• Des politiques israéliennes abusives constituent des crimes d’apartheid et de persécution | Human Rights Watch
    https://www.hrw.org/fr/news/2021/04/27/des-politiques-israeliennes-abusives-constituent-des-crimes-dapartheid-et-de

    Des politiques israéliennes abusives constituent des crimes d’apartheid et de persécution

    Ces crimes contre l’humanité devraient déclencher des actions pour mettre fin à la répression envers les Palestiniens

    https://www.hrw.org/report/2021/04/27/threshold-crossed/israeli-authorities-and-crimes-apartheid-and-persecution

  • Le #nouveau_camp de #Lesbos, #Grèce, #Kara_Tepe, et la présumée #contamination au #plomb du terrain où il est construit (construction : #septembre_2020)

    #déchets #toxicité #pollution #armée #zone_militaire #plomb #santé #migrations #asile #réfugiés #camps_de_réfugiés #Lesbos #Grèce #îles_grecques #Moria_2.0

    –---

    voir le fil de discussion sur Kara Tepe ici, auquel j’ai ajouté la question du plomb :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/875903

    ping @isskein @karine4

    • Refugee camp on toxic land, potentially life threatening for small children!

      The new “temporary” camp in Kara Tepe, Lesvos, is as we all know built partially on an old military firing range. For the government this already restricted area was perfect, it was already fenced in. As all military areas there is a lot of restrictions, the most important ones are the restrictions of movement and the restrictions on taking pictures.
      The camp area has been criticized by many, because it’s just not suited to house people, in flimsy tents when the winter is approaching. It’s at the sea, without any protection from heavy winds that usually pounds this area. The area also floods frequently, the tents are built straight on the ground, there is no drainage system. When it’s really starts to rain, and it will, there will be mud everywhere, outside and inside the tents. And if that wasn’t enough, it’s a high possibility, that the very land the camp is built on is toxic.
      As previously mentioned, it’s an old military firing range, that has been used by the military for decades. We can assume that the military has used a variety of weapons, that over the years, have packed the ground with hazardous materials. The main concern is the possibility of lead contamination. The presence of lead and lead dust is well documented on such sites as are the extreme danger to health if lead is absorbed by children. Children younger than 6 years are especially vulnerable to lead poisoning, which can severely affect mental and physical development. At very high levels, lead poisoning can be fatal.
      As we all know, UNHCR are assisting the Greek authorities in resettling displaced families, many of them children, on this new site. They have a special responsibility, due to their involvement, to assure that the area used is suitable and safe to live on. UNHCR have rehoused displaced families on highly toxic land in the past, and should have learned by their previous mistakes.
      Following the war in Kosovo in 1999, UNHCR rehoused displaced families on highly toxic land. This is also well documented, particularly so on a website that followed the situation over a number of years. www.toxicwastekills.com
      It resulted in childrens’ blood lead levels higher than instruments could measure. There is no level of lead so low that children’s health will not be damaged. Very young children often absorb it through licking lead paint etc as they find it pleasant. This is also well documented. Pregnant women can transfer absorbed lead to foetuses through the placenta. It attacks all organs of the body but also causes irreversible brain damage. Now UNHCR is helping to place men, women and children on an old military firing range near Kara Tepe on Lesvos. This could be yet another deadly mistake in the making.
      Due to the fact that it took only 5 days to put up this camp, after the fire in Moria, it’s highly unlikely that any proper survey has been taken. This new site requires urgent toxicity checking by independent experts to reveal whether lead is present on the new site, which could indicate an evacuation might be necessary to protect the lives of vulnerable children. The concern has already been addressed by email to Astrid Castelein, head of the UNHCR sub office on Lesvos, and the main UNHCR office in Greece, so far without any reply.
      Some areas in the camp has been leveled out by bulldozers, in other areas soil from the leveled areas has been reused as landfill. By doing so, things that has been buried in the ground for decades has resurfaced, possibly making the situation even worse. Residents in the camp have found remains of ammunition casings and grenades around the tents, and military personnel have been observed using metal detectors in the outskirts of the camp. To see small children who have fled war, play with used ammunition in a European refugee camp, should raise some questions.
      If this isn’t enough, a proposal to create a new “reception and identification centre” structure with a capacity of 2,500 people, and a planned 500 employees overall, in the area of the former shooting range of Kamenos Dasos (Camlik) in central Lesvos seems to have been passed, as the majority of Mytilene municipal authority confirmed. These areas would never have been approved to build houses, schools or kindergartens, but seems to be more than good enough for these children..
      https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/lead-poisoning/symptoms-causes/syc-20354717

      https://www.facebook.com/AegeanBoatReport

    • Greece : Migrant Camp Lead Contamination

      Inadequate Government Response; Lack of Transparency Put Health at Risk

      The Greek government should release test results and other vital information about lead contamination in a migrant camp on Lesbos island to protect the health of residents and workers, Human Rights Watch said today.

      After testing soil samples in November, the government confirmed publicly on January 23, 2021 the presence of dangerous levels of lead in the soil in the administrative area of the Lesbos camp. It says that samples from residential areas showed lead levels below relevant standards but did not release the locations where samples were collected or the actual test results. The government has yet to indicate that it will take the necessary steps to adequately assess and mitigate the risk, including comprehensive testing and measures to remove people from areas that could be contaminated.

      “The Greek government knowingly built a migrant camp on a firing range and then turned a blind eye to the potential health risks for residents and workers there,” said Belkis Wille, senior crisis and conflict researcher at Human Rights Watch. “After weeks of prodding, it took soil samples to test for lead contamination while denying that a risk of lead exposure existed. It did not make the results public for over seven weeks, and has yet to allow independent experts to analyze them or vow to take the necessary steps to protect residents and workers and inform them about the potential health risks.”

      Human Rights Watch published a report in December documenting that thousands of asylum seekers, aid workers, and United Nations, Greek, and European Union employees may be at risk of lead poisoning in the Lesbos camp. Greek authorities built the new camp, Mavrovouni (also known as new Kara Tepe), on a repurposed military firing range. It now houses 6,500 people. According to a government announcement on January 23, one out of 12 soil samples taken in November came back on December 8 with lead levels that “exceeded the acceptable limit.” The announcement also mentions some steps to mitigate the risk.

      Human Rights Watch has requested the Greek government and the European Commission, which financially supports the camp and with which the government shared the results, to release the testing plan and the test results, which should include such information as the levels of lead for each sample, the sample depths and exact locations, a complete history of the site with location specifity, the expertise of those conducting the testing, the sampling methodology, and information on chain of custody. To date, neither the Greek government nor the European Commission has made this information available.

      This lack of transparency means that it is impossible to assess the adequacy of the testing, evaluate what the results represent, or recommend specific strategies to address the identified risks. As a result, it is impossible to determine whether the measures laid out in the January 23 statement, such as adding new soil, gravel, and a cement base in some areas, are adequate to protect people who live and work in the camp.

      In early September, large fires broke out inside the Moria camp, the Reception and Identification Center on Lesbos, which was housing 12,767 migrants, mostly women and children. Within days, the authorities constructed Mavrovouni and said they would construct a new permanent camp. Young children and women of reproductive age are most at risk for negative effects from lead exposure.

      In a meeting with Human Rights Watch on January 20, Minister for Migration and Asylum Notis Mitarachi said that he hoped that the residents of Mavrovouni would not spend another winter there, but did not specify when the new camp would be ready. Construction has yet to begin.

      Mavrovouni functioned as a military firing range from 1926 to mid-2020. Firing ranges are well recognized as sites with lead contamination because of bullets, shot, and casings that contain lead and end up in the ground. Lead in the soil from bullet residue can readily become airborne, especially under dry and windy conditions, which are often present on Lesbos. Lead is highly toxic when ingested or inhaled, particularly to children and anyone who is pregnant or lactating. The World Health Organization (WHO) maintains that there is no known safe level of blood lead concentration. Lead degrades very slowly, so sites can remain dangerous for decades.

