• Guide for Freelance: Top 5 Skills to Land a Project In 2019

    In the #freelancing industry, excellent skills are always required in order to deliver projects exactly as desired. These skills are constantly changing, and it is imperative that freelancers all over the world evolve accordingly.Clients demand excellence and anything less is not acceptable. These expectations act as the propellant for the acquisition of the new skills in the market.An Overview of the Software and Web Development IndustryThe web and mobile app development industry is one that is experiencing a tremendous growth rate in recent years. Web and mobile app development freelancers are now tasked with delivering a first-class application with excellent user experience and little or no bugs.It is also interesting to note that this same industry is becoming increasingly (...)

    #internet-of-things #blockchain #ai #web-development

  • Is The U.S. Using #Force To Sell Its LNG To The World? | OilPrice.com

    From the moment he chose to run for President, Trump has embraced the new shale revolution in the U.S. as a major contributor to the country’s economic growth and energy independence.

    Increasingly, Trump has become the top promoter for increasing exports of U.S. Liquid Natural Gas (LNG) to world markets. He openly threatened to place economic sanctions on Germany if it went ahead with the deal for Russia’s new Nordstream 2 pipeline, that would nearly double natural gas supplies from Russia, Germany’s largest supplier.

    As most observers noted, the U.S. sanction threat was accompanied by the offer of U.S. LNG to Germany and Europe, as a replacement of Russian gas.

    No doubt that Trump’s bullying offended European sensibility, but despite the German protest regarding outside interference in its domestic economic affairs, and its intention to complete the Russian pipeline, Germany is quietly building up LNG importing facilities, “as a gesture to American friends.”

    Most energy experts agree that it is inevitable that U.S. LNG will eventually become a component of European markets, despite its significantly higher price to Russian and Norwegian gas, if for no other reasons to keep the peace with America, Europe’s largest ally, and assure Europe’s access to the U.S. market.

    #economie_de_marché #free_market #auto_régulation #énergies_fossiles #etats-unis #europe

  • Photos Show Confrontation Between USS Decatur and a Chinese Navy Warship in South China Sea – gCaptain

    U.S. Navy photo showing a confrontation between the USS Decatur (left) and PRC Warship 170 (right) in the South China Sea on Sunday, September 30, 2018.
    U.S. Navy Photo

    gCaptain has just obtained photos showing a confrontation involving the U.S. Navy destroyer USS Decatur and a Chinese Navy warship in the disputed South China Sea over the weekend. 

    The U.S. Navy confirmed the incident on Tuesday, accusing China’s navy of conducting an “unsafe and unprofessional maneuver” that nearly led to a collision as the U.S. destroyer was underway “in the vicinity” of Gaven Reef in the #Spratly Islands on Sunday, September 30.

    According to a Navy spokesman, during the incident, the Chinese warship “approached within 45 yards of Decatur’s bow, after which Decatur maneuvered to prevent a collision.

    As was reported over the weekend, the USS Decatur on Sunday conducted the U.S. Navy’s latest #freedom_of_navigation operation in the South China Sea, coming within 12 nautical miles of the Gaven and Johnson Reefs claimed by China.

    China issued a statement Tuesday accusing the U.S. of violating its “indisputable sovereignty” over the #South_China_Sea islands. “We strongly urge the U.S. side to immediately correct its mistake and stop such provocative actions to avoid undermining China-U.S. relations and regional peace and stability,” a Foreign Ministry spokeswoman said Tuesday in a statement.

    #Spratleys #mer_de_Chine_Méridionale

  • Lenín Moreno, président de la République de l’Équateur, admet ouvertement que si Assange n’a plus accès à l’internet, c’est pour lui interdire de diffuser ses opinions sur les sujets politiques états-uniens et le séparatisme en Catalogne.

    G. Bretaña, Ecuador contemplan posible solución para Assange

    Moreno destacó también que Assange sigue sin internet. Ecuador le quitó al fundador de Wikileaks el acceso a ésta cuando Assange expuso su opinión sobre políticas estadounidenses y sobre el conflicto separatista catalán en España.

    “Entiendo que (Assange) no tiene ese tipo de servicios precisamente para evitar que lo vuelva a hacer”, señaló Moreno. “Pero si es que el señor Assange hace el compromiso de no participar en este tipo de opiniones acerca de la política de países hermanos, como ha sido con la política estadounidese o de España, entonces en ese momento no tendríamos ningún problema en que él pueda seguir utilizando estos mecanismos”.

    Comme le fait remarquer la campagne #FreeAssange, la version en anglais de cette dépêche de l’AP ne fait absolument pas mention de cette affirmation scandaleuse :

  • University of Glasgow publishes report into historical slavery

    The University of Glasgow has published a comprehensive report into the institution’s historical links with racial slavery.

    The study acknowledges that whilst it played a leading role in the abolitionist movement, the University also received significant financial support from people whose wealth at least in part derived from slavery in the 18th and 19th centuries.

    The Slavery, Abolition and the University of Glasgow report, co-authored by Professor Simon Newman and Dr Stephen Mullen, both from the University of Glasgow, follows a year-long investigation into bequests, support and other ways the University might have benefited from slavery-related wealth.

    It estimates the present-day value of all monies given to the University which might have been fully or partly derived from slavery to be in the order of tens of millions of pounds, depending on the indexation formula.

    The University has now agreed a proactive programme of reparative justice which includes the creation of a centre for the study of slavery and a memorial or tribute at the University in the name of the enslaved.

    The University is also working with the University of the West Indies (UWI) and hopes to sign a Memorandum of Understanding to strengthen academic collaboration between the two institutions.

    Professor Sir Anton Muscatelli, Principal and Vice-Chancellor of the University of Glasgow, said: “The University of Glasgow has a proud record of anti-slavery activity including petitioning Parliament to abolish slavery and awarding an honorary degree to the emancipationist, William Wilberforce. Glasgow also educated James McCune Smith, a formerly enslaved New Yorker who became the first ever African American to receive a medical degree.

    “This report has been an important undertaking and commitment to find out if the University benefitted from slavery in the past. Although the University never owned enslaved people or traded in the goods they produced, it is now clear we received significant financial support from people whose wealth came from slavery.

    “The University deeply regrets this association with historical slavery which clashes with our proud history of support for the abolition of both the slave trade and slavery itself.

