• L’externalisation des politiques européennes en matière de migration

    L’externalisation des politiques européennes en matière de migration : échanges de vue entre la société civile, les décideurs politiques et le monde académique

    Cette publication, produite par le CIRÉ dans le cadre du projet “Challenging deprivation of liberty and externalisation as tools for migration management and advocating for dignified reception in the EU”, vise à dénoncer les politiques migratoires européennes d’externalisation du contrôle des frontières.

    Quelles sont les mesures d’externalisation mises en œuvre par l’Union européenne afin de retenir les migrants le plus loin possible de ses frontières ? Avec quels pays tiers l’Union européenne négocie-t-elle, et quel est le contrôle démocratique et parlementaire sur ces accords ? Quelle est la réalité des hotspots et quelles sont les atteintes au droit d’asile et d’accueil ?

    Sur base de cette publication, nous interrogeons la compatibilité de ces mesures d’externalisation du contrôle des frontières et du droit d’asile avec le respect des droits des personnes migrantes et réfugiées et questionnons fondamentalement leur légitimité. Nous en appelons au respect des principes fondamentaux et à l’interdiction des traitements inhumains et dégradants.

    Nous demandons à l’Union européenne et à ses pays membres d’œuvrer pour garantir la protection des droits des personnes migrantes et réfugiées et pour réaffirmer la primauté du droit d’asile et d’accueil sur la détention des migrants.

    https://www.cire.be/lexternalisation-des-politiques-europeennes-en-matiere-de-migration

    #UE #EU #Europe #externalisation #frontières #asile #migrations #hotspots #droits_fondamentaux #droits_humains #rapport

    Ajouté à la métaliste :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/731749


  • Remembering refuge. Between Sanctuary and Solidarity

    Remembering Refuge: Between Sanctuary and Solidarity is an oral history archive highlighting the stories of people from Haiti, El Salvador, and Guatemala, who crossed the Canada-US border to seek refuge.

    The borders between #Detroit and #Ontario, #New_York and #Quebec sit on the lands of the #Mwami, the #Potawatomi, the #Anishnabek, the #Peoria, the #Haudnesonee, the #Huron-Wendat, the #Mohawk, the St. Lawrence #Iroquois, and the #Abenaki.

    You are hearing a conversation between elders Ateronhiata:kon (Francis Boots) and Kanasaraken (Loran Thompson) of the Kahniakehaka (Mohawk) Nation in Akwesasne. They are sharing stories about the Canada-US border that crosses through their territories.

    https://www.rememberingrefuge.com
    #Canada #frontières #mémoire #USA #migrations #réfugiés #histoire_orale #audio #peuples_autochtones #Québec
    ping @reka


  • Un photojournaliste palestinien risque d’être expulsé loin de sa famille
    Amnesty International, le 23 mai 2019
    https://www.amnesty.org/fr/latest/news/2019/05/israelopt-palestinian-photojournalist-at-imminent-risk-of-being-ripped-away

    Le photojournaliste palestinien Mustafa al Kharouf, qui risque une expulsion imminente qui serait contraire au droit international et le séparerait de sa femme et de son enfant, doit obtenir le statut de résident permanent à Jérusalem-Est, a déclaré Amnesty International jeudi 23 mai.

    Mustafa al Kharouf est détenu arbitrairement à la prison de Givon, à Ramla, dans le centre d’Israël, depuis le 22 janvier 2019. Son arrestation a eu lieu après que le ministère de l’Intérieur israélien a rejeté sa demande de regroupement familial, en invoquant des raisons de sécurité parmi lesquelles l’« appartenance au Hamas », et ordonné son expulsion immédiate vers la Jordanie, où il n’a aucun droit de résider et restera apatride.

    « La décision des autorités israéliennes de refuser la demande de statut de résident de Mustafa al Kharouf et de l’expulser sur la base d’accusations infondées est cruelle et illégale. Il doit être libéré immédiatement et obtenir le statut de résident permanent à Jérusalem-Est pour pouvoir reprendre une vie normale avec sa femme et son enfant, a déclaré Saleh Hijazi, directeur du Bureau d’Amnesty International à Jérusalem.

    « La détention arbitraire et l’expulsion prévue de Mustafa al Kharouf correspondent à la politique menée depuis longtemps par Israël, qui vise à réduire le nombre de résidents palestiniens à Jérusalem-Est, en faisant fi de leurs droits humains. »

    Alors que deux tribunaux israéliens ont déjà confirmé la décision d’expulsion, l’avocat de Mustafa al Kharouf a récemment déposé un recours devant la Cour suprême d’Israël afin d’annuler cette décision. La Cour suprême doit encore décider si elle examine son recours.

    « Les autorités israéliennes doivent respecter leurs obligations internationales et veiller à ce que Mustafa al Kharouf puisse rester chez lui en lui accordant le statut de résident permanent à Jérusalem-Est. La communauté internationale doit agir de toute urgence en faisant pression sur les autorités israéliennes pour qu’elles renoncent à l’expulser », a déclaré Saleh Hijazi.

    L’expulsion par Israël de Mustafa al Kharouf hors des territoires palestiniens occupés constituerait une grave violation de la Quatrième Convention de Genève et un crime de guerre au regard du Statut de Rome de la Cour pénale internationale.

    Entre 1967 et fin 2018, Israël a révoqué le statut de résident de 14 643 Palestiniens de Jérusalem-Est.

    Complément d’information : Mustafa al Kharouf est un photojournaliste palestinien âgé de 32 ans, né d’une mère algérienne et d’un père palestinien de Jérusalem. Il vit à Jérusalem-Est occupée avec son épouse, Tamam al Kharouf, et sa fille Asia, âgée de 18 mois. Il a quitté l’Algérie à l’âge de 12 ans avec sa famille pour s’établir à Jérusalem-Est.

    #Palestine #Mustafa_al_Kharouf

    Sur ce sujet, une liste d’expulsions aux frontières israéliennes ici :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/364741

    #Expulsion #Frontière


  • Encuesta sobre Migración en la Frontera (#Emif)
    La Encuesta sobre Migración en la Frontera Norte de México (Emif Norte), aporta elementos de análisis basados en información directa y confiable sobre la dinámica, la magnitud y características de los flujos migratorios de trabajadores mexicanos hacia Estados Unidos.

    La Encuesta sobre Migración en la Frontera Sur de México (Emif Sur), aporta elementos para medir y caracterizar flujos migratorios provenientes de Guatemala, Honduras y El Salvador, que se desplazan a territorio mexicano y/o estadounidense, con el propósito de laborar en estos países.
    https://colef.mx/emif

    Le site en anglais:

    Background of the surveys

    The Survey of Migration at Mexico´s Northern Border (EMIF Norte) began in 1993 as a collaboration project between El Colegio de la Frontera Norte (COLEF), the National Population Council, and the Secretariat of Labor and Social Welfare, to measure the size and characteristics of the flows of migrant workers between Mexico and the United States.

    Later, the survey became a fundamental statistical observatory for the study of Mexican migration and the most important conceptual and methodological precedent for another similar survey on the Mexican-Guatemalan border, The Survey of Migration at Mexico´s Southern Border (EMIF Sur) carried out since 2004.

    Both surveys are managed by the following institutions: El Colegio de la Frontera Norte (COLEF), the Secretariat of Government, the National Population Council, the Secretariat of Labor and Social Welfare, Migration Policy Bureau of Secretariat of Government, the Secretariat of Foreign Affairs, and the National Council to Prevent Discrimination. And in 2015 the Secretariat of Social Development joined the project.
    General Objectives

    The Survey of Migration at Mexico´s Northern Border: Increase understanding of the phenomena of labor migration flows at Mexico’s northern border with the United States, highlighting its characteristics, volume, and trends, and its effects on the labor market and its impact on both neighboring societies.

    The Survey of Migration at Mexico´s Southern Border: Increase understanding of the flows of migrants who cross between Mexico and Guatemala in order to work in Mexico or the United States, along with the undocumented migrants that cross Mexican territory and are returned to Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador by Mexican and U.S. immigration officials. Also, quantify the volume of migration flows and discover its main economic, social and demographic makeup, as well as the conditions and labor characteristics of the people who migrate.


    https://colef.mx/emif/eng/index.php

    #migrations #asile #réfugiés #frontières #données #base_de_données #statistiques #chiffres #Mexique #USA #Etats-Unis


  • Niger : 100 000 nouveaux réfugiés et déplacés

    L’ONU tire à nouveau la sonnette d’alarme au Niger, pays en proie à l’#insécurité où les activités des #groupes_armés, notamment #Boko_Haram, sont à l’origine de nombreux déplacements de populations. L’ONU estime ainsi que cette année, quelque 2,3 millions de personnes, soit 10,4% de la population, auront besoin d’une assistance humanitaire. Un constat établi jeudi lors d’une réunion entre agences de l’ONU, des représentants d’ONG et des partenaires.

    Depuis le mois de janvier, plus de 100 000 nouveaux #réfugiés et déplacés ont été recensés au Niger, alors que le pays en abritait déjà quelque 300 000. Et les inquiétudes sont localisées. À #Diffa notamment, dans le sud-est, région frontalière de l’État nigérian de #Borno, les groupes armés tels que Boko Haram ont provoqué le mouvement d’environ 25 000 personnes.

    Toujours près de cette frontière nigériane, mais plus à l’ouest, dans la région de #Maradi, ce sont ici environ 20 000 Nigérians qui ont fui les #violences de leur pays.

    Il y a aussi les zones proches des #frontières maliennes et burkinabè, dans les régions de #Tahoua et #Tillabéry. Des zones très instables selon l’ONU qui ont vu l’arrivée de 70 000 personnes.

    Pour faire face à cette situation, il faut de l’argent. Pourtant, les Nations unies déplorent un manque de ressources. Pour 2019, les besoins humanitaires sont chiffrés à 383 millions de dollars, mais sur cette somme, seuls 15% ont pu être mobilisés à l’heure actuelle.


    https://www.infomigrants.net/fr/post/17401/niger-100-000-nouveaux-refugies-et-deplaces?ref=tw_i
    #Niger #migrations #IDPs #déplacés_internes #instabilité

    ping @karine4 @isskein


  • Nouvelles #caméras et système de #reconnaissance_faciale à la frontière entre le #Maroc et #Ceuta

    Le système de sécurité à la frontière entre le Maroc et Ceuta se modernise. De nouvelles caméras de surveillance ont été installées dans l’enclave espagnole et un système de reconnaissance faciale devrait bientôt être mis en place, bien qu’aucune date de mise en route n’ait été communiquée par l’Espagne.

    Le ministère espagnol de l’Intérieur a ainsi récemment mis à jour le système de surveillance vidéo dans tout le périmètre de la frontière de Ceuta. 41 caméras #DOMOS et 11 caméras fixes ont été remplacées et 14 nouvelles #caméras_techniques et une plateforme plus moderne de contrôle du système de #vidéosurveillance ont été installées, rapporte El Confidencial (https://www.elconfidencial.com/espana/andalucia/2019-06-09/frontera-ceuta-marruecos-concertinas_2061042). La plupart des caméras dataient du milieu des années 90 et étaient déjà obsolètes, souligne le quotidien espagnol.

    L’une des autres mesures phares annoncées par l’Intérieur est le système de reconnaissance faciale qui sera lancé non seulement à la frontière entre Ceuta et le Maroc, mais également à Melilla, rappelle la même source. L’objectif est de réduire les temps de contrôle aux frontières et d’accroître la sécurité là où des milliers de personnes passent chaque jour.

    Pour la déléguée du gouvernement de Ceuta, Salvadora Mateos, il s’agit de créer une véritable “frontière intelligente”, indique Ceuta TV, à même de “relever les défis du XXIe siècle”, à savoir la hausse de l’immigration illégale.

    Le ministre espagnol de l’Intérieur Fernando Grande Marlaska avait également annoncé en février que les lames et fils barbelés installés en haut de la barrière frontalière (les “concertinas”) seraient bientôt enlevés et la barrière rehaussée.

    Des mesures qui ne sont toujours pas effectives alors que du côté marocain, de nouvelles lames ont été installées pour rendre plus difficile l’accès des migrants à la partie espagnole du périmètre, souligne Ceuta TV.

    “Cela fait partie d’un projet de renforcement des dispositifs marocains en Méditerranée sur 1.000 kilomètres. C’est le résultat d’une analyse qui a débuté en 2016, lorsque nous avions identifié certaines améliorations et que nous les intégrons maintenant”, a déclaré le directeur de l’immigration et de la surveillance des frontières du ministère marocain de l’Intérieur, Khalid Zerouali, rapporte El Confidencial.

    Selon le journal, le ministère espagnol de l’Intérieur attend la fin de l’installation de ces “concertinas” du côté marocain pour enlever celles du côté espagnol.

    https://www.huffpostmaghreb.com/entry/nouvelles-cameras-et-systeme-de-reconnaissance-faciale-a-la-frontie
    #Espagne #frontières #militarisation_des_frontières #surveillance #asile #migrations #réfugiés


  • Sur l’#Europe_forteresse, quelques #critiques...

    Extrait d’un entretien avec #Sandro_Mezzadra :

    Vous réfutez la vision d’une Europe forteresse. Réfutez-vous aussi le durcissement des politiques migratoires mises en œuvre par les États membres de l’UE ?