      After multiple representations by Human Rights Watch to various Greek authorities, the European Commission, the UN refugee agency, UNHCR, and the WHO, the Greek government and the EU Commission commissioned the Hellenic Authority of Geology and Mineral Exploration to take 12 soil samples on November 24. According to the government, 11 soil samples showed lead levels “below the acceptable limits for lead in soil,” based on Dutch standards.

      The 12th sample, taken from what authorities described as an “administrative area” on the Mavrovouni hill, “at the end of the firing range,” showed elevated levels of lead above acceptable limits, but authorities did not reveal the concentration of lead in the soil. Mitarachi told Human Rights Watch that the area that showed lead levels above acceptable limits was fenced off, but residents and two aid workers said there were no fences inside the camp in that area or signs warning of a contaminated area. At least five aid organizations have offices in that area. An aid worker said residents, sometimes as many as 200 and including children, line up there for support and information. Younger children risk ingesting lead as they play or sit on contaminated ground.

      Human Rights Watch was unable to determine whether the government shared any information with humanitarian agencies about the testing results, but calls with agencies including UNHCR and the WHO indicated that they were not aware of them prior to the January 23 release. A staff member from one aid organization there said that at least one aid worker in the camp is currently pregnant, and 118 camp residents are pregnant, based on November government data.

      An environmental expert whom Human Rights Watch consulted said that, given the potential size of the affected area and the likelihood that elevated levels are the result of historic activity, the fact that one out of 12 samples in an area came back positive should trigger further testing.

      International law obligates countries to respect, protect, and fulfill the right to the highest attainable standard of health. The UN special rapporteur on human rights and the environment’s Framework Principles on Human Rights and the Environment, which interpret the right to a healthy environment, emphasize the need for “public access to environmental information by collecting and disseminating information and by providing affordable, effective and timely access to information to any person upon request.” The Aarhus Convention, to which Greece is a party, provides a right to receive environmental information held by public authorities.

      Greek authorities should immediately release the results and testing plan to the public, and take measures to mitigate the risk to the health of camp residents and workers, Human Rights Watch said. The authorities should ensure that residents and workers are informed about the results and measures to protect their health in languages they can understand. The authorities should also urgently undertake further testing and allow independent experts to comment on investigative work plans, audit the soil testing process, and collect split samples (a sample that is separated into at least two parts so that testing can be carried out at two or more seperate laboraties in order to confirm results) or carry out independent testing.

      The European Commission, which financially supports Greece to manage the camp and has staff stationed there, EU agencies, Frontex, and the European Asylum Support office, as well as United Nations agencies, UNHCR, UNICEF, the IOM and the WHO, should urge Greek authorities to make the detailed results and testing plan public, and push authorities to find alternative and safe housing solutions for those affected, including the option of moving them to the mainland. The European Commission, which was given the results and testing plan by the Greek government, should also make public the detailed information it received on the results and the methodology of the testing, to allow independent experts to comment on the risk to residents and workers in the camps.

      “Greece and its EU partners have a duty to make sure that people who live and work in the Mavrovouni camp are safe,” Wille said. “That requires transparency about the risks as well as urgent steps to mitigate them.”

      Additional Information

      In its January 23 statement and in its meeting with Human Rights Watch on January 20, the Greek government made several inaccurate claims regarding remediation and protection of residents. In its statement, the government claimed that after soil samples were taken on November 24, “while awaiting the results” it removed the tents directly on the firing range strip. But satellite imagery and residents’ and workers’ statements indicate that no tents were removed until between December 11 and 16, after the test results were received.

      Satellite imagery and aid organization mapping of the camp shows that by January 10, 79 tents remained on the firing range, with 58 more at the base of the hill. The residents in those tents may be at increased risk of coming into contact with contaminated soil, particularly when it rains. In addition, after some tents were removed, three migrants and two aid workers told Human Rights Watch that residents have been using the area for football and other recreation. Authorities have not fenced off the area or notified residents of the health risks.

      Since the site was tested, major construction work and heavy rains in the area mean that potentially contaminated soil from the hill and firing range area may have moved to other parts of the camp, which warrants further testing.

      Human Rights Watch received information from multiple sources that on January 18, the International Organization for Migration (IOM), which runs two assistance programs in the camp, suspended its operations at its tent on the hill. In response to a Human Rights Watch query, IOM’s Chief of Mission in Greece confirmed that, “Following the announcements regarding lead detection outside the accommodation areas and while waiting for more information from the authorities, IOM staff has been advised to remain inside the residential area.”

      In an aid briefing on January 19, the sources said it was revealed that the decision was made because of elevated levels of lead found in the “blue zone” of the camp, an area that includes the firing range and the base of the hill where the IOM Helios tent is located, as well as other aid tents including that of Médecins du Monde (MdM), and the International Rescue Committee (IRC). IOM staff have yet to return to the camp, but aid workers still in the camp said there is still no fencing or signage around that area. According to the camp residents and two aid workers, and 24 photos and videos taken from inside Mavrovouni by the DunyaCollective, a media collective, since December, authorities have been moving large quantities of soil, including removing some from the hill behind the IOM Helios tent.

      On January 23, Medecins Sans Frontieres (Doctors without Borders or MSF) issued a statement raising its concerns at the lack of appropriate government and EU action in the face of the testing results. On January 26, a group of 20 nongovernmental groups issued a joint statement calling on the Greek authorities to immediately evacuate camp residents and transfer them to appropriate structures on the mainland and elsewhere, such as hotel units.

      Aerial footage from January 14 shows tents still present in the part of the camp built on the former firing range at that date starting at around 02:00.

      https://www.hrw.org/news/2021/01/27/greece-migrant-camp-lead-contamination

    • Greece: Lead Poisoning Concerns in New Migrant Camp

      Thousands of asylum seekers, aid workers, United Nations, and Greek and European Union employees may be at risk of lead poisoning in a new migrant camp that Greek authorities have built on a repurposed military firing range on the island of Lesbos, Human Rights Watch said today.

      Firing ranges are commonly contaminated with lead from munitions, nevertheless the authorities did not conduct comprehensive lead testing or soil remediation before moving migrants to the site in September 2020. Evidence collected by migrants moved to the site also indicated that authorities have also failed to clear all unexploded mortar projectiles and live small arms ammunition, which could injure or kill if disturbed or handled.

      “Putting thousands of migrant adults and children, along with aid workers, on top of a former firing range without taking the necessary steps to guarantee they would not be exposed to toxic lead is unconscionable,” said Belkis Wille, senior crisis and conflict researcher at Human Rights Watch. “The Greek authorities should promptly conduct a comprehensive site assessment of soil lead levels and release the results.”

      In November and early December, Human Rights Watch interviewed four people living in the camp, two aid workers, one Greek migration ministry employee working in the camp, and four medical and environmental experts, and reviewed academic research on the risk of soil lead contamination at shooting ranges and medical research on the health risks of lead poisoning. Human Rights Watch did not have access to conduct on-site research, but analyzed photos and videos of the site and satellite imagery to confirm the firing range location.

      The Asylum and Migration Ministry began major construction work at the end of November at the site, called Mavrovouni camp, that could disturb any lead contaminated soil, further exposing residents and workers. The work to improve access to electricity and water and reduce the risk of flooding began despite warnings from Human Rights Watch of the potential of increased risk of lead poisoning.

      In early September, large fires broke out inside the Moria camp, the Reception and Identification Center on Lesbos that was housing 12,767 migrants, mostly women and child migrants. Within days, authorities constructed Mavrovouni (also known as new Kara Tepe) as a temporary camp and told people that they would begin construction of a new permanent camp for use by June 2021. According to the media, Migration and Asylum Minister Notis Mitarachi, has recently indicated the new camp will only be ready by Autumn 2021. Currently 7,517 people, mostly from Afghanistan and Syria, are staying at Mavrovouni, which started functioning as a military firing range in 1926 and was in use until the camp was constructed in September 2020, Mitarachi said.