    “Looking to the future, the University has set out a programme of reparative justice through which we will seek to acknowledge this aspect of the University’s past, enhance awareness and understanding of historical slavery, and forge positive partnerships with new partners including the University of the West Indies.”

    The University will also work to further enhance awareness and understanding of the history and its connections to both slavery and abolitionism.

    Professor Simon Newman, the University of Glasgow report’s co-author, said: “The University of Glasgow has made history in the UK today by acknowledging that alongside its proud history of abolitionism is an equally significant history of financially benefitting from racial slavery. In doing this, Glasgow follows in the footsteps of leading American universities which have confronted the role of slavery in their histories.

    “The University of Glasgow is an institution that grew in a city tied to the trade in tobacco, sugar and cotton, all of which were initially produced by enslaved Africans. Launching an in-depth investigation to look at how the University might have benefited from the profits of racial slavery was, in my opinion, a brave decision. But it is a decision rooted in the core values of an educational institution dedicated to the pursuit of truth and social justice.

    “I am delighted that we have acknowledged our past, albeit indirect, ties to racial slavery and been inspired to develop new and exciting opportunities and collaborations for students and academics alike as part of a rolling programme of reparative justice.”

    One of the three external advisors to the slavery report was Professor Sir Hilary Beckles, the Vice Chancellor of the University of the West Indies; along with Professor Sir Geoff Palmer, a leading civil rights and equality campaigner and Graham Campbell, a Glasgow City Council councillor and an activist for African-Caribbean issues in Scotland.

    Professor Sir Hilary Beckles said: “I have looked closely at the report, reading it within the context of the University of Glasgow-University of the West Indies framework for mutual recognition and respect.

    “The approach adopted by the University of Glasgow is commendable and is endorsed by the UWI as an excellent place to begin. Both universities are committed to excellent and ethical research, teaching and public service.

    “I celebrate colleagues in Glasgow for taking these first steps and keenly anticipate working through next steps.”

    The University has accepted the recommendations in the report. This commits it to:

    Publish the Senior Management Group’s statement of July 2016, along with the final version of the report detailing the research and conclusions of the research into how the University benefited from the profits of historical slavery, and a statement describing the reparative justice actions to be undertaken by the University.
    Strive to increase the racial diversity of students and staff and to reduce the degree attainment gap, in line with the University of Glasgow’s Equality and Diversity Policy. This will include awarding scholarships to BAME students of Afro-Caribbean descent to help address their under-representation in the University.
    Pursue the negotiation and signing of a Memorandum of Understanding between the University of Glasgow and the University of the West Indies, designed to fit the needs and requirements of UWI staff and students, while working in alignment with the educational and research objectives of the University of Glasgow.
    Create an interdisciplinary centre for the study of historical slavery and its legacies, including modern slavery and trafficking.
    Inaugurate a named professorship, a rotating post to be awarded to University of Glasgow academics undertaking significant research relevant to historical and modern slavery and reparative justice.
    Name a major new University building or space to commemorate a significant figure, perhaps James McCune Smith, with appropriate signage and public-facing information.
    Add a commemorative plaque to the Gilbert Scott Building, explaining that this was the site of the house of Robert Bogle, a West India merchant who owned many enslaved people, and who was one of a number of people who made money from slavery and who then later donated funds for the construction of the building.
    Develop a Hunterian exhibition exploring the often unknown and unexpected ways in which some items within the collections are related to the history of racial slavery.
    Develop a creative arts and sciences series (under the auspices of the new centre), with performances, events and lectures.


    #esclavage #histoire #rapport
    cc @reka

    Ici pour télécharger le rapport :

    Autres documents sur l’esclavage sur le portail de l’université de Glasgow :

  • Fascist white feminism is exploiting fears about sexual violence to push racist agendas

    Sexual violence and child sexual abuse is a growing focus in racist and anti-immigrant rhetoric across Europe. Following the arrest of ex-#English_Defence_League (#EDL) leader #Tommy_Robinson after he broadcast live outside a child grooming trial in Leeds, in June 2018 another “#Free_Tommy” march took place, supported by a far-right campaign group called #120_decibels (#120dB). The group are named after the volume of a rape alarm, use sexual violence against women as a political tool to assert their nationalist, racist agenda across Europe and the UK.

    Heavily promoted by the now-crumbling #Generation_Identity, an alt-right group whose “core belief is that ‘white identity’ is under attack”, #120dB claim that sexual violence is “imported violence” perpetrated by “criminal migrants”. This racialisation of sexual violence is dangerous. Instead of tackling all gender-based violence, regardless of the perpetrator’s nationality, immigration status or race, narratives such as those reproduced by #120dB co-opt violence against women for a racist agenda. The impact of this is that already marginalised communities are criminalised, victims and survivors are unsupported, and abuse goes unchallenged, as it is obfuscated by racism.

    In their YouTube videos, #120dB labels migrants as “criminal migrants…from archaic societies” who are responsible for “migrant sex crimes”. This #racialisation feeds into racist tropes – that migrant men are from “backward” cultures and are inherently “sexually dangerous”. This language obscures the prevalence of sexual violence across society, which occurs as a cause and consequence of gender inequality. The blanket stereotyping of all non-white men is dangerous and has contributed to racist attacks perpetrated in order to “avenge” white women.

    For example, in February 2018, the murder of 18-year-old Italian #Pamela_Mastropietro by a Nigerian man became a focal point for anti-immigration hatred, and was used to promote #120dB’s messages. A few days after Mastropietro’s death, a gunman went on a shooting rampage in #Marcerata, Italy, injuring six African migrants – five men and one woman. Far-right extremist #Luca_Traini was arrested in connection with the attack. The timing of these incidents show how anti-immigration rhetoric gives the green light to racist violence. Speaking at the time of the shooting, Macerata’s mayor said that the shooting rampage “could be ascribable to the campaign of racial hatred that began after Mastropietro’s death.

    The Italian far-right Lega Nord (Northern League) party also used Mastropietro’s killing to push their anti-immigration agenda. The continued ramifications of their anti-migrant rhetoric were evident in the killing of #Soumaila_Sacko in June 2018. #Sacko, a 29-year-old Malian man and Unione Sindacale di Base (USB) trade union activist was shot dead in Calabria, Italy by a white man. The USB trade union attributed Sacko’s death to interior minister Matteo Salvini’s vow to “send home” thousands of migrants. As Hsiao-Hung Pai wrote for OpenDemocracy: “No one could ignore the fact that Sacko was murdered just hours after Salvini was sworn in as the country’s deputy prime minister and interior minister, the man who had built a political career on inciting racial hatred”.

