• Lebanon : Migrant Family Detained. Longtime Residents Facing Deportation, Separation

    Lebanon’s General Security has detained a Sudanese-Sri Lankan family of seven, including four children under age 18, threatening to deport the parents to different countries for lacking residency papers, the Anti-Racism Movement (ARM), Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, and the Lebanese Center for Human Rights (CLDH) said today. General Security, the agency responsible for the entry and exit of foreigners, should free the family, pending the resolution of the family’s deportation proceedings, and should ensure that the family can remain together. If specific and compelling reasons exist to impose restrictions on the family, then General Security should take measures other than detention. In no case, however, should children be detained for migration-related purposes, as detention can be extremely harmful to them.

    The father of the family is Sudanese, the mother is from Sri Lanka, and their five children were born and have always lived in Lebanon. The family does not have a regular migration status in the country.

    The oldest child, 18, has been detained since February 14, 2019, at the General Security Directorate due to his irregular residency status. On July 3, General Security raided the family’s home in Beirut and detained the father, 57, his wife, 42, and their 5-year-old daughter, Beirut, whom they named due to their ties to the city. On July 4, the authorities also detained their three other sons, aged 11, 13, and 16, who had been left unattended when their parents were taken into custody.

    “Detaining children causes them significant harm and should never be used for migration-related purposes,” said Lama Fakih, acting Middle East director at Human Rights Watch. “General Security should release them and their parents immediately and, if necessary, use less harmful alternatives to ensure that the family appears for proceedings.”

    Amnesty International talked to the mother, currently held in a shelter run by Caritas Lebanon with her two youngest children. The mother said that her husband and three other sons are detained at a General Security facility. ARM, which provides legal and social support to migrant workers, has documented General Security’s practice of sending detained migrant women with young children to the Caritas facility.

    “By detaining these children and threatening to split up their family the Lebanese authorities have displayed a chilling disregard for their rights. Holding children in detention centers subjects them to trauma and can cause considerable harm to their physical and psychological well-being. The protection of children’s rights and the principle of family unity must be the primary consideration for General Security,” said Lynn Maalouf, Amnesty International’s Middle East research director.

    The children have no identity documents from Sudan or Sri Lanka and only possess birth certificates from a local Lebanese official stating that they were born on Lebanese territory.

    The father told ARM that he left Sudan for Lebanon in 1995 to avoid military service there, after both his brothers were killed in the civil war. He said he was deported back to Sudan in 1998 and arrested, but was released after his father paid a bribe, and returned to Lebanon in 1999.

    The mother, a Sri Lankan former domestic worker, told Amnesty International that she fled an abusive Lebanese employer almost 20 years ago, thus losing her regular migration status in Lebanon. She said that her employer beat her, confiscated her passport, and did not pay her wages for a year. Human Rights Watch, Amnesty International, and ARM routinely document credible reports of abuses against migrant domestic workers, including non-payment of wages, forced confinement, and verbal and physical abuse.

    The mother said that she fears retaliation by family members for converting to Islam and marrying a Muslim. There have been violent riots against Muslims in Kandy, Sri Lanka, her home town.

    Both parents previously tried to register their refugee claims with the United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR), but their claims were not granted.

    The father told ARM in July that General Security officials said the entire family would be deported and pressured him to sign a departure form indicating that he agreed to be returned to Sudan. The mother told ARM in August that General Security officials informed her that she would be deported to Sri Lanka, and that her children would be deported with her husband to Sudan.

    Children should never be detained, alone or with their families, for immigration purposes. UNHCR has found that even short-term detention with their families has a “profound and negative impact” on children, and concluded that “children should not be detained for immigration related purposes, irrespective of their legal/migratory status or that of their parents.”

    Because of “the harm inherent in any deprivation of liberty and the negative impact that immigration detention can have on children’s physical and mental health and on their development,” the UN committee that interprets the Convention on the Rights of the Child, which Lebanon ratified in 1991, has called for any deprivation of liberty based on a child’s migration status to be “prohibited by law and its abolishment ensured in policy and practice.”

    Following the principle of family unity, authorities should not separate children from their parents unless separation is clearly in the best interests of each child. If restrictions to the liberty or freedom of movement of the parents are considered necessary in immigration cases, alternatives to detention for the entire family should be provided to respect children’s rights not to be detained while also not being separated from their parents, the UN special rapporteurs on torture and on migrants’ rights have stated.

    To comply with its international human rights obligations, General Security should free the family, unless specific and compelling reasons make restrictions to the liberty of the parents necessary. In that case, alternatives to detention should be found for this family, the organizations said. Less harmful alternatives could include requirements to report to the authorities while their case is being considered. Crucially, in line with the principles of family unity and respect for the child’s best interests, the family should not be separated by being deported to different countries.

    “Deportation may mean the permanent separation of this family, with no hope of reunification,” said Farah Salka, director of ARM. “General Security should release the family and ensure that they are not split apart by being deported to opposite ends of the world.”


    https://www.hrw.org/news/2019/08/29/lebanon-migrant-family-detained
    #asile #migrations #réfugiés #rétention #détention_administrative #Liban #enfants #enfance #familles

  • UNHCR shocked at death of Afghan boy on #Lesvos; urges transfer of unaccompanied children to safe shelters

    UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is deeply saddened by news that a 15-year-old Afghan boy was killed and two other teenage boys injured after a fight broke out last night at the Moria reception centre on the Greek island of Lesvos. Despite the prompt actions by authorities and medical personnel, the boy was pronounced dead at Vostaneio Hospital in Mytilene, the main port town on Lesvos. The two other boys were admitted at the hospital where one required life-saving surgery. A fourth teenager, also from Afghanistan, was arrested by police in connection with the violence.

    The safe area at the Moria Reception and Identification Centre, RIC, hosts nearly 70 unaccompanied children, but more than 500 other boys and girls are staying in various parts of the overcrowded facility without a guardian and exposed to exploitation and abuse. Some of them are accommodated with unknown adults.

    “I was shocked to hear about the boy’s death”, said UNHCR Representative in Greece, Philippe Leclerc. “Moria is not the place for children who are alone and have faced profound trauma from events at home and the hardship of their flight. They need special care in dedicated shelters. The Greek government must take urgent measures to ensure that these children are transferred to a safe place and to end the overcrowding we see on Lesvos and other islands,” he said, adding that UNHCR stands ready to support by all means necessary.

    Frustration and tensions can easily boil over in Moria RIC which now hosts over 8,500 refugees and migrants – four times its capacity. Access to services such as health and psychological support are limited while security is woefully insufficient for the number of people. Unaccompanied children especially can face unsafe conditions for months while waiting for an authorized transfer to appropriate shelter. Their prolonged stay in such difficult conditions further affects their psychology and well-being.

    Nearly 2,000 refugees and migrants arrived by sea to Greece between 12 and 18 August, bringing the number of entries this year to 21,947. Some 22,700 people, including nearly 1,000 unaccompanied and separated children, are now staying on the Greek Aegean islands, the highest number in three years.

    https://www.unhcr.org/gr/en/12705-unhcr-shocked-at-death-of-afghan-boy-on-lesvos-urges-transfer-of-unacco

    #MNA #mineurs #enfants #enfance #Moria #décès #mort #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Grèce #camps_de_réfugiés #Lesbos #bagarre #dispute #surpopulation

    • Cet article du HCR, m’a fait pensé à la #forme_camps telle qu’elle est illustrée dans l’article... j’ai partagé cette réflexion avec mes collègues du comité scientifique du Centre du patrimoine arménien de Valence.

      Je la reproduis ici :

      Je vous avais parlé du film documentaire « #Refugistan » (https://seenthis.net/messages/502311), que beaucoup d’entre vous ont vu.

      Je vous disais, lors de la dernière réunion, qu’une des choses qui m’avait le plus frappé dans ce film, c’est ce rapprochement géographique du « camp de réfugié tel que l’on se l’imagine avec des #tentes blanches avec estampillons HCR »... cet #idéal-type de #camp on le voit dans le film avant tout en Afrique centrale, puis dans les pays d’Afrique du Nord et puis, à la fin... en Macédoine. Chez nous, donc.

      J’ai repensé à cela, ce matin, en voyant cette triste nouvelle annoncée par le HCR du décès d’un jeune dans le camps de Moria à Lesbos suite à une bagarre entre jeunes qui a lieu dans le camp.

