violence, Khalid said he knew of many others who had.

      “All the people now, they forget everything because they crossed the borders and also we have to tell them sorry, we cross your country… It was necessary to do it.”

      Activist: ‘It’s worse and worse’

      Diego Menjibar, an activist with No Name Kitchen, told BIRN:

      “They are beaten by batons in borders. Also, with fist, kicking them. We have a lot of cases every week of people beaten with batons, with physical violence, also verbal violence and some of them, they also passed out while they [were] beat, so we have a doctor here.”

      Menjibar spoke in a disused factory in Sid that is now filled with tents for migrants and refugees. Roughly 100 pass through the camp each day.

      “We talk with the people in the squat and we listen what they say and every time it’s worse and worse,” he said.

      Beaten around the legs

      In April, Swiss broadcaster SRF and the crew of the TV programme “Rundschau” spent three weeks in the fields on the Bosnian-Croatian border speaking to migrants and refugees in the moment after they were turned back by Croatian police.

      “I was literally running after these people when they came down [after being deported],” SRF journalist Nicole Vögele told BIRN. “I was aware that now what we really need is a full line of evidence.”

      In May, SRF broadcast a piece showing Croatian police pushing back migrants and refugees into Bosnia. Vögele said many sustained injuries to their legs from being beaten by police with sticks.

      “Most of them were showing me the [lower] parts of the legs,” Vögele said. “Two days later, I asked them if they have same traces because just an hour after the beating, as you can imagine you can see a bit of red. But two days later it is clearly visible.”

      In the SRF report, an Afghan family, including small children, spoke of bring stopped in the forest by Croatian policemen.

      “They pointed their guns at us and said ‘Stop’. We were very scared and cried,” said the oldest of the children. When the family asked for asylum, the police officers laughed and said that they would be given “Bosnian asylum” – meaning that they would be deported back to Bosnia.

      Injuries

      The Serbian-based NGO Asylum Protection Centre has also gathered extensive evidence of Croatian police brutality.

      In late April, Rados Djurovic, the director of the centre, said instances of violence were on the rise.

      The NGO has also gathered evidence of migrant families, including children, being starved and exhausted and illegally pushed back into Serbia by Hungarian police.

      Police denial

      The office of the Croatian ombudsperson said it had acted in more than 50 cases concerning refugees and migrants.

      The cases “often involve complaints on various grounds, including police treatment,” the office said in a written reply to BIRN.

      Most complaints concerned Croatian and Hungarian police.

      “The complaints relate to various types of violence, from hits by hands and sticks to the bite of official dogs,” the office said.

      The local health centre in Bihac, in northwestern Bosnia, said it saw up to 10 cases of violent injuries each month, “but injuries are done by various subjects, i.e. the internal conflicts of migrants, third parties and / or police”.

      Croatia’s interior ministry said it had looked into all complaints of alleged coercive measures against migrants and that none had warranted further criminal investigation.

      “In all these cases, detailed field inspections were carried out in police administrations, and so far in none of the cases have been found that police officers are using forced means against migrants,” it told BIRN.

      The ministry stressed its respect for the fundamental rights and dignity of migrants and that it used “prescribed procedure for returning to the country from which they illegally entered into the Republic of Croatia.”

      “Migrants are most often falsely accusing police officers of violence, expecting such accusations will help them with a new attempt to enter the Republic of Croatia and continue their journey towards the destination countries,” it said.

      In Bosnia, a police spokesman in the Una-Sana canton, where Bihac is located, said police had not received any complaints of violence against migrants and refugees by Bosnian police.

      https://balkaninsight.com/2019/06/13/nobody-hears-you-migrants-refugees-beaten-on-balkan-borders

  • Liste sur les morts aux #frontières des #Alpes

    Première décompte des morts, à ma connaissance, celui de Médecins Sans Frontières, dans un rapport de 2018 :
    https://fuoricampo.medicisenzafrontiere.it/Fuoricampo2018.pdf
    A la page 17, on peut lire : plus de 20 cadavres retrouvés aux frontières alpines, dont 15 entre l’Italie et la France

    Article paru dans La Repubblica le 22 février 2019 :
    I volontari francesi : in un anno 30 migranti morti nel tentativo di attraversare le Alpi

    Bilancio denuncia:al confine di Claviere è caccia all’uomo, 7mila respinti nel 2018.

    La frontiera franco–italiana, dove ogni giorno i migranti cercano di lasciare l’Italia, diretti in Francia, è “un confine sotto controllo militare dove è in corso una caccia all’uomo” e dove sono stati trovati una trentina di cadaveri nell’ultimo anno.
    E’ l’analisi durissima presentata ieri a Parigi dall’Anafè, l’associazione nazionale di assistenza agli stranieri sulle frontiere, un’associazione a cui aderiscono una ventina di enti, molti sono gruppi di giuristi e avvocati. Per un anno i volontari dell’Anafé hanno analizzato quello che succede nella regione delle Hautes-Alpes, al Monginevro e al Colle della Scala, e sulla frontiera di Ventimiglia, denunciando “le pratiche illegali dell’amministrazione francese”.

    Il risultato è un rapporto intitolato “#Persona_non_grata. Conseguenze delle politiche migratorie e di sicurezza (https://drive.google.com/file/d/15HEFqA01_aSkKgw05g_vfrcP1SpmDAtV/view)” che mette sotto la lente di ingrandimento - osservando la scena dal lato francese - la militarizzazione della frontiera e le violazioni dei diritti durante i controlli della Paf, la polizia di frontiera francese. L’Anafé solleva dubbi sulle procedure con cui i migranti vengono fermati quando sono individuati. “Vengono suddivisi e selezionati in base a segni esterni come il colore della pelle, l’odore e l’abbigliamento – e aggiungono - Dal 2015 la polizia di frontiera ha emesso rifiuti di ingresso in Francia senza rispettare la legge”.

    Ogni migrante, infatti, avrebbe diritto ad un’esame approfondito della sua situazione con l’aiuto di un interprete, ma al Monginevro molti vengono rimandati verso l’Italia dopo poche ore e, sostiene chi ha redatto il documento, senza la necessaria assistenza. Succede anche con i minori non accompagnati che, per legge, dovrebbero essere accolti. I volontari hanno raccolto la storia di un ragazzino fermato a pochi chilometri da Clavière , il 22 novembre. “La gendarmeria ci ha trovato intorno alle 4 - dice - Eravamo rimasti solo in quattro perché il gruppo si era disperso. Sono svenuto perché ho un problema al cuore e quando mi sono svegliato ho chiesto di essere portato in ospedale ma mi hanno detto che non era possibile. Ricordo che mi hanno fatto scendere dalla macchina al confine e che ho aspettato a lungo al freddo”.

    Nel 2016 i respingimenti al confine con la val di Susa erano stati 316, nel 2017 sono stati 1900. A Modane, nel 2018, sono stati rifiutati oltre 7000 ingressi. “Le persone esiliate - si legge ancora - vengono tenute in condizioni di detenzione deplorevole e senza diritti, senza spazi per dormire, cibo o acqua, contro lo stesso principio di dignità umana”. La procura di Nizza – come riporta il quotidiano Le Monde - ha già aperto un’inchiesta per valutare eventuali abusi della polizia alla frontiera.
    Un ultimo capitolo del documento, che si conclude con una lunga lista di raccomandazioni per garantire i diritti delle persone, è dedicato alla criminalizzazione della solidarietà: la procura di Gap, infatti, ha avviato diversi processi contro persone ritenute responsabili di aver aiutato i migranti. Il 13 dicembre scorso 7 persone erano state condannate dal tribunale e tra queste anche una ragazza torinese.

    https://torino.repubblica.it/cronaca/2019/02/22/news/i_volontari_francesi_trenta_migranti_morti_nel_tentativo_di_attrav

    Quand j’aurai le temps, je chercherais les références des cas antérieures que j’ai répertoriés sur seenthis par le passé...

    #frontière_sud-alpine #montagne #mourir_aux_frontières #asile #migrations #réfugiés #décès #morts #frontières

    J’ajoute à la #métaliste sur la frontière sud-alpine :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/733721

    Voir aussi ces articles consacrés aux morts aux frontières à Vintimille, Brenner et Côme :
    https://openmigration.org/analisi/i-morti-di-confine-a-ventimiglia
    https://openmigration.org/analisi/morire-di-confine-al-brennero
    https://openmigration.org/analisi/morire-di-confine-a-como

    Statistiques telles qu’elles ont été présentées dans une vidéo qui a été publiée le 5 septembre 2017 :


    https://www.ilfattoquotidiano.it/2017/09/05/migranti-quando-capita-a-due-passi-da-te-e-diverso-storia-di-rawda-e-degli-italiani-che-lhanno-restituita-a-sua-figlia/3822631

    Commentaire du rapport Persona non grata par les rédacteurs du rapport, sur les ondes de Radio Parleur :
    La journaliste demande : avez vous des chiffres sur les morts aux frontières ? (minute 4’25)

    « La question des chiffres c’est toujours compliqué, parce qu’on peut avoir une idée de personnes pour lesquelles on en a eu connaissance. Mais il y a forcément des gens qu’on ne peut pas voir et peut-être aussi des personnes qui sont disparues ou qui ont perdu la vie, mais dont on en a pas connaissance. Dans le rapport on parle d’une trentaine, parce qu’il y a eu 22 personnes dont on est sûrs qu’elles sont décédées à la frontière basse. Et à la frontière haute, entre 2017 et 2018 il y a eu 3 décès et une disparition. Et en février, il y a deux semaines, il y a eu un autre décès. Donc on s’approche d’une trentaine, mais on ne peut pas donner de chiffres précis parce qu’il y en a aussi plein pour lesquels on ne sait pas. »

    Source : https://radioparleur.net/2019/03/01/anafe-crise-frontieres-migrations

    Conférence de #Daniela_Trucco : Mise en récit des morts à la frontière franco-italienne des Alpes Maritimes (2015-2018)
    https://seenthis.net/messages/780341

    Article paru dans Le Monde, en juin 2018 :
    Dans les Alpes, la fonte des neiges révèle les corps de migrants morts en tentant de passer en France
    https://seenthis.net/messages/756096#message786236

    ping @reka @isskein