    Je critique la vision unilatérale des frontières les réduisant à leur fonction de mur. Les #frontières excluent, séparent, c’est un fait. Mais elles ne sont pas que cela. Je ne cherche pas à nier la #violence qui s’exerce aux frontières, la manière dont des vies sont exploitées, enlevées. Mais il me semble qu’il faut changer de point de vue afin de retrouver un angle d’attaque plus efficace. Le concept d’Europe forteresse a été inventé dans les années 1990 pour dénoncer les politiques migratoires européennes. La référence de cette métaphore est militaire, puisque l’Europe forteresse désignait les fortifications nazies bordant les rivages de l’Atlantique. Cette image n’est pas inutile. Mais, au cours des dernières années, elle a été récupérée par les institutions européennes elles-mêmes, notamment par Frontex. À trop l’utiliser, on risque de faire le jeu des politiques qu’elle est censée combattre.
    Pour répondre à votre question, il n’existe pas de politique européenne migratoire commune. Mais il existe un cadre global, à travers la mise en place de règles minimales, l’identification de supposées “bonnes pratiques”, le déroulement de négociations informelles ou encore l’établissement de relations bilatérales. Ce cadre global tend à instaurer une politique de sélection inclusive. Le but des politiques migratoires européennes n’est pas de barrer la route aux migrants. Ça, c’est le spectacle. Des centaines de milliers de personnes entrent et s’installent légalement – mais aussi illégalement – chaque année dans l’Union européenne. Les États membres ne s’en plaignent pas. Au contraire, ils en ont besoin, pour des raisons économiques et démographiques identifiées depuis longtemps par Bruxelles. L’Europe vieillit, l’Europe a besoin de main-d’œuvre. Les systèmes de migrations saisonnières, de migrations circulaires, les systèmes à point sont appréciés. Ces dispositifs sélectifs sont compatibles avec la flexibilité exigée par les économies de marché.
    Les dirigeants et experts européens débattent du “management de l’immigration” et de “just-in-time” ou “to-the-point migrations”. Ils ont cru, un temps, comme en Italie, que les quotas étaient une solution adéquate. Or ceux-ci se sont avérés particulièrement rigides, donc inadaptés aux besoins des entreprises. Ce management a à voir avec une gestion entrepreneuriale. L’objectif est de diversifier les compétences des migrants. La figure du migrant peu qualifié, recruté comme OS dans l’industrie automobile, est dépassée en tant que point de référence normatif pour les politiques et expériences migratoires. La figure du migrant est multiple. Les statuts, les expériences des migrants sont plurielles. De même que la figure du citoyen et du travailleur s’est fragmentée, celle du migrant a explosé.

    https://editionsasymetrie.org/frontieres/2019/05/21/interview-mezzadra

    #Forteresse_Europe #Mezzadra #critique #migrations #réfugiés #récupération #vocabulaire #terminologie #mots

    –-----------

    « La “forteresse”, une image dramatiquement fausse. Un article de @isskein

    Tous ces aspects vont à l’encontre du syntagme figé de “forteresse Europe”, dont le succès est grand dans les mouvements altermondialistes. Parfois utile pour mobiliser, il est calamiteux pour l’analyse et l’action. D’abord parce qu’il focalise sur la répression : si l’Europe mène une guerre aux migrants, dont les morts se comptent par milliers, du détroit de Gibraltar aux côtes maltaises et siciliennes, du tunnel sous la Manche à la frontière gréco-turque, on oublie trop souvent que la politique européenne est aussi fondée sur l’utilitarisme : “Nous avons besoin des immigrés, mais ils devront être choisis, contrôlés et placés” déclare Romano Prodi (11 sept 2000, dépêche Ansa). On oublie surtout que la fermeture et le contrôle des frontières sont mis en échec chaque jour : selon Europol chaque année près de 500.000 personnes réussissent à franchir “illégalement” les frontières de l’UE.
    Cette vision victimaire, paternaliste, strictement humanitaire, fait des migrants les victimes d’inévitables catastrophes dues à la globalisation néolibérale, des corps soumis voués à l’invisibilité, à l’errance et à l’attente, alors que, comme le font remarquer Étienne Balibar et Edward Saïd, ils ne sont ni “une masse fluctuante indifférenciée”, ni “d’innombrables troupeaux d’innocents relevant d’une aide internationale d’urgence”.
    Appliquée aux camps, l’image de la forteresse est tout aussi dramatiquement fausse. Ceux que l’on y enferme ne sont pas, comme le voudraient les différents corps policiers, administratifs et humanitaires qui les gèrent, des catégories (“clandestins”, “irréguliers”), mais des femmes et des hommes.
    Il y a une autonomie des migrations, qui les rend irréductibles aux lois internationales de l’offre et de la demande (le « push-pull » des théories classiques), car c’est un mouvement social autonome. Et les migrants sont des sujets, des femmes et des hommes qui, en exerçant quotidiennement leur droit de fuite et de fugue, mettent en question les frontières et la citoyenneté européenne.
    Il ne s’agit pas là de céder au romantisme de l’exil et du nomadisme, ou de considérer que la migration est en elle-même porteuse d’émancipation, mais de placer au premier plan la résistance et la dignité de sujets. »

    https://www.cairn.info/revue-multitudes-2004-5-page-61.htm

    ping @isskein @karine4


  • S’exiler pour survivre

    Fruit du programme de recherche « Passages clandestins des #Juifs en #Suisse par la frontière du #pays_de_Gex 1942-1944 » initié fin 2016, par la Direction des Musées départementaux de l’Ain pour le musée de la Résistance et de la Déportation de l’Ain et confié à l’historienne suisse #Ruth_Fivaz_Silbermann, l’exposition « #S’exiler_pour_survivre : passages clandestins des Juifs en Suisse à la frontière du pays de Gex 1942-1944 » présente les parcours de familles juives fuyant les persécutions passées par ce secteur.

    Entre 1942-1944, le Pays de Gex devient un point de passage pour les Juifs persécutés qui cherchent à fuir et à gagner la Suisse. Si peu de traces subsistent aujourd’hui sur le territoire, les archives permettent néanmoins de retracer des #parcours dont l’issue se révèle parfois heureuse, parfois tragique.

    À l’appui de projections, de cartes animées, de panneaux sur la persécution des Juifs durant la Seconde Guerre mondiale, d’exemples spécifiques pour l’Ain et de 13 focus détaillés sur des familles ou des groupes ayant tenté le passage le long de cette frontière, l’exposition retrace les trajectoires et l’histoire des familles fuyant les persécutions ayant tenté l’aventure du passage malgré les nombreux risques et dangers.

    L’exposition est enrichie par quelques textes qui proposent un éclairage particulier sur la persécution des Juifs dans l’Ain et sur les réseaux d’entraide et de sauvetage.

    http://patrimoines.ain.fr/n/exposition-s-a-l-affiche/n:908

    #exposition #histoire #expo #exil #réfugiés #asile #migrations #montagne #WWII #seconde_guerre_mondiale #deuxième_guerre_mondiale #frontières #France


  • Le #budget de l’#UE pour #2020 : la Commission centre sa proposition sur l’emploi, la croissance et la #sécurité

    Je mets ici uniquement ce qui concerne #frontières #migrations #réfugiés :

    Renforcer la sécurité et la #solidarité dans l’UE et au-delà

    Nombreux sont les défis européens qui ne connaissent pas de frontières. L’UE a recouru à plusieurs reprises à toute la flexibilité possible dans le budget pour faire face aux catastrophes, relever les défis de la migration et renforcer ses #frontières_extérieures. En mobilisant ses différents instruments, le budget 2020 de l’UE continuera à investir dans la solidarité et la sécurité en Europe et au-delà :

    - 420,6 millions € (+34,6 % par rapport à 2019) en faveur de l’#Agence_européenne_de garde-frontières_et_de garde-côtes (#Frontex), à la suite de l’accord dégagé en mars 2019 par le Parlement européen et le Conseil en vue de la mise en place d’un #corps_permanent de 10’000 garde-frontières d’ici à 2027 ;

    - 560 millions € pour les personnes dans le besoin en #Syrie ainsi que pour les #réfugiés et leurs communautés d’accueil dans la région. Il s’agit de la réponse budgétaire à un engagement pris lors de la conférence de Bruxelles III sur l’avenir de la Syrie en 2019 (le budget de l’UE pour 2019 prévoit déjà 2,01 milliards € de financements en faveur de la Syrie) ;
    - la poursuite du soutien du développement du système d’entrée/sortie, du système européen d’information et d’autorisation concernant les voyages, de la version modernisée du système d’information Schengen et du Fonds européen pour le développement durable, l’objectif global étant d’améliorer l’#interopérabilité des #systèmes_d'information de l’Union afin de préserver la sécurité de ses citoyens.

    http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-19-2809_fr.htm
    #EU #Europe #coût

    ping @karine4

    • L’ironie de « Nombreux sont les défis européens qui ne connaissent pas de frontières. » pour justifier le renforcement de la militarisation des frontières est en fait peu ironique, mais littéral : la sécurité ne connait pas de frontières, car elle est partout, ubiquitaire. La frontière est continue, ni dehors, ni dedans. Contrôle partout.


  • Nearly All U.S. Visa Applicants Now Required To Submit 5-Year Social Media History | HuffPost
    https://www.huffpost.com/entry/visa-social-media-state-department_n_5cf4898ce4b0e8085e3bfde1

    Hina Shamsi, director of the American Civil Liberties Union’s National Security Project, said the new policy was a “dangerous and problematic proposal.”

    It “does nothing to protect security concerns but raises significant privacy concerns and First Amendment issues for citizens and immigrants,” Shamsi told the Times. “Research shows that this kind of monitoring has chilling effects, meaning that people are less likely to speak freely and connect with each other in online communities that are now essential to modern life.”

    #etats-unis #visas#démocratie#leadership #monde_libre


    • 08.09.2018
      Ventimiglia: migrante travolto da un treno in località La Mortola. E’ vivo. Soccorsi in atto e traffico ferroviario bloccato

      Torna improvvisamente d’attualità la questione migranti a Ventimiglia. Dopo i due che ieri si sono arrampicati nelle rocce di ponte San Luigi, oggi un altro, cercando di varcare il confine è stato travolto da un treno Thello, in località #La_Mortola


      http://www.sanremonews.it/2018/09/08/leggi-notizia/argomenti/cronaca/articolo/ventimiglia-migrante-travolto-da-un-treno-in-localita-la-mortola-e-vivo-

    • 05.12.2018
      Ventimiglia: nuova tragedia dell’immigrazione, giovane rimane folgorato sul tetto di un treno diretto in Francia

      Il migrante si era sistemato sul tetto di un convoglio con la speranza di poter attraversare il confine. Ora è ricoverato in gravissime condizioni al centro grandi ustionati di Pisa.
      Ventimiglia: nuova tragedia dell’immigrazione, giovane rimane folgorato sul tetto di un treno diretto in Francia

      Un altro tentativo di passare il confine di Ventimiglia si è trasformato in tragedia. E’ accaduto ieri sera poco prima della mezzanotte, nei pressi della stazione ferroviaria della città frontaliera.

      Un giovane, del quale al momento non si conoscono le generalità e nemmeno la nazionalità, è salito sul tetto di un treno diretto in Francia ed è entrato in contatto con i cavi dell’alta tensione che alimentano i convogli, rimanendo folgorato.

      E’ subito scattato l’allarme e, sul posto è intervenuto il personale medico del 118, i Vigili del Fuoco, un’ambulanza e gli agenti della Polizia Ferroviaria. Il traffico ferroviario è stato anche momentaneamente sospeso per consentire i soccorsi del giovane immigrato.

      Le cure dei medici sono andate avanti per diversi minuti ed il giovane è sopravvissuto. Le sue condizioni, secondo i primi riscontri medici, sono gravissime ma è stato comunque deciso il trasporto immediato al centro grandi ustionati di Pisa, dove è arrivato in nottata.

      http://www.sanremonews.it/2018/12/05/mobile/leggi-notizia/argomenti/cronaca/articolo/ventimiglia-nuova-tragedia-dellimmigrazione-giovane-rimane-folgorato-sul

    • 07.10.2016
      Frontière italienne : une jeune migrante meurt sur l’autoroute A8

      Une jeune fille faisant partie d’un groupe de migrants qui tentaient de gagner la France depuis Vintimille en Italie est morte percutée par un poids-lourds sur l’autoroute A8 à la frontière franco-italienne. La victime est une Erythréenne de 17 ans, selon le site italien Riviera24.it, qui diffuse des images de l’intervention des secours après l’accident.

      « La victime est une femme à ma connaissance. Quatre autres personnes, des femmes, ont été hospitalisées en état de choc à Bordighera mais ne sont pas blessées », a indiqué la police italienne de Vintimille. Le drame s’est produit « au niveau du tunnel de la Giraude, côté italien, un poids-lourd a percuté un migrant », a-t-on précisé au centre opérationnel de la gendarmerie de Nice.

      Ils prennent tous les risques

      Début septembre, un jeune Africain avait été retrouvé mort sous un viaduc autoroutier près de Menton, dans le même secteur, et une enquête a été ouverte pour déterminer s’il a pu se tuer après avoir paniqué à la vue d’une patrouille de gendarmes et enjambé la glissière de sécurité.

      Vintimille est un cul-de-sac pour les migrants africains en route pour la France. L’Italie, notamment l’ONG catholique Caritas et la Croix-Rouge, continuent d’apporter une aide humanitaire. Les opérations de police se multiplient aussi.

      Les migrants prennent des risques importants pour gagner l’Hexagone, par la montagne, l’autoroute ou le train tout en tentant d’échapper aux contrôles. Plus de 24 000 migrants ont été interpellés depuis janvier dans les Alpes-Maritimes, selon le dernier décompte de la préfecture fin septembre.

      http://www.leparisien.fr/faits-divers/frontiere-italienne-une-jeune-migrante-meurt-sur-l-autoroute-a8-07-10-201

    • C’était 1995...
      #Sospel : un mort, le Gisti seul coupable

      Traverser une frontière pour demander l’asile politique peut, aux termes de la convention de Genève, se faire sans titre de circulation ni de séjour. Ce n’est cependant pas sans risque. Un enfant l’a appris à ses dépens, en 1995 : il est mort sous les balles d’un policier. Accident ? Bavure ? Le policier a été acquitté. Le Gisti, qui avait dénoncé les excès de la surveillance aux frontières, a, lui, été condamné.
      Coups de feu mortels sur des demandeurs d’asile

      Il faisait beau sans doute, et la nuit devait être étoilée sur les Alpes quand, le 20 août 1995 vers 3h30 du matin, quarante-deux Tziganes du Monténégro (l’autre composante, avec la Serbie, de la République fédérale de Yougoslavie), dont dix-huit mineurs, franchissent la frontière franco-italienne dans quatre véhicules.

      Échappés d’une guerre que les accords de Dayton gèleront seulement dans quelques mois, enfin à l’abri de la ségrégation et des mauvais traitements qui frappent les Tziganes dans leur pays, peut-être goûtaient-ils les charmes d’une paisible nuit estivale de montagne. En faction sur le bord de la petite route sinueuse, près du col de Brouis, à une dizaine de kilomètres de l’Italie, deux policiers de la Direction centrale du contrôle de l’immigration et de la lutte contre l’emploi clandestin (Diccilec, ex-Police de l’air et des frontières) veillent. Les deux premiers véhicules des Tziganes — un Combi Volkswagen immatriculé aux Pays-Bas suivi d’une Passat immatriculée en ex-Yougoslavie — défilent devant les policiers sans s’arrêter. Le sous-brigadier Christian Carenco tire alors trois coups de son fusil à pompe sur l’arrière de la voiture. L’enquête établira qu’il fait feu « à environ 1,80 mètre de la Passat ». Une balle en caoutchouc d’abord, puis deux balles Brennecke utilisées pour la chasse aux sangliers. Ça doit encore sentir la poudre quand les deux derniers véhicules du convoi passent à leur tour sans être interceptés.

      Au petit matin, le médecin de Sospel, petite commune des environs, avertit la gendarmerie qu’on lui a amené un enfant ensanglanté. Il est mort de ses blessures. Todor Bogdanovic avait sept ans. Il dormait à l’arrière de la voiture visée.

      Sans un mot de regret, le préfet explique aussitôt que « le département [des Alpes-Maritimes] est un lieu de passage très fréquenté par les clandestins. Depuis le début de l’année, les policiers ont arrêté 120 passeurs, alors que 8 664 personnes en situation irrégulière, toutes nationalités confondues, ont été reconduites à la frontière ». Tout est donc pour le mieux dans le meilleur des mondes policiers. Ce que confirme le ministre de la justice de l’époque, Jacques Toubon, pour lequel le tir au fusil à pompe sur les Tziganes est « un travail qui a été fait par les policiers normalement ». Todor Bogdanovic a eu ce qu’il méritait.

