#Ghost_Towns | Buildings | Architectural Review
Though criticised by many, China’s unoccupied new settlements could have a viable future
Earlier this year a historic landmark was reached, but with little fanfare. The fact that the people of China are now predominantly urban, was largely ignored by the Western media. By contrast, considerable attention focused on China’s new ‘ghost towns’ or kong cheng − cities such as Ordos in the Gobi desert and Zhengzhou New District in Henan Province which are still being built but are largely unoccupied.https://www.architectural-review.com/pictures/2000x2000fit/3/3/2/1300332_20110603_mdnphoto_architectural_review001.jpg
By some estimates, the number of vacant homes in Chinese cities is currently around 64 million: space to accommodate, perhaps, two thirds of the current US population. However, unlike the abandoned cities of rust-belt America or the shrinking cities of Europe, China’s ghost cities seem never to have been occupied in the first place. So to what extent are these deserted places symbolic of the problems of rapid Chinese urbanisation? And what is revealed by the Western discourse about them?
Characterised by its gargantuan central Genghis Khan Plaza and vast boulevards creating open vistas to the hills of Inner Mongolia, Ordos New Town is a modern frontier city. It is located within a mineral rich region that until recently enjoyed an estimated annual economic growth rate of 40 per cent, and boasts the second highest per-capita income in China, behind only the financial capital, Shanghai.
Having decided that the existing urban centre of 1.5 million people was too crowded, it was anticipated that the planned cultural districts and satellite developments of Ordos New Town would by now accommodate half a million people rather than the 30,000 that reputedly live there.
Reports suggest that high profile architectural interventions such as the Ai Weiwei masterplan for 100 villas by 100 architects from 27 different countries have been shelved, although a few of the commissions struggle on.
It seems that expectations of raising both the region’s profile (at least in ways intended) and the aesthetic esteem of its new residents have failed to materialise. Instead, attention is focused on the vacant buildings and empty concrete shells within a cityscape devoid of traffic and largely empty of people.
Estimates suggest there’s another dozen Chinese cities with similar ghost town annexes. In the southern city of Kunming, for example, the 40-square-mile area of Chenggong is characterised by similar deserted roads, high-rises and government offices. Even in the rapidly growing metropolitan region of Shanghai, themed model towns such as Anting German Town and Thames Town have few inhabitants. In the Pearl River Delta, the New South China Mall is the world’s largest. Twice the size of the Mall of America in Minneapolis, it is another infamous example of a gui gouwu zhongxin or ‘ghost mall’.
Located within a dynamic populated region (40 million people live within 60 miles of the new Mall), it has been used in the American documentary Utopia, Part 3 to depict a modern wasteland. With only around 10 of the 2,300 retail spaces occupied, there is an unsettling emptiness here. The sense that this is a building detached from economic and social reality is accentuated by broken display dummies, slowly gliding empty escalators, and gondolas navigating sewage-infested canals. The message is that in this ‘empty temple to consumerism’ − as described by some critics − we find an inherent truth about China’s vapid future.
Anting German Town Shanghai
The main square of Anting German Town outside Shanghai. One of the nine satellite European cities built around the city, it has failed to establish any sense of community. The Volkswagen factory is down the road
Pursued through the imagery of the ghost town, the commentary on stalled elements of Chinese modernity recalls the recent fascination with what has been termed ‘ruin porn’ − apocalyptic photographs of decayed industrial structures in cities such as Detroit, as in the collection The Ruins of Detroit by Yves Marchand and Romain Meffe. These too dramatise the urban landscapes but seldom seem interested in enquiring about the origins and processes underlying them.
In his popular work Collapse, Jared Diamond fantasised that one day in the future, tourists would stare at the ‘rusting hulks of New York’s skyscrapers’ explaining that human arrogance − overreaching ourselves − is at the root of why societies fail. In Requiem for Detroit, filmmaker Julian Temple too argues that to avoid the fate of the lost cities of the Maya, we must recognise the ‘man-made contagion’ in the ‘rusting hulks of abandoned car plants’. (It seems that even using a different metaphor is deemed to be too hubristic.)
