• Payer pour être dans un groupe Facebook ? le réseau social le teste déjà

    Facebook explore la monétisation des groupes sur le réseau social. Un test est en cours, où les internautes paient un abonnement mensuel pour accéder à certaines ressources. « C’est gratuit (et ça le restera toujours) », lit-on sur la page d’inscription de Facebook. C’est vrai : il n’est pas nécessaire de payer spécifiquement le réseau social pour avoir le droit de le fréquenter. En revanche, des zones particulières du site communautaire — comme les groupes — pourraient n’être accessibles qu’aux personnes (...)

    #Facebook #marketing

  • Avons-nous livré toute notre vie privée à internet ?

    A partir du vendredi 25 mai vont être appliquées de nouvelles garanties pour la protection de notre vie privée sur internet. Le Règlement général sur la protection des données personnelles (RGPD) voté par l’Union Européenne en avril 2016 doit obliger les différents acteurs d’internet a demander le consentement explicite des internautes avant de donner leurs informations personnelles. Mais n’est-il pas trop tard pour se protéger ? Les récents scandales révélant que des dizaines de millions de données (...)

    #Facebook #algorithme #données #[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données_(RGPD)[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR)[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR) #BigData (...)

    ##[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données__RGPD_[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_ ##GAFAM

  • Behind the Messy, Expensive Split Between Facebook and WhatsApp’s Founders


    After a long dispute over how to produce more revenue with ads and data, the messaging app’s creators are walking away leaving about $1.3 billion on the table​
    By Kirsten Grind and
    Deepa Seetharaman
    June 5, 2018 10:24 a.m. ET

    How ugly was the breakup between Facebook Inc. FB 0.49% and the two founders of WhatsApp, its biggest acquisition? The creators of the popular messaging service are walking away leaving about $1.3 billion on the table.

    The expensive exit caps a long-simmering dispute about how to wring more revenue out of WhatsApp, according to people familiar with the matter. Facebook has remained committed to its ad-based business model amid criticism, even as Facebook Chief Executive Mark Zuckerberg has had to defend the company before American and European lawmakers.

    The WhatsApp duo of Jan Koum and Brian Acton had persistent disagreements in recent years with Mr. Zuckerberg and Chief Operating Officer Sheryl Sandberg, who grew impatient for a greater return on the company’s 2014 blockbuster $22 billion purchase of the messaging app, according to the people.

    Many of the disputes with Facebook involved how to manage data privacy while also making money from WhatsApp’s large user base, including through the targeted ads that WhatsApp’s founders had long opposed. In the past couple of years especially, Mr. Zuckerberg and Ms. Sandberg pushed the WhatsApp founders to be more flexible on those issues and move faster on other plans to generate revenue, the people say.

    Once, after Mr. Koum said he “didn’t have enough people” to implement a project, Mr. Zuckerberg dismissed him with, “I have all the people you need,” according to one person familiar with the conversation.
    Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg testified about privacy issues and the use of user data before a Senate committee in April.

    Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg testified about privacy issues and the use of user data before a Senate committee in April. Photo: Alex Brandon/Press Pool

    WhatsApp was an incongruous fit within Facebook from the beginning. Messrs. Acton and Koum are true believers on privacy issues and have shown disdain for the potential commercial applications of the service.

    Facebook, on the other hand, has built a sprawling, lucrative advertising business that shows ads to users based on data gathered about their activities. Mr. Zuckerberg and Ms. Sandberg have touted how an advertising-supported product makes it free for consumers and helps bridge the digital divide.

    When Facebook bought WhatsApp, it never publicly addressed how the divergent philosophies would coexist. But Mr. Zuckerberg told stock analysts that he and Mr. Koum agreed that advertising wasn’t the right way to make money from messaging apps. Mr. Zuckerberg also said he promised the co-founders the autonomy to build their own products. The sale to Facebook made the app founders both multibillionaires.

    Over time, each side grew frustrated with the other, according to people in both camps. Mr. Koum announced April 30 he would leave, and Mr. Acton resigned last September.
    Big Bet
    Facebook paid substantially more for WhatsApp than any other deal.

