• Trump’s Baffling Plan to Pillage Syria’s Oil | The New Yorker
    https://www.newyorker.com/news/our-columnists/trumps-baffling-plan-to-pillage-syrias-oil

    “In a major policy flip-flop, the President said that he is not only keeping American forces in Syria to «secure» its oil fields, he is willing to go to war over them. «We may have to fight for the oil. It’s O.K.,» he said. «Maybe somebody else wants the oil, in which case they have a hell of a fight. But there’s massive amounts of oil.» The United States, he added, should be able to take some of Syria’s oil. «What I intend to do, perhaps, is make a deal with an ExxonMobil or one of our great companies to go in there and do it properly,» he said. The goal would be to «spread out the wealth.»”

    #syrie #oil #Trump #EI

  • Al-Baghdadi tué par les Boys US : American got him also : quel impact sur ses katibas au Sahel ? | Aujourd’hui au Faso
    https://www.aujourd8.net/al-baghdadi-tue-par-les-boys-us-american-got-him-also-quel-impact-sur-ses-

    La disparition du grand chef charismatique va ralentir certaines initiatives (...) Mais si l’EI a été décapité, le Sahel n’est pas pour autant sorti de l’auberge, car sur les terres africaines, est tapis un autre parrain du terrorisme qui connaît son métier depuis 30 ans : Iyad Ag Ghaly, maître du GSIM et aller-ego au Sahel d’Al-Baghdadi. Sans oublier la kyrielle d’autres petits katibas, qui s’en donnent à cœur joie pour exister. L’Europe, l’Amérique respirent, l’Afrique un peu aussi avec cette nouvelle, mais pas trop.

    #EI #Daesh #Afrique

  • Les mystères de l’élimination du chef de Daech
    https://www.franceinter.fr/emissions/geopolitique/geopolitique-28-octobre-2019

    L’annonce triomphale, hier par Donald Trump, de l’élimination d’Aboubakr El Bagdadi pose un certain nombre de question. Retenons-en trois. La première interrogation porte sur la cohérence entre cette opération et le chaos des décisions de Donald Trump. La deuxième concerne les retombées de cette opération dans la région. Et la dernière, l’avenir de l’État islamique privé de chef...

    #Daesh #EI #Trump #kurdes #turquie

  • LES NOUVELLES DE NORVÈGE : « UNE VERSION MODÉRÉE DU CRÉATIONNISME AMÉRICAIN »

    La Norvège c’est aussi ça.

    La Norvège est censée être un des pays les plus progressistes du point de vue des idées, des pratiques sociales, de la pensée... Mais c’est sans compter avec les super-riches qui ne savent pas trop quoi faire de leur fric. L’armateur Einar John Rasmussen (81 ans) qui habite à Kristiansand [dans une région réputée être la plus religieuse et conservatrice du pays] a décidé de contribuer à hauteur de 15 millions de couronnes norvégiennes (150 000 euros) au fonctionnment de la toute nouvelle fondation "BioCosmos". Le travail de cette fondation consiste essentiellement à rejeter, discréditer la théorie de l’évolution de Darwin. Selon le journal "Vårt Land" [Notre patrie], BioCosmos fait la promotion d’une théorie très ésotérique et fumeuse - que la fondation appelle "design intelligent". En gros, cette théorie soutient que la nature est si bien organisée, que l’évolution ne s’est pas produite de manière aléatoire, mais résulte d’un système d’ingénierie. Le milliardaire norvégien a estimé que cette théorie est tellement pertinente qu’il faut qu’elle soit enseignée dans toutes les écoles norvégienne, et de fait, à proposé à la fondation 150 000 euros pour produire des livres à distribuer gratuitement dans les écoles. les élu·es accompagnés d’ailleurs de quelques représentants de l’église, se sont scandalisé sur les principes soutenus par BioCosmos et le soutien financier d’Einar Rasmussen. Ils considèrent que c’est une "version modérée du créationnisme américain". Le scientifique religieux Martin Jakobsen du Collège Théologique Ansgar de Kristiansand, interrogé par la NRK, estime que la méthode de la fondation BioCosmos soutenue par Rasmussen est complètement débile : « il veut montrer qu’il n’y a pas de conflit entre la foi et la science, mais ce qu’il fini par faire en discréditant la théorie de l’évolution, c’est de confirmer un préjugé selon lequel les religieux sont sceptiques à l’égard de la science et des nouvelles connaissances. Quand vous vous voulez savoir comment fonctionne la nature, vous devriez le demander à un naturaliste. Et si vous vous demandez comment fonctionne Dieu, vous pouvez parler à un théologien. »

    Que les riches essayent de s’insérer dans le système pédagogique n’est pas nouveau en Norvège. Les climatosceptiques, les extrémistes religieux et certaines sectes "attaquent" régulièrement le système scolaire, heureusement avec assez peu de succès.

    Skipsreder Einar Rasmussen blar opp for å motbevise Darwins teori – NRK Sørlandet – Lokale nyheter, TV og radio

    https://www.nrk.no/sorlandet/skipsreder-einar-rasmussen-blar-opp-for-a-motbevise-darwins-teori-1.14754033

    Det er skipsreder Einar John Rasmussen (81) fra Kristiansand som bidrar med 15 millioner kroner til den nyopprettede stiftelsen BioCosmos.

    Målet med stiftelsen er å avvise Darwins evolusjonsteori. Ifølge Vårt Land, som først omtalte saken, skal BioCosmos spre teorien om « intelligent design ».

    #norvège

  • H-1B visa: Uber ramps up foreign-worker use amid big layoffs
    http://www.mercurynews.com/h-1b-uber-snatches-up-more-foreign-worker-visas-as-it-lays-off-hundreds
    San Francisco firm says it’s not replacing U.S. workers with H-1Bs


    MAY 10: Uber CEO Dara Khosrowshahi (center) joins other employees in ringing the Opening Bell at the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) as the ride-hailing company Uber makes its highly anticipated initial public offering (IPO) on May 10, 2019 in New York City.

    Das hier zum Thema wie Immigration Auswirkungen auf vorhandene Arbeitsplätze hat. Bei Uber in den USA trifft es hochqualifizierte Ingenieure, die durch billig importierte Arbeitskräfte ersetzt werden. In Deutschland wird die Taxibranche durch den Einsatz von neuen Immigranten bei den Mietwagenfirmen ruiniert. Die Neuen haben vielleicht gerade einen Führerschein, wissen aber nichts vom Mindestlohn und anderen Gesetzen zu ihrem Schutz. Das ermöglicht den Mietwagenabietern, die schon illegal niedrige Bezahlung der Taxifahrer noch zu unterbieten und der Taxibranche einen weiteren Tritt in den Unterleib zu versetzen.

    Uber has doubled the number of government approvals it has received to hire foreign workers through the controversial H-1B visa this year, while laying off hundreds of skilled employees, state and federal data show.

    The San Francisco ride-hailing giant revealed in a California employment-department filing this month that it is laying off nearly 400 workers at its offices in the city and in Palo Alto. The filing showed software engineers at the firm were the hardest hit, with more than 125 people cut loose.

    Meanwhile, Uber this year received federal government approval for 299 new H-1B visas — work permits intended for jobs requiring specialized skills — compared with 152 in 2018 and 158 in 2017, according to data from U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services. It is unclear whether Uber plans to use all those visas or when new H-1B workers might be brought on. The visas typically cost thousands of dollars each to obtain.

    The maneuvers raise questions about whether the Bay Area company is moving to replace U.S. workers with cheaper foreign labor as it struggles to please Wall Street months after its much-hyped IPO.

    “When they’re laying off, they shouldn’t be using H-1Bs at all, or maybe sparingly at best,” said Ron Hira, a Howard University professor who studies the use of the visa by companies. “It runs totally contrary to the intent of the H-1B program.”

    Uber declined to answer questions in any detail about its increasing pursuit of H-1B workers at a time of significant layoffs, but a company spokesman said, “Any implication that these restructurings were done in order to replace U.S. workers with H-1B workers is simply not true.” Uber declined to say if H-1B workers were among those laid off.

    The H-1B has become a flashpoint in America’s debate over immigration. The U.S. Department of Labor specifies that the visa is intended to authorize temporary foreign labor when employers can’t otherwise obtain “needed business skills and abilities” in the U.S. workforce. Major Silicon Valley technology firms have lobbied to increase the annual 85,000 cap on new H-1B visas, arguing that they need more of them to secure the world’s top talent.

    Critics have pointed to reported abuses by outsourcing firms — including replacement of U.S. workers by H-1B holders at UC San Francisco and Disney — and contend that outsourcers, along with the tech giants, use the visas to supplant U.S. workers, cut labor costs and drive down wages.

    This year, Uber has submitted thousands of preliminary applications for more H-1B workers, two-thirds of them for software engineer jobs.

    Uber’s Sept. 10 filing with California’s employment regulator showed that it had laid off 88 workers from its San Francisco offices in August, and this month would lay off 238 more in San Francisco and 82 in its Palo Alto offices. Of the more than 125 software engineers losing jobs, more than 60 were senior software engineers, according to the filing. This week, the company said it had laid off 350 workers but declined to specify to this news organization which job types or office locations were affected.

    The layoffs in Palo Alto and San Francisco hit job types that Uber, according to the applications, is seeking to fill with foreign workers. In the first three quarters of this year, Uber filed about 1,800 preliminary applications to the Labor Department for H-1B visas for new software engineer jobs and about 1,500 for new senior software engineer jobs. The applications, filed with the U.S. Department of Labor, are a first step toward obtaining new or renewed visas, but don’t represent the number of positions to be filled.

    Immigration policy analyst David Bier of the Cato Institute, a libertarian think tank, didn’t see evidence of H-1B abuse by Uber in its increased visa approvals and efforts to obtain more.

    “The software engineer market, it’s so saturated with H-1Bs that some of the people who are laid off are almost inevitably H-1Bs and some of the people that are being hired are inevitably H-1Bs,” Bier said. “I don’t read into it anything like this is obviously job displacement.”

    But Hira questioned why many of Uber’s applications listed the same wage level for “senior” and non-senior software engineers. He also said many of the software engineer jobs could bring lower pay than the Bay Area’s prevailing wages.

    Uber’s applications put nearly half the senior software engineer positions at the Labor Department’s “Level 2” wages, the same level it listed for more than half of the non-senior jobs: a minimum $109,242 for employment in Palo Alto and $121,077 in San Francisco.

    But the Labor Department says that a Level 3 wage should be considered for jobs with the word “senior” in the title, Hira noted. The Labor Department’s Level 3 wage for software engineers is $132,184 in Palo Alto and $147,597 in San Francisco.

    “It makes no sense that you would have a senior software engineer and a software engineer being paid at the same wage level,” Hira said.”That runs contrary to the whole point of having wage levels.”

    Hira said that applying for visas using a lower-level salary classification helps companies save money. Obtaining foreign workers at Level 2 wages allows companies to pay about 20 percent less than the average wage for their job and location, Hira said.

    “Mis-classification is very common,” Hira said. “That’s why the tech industry loves the (H-1B) program. They get to choose. There’s no check on who’s actually filling that position.”

    But an Uber spokesperson said the company takes wage obligations seriously.
    “It is our policy and practice to make these classification determinations carefully according to Department of Labor guidelines, based on the duties, knowledge, and skills that are required to perform the role,” the spokesperson said.

    Bier, of the Cato Institute, said Uber’s applications show relatively high wages. “I don’t think it’s obviously out of line with what companies are paying,” he said. “They’re certainly providing good compensation — the average H-1B is well below $100,000.”

    But Kevin Lynn, executive director of Progressives for Immigration Reform, which opposes large-scale use of foreign workers, said that although the U.S. needs skilled non-citizens in its workforce, the H-1B visa ties its holders too tightly to their employers. “This is ultimately what American companies strive for,” he said. “They want a quiescent workforce that is inexpensive and expendable.”

    Staff writer George Avalos contributed to this report.

    #Uber #USA #Arbeit #Einwanderung

  • « Les Kurdes nous ont dit "sortez, courez !" » : le témoignage de djihadistes françaises

    Prises sous le feu de l’armée turque, les forces kurdes ouvrent les portes des camps de #prisonniers #djihadistes. Témoignages recueillis par deux journalistes qui les avaient suivies dans le cadre d’un livre.

    Dix Françaises, membres de l’organisation Etat islamique (EI), sont libres en Syrie, après avoir pu sortir du camp d’Aïn Issa, à 50 km au nord de Raqqa. Selon nos informations, les forces kurdes, qui les détenaient, ne pouvaient plus les garder.

    Ces dix Françaises et leurs 25 enfants ont été sortis du camp, dimanche 13 octobre au matin, alors que l’armée turque prenait pour cible Aïn Issa, ville sous contrôle kurde dans le nord de la #Syrie. Dans l’incapacité de gérer ces centaines de femmes djihadistes étrangères retenues dans cette prison, les gardes kurdes ont quitté les lieux, les laissant libres.

    Comme les autres, les dix Françaises sont donc sorties dans la précipitation avec leurs enfants. Toutes sont connues des services de renseignement et sont sous le coup d’un mandat international pour avoir rejoint #Daech.

    http://www.leparisien.fr/international/en-syrie-les-kurdes-laissent-s-echapper-des-djihadistes-francaises-14-10-
    #femmes #camps #Kurdistan #EI #ISIS #Etat_islamique #prison #Aïn_Issa #France #françaises #fuite

  • British orphans found trapped in Syria IS camp

    The war in Syria has been reignited on new fronts by Turkey’s incursion into the north east of the country.