In terms of the discussion about Chinese ghost cities, many impugn these places as a commentary on the folly of China’s development and its speed of modernisation. Take the Guardian’s former Asia correspondent, Jonathan Watts, who has argued that individuals and civilisations bring about their own annihilation by ‘losing touch with their roots or over-consuming’. Initial signs of success often prove to be the origin of later failures, he argues. In his view, strength is nothing more than potential weakness, and the moral of the tale is that by hitting a tipping point, civilisations will fall much more quickly than they rise.
In fact, China’s headlong rush to development means that its cities embody many extremes. For example, the city of Changsha in Hunan Province recently announced that in the space of just seven months it would build an 838 metre skyscraper creating the world’s tallest tower. Understandably, doubts exist over whether this can be achieved − the current tallest, the Burj Khalifa in Dubai, took six years to build. Yet such is the outlook of a country with so much dynamic ambition, that even the seemingly impossible is not to be considered off-limits. At the other end of the scale, it was recently revealed that 30 million Chinese continue to live in caves − a reflection of under-development (not an energy efficient lifestyle choice).
In the West, a risk averse outlook means that caution is the watchword. Not only is the idea of building new cities a distant memory, but data from the US and UK betrays that geographical mobility is reducing as people elect to stay in declining towns rather than seek new opportunities elsewhere. By contrast, China is a country on the move − quite literally. In fact the landmark 50 per cent urbanisation rate was achieved some years ago, driven by a ‘floating population’ of perhaps 200 million people, whose legal status as villagers disguises the fact they have already moved to live and work in cities.
If cramming five to a room in the existing Anting town means easy access to jobs then why move to Anting German Town, accessible via only a single road, and surrounded by industrial districts and wasteland? But it is also clear that China is building for expansion. The notion of ‘predict and provide’ is so alien to Western planners these days, that they are appalled when particular Chinese authorities announce that they will build a new town with three-lane highways before people move there. How absurd, we say. Look, the roads are empty and unused. But in this debate, it is we who have lost our sense of the audacious.
When assessing the ghost cities phenomenon, it seems likely that in a country growing at the breakneck speed of China, some mistakes will be made. When bureaucratic targets and technical plans inscribed in protocols and legislation are to the fore, then not all outcomes of investment programmes such as a recent $200 billion infrastructure project will work out. And yes, ghost cities do reflect some worrying economic trends, with rising house prices and the speculative stockpiling of units so that many apartments are owned but not occupied.
But these problems need to be kept firmly in perspective. The reality is that meaningful development requires risk-taking. The ghost cities today may well prove to be viable in the longer term, as ongoing urbanisation leads to better integration with existing regions, and because by the very virtue of their creation, such areas create new opportunities that alter the existing dynamics.
Someone Built A $200 Million Village Of Disney-Like Castles, Realizes His Mistake When It’s Too Late | Bored Panda
The Sarot Group was recently slapped with a court-ordered bankruptcy ruling over the Burj Al Babas’ $27 million debt. The project was designed to include 732 chateau-style villas, swimming pools, Turkish baths, health and beauty centers, a shopping center and a mosque, according to its website. And even though customers from Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates, and Saudi Arabia have bought around 350 of the 587 villas built, it’s not enough.
Drone footage reveals hundreds of abandoned Turkish chateaux at Burj Al Babas
Approximately halfway between Turkey’s largest city Istanbul and its capital Ankara, the Burj Al Babas development will contain 732 identical mini chateaux when, or if, it completes.
Au premier regard j’ai cru à des maquettes, mais non !
Vraiment ? Pas un fake ? Y’a d’autres sources ? Google maps ?
Parce qu’ un château, c’est bien quand t’es seul. La non seulement tu te tapes des voisins mais en plus, t’as la même baraque que les autres, autant vivre à la Courneuve.
Une Ferrari c’est bien si le parking du supermarché n’en est pas rempli. Sinon ça devient du mauvais goût, comme là.
non pas du tout fake …
présenté comme un "projet hôtelier", je crois (mais ce n’est pas très clair) que les pavillons sont destinés à des investisseurs, non pour une gestion directe des locations.