      Regardez l’image qui accompagne l’article :

      Des tentes blanches avec l’estampillons « UNHCR »... en Grèce, encore plus proche, en Grèce, pays de l’Union européenne...

      Des pensées... que je voulais partager avec vous.

      #altérité #cpa_camps #altérisation

      ping @reka @isskein @karine4

    • Greek refugee camp unable to house new arrivals

      Authorities on the Greek island of Lesvos say they can’t house more newly arrived migrants at a perpetually overcrowded refugee camp that now is 400 percent overcapacity.

      Two officials told AP the Moria camp has a population of 12,000 and no way to accommodate additional occupants.

      The officials say newcomers are sleeping in the open or in tents outside the camp, which was built to hold 3,000 refugees.

      Some were taken to a small transit camp run by the United Nations’ refugee agency on the north coast of Lesvos.

      The island authorities said at least 410 migrants coming in boats from Turkey reached Lesvos on Friday.

      The officials asked not to be identified pending official announcements about the camp.

      http://www.ekathimerini.com/244771/article/ekathimerini/news/greek-refugee-camp-unable-to-house-new-arrivals

  • Les #États-Unis vont autoriser la détention illimitée d’#enfants #migrants
    https://www.lapresse.ca/international/etats-unis/201908/21/01-5238142-les-etats-unis-vont-autoriser-la-detention-illimitee-denfants-mi

    Pour « La Presse », ceci entre dans le cadre d’une...

    .... politique de fermeté face à l’immigration clandestine.

    Le curseur des #MSM étant où il est, il est tout à fait cohérent pour la Maison-Blanche de dire qu’il...

    ...s’agit d’un besoin humanitaire urgent.

    #air_du_temps

  • Ces enfants-soldats enrôlés par #Daech appelés « bombes à retardement », je les ai rencontrés | Le Huffington Post

    https://www.huffingtonpost.fr/entry/ces-enfants-soldats-de-daech-appeles-bombes-a-retardement-je-les-ai-r

    Dans l’Irak de l’#Etat_Islamique, l’utilisation des enfants comme boucliers humains et armes de guerre était systématique. “Enfants-soldats”, ou encore “lionceaux du Califat”, leur définition englobe les espions, les kamikazes, les passeurs, les gardes aux postes de contrôle. Malgré la chute de Daech, cette situation perdure parmi les groupes armés qui ont mainmise sur une partie des zones reprises dans la région de Mossoul.

  • É.-U. : les #enfants #migrants ont droit à du savon, tranche une cour d’appel
    https://www.lapresse.ca/international/etats-unis/201908/15/01-5237538-e-u-les-enfants-migrants-ont-droit-a-du-savon-tranche-une-cour-d

    Dans leur plaidoirie en appel, les départements de l’Intérieur et de la Justice avaient estimé que cette obligation de « #sécurité et d’#hygiène », prévue par une loi de 1997, n’englobait pas nécessairement les conditions de couchage des mineurs en détention ou la fourniture de produits d’hygiène, car le texte ne les mentionne pas explicitement.

    #états-unis #air_du_temps

  • Centaines de plaintes pour pédophilie déposées en un seul jour à New York _ Pauline Simonet/oang - 16 Aout 2019 - RTS
    https://www.rts.ch/info/monde/10640578-centaines-de-plaintes-pour-pedophilie-deposees-en-un-seul-jour-a-new-yo

    Conséquence d’une nouvelle loi, des centaines de plaintes au civil pour pédophilie ont été déposées mercredi dans l’Etat de New York. Elles inquiètent de nombreuses institutions comme l’Eglise catholique, directement visée.
    La nouvelle législation permet aux victimes de demander réparation pendant un an, sans aucun délai de prescription. Les plaignants espèrent mettre au jour les complicités et protections dont les agresseurs ont bénéficié.

    Une rencontre sans effet avec le pape
    James Grein est l’une de ces nombreuses victimes qui vient de porter plainte et son cas est emblématique. Son agresseur présumé - l’ancien cardinal Theodore McCarrick défroqué l’an dernier après ses accusations - l’avait emmené rencontrer le pape Jean Paul II au Vatican en 1988.

    Agé de 30 ans à l’époque, il assure avoir confié au Souverain pontife lui-même et à quelques cardinaux les sévices dont il était victime depuis son plus jeune âge, sans aucun effet.

    Le Vatican directement visé
    Grâce à la nouvelle législation, James Grein, âgé aujourd’hui de 61 ans, peut porter plainte et c’est le Vatican lui-même qui est visé. Ses avocats vont exiger d’obtenir des archives et documents qui pourraient prouver l’ampleur des protections et complicités au sein de l’Eglise catholique.

    D’autres institutions sont aussi visées, comme les Scouts américains, le département de l’Education de New York ou encore l’université Rockefeller de Manhattan. Le nombre et l’importance des dossiers attendus est tel que 45 juges ont été spécialement désignés pour les traiter.

    #pédophilie #culture_du_viol #viol #catholicisme #enfants #viols #eglise #violences_sexuelles #pedocriminalité #justice #religion #pornographie #église #pédophilie_dans_l_eglise #justice

  • Au Nunavik, pas de profs, pas d’école _ Sandrine Vieira - 13 Aout 2019 - Le devoir
    https://www.ledevoir.com/societe/education/560552/au-nunavik-pas-de-profs-pas-d-ecole

    Taux de sorties sans diplôme ni qualification (décrochage annuel), parmi les sortants, en formation générale des jeunes, selon le sexe, commission scolaire Kativik, 2016‐2017 :
    • Garçons : 89,8 %
    • Filles : 81,4 %
    • Total : 85,7 %

    Au Nunavik, quand un enseignant est absent, les cours sont annulés et les enfants restent à la maison. Et la rentrée qui approche s’annonce pire, avec 84 postes qui ne sont toujours pas pourvus à la commission scolaire Kativik Ilisarniliriniq.

    « C’est pire cette année parce que c’est très difficile d’embaucher du monde quand les autres commissions scolaires en manquent aussi », reconnaît Harriet Keleutak, directrice générale de la commission scolaire.

    Elle espère qu’à la mi-septembre, elle aura trouvé tout le personnel manquant. Elle assure que les élèves ne manqueront pas leurs cours, car les directions d’écoles ont pris les mesures nécessaires pour recruter des personnes de la communauté et des enseignants à la retraite pour remplacer temporairement les enseignants titulaires à embaucher.


    Photo : Jean-François Nadeau Le Devoir Une sculpture en granit réalisée par « Peter Boy » Ittukallak se dresse devant l’école Iguarsivik, à Puvirnituq.

    L’an dernier pourtant, lorsque Mathieu (nom fictif), qui enseigne depuis quelques années à Inukjuak, s’est absenté du travail pendant plus d’un mois, il n’a pas été remplacé un seul jour. Ses élèves sont restés à la maison durant toute cette période. Ce n’est pas un cas isolé, selon les informations obtenues par Le Devoir : il y a deux ans, deux classes de 1re secondaire ont commencé l’année scolaire avec un mois de retard, alors que la commission scolaire peinait à trouver un enseignant.

    « Il y a deux ans, il manquait entre 10 et 12 enseignants à mon école. C’est énorme. Tous les jours que les élèves perdent sont des jours qu’ils ne rattraperont jamais », souligne de son côté Rémi Guitard, qui a accumulé une quinzaine d’années d’expérience en tant qu’enseignant et directeur au Nunavik.

    La commission scolaire n’a pas été en mesure d’offrir les statistiques reliées à l’absence des élèves, faute d’un système informatique adéquat. Elle assure qu’un système opérationnel sera mis en place cette année. « Ce n’est pas acceptable comme situation, avoue Mme Keleutak. On essaie de trouver d’autres moyens pour que [les élèves] puissent rester à l’école tous les jours. C’est sûr que, des fois, c’est très dur de trouver des remplaçants ».

    Par ailleurs, la commission scolaire Kativik Ilisarniliriniq n’est pas soumise au même régime pédagogique que les commissions scolaires francophones et anglophones au Québec, puisqu’elle est assujettie à la Loi sur l’instruction publique pour les autochtones cris, inuit et naskapis. Le minimum de 180 jours de services éducatifs n’est pas aussi tranché que dans les autres commissions scolaires de la province.