      Tel n’est pas l’avis du Gisti. Au risque calculé de troubler la quiétude estivale, il ne peut tolérer que la mort du petit Todor passe inaperçue.

      Dès le 21 août, il publie un communiqué dans lequel il observe qu’à en croire les pouvoirs publics, « il paraît presque normal d’ouvrir le feu sur toute voiture qui ne s’arrêterait pas à l’occasion d’un contrôle ». « Assisterions-nous, en cette circonstance, s’interroge le Gisti, à l’éclosion d’une nouvelle pratique administrative autorisant parfois la DICCILEC et la police en général à abattre les étrangers supposés clandestins quand il ne se prêtent pas docilement à leur interpellation ? »

      Après avoir dénoncé les « trésors d’imagination » dépensés, de façon générale, par les douaniers, les policiers et les préfectures « pour éviter d’enregistrer les demandes d’asile présentées par des arrivants démunis de papiers » et observé que « la France compte moins de 20 000 exilés d’ex-Yougoslavie sur son territoire, alors que l’Allemagne en accueille plus de 350 000 », le Gisti se demande, pour finir : « La France ne fait-elle pas le jeu du gouvernement serbe en plaçant des snippers [sic] sur la route de leur exil ? ».

      Dans les heures qui suivent le drame, les Tziganes de Sospel manifestent la volonté de demander l’asile à la France.

      Ceci n’empêche pas l’administration de notifier des arrêtés de reconduite à la frontière (APRF) aux dix-huit adultes du groupe en invitant simplement l’Office français de protection des réfugiés et apatrides (OFPRA) à examiner en urgence leur requête du statut de réfugié. Avec complaisance, l’Office se met au travail.

      Avant même d’avoir communiqué sa décision aux intéressés, le directeur de l’OFPRA fait savoir au tribunal administratif de Nice, qui s’en prévaut le 24 août pour refuser d’annuler les APRF, que les demandes d’asile seront rejetées, notamment parce que les Tziganes ne sont pas bosniaques mais serbes et que le Sandzac — leur région d’origine — ne serait pas affecté par la guerre. La belle affaire !

      Le Gisti n’a pas beaucoup de mal à retrouver un document tout frais (31 janvier 1995) du Haut Commissariat des Nations unies pour les réfugiés (HCR), selon lequel « la situation des Musulmans du Sandzak n’a cessé de se détériorer au cours des six derniers mois [...]. Des rapports font état de torture », précise-t-il, avant de conclure que « le HCR continue de penser que l’éligibilité des demandeurs d’asile originaires du Kosovo et du Sandzak doit être évaluée au cas par cas » et qu’il y a « impérative nécessité » à procéder à « un examen très attentif des demandes individuelles au cours d’une procédure complète et équitable ».

      L’OFPRA n’en a que faire, pas plus que d’autres rapports, articles et témoignages édifiants que le Gisti se procure en quelques heures de recherches [1]. Les demandes d’asile sont rejetées, et les Tziganes refoulés en Italie. Le 26 août, le Gisti s’insurge contre cette exécution administrative dans un communique intitulé « Tous les dés étaient pipés », tandis que l’Association nationale d’assistance aux frontières pour les étrangers (ANAFÉ) constate « Un mort et dix-huit reconduits à la frontière : la dérive de la politique d’immigration ».

      De toute évidence, nous avons eu raison trop tôt puisque, le 2 juin 1997, le Conseil d’état annulera à la fois les APRF pour excès de pouvoir et le jugement du tribunal administratif de Nice.

      Sur le plan pénal, après une enquête menée par l’Inspection générale de la police nationale, le parquet a ouvert une information judiciaire qui a abouti, dès le 21 août 1995, à la mise en examen de Christian Carenco pour « coups et blessures volontaires ayant entraîné la mort sans intention de la donner ».

      Juste après les faits, le procureur de la République adjoint de Nice avait déclaré : « on ne peut pas accréditer la thèse de la légitime défense sans réserve. Il y a présomption d’utilisation d’une arme à feu dans des conditions qui peuvent paraître anormales... D’après les premiers éléments de l’enquête de l’IGPN, il semble qu’il y a eu des coups de feu intempestifs ».

      Mais, six mois plus tard, le juge d’instruction conclut à un non-lieu. Saisie en appel, la chambre d’accusation d’Aix-en-Provence renvoie, quant à elle, le 18 décembre 1997, le policier devant la cour d’assises des Alpes-Maritimes, tout en déclarant irrecevables les constitutions de parties civiles de la Cimade, de France Terre d’asile, de la Ligue des droits de l’homme et du Gisti, qui entendaient ainsi éviter l’enterrement de l’affaire [2].

      Christian Carenco s’étant pourvu en cassation contre son renvoi devant la cour d’assises, les associations ont également formé un pourvoi. Ces pourvois ont été rejetés par la Cour de cassation et l’affaire a été renvoyée devant la Cour d’assises.
      Plainte pour diffamation contre le Gisti

      Quant au Gisti, dont des extraits du communiqué ont été repris par l’Agence France Presse, il est poursuivi en diffamation. Le ministre de l’intérieur a, en effet, déposé plainte, le 5 septembre 1995, contre la présidente, responsable ès-qualités, pour diffamation publique envers une administration publique, estimant que les propos reproduits par l’AFP contiennent des allégations portant atteinte à l’honneur et à la considération de la police nationale.

      L’affaire vient devant la 17e Chambre correctionnelle du tribunal de grande instance de Paris, le 2 mai 1997. Henri Leclerc assure la défense de Danièle Lochak. Alfred Grosser est cité comme témoin.

      L’audience est l’occasion de refaire le procès de Sospel, mais aussi, de façon plus inattendue, d’entendre célébrer les louanges du Gisti, y compris par le représentant du ministère public, qui rend hommage au travail accompli par l’association, utile et nécessaire car civique, et qui reconnaît sa légitimité à intervenir dans cette histoire dramatique qu’on ne peut pas considérer comme un incident sans gravité.

      Le jugement reprend à son compte ces éloges : « le Gisti mène, pour la défense des droits de l’homme, une action salutaire et reconnue par tous et le soutien que cette association apporte particulièrement aux travailleurs immigrés et aux réfugiés est d’autant plus méritoire qu’il s’effectue, de nos jours, dans un climat politique et social difficile ».

      Le tribunal n’en estime pas moins que le délit de diffamation est constitué — par l’emploi des termes « purification ethnique » et « snipper » — et condamne la présidente du Gisti à 5 000 F d’amende.

      Les arguments de la défense n’ont donc pas été entendus. Ils consistaient, pour l’essentiel, à soutenir :

      que la police n’était mise en cause qu’indirectement par le communiqué, en tant qu’instrument d’une politique gouvernementale critiquable, de sorte que ses membres ne pouvaient se sentir diffamés ;

      que le caractère particulièrement dramatique et révoltant de l’affaire justifiait, de la part d’une organisation qui défend les droits de l’homme et entend alerter l’opinion publique lorsqu’ils sont violés, une expression particulièrement véhémente de son indignation ;

      que les poursuites reposaient sur un texte dont on pouvait se demander s’il était conforme à l’article 10 de la Convention européenne des droits de l’homme qui n’admet de limites à la liberté d’expression que lorsque celles-ci sont nécessaires, dans une société démocratique, à la protection de la sécurité nationale, à la défense de l’ordre, ou à la réputation d’autrui.

      L’affaire est venue en appel devant la 11e Chambre des appels correctionnels en novembre 1997. La cour a confirmé le jugement de première instance mais a considéré « qu’eu égard aux circonstances de l’espèce il convient de faire une application particulièrement modérée de la loi » : elle a donc condamné la présidente du Gisti à 1 000 F d’amende avec sursis.

      https://www.gisti.org/spip.php?article3477

    • Ventimiglia, cadavere recuperato in mare vicino al porto: è di un migrante

      Ventimiglia. Il corpo senza vita di un migrante, probabilmente di origine nordafricana, è stato recuperato ieri pomeriggio dalla Capitaneria di Porto sulla parte esterna della diga foranea del costruendo porto di Ventimiglia. Il cadavere si trovava incagliato tra gli scogli a circa 3 metri di profondità.

      Il migrante, di cui al momento non si conosce ancora l’identità, sarebbe morto annegato, probabilmente dopo una caduta dalla diga. Al momento è esclusa l’ipotesi di morte violenta. Sulla base di una prima ispezione del corpo, compiuta ieri dal medico legale, il pm ha infatti liberato la salma, ritenendo più probabile che il migrante sia scivolato in acqua accidentalmente.

      A dare l’allarme è stato il bagnino di un vicino stabilimento balneare che, a bordo di una piccola imbarcazione, ha avvistato il corpo sul fondale intorno alle 13 di ieri e avvertito la capitaneria. Quando il cadavere è stato recuperato, era ancora in rigor mortis: segno che il decesso era avvenuto da poco tempo. La vittima indossava ancora i vestiti, ma non aveva documenti. Il corpo si trova ora all’obitorio di Bordighera.

      https://www.riviera24.it/2018/09/ventimiglia-cadavere-recuperato-in-mare-vicino-al-porto-e-di-un-migrante-5


  • Le numéro 1, un très beau numéro de la revue
    #Nunatak , Revue d’histoires, cultures et #luttes des #montagnes...

    Sommaire :

    Une sensation d’étouffement/Aux frontières de l’Iran et de l’Irak/Pâturages et Uniformes/La Banda Baudissard/
    À ceux qui ne sont responsables de rien/Des plantes dans l’illégalité/Conga no va !/Mundatur culpa labore

    La revue est disponible en pdf en ligne (https://revuenunatak.noblogs.org/numeros), voici l’adresse URL pour télécharger le numéro 1 :
    https://revuenunatak.noblogs.org/files/2017/03/Nunatak1HiverPrintemps2017.pdf

    Je mettrai ci-dessous des mots-clés et citations des articles...


  • « Facebook a empêché les partis et la société civile de mener des campagnes transfrontières »
    https://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2019/06/01/facebook-a-empeche-les-partis-et-la-societe-civile-de-mener-des-campagnes-tr

    Le professeur de droit Alberto Alemanno dénonce, dans une tribune au « Monde », le rôle néfaste joué par le réseau social lors de la campagne électorale européenne en limitant les messages politiques aux frontières nationales. Au lendemain des élections européennes des 25 et 26 mai, on découvre que Facebook continue de faire tout ce qui lui plaît sur le continent, et ce en dépit des discours politiques sur la « mise au pas » des géants technologiques de la Silicon Valley. Lors de la campagne, les (...)

    #Facebook #algorithme #manipulation #élections #Avaaz


  • Pour archivage... un #rapport de Migreurop sur les « #frontières assassines » de l’Europe... c’était 2009, et on parlait notamment dans ce rapport des #push-back (#refoulements) dans la région de l’#Evros :


    http://www.migreurop.org/IMG/pdf/Rapport-Migreurop-oct2009-def.pdf

    Je le partage aujourd’hui car ce qui est raconté ici, donc autour de 2009, se répète dans l’Evros autour des années 2012-2013 (j’en avais parlé sur @visionscarto : https://visionscarto.net/a-kumkapi-avant-de-passer-la-frontiere) et on en reparle aujourd’hui, v. notamment : https://seenthis.net/messages/710720

    #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Grèce #Turquie


  • Mission Creep : How the NSA’s Game-Changing Targeting System Built for Iraq and Afghanistan Ended Up on the Mexican Border
    https://theintercept.com/2019/05/29/nsa-data-afghanistan-iraq-mexico-border

    In November 2005, two terminals for a new secure communications platform arrived at the U.S. military base at Bagram Airfield, outside Afghanistan’s capital, Kabul. The first of its kind, the system would enable the U.S.’s electronic eavesdropping organization, the National Security Agency, to instantaneously share select classified information with America’s closest allies in the fight against the Taliban, speeding the delivery of critical information to soldiers. Previously, the only way to (...)

    #NSA #migration #écoutes #surveillance #frontières


  • Les bouquetins jouent à saute-frontière alors que les êtres humains (certains êtres humains, les #indésirables...)

    Dans le parc du #Mercantour, les bouquetins jouent à saute-frontières

    Parmi les actions de coopération entre la France et l’Italie soutenues par l’Union européenne, un programme vise depuis 2017 à recenser et protéger la population de bovidés.

    La #montagne n’ayant pas de #frontières, les projets ont très vite pris une envergure européenne.


    https://www.liberation.fr/france/2019/05/09/dans-le-parc-du-mercantour-les-bouquetins-jouent-a-saute-frontieres_17259

    #animaux #frontières_ouvertes #differential_inclusion #humains #êtres_humains

    ping @reka


  • Counter-mapping: cartography that lets the powerless speak | Science | The Guardian
    https://www.theguardian.com/science/blog/2018/mar/06/counter-mapping-cartography-that-lets-the-powerless-speak

    Sara is a 32-year-old mother of four from Honduras. After leaving her children in the care of relatives, she travelled across three state borders on her way to the US, where she hoped to find work and send money home to her family. She was kidnapped in Mexico and held captive for three months, and was finally released when her family paid a ransom of $190.

    Her story is not uncommon. The UN estimates that there are 258 million migrants in the world. In Mexico alone, 1,600 migrants are thought to be kidnapped every month. What is unusual is that Sara’s story has been documented in a recent academic paper that includes a map of her journey that she herself drew. Her map appears alongside four others – also drawn by migrants. These maps include legends and scales not found on orthodox maps – unnamed river crossings, locations of kidnapping and places of refuge such as a “casa de emigrante” where officials cannot enter. Since 2011, such shelters have been identified by Mexican law as “spaces of exception”.

    #cartographie_radicale #contre_cartographie #cartographie_participative #cartoexperiment



  • Message de @isskein :
    procès de Scott Warren - délit de solidarité aux USA

    29 mai premier jour du procès de #Scott_Warren, membre du groupe #No_More_Deaths qui aide les migrants perdus dans le désert d’Arizona, arrêté le 17 janvier 2018
    il est accusé de « complot criminel de transport et d’hébergement de migrants illégaux » pour avoir hébergé deux migrants dans une grange. Il risque 20 ans de prison.

