Magomedsalam Magomedov’s Mark Twain Moment
Après diverses vicissitudes, dont — bien sûr — des fuites sur Twitter, Vladimir V. Poutine a viré Magomedsalam Magomedalievitch Magomedov, président du Daghestan.
Officiellement, il aurait démissionné mais la version officielle n’a pas l’air encore très stable. Il avait été convoqué au Kremlin, suscitant un mouvement en sa faveur au parlement daghestanais.
Just hours earlier, the majority of Daghestan’s parliament deputies and district administrators had gathered in Makhachkala with the intention of convening an emergency session of parliament and adopting a formal statement affirming their collective support for him. They were dissuaded from doing so by a senior North Caucasus Federal District official who conveyed a personal message from Magomedov asking them not to rock the boat but to trust in Putin’s judgment.
Les raisons de ce limogeage sont tout aussi peu transparentes.
Analysts have suggested two possible explanations for what happened. First, that the decision to dismiss Magomedov was taken by Putin personally, with no input from other political players, and was prompted either by the admittedly volatile situation in Daghestan or by Magomedov’s personnel failings and errors of judgment. “Chernovik” cited an eye-wateringly extravagant New Year’s party in Dubai’s most exclusive hotel and Magomedov’s public rejection of Putin’s proposal to deprive the North Caucasus republics of the right to hold elections for the post of republic head as possible contributing factors.
Second, the initiative originated with one or another of the most influential Moscow-based Daghestani oligarchs, Suleiman Kerimov, or the brothers Ziyaudin and Magomed Magomedov. (They are Avars, and thus not related to Magomedsalam, who is a Dargin. Kerimov is a Lezgin.) Both Kerimov and the Magomedov brothers are believed to bear a grudge against Magomedov.
Entre « fête fastueuse »à Dubaï, expression publique d’un désaccord avec V. V. Poutine ou résultat d’une lutte de clans d’oligarques, que retenir ? On mentionne aussi le peu de résultat contre le terrorisme islamique.
Son successeur par interim, Ramazan Gadzhimuradovich Abdulatipov, un Avar comme les oligarques ennemis de Magomedov, un Darguine, a récemment déclaré dans un entretien que les trois principaux problèmes du Daghestan sont :
In a recent interview, Abdulatipov listed as the three most serious problems Daghestan faces security — meaning the ongoing battle against the Islamic insurgency —, unemployment, and restoring public trust in the authorities.
Ce qui précède vient de RFERL (Radio Free Europe Radio Liberty). Les versions plus « locales » :
Vestnik Kavkaza ▻http://vestnikkavkaza.net/articles/politics/36364.html
Today Vladimir Putin has replaced Dagestani leader Magomedsalam Magomedov with Ramazan Abdulatipov, a member of the United Russia Party and deputy head of the parliamentary committee for federal organization and local autonomies, as the acting leader of Dagestan. Magomedov is appointed the deputy head of the Russian Presidential Administration.
According to the official version, it was Magomedov’s decision to resign. Putin’s press secretary Dmitry Peskov says that the issues which Magomedov will control in the presidential administration will be defined in the nearest future. “At the moment amendments to the current distribution of duties haven’t been made. It will happen in a few days,” Peskov said.
Magomedov’s press secretary Rasul Khaybullayev said this morning that Magomedov was working according to schedule.
Ramzan Abdulatipov was the Minister for National Policy and Vice Premier in the 1990s. He leaked information on Saturday that he would be appointed by Putin. As for whether his new position is temporary or permanent, Vlasov noted: “It depends on unofficial talks between the Kremlin and significant people of Dagestan. I don’t think the appointment will be made without consideration of the internal political situation in the republic. Abdulatipov’s chances to remain at the position of Dagestan’s head are significant. The situation in the republic is complicated, and nobody will appoint aliens to this position.
Pour le Moscow Times ▻http://www.themoscowtimes.com/news/article/putin-ousts-dagestan-leader-magomedov/474660.html l’intéressé se fait une haute idée de ses capacités :
In an interview with Business FM radio Thursday, Abdulatipov talked up his credentials for the leadership post, saying that “few besides me would be able to bring stability to Dagestan.”
(cité également dans le premier article)
Mais son chemin n’est pas pavé de roses :
But a reporter with the independent local newspaper Chernovik suggested that Abdulatipov was unlikely to keep the post for long. “The Kremlin likely settled on Abdulatipov as a transitional candidate known for being old-fashioned and a statist,” the reporter said, requesting anonymity in order to speak freely.
Kisriyev, from the Academy of Sciences, echoed these thoughts, predicting that Abdulatipov would find it hard to garner support and that he would be viewed as an outsider.
“Abdulatipov has never held a political post in Dagestan and never led a large-scale government structure. He has never had to fight for his legitimacy,” Kisriyev said.
“What’s more, he is detached from the clans that have formed in Dagestan over the past 20 years. Officials in Moscow could have thought that someone from outside the clans would have greater freedom to act, but that’s not how it works. These clans determine the politics of the republic.”
Beyond internal difficulties, Kisriyev said, Abdulatipov will have to deal with Kremlin incompetency if he were to win popular backing and effect a tangible improvement in regional security.
“Dagestan’s greatest problem is the incompetence of the country’s leadership in Moscow, which controls the republic with presidential decrees and countless demands,” he said.
“There are huge financial interests at stake and complex ethnic boundaries. If Abdulatipov experiences the same incompetent attitude, he won’t achieve anything.”