    This narrative of #victimisation is not new. At a Generation Identity rally in Telford, UK, where it was revealed in March 2018 that up to 1,000 children may have suffered abuse and exploitation, a male speaker called the Midlands town “the epicentre for one of the worst crimes committed against the English nation”. He told the crowd:

    “We fight for the dignity, self-respect and honour of the women of the West.

    We are talking about our sisters, our mothers, our girlfriends and our wives.”

    Here, women have no agency and are depicted only in their relation to men, as sisters, mothers and wives. This type of rhetoric reinforced by #120dB in their video, where they state: “we are the daughters of Europa…mothers, women, sisters”. Their campaign is not about the experience of victims but instead centres on competing masculinities, whereby the bodies of women become a battleground of “honour”. By arguing that violence against women is caused by immigration, and that therefore “closing our borders is the first solution”, women are used to serve this nationalistic ideology, whereby the body, and in turn the nation, is under siege.

    It is notable that the women presented as in need of protection are uniformly white. Calling itself “the true #MeToo Movement”, 120 db co-opts a campaign that strives to include all women’s experiences into one that focuses on white women alone.

    Despite the fact that a third of victims in the Telford child abuse cases were of black, Asian and minority ethnic background, Generation Identity framed the exploitation as an attack on “the English working classes”, where “the vast majority of [victims] were of English descent.” Using false statistics erases women and girls of colour and leaves them unsupported, suggesting that only violence against white women should be challenged. This is particularly dangerous considering that Europe has seen a sharp increase in Islamophobic attacks: last month a 19-year-old Muslim woman was brutally assaulted by two men in Belgium, who took off her headscarf, tore apart her shirt and used a sharp object to cut a cross into her body.

    This skewing of statistics to suit racist agendas is not new: the same tactic was used after the exposure of the Rotherham child exploitation scandal. The fact that Asian girls were among those who had been abused was lost in reporting, the pinnacle of which was an article written by Sarah Champion in The Sun headlined: “British Pakistani men ARE raping and exploiting white girls…and it’s time we faced up to it.” As Just Yorkshire, a project promoting racial justice and human rights documented in their impact report of Champion’s comments: “The issue was no longer one of vulnerable young girls, white and Asian, being horrendously exploited by men who set out to groom and abuse them, but one of the entire nation being under threat by an alien force.” In these cases, sexual violence is portrayed as a civilisational threat of the violent immigrant man, rather than as gender-based violence which is caused by patriarchy and male dominance worldwide.

    We urgently need an anti-racist, anti-fascist feminism that strikes back at both sexual abuse and racism, in order to resist this toxic nationalistic “feminism”.

    As #MeToo gains prominence, we must be aware of the potential dangers of hashtag activism, which is easily co-opted by the far-right to normalise hatred. By building a feminist movement that is proactively anti-racist, and which centres the voices of women and girls of colour, we can build a feminist movement that is for all.

    #intersectionnalité #féminisme #fascisme #racisme #xénophobie #viols #violences_sexuelles #génération_identitaire
    cc @marty @daphne @mathieup

  • Photographe du jour.
    Shahidul Alam est appréhendé depuis le 5 août 2018 sous l’inculpation de « diffusion de propagande et de fausses informations contre le gouvernement du Bangladesh. »
    Shahidul Alam n’a pas seulement pour ambition de transformer la photographie, il est aussi pour transformer le monde. Il réclame avec passion un vrai gouvernement mondial, un gouvernement de la majorité des peuples, en lieu et place de la domination des superpuissances. Je suis d’accord avec lui, si ce n’est la majorité des choses qu’il peut dire. Son livre My Journey as a Witness, est rageur, intentionnellement provocateur. Il contient des images chargées de sens et beaucoup sont belles. C’est surtout un livre qui doit être lu.

    #photographe_du_jour #Shahidul_Alam #freeshahidulalam #bangladesh

  • * Festival d’Amougies : 49 ans après, il ne reste quasiment plus rien du « Woodstock belge » Guillaume Woelfle - 20 Aout 2018 - RTBF
    Voir la vidéo sur le site de la RTBF

    Ce week-end se clôturait le festival de musique d’Amougies, un festival de New Wave regroupant plusieurs artistes des années 80 et 90. Un festival à la programmation bien différente de son édition de 1969, surnommée le « Woodstock belge ». Malheureusement l’héritage et le souvenir de cette édition historique ont quasiment disparu des mémoires belges.

    En octobre 1969, pendant cinq jours, des dizaines de milliers de jeunes festivaliers s’étaient réunis dans le petit village d’Amougies, dans le Hainaut, à une dizaine de kilomètres de Renaix. Ce festival était même l’un des premiers festivals de pop et free jazz d’Europe. Sous le chapiteau prévu pour 12.000 personnes, Pink Floyd, Yes ou même Franck Zappa se sont succédé lors d’un total de 60 heures de musique.

    Pourtant, Amougies n’était pas l’endroit initial où devait se tenir ce festival. Les organisateurs français avaient pensé leur événement pour Paris, en témoigne le nom du festival : le « First Paris Music Festival ». Mais seulement un an et demi après les affrontements de Mai 68, les autorités françaises ne veulent pas prendre le moindre risque de donner de visibilité à une nouvelle mouvance contestataire. Le festival est chassé de France et les organisateurs viennent frapper à la porte de villes frontalières de Belgique. Mais à nouveau, à Courtrai puis Tournai, les hippies ne sont pas les bienvenus. Cette fois, c’est davantage les expériences de Woodstock ou du festival de l’île de Wight qui créent l’appréhension des autorités belges pour accueillir un « festival de hippies ». À quelques jours du 24 octobre, le festival n’a toujours pas de piste d’atterrissage. Et les affiches de l’événement annoncent toujours le festival… à Tournai.

    Finalement, le bourgmestre d’Amougies, André Callebaut, prend le risque d’héberger le festival. La grande transhumance de festivaliers peut commencer, pour la plupart à vélo, depuis Tournai où beaucoup s’étaient donné rendez-vous, comme l’annonçait l’affiche. Le bourgmestre engage donc sa commune, même si les réticences se font encore sentir parmi les habitants, notamment le curé du village.