    à l’été 2017 9 volontaires de No More Deaths, la plupart ne venant pas d’#Arizona, laissent des bidons d’#eau dans le désert ; ils sont accusés d’utilisation frauduleuse de véhicule et d’abandon de possessions - bref de jeter des ordures - dans une réserve fédérale, délits susceptibles d’un maximum de 6 mois
    Scott Warren a été arrêté peu après la publication d’un rapport documentant des abus de la U.S. Border Patrol.
    https://theintercept.com/2018/01/23/no-more-deaths-arizona-border-littering-charges-immigration (article de 2018 ne mentionnant alors que des peines de 5 ans)

    #désert #mourir_dans_le_désert #mourir_aux_frontières #frontières #migrations #asile #réfugiés #USA #Etats-Unis #Mexique #procès #délit_de_solidarité #solidarité

    Plus sur le groupe No More Deaths sur seenthis :
    https://seenthis.net/tag/no_more_deaths

    Et #Scott_Warren est... géographe, « college geography instructor »

    • Extending ’Zero Tolerance’ To People Who Help Migrants Along The Border

      Arrests of people for harboring, sheltering, leaving food and water or otherwise protecting migrants have been on the rise since 2017, when then-Attorney General Jeff Sessions ordered federal prosecutors to prioritize cases covered under the harboring statute.

      Scott Warren, a 36-year-old college geography instructor from Ajo, Ariz., works with a group called called No More Deaths or No Mas Muertes. The group’s volunteers leave water and food for migrants traversing the Arizona desert.

      Warren was arrested in 2017 and faces three felony counts including conspiracy to transport and harbor migrants. In its complaint, the government claims Warren was seen talking to two migrants who sheltered in Ajo. He denies being part of any sheltering plan.

      “It is scary to be intimidated like this and to be targeted but there really is no choice,” said Warren. He believes the government is violating his right to religious freedom by criminalizing his spiritual belief that mandates he help people in distress.

      “For the government, it’s kind of been an expansion of the interpretation of what it means to harbor,” he suggested.

      The stretch of desert near Ajo can be deadly. The Pima County Medical Examiner has documented 250 migrant deaths in the area since 2001. In the same time frame, thousands have died of dehydration and exposure in the Arizona borderlands.

      “It is life or death here. And a decision not to give somebody food or or water could lead to that person dying,” Warren said.

      ’Can I be compassionate?’

      Nine and half hours away by car from Ajo, in the west Texas town of Marfa, another case is unfolding that pits the government against a four-time elected city and county attorney, Teresa Todd.

      She is under investigation for human smuggling after stopping to help three migrants alongside the road at night in February, 2019.

      “I see a young man in a white shirt. He runs out toward the road where I am,” Todd recounted. She says the man was pleading for assistance. “I can’t just leave this guy on the side of the road. I have to go see if I can help.”

      The young man told Todd that his sister, 18-year-old Esmeralda, was in trouble.

      “I mean, she can hardly walk, she’s very dazed,” recalled Todd.

      The migrants took shelter in Todd’s car while she called and texted a friend who is the legal counsel for the local U.S. Border Patrol, asking for advice. Before that friend could reply, a sheriff’s deputy showed up. The deputy called in the U.S. Border Patrol.

      An agent was soon reading Todd her Miranda rights. Eight days later, a Department of Homeland Security investigator accompanied by a Texas Ranger arrived at Todd’s office with a search warrant for her cellphone. Todd says she was told she’d have the phone back in a matter of hours.

      “It makes people have to question, ’Can I be compassionate’?”

      Todd’s phone was returned 53 days later.

      The sheriff of Presidio County, Danny Dominguez, whose deputy called the Border Patrol, defended the action against Todd. He said anyone with undocumented migrants in their car risks arrest.

      A spokesman for the U.S. Attorney for the western district of Texas declined comment on Todd’s case.

      Todd is unrepentant: “I feel like I did the right thing. I don’t feel I did anything wrong.”

      Speaking by phone from the migrant detention center in Sierra Blanca, Texas, Esmeralda said of Todd, “I’m really grateful to her.” She said doctors told her she was on the brink of death by the time she got to the hospital.

      Figures confirmed to NPR by TRAC, the Transactional Records Access Clearinghouse at Syracuse University, show that in fiscal year 2018 there were more than 4,500 people federally charged for bringing in and harboring migrants. That is a more than 30% increase since 2015, with the greatest rise coming after Sessions’ order to prioritize harboring cases.

      “With these prosecutions, the government is saying, ’we’re extending our zero tolerance policy to Good Samaritans,’” said Ranjana Natarajan, director of the Civil Rights Clinic at the University of Texas School of Law. “People shouldn’t be helping migrants even if they might be at threat of death.”

      Accused of human smuggling

      Ana Adlerstein, a U.S. citizen and volunteer at a Mexican migrant shelter, has her own story to tell. Earlier this month, Adlerstein accompanied a migrant seeking asylum from Sonora, Mexico to the U.S. border crossing at Lukeville, Ariz. Adlerstein was present to observe the process. Instead, she says she was detained by Customs and Border Protection officers for several hours.

      “I was accused of human smuggling,” she stated.

      Border officials had been forewarned that a migrant seeking asylum was coming that day, accompanied by a U.S. citizen. Under current law, once a migrant steps onto U.S. soil, he or she can request asylum.

      “If that’s not how you’re supposed to seek asylum at a port of entry, how are you supposed to seek asylum in this country?” Adlerstein asked.

      U.S. Customs and Border Protection declined comment on Adlerstein’s specific claims. In an email, a CBP spokesperson added:

      “All persons entering the country, including U.S. citizens, are subject to examination and search. CBP uses diverse factors to refer individuals for selected examinations and there are instances when this process may take longer than normal. CBP is committed to ensuring the agency is able to execute its missions while protecting the human rights, civil rights, and dignity of those with whom we come in contact.”

      Adlerstein has not been charged but has received subsequent calls from a DHS investigator.

      In Texas, Teresa Todd is waiting to find out if she will be indicted for human smuggling.

      As for Scott Warren, he faces up to 20 years in prison if convicted on all three felony counts, a prospect he can’t even contemplate.

      https://www.npr.org/2019/05/28/725716169/extending-zero-tolerance-to-people-who-help-migrants-along-the-border?t=1559201
      #statistiques #chiffres

    • Scott Warren Provided Food & Water to Migrants in Arizona; He Now Faces Up to 20 Years in Prison

      An Arizona humanitarian aid volunteer goes to trial today for providing water, food, clean clothes and beds to two undocumented migrants crossing the Sonoran Desert in southern Arizona. If convicted, Scott Warren could spend up to 20 years in prison. Warren, an activist with the Tucson-based No More Deaths, is charged with three felony counts of allegedly “harboring” undocumented immigrants. For years, No More Deaths and other humanitarian aid groups in southern Arizona have left water and food in the harsh Sonoran Desert, where the temperature often reaches three digits during summer, to help refugees and migrants survive the deadly journey across the U.S. border. Warren was arrested on January 17, 2018, just hours after No More Deaths released a report detailing how U.S. Border Patrol agents had intentionally destroyed more than 3,000 gallons of water left out for migrants crossing the border. The group also published a video showing border agents dumping out jugs of water in the desert. Hours after the report was published, authorities raided the Barn, a No More Deaths aid camp in Ajo, where they found two migrants who had sought temporary refuge. We speak with Scott Warren and his fellow No More Deaths volunteer and activist Catherine Gaffney in Tucson.

      https://www.democracynow.org/2019/5/29/scott_warren_provided_food_water_to

    • Daily Trial Updates

      Day 3 – June 3, 2019

      We began the day with a powerful press conference featuring immigrant justice advocates from across the country. Patty Miller (Arivaca, AZ,) spoke on behalf of People Helping People in the Border Zone and the Rural Border Communities Coalition, followed by James Cordero and Jacqueline Arellano from Border Angeles (San Diego), Ravi Ragbir of the New Sanctuary Coalition (NYC) and Kaji Douša, Senior Pastor at The Park Avenue Christian Church in Manhattan.
      The prosecution continued to build their “case” against Scott, spending most of the day playing video recordings of the testimony given by the two undocumented Central American men–José and Kristian–who were arrested with Scott. (Note we will be using only the first names of deposed witnesses to respect privacy).
      Prosecutors attempted to erase the hardships experienced by undocumented people crossing the borderlands. One of the two witnesses, Kristian, testified that he had been traveling since October 4th, 2017 from his home in El Salvador. By the time of the arrest, he had been traveling for over three months and walking in the desert for two days. This is very different from the government narrative which claims the men were traveling for mere hours before they encountered help.
      During their journey, José and Kristian experienced the routine and deadly Border Patrol apprehension method known as chase and scatter–a practice in which Border Patrol agents pursue migrants in vehicles, on foot, or in helicopters, forcing them to scatter into the desert. In the chaos, the two men lost their belongings, including “food and two gallons of water.” The No More Deaths Abuse Documentation Working Group has provided extensive documentation of the lethal impacts of this deadly apprehension method in our report series, The Disappeared.
      José and Kristian testified that after arriving at the Barn, Scott gave them food, water, blankets and a place to rest. There was no evidence that Scott made any plans to transport them, hide them from law enforcement, or instruct them on how to evade any Border Patrol checkpoints.
      Border Patrol Forensic Phone Analyst Rogelio Velasco gave a rundown of the contents of Scott Warren’s phone–he summarized 14,000 pages of emails and texts into a one page report. One part of his analysis showed the day José and Kristian arrived at the barn, Scott called a nurse and a doctor on the No More Deaths medical team. When asked why Velasco didn’t review the myriad other emails and texts discussing Scott’s humanitarian work, he replied, “I was looking for elements of criminality. If it wasn’t relevant then I skipped it.”

      Day 2 – May 30, 2019

      We began the day with Pastor Allison Harrington of Southside Presbyterian Church sharing the poem “Imagine the Angels of Bread” by Martin Espada along with a morning prayer.
      Court opened with Border Patrol Agent John Marquez being cross-examined by the defense. He made it abundantly clear that he relied on racial profiling to determine the two men at the barn were migrants, claiming “they matched the description” of two migrants BP was looking for. However, when pressed by the defense, Agent Marquez admitted that he did not know whether they were “short, tall, fat, skinny, bearded, young, old, or even male.” He stated “In my experience, they appeared to be “Other Than Mexican.”
      Agent Marquez also stated that January 17, 2018 was the first time Border Patrol agents in Ajo set up surveillance at the Barn. This happened just hours after No More Deaths released a report called The Disappeared Part 2: Interference on Humanitarian and video of agents destroying humanitarian aid supplies.
      Second to take the stand was Border Patrol Agent Brendan Burns, who was the one who first referred to the migrants as “toncs”.
      According to Agent Burns, when he approached the Barn that day, defendant Scott Warren told him that it was private property and a humanitarian aid space. He also asked the Agents to leave the property. Burns ignored him because, according to his surveillance, “the aliens didn’t appear to be in need of humanitarian aid.” When asked by the defense whether he has any medical credentials, the agent admitted to having none.
      Five days after the arrests, a search warrant was issued for the Barn. Evidence seized included a receipt for a cherry coke, banana nut muffin and chips, a fridge note saying “bagels from flagstaff!” and a list of supplies for a camping trip.

      Day 1 – May 29, 2019

      After a moving press conference in the morning, a jury was selected of 15 people — 12 jurors and 3 alternates.
      In his opening argument this afternoon, US Attorney Nathaniel Walters claimed that “this case is not about humanitarian aid,” urging jurors to ignore the realities of death and disappearance happening in the desert surrounding Ajo, Arizona.
      The prosecution’s entire case for the charge of “conspiracy to harbor and transport” undocumented migrants appeared to hinge on the fact that two undocumented men arrived at the Barn, “and then Scott showed up” a few hours later.
      The prosecution also harped on the fact that the men had “eaten food” prior to arriving at the Barn, apparently arguing that because the two men split one burrito after walking for two days through the desert, they were not in need of food or water
      Lawyers for the defense firmly asserted in their opening arguments that this case IS about humanitarian aid, and that Scott’s actions must be understood as a part of his deep knowledge of suffering throughout the desert and commitment to working to end it. “Scott intended one thing: to provide basic human kindness in the form of humanitarian aid.”
      The government also argued that Scott was pointing out known landmarks to the two migrants. “Defendant appeared to be pointing out different features, lots of hand motions. I could not hear them but there were hand gestures, up and down, in wave motions, rolling hills, pointing to known points of interest.” However, as the defense firmly stated “orientation is just as much of a human right as is food, water, and shelter.” In the context of death and disappearance in the desert, knowing where you are can save your life.
      The government called their first witness, Border Patrol Agent John Marquez. Marquez testified to setting up surveillance on the Barn on January 17, 2018 and seeing Scott speaking with two men, who he presumed were undocumented based on “ill-fitting clothing” and the fact that they were “scanning the horizon.” No evidence was presented that Scott intended to hide or conceal anyone. Judge Collins called an end to the day before the defense’s cross-examination of Marquez.


      http://forms.nomoredeaths.org/dailytrialupdates
      #procès

      –---------

      Trial continued this afternoon with video testimony from José, the other material witness arrested with Scott, who confirmed that he and Kristian were both hungry, cold, and very tired when they arrived at the barn.

      José also described their experience of being scattered by the #BorderPatrol, and how most of the men in his group had to stop walking because they were so beat up from spending just one day in the desert.

      Chase and scatter is just one of the deadly apprehension tactics used by BP which result in increased numbers of deaths and disappearances. “Prevention through Deterrence” is the name of the overall strategy of pushing migrants deep into the desert.

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J7Ux__uVfNA

      https://twitter.com/NoMoreDeaths/status/1135690665399017473

    • In Scott Warren’s No More Deaths Trial, Prosecutors Attempt to Paint a Web of Conspiracy

      For nearly a year and a half, U.S. government prosecutors in Arizona have sought to make an example out of Scott Warren. The 36-year-old geographer and border-based humanitarian aid volunteer was arrested with two undocumented migrants on January 17, 2018, and accused of providing the men with food, water, and a place to sleep over three days. A month later, a grand jury indicted him on two counts of harboring and one count of conspiracy, bringing the total amount time he could spend in prison — if convicted on all counts and sentenced to consecutive terms — to 20 years.

      Warren’s trial began in Tucson on Wednesday, marking the start of the most consequential prosecution of an American humanitarian aid provider in at least a decade. On Monday, assistant U.S. attorneys Anna Wright and Nathaniel J. Walters, who together have spearheaded an aggressive and controversial prosecutorial campaign against immigrant rights defenders in the Sonoran Desert, called their final witness to the stand.

      Over three and a half days of testimony, the prosecutors presented the jury with two Border Patrol agents who arrested Warren, a third who examined his phone, and some three hours of video-taped testimony from the young migrants he was arrested with, recorded before their deportations. The arresting agents provided little information beyond the bare facts of their operation as it unfolded, while the agent who testified about phone evidence seemed to paint a more incriminating picture of a man who was not charged in the case than he did of Warren. The migrants who were held as the government’s material witnesses described Warren as a figure who was hardly present during their short time in the U.S., beyond giving them permission to eat, sleep, and drink at a property he did not own, after they showed up with nothing but the clothes on their backs.