    Conditions de travail difficiles
    L’isolement est un facteur qui explique la difficulté de recrutement, le Nunavik étant une région seulement accessible par avion. Les personnes qui sont habituées à vivre dans les villes ont de la difficulté à s’adapter à l’isolement, remarque la directrice générale.

    Les conditions de travail difficiles pourraient également expliquer les difficultés de recrutement et de rétention du personnel. « Les enseignants disent souvent qu’ils n’arrivent pas à se dépasser, car il y a un problème de langue, de compréhension [chez les élèves] et de ressources psychosociales », explique M. Guitard.

    Si le recrutement de personnel est déjà difficile, le bond démographique dans les écoles pose un problème supplémentaire. En effet, le nombre moyen d’enfants au Nunavik atteint 3,2 enfants par femme contre 1,6 au Québec pour la période 2004-2008. « Cette année, on se retrouve avec une cinquantaine d’élèves en plus, ça va donc prendre deux ou trois ressources supplémentaires [à mon école] », dit M. Guitard.

    Même lorsque les enseignants sont engagés, les écoles peinent à les garder en poste. Pour la période allant de 2013-2014 à 2017-2018, la commission scolaire a estimé le taux de rétention des enseignants titulaires d’un poste permanent à temps plein à 53 %. Parmi les enseignants recrutés à l’extérieur du Nunavik — qui représentent 63 % du personnel enseignant —, la majorité d’entre eux ne s’établissent pas dans la région.

    Même si les enseignants reçoivent des primes d’éloignement et de rétention, Mathieu juge qu’elles ne sont pas suffisantes. Il les évalue à environ 12 000 $ par année. « Sur un salaire de 50 000 $, une fois les impôts passés, il ne reste plus grand-chose. Même s’il y a des primes, on ne les sent pas vraiment passer, et on les mérite, car on est vraiment très loin. »

    Une éducation « couci-couça »
    Mathieu s’inquiète de la situation, qu’il considère comme périlleuse pour la réussite des élèves, qui ont déjà un haut taux de décrochage. Au Nunavik, il est de 85,7 %, comparativement à 13,1 % pour l’ensemble du Québec.

    « C’est malheureux à bien des égards. D’abord, pour le temps d’enseignement perdu, qui vient très certainement jouer un rôle dans la faible diplomation des élèves du Nunavik, mais aussi pour des enjeux de responsabilité civile. Les parents nous confient leurs enfants, de la maternelle à la 5e secondaire, pendant qu’ils sont au travail, et on les renvoie dans la rue, simplement », déplore-t-il.

    M. Guitard note que le recrutement de personnel non qualifié accentue le problème. « Quand on forme des élèves avec des enseignants qui n’ont pas de prérequis pédagogiques, on se retrouve avec des élèves qui, finalement, ont une éducation couci-couça. »

    Il en vient à mettre en doute la réelle valeur des diplômes remis aux élèves de la région : « On remet des diplômes, oui, mais à des gens qui ont encore de la difficulté à lire et à écrire. Si on parle de qualité [de diplôme] entre le Sud et le Nord, il n’y a aucune comparaison. Nos élèves sont en retard. »

    Une fois le diplôme d’études secondaires obtenu, les difficultés des élèves les suivent jusqu’à leur parcours collégial. La plupart d’entre eux doivent faire des années préparatoires et des mises à niveau lorsqu’ils arrivent au cégep. « Ça devient extrêmement périlleux pour eux d’obtenir un diplôme d’études collégiales, car les années préparatoires sont trop longues et les élèves se découragent », indique M. Guitard.

    Mesures en place
    Plusieurs mesures pourraient être mises en place pour attirer davantage de personnel, dont l’augmentation du salaire, l’amélioration des conditions de vie et l’apport d’un soutien psychologique aux enseignants, selon M. Guitard. En effet, la crise de suicides qui sévit au Nunavik constitue une réalité difficile pour plusieurs enseignants. « En juin, j’ai perdu deux étudiants sur un groupe de dix. J’ai donc perdu 20 % de mes élèves en un mois », souligne Mathieu.

    L’année dernière, la commission scolaire Kativik Ilisarniliriniq a reçu l’approbation du ministère de l’Éducation pour la création de postes de professeurs suppléants à temps plein dans chaque école. « La pénurie actuelle d’enseignants ne nous permettra probablement pas de profiter pleinement de ces nouvelles ressources, mais il s’agit d’un développement positif, dont nous espérons pouvoir faire bénéficier toutes nos écoles », a indiqué la commission scolaire dans un document envoyé au Devoir.

    Pour sa part, la directrice générale de la commission scolaire espère que davantage d’Inuits poursuivront des études universitaires pour devenir enseignants en langue seconde, alors que seulement 38 % de l’ensemble de ses enseignants sont Inuits. « Ce serait une des choses qu’on voudrait voir, parce que ça voudrait dire qu’ils resteraient dans la communauté plus longtemps. »

    De son côté, le ministère de l’Éducation dit être au courant des enjeux et « travailler avec [la commission scolaire] pour remédier à la situation ».

    La commission scolaire Kativik Ilisarniliriniq en chiffres
    • 17 écoles primaires et secondaires
    • 3460 élèves au primaire et secondaire
    • 420 élèves inscrits à des cours offerts par le service de l’éducation des adultes et de la formation professionnelle
     
    Données de l’année scolaire 2018-2019 :
    • 950 employés permanents, dont 432 enseignants.
    • 38 % des enseignants sont Inuits, et près de 40 % d’entre eux ont une certification d’enseignement.

    #école #canada #peuples_autochtones #arctique #inuit #inuits #nations_premières #autochtones #racisme #peuples_premiers #discriminations #enfants #colonialisme
     

  • Persian Language & Literature : Samad Behrangi : The Little Black Fish
    http://iranchamber.com/literature/sbehrangi/works/the_little_black_fish.php


    Painting by Farshid Mesqali

    Une collection d’oeuvres de Samad Behrangi et d’autres auteurs iraniens
    http://iranchamber.com/literature/sbehrangi
    http://iranchamber.com/literature

    The Little Black Fish

    It was the longest night of winter. At the bottom of the sea an old fish gathered together 12,000 of her children and grandchildren and began to tell them this story:

    Once upon a time a little black fish lived with her mother in a small pond on the side of a mountain. Their home was behind a black, moss-covered rock, under which they both slept at night. The little fish longed to see the moonlight in their home just once. From morning till evening, the mother and child swam after each other. Sometimes they joined other fish and rapidly darted in and out of small crevices. The little fish was an only child, for of the 10,000 eggs which the mother had laid, only she had survived.

    For several days the little fish had been deep in thought and had talked very little. She swam slowly behind her mother around the pond and did not play with the other fish. Her mother thought her child was sick and would soon be well. In fact, the black fish’s sickness was really something else!

    Early one morning before the sun had risen, the little fish woke her mother and said

    “Mother, I want to talk to you.”

    Half-asleep, the mother responded

    “Child, this isn’t the time to talk. Save your words for later. Go swimming?”

    “No, Mother! I can’t go swimming anymore. I must leave here.”

    “Do you really have to leave?”

    “Yes, Mother, I must go.”

    “Just a minute! Where do you want to go at this hour of the morning?”

    “I want to go see where the stream ends. You know, Mother, I’ve been wondering where the end of the stream is ... I haven’t been able to think about anything else. I didn’t sleep a wink all night. At last, I decided to go and find where the stream ends. I want to know what’s happening in other places.”

    The mother laughed - “When I was a child, I used to think a lot like that. But, my dear, a stream has no beginning and no end. That’s the way it is. The stream just flows and never goes anywhere.”

    “But mother dear, isn’t it true that everything comes to an end ? Nights end, days end, weeks, months, years ...”

    “Forget this pretentious talk,” interrupted the mother - “Let’s go swimming. Now is the time to swim, not talk.”

    “No, Mother, I’m tired of this swimming, I want to set out and see what’s happening elsewhere. Maybe you think someone taught me these ideas but believe me, I’ve had these thoughts for a long time. Of course, I’ve learned many things here and there. For instance, I know that when most fish get old, they complain about everything. I want to know if life is simply for circling around in a small place until you become old and nothing else, or is there another way to live in the world ?”

