• Covid-19: U.S. Airports See Rise in Travelers as Officials Warn of Deadly Consequences - The New York Times

    The nation’s health experts on Sunday pleaded with Americans to stay home over the Thanksgiving holiday and forgo any plans to travel or celebrate at large family gatherings, even as airports have recorded a significant rise in passengers.Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, the country’s top infectious disease specialist, and other health experts relayed a clear message on Sunday morning news shows: with coronavirus cases surging to record levels across the country, turning nearly every state into a hot zone of transmission, the risk of getting infected, whether in transit or in even small indoor gatherings, is high.Up to 50 million people could be traveling on roads and through airports in the United States over Thanksgiving this year, according to AAA, the biggest travel surge since the pandemic began, despite strong cautions from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other health authorities. A video of a packed airport in Phoenix has been circulating widely on social media. As of Sunday, 47 states — all but Vermont, Maine and Hawaii — were considered high-risk zones for viral transmission, and nationwide hospitalizations were at a record 83,227.


  • A El Paso, ville calme et bien tenue, les hôpitaux débordent de malades du Covid-19

    Dans le centre, les restaurants sont fermés, les salons de beauté aussi et, en périphérie, les trois centres commerciaux sont devenus inaccessibles. Mais dans le quartier populaire de Chihuahuita, en bordure du Mexique, la règle est floue. Sur Stanton, la rue commerçante qui se termine par un poste frontière, Yong tient un magasin de vêtements, couvertures, couettes, draps et tapis, sur la devanture duquel elle a inscrit en lettres rouges : « Masques en soldes. » Le confinement ? Elle feint d’abord de ne jamais en avoir entendu parler. « Je parle mal l’anglais », se justifie la sexagénaire d’origine coréenne, qui s’exprime avec difficulté. La conversation continue et l’on finit par comprendre qu’elle a bien connaissance du « shutdown », mais pas pour elle : « Regardez : je suis essentielle, puisque je vends des masques. »
    Yong, 65, est d’origine coréenne, le 11 novembre. Elle possède un commerce de vêtements et vend des masques de protection pour le virus. Elle a trois employés et s’inquiète que son commerce soit obligé de fermer à cause des réglementations de lutte contre la propagation du Covid-19.
    Yong, 65, est d’origine coréenne, le 11 novembre. Elle possède un commerce de vêtements et vend des masques de protection pour le virus. Elle a trois employés et s’inquiète que son commerce soit obligé de fermer à cause des réglementations de lutte contre la propagation du Covid-19.
    Et d’ailleurs, dit-elle, « je ne suis pas la seule à être ouverte ». Autour de sa boutique, en effet, la plupart des commerces sont encore en activité. Seuls les duty free ont baissé leurs rideaux de fer, mais depuis longtemps pour certains. « Beaucoup d’entre eux avaient déjà fermé avant le confinement, explique Hugo, qui tient une minuscule échoppe de vêtements. Plus personne n’a le droit de venir du Mexique depuis le mois de mars, à part les Américains qui font des allers-retours entre les pays. »


  • One of the first Caribbean cruises since pandemic began sees suspected Covid case | World news | The Guardian

    One of the first cruise ships to ply through Caribbean waters since the pandemic began ended its trip early after one passenger fell ill and is believed to have Covid-19, officials said on Thursday.The SeaDream is carrying 53 passengers and 66 crew, with the majority of passengers hailing from the US, according to Sue Bryant, a cruise ship reporter who is aboard the ship.She told the Associated Press that one passenger became sick on Wednesday and forced the ship to turn back to Barbados, where it had departed from on Saturday. However, the ship had yet to dock in Barbados as local authorities tested those on board.
    The incident marked the first time SeaDream had resumed its West Indies voyages since the pandemic, with the ship originally scheduled to return to Barbados on Saturday, according to an online itinerary. The ship had made several stops in St Vincent and the Grenadines before turning back.
    Bryant said passengers were required to have a negative PCR test to enter Barbados and underwent another test on the dock administered by the ship’s doctor.“We all felt very safe,” she said, adding that the ship had been implementing strict hygiene protocols. “Yet somehow, Covid appears to have got on board.”Neither SeaDream nor Barbados government officials immediately returned messages for comment.Waters around the Caribbean have been largely bereft of cruise ships this year, with the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention suspending cruise ship operations at US ports in mid-March. The no-sail order expired on 31 October


  • Vanuatu records first COVID-19 case in man who returned from US | Vanuatu | Al Jazeera

    Vanuatu has officially recorded its first case of COVID-19, health officials announced on Wednesday, ending the Pacific nation’s status as one of the few countries in the world to remain virus-free.Len Tarivonda, the director of Vanuatu Public Health, said the 23-year-old man had recently returned from the United States and was confirmed to have the virus on Tuesday after being tested on the fifth day of his quarantine.
    “A case detected in quarantine is considered a border case and not an outbreak,” the department said in a statement, adding that health protocols were in place to contain the virus. It added that the asymptomatic man, had been isolated from other passengers during his flight to Vanuatu because he had been in a high-risk location. He had transited in Auckland, New Zealand.The statement said the patient had adhered to all social-distancing rules on arrival and that contract-tracing of all the people who had been near to him was under way.“I want to assure all citizens and the public that the situation is under control and the government through the COVID-19 task force is prepared and ready to address this case,” Prime Minister Bob Loughman said at a press conference, according to Radio New Zealand.
    Vanuatu closed its borders in March as part its efforts to keep the pandemic at bay, only recently allowing in strictly controlled repatriation flights.
    Many Pacific island nations were concerned their poor health infrastructure made them particularly vulnerable to the pandemic. The remote island nations and territories of Kiribati, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Samoa, Tonga and Tuvalu are all believed still to be free of the virus.
    The Solomon Islands and Marshall Islands confirmed cases among returnees last month, although they have not reported community transmission.


