La prison parisienne de la Santé rouvre, avec téléphones fixes et brouilleurs
Après quatre ans de travaux, la maison d’arrêt de la Santé, à Paris, accueillera lundi ses premiers détenus, dans des locaux entièrement rénovés et, pour la première fois en France, équipés à la fois de brouilleurs et de téléphones fixes en cellule. L’établissement pourrait atteindre dès la fin 2019 un taux d’occupation de 150%. Source : Actu Orange
Prisons, surpopulations et données disponibles | misc.alphoenix.net
Fin décembre, 123 établissements ou quartiers étaient surpeuplés, et 135 ne l’étaient pas. Mais 46 761 personnes étaient détenues dans un établissement, ou quartier, surpeuplé, contre 24 300 dans un établissement, ou quartier, dont la densité est inférieure ou égale à 100%. Parmi ces 46 761 personnes, 21 997 étaient dans un établissement où la densité était supérieure à 150%.
ET SURTOUT LA SANTÉ ! Contre toutes les prisons, même repeintes : manif samedi…
Brèves : Nouvel an et feux d’artifices devant les prisons ; évasion à Fresnes ; réouverture de la Santé
Textes : Communiqués des CRA de Vincennes et de Mesnil-Amelot
Appel : Grèves de la faim dans plusieurs CRA : appels de Mesnil Amelot, Oissel (Rouen) et Vincennes
Comparison of Sales Income and Research and Development Costs for FDA-Approved Cancer Drugs Sold by Originator Drug Companies. | Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacology | JAMA Network Open | JAMA Network
Findings In this observational study of 99 cancer drugs approved by the FDA from 1989 to 2017, the median income return by the end of 2017 was found to be $14.50 (range, $3.30-$55.10) for every $1 research and development spending. Many drugs, particularly biologics, continued to generate high-sales incomes for the originator companies after expiry of patents and exclusive marketing rights.
Global Debt Database - IMF
The Global Debt Database (GDD) is the result of a multiyear investigative process that started with the October 2016 Fiscal Monitor. The dataset comprises total gross debt of the (private and public) nonfinancial sector for an unbalanced panel of 190 advanced economies, emerging market economies and low-income countries, dating back to 1950.
A Database of Fugitive Slave Ads Reveals Thousands of Untold Resistance Stories
Readers of the May 24, 1796 Pennsylvania Gazette found an advertisement offering ten dollars to any person who would apprehend Oney Judge, an enslaved woman who had fled from President George Washington’s Virginia plantation, Mount Vernon. The notice described her in detail as a “light mulatto girl, much freckled, with very black eyes and bushy black hair,” as well as her skills at mending clothes, and that she “may attempt to escape by water … it is probable she will attempt to pass as a free woman, and has, it is said, wherewithal to pay her passage.” She did indeed board a ship called the Nancy and made it to New Hampshire, where she later married a free black sailor, although she was herself never freed by the Washingtons and remained a fugitive.
The advertisement is one of thousands that were printed in newspapers during colonial and pre-Civil War slavery in the United States. The Freedom on the Move (FOTM) public database project, now being developed at Cornell University, is the first major digital database to organize together North American fugitive slave ads from regional, state, and other collections. FOTM recently received its second of its two National Endowment for the Humanities (NEH) digital humanities grants.
“Ironically, in trying to retrieve their property — the people they claimed as things — enslavers left us mounds of evidence about the humanity of the people they bought and sold,” Dr. Mary Niall Mitchell, professor of early American history at the University of New Orleans and one of the three lead historians on FOTM
Black people in N.J. say they’re more likely to be punched, kicked by cops. Now, data backs that up. | NJ.com
How Connected Is Your Community to Everywhere Else in America ?, by Emily Badger and Quoctrung Bui - The New York Times
Basé sur l’article suivant qui publie le #datasource et la #méthodologie :
By law, all clinical trials on the European Union clinical trials register (EUCTR) must report their results, in the registry, within a year of completion. This site tracks which universities and pharmaceutical companies are doing this, and which aren’t.
Pour que les prescriptions hors AMM (#off_label) puissent perdurer, quitte à faire courir de graves dangers aux patients.
GlaxoSmithKline pays $3bn for illegally marketing depression drug | The Independent
GlaxoSmithKline, the UK’s largest drug maker, tricked and bribed doctors into prescribing children with dangerous antidepressants, it was revealed last night.
The company will pay $3bn (£1.9bn) to settle a slew of charges in the US after admitting a multi-year criminal scheme to hide unhelpful scientific evidence, manipulate articles in medical journals and lavish gifts on sympathetic doctors.