    Facebook’s five largest deals*

    WhatsApp (2014)

    $21.94 billion

    Oculus VR (2014)

    $2.30 billion

    Instagram (2012)

    $736 million

    Microsoft† (2012)

    $550 million

    Onavo (2013)

    $120 million

    *price at close of deal †approximately 615 AOL patents and patent applications

    Source: Dealogic

    The WhatsApp co-founders didn’t confront Mr. Zuckerberg at their departures about their disagreements over where to take the business, but had concluded they were fighting a losing battle and wanted to preserve their relationship with the Facebook executive, people familiar with the matter said. One person familiar with the relationships described the environment as “very passive-aggressive.”

    Small cultural disagreements between the two staffs also popped up, involving issues such as noise around the office and the size of WhatsApp’s desks and bathrooms, that took on greater significance as the split between the parent company and its acquisition persisted.

    The discord broke into public view in a March tweet by Mr. Acton. During the height of the Cambridge Analytica controversy, in which the research firm was accused of misusing Facebook user data to aid the Trump campaign, Mr. Acton posted that he planned to delete his Facebook account.

    Within Facebook, some executives were surprised to see Mr. Acton publicly bash the company since he didn’t seem to leave on bad terms, according to people familiar with the matter. When Mr. Acton later visited Facebook’s headquarters, David Marcus, an executive who ran Facebook’s other chat app, Messenger, confronted his former colleague. “That was low class,” Mr. Marcus said, according to people familiar with the matter. Mr. Acton shrugged it off. Mr. Marcus declined to comment.
    Staff at Facebook headquarters in Menlo Park, Calif. Small cultural disagreements between Facebook and WhatsApp staffs, involving issues such as noise, size of desks and bathrooms, created friction.

    Staff at Facebook headquarters in Menlo Park, Calif. Small cultural disagreements between Facebook and WhatsApp staffs, involving issues such as noise, size of desks and bathrooms, created friction. Photo: Kim Kulish/Corbis/Getty Images

    The posts also prompted an angry call from Ms. Sandberg to Mr. Koum, who assured her that Mr. Acton didn’t mean any harm, according to a person familiar with the call.

    When Mr. Acton departed Facebook, he forfeited about $900 million in potential stock awards, according to people familiar with the matter. Mr. Koum is expected to officially depart in mid-August, in which case he would leave behind more than two million unvested shares worth about $400 million at Facebook’s current stock price. Both men would have received all their remaining shares had they stayed until this November, when their contracts end.

    The amount the two executives are leaving in unvested shares hasn’t been reported, nor have the full extent of the details around their disagreements with Facebook over the years.

    “Jan has done an amazing job building WhatsApp. He has been a tireless advocate for privacy and encryption,” Mr. Zuckerberg said in May at the company’s developer conference about Mr. Koum’s departure. He added he was proud that Facebook helped WhatsApp launch end-to-end encryption a couple of years after the acquisition.

    In many ways, Facebook and WhatsApp couldn’t have been more different. Facebook from its beginning in 2004 leveraged access to user information to sell targeted advertising that would be displayed as people browsed their news feeds. That business model has been hugely successful, driving Facebook’s market value past half a trillion dollars, with advertising accounting for 97% of the firm’s revenue.
    A sign in WhatsApp’s offices at Facebook headquarters. Some Facebook employees mocked WhatsApp with chants of ‘Welcome to WhatsApp—Shut up!’

    A sign in WhatsApp’s offices at Facebook headquarters. Some Facebook employees mocked WhatsApp with chants of ‘Welcome to WhatsApp—Shut up!’

    It is also the antithesis of what WhatsApp professed to stand for. Mr. Koum, a San Jose State University dropout, grew up in Soviet-era Ukraine, where the government could track communication, and talked frequently about his commitment to privacy.

    Mr. Koum, 42, and Mr. Acton, 46, became friends while working as engineers at Yahoo Inc., one of the first big tech companies to embrace digital advertising. The experience was jarring for both men, who came to regard display ads as garish, ruining the user experience and allowing advertisers to collect all kinds of data on unsuspecting individuals.