      In response to letters from Human Rights Watch, Migration and Asylum Minister Notis Mitarachi stated in a November 19 letter that the camp had “no lead contamination,” but provided no evidence for the basis of that assertion. He said the government has agreed to conduct soil testing with the European Commission within one month, but has not revealed the nature of the testing, the areas to be tested, or the methodology. A Hellenic army representative called Human Rights Watch on December 1, stating his intention to respond to a letter received on November 4 from Human Rights Watch, raising urgent concerns. But no response has been received. On December 6, General Secretary for Asylum Seekers’ Reception Manos Logothetis, called Human Rights Watch to dispute the risk of lead contamination at the camp. He confirmed that no soil testing for lead had taken place prior to moving people to the camp, but said that authorities are awaiting the results of soil testing conducted recently in collaboration with the Institute of Geology and Mineral Exploration (IGME).

      “No one just shows up without a plan,” Dr. Gordon Binkhorst, vice president of global programs at Pure Earth, told Human Rights Watch. “Sharing of a well-founded work plan beforehand is key to transparency and ensuring confidence in the findings.” Greek authorities should allow independent experts to comment on investigative work plans, audit the soil testing process and collect split samples for independent testing.

      “The authorities should share documentation of work completed and a comprehensive site investigation work plan based on a review of the site history, contaminants of concern, a conceptual site model of how such contaminants are released to and migrated in the environment, and a comprehensive testing plan that evaluates the degree and extent of contamination in the environment, and potential exposure routes,” Dr. Binkhorst said.

      Firing ranges are well-recognized as sites with lead contamination because of bullets, shot, and casings that contain lead and end up in the ground. Lead in the soil from bullet residue can readily become airborne, especially under dry and windy conditions, which often exist on Lesbos. Lead is a heavy metal that is highly toxic to humans when ingested or inhaled, particularly by children and during pregnancy. It degrades very slowly, so sites can remain dangerous for decades.

      The World Health Organization maintains that there is no known safe level of lead exposure. Elevated levels can impair the body’s neurological, biological, and cognitive functions, leading to learning barriers or disabilities; behavioral problems; impaired growth; anemia; brain, liver, kidney, nerve, and stomach damage; coma and convulsions; and even death. Lead also increases the risk of miscarriage and can be transmitted through both the placenta and breast milk.

      Small children and women of reproductive age are at particular risk. According to Greek authorities, on November 19, 2,552 out of 7,517 people in the camp were children, 997 of them under age 5, and 1,668 were women – 118 of whom have said they are five or more months pregnant.Camp residents shared 17 photographs of items they said they had found in the ground around their tents, including an intact 60mm mortar projectile and a tail fin assembly for another 60mm mortar projectile, cartridge casings for rifle bullets, fired 12-gauge shotgun cartridges, and live pistol, rifle, machine gun, and shotgun ammunition. Intact munitions, such as 60mm mortar projectiles and small arms ammunition, pose an immediate explosive hazard and should be removed urgently from the area.

      “We try to stop our children from going to play up the hill because we know there might be bullets and other things the army didn’t clear that could be dangerous,” one camp resident said. Munitions containing lead can be extremely dangerous when swallowed by children or contaminate the soil, a medical expert told Human Rights Watch.

      The authorities should conduct a thorough and transparent assessment of lead levels in the soil and dust, as well as other possible pathways to exposure, and make the results publicly available. Any work that might increase exposure should be paused until after the soil has been tested or until people have been removed from the camp and housed in adequate facilities, Human Rights Watch said. If lead is present in the soil, authorities should provide free blood testing and treatment for camp residents, aid workers, police, and others who might have been exposed, prioritizing young children and women of reproductive age, and immediately move exposed residents to a safe location and remediate the contaminated areas.

      “The Greek government could be putting at risk families with young children, aid workers, and its own employees because it’s determined to hold asylum seekers on the island,” Wille said. “If this is where the government is trying to force asylum seekers to live on Lesbos, then all the more reason to transfer people to the mainland.”

      Tents on a Firing Range

      The Mavrovouni site sits on a large plot of military-owned land, some of which was used as a military firing range since 1926. The Asylum and Migration Ministry said that it covered the site with “new levels of soil” before the camp was opened.

      Human Rights Watch reviewed satellite imagery from before and after construction began on the camp on September 11, 2020. Imagery from before shows a firing range on part of the site next to Mavrovouni Hill. By September 28, more than 200 tents had been set up directly on the former firing range itself, with more tents on adjacent areas.

      Satellite imagery from June, before Moria camp was destroyed by fire, shows some basic clearance of vegetation cover within a rectangular strip that included the firing range, as well as a small section at the base of Mavrovouni Hill. From the imagery, it is impossible to determine the depth of the soil removal and whether the remediation of lead impacted soil was completed in accordance with prevailing standards and guidelines, or if it was just a superficial scraping of topsoil.

      Human Rights Watch was unable to determine what soil removal activities took place between June and September, when the camp opened, or of other activities to decontaminate the ground or where soil removed was disposed of. Given the speed of camp construction, it is very unlikely that authorities could have carried out remediation of lead-impacted soil before setting up the tents. Greek authorities have indicated that new soil was placed prior to construction of the camp, with no location indicated.

      Satellite imagery analysis, combined with a review of photos and videos of the firing range that were posted online in the spring, shows that the military was shooting from the southwest toward targets in the northeast, at the foot of Mavrovouni Hill. This suggests that soil on the hillside might also be contaminated by lead.

      Imagery recorded between September 14 and 16, shows at least 300 tents just south of the hill without any prior signs of soil clearance, with another at least 170 added in the following days. Imagery from late November shows further ground preparation southeast of the hill, and the construction of four large structures.

      Medical and environmental experts interviewed said it was risky to conduct further work in the camp without first conducting soil samples. “Disturbing this area will mobilize the lead in the soil and make it more vulnerable to dispersion from periodic rainfall, flooding, and wind erosion,” said Jack Caravanos, professor of global environmental health at New York University. Dr. Caravanos has visited and assessed dozens of lead-contaminated sites throughout the world and expressed dismay over how this site was chosen without proper environmental investigation.

      A European Commission official who is involved in migration policy with Greece said that the Greek Defense Ministry claimed that “no pieces of lead were observed on the ground” during construction or other work. Because lead dust is usually not visible, this claim raises concerns about the seriousness of the Greek government’s assessment.

      A source close to the police said that the government had considered turning the firing range into a camp site as early as 2015. At the time, authorities rejected the proposal for several reasons, the source said, including because it had been a firing range. It is unclear why the government ignored these concerns in 2020. A migration ministry employee working on the camp who spoke on the condition of anonymity said that in September, before Mavrovouni was selected, the government met with a few larger nongovernmental organizations, and discussed at least two or three alternative locations.

      Lead Contamination

      In his letter to Human Rights Watch, Minister Mitarachi said that the range had only been used for “small arms (straight trajectory), commonly only bullets, and not for other types of ammunition.” This ammunition, he said, “according to the Greek Army, contains no lead.” He added that the army had searched the camp for munitions prior to opening, and again 20 days later, and “reported no findings.”In contrast to these claims, bullets used for rifles, pistols, and machine guns as well as shot used by shotguns usually contain lead, which is used in bullets for its density and penetrating ability. Research at firing ranges has found that the discharge of lead dust from shooting results in soil contamination. Research has shown that elevated blood lead levels are commonly found in users of these sites, even among those who use them for limited amounts of time for recreational purposes.

      The large amount of fired small arms casings and cartridges found at the camp indicates an equally large number of bullets and shot might be buried beneath the ground where they landed. Other areas near the firing range may have been affected, including from relocation of soil associated with the construction of the camp or historic clearing of soils and munitions from the firing range. Thus, it is likely that any soil contamination extends beyond the firing range. Greek authorities provided no documentation for their claim that all the munitions used at the firing range were lead-free. This claim is highly questionable, given that lead-free bullets are expensive and very rare, particularly prior to the 1980s. Some bullets have an external metal-alloy coating that may make them appear to be lead-free, but the coating disintegrates relatively quickly when the bullet enters the soil, and the lead core becomes exposed. In addition, the photographic evidence from camp residents does not appear to support this contention.

      Camp residents shared with Human Rights Watch five photographs, one dated September 20, and two videos of the Hellenic Army’s Land Mine Clearance Squad carrying out clearance activities without any protective equipment and disregarding distancing between them and camp residents needed for safe ammunition clearance activities.

      The migration ministry employee working in the camp who spoke on the condition of anonymity said she remembered clearance operations taking place around that date: “There were soldiers who had this machine to detect metal walking amongst us. They were so close that we had to pick up our feet from the ground so they could check right under us.” A government employee’s union made a formal complaint about general working conditions at the camp, including their concerns around these clearance activities.

      In addition to camp residents, anyone working inside the camp could also face potential lead exposure from spending time in the camp if the soil is contaminated. Residents, aid workers, and the migration ministry employee said that these include staff from the Hellenic police, Hellenic army, municipality, First Reception Service, Asylum Service, National Public Health Organization (EODY), European Commission, European Asylum Support Office (EASO), European Border and Coast Guard Agency (Frontex), Europol, IOM, UNHCR, UNICEF, World Health Organization, Red Cross, and at least eight other medical and aid groups.

      Risks of Lead Poisoning for At-risk Groups

      Symptoms of lead poisoning are often not diagnosed as such but its adverse health effects can be irreversible. The severity of symptoms increases with prolonged exposure. Globally, lead exposure is estimated to account for up to one million deaths annually, with the highest burden in low- and middle-income countries. Poor and disadvantaged populations are more vulnerable because undernourishment increases the amount of ingested lead the body absorbs.

      Children are especially at risk because they absorb four to five times as much lead as adults, and their brains and bodies are still developing. In addition, small children often put their hands in their mouths or play on the ground, which increases their likelihood of ingesting or inhaling lead in dust and dirt. Exposure during pregnancy can result in stillbirth, miscarriage, and low birth weight, and can negatively affect fetal brain development. At least 118 pregnant women and 2,552 children are at the site, according to government data.

      Mohammed Hafida, a camp resident with three young children whose wife is pregnant, said that when they first moved to the camp it was particularly dusty. “When cars drove past the tents there was dust everywhere,” he said. “That only went away once the rain set in two weeks later. But the camp is on a hill, and so when it rained for several hours, many of the tents collapsed. This isn’t a camp, it’s a hell.”

      People living in the camp said that for the first few weeks, they had been sleeping on blankets and mattresses on the dusty ground, but more recently aid workers had added flooring to the tents. Even as rainfall increased, residents reported that dust would still enter the tents including in the cooking areas. Camp residents said they have to clean dust out of their tents multiple times a day because cars are driving on adjacent gravel roads. Children often play in the dusty area by the roads. A medical expert said that small children at the camp are at very serious risk for as long as they are exposed to dust that could be contaminated.

      Camp authorities did not inform residents that there could be a risk of lead exposure at the site. Medical and environmental experts said that given the known risks of lead exposure at firing ranges, comprehensive soil testing should have been carried out before even considering it as a possible location for the camp. They warned of specific risks of lead poisoning for small children who are most at risk. “Remediation can be very difficult,” said Caravanos, the NYU professor of global environmental health. “I can’t imagine that you could make it safe without removing everyone if lead was found in the soil.”

      On November 17, Human Rights Watch was notified about significant planned construction work, which the Asylum and Migration Ministry confirmed in a letter dated November 19. On November 26, Human Rights Watch sent a letter with detailed findings to the Greek Ministries of Asylum and Migration and Defense, which it also shared with EU officials and representatives from UNHCR, the United Nations refugee agency, and the World Health Organization, saying that these actions risk further exposing residents and construction workers to any potentially lead-contaminated dust and soil. Despite these warnings, on November 30, residents of the camp informed researchers that large construction was underway, including on top of Mavrovouni hill.

      The authorities should have been aware of the amount of dust construction causes at the site. During the construction of the camp in September, the migration ministry employee said, workers had been moving around lots of soil to make room for the camp structure and “There was a lot of dust everywhere for days. I kept finding dust and even little pebbles in my ears at that time.”

      Unsatisfactory Clearance Operation

      Three people interviewed in November said that the authorities forced them to move to the camp after the fires in Moria camp by threatening that the government would stop their asylum claims if they refused. All three have found and provided Human Rights Watch with photographs of munition remnants since moving to Mavrovouni in September. They all said that after moving to the site, they saw the Greek military conduct clearance operations without protective gear, and they shared videos of those operations with Human Rights Watch.

      In the videos and photographs, the camp tents and migrants are clearly visible, confirming that some clearance activities took place after people were already living there. A Syrian man whose wife is nine-months pregnant with their first child said that, after they had moved into the camp, he saw the military find and remove at least one cartridge casing. Another camp resident said that since arriving, he has found many bullets on the ground but the “authorities haven’t told us what to do if we find them, or other kinds of munitions.”

      Access to Health Care

      Two medical staff from a team providing health care in Mavrovouni camp said on November 10 that, since arriving at the camp in October, they had not heard anything about possible lead exposure. Both said that the camp had “decent” health care services considering that it was a temporary camp, but that the laboratory inside the camp does not have the capacity to perform blood tests for lead levels. Both said that because of the nature of the symptoms of lead poisoning, which are also symptoms of other illnesses, it would be extremely difficult to diagnose potential cases without blood tests.

      Both medical staff and a doctor who had worked previously at the camp said it was very difficult for camp residents to visit the hospital due to movement restrictions related to Covid-19.

      Parallels to Kosovo Incident

      This is not the first time that people living in a camp are put at risk of lead poisoning. For more than a decade following the end of the war in Kosovo in 1999, about 600 Roma, Ashkali, and Balkan Egyptian minority members lived in camps for displaced people operated by the UN. The camps sat on land contaminated by lead from a nearby industrial mine. In 2016, a United Nations human rights advisory panel found that the UN mission in Kosovo (the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo, UNMIK) had violated the affected people’s rights to life and health. Human Rights Watch documented that camp residents experienced lasting health impacts and are still awaiting compensation and health and educational support for themselves and their families, seven years after the last camp was closed in 2013.

      International Legal Obligations

      International law obligates states to respect, protect, and fulfill the right to the highest attainable standard of health. The United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, which monitors governments’ compliance with the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, in its General Comment 14 on the right to health, has interpreted the covenant to include:

      [T]he requirement to […] the prevention and reduction of the population’s exposure to harmful substances such as radiation and harmful chemicals or other detrimental environmental conditions that directly or indirectly impact upon human health.

      The right to health encompasses the right to healthy natural environments. The right to a healthy environment, which is also enshrined in the Greek constitution, involves the obligation to “prevent threats to health from unsafe and toxic water conditions.”

      The United Nations special rapporteur on human rights and the environment’s Framework Principles on Human Rights and the Environment, which interpret the right to a healthy environment, emphasize the need for “public access to environmental information by collecting and disseminating information and by providing affordable, effective and timely access to information to any person upon request.” The Committee on the Rights of the Child, the treaty body that monitors compliance with the Convention on the Rights of the Child to which Greece is a party, when describing the right of the child to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of health, calls on states to take appropriate measures “to combat disease and malnutrition … taking into consideration the dangers and risks of environmental pollution.”

      Responsibilities of the Greek Parliament and European Union

      Members of the Greek parliament should pay attention to the concerns that there may be lead contamination at Mavrovouni camp and assess the Greek government’s compliance with its obligations under national, European, and international law to realize the rights to health and healthy environment. They could hold a hearing or establish an inquiry to establish which government employees were involved in approving the site, the extent to which they knew or should have known about the risk of lead contamination, why they decided to move people to the site without first conducting comprehensive soil testing, and why, despite multiple concerns about lead contamination raised after the camp was opened, the authorities greenlighted construction work without first conducting comprehensive soil testing. They should take appropriate action to ensure accountability if merited.

      The European Commission, which financially supports Greece to manage the camp and has staff stationed there, as well as EU agencies, Frontex, and EASO, should urge Greek authorities to comprehensively test for lead and make the testing plan and results public.

      Human Rights Watch and other nongovernmental groups have long warned European leaders about the dire conditions in island camps, also known as hotspots. These have been exacerbated by Greek authorities’ containment policy, which has blocked transfers to the mainland. For years, residents were crammed into overcrowded, inadequate tents, with limited access to food, water, sanitation, and health care, including during the pandemic and despite the risk of Covid-19. The EU and Greece should fundamentally reconsider their hotspot approach on the Greek Islands and end policies that lead to the containment of thousands of migrants and asylum seekers in unsuitable, and in this case potentially hazardous, facilities.

      https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/12/08/greece-lead-poisoning-concerns-new-migrant-camp

      #pollution #contamination #plomb #Saturnisme #HRW #rapport

    • HRW calls for transparency over lead contamination at Lesvos migrant camp

      Greek authorities should release test results and other vital information about lead contamination at the Kara Tepe migrant camp on the eastern Aegean island of Lesvos to protect the health of residents and workers, Human Rights Watch (HRW) said on Wednesday.

      After testing soil samples in November, authorities earlier this month confirmed dangerous levels of lead in the soil in the administrative area of the facility, also known as Mavrovouni, which was built on a repurposed military firing range. They said that samples from residential areas showed lead levels below relevant standards but did not release the locations where samples were collected or the actual test results, the New York-based organization said.

      HRW said that officials have yet to indicate that they will take the necessary steps to adequately assess and mitigate the risk, including comprehensive testing and measures to remove people from areas that could be contaminated.

      “The Greek government knowingly built a migrant camp on a firing range and then turned a blind eye to the potential health risks for residents and workers there,” said Belkis Wille, senior crisis and conflict researcher at HRW.

      “After weeks of prodding, it took soil samples to test for lead contamination while denying that a risk of lead exposure existed. It did not make the results public for over seven weeks, and has yet to allow independent experts to analyze them or vow to take the necessary steps to protect residents and workers and inform them about the potential health risks,” she said.

      According to a report published by HRW in December, thousands of asylum seekers, aid workers, and United Nations, Greek, and European Union employees may be at risk of lead poisoning.

      The Kara Tepe facility currently houses 6,500 people.

      “Greece and its EU partners have a duty to make sure that people who live and work in the Mavrovouni camp are safe,” Wille said.

      “That requires transparency about the risks as well as urgent steps to mitigate them,” she said.

      https://www.ekathimerini.com/261695/article/ekathimerini/news/hrw-calls-for-transparency-over-lead-contamination-at-lesvos-migrant-c

  • France Repatriates More Children from Northeast Syria - Human Rights Watch
    The French government this week announced it had returned 10 children from camps for families of Islamic State (ISIS) suspects in Northeast Syria. The children were reportedly handed over to officials from the French foreign ministry who traveled to northeast Syria. French authorities have now brought back 28 French children from the region since March 2019, including recently a 7-year-old girl suffering from a severe heart defect. They should bring home the rest.

    Conditions in the camps in this war-torn region are appallingly overcrowded and unsanitary, leading to deaths in some cases. In these conditions, the threat of Covid-19 spreading rapidly is even greater. Only six confirmed cases were reported in Northeast Syria by mid-June, but the almost complete lack of testing in the region raises fears that the number of cases may be much higher. The region is profoundly under-prepared to deal with a major outbreak, notably due to restrictions on humanitarian assistance.

    #Covid-19#Syrie#France#HRW#Enfant#Rappatriement#Camp#DAESH#Migrants#Migration

    https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/06/24/france-repatriates-more-children-northeast-syria

  • When Health Care Is Decimated By War: COVID-19 in the Middle East and North Africa- Human Rights Watch

    The first is countries in conflict, Yemen, Syria, and Libya, and the densely crowded Gaza Strip, under Israeli occupation. Another vulnerable population is refugees and migrants, as well as people in prison or detention. Also, we know older people are particularly vulnerable to this virus and that they, along with people with disabilities, have a harder time accessing not only health care but information about the virus.The long-raging conflicts in Yemen and Syria have decimated the health care systems in those countries. Ongoing strikes by the Syrian-Russian military alliance in parts of Syria held by anti-government forces have destroyed hospitals and clinics, displacing over a million people. People live in tents or out in the open without access to water, unable to practice precautionary hygiene or social distancing.

    #Covid-19#HRW#Moyen-Orient#Santé#Camp#Guerre#Rapport#Migrants#Migration

    https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/04/16/when-health-care-decimated-war-covid-19-middle-east-and-north-africa

  • Qatar: Protect Migrant Workers During Pandemic-Human Rights Watch

    While acknowledging the positive steps taken to protect migrant workers infected and at-risk of infection by COVID-19, the coalition urged the authorities to supplement these with further actions that protect public health and are consistent with fundamental human rights, including the principle of non-discrimination

    #Covid-19#HRW#Qatar#Workers#Health#Migrants#Migration

    https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/04/02/qatar-protect-migrant-workers-during-pandemic

  • Turkey: COVID-19 Puts Sick Prisoners at Grave Risk- Human Rights watch

    "An examination of cases of prisoners, in the hundreds, whose underlying health conditions put them most at risk of the deadly effects of COVID-19 demonstrates why the Turkish authorities should include such inmates in its new plans for early release on parole or house arrest despite their conviction under antiterrorism lawsAn examination of cases of prisoners, in the hundreds, whose underlying health conditions put them most at risk of the deadly effects of COVID-19 demonstrates why the Turkish authorities should include such inmates in its new plans for early release on parole or house arrest despite their conviction under antiterrorism laws

    #Covid-19#HRW#Turquie#Prisonnierspolitiques#prison#migrants

    https://www.hrw.org/news/2020/04/03/turkey-covid-19-puts-sick-prisoners-grave-risk

  • Omar Shakir : « En m’expulsant, Israël a fait un mauvais calcul »
    Le directeur de Human Rights Watch pour Israël et la Palestine déclare à MEE que son expulsion ne l’empêchera pas d’exposer les violations des droits de l’homme commises par les autorités israéliennes
    Par Chloé Benoist – LONDRES, Royaume-Uni| Date de publication : Vendredi 6 décembre 2019 | Middle East Eye édition française

    https://www.middleeasteye.net/fr/entretiens/omar-shakir-en-m-expulsant-Israel-a-fait-un-mauvais-calcul

    En décollant de l’aéroport Ben-Gourion le 25 novembre dernier, Omar Shakir, directeur pour Israël et les Territoires palestiniens occupés de l’ONG américaine de défense des droits de l’homme Human Rights Watch (HRW), a ajouté un pays de plus à la liste des États qui l’ont banni en raison de son travail.

    Cependant, l’apogée de ses dix-huit mois de bataille juridique contre son expulsion a rendu Omar Shakir plus déterminé que jamais.

    « Si Israël pensait pouvoir cacher ses violations des droits de l’homme en m’expulsant, il a fait un mauvais calcul », a-t-il déclaré à Middle East Eye lundi 2 décembre, lors de son étape à Londres au cours d’une semaine de visites en Europe pour aborder les violations des droits de l’homme par Israël et sa répression à l’encontre des organisations de la société civile qui cherchent à les documenter.

    Le 5 novembre, la Cour suprême israélienne a confirmé la décision du gouvernement israélien d’expulser Shakir, accusé par les autorités de soutenir le mouvement Boycott, Désinvestissement, Sanctions (BDS) – une allégation que lui et son organisation démentent. (...)

    #BDS

  • Deport me, too - Opinion
    Gideon Levy Nov 07, 2019 | Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-deport-me-too-1.8091830

    If Omar Shakir deserves to be deported, then so do I and others like me. Shakir is being expelled for his views. But his views are my views exactly, even though we ve never met. If they are forbidden and dangerous, then everyone who advocates them must be deported.

    Therefore, it is obligatory to deport everyone who holds those positions that were prohibited Tuesday by the Supreme Court, sitting as the State of Israel’s Court of Thought Control.

    But let’s not get carried away: That was the intention of those who legislated the BDS law, the propagandists of the Strategic Affairs Ministry and right-wing NGOs, with the support of the High Court of Justice, which gave the law its imprimatur.