      The conspiracy charge in particular has cast an ominous pall over Warren’s case. As a prosecutorial tool, conspiracy charges can afford government attorneys sweeping powers in criminal cases. While the U.S. attorney’s office in Arizona was secretive about the nature of its theory of conspiracy with respect to Warren following his grand jury indictment, The Intercept revealed last month that the government considered Irineo Mujica, a prominent immigrants right advocate, a co-conspirator in the case. A dual U.S.-Mexican citizen, Mujica is the head of Pueblo Sin Fronteras, an immigrant rights organization known for its role in organizing the migrant caravans that have drawn President Trump’s outrage. He also operates a migrant shelter south of Ajo, the unincorporated community where Warren lives and works.

      In opening arguments last week, Walters confirmed that the government considered Mujica a key figure in Warren’s alleged offenses. “They were in contact with Irineo Mujica,” the prosecutor told the jury, referring to 23-year-old Kristian Perez-Villanueva and 20-year-old Jose Arnaldo Sacaria-Goday, the Central American migrants, from El Salvador and Honduras, respectively, whom Warren was arrested with. Not only that, Walters said, Mujica had driven the pair to “the Barn,” a property used by humanitarian volunteers operating in the area. Warren’s relationship to Mujica was that of a “shared acquaintance,” Walters said, and cellphone evidence would show that the two were in contact before the migrants arrived at the Barn.

      Mujica declined to comment for this story and has not been charged with a crime.

      On Monday afternoon, Rogelio Velasco, a Border Patrol agent in the Tucson sector’s intelligence unit, testified about the government’s telephonic evidence, describing how his work excavating cellphones is used to support the agency’s high-priority cases, often executed by its plainclothes “Disrupt” units. “We try to look for bigger cases where more people are involved,” he testified. Warren was arrested by a Disrupt unit.

      Wright and Walters’ interest in Warren and the humanitarian groups he volunteers with, particularly the faith-based organization No More Deaths, began in 2017, when the assistant U.S. attorneys brought federal misdemeanor charges against several members of the group — Warren included — for leaving water and other humanitarian aid supplies on public lands where migrants routinely die. Velasco explained how, after Warren’s arrest, the prosecutors directed him to focus on particular date ranges and communications included in Warren’s phone and a phone carried by Perez-Villanueva.

      As the Border Patrol agent carried out the prosecutors’ request, he said he found a series of communications between Perez-Villanueva and Mujica, beginning in December 2017 and extending through January 2018, when he and Sacaria-Goday, along with Warren, were arrested in Ajo. According to Velasco’s testimony, the messages showed that when the young migrants entered the U.S. on January 14, Perez-Villanueva texted Mujica, “We’re here.” To which Mujica replied, “I’m on my way.”

      The government’s efforts to tie alleged illegal activity between Mujica and Warren appeared to begin after Warren was taken into custody. Four months after Warren was indicted, Jarrett L. Lenker, a supervisory Border Patrol agent in the Tucson sector intelligence unit, submitted a search warrant affidavit for Warren’s iPhone, first uncovered by the Arizona Daily Star and obtained by The Intercept.

      Mujica was a central figure in Lenker’s affidavit. The Border Patrol agent described “a total of 16 phone calls or WhatsApp messages” exchanged between Perez-Villanueva and Mujica in the month before his arrest. Lenker’s affidavit also revealed that, through subpoenas, law enforcement identified two phone numbers “associated with Warren’s Verizon account” following his arrest: one belonging to Warren and the other belonging to his partner.

      In his testimony Monday, Velasco said that Mujica was a contact in Warren’s phone, and that the two had communications up through January 11, six days before his arrest. Warren also sent Mujica’s contact information to another person in his phone in the summer of 2017, Velasco testified.

      Following Velasco’s testimony, the prosecution called Border Patrol agent Brendan Burns, one of the Disrupt unit members principally involved in Warren’s arrest, to the witness stand. Burns described an incident a week after Warren’s arrest, in which Mujica was pulled over at a Border Patrol checkpoint outside Ajo. He drove to the scene and observed that Mujica’s van was the same vehicle featured in a selfie Perez-Villanueva and Sacaria-Goday took after they made it to the U.S. Inside the van were a number of items associated with illegal border crossings, Burns testified, including water jugs and foreign identification cards. The same incident was also described in Lenker’s affidavit, which noted that the ID cards belonged to individuals who had been removed from the U.S. Lenker also recounted an incident the following month, in which Mujica was again stopped at the same Border Patrol checkpoint and his passenger was arrested for being in the country illegally.

      Burns acknowledged having seen the photos of Perez-Villanueva and Sacaria-Goday in Mujica’s vehicle prior to his encounter with Mujica, and his knowledge that the vehicle belonged to Mujica. He testified that he did not, however, ask Mujica about the two young migrants, nor their alleged conspiracy with Scott Warren, nor did he place him under arrest.

      In opening statements last week, defense attorney Greg Kuykendall acknowledged that Warren had been in contact with Mujica days before his arrest, and that was because Mujica had information about a dead body outside Ajo. The remains of roughly 3,000 people have been recovered in the Arizona desert since 2000, the grim consequence of a government policy that deliberately funnels migrants into the most lethal areas of the U.S.-Mexico border. Since 2014, Warren has brought together a network of humanitarian groups working to confront the loss of life in the state’s deadliest region, the so-called west desert. Those efforts have yielded a historic increase in the number of bodies and human remains accounted for in the area.

      On cross examination Monday, Kuykendall zeroed in on the evidence Velasco’s examination of Warren’s phone had uncovered. The defense attorney first established, with Velasco’s admission, that there were no communications recorded between Perez-Villanueva and Warren (Sacaria-Goday tossed his phone while the pair were in the desert). He then focused on Warren’s communications with Mujica.

      “Are you aware that Scott and Irineo are involved in humanitarian aid efforts?” Kuykendall asked.

      “I think I might’ve heard something,” Velasco replied. “But I’m not exactly sure.”

      (Warren’s humanitarian aid work was noted in both internal Border Patrol reports and news accounts before and after his arrest — he and Mujica were featured in a Pulitzer Prize-winning newspaper series in 2017 detailing their efforts to find dead and lost migrants in the desert.)

      Velasco admitted that he had no idea what Warren and Mujica discussed the week before Warren’s arrest, nor had he taken note of what Warren had Googled as soon as the pair got off the phone. Kuykendall informed the jury that those searches included information on backcountry areas south of Ajo, a news report on a humanitarian group conducting search and rescue operations in the region, and the English translation of a Spanish word for scratches. Following the Google searches, Kuykendall told the jury, Warren called Dr. Norma Price, a physician who has long provided medical advice to No More Deaths volunteers.

      Kuykendall questioned Velasco about his testimony regarding Warren’s communications with a woman named “Susannah.” Velasco admitted that he did not know who Susannah was and that he “saw nothing that directly suggested” she and Warren were communicating about criminal activity. Instead, he testified, they were messaging one another about “providing water in different areas.” Moving along, Kuykendall asked if Velasco was aware that Perez-Villanueva worked for Mujica while staying at his shelter in Mexico — a potential explanation for their repeated communications in the winter of 2017. Velasco appeared uncertain, and acknowledged that from January 10 to the afternoon of January 14, when the migrants arrived in Ajo, there were no communications between Perez-Villanueva and Mujica.

      “When he was crossing I didn’t come up with any messages,” Velasco testified.

      In opening arguments last week, Kuykendall explained how, in the days leading up to his arrest, Warren spent his time training new humanitarian volunteers, assisting sheriff’s deputies in the search for a body, and performing his duties as a new instructor at Tohono O’odham Community College, a school for residents of the Native American reservation outside Ajo. In early January 2018, five new No More Deaths volunteers had arrived in Ajo. As the local expert, it was up to Warren to show them the ropes and familiarize them with the organization’s protocols — protocols, Kuykendall said, that are intended to ensure the group’s work is “effective, responsible, and legal.”

      On Thursday, January 11, Warren was at home when Mujica called to inform him about the human remains he had heard about, Kuykendall said, noting that Warren had the experience and know-how to organize a grid search in the area. Efforts to coordinate a search were the extent of communications between Warren and Mujica, the defense attorney said. The following day, Warren took the new volunteers to a migrant shelter in Mexico, where they distributed “harm reduction” kits, consisting of chlorine to purify water, ointment for blisters, combs for removing cholla cactus spines, and lists of emergency numbers, including 911.

      “No More Deaths’ role is to reduce the harm,” Kuykendall told the jury, not to encourage people to cross a desert that has claimed thousands of lives.

      Warren spent much of the following weekend at home with the flu, Kuykendall said, coordinating rescue operations by phone and working to link up Pima County sheriff’s deputies with No More Deaths volunteers in the field. Warren’s responsibilities involved preparing new volunteers, operationally and emotionally, for the possibility of finding a dead body in the desert. On the night of Sunday, January 14, they also included making dinner for the new recruits at the Barn. Warren returned to the building with groceries that afternoon to find two young men — Perez-Villanueva and Sacaria-Goday — already inside.

      “Scott’s spooked,” Kuykendall said of Warren’s reaction.

      In the depositions played for the jury Monday, Perez-Villanueva and Sacaria-Goday described a harrowing journey through the desert that involved being chased by law enforcement and losing many of their supplies. Perez-Villanueva described fleeing problems in El Salvador and said that he had no intention to enter the U.S. until those problems cropped up in Mexico. The pair had crossed in a group of five but were quickly on their own, their companions slowed down by thorns in their feet. “Between the two of us, we made a good team,” Perez-Villanueva said. “We supported each other mutually.” The young men testified to crossing the desert and tossing their food and backpacks when they were chased by immigration agents. They eventually made it to a gas station outside Ajo, where “a gringo” drove them to second gas station in town.

      Neither of the migrants identified the man who then drove to the Barn, though Perez-Villanueva testified that the man told them not to describe his role in delivering them there, and that he honored that request. The pair let themselves in through an unlocked door. Warren arrived approximately 40 minutes later. “They tell him that they’re hungry,” Kuykendall told the jury. “They tell him that they’re thirsty. They tell him that they’re tired.”

      Warren grabbed a form No More Deaths uses to catalog medical evaluations of migrants encountered in the field, the defense attorney said. Warren, a certified wilderness first responder, found that Perez-Villanueva had blisters on his feet, a persistent cough, and signs of dehydration. Sacaria-Goday’s conditions were much the same, though he was also suffering from chest pain. In keeping with No More Deaths’ protocol, Warren called a nurse before starting dinner for the volunteers that were set to arrive — as well as their two new guests.

      “He gives food to hungry men,” Kuykendall told the jury. “They share a meal with the volunteers.”

      By phone, Dr. Price advised the two young migrants to stay off their feet for a couple days, to stay hydrated, and asked the volunteers to keep them under observation, Kuykendall told the jury. Warren came and went in the days that followed, as did other No More Deaths volunteers. “He hardly spent time there,” Sacaria-Goday testified. “I hardly spoke with him,” Perez-Villanueva said.

      On Tuesday, January 16, Warren had his first day teaching at the community college. The following day, he worked from home. A group of high school students were scheduled to visit the Barn that night. Warren pulled up to the Barn in the afternoon, Kuykendall said, as Perez-Villanueva and Sacaria-Goday were preparing to leave. The three spoke outside. Across a desert wash, two plainclothes Border Patrol agents were conducting “covert surveillance,” in the words of Walters, the government prosecutor.

      “Toncs at the barn,” agent Burns wrote in a group text, using a slang word for migrants known to reflect the sound a flashlight makes when it connects with a human skull.

      The lead agent on the arrest operation was John Marquez. In his testimony last week, Marquez’s narrative began the afternoon of Warren’s arrest, though he acknowledged doing a bit of “background research,” in Kuykendall’s words, on Warren before taking him into custody. In fact, texts messages The Intercept has previously reported upon show Marquez repeatedly communicating with local Fish and Wildlife agents about Warren’s whereabouts and No More Deaths’ humanitarian activity in the run-up to his arrest. In a report he filed after Warren was taken into custody, Marquez described him as a “recruiter” for the organization, who regularly comments publicly on immigration issues.

      Under questioning from the prosecution, Marquez highlighted hand gestures Warren allegedly made while standing outside with Perez-Villanueva and Sacaria-Goday as evidence that he was providing them directions north. Upon cross examination, however, he acknowledged that this apparently important detail was not included in his arrest report. Perez-Villanueva and Sacaria-Goday, meanwhile, both testified that Warren did not provide them directions for their journey. He never advised them to hide in the Barn, they said, and they were free to come and go as they pleased.

      Marquez and Burns descended on the Barn with backup provided by a law enforcement caravan that had mustered at a hotel down the road. Warren, Perez-Villanueva, and Sacaria-Goday were all placed under arrest. The migrants were held in government custody for several weeks before providing their testimony and being deported to their home countries.

      “There is one question in this case,” Kuykendall told the jury considering Warren’s actions in the days leading up to his arrest. “Did he intend to violate the law?” The government did not have the evidence to prove that he did, the defense attorney argued.

      “Scott intended one thing,” he said. “To provide basic human kindness in the form of humanitarian aid.”

      https://theintercept.com/2019/06/04/scott-warren-no-more-deaths-trial-conspiracy-phone

    • UN experts urge US authorities to drop charges against aid worker Scott Warren

      GENEVA (5 June 2019) – UN human rights experts* have expressed grave concerns about criminal charges brought against Scott Warren, a U.S. citizen who works for an aid organisation providing water and medical aid to migrants in the Arizona desert.

      Warren’s trial began on 29 May 2019, and if found guilty he faces up to 20 years in jail.

      “Providing humanitarian aid is not a crime. We urge the US authorities to immediately drop all charges against Scott Warren,” the experts said.

      Warren, 36, lives in the desert town of Ajo, Arizona, where he helped to establish the organisation No More Deaths, which provides humanitarian assistance along migration routes. For the past 10 years, he has helped migrants and asylum seekers attempting to cross the Arizona - Mexican border through the Sonora desert.

      Border Control agents arrested the human rights defender on 17 January 2018 at “the Barn”, a humanitarian shelter in the Sonora Desert, while he was providing assistance to two undocumented migrants. His arrest came hours after the release of a report from No More Deaths which documented the implication of Border Control agents in the systematic destruction of humanitarian supplies, including water stores, and denounced a pattern of harassment, intimidation and surveillance against humanitarian aid workers.

      Warren faces charges on two counts of “harboring” migrants and one count of “conspiring to transport and harbor” migrants.

      Arizona has some of the deadliest migrant corridors along the US border, accounting for more than a third of more than 7,000 border deaths recorded by US authorities over the last two decades. The actual numbers are likely to be higher, given the remains of many of those who die are not recovered.

      “The vital and legitimate humanitarian work of Scott Warren and No More Deaths upholds the right to life and prevents the deaths of migrants and asylum seekers at the US-Mexican border,” said the UN experts.

      “The prosecution of Scott Warren represents an unacceptable escalation of existing patterns criminalising migrant rights defenders along the migrant caravan routes.”

      The experts are in contact with the U.S. authorities on the issues.

      https://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=24675&LangID=E

    • Judge declares mistrial in Tucson trial of aid volunteer accused of harboring migrants

      Jurors in the high-profile felony trial against Scott Warren — a humanitarian-aid volunteer charged with harboring two undocumented immigrants in southwestern Arizona — were unable to reach a verdict, prompting the judge to declare a mistrial in the case.