Talia Saray Project » Burj Global Group
Burj Global Real Estate Group Launches Talia Saray Project (Talia Sarai) for Royal Villas (1/5/2017)
The resort is located in Modorno district of the Polo Turkish state Which is one of the most attractive natural areas for tourists and it is two hours from Istanbul and an hour andÂ Â a half from the capital Ankara, an hour from Sabanga, a lively area of ??nature and sulfuric water (therapeutic)Â Â at 860 meters above sea level, where fresh air and 25 degrees Summer degree.
The area is characterized by a tourist atmosphere in the summer and winter, where tourists go for recreation andÂ Â relax with therapeutic water. The Talia Saray project is the company’s sixth project in this region.
The resort is equipped with all hotel services / large commercial mall / 8 natural and industrial lakes Â / restaurants and cafÃ©s throughout the resort / indoor and open swimming pools for women and men for privacy / Hotel / children daycare / Mosques / Hospital / Cinema / Spa Jacuzzi & Sauna / Horseback Riding /
Thermal Water Swimming Pool / Heliport / Aqua Park / Golf Land / Soccer courts, Basketball, Tennis / Â Artificial river / Golf cars for mobility within the project / Trips to Istanbul / Maintenance /Â Â Guarding and security 24 hours a week /
The project consists of 350 villas designed in classic style. The interior of the villa is 300 square meters. Divided into two floors. The ground floor consists of three open living rooms (can be two bedrooms), a dining room, Â a kitchen with a bathroom and rooms, a Jacuzzi and steam room with thermal water, with a terrace that can be Â turned into a diwaniya and a back terrace overlooking the villa’s back garden. The first floor consists of three bedrooms (one of them master room) and two bathrooms with a large terrace Â and a balcony overlooking the lakes in the resort, villas also feature modern furnishings andÂ Â full luxurious decor in keeping with the villa’s exterior design.
The villa garden is organized in an engineering style, decorated with flowers and enjoys full privacy.Â Â A private outdoor swimming pool can also be set up for the villa.
The land area of each villa ranges from 320 meters to 669 square meters registered under the title deed,Â Â and most of the sites are characterized by the presence of pleas for the right of use of owners villas.
Delivery date 2019
Payment methods cash or installments up to Three-year
Faillite en novembre 2018, donc…
–> #ghost_town !
Customers from Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia snapped up 350 of the villas, according to Hurriyet, at a going rate of $370,000 to $530,000. They specifically asked for the chateau-like design, according to the project’s consulting architect, Naci Yoruk.
Sarot Group Chairman Mehmet Emin Yerdelen blamed his predicament on deadbeat clients.
“We couldn’t get about 7.5 million dollars receivables for the villas we have sold to Gulf countries,” Hurriyet quoted Yerdelen as saying. “We applied for bankruptcy protection but the court ruled for bankruptcy. We will appeal the ruling.”
The group finished building 587 villas before it applied for bankruptcy protection.
Although the court ordered the group to stop construction immediately, Yerdelen is still hopeful.
Investisseurs défaillants du Golfe…
article non daté, mais très certainement du 5/12/2018 vu le numéro de la page…
(et modifié après puisqu’il reprend une annonce du 16/09/2019
Bonne nouvelle, le groupe serait plutôt sous redressement judiciaire et a été autorisé à poursuivre la commercialisation des pavillons et châteaux…
A lawsuit had been filed against the developers of the Burj Al Babas housing project on grounds that the company destroyed trees and dumped excavated soil on forestland in the district of Mudurnu in the northwestern province of Bolu.
With the criminal case continuing in the Mudurnu court and the company also appealing the court-declared bankruptcy in Istanbul, the firm’s chairman Mehmet Emin Yerdelen told Demirören News Agency on Jan. 16 that the sale of the villas resumed because the Bankruptcy Directorate allowed it.
“Our companies are currently operating in normal conditions under judicial control. Our sales and construction works continue as part of our resumed commercial activities,” he said.
“But the court now decided on bankruptcy. That was a wrong decision. The total value of the project is about $200 million. We will object to this decision. We still have 250 villas completed and ready to go on sale. Selling only 100 of them would be enough to pay off the debts and complete the project,” Mehmet Emin Yerdelen, the chair of the Sarot Group, told daily Hürriyet.
