Début 2020 (février-mars) des dizaines de migrants bloqués (et certainement refoulés) à la frontière terrestre après la décision de la Turquie d’ouvrir sa frontières avec la Syrie, à la hauteur de #Idlib.
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La #Grèce bloque des centaines de migrants à sa frontière avec la Turquie
Mai 2020: During and After Crisis : Evros Border Monitoring Report
#HumanRights360 documents the recent developments in the European land border of Evros as a result of the ongoing policy of externalization and militarization of border security of the EU member States. The report analyses the current state of play, in conjunction with the constant amendments of the Greek legislation amid the discussions pertaining to the reform of the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) and the Return Directive.
OP-ed : La guerre faite aux migrants à la frontière grecque de l’Europe par #Vicky_Skoumbi
Les refoulements groupés sont de plus en plus fréquents, tant à la frontière maritime qu’à la frontière terrestre. A Evros cette pratique était assez courante bien avant la crise à la frontière gréco-turque de mars dernier. Elle consistait non seulement à refouler ceux qui essayaient de passer la frontière, mais aussi à renvoyer en toute clandestinité ceux qui étaient déjà entrés dans le territoire grec. Les faits sont attestés par plusieurs témoignages récoltés par Human Rights 360 dans un rapport publié fin 2018 : "The new normality : Continuous push-backs of third country nationals on the Evros river" (►https://www.gcr.gr/en/news/press-releases-announcements/item/1028-the-new-normality-continuous-push-backs-of-third-country-nationals-on-the-e). Les « intrus » qui ont réussi à passer la frontière sont arrêtés et dépouillés de leur biens, téléphone portable compris, pour être ensuite déportés vers la Turquie, soit par des forces de l’ordre en tenue, soit par des groupes masqués et cagoulés difficiles à identifier. En effet, il n’est pas exclu que des patrouilles paramilitaires, qui s’activent dans la région en se prenant violemment aux migrants au vu et au su des autorités, soient impliquées à ses opérations. Les réfugiés peuvent être gardés non seulement dans des postes de police et de centres de détention fermés, mais aussi dans des lieux secrets, sans qu’ils n’aient la moindre possibilité de contact avec un avocat, le service d’asile, ou leurs proches. Par la suite ils sont embarqués de force sur des canots pneumatiques en direction de la Turquie.
Covid-19: Virus ’spiralling out of control’ in Syria’s Idlib, warns charity | Middle East Eye
Covid-19 is “spiralling out of control” in Syria as hospitals in the country’s northwest run out of oxygen and beds for critically ill patients, a charity has warned.
Since the pandemic began, Syria has recorded at least 40,000 coronavirus cases, with more than half of reported cases in the country’s northwest, the last major stronghold for armed opposition to the government.
The pandemic has been compounded further in Idlib, with limited hospitals and medical facilities either damaged or destroyed by Syrian government bombardment.
Amjad Yamin, from Save the Children’s Syria Response team, said he believed the overcrowded camps and lack of access to water had allowed the virus to spread faster in northwest Syria in comparison to other parts of the country.
“The reason why the numbers are increasing is because there is no way of containing it in northwest Syria,” Yamin told Middle East Eye.
“And when you live under 10 years of conflict, people are more worried about the ongoing fighting than the virus and say that they need to escape the fighting.”
Le nord-ouest de la Syrie démuni face à la Covid-19 - Orient XXI
Mohamed Akram vit dans le camp de réfugiés Al-Karama, dans la région d’Idlib, non loin de la frontière turque. Adossé à sa mobylette, il attend pendant des heures d’avoir une course pour l’un des villages voisins, et pour laquelle il sera payé 500 livres syriennes (environ 20 centimes d’euro) : « Certains jours sont meilleurs que d’autres, j’arrive alors à gagner 3 000 livres par jour [environ 1,10 euro]. Il s’agit souvent de patients qui ont besoin de se rendre dans un des hôpitaux de la région. » Cette somme ne suffit toutefois pas à nourrir sa famille de huit personnes, et qui vit sous une tente, où elle ne dispose même pas du strict nécessaire.
In northern Syria, COVID-19 worsens an already dramatic humanitarian crisis - Global Voices
The ongoing armed conflict in Syria has displaced over 1.6 million people who have fled mostly to the north of the country. The resulting catastrophic humanitarian crisis is now worsened by the impact of COVID-19 in the region.
In the Idlib region in northern Syria, residents already endure drastic conditions on a daily basis. Although Idlib has confirmed only one case of COVID-19 in July, many factors contribute to rising tensions, one of which is the continuing and deliberate violence inflicted on Idlib’s vital infrastructure by the Syrian-Russian military alliance which has completely destroyed its health sector.
According to Human Rights Watch, “northern Syria is not at all ready to face the ‘COVID-19′ pandemic.”