    « Quand on voit des centaines de hippies comme on les appelle, peut-être que sur le plan moral, ce n’est pas un bon exemple pour les jeunes du village. C’est mon opinion… Quand on les voit se promener en débraillés, un peu oisifs même pendant la journée, je ne sais pas ce que les jeunes doivent penser de cela. »

    La vie de hippie devient effectivement le vrai sujet de discussion du village, bien plus que la musique en elle-même. Le boucher du village, à l’linverse de sa femme, ouvre les bras à ces jeunes. « C’est beau d’être groupés. Ils n’ont pas d’ennemis. Ils sont là l’un pour l’autre. Quand ils viennent acheter, ils s’aident à payer leurs marchandises. Mais ma femme a plutôt peur de ces gens », explique-t-il.

    Pour les commerçants du village, la vie a changé pendant ces cinq jours de festival. Les 80.000 bouches à nourrir ont donné du travail. Les cafés, les hôtels et les boulangeries sont pris d’assauts. « Tout le monde a fait son bénéfice, confirme le boulanger qui n’a jamais arrêté de travailler pendant ces cinq jours. Ceux qui me payaient en francs français payaient un supplément. Ceux qui payaient en francs belges réglaient le prix normal. Il ne faut pas rater l’occasion pour voler (sic) les gens. »

    Les retombées économiques du festival sont estimées à plusieurs millions de francs belges, soit quelques centaines de milliers d’euros. Mais le véritable bilan de l’événement n’est pas financier. Le pari de liberté pris par le bourgmestre est réussi. Sa confiance placée dans les jeunes lui a souri. « J’ai voulu faire confiance aux jeunes et je crois que la preuve flagrante est faite. Nous avons fait confiance aux jeunes et nous sommes récompensés. Ce festival n’est pas un succès mais un triomphe, à tous points de vue. Aucun dégât, aucune réclamation. Au départ, nous avons dû prendre quelques précautions qui étaient nécessaires, indispensables. Mais nous constatons que les jeunes se sont conduits d’une façon sensationnelle. Je crois que je peux dire à tous ceux qui m’écoutent que nous devons faire confiance à la jeunesse et en faisant confiance aux jeunes, nous arriverons à de bien meilleurs résultats dans la vie. »

    Presque 50 ans après le Woodstock belge, il n’en reste presque plus rien. Les rééditions du festival n’ont pas fonctionné. Amougies 69 n’est plus qu’un souvenir, et encore, uniquement pour ceux qui l’ont vécu. L’année prochaine, pour les 50 ans de l’édition 69, les organisations prévoient une édition vintage.

    #Woodstock #belgique #Amougies #Tournai #musique #Pink_Floyd #Yes #Franck_Zappa #Ten_Years_After #Archie_Shepp #The_Nice #Art_Ensemble_of_Chicago #Yes #Gong #Soft_Machine #Pierre_Lattès #Zoo #Indescriptible #Chaos_Rampant #Frogeaters #Freedom #Sunny_Murray #Alexis_Korner #Don_Cherry #Ed_Blackwell #Joachim_Kühn #Jean-François #Jenny-Clark #Jacques_Thollot #Blossom_Toes #Germ #Caravan #The_Nice #Archie_Shepp #Pretty_Things #John_Surman #Sonny_Sharrock #Acting_Trio #Steve_Lacy #Captain_Beefheart #Musica_Elettronica #Viva #Fat_Mattress
    #pop #free_jazz #hippies #Actuel Le magasine

  • Suisse : Vélos vandalisés, un gros dégât d’image pour PubliBike à Berne Alain Arnaud/oang - 16 Aout 2018 - RTS

    Le vandalisme cause de gros dégâts d’image pour les vélos PubliBike de Berne La Matinale / 1 min. / à 06:00
    La moitié des 700 vélos en libre-service de la ville de Berne ont été vandalisés ou volés le week-end dernier. C’est un coup dur pour la société PubliBike et la polémique enfle dans les médias alémaniques.
    Le délégué vélo de la ville de Berne, qui déplore la vulnérabilité des cadenas de ces vélos en libre-service, estime qu’il s’agit d’un « gros dégât d’image » pour une ville qui se veut capitale de la mobilité douce.

    Mais c’est aussi un dégât d’image pour PubliBike, filiale de CarPostal, alors que bien d’autres fournisseurs convoitent le marché suisse.

    Le directeur de la société, Bruno Rohner, confirme que pratiquement la moitié de la flotte a été vandalisée en l’espace d’un seul week-end. « Nous n’avons pas connaissance d’un tel phénomène dans d’autres villes comme Lausanne ou Morges ou Fribourg », précise-t-il.

    Des cas ont en revanche également été signalés à Zurich. Apparemment, forcer les cadenas de ces vélos en libre-service est un jeu d’enfant et les auteurs des vols se sont passé le mot.

    Problème technique à résoudre
    « Avec notre fournisseur de cadenas, on a pu détecter le point faible », précise Bruno Rohner. « On est en train de tester des solutions, mais pour l’instant c’est encore trop tôt pour dire combien de temps cela va prendre et quelles mesures on va mettre en place. »

    PubliBike annonce qu’il en saura plus vendredi, mais certains estiment qu’il faudra des mois pour résoudre les problèmes. En attendant, les esprits s’échauffent à Berne. Beaucoup reprochent à la Ville d’avoir misé sur un fournisseur unique, pour un programme qu’elle subventionne largement et dont les vélos ne sont pas équipés de puces GPS.

    #Suisse #vélo #mobilité #transport #urbanisme #PubliBike #Globalisation #capitalisme #Transport #vélib #espace_public #free_floating #désordre #villes #smartcity #greenwashing #dégage

    • l’article relié est pris d’ici :



      Needless to say, there is a great deal of diversity in both the kinds of change being experienced in these places and the local reactions. To some, change offers job opportunities, peace, and improved infrastructure; to others, it means pollution, eviction, and a loss of livelihood. What all residents have in common is a loss of political autonomy. The decisions shaping their lives are being made further and further away from the specific locales where they live.

      One example from our research is a town in the Peruvian Andes where water was becoming scarce a few years ago. The locals suspected that a new mine was using their water, and they went to complain. However, the mining representatives claimed that it was not their fault and blamed global climate change for the erratic water supply. The question of who to blame and what to do suddenly became insurmountable for the townspeople. What could they do—send a worried email to then U.S. President Barack Obama and the Chinese government, urging them to curb greenhouse gas emissions? The gap was, naturally, too dizzying. Instead, some of them resorted to traditional healing rituals to placate the spirits regulating rain and meltwater. They trusted Pachamama, the goddess of Earth, more than their government or distant international organizations.