    In camps across the regions are thousands of terrified children whose parents supported the Islamic State group, but most of their countries don’t want them home.

    In one camp, the BBC has discovered three children, believed to be from London, whose parents joined IS five years ago, and were subsequently killed in the fighting.

    The children - Amira, Heba and Hamza - are stranded, in danger and they want to come home.

    https://www.bbc.com/news/av/world-middle-east-50030567/british-orphans-found-trapped-in-syria-is-camp
    #enfants #enfance #ISIS #EI #Etat_islamique #camps #orphelins #Syrie #conflit #guerre #combattants_étrangers

    • Gli svizzeri della Jihad

      Chi sono gli jihadisti elvetici, di che reti facevano parte e cosa li ha spinti a partire? Da Winterthur a Ginevra, dai palazzi popolari ai quartieri borghesi, siamo andati a cercare i giovani che si sono uniti all’ISIS.

      Sono svizzeri e sono partiti per fare la jihad. Molti di loro hanno combattuto per lo stato islamico, altri sono entrati in contatto con gli attentatori che hanno colpito l’Europa. Sono stati catturati in Siria e adesso si trovano nelle prigioni nel nord del paese.Con loro ci sono donne e bambini. Per ora nessun tribunale sta giudicando i loro crimini, tutti quanti sono in attesa che i rispettivi paesi d’origine decidano come procedere nei loro confronti. Uno stallo che sembra però sbloccarsi: secondo alcune indiscrezioni Berna starebbe considerando l’ipotesi di far rientrare le donne e i bambini.Una squadra di Falò è stata nei campi di prigionia che ospitano donne e bambini dell’ISIS; tendopoli al collasso in cui l’ideologia radicale sta risorgendo. Ma ci sono anche svizzeri che hanno fatto parte dello Stato Islamico e sono già rientrati in Svizzera.Chi sono questi jihadisti elvetici, di che reti facevano parte e cosa li ha spinti a partire? Da Winterthur a Ginevra, dai palazzi popolari ai quartieri borghesi, siamo andati a cercare i giovani che si sono uniti all’ISIS. Alcuni si dicono pentiti, altri sembrano aver mantenuto dei legami con gli ambienti radicalizzati. A che punto stanno i processi nei loro confronti? Chi si occupa di sorvegliare le loro attività? Quanto pericolosi li dobbiamo considerare?

      https://www.rsi.ch/play/tv/falo/video/gli-svizzeri-della-jihad----------?id=12256843
      #documentaire #film #suisse #femmes #al-Hol #camps_de_réfugiés #détention #prison

    • UK special forces may help British orphans escape Syria

      Home Office reverses stance and says it will consider repatriating children in camps.
      https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/d0a1d88ba6202391e12730afd5aac7dc8694af18/0_235_5616_3370/master/5616.jpg?width=620&quality=85&auto=format&fit=max&s=204f73a9482a4debc42258

      Britain will consider repatriating orphans and unaccompanied children in north-east Syria if they are alerted to their presence by local military or aid agencies.

      Home Office officials said the UK would assist British orphans trapped in Syria after the Turkish invasion, reversing a previous policy that children had to be taken out of the country before they might get any help.

      Officials would not say exactly how children might be extracted from the country, implying that SAS or other special forces, still understood to be based in the region, could be involved in the repatriations.

      They said children thought to be British would be assessed on a case-by-case basis once removed from Syria and only orphans and unaccompanied children would be eligible to be brought back to the UK.

      The shift in policy comes after a BBC reporting team found three English-speaking orphans aged 10 or under in a Syria camp over the weekend. The children are believed to have been taken by their parents to live under Islamic State five years ago.

      The eldest, Amira, 10, told the film crew that their parents and other immediate adult family members were killed in an air assault on Baghouz, the last Isis stronghold, which fell in March, and she wanted to return to the UK.

      Save the Children, one of the few charities operating in north-east Syria, said the Home Office developments were a step in the right direction but more detail was required.

      “For this to translate into a real change of policy, we need to know that the government is working on how to bring all British children to the UK while we still can, not just those featured in the media,” the charity said.

      It is not clear how many British unaccompanied children remain in the crowded refugee camps in the Kurdish region of Syria. Some unofficial estimates put the figure at around 30.

      Any child born to a Briton – whether inside or outside the UK – is a British citizen. Before the Turkish invasion the government had said it was too risky to try to attempt any rescue children with a legitimate claim.

      When Shamima Begum was deprived of her UK citizenship in February, the British government said her infant son was still British. After the child died at a Syrian refugee camp at the age of three weeks, Jeremy Hunt, then foreign secretary, said it had been too dangerous for British officials to attempt to a rescue.

      Opposition MPs questioned whether the change in stance would lead to more orphaned children getting help. Stephen Gethins, the SNP’s foreign affairs spokesman, said: “We know the UK government’s record on resettling refugees and vulnerable people leaves a lot to be desired. Beyond the rhetoric there is very little substance from the UK government.”

      On Tuesday the foreign secretary, Dominic Raab, had hinted at a change of policy when, during an urgent debate on the Syrian crisis, he said: “We are looking at whether orphans and unaccompanied minors who bear UK nationality can be given safe passage to return to the UK.”

      Further details were spelled out on Wednesday by the Home Office, which has been leading on repatriations from Syria.

      The government does not want former Isis fighters and adult supporters to return to the UK, although around 450 are thought to have previously done so, and it is suggesting they could be put on trial in the region.

      https://www.theguardian.com/politics/2019/oct/16/uk-shifts-stance-on-helping-british-orphans-escape-syria?CMP=Share_iOSA
      #orphelins #rapatriement

  • Syria-Turkey briefing: The fallout of an invasion for civilians

    Humanitarians are warning that a Turkish invasion in northeast Syria could force hundreds of thousands of people to flee their homes, as confusion reigns over its possible timing, scope, and consequences.

    Panos Moumtzis, the UN’s regional humanitarian coordinator for Syria, told reporters in Geneva on Monday that any military operation must guard against causing further displacement. “We are hoping for the best but preparing for the worst,” he said, noting that an estimated 1.7 million people live in the country’s northeast.

    Some residents close to the Syria-Turkey border are already leaving, one aid worker familiar with the situation on the ground told The New Humanitarian. Most are staying with relatives in nearby villages for the time-being, said the aid worker, who asked to remain anonymous in order to continue their work.

    The number of people who have left their homes so far remains relatively small, the aid worker said, but added: “If there is an incursion, people will leave.”

    The International Rescue Committee said “a military offensive could immediately displace at least 300,000 people”, but analysts TNH spoke to cautioned that the actual number would depend on Turkey’s plans, which remain a major unknown.

    As the diplomatic and security communities struggle to get a handle on what’s next, the same goes for humanitarians in northeastern Syria – and the communities they are trying to serve.

    Here’s what we know, and what we don’t:
    What just happened?

    Late on Sunday night, the White House said that following a phone call with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, “Turkey will soon be moving forward with its long-planned operation into Northern Syria,” adding that US soldiers would not be part of the move, and “will no longer be in the immediate area”.

    The Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) – the Syrian-Kurdish-led militia that until now had been supported by the United States and played a major role in wresting territory back from the so-called Islamic State (IS) group in Syria – vowed to stand its ground in the northeast.

    An SDF spokesperson tweeted that the group “will not hesitate to turn any unprovoked attack by Turkey into an all-out war on the entire border to DEFEND ourselves and our people”.

    Leading Republicans in the US Congress criticised President Donald Trump’s decision, saying it represents an abandonment of Kurdish allies in Syria, and the Pentagon appeared both caught off-guard and opposed to a Turkish incursion.

    Since then, Trump has tweeted extensively on the subject, threatening to “totally destroy and obliterate the economy of Turkey” if the country does anything he considers to be “off limits”.

    On the ground, US troops have moved out of two key observation posts on the Turkey-Syria border, in relatively small numbers: estimates range from 50 to 150 of the total who would have been shifted, out of around 1,000 US soldiers in the country.
    What is Turkey doing?

    Erdogan has long had his sights on a “safe zone” inside Syria, which he has said could eventually become home to as many as three million Syrian refugees, currently in Turkey.

    Turkish Interior Minister Süleyman Soylu said in August that only 17 percent of Turkey’s estimated 3.6 million Syrian refugees come from the northeast of the country, which is administered by the SDF and its political wing.

    Turkish and US forces began joint patrols of a small stretch of the border early last month. While Turkey began calling the area a “safe zone”, the United States referred to it as a “security mechanism”. The terms of the deal were either never made public or not hammered out.

    In addition to any desire to resettle refugees, which might only be a secondary motive, Turkey wants control of northeast Syria to rein in the power of the SDF, which it considers to be a terrorist organisation.

    One of the SDF’s main constituent parts are People’s Defense Units – known by their Kurdish acronym YPG.

    The YPG are an offshoot of the Kurdistan Workers’ Party, or PKK – a Turkey-based Kurdish separatist organisation that has conducted an insurgency against the Turkish government for decades, leading to a bloody crackdown.

    While rebels fight for the northwest, and Russian-backed Syrian government forces control most of the rest of Syria, the SDF currently rules over almost all of Hassakeh province, most of Raqqa and Deir Ezzor provinces, and a small part of Aleppo province.
    How many civilians are at risk?

    There has not been a census in Syria for years, and numbers shift quickly as people flee different pockets of conflict. This makes estimating the number of civilians in northeast Syria very difficult.

    The IRC said in its statement it is “deeply concerned about the lives and livelihoods of the two million civilians in northeast Syria”; Moumtzis mentioned 1.7 million people; and Save the Children said “there are 1.65 million people in need of humanitarian assistance in this area, including more than 650,000 displaced by war”.

    Of those who have had to leave their homes in Raqqa, Deir Ezzor, and Hassakeh, only 100,000 are living in camps, according to figures from the International Committee of the Red Cross. Others rent houses or apartments, and some live in unfinished buildings or tents.

    “While many commentators are rightly focusing on the security implications of this policy reversal, the humanitarian implications will be equally enormous,” said Jeremy Konyndyk, senior policy fellow at the Center for Global Development, and a former high-ranking Obama administration aid official.

    “All across Northern Syria, hundreds of thousands of displaced and conflict-affected people who survived the horrors of the… [IS] era will now face the risk of new violence between Turkish and SDF forces.”
    Who will be first in the firing line?

    It’s unlikely all of northeast Syria would be impacted by a Turkish invasion right away, given that so far the United States has only moved its troops away from two border posts, at Tel Abyad (Kurdish name: Gire Spi), and roughly 100 kilometres to the east, at Ras al-Ayn (Kurdish name: Serê Kaniyê).

    Depending on how far into Syria one is counting, aid workers estimate there are between 52,000 to 68,000 people in this 100-kilometre strip, including the towns of Tel Abyad and Ras al-Ayn themselves. The aid worker in northeast Syria told TNH that if there is an offensive, these people are more likely, at least initially, to stay with family or friends in nearby villages than to end up in camps.

    The aid worker added that while humanitarian operations from more than 70 NGOs are ongoing across the northeast, including in places like Tel Abyad, some locals are avoiding the town itself and, in general, people are “extremely worried”.
    What will happen to al-Hol camp?

    The fate of the rest of northeast Syria’s population may also be at risk.

    Trump tweeted on Monday that the Kurds “must, with Europe and others, watch over the captured ISIS fighters and families”.

    The SDF currently administers al-Hol, a tense camp of more than 68,000 people – mostly women and children – deep in Hassakeh province, where the World Health Organisation recently said people are living “in harsh and deplorable conditions, with limited access to quality basic services, sub-optimal environment and concerns of insecurity.”

    Many of the residents of al-Hol stayed with IS through its last days in Syria, and the camp holds both these supporters and people who fled the group earlier on.

    Last week, Médecins Sans Frontières said security forces shot at women protesting in a part of the camp known as “the annex”, which holds around 10,000 who are not Syrian or Iraqi.

    The SDF also holds more than 10,000 IS detainees in other prisons, and the possible release of these people – plus those at al-Hol – may become a useful bargaining chip for the Kurdish-led group.

    On Monday, an SDF commander said guarding the prisoners had become a “second priority” in the wake of a possible Turkish offensive.

    “All their families are located in the border area,” General Mazloum Kobani Abdi told NBC News of the SDF fighters who had been guarding the prisoners. “So they are forced to defend their families.”

    https://www.thenewhumanitarian.org/news/2019/10/08/syria-turkey-briefing-fallout-invasion-civilians
    #Syrie #Turquie #guerre #conflit #civiles #invasion #al-Hol #Kurdistan #Kurdes #camps #camps_de_réfugiés
    ping @isskein

    • Il faut stopper Erdogan

      Les Kurdes de Syrie ont commencé à payer le prix de la trahison de l’Occident. Une pluie de bombes s’est abattue mercredi après-midi sur les villes frontière, précédant de peu une offensive terrestre de l’armée turque et de ses alliés islamistes de Syrie. Le macabre décompte des victimes peut débuter. On imagine l’effroi qui a saisi les habitants du #Rojava déjà durement éprouvés par plusieurs années de guerre contre les djihadistes.