    When the little fish finished the mother exclaimed - “My dear child, are you crazy? World! ... World! What is this other world! The world is right here where we are. Life is just as we have it...”

    Just then, a large fish approached their home and said: “Neighbor, what are you arguing about with your child? Aren’t you planning to go swimming today?”
    Hearing her neighbor’s voice, the mother came out of the house and said, “What’s the world coming to! Now children even want to teach their mothers something!”
    How so? “asked the neighbor.”
    Listen to the places this half-pint wants to go!" replied the mother. “Saying over and over again I want to go see what’s happening in the world. What pretentious talk!”

    “Little one,” said the neighbor, “let’s see. Since when have you become a scholar and philosopher and not told us?”
    "Madam," answered the little fish, “I don’t know what you mean by ’scholar’ and ’philosopher,’ I’ve just gotten tired of these swims. I don’t want to continue this boring stuff and be happy as a fool until one day I wake up and see that like all of you, I’ve become old, but still am as dumb as I am now.”
    "Oh, what talk!" exclaimed the neighbor.
    “I never thought my only child would turn out this way,” said the mother. “I don’t know what evil person put my sweet baby up to this.”

    “No one put me up to anything,” said the little fish. “I have reason, and intelligence and understanding. I have eyes and I can see.”
    "Sister," said the neighbor to the little fish’s mother, “do you remember that twisted-up snail?”
    "Yes, you’re right," said the mother. “He used to push himself on my baby. God knows what I would do to him!”
    "That’s enough, Mother," said the little fish. “He was my friend.”
    "Friendship between a fish and a snail," said the mother, “I’ve never heard of such a thing!”
    "And I’ve never heard of a fish and a snail being enemies," replied the little fish. “But you all drowned the poor fellow.”

    “Let’s not bring up the past,” said the neighbor.
    “You brought up the subject yourself,” said the little fish.
    “It served him right to be killed,” said the mother. “Have you forgotten the things he used to say everywhere he went?”
    "Then," said the little fish, “kill me too since I’m saying the very same things.”

    To make a long story short, the arguing voices attracted the other fish. The little fish’s words angered everyone.

    One of the old fish asked, “Did you think we’d pity you?”
    "That one just needs a little box on the ears," said another.

    “Go away,” said the black fish’s mother. “Don’t you touch my child.”
    Another of them said, “Madam, if you don’t raise your child correctly, you must expect it to be punished.”
    The neighbor said, “I’m ashamed to live next to you.”
    Another said, “Let’s do to the little fish what we did to the old snail before it gets into trouble.”

    When they tried to grab the little black fish, her friends gathered around and took the fish away from the brawl.

    The black fish’s mother beat her head and chest and cried, “Oh, my baby is leaving me. What am I going to do? What a curse has fallen upon me!”
    "Mother, don’t cry for me. Cry for the old fish who stay behind."
    “Don’t get smart, half-pint!” shouted one of the fish from afar.
    “If you go away and afterwards regret it, we won’t let you come back,” said a second.
    “These are useful fancies. Don’t go,” said a third.
    “What’s wrong with this place?” said a fourth.
    "There is no other world. The world is right here. Come back! Said a fifth.
    “If you turn reasonable and come back, then we’ll believe you really are an intelligent fish,” said a sixth.
    “Wait, we’ve gotten used to having you around ...” said a seventh.
    The mother cried, “Have mercy on me. Don’t go! Don’t go!”

    The little fish didn’t have anything more to say to them. Several friends of the same age accompanied the fish as far as the waterfall. As they parted, the fish said,
    “My friends, I hope to see you again. Don’t forget me!”
    "How would it be possible to forget you?" asked the friends. “You’ve awakened us from a deep sleep. You’ve taught us many things that we had not even thought about before. We hope to see you again, learned and fearless friend.”

    The little fish swam down the waterfall and fell into a pond full of water. At first the fish lost its balance but after a while began to swim and circled around the pond. The fish had never seen so much water collected in one place.

    Thousands of tadpoles were wriggling in the water. They laughed when they saw the little black fish,
    “What a funny shape! What kind of creature are you?”
    The fish looked them over thoroughly and said, "Please don’t insult me. My name is Little Black Fish. Tell me your names so that we’ll get acquainted.
    “We call one another tadpole,” replied one of the tadpoles.
    “We come from nobility,” said another.
    “You can’t find anyone prettier than us in the whole world,” said another.
    “We aren’t shapeless and ugly-faced like you,” said another one.
    The fish said, “I never imagined you would be so conceited. That’s all right. I’ll forgive you since you’re speaking out of ignorance.”
    In one voice the tadpoles demanded, “Are you saying we’re stupid?”
    "If you weren’t ignorant," replied the fish, “you’d know that there are many others in the world who are pleased with their appearances. You don’t even have names of your own.”

    The tadpoles became very angry. But since they knew the little fish spoke truthfully, they changed their tone and said, “really, you’re wasting words! We swim around the world every day from morning till evening, but except for ourselves and our father and mother, we see no one. Of course, there are tiny worms, but they don’t count.”
    "You can’t even leave the pond," said the fish. “How can you talk about traveling around the world?”
    "What! Do you think there’s a world other than the pond?" exclaimed the tadpoles.
    “At least,” responded the fish, “you must wonder where this water comes from and what things are outside of it.”
    "Outside the water!" exclaimed the tadpoles, “Where is that? We’re never seen outside of the water! Haha ...haha ...You’re crazy!”

    Little Black Fish also started to laugh. The fish thought it would be better to leave the tadpoles to themselves and go away, but then changed its mind and decided to speak to their mother.

    “Where is your mother?” asked the fish. Suddenly, the deep voice of a frog made the fish jump. The frog was sitting on a rock at the edge of the pond. She jumped into the water, came up to the fish and said:
    “I’m right here. What do you want?”
    "Hello, Great Lady," said the fish.
    The frog responded “Worthless creature, now is not the time to show off. You’ve found some children to listen to you and are talking pretentiously. I’ve lived long enough to know that the world is this pond. Mind your own business and don’t lead my children astray.”
    "If you lived a hundred years," said the little fish, “you’d still be nothing more than an ignorant and helpless frog.”

    The frog got angry and jumped at Little Black Fish. The fish flipped quickly and fled like lightening, stirring up sediment and worms at the bottom of the pond.

    The valley twisted and curved. The stream became deeper and wider. But if you looked down at the valley from the top of the mountains, the stream would seem like a white thread. In one place, a piece of large rock had broken off from the mountain, fallen to the bottom of the valley, and split the water into two branches. A large lizard the size of a hand, lay on her stomach on the rock. She was enjoying the sun’s warmth and watching a large, round crab resting on the sand at the bottom or the water in a shallow place and eating a frog he had snared.

    The little fish suddenly saw the crab, became frightened, and greeted him from afar. The crab glanced sideways at the fish and said,
    “What a polite fish! Come closer, little one. Come on!”
    "I’m off to see the world," said the little fish, “and I never want to be caught by you, sir!”
    "Little fish, why are you so pessimistic and scared?" asked the crab.
    “I’m neither pessimistic nor afraid,” answered the fish. “I speak about everything I see and understand.”
    "Well, then," said the crab, “please tell me what you’ve seen and understood that makes you think I want to capture you?”
    "Don’t try to trick me!" responded the fish.
    “Are you referring to the frog?” queried the crab. “How childish you are! I have a grudge against frogs; that’s the reason I hunt them. Do you know, they think they’re the only creatures in the world and that they’re very lucky. I want to make them understand who is really master in the world! So you don’t have to be afraid, my dear. Come here. Come on.”

    As the crab talked, he was walking backwards towards the little fish. His gait was so funny that the fish couldn’t help laughing and said,
    “Poor thing! You don’t even know how to walk. How did you ever learn who runs the world?”
    The black fish drew back from the crab. A shadow fell upon the water and suddenly a heavy blow pushed the crab into the sand. The lizard laughed so hard at the crab’s expression that she slipped and almost fell into the water. The crab couldn’t get up.

    The little fish saw that a young shepherd was standing at the edge of the water watching the fish and the crab. A flock of sheep and goats came up to the water and thrust their mouths in. The valley filled with the sounds of “meh meh” and “bah bah.”