The ’Retail Apocalypse’ Has a Silver Lining - CityLab
In late October of this year, the office-sharing startup WeWork announced that it was buying Lord & Taylor’s flagship store in New York City. Coming as this did in the wake of the bankruptcies of such long-established retailers as The Limited and Toys “R” Us, it was widely viewed as the latest harbinger of the “retail apocalypse.”
It isn’t just chain stores in economically distressed suburbs that are going belly up, but high-end luxury goods purveyors along the retail corridors of America’s leading cities, such as New York’s Madison Avenue, Rodeo Drive in Beverly Hills, and Chicago’s Miracle Mile. All told, roughly 100,000 retail jobs were lost between October 2016 and April 2017. In the next five years, one out of every four malls is projected to close, according to an analysis by Credit Suisse. The square footage of America’s already dead malls covers more land than the city of Boston.
Three Ways To Survive a Retail Meltdown - CityLab
The proliferation of half-vacant shopping centers and abandoned malls on the fringes of cities has become such a pervasive problem that we have a new word for it: greyfields. Chances are you have a few in your community: acres of paved parking with weeds creeping through the cracks and a dilapidated big-box structure standing in the middle. They’re the increasingly hard-to-ignore manifestation of what’s often described as the retail meltdown. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the retail sector lost approximately 30,000 jobs in March alone, with thousands of store closings projected through 2017. At this pace, store closings in 2017 are likely to surpass the Great Recession year of 2008.
Aéroports, usines, palais, sites olympiques : la friche en géographie et en photographies — Géoconfluences
Les friches, qui inspirent autant les photographes et les plasticiens que les chercheurs en sciences sociales, sont des lieux idéaux pour croiser géographie et arts plastiques. La presse d’actualité se fait l’écho d’un engouement pour les friches qui sont, depuis longtemps déjà, un objet d’étude intéressant la recherche.
The Chilling Ruins of Hovrinskaya Hospital, Moscow
Construction of Moscow’s Hovrinskaya Hospital began in 1980 and halted five years later, leaving behind an unsettling, brutalist shell of what would have been a 1,300-bed hospital. At a glance, it’s easy to imagine how a plethora of creepy tales and urban legends might have emerged from the ruins of the abandoned, unfinished hospital. And indeed they have. But not all of these stories are the stuff of folklore.
Chinese-built Angolan city feels like a #ghost_town
Chinese companies have built cities out of the bush in Angola, but they have few residents. CNN’s David McKenzie reports.
Take a look around China’s loneliest subway station: Shanghaiist
Take a look around China’s loneliest subway station
Dead Mall: A mall with a high vacancy rate, low consumer traffic level, or is dated or deteriorating in some manner. For purposes of inclusion on this site, Deadmalls.com defines a dead mall as one having a occupancy rate in slow or steady decline of 70% or less.
Mais qu’est-ce qu’on va faire des centres commerciaux ??
par Sébastien Navarro dans @cqfd n°152
#récession #fièvre_acheteuse #centres_commerciaux #enseignes #friches_urbaines #consumérisme #cauchemar_climatisé
Que notre règne arrive
Nous avons donc de bonnes raisons de nous opposer à ces mégacentres commerciaux qui sont autant de grand projets inutiles imposés tout comme les complexes géants de cinéma, les aéroports comme celui de Notre-Dame-desLandes, les stades géants comme OL-land, etc. On ne peut donc que se réjouir que se développent partout en Europe des résistances contre ces projets. Ces mégacentres déferlent sur l’Europe parce qu’ils régressent fortement aux états-Unis. Sur plus de 11000 malls, un tiers a fait faillite, non pas en raison de la crise mais de la saturation du désir. Ne boudons donc pas notre plaisir face à ces échecs que subissent le capitalisme et le productivisme, mais avouons cependant que la plus forte probabilité n’est pas celle du passage vers une société écologiquement et socialement responsable, vers un éco-socialisme, un socialisme gourmand (par opposition au socialisme de la misère et de la grisaille des gauches productivistes), mais celle de l’adaptation de la planète et de l’humanité avec les courants transhumanistes, aux besoins du capitalisme et du productivisme. On peut le dire autrement : malgré ces crises, malgré le pic de pétrole, malgré la récession, ce système ne s’effondrera pas de lui-même (du moins pas avant d’avoir été jusqu’au bout de sa propre logique d’accumulation, de marchandisation, de mortification).