    WhatsApp, which launched in 2009, was designed to be simple and secure. Messages were immediately deleted from its servers once sent. It charged some users 99 cents annually after one free year and carried no ads. In a 2012 blog post the co-founders wrote, “We wanted to make something that wasn’t just another ad clearinghouse” and called ads “insults to your intelligence.”

    Text MeWorld-wide monthly active users for popularmessaging apps, in billions.Source: the companiesNote: *Across four main markets; iMessage, Google Hangoutsand Signal don’t disclose number of users.


    The men are also close personal friends, bonding over ultimate Frisbee, despite political differences. Mr. Koum, unlike Mr. Acton, has publicly expressed support for Donald Trump.

    When Facebook bought WhatsApp in February 2014, the messaging service was growing rapidly and had already amassed 450 million monthly users, making it more popular than Twitter Inc., which had 240 million monthly users at the time and was valued at $30 billion. WhatsApp currently has 1.5 billion users.

    The deal still ranks as the largest-ever purchase of a company backed by venture capital, and it was almost 10 times costlier than Facebook’s next most expensive acquisition.

    Mr. Zuckerberg assured Messrs. Koum and Acton at the time that he wouldn’t place advertising in the messaging service, according to a person familiar with the matter. Messrs. Koum and Acton also negotiated an unusual clause in their contracts that said if Facebook insisted on making any “additional monetization initiatives” such as advertising in the app, it could give the executives “good reason” to leave and cause an acceleration of stock awards that hadn’t vested, according to a nonpublic portion of the companies’ merger agreement reviewed by The Wall Street Journal. The provision only kicks in if a co-founder is still employed by Facebook when the company launches advertising or another moneymaking strategy.

    Mr. Acton initiated the clause in his contract allowing for early vesting of his shares. But Facebook’s legal team threatened a fight, so Mr. Acton, already worth more than $3 billion, left it alone, according to people familiar with the matter.

    Some analysts in the tech community said a clash was inevitable. Nate Elliott, principal of Nineteen Insights, a research and advisory firm focused on digital marketing and social media, said the WhatsApp founders are “pretty naive” for believing that Facebook wouldn’t ultimately find some way to make money from the deal, such as with advertising. “Facebook is a business, not a charity,” he said.

    At the time of the sale, WhatsApp was profitable with fee revenue, although it is unclear by how much. Facebook doesn’t break out financial information for WhatsApp.
    David Marcus, vice president of messaging products for Facebook, spoke during the company’s F8 Developers Conference in San Jose on May 1.

    David Marcus, vice president of messaging products for Facebook, spoke during the company’s F8 Developers Conference in San Jose on May 1. Photo: David Paul Morris/Bloomberg News

    Facebook’s hands-off stance changed around 2016. WhatsApp topped one billion monthly users, and it had eliminated its 99 cent fee. Facebook told investors it would stop increasing the number of ads in Facebook’s news feed, resulting in slower advertising-revenue growth. This put pressure on Facebook’s other properties—including WhatsApp—to make money.

    That August, WhatsApp announced it would start sharing phone numbers and other user data with Facebook, straying from its earlier promise to be built “around the goal of knowing as little about you as possible.”

    With Mr. Zuckerberg and Ms. Sandberg pushing to integrate it into the larger company, WhatsApp moved its offices in January 2017 from Mountain View, Calif., to Facebook’s Menlo Park headquarters about 20 minutes away. Facebook tried to make it welcoming, decorating the Building 10 office in WhatsApp’s green color scheme.

    WhatsApp’s roughly 200 employees at the time remained mostly segregated from the rest of Facebook. Some of the employees were turned off by Facebook’s campus, a bustling collection of restaurants, ice cream shops and services built to mirror Disneyland.

    Some Facebook staffers considered the WhatsApp unit a mystery and sometimes poked fun at it. After WhatsApp employees hung up posters over the walls instructing hallway passersby to “please keep noise to a minimum,” some Facebook employees mocked them with chants of “Welcome to WhatsApp—Shut up!” according to people familiar with the matter.

