• Facebook et Apple se livrent une guerre ouverte

    Le constructeur de l’iPhone veut limiter la publicité ciblée, le réseau social y voit une manœuvre déloyale. ’ambiance est électrique entre Facebook et Apple. Au moment d’annoncer des résultats financiers records, leurs PDG ont échangé des petites phrases acides. « Si une entreprise est construite sur la tromperie des utilisateurs, sur l’exploitation des données personnelles et sur des choix qui n’en sont pas, elle ne mérite pas des éloges, elle mérite d’être réformée », a lancé, dans une allusion à peine (...)

    #Apple #Facebook #iPhone #iOS #BigData #lutte #microtargeting #publicité


  • Apple records most profitable quarter ever as sales soar amid pandemic

    Company announces sales for last three months of 2020 totalled $111.4bn, fueled largely by release of latest iPhones Apple finished 2020 with its most profitable quarter ever as sales of its high end iPhones, tablets and laptops soared amid the pandemic. The company announced that sales for the three months ending on 26 December 2020 totalled $111.4bn and it had made a profit of $28.7bn, 29% higher than the same period last year. The holiday period is a crucial time for Apple, accounting (...)

    #Apple #iPhone #smartphone #bénéfices


  • Apple dépasse pour la première fois 100 milliards de dollars de revenus trimestriels

    Le fabricant d’iPhone a dégagé un bénéfice net de 28,7 milliards de dollars au premier trimestre de son exercice décalé 2020-2021, soit une hausse de plus de 29 % sur un an. Apple a fait part, mercredi 27 janvier, d’une forte progression de ses profits trimestriels ainsi que d’un chiffre d’affaires record, pour la première fois supérieur à 100 milliards de dollars (82,5 milliards d’euros). Le fabricant d’iPhone a dégagé un bénéfice net de 28,7 milliards de dollars au premier trimestre de son exercice (...)

    #bénéfices #5G #smartphone #iPhone #Apple

    • Intéressant (pour les gens qui fabriquent des sites Web) :

      Les autres produits-phares d’Apple ont également vu leurs ventes dopées, notamment l’iPad (+ 41 %, à 8,4 milliards de dollars)

      Ça pourrait être un effet Covid. Par exemple : terminal supplémentaire pour Netflix en confinement, support pour la visio scolaire…

      Mais c’est assez surprenant, parce que la part des tablettes dans les visites des sites Web ne cesse de se réduire comme peau de chagrin d’année en année (c’est assez frustrant, parce que souvent c’est un très joli format d’affichage quand on fabrique un site Web).

    • Juste pour l’anecdote, cela faisait presque 10 ans qu’on avait un iPad pour la consultation de sites web à la maison... Et cette année, on est passé à une tablette Android, parce que naviguer sur le web avec Apple est devenu un calvaire... entre Safari qui plante, et les bloqueurs de pub défaillants... c’était devenu inutilisable.

  • Inside NSO, Israel’s billion-dollar spyware giant

    The world’s most notorious surveillance company says it wants to clean up its act. Go on, we’re listening.

    Maâti Monjib speaks slowly, like a man who knows he’s being listened to.

    It’s the day of his 58th birthday when we speak, but there’s little celebration in his voice. “The surveillance is hellish,” Monjib tells me. “It is really difficult. It controls everything I do in my life.”

    A history professor at the University of Mohammed V in Rabat, Morocco, Monjib vividly remembers the day in 2017 when his life changed. Charged with endangering state security by the government he has fiercely and publicly criticized, he was sitting outside a courtroom when his iPhone suddenly lit up with a series of text messages from numbers he didn’t recognize. They contained links to salacious news, petitions, and even Black Friday shopping deals.

    A month later, an article accusing him of treason appeared on a popular national news site with close ties to Morocco’s royal rulers. Monjib was used to attacks, but now it seemed his harassers knew everything about him: another article included information about a pro-democracy event he was set to attend but had told almost no one about. One story even proclaimed that the professor “has no secrets from us.”

    He’d been hacked. The messages had all led to websites that researchers say were set up as lures to infect visitors’ devices with Pegasus, the most notorious spyware in the world.

    Pegasus is the blockbuster product of NSO Group, a secretive billion-dollar Israeli surveillance company. It is sold to law enforcement and intelligence agencies around the world, which use the company’s tools to choose a human target, infect the person’s phone with the spyware, and then take over the device. Once Pegasus is on your phone, it is no longer your phone.

    NSO sells Pegasus with the same pitch arms dealers use to sell conventional weapons, positioning it as a crucial aid in the hunt for terrorists and criminals. In an age of ubiquitous technology and strong encryption, such “lawful hacking” has emerged as a powerful tool for public safety when law enforcement needs access to data. NSO insists that the vast majority of its customers are European democracies, although since it doesn’t release client lists and the countries themselves remain silent, that has never been verified.

    Monjib’s case, however, is one of a long list of incidents in which Pegasus has been used as a tool of oppression. It has been linked to cases including the murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khashoggi, the targeting of scientists and campaigners pushing for political reform in Mexico, and Spanish government surveillance of Catalan separatist politicians. Mexico and Spain have denied using Pegasus to spy on opponents, but accusations that they have done so are backed by substantial technical evidence.

    NSO’s basic argument is that it is the creator of a technology that governments use, but that since it doesn’t attack anyone itself, it can’t be held responsible.

    Some of that evidence is contained in a lawsuit filed last October in California by WhatsApp and its parent company, Facebook, alleging that Pegasus manipulated WhatsApp’s infrastructure to infect more than 1,400 cell phones. Investigators at Facebook found more than 100 human rights defenders, journalists, and public figures among the targets, according to court documents. Each call that was picked up, they discovered, sent malicious code through WhatsApp’s infrastructure and caused the recipient’s phone to download spyware from servers owned by NSO. This, WhatsApp argued, was a violation of American law.

    NSO has long faced such accusations with silence. Claiming that much of its business is an Israeli state secret, it has offered precious little public detail about its operations, customers, or safeguards.

    Now, though, the company suggests things are changing. In 2019, NSO, which was owned by a private equity firm, was sold back to its founders and another private equity firm, Novalpina, for $1 billion. The new owners decided on a fresh strategy: emerge from the shadows. The company hired elite public relations firms, crafted new human rights policies, and developed new self-­governance documents. It even began showing off some of its other products, such as a covid-19 tracking system called Fleming, and Eclipse, which can hack drones deemed a security threat.

    Over several months, I’ve spoken with NSO leadership to understand how the company works and what it says it is doing to prevent human rights abuses carried out using its tools. I have spoken to its critics, who see it as a danger to democratic values; to those who urge more regulation of the hacking business; and to the Israeli regulators responsible for governing it today. The company’s leaders talked about NSO’s future and its policies and procedures for dealing with problems, and it shared documents that detail its relationship with the agencies to which it sells Pegasus and other tools. What I found was a thriving arms dealer—inside the company, employees acknowledge that Pegasus is a genuine weapon—struggling with new levels of scrutiny that threaten the foundations of its entire industry.Retour ligne automatique
    “A difficult task”

    From the first day Shmuel Sunray joined NSO as its general counsel, he faced one international incident after another. Hired just days after WhatsApp’s lawsuit was filed, he found other legal problems waiting on his desk as soon as he arrived. They all centered on the same basic accusation: NSO Group’s hacking tools are sold to, and can be abused by, rich and repressive regimes with little or no accountability.

    Sunray had plenty of experience with secrecy and controversy: his previous job was as vice president of a major weapons manufacturer. Over several conversations, he was friendly as he told me that he’s been instructed by the owners to change NSO’s culture and operations, making it more transparent and trying to prevent human rights abuses from happening. But he was also obviously frustrated by the secrecy that he felt prevented him from responding to critics.

    “It’s a difficult task,” Sunray told me over the phone from the company’s headquarters in Herzliya, north of Tel Aviv. “We understand the power of the tool; we understand the impact of misuse of the tool. We’re trying to do the right thing. We have real challenges dealing with government, intelligence agencies, confidentiality, operational necessities, operational limitations. It’s not a classic case of human rights abuse by a company, because we don’t operate the systems—we’re not involved in actual operations of the systems—but we understand there is a real risk of misuse from the customers. We’re trying to find the right balance.”

    This underpins NSO’s basic argument, one that is common among weapons manufacturers: the company is the creator of a technology that governments use, but it doesn’t attack anyone itself, so it can’t be held responsible.

    Still, according to Sunray, there are several layers of protection in place to try to make sure the wrong people don’t have access.Retour ligne automatique
    Making a sale

    Like most other countries, Israel has export controls that require weapons manufacturers to be licensed and subject to government oversight. In addition, NSO does its own due diligence, says Sunray: its staff examine a country, look at its human rights record, and scrutinize its relationship with Israel. They assess the specific agency’s track record on corruption, safety, finance, and abuse—as well as factoring in how much it needs the tool.

    Sometimes negatives are weighed against positives. Morocco, for example, has a worsening human rights record but a lengthy history of cooperating with Israel and the West on security, as well as a genuine terrorism problem, so a sale was reportedly approved. By contrast, NSO has said that China, Russia, Iran, Cuba, North Korea, Qatar, and Turkey are among 21 nations that will never be customers.

    Finally, before a sale is made, NSO’s governance, risk, and compliance committee has to sign off. The company says the committee, made up of managers and shareholders, can decline sales or add conditions, such as technological restrictions, that are decided case by case. Retour ligne automatique
    Preventing abuse

    Once a sale is agreed to, the company says, technological guardrails prevent certain kinds of abuse. For example, Pegasus does not allow American phone numbers to be infected, NSO says, and infected phones cannot even be physically located in the United States: if one does find itself within American borders, the Pegasus software is supposed to self-destruct.

    NSO says Israeli phone numbers are among others also protected, though who else gets protection and why remains unclear.

    When a report of abuse comes in, an ad hoc team of up to 10 NSO employees is assembled to investigate. They interview the customer about the allegations, and they request Pegasus data logs. These logs don’t contain the content the spyware extracted, like chats or emails—NSO insists it never sees specific intelligence—but do include metadata such as a list of all the phones the spyware tried to infect and their locations at the time.

    According to one recent contract I obtained, customers must “use the system only for the detection, prevention, and investigation of crimes and terrorism and ensure the system will not be used for human rights violations.” They must notify the company of potential misuse. NSO says it has terminated three contracts in the past for infractions including abuse of Pegasus, but it refuses to say which countries or agencies were involved or who the victims were.

    “We’re not naïve”

    Lack of transparency is not the only problem: the safeguards have limits. While the Israeli government can revoke NSO’s license for violations of export law, the regulators do not take it on themselves to look for abuse by potential customers and aren’t involved in the company’s abuse investigations.

    Many of the other procedures are merely reactive as well. NSO has no permanent internal abuse team, unlike almost any other billion-dollar tech firm, and most of its investigations are spun up only when an outside source such as Amnesty International or Citizen Lab claims there has been malfeasance. NSO staff interview the agencies and customers under scrutiny but do not talk to the alleged victims, and while the company often disputes the technical reports offered as evidence, it also claims that both state secrecy and business confidentiality prevent it from sharing more information.

    The Pegasus logs that are crucial to any abuse inquiry also raise plenty of questions. NSO Group’s customers are hackers who work for spy agencies; how hard would it be for them to tamper with the logs? In a statement, the company insisted this isn’t possible but declined to offer details.

    If the logs aren’t disputed, NSO and its customers will decide together whether targets are legitimate, whether genuine crimes have been committed, and whether surveillance was done under due process of law or whether autocratic regimes spied on opponents.

    Sunray, audibly exasperated, says he feels as if secrecy is forcing him to operate with his hands tied behind his back.

    “It’s frustrating,” he told me. “We’re not naïve. There have been misuses. There will be misuses. We sell to many governments. Even the US government—no government is perfect. Misuse can happen, and it should be addressed.”

    But Sunray also returns to the company’s standard response, the argument that underpins its defense in the WhatsApp lawsuit: NSO is a manufacturer, but it’s not the operator of the spyware. We built it but they did the hacking—and they are sovereign nations.

    That’s not enough for many critics. “No company that believes it can be the independent watchdog of their own products ever convinces me,” says Marietje Schaake, a Dutch politician and former member of the European Parliament. “The whole idea that they have their own mechanisms while they have no problem selling commercial spyware to whoever wants to buy it, knowing that it’s used against human rights defenders and journalists—I think it shows the lack of responsibility on the part of this company more than anything.”

    So why the internal push for more transparency now? Because the deluge of technical reports from human rights groups, the WhatsApp lawsuit, and increasing governmental scrutiny threaten NSO’s status quo. And if there is going to be a new debate over how the industry gets regulated, it pays to have a powerful voice. Retour ligne automatique
    Growing scrutiny

    Lawful hacking and cyber-espionage have grown enormously as a business over the past decade, with no signs of retreat. NSO Group’s previous owners bought the company in 2014 for $130 million, less than one-seventh of the valuation it was sold for last year. The rest of the industry is expanding too, profiting from the spread of communications technology and deepening global instability. “There’s no doubt that any state has the right to buy this technology to fight crime and terrorism,” says Amnesty International’s deputy director, Danna Ingleton. “States are rightfully and lawfully able to use these tools. But that needs to be accompanied more with a regulatory system that prevents abuses and provides an accountability mechanism when abuse has happened.” Shining a much brighter light on the hacking industry, she argues, will allow for better regulation and more accountability.

    Earlier this year Amnesty International was in court in Israel arguing that the Ministry of Defense should revoke NSO’s license because of abuses of Pegasus. But just as the case was starting, officials from Amnesty and 29 other petitioners were told to leave the courtroom: a gag order was being placed on the proceedings at the ministry’s urging. Then, in July, a judge rejected the case outright.

    “I do not believe as a matter of principle and as a matter of law that NSO can claim a complete lack of responsibility for the way their tools are being used,” says United Nations special rapporteur Agnès Callamard. “That’s not how it works under international law.”

    Callamard advises the UN on extrajudicial executions and has been vocal about NSO Group and the spyware industry ever since it emerged that Pegasus was being used to spy on friends and associates of Khashoggi shortly before he was murdered. For her, the issue has life-or-death consequences.

    If NSO loses the WhatsApp case, one lawyer says, it calls into question all those companies that make their living by finding flaws in software and exploiting them.

    “We’re not calling for something radically new,” says Callamard. “We are saying that what’s in place at the moment is proving insufficient, and therefore governments or regulatory agencies need to move into a different gear quickly. The industry is expanding, and it should expand on the basis of the proper framework to regulate misuse. It’s important for global peace.”

    There have been calls for a temporary moratorium on sales until stronger regulation is enacted, but it’s not clear what that legal framework would look like. Unlike conventional arms, which are subject to various international laws, cyber weapons are currently not regulated by any worldwide arms control agreement. And while nonproliferation treaties have been suggested, there is little clarity on how they would measure existing capabilities, how monitoring or enforcement would work, or how the rules would keep up with rapid technological developments. Instead, most scrutiny today is happening at the national legal level.

    In the US, both the FBI and Congress are looking into possible hacks of American targets, while an investigation led by Senator Ron Wyden’s office wants to find out whether any Americans are involved in exporting surveillance technology to authoritarian governments. A recent draft US intelligence bill would require a government report on commercial spyware and surveillance technology.

    The WhatsApp lawsuit, meanwhile, has taken aim close to the heart of NSO’s business. The Silicon Valley giant argues that by targeting California residents—that is, WhatsApp and Facebook—NSO has given the court in San Francisco jurisdiction, and that the judge in the case can bar the Israeli company from future attempts to misuse WhatsApp’s and Facebook’s networks. That opens the door to an awful lot of possibilities: Apple, whose iPhone has been a paramount NSO target, could feasibly mount a similar legal attack. Google, too, has spotted NSO targeting Android devices.

    And financial damages are not the only sword hanging over NSO’s head. Such lawsuits also bring with them the threat of courtroom discovery, which has the potential to bring details of NSO’s business deals and customers into the public eye.

    “A lot depends on exactly how the court rules and how broadly it characterizes the violation NSO is alleged to have committed here,” says Alan Rozenshtein, a former Justice Department lawyer now at the University of Minnesota Law School. “At a minimum, if NSO loses this case, it calls into question all of those companies that make their products or make their living by finding flaws in messaging software and providing services exploiting those flaws. This will create enough legal uncertainty that I would imagine these would-be clients would think twice before contracting with them. You don’t know if the company will continue to operate, if they’ll get dragged to court, if your secrets will be exposed.” NSO declined to comment on the alleged WhatsApp hack, since it is still an active case. Retour ligne automatique
    “We are always spied on”

    In Morocco, Maâti Monjib was subjected to at least four more hacking attacks throughout 2019, each more advanced than the one before. At some point, his phone browser was invisibly redirected to a suspicious domain that researchers suspect was used to silently install malware. Instead of something like a text message that can raise the alarm and leaves a visible trace, this one was a much quieter network injection attack, a tactic valued because it’s almost imperceptible except to expert investigators.

    On September 13, 2019, Monjib had lunch at home with his friend Omar Radi, a Moroccan journalist who is one of the regime’s sharpest critics. That very day, an investigation later found, Radi was hit with the same kind of network injection attacks that had snared Monjib. The hacking campaign against Radi lasted at least into January 2020, Amnesty International researchers said. He’s been subject to regular police harassment ever since.

    At least seven more Moroccans received warnings from WhatsApp about Pegasus being used to spy on their phones, including human rights activists, journalists, and politicians. Are these the kinds of legitimate spying targets—the terrorists and criminals—laid out in the contract that Morocco and all NSO customers sign?

    In December, Monjib and the other victims sent a letter to Morocco’s data protection authority asking for an investigation and action. Nothing formally came of it, but one of the men, the pro-democracy economist Fouad Abdelmoumni, says his friends high up at the agency told him the letter was hopeless and urged him to drop the matter. The Moroccan government, meanwhile, has responded by threatening to expel Amnesty International from the country.

    What’s happening in Morocco is emblematic of what’s happening around the world. While it’s clear that democracies are major beneficiaries of lawful hacking, a long and growing list of credible, detailed, technical, and public investigations shows Pegasus being misused by authoritarian regimes with long records of human rights abuse.

    “Morocco is a country under an authoritarian regime who believe people like Monjib and myself have to be destroyed,” says Abdelmoumni. “To destroy us, having access to all information is key. We always consider that we are spied on. All of our information is in the hands of the palace.”

    #Apple #NSO #Facebook #WhatsApp #iPhone #Pegasus #smartphone #spyware #activisme #journalisme #écoutes #hacking #surveillance #Amnesty (...)


  • Plus de chargeur pour les produits apple, afin d’augmenter la marge. L’écologie a bon dos.

    apple a donné le la. Lors du lancement de ses derniers iPhone 12, en octobre, la marque a annoncé qu’ils seraient livrés sans bloc de charge dans la boîte, ni écouteurs (sauf en France). . . . .

    Lisa Jackson, vice-présidente chargée du développement durable chez Apple, avait alors expliqué que les consommateurs étaient déjà largement équipés. « Plus de 2 milliards de chargeurs sont déjà en circulation dans le monde, avait-elle expliqué.En ne les produisant pas, nous allons économiser 2 millions de tonnes d’émission de CO2. C’est comme si nous avions retiré de la circulation 450.000 voitures ». Sans chargeur, les boîtes en carton sont plus petites, et donc les coûts de transport réduits.
    . . . . . .

    #apple #bénéfices #marge #smartphone #iphone #gafam #mac #prétexte #écologique

  • Les iPhone de journalistes d’Al-Jazira ciblés par des logiciels d’espionnage ultrasophistiqués

    Des dizaines d’iPhone de journalistes de la chaîne d’informations qatarie ont été surveillés de manière indétectable grâce à des outils de l’entreprise israélienne NSO Group, révèle un rapport du Citizen Lab de Toronto, expert dans l’étude des logiciels espions. Les iPhone de dizaines d’employés de la chaîne d’information Al-Jazira auraient été espionnés, en 2019 et en 2020, grâce à des outils d’espionnage sophistiqués fourni par l’entreprise israélienne NSO Group. L’accusation, qui repose sur une analyse (...)

    #NSO #iPhone #Pegasus #smartphone #spyware #journalisme #écoutes #hacking #surveillance (...)


  • Journalists Hacked with Suspected NSO Group iMessage ’Zero-Click’ Exploit

    Summary & Key Findings In July and August 2020, government operatives used NSO Group’s Pegasus spyware to hack 36 personal phones belonging to journalists, producers, anchors, and executives at Al Jazeera. The personal phone of a journalist at London-based Al Araby TV was also hacked. The phones were compromised using an exploit chain that we call KISMET, which appears to involve an invisible zero-click exploit in iMessage. In July 2020, KISMET was a zero-day against at least (...)

    #NSO #iPhone #Pegasus #smartphone #spyware #journalisme #écoutes #hacking #surveillance #CitizenLab

  • Why Tech’s Great Powers Are Warring

    The feud between Apple and Facebook enters a new era An adage of international relations holds that great powers have no permanent friends or allies, only permanent interests. (The original quote, from a 19th-century English statesman known as Lord Palmerston, is a bit less pithy.) It accounts for how the United States and Russia were allies in World War II, then bitter enemies soon after ; or how Japan fought with the Allies in World War I but joined the Axis in World War II. Today, the (...)

    #Apple #Google #Amazon #Facebook #Instagram #iPhone #iPad #smartphone #iOS #Microsoft #consentement #domination #interopérabilité #lutte #microtargeting #publicité #Bing #Gmail #Outlook (...)

    ##interopérabilité ##publicité ##Android

  • Apple supplier Wistron puts India plant damage at up to $7 million

    TAIPEI (Reuters) - The ransacking of an iPhone manufacturing facility in India caused up to T$200 million ($7.12 million) in damage though production facilities were not as badly hit as reported, its Taiwan-based operator Wistron Corp said on Tuesday. Thousands of contract workers gathered on the grounds of the Wistron site on the outskirts of India’s tech hub of Bengaluru on Saturday demanding unpaid wages and better working hours. As police arrived, the crowd turned violent and video (...)

    #Apple #Wistron #iPhone #smartphone #violence #lutte #travail


    • the company said major production facilities and warehouses had not suffered as serious damage as reported by local media, and that it was initially estimating losses at T$100-200 million.

      Ce ne sont donc pas essentiellement les machines qui ont été touchées

      Apple Inc said on Monday it was investigating whether Wistron had flouted supplier guidelines. Apple said it was sending staff and auditors to the site and was cooperating with police in their investigation. Wistron is one of Apple’s top global suppliers.

      Il n’existe pas, par ailleurs, une campagne internationale contre les pratiques de sous-traitance d’Apple ? J’ai l’impression d’avoir déjà entendu parler d’une telle initiative.

  • Une usine de fabrication d’iPhone saccagée en Inde, des employés affirment ne pas avoir été payés

    Ce week-end, des milliers de salariés de Wistron, un des principaux fournisseurs d’Apple, se sont regroupés pour manifester sur le site de leur usine en Inde, dans la région de Bengaluru. Ils réclament des salaires impayés et de meilleures conditions de travail, comme le rapporte Reuters. Lorsque la police est arrivée sur place, les choses auraient dégénéré et certains s’en sont pris aux voitures et aux installations (voir cette vidéo). Un employé explique à Times of India qu’on avait promis un (...)

    #Apple #Wistron #iPhone #smartphone #violence #lutte #travail

  • Inde : des salariés saccagent leur usine de fabrication d’iPhone - Le Parisien

    Inde : des salariés saccagent leur usine de fabrication d’iPhone
    Dans cette usine proche de Bangalore ; l’équipe de nuit dénonçait des salaires inférieurs à ceux promis par la firme taïwanaise Wistron.

    L’usine de Wistron à 60 km de Bangalore est très récente, les autorités ont multiplié les démarches pour faire venir la firme taïwanaise. AFP/Manjunath Kiran
    Par J.Cl.
    Le 13 décembre 2020 à 13h21, modifié le 13 décembre 2020 à 14h32

    Une centaine de personnes ont été arrêtées après la mise à sac d’une usine fabriquant des iPhone dans le sud de l’Inde par des ouvriers en colère.

    L’émeute s’est produite entre vendredi soir et samedi dans l’usine du groupe taïwanais Wistron Infocomm