  • Harvard study says flying can be safer than eating at a restaurant - The Washington Post

    The risk of catching the coronavirus on an airplane can be significantly reduced if travelers wash their hands frequently, wear masks at all times, and if airlines clean and sanitize planes thoroughly and ensure there is a constant flow of air throughout the cabin — even when the plane is parked, according to a study released Tuesday. Using these and other measures as part of a layered approach could push the risk of catching the virus on a plane below that of other activities, including grocery shopping and eating at a restaurant, researchers at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health concluded.
    “Though a formidable adversary, SARS-CoV-2 need not overwhelm society’s capacity to adapt and progress,” the report said. “It is possible to gain a measure of control and to develop strategies that mitigate spread of the disease while allowing a careful reopening of sectors of society.”This study, from the industry-funded Aviation Public Health Initiative, is likely to be cited by airlines and plane manufacturers as they continue to try to convince the public that it is safe to fly as long as proper precautions are taken.
    The Harvard study follows the recent release of a Defense Department study that concluded that wearing a mask continuously while flying could reduce the spread of the virus because of how air is filtered and circulated on an airplane. Along with previous research, the two studies further bolster the case for wearing face coverings. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention also recently updated its guidance on face coverings to say that it “strongly recommends” that masks be worn on all forms of public and commercial transportation. The Harvard team included experts on environmental health, industrial hygiene and infectious diseases whose goal was to develop a “comprehensive understanding of the intersection between the science informing SARS-CoV-2 transmission and the operations in the aviation environment.”


  • Virus pushes twin cities El Paso and Juarez to the brink

    A record surge in coronavirus cases is pushing hospitals to the brink in the border cities of El Paso and Ciudad Juarez, confronting health officials in Texas and Mexico with twin disasters in the tightly knit metropolitan area of 3 million people. Health officials are blaming the spike on family gatherings, multiple generations living in the same household and younger people going out to shop or conduct business.
    The crisis — part of a deadly comeback by the virus across nearly the entire U.S. — has created one of the most desperate hot spots in North America and underscored how intricately connected the two cities are economically, geographically and culturally, with lots of people routinely going back and forth across the border to shop or visit with family.
    “We are like Siamese cities,” said Juarez resident Roberto Melgoza Ramos, whose son recovered from a bout of COVID-19 after taking a cocktail of homemade remedies and prescription drugs. “You can’t cut El Paso without cutting Juarez, and you can’t cut Juarez without cutting El Paso.”
    In El Paso, authorities have instructed residents to stay home for two weeks and imposed a 10 p.m. curfew, and they are setting up dozens of hospital beds at a convention center. Also, the University Medical Center of El Paso erected heated isolation tents to treat coronavirus patients. As of Tuesday, Ryan Mielke, director of public affairs, said the hospital had 195 COVID-19 patients, compared with fewer than three dozen less than a month ago, and “it continues to grow by the day, by the hour.” In Juarez, the Mexican government is sending mobile hospitals, ventilators and doctors, nurses and respiratory specialists. A hospital is being set up inside the gymnasium of the local university to help with the overflow. Juarez has reported more than 12,000 infections and over 1,100 deaths, but the real numbers are believed to be far higher, because COVID-19 testing is extremely limited. El Paso County recorded about 1,400 new cases Tuesday, just short of the previous day’s record of 1,443. The county had 853 patients hospitalized for the virus on Monday, up from 786 a day earlier.
    Even the mayor of Juarez hasn’t been spared. Armando Cabada was first diagnosed in May and appeared to have recovered, but then landed in the hospital last week with inflamed lungs.Last week, Chihuahua, which includes Juarez, became the only state in Mexico to return to its highest level health alert, or red, under which most nonessential services are shut down and people are encouraged to stay home. A curfew is also in effect in Juarez, but it has proved difficult to enforce in the sprawling city that is home to hundreds of factories that manufacture appliances, auto parts and other products around the clock.
    The U.S. and Mexico agreed months ago to restrict cross-border traffic to essential activity, but there has been little evidence Mexico has blocked anyone from entering. Other Mexican border cities have complained about people entering from U.S. cities that are suffering from virus outbreaks.


  • ‘It’s like they’re waiting for us to die’: why Covid-19 is battering Black Chicagoans | US news | The Guardian

    Phillip Thomas, a Black, 48-year-old Chicagoan, was a “great guy” according to his sister Angela McMiller. He was loved by his family and well-liked by his co-workers at Walmart, where he had worked for nine years.
    “I didn’t know about how many friends he had until he passed away,” said Angela. Thomas, who was diabetic, died from Covid-19 this past March.
    After being sick for two weeks and self-quarantining at the recommendation of his doctor, instead of being given an examination, Phillip was then rushed to the hospital, where he died the next day.
    Naba’a Muhammad, 59, a writer and Chicago South Shore neighborhood resident, with a lung disease, also contracted coronavirus and was hospitalized.But while he was fortunate to access the necessary care, he immediately noted health disparities facing other Black Chicagoans in his community.
    “Here you have [Donald Trump] who’s got a helicopter flying him to a special wing of a hospital for help when Black people can’t even get an Uber to the emergency room or a Covid test,” he said, referring to the president’s world-class care at the Walter Reed national military medical center on the outskirts of Washington DC, after being diagnosed with coronavirus in early October.
    Closed Chicago theater in Chicago in March. Almost 1 billion people were confined to their homes worldwide in March as the global coronavirus death toll topped 12,000 and US states rolled out stay-at-home measures already imposed across swathes of Europe.
    In Chicago, Covid-19 is battering Black communities. Despite only accounting for 30% of the city’s population, Black people make up 60% of Covid cases there and have the highest mortality rate out of any racial or ethnic group. Most Chicago Covid-19 deaths are hyper-concentrated in majority-Black neighborhoods such as Austin on the West Side and Englewood and Auburn Gresham on the South Side.
    “The racial and ethnic gaps we’re seeing of who gets the virus and who dies from it are not a surprise,” said Linda Rae Murray, a Chicago doctor, academic, social justice advocate and former president of the American Public Health Association as well as the former chief medical officer of the Cook county department of public health.“They are a reflection of structural racism that exists in our society and inequities that are baked into our country.”
    Chicago is a hyper-segregated city, blighted by yawning divides across many socio-economic conditions.The coronavirus experiences of Black Chicagoans are so starkly different from residents in whiter, wealthier communities it has observers asking: do conditions in majority African American neighborhoods make being Black, effectively, a pre-existing condition there?Muhammad thinks so: “[It] is very true,” he said, adding: “But that truth demands a response. We can’t simply accept that this is going to happen to us.”Many Black neighborhoods in Chicago, as elsewhere in America, experience higher rates of unemployment and poverty while also being less likely to receive pandemic aid, giving them even less of a safety net than usual in a disease outbreak