    The little black fish waited until the sheep and goats had drunk their water and left, then called the lizard,
    “Dear lizard, I’m a little black fish who’s going to search for the end of the stream. I think you’re wise, so, I’d like to ask you something.”
    "Ask anything you want."
    “All along the way, they’ve been frightening me a great deal about the pelican, the swordfish and the heron. Do you know anything about them?”
    "The swordfish and the heron," said the lizard, “aren’t found in this area, especially the swordfish who lives in the sea. But it’s possible that the pelican is farther down. Be careful he doesn’t trick you and catch you in his pouch.”
    "What pouch?"
    “Under his throat,” explained the lizard, “the pelican has a pouch which holds a lot of water. When the pelican’s swimming, fish, without realizing it, sometimes enter his pouch and then go straight into his stomach. But if the pelican isn’t hungry, he stores the fish in his pouch to eat later.”
    "If a fish enters the pouch, is there any way of getting out?" asked the fish.
    “There’s no way unless the fish rips open the pouch,” answered the lizard.
    “I’m going to give you a dagger so that if you get caught by the pelican, you can do just that.”

    Then the lizard crawled into a crack in the rock and returned wit a very sharp dagger. The little fish took the dagger and said:
    “Dear lizard, you are so kind! I don’t know how to thank you.”
    "It’s not necessary to thank me, my dear. I have many of these daggers. When I have nothing to do, I sit down and make daggers from blades of grass and give them to smart fish like you."
    “What?” asked the fish, “Have other fish passed here before me?”
    "Many have passed by," the lizard replied. “They’ve formed themselves into a school and they give the fisherman a hard time.”
    "Excuse me for talking so much," said the black fish, "but if you don’t think me meddlesome, tell me how they give the fisherman a hard time.
    “Well,” answered the lizard, “they stick together. Whenever the fisherman throws his net, they get inside, pull the net with them, and drag it to the bottom of the sea.”

    The lizard placed her ear on the crack, listened and said, “I must excuse myself now. My children have awakened.” The lizard went into the crack in the rock. The black fish had no choice but to set out again. But all the while there were many questions on the fish’s mind. “Is it true that the stream flows to the sea? If only the pelican doesn’t catch me! Is it true the swordfish enjoys killing and eating its own kind? Why is the heron our enemy?”

    The little fish continued swimming and thinking, In every stretch of the way the fish saw and learned new things. How the fish liked turning somersaults, tumbling down waterfalls, and swimming again. The fish felt the warmth of the sun and grew strong. At one place a deer was hastily drinking some water. The little fish greeted her.
    “Pretty deer, why are you in such a hurry?”
    "A hunter is following me," replied the deer. “I’ve been hit by a bullet ... right here!”
    The little fish didn’t see the bullet hole, but from the deer’s limping gait knew she was telling the truth.

    At one place turtles were napping in the sun’s warmth. At another place the boisterous noise of partridges twisted through the valley. The fragrance of mountain grass floated through the air and mixed with the water. In the afternoon the fish reached a spot where the valley widened and the water passed through the center of a grove of trees. There was so much water that the little black fish had a really good time.

    Later on the fish came upon a school of fish. The little fish had not seen any other fish since leaving home. Several tiny fish surrounded Little Black Fish and said:
    “You must be a stranger here!”
    "Yes," responded the black fish, “I’m a stranger. I’ve come from far away.”
    "Where do you want to go?" asked the tiny fish.
    “I’m going to find the end of the stream,” replied the black fish.
    “Which stream?”
    "This very stream we’re swimming in," answered the black fish.
    “We call this a river,” stated the tiny fish.
    The black fish didn’t say anything.

    “Don’t you know that the pelican lives along the way?” inquired one of the tiny fish.
    “Yes, I know,” answered the black fish.
    “Do you know what a big wide pouch the pelican has?” asked another.
    “I know that too,” replied the black fish.
    “In spite of all this, you still want to go?” exclaimed the tiny fish.
    “Yes,” said the black fish, “whatever happens, I must go.”

    Soon a rumor spread among all the fish that a little black fish had come from far away and wanted to find the end or the river. And the fish wasn’t even afraid of the pelican! Several tiny fish were tempted to go with the black fish but didn’t because they were afraid of the grown-ups. Others said, “If there weren’t a pelican, we would come with you. We’re afraid of the pelican’s pouch.”

    A village was on the edge of the river. Village women and girls were washing dishes and clothes in the river. The little fish listened to their chatter for a while and watched the children bathing, then set off. The fish went on and on and on, still farther on, until night fell, then lay down under a rock to sleep. The fish woke in the middle of the night and saw the moon shining into the water and lighting up everything. The little black fish liked the moon very much. On nights when the moon shone into the water, the fish longed to creep out from under the moss and speak with her. But Mother would always wake up, pull the fish under the moss, and make it go to sleep again.

    The little fish looked up at the moon and said
    “Hello, my lovely moon!”
    "Hello, Little Black Fish. What brings you here?"
    “I’m traveling around the world.”
    "The world is very big," said the moon. “You can’t travel everywhere.”
    "That’s okay," said the fish. “I’ll go everywhere I can.”
    "I’d like to stay with you till morning," said the moon, “but a big black cloud is coming toward me to block out my light.”
    "Beautiful moon! I like your light so much. I wish you’d always shine on me."
    “My dear fish, the truth is, I don’t have any light of my own. The sun gives me light and I reflect it to the earth. Tell me, have you heard that humans want to fly up and land on me in a few years?”
    "That’s impossible," exclaimed the fish.
    “It’s a difficult task,” said the moon, “but whatever they want, humans can ...”
    The moon couldn’t finish her sentence. The dark cloud approached and covered her face.

    The night became dark again, and the black fish was alone. The fish looked at the darkness in surprise and amazement for several seconds, then crept under a rock and fell asleep.

    The fish woke up early in the morning and saw overhead several tiny fish chattering. When they saw that the black fish was awake, they said in one voice:
    “Good morning!”
    The black fish recognized them right away and said, “Good morning! You followed me after all!”
    "Yes," answered one of the tiny fish, “but we’re still afraid.”
    "The thought of the pelican just won’t go away," said another.
    “You worry too much,” said the black fish. “One shouldn’t worry all the time. Let’s start out and our fears will vanish completely.”

    But as they were about to set out, they felt the water all around them rise up and a lid was placed over them. It was dark everywhere and there was no way to escape. The black fish immediately realized that they had been caught in the pelican’s pouch.
    “My friends,” said the little black fish, “we’ve been caught in the pelican’s pouch, but there’s a chance to escape.”

    All the tiny fish began to cry. On of them said, “There’s no way to escape! It’s your fault since you influenced us and led us astray.”
    "Now he’s going to swallow us all, and then we’ll die," said another.
    Suddenly the sound of frightening laughter twisted through the water. It was the pelican. He kept on laughing and said, “What tiny fish I’ve caught! Ha. Ha. Truly, my heart bleeds for you. I don’t want to swallow you! Ha, Ha ...”
    The tiny fish began pleading, “Your Excellency, Mr. Pelican! We’ve been hearing about you for a long time. If you’d be so kind as to open your distinguished beak a little so that we might go out, we’ll always be grateful to you.”
    "I don’t want to swallow you right now," said the pelican. “I’ve some fish stored. Look below.”
    Several large and tiny fish were scattered on the bottom of the pouch.
    “Your Excellency, Mr. Pelican!” cried the tiny fish, “we haven’t done anything. We’re innocent. This little black fish led us astray ...”

    “Cowards!” exclaimed the little black fish, “are you crying like this because you think this dishonest bird is merciful?”
    "You don’t know what you’re saying," said the tiny fish. “Just wait and see ... His Excellency, Mr. Pelican, will pardon us and swallow you!”
    "Of course I’ll pardon you," said the pelican. “But on one condition.”
    "Your condition, please, sir!" begged the tiny fish.
    “Strangle that meddlesome fish, and then you’ll get your freedom.”