      U.S. District Judge Raner C. Collins brought the 12-person jury into the Tucson federal courtroom on the afternoon of June 11, after they indicated for a second time that they were deadlocked on all three charges Warren faced.

      The judge dismissed the jury after each member told him that additional time deliberating would not result in a verdict.

      Collins scheduled a status conference on the trial for July 2, when prosecutors with the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Arizona will decide whether to try Warren again before another jury.

      Prosecutors declined to comment after the judge dismissed the jury, and the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Arizona has not responded to a request for comment.

      Warren, 36, a volunteer with the group No More Deaths, faced up to 20 years in federal prison if convicted.

      He’s accused of conspiring to transport two undocumented immigrants, Kristian Perez-Villanueva and Jose Arnaldo Sacaria-Goday, and of harboring them for several days in January 2018 in Ajo, Arizona.

      Speaking to reporters outside the federal courthouse, Warren acknowledged that he’d be back in court in a month’s time to learn if the legal case against him would continue.

      But he thanked his supporters who filled the courthouse to capacity on each of the seven days of testimony.

      “But the other men arrested with me that day, Jose Sacaria-Goday and Kristian Perez-Villanueva, have not received the outpouring of support that I have,” Warren said. “I do not know how they are doing now. But I desperately hope that they are safe.”

      Warren said that the need to provide humanitarian aid to migrants crossing the desert along the U.S.-Mexico border still is “as necessary” as ever.

      He pointed out that since his arrest on Jan. 17, 2018, the remains of 88 migrants were recovered from the Ajo corridor, a remote and notoriously rugged desert wilderness in southwestern Arizona.

      Greg Kuykendall, the lead attorney in his defense team, praised volunteers, such as Warren, for using their time and resources to help migrants in need.

      He declined to answer questions about the possibility of a retrial.

      “The government put on its best case, with the full force and countless resources, and 12 jurors could not agree with that case,” Kuykendall said. “We remain devoted today in our commitment to defend Scott’s lifelong devotion to providing humanitarian aid.”
      Volunteers say border humanitarian work will continue

      The hung jury in Warren’s felony trial follows the convictions of several other No More Deaths volunteers for carrying out humanitarian aid duties along protected wilderness areas along the Arizona border.

      In January, a federal judge in Tucson convicted four volunteers of misdemeanors for entering a wildlife refuge without a permit and dropping off food and water for migrants. He sentenced them to 15 months probation, ordered them to pay a fine of $150, and banned them from the refuge.

      The following month, four other No More Deaths volunteers pleaded guilty to a civil infraction of entering a wildlife refuge without a permit, and agreed to pay $280 in fines.

      Warren is also awaiting the outcome of a separate misdemeanor case brought against him for entering protected wilderness areas without a permit.

      Page Corich-Kleim, a longtime volunteer with No More Deaths, said despite these results, their work in providing humanitarian aid will continue along southwestern Arizona.

      “This evening, we have a group of volunteers driving out to Ajo to put water out,” she said. “So throughout this whole trial, we haven’t stopped doing our work and we’re not going to stop doing our work.”

      The jury began deliberations midday on Friday, after attorneys presented their closing arguments in Tucson federal court. But after nearly 15 hours of deliberations, they were unable to reach consensus on the three felony counts against Warren.

      The jurors first notified Collins late Monday afternoon that they were unable to reach a verdict in the case. But the judge asked them to try once again on Tuesday morning.

      But after deadlocking once again on Tuesday morning, Collins thanked them and dismissed them from jury duty.

      The jurors left the courthouse without speaking to the media.
      Prosecutors said Warren conspired to harbor migrants

      During the trial, prosecutors with the U.S. Attorney’s Office in Arizona argued that the two migrants were in good health and did not need medical care when they showed up to a building known as “the Barn” on Jan. 14, 2018.

      The prosecutors argued that Warren had conspired with Irineo Mujica, a migrants-rights activist who runs a shelter in nearby Sonoyta, Mexico, to take in the two migrants and shield them from Border Patrol. They also alleged that the humanitarian aid was used as a “cover” to help them further their journey illegally into the United States.

      Agents arrested Warren, as well as Perez-Villanueva and Sacaria-Goday, during a Jan. 17, 2018, raid of the Barn, after they had set up surveillance of the area.

      Defense attorneys for Warren said he had no idea that the two men would be at the Barn when he arrived, and that he had followed the protocols No More Deaths had established to provide a medical assessment, as well as food, water, shelter and orientation to the two migrants.

      Warren’s intent was not to break the law, but rather to provide lifesaving aid, his attorneys said.

      https://eu.azcentral.com/story/news/politics/border-issues/2019/06/11/scott-warren-verdict-aiding-undocumented-immigrants-on-us-mexico-border-no-more-deaths/1387036001

    • Jurors refuse to convict activist facing 20 years for helping migrants

      Jury could not reach a verdict against Scott Daniel Warren who was arrested in 2018 for giving migrants water, food and lodging.

      A US jury could not reach a verdict on Tuesday against a border activist who, defense attorneys say, was simply being kind by providing two migrants with water, food and lodging when he was arrested in early 2018.

      Scott Daniel Warren, a 36-year-old college geography instructor, was charged with conspiracy to transport and harbor migrants in a trial that humanitarian aid groups said would have wide implications for their work. He faced up to 20 years in prison.

      Prosecutors maintained the men were not in distress and Warren conspired to transport and harbor them at a property used for providing aid to migrants in an Arizona town near the US-Mexico border.

      The case played out as humanitarian groups say they are coming under increasing scrutiny under Donald Trump’s hardline immigration policies.

      Outside the courthouse, Warren thanked his supporters and criticized the government’s efforts to crack down on the number of immigrants coming to the US.

      “Today it remains as necessary as ever for local residents and humanitarian aid volunteers to stand in solidarity with migrants and refugees, and we must also stand for our families, friends and neighbors in the very land itself most threatened by the militarization of our borderland communities,” Warren said.

      Glenn McCormick, a spokesman for the US attorney’s office in Arizona, declined to comment on whether Warren would face another trial. The judge set a 2 July status hearing for the defense and prosecution.

      Warren is one of nine members of the humanitarian aid group No More Deaths who have been charged with crimes related to their work. But he is the only one to face felony charges.

      In west Texas, a county attorney was detained earlier this year after stopping her car on a dark highway to pick up three young migrants who flagged her down. Teresa Todd was held briefly, and federal agents searched her cellphone.

      Border activists say they worry about what they see as the gradual criminalization of humanitarian action.

      Warren has said his case could set a dangerous precedent by expanding the definition of the crimes of transporting and harboring migrants to include people merely trying to help border-crossers in desperate need of water or other necessities.

      Warren and other volunteers with the No More Deaths group also were targeted this year in separate federal misdemeanor cases after leaving water, canned food and other provisions for migrants hiking through the Cabeza Prieta national wildlife refuge in southern Arizona.

      In Warren’s felony case, the defense team headed by Greg Kuykendall argued that Warren could not, in good conscience, turn away two migrants who had recently crossed the desert to enter the US.

      Jurors said on Monday that they could not reach a consensus on the charges against Warren, but a federal judge told them to keep deliberating. They were still deadlocked on Tuesday and ultimately dismissed.

      Thousands of migrants have died crossing the border since the mid-1990s, when heightened enforcement pushed migrant traffic into Arizona’s scorching deserts.

      https://www.theguardian.com/us-news/2019/jun/11/arizona-activist-migrant-water-scott-daniel-warren-verdict


  • To Stop Border Crossings, the U.S. Made the Journey Deadlier

    There is a crisis unfolding at the border — but it’s not the “criminal invasion” that Donald Trump would have you believe. Every day, migrants lost in the borderland deserts call 911 in the hopes of avoiding the gruesome fate of thousands of crossers before them.

    https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2019/05/29/opinion/migrant-crisis.html
    #cartographie #visualisation #mourir_aux_frontières #morts #décès #frontières #migrations #USA #Mexique #Etats-Unis
    ping @reka @fil

    Et le plan #prevention_through_deterrence en carte :

    That plan, “Prevention Through Deterrence,” was implemented in 1994 under the Clinton administration.

    ça rappelle cette carte publiée sur @visionscarto :
    « Ceux qui ne sont jamais arrivés », une image du naufrage migratoire en Méditerranée


    https://visionscarto.net/ceux-qui-ne-sont-jamais-arrives

    ping @isskein @karine4


  • Sunk Costs. The border wall is more expensive than you think.

    When the federal government builds a border wall, the taxpayer foots two bills. First, there’s the cost to get the thing built, a figure proclaimed in presidential budget requests and press accounts. And second, there’s a slew of concealed costs — expenditures that hide in general operations budgets, arise from human error or kick in years down the line. In the Trump era, those twin outlays combine to make the wall outlandishly expensive.

    Excluding the hidden costs, Trump’s wall is running taxpayers a cool $25 million per mile, up nearly fourfold from just a decade ago. To understand why, it helps to know a little border history. In 1907, the U.S. government took possession of a 60-foot-wide strip of land along the U.S.-Mexico border from California to New Mexico as a buffer zone against smuggling. During his second term, George W. Bush built much of his border wall on this government-owned land. But in Texas, the vast majority of border real estate is privately owned, forcing the government to seize property all along the Rio Grande if it wants to build a barrier. That extra burden is a main reason the Lone Star State hosts a small fraction of existing border fence.

    Then there’s the terrain. For example, in Starr County, an unfenced swath of South Texas that’s high on Customs and Border Protection’s priority list, Trump plans to build on the Rio Grande’s craggy, erosion-prone bank — an engineering challenge that adds millions of dollars per mile. As CBP spokesperson Rick Pauza wrote in an email to the Observer: “Every mile of border is different, and therefore there is no one-size-fits-all cost per mile.” In addition, taxpayers today are buying the luxury edition of the wall: a structure that’s up to 12 feet taller than the Bush-era fence and buffered by a 150-foot “enforcement zone.”

    But all that’s only part of the story. Not included in the $25 million-per-mile figure is a suite of hidden expenses. Among them:

    Routine Maintenance and Operation. Border barriers are potent political symbols. They’re also physical structures that accumulate debris, degrade and break over time. In 2009, CBP estimated that operating and maintaining $2.4 billion worth of fencing, along with associated roads and technology, would cost $3.5 billion over 20 years — almost 50 percent more than the original cost.

    Breaches. Depending on design, border fences can be cut through using either bolt cutters or power tools. From 2010 to 2015, fencing was breached 9,287 times, according to the Government Accountability Office. At an average repair cost of $784, the government spent $7.3 million patching those holes in the wall. And the more new wall, the more breaches.

    Waste. In November 2011, the Department of Homeland Security’s Office of Inspector General issued a scathing report regarding procurement of steel for the border fence. “CBP purchased more steel than needed, incurred additional storage costs, paid interest on late payments, and approved a higher-priced subcontractor, resulting in additional expenditures of about $69 million,” the report read.

    Department of Justice Litigation. Every time landowners refuse to sell their land for the wall, the Department of Justice must take them to court. According to a 2012 planning document prepared by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, that legal process costs about $90,000 per tract of land. In sparsely populated Starr County — where property has been passed down for hundreds of years, often without legal record — almost every case must go to court to determine ownership. That money is unaccounted for in congressional appropriations for the wall; it comes instead from the DOJ’s general budget.

    Advertising. When the DOJ wants to take Texans’ property for the wall, the agency must sometimes issue notice to potential heirs in the local newspapers. So far, a DOJ spokesperson said, the agency has done so three times in the Rio Grande Valley — cramming many cases into a single publication. Each instance cost the DOJ about $100,000. At a November court hearing in McAllen, a DOJ attorney lamented the state of local media. “We have one person or corporation who owns both papers — so we can’t really negotiate,” he said. “So it’s a large expenditure.”


    https://www.texasobserver.org/the-border-wall-is-more-expensive-than-you-think
    #murs #barrières_frontalières #coût #prix #coûts_cachés #frontières #USA #Etats-Unis


  • First-ever private border wall built in #New_Mexico

    A private group announced Monday that it has constructed a half-mile wall along a section of the U.S.-Mexico border in New Mexico, in what it said was a first in the border debate.

    The 18-foot steel bollard wall is similar to the designs used by the Border Patrol, sealing off a part of the border that had been a striking gap in existing fencing, according to We Build the Wall, the group behind the new section.

    The section was also built faster and, organizers say, likely more cheaply than the government has been able to manage in recent years.

    Kris Kobach, a former secretary of state in Kansas and an informal immigration adviser to President Trump, says the New Mexico project has the president’s blessing, and says local Border Patrol agents are eager to have the assistance.

    “We’re closing a gap that’s been a big headache for them,” said Mr. Kobach, who is general counsel for We Build the Wall.


    https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2019/may/27/first-ever-private-border-wall-built-new-mexico
    #privatisation #murs #barrières_frontalières #USA #Mexique #frontières #business #complexe_militaro-industriel
    ping @albertocampiphoto @daphne

    • The #GoFundMe Border Wall Is the Quintessential Trump-Era Grift

      In 2012, historian Rick Perlstein wrote a piece of essential reading for understanding modern conservatism, titled “The Long Con” and published by the Baffler. It ties the right’s penchant for absurd and obvious grifts to the conservative mind’s particular vulnerability to fear and lies:

      The strategic alliance of snake-oil vendors and conservative true believers points up evidence of another successful long march, of tactics designed to corral fleeceable multitudes all in one place—and the formation of a cast of mind that makes it hard for either them or us to discern where the ideological con ended and the money con began.

      Lying, Perlstein said, is “what makes you sound the way a conservative is supposed to sound.” The lies—about abortion factories, ACORN, immigrants, etc.—fund the grifts, and the grifts prey on the psychology that makes the lies so successful.

      Perlstein’s piece is all I could think of when I saw last night’s CNN story about the border wall GoFundMe, which seemingly has actually produced Wall. According to CNN, the group We Build the Wall says it has produced a half-mile of border wall in New Mexico. CNN was invited to watch the construction, where Kris Kobach, who is general counsel for the group, spoke “over the clanking and beeping of construction equipment.”

      #Steve_Bannon, who is naturally involved with the group, told CNN that the wall connects existing fencing and had “tough terrain” that means it was left “off the government list.” The half-mile stretch of wall cost an “estimated $6 million to $8 million to build,” CNN reported.

      CNN also quoted #Jeff_Allen, who owns the property on which the fence was built, as saying: “I have fought illegals on this property for six years. I love my country and this is a step in protecting my country.” According to MSN, Allen partnered with United Constitutional Patriots to build the wall with We Build the Wall’s funding. UCP is the same militia that was seen on video detaining immigrants and misrepresenting themselves as Border Patrol; the Phoenix New Times reported on the “apparent ties” between the UCP and We Build the Wall earlier this month.