    Some employees even took issue with WhatsApp’s desks, which were a holdover from the Mountain View location and larger than the standard desks in the Facebook offices. WhatsApp also negotiated for nicer bathrooms, with doors that reach the floor. WhatsApp conference rooms were off-limits to other Facebook employees.

    “These little ticky-tacky things add up in a company that prides itself on egalitarianism,” said one Facebook employee.

    Mr. Koum chafed at the constraints of working at a big company, sometimes quibbling with Mr. Zuckerberg and other executives over small details such as the chairs Facebook wanted WhatsApp to purchase, a person familiar with the matter said.

    In response to the pressure from above to make money, Messrs. Koum and Acton proposed several ideas to bring in more revenue. One, known as “re-engagement messaging,” would let advertisers contact only users who had already been their customers. Last year, WhatsApp said it would charge companies for some future features that connect them with customers over the app.

    None of the proposals were as lucrative as Facebook’s ad-based model. “Well, that doesn’t scale,” Ms. Sandberg told the WhatsApp executives of their proposals, according to a person familiar with the matter. Ms. Sandberg wanted the WhatsApp leadership to pursue advertising alongside other revenue models, another person familiar with her thinking said.

    Ms. Sandberg, 48, and Mr. Zuckerberg, 34, frequently brought up their purchase of the photo-streaming app Instagram as a way to persuade Messrs. Koum and Acton to allow advertising into WhatsApp. Facebook in 2012 purchased Instagram, and the app’s founders initially tried their own advertising platform rather than Facebook’s. When Instagram fell short of its revenue targets in its first few quarters, Facebook leadership pushed the founders to adopt its targeted advertising model, and the transition was relatively seamless, according to current and former employees. Today, analysts estimate that Instagram is a key driver of Facebook’s revenue, and its founders, Kevin Systrom and Mike Krieger, remain with the company. The men didn’t respond to requests for comment.

    “It worked for Instagram,” Ms. Sandberg told the WhatsApp executives on at least one occasion, according to one person familiar with the matter.
    Attendees used Oculus Go VR headsets during Facebook’s F8 Developers Conference.

    Attendees used Oculus Go VR headsets during Facebook’s F8 Developers Conference. Photo: Justin Sullivan/Getty Images

    Other high-profile acquisitions such as developer platform Parse, ad tech platform LiveRail and virtual-reality company Oculus VR have fallen short of expectations, people familiar with those deals say.

    The senior Facebook executives appeared to grow frustrated by the WhatsApp duo’s reasons to delay plans that would help monetize the service. Mr. Zuckerberg wanted WhatsApp executives to add more “special features” to the app, whereas Messrs. Koum and Acton liked its original simplicity.

    Mr. Zuckerberg and Ms. Sandberg also wanted Messrs. Koum and Acton to loosen their stance on encryption to allow more “business flexibility,” according to one person familiar with the matter. One idea was to create a special channel between companies and users on WhatsApp to deal with issues such as customer-service requests, people familiar with the matter said. That setup would let companies appoint employees or bots to field inquiries from users and potentially store those messages in a decrypted state later on.

    Last summer, Facebook executives discussed plans to start placing ads in WhatsApp’s “Status” feature, which allows users to post photo- and video-montages that last 24 hours. Similar features exist across Facebook’s services, including on Instagram, but WhatsApp’s version is now the most popular with 450 million users as of May.

    Mr. Acton—described by one former WhatsApp employee as the “moral compass” of the team—decided to leave as the discussions to place ads in Status picked up. Mr. Koum, who also sat on Facebook’s board, tried to persuade him to stay longer.

    Mr. Koum remained another eight months, before announcing in a Facebook post that he is “taking some time off to do things I enjoy outside of technology, such as collecting rare air-cooled Porsches, working on my cars and playing ultimate Frisbee.” Mr. Koum is worth about $9 billion, according to Forbes.

    The next day, Mr. Koum said goodbye to WhatsApp and Facebook employees at an all-hands meeting in Menlo Park. An employee asked him about WhatsApp’s plans for advertising.