    The little black fish moved aside and said to the tiny fish,
    “Don’t agree! This deceitful bird wants to turn us against each other. I have a plan ...”
    But the tiny fish were so intent on saving themselves that they couldn’t think of anything else. They advanced towards the little black fish who was sitting near the back of the pouch and talking slowly.
    “Cowards! Whatever happens, you’ve been caught and don’t have a way to escape. And you’re not strong enough to hurt me.”
    "We must strangle you," said the tiny fish.
    “We want freedom!”
    "You’ve lost your senses," said the black fish. “Even if you strangle me, you won’t escape. Don’t fall for his tricks...”
    "You’re talking like this just to save yourself," said the tiny fish. “Otherwise you wouldn’t think of us at all.”
    "Just listen," said the black fish, “and I’ll explain. I’ll pretend I’m dead. Then, we’ll see whether or not the pelican will free you. If you don’t agree to this, I’ll kill all of you with this dagger or rip open the pouch and escape while you ...” "Enough!" interrupted one of the fish. “I can’t stand this talk. Oh, wee ...oh, wee ...oh wee ...”>
    “Why did you ever bring along this crybaby?” demanded the black fish upon seeing him cry. Then the fish took out the dagger and held it in front of the tiny fish. Helpless, they agreed to the little fish’s suggestion. They pretended to be fighting together. The black fish pretended to be dead. The others went forward and said, “Your Excellency, Mr. Pelican, we strangled the meddlesome black fish ...” "Good work!" laughed the pelican. “Now, as a reward, I’m going to swallow all of you alive so that you can have a nice stroll in my stomach!”

    The tiny fish never had a chance. Quick as lightening they passed through the pelican’s throat and were gone. But, at that very instant, the black fish drew the dagger, split open the wall of the pouch with one blow and fled. The pelican cried out in pain and smashed his head on the water but he couldn’t follow after the little fish.

    The black fish went on and on and still farther on until it was noon. The river had passed through the mountains and valleys and now was flowing across a level plain. Several other smaller rivers had joined it from the right and the left, increasing its water greatly. The black fish was enjoying the immensity of the water.

    Soon the fish realized the water had no bottom. The fish swam this way and that way and didn’t touch anywhere. There was so much water that the little fish got lost in it! No matter how far the fish swam, still the water was endless. Suddenly, the fish noticed a large, long creature charging forward like lightening. There was a two-edged sword in front of its mouth. The little fish thought, “The swordfish! He’s going to cut me to pieces this very instant!”

    Quickly the fish jumped out of the way and swam to the surface. After a while the fish went under the water again to look for the bottom. On the way the fish met a school of fish-thousands and thousands of fish.

    “Friend,” said the fish to one of them, “I’m a stranger. I’ve come from far away. Where is this place?”

    The fish called his friends and said, “Look! Another ...” Then replied to the black fish, “Friend, welcome to the sea.”

    Another said, “All rivers and streams flow here, except some which flow into swamps.”
    "You can join our group anytime you wish," said one of the fish.

    The little black fish was happy to have reached the sea and said, “I’d like to travel around first, then I’ll come join your group. I’d like to be with you the next time you pull down the fisherman’s net.”

    “You’ll get your wish soon,” answered one of the fish. “Now go explore. But if you swim to the surface, watch our for the heron who isn’t afraid of anyone these days. She doesn’t stop bothering us till she’s caught four or five fish a day.”

    The black fish then left the group of sea fish and began swimming. A little later the fish came to the surface of the sea. A warm sun was shining. The little black fish enjoyed feeling the sun’s bright rays on its back. Calm and happy, the fish was swimming on the surface of the sea and thinking, “Death could come upon me very easily now. But as long as I’m able to live, I shouldn’t go out to meet death. Of course, if someday I should be forced to face death-as I shall-it doesn’t matter. What does matter is the influence that my life or death will have on the lives of others . . .”

    The little black fish wasn’t able to pursue these thoughts. A heron dived down, swooped up the fish, and carried it off. Caught in the heron’s long beak, the little fish kicked and waved but couldn’t get free. The heron had grabbed the fish’s waist so tightly that its life was ebbing away. After all, how long can a little fish stay alive out of water?

    “If only the heron would swallow me this very instant,” thought the fish, “then the water and moisture inside her stomach would prevent my death at least for a few minutes.”

    The fish addressed the heron with this thought in mind. “Why don’t you swallow me alive? I’m one of those fish whose body becomes full of poison after death.”
    The heron didn’t reply. She thought, “Oh, a tricky one! What are you up to? You want to get me talking so you can escape!”

    Dry land was visible in the distance. It got closer and closer.
    “If we reach dry land,” thought the fish, “all is finished.”
    "I know you want to take me to your children," said the fish, “but by the time we reach land, I’ll be dead, and my body will become a sack full of poison. Why don’t you have pity for your children?”
    "Precaution is also a virtue!" thought the heron. “I can eat you myself and catch another fish for my children. . . but let’s see . . . could this be a trick? No, you can’t do anything.”

    As the heron thought she noticed that the black fish’s body was limp and motionless. “Does this mean you’re dead,” thought the heron. “Now I can’t even eat you! I’ve ruined such a soft and delicate fish for no reason at all!”
    "Hey little one!" she called to the black fish. “Are you still half alive so that I can eat you?”
    But she didn’t finish speaking because the moment she opened her beak, the black fish jumped and fell down.

    The heron realized how badly she’d been tricked and dived after the little black fish. The fish streaked through the air like lightening. The fish had lost its senses from thirst for sea water and thrust its dry mouth into the moist wind of the sea. But as soon as the fish splashed into the water and took a new breath, the heron caught up and this time swallowed the fish so fast that the fish didn’t understand what had happened.

    The fish only sensed that everywhere was wet and dark. There was no way out. The sound of crying could be heard. When the fish’s eyes had become accustomed to the dark, it saw a tiny fish crouched in a corner, crying. He wanted his mother. The black fish approached and said:
    “Little one! . . .Get up! Think about what we should do. What are you crying for? Why do you want your mother?”
    "You there . . .Who are you?" responded the tiny fish. “Can’t you see? ...I’m ...dy...ing. O, me ...oh, my ...oh, oh ...mama ...I ...I can’t come with you to pull the fisherman’s net to the bottom of the sea any more ...oh, oh ...oh, oh!”
    "Enough, there!" said the little fish. “You’ll disgrace all fish.”

    After the tiny fish had controlled his crying, the little fish continued, “I want to kill the heron and find peace of mind to all fish. But first, I must send you outside so that you don’t ruin everything.”

    “You’re dying yourself,” replied the tiny fish. “How can you kill the heron?”
    The little fish showed the dagger. “From right inside here, I’m going to rip open her stomach. Now listen to what I say. I’m going to start tossing back and forth in order to tickle the heron. As soon as she opens her mouth and begins to laugh, you jump out.”
    "Then what about you?" asked the tiny fish.
    “Don’t worry about me. I’m not coming out until I’ve killed this good-for-nothing.”

    The black fish stopped talking and began tossing back and forth and tickling the heron’s stomach. The tiny fish was standing ready at the entrance of the heron’s stomach. As soon as the heron opened her mouth and began to laugh, the tiny fish jumped out and fell into the water. But no matter how long he waited, there wasn’t any sign of the black fish. Suddenly, he saw the heron twist and turn and cry out. Then she began to beat her wings and fell down. She splashed into the water. She beat her wings again, then all movement stopped. But there was no sign of Little Black Fish, and since that time, nothing has been heard.

    The old fish finished her tale and said to her 12,000 children and grandchildren, “Now it’s time to sleep, children. Go to bed.”
    "Grandmother!" exclaimed the children and grand-children, “You didn’t say what happened to that tiny fish.”
    "We’ll leave that for tomorrow night," said the old fish. “Now, it’s time for bed. Goodnight.”
    Eleven thousand, nine hundred and ninety-nine little fish said goodnight and went to sleep. The grandmother fell asleep too. But try as she might, a little red fish couldn’t get to sleep. All night long she thought about the sea .....

    #Iran #littérature #révolution #martyre #héros #contes #enfants

  • Jurisprudence | Déterminer l’âge d’un jeune, des procédures claires, des enjeux considérables. Prouver sa minorité, une loterie ?
    https://asile.ch/2019/08/05/jurisprudence-determiner-lage-dun-jeune-des-procedures-claires-des-enjeux-cons

    Alors qu’une solide jurisprudence existe sur la procédure à mettre en œuvre pour établir l’âge d’un jeune qui se déclare mineur, les auditeurs du Secrétariat d’État aux migrations (SEM) s’écartent régulièrement des principes à suivre lorsqu’ils rendent des décisions. Les conséquences pour le jeune et l’issue de sa procédure peuvent être considérables. Les juges du […]

  • WARREN BUFFETT’S SECRET MILLIONAIRES CLUB
    https://www.smckids.com/episodes

    Les millionaires c’est comme les stars du violon. Ils ont tous appris leur instrument â partir de quatre ou cinq ans. Faites de vos enfants des millionaires, pauvres imbéciles. Pour eux c’est ca ou la galère. Promis, parole de milliardaire.

    https://www.cnbc.com/2019/07/30/warren-buffett-this-is-the-no-1-mistake-parents-make-when-teaching-kids-about-

    In 2011, Buffett helped launch a children’s animated series called “Secret Millionaire’s Club,” which featured himself as a mentor to a group of students.