      Meanwhile in Lunsar, Sierra Leone, people were looking forward to job opportunities in a new mine (which, in any event, never opened) and a biofuel plantation (which did open). Globalization had brought them many benefits, notably an improved infrastructure. They relished the fact that, for the first time, they could buy bread from a roadside vendor that wasn’t covered in dust, since the road had finally been paved. But even in the midst of some positive outcomes, rapid change is creating discontent and frictions, not least over property rights. In traditional African societies, land was not considered property and could not be traded: It was allocated by the chief, used as a common resource available to all, or cultivated according to customary law. More recently, land has been privatized and turned into a form of capital, and suddenly, boundaries need to be drawn in an unequivocal way. Needless to say, these boundaries are contested.
      Various stakeholders try to work out a land dispute near Lunsar, Sierra Leone, in connection with a mining project.


      In the mid-1800s, when Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels wrote The Communist Manifesto, capitalists were easily identifiable. They were typically men, and the property owner was the proverbial man in the top hat, with his waistcoat, paunch, cigar, and gold watch. Today, the situation is far more complicated since ownership structures are transnational, corporate, and complex. Even in democratic countries, where political leaders are elected, there is a widespread feeling that the “powers that be” are further away and less approachable than before, and that there is nowhere to go with your complaints. In other words, both the economy and politics are less manageable, more difficult to understand, and harder to effectively react to.

      There are alternatives to the current situation of powerlessness. One way to counter globalized power is to globalize the response by forging alliances between local community groups and transnational organizations that are capable of putting pressure on governments, public opinion, and corporations. This has been a successful strategy among feminists, trade unionists, and environmentalists in the recent past. Another option—an opposite yet complementary strategy—is to resist the forces that threaten to overrun and disempower local communities. One of the most striking examples of this strategy is the burgeoning support for locally grown food.

      Gladstone is unique compared to previously traditional societies in that it is enmeshed in the economic globalization, which makes the little man and woman even smaller than they used to be. The city’s rise to prosperity was indeed a result of globalization. Yet, the same forces may well cause its downfall. Crucially dependent on fossil fuels, the city may once again become a dusty backwater should the world find better energy solutions.

      Signs of the city’s vulnerability are already evident: Since coal and gas prices began largely declining in 2013, and then a major construction project ended in 2015, the city has seen an unprecedented rise in unemployment and a steep fall in real estate prices.


  • How to land a remote #freelance web development job in 21 days without a fleshed out #portfolio

    A lot of new developers will often email me, “Hey Derick, I’m a new developer. Can I land a remote freelance job too?”My response is always, “Different projects need different levels of experience. What projects do you have under your belt?”When I ask that question, some developers might get the idea that they need to have full-blown apps or websites created to showcase to a client. They think that if they don’t they won’t get taken seriously.Here’s the reality: Most #clients don’t ever fully go through a portfolio anyway.The client’s main objective is solving a business problem. Most portfolios don’t have case studies. What is a client supposed to think about a project? Even when a portfolio does have case studies, it’s usually written from the developer’s point of view. Some developers write (...)

    #web-development #remote-working

  • How to write cover letter emails to win your next remote freelance project (Free Template)

    Skip the #resume. Write emails to win your next remote freelance project (Free Template)As freelancers our main method of winning clients is writing proposals usually in the form of an email. We’ve sent so many that we’ve gotten into the bad habit of just sending a resume over without doing any research on the client.I’m going to share with you how with just a few minutes of extra research and modifying your email copy you can dramatically increase your chances of winning a client.1) Immediately show how you can provide valueWhen a client posts a job online they’re inevitably going to get a lot of replies. It’s overwhelming for them fto go through all of those emails. That’s why you have to stand out and show how you can provide them value immediately. There are two places you can do that right (...)

    #freelancing #remote-working #skip-the-resume #devs-skip-the-resume

  • Getting a Free #ssl Certificate on #aws a How-To Guide

    AWS gives you a FREE SSL certificate if you use their load balancer (yes you do have to pay for the load balancer but its pretty cheap and in then end is something your site should have anyway) but I found the setup to be confusing. Setting up a load balancer, connecting it to the EC2 instance, configuring the DNS, and putting in all the correct information is not a trivial process. This guide gives you everything you need to get up and running with an SSL cert.What’s CoveredSetting up a Security GroupSetting up an EC2 Instance w/ Elastic IPSetting up SSL with the Amazon Certificate Manager (ACM)Setting up a Load BalancerSetting up Target GroupsI assume you have some app that is ready to deploy. Whether it uses NodeJS, Python, or Java on the backend doesn’t matter. All that does matter is (...)

    #ssl-certificate-on-aws #aws-ssl-certificate #free-ssl-certificate

  • How Free Are You As A Freelancer ? With Michel Bauwens

    Michel Bauwens different aspects of being a freelancer

    How Free You As A Freelancer? with Michel Bauwens we talk about the future of work and the autonomous

    worker. Michel who is founder at the P2P Foundation as well as advisor at SMart gives insight into being an

    freelancer. We further discuss the issues of whether or not people are as free as they believe they are when becoming

    a freelancer. However, it discusses the politics of freelancing. With anything there’s a good side and downside but

    Michel helps us to understand the aspects of working as a freelancer. The issues are dealing with being seen as a

    capitalist and not having to the ability to be as free as you want in the freelance industry.

    The seemingly bad side about it is that people are seemingly a slave to the industry and highly underpaid for their

    work. Also, the issue is global and only a small minority lives better as a freelancer then most people who become a

    freelancer. We also talk about the different areas of freelancing and how the way people are paid across many

    platforms like, journalism and how income is generated as a freelancer. Furthermore, trying to find social protection

    as a freelance worker is discussed.

