• World Diabetes Day: The Food System and Human Health – Food Tank

    The World Health Organization estimates the direct costs of diabetes at more than US$827 billion per year, globally. Sugary foods are aggressively marketed throughout the world, especially to children. And multiple studies find that these marketing efforts are especially likely to reach children of color and low-income kids. Food policies impact global sugar consumption, as well, particularly in the younger generation.

    “If we start with global dietary patterns, we know they are shifting towards the U.S. model of high meat and high calorie consumption, coupled with low fruit and vegetable consumption. With this shift, we are seeing increasing obesity and chronic diseases on the human side, and increased land and water degradation on the natural systems side,” says Dr. Michael Hamm, Founding Director of the Michigan State University Center for Regional Food Systems.

    #modèle #etats-unis #sucre #graisses_animale #diabete_sucré #maladies #sols #eau #santé

  • Sugar : The Bitter Truth

    Robert H. Lustig, MD, UCSF Professor of Pediatrics in the Division of Endocrinology, explores the damage caused by sugary foods. He argues that fructose (too much) and fiber (not enough) appear to be cornerstones of the obesity epidemic through their effects on insulin. Series: UCSF Mini Medical School for the Public [7/2009] [Health and Medicine] [Show ID: 16717]


    #épidémie #santé #sucre #obésité #insuline

    • Mentionné dans ce #documentaire diffusé ce soir sur arte :

      Sucre, le doux mensonge

      Comment, depuis les années 1970, l’industrie agroalimentaire a oeuvré pour augmenter les doses de sucre dans nos assiettes, avec à la clé un problème majeur de santé publique : obésité, diabète et maladies cardiaques se répandent à travers le monde, notamment chez les enfants. Cette enquête dévoile les mensonges de l’industrie sucrière et les recours possibles pour enrayer l’épidémie.

      C’est en épluchant les archives internes de la Great Western Sugar Company, l’un des fleurons de l’industrie sucrière américaine, que la dentiste Cristin Kearns a fait une découverte de taille, exposée fin 2012 dans le magazine américain « Mother Jones » : dans les années 1970, l’industrie mondiale du sucre a mis au point une stratégie délibérée de conquête, visant à inclure toujours plus de saccharose dans l’alimentation quotidienne mondiale et à en dissimuler sciemment les risques sanitaires. Quarante ans durant, l’Association américaine du sucre et ses homologues d’autres continents ont réussi à faire prospérer un empire lourd de plusieurs milliards et à transformer les habitudes alimentaires à l’échelle planétaire. Conséquence de la nouvelle addiction qu’ils ont su généraliser, l’obésité, le diabète et les maladies cardiaques se répandent à travers le monde, notamment chez les enfants.

      Sucre et tabac, même combat ?

      Le lobby du sucre est désormais au banc des accusés. Sa ligne de défense, jusqu’ici, ne bouge pas d’un iota : il exige de ses détracteurs toujours davantage de preuves de la nocivité du sucre. Des manœuvres qui rappellent celles de l’industrie du tabac pour retarder coûte que coûte l’application des décisions politiques. Alors que l’industrie, la recherche et les pouvoirs publics se mènent une lutte de plus en plus dure, la bombe à retardement sanitaire approche de l’explosion… Cette enquête dévoile les mensonges de l’industrie sucrière et les recours possibles pour enrayer l’épidémie.

      #industrie_agro-alimentaire #cholestérol #graisses #matière_grasse

      A mettre en lien avec cet autre documentaire diffusé sur Arte (et signalé par @odilon), sur le cholestérol :
      Cholestérol : le grand bluff ?

    • #John_Yudkin

      Yudkin’s failure to incorporate possible confounding factors in his case-control designs was an area of heavy critique at the time; apart from other unmeasured known risk factors that might affect cardiovascular disease (CVD), data had emerged soon after suggesting that sugar intake was associated with smoking, a big risk factor for CVD.[6] Yudkin’s failure to account for confounding factors led to harsh words from Ancel Keys at the time.[7] From the late 2000s, there was a resurgence of interest in his work, following a 2009 YouTube video[8] about sugar and high-fructose corn syrup by the pediatric endocrinologist Robert Lustig, and because of increasing concern about an obesity epidemic and metabolic syndrome.[9][10][11] Pure, White and Deadly was republished in 2012, with a foreword by Lustig.[12]


      Et le concurrent de Yudkin, qui a gagné la bataille (Yudkin pointait du doigt le sucre, Keys les graisses) :


      Ancel Benjamin Keys (January 26, 1904 – November 20, 2004) was an American physiologist who studied the influence of diet on health. In particular, he hypothesized that dietary saturated fat causes cardiovascular heart disease and should be avoided.



    • What’s a Food Industry to Do?

      I’d been asked by the food industry to give this talk at an industry breakfast, but 3 days prior to the event they got cold feet and dis-invited me. The good news is, the internet’s a much larger audience than a room full of food industry folks who likely wouldn’t have cared much about what I had to say in the first place. So here’s my take on what the food industry can do, why they’re not going to do it, and what we can do about it.



    • Fredrick J. Stare

      In 1942, Stare founded the Department of Nutrition at Harvard School of Public Health, which he led as a professor of nutrition until his retirement in 1976.[1][2] He was a firm believer in the essential goodness of the typical American diet, holding that “prudence and moderation” was the key to healthy eating. As an adviser to the US government, Stare rejected the idea that ’the American diet’ was harmful; stating for example that Coca-Cola was “a healthy between-meals snack”[1] and that eating even great amounts of sugar would not cause health problems.[3] He was also an early advocate for the benefits of regularly drinking water throughout the day.