    Mr. Koum responded by first alluding to his well-documented antipathy for ads, according to people familiar with his remarks. But Mr. Koum added that if ads were to happen, placing them in Status would be the least intrusive way of doing so, according to the people.

    Some people who heard the remarks interpreted them as Mr. Koum saying he had made peace with the idea of advertising in WhatsApp.

    In his absence, WhatsApp will be run by Chris Daniels, a longtime Facebook executive who is tasked with finding a business model that brings in revenue at a level to justify the app’s purchase price, without damaging the features that make it so popular.

    Among WhatsApp’s competitors is Signal, an encrypted messaging app run by a nonprofit called the Signal Foundation and dedicated to secure communication, with strict privacy controls and without advertising. Mr. Acton donated $50 million to fund the foundation and serves as its executive chairman.

    Corrections & Amplifications
    Facebook Messenger has 1.3 billion monthly users. An earlier version of a chart in this article incorrectly said it had 2.13 billion users. (June 5, 2018)

    Write to Kirsten Grind at kirsten.grind@wsj.com and Deepa Seetharaman at Deepa.Seetharaman@wsj.com

    #Facebook #Whatsapp

  • ’Facebook is taking everything’ : rising rents drive out Silicon Valley families

    Property companies advertising their proximity to Facebook’s campus are giving low-income residents a choice : pay a huge rent increase or move out Sandra Zamora is quitting Facebook. Not because of Russian election interference, misuse of personal data or any of the social network’s other scandals. For the 29-year-old, it’s personal : Facebook is her neighbor, and the company’s presence, she said, is wreaking havoc on her community. Zamora is part of a group of Menlo Park tenants in four (...)

    #Facebook #domination #urbanisme


  • #facebucks: why social media needs the #blockchain

    Recent events have made it clear that social media has problems. Blockchain has powerful solutions for the big companies behind our favourite platforms — and it’s possible that a decentralised model is the only long-term way to create social media that is fit for purpose.Social media companies are already showing considerable interest in blockchain technology. It’s not always clear why — where the motives are apparent, they differ widely — but it makes intuitive sense. Social networks are designed to connect humans on a peer-to-peer level. Blockchain serves the same purpose. The match is a natural one — and if Telegram’s $1.7 billion token sale is anything to go by, there will be plenty more headlines to come on that theme.However, there’s a bigger picture and a bigger prize here. Blockchain could (...)

    #social-media-blockchain #social-media #facebook

  • Aux États-Unis, Amazon, Microsoft et Uber s’opposent à une loi pour la protection de la vie privée

    La réplique californienne du RGPD ne convient pas à certaines entreprises de la Silicon Valley. Parmi les GAFAM, seul Apple ne s’est pas opposé au « Privacy Act ». Les autres disent s’inquiéter pour la prospérité de leurs activités. Depuis le 25 mai dernier, le RGPD est en application en Europe. Cette loi sur la protection de la vie privée force les entreprises à être transparentes sur les données qu’elles collectent, et à donner plus de choix à l’utilisateur. Aux États-Unis, la Californie travaille sur (...)

    #Google #Verizon #Microsoft #Amazon #Facebook #Uber #données #BigData #[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données_(RGPD)[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR)[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR) #GAFAM (...)

    ##[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données__RGPD_[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_ ##lobbying

  • Privacy and Tracking on the Fediverse

    Recently, there have been some shocking revelations. Facebook, a company in the business of selling your data to advertisers, had some of its data used illegally by a third party that used it to advertise to you. As people hate nothing more than getting their data misused without Facebook getting a cut, they are now up in arms and want to leave Facebook once and for all.

    Media eye seems to have fallen on the Mastodon network as a solution this time. For an example, look at this Washington Post article, «The new technology that aspires to #DeleteFacebook for good» (19 trackers on the page, including Facebook), in which they tout it as a privacy-preserving alternative to walled-garden company-run networks.

    Mastodon BDFL Gargron himself wrote an article with the nice subtitle Perspective from a platform that doesn’t put democracy in peril. He is privacy conscious, so this page only has two trackers.