      This story is bursting at the seams with an all-star lineup of right-wing scammers. The GoFundMe itself, of course, has been rocked by scandal: After the effort raised $20 million, just $980 million short of the billion-dollar goal, GoFundMe said in January that the funds would be returned, since creator Brian Kolfage had originally pledged that “If for ANY reason we don’t reach our goal we will refund your donation.” But Kolfage quickly figured out how to keep the gravy train going, urging those who had donated to allow their donations to be redirected to a non-profit. Ultimately, $14 million of that $20 million figure was indeed rerouted by the idiots who donated it.

      That non-profit became #We_Build_The_Wall, and like all good conservative con jobs, it has the celebs of the fever swamp attached to it. Not only #Kris_Kobach, a tenacious liar who failed at proving voter fraud is a widespread problem—but also slightly washed-up figures like Bannon, Sheriff David Clarke, Curt Schilling, and Tom Tancredo. All the stars are here!

      How much sleazier could it get? Try this: the main contractor working at the site of New Wall, according to CNN, is Tommy Fisher. The Washington Post reported last week that Trump had “personally and repeatedly urged the head of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers” to give the contract for the border wall to the company owned by Fisher, a “GOP donor and frequent guest on Fox News,” despite the fact that the Corps of Engineers previously said Fisher’s proposals didn’t meet their requirements.

      Of course, like all good schemes, the need for more money never ceases: On the Facebook page for the group, the announcement that Wall had been completed was accompanied with a plea for fans to “DONATE NOW to fund more walls! We have many more projects lined up!”

      So, what we have is: A tax-exempt non-profit raised $20 million by claiming it would be able to make the federal government build Wall by just giving it the money for it and then, when that didn’t happen, getting most of its donors to reroute that money; then it built a half-mile of wall on private land for as much as $8 million, which went to a firm of a Fox News star whom President Trump adores.

      Perlstein wrote in the aforementioned piece that it’s hard to “specify a break point where the money game ends and the ideological one begins,” since “the con selling 23-cent miracle cures for heart disease inches inexorably into the one selling miniscule marginal tax rates as the miracle cure for the nation itself.” The con job was sold through fear: “Conjuring up the most garishly insatiable monsters precisely in order to banish them from underneath the bed, they aim to put the target to sleep.”

      The Trump era is the inartful, gaudy, brazen peak of this phenomenon. This time, instead of selling fake stem cell cures using the language of Invading Liberals, the grifters are just straight-up selling—for real American dollars—the promise of building a big wall to keep the monsters out.

      https://splinternews.com/the-gofundme-border-wall-is-the-quintessential-trump-er-1835062340

    • Company touted by Trump to build the wall has history of fines, violations

      President Donald Trump appears to have set his sights on a North Dakota construction firm with a checkered legal record to build portions of his signature border wall.
      The family-owned company, #Fisher_Sand_&_Gravel, claims it can build the wall cheaper and faster than competitors. It was among a handful of construction firms chosen to build prototypes of the President’s border wall in 2017 and is currently constructing portions of barrier on private land along the border in New Mexico using private donations.
      It also, however, has a history of red flags including more than $1 million in fines for environmental and tax violations. A decade ago, a former co-owner of the company pleaded guilty to tax fraud, and was sentenced to prison. The company also admitted to defrauding the federal government by impeding the IRS. The former executive, who’s a brother of the current company owner, is no longer associated with it.
      More than two years into his presidency, Trump is still fighting to build and pay for his border wall, a key campaign issue. After failing to get his requests for wall funding passed by a Republican-held Congress during his first two years in office, Trump has met resistance this year from a Democratic-controlled House. His attempt to circumvent Congress through a national emergency declaration has been challenged in the courts.
      On May 24, a federal district judge blocked the administration from using Defense Department funds to construct parts of the wall. The Trump administration has since appealed the block to the 9th US Circuit Court of Appeals and in the interim, asked the district court to allow building to continue pending appeal. The district court denied the administration’s request.
      Despite the uncertainty, construction firms have been competing to win multimillion-dollar contracts to build portions of wall, including Fisher Sand & Gravel.

      Asked by CNN to comment on the company’s history of environmental violations and legal issues, the company said in a statement: ‘The questions you are asking have nothing to do with the excellent product and work that Fisher is proposing with regard to protecting America’s southern border. The issues and situations in your email were resolved years ago. None of those matters are outstanding today.’
      Catching the President’s attention
      The company was founded in North Dakota in 1952 and operates in several states across the US. It’s enjoyed public support from North Dakota Republican Sen. Kevin Cramer, who as a congressman invited the company’s CEO, Tommy Fisher, to Trump’s State of the Union address in 2018. Cramer has received campaign contributions from Fisher and his wife. A photo of the event shared by Fisher in a company newsletter shows Tommy Fisher shaking Trump’s hand.
      The Washington Post first reported the President’s interest in Fisher. According to the Post, the President has ‘aggressively’ pushed for the Army Corps of Engineers to award a wall contract to Fisher.
      The President ‘immediately brought up Fisher’ during a May 23 meeting in the Oval Office to discuss details of the border wall with various government officials, including that he wants it to be painted black and include French-style doors, according to the Post and confirmed by CNN.
      ‘The Army Corps of Engineers says about 450 miles of wall will be completed by the end of next year, and the only thing President Trump is pushing, is for the wall to be finished quickly so the American people have the safety and security they deserve,’ said Hogan Gidley, White House deputy press secretary.
      A US government official familiar with the meeting tells CNN that the President has repeatedly mentioned the company in discussions he’s had about the wall with the head of the Army Corps of Engineers, Lt. Gen. Todd Semonite.
      Fisher has recently made efforts to raise its public profile, both by upping its lobbying efforts and through repeated appearances on conservative media by its CEO, Tommy Fisher.

      In the past two years, for example, the company’s congressional lobbying expenditures jumped significantly — from $5,000 in 2017 to $75,000 in 2018, according to data compiled by the Center for Responsive Politics, a non-profit that tracks lobbying expenditures.

      When asked about Fisher Sand & Gravel’s lobbying, Don Larson, one of Fisher’s registered lobbyists, said: ‘I am working to help decision makers in Washington become familiar with the company and its outstanding capabilities.’
      Media Blitz
      As part of a media blitz on outlets including Fox News, SiriusXM Patriot and Breitbart News, Tommy Fisher has discussed his support for the border wall and pitched his company as the one to build it. In a March 5 appearance on Fox & Friends, Fisher said that his company could build 234 miles of border wall for $4.3 billion, compared to the $5.7 billion that the Trump administration has requested from Congress.
      Fisher claimed that his firm can work five-to-10 times faster than competitors as a result of its construction process.
      The President has also touted Fisher on Fox News. In an April interview in which he was asked about Fisher by Sean Hannity, Trump said the company was ‘recommended strongly by a great new senator, as you know, Kevin Cramer. And they’re real. But they have been bidding and so far they haven’t been meeting the bids. I thought they would.’
      Despite the President’s interest, the company has thus far been unsuccessful in obtaining a contract to build the border wall, beyond that of a prototype.

      Earlier this year, Fisher put its name in the running for border wall contracts worth nearly $1 billion. When it lost the bid to Barnard Construction Co. and SLSCO Ltd., Fisher protested the awards over claims that the process was biased. In response, the Army Corps canceled the award. But after a review of the process, the Army Corps combined the projects and granted it to a subsidiary of Barnard Construction, according to an agency spokesperson.
      It’s unclear whether the project will proceed, given the recent decision by a federal judge to block the use of Defense Department funds to build parts of the border wall and the administration’s appeal.
      Fisher, which has a pending lawsuit in the US Court of Federal Claims over the solicitation process, is listed by the Defense Department as being among firms eligible to compete for future border contracts.

      It has moved forward with a private group, We Build the Wall, that is building sections of barrier on private land in New Mexico using private money raised as part of a GoFundMe campaign. Kris Kobach, the former Kansas Secretary of State who is now general counsel for the group, said a half-mile stretch is nearly complete, at an estimated cost of $6 million to $8 million.

      In a statement, a Customs and Border Protection spokesperson said Fisher Industries has told them that the company has begun construction on private property along the border ‘in the approximate area of a USBP border barrier requirement that was not prioritized under current funding.’
      The spokesperson added: ‘It is not uncommon for vendors’ to demonstrate their capabilities using ‘their own resources,’ but the agency goes on to ‘encourage all interested vendors’ to compete for border contracts ‘through established mechanisms to ensure any construction is carried out under relevant federal authorities and meets USBP operational requirements for border barrier.’
      In responses provided to CNN through Scott Sleight, an attorney working on behalf of the company, Fisher maintained that it’s ‘committed to working with all appropriate federal government officials and agencies to provide its expertise and experience to help secure America’s southern border.’
      The company says it has ‘developed a patent-pending bollard fence hanging system that [it] believes allows border fencing to be constructed faster than any contractor using common construction methods.’ It also added: ‘Fisher has been concerned about the procurement procedures and evaluations done by the USACE to date, and hopes these issues can be remedied.’
      Relationship with Sen. Cramer
      A month after attending the 2018 State of the Union address with Cramer, Fisher and his wife, Candice each contributed the $5,400 maximum donation to Cramer’s campaign for the US Senate, Federal Election Commission records show.
      Fisher also donated to several Arizona Republicans in the 2018 election cycle, including giving the $5,400-maximum donation to Martha McSally’s campaign, records show.
      A recent video produced by Fisher Sand & Gravel demonstrating its ability to construct the wall includes a clip of Cramer at the controls of a track-hoe lifting sections of barrier wall into place, saying ‘this is just like XBOX, baby.’ Cramer was joined at the demonstration by a handful of other Republican lawmakers from across the country.

      Cramer has been publicly critical of how the Army Corps has handled its border wall construction work, arguing that it has moved too slowly and expressing frustration over how it has dealt with Fisher. In an interview with a North Dakota TV station, Cramer said that he believes the corps ‘made a miscalculation in who they chose over Fisher’ and that the company had been ‘skunked so to speak.’ Cramer added that Fisher ‘remains a pre-qualified, high level, competitor.’

      In an interview with CNN, Cramer said that the company has come up in conversations he has had with administration officials, including the President and the head of the Army Corps, but while the senator said that he would ‘love if they got every inch of the project,’ he added that he has ‘never advocated specifically for them.’
      “Every time someone comes to meet with me, whether it’s (Acting Defense Secretary) Shanahan, General Semonite, even with Donald Trump, they bring up Fisher Industries because they assume that’s my thing,” Cramer said.
      ‘One of the things I’ve never done is said it should be Fisher,’ Cramer said. ‘Now, I love Fisher. I’d love if they got every inch of the project. They’re my constituents, I don’t apologize for that. But my interest really is more in the bureaucratic process.’
      According to an administration official familiar with the situation, Cramer sent information about Fisher to the President’s son-in-law and White House adviser Jared Kushner, who then passed it along to the Army Corps of Engineers for their consideration. The source tells CNN that Kushner was not familiar with the company prior to getting information about them from Cramer.
      Cramer said he does recall passing along information about the company to Kushner, but that he did not know what Kushner did with the information.
      On May 24, Cramer told a North Dakota radio station that the President has asked him to examine the process of how federal border wall projects are awarded.
      ‘We’re going to do an entire audit,’ Cramer said. ‘I’ve asked for the entire bid process, and all of the bid numbers.’ Cramer told CNN the President said he wanted the wall built for the ‘lowest, best price, and it’s also quality, and that’s what any builder should want.’
      Asked about aspects of the company’s checkered legal record, Cramer said ‘that level of scrutiny is important, but I would hope the same scrutiny would be put on the Corps of Engineers.’
      Environmental violations
      Though its corporate headquarters are in North Dakota, Fisher has a sizable footprint in Arizona, where it operates an asphalt company as well as a drilling and blasting company. It’s there that the company has compiled an extensive track record of environmental violations.
      From 2007 to 2017, Fisher Sand & Gravel compiled more than 1,300 air-quality violations in Maricopa County, culminating in the third highest settlement ever received by the Maricopa County Air Quality Department, according to Bob Huhn, a department spokesperson. That’s a record number of violations for any air-quality settlement in the county, Huhn said. The settlement totaled more than $1 million, though the department received slightly less than that following negotiations, Huhn said.
      Most of the violations came from an asphalt plant that the company was running in south Phoenix that has since closed. While the plant was still running, the City of Phoenix filed 469 criminal charges against the company from August to October of 2009, according to a city spokesperson.
      According to a 2010 article in the Arizona Republic, Fisher reached an agreement with Phoenix officials to close the plant in 2010. As part of the deal, fines were reduced from $1.1 million to an estimated $243,000 and all criminal charges were reduced to civil charges.
      Mary Rose Wilcox was a member of the Maricopa Board of Supervisors at the time the city and county were fighting Fisher over the asphalt plant, which was located in her district. ‘They tried to persuade us they were good guys since they were a family-owned company. But they were spreading noxious fumes into a residential area,’ Wilcox said. ‘We tried to work with them, but their violations were just so blatant.’
      Michael Pops, a community activist who lived in the area around the plant, remembers fighting with Fisher for six years before the plant finally shut down. ‘The impact they had on this community was devastating,’ Pops said, adding many low-income residents living near the asphalt plant were sickened from the fumes the plant emitted.
      The company has also racked up more than 120 violations with the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality from 2004 until as recently as last summer, according to the department.
      In 2011, Fisher agreed to a Consent Judgement with ADEQ over numerous air quality violations the company had committed. As part of that settlement, Fisher agreed to pay $125,000 in civil penalties, and that it would remain in compliance with state air quality standards. Within two years Fisher was found to be in violation of that agreement and was forced to pay an additional $500,000 in fines, according to the state’s attorney general’s office.
      Legal trouble
      Internally, the company has also confronted issues.
      In 2011, Fisher Sand & Gravel agreed to pay $150,000 to settle a sexual discrimination and retaliation suit filed by the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. The lawsuit charged that the company violated federal anti-discrimination laws when it ‘subjected two women workers to egregious verbal sexual harassment by a supervisor and then fired one of them after she repeatedly asked the supervisor to stop harassing her and complained to a job superintendent.’
      The settlement required Fisher to provide anti-discrimination training to its employees in New Mexico and review its policies on sexual harassment.
      Micheal Fisher, a former co-owner of Fisher and Tommy’s brother, was sentenced to prison in 2009 for tax fraud, according to the Justice Department. Fisher pleaded guilty to ‘conspiracy to defraud the United States by impeding the [Internal Revenue Service], four counts of aiding in the filing of false federal tax returns for FSG and four counts of filing false individual tax returns,’ according to a Justice Department release.
      The company also admitted responsibility for defrauding the US by impeding the IRS, according to the DOJ. Citing a long standing policy of not commenting on the contracting process, the Army Corps declined to comment on whether Fisher’s history factored into its decision not to award Fisher a contract.

      https://edition.cnn.com/2019/05/31/politics/fisher-sand-and-gravel-legal-history-border-wall/index.html

    • Private US-Mexico border wall ordered open by gov’t, fights back and is now closed again

      The privately funded portion of the U.S.-Mexico border wall is now fully secure and closed again after one of its gates had been ordered to remain open until disputes about waterway access could be resolved.