  • 545 enfants de migrants toujours séparés de leurs parents : le symbole des années Trump

    Plus fondamentalement, les temps ont changé, et Joe Biden aussi. Il s’est engagé à ne pas construire « un mètre supplémentaire » de mur et a promis de réunir les familles et de respecter la « dignité des migrants ». Pour lutter contre l’immigration clandestine, il préfère les moyens électroniques à un mur coûteux – la partie « utile », c’est-à-dire hors désert et montagnes, est presque entièrement réalisée tandis que le Rio Grande est quasi infranchissable. Il entend régler le cas des quelque 800 000 Américains arrivés mineurs aux Etats-Unis (les « dreamers ») qui n’ont toujours pas de statut stable et proclamer un moratoire de cent jours sur les expulsions. Il a toujours défendu l’aide aux pays d’Amérique centrale, là où Donald Trump voulait la couper en pleine crise migratoire. M. Biden s’est engagé à recevoir 125 000 réfugiés par an, alors que M. Trump a abaissé ce chiffre pour 2020 à 18 000, note le Wall Street Journal.
    L’immigration légale s’est, elle aussi, effondrée, avec la fermeture des consulats pendant le Covid-19 et la suspension des entrées de personnes ayant obtenu la carte verte. Sans avoir passé au Congrès la moindre législation, le président Trump a réussi à faire reculer massivement l’immigration légale au cours des trois premières années de son mandat : le nombre de cartes vertes – permis de résidence et de travail permanent — octroyées a reculé d’un quart, passant de 618 000, dernière année du mandat d’Obama, à 462 000 en 2019. Les permis de travail ont reculé de 16 %, tombant de 10,4 millions à 8,7 millions.
    « Donald Trump n’a pas changé la loi, mais il a fait plus de mal que quiconque avant lui », déplore Roxanne Levine, associée du cabinet d’avocat Tarter Krinsky & Drogin, spécialiste de l’immigration. Bureaucratie tatillonne, hausse des frais, des délais, multiplication des entretiens de vérification, changement de quotas, modification du statut des membres de la famille : le harcèlement administratif a payé, au dam des universités et des entreprises high-tech, en quête d’étudiants et de main-d’œuvre. Joe Biden, lui, entend réformer le système des visas et établir un chemin pour la régularisation des 11 millions de clandestins établis aux Etats-Unis. Son programme a pour titre : « Sécuriser nos valeurs en tant que nation d’immigrants ».


  • Cuomo Lifts Some Lockdown Rules in N.Y.C. Hot Spots as Rates Drop - The New York Times

    Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo announced on Wednesday that some lockdowns in New York City neighborhoods with rising coronavirus cases would be eased, allowing the reopening of schools and businesses that had been shuttered.
    But stringent restrictions remained in place for other neighborhoods at the heart of the outbreaks in Brooklyn, as well as for several communities in Rockland and Orange Counties. Another neighborhood, Ozone Park in Queens, was added to the list requiring limitations on activity.
    It was an acknowledgment that while progress had been made during two weeks of lockdowns, targeted restrictions — which include attendance limitations at mass gatherings and houses of worship — remained necessary to keep isolated outbreaks from engulfing New York City, the former epicenter of the nation’s pandemic.
    The changes seemed bound to add more confusion over the tiered, three-color system of zoned restrictions, a classification that was additionally complicated on Wednesday when the governor unveiled a new “microcluster strategy.”
    It included a statewide system of four tiers, grouped by geographic regions and population. Each tier has its own benchmarks for rates of infection, which, along with other factors, will indicate when locations can enter and exit levels of restrictions.


  • N.F.L. Team Thrown by False Positive Covid-19 Tests - The New York Times

    Regardless of race and ethnicity, those aged 65 and older represented the vast majority — 78 percent — of all coronavirus deaths over those four months.The geographic impact of coronavirus deaths shifted from May to August as well, moving from the Northeast to the South and West. And though the virus moved into parts of the country with higher numbers of Hispanic residents, the report’s data showed that alone does not entirely account for the increase in percentage of deaths among Hispanics nationwide.“Covid-19 remains a major public health threat regardless of age or race and ethnicity,” the report states. It attributes an increased risk among racial and ethnic groups who might be more likely to live in places where the coronavirus is more easily spread, such as multigenerational and multifamily households, as well as hold jobs requiring in-person work, have more limited access to health care and who experience discrimination.
    In July, federal data made available after The New York Times sued the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention revealed a clearer and more complete picture of the racial inequalities of the virus: Black and Latino people have been disproportionately affected by the coronavirus in a widespread manner that spans the country, throughout hundreds of counties in urban, suburban and rural areas, and across all age groups.