      Le tweet dominical de Donald Trump avait annoncé la trahison ultime des Etats-Unis. Mais l’offensive turque répond à une logique plus profonde. A force de voir l’Union européenne lui manger dans la main, à force de jouer sans trop de heurts la balance géopolitique entre Moscou et Washington au gré de l’opportunisme des deux grandes puissances, Recep Tayyip Erdogan a des raisons de se sentir intouchable. Lorsqu’en 2015 et 2016, il faisait massacrer sa propre population dans les villes kurdes de Cizre, Nusaybin, Silopi ou Sur, le silence était de plomb.

      L’offensive débutée hier, le sultan l’annonce de longue date, sans provoquer de réaction ferme des Européens. La girouette Trump a bon dos : en matière d’allégeance à Ankara, les Européens sont autrement plus constants.

      Il faudra pourtant stopper Erdogan. Laisser le #Kurdistan_syrien tomber aux mains des milices islamistes et de l’armée turque reviendrait à cautionner un crime impardonnable. A abandonner des centaines de milliers de civils, dont de très nombreux réfugiés, et des milliers de combattants de la liberté à leurs bourreaux. Ce serait également la certitude d’une guerre de longue durée entre la Turquie et sa propre minorité kurde, environ un cinquième de sa population.

      Plusieurs pays européens ont réclamé une réunion du Conseil de sécurité de l’ONU. Le signe d’un sursaut ? L’espoir d’un cessez-le-feu rapide ? Ou des jérémiades d’arrière-garde, qui cesseront dès que la Turquie aura atteint ses objectifs ?

      Comme souvent, la superpuissance étasunienne détient les cartes maîtresses. Et Donald Trump n’en est pas à son premier virage intempestif. S’il a donné son feu vert à Erdogan, le républicain se retrouve coincé entre les interventionnistes et les isolationnistes de son propre parti. Hier, le premier camp s’indignait bruyamment. Exerçant une pression redoutable pour un président déjà affaibli par le dossier ukrainien.

      Il faudra qu’elle pèse aussi sur les dirigeants européens. La solidarité avec le Rojava doit devenir une priorité du mouvement social et des consciences.

      https://lecourrier.ch/2019/10/09/il-faut-stopper-erdogan

    • #Al-Hol detainees attack guards and start fires as Turkish assault begins

      Camp holding thousands of Islamic State suspects thrown into ’chaos’, says Kurdish official

      The Turkish assault on northeast Syria has prompted Islamic State group-affiliated women and youth in al-Hol’s camp to attack guards and start fires, a Kurdish official told Middle East Eye.

      Kurdish-held northeastern Syria has been on high alert since the United States announced on Sunday it would leave the area in anticipation of a Turkish offensive.

      Over the three days since the US announcement, chaos has broken out in the teeming al-Hol camp, Mahmoud Kro, an official that oversees internment camps in the Kurdish-run autonomous area, told MEE.

      Some 60,000 people suspected of being affiliated or linked to the Islamic State (IS) group, the majority women and children, are being held in the camp.

      “There are attacks on guards and camp management, in addition to burning tents and preparing explosive devices,” Kro told MEE from Qamishli.

      The status of al-Hol’s detainees has been a major concern since Turkey began making more threats to invade northeast Syria this year.

      In the phone call between Recep Tayyip Erdogan and Donald Trump on Sunday that precipitated the United States’ pullout, the US president pressed his Turkish counterpart on the fate of foreign IS suspects in Kurdish custody, MEE revealed.
      ‘Targeting our existence as Kurds’

      Turkey launched its assault on northeastern Syria on Wednesday alongside its Syrian rebel allies, aiming, it says, to push the Kurdish YPG militia at least 32km from the border.

      Ankara views the YPG as an extension of the outlawed PKK militant group.

      However, the YPG is a leading component of the Syrian Democratic Forces (SDF) militia, which has been Washington’s principal partner on the ground in the fight against IS.

      SDF fighters guard al-Hol, but Kro said the Turkish attack would draw them away to join the battle.

      “Any war in the region will force the present forces guarding the camp to go defend the border,” he said. “This will increase the chance of chaos in the camp.”

      Kro said that the administration in al-Hol has not made any preparations for a war with Turkey because the SDF’s priority is protecting northeast Syria and Kurds.

      “In terms of preparations, our first priority is protecting our region and existence,” he said. “The Turks are targeting our existence as Kurds to the first degree.”

      Some officials from the Syrian Democratic Council (SDC), the political wing of the SDF, agree with Kro’s assessment that the detainees in al-Hol could get out.

      “If fighting breaks out between the SDF and Turkey, security at prisons will relax and prisoners could escape,” Bassam Ishak, the co-chair of the SDC in the US, told MEE ahead of the offensive.

      Meanwhile, SDC spokesman Amjad Osman said, as other Syrian Kurdish officials have, that a Turkish attack on northeast Syria would negatively affect the continuing war on IS in the country.

      “We are committed to fighting terrorism,” he told MEE. “But now our priority is to, first of all, confront the Turkish threats. And this will have a negative effect on our battle against Daesh,” using the Arabic acronym for IS.

      However, Turkey has bristled at the suggestion that the camps and fight against IS will be endangered by Ankara’s offensive.

      “This blackmail reveals the true face of the YPG and demonstrates how it has no intent of fighting against IS,” a Turkish official told MEE.

      Some residents of northeast Syria are already starting to flee. Many fear yet another war in the country that is still dealing with the conflict between government and rebel forces, and lingering IS attacks.

      Osman stopped short of saying the SDF would pack up and leave al-Hol. However, it will be hard for the group to keep holding the Syrian, Iraqi and international detainees during such a war, he said.

      “We are trying as much as possible to continue protecting the camps,” Osman said. “But any attempt to drag us into a military battle with Turkey will have a dangerous impact.”

      https://www.middleeasteye.net/news/al-hol-detainees-attack-guards-and-start-fires-turkish-assault-begins
      #ISIS #Etat_islamique #EI

  • La « consigne » des bouteilles en plastique, cadeau du gouvernement aux industriels | Gaspard d’Allens
    https://reporterre.net/La-consigne-des-bouteilles-en-plastique-cadeau-du-gouvernement-aux-indus

    Dans son projet de loi anti-gaspillage, le gouvernement propose une consigne qui n’aurait pas pour but le réemploi des emballages mais simplement leur recyclage. Une demande des industriels qui permet de donner une image écolo à la bouteille en plastique jetable. Source : Reporterre

  • If world leaders choose to fail us, my generation will never forgive them

    We are in the middle of a climate breakdown, and all they can talk about is money and fairytales of eternal economic growth.

    This is all wrong. I shouldn’t be standing here. I should be back in school on the other side of the ocean. Yet you all come to me for hope? How dare you! You have stolen my dreams and my childhood with your empty words. And yet I’m one of the lucky ones. People are suffering. People are dying. Entire ecosystems are collapsing. We are in the beginning of a mass extinction. And all you can talk about is money and fairytales of eternal economic growth. How dare you!

    For more than 30 years the science has been crystal clear. How dare you continue to look away, and come here saying that you are doing enough, when the politics and solutions needed are still nowhere in sight.

    You say you “hear” us and that you understand the urgency. But no matter how sad and angry I am, I don’t want to believe that. Because if you fully understood the situation and still kept on failing to act, then you would be evil. And I refuse to believe that.

    The popular idea of cutting our emissions in half in 10 years only gives us a 50% chance of staying below 1.5C degrees, and the risk of setting off irreversible chain reactions beyond human control.

    Maybe 50% is acceptable to you. But those numbers don’t include tipping points, most feedback loops, additional warming hidden by toxic air pollution or the aspects of justice and equity. They also rely on my and my children’s generation sucking hundreds of billions of tonnes of your CO2 out of the air with technologies that barely exist. So a 50% risk is simply not acceptable to us – we who have to live with the consequences.

    To have a 67% chance of staying below a 1.5C global temperature rise – the best odds given by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change – the world had 420 gigatonnes of carbon dioxide left to emit back on 1 January 2018. Today that figure is already down to less than 350 gigatonnes. How dare you pretend that this can be solved with business-as-usual and some technical solutions. With today’s emissions levels, that remaining CO2 budget will be entirely gone in less than eight and a half years.

    There will not be any solutions or plans presented in line with these figures today. Because these numbers are too uncomfortable. And you are still not mature enough to tell it like it is.

    You are failing us. But the young people are starting to understand your betrayal. The eyes of all future generations are upon you. And if you choose to fail us I say we will never forgive you. We will not let you get away with this. Right here, right now is where we draw the line. The world is waking up. And change is coming, whether you like it or not.

    https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2019/sep/23/world-leaders-generation-climate-breakdown-greta-thunberg
    #Greta_Thunberg #climat #jeunesse #résistance #croissance #croissance_économique #espoir #discours #collapsologie #effondrement #nouvelle_génération #accusation #responsabilité #technicisme #action

    ping @reka

    • Environnement.À l’ONU, Greta Thunberg s’en prend aux leaders du monde

      Conviée à New York pour s’exprimer lors d’un sommet spécial des Nations unies sur la question du climat, la jeune activiste suédoise s’est lancée dans une allocution enflammée.

      Les paroles utilisées sont fortes et l’image qui les accompagne est tout aussi poignante. Lundi 23 septembre, lors du sommet sur l’urgence climatique organisée par les Nations unies, Greta Thunberg s’est attaquée une nouvelle fois aux leaders du monde, coupables de ne pas en faire suffisamment face aux bouleversements climatiques en cours.

      Je ne devrais pas être là, je devrais être à l’école, de l’autre côté de l’océan. […] Comment osez-vous ? Vous avez volé mes rêves et mon enfance avec vos paroles creuses. Les gens souffrent, les gens meurent. Des écosystèmes entiers s’effondrent, nous sommes au début d’une extinction de masse et tout ce dont vous pouvez parler, c’est de l’argent. Comment osez-vous ? Comment osez-vous regarder ailleurs et venir ici en prétendant que vous en faites assez ? […] Vous dites que vous nous entendez et que vous comprenez l’urgence, mais je ne veux pas le croire.”

      La jeune Suédoise a prononcé ces phrases le visage rempli d’émotion et presque en larmes, comme on peut le voir sur les images de cette vidéo relayée par le quotidien britannique The Guardian :

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TMrtLsQbaok

      Hier, le 22 septembre, la veille de cette allocution de Greta Thunberg aux Nations unies, le journal suédois Svenska Dagbladet avait également épinglé le comportement des responsables de la planète en faisant aussi référence aux nombreuses manifestations pour le climat organisées par des jeunes activistes ces deux derniers jours.

      “Pour les hommes politiques et les entreprises, cela a une grande valeur en matière de relations publiques d’être associés à des jeunes représentant l’espoir pour l’avenir […], mais il y a quelque chose dans les cris de soutien joyeux qui néglige le sérieux du message de ces jeunes”, pointe le journal qui ajoute :

      “Les adultes utilisent des clichés quand ils parlent de la prochaine génération […]. Mais ils deviennent rarement sérieux et ne mènent pas de dialogue réel avec ceux qui, un jour, prendront le relais. Seuls ceux qui ont vraiment le pouvoir peuvent décider du monde qu’ils laissent derrière eux.”

      https://www.courrierinternational.com/article/environnement-lonu-greta-thunberg-sen-prend-aux-leaders-du-mo

      #this_is_all_wrong

    • Women and non-binary people of colour on what the Global Climate Strike means to them

      Today, millions of people across the world mobilised for the Global Climate Strike, calling on their governments to start enacting solutions to climate breakdown.

      Here in the UK, the environmental movement has a whiteness problem. People of colour will be the first to be affected by climate change, but they’re the voices we seem to hear from the least on this matter. The face of the climate movement has seemingly become the white middle-class because they have the privilege of being able to take time off work for these protests, the money to significantly change their lifestyles to be more eco-friendly and the security of being able to trust the police.

      With that in mind, I headed out to Westminster to join the protests and talk to women and non-binary people of colour about why they came out today and what organisers could be doing to better include people colour.


      https://gal-dem.com/women-and-non-binary-people-of-colour-on-what-the-global-climate-strike-mea

    • On environmentalism, whiteness and activist superstars

      After a powerful and emotional speech at the climate summit in New York, climate activist Greta Thunberg’s profile is bigger than ever, as if that were even possible. Founder of the school strike movement, it feels that Greta has played a huge part in galvanising an incredibly cohesive and urgent movement for climate justice in the short period of one year. I am also personally a huge admirer of hers, and am particularly heartened by the way she has discussed disability in the spotlight. But in the past few days, I’ve seen a number of people, notably artist and activist Bree Newsome Bass, discussing Greta’s whiteness in relation to size of her platform.

      In some ways this is an important point – activists of colour like Mari Copeny a.k.a. Little Miss Flint, who has been raising awareness and funds for the water crisis since she was eight, have received far less attention for their activism. But I’m less interested in this criticism levelled towards Greta as a person – she is a 16-year-old, autistic girl who has endured a lot of ableism and misogyny in her time in the public eye. Instead, I think it’s important that we think about the structures that consistently centre whiteness, and white individuals, both within coverage of the climate crisis and outside of it. It is this that speaks to a larger problem of white supremacy and an obsession with individuals in the media.

      We know that under white supremacism, both the media and its audiences disproportionately spotlight and uplift whiteness. And as we saw most recently in criticisms of Extinction Rebellion, the climate justice movement certainly isn’t exempt from reducing people of colour to an afterthought. This feels all the more frustrating when the issue of climate justice disproportionately affects indigenous communities and people of colour, and has rightly led many people of colour to ask: will white people only pay attention to the climate catastrophe when it’s other white people delivering the message? This doesn’t mean we should pay less attention towards Greta on the basis of her whiteness, but instead we should criticise the white supremacist climate that means that activists like Mari Copeny get sidelined.