    Freelancer in the field have to create themselves networks and build peer to peer systems to become more

    successful. Freelancers are struggling at what they do in many aspects, especially with subordination. As a freelancer

    you’re your own entrepreneur. The focus of this discussion is to teach people how to enable themselves to do better

    in the freelancer field and know when it is right for them and when to get out when it doesn’t work for them. Being

    an autonomous worker can provide people the opportunity to be their own boss but as attractive as it may seem, it

    can have negative affects. In addition, these negative affects are if you don’t know how to apply yourself in the


    #Freelance #GIG_economy #Travail

  • 85 Free #udacity #nanodegree Courses

    Full Stack Web Developer Nanodegree, iOS Developer Nanodegree, Machine Learning Engineer Nanodegree, and MoreThere are so many things that we can learn, and so many resources that we can choose to learn from that it makes it really challenging to choose the right resources that can help us get better jobs, or improve our careers in general. Udacity offers many nano-degrees that we can use to level up our careers with courses that are organized and prepared to help us progress from a beginner level to a more advanced one with quality content. Students who manage to finish the projects get the degree and are guaranteed to get a job related to the degree. If you cannot afford paying for these nanodegrees, fortunately, you can still attend many of the courses that belong to these (...)

    #certificate #free-udacity-courses #course

  • 5 Online Life Hacks to Help You Unwind

    Life can be rough, which means you need to kick back and take a load off from time to time if you want to keep your sanity. But instead of unplugging, you can use the tools of the trade to get yourself into a calmer and more relaxed state. These 5 online life hacks will help you leverage the newest and best technologies so that you can unwind in style.Provide Self-Service WiFi to Guests with QR Code-Based QifiWant to have friends over for a good old-fashioned hangout but don’t want to have to configure every single mobile device they bring with them? Get your guests on your Wi-Fi without lifting a finger with a custom-made QR code that your guests can scan to receive your SSID and key information themselves.Using a site like Qifi makes it both safe and easy to generate QR codes for (...)

    #online-life-hacks #qr-code #free-wifi #lifehacks #help-you-unwind

  • #blockchain is Helping to Restructure the Freelance Economy

    image source kisspng.comThe last decade has witnessed a generational shift in the nature of work. The 9 to 5 daily grind, and the strain of “working for the man” are all being challenged as people embrace a new understanding of employment and work.The 2008 global recession and the maturation and accessibly of technology, are the primary causes for this shift. When the global recession pushed unemployment over 10%, people weren’t content with relying on traditional work structures and started looking for alternatives. Powered by near-ubiquitous access to high-speed internet and affordable computing devices, these motivated individuals took matters into their own hands by creating a new understanding of work and income generationThe participants in this shift go by many names: freelancers, (...)

    #blockchain-freelance #freelance-economy #blockchain-economy

  • By Stifling Migration, Sudan’s Feared Secret Police Aid Europe

    At Sudan’s eastern border, Lt. Samih Omar led two patrol cars slowly over the rutted desert, past a cow’s carcass, before halting on the unmarked 2,000-mile route that thousands of East Africans follow each year in trying to reach the Mediterranean, and then onward to Europe.

    His patrols along this border with Eritrea are helping Sudan crack down on one of the busiest passages on the European migration trail. Yet Lieutenant Omar is no simple border agent. He works for Sudan’s feared secret police, whose leaders are accused of war crimes — and, more recently, whose officers have been accused of torturing migrants.

    Indirectly, he is also working for the interests of the European Union.

    “Sometimes,” Lieutenant Omar said, “I feel this is Europe’s southern border.”

    Three years ago, when a historic tide of migrants poured into Europe, many leaders there reacted with open arms and high-minded idealism. But with the migration crisis having fueled angry populism and political upheaval across the Continent, the European Union is quietly getting its hands dirty, stanching the human flow, in part, by outsourcing border management to countries with dubious human rights records.

    In practical terms, the approach is working: The number of migrants arriving in Europe has more than halved since 2016. But many migration advocates say the moral cost is high.

    To shut off the sea route to Greece, the European Union is paying billions of euros to a Turkish government that is dismantling its democracy. In Libya, Italy is accused of bribing some of the same militiamen who have long profited from the European smuggling trade — many of whom are also accused of war crimes.

    In Sudan, crossed by migrants trying to reach Libya, the relationship is more opaque but rooted in mutual need: The Europeans want closed borders and the Sudanese want to end years of isolation from the West. Europe continues to enforce an arms embargo against Sudan, and many Sudanese leaders are international pariahs, accused of committing war crimes during a civil war in Darfur, a region in western Sudan.

    But the relationship is unmistakably deepening. A recent dialogue, named the Khartoum Process (in honor of Sudan’s capital) has become a platform for at least 20 international migration conferences between European Union officials and their counterparts from several African countries, including Sudan. The European Union has also agreed that Khartoum will act as a nerve center for countersmuggling collaboration.

    While no European money has been given directly to any Sudanese government body, the bloc has funneled 106 million euros — or about $131 million — into the country through independent charities and aid agencies, mainly for food, health and sanitation programs for migrants, and for training programs for local officials.

    “While we engage on some areas for the sake of the Sudanese people, we still have a sanction regime in place,” said Catherine Ray, a spokeswoman for the European Union, referring to an embargo on arms and related material.

    “We are not encouraging Sudan to curb migration, but to manage migration in a safe and dignified way,” Ms. Ray added.

    Ahmed Salim, the director of one of the nongovernmental groups that receives European funding, said the bloc was motivated by both self-interest and a desire to improve the situation in Sudan.

    “They don’t want migrants to cross the Mediterranean to Europe,” said Mr. Salim, who heads the European and African Center for Research, Training and Development.

    But, he said, the money his organization receives means better services for asylum seekers in Sudan. “You have to admit that the European countries want to do something to protect migrants here,” he said.

    Critics argue the evolving relationship means that European leaders are implicitly reliant on — and complicit in the reputational rehabilitation of — a Sudanese security apparatus whose leaders have been accused by the United Nations of committing war crimes in Darfur.

    “There is no direct money exchanging hands,” said Suliman Baldo, the author of a research paper about Europe’s migration partnership with Sudan. “But the E.U. basically legitimizes an abusive force.”

    On the border near Abu Jamal, Lieutenant Omar and several members of his patrol are from the wing of the Sudanese security forces headed by Salah Abdallah Gosh, one of several Sudanese officials accused of orchestrating attacks on civilians in Darfur.

    Elsewhere, the border is protected by the Rapid Support Forces, a division of the Sudanese military that was formed from the janjaweed militias who led attacks on civilians in the Darfur conflict. The focus of the group, known as R.S.F., is not counter-smuggling — but roughly a quarter of the people-smugglers caught in January and February this year on the Eritrean border were apprehended by the R.S.F., Lieutenant Omar said.

    European officials have direct contact only with the Sudanese immigration police, and not with the R.S.F., or the security forces that Lieutenant Omar works for, known as N.I.S.S. But their operations are not that far removed.