  • Children From Immigrant Families Are Increasingly the Face of Higher Education - The New York Times

    An overwhelming majority of immigrant-origin students are U.S. citizens or legal residents. But they are likely to face barriers and limits on resources that many other students do not.“Being a first-generation college student, it’s a lot of pressure,” said Crystal Tepale, a senior at New Jersey City University who hopes to become a lawyer.Credit...Bryan Anselm for The New York Times.“Going into the college process, these students themselves or their families may not have a lot of knowledge about navigating college applications and the financial aid process,” said Jeanne Batalova, a senior policy analyst at Migration Policy Institute and the lead author of the report.
    Once immigrant-origin students are in school, their dropout rates tend to be higher because many come from poor households.
    “They juggle multiple responsibilities, which makes it more challenging for them to stay in school and complete their degrees on time,” Ms. Batalova said. “If there is a health or family emergency, they lack a safety net to fall back on. That interferes with attending classes and completing assignments.” Immigrants and U.S.-born children of immigrants represented 85 percent of all Asian-American and Pacific Islander students, and 63 percent of Latino students in 2018. About a quarter of Black students were from immigrant families.
    As their numbers swell, the students from immigrant families will only become more important to the long-term financial health of American colleges and universities. Even before the coronavirus pandemic threw the operation of colleges and universities into disarray, there was concern about future enrollment amid the country’s falling fertility rate and declining international student enrollment. The United States has faced intensified competition for international students from countries like Canada, Australia and the United Kingdom.


  • Scott Morrison casts gloom on Australia’s prospects for quarantine-free travel with Europe and US | Australia news | The Guardian

    Scott Morrison has confirmed Australia will move “very cautiously” to reopen quarantine-free travel with a “handful” of countries, raising the prospect Europe and the United States will be excluded until 2022 unless a Covid vaccine is available.Morrison made the comments at a doorstop in Redbank, campaigning with Queensland’s Liberal National party leader, Deb Frecklington, and targeting the Labor premier Annastacia Palaszczuk over the state’s reluctance to remove its state border travel ban. On Sunday the federal tourism minister, Simon Birmingham, said that moves to establish quarantine-free travel with low-risk countries such as New Zealand “can’t be done at the expense of our health and economic strength at home”.
    “The prospects of opening up widespread travel with higher risk countries will remain very reliant on effective vaccination or other major breakthroughs in the management of Covid,” he told the Sun Herald.
    Australia needs to find its heart, brain and courage to recover from the Covid nightmare. The comments were widely interpreted to mean travel to and from Europe and the United States will continue to be subject to the compulsory two-week quarantine period, which makes travel uneconomical except for longer stays such as international students.
    Morrison told reporters New Zealand would be the “first step” and very soon New Zealanders “will be able to come to New South Wales, the ACT, and the Northern Territory”.


  • Trump’s Covid-19 antibody treatment was partly developed using Singaporean blood plasma | South China Morning Post

    Trump was discharged from hospital on Monday evening and in a video released shortly after he was ensconced in the White House said he was feeling better.Dr Jonathan Reiner, a professor of medicine at George Washington University, told CNN:“The president might be the only patient on the planet ever to receive this particular combination of medicines.”
    Indeed, REGN-COV2 has not received emergency use authorisation from the US Food and Drug Administration and the biotech firm said it had provided the drug in response to Trump’s doctors making a “compassionate use” request. Asian Science Magazine said convalescent plasma from patients who had recovered from Covid-19 could be used to prevent or treat the disease but even with the US Food and Drug Administration authorising the emergency use of convalescent plasma, the difficulty of obtaining sufficient blood from volunteers meant it was not possible to use it at a large scale.
    Instead, the Regeneron therapy clones antibodies from both “humanised” mice and recovered patients to produce a reliable source of monoclonal antibodies, reported the magazine.
    “While the humanised mice were based on a technology owned by Regeneron, the human plasma used was supplied through an agreement with Singapore’s National Centre for Infectious Diseases,” it added. Reports of antibody treatments in the works emerged in June, with most of them in labs across Asia, including Singapore, Japan, China and South Korea. Scientists explained that the treatment works by harvesting specific antibodies – produced by the body to fight off diseases when an individual catches a virus – to trigger other parts of the immune system to attack the cells containing the toxin.
    For Singapore, its defence research and development organisation DSO National Laboratories had announced in June that it had discovered five antibodies that could block the coronavirus and protect against key mutations, after scientists screened hundreds of thousands of cells that produce the antibodies.The country’s government-linked biomedical sciences institute A*Star is working with Japanese pharmaceutical company Chugai Group separately on similar treatments


    • Trump traité avec le médicament expérimental de Regeneron, la biotech tout proche de son record en Bourse

      Regeneron ne pouvait pas espérer meilleure publicité. Donald Trump, hospitalisé depuis vendredi soir au centre médical militaire Walter Reed, le Val-de-Grâce américain, a reçu trois traitements différents contre le Covid-19, dont celui expérimental de la biotech américaine. Son nom de code ? REGN-COV2. Puisqu’il n’a pas encore été validé par l’autorité sanitaire américaine, il n’en a pas encore reçu un de plus commercial. Mais le feu vert de la Food and Drug Administration (#FDA) ne devrait plus tarder. En tout cas, c’est le pari que fait la Bourse.

      Les actions Regeneron gagnent presque 10% ce lundi, revenant à 7% de leur record historique du 20 juillet, quand elles avaient fait une poussée à presque 665 dollars, ce qui valorisait alors l’entreprise à plus de 70 milliards de dollars (60 milliards d’euros, soit autant que Schneider Electric ou Air Liquide). C’est une « question de jours » avant que la biotech ne reçoive l’Emergency Use Authorization ou, en français, l’autorisation d’utilisation d’urgence, croit-on au sein de la banque d’investissement SVB Leerink.