      “The media prefers individual ‘star’ activists to faceless movements. But this complicates representation”

      Part of this problem also lies in the issue of fame in and of itself. To a certain extent, we buy into the cult of the individual when we inject 16-year-old activists into the realm of celebrity, when they really came to tell us to take action. The media prefers individual “star” activists to faceless movements. But this complicates representation – it’s impossible for one person to truly represent everyone. Equally, when we suggest swapping out one activist for another (e.g. swapping a white autistic woman for say, a black neurotypical man), we buy into a mindset that insists there is only space for one person to speak.

      This focus on the individual is evident in conversations around Greta’s work; each time she makes a speech, pens an article or crafts a viral Instagram post, it feels as though around 50% of the aftermath involves discussion of the climate issues she’s talking about – while the other 50% is usually about Greta herself. This is also why the pressure and criticism directed towards her sometimes feels unfair – it’s worth considering that Greta didn’t ask to be a celebrity, we made her into one. We can address and deconstruct this problem by thinking beyond individuals – and also talking about movements, community groups and even our most abstract modes of thinking about the climate crisis (particularly with regards to decolonisation). This will naturally involve making much-needed space for the voices of people of colour. Although we may always seek leaders and figureheads for movements, an obsession with star power can only take us so far.

      The first and most obvious thing we should do is to remain aware of the ways in which the media, and viewers who participate in it, centre whiteness. Then we should resist it. This doesn’t mean attacking white activists who are doing good work, but instead spotlighting and uplifting activists of colour whose messages equally need to be heard. A good place to start would be reading and listening to the words of Artemisa Xakriabá, Helena Gualinga, Mari Copeny and Isra Hirsi. When we bring focus towards activists of colour, we prove that activism isn’t a project that has only limited space for a certain number of voices. It reduces the amount of misogynistic and ableist abuse that young activists like Greta face, whilst in turn tackling the issue of putting whiteness on a pedestal. Importantly, this goes hand-in-hand with pushing against the media’s constant need to position individual people as the monolithic faces of particular movements. Signal-boosting groups like Black Lives Matter, Wretched of the Earth, Indigenous Environmental Network, Grassroots Global Justice Alliance and Climate Justice Alliance also emphasises the importance of collective work. After all – the issue of the climate operates along so many axes of oppression, including racism, misogyny, ableism and class – so we need more marginalised voices than ever involved in the conversation.

      http://gal-dem.com/on-individualism-whiteness-and-activist-superstars

      #blancs #noirs #activisme #activisme_climatique

    • La haine contre Greta : voici ceux, avec nom et adresse, qui la financent !

      Il est généralement accepté que les vainqueurs des élections européennes du 26 mai ont été l’extrême droite et les Verts. Et il est aussi généralement accepté qu’aux succès des Verts ont contribué grandement les mobilisations sans précédent d’une jeunesse s’inspirant de la combativité et des thèses radicales de la jeune suédoise Greta Thunberg. En conséquence, il n’est pas surprenant que cette extrême droite choisisse d’attaquer ce qu’elle appelle « le mythe du changement climatique » et surtout, cible de plus en plus son attaque sur la personne de cette Greta Thunberg qui galvanise la jeunesse en Europe et au-delà !

      À la tête de la campagne contre Greta, ponctuée de centaines de textes et de photomontages souvent très vulgaires, il y a trois des plus importants partis européens d’extrême droite : Le Rassemblement National français, le #AFD allemand et l’#UKIP britannique. Et derrière ces partis d’extrême droite et de leur campagne abjecte, deux think-tanks climato-sceptiques conservateurs, le #EIKE (Institut Européen pour le Climat et l’Énergie) et le #CFACT-Europe (Comité pour un Lendemain Créatif), lesquels soutiennent de manière multiforme, et pas seulement avec des « arguments » et des conférences, la négation de la catastrophe climatique par l’extrême droite.

      L’Institut #EIKE, de la bouche de son vice-président, nie évidemment d’avoir le moindre rapport avec AFD, bien que ce vice-président du nom de #Michael_Limburg ait été récemment candidat de ce même... AFD ! Il faut dire que EIKE qui, ensemble avec AFD, a pu organiser des journées climato-sceptique même... à l’intérieur du Parlement allemand, est sorti de l’anonymat grâce à la conférence annuelle qu’il organise depuis des années avec un certain succès, puisqu’elle a pu influencer l’attitude de l’Union européenne au sujet du changement climatique. Cependant, c’est exactement cette conférence annuelle de EIKE qui est coorganisée par deux organisations américaines : Le CFACT-US, lequel finance évidemment sa filiale européenne du même nom. Et surtout, l’#Institut_Heartland, lequel, selon The Economist, « est le think-tank mondialement le plus connu parmi ceux qui défendent le scepticisme au sujet du changement climatique dû à l’homme ».

      C’est exactement à ce moment que les enquêtes et les révélations du Institute of Strategic Dialogue (ISD) britannique et de Greenpeace acquièrent une énorme importance politique car elles mettent en lumière les forces économiques qui sont derrière ceux qui nient la catastrophe climatique, mais aussi derrière le « phénomène » d’une extrême droite européenne (et mondiale) qui monte en flèche. En effet, tant CFACT-US que l’Institut Heartland sont financés plus que généreusement par le très grand capital américain, par #ExxonMobil, la famille #Koch, deuxième plus riche famille nord-américaine qui domine – entre autres – dans le secteur du pétrole, la famille #Mercer qui est aussi un des principaux financeurs du président #Trump, ou même #Microsoft et #RJR_Tobacco ! Il faut noter que Heartland a des antécédents en tant que serviteur des visées inavouables du grand capital, puisqu’il fut jadis l’agent principal de la propagande des géants du tabac qui niaient le rapport existant entre le tabagisme et le cancer. Ce n’est pas donc surprenant qu’à cette époque son principal financeur fut... #Philip_Morris... [1]

      Mais, il ne faut pas croire que l’Institut Heartland est un simple “outil” indolore et incolore dépourvu de ses propres thèses et actions. De ce point de vue, le CV de son nouveau président #Tim_Huelskamp est très éloquent et didactique. Dirigeant du très conservateur #Tea_Party, #Huelskamp s’est distingué comme député (qu’il a été jusqu’à 2017) de l’aile la plus réactionnaire des Républicains et a toujours entretenu des liens étroits avec l’extrême droite américaine. Il est aussi à noter que de tous les députés américains, c’est lui qui, pendant très longtemps, a reçu les plus grandes sommes d’argent de la part des compagnies de combustibles fossiles, et qu’il les a « remerciés » en votant toujours contre toute tentative de légiférer contre leurs intérêts...

      Grâce à un document interne de Heartland, qui a fuité, on a pu apprendre – et en détail – non seulement l’étendue de son financement par le très grand capital (plusieurs millions de dollars), mais aussi l’ « investissement » de ces sommes dans un large éventail d’activités qui vont du paiement des « salaires » à des bloggeurs qui influencent l’opinion publique et des « scientifiques » qui parcourent le monde niant la catastrophe climatique, à l’écriture et la publication du matériel propagandiste qui cible les écoles et leurs élèves. Par exemple, le groupe de « scientifiques » chargé de « contredire » les conclusions des travaux du Groupe d’Experts Intergouvernemental... coûte 300 000 dollars par an, tandis que la propagation de la thèse qui veut que « la question du changement climatique soit controversée et incertaine »... dans les écoles primaires leur coûte 100 000 dollars !

      Nous voici donc devant la révélation d’une réalité qui jette quelque lumière sur quelques-uns des grands « mystères » de notre époque. Tout d’abord, l’extrême droite européenne ou tout au moins quelques-uns de ses poids lourds, entretiennent des liens étroits – s’ils ne sont pas dépendants – avec un centre/état-major politique et économique qui se trouve aux États-Unis, et plus précisément à la Maison Blanche et aux financeurs et autres soutiens du président Trump [2] ! Ensuite, ce n’est pas aussi un hasard que cette « internationale brune » semble être arrivée à la conclusion que la question de la catastrophe climatique et plus précisément, le – plus en plus ample et radical – mouvement de jeunes qui luttent contre elle représentent la plus grande menace pour ses intérêts et pour la domination du système capitaliste dans les années à venir. Et enfin, ce n’est pas également un hasard si cette « internationale brune » et plus précisément sa « section » européenne concentrent aujourd’hui en toute priorité leur attaques sur la personne de Greta Thunberg, l’incontestable égérie, théoricienne et en même temps coordinatrice des mobilisations de jeunes presque partout en Europe et au-delà.

      Voici donc comment se présente actuellement le rapport de l’extrême droite avec le grand capital. Non pas de façon abstraite et dogmatique, mais concrètement, avec des financeurs et financés qui ont non seulement nom et adresse, mais aussi des intérêts tangibles et des « causes » à servir. Cependant, tout ce beau monde ne fait que son boulot. Si la gauche faisait le sien, la situation serait bien différente…

      http://www.cadtm.org/La-haine-contre-Greta-voici-ceux-avec-nom-et-adresse-qui-la-financent

  • Ces enfants-soldats enrôlés par #Daech appelés « bombes à retardement », je les ai rencontrés | Le Huffington Post

    https://www.huffingtonpost.fr/entry/ces-enfants-soldats-de-daech-appeles-bombes-a-retardement-je-les-ai-r

    Dans l’Irak de l’#Etat_Islamique, l’utilisation des enfants comme boucliers humains et armes de guerre était systématique. “Enfants-soldats”, ou encore “lionceaux du Califat”, leur définition englobe les espions, les kamikazes, les passeurs, les gardes aux postes de contrôle. Malgré la chute de Daech, cette situation perdure parmi les groupes armés qui ont mainmise sur une partie des zones reprises dans la région de Mossoul.

  • Ergebnisliste MOPSRENNEN zum 9. Internationalen Berliner Mopstreffen 2018
    http://www.berlinmops.de/html/ergebnis9.html
    Cette année vous pouvez participer pour la dernière fois à la rencontre internationale des carlins de compétition. Il n’y aura pas de rencontre en 2010 pour cause frais élevés. Faites-moi signe si vous comptez y aller. C’est une des rares occasions de rencontrer le côté provincial de la capitale allemande.

    http://www.berlinmops.de/Ziel9/Nr%203.pdf

    Ergebnisliste und Zielfotos und Laufvideos, 9. Internationales
    Berliner MOPSTREFFEN 2018

    https://www.drachenboote.org/download/326/avi/vid_Mopsrennen_26.%20Lauf.mp4

    Einladung zum 10. Internationalen Berliner Mopstreffen 2019
    http://www.berlinmops.de/html/einladung10.html

    am Samstag, den 31. August 2019
    von 13:00 Uhr bis 18:00 Uhr

    Ort: Gelände des Vereins Jugend und Hund e.V. Berlin

    #Eisnerstraße 54 (S-Bahnhof Schichauweg)
    12305 Berlin - Lichtenrade

    Großes Mopstreffen mit Mopsbesitzern aus der ganzen Welt
    zu einem geselligen Beisammensein

    Höhepunkt ist wieder das MOPSRENNEN
    mit elektronischer Zeitnahme,
    ZIELFOTO und LAUFVIDEO

    Eingeladen sind alle Berlinerinnen und Berliner
    sowie Mopsbesitzer und Mopsliebhaber aus aller Welt

    Anmeldung der MÖPSE unter
    mail@berlinmops.de
    ist zwingend erforderlich.

    Eintritt und Teilnahme ist mit MOPS KOSTENLOS
    BESUCHER ohne MOPS zahlen 4,00 € EINTRITT
    Die Einnahmen aus dem Eintritt spenden die
    Berliner Möpse zum Tempelhofer Eulenwinkel
    in diesem Jahr je zur Hälfte den Vereinen http://www.mopsliebende.de und https://www.mops-engel.de

    #Berlin #Lichtenrade #sport_canin

  • Liban : sit-in dans les camps de réfugiés palestiniens pour l’emploi
    Paul Khalifeh, RFI, le 18 juillet 2019
    http://www.rfi.fr/moyen-orient/20190718-liban-sit-in-camps-refugies-palestiniens-emploi

    La baisse du degré de violence fait suite aux contacts intensifs entrepris à plus d’un niveau pour contenir la colère des réfugiés palestiniens, dans un pays aux lois protectionnistes, où 72 métiers leur sont interdits.

    #Palestine #Liban #Réfugiés #Camps #Discriminations #Xénophobie #métiers_interdits

  • Les profiteurs de la frontière – Juin 2019 – Corporate Watch

    La maire de Calais essaye de changer l’image de Calais, souhaitant en faire une « ville fleurie ». Mais comme des locaux ont confié à Corporate Watch le mois dernier, « #ville_barbelée » serait un label plus approprié. Du port ferry jusqu’au tunnel à Coquelles, la périphérie de la ville est un paysage cauchemardesque de #clôtures surmontées de #barbelés à lames rasoir, de #caméras et #détecteurs_de_mouvement, de #terrassements, #tranchées et #terrains_inondés, tous destinés à arrêter les « damné·e·s de la terre » entreprenant cette traversée du détroit de la Manche, si évidente et acquise pour un·e citoyen·ne européen·ne.