    There are 26 episodes in the show, and each one tackles a financial lesson, such as how a credit card works or why it’s important to track where you put your money.

    “I taught all [three] of my kids the lessons taught in ‘Secret Millionaires Club,’” Buffett told CNBC. “They are simple lessons meant for business and for life.”

    Here are a few lessons from the show, along with tips from Buffett on how to teach them to your kids:

    #éducation #argent #idéologies #capitalisme #enfants #

  • Saudi-led forces, Israel among states rapped by U.N. for killing children - Reuters
    https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-un-rights-children-idUKKCN1UL2SF

    A lire les MSM seule l’#Arabie_Saoudite serait « préservée » dans les rapports de l’#ONU sur les #crimes contre les #enfants, alors que l’état sioniste l’est tout autant,

    .... though no parties were blacklisted in the annex to the annual Children in Armed Conflict report, seen by Reuters.

    #Palestine #sionisme #Guterres #comparse #civils #victimes_civiles

  • #Yémen : l’Arabie préservée dans un futur rapport de l’#ONU, selon des diplomates - L’Orient-Le Jour
    https://www.lorientlejour.com/article/1178643/yemen-larabie-preservee-dans-un-futur-rapport-de-lonu-diplomates.html

    La coalition [de #mercenaires et autres #milices financés par l’#Arabie_saoudite et les #eau] avait été mise en 2016 sur la liste des Etats et organisations violant les #droits des #enfants, avant d’en être retirée à la suite de #menaces saoudiennes de couper des fonds à l’ONU. Elle avait été placée l’année suivante dans une sous-section créée pour les pays et organisations faisant des efforts pour éviter des morts d’enfants. Elle y avait été maintenue en 2018, ce qui, selon des diplomates, devrait être à nouveau le cas cette année, sur recommandation de l’émissaire onusienne pour les droits des enfants dans les conflits , Virginia Gamba, malgré la mort d’une quarantaine d’enfants en août dernier dans le bombardement d’un bus. L’Arabie saoudite avait ensuite reconnu une erreur de ciblage.

    Heureusement que l’émissaire de l’ONU n’est pas contre les droits des enfants.

    #honte #sans_vergogne

  • Die Ärzte « Schlaflied » (Unplugged)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jCoO_R8H8vY

    Voici une jolie chanson des Médecins (Die Ärzte) pour endormir vos enfants. Faites de beaux rêves avec plein de monstres.

    schlaf, mein Kindchen, schlafe ein
    die Nacht, sie schaut zum Fenster rein
    der runde Mond, er hat dich gerne
    und es leuchten dir die Sterne
    schlaf mein Kindchen, trume sss
    bald bist du im Paradies
    denn gleich ffnet sich die Tr
    und ein Monster kommt zu dir
    mit seinen elf Augen schaut es dich an
    und schleicht sich an dein Bettchen ran
    du liegst still da, bewegst dich nicht
    das Monster zerkratzt dir dein Gesicht
    seine Finger sind lang und dnn
    wehr dich nicht, es hat keinen Sinn
    und es kichert wie verrckt
    als es deinen Hals zudrckt
    du schreist, doch du bist allein zu Haus
    das Monster sticht dir die Augen aus

    dann bist du still, und das ist gut
    es beisst dir in den Hals und trinkt dein Blut
    ohne Blut bist du bleich wie Kreide
    dann frisst es deine Eingeweide
    dein kleines Bettchen vom Blut ganz rot
    die Sonne geht auf und du bist tot
    schlaf, mein Kindchen, schlaf jetzt ein
    am Himmel stehn die Sternelein
    schlaf, mein Kindchen, schlafe schnell
    dein Bettchen ist ein Karussell
    schlaf, mein Kindchen, schlafe ein
    sonst kann das Monster nicht hinein

    https://hitparade.ch/song/Die-Aerzte/Schlaflied-50155

    #musique #chanson_enfantine #enfants

  • Violences sexuelles : « La parole s’est libérée »

    La nouvelle directrice du Centre LAVI, Muriel Golay, fait le bilan de l’année 2018. Même si les obstacles restent nombreux, toujours plus de victimes d’agressions trouvent le courage de dénoncer la situation.

    Le bilan est préoccupant. Le nombre de demandes d’aide auprès du Centre genevois de consultations de la Loi fédérale sur l’aide aux victimes d’infractions (LAVI) a augmenté de 23% en 2018. La hausse la plus importante, de 30%, concerne les infractions contre l’intégrité sexuelle. L’association, créée en 1994, a pour mission d’offrir une aide juridique et psychologique gratuite aux personnes ayant subi une infraction pénale qui a atteint leur intégrité physique, psychique ou sexuelle.

    Depuis le 1er avril, Muriel Golay est la nouvelle directrice du Centre genevois. Passionnée par les politiques publiques de justice sociale, elle a travaillé pendant plus de dix ans à la tête du bureau de promotion de l’égalité entre femmes et hommes. Elle analyse le rapport d’activité du Centre LAVI pour Le Courrier.

    Vous avez travaillé au bureau de la promotion de l’égalité entre femmes et hommes. En quoi la perspective de genre est-elle pertinente pour le centre LAVI ?

    Muriel Golay : Dans 72% des cas, ce sont des femmes qui font appel à nos services, majoritairement dans le cadre de #violences_conjugales. Ensuite, la perspective de genre est fondamentale pour comprendre la manière dont les institutions vont apporter leur aide. Par exemple, il y a vingt ans, la catégorie « des hommes victimes de violence conjugale » était inexistante. Cette nouvelle catégorie génère le besoin de structures spécialisées.

    Comment expliquer l’augmentation des demandes de consultation ?

    Le Centre enregistre une hausse des demandes d’aide presque chaque année. En 2018, on constate une explosion qui suit l’augmentation des infractions dénoncées par la police genevoise. Premier facteur : la collaboration avec la #police qui dirige systématiquement les #victimes vers le Centre LAVI. Après vingt-cinq ans d’existence, notre expertise est aussi mieux connue. Nous sommes ancrés dans le réseau institutionnel, avec l’Hospice général, Solidarité femmes et les Hôpitaux universitaires de Genève, qui dirigent les personnes vers nous. Enfin, le mouvement #MeToo doit être pris en compte. La parole s’est libérée et les victimes savent que leur cas n’est pas isolé. La mobilisation historique de la grève du 14 juin confirme d’ailleurs une réelle évolution de la société sur ces questions.

    Les victimes osent donc plus facilement dénoncer ?

    Oui. Mais sur le terrain nous constatons que les personnes ont toujours un grand sentiment de honte. Dans la majorité des cas de violences contre l’#intégrité_sexuelle, l’auteur est connu. Ce qui rend la démarche extrêmement difficile.

    Les #agressions_sexuelles sur personnes mineures sont également en augmentation (35 cas en 2017 contre 81 cas en 2018)…

    La dynamique du mouvement #MeToo peut ici aussi expliquer le nombre d’adultes qui souhaitent dénoncer un abus vécu pendant l’enfance. Il n’est jamais trop tard pour se reconstruire. Même s’il y a prescription sur le plan pénal, nous pouvons les aider, par exemple en prenant en charge un soutien psychologique. La victime peut même être indemnisée, selon les spécificités du dossier.

    Pour les agressions sexuelles sur les enfants, le Service de protection des mineurs (SPMI) prendra les mesures nécessaires. Nous accompagnons souvent les parents, qui sont des proches au sens de la LAVI.

    Des mesures de préventions ont-elles été adoptées ?