      « Validation ultime »

      Après avoir été prescrit au président des Etats-Unis, le cocktail d’anticorps développé par Regeneron, en phase 3 d’essais cliniques, a reçu la « validation ultime », estime l’analyste Geoffrey Porges. Pour lui, Donald Trump « était en plus mauvais état que ce qui a d’abord était suggéré », sinon comment expliquer qu’il ait reçu un traitement pour lequel « il y a zéro information sur le risque d’intéractions négatives » entre le REGN-COV2, le remdesivir de Gilead Science et la dexaméthasone. A la connaissance de Geoffrey Porges, personne d’autre n’a été traité avec la combinaison de ces trois médicaments.

      Covid-19 : quel est ce traitement expérimental administré à Donald Trump ?

      Le médicament développé par Regeneron Pharmaceuticals est pourtant, déjà, l’un des plus prometteurs, ayant reçu 500 millions de dollars du gouvernement américain pour parfaire son produit, avant même que les tests cliniques soient terminés. Pour accélérer ce développement, Regeneron s’est associé à l’entreprise pharmaceutique suisse Roche, bien plus grosse, en août 2020.



      En théorie, le cocktail développé par Regeneron Pharmaceuticals parvient à neutraliser le virus dans un environnement de tubes de test. Il est composé d’un ensemble de clones d’anticorps créés contre le SARS-CoV-2, prélevés sur des humains ayant guéri du virus. La production de ces anticorps en dehors du corps humain passe par un clonage dans des cellules ovariennes de hamster chinois — un processus utilisé de longue date par la biologie médicale

      Une fois administré, le cocktail d’anticorps s’attaque à la surface de la protéine du coronavirus et tente de l’empêcher d’infecter d’autres cellules, comme le résume Science Mag. Il s’est donc montré extrêmement efficace pour aider les patients dans un groupe de test où leur charge virale était très élevée, mais leurs anticorps complètement absents. On parle donc de patients qui seraient tout juste contaminés par le coronavirus, pour lesquels on a amplifié la réponse immunitaire. Les tests n’ont pas permis de voir de grandes améliorations sur des patients un peu plus avancés, qui avaient déjà commencé à développer des anticorps.

    • Le médicament Covid utilisé pour traiter Trump a été testé sur des cellules fœtales

      Le président américain a vanté mercredi le traitement comme un « remède » contre le coronavirus. Mais son administration a réduit le financement du type de recherche qui a permis de tester le traitement par anticorps, une décision qui a été saluée par les militants pro-vie mais largement condamnée par les chercheurs scientifiques.

      Regeneron a déclaré jeudi : « Nous avons utilisé la lignée cellulaire HEK293T pour tester la capacité de nos anticorps à neutraliser le virus SARS-COV-2. »

      Il a ajouté : « HEK293T n’a pas été utilisé d’une autre manière et le tissu fœtal n’a pas été utilisé dans cette recherche. Nous n’avons pas utilisé de cellules souches humaines ou de cellules souches embryonnaires humaines dans le développement de REGN-COV2. »

      L’année dernière, le ministère de la Santé a décidé de restreindre le financement fédéral des études utilisant des tissus fœtaux, affirmant que toute recherche de ce type devrait être approuvée par un comité d’éthique avant de recevoir des fonds du gouvernement.

      Le département a déclaré à l’époque : « La promotion de la dignité de la vie humaine de la conception à la mort naturelle est l’une des toutes premières priorités de l’administration du président Trump. »

      Le changement de politique de l’année dernière n’aurait limité aucune recherche de Regeneron, car une exception a été accordée pour les travaux reposant sur des cellules prélevées sur des fœtus dans le passé.

      Un responsable de l’administration a déclaré : « Un produit fabriqué à partir de lignées cellulaires existantes qui existaient avant le 5 juin 2019 n’impliquerait pas la politique de l’administration sur l’utilisation de tissu foetal humain issu d’avortements électifs. »

      En août, le conseil a rejeté 13 des 14 propositions qui incluaient des tissus fœtaux, approuvant celle où le tissu avait déjà été acquis et qu’il ne serait plus nécessaire de compléter la recherche.

  • Hundreds of Honduran Migrants Set Out for US Amid Pandemic | World News | US News

    GUALÁN, Guatemala (AP) — About 2,000 Honduran migrants hoping to reach the United States entered Guatemala on foot Thursday morning, testing the newly reopened frontier that had been shut by the coronavirus pandemic. Guatemala’s president quickly vowed to detain them and return them to Honduras, saying the migrants represented a threat to the health of Guatemalans amid efforts to contain the pandemic."The order has been given to detain all those who entered illegally, and return them to the border of their country," President Alejandro Giammattei said in a broadcast address to the nation. “We will not allow any foreigner who has used illegal means to enter the country, to think that they have the right to come and infect us and put us at serious risk.”Giammattei issued an order that would suspend some constitutional rights in the provinces they were expected to pass through, apparently in order to facilitate detaining them.”
    Authorities had planned to register the migrants as they crossed earlier Thursday and offer assistance to those willing to turn back, but the group crossed the official border at Corinto without registering, pushing past outnumbered Guatemalan police and soldiers who made little attempt to stop them


  • Hundreds of Honduran Migrants Set Out for US Amid Pandemic | World News | US News