    Tout cela implique de l’#argent pour financer les compagnies de construction et de sécurité qui fournissent et édifient l’#infrastructure de la frontière. En 2016, Calais Research a commencé à lister et décrire les #entreprises impliquées dans le marché de la frontière. Voici une rapide mise à jour sur quelques points marquants apparus depuis.

    Le #Centre_Conjoint_d’Information_et_de_Coordination_franco-britannique à Coquelles

    Il y a deux points principaux de passage de la frontière à Calais : le #port, près du centre historique de la ville, et le tunnel sous la Manche, à quelques kilomètres de la ville, à #Coquelles. Près de l’entrée du tunnel se trouve un énorme centre commercial, la Cité Europe, fréquentée par des locaux comme par des Britanniques de passage renflouant leur stock d’alcool bon marché.

    Juste à côté se tient un complexe abritant l’infrastructure policière française anti-migrant : la base principale de la #PAF (Police aux Frontières) et des #CRS, un tribunal où sont entendus les migrants, et le #Centre_de_Rétention_Administrative (#CRA).

    En novembre 2018, un nouveau bâtiment est ajouté au complexe déjà existant : le #CCIC – Centre Conjoint d’Information et de Coordination franco-britannique.

    Selon l’Agence France Presse, le centre est financé par le gouvernement de Grande Bretagne, il est « notamment équipé de #drones », et sert de poste de commande pour les forces de police françaises et britanniques. Celles-ci incluent côté français la PAF, les #douanes et les #gendarmes, et pour l’outre-Manche la police aux frontières (UK border force), la #police du #Kent ainsi que le service national de lutte contre la criminalité (#National_Crime_Agency#NCA).

    Le jour où nous sommes passé·e·s jeter un œil, nous n’avons vu aucun drone décollant du toit. Sur le parking se trouvaient plus de voitures banalisées que de véhicules de police officiels, dont plusieurs immatriculées outre-Manche. Il y avait encore un affichage à l’extérieur du centre (cf. photo) nommant les entrepreneurs impliqués dans sa construction et son équipement. Il indique un coût de 1,844 million d’euros pour ces travaux.

    Les compagnies identifiées incluent : #Villesange_Masson (Architectes locaux) ; #Groupe_Qualiconsult (consultant·e·s pour les projets de construction) ; #Verdi ; #Cougnaud_construction (spécialisé en construction modulaire industrialisée) ; #Ramery_Batiment ; #Eiffage_énergie (grosse société d’ingénierie française) ; #Satelec (électricien·ne·s) ; #Resipelec (électricien·ne·s) ; #Pylones_du_Littoral ; #Majencia (mobilier de bureau) ; #Covage_DGL_Networks (installateur de fibre optique) ; #Econocom.

    Extension du centre de Rétention

    Juste en face du CCIS se trouve le CRA de Coquelles. Actuellement, il permet d’enfermer 79 hommes, mais l’État français veut augmenter le nombre de places. Fin mars 2019, il annonçait un projet d’extension de 480 mètres carrés. L’agence d’architectes #COAST supervise les travaux, et travaille avec #BD_engineering.

    Douanes et tranchées

    En dehors de Coquelles, on voit d’importants travaux de chaque côté de la voie rapide menant au tunnel. Ce sont de grands #bunkers, chacun avec plusieurs quais destinés à la fouille des camions. Ce ne sont pas des mesures prioritairement anti-migrants, il s’agit en fait de nouveaux parking poids-lourds et de postes de douane, construits à la hâte par #Eurotunnel, en prévision de nouveaux contrôles sur les marchandises après le Brexit.

    Cependant, ces projets participent à renforcer les mesures de sécurité exceptionnelles auxquelles on doit ce changement d’atmosphère autour de Calais. Les bunkers sont protégés par des #tranchées et de nouvelles clôtures – canaux et lacs artificiels creusés et remplis d’eau comme une autre mesure contre ces humains dont on ne veut pas. Ceci fait suite aux modèles de #déforestation et d’#inondation initiés par Eurotunnel en 2016.

    Contrôles aux frontières privatisés au parking poids-lourd #Polley

    Une petite industrie s’est développée grâce à la « crise migratoire » : le #parking_poids-lourd sécurisé. Le gouvernement britannique inflige une contravention aux entreprises de transport de marchandises si des personnes sont trouvées dans leurs véhicules sans les documents administratifs adéquats. Dans les faits, cela se traduit par l’#externalisation des contrôles frontaliers vers les camionneurs eux-même, soucieux de ne pas être surpris avec des passager·e·s clandestin·e·s. Et l’entreprise de transport va payer des emplacements sécurisés pour marquer un arrêt avant de traverser la Manche.

    À #Dunkerque, #DK_Secure_Truck_Park dispose de 250 emplacements entourés de clôtures et surveillés par « 40 #caméras_de_surveillance haute-définition ». À Calais, la plus grosse société est #Polley_Secured_Lorry_Park, dirigée par un homme d’affaire local, #Francois_Polley. Ce site de 10 hectares se targue d’être protégé par des grilles hautes de 2,40 mètres et d’être surveillé 24h/24 et 7j/7.

    Récemment, nous avons entendu parler d’une nouvelle niche dans ce business. Les cars de transport de passagers opérés par #Flixbus profitent également des services de sécurité de Polley. Les cars en route vers la Grande Bretagne passent par le parking Polley avant de se diriger vers le tunnel. Là, un des agents de sécurité privés du parking va procéder à une première fouille du véhicule, cherchant d’éventuel·le·s clandestin·e·s dans la soute à bagages. Ceci, en plus des deux contrôles qui seront effectués par les autorités françaises et britanniques une fois au tunnel.

    Flixbus et Polley fournissent peu d’information publique sur cette #fouille supplémentaire. Il y n’y en a qu’une vague référence sur le site de Flixbus, où elle est simplement mentionnée comme « un #contrôle_pré-Royaume-Uni ».

    Hôtel de police…

    Notre dernier arrêt sur notre tour des infrastructures de la frontière s’est trouvé en plein cœur de la ville de Calais. On avait entendu dire que l’ancienne pratique de constamment arrêter et harceler les personnes pouvant être des migrant·e·s dans le centre ville est progressivement devenue marginale. On se demandait donc pourquoi on continuait de voir les camionnettes de CRS patrouiller les rues principales entre la mairie et le théâtre.

    Nous avons réalisé que leur activité principale consistait à déposer et passer prendre de costauds hommes blancs en civil à la porte du #Brit_Hotel. Des locaux nous expliquent alors que ce bâtiment hôtelier a été inoccupé pendant des années, avant de rouvrir sous ce nouveau nom en 2016. Sa clientèle semble être composée presque exclusivement de CRS et de gendarmes – mais si vous rêvez de dormir à côté d’un CRS bien bâti, vous pouvez réserver une chambre pour environ 50 euros la nuit.

    Brit Hôtel est une chaîne hôtelière répandue dans tout la France.

    #business #migrations #frontières #Calais #France #profit #complexe_militaro-industriel #militarisation_des_frontières #privatisation #externalisation_des_frontières

    ping @karine4 @isskein

  • Condamnés à mort | Making-of
    https://making-of.afp.com/condamnes-mort

    Alors, ils étaient les hommes du « califat ». Certains, membres de la très redoutée « police islamique », avaient pouvoir de vie ou de mort ou presque sur les habitants des environs —jusqu’à sept millions d’Irakiens et de Syriens au plus fort de l’occupation jihadiste.

    Ils maniaient l’anathème à tout-va, incitaient d’autres Français à les rejoindre sur un territoire où l’on décapitait, pendait ou lapidait en place publique. Ils vantaient les mérites d’un Etat où une haleine aux relents d’alcool ou des doigts jaunis par la cigarette pouvaient valoir jusqu’à 80 coups de fouet.

    Certains sont apparus sur des images ou ont aidé au montage de vidéo qui, mêlant rap et anasheed, ces chants religieux musulmans, promettaient la mort à tous.

    Dans l’une d’elles, diffusées par le tribunal au procès de Yassine Sakkam, une voix chante : « C’est la guerre pour l’éternité », menaçant de s’en prendre à tous, « de Bouddha à la Trinité » sur des images des statues monumentales des Bouddhas de Bamiyan détruites par les talibans ou du pape. « Les juifs auront ce qu’ils méritent », poursuit le chanteur sur des images de l’Américain Donald Trump serrant la main de l’Israélien Benjamin Netanyahu.

    #syrie #irak #ei #afp #Sarah_Benhaida

  • „Yeni Safak“ schoss mit ihrer Schlagzeile nicht bloß auf ausländisc...
    https://diasp.eu/p/9134139

    „Yeni Safak“ schoss mit ihrer Schlagzeile nicht bloß auf ausländische Medienhäuser. Die Zeitung nannte namentlich eine Reihe von Journalisten, die für ausländische Presse tätig sind, darunter auch mich, und machte sie zur Zielscheibe." …

    https://edition.faz.net/faz-edition/medien/2019-05-31/8f35314e49516f51f94a182bb8cbe837/?GEPC=s9

    #auf #ausländische #bloß #darunter #eine #ihrer #journalisten #machte #medienhäuser #mich #namentlich #nannte #nicht #presse #reihe #safak #schlagzeile #schoss #sie #sind #tätig #yeni #zeitung #zielscheibe #zur

  • De violentes attaques au Nigéria poussent des milliers de réfugiés à fuir vers le Niger

    Une récente flambée de violence dans le nord-ouest du Nigéria a forcé près de 20 000 personnes à fuir au Niger en quête de sécurité depuis le mois d’avril.

    Le HCR, l’Agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, est préoccupé par la détérioration croissante de la sécurité au Nigéria et travaille en étroite collaboration avec les autorités nigériennes pour apporter une assistance de base aux nouveaux arrivants et les enregistrer. Plus de 18 000 personnes sont déjà passées par les premières étapes du processus d’enregistrement.

    Ce tout dernier regain de violence n’est pas lié à #Boko_Haram. Il semblerait que les gens fuient pour des raisons multiples, notamment des échauffourées entre des agriculteurs et des éleveurs de différents groupes ethniques, une poussée du vigilantisme ainsi que des enlèvements contre rançon dans les États nigérians de Sokoto et de Zamfara.

    Les personnes qui ont fui le Nigéria disent, après leur arrivée au Niger dans la région de Maradi, avoir assisté à des déchaînements de violence contre des civils, dont des attaques à la machette, des enlèvements et des violences sexuelles. Ces nouveaux arrivants sont en majorité des femmes et des enfants.

    L’insurrection menée par Boko Haram s’est déjà propagée jusqu’au Niger où la région de Diffa en subit les conséquences depuis 2015. À l’heure actuelle, la région accueille près de 250 000 personnes déracinées, dont des réfugiés nigérians et des citoyens nigériens déplacés dans leur propre pays.

    Le Niger continue de donner l’exemple au niveau régional, en offrant la sécurité aux réfugiés qui fuient les conflits et les persécutions dans de nombreux pays. Ce pays conserve ses frontières ouvertes malgré la violence qui continue de sévir dans plusieurs pays voisins au Nigéria, au Mali et, plus récemment, au Burkina Faso.

    Parmi les nouveaux arrivants, beaucoup se sont installés tout près de la frontière avec le Nigéria où le risque d’incursions armées demeure très élevé. Le HCR, les autres agences des Nations Unies et les partenaires étudient avec le gouvernement la possibilité de les transférer dans des villes et des villages situés plus à l’intérieur des terres.

    Outre l’aide apportée aux nouveaux venus du Nigéria, le HCR prévoit de soutenir les familles hôtes qui ont toujours fait preuve de solidarité envers les personnes déracinées et les ont accueillis sous leur toit, malgré l’insuffisance de leurs propres ressources et d’un manque d’accès aux services essentiels.

    Depuis début 2018, les violences perpétrées par des éléments de Boko Haram dans la région de Diffa se sont également intensifiées de façon considérable, avec un très lourd bilan en termes de victimes civiles ainsi que des mouvements secondaires sans précédent dans la région.

    Le Niger accueille actuellement plus de 380 000 réfugiés et demandeurs d’asile originaires du Mali et du Nigéria, sans compter ses propres déplacés internes. Le pays a également offert refuge à 2782 demandeurs d’asile transférés par avion pour les protéger de l’insécurité en Libye, dans l’attente de solutions durables.


    https://www.unhcr.org/fr/news/briefing/2019/5/5cecffeca/violentes-attaques-nigeria-poussent-milliers-refugies-fuir-vers-niger.html
    #réfugiés_nigérians #Niger #Nigeria #migrations #asile #réfugiés #violence #conflit #ISIS #EI

    ping @karine4

  • #Atsuko_Hatano
    http://www.radiopanik.org/emissions/moacrealsloa/atsuko-hatano

    Atsuko Hatano is a Japanese Viola player using her instrument with a lot of electronics to add textures and layers to her sound. Definitely contemporary classical but with a very electronic approach.

    She made a conceptual, avant-garde and organic album in 2018 called ‘Cells #2’ which sounds like a full strings orchestra though it’s entirely played by herself adding layers with her string viola in form of ‘Cells’.

    When not playing solo, Atsuko is extremely active recording, collaborating and playing live with Jim O.Rourke, #EIKO_ISHIBASHI, Mocky and many more acts.

    More info at: http://hatanoatsuko.com

    Bandcamp : https://atsukohatano.bandcamp.com

    Playlist :

    Atsuko Hatano : Cavern ( Cells #2 - 2017)

    Atsuko Hatano : live 2019-05-07 - Studio 2 - Radio Panik

    #TRIOLA ;Runaway (...)

    #YUMBO #Nakaban #ORDER_MADE_MUSIC #OORUTAICHI #off #KUMIO_KURACHI #JIM_O’ROURKE #YUMBO,Nakaban,ORDER_MADE_MUSIC,OORUTAICHI,off,EIKO_ISHIBASHI,KUMIO_KURACHI,Atsuko_Hatano,JIM_O’ROURKE,TRIOLA
    http://www.radiopanik.org/media/sounds/moacrealsloa/atsuko-hatano_06674__1.mp3

  • ’Walls Often Fail; They Have Unintended Consequences’

    Along the Iraq-Syria border, Iraqi patrol forces have swapped their hard tactical helmets for the warmth of beanie caps. The soldiers look out from their observation towers, across a stretch of desert into Syria.

    From this concrete tower on the border, you can almost see the Syrian city of Deir ez-Zor, where the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria has made its final stand. Over there, Syrian Democratic Forces—a Kurdish-led alliance dedicated to rooting out ISIS and backed by the US—have nearly liberated the city and its suburbs, and American troops are beginning a long-awaited drawdown. A plume of gray-white smoke breaches skyward as an artillery strike reaches the villages and towns near Deir ez-Zor. The horizon is a diaphanous blur of dark smoke.

    Between us and Syria is a fence. It is about 43 miles long, and a guard tower is located every few hundred feet, manned by squadrons from the Iraqi border security forces. The roughly 10-foot-tall chain-link barrier bucks and rattles in the wind. Barbed wire unspools along the top, and about 20 feet beyond the fence, on the Syrian side, there’s a ditch to stop explosive-laden ISIS vehicles that might charge the border. Beyond the ditch is a desiccated stretch of desert now mostly cleared of booby traps.

    The fence divides two villages, both called #Baghouz. The residents of Syrian Baghouz and Iraqi Baghouz once traveled freely between the towns, visiting with family and friends in a place where international borders are as hazy as the smoke between them. “It was normal for us to go to Syrian Baghouz,” says Alaa Husain, an Iraqi shepherd who has lived in this hamlet for 28 years.


    https://www.wired.com/story/the-wall-journey-across-divide-iraq-syria
    #murs #barrières_frontalières #frontières #Irak #Syrie #ISIS #EI #Etat_islamique

  • #Niger, part 3 : Guns won’t win the war

    After an ambush killed four US special forces and five local soldiers in #Tongo_Tongo, a village in the northern part of the #Tillabéri region close to Niger’s border with Mali, Boubacar Diallo’s phone rang constantly.

    That was back in October 2017. Journalists from around the world were suddenly hunting for information on Aboubacar ‘petit’ Chapori, a lieutenant of #Islamic_State_in_the_Greater_Sahara, or #ISGS – the jihadist group that claimed the attack.

    Diallo, an activist who had been representing Fulani herders in peace negotiations with Tuareg rivals, had met Chapori years earlier. He was surprised by his rapid – and violent – ascent.

    But he was also concerned. While it was good that the brewing crisis in the remote Niger-Mali borderlands was receiving some belated attention, Diallo worried that the narrow focus on the jihadist threat – on presumed ISGS leaders Chapori, Dondou Cheffou, and Adnan Abou Walid Al Sahrawi – risked obscuring the real picture.

    Those concerns only grew later in 2017 when the G5 Sahel joint force was launched – the biggest military initiative to tackle jihadist violence in the region, building on France’s existing Operation Barkhane.

    Diallo argues that the military push by France and others is misconceived and “fanning the flames of conflict”. And he says the refusal to hold talks with powerful Tuareg militants in #Mali such as Iyad Ag Ghaly – leader of al-Qaeda-linked JNIM, or the Group for the support of Islam and Muslims – is bad news for the future of the region.

    Dialogue and development

    Niger Defence Minister Kalla Moutari dismissed criticism over the G5 Sahel joint force, speaking from his office in Niamey, in a street protected by police checkpoints and tyre killer barriers.

    More than $470 million has been pledged by global donors to the project, which was sponsored by France with the idea of coordinating the military efforts of Mauritania, Mali, #Burkina_Faso, Niger, and Chad to fight insurgencies in these countries.

    “It’s an enormous task to make armies collaborate, but we’re already conducting proximity patrols in border areas, out of the spotlight, and this works,” he said.

    According to Moutari, however, development opportunities are also paramount if a solution to the conflict is to be found.

    "Five years from now, the whole situation in the Sahel could explode.”

    He recalled a meeting in the Mauritanian capital, Nouakchott, in early December 2018, during which donors pledged $2.7 billion for programmes in the Sahel. “We won’t win the war with guns, but by triggering dynamics of development in these areas,” the minister said.

    A European security advisor, who preferred not to be identified, was far more pessimistic as he sat in one of the many Lebanese cafés in the Plateau, the central Niamey district where Western diplomats cross paths with humanitarian workers and the city’s upper-class youth.

    The advisor, who had trained soldiers in Mali and Burkina Faso, said that too much emphasis remained on a military solution that he believed could not succeed.

    “In Niger, when new attacks happen at one border, they are suddenly labelled as jihadists and a military operation is launched; then another front opens right after… but we can’t militarise all borders,” the advisor said. If the approach doesn’t change, he warned, “in five years from now, the whole situation in the Sahel could explode.”

    Tensions over land

    In his home in east Niamey, Diallo came to a similar conclusion: labelling all these groups “jihadists” and targeting them militarily will only create further problems.

    To explain why, he related the long history of conflict between Tuaregs and Fulanis over grazing lands in north Tillabéri.

    The origins of the conflict, he said, date back to the 1970s, when Fulani cattle herders from Niger settled in the region of Gao, in Mali, in search of greener pastures. Tensions over access to land and wells escalated with the first Tuareg rebellions that hit both Mali and Niger in the early 1990s and led to an increased supply of weapons to Tuareg groups.

    While peace agreements were struck in both countries, Diallo recalled that 55 Fulani were killed by armed Tuareg men in one incident in Gao in 1997.

    After the massacre, some Fulani herders escaped back to Niger and created the North Tillabéri Self-Defence Militia, sparking a cycle of retaliation. More than 100 people were killed in fighting before reconciliation was finally agreed upon in 2011. The Nigerien Fulani militia dissolved and handed its arms to the Nigerien state.

    “But despite promises, our government abandoned these ex-fighters in the bush with nothing to do,” Diallo said. “In the meantime, a new Tuareg rebellion started in Mali in 2012.”

    The Movement for Oneness and Jihad in West Africa (known as MUJAO, or MOJWA in English), created by Arab leaders in Mali in 2011, exploited the situation to recruit among Fulanis, who were afraid of violence by Tuareg militias. ISGS split from MUJAO in 2015, pledging obedience to ISIS leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.

    Diallo believes dialogue is the only way out of today’s situation, which is deeply rooted in these old intercommunal rivalries. “I once met those Fulani fighters who are the manpower of MUJAO and now of ISGS, and they didn’t consider themselves as jihadists,” he said. “They just want to have money and weapons to defend themselves.”

    He said the French forces use Tuareg militias, such as GATIA (the Imghad Tuareg Self-Defence Group and Allies) and the MSA (Movement for the Salvation of Azawad), to patrol borderlands between Mali and Niger. Fulani civilians were killed during some of these patrols in Niger in mid-2018, further exacerbating tensions.

    According to a UN report, these militias were excluded from an end of the year operation by French forces in Niger, following government requests.

    ‘An opportunistic terrorism’

    If some kind of reconciliation is the only way out of the conflict in Tillabéri and the neighbouring Nigerien region of Tahoua, Mahamadou Abou Tarka is likely to be at the heart of the Niger government’s efforts.

    The Tuareg general leads the High Authority for the Consolidation of Peace, a government agency launched following the successive Tuareg rebellions, to ensure peace deals are respected.

    “In north Tillabéri, jihadists hijacked Fulani’s grievances,” Abou Tarka, who reports directly to the president, said in his office in central Niamey. “It’s an opportunistic terrorism, and we need to find proper answers.”

    The Authority – whose main financial contributor is the European Union, followed by France, Switzerland, and Denmark – has launched projects to support some of the communities suffering from violence near the Malian border. “Water points, nurseries, and state services helped us establish a dialogue with local chiefs,” the general explained.

    “Fighters with jihadist groups are ready to give up their arms if incursions by Tuareg militias stop, emergency state measures are retired, and some of their colleagues released from prison.”

    Abou Tarka hailed the return to Niger from Mali of 200 Fulani fighters recruited by ISGS in autumn 2018 as the Authority’s biggest success to date. He said increased patrolling on the Malian side of the border by French forces and the Tuareg militias - Gatia and MSA - had put pressure on the Islamist fighters to return home and defect.

    The general said he doesn’t want to replicate the programme for former Boko Haram fighters from the separate insurgency that has long spread across Niger’s southern border with Nigeria – 230 of them are still in a rehabilitation centre in the Diffa region more than two years after the first defected.

    “In Tillabéri, I want things to be faster, so that ex-fighters reintegrate in the local community,” he said.

    Because these jihadist fighters didn’t attack civilians in Niger – only security forces – it makes the process easier than for ex-Boko Haram, who are often rejected by their own communities, the general said. The Fulani ex-fighters are often sent back to their villages, which are governed by local chiefs in regular contact with the Authority, he added.

    A member of the Nigerien security forces who was not authorised to speak publicly and requested anonymity said that since November 2018 some of these Fulani defectors have been assisting Nigerien security forces with border patrols.

    However, Amadou Moussa, another Fulani activist, dismissed Abou Tarka’s claims that hundreds of fighters had defected. Peace terms put forward by Fulani militants in northern Tillabéri hadn’t even been considered by the government, he said.

    “Fighters with jihadist groups are ready to give up their arms if incursions by Tuareg militias stop, emergency state measures are retired, and some of their colleagues released from prison,” Moussa said. The government, he added, has shown no real will to negotiate.

    Meanwhile, the unrest continues to spread, with the French embassy releasing new warnings for travellers in the border areas near Burkina Faso, where the first movements of Burkinabe refugees and displaced people were registered in March.

    https://www.thenewhumanitarian.org/special-report/2019/04/15/niger-part-3-guns-conflict-militancy
    #foulani #ISIS #Etat_islamique #EI #Tuareg #terrorisme #anti-terrorisme #terres #conflit #armes #armement #North_Tillabéri_Self-Defence_Militia #MUJAO #MOJWA #Movement_for_Oneness_and_Jihad_in_West_Africa #Mauritanie #Tchad

    @reka : pour mettre à jour la carte sur l’Etat islamique ?
    https://visionscarto.net/djihadisme-international

  • Madame Einstein, par Jean-Louis Le Breton
    https://www.facebook.com/jeanlouis.lebreton.3/posts/10212719045867966
    Encore une histoire de #femme phagocytée par son #génie de mari !

    Si le livre « Madame Einstein » de l’Américaine Marie Benedict nous est présenté comme un roman (ce qui en rend la lecture très agréable), il n’en reste pas moins qu’il est inspiré de la vie réelle de Mileva Marić, physicienne et mathématicienne de génie qui eut la (mal) chance de croiser la route d’Albert Einstein et de devenir sa première épouse. À la fin de l’ouvrage, l’auteure a la bonne idée de faire la part des choses entre la #biographie réelle et la part romancée, celle-ci se limitant principalement aux dialogues qu’elle met dans la bouche des personnages et qui sonnent particulièrement réalistes quand on connaît la véritable histoire du couple.
    Mileva Marić est né en 1875 en Serbie. Ses parents, issus de la paysannerie, sont des propriétaires aisés. Victime d’une malformation de la hanche à la naissance elle claudique et se trouve en butte aux moqueries des autres enfants. Est-ce l’une des raisons qui forgeront son caractère et feront d’elle un être différent des autres ? Elle montre très tôt des capacités intellectuelles hors du commun, particulièrement dans le domaine des mathématiques. Cela lui vaudra d’être admise, à dix-neuf ans, à l’École Polytechnique de Zurich, l’une des rares à accepter des femmes. Elle est d’ailleurs la seule de sa classe dans cette discipline. Parmi les autres élèves, elle remarque Albert Einstein, à la fois brillant et « bohème » qui tombe amoureux d’elle. Leur passion commune pour la physique, en pleine effervescence dans ces années de fin de siècle, les amène à travailler ensemble et à ébaucher ce qui deviendra la théorie de la Relativité. Mais Mileva tombe enceinte en 1900 avant le mariage. Elle cache sa grossesse pour ne pas compromettre ses études et va accoucher chez ses parents en Serbie. Ceux-ci voient d’un très mauvais œil cette relation, d’autant qu’Albert ne daignera pas se déplacer pour assister à la naissance de sa fille Lieserl (qu’il ne verra jamais d’ailleurs). Il promet le mariage à Mileva… dès lors qu’il aura trouvé un travail. Elle délaisse sa fille pour revenir le soutenir, sacrifie sa vie pour lui, rate ses examens. On ne sait si Lieserl a vécu ou si elle a été adoptée par une autre famille. (L’auteure choisit de la faire mourir de la scarlatine, ce qui n’est pas prouvé). Il finit par l’épouser en 1903. Ils auront deux autres fils. L’un, Hans Albert, deviendra ingénieur, l’autre Eduard (dit « Tete ») est atteint de grave schizophrénie.
    Si Mileva a renoncé à ses études, elle n’en travaille pas moins avec Albert Einstein au développement de la Relativité comme l’atteste la correspondance amoureuse qu’ils ont eue et qui a été publiée dans les années 80. Toutefois lorsque les quatre articles qui vont révolutionner la physique paraissent dans la revue Annalen Der Physik en 1905, ils ne sont signés que du seul nom d’Albert. Ce n’est pas une erreur, mais le choix assumé d’Einstein qui ne souhaite pas que son nom soit accolé à celui d’une femme non-diplômée pour ne pas en atténuer la portée. Aujourd’hui encore, la polémique subsiste pour savoir quelle est la part réelle de Mileva dans les travaux d’Einstein. Une chose est sûre : elle a contribué à ces travaux !
    Au fil des années, les relations du couple se détériorent, particulièrement lorsque Mileva apprend qu’Albert a une relation amoureuse avec sa cousine germaine Elsa Einstein. La mésentente atteint un tel degré qu’il met son épouse en demeure de respecter une série de conditions qu’il a écrites ou sinon de divorcer. Cette liste a réellement existé. Où l’on découvre le côté sombre d’Albert Einstein. Jugez plutôt : « Faire ses lessives. Préparer ses repas et les servir dans sa chambre. Nettoyer celle-ci et son bureau sans jamais toucher à sa table de travail… » Il veut lui imposer de décider seul quand et où elle a le droit de lui adresser la parole et la nature des propos qu’elle est autorisée à tenir en sa présence et celle des enfants. Enfin, elle doit renoncer à toute intimité physique avec lui.
    Mileva prend sa valise, ses enfants et fiche le camp. Le divorce est prononcé en février 1919. Trois mois plus tard, il épouse sa cousine Elsa. Ensemble ils élèveront les deux filles qu’elle a eues de son premier mariage.
    En 1921, Albert Einstein reçoit le prix Nobel de physique. L’argent du prix servira à traiter la maladie d’Eduard qui ne fait que s’aggraver. Mileva ne publiera pas d’articles de physique après son divorce et se consacrera à ses enfants. Eduard devient infernal et mène une vie impossible à sa mère qui sombre à son tour dans la dépression (la folie ?) : les deux seront internés. Elle meurt à Zurich en 1948, à 72 ans après une attaque cérébrale.
    J’ai lu le livre de Marie Benedict d’une seule traite. L’écriture en est plaisante et on se prend de sympathie pour l’héroïne. Comme beaucoup de femmes, Mileva a sacrifié sa vie et sa carrière pour l’homme de sa vie. Grave erreur…