    Today it’s foreigners, tomorrow it will be Israelis. Because what’s the difference? If an opinion is dangerous, it should be forbidden to all. We’ll start with foreigners, go on to deporting Arab citizens who support a boycott, and we’ll finish off with the leftists. We’ll start with those who support sanctions against Israel, continue with those who oppose the occupation and finish with those who dare to criticize Israel.

    The court gave a clear green light to this inevitable slippery slope. What else will enlightened Justices Neal Hendel, Noam Sohlberg and Yael Willner, who approved Shakir’s deportation without finding any fault with him, say about deporting an Israeli Arab who calls for a boycott, after a relevant amendment is made to the law?

    There will already be a precedent for deporting a person because of his views, approved by the Supreme Court. which paved the way for continuing this destructiveness and silencing, until there will be no one left to stop this Erdanism.

    We’ll have to remember this about the court down the road. Continue to be impressed by it, to fight for its independence and existence, so you, its devotees, can feel enlightened in your own eyes.

    The court can explain this discrimination between Shakir and myself by citing the advantage a citizen has over a foreign national. Amendment 27 to the Entry to Israel Law states that a visa will not be granted to a person who isn’t an Israeli citizen who has issued a call to boycott Israel.

    Jewish Israelis are safe. For now. But there’s no logic to this discrimination. Now that the reins have been loosened, it will be possible to broaden the law’s wingspan to cover anyone who calls for a boycott, regardless of ethnic background or nationality. Deport us too. A majority of the people would support this, and what is democracy if not realizing the will of the majority?

    It’s forbidden to oppose the occupation; from now that will also be the law.

    It cannot be opposed by force; it cannot be opposed by any deed. One will only be allowed to whisper faintly against it until further notice. Shakir, like all people of conscience in Israel and around the world, thinks the occupation is criminal and that it is one’s duty to act against it.

    After 52 years in which it has become consolidated and reinforced, the time has come for action, of the type that was effective in eliminating the last apartheid regime, the one in South Africa. Then no one dared to criminalize boycotts and sanctions; they were a source of global pride.

    Now half the world has criminalized BDS. Such is the incredible power of the blackmail machine working in the service of Zionist propaganda.

    Still, I have a few questions for the Supreme Court justices that they have never answered:

    Is the occupation, which no nation in the world recognizes, and which no international institution has ever defined as anything other than an endless series of violations of international law, legal in your eyes? If not, is one permitted to work against it? If so, how?

    Do your honors believe that the occupation will collapse on its own, just like that; that Israelis will wake up one morning and say, “Oops, we made a mistake. What we’ve been doing isn’t nice”? If not, what will bring about its end? Do you not have some role in upholding the law in an area where Israel is committing more crimes than in any other realm?

    Is it permitted to call for a boycott on products because their source is illegal or immoral? Is it permitted to trade in stolen goods produced through theft, exploitation and disinheritance? Also, if Shakir’s expulsion is valid from your perspective, would you allow the deportation of Israelis because of their views? What would you call the regime here then? And what would you call your court?

    Honorable justices, what do you say?

    #expulsion #BDS
    #droits_humains #colonisation #occupation_de_peuplement

  • #Israël : La Cour suprême confirme l’expulsion du représentant de Human Rights Watch | #Human_Rights_Watch

    https://www.hrw.org/fr/news/2019/11/05/israel-la-cour-supreme-confirme-lexpulsion-du-representant-de-human-rights-watc
    https://www.hrw.org/sites/default/files/styles/open_graph/public/multimedia_images_2019/201903middleeast_israel_palestine_omarshakir.jpg?itok=lDKHGyrt

    Le 5 novembre 2019, la Cour suprême israélienne a confirmé que le gouvernement israélien a l’autorité d’expulser Omar Shakir, directeur de Human Rights Watch pour Israël et la Palestine. Si le gouvernement israélien maintient sa décision initiale, Shakir devra quitter Israël au plus tard le 25 novembre.

    Human Rights Watch a par le passé appelé les entreprises internationales à suspendre leurs activités commerciales dans les colonies israéliennes en #Cisjordanie occupée, invoquant l’obligation qui leur incombe de ne pas se rendre complice de violations des droits humains. Bien que Human Rights Watch ait lancé des appels similaires adressés à des entreprises menant des activités dans de nombreux autres pays, la Cour suprême israélienne a estimé qu’appliquer ce principe en vue de garantir le respect des droits des Palestiniens constituerait un appel au boycott. Cet arrêt s’appuie sur une lecture élargie de la loi de 2017 interdisant l’entrée aux personnes qui préconisent un boycott d’Israël ou de ses colonies en Cisjordanie.

    #droits_humains #colonisation #démolition #occupation

    • « Israël dénigre systématiquement les organisations humanitaires » - Libération
      https://www.liberation.fr/planete/2019/11/05/israel-denigre-systematiquement-les-organisations-humanitaires_1761712

      La Cour suprême israélienne a donné son aval à l’expulsion d’Omar Shakir, directeur de la branche locale de l’ONG Human Rights Watch, accusé de soutenir le boycott de l’Etat hébreu. Entretien.

      « Israël dénigre systématiquement les organisations humanitaires »

      Mardi, la Cour suprême israélienne a entériné l’expulsion du directeur local de l’ONG Human Rights Watch (HRW), accusé de soutenir le boycott de l’Etat hébreu. Il s’agissait du dernier recours légal d’Omar Shakir, citoyen américano-irakien en poste depuis 2017.

      Point d’orgue d’un long feuilleton judiciaire, la décision de la plus haute cour du pays établit un précédent. Pour la première fois, Israël entend expulser un de ses résidents, sous couvert d’une loi de 2017 visant à interdire l’accès du pays aux soutiens du mouvement pro-palestinien BDS (boycott, désinvestissement, sanction), bête noire de la droite israélienne qui en a fait une menace quasi-existentielle, accusant ses partisans d’antisémitisme. La législation anti-BDS avait déjà été utilisée cet été pour faire capoter la visite en Cisjordanie de deux représentantes du Congrès américain, Ilhan Omar et Rashida Tlaib.

      à lire aussi Israël interdit à deux élues américaines d’entrer sur son territoire

      Le ministère de l’Intérieur, qui avait révoqué le visa de travail de Shakir dès 2017, s’est appuyé sur d’anciens tweets de l’employé de HRW publiés il y a plusieurs années, alors que ce dernier était étudiant aux Etats-Unis, le qualifiant de « propagandiste propalestinien ». (Shakir conteste l’interprétation de ces tweets). En outre, le gouvernement israélien considère que les rappels au droit international de HRW à l’attention d’entreprises comme AirBnb pour les dissuader d’opérer dans les Territoires occupés s’apparentent à une forme d’incitation au boycott.

      « Omar Shakir est un activiste du BDS qui a profité de son séjour en Israël pour y nuire, ce qu’aucun pays sensé ne peut accepter », a réagi Gilad Erdan, ministre de la Sécurité intérieure et principal architecte de la législation anti-BDS. L’ONG israélienne B’Tselem estime quant à elle que la décision de la Cour suprême est une nouvelle étape dans le « rétrécissement de l’espace déjà limité en Israël pour s’opposer à l’occupation. Depuis des décennies, cet espace est inexistant pour les Palestiniens. Désormais, il se réduit plus encore pour les acteurs internationaux, et bientôt, pour les Israéliens. »

      Joint par Libération peu après la décision des juges, Omar Shakir, déjà expulsé par le passé d’Egypte et de Syrie pour ses activités au sein de HRW, dénonce « un précédent décisif […] et un blanc-seing à la répression et à la limitation d’accès des défenseurs des droits de l’homme ».
      Vous attendiez-vous à cette décision ?