    Guatemala’s military said it was establishing interior checkpoints to review migrants’ documents. In the past, authorities have set up roadblocks deeper in the country to winnow down larger groups. A regional agreement allows citizens of Honduras to transit through Guatemala.Governments throughout the region made it known they were watching Wednesday. Mexico’s immigration agency said in a statement that it would enforce “safe, orderly and legal” migration and not do anything to promote the formation of a caravan. The U.S. Embassy in Honduras said on Twitter Wednesday that migration to the U.S. was more difficult than ever right now — and more dangerous because of the coronavirus.
    But the factors driving migrants to leave Central America certainly haven’t eased during the pandemic. As economies have suffered, there are ever fewer jobs to be had, and the struggle for families to put food on the table has only worsened. Some migrants also cited the ever-present high rate of crime.The U.N.’s International Labor Organization said Wednesday that at least 34 million jobs have been lost in Latin America due to the pandemic. The ILO lists Latin America and the Caribbean as the worst-hit region in the world in terms of lost working hours, with a drop of 20.9% in the first three quarters of the year.The flow of migrants north from Central America had slowed dramatically during the pandemic as countries throughout the region closed their borders. Most migrant shelters along the principal routes closed their doors to new arrivals as they tried to keep the virus from spreading to vulnerable populations. Mexico and the United States deported hundreds of migrants back to their home countries to try to empty detention centers.Guatemala has now opened all of its borders, including the one with Mexico. But the U.S.-Mexico border remains closed for nonessential travel, and the U.S. government effectively shut down the asylum system at its southern border during the pandemic. Mexico tried to bus asylum seekers stuck at its northern border to other parts of the country and back to their home countries. Mexico has typically offered migrants the opportunity to seek asylum there, but many have their minds set on the United States. Migrants are also likely to find it more difficult to find work in Mexico now as the economy is expected to contract 10% this year due to the impact of the pandemic.


  • Rights groups appalled as Trump cuts US refugee admissions to record low | US news | The Guardian

    Rights groups appalled as Trump cuts US refugee admissions to record low. US state department says cap of 15,000 reflects priority of ‘safety and wellbeing of Americans, especially in light of Covid-19’.
    Protesters at a rally in Virginia in January. Advocates have said the refugee program could take years to recover after Trump-era reductions.
    Protesters at a rally in Virginia in January. Advocates have said the refugee program could take years to recover after Trump-era reductions.
    Donald Trump’s administration has announced plans to let only 15,000 refugees resettle in the United States in the 2021 fiscal year that began on Thursday, setting another record low in the history of the modern refugee program and prompting outrage from civil rights groups. The US state department said the ceiling reflects the Trump administration’s prioritizing of the “safety and wellbeing of Americans, especially in light of the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic.”Trump, seeking re-election on 3 November, has slashed refugee admissions every year since taking office in 2017.Critics have said that the United States under Trump has abandoned its longstanding role as a safe haven for persecuted people and that cutting refugee admissions undermines other foreign policy goals. The Council on American-Islamic Relations, the nation’s largest Muslim civil rights organization, denounced the chipping away of the refugee program as part of “the ongoing Trump administration effort to maintain systemic anti-Black racism and white supremacy”.
    Krish Vignarajah, president of Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service, which helps resettle recently arrived refugees, wrote on Twitter that the Trump administration’s cuts represent “a complete abdication of our moral duty and all that we stand for as a nation.”Scott Arbeiter, president of World Relief, a global Christian aid agency, said Trump has reneged on his promise to protect persecuted Christians in the world.“Instead, we’ve seen the resettlement of refugees from countries known for persecution drop about 90% in some cases over the last four years,” Arbeiter said in a statement. “This is unconscionable.” The administration’s plan was released hours after Trump vilified refugees as an unwanted burden for the country at a campaign rally in Duluth, Minnesota. He assailed Joe Biden, who has vowed to raise the ceiling on refugee admissions to 125,000 if elected in November.“Biden will turn Minnesota into a refugee camp, and he said that overwhelming public resources, overcrowding schools and inundating hospitals. You know that. It’s already there. It’s a disgrace what they’ve done to your state,” Trump told supporters.
    Trump vilified refugees at a campaign rally in Duluth on Wednesday night.
    He then condemned Democratic congresswoman Ilhan Omar, who arrived to the United States as a Somali refugee and now represents Minneapolis, saying: “How the hell did Minnesota elect her? What the hell is wrong with you people, right?” The refugee cap was cut to 18,000 in the 2020 fiscal year that ended on Wednesday, and only 11,814 refugees were resettled, according to the latest government figures, as increased vetting by the Trump administration and the coronavirus pandemic slowed arrivals.
    US presidents typically set yearly refugee levels around the 1 October beginning of each fiscal year. Under US law, the president must consult Congress before finalizing the annual number of refugees it plans to accept, but the determination is ultimately set by the White House.


  • Malgré la pandémie de Covid-19, au moins 3 000 migrants honduriens en route pour les Etats-Unis