    (Aside: This article contains the delightful phrase “#DeleteFacebook is trending on Twitter.”)

    In all of these articles, Mastodon (and by extension, the Fediverse) are described as a more private and secure way of posting cat pictures and “please subscribe to my patreon” online. But is this actually true? Let’s check the situation on the fediverse.

    #Facebook #Mastodon #Fediverse #vie_privée #traces #tracking #réinventer_l'Internet

  • L’intelligence artificielle s’invite aux côtés de la Police et du renseignement

    Lors de son discours début juin 2018, le ministre de l’Intérieur a évoqué l’usage de l’intelligence artificielle « pour repérer dans la foule des individus au comportement bizarre ». En fait, des technologies de ce type sont déjà en expérimentation. Mais se pose la question des données personnelles. Qui a oublié le Minority report de Philip K. Dick ? En 1956, la nouvelle du romancier américain y décrit une société dystopique, où les futurs criminels sont arrêtés avant de passer à l’acte. Une fiction qui (...)

    #Facebook #Twitter #algorithme #CCTV #comportement #biométrie #données #web #surveillance #vidéo-surveillance #BigData #facial #MinorityReport #TES (...)


  • Directive Copyright : combattons le filtrage automatisé... et la centralisation du Web !

    Le 20 juin prochain, le Parlement européen arrêtera sa décision sur la directive Copyright, symbole d’une nouvelle période de régulation de l’Internet. La Quadrature du Net vous invite à appeler les eurodéputés pour exiger qu’ils agissent contre l’automatisation de la censure au nom de la protection du droit d’auteur et, plus largement, contre la centralisation du Web. Pour comprendre la décision complexe qui se jouera le 20 juin, il faut d’abord revenir sur les base de la régulation des contenus (...)

    #Google #Facebook #YouTube #bot #filtrage #législation #solutionnisme #copyright #LaQuadratureduNet #Robocopyright (...)


  • Cookies, mouchards : comment vous êtes suivis sur Internet

    En quelques années, les technologies développées pour la publicité ont considérablement renforcé le suivi des individus sur Internet. Voici comment elles fonctionnent. L’affaire Cambridge Analytica autour des fuites de données utilisateurs de Facebook le montre : la protection des données personnelles sur Internet est devenue un enjeu majeur de ces dernières années. Même sans être forcément inscrits sur Facebook ou sur un autre réseau social, les internautes ne sont pas prémunis, les techniques (...)

    #CambridgeAnalytica #Google #DoubleClick #Facebook #Facebook_Connect #Analytics #Twitter #algorithme #cookies #tracker #données #BigData #publicité #web #surveillance #marketing #profiling (...)

    ##publicité ##Ghostery

  • Vie privée : l’étau se referme sur les boutons sociaux de Facebook

    Après Apple, Adblock Plus : les initiatives se multiplient en faveur du blocage des « boutons sociaux » que Facebook et consorts exploitent pour pister les internautes. Pas besoin d’attendre septembre pour pouvoir bloquer les « boutons sociaux » qui permettent à Facebook de vous pister sur les sites web. Telles sont les grandes lignes d’un message qu’eyeo a fait passer aux internautes dans un timing stratégique. L’éditeur allemand d’Adblock Plus a, en l’occurrence, choisi de communiquer dans la (...)

    #Apple #Facebook #Like #Instagram #LinkedIn #MySpace #Pinterest #Reddit #Snapchat #Tumblr #Twitter #YouTube #AdBlock (...)


  • Et si le mur de Trump était virtuel ?

    Cofondateur d’Oculus, Palmer Luckey veut vendre au gouvernement américain un système de surveillance basé sur l’intelligence artificielle pour surveiller la frontière avec le Mexique. Une solution de substitution au mur voulu par Donald Trump ? Palmer Luckey n’a que faire de la mauvaise publicité. Le fondateur du pionnier des lunettes de réalité virtuelle, Oculus (racheté par Facebook), a participé au financement de la campagne de Trump, mais a aussi donné de l’argent à un groupe d’extrême droite, (...)