      #Fredrick_Stare #Kellogg

      Stare avait des liens avec l’industrie alimentaire et celle du #tabac #industrie_du_tabac

    • Coke secretly funded obesity conference for good coverage of sugary drinks – report

      Coca-Cola secretly funded media training on obesity at a US university to influence journalists to report that a lack of exercise was more likely to cause obesity than consuming sugar.

      #coca-cola #conférence_scientifique

      Quand des spécialistes de l’obésité prennent la défense de Coca-Cola

      Des scientifiques réputés dans le domaine de la recherche sur l’obésité ont soulevé colère et incompréhension chez plusieurs de leurs pairs, cette semaine, en diffusant des messages jugés favorables à l’industrie des boissons sucrées.


  • Should We Be Scared of Butter? - The New York Times

    Unless you have a medical condition that dictates otherwise, there’s no reason to cut anything – not butter, ice cream or Porterhouse steak — completely from your diet as long as you mainly eat plant-based foods (vegetables, fruits and whole grains), lean animal protein and fish and don’t go overboard on foods rich in saturated fats that can cause harm in excess.

    That’s the conclusion of the best available evidence I’ve reviewed for maximizing the health of body and brain and enjoying a long life.

    #beurre #graisses #santé

  • Des scientifiques payés par l’industrie du #sucre pour jeter la faute sur le gras

    L’#industrie_sucrière a payé des scientifiques dans les années 60 pour cacher tout lien entre le sucre et les maladies du coeur, tout en pointant les #graisses saturées comme uniques coupables, selon des documents révélés lundi.

    #santé #alimentation

  • High-fat diet made Inuits healthier but shorter thanks to gene #mutations, study finds

    The low incidence of cardiovascular disease in Inuits has previously been linked to their high intake of fish oil and omega-3s. However, it may be that the genetic #adaptation of the Inuits to their diet, rather than the diet itself, explains this protection. While researchers and health officials have long believed that fish oils protect against heart disease, the new study challenges this. It may be good for the Inuits to eat a huge amount of omega-3 fatty acids, but not for all of us.

    #oméga_3 #graisses #santé

  • Four Decades of the Wrong Dietary Advice Has Paved the Way for the Diabetes Epidemic: Time to Change Course

    We are witnessing the unfolding of a scientific revolution.

    The planets revolve around the sun.

    E=mc squared.

    And it’s the sugar, not the saturated fat!

    Yes, fat is the problem. But it’s not the fat you eat that’s the problem. It’s the fat that your liver makes when overwhelmed with a huge sugar load!

    The medical community is beginning to catch on and to acknowledge that the old paradigm is crumbling.

    In March of 2015, The Mayo Clinic Proceedings published a review article entitled, “Added Fructose: A Principal Driver of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Its Consequences.” The article points out that each of us, on the average, consumes 30 times more added sugar than an American did when the Declaration of Independence was written.

    Another review article published in April of 2015, in the medical journal Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition, had the provocative title of “Carbohydrate intake and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease: fructose as a weapon of mass destruction.” Fructose was identified as the culprit leading to fatty liver disease and the resulting type-two diabetes, coronary artery disease, obesity and stroke.

    One of the leaders in this field, Dr. James J. DiNicolantonio, put it this way in the British Medical Journal:

    “… The global epidemic of atherosclerosis, heart disease, diabetes, obesity and the metabolic syndrome is being driven by a diet high in carbohydrate/sugar as opposed to fat, a revelation that we are just starting to accept.”
    Now, the so-called French Paradox makes sense. Frenchmen and women with their high intake of fatty foods, like brie and frois gras, do not have a correspondingly high incidence of coronary artery disease. Now we know why. Dietary fat doesn’t cause coronary artery disease.

    We also now understand how the Inuit could exist on seal meat and seal fat with its high saturated fat content and not develop coronary artery disease. They ate no sugar.

    For four decades the wrong dietary advice has been given over and over again. A huge amount of harm has been done.

    It’s high time that the Centers for Disease Control, the American Heart Association, the American Diabetes Association and mainstream medicine revise the guidelines and demonize sugar, the real culprit, and leave fat alone.

    As for dietary advice:

    Begin by avoiding all added sugars, especially liquid sugar like soda.

    Eat your fruits, don’t juice them. Juicing concentrates the sugar and removes the beneficial fiber.

    But personal choice is only a small part of what we need to do. We need to make the healthy choice, the easy choice.

    We need our hospitals, clinics, dental offices and other health facilities to be free of foods and beverages with added sugar. We need to do the same with schools, day care centers, and municipal, county, state and federal facilities.

    We need a national #Soda Tax like the one in Mexico, with the proceeds invested in programs to further reduce added sugar consumption. It’s working in Mexico, let’s learn from our neighbor.

    Old paradigms die hard. Galileo spent the last six years of his life in house arrest for the heresy of believing that the earth is not the center of the universe. During Galileo’s time, the Catholic Church was all powerful. The Church found Galileo’s ideas heretical because the science contradicted “in many places the sense of Holy Scripture.”

    Today, there are again vested powerful interests that are threatened by scientific truth. A global food system now exists that promotes the consumption of a high #fructose diet. How much longer will it take for us to realize that it’s the sugar, not the fat, that is killing us? How many more of us will succumb to the ravages of a diet high in fructose?

    #nutrition #sucre #graisses #diabète_sucré #santé