    u moins 3 000 migrants honduriens, selon l’Institut guatémaltèque des migrations, ont franchi, jeudi 1er octobre, la frontière du Guatemala, dans l’espoir de rejoindre les Etats-Unis, malgré les risques et les restrictions liés à la pandémie due au nouveau coronavirus.Ces migrants ont quitté dans la nuit de mercredi à jeudi San Pedro Sula, deuxième ville du Honduras, située à 180 km au nord de Tegucigalpa, pour fuir la pauvreté et la violence dans ce petit pays d’Amérique centrale.Un migrant hondurien, devant des membres de l’armée guatémaltèque, à Entre Rios, au Guatemala, après avoir traversé la frontière du Honduras, le 1er octobre 2020. Du côté hondurien, au poste frontière de Corinto (nord-est), des policiers et militaires ont encerclé les migrants pour les empêcher de passer s’ils ne montraient pas de test négatif au Covid-19. Mais les forces de l’ordre ont finalement cédé devant la pression des migrants massés aux cris de « dehors JOH ! », du nom du président hondurien, Juan Orlando Hernandez.
    Au Guatemala, qui a rouvert la semaine dernière ses frontières terrestres, aériennes et maritimes, fermées six mois en raison de la pandémie, les migrants ont été contraints par les militaires de patienter en une longue file d’attente pour présenter leurs documents d’identité et poursuivre leur route, ont constaté des journalistes de l’Agence France-Presse (AFP).
    Selon la directrice de l’Institut national des migrations du Honduras, Carolina Menjivar, des migrants ont été refoulés du Guatemela. « L’ordre vient d’être donné que soient arrêtés sur le territoire du Guatemala tous ceux [les Honduriens] qui sont entrés illégalement » dans le pays, a dit jeudi le président du Guatemala, Alejandro Giammattei, lors d’une allocution solennelle à la télévision.
    Comme lors des caravanes précédentes, les migrants ont invoqué le chômage, des services défaillants d’éducation et de santé, ainsi que la violence des gangs pour expliquer leur fuite. Raisons auxquelles s’ajoutent désormais les conséquences économiques et sociales de la pandémie de Covid-19. « Nous partons à cause de la pauvreté, de la pandémie et de tout ce qui se passe ici, a expliqué à l’Agence France-Presse (AFP) Geovanny Torres, 27 ans. Nous sommes à la recherche d’autres rêves. Nous voulons évoluer. Si nous restons ici, nous allons mourir de faim. »D’autres, comme Carlos Salgado, 21 ans, ont traversé illégalement la frontière en ouvrant une clôture non loin du poste de douane. « A cause de la pandémie, la situation va encore s’aggraver » sur le plan économique. « Tout l’argent pour la pandémie a été volé par Juan Orlando » Hernandez, accuse le jeune homme.
    En majorité, les migrants ne portaient pas de masques pour prévenir toute contamination, a constaté l’AFP, et des infirmières, dépêchées sur place, pour prendre leur température. Selon la Croix-Rouge hondurienne, qui porte assistance aux migrants, 1 200 personnes ont quitté dans la nuit San Pedro Sula dans un premier groupe, suivi quelques heures plus tard par environ 2 000 autres.
    Des journalistes de l’AFP ont pu les voir en train de cheminer le long de routes en direction de la frontière avec le Guatemala. La majorité des migrants sont des hommes jeunes. Moins de femmes avec des enfants en bas âge ont été aperçus dans les groupes que précédemment.« Nous ne pensons pas à la pandémie, c’est la dernière chose à laquelle on pense. Nous voulons que notre famille s’en sorte », a expliqué à l’AFP Jefrey Amaya, 20 ans, avec sept autres jeunes de la communauté d’El Negrito, dans le département de Yoro, à une vingtaine de kilomètres de San Pedro Sula. Le jeune homme a rapporté avoir vu un appel à se rassembler sur les réseaux sociaux.


  • Coronavirus infections spike as seasonal farmworkers are blocked from testing - The Washington Post

    In Yakima County, Wash., some fruit orchard owners declined on-site testing of workers by health departments at the height of harvest season even as coronavirus infections spiked. In Monterey, Calif., workers at some farms claimed foremen asked them to hide positive diagnoses from other crew members. And in Collier County, Fla., health officials did not begin widespread testing of farmworkers until the end of harvest, at which point the workers had already migrated northward.At the height of harvest season, growers supplying some of America’s biggest agricultural companies and grocery store chains flouted public health guidelines to limit testing and obscure coronavirus outbreaks, according to thousands of pages of state and local records reviewed by The Washington Post.
    The pandemic redefined where essential work happens in America and brought recognition to seasonal agricultural workers under the H-2A visa program.
    At the same time, state agencies and growers were slow to determine how and when to test workers, what protocols to adopt when workers tested positive, and how to institute contact tracing, advocates say. They say that there should have been mandatory personal protective equipment and clear guidance on worker safety at the federal and state levels.Worker advocates say the failures put millions of workers at greater risk of contracting and spreading the virus among themselves and to other Americans as they crossed state lines to move with the harvest season. The struggles to contain the virus among migrant farmworkers are documented in internal state and county agriculture and health department records, as well as email exchanges with farm bureaus, grower associations, and public health and worker advocacy groups that were obtained by the Documenting COVID-19 project at Columbia University’s Brown Institute for Media Innovation through public records requests and shared with The Post. These documents and additional interviews by The Post show a pattern that extended across more than a dozen agricultural counties in 10 states — and that largely withstood officials’ attempts to stop the spread of the virus among agricultural workers.


  • Coronavirus on U.S.-Canada border: Hyder, Alaska, children shut out of Stewart, B.C., school - The Washington Post