    #Oculus #Palantir #algorithme #lunettes #CCTV #drone #sécuritaire #aérien #frontières #surveillance #vidéo-surveillance #reconnaissance #capteur #Anduril #Facebook (...)


  • British army ads targeting ’stressed and vulnerable’ teenagers | UK news | The Guardian

    The British army has targeted recruitment material at “stressed and vulnerable” 16-year-olds via social media on and around GCSE results day, the Guardian can reveal.

    Paid-for Facebook messages suggested to 16-year-olds that a career in the army would still be open to them if they did not get the grades they hoped for.

    “Using Facebook to target the country’s young people unwittingly and exploiting the anxiety of those who may be disappointed with their GCSE results with idealised and unrealistic advertisements is shameful.”

    The Plaid Cymru MP Liz Saville Roberts said: “The government’s recruitment ads on social media tell young people that exam results don’t matter. If they truly have potential army recruits’ best interests at heart, they should prioritise their education budget over the army’s social media budget.”

    New information released after a written parliamentary question by Saville Roberts revealed that the army spent £1.7m on social media content between 2015 and 2017, the vast bulk of it on Facebook.

    Examination of the links to some of the posts reveal that some young people have been targeted in the run-up to GCSE results and on the day itself. Just before results day in August 2015, for example, a Facebook post said: “No matter what your results will be, you can still improve yourself in the army.” It was accompanied by an image of two soldiers on a quad bike riding through surf on a shingle beach.

    On 20 August, results day, an image of a young soldier happily driving a military vehicle appeared with the same message.

    #Industrie_influence #Armée #Facebook
    The following August the army told young people via Facebook: “Whatever happens on results day, we’ll help you learn, earn and stand on your own two feet.” The image showed an open-topped army vehicle during a beautiful sunset or sunrise. Readers were encouraged to click on to a button that took them through to the This is Belonging campaign.

  • Facebook shared user details with firms after cutting developers’ access

    Facebook shared personal information from user profiles with companies after the date when executives have said the social network prevented third-party developers from gaining access to the data, the company confirmed on Friday. The records included information about the friends of Facebook users, including phone numbers and analysis of the degrees of separation between people, according to a Wall Street Journal report. Facebook acknowledged the information was given to a “small number” of (...)

    #Facebook #algorithme #données #BigData #publicité #marketing #profiling


  • Digital labour et travail domestique : quand l’exploitation capitaliste s’étend aux hommes blancs

    Force est de constater bien des ponts entre les discours des défenseurs des libertés numériques et les analyses féministes intersectionnelles. Les descriptions de l’exploitation de nos données et de notre travail par les GAFAM et autres géants du Net font écho à celles de l’exploitation des femmes et des personnes racisées et minorisées. Faire le pont entre ces analyses pourrait-il nous permettre d’appuyer notre militantisme sur les réflexions et les outils créés contre la domination patriarcale et (...)

    #Diaspora #Facebook #Twitter #Maps #Gmail #domination #discrimination #GAFAM #LaQuadratureduNet

  • Facebook : des statuts censés être privés ont été postés en « public » pour 14 millions d’utilisateurs

    Facebook a découvert un bug qui avait fait passer les paramètres de partage de nombreux statuts privés en « public ». 14 millions d’utilisateurs ont été informés par le réseau social qu’ils ont été touchés. Pendant un peu plus d’une semaine, un bug de Facebook a facilité la publication en public de nombreux statuts que les utilisateurs pensaient poster en privé, a rapporté le réseau social lui-même, le 7 juin 2018. Cela se serait passé entre le 18 et le 27 mai 2018, et aurait concerné jusqu’à 14 millions (...)

    #Facebook #terms

  • Facebook alerts 14M to privacy bug that changed status composer to public

    Facebook has another privacy screw-up on its hands. A bug in May accidentally changed the suggested privacy setting for status updates to public from whatever users had set it to last, potentially causing them to post sensitive friends-only content to the whole world. Facebook is now notifying 14 million people around the world who were potentially impacted by the bug to review their status updates and lock them down tighter if need (...)