  • Eichborndamm 238 - ab 1941 städtische Nervenklinik für Kinder »Wiesengrund«
    Museum Reinickendorf
    https://www.museum-reinickendorf.de/?hmenu=7

    https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/2889844074

    Gedenkort und Geschichtslabor Eichborndamm 238

    Im Juli 1941 wurde am Eichborndamm 238/240 die städtische Nervenklinik für Kinder, kurz »Wiesengrund« genannt, eingerichtet. Hier waren die Stationen 2 und 3 untergebracht. Letztere erhielt den täuschenden Zusatznamen »Kinderfachabteilung«. Die Klinik verfügte neben den Bettenzimmern über eine eigene Röntgenabteilung, ein Labor, einen Sektionsraum sowie Dienst- und Verwaltungszimmer. In die sogenannte »Kinderfachabteilung« wurden Kinder aus ganz Berlin und der Umgebung eingewiesen. Ihre Krankenakten enthielten vielfach den Vermerk »R.A.«. Er weist darauf hin, dass der »Reichsausschuss zur wissenschaftlichen Erfassung von erb- und anlagebedingten schweren Leiden« diese Kinder als »lebensunwert« eingestuft hatte. Entsprechen wurden die Kinder »behandelt«. Viele Kinder starben an den Folgen von medizinischen Versuchen oder riskanten Untersuchungen, aufgrund von fehlender ärztlicher Hilfe oder mangelnder Ernährung. Auch die Kinder der Station 2 überlebten nicht immer den Klinikaufenthalt. An ihnen wurden ebenfalls risikoreiche Untersuchungen vorgenommen, die zum Tode führen konnten.

    Die Karrieren der verantwortlichen Ärzte gingen nach Kriegsende ungebrochen weiter. Einzig der Klinikleiter Ernst Hefter wurde im Dezember 1945 verhaftet und im August 1947 starb er im Zuchthaus Bautzen. Der Oberarzt Gerhard Kujath wurde nach Kriegsende kommissarischer Direktor des Hauses, ab 1952 übernahm er die Leitung der Kinderpsychiatrischen Abteilung der Freien Universität Berlin. Der Pathologe Berthold Ostertag wurde nach 1945 Leiter der Neuropathologischen Abteilung der Universitätsnervenklinik Tübingen und erhielt später das Große Bundesverdienstkreuz. Die Fachärztin für Nervenheilkunde, Gertrude Reuter, praktizierte von 1946 bis 1975 als niedergelassene Fachärztin für Neurologie und Psychiatrie in Essen.

    Nazi-Verbrechen in Reinickendorfer Kinderklinik: Die Erforschung der Grausamkeit - Schule - Berlin - Tagesspiegel
    https://www.tagesspiegel.de/berlin/schule/nazi-verbrechen-in-reinickendorfer-kinderklinik-die-erforschung-der-grausamkeit/8293338.html

    Schüler eines Reinickendorfer Gymnasiums erforschen die Geschichte von behinderten Kindern, die in ihrem Kiez in einer ehemaligen Klinik von den Nazis ermordet wurden. CLAUDIA KELLER

    Vor 70 Jahren lebten hier Kinder. Manche waren ein paar Monate alt, andere zwei, sieben oder 15 Jahre. Heute ist in den schmucklosen Häusern am Eichborndamm 238-240 das Reinickendorfer Garten- und Straßenbauamt untergebracht. Doch einst gehörten die Häuser zu einer Klinik, hier war die „Kinderfachabteilung“. Doch die Kinder kamen nicht, um geheilt zu werden. Sie waren geistig zurückgeblieben und galten als „lebensunwert“. Sie starben meistens kurz nach der Einlieferung, weil sie die medizinischen Versuche nicht überlebten, die Ärzte mit ihnen machten.

    Die Eingriffe müssen furchtbar wehgetan haben. Wer mit Schülern der elften und zwölften Klasse des Friedrich-Engels-Gymnasiums in Reinickendorf durch die Räume geht, meint, die Kinder wimmern zu hören. Denn Luise Sommer, Nastasia Wolter, Paul Riemann und Melissa Kulicke können viel erzählen über die kleinen Patienten. Sie haben deren Schicksal erforscht. Im „Seminarkurs Geschichte“ sichteten sie im Landesarchiv Akten und forschten nach Zeitzeugen.

    Es ist Montagnachmittag. Auf einem großen Tisch in einem Kellerraum des früheren Klinikgebäudes breiten die Jugendlichen alte Fotos und Kopien von Dokumenten aus. Sie waren zu zehnt im Kurs und haben sich im Landesarchiv alle Akten geben lassen, die es zur „Kinderfachabteilung Wiesengrund“ gibt. Das waren sehr viele, erzählt Luise Sommer und zeichnet mit der Hand einen Berg in die Luft. 120 Kartons mit jeweils 30, 40 Akten – zu viele für ein Schuljahr. Sie haben mit den Unterlagen der gestorbenen Kinder angefangen. Jeder konzentrierte sich auf vier Akten, schrieb das Wichtigste heraus und erstellte zu jedem Kind einen „Steckbrief“ mit den Bemerkungen des Pflegepersonals, der Art der „Behandlung“ und der Todesursache.

    „Heute spielt Ruth mit der Puppe. Sie ist ein recht sorgsames Puppenmutterchen“, notierte eine Krankenschwester. Ingrid sei oft sehr lieb und habe das Bedürfnis, in den Arm genommen zu werden. „Auf freundlichen Zuspruch lächelt das Kind“, ist über Hans zu lesen. „Vorgehaltene Gegenstände werden nicht ergriffen; berührt man aber seine Händchen, so umklammert er sie fest und lässt nicht los.“ Und der siebenjährige Werner „hatte furchtbaren Hunger, so dass er sogar in ein Stück Seife biss“.

    Anfangs sei es ihr sehr schwergefallen, in den Dokumenten zu lesen, sagt Luise Sommer. Nicht nur, weil manchmal die Schrift der Ärzte schwer zu entziffern war. Sondern weil ihr die Schicksale so nahegingen. „Viele Kinder waren ja noch ganz klein, süße Babys lächelten einem da von den Fotos entgegen“, sagt die Abiturientin. Sie hatte den Eindruck, dass etlichen Kindern gar nichts fehlte, als sie hier eingeliefert wurden. „Schauen Sie hier“, sagt Nastasia Wolter und zeigt einen Eintrag aus Ruths Akte: Das Mädchen wurde in der Klinik abgegeben, „da die Pflegemutter das Kind als anstrengend empfand und nicht mehr gewillt war, sich um Ruth zu kümmern“.

    Geschichtslehrerin Sabine Hillebrecht hatte die Idee zu dem Projekt. Sie wusste um die Häuser am Eichborndamm 238-240 und wunderte sich, dass über die Vergangenheit so wenig bekannt ist. Mit den Schülern fand sie heraus, dass die „Kinderfachabteilung Wiesengrund“ Teil der 1942 neu gegründeten „Städtischen Nervenklinik für Kinder“ war. Hierher überwies der „Reichsausschuss zur wissenschaftlichen Erfassung von erb- und anlagebedingten schweren Leiden“ Kinder, denen die Nazis das Recht zu leben absprachen, zum Beispiel weil sie mit Down-Syndrom auf die Welt gekommen waren. Nastasia Wolter deutet auf das Kürzel „R.A.“ unten links in der Krankenakte. Sie erzählt, wie den Kindern Liquor aus dem Rückenmark entnommen und Luft ins Gehirn gepumpt wurde, damit sich das Gehirn vergrößerte und bei Röntgenaufnahmen besser zu sehen war.

    Der kleine Hans erlitt während der Prozedur eine Kreislaufschwäche, die Atmung setzte teilweise aus. Zwei Wochen später starb er, nur zehn Monate alt. Als Todesursache notierte der Arzt Bronchitis, Lungenentzündung und Herzmuskeldegeneration. Dem siebenjährigen Werner spritzten die Ärzte Tuberkulosebakterien. „Dies rief äußerst schmerzhafte Entzündungen im Ober- und Unterbauch hervor, die ihn monatelang quälten“, schrieb der Arzt. Dazu ließ man ihn hungern.

    Die zweite Schülergruppe hat sich auf die Täter konzentriert. Paul Riemann, Melissa Kulicke und ihre Mitschüler aus der elften Klasse haben in Ermittlungsakten recherchiert, dass im „Wiesengrund“ vier Ärzte und 19 Schwestern arbeiteten. Nur ein Arzt wurde nach dem Krieg belangt. Die anderen machten Karriere. „Einer hat sogar das Bundesverdienstkreuz bekommen“, sagt Paul Riemann und schüttelt den Kopf.

    Noch etwas haben sie entdeckt, indem sie die alten Fotos studierten: Hier unten im Keller war früher das Labor der Klinik. „Wir haben die Heizungsrohre wiedererkannt und den Heizkörper“, sagt Melissa Kulicke. Sie kratzten vorsichtig mit einem Schlüssel an der Wandfarbe; darunter kamen die alten, auf den Fotos sichtbaren Kacheln hervor. „Im Fernsehen laufen oft Dokumentationen zur NS-Zeit“, sagt Paul Riemann, „aber wenn man sich mit Einzelschicksalen und konkreten Orten beschäftigt, kriegt man ein ganz anderes Verhältnis zur Geschichte“.

    #Berlin #Renickendorf #Eichborndamm #Nazis #Psychiatrie #Kinder #Sehenswürdigkeit

  • Quantum Entanglement = Simulated Reality
    https://hackernoon.com/quantum-entanglement-simulated-reality-620e9aa28ebb?source=rss----3a8144

    Quantum Entanglement & Simulated RealityEinstein and Bohr had a great debate at The Solvay Conference in Belgium in 1927. Here was a gathering of some of the most intelligent people on Earth.1927 Solvay Conference of Realism vs QuantumEinstein believed that God gave us a universe of common sense reality and that we would find the one common theory that made sense of everything. #einstein believed in Realism, and to the very end, he wanted to find the Theory of Everything.Bohr, on the other hand, believed in a new theory of Quantum Mechanics, that our universe was like Alice in Wonderland and that Quantum Entanglement did not care at all about space and time.Einstein believed that everything is separated by space and time and he found comfort in the limit of the speed of light. Bohr (...)

    #science #quantum-entanglement #simulation-theory #base-reality

  • #Shamima_Begum: Isis Briton faces move to revoke citizenship

    The Guardian understands the home secretary thinks section 40(2) of the British Nationality Act 1981 gives him the power to strip Begum of her UK citizenship.

    He wrote to her family informing them he had made such an order, believing the fact her parents are of Bangladeshi heritage means she can apply for citizenship of that country – though Begum says she has never visited it.

    This is crucial because, while the law bars him from making a person stateless, it allows him to remove citizenship if he can show Begum has behaved “in a manner which is seriously prejudicial to the vital interests of the UK” and he has “reasonable grounds for believing that the person is able, under the law of a country or territory outside the UK, to become a national of such a country or territory”.


