#brigands #histoire #résistance #Royaume_du_Piémont-Sardaigne #Cavour #unité_d'Italie #Garibaldi #révolte_populaire #terre #brigandage #oppression #droit_de_propriété #droit_d'usage #terres_domaniales #paysannerie #cadastre #Bronte #Etat-nation #guerilla #Carmine_Crocco #montagne #Apennins #loi_Pica #Pontelandolfo #Giuseppina_Vitale_di_Bisacca #femmes #Michelina_di_Cesare #Galluccio #question_méridionale #manuels_scolaires #mémoire #mythe #brigand-héros
« L’historien anglais Eric J. Hobsbawm écrit au sujet du brigand et du #bandit :
’Il ne commence pas sa carrière de hors-la-loi par un #délit, mais comme #victime d’une #injustice, il redresse les torts, il prend au riche pour donner au pauvre, il ne tue que pour se défendre ou se venger d’une injustice. Il ne se détache jamais entièrement de sa communauté. Souvent il meurt victime de trahison, il n’est pas ennemi du roi, il est invisible et invulnérable, il est admiré et soutenu par ses compagnons’ »
Nunatak, n°4, pp.26-27.
Les néo-paysans : enfin le printemps ?!
Sans bruit, dans l’ombre, ils ont germé, ils ont émergé, petites pousses fragiles et apparemment sans défense dans des environnements peu accueillants...
What land tenure type to support a land-based development in Africa? | Landportal
o talk about land tenure, land rights and security of tenure on land without confusing your readers, listeners or self makes sense for a number of reasons: you will capture the attention of your audience, the participants will learn from you, makes it easier for you to respond to comments or questions, and readers will continue to seek you out on related issues. Read the rest of the blog for an elaboration of the two concepts.
While at the lands office waiting to be served, Pulei finds himself seated between two young men. After a brief exchange of greetings, the young men continue with an argument on land: one says they prefer if all land in the country was subdivided and registered in names of individuals. The other young man objects, asking what would happen to the many people who access land as a group, especially in arid and semi-arid lands. </p><p>Pulei remains quiet; initially he had a mind of moving to a different waiting bench, but the mention of title registration attracts his attention, the issue that has brought him to the lands office, after the local Chief arrived with some young man who said they had a title registered to part of Pulei’s land. Pulei stays put on the bench, wishing that his turn to be served does not come soon, before the two young men complete their argument! For easy follow of the conversation, Pulei mentally allocates names to the two young men; Private and Communal.
Private: Men! There is nothing comparable to having a title to land registered in your name, it is like having a log-book to a car; the car belongs to you, and belonging means that you the owner decides when to give someone a free ride and when to ask them to pay! That is the way I would like to hold my land.
Communal: I now understand the reason you no longer get along with your cousins. Are you trying to tell me that interests on land held by a group are not guided by rules? There are rules which guide users of communal lands and other natural resources. The rules give authority to community members to include and exclude outsiders from resources within their land. Communities have rules to determine who may access resources on their land for free, for pay or in exchange for items they lack. How is that different from what you call ownership?