    #Facebook #terms

  • Facebook a partagé des données personnelles à des fabricants chinois malgré des risques de cybersécurité

    En signant des accords d’accès aux données personnelles avec des constructeurs de smartphones, Facebook ne s’est pas limité à des sociétés occidentales : il a aussi tissé des liens avec des fabricants chinois. Or, certains sont vus comme un risque pour la cybersécurité. Au moins quatre constructeurs de smartphones chinois ont bénéficié des accords d’accès aux données personnelles que Facebook a mis en place pour faciliter son déploiement sur les téléphones mobiles. C’est ce que rapporte le New York Times (...)

    #Apple #Huawei #Lenovo #Microsoft #OPPO #Samsung #TCL #Amazon #Facebook #smartphone #données (...)


  • Facebook a autorisé « au moins 60 entreprises » accéder aux données de ses utilisateurs

    Pas de répit pour Facebook. À peine remis du scandale Cambridge Analytica, Mark Zuckerberg doit faire face cette semaine à de nouvelles accusations, émanant cette fois du New York Times. Le quotidien américain a révélé que le réseau social aurait laissé « au moins 60 entreprises », parmi lesquelles Apple, Amazon et Samsung, accéder aux données de ses utilisateurs sans leur consentement. Le tout pendant dix ans... La tournée d’excuses de Mark Zuckeberg, qui affichait déjà complet devant le Congrès (...)

    #Apple #Samsung #Amazon #Facebook #smartphone #données #Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données_(RGPD)


  • Vie privée : Apple s’attaque aux boutons « j’aime » de Facebook

    La prochaine version du navigateur d’Apple demandera l’autorisation des utilisateurs avant de permettre à certains « traceurs », comme le bouton « j’aime » de Facebook, de récolter des données. L’annonce est arrivée relativement discrètement, vers la fin de la conférence donnée par Apple lundi 4 juin, lors de la WWDC, sa grand-messe des développeurs. Elle fut pourtant hors norme : en dévoilant de nouvelles fonctionnalités visant à protéger la vie privée des utilisateurs de son navigateur Safari, Apple a (...)

    #Apple #Google #Microsoft #Amazon #Facebook #Like #Safari #tracker #données #BigData #GAFAM (...)


  • Facebook Gave Device Makers Deep Access to Data on Users and Friends

    The company formed data-sharing partnerships with Apple, Samsung and dozens of other device makers, raising new concerns about its privacy protections. As Facebook sought to become the world’s dominant social media service, it struck agreements allowing phone and other device makers access to vast amounts of its users’ personal information. Facebook has reached data-sharing partnerships with at least 60 device makers — including Apple, Amazon, BlackBerry, Microsoft and Samsung — over the (...)

    #Apple #CambridgeAnalytica #Microsoft #Samsung #BlackBerry #Amazon #Facebook #manipulation #données #BigData (...)


  • Facebook a permis à des groupes chinois d’accéder aux données de ses usagers

    Le réseau social a reconnu que Huawei faisait partie des fabricants de smartphones ayant eu accès à des données de ses utilisateurs. Facebook a précisé mardi 5 juin que le chinois Huawei faisait partie des fabricants de smartphones qui avaient eu accès à des données de ses utilisateurs. Une annonce qui a suscité la colère de plusieurs parlementaires américains, qui considèrent cette entreprise comme le bras armé technologique de Pékin. Huawei, ainsi que Lenovo, OPPO et TCL, fait partie des fabricants de (...)

    #Huawei #Lenovo #Facebook #smartphone #données #profiling #OPPO #TCL

  • Ingérence russe dans l’élection américaine : les publicités Facebook décortiquées

    D’après les documents remis par Facebook au Congrès américain, un grand nombre de publicités financées par l’organisme russe IRA visent des communautés spécifiques, et des personnes aux opinions politiques tranchées. En octobre, au terme d’une enquête interne, le réseau social Facebook remettait au Congrès américain plus de trois mille publicités achetées dans le cadre d’une opération d’influence d’origine russe. Contenu, nombre d’utilisateurs touchés, audience visée ou encore montants engagés : on connaît (...)

    #Facebook #manipulation #publicité #discrimination