Hani al-Hariri, an activist from southern Syria now living in Idlib, told Global Voices that the situation could be catastrophic if COVID-19 reaches northern Syria, where displaced people barely have access to basic needs, including health care, water, and food, making social distancing and hygiene almost impossible to maintain.
Idlib cannot be left alone to deal with Covid-19 - The national
It was always a matter of time. Late last week, the first coronavirus case was discovered in Idlib, a province in Syria bordering Turkey where hundreds of thousands are living in crowded refugee camps after fleeing war. Without urgent measures to contain any potential outbreak, it could spell disaster for one of the most vulnerable communities in the world.
News of the first infection emerged last Thursday, and by Tuesday the number of confirmed cases had risen to four, including two in Idlib and two in opposition areas in rural Aleppo. All, according to the UN’s Office for the Co-ordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), are healthcare workers, which means it is likely that they were in contact with patients who visited their clinics or hospitals. They are all currently in isolation and contact tracing is under way to see who else may be infected.
Aid workers have long warned of the dangers of an outbreak in a place like Idlib and the devastating effects it could have. To understand the risks, we need to take a step back and examine the situation as a whole.
Syrian Kurds Alarmed Over UN Security Council Vote on Aid - Voices of America
Kurdish officials in northeast Syria are expressing disappointment following a vote by the United Nations Security Council that failed to address “the deteriorating humanitarian situation” in that part of the war-torn country.
The U.N. Security Council on Saturday approved a resolution authorizing an international program that will deliver aid to the rebel-held northwest Syrian province of Idlib through one border crossing.
However, the majority of the council, including the U.S., wanted to reopen another border crossing with Turkey and a third on Syria’s northeast border with Iraq in order to get aid to an estimated 1.3 million Syrians in need of medical supplies
Syrie : un premier cas de Covid-19 recensé dans la région d’Idleb - L’express
Cette région abrite quelque trois millions de personnes, dont beaucoup vivent dans la promiscuité des camps de déplacés.
Un premier cas de nouveau coronavirus a été officiellement enregistré jeudi dans le nord-ouest de la Syrie, a indiqué une responsable de l’opposition, ravivant les craintes d’un désastre si l’épidémie atteint les camps de réfugiés du bastion rebelle. « Nous regrettons aujourd’hui d’annoncer le premier cas de coronavirus, un soignant travaillant dans un des hôpitaux » de la province d’Idleb, a déclaré un responsable de la santé dans la région, Maram al-Cheikh.
Lack of aid increase suffering of IDPs in Ataa al-Khair camp in Syria’s Idlib - NPA syria
The absence of relief support is the most suffering of the Syrian IDPs living in Ataa al-Khair camp in Syria’s western Idlib countryside, especially those with chronic diseases, camp manager said on Monday.
Abu Ahmed al-Ladqani, the camp manager, told North Press the aid organizations didn’t operate for a long time, and the last aid provided to the IDPs was two months ago.
“There are no relief projects to help the IDPs in our camp, but only some local organizations come to distribute relief to the camps in our area,” he said.
Ataa al-Khair camp houses about 760 families, who need the simplest elements of daily life, according to the camp manager.
Separated by coronavirus, displaced Syrian family celebrates Eid via video call -Middle East Eye VIDEO
Maryam Kaddour, who lives in an Idlib displacement camp, used a video call to celebrate Eid with her son Shadi who works in Turkey to provide for the family
Syrian government lifts nightly curfew despite uptick in coronavirus cases - Al Monitor
The Syrian government will do away with the overnight curfew imposed in March despite a surge in reported cases of the coronavirus.
The Syrian Ministry of Health today announced 15 new COVID-19 cases in areas under government control, bringing the total number of cases to 121 and a death toll of four. All of the new cases were among Syrians returning from abroad, including nine from Kuwait. Experts have questioned the regime’s relatively low numbers, but Damascus has denied all charges of a cover-up.
Coronavirus testing shortfall in crisis-affected states risks undetected outbreaks, imperilling COVID-19 fight worldwide - Inernational Rescue Committee
New data shows countries with lowest number of tests per million include Yemen (31 tests per million), Nigeria (165 tests per million), and Northeast Syria (59 tests per million).
Of additional concern to IRC are crisis-affected countries for which data is either incomplete, inconsistent or absent entirely, such as Yemen, Tanzania, and Syria - which makes tracking the spread of the virus, particularly amongst the world’s most vulnerable, all the more challenging
Recent Developments in Northwest Syria - Situation Report No. 14 - As of 15 May 2020- OCHA report Syria Reliefweb
No cases of COVID-19 have been identified in northwest Syria, with 596 samples tested as of 13 May, of which 594 returned negative results and two results are pending. A laboratory in Idleb with a capacity of 100 tests per day remains instrumental in testing samples of potential cases of COVID-19. In some cases, samples from northwest Syria are sent to laboratories in Turkey for testing. To date, 304 triage tents have been distributed or installed in northwest Syria and 104 hospitals and primary health centres (PHC) have enacted COVID-19 triage systems. Four hospitals with intensive care units are operational to receive severe cases of COVID-19 and two community-based isolation (CBI) centres are operational to isolate mild to moderate cases.
The Bab Al-Hawa and Bab Al-Salam border crossings between Syria and Turkey remain open to humanitarian and commercial traffic, while several other points of entry in northwest Syria are also partially open. Monitoring, infection prevention and control (IPC) and referral measures reportedly continue to be implemented at cross-border and cross-line points. In northwest Syria, humanitarian partners continue to operate under measures intended to mitigate against the potential spread of COVID-19. These include adapted modalities to deliver assistance while minimising face-to-face contact, virtualisation of meetings and activities, and awareness raising efforts on COVID-19 risks and precautions conducted online.
The Jihadi-Backed Salvation Government and Covid-19 in Northwest Syria - ISPI Online
While many that research jihadism have focused on how the Islamic State (IS) has responded to the coronavirus pandemic, IS no longer actually controls territory in Iraq or Syria. Therefore, at best all they can do is provide guidance. In contrast, the jihadi group Hayat Tahrir al-Sham (HTS), which backs the local Salvation Government (SG) in parts of northern Idlib and western Aleppo, has to actually deal with the consequences of the pandemic since there are more than 4 million people living under its control, with more than two million of them being IDPs (internally displaced people). It also provides a unique window into the alternative type of governing style HTS has compared to IS’s totalitarian vision. Even if the SG has attempted to do something to prevent coronavirus from overtaking the population in its area of control, problems related to a devastated health system and inability to truly implement measures that would limit the spread of the disease makes the prospects extremely dire when the coronavirus hits the vulnerable civilian population.
Coronavirus in Syria : Idlib quarantine centre monitors travellers to curb pandemic | Middle East Eye
The Syrian province has yet to report any cases of the novel coronavirus, but doctors are wary of transmission from Turkey
Radical group hinders return of displaced Syrians to Idlib- Al Monitor
In a statement issued April 16, the RCG called on the displaced returning to their homes to be cautious during their journey and watch out for any remnants of war and destroyed buildings that could collapse.
The organization called on humanitarian organizations to work on resuming their activities in the areas that have begun to see the return of IDPs and to provide basic services. On April 20, the RCG released statistics documenting the return of 36,267 displaced families to their villages and towns in the countrysides of Aleppo and Idlib.
Coronavirus : Des Syriens de retour de Turquie sont placés en quarantaine dans un centre à Idleb - Orange actu
Des Syriens rapatriés de Turquie sont placés dans un centre de quarantaine à l’ouest de la province rebelle d’Idleb pour 14 jours afin d’éviter une propagation de l’épidémie de Covid-19 VIDEO
Return of 200,000 displaced people to their areas in Idlib and Aleppo - North Press Agency
The Response Coordinators Team published a statement on the numbers of returnees from areas of displacement to their towns and villages in the two governorates of Aleppo and Idlib, in which it revealed the return of 40,015 families, which is equivalent to 216,198 people, at a rate equivalent to 20.79% of the number of IDPs since the beginning of the ceasefire agreement on the 5th of last March.
Displaced Syrians return to shattered Idlib homes and looming coronavirus threat - Middle East Eye
Relieved to be back in their hometowns, thousands of people in northwest Syria now face a potential new crisis
Coronavirus en Syrie : fuir les camps pour échapper au Covid-19 - TV5Monde
L’ombre du coronavirus plane dans les camps de déplacés en Syrie. Certains ont donc décidé de rentrer chez eux pour échapper à la promiscuité des camps favorable au virus.
WhatsApp classes in Northwest Syria -Middle East Eye
A group of teachers in Idlib camps are using WhatsApp groups to keep classes running for displaced children, after tent schools were closed to prevent the spread of coronavirus.VIDEO
Turkey sends reinforcements to Syria despite coronavirus outbreak- Al Madar News
Turkey has sent more military reinforcements to Syria’s Idlib Governorate this week, despite the Ministry of Defense’s claim that they were reducing troops in the country because of the coronavirus outbreak.
Coronavirus pandemic driving increased racism against Indian Jews in Israel-972 Magazine
“A 28-year-old Indian Jew in Israel is in hospital after being assaulted by Israelis who called him ’corona.’”
Northwest Syria: “COVID-19 adds another layer of complexity to an already catastrophic situation” - Médecin sans frontière
“Not so long ago, Idlib was a humanitarian emergency. Today it still is. The COVID-19 pandemic has added another layer of complexity to a situation that was already catastrophic”