Prison cubaine construite en 1936 .
Le panoptique selon Bentham 1776, 1777 :
L’Occasion de relire Michel Foucault.
What I Have Learned From Photographing 400 Towns in Iowa
I grew up in the small bluff town of Keokuk, Iowa (pictured above) and I saw the shift happen for myself and in my own family. My experience is not unique, but it is certainly paramount. What was at one time an honest and accessible career possibility for those without a college education seemed to shift dramatically, all at once, and with little explanation or forewarning. This would set the stage to the political and socioeconomic civil war that we seem to be constantly waging today.
Critique de Homo Sapiens de Nikolaus Geyrhalter : : Homo Sapiens : : FilmDeCulte
Après « Notre Pain Quotidien » qui était déjà d’une grande beauté esthétique, sur l’industrialisation alimentaire, voici que ce réalisateur fait un film autour des lieux abandonnés. Ça semble tout aussi magnifique.
Il y a dix ans, l’Autrichien Nikolaus Geyrhalter (lire notre entretien) traitait déjà de déshumanisation en marche avec Notre pain quotidien, documentaire cauchemardesque sur l’industrie alimentaire. Dans l’ironiquement nommé Homo Sapiens, il est littéralement question de déshumanisation : le film consiste en une succession de plan d’endroits abandonnés par l’homme. Ce ne sont pas seulement des lieux « vides », comme une forêt sans âme qui vive. Ce sont des endroits où demeurent des traces de l’humanité, de la civilisation, mais qui ont semble t-il été oubliés par le monde entier. De Fukushima à Nagasaki, de l’ex-Union Soviétique aux bois jolis d’Autriche, Geyrhalter a posé sa caméra dans des lieux qui hier encore vivaient, et qui aujourd’hui ne semblent à première vue qu’accueillir quelques piafs et crapauds.
Le réalisateur autrichien #Nikolaus_Geyrhalter a posé sa caméra dans des lieux désertés par l’humanité. Son documentaire, proche d’une installation artistique, sort dans les salles françaises ce 19 octobre.
Situated at the confluence of the Mississippi River and the Ohio River, at the southernmost point in Illinois, the port town of Cairo (pronounced CARE-o) boomed along with the steamboat industry. When railroads crisscrossed the United States some of the steamboat traffic was subtracted, but Cai
A Trip to Cairo, Illinois - Abandoned
Spurred on by an impromptu excursion to photograph the Eggner’s Ferry Bridge that partially collapsed on January 26 in western Kentucky, I decided to visit a part of the state that I had not yet fully explored. From Owensboro to Paducah, from the isolated Land Between the Lakes to dense streetscapes, I toured the back roads in hopes of finding something new to write about and to photograph.
Why not visit the confluence of the Mississippi and Ohio rivers? It was only an hour drive from Paducah. After crossing into Illinois from Kentucky, I came to Cairo. Located in Alexander County, Cairo is the southernmost city in Illinois and is situated at the confluence of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers. Surrounded by levees, the land that Cairo would later rise from was not thought highly of in the mid 1800s, with Charles Dickens calling the land a “dismal swamp.” Despite this, bonds were sold to complete improvements at the site, which included a levee, dry dock and shipyard. A railroad was later completed to the town.
What abandoned Olympic venues from around the world look like today
Most cities simply do not have the infrastructure required to withstand the two-week influx of athletes, coaches, fans, and media members. The money required to build state-of-the-art athletic facilities is skyrocketing, and academic research suggests spending billions on a two-week event is not a wise investment.
15 sites olympiques abandonnés prouvent que les Jeux sont un énorme gaspillage d’argent
Les Jeux olympiques d’été de 2016 ont lieu à Rio de Janeiro au Brésil cette année. Les premiers Jeux ont été tenus en Grèce en 1896, et l’événement a eu lieu dans 19 pays différents depuis.
Ancien aéroport international d’Athènes, Grèce. Sous une chaleur écrasante, des tentes bordent les bâtiments, le linge sèche vite. Des migrants, essentiellement Afghans, s’abritent dans les locaux de l’ancienne infrastructure, sous les panneaux d’affichage noir, les Escalators à l’arrêt, les comptoirs vides... L’aéroport a été laissé à l’abandon en 2004, après les #JO.