    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/feb/19/isis-briton-shamima-begum-to-have-uk-citizenship-revoked?CMP=Share_Andr
    #citoyenneté #UK #Angleterre #apatridie #révocation #terrorisme #ISIS #EI #Etat_islamique #nationalité #déchéance_de_nationalité

    • What do we know about citizenship stripping?

      The Bureau began investigating the Government’s powers to deprive individuals of their British citizenship two years ago.

      The project has involved countless hours spent in court, deep and detailed use of the freedom of information act and the input of respected academics, lawyers and politicians.

      The Counter-Terrorism Bill was presented to Parliament two weeks ago. New powers to remove passports from terror suspects and temporarily exclude suspected jihadists from the UK have focused attention on the Government’s citizenship stripping powers, which have been part of the government’s counter-terrorism tools for nearly a decade.

      A deprivation order can be made where the home secretary believes that it is ‘not conducive’ to the public good for the individual to remain in the country, or where citizenship is believed to have been obtained fraudulently. The Bureau focuses on cases based on ‘not conducive’ grounds, which are related to national security and suspected terrorist activity.

      Until earlier this year, the Government was only able to remove the citizenship of British nationals where doing so wouldn’t leave them stateless. However, in July an amendment to the British Nationality Act (BNA) came into force and powers to deprive a person of their citizenship were expanded. Foreign-born, naturalised individuals can now be stripped of their UK citizenship on national security grounds even if it renders them stateless, a practice described by a former director of public prosecutions as being “beloved of the world’s worst regimes during the 20th century”.

      So what do we know about how these powers are used?
      The numbers

      53 people have been stripped of their British citizenship since 2002 – this includes both people who were considered to have gained their citizenship fraudulently, as well as those who have lost it for national security reasons.
      48 of these were under the Coalition government.
      Since 2006, 27 people have lost their citizenship on national security grounds; 24 of these were under the current Coalition government.
      In 2013, home secretary Theresa May stripped 20 individuals of their British citizenship – more than in all the preceding years of the Coalition put together.
      The Bureau has identified 18 of the 53 cases, 17 of which were deprived of their citizenship on national security grounds.
      15 of the individuals identified by the Bureau who lost their citizenship on national security grounds were abroad at the time of the deprivation order.
      At least five of those who have lost their nationality were born in the UK.
      The previous Labour government used deprivation orders just five times in four years.
      Hilal Al-Jedda was the first individual whose deprivation of citizenship case made it to the Supreme Court. The home secretary lost her appeal as the Supreme Court justices unanimously ruled her deprivation order against Al-Jedda had made him illegally stateless. Instead of returning his passport, just three weeks later the home secretary issued a second deprivation order against him.
      This was one of two deprivation of citizenship cases to have made it to the Supreme Court, Britain’s uppermost court, to date.
      In November 2014 deprivation of citizenship case number two reached the Supreme Court, with the appellant, Minh Pham, also arguing that the deprivation order against him made him unlawfully stateless.
      Two of those stripped of their British citizenship by Theresa May in 2010, London-born Mohamed Sakr and his childhood friend Bilal al Berjawi, were later killed by US drone strikes in Somalia.
      One of the individuals identified by the Bureau, Mahdi Hashi, was the subject of rendition to the US, where he was held in secret for over a month and now faces terror charges.
      Only one individual, Iraqi-born Hilal al-Jedda, is currently known to have been stripped of his British citizenship twice.
      Number of Bureau Q&As on deprivation of citizenship: one.

      https://www.thebureauinvestigates.com/stories/2014-12-10/what-do-we-know-about-citizenship-stripping
      #statistiques #chiffres

    • ‘My British citizenship was everything to me. Now I am nobody’ – A former British citizen speaks out

      When a British man took a holiday to visit relatives in Pakistan in January 2012 he had every reason to look forward to returning home. He worked full time at the mobile phone shop beneath his flat in southeast London, he had a busy social life and preparations for his family’s visit to the UK were in full flow.

      Two years later, the man, who cannot be named for legal reasons, is stranded in Pakistan, and claims he is under threat from the Taliban and unable to find work to support his wife and three children.

      He is one of 27 British nationals since 2006 who have had their citizenship removed under secretive government orders on the grounds that their presence in the UK is ‘not conducive to the public good’. He is the first to speak publicly about his ordeal.

      ‘My British citizenship was everything to me. I could travel around the world freely,’ he told the Bureau. ‘That was my identity but now I am nobody.’

      Under current legislation, the Home Secretary, Theresa May, has the power to strip dual nationals of their British citizenship if she deems their presence in the UK ‘not conducive to the public good’, or if their nationality was gained on fraudulent grounds. May recently won a Commons vote paving the way to allow her to strip the citizenship of foreign-born or naturalised UK nationals even if it rendered them stateless. Amendments to the Immigration Bill – including the controversial Article 60 concerning statelessness – are being tabled this week in the House of Lords.

      A Bureau investigation in December 2013 revealed 20 British nationals were stripped of their citizenship last year – more than in all previous years under the Coalition combined. Twelve of these were later revealed to have been cases where an individual had gained citizenship by fraud; the remaining eight are on ‘conducive’ grounds.

      Since 2006 when the current laws entered force, 27 orders have been made on ‘conducive’ grounds, issued in practice against individuals suspected of involvement in extremist activities. The Home Secretary often makes her decision when the individual concerned is outside the UK, and, in at least one case, deliberately waited for a British national to go on holiday before revoking his citizenship.

      The only legal recourse to these decisions, which are taken without judicial approval, is for the individual affected to submit a formal appeal to the Special Immigration and Asylum Committee (Siac), where evidence can be heard in secret, within 28 days of the order being given. These appeals can take years to conclude, leaving individuals – the vast majority of whom have never been charged with an offence – stranded abroad.

      The process has been compared to ‘medieval exile’ by leading human rights lawyer Gareth Peirce.

      The man, who is referred to in court documents as E2, was born in Afghanistan and still holds Afghan citizenship. He claimed asylum in Britain in 1999 after fleeing the Taliban regime in Kabul, and was granted indefinite leave to remain. In 2009 he became a British citizen.

      While his immediate family remained in Pakistan, E2 came to London, where he worked and integrated in the local community. Although this interview was conducted in his native Pashto, E2 can speak some English.

      ‘I worked and I learned English,’ he says. ‘Even now I see myself as a British. If anyone asks me, I tell them that I am British.’

      But, as of March 28 2012, E2 is no longer a British citizen. After E2 boarded a flight to Kabul in January 2012 to visit relatives in Afghanistan and his wife and children in Pakistan, a letter containing May’s signature was sent to his southeast London address from the UK Border Agency, stating he had been deprived of his British nationality. In evidence that remains secret even from him, E2 was accused of involvement in ‘Islamist extremism’ and deemed a national security threat. He denies the allegation and says he has never participated in extremist activity.

      In the letter the Home Secretary wrote: ‘My decision has been taken in part reliance on information which, in my opinion should not be made public in the interest of national security and because disclosure would be contrary to the public interest.’

      E2 says he had no way of knowing his citizenship had been removed and that the first he heard of the decision was when he was met by a British embassy official at Dubai airport on May 25 2012, when he was on his way back to the UK and well after his appeal window shut.

      E2’s lawyer appealed anyway, and submitted to Siac that: ‘Save for written correspondence to the Appellant’s last known address in the UK expressly stating that he has 28 days to appeal, i.e. acknowledging that he was not in the UK, no steps were taken to contact the Appellant by email, telephone or in person until an official from the British Embassy met him at Dubai airport and took his passport from him.’

      The submission noted that ‘it is clear from this [decision] that the [Home Secretary] knew that the Appellant [E2] is out of the country as the deadline referred to is 28 days.’

      The Home Office disputed that E2 was unaware of the order against him, and a judge ruled that he was satisfied ‘on the balance of probabilities’ that E2 did know about the removal of his citizenship. ‘[W]e do not believe his statement,’ the judge added.

      His British passport was confiscated and, after spending 18 hours in an airport cell, E2 was made to board a flight back to Kabul. He has remained in Afghanistan and Pakistan ever since. It is from Pakistan that he agreed to speak to the Bureau last month.

      Daniel Carey, who is representing E2 in a fresh appeal to Siac, says: ‘The practice of waiting until a citizen leaves the UK before depriving them of citizenship, and then opposing them when they appeal out of time, is an intentional attack on citizens’ due process rights.

      ‘By bending an unfair system to its will the government is getting worryingly close to a system of citizenship by executive fiat.’

      While rules governing hearings at Siac mean some evidence against E2 cannot be disclosed on grounds of national security, the Bureau has been able to corroborate key aspects of E2’s version of events, including his best guess as to why his citizenship was stripped. His story revolves around an incident that occurred thousands of miles away from his London home and several years before he saw it for the last time.

      In November 2008, Afghan national Zia ul-Haq Ahadi was kidnapped as he left the home of his infirmed mother in Peshawar, Pakistan. The event might have gone unnoticed were he not the brother of Afghanistan’s then finance minister and former presidential hopeful Anwar ul-Haq Ahadi. Anwar intervened, and after 13 months of tortuous negotiations with the kidnappers, a ransom was paid and Zia was released. E2 claims to have been the man who drove a key negotiator to Zia’s kidnappers.

      While the Bureau has not yet been able to confirm whether E2 had played the role he claimed in the release, a source with detailed knowledge of the kidnapping told the Bureau he was ‘willing to give [E2] some benefit of the doubt because there are elements of truth [in his version of events].’

      The source confirmed a man matching E2’s description was involved in the negotiations.

      ‘We didn’t know officially who the group was, but they were the kidnappers. I didn’t know whether they were with the Pakistani or Afghan Taliban,’ E2 says. ‘After releasing the abducted person I came back to London.’

      E2 guesses – since not even his lawyers have seen specific evidence against him – that it was this activity that brought him to the attention of British intelligence services. After this point, he was repeatedly stopped as he travelled to and from London and Afghanistan and Pakistan to visit relatives four times between the end of 2009 and the beginning of 2012.

      ‘MI5 questioned me for three or four hours each time I came to London at Heathrow airport,’ he says. ‘They said people like me [Pashtun Afghans] go to Waziristan and from there you start fighting with British and US soldiers.

      ‘The very last time [I was questioned] was years after the [kidnapping]. I was asked to a Metropolitan Police station in London. They showed me pictures of Gulbuddin Hekmatyar [former Afghan prime minister and militant with links to the Pakistani Taliban (TTP)] along with other leaders and Taliban commanders. They said: ‘You know these guys.’

      He claims he was shown a photo of his wife – a highly intrusive action in conservative Pashtun culture – as well as one of someone he was told was Sirajuddin Haqqani, commander of the Haqqani Network, one of the most lethal TTP-allied groups.

      ‘They said I met him, that I was talking to him and I have connections with him. I said that’s wrong. I told [my interrogator] that you can call [Anwar al-Ahady] and he will explain that he sent me to Waziristan and that I found and released his brother,’ E2 says.

      ‘I don’t know Sirajuddin Haqqani and I didn’t meet him.’

      The Haqqani Network, which operates in Pakistan’s Federally Administered Tribal Areas and across the border in Afghanistan, was designated as a terrorist organisation by the United States in September 2012. It has claimed responsibility for a score of attacks against Afghan, Pakistani and NATO security forces in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The UN accuses Sirajuddin Haqqani of being ‘actively involved in the planning and execution of attacks targeting International Security Assistance Forces (ISAF), Afghan officials and civilians.’

      E2 says he has no idea whether Haqqani was involved in Zia’s kidnapping, but he believes the security services may have started investigating him when he met the imam of a mosque he visited in North Waziristan.

      ‘The imam had lunch with us and he was with me while I was waiting for my father-in-law. I didn’t take his number but I gave him mine. That imam often called me on my shop’s BT telephone line [in London]. These calls put me in trouble,’ he says.

      If E2’s version of events is accurate, it would mean he gained his British citizenship while he was negotiating Zia’s release. He lost it less than three years later.

      The Home Office offered a boilerplate response to the Bureau’s questions: ‘The Home Secretary will remove British citizenship from individuals where she feels it is conducive to the public good to do so.’

      When challenged specifically on allegations made by E2, the spokesman said the Home Office does not comment on individual cases.

      E2 says he now lives in fear for his safety in Pakistan. Since word has spread that he lost his UK nationality, locals assume he is guilty, which he says puts him at risk of attack from the Pakistani security forces. In addition, he says his family has received threats from the Taliban for his interaction with MI5.

      ‘People back in Afghanistan know that my British passport was revoked because I was accused of working with the Taliban. I can’t visit my relatives and I am an easy target to others,’ he said. ‘Without the British passport here, whether [by] the government or Taliban, we can be executed easily.’

      E2 is not alone in fearing for his life after being exiled from Britain. Two British nationals stripped of their citizenship in 2010 were killed a year later by a US drone strike in Somalia. A third Briton, Mahdi Hashi, disappeared from east Africa after having his citizenship revoked in June 2012 only to appear in a US court after being rendered from Djibouti.

      E2 says if the government was so certain of his involvement in extremism they should allow him to stand trial in a criminal court.

      ‘When somebody’s citizenship is revoked if he is criminal he should be put in jail, otherwise he should be free and should have his passport returned,’ he says.

      ‘My message [to Theresa May] is that my citizenship was revoked illegally. It’s wrong that only by sending a letter that your citizenship is revoked. What kind of democracy is it that?’

      https://www.thebureauinvestigates.com/stories/2014-03-17/my-british-citizenship-was-everything-to-me-now-i-am-nobody-a