The drug at the centre of the scheme, the blockbuster pill Paxil, which is branded Seroxat in Britain, has since been banned for use by children because it can make them suicidal.
What is already known?
An estimated 5 billion people do not have access to basic, safe surgical care.
The proportion of the population that can access, within 2 hours, a health facility with capacity to perform caesarean delivery, laparotomy and treatment of open fracture (the bellwether procedures) is unknown in sub-Saharan Africa.
What are the new findings?
The majority of the population in sub-Saharan Africa resided in areas within 2 hours of a major hospital that could theoretically carry out the bellwether procedures.
The estimated need for surgery in sub-Saharan Africa lies between 257.8 million and 294.7 million people.
The estimated burden in children under 15 years was 115.3 million to 131.8 million and had similar spatial distribution to the all-age pattern.
What do the new findings imply?
Sub-Saharan countries need to overcome barriers of access to safe surgery to reduce negative outcomes such as deaths.
Pathways for Peace : Inclusive Approaches to Preventing Violent Conflict
In 83 Million Eviction Records, a Sweeping and Intimate New Look at Housing in America - The New York Times
Launch Window Diagrams - Casey Handmer
The image (raw data here) shows the delta-v required to get to any given planet, which can be translated into a total payload mass too.
I also factored the Earth to Mars launch windows by orbits that would return to Earth in the event of an aborted landing - which beats indefinite flight in space for a disappointed crew.
Newly released data shows the true extent of industrial fishing. More than 55 percent of the surface of the world’s oceans is fished, with China accounting for vastly more than any other country.
#Violences : Un #enfant sur six vit dans une zone de #guerre - Monde - 24heures.ch
Au moins 357 millions d’enfants, soit un sur six dans le monde, vivent dans des zones de #conflit, soit une augmentation de 75% depuis le début des années 1990. La Syrie, l’Afghanistan et la Somalie comptent parmi les pays les plus dangereux pour les mineurs, écrit Save the Children.
« Nous assistons à une augmentation sidérante du nombre d’enfants qui vivent dans des zones touchées par les conflits et qui sont exposés aux formes les plus graves de violences imaginables », conclut Helle Thorning-Schmidt, directrice de l’ONG et ancienne Première ministre danoise.
I campi fascisti
Lo stato fascista italiano si è avvalso di diversi strumenti e luoghi per imprigionare, segregare e deportare popolazioni straniere, oppositori politici, ebrei, omosessuali e rom. Dai campi di concentramento per i civili sloveni e croati, a quelli dove furono deportati migliaia di eritrei, etiopi e libici, dalle località di internamento per ebrei stranieri, fino ai luoghi di confino per oppositori politici.
Et une très très longue bibliographie :
Accessibility to Cities - MAP
In the present study, we quantify and validate global accessibility to high-density urban centres at a resolution of 1×1 kilometre for 2015, as measured by travel time. The last global mapping effort to measure accessibility was for the year 2000, a time that predates both substantial investment and expansion of transportation infrastructure and an extraordinary improvement in the data quantity and quality of accessibility measures. The game-changing improvement underpinning this work is the first-ever, global-scale synthesis of two leading roads datasets – #OpenStreetMap (OSM) data and #distance-to-roads data derived from the #Google_roads database – which resulted in a nearly five-fold increase in the mapped road area relative to that used to produce the circa 2000 map. A major strength of the new roads data is its inclusion of minor roads (e.g., unpaved rural roads), which comprise a large proportion of roads in many low-resource settings and were largely absent or geographically inaccurate in previous roads databases. As such, the improvements in our accessibility map are most prominent in the areas where quality data are most needed for informing sustainable development policies and actions. To illustrate the far-reaching utility of our 2015 global accessibility map, we conduct exploratory analyses that enumerate geographic and wealth-based inequities in accessibility. We also show that shorter travel times to population centres in low- to middle-income countries is strongly associated with socioeconomic and health indicators (i.e., household wealth, educational attainment, and healthcare utilization), highlighting the vital role of accessibility in the pursuit of sustainable development worldwide. Beyond the socioeconomic and health domains, this work could be used to inform environmental and conservation efforts to balance infrastructure demands with ecosystem preservation.
À noter : “by freely distributing our data and code our design supports the construction of bespoke accessibility maps for specific policy or programmatic priorities (for example, travel time to healthcare facilities, schools, employment centres, or markets)”
List of U.S. Military Bases Abroad, 2017 - David Vine
avec une visualisation ici