    The planned countertrafficking coordination center in Khartoum — staffed jointly by police officers from Sudan and several European countries, including Britain, France and Italy — will partly rely on information sourced by N.I.S.S., according to the head of the immigration police department, Gen. Awad Elneil Dhia. The regular police also get occasional support from the R.S.F. on countertrafficking operations in border areas, General Dhia said.

    “They have their presence there and they can help,” General Dhia said. “The police is not everywhere, and we cannot cover everywhere.”

    Yet the Sudanese police are operating in one unexpected place: Europe.

    In a bid to deter future migrants, at least three European countries — Belgium, France and Italy — have allowed in Sudanese police officers to hasten the deportation of Sudanese asylum seekers, General Dhia said.

    Nominally, their official role is simply to identify their citizens. But the officers have been allowed to interrogate some deportation candidates without being monitored by European officials with the language skills to understand what was being said.

    More than 50 Sudanese seeking asylum in Europe have been deported in the past 18 months from Belgium, France and Italy; The New York Times interviewed seven of them on a recent visit to Sudan.

    Four said they had been tortured on their return to Sudan — allegations denied by General Dhia. One man was a Darfuri political dissident deported in late 2017 from France to Khartoum, where he said he was detained on arrival by N.I.S.S. agents.

    Over the next 10 days, he said he was given electric shocks, punched and beaten with metal pipes. At one point the dissident, who asked that his name be withheld for his safety, lost consciousness and had to be taken to the hospital. He was later released on a form of parole.

    The dissident said that, before his deportation from France, Sudanese police officers had threatened him as French officers stood nearby. “I said to the French police: ‘They are going to kill us,’” he said. “But they didn’t understand.”

    European officials argue that establishing Khartoum as a base for collaboration on fighting human smuggling can only improve the Sudanese security forces. The Regional Operational Center in Khartoum, set to open this year, will enable delegates from several European and African countries to share intelligence and coordinate operations against smugglers across North Africa.

    But potential pitfalls are evident from past collaborations. In 2016, the British and Italian police, crediting a joint operation with their Sudanese counterparts, announced the arrest of “one of the world’s most wanted people smugglers.” They said he was an Eritrean called Medhanie Yehdego Mered, who had been captured in Sudan and extradited to Italy.

    The case is now privately acknowledged by Western diplomats to have been one of mistaken identity. The prisoner turned out to be Medhanie Tesfamariam Berhe, an Eritrean refugee with the same first name as the actual smuggler. Mr. Mered remains at large.

    Even General Dhia now admits that Sudan extradited the wrong man — albeit one who, he says, admitted while in Sudanese custody to involvement in smuggling.

    “There were two people, actually — two people with the same name,” General Dhia said.

    Mr. Berhe nevertheless remains on trial in Italy, accused of being Mr. Mered — and of being a smuggler.

    Beyond that, the Sudanese security services have long been accused of profiting from the smuggling trade. Following European pressure, the Sudanese Parliament adopted a raft of anti-smuggling legislation in 2014, and the rules have since led to the prosecution of some officials over alleged involvement in the smuggling business.

    But according to four smugglers whom I interviewed clandestinely during my trip to Sudan, the security services remain closely involved in the trade, with both N.I.S.S and R.S.F. officials receiving part of the smuggling profits on most trips to southern Libya.

    The head of the R.S.F., Brig. Mohammed Hamdan Daglo, has claimed in the past that his forces play a major role in impeding the route to Libya. But each smuggler — interviewed separately — said that the R.S.F. was often the main organizer of the trips, often supplying camouflaged vehicles to ferry migrants through the desert.

    After being handed over to Libyan militias in Kufra and Sabha, in southern Libya, many migrants are then systematically tortured and held for ransom — money that is later shared with the R.S.F., each smuggler said.

    Rights activists have previously accused Sudanese officials of complicity in trafficking. In a 2014 report, Human Rights Watch said that senior Sudanese police officials had colluded in the smuggling of Eritreans.

    A British journalist captured by the R.S.F. in Darfur in 2016 said that he had been told by his captors that they were involved in smuggling people to Libya. “I asked specifically about how it works,” said the journalist, Phil Cox, a freelance filmmaker for Channel 4. “And they said we make sure the routes are open, and we talk with whoever’s commanding the next area.”

    General Dhia said that the problem did not extend beyond a few bad apples. Sudan, he said, remains an effective partner for Europe in the battle against irregular migration.

    “We are not,” he said, “very far from your standards.”

    #Soudan #externalisation #asile #migrations #contrôles_frontaliers #frontières #réfugiés #police_secrète #Europe #UE #EU #processus_de_Khartoum
    signalé par @isskein

    • Sudan : The E.U.’s Partner in Migration Crime

      The first part of our new investigation finds key individuals in the Khartoum regime complicit in #smuggling and trafficking. Reporting from Egypt, Sudan, Eritrea and the Netherlands reveals security services involved in a trade they are meant to police.

      #soudan #migrations #réfugiés #asile #EU #Europe #complicité #UE #trafic_d'êtres_humains #traite #processus_de_khartoum #Shagarab #Omdurman #Rapid_Support_Forces #RSF #frontières #contrôles_frontaliers #Free_Lions

    • Inside the EU’s deeply flawed $200 million migration deal with Sudan

      The EU has allocated over $200 million to help Sudan stem migration since 2015
      Asylum seekers allege Sudanese officials are complicit in abuse, extortion
      Traffickers said to hold people for weeks, beat and torture them for money
      Arrivals in Italy from Horn of Africa fell to a fraction in 2017, but new routes are opening up
      Crackdown has seen asylum seekers rountinely rounded up, taken to Khartoum to pay fines or be deported
      The EU insists strict conditions govern the use of its money and it is monitoring for abuses


    • Enquête sur les dérives de l’aide européenne au Soudan

      En l’absence d’une prise en compte des causes profondes des migrations, seuls les officiels corrompus et les trafiquants tirent bénéfice de la criminalisation des migrants. Alors que des millions de dollars de fonds de l’Union européenne affluent au Soudan pour endiguer la migration africaine, les demandeurs d’asile témoignent : ils sont pris au piège, et vivent dans un état perpétuel de peur et d’exploitation dans ce pays de transit.


      Traduction française de cet article :

    • L’Europe collabore avec un dictateur pour mieux expulser vers le Soudan

      Migreurop demande l’arrêt immédiat de toutes les collaborations initiées par l’Union européenne et ses Etats membres avec la dictature d’Omar El-Béchir et avec tout Etat qui bafoue les droits fondamentaux.

      Lorsqu’il s’agit d’expulser des étrangers jugés indésirables, rien ne semble devoir arrêter l’Union européenne (UE) et ses États membres qui n’hésitent pas à se compromettre avec Omar el-Béchir, le chef d’État du Soudan qui fait l’objet de deux mandats d’arrêt internationaux pour génocide, crimes contre l’Humanité et crimes de guerre.

      Il y a longtemps que l’UE a fait le choix de sous-traiter à des pays tiers, sous couvert d’un partenariat inéquitable et avec des fonds issus du développement, la lutte contre l’immigration irrégulière et même la gestion de la demande d’asile. Ce processus d’externalisation, qui s’accompagne de la délocalisation de la surveillance des frontières européennes très en amont de leur matérialisation physique, a été encore renforcé à la suite de la si mal nommée « crise des réfugiés » [1].

      Ainsi, dans le cadre du Processus de Khartoum, initié par l’UE en 2014 et consolidé suite au Sommet de La Valette de fin 2015, les régimes les plus répressifs, tels que le Soudan et l’Erythrée – que des dizaines de milliers de demandeurs d’asile cherchent à fuir – bénéficient de subsides pour retenir leur population et « sécuriser » leurs frontières… sans que l’UE ne se préoccupe des atteintes dramatiques portées aux droits humains dans ces pays.

      Dans ce domaine, l’UE et les États membres agissent de concert. Ainsi, de nombreux pays européens n’hésitent pas à renvoyer vers Khartoum des ressortissants soudanais - peu importe qu’il puisse s’agir de demandeurs d’asile - et à collaborer avec les autorités locales pour faciliter ces expulsions.

      Dernièrement, c’est dans un parc bruxellois que des émissaires soudanais procédaient à l’identification de leurs nationaux en vue de leur retour forcé, semant la terreur parmi les personnes exilées qui y campaient [2].

      Si l’affaire a suscité de vives réactions, le gouvernement belge s’est retranché, pour se justifier, derrière l’exemple donné par ses voisins et continue de programmer des expulsions de ressortissants soudanais [3].
      En France, une coopération similaire existe ainsi depuis 2014 : des représentants de Khartoum auraient visité plusieurs centres de rétention pour identifier des ressortissants soudanais et faciliter leur renvoi [4]. Selon les chiffres dont disposent les associations qui interviennent dans les CRA français, 9 personnes auraient été renvoyées vers le Soudan depuis 2015 et environ 150 remises à l’Italie et exposées au risque d’un renvoi vers Khartoum depuis le territoire italien.

      Par ailleurs, des retours forcés vers le Soudan ont eu lieu depuis l’Allemagne, l’Italie et la Suède, grâce notamment à des accords de police bilatéraux, souvent publiés uniquement à la suite des pressions exercées par la société civile [5] . L’Italie, à l’avant-garde de la vision sécuritaire en matière de collaboration dans le domaine des migrations, a ainsi conclu en août 2016 un accord de coopération policière avec le Soudan, dans le cadre duquel 48 personnes, originaires du Darfour, ont été refoulées à Khartoum. Celles qui ont pu résister à leur renvoi depuis l’Italie ont demandé et obtenu une protection, tandis que cinq des personnes refoulées ont porté plainte auprès de la Cour européenne des droits de l’Homme [6].

      Ces accords et pratiques bafouent en effet toutes les obligations des pays européens en matière de respect des droits humains (droit d’asile, principe de non-refoulement, interdiction des expulsions collectives et des traitements inhumains et dégradants, droit à la vie, etc…) et révèlent le cynisme qui anime l’Union et les États-membres, prêts à tout pour refuser aux exilés l’accès au territoire européen.

      Il faut le dire et le répéter : toute forme de coopération avec les autorités soudanaises bafoue les obligations résultant du droit international et met en danger les personnes livrées par les autorités européennes au dictateur Omar el-Béchir.

      Le réseau Migreurop et ses membres demandent en conséquence l’arrêt immédiat des expulsions vers le Soudan et de toute démarche de coopération avec ce pays.


  • #freemium and The Internet: A Match Made in Heaven….or Hell

    SourceEven though the term ‘Freemium’ got introduced into business lingo recently, the central idea behind it is not something new: give a product/service for free to the customer with the hope to influence her to buy another product. Gillette pioneered this idea in the modern industrialized world in late 19th century by giving razors for free but charging customers for disposable blades to recover the cost of razors. And, thus built a brand with a powerful moat that has survived for more than 100 years.Nowadays, you can see numerous examples of the same business model all around where a paid product is cross-subsidizing the free product: get $700 worth of phone for free by signing a $60/month cellular contract for 2 years; get a Square Card Reader for free and pay a fixed %ge on each (...)

    #match-made-in-heaven #match-made-in-hell #startup #internet-freemium

  • Freelancers and the #blockchain: Reasons Why #decentralization of Payments is Long Overdue

    A study shows that nearly 6 out of 10 freelancers have had an experience with runaway clients that don’t pay for their work. And those clients that do pay end up delaying the payment for long such that by the time the freelancer receives the money, the value is less than what it was when the freelancer submitted the task.These and many other problems are attributed to the centralization of payments. With freelancing payments centralized, issues arise whereby the freelancer loses money to scrupulous clients. This is why many freelancers opt for regulated platforms that assure them of getting paid on time.This is where cryptocurrency comes in. You might know this as #bitcoin and Ether, which are some of the major types of cryptocurrency on the market. The use of cryptocurrency in trading (...)

    #freelancing-blockchain #blockchain-freelancers

  • 10 Ways to Stand Out from the Crowd as a #wordpress Developer

    We get to work in an amazing industry. We get to work with a number of clients from small businesses where we help make dreams come true, to large corporations on huge projects. But this industry depth also means that it can be hard to stand out as a freelancer or an agency. In fact, most freelancer and agency sites could swap all their text and no one would be able to tell the difference.In this sea of sameness, how do you stand out?We’ve seen this come home over the last year as so many WordPress developers I know are finding it hard to get more work. People that went from fielding 10 requests for work a week are now back to hitting Craigslist to reach out to prospects.If you’re ready to stand out, get ready for some work. You can’t ride the wave anymore, but if you put some time in to (...)

    #freelancing #marketing #web-development #business