      “Our border wall & gate are secure again and we still have not had a single breach. I want to thank the IBWC for acting swiftly and we look forward to working with you on our future projects,” triple amputee Air Force veteran Brian Kolfage posted to Twitter on Tuesday night.

      Kolfage created We Build The Wall Inc., a nonprofit that is now backed by former Trump Administration Chief Strategist Steve Bannon. The group crowd-funded more than $22 million in order to privately build a border wall and then sell it to the U.S. government for $1.

      A portion of that wall has been constructed in Texas for between $6 and $8 million. The 1-mile-long wall is located on private property near El Paso, Texas, and Sunland Park, New Mexico.

      However, the International Boundary and Water Commission (IBWC) had ordered a 33-foot gate within the private border wall to remain open – not locked and closed – over a waterway access issue, according to BuzzFeed News. The IBCW addresses waterway issues between the U.S. and Mexico.

      “This is normally done well in advance of a construction project,” IBWC spokesperson Lori Kuczmanski said. “They think they can build now and ask questions later, and that’s not how it works.”

      BuzzFeed reported that the IBWC said the gate “had blocked officials from accessing a levee and dam, and cut off public access to a historic monument known as Monument One, the first in a series of obelisks that mark the U.S.–Mexico border from El Paso to Tijuana.”

      By Tuesday night, the IBWC said the gate would remain locked at night and issued a statement.

      “The U.S. Section of the International Boundary and Water Commission (USIBWC) will lock the privately-owned gate on federal property at night effective immediately due to security concerns,” it said.

      The statement continues:

      The USIBWC is continuing to work with We Build the Wall regarding its permit request. Until this decision, the private gate was in a locked open position. We Build the Wall, a private organization, built a gate on federal land in Sunland Park, N.M., near El Paso, Texas, without authority, and then locked the gate closed on June 6, 2019. The private gate blocks a levee road owned by the U.S. Government. After repeated requests to unlock and open the private gate, the United States Section of the International Boundary and Water Commission (USIBWC), accompanied by two uniformed law enforcement officers from the Dona Ana County Sheriff’s Office, removed the private lock, opened the gate, and locked the gate open pending further discussions with We Build the Wall. The gate was also opened so that USIBWC employees can conduct maintenance and operations at American Dam.

      The USIBWC did not authorize the construction of the private gate on federal property as announced on We Build the Wall’s Twitter page. The USIBWC is not charged with securing other fences or gates as reported by We Build the Wall. The international border fences are not on USIBWC property. The USIBWC did not open any other gates in the El Paso area as erroneously reported. Other gates and the border fence are controlled by other federal agencies.

      When the proper documentation is received for the permit, USIBWC will continue to process the permit application.

      Before the statement had been released, Kolfage posted to Twitter.
      https://a

      mericanmilitarynews.com/2019/06/private-us-mexico-border-wall-ordered-open-by-intl-group-later-closed-locked-after-security-concerns/


  • Chinese Surveillance Complex Advancing in Latin America

    In February, 2019, in a story that went almost unnoticed in Washington, the small South American nation of #Uruguay began installing the first of 2,100 surveillance cameras, donated by the People’s Republic of China to improve control of its borders with neighboring Argentina and Brazil.

    The move highlights the significant deepening of the Uruguay-PRC relationship over the last decade, including their establishment of a “Strategic Partnership” in October 2016, and the signing of a memorandum of understanding in August 2018 for Uruguay to join China’s Belt and Road initiative (despite being about as far from the PRC as is geographically possible).

    Beyond Uruguay, the development also highlights a little-discussed but important dimension of China’s advance: its expanding global sales of surveillance and control technologies. Although the press and U.S. political leadership have given significant attention to the risks of employing Chinese telecommunications companies such as Huawei the equally serious but newer issue of expanding sales of Chinese surveillance systems has been less discussed.

    The installation of Chinese surveillance systems, acquired through PRC government donations or commercial contracts, is a growing phenomenon in Latin America and elsewhere.

    Such systems began to appear in the region more than a decade ago, including in 2007, when then mayor of Mexico City (now Mexican Foreign Minister) Miguel Ebrard returned from a trip to the PRC with a deal to install thousands of Chinese cameras to combat crime in the Mexican capital. More recent examples include ECU-911 in Ecuador, a China-built national system of surveillance and communication initially agreed to by the administration of anti-U.S. populist president Rafael Correa. The system, which has expanded to currently include 4,300 cameras and a command center manned by thousands of Ecuadorans, has been built almost completely from Chinese equipment, designed for a range of otherwise noble purposes from emergency response and combatting crime, to monitoring volcanoes. Bolivia boasts a similar Chinese built system, albeit more limited in scope, BOL-110, in addition to hundreds of surveillance cameras donated by the PRC to at least four of Bolivia’s principal cities.

    In Panama, which abandoned Taiwan to establish relations with the PRC in 2017, the government of Juan Carlos Varela has agreed to allow Huawei to install a system of cameras in the crime-ridden city of Colon and the associated free trade zone. Not by coincidence, in July 2019, Hikivision, China’s largest producer of surveillance cameras, announced plans to set up a major distribution center in Colon to support sales of its products throughout the Americas.

    In northern Argentina, near where the Chinese are developing a lithium mining operation and constructing the hemisphere’s largest array of photovoltaic cells for electricity generation, the Chinese company ZTE is installing another “911” style emergency response system with 1,200 cameras.

    In Venezuela, although not a surveillance system per se, the Chinese company ZTE has helped the regime of Nicholas Maduro implement a “fatherland identity card” linking different kinds of data on individuals through an identity card which allows the state to confer privileges (such as rationing food) as a tool for social control.

    As with sectors such as computers and telecommunications, the PRC arguably wishes to support the global export of such systems by its companies to advance technologies it recognizes as strategic for the Chinese nation, per its own official policy documents such as Made In China 2025.

    The risks arising from spreading use of Chinese surveillance equipment and architectures are multiple and significant, involving: (1) the sensitivity of the data collected on specific persons and activities, particularly when processed through technologies such as facial recognition, integrated with other data, and analyzed through artificial intelligence (AI) and other sophisticated algorithms, (2) the potential ability to surreptitiously obtain access to that data, not only through the collection devices, but at any number of points as it is communicated, stored, and analyzed, and (3) the long-term potential for such systems to contribute to the sustainment of authoritarian regimes (such as those in Venezuela, Bolivia, Cuba, and formerly Ecuador) whose corrupt elites provide strategic access and commercial benefits to the Chinese state.

    The risk posed by such Chinese architectures is underestimated by simply focusing on the cameras and sensors themselves.

    Facial and other recognition technologies, and the ability to integrate data from different sensors and other sources such as smartphones enables those with access to the technology to follow the movement of individual human beings and events, with frightening implications. It includes the ability to potentially track key political and business elites, dissidents, or other persons of interest, flagging possible meetings between two or more, and the associated implications involving political or business meetings and the events that they may produce. Flows of goods or other activities around government buildings, factories, or other sites of interest may provide other types of information for political or commercial advantage, from winning bids to blackmailing compromised persons.

    While some may take assurance that the cameras and other components are safely guarded by benevolent governments or companies, the dispersed nature of the architectures, passing information, instructions, and analysis across great distances, means that the greatest risk is not physical access to the cameras, but the diversion of information throughout the process, particularly by those who built the components, databases and communication systems, and by those who wrote the algorithms (increasingly Chinese across the board).

    With respect to the political impact of such systems, while democratic governments may install them for noble purposes such as crimefighting and emergency response, and with limitations that respect individual privacy, authoritarian regimes who contract the Chinese for such technologies are not so limited, and have every incentive to use the technology to combat dissent and sustain themselves in power.

    The PRC, which continues to perfect it against its own population in places like Xinjiang (against the Uighur Muslims there), not only benefits commercially from selling the technology, but also benefits when allied dictatorships provide a testing ground for product development, and by using it to combat the opposition, keeping friends like Maduro in power, continuing to deliver the goods and access to Beijing.

    As with the debate over Huawei, whether or not Chinese companies are currently exploiting the surveillance and control systems they are deploying across Latin America to benefit the Chinese state, Chinese law (under which they operate) requires them to do so, if the PRC government so demands.

    The PRC record of systematic espionage, forced technology transfer, and other bad behavior should leave no one in Latin America comfortable that the PRC will not, at some point in the future, exploit such an enormous opportunity.

    https://www.newsmax.com/evanellis/china-surveillance-latin-america-cameras/2019/04/12/id/911484

    #Amérique_latine #Chine #surveillance #frontières #contrôles_frontaliers #Argentine #Brésil
    ping @reka



  • Tiens, j’avais raté ce morceau récent de Dub Inc pour SOS Méditerrannée : À travers les vagues, avec plein d’invités de la scène reggae dancehall récente
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9V5WIKAJ9Ts

    Si les frontières sont fermées, on nage.
    Oh my brother tell them !
    On nous destine à braver l’orage.
    We are all citizens of the world so shout it !

    REFRAIN
    On n’a pas les mêmes chances et on n’a pas les mêmes limites.
    Qui choisit la donne quand on nous sélectionne ?
    Où sont les frontières ? On se réfugie, on s’invite !
    Tendre la main à travers les vagues.
    Face à la violence on a tous atteint nos limites,
    Lorsqu’on abandonne et que la mer déborde,
    Elle emporte avec elle notre humanité en dérive.
    Tendre la main à travers les vagues.

    Taïro
    De quel droit, au nom de quelle loi peut-on leur refuser ce que l’on s’offre à nous-mêmes ?
    Si c’était moi, si c’était toi, on ferait pareil bien sûr qu’on crierait à l’aide !
    Ce que l’on voit à travers les vagues, ne sont que le reflet, le miroir de nous-mêmes.
    De quel droit, au nom de quelle loi peut-on leur refuser ce que l’on s’offre à nous-mêmes ?

    Mellow Mood
    Hold on !
    May I ask a question ?
    What if weh we see is just part of a plan ?
    Deceive divide put man against man,
    Play with the anger a di population,
    Financial empire love di situation.
    New slave masses from di next piece a land.
    Ask yourself who benefit from this, who mek money from this ?
    Then who cyaan get rid of this ?

    Komlan
    Et on compte les victimes, juste un autre listing.
    À l’image des visages anonymes.
    Mais qui sont les victimes, qui rallongent ces listings ?
    Au large, en marge, mais le regard digne.
    Peu importe les risques, peu importe la manière de partir,
    Quand l’assiette est vide il n’y a que l’espoir qui fait survivre.
    Quelle est la justice si l’on ne peut choisir son avenir ?
    Lorsque tous nos fils, nos frères sont prêts à choisir le pire.

    Naâman
    All they got is bombs and soldiers inna kaki suit.
    We see the people them starving while Babylon is looting.
    They sell the guns so the war can’t cool,
    Haffi clear up the problem from the root.
    They run away with no paper,
    Open your door Mother Earth is our shelter.
    Find ourselves for the sake of one and others,
    Beyond the borders.

    REFRAIN

    Skarra Mucci
    Because divide and separate just to rule,
    Play full control and play we fool.
    Give we all kind of reasons to kill your friend,
    Or even your brother or your family dem.
    They say that division would made us strong,
    But we prove dem wrong me say from so long.
    A time fi unite everybody stay strong,
    Well no matter your race, your colour or religion.
    Let’s come together everybody hand in hand,
    Mek we march out strong in a dis yah revolution.
    We bun a fire upon dem separation,
    We’re standing strong in a dis yah Armageddon !

    Jahneration
    Théo :
    Emergency !
    Worldwide seas are overflowing of people inna suffering, nobody give a damn thing, Lord !
    We can take this no more !
    Reach out to the needy and the poor.

    Ogach :
    No man is an island, displacement a di people inna violence,
    Some a still smile and yet dem suffering inna silence.
    Walk pon di white sand then pass thru a tight fence.
    No wonda why the I stand fi unity and guidance.

    Didier Awadi
    Dans le désert je n’ai pas le choix,
    Face à moi et à la mer je n’ai pas de quoi.
    Moi j’évolue en me disant vous voulez pas de moi,
    J’ai la couleur de la misère on m’a dit sans émoi.
    Alors plus rien à foutre on va risquer la vie,
    J’ai pas besoin de vos conseils et de tous vos avis.
    La vie c’est fifty-fifty tous on a un préavis.
    S’il faut sauver tous les miens fuck la mort voilà ma vie !

    Bouchkour
    Eneyede ameuch
    Inid aniwi l’babor yaleumri y’a mon amour
    Teucheuralll témeuss
    Inid aniwi l’babor l’moujet itsrajon leuftor
    Narian houkouma houkouma
    Narouan ameuntar
    Narian narian gulaghamart
    tahian houkouma houkouma
    Itchayar l’heubhagh
    Narian narian éouzeumar

    REFRAIN

    Balik
    On a bâti un monde concurrentiel,
    Un monde où pour les riches tout s’achète, tout se chiffre.
    On a voulu l’économie à grande échelle,
    Prétendant libérer nous n’avons fait qu’agrandir les chaines.
    En effet le problème de l’Europe dans laquelle je suis né c’est qu’elle commet des erreurs,
    Mais ne les reconnaît et fait semblant d’en ignorer les séquelles.
    À travers les vagues, je vois les visages des enfants qui se demandent pourquoi s’en aller ? Pourquoi y aller ?

    Solo Banton
    They want to come round and control,
    We put up their barriers and borders so they can hold we.
    But who made them the judge and the jury ?
    A game you a play whether you chose him or chose me.
    So many in poverty, I can’t believe when I see people sleep on the street,
    And enough of them a flee to protect their family from the financial war you a keep.

    Broussai
    Quand la faucheuse frappe à toutes les portes du village,
    Attendre son tour pour gagner de nouveaux rivages.
    Partir à tout prix, affronter les mauvais présages.
    Y a-t-il un espoir au-delà des barrages ?
    Quand on laisse les nôtres périr au large,
    Notre dignité sombre dans les larmes.
    Comment peut-on se regarder et rire aux larmes ?
    Quand se jouent sous nos yeux tous ces drames.

    Raphaël
    Open the border let we cross,
    And give a message to your boss.
    Every man has the right to make a living,
    Every child has the right to survive.
    And you know sey you get what you giving.
    Let we cross and stay alive !

    REFRAIN

    Et profitons du coup : Dub Inc vient de sortir un nouveau morceau, avec un album qui arrive, toujours dans le coup, et ça pète grave !
    DUB INC - On est ensemble (Official Video)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1MIygusByo0

    #musique #reggae #dancehall #Dub_Inc #Bouchkour #Komlan #Balik #Naaman #Taïro #Didier_Awadi #Broussai #Solo_Banton #Jahneration #Skarra_Mucci #Naâman #Mellow_Mood #Raphael #SOS_Méditerranée #migrants #frontière