      En tant que militant des droits de l’homme, je me dois d’être toujours optimiste en espérant que le droit prévaudra. Mais je suis parfaitement conscient que le gouvernement israélien s’est engagé dans une campagne de dénigrement systématique des organisations humanitaires sur son sol, et de Human Rights Watch en particulier [la diplomatie israélienne dénonce depuis des années le « biais anti-israélien » de l’ONG, ndlr], dans le but de faire taire tout plaidoyer en faveur des droits des Palestiniens, considéré désormais comme non seulement illégitime mais aussi criminel.
      Vous mettez en garde contre les ramifications juridiques de cette affaire…

      Cette affaire dépasse largement mon cas personnel ou celle de mon organisation : c’est un précédent décisif. La Cour suprême vient de donner son blanc-seing à la répression et à la limitation d’accès d’un acteur international dans la défense des droits de l’homme. Demain, est-ce que cela pourra s’étendre aux organisations israéliennes qui se battent pour les droits des Palestiniens, et rendre leur travail virtuellement impossible ? D’autant que celles-ci sont déjà dénigrées dans la sphère publique comme des « traîtres » et des « conspirateurs contre l’Etat et l’armée ». Il y a aussi un réel danger à considérer que toute campagne visant des compagnies internationales en activité dans les colonies s’apparente à un boycott d’Israël. Nous leur rappelons seulement le droit international, comme nous le faisons dans le reste du monde.
      Vous avez épuisé tous vos recours. Espérez-vous néanmoins que le gouvernement israélien suspende sa décision de vous expulser ?

      Les derniers signes laissent peu d’espoir. La Cour suprême a confirmé la légalité de la procédure d’expulsion, mais l’ordre doit encore être donné par le gouvernement. Une fois notifié, j’aurai alors vingt jours pour quitter ce pays qui est ma maison depuis deux ans et demi maintenant. J’en appelle donc à nouveau au gouvernement israélien, qui doit décider s’il se range au côté de l’Egypte, de Cuba ou de la Corée du Nord, ces pays qui ont expulsé des employés de HRW, ou s’il me permet de continuer mon travail en faveur des droits de l’homme.
      Guillaume Gendron correspondant à Tel-Aviv

    • Le représentant de Human Rights Watch en Israël et Palestine bientôt expulsé ?
      Publié le 05/11/2019
      https://www.courrierinternational.com/article/moyen-orient-le-representant-de-human-rights-watch-en-israel-

      Après une décision de la Cour suprême israélienne, Omar Shakir, directeur de la branche locale de l’ONG, a vingt jours pour quitter le pays. Il est accusé de soutenir le boycott de l’État hébreu.

      La Cour suprême israélienne a confirmé l’expulsion du représentant de l’ONG Human Rights Watch en Israël et en Palestine, Omar Shakir, mardi 5 novembre. “Il était accusé par l’État hébreu de soutenir le mouvement BDS [boycott, désinvestissement et sanction]”, rappelle Haaretz. (...)

  • » Israeli Supreme Court Upholds Deportation Order Against Human Rights Watch Director
    November 5, 2019 – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/israeli-supreme-court-upholds-deportation-order-against-human-rights-watch-di

    The Israeli Supreme Court, Tuesday, upheld deportation orders against Human Rights Watch (HRW) director Omar Shakir for the occupied Palestinian territory for his alleged support of the BDS (Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions) movement.

    “Breaking: Israeli Supreme Court upholds my deportation over my rights advocacy,” said Shakir in a tweet. “Decision now shifts back to Israeli government; if it proceeds, I have 20 days to leave and it’ll join ranks of Iran, North Korea and Egypt in blocking access for HRW official. We won’t stop. And we won’t be the last.”

    The Israeli human rights group, B’Tselem, said in a tweet that it stands in solidarity with the HRW director. (...)

    #BDS #expulsion

  • US : How Abusive, Biased Policing Destroys Lives

    Abusive policing in Tulsa, Oklahoma that targets black people and poor people, diminishes the quality of life in all communities, Human Rights Watch said in a report released today. Human Rights Watch released the report on the eve of the third anniversary of the killing of Terence Crutcher, an unarmed black man. That killing led Human Rights Watch to investigate everyday police interactions in Tulsa as a window into the larger human rights problems with policing throughout the United States.

    The 216-page report, “‘Get on the Ground!’: Policing, Poverty, and Racial Inequality in Tulsa, Oklahoma,” details how policing affects Tulsa, particularly in the segregated and largely impoverished North Tulsa area. Human Rights Watch found that black people are subjected to physical force, including tasers, police dog bites, pepper spray, punches, and kicks, at a rate 2.7 times that of white people. Some neighborhoods with larger populations of black people and poor people experienced police stops more than 10 times the rate of predominantly white and wealthier neighborhoods. Arrests and citations lead to staggering accumulations of court fees, fines, and costs, often for very minor offenses, that trap poor people in a cycle of debt and further arrests for failing to pay.

    https://www.hrw.org/news/2019/09/12/us-how-abusive-biased-policing-destroys-lives
    #police #racisme #USA #Etats-Unis #violences_policières #pauvreté #guerre_contre_les_pauvres #Noirs #Tulsa #Oklahoma #rapport #discriminations #HRW

    #cartographie #visualisation

    ping @karine4 @cede

  • Enquête #HRW : l’ex-président gambien Jammeh rattrapé par des affaires de viols - RFI
    http://www.rfi.fr/afrique/20190626-gambie-accusations-viols-encontre-ancien-president-yaya-jammeh

    Ce sont de graves accusations que Human Rights Watch publie ce mercredi 26 juin. Après dix-huit mois d’enquête, l’organisation de défense des droits de l’homme accuse #Yahya_Jammeh de violences sexuelles. L’ex-président gambien, qui a régné durant vingt-deux ans, est soupçonné d’avoir mis en place un véritable système pour abuser de jeunes #femmes.

    #abus_sexuels #viols #Gambie

  • Ein Gericht in Vietnam hat den Umweltaktivisten Anh wegen Kritik an...
    https://diasp.eu/p/9165010

    Ein Gericht in Vietnam hat den Umweltaktivisten Anh wegen Kritik an der Regierung zu langjähriger Haft verurteilt. Der Richterspruch wurde mit kritischen Einträgen des Garnelenfischers in sozialen Netzwerken begründet. EU fordert Freilassung vietnamesischen Fischers | DW | 06.06.2019 #Vietnam #Urteil #NguyenNgocAnh #Umweltaktivist #EU #HRW

  • Un tribunal israélien confirme l’expulsion d’un défenseur des droits de l’Homme
    Ali Abunimah, Electronic Intifada, le 18 avril 2019
    http://www.agencemediapalestine.fr/blog/2019/04/24/un-tribunal-israelien-confirme-lexpulsion-dun-defenseur-des-dro

    Mardi, un tribunal israélien a confirmé une décision du gouvernement d’expulser Omar Shakir, directeur du bureau de Jérusalem de Human Rights Watch. Le tribunal a fondé sa décision sur une loi de 2017 qui interdit l’entrée aux gens qui plaident pour un boycott d’Israël ou de ses colonies en territoire occupé.

    #Omar_Shakir #HRW #BDS #Boycott

    Suite de :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/573760
    https://seenthis.net/messages/692740
    https://seenthis.net/messages/775165

    Sur un sujet proche, une liste d’expulsions aux frontières israéliennes ici :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/364741

    #Palestine #Expulsion #Frontière

  • Un tribunal israélien approuve l’#expulsion du directeur de #HRW

    Un tribunal israélien a approuvé mardi une décision du ministère de l’Intérieur d’expulser le directeur local de Human Rights Watch (HRW), accusé de « soutenir le boycott d’Israël ».

    Le tribunal de Jérusalem a accordé à #Omar_Shakir, un citoyen américain, jusqu’au 1er mai prochain pour quitter le territoire, après avoir rejeté son appel contre un ordre d’expulsion. Il peut toutefois faire appel devant la cour suprême.

    le tribunal avait reporté son expulsion en mai 2018 après un recours de l’organisation de défense des droits humains contre une décision du ministère de l’Intérieur.

    Dans sa déclaration mardi, le tribunal de Jérusalem a affirmé qu’il « a été prouvé » que M. Shakir « continue à appeler publiquement au boycottage d’Israël et en même temps demander qu’il (l’Etat hébreu) lui ouvre ses portes ».

    Le ministre des Affaires stratégiques Gilad Erdan a salué la décision de la justice israélienne, précisant que c’est son ministère qui avait fourni les éléments à charge pour incriminer le directeur du HRW et recommander son expulsion.

    « Les activistes du BDS doivent réaliser qu’il y a un prix à payer pour leur activité contre Israël et ses citoyens », a ajouté le ministre.

    Les autorités israéliennes avaient indiqué en 2018 que M. Shakir était depuis des années un militant du BDS soutenant le boycott d’Israël de manière active.

    Le BDS (Boycott, désinvestissement et sanctions), l’une des bêtes noires des autorités israéliennes, est une campagne mondiale de boycott économique, culturel ou scientifique d’Israël destinée à obtenir la fin de l’occupation et de la colonisation des Territoires palestiniens.

    Le gouvernement israélien combat farouchement tout ce qui ressemble à une entreprise de boycott et en 2017, il a adopté une loi interdisant à tout militant BDS d’entrer en Israël.

    HRW a démenti que son directeur ait soutenu le BDS, et affirmé mardi vouloir saisir la cour suprême israélienne.

    Tom Porteous, adjoint au directeur des programmes de HRW, a affirmé dans un communiqué que la décision de justice constituait une « nouvelle et dangereuse interprétation de la loi » car elle assimilait la critique des entreprises opérant en Cisjordanie à un boycott d’Israël.

    https://www.lorientlejour.com/article/1166762/un-tribunal-israelien-approuve-lexpulsion-du-directeur-de-hrw.html
    #Israël
    ping @nepthys @reka

  • #Egypte : l’Occident se tait face aux exactions du régime #Sissi
    https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/international/300318/egypte-l-occident-se-tait-face-aux-exactions-du-regime-sissi

    Emmanuel Macron recevant le président égyptien à Paris, le 24 octobre 2017. © Reuters Sa réélection sera officiellement annoncée d’un jour à l’autre. Mais le bilan de la répression de masse conduite par le régime d’al-Sissi ne provoque aucune réaction des diplomaties occidentales. Les contrats et l’argument de la sécurité font taire toute critique. Même quand ce sont des Occidentaux qui passent dans la machine de terreur du régime. Nouveaux témoignages et second volet de notre enquête.

    #International #Amnesty #disparitions_forcées #HRW #torture #violations_des_droits_de_l'homme

  • #Egypte : l’Occident se tait face aux exactions du régime #Sissi (2)
    https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/international/300318/egypte-l-occident-se-tait-face-aux-exactions-du-regime-sissi-2

    Emmanuel Macron recevant le président égyptien à Paris, le 24 octobre 2017. © Reuters Sa réélection sera officiellement annoncée d’un jour à l’autre. Mais le bilan de la répression de masse conduite par le régime d’al-Sissi ne provoque aucune réaction des diplomaties occidentales. Les contrats et l’argument de la sécurité font taire toute critique. Même quand ce sont des Occidentaux qui passent dans la machine de terreur du régime. Nouveaux témoignages et second volet de notre enquête.

    #International #Amnesty #disparitions_forcées #HRW #torture #violations_des_droits_de_l'homme

  • #Egypte : enquête sur un régime de terreur et de #torture
    https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/international/260318/egypte-enquete-sur-un-regime-de-terreur-et-de-torture

    Le président égyptien Abdel Fatah al-Sissi, en juin 2014 © Reuters Abdel Fatah al-Sissi est assuré d’être réélu à la présidence de l’Égypte. Depuis 2013, son régime exerce une répression féroce, où la torture et les #disparitions_forcées sont devenues des pratiques courantes. Les diplomaties occidentales se taisent. La France en premier, tant Emmanuel Macron et Jean-Yves Le Drian ont vanté leurs relations avec al-Sissi. Mediapart publie de nouveaux témoignages de victimes. Premier volet de notre enquête.

    #International #Amnesty #HRW #Sissi #violations_des_droits_de_l'homme

  • The Angry Arab News Service/وكالة أنباء العربي الغاضب: On Human Rights Watch’s report on Saudi regime hate speech
    http://angryarab.blogspot.fr/2017/10/on-human-rights-watchs-report-on-saudi.html

    I heard from Saudi citizens inside the kingdom. They have major complaints about the report by Human Rights Watch on Saudi regime’s hate speech: they said that the organization only focused on Islamists in the kingdom totally ignoring the fact that Saudi liberals are most guilty in the hate speech campaign (see this article by a Saudi regime liberal). Critics of the report rightly point out that the report basically blamed the weakest element: the religious establishment while totally exonerating the Saudi regime and its liberal establishment inside the kingdom. One critic said: “the report said 99 correct things but only to promote one falsehood”.

    #HRW #arabie_saoudite

  • Is Human Rights Watch Too Closely Aligned With US Foreign Policy?
    https://www.thenation.com/article/is-human-rights-watch-too-closely-aligned-with-us-foreign-policy

    Human-rights organizations are supposed to defend universal principles such as the rule of law and freedom from state repression. But when they are based in the United States and become close to the US government, they often find themselves aligned with US foreign policy. This damages their credibility and can hurt the cause of human rights.

    #HRW #conflit_d'intérêt

  • #Colombie : “des faux positifs” couverts par des généraux, #HRW accuse | euronews, monde
    http://fr.euronews.com/2015/06/25/colombie-des-faux-positifs-couverts-par-des-generaux-hrw-accuse

    Dans la guerre contre les #FARC, l’armée colombienne s’est rendue coupable d’exécutions généralisées et systématiques de #civils entre 2002 et 2008. C’est ce qu’affirme un nouveau rapport de l’ONG Human Rights Watch.

    En une centaine de pages, l’organisation de défense des droits de l’Homme fournit des preuves selon lesquelles de nombreux généraux et colonels savaient que les troupes faisaient passer des civils pour des guérilleros morts au combat pour obtenir des primes, des permissions ou des promotions. (scandale des faux positifs)

    “Les officiers responsables à l‘époque des exécutions ont réussi à échapper à la #justice, et même, à accéder au sommet du commandement militaire, il y a encore des personnes en exercice“ a déclaré José Miguel Vivanco, directeur de HRW pour les Amériques.

    Colombie : Des officiers supérieurs impliqués dans des exécutions extrajudiciaires | Human Rights Watch
    http://www.hrw.org/fr/news/2015/06/24/colombie-des-officiers-superieurs-impliques-dans-des-executions-extrajudiciaire

  • Human Rights Watch veut placer #Israël sur la « liste de la honte » de l’ONU - L’Express
    http://www.lexpress.fr/actualite/monde/human-rights-watch-veut-placer-israel-sur-la-liste-de-la-honte-de-l-onu_168

    L’ONG a appelé le secrétaire général de l’ONU Ban Ki-moon à classer Israël parmi ceux qui violent les droits des #enfants lors de conflits armés, suite à la guerre à Gaza l’an dernier.

    « Renforcer la protection des enfants en temps de guerre. » Ce jeudi, Human Rights Watch (HRW) a interpellé l’ONU et son secrétaire général Ban Ki-moon en lui demandant d’intégrer, en dépis des « pressions politiques », l’armée de l’Etat hébreux dans la « liste de la honte », qui répertorie ceux qui violent les droits des enfants lors de conflit armés.

    En ligne de mire : le conflit de 50 jours qui a opposé en 2014 Israël au Hamas à Gaza et a causé la mort de 539 enfants et en a blessé 2956 autres. Parmi ces blessés, de nombreux palestiniens souffrent de traumatismes et beaucoup sont handicapés à vie, selon l’UNICEF, l’agence onusienne pour les enfants.

    Cette liste, annuelle, doit paraître la semaine prochaine. Elle comprend actuellement 51 groupes armés, dont la secte islamiste Boko Haram, le groupe jihadiste Etat islamique, mais aussi les armées de huit pays dont la Syrie, le Yémen, la République démocratique du Congo ou encore le Soudan. #HRW demande également à ce que le mouvement islamiste palestinien Hamas, qui contrôle la bande de Gaza, soit ajouté à cette liste, de même que d’autres groupes armés au Pakistan, en Thaïlande et en Inde, notamment pour des attaques contre des écoles ou encore le recrutement d’enfants soldats.

    #honte