A Different Olympic Story
Several thousand migrants and refugees are living in disused Olympic facilities in Athens. Representatives from ECRE and AIRE Centre visited in June and found strangely arbitrary differences in how parts of the camp are treated.
Abandoned Airliners at Benin City Airport, Nigeria - Urban Ghosts
We’ve touched on the rusting carcasses of abandoned airliners littering Nigeria’s commercial airports before. In 2013 it was reported that the country had been told to clean up its aircraft boneyards - like this one, at Benin City Airport. The post A Graveyard of Abandoned Airliners at Benin City A
10 Haunting Abandoned Power Stations of the World
Urban GhostsAbandoned Stella Artois Brewery in Leuven, Belgium - Urban Ghosts
Today, it seems as though you can pick up a bottle or pint of Stella Artois in almost any pub. But its easy to forget the brand’s centuries-old history, or the abandoned Stella Artois brewery that, until recently, haunted the Belgian city of Leuven. The post Inside the Abandoned Stella Artois Brewe
China’s deserted amusement parks – in pictures
#Stefano_Cerio has shot eerie abandoned cruise ships and empty ski resorts at night. Now, the Italian photographer has travelled all over China – from Happy Valley to Amazing World and Treasure Island Pirate Kingdom – to catch pleasure playgrounds in the off season
Urban GhostsExploring a Vast, Abandoned Soviet Tank Graveyard at Kharkov, Ukraine - Urban Ghosts
Forlorn and seemingly forgotten, rotting away amid a massive tank graveyard outside the city of Kharkov, these abandoned fighting vehicles are the relics of Ukraine’s time as a member of the Soviet Union. The post Exploring a Vast, Abandoned Soviet Tank Graveyard at Kharkov, Ukraine appeared first
Un village chinois est englouti par la #nature
Près de l’embouchure du fameux fleuve Yangtze, près de 400 îles forment le très large #archipel_de_Zhoushan, en Chine. Au cœur d’une de ces îles, un petit village abandonné est avalé petit à petit par la nature sauvage. D’ici peu, il n’en restera rien… Découverte atypique.
L’image de la ville de Detroit à travers le People Mover : ville perçue ou ville pratiquée ?
1Principale ville de l’État du Michigan, Detroit est fondée en 1701 et devient une ville portuaire importante. Dès la fin du XIXe siècle, elle est la ville de l’industrie automobile américaine et connaît une croissance fulgurante. Puis, tout au long du XXe siècle, la croissance démographique est en forme de pyramide : elle a autant progressé les cinquante premières années qu’elle a chuté les cinquante suivantes. En 2007, Detroit est la onzième ville des États-Unis avec 920 000 habitants mais dans les années 1950, elle était la quatrième ville américaine totalisant 1 850 000 d’habitants. Le dernier recensement prolonge la baisse démographique (700 000 habitants en 2010). Ce phénomène de forte croissance puis de forte chute apparaît comme un cas unique sur le plan urbain, faisant d’elle une shrinking city singulière à étudier (Fol & Cunningham-Sabot, 2010).
Detroit, portrait d’un phénix urbain
Detroit, 03 décembre 2013 : celle qui fut l’une des capitales du 20ème siècle est officiellement déclarée en faillite. Avec une dette de 18,5 milliards de dollars, désormais célèbre pour la suppression de ses services de première nécessité et ses gigantesques ruines industrielles, la principale ville du Michigan souffre des effets secondaires de l’american way of life. Et croit en sa guérison prochaine. Portrait en autant de surnoms, des plus affectueux aux plus cinglants, que lui ont donnés les médias et ses habitants, les Detroiters.
Détroit, la faillite et après ?
L’état fédéral américain ne viendra pas au secours de Détroit”... C’était le message de Ryck Snyder, le gouverneur républicain de l’état du Michigan, qui s’exprimait avant hier à la télévision sur CBS, à propos de la faillite de la ville de Détroit.
The story of one of the most unlikely cities in the United States and the people that drove the dream in spite of many odds.