    The mining towns of Hyder and Stewart form one of many cross-border communities along the U.S.-Canada frontier that have been severed for months by coronavirus travel restrictions.Canada’s coronavirus performance hasn’t been perfect. But it’s done far better than the U.S. Now several such communities are pushing for local reopenings. Hyder and Stewart, which have reported no cases of covid-19, are pushing Canada to designate the region an “integrated trans-border community,” exempt from travel restrictions and quarantines. Lawmakers representing Point Roberts, Wash., and Minnesota’s Northwest Angle have asked Canadian Public Safety Minister Bill Blair to ease and clarify the rules. “This is our local traffic only that we’re advocating for,” said Jane Beaumont, a registered nurse in Stewart who grew up in Hyder and has family there. “We’re not advocating for tourism.”
    President Trump and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau agreed to close the 5,500-mile land border to nonessential traffic in March, and have extended the restrictions in monthly increments ever since. The rules were tightened in July for U.S. travelers transiting through Canada to Alaska for essential travel. The current closure lasts through Oct. 21.
    The measures are widely supported in Canada, which has fared far better against the coronavirus than the United States (though several provinces have seen cases climb in recent weeks). The restrictions have had minimal impact on trade, but they’ve hit tourism, split families and upended life in tightly knit border communities in ways big and small that some fear could be permanent. Some Canadian businesses want to let Americans back in. Most Canadians don’t. That’s particularly apparent in Hyder, Alaska’s easternmost town, home to some 60 souls, and Stewart, a comparative metropolis of more than 400. The only way in or out of Hyder is through Stewart or by float plane. Families there rely on Stewart for gas, groceries, laundry, firewood and electricity. They set their clocks to Stewart time. Their phone numbers use the B.C. area code. Each July 1, when a pandemic isn’t closing the border, the people of Hyder cross into Stewart for a Canada Day parade. Three days later, the people of Stewart head in the opposite direction for the Fourth of July. (Festivities include the “Bush Woman Classic,” an obstacle course of sorts in which female contestants must chop wood, flip a flapjack, diaper a baby doll and then apply lipstick while running 20 yards to the finish line.)
    President Barack Obama pointed to the bond between the towns as evidence of the close ties between Canada and the United States during Trudeau’s state visit in 2016.Now, each Hyder household may send one member on a three-hour visit to Stewart for essentials every seven days. Residents of Stewart may enter Hyder because there’s no U.S. immigration control, but must quarantine for 14 days upon their return. Miners who enter Hyder to work are exempt because the activity is considered essential. Support for a travel bubble is widespread. Stewart Mayor Gina McKay said she worries about her Hyder neighbors, and whether they’ll be able to adequately prepare for winter and months more of isolation.


  • Inside Ice’s pattern of medical neglect as immigrants flown on its planes | US news | The Guardian

    The first time Immigration and Customs Enforcement (Ice) flew Marta across the country, she feared catching the coronavirus. After five months of being shuttled among various facilities, she was worried about infecting others. In February, when her cross-country journeys started, Ice knew Marta’s lupus and asthma could increase her risk of contracting the virus and experiencing severe symptoms. By late June, she had tested positive for Covid-19. The detention center clinic gave her pills to suppress her cough, she said. “Nothing else.” Ice didn’t retest Marta, who asked to use a pseudonym for fear of agency retaliation. But a few weeks later in July, it put her on one of its chartered jets with dozens of other detainees.
    Marta’s story isn’t an anomaly of the current crisis – it exemplifies a broader pattern of medical negligence on Ice flights, a Capital & Main investigation has found. Heart attacks, miscarriages and even a death have all occurred on Ice flights since 2012, according to complaints filed with the agency. Ice says it has ramped up health screenings and sanitation measures on its flights to prevent spreading the coronavirus. But even before the pandemic complicated safe transport, the agency consistently failed to provide adequate medical care to detainees on its chartered jets, sometimes leading to dire health outcomes. Ice has been aware of these problems since at least 2016, according to the agency’s own records. But mismanagement, an opaque privatized flight system and issues with the agency’s formal complaint system have allowed the problems to persist outside of public view.
    Despite outcry from activists and warnings from medical professionals, Ice has continued flying immigration detainees across the country and around the world on its network of private planes throughout the pandemic. Onboard Ice flights, the agency frequently fails to provide adequate care. And agency staff are well aware of the problem, which has come up more than 100 times during internal meetings from 2016 to 2019. Marta’s story illustrates one common issue identified in the internal records: Ice staff have repeatedly neglected to get advance approval before transporting detainees with medical conditions, including people who were exposed to infectious diseases. During the pandemic, Ice says, every flight has an extra medical provider on board, and before detainees are cleared for travel, a medical professional reviews each medical record.


  • Minorities much more likely than white people to test positive for Covid – study | World news | The Guardian

    People of colour are significantly more likely than white people to test positive for Covid-19 – and are at higher risk of hospitalisation and death when they are diagnosed – according to a new study that lays bare the racial disparities among millions of coronavirus patients across America.The research, published on Wednesday by Epic Health Research Network Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF), analysed the health record data of about 50 million patients from 53 health systems across 21 states. It reported that Hispanic patients were more than two and a half times more likely than white patients to have a positive result. Black and Asian patients, meanwhile, were nearly twice as likely as white people to get a positive result. Hospitalisation and death rates were dramatically higher for people of colour with coronavirus. Among Hispanic patients, hospitalisations were more than four times higher than for white people, while among Black patients it was more than triple the rate, the report said.And death rates were more than double among Black and Hispanic patients what they were for white patients.


  • Coronavirus kills far more Hispanic and Black children than White youths, CDC study finds - The Washington Post

    The coronavirus is killing Hispanic, Black and American Indian children at much higher numbers than their White peers, according to federal statistics released Tuesday.
    The numbers — the most comprehensive U.S. accounting to date of pediatric infections and fatalities — show there have been 391,814 known cases and 121 deaths among people under the age of 21 from February to July.Of those killed by covid-19, the illness caused by the coronavirus, more than 75 percent have been Hispanic, Black and American Indian children, even though they represent 41 percent of the U.S. population, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The federal agency collected data from health departments throughout the country.The disproportionate deaths among youths echo pandemic disparities well-documented among adults. Previous studies have found the virus’s death toll is twice as high among people of color under age 65 as for White Americans. People of color also disproportionately make up “excess deaths” — those killed by the virus without being diagnosed or those killed indirectly by the virus’s wide effects on the health-care system. The racial disparities among children are in some ways even more stark. Of the children and teens killed, 45 percent were Hispanic, 29 Black and 4 percent American Indian. “This is the strongest evidence yet that there are deep racial disparities in children just like there are in adults,” said John Williams, chief of pediatric infectious diseases at UPMC Children’s Hospital of Pittsburgh. “What that should mean for people is steps like wearing a mask are not just about protecting your family and yourself. It is about racial equity.”