    Une nouvelle brochure, « Abus sexuel sur personnes mineur-e-s » est disponible sur le site. Elle vise à apporter toutes les informations pour aider les victimes d’agressions sexuelles, qu’elles soient majeures ou mineures. Le document liste des définitions juridiques et donne des conseils pour réagir face à l’enfant qui révèle l’abus. Un glossaire ainsi qu’un répertoire d’adresses utiles ont été annexés. Le document est destiné aux proches ainsi qu’au professionnel-le-s. Il pourrait faire l’objet d’une adaptation dans les prochaines années pour que les enfants ou les jeunes puissent être directement informés. Par ailleurs, d’ici à 2020, le Centre mettra en place des formations sur la LAVI qui seront destinées aux professionnel-le-s des champs juridique et médico-social.

    Sur le plan de la prise en charge, notre permanence téléphonique est ouverte du lundi au vendredi de 14h à 17h. Les entretiens sont gratuits et confidentiels. La situation financière de la victime n’est jamais un obstacle.


    https://lecourrier.ch/2019/07/03/violences-sexuelles-la-parole-sest-liberee
    #Suisse #Genève #violences_sexuelles #dénonciations #justice #impunité (fin de l’impunité ?) #mineurs #enfants #enfance #violences_domestiques

  • TikTok under investigation over child data use
    https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jul/02/tiktok-under-investigation-over-child-data-use

    UK inquiry looking at whether video-sharing app breaches data protection law

    The video-sharing app TikTok is under investigation in the UK for how it handles the personal data of its young users, and whether it prioritises the safety of children on its social network. Elizabeth Denham, the information commissioner, told a parliamentary committee the investigation began in February, prompted by a multimillion-dollar fine from the US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) for similar violations. “We (...)

    #enfants #TikTok #BigData #profiling #[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données_(RGPD)[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR)[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR) #marketing (...)

    ##[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données__RGPD_[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_ ##FTC
    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/38a2f564395ee038982eaaeb32e4f9b54c1ef2dc/0_347_3500_2099/master/3500.jpg

  • A firsthand report of ‘inhumane conditions’ at a migrant children’s detention facility | PBS NewsHour
    https://www.pbs.org/newshour/show/a-firsthand-report-of-inhumane-conditions-at-a-migrant-childrens-detention-faci

    Editor’s Note: After our broadcast, CPB responded to our request for comment with the following statement:

    U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) leverages our limited resources to provide the best care possible to those in our custody, especially children. As DHS and CBP leadership have noted numerous times, our short-term holding facilities were not designed to hold vulnerable populations and we urgently need additional humanitarian funding to manage this crisis. CBP works closely with our partners at the Department of Health and Human Services to transfer unaccompanied children to their custody as soon as placement is identified, and as quickly and expeditiously as possible to ensure proper care.

    All allegations of civil rights abuses or mistreatment in CBP detention are taken seriously and investigated to the fullest extent possible.

    The Associated Press details grave conditions inside a Texas migrant detention facility where 250 infants, children and teenagers were being held without adequate food, water or sanitation during a recent visit. Warren Binford, a law professor at Willamette University, joins William Brangham to share her firsthand account, what Border Patrol agents think and what’s next for these children.

    #états-unis #migrations #enfants #camps_de_concentration

  • Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and the Unimaginable Reality of American Concentration Camps | The New Yorker
    https://www.newyorker.com/news/our-columnists/the-unimaginable-reality-of-american-concentration-camps

    Like many arguments, the fight over the term “concentration camp” is mostly an argument about something entirely different. It is not about terminology. Almost refreshingly, it is not an argument about facts. This argument is about imagination, and it may be a deeper, more important conversation than it seems.

    In a Monday-evening live stream, Representative Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, of New York, called the U.S.’s detention facilities for migrants “concentration camps.” On Tuesday, she tweeted a link to an article in Esquire in which Andrea Pitzer, a historian of concentration camps, was quoted making the same assertion: that the United States has created a “concentration camp system.” Pitzer argued that “mass detention of civilians without a trial” was what made the camps concentration camps.

    #états-unis #migrations #enfants #camps_de_concentration

  • No to concentration camps in America! - World Socialist Web Site

    https://www.wsws.org/en/articles/2019/06/26/pers-j26.html

    Along the US-Mexico border and in immigrant concentration camps within the United States, the Trump administration is committing crimes so depraved and sadistic that they have stained every branch of government, both parties and the entire political establishment with the mark of infamy. Hundreds of millions of people around the world are sickened by the rot at the core of American capitalism.

    Recent reports of conditions at detention facilities housing thousands of immigrant children expose systematic dehumanization and violence against children who have been torn from the arms of their parents and relatives.

    Dr. Dolly Lucio Sevier, a pediatrician who visited concentration camps in Texas last week, told ABC News that the jails are akin to “torture facilities,” and that children are forced to endure “extreme cold temperatures, lights on 24 hours a day, no adequate access to medical care, basic sanitation, water or adequate food.”

    #migrations #états-unis #camps #encampement #enfance #enfants

  • #Samos (Grecia): violenze e abusi sui minori nell’hotspot dell’isola

    Subiscono abusi fisici, psicologici, emotivi e vivono in container con adulti che non sono i loro genitori, quando dovrebbero andare in case famiglia. Succede ai minori non accompagnati nell’hotspot di Samos, Grecia. Lo denunciano l’ong Still I Rise e il libro di Nicolò Govoni.

    https://www.osservatoriodiritti.it/2019/06/20/samos-grecia-campo-profughi
    #Grèce #hotspot #abus #mineurs #enfants #enfance #île #violence

  • Vie privée des enfants : pourquoi YouTube fait l’objet d’une enquête fédérale aux États-Unis
    https://www.numerama.com/tech/527489-vie-privee-des-enfants-pourquoi-youtube-fait-lobjet-dune-enquete-fe

    YouTube fait l’objet d’une enquête du gouvernement américain à cause de la faible protection de ses jeunes utilisateurs mineurs. La plateforme devra régler le problème au plus vite. YouTube va devoir agir, et vite. Une enquête du gouvernement fédéral américain est sur le point d’aboutir à son sujet. Elle concerne la protection des mineurs sur la plateforme et surtout celle de leurs données personnelles qui serait insuffisante, a révélé le Washington Post mercredi 19 juin.

    YouTube aura-t-il une amende ? (...)

    #Google #YouTube #TikTok #BigData #publicité #[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données_(RGPD)[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR)[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR) #COPPA #enfants (...)

    ##publicité ##[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données__RGPD_[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_ ##FTC
    //c2.lestechnophiles.com/www.numerama.com/content/uploads/2019/03/youtube-enfants.jpg

  • YouTube under federal investigation over allegations it violates children’s privacy
    https://www.washingtonpost.com/technology/2019/06/19/facing-federal-investigation-youtube-is-considering-broad-changes-ch

    The U.S. government is in the late stages of an investigation into YouTube for allegedly violating children’s privacy, according to four people familiar with the matter, in a probe that threatens the company with a potential fine and already has prompted the tech giant to reevaluate some of its business practices. The Federal Trade Commission launched its investigation after numerous complaints from consumer groups and privacy advocates, according to the four people, who spoke on the (...)

    #Google #YouTube #TikTok #COPPA #enfants #BigData #publicité #[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données_(RGPD)[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR)[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR) (...)

    ##publicité ##[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données__RGPD_[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_ ##FTC

  • Exclusive: Overruling his experts, Pompeo keeps Saudis off U.S. child soldiers list - Reuters
    https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-usa-saudi-childsoldiers-exclusive-idUKKCN1TJ25Y

    Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has blocked the inclusion of Saudi Arabia on a U.S. list of countries that recruit child soldiers, dismissing his experts’ findings that a Saudi-led coalition has been using under-age fighters in Yemen’s civil war, according to four people familiar with the matter.

    #Arabie_saoudite #enfants_soldats #états-unis

  • Il y a quelque chose qui ne tourne pas rond au royaume du tout-voiture
    http://carfree.fr/index.php/2019/06/18/il-y-a-quelque-chose-qui-ne-tourne-pas-rond-au-royaume-du-tout-voiture

    La nature automobilistique reste et demeure insondable… (vous pouvez remplacer « nature » par « bêtise », ça marche aussi…). Quand un automobiliste grille la priorité à un aveugle… et descend de voiture pour Lire la suite...

    #Insécurité_routière #Marche_à_pied #accident #enfants #paris #passage_piéton #piétons #sécurité_routière