#f.d.a

  • Une étude américaine montre que la nourriture des fast-foods est de moins en moins saine RTBF & jandonline. - 4 Mars 2019
    https://www.rtbf.be/info/monde/detail_une-etude-americaine-montre-que-la-nourriture-des-fast-food-est-de-moins

    Malgré l’ajout de menus sains à leur carte ces dernières années, la restauration rapide serait encore moins diététique qu’il y a 30 ans. Du moins aux Etats-Unis, selon une étude récente.



    USA : petite révolution, McDonald’s supprime le cheeseburger des Happy Meal - © Tous droits réservés

    Une analyse des menus proposés dans 10 des fast-foods américains les plus populaires en 1986, 1991 et 2016, publiée dans le Journal de l’Académie de nutrition et de diététique, https://jandonline.org/article/S2212-2672(18)32383-9/fulltext montre en effet que dans les entrées, les plats et les desserts de ces restaurants, on constate une augmentation considérable au fil du temps des portions, et donc des calories, mais aussi du taux de sodium.

    Il montre également que, si la variété d’entrées, de plats et de desserts a grimpé de 226%, les produits nouveaux ont tendance à être moins sains que ceux qui étaient disponibles pendant toute la période de l’étude.

    « Notre étude donne un aperçu de la façon dont la restauration rapide peut contribuer à aggraver le problème persistant de l’obésité et des maladies chroniques connexes aux États-Unis », a déclaré le responsable de la recherche Megan A. McCrory.

    Aux États-Unis, environ 37% des adultes consomment des fast-foods chaque jour, ce chiffre atteignant 45% chez les adultes de 20 à 39 ans. Or, un repas avec entrée et accompagnement fournit en moyenne 767 kcal, soit près de 40% d’un régime de 2000 calories par jour. Ajoutez-y un soda et cela passe à 50% de l’apport calorique quotidien d’une personne. 

    Le Dr McCrory a exprimé l’espoir que les résultats de l’étude conduiraient à une sensibilisation accrue et à des solutions créatives. "Nous devons trouver de meilleurs moyens d’aider les gens à consommer moins de calories et de sodium dans les fast-foods. L’exigence pour les chaînes de restaurants d’afficher les calories dans leurs menus est un début."

    Mais les scientifiques recommandent aussi de proposer des portions plus réduites, à un prix proportionnel.

    #fast-foods #beurk #alimentation #junk_food #malbouffe #obésité #McDonald's #KFC #burger_king #pizza_hut

    • Fast-Food Offerings in the United States in 1986, 1991, and 2016 Show Large Increases in Food Variety, Portion Size, Dietary Energy, and Selected Micronutrients
      https://jandonline.org/article/S2212-2672(18)32383-9/fulltext

      Megan A. McCrory, PhD∗,’Correspondence information about the author PhD Megan A. McCroryEmail the author PhD Megan A. McCrory
      , Allen G. Harbaugh, PhD
      , Sarah Appeadu, MS
      , Susan B. Roberts, PhD

      US national survey data shows fast food accounted for 11% of daily caloric intake in 2007-2010.

      Objective
      To provide a detailed assessment of changes over time in fast-food menu offerings over 30 years, including food variety (number of items as a proxy), portion size, energy, energy density, and selected micronutrients (sodium, calcium, and iron as percent daily value [%DV]), and to compare changes over time across menu categories (entrées, sides, and desserts).

      Design
      Fast-food entrées, sides, and dessert menu item data for 1986, 1991, and 2016 were compiled from primary and secondary sources for 10 popular fast-food restaurants.
      Statistical Analysis

      Descriptive statistics were calculated. Linear mixed-effects analysis of variance was performed to examine changes over time by menu category.

      Results
      From 1986 to 2016, the number of entrées, sides, and desserts for all restaurants combined increased by 226%. Portion sizes of entrées (13 g/decade) and desserts (24 g/decade), but not sides, increased significantly, and the energy (kilocalories) and sodium of items in all three menu categories increased significantly. Desserts showed the largest increase in energy (62 kcal/decade), and entrées had the largest increase in sodium (4.6% DV/decade). Calcium increased significantly in entrées (1.2%DV/decade) and to a greater extent in desserts (3.9% DV/decade), but not sides, and iron increased significantly only in desserts (1.4% DV/decade).

      Conclusions
      These results demonstrate broadly detrimental changes in fast-food restaurant offerings over a 30-year span including increasing variety, portion size, energy, and sodium content. Research is needed to identify effective strategies that may help consumers reduce energy intake from fast-food restaurants as part of measures to improve dietary-related health issues in the United States.

    • Si l’instance chargée de veiller à la #santé de la population fait le contraire, c’est normal,

      #F.D.A. Urges Court to Block New York City’s Calorie Count Law - The New York Times
      https://www.nytimes.com/2017/08/15/nyregion/fda-new-york-city-calorie-count.html

      (Août 2017)

      “The F.D.A. has taken the position that chains can stop providing customers with critical #nutrition information,”

      #etats-unis

    • Mais puisque Trump vous dit que le fast food c’est ce que mangent les athlètes de haut niveau : Trump sert encore du fast-food à des athlètes à la Maison-Blanche
      https://www.lapresse.ca/international/etats-unis/201903/04/01-5216971-trump-sert-encore-du-fast-food-a-des-athletes-a-la-maison-blanch

      C’est la deuxième fois de l’année qu’il reçoit des athlètes universitaires et Donald Trump n’a pas changé le menu lundi : fast-food pour tout le monde à la Maison-Blanche.


  • #F.D.A. Did Not Intervene to Curb Risky #Fentanyl Prescriptions - The New York Times
    https://www.nytimes.com/2018/08/02/health/fda-fentanyl-opioid-epidemic-overdose-cancer.html

    A fast-acting class of fentanyl drugs approved only for #cancer patients with high opioid tolerance has been prescribed frequently to patients with back pain and #migraines, putting them at high risk of accidental overdose and death, according to documents collected by the Food and Drug Administration.

    [...]

    About 5,000 pages of documents, obtained by researchers at Johns Hopkins University through the Freedom of Information Act and provided to The New York Times, show that the F.D.A. had data showing that so-called off-label prescribing was widespread. But officials did little to intervene.

    #complicité #santé #opioides #opiacés


  • Caffeine Powder Poses Deadly Risks
    By MURRAY CARPENTER MAY 18, 2015
    http://well.blogs.nytimes.com/2015/05/18/caffeine-powder-poses-deadly-risks-2

    Sold as a dietary supplement, caffeine powder is virtually unregulated and widely available from online vendors, and in some stores, often marketed alongside vitamins and protein powders to fitness buffs who blend their own supplements. The packages typically include warning labels, but these are voluntary.

    In its pure form, caffeine is quite powerful. A teaspoon of caffeine powder is roughly equal to 16 to 25 cups of coffee. Ten grams, about a tablespoon, is a lethal dose for an adult. A 100-gram package — as much caffeine as 400 “tall” cups of Starbucks coffee, 1,250 Red Bulls, or 3,000 cans of Coke — costs about $10.

    [...]

    Though the federal government has not restricted the sale of powdered caffeine, Jennifer Corbett Dooren, a spokeswoman for the #F.D.A., said the agency “will consider taking regulatory action, as appropriate, to protect consumers.”

    Kate Stiner said she could not understand the F.D.A.’s inaction. “I’m frustrated because it seems to be cut and dried to me,” she said. “And I don’t know why the delays, and I don’t know why people would even fight about it. I’m not saying ban coffee.”

    #FDA #caféine