#néolibéralisme #darwinisme #eschatologie #gouvernement #démocracie #efficacité #consentement_fabriqué #adaption #rhétorique_de_la_promesse #hyperspécialisation #psychologie #atomisation #apathie #compétition
#téchnologie_numérique #éducation #philosophie
Though it defies consensus, between 1900 and 2006, campaigns of nonviolent resistance were more than twice as effective as their violent counterparts. Attracting impressive support from citizens that helps separate regimes from their main sources of power, these campaigns have produced remarkable results, even in the contexts of Iran, the Palestinian Territories, the Philippines, and Burma.
Combining statistical analysis with case studies of these specific countries and territories, Erica Chenoweth and Maria J. Stephan detail the factors enabling such campaigns to succeed-and, at times, causing them to fail. They find that #nonviolent_resistance presents fewer obstacles to moral and physical involvement, information and education, and participator commitment. Higher levels of participation then contribute to enhanced resilience, a greater probability of tactical innovation, increased opportunity for #civic_disruption (and therefore less incentive for the regime to maintain the status quo), and shifts in loyalty among opponents’ erstwhile supporters, including members of the military establishment. They find successful nonviolent resistance movements usher in more durable and internally peaceful #democracies, which are less likely to regress into #civil_war. Presenting a rich, evidentiary argument, this book originally and systematically compares violent and nonviolent outcomes in different historical periods and geographical contexts, debunking the myth that violence occurs because of structural and environmental factors and is necessary to achieve certain political goals. Instead, Chenoweth and Stephan find #violent #insurgency is rarely justifiable on strategic grounds.
Un projet très sympa :
Que toute personne majeure, actrice de la société de résidence ait l’opportunité d’exprimer sa voix lors des élections.
Qui sommes-nous ?
Des personnes voulant redonner du sens au débat, au vote.
Nous côtoyons au quotidien de nombreuses personnes n’ayant pas accès au vote et d’autres, désillusionnées, ne sachant quoi faire.
De là est née notre motivation, afin que tou.te.s nos proches et les vôtres puissent prendre part aux débats lors du déjeuner dominical :-)
The Charlie Hebdo Attack And What It Reveals About Society
by Zygmunt Bauman
There were two aspects of the Charlie Hebdo murders that set them apart from the two previous cases:
First: on 7th January 2015 political assassins fixed a highly media-visible specimen of mass media . Knowingly or not, by design or by default, the murderers endorsed – whether explicitly or obliquely – the widespread and fast gathering public sense of effective power moving away from political rulers and towards the centres viewed as responsible for public mind-setting and opinion-making. It was the people engaged in such activities that the assault was meant to point out as culprits to be punished for causing the assassins’ bitterness, rancour and urge of vengeance.
And second: alongside shifting the target to another institutional realm, that of public opinion , the armed assault against Charlie Hebdo was also an act of personalized vendetta (going back to the pattern set by Ayatollah Khomeini in his 1989 Fatva imposed on Salman Rushdie). If the 11 September atrocity chimed in with the then tendency to “depersonalise” political violence (following the pour ainsi dire “democratisation” of violence by mass-media publicity that divided its attention according to the quantity of its – mostly anonymous and incidental – victims, and the volume of spilt blood), the 7th January barbarity crowns the lengthy process of deregulation – indeed the “de-institutionalisation”, individualization and privatisation of the human condition , as well as the perception of public affairs shifting away from the management of established aggregated bodies to the sphere of individual “life politics” . And away from social to individual responsibility.
In our media-dominated information society people employed in constructing and distributing information moved or have been moved to the centre of the scene on which the drama of human coexistence is staged and seen to be played.
Vivre dans la modernité liquide, un entretien avec #Zygmunt_Bauman