Technological Advancement vs Morality
The biggest challenge the engineering world will face — or rather, is facing — is to incorporate morality and ethical values while both designing an engineered product as well as while engineering a product from scratch.Are #ethics lost in the process of winning the competition?Today’s market is growing very fast and the number of players in the market has increased exponentially over the years, with so many companies and engineers trying to design the same end product, everybody wants to outsmart one another, in this process the ultimate moral values and safety aspects are sometimes ignored and the main focus is shifted towards producing the best goods in the market. A good example of this is Volkswagen’s Dieselgate emission scam, where Volkswagen had cars with “defeat devices” — software that (...)
Digital Trends’ “Tech for Good” Campaign Took Center Stage During #sxsw
(Photo credit: Priya Kuber)Following a year where headlines about #privacy breaches were rampant, responsible use of technology was a theme at this year’s South by Southwest, the annual music and film festival that attracts over 75,000 art and tech enthusiasts from all walks of life. A handful of SXSW talks referenced 2018’s Cambridge Analytica scandal and its impact on both brands and consumers.Grappling with these evolving realities of technology to reclaim creativity is the theme of Brian Solis’s new book, Lifescale: How to Live a More Creative, Productive, and Happy Life, which debuted at SXSW. And at a pop-up panel hosted at The Riveter in Austin, TX, data #ethics took center stage.Tina Mulqueen facilitated the panel on behalf of Digital Trends, the largest independently-owned (...)
Are we using behavioral design (and ethical manipulation) for good? How do we know? Now that we have the power to profoundly change peoples’ habits through technology, how do change behavior ethically?Manipulation MatrixIn this short video, I talk to Amir Shevat, formerly at Google and now at Slack, about a simple test for moral persuasion and ethical manipulation. Let me know what you think in the comments below.▻https://medium.com/media/2793d813846260822702ad6fdbe2b804/hrefOriginally published at www.nirandfar.com on September 29, 2016.Moral Manipulation: Using Behavioral Design to Manipulate | NirandFarIf you found this post interesting, it would mean a lot to me if you could click on the “claps” icon below to let me know. That would really make my day — thanks!Nir Eyal is the author of (...)
Digital Humans need Digital #ethics
Digital Humans Need Digital EthicsEmotional mural at our Belfast HQ, by local artist & friend Key Largey – a constant reminder to keep us on the right track2018 was a big year for ethics and rights, as new forms of technology and media clashed with what we consider acceptable behaviour in a human society. Now, with companies like ours building digital tools that are ever more personal, we need to continue to develop our notion of what it means to do the right thing.We believe that a key component of the coming generation of #ai-powered technology will be digital empathy. By plugging our physiological and behavioural data into smart systems, they will be able to understand our moods and learn to respond appropriately. We can look forward to this empathic technology bringing us richer, (...)
#amazon wants to be a portal for all I need
The worrying thing is they are succeedingPhoto by Pedro Lastra on UnsplashLast night, I was talking to a friend who was trying to persuade me to switch my online shopping back to the local offline merchants. He feels that if we don’t, we will end up helping the Amazons and Flipkarts, which are non-Indian business entities, to put more and more small Indian businesses out of business. Once that happens, these big businesses will become monopolies or duopolies and we will be at their mercy, be it in terms of price or choice or availability of things or whatever.Oddly enough, I have been advocating a boycott of Amazon for the same reasons, as well as Amazon’s lack of #ethics, which is another story. In fact, I have managed to avoid shopping online for long stretches of time. Sadly, to my own (...)
Sundar Pichai and The #ethics Of #algorithms
Today The Country Is Mocking Politicians, They Should Also Be Criticizing #google’s CEOPhoto by Goran Ivos on UnsplashThe latest congressional technology hearing was as cringeworthy as you would expect.There were politicians who thought Google was the same company as Apple. There were politicians that wondered why Google was censoring hate-speech. There were politicians that thought Sundar Pichai’s salary and some aggressive alpha-male shouting would enable him to reveal the answer to the age old mystery of “is Google tracking our every step?”Confused? So am I.▻https://medium.com/media/58608e2d554e15682f2d4b0e332d5c9c/hrefThrough all the hardships, Pichai remained calm and collected. He provided insight to a group of politicians who clearly lacked expertise. This is difficult to do and I give (...)
We Need a Summit on Ethical #tech
Photo by Matan Segev from PexelsI get inspired all the time when reading yet-another thought-provoking and well-researched think piece on Medium regarding #ethics in the tech industry.Or the lack thereof, a finger-wagging I-told-you-so.Or a proposal for a code of ethics.Or a I-once-was-blind-but-now-I-see missive from a tech industry veteran.There is clearly enthusiasm around the ethical use of technology. But after my inspirational high wears off, I am always left with a mix of hope and anxiousness:Where do we go from here?Photo by Zamani Sahudi from PexelsI’ve been deeply involved in the are of tech ethics since 2012. Over the years, I have noticed a disturbing trend — most people assume that they are relatively alone in the ethical tech space, an Atlas with the weight of a dystopian future (...)
Is Quitting Bad #software as Hard as Becoming #vegan?
Over the past months, I have given much thought to ‘bad’ technology and how to stop being so reliant on it. What you consider ‘bad’ is hard to define, and a personal issue, but it could include everything from clearly problematic software like malware, cracking software, keyloggers, and intentionally biased AIs. This software is more obvious, and easier to opt out of using or supporting. The next level down becomes more personal. If you have issues with models that Aral Balkan terms, “Surveillance Capitalism”, or the adage of, “If there is no product, you are the product,” then maybe you avoid products and services from Google or Facebook. Their products are often harder to avoid, but with a little research, only slightly harder to know if they use practices that you disagree with.The next (...)
“Ethical issues in research using datasets of illicit origin” by Daniel R. Thomas, Sergio Pastrana, Alice Hutchings , Richard Clayton and Alastair R. Beresford
It is mostly about leaked datasets (such as the #Patreon database) but it talks also about active network measurements (such as the #Carna_scan). Very good reading around the question “crackers breached an Internet server, distribute the database they got, can I use it for honest research?”
How we transferred our biases into our machines and what we can do about it
three experts on artificial intelligence help us understand how we accidentally transferred our prejudices and biases into our infant artificial intelligences. We will also explore who gets to say what is right and what is wrong as we try to fix all this. And you’ll hear examples of how some of our early machine minds, through prediction, are creating the future they predict by influencing the systems they monitor — because our actions folds their results back into their next prediction.
A great episode (and surprisingly optimistic episode given the subject)
Artificial Intelligence at Any Cost Is a Recipe for Tyranny
But we shouldn’t just be concerned about “false positives.” If we worry only about how error-prone these systems are, then more accurate surveillance systems will be seen as the solution to the problem.
The age of the algorithm
An episode of 99 percent invisible about how the uncritical acceptance and design of algorithms can have terrible consequences. With Cathy O’Neil. 23mn.
And many companies that build and market these algorithms like to talk about how objective they are, claiming they remove human error and bias from complex decision-making.
But in reality, every algorithm reflects the choices of its human designer.
Winning a competition predicts dishonest behavior | Amos Schurra and Ilana Ritovb, 2015
Edited by Susan T. Fiske, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, and approved December 30, 2015 (received for review July 30, 2015)
Competition is prevalent. People often resort to unethical means to win (e.g., the recent Volkswagen scandal). Not surprisingly, competition is central to the study of economics, psychology, sociology, political science, and more. Although we know much about contestants’ behavior before and during competitions, we know little about contestants’ behavior after the competition has ended. Connecting postcompetition behaviors with preceding competition experience, we find that after a competition is over winners behave more dishonestly than losers in an unrelated subsequent task. Furthermore, the subsequent unethical behavior effect seems to depend on winning, rather than on mere success. Providing insight into the issue is important in gaining understanding of how unethical behavior may cascade from exposure to competitive settings.
Winning a competition engenders subsequent unrelated unethical behavior. Five studies reveal that after a competition has taken place winners behave more dishonestly than competition losers. Studies 1 and 2 demonstrate that winning a competition increases the likelihood of winners to steal money from their counterparts in a subsequent unrelated task. Studies 3a and 3b demonstrate that the effect holds only when winning means performing better than others (i.e., determined in reference to others) but not when success is determined by chance or in reference to a personal goal. Finally, study 4 demonstrates that a possible mechanism underlying the effect is an enhanced sense of entitlement among competition winners.
Life, both personal and professional, is beset with challenges and rivalries. Success is often determined by one’s ability to outstrip the competition. Although competition motivates individuals to work harder to obtain better outcomes it may also lead to deleterious effects, such as increasing dishonesty in pursuit of competitive advantage and decreasing prosocial behavior. Indeed, the literature offers important insights regarding the propensity of contestants to behave in prosocial or asocial manners before and during competitions (1, 2). We know only little about contestants’ behavior after the competition has ended. The current research aims at filling this gap. In particular, we ask: Who is more likely to subsequently engage in unrelated unethical behaviors—winners or losers?
Competition outcomes are by definition relative. The results are determined by the ranking of the competitor relative to other contestants. Because performance outcome is determined relative to others, competition evinces social comparisons (3, 4). Enhanced social comparison can in turn result in two contrasting effects. On one hand, because losers have access to fewer resources than winners, they may be more motivated to use asocial behaviors to enhance their resources. Indeed, several laboratory studies show that losing tends to provoke subsequent dishonest behavior (5⇓–7), suggesting increased motivation to behave unethically when in a position of disadvantage (8). On the other hand, one may expect that the increased prominence of social comparison in competition will evince a sense of entitlement among winners (9, 10). The sense of entitlement, in turn, facilitates dishonest behavior among winners (6, 11). This reasoning points to the opposite prediction, namely that winners are more inclined to behave dishonestly than losers.
Ecovillages : why they rise above just being eco ?
Intéressant cette association entre #permaculture et vie communautaire autour d’#écovillages. On retrouve cette volonté de vie communautaire autour du mouvement de l’agroécologie (avec les Oasis en tout lieux par exemple).
Contrary to popular belief, competition is not the most important factor for the evolution of humans, but rather cooperation. For most of history, people did not live in isolated #family units as they do nowadays – for centuries they gathered in #communities for the very logical reason that cooperation is key to our survival. As intentional communities, ecovillages exemplify this age-old wisdom of mutually cooperative existence. Their raison d’être goes beyond the constraints of simple ecological existence , as they ask such questions as: “How can we become more humane ? How can we find solidarity in the market-driven world of competitiveness ? Compassion in the capitalist rat race ?”
Ecovillages rest upon the #permaculture ethics of earth care, people care and fair share. They embody a blend of 4 dimensions of sustainability: #social, cultural, economic and ecological. All 4 dimensions must be addressed in a holistic manner so as to attain sustainability. Mutual aid and cooperation pervade the #ethics of permaculture and are therefore inextricably interwoven into the very fabric of ecovillages.
Holy crap: a reviewer rejects a research paper, then steals it and publishes it as their own in a different journal... I have one word for that (other than ’ethics’): preprints. #science #ethics #research
“If you write code for a living, there’s a chance that at some point in your career, someone will ask you to code something a little deceitful – if not outright unethical.
This happened to me back in the year 2000. And it’s something I’ll never be able to forget.”
When I received the requirements, they contained the questions for the quiz, along with multiple choice answers for each question.
Missing from the requirements was any indication of what I should do with the answers at the end of the quiz. So what rules determined what treatment the quiz would recommend?
I spoke to the Account Manager about this. She emailed the client and got me the requirements. With those, I proceeded to code up the quiz.
I wish I could tell you that when I first saw those requirements they bothered me. I wish I could tell you that it felt wrong to code something that was basically designed to trick young girls. But the truth is, I didn’t think much of it at the time. I had a job to do, and I did it.
L’informaticien fabrique la machine particulière que concrétise chaque logiciel en ignorant totalement les mondes qui peuvent être bouleversés par leurs usages. En effet, son interlocuteur direct et unique est l’informatiseur. Celui-ci lui fournit les éléments requis pour accomplir sa tâche sous la forme de « spécifications ». L’informaticien n’en conteste le contenu que si celui-ci n’est pas suffisamment cohérent pour mener à bien la tâche qui lui incombe. C’est bien souvent d’ailleurs une position revendiquée par l’informaticien qui se voit comme le virtuose d’une technique à la fois spécifique qu’est l’ingénierie logicielle, et très générique puisque la pratique de l’informaticien se déplace de projet en projet en changeant de contexte sans changer de contenu.
En conclusion de l’article de Bill Sourour
Since that day, I always try to think twice about the effects of my code before I write it. I hope that you will too.
Ooohhh oui, j’y pense à deux fois ! Mais l’ethos des informaticiens (le pure formalisme) et les conditions de production des logiciels (SSII, sous-traitance, externalisation, critères d’évaluation d’une carrière) sont des obstacles qui ne peuvent être franchis individuellement qu’à l’occasion (bien trop rare) où le lien entre informaticien et informatisé-e-s est établi en direct comme le relate Bill Sourour
“This article is intended to make #RIPE_Atlas users aware of ethical issues that could arise when using RIPE Atlas. We do not intend to propose any new formal processes or procedures to address the relevant ethical issues, but we do want to encourage members of the RIPE Atlas community to consider the ethical impact of their behaviour when using RIPE Atlas.”
Not only for the RIPE Atlas users, all the persons doing active measurements on the Internet should read and think about it: