industryterm:information technology

  • DAPS Project now Part of the Enjin #blockchain #gaming Multiverse

    The DAPS Project has recently announced its collaboration with Singapore-based information technology company Enjin and four of its gaming partners to bring playable DAPS characters to the blockchain gaming multiverse. Enjin aims to give gamers a better choice about how and where they store, play and trade their in-game assets. Enjin’s custom-branded ERC-1155 tokens will be the first in-game collectibles that can be moved between blockchain games.Introducing DAPSDAPS is an acronym for ‘Decentralized Anonymous Payments System’. The project’s aim is to create the most cutting-edge privacy coin in the world. DAPS will achieve this by releasing the first of its kind fully trustless private blockchain in Q2 2019. The DAPS protocol aims to build upon the success of other privacy coins such as (...)

    #tech #crypto #daps-project

  • Small is Beautiful — The Big Bang Launch Failure of

    Small is Beautiful — The Big Bang Launch Failure of Error MessageThe 5th anniversary of the launch failure offers an opportunity to reflect upon computer system defects, human error, organization flaws, and the best principles and practices for solution delivery in the information technology industry. In this blog and my upcoming book, Bugs: A Short History of Computer System Failure, I will chronicle some important system failures in the past and discuss ideas for improving the future of system quality. As IT becomes increasingly woven into Life, the quality of hardware and software impacts our commerce, health, infrastructure, military, politics, science, security, and transportation. The Big Idea is that we have no choice but to get better at (...)

    #obamacare #project-management #software-development #healthcare-dot-gov

  • ’The goal is to automate us’: welcome to the age of surveillance capitalism by John Naughton, for TheGuardian on 20th January 2019

    The headline story [Surveillance Capialism, by Shoshanna Zuboff] is that it’s not so much about the nature of digital technology as about a new mutant form of capitalism that has found a way to use tech for its purposes.

    [Zuboff] points out that while most of us think that we are dealing merely with algorithmic inscrutability, in fact what confronts us is the latest phase in capitalism’s long evolution – from the making of products, to mass production, to managerial capitalism, to services, to financial capitalism, and now to the exploitation of behavioural predictions covertly derived from the surveillance of users.

    The combination of state surveillance and its capitalist counterpart means that digital technology is separating the citizens in all societies into two groups: the watchers (invisible, unknown and unaccountable) and the watched. This has profound consequences for democracy because asymmetry of knowledge translates into asymmetries of power.

    As click-through rates skyrocketed, advertising quickly became as important as search. Eventually it became the cornerstone of a new kind of commerce that depended upon online surveillance at scale.

    the duality of information technology: its capacity to automate but also to “informate”, which I use to mean to translate things, processes, behaviours, and so forth into information. This duality set information technology apart from earlier generations of technology: information technology produces new knowledge territories by virtue of its informating capability, always turning the world into information. The result is that these new knowledge territories become the subject of political conflict. The first conflict is over the distribution of knowledge: “Who knows?” The second is about authority: “Who decides who knows?” The third is about power: “Who decides who decides who knows?”

  • 5 Books That Explain Why It Seems the World Is So Fucked

    1. Democracy for Realists – Christopher Achens & Larry Bartels
    “an eye-opening and sober look at the data on democracy and what makes it effective/ineffective. Hint: people are stupid. Or as my favorite Winston Churchill quotes goes: “The best argument against democracy is a five-minute conversation with the average voter.”

    2. The Coddling of the American Mind – Jonathan Haidt & Gregory Lukianoff
    “The kids aren’t alright. No, really—I know every generation says that, but this time it’s true. Kids who grew up with smartphones (and have begun to enter the university system) are emotionally stunted, overly fragile, and exhibiting mental health issues at alarming rates.”

    3. Who owns the Future – Jaron Lanier
    “Lanier, one of the internet’s earliest engineers, argues with passion and seemingly endless wit that pretty much all of our problems boil down to one thing: for some reason, at some point, we all decided that information should be free.”

    4. The Death of Expertise – Tom Nichols
    “Speaking of the value of information, Nichols goes on a rampage in The Death of Expertise, ripping apart the growing anti-intellectualism. But whereas Lanier focused on information technology, Nichols takes aim at our culture.”

    5. Bowling Alone – Robert Putnam
    “The title refers to the fact that more Americans bowl than in the past. Yet, there are fewer bowling leagues than ever before. Meaning: more and more, people are spending time alone.”

    (all quite US-centric though…)

  • Get Out of Jail Free — OMNI Early Prisoner Release in Washington State

    Get Out of Jail Free — OMNI Early Prisoner Release in Washington StateThe 6th anniversary of the Washington State criminal tracking system bug resulting in early prisoner release offers an opportunity to reflect upon computer system defects, human error, process flaws, organizational mistakes, and the best principles and practices for solution delivery in the IT industry. In this blog and my upcoming book, Bugs: A Short #history of Computer System Failure, I will chronicle some important system failures in the past and discuss ideas for improving the future of system quality. As information technology becomes increasingly woven into Life, the quality of hardware and software impacts our commerce, health, infrastructure, military, politics, science, security, and transportation. The Big (...)

    #project-management #criminal-justice-reform #leadership #software-development

  • How Web 3.0 Could Globally Improve Asset Management

    By TechnomadsThe distributed ledger hype train has been operating at full steam for some time now bringing along a drastic change of the economic reality with commerce and finance being the #blockchain darlings. This, of course, didn’t happen overnight. Over the last couple of decades, the concept of profitability and socio-economic impact of entire industries has drastically shifted. Information technology is pushing forward the entire set of newly invented values based on social interactions. More so, many of businesses and public agencies operating by conventional industrial principles are struggling to compete with their digital rivals staying afloat mostly by virtue of enormous debt load, excessive monetary emittance, and some creative financial schemes.Meanwhile, compared to the 7 (...)

    #web-3-point-0 #decentralization #asset-management #web3

  • The Rise and Fall of Knight Capital — Buy High, Sell Low. Rinse and Repeat.

    The 6th anniversary of the trading system meltdown at Knight Capital is an opportunity to reflect upon software defects, human error, process flaws, and the best principles and practices for IT solution delivery. In this blog and my upcoming book, Bugs: A Short History of Software Imperfection, I will chronicle some important software system failures in the past and discuss ideas for improving the future of system quality. As information technology becomes increasingly woven into Life, the quality of software impacts our commerce, health, infrastructure, military, politics, science, security, and transportation. The Big Idea is that we have no choice but to get better at delivering technology solutions because our lives depend on it.On August 1, 2012, Knight Capital Group LLC (...)

    #trading-system #rise-of-knight-capital #fall-of-knight-capital #trading-system-meltdown #knight-capital

  • Was dem Taxigewerbe fehlt ...

    ... ist Agilität.
    Unternehmen, Fahrer und Abläufe bleiben wie sie sind. Der Job ändert sich nicht, er wird nur stressiger. Business development, Innovation und Umsatzsteigerung finden nicht statt. Wer sich so verhält, verliert, geht unter, wird zum Opfer von beweglicheren Das muss nicht sein. Lernen wir von den aufstrebenden Unternehmen der Stadt.

    Radical Agility: How Zalando Tech Became Berlin’s Hottest Workplace — Red Herring

    Risk is not something that comes naturally to German firms: it’s one reason why the country has required an entire branded movement to promote tech across its many successful industries. Radical Agility is what Zalando believes will help it move quickly and scale at the same time.

    Zalando Technology introduces Radical Agility - YouTube

    Zalando is a platform. And we are growing fast, in people, ambition, and scope. We always have to fight against complexity, because accidental complexity slows us down: in how we organize, in how we communicate, in how we decide what to build, and in how we build it.

    But essential complexity is a great strength. To many, we are masters of this complexity, daring to go where few have tried and all before us have failed. What we solve today for our brands is complexity. And solving this complexity for others is not simple; it is a daily struggle. Taming it remains a challenge, but is also a tremendous opportunity.

    To effectively manage complexity requires autonomy. Providing people and teams with true autonomy allows them to open up their creativity and solve hard problems in original ways. Too much freedom works against creativity, but just the right degree of constraint unlocks everyone’s creative potential. To support autonomy we need a solid foundation. Autonomy must be supported by management. It must be supported by architecture. To be autonomous we must be armed with purpose. And to be truly great requires passion and the scope to achieve mastery. All these together, we call Radical Agility.

    Radical Agility 101: Study Notes – Zalando Tech Blog

    Zalando Tech gives their teams Autonomy to leverage intrinsic motivation and work hard, to build great software that they can be proud of. Teams move in parallel making the big decisions needed to create great products, without having to ask permission for everything. This trust-based system depends on the peer review that happens within a team and allows for the exploration and use of whatever technologies and frameworks deemed necessary. This is the basis for the what behind our department.

    By outlining Mastery as a foundational pillar, we want to give our developers the best support we can to help them grow, and to provide a place where they’re able to achieve greatness. By allowing dedicated work hours to plan and curate their own Tour of Mastery, we believe Zalando engineers will be inspired every day to do what they do best, both for the business and their future careers. This is the basis for the how behind what we’re doing.

    Having a defined, clear Purpose gives our teams, as well as the entire organization, a point of focus. It allows us to be disciplined in how we think, to communicate broadly and concisely, to make the indicators for progress visible, and to focus as a group on the hard challenges ahead. Purpose inspires our engineers to understand the why behind the products that we’re building for Zalando, on top of measuring its success.

    Radical Agility As A Business-Technology Principle

    The Agile manifesto was laid down in 2001 to detail the core principals of agility with a CAPS A describing how software (and, indeed, any project) could be built inside a delivery methodology that positively embraces change, early delivery and changing requirements.

    Fast forward to 2016 and we find European e-commerce company Zalando trying to tell us that really, today, it’s all about Radical Agility with both a CAPS R and a CAPS A.

    CAUTION: We know how easy it is to spin ‘puff & fluff’ and just how hard it is to actually coin a real legacy saying in the information technology industry — all you have to do it stick “what I like to call” in front of a quirky term and you’re off, so please beware.

    Zalando SVP of tech Philipp Erler isn’t put off by this cautionary note; he claims that his team’s work inside the Radical Agile development methodology have assisted the company in increasing its revenue 34% to exceed £2.25 bn (US$ 3.20) between 2014 and 2015.

    What is Radical Agility?

    Radical Agility is a described as a software development methodology (that could ultimately, potentially, conceptually be applied to other business practices at a wider level of openness) where the business splits its developers into small autonomous teams that are free to use any programming language (outside of tech, that could be any workflow or operations system perhaps) or technology to create their code in, as long as they reach the stated goal.

    Zalando – Arbeitsbedingungen, Arbeitnehmerrechte und Organisation
    Wo viel Licht ist, ist auch viel Schatten. Zalando funktioniert wie eine Zweiklassengesellschaft, in der eine Elite gut auf dem Rücken einer unterpriveligierten und überausgebeuteten Masse lebt.

    Bis 2014 existierten bei Zalando keine unabhängigen Arbeitnehmervertretungen. Im August 2014 wählten die 1180 Angestellten in der Niederlassung Brieselang überhaupt erstmals einen Betriebsrat mit 15 Personen.[60] 2015 gründete Zalandoo selbst einen sechsköpfigen Europäischen Betriebsrat (SE) mit Sitz in Berlin für den gesamten Konzern. Vorsitzender ist der Manager das Skandinavien-Geschäft Michael Lindskog aus Schweden; sein Stellvertreter ist als Teamleiter aus dem Zalandoo-Logistikzentrum in Erfurt Dustin Köster. Aufgrund seines Statutes hat das Gremium lediglich Informations- und Anhörungsrechte für alles, was den Gesamtkonzern und grenzüberschreitende Fragen betrifft.

    #Berlin #Wirtschaft #Taxi #Agilität

  • ’We Need Healthcare Champions, Not Puppets’: Documents Expose Big Pharma’s Scheme to Turn Democratic Candidates Against Medicare for All | Alternet

    At least three of the six candidates running to represent the “reliably” Democratic district in Hawaii “took time out from their schedules to talk to a consultant dispatched by the Healthcare Leadership Council, a lobbying group that seeks to advance the goals of the largest players in the private healthcare industry,” according to a new report by The Intercept.

    Although much of the report focuses on the Hawaii race, as The Intercept notes, the Healthcare Leadership Council—which is funded by Big Pharma companies such as Pfizer and Novartis—spends more than $5 million a year representing the interests of “insurers, hospitals, drugmakers, medical device manufacturers, pharmacies, health product distributors, and information technology companies” across the nation.

    #Big_Pharma #Corruption

  • Amnesty International alleges Israeli spyware linked to Saudi Arabia - Middle East - Jerusalem Post

    The report released Wednesday coincided with a second report from Citizen Lab, an interdisciplinary lab that deals with information technology and human rights, which examined the suspicious messages and corroborated Amnesty’s findings. “The SMS messages contain domain names pointing to websites that appear to be part of NSO Group’s Pegasus infrastructure.”

    NSO Group “develops mobile device surveillance software. The software called Pegasus developed by the company can be used to record conversations and gain access to photos, text messages and websites viewed from a smartphone,” according to Bloomberg.

    The company was founded in 2010 and is based in Herzliya, Israel. Calcalist reported that NSO’s co-founder has asserted the company only sells to “government bodies that are defined as legitimate.”

    The malicious messages arrived in June and appeared to target human rights activists. The messages ostensibly provided information about a protest or court case that lured the potential victim to click on a link. One message even mimicked an Amnesty report title about Saudi Arabia’s lifting the ban on women driving.

    #israël la seule démocratie post-moderne au Moyen-Orient

  • BBC Computer Literacy Project Archive

    In the 1980s, the BBC explored the world of computing in The Computer Literacy Project. They commissioned a home computer (the BBC Micro) and taught viewers how to program.
    The Computer Literacy Project chronicled a decade of information technology and was a milestone in the history of computing in Britain, helping to inspire a generation of coders.
    This site contains all 146 of the original Computer Literacy Project programmes plus 121 related programmes, broken down into 2,509 categorised, searchable clips.

    #histoire #informatique #BBC's_Genius

  • The #internet, Instant Gratification, and the Lost Art of Thinking

    Previously, I made the case that the majority of society suffers from an impulse to categorize the world when attempting to understand it, instead of actually thinking (see here). That is, we equate understanding things with categorizing them. This has a number of negative consequences including emboldening our biases.If either I have sufficiently made this case to you or you’ve experienced it yourself and it’s already apparent to you, I’d now like to consider where this actually comes from. In particular, what kind of role might information technology play in this? I am by no means a luddite, but information technology is omnipresent in our lives and most would agree that it changes the way that we think or has the potential to.Consider that we often want to understand the world around (...)

    #the-internet #tech #lost-art-of-thinking #instant-gratification

  • On China’s New Silk Road, Democracy Pays A Toll – Foreign Policy

    To understand how the #Belt_and_Road Initiative can threaten human rights and good governance, consider first how its projects are financed.To understand how the Belt and Road Initiative can threaten human rights and good governance, consider first how its projects are financed. Thus far, China has largely favored loans over grants. It is not a member of the Paris Club of major creditor nations, and it has shown little inclination to adhere to internationally recognized norms of debt sustainability, such as the sovereign lending principles issued by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development. At the same time, many of the recipient countries participating in the project lack the capability to assess the long-term financial consequences of China’s loans — or they may simply accept them, assuming the bills will come due on a future government’s watch.

    Ballooning, unsustainable debt is the predictable result. Sri Lanka, where in 2017 some 95 percent of government revenue went to debt repayment, represents the best-known example of Belt and Road’s negative impact on a country’s balance sheet. But Sri Lanka is only the most prominent case; a recent study by the Center for Global Development identified eight countries — Djibouti, the Maldives, Laos, Montenegro, Mongolia, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan, and Pakistan — that are at particular risk of debt distress due to future Belt and Road-related financing.
    China’s planned development of a “#new_digital_Silk_Road ” has received comparatively less attention than other elements of the initiative but is equally troubling. China’s digital blueprint seeks to promote information technology connectivity across the Indian Ocean rim and Eurasia through new fiber optic lines, undersea cables, cloud computing capacity, and even artificial intelligence research centers. If realized, this ambitious vision will serve to export elements of Beijing’s surveillance regime. Indeed, Chinese technology companies already have a track record of aiding repressive governments. In Ethiopia, likely prior to the advent of Belt and Road, the Washington Post reports that China’s ZTE Corporation “sold technology and provided training to monitor mobile phones and Internet activity.” Today, Chinese tech giant Huawei is partnering with the government of Kenya to construct “safe cities” that leverage thousands of surveillance cameras feeding data into a public security cloud “to keep an eye on what is going on generally” according to the company’s promotional materials. Not all elements of China’s domestic surveillance regime are exportable, but as the “New Digital Silk Road” takes shape, the public and online spaces of countries along it will become less free.
    States financially beholden to China will become less willing to call out Beijing’s domestic human rights abuses, for instance, and less eager to object to its foreign-policy practices. This dynamic is already playing out within the European Union. In mid-2017, for the first time, the EU failed to issue a joint condemnation of China at the U.N. Human Rights Council. Greece, which had recently received a massive influx of Chinese investment into its Port of Piraeus, scuttled the EU statement.


  • Open Letter in Support of Google Employees and Tech Workers

    As scholars, academics, and researchers who study, teach about, and develop information technology, we write in solidarity with the 3100+ Google employees, joined by other technology workers, who oppose Google’s participation in Project Maven. We wholeheartedly support their demand that Google terminate its contract with the DoD, and that Google and its parent company Alphabet commit not to develop military technologies and not to use the personal data that they collect for military purposes. The extent to which military funding has been a driver of research and development in computing historically should not determine the field’s path going forward. We also urge Google and Alphabet’s executives to join other AI and robotics researchers and technology executives in calling for an international treaty to prohibit autonomous weapon systems.

    Lettre ouverte de chercheurs et universitaires en soutien aux travailleurs de chez Google contre le projet d’IA militaire Project Maven

    #guerre #intelligence_artificielle #Google #robots

  • Alibaba’s next moon shot is to make cities adapt to their human inhabitants, technology seer says | South China Morning Post

    Wang Jian was once called crazy by Jack Ma Yun, the founder and executive chairman of Alibaba Group Holding, for suggesting that the company could have its own mobile operating system.

    That vision, however, proved prescient as smartphones powered by the company’s YunOS mobile operating platform, which was developed by its Alibaba Cloud subsidiary, surpassed 100 million units last year.

    In addition, many of the Hangzhou-based e-commerce company’s recent innovations are rooted in Alibaba Cloud, known as Aliyun in China, as domestic demand for data centre facilities and on-demand computing services delivered over the internet have grown rapidly.

    “It’s not about whether I’m crazy or not, it’s about this era,” Wang, the chairman of Alibaba’s technology steering committee, said in an interview in Hong Kong, where he met with some journalists to talk about his new book Being Online. “[This] is a crazy era, so many new things are happening.”

    Wang, 55, said the city of tomorrow should be able to adapt to its surroundings and inhabitants, almost like a living organism, so that municipal services like public transport, health care and education can be delivered in the right measure and time to minimise waste and optimise usage.

    Alibaba says it is on track to overtake Amazon as world’s top cloud computing services firm

    To that end, a city’s development would be better determined in future by the amount of computing resources it consumes, said Wang. At present, electricity consumption is widely regarded as the measure of development for cities, he added.

    Similarly, the day-to-day behaviour of a city’s residents now has little impact on how a city is organised as well as the way its services are planned and developed, said Wang. That would change with advanced computing technologies that are able to track human behaviour.

    “Do you want to take the bus, or is it because it’s been put there so you’re taking it?” asked Wang, using fixed bus routes as an example of how a city’s services are rigid and do not adapt quickly to changing patterns in the behaviour of its residents.

    Citing the example of a project in northern China, where railway workers were able to tell staff canteens along the line of which meals they plan to have, operators of these dining halls were able to prepare the right amount of food, leading to less waste. [Alibaba Group Holding’s annual Singles’ Day shopping festival on November 11 is a testament to the way cloud computing has changed the retail industry in China. Photo: Edward Wong]

    In its home market in the eastern coastal Chinese city of Hangzhou, Alibaba has created a so-called City Brain that uses artificial intelligence – specifically, deep learning technology that teaches computers to learn and perform tasks based on classifying data – to send out instant traffic alerts and route suggestions to motorists.

    Alibaba said traffic speed has improved by up to 11 per cent in one of Hangzhou’s districts, and that several other cities in China were now implementing smart transport programmes.

    Neil Wang, the Greater China president of consultancy firm Frost & Sullivan, said integrating technology into a city’s operations enabled traffic to be monitored in real-time and fed back to users, allowing drivers to check traffic conditions and adjust their route during the journey, or even find a vacant parking space via a mobile app.

    “Creating a sustainable and self-conscious city with the help of big data technology is the main idea behind this approach,” said Wang. “Smart cities can use the latest digital technologies to improve their resource allocation, as well as the quality of life for their residents. In particular, transport, health care, and education are some of the key areas that will benefit.”

    The global smart cities market, which comprises of interrelated domains that impact urban living, is forecast to reach US$1.2 trillion by 2019, according to research company Technavio in a report published in February. These domains include industry automation, smart grid, security, education, home and building, health care, transport, and water and waste.
    Smart cities can use the latest digital technologies to improve their resource allocation, as well as the quality of life for their residents.

    New York-listed Alibaba, which owns the South China Morning Post, is not alone in trying to make cities more adaptable to human behaviour. Many other companies, including Google owner Alphabet, are involved in various projects around the world that integrate information technology with city planning.

    In October, Alibaba said it will double research and development spending to US$15 billion over the next three years to develop futuristic technologies that could transform whole industries, or so-called moon shot projects. To do that, the company will set up research labs around the world and hire scientists.

    For Wang, Alibaba’s annual Singles’ Day shopping festival on November 11 is a testament to the way cloud computing has changed the way people shop in China. This year’s edition of the 24-hour shopping promotion chalked up a record of more than US$25 billion in sales.

    The event is made possible by the coming together of mobile payments, e-commerce and back-end logistics underpinned by cloud computing.

    Smart cities: Digital world unlocks door to the future

    “If you think about it, being able to shop at night while tucked into bed, and having that parcel land on your doorstep the next day is in itself crazy,” Wang said.

    There will be more inventions that today may look wacky but could be the norm of tomorrow, Wang said. Citing the example of Thomas Edison’s light bulb, which made it possible to demonstrate the usage of electricity, he said future applications on the internet may exceed the limits of human imagination today.

    “We’re just at the beginning of the beginning of the beginning.”

    Additional reporting by Zen Soo
    This article appeared in the South China Morning Post print edition as: Smart cities next idea in tech chief’s crazy era

    #Chine #e-commerce #smart-cities #surveillance #disruption

  • Inside X, Google’s Moonshot Factory |The Atlantic (novembre 2017)

    (…) The decline in U.S. productivity growth since the 1970s puzzles economists; potential explanations range from an aging workforce to the rise of new monopolies. But John Fernald, an economist at the Federal Reserve, says we can’t rule out a drought of breakthrough inventions. He points out that the notable exception to the post-1970 decline in productivity occurred from 1995 to 2004, when businesses throughout the economy finally figured out information technology and the internet. “It’s possible that productivity took off, and then slowed down, because we picked all the low-hanging fruit from the information-technology wave,” Fernald told me.

    The U.S. economy continues to reap the benefits of IT breakthroughs, some of which are now almost 50 years old. But where will the next brilliant technology shock come from? As total federal R&D spending has declined—from nearly 12 percent of the budget in the 1960s to 4 percent today—some analysts have argued that corporate America has picked up the slack. But public companies don’t really invest in experimental research; their R&D is much more D than R. A 2015 study from Duke University found that since 1980, there has been a “shift away from scientific research by large corporations”—the triumph of short-term innovation over long-term invention.

    The decline of scientific research in America has serious implications. In 2015, MIT published a devastating report on the landmark scientific achievements of the previous year, including the first spacecraft landing on a comet, the discovery of the Higgs boson particle, and the creation of the world’s fastest supercomputer. None of these was an American-led accomplishment. The first two were the products of a 10-year European-led consortium. The supercomputer was built in China.

    As the MIT researchers pointed out, many of the commercial breakthroughs of the past few years have depended on inventions that occurred decades ago, and most of those were the results of government investment. From 2012 to 2016, the U.S. was the world’s leading oil producer. This was largely thanks to hydraulic fracturing experiments, or fracking, which emerged from federally funded research into drilling technology after the 1970s oil crisis. The recent surge in new cancer drugs and therapies can be traced back to the War on Cancer announced in 1971. But the report pointed to more than a dozen research areas where the United States is falling behind, including robotics, batteries, and synthetic biology. “As competitive pressures have increased, basic research has essentially disappeared from U.S. companies,” the authors wrote.

    It is in danger of disappearing from the federal government as well. The White House budget this year proposed cutting funding for the National Institutes of Health, the crown jewel of U.S. biomedical research, by $5.8 billion, or 18 percent. It proposed slashing funding for disease research, wiping out federal climate-change science, and eliminating the Energy Department’s celebrated research division, arpa-e.

    The Trump administration’s thesis seems to be that the private sector is better positioned to finance disruptive technology. But this view is ahistorical. Almost every ingredient of the internet age came from government-funded scientists or research labs purposefully detached from the vagaries of the free market. The transistor, the fundamental unit of electronics hardware, was invented at Bell Labs, inside a government-sanctioned monopoly. The first model of the internet was developed at the government’s Advanced Research Projects Agency, now called darpa. In the 1970s, several of the agency’s scientists took their vision of computers connected through a worldwide network to Xerox parc.

    “There is still a huge misconception today that big leaps in technology come from companies racing to make money, but they do not,” says Jon Gertner, the author of The Idea Factory, a history of Bell Labs. “Companies are really good at combining existing breakthroughs in ways that consumers like. But the breakthroughs come from patient and curious scientists, not the rush to market.” In this regard, X’s methodical approach to invention, while it might invite sneering from judgmental critics and profit-hungry investors, is one of its most admirable qualities. Its pace and its patience are of another era.

    #innovation #États-Unis #Google_X #Internet #histoire

  • I asked #Tinder for my data. It sent me 800 pages of my deepest, darkest secrets | Technology | The Guardian

    At 9.24pm (and one second) on the night of Wednesday 18 December 2013, from the second arrondissement of Paris, I wrote “Hello!” to my first ever Tinder match. Since that day I’ve fired up the app 920 times and matched with 870 different people. I recall a few of them very well: the ones who either became lovers, friends or terrible first dates. I’ve forgotten all the others. But Tinder has not.

    The dating app has 800 pages of information on me, and probably on you too if you are also one of its 50 million users. In March I asked Tinder to grant me access to my personal data. Every European citizen is allowed to do so under EU data protection law, yet very few actually do, according to Tinder.

    #réseaux_soxciaux #privacy #big_brother #contrôle #surveillance

    • “What you are describing is called secondary implicit disclosed information,” explains Alessandro Acquisti, professor of information technology at Carnegie Mellon University. “Tinder knows much more about you when studying your behaviour on the app. It knows how often you connect and at which times; the percentage of white men, black men, Asian men you have matched; which kinds of people are interested in you; which words you use the most; how much time people spend on your picture before swiping you, and so on. Personal data is the fuel of the economy. Consumers’ data is being traded and transacted for the purpose of advertising.”

  • ABS Executive Delivers Wakeup Call on #Cyber_Risks – gCaptain

    ABS, a leading provider of classification and technical services to the marine and offshore industries, participated in the 32nd annual CMA Shipping Conference and Exhibition in Stamford, CT, where ABS Chief Operating Officer Tony Nassif shared his perspective on cyber-related challenges faced by the marine industry.
    The main challenge we face is that in our industry not all users of new technology understand the way the software they are using was built, how it operates, what happens when it fails and what mitigation they have,” Nassif said. “Now, our ships and assets employ a ‘system of systems’ approach that combines operational and information technology.
    Nassif spoke about how these new challenges make it an exciting time to be working for a class society, explaining how class is adapting to address these new risks. “Looking at the future, we can see that cyber and software risk are overlapping and converging, and as a result, class and industry both have to adapt. With the expansion of the regulatory environment, class is widening its remit to include verification of compliance with regulations and new topics such as cyber security.

    Cette #société_de_classification présente ensuite son offre…


  • China cracks down on VPNs, making it harder to circumvent Great Firewall

    A 14-month government ‘cleanup’ of internet access services will make it harder for users to access websites that are usually censored or restricted China has begun a crackdown on the use of virtual private networks, or VPNs, making it harder for internet users to circumvent the Great Firewall. The nation’s ministry of industry and information technology announced a 14-month “cleanup” of internet access services, including making it illegal to operate a local VPN service without government (...)

    #VPN #web #surveillance

  • About the lab — Disruption Network Lab

    Disruption Network Lab is an ongoing platform of events and research focused on art, hacktivism and disruption. The Laboratory takes shape through a series of conference events at Studio 1, Kunstquartier Bethanien in Berlin.

    The goal of the Disruption Network Lab is to present and generate new possible routes of social and political action within the framework of hacktivism, digital culture and information technology, focusing on the disruptive potential of artistic practices. The Disruption Network Lab is a conceptual and practical zone where artists, hackers, activists, networkers, whistle-blowers and critical thinkers enter into a dialogue. The programme is developed through artistic presentations, theoretical debates and keynote events. This series of events establishes local and translocal partnerships with other spaces and institutions.

    #berlin #disruption #hacktivism

  • Deep Cables — Disruption Network Lab

    Uncovering the Wiring of the World
    June 17-18 · 2016
    The 8th event of the #Disruption Network Lab at Kunstquartier Bethanien, Studio 1, Mariannenplatz 2, 10997 Berlin. Directed by Tatiana Bazzichelli.

    Funded by: Der Regierende Bürgermeister von Berlin, Senatskanzlei, Kulturelle Angelegenheiten / City Tax.
    In partnership with: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung.
    In cooperation with Kunstraum Kreuzberg /Bethanien.
    Pre-Lab 1.6 at SPEKTRUM, Bürknerstraße 12, Berlin-Kreuzberg.

    In collaboration with: NOME, Wau Holland Stiftung, Copenhagen Center for Disaster Research (COPE), Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society (HIIG). With the support of the Free Chelsea Manning Initiative Berlin.

    Entrance 5€ / day. In English language.

    In August 2015 Henrik Moltke and a team of journalists from Pro Publica and the New York Times revealed intimate details of the National Security Agency’s decades-long partnership with the telecom giant AT&T. A seemingly innocuous detail in a random document allowed the team to pin down the elusive collaboration, referred to by codename in the documents leaked by Edward Snowden. A cable severed by the 2011 earthquake in Japan caused an outage, after which NSAs ‘collection’ - or tap - on the cable resumed. The date matched the repair on the northern leg of the Japan-US Cable, one of a handful of main arteries connecting Asia and the US. At the end of the cable is an anonymous looking industrial building, far off on the Mendocino coast of Northern California. The cable station is operated by AT&T. Under the motto “Follow the cables”, Henrik Moltke recounts how he retraces the physical footprint of deep state secrets.

    In this presentation, Henrik Moltke and Trevor Paglen will trace a link between the imaginary concept of “The Internet” and the present configuration of geopolitical wired structures, where big data, cloud computing, mass surveillance, and the monopolies of big corporations are intertwined. By disclosing through photography the development of transatlantic and undersea fibre-optic cables, and reconnecting the past with the present by charting the hidden infrastructure of information technology, this event will expose the inner functioning of the modern business of cable infrastructures, showing the global dimension, as well as the invisible sites of the physical Internet.


    #Berlin #événement #réseaux

  • #Panama_Papers Source Offers Documents To Governments, Hints At More To Come · ICIJ

    ha ha what a twist

    The prevailing media narrative thus far has focused on the scandal of what is legal and allowed in this system. What is allowed is indeed scandalous and must be changed. But we must not lose sight of another important fact: the law firm, its founders, and employees actually did knowingly violate myriad laws worldwide, repeatedly. Publicly they plead ignorance, but the documents show detailed knowledge and deliberate wrongdoing. At the very least we already know that Mossack personally perjured himself before a federal court in Nevada, and we also know that his information technology staff attempted to cover up the underlying lies. They should all be prosecuted accordingly with no special treatment.

    In the end, thousands of prosecutions could stem from the Panama Papers, if only law enforcement could access and evaluate the actual documents. ICIJ and its partner publications have rightly stated that they will not provide them to law enforcement agencies. I, however, would be willing to cooperate with law enforcement to the extent that I am able.

    That being said, I have watched as one after another, whistleblowers and activists in the United States and Europe have had their lives destroyed by the circumstances they find themselves in after shining a light on obvious wrongdoing. Edward Snowden is stranded in Moscow, exiled due to the Obama administration’s decision to prosecute him under the Espionage Act. For his revelations about the NSA, he deserves a hero’s welcome and a substantial prize, not banishment. Bradley Birkenfeld was awarded millions for his information concerning Swiss bank UBS—and was still given a prison sentence by the Justice Department. Antoine Deltour is presently on trial for providing journalists with information about how Luxembourg granted secret “sweetheart” tax deals to multi-national corporations, effectively stealing billions in tax revenues from its neighbour countries. And there are plenty more examples.

    Legitimate whistleblowers who expose unquestionable wrongdoing, whether insiders or outsiders, deserve immunity from government retribution, full stop. Until governments codify legal protections for whistleblowers into law, enforcement agencies will simply have to depend on their own resources or on-going global media coverage for documents.

    #that_being_said #fair_game #whistleblowers #lanceurs_d'alerte #États

  • 32c3
    December 27th to 30th, 2015
    CCH Congress Center #Hamburg, #Germany, Earth, Milky Way

    The Event

    The 32nd Chaos Communication Congress (#32C3) is an annual four-day conference on technology, society and utopia. The Congress offers #lectures and #workshops and various events on a multitude of topics including (but not limited to) information technology and generally a critical-creative attitude towards technology and the discussion about the effects of technological advances on society.

    Accès direct aux live streaming (audio & video) :

    Et aussi sur twitter :

    #congress #meeting #hacking


    “Also known as collaborative consumption or peer-to-peer (P2P), the sharing economy challenges traditional notions of private ownership and is instead based on the shared production or consumption of goods and services. Its origins were in not-for-profit initiatives such as Wikipedia (2001) and Couchsurfing and Freecycle (both 2003). Advances in information technology enabled the creation of large-scale bike-share systems (the first was in Lyon, France, in 2005), and these have subsequently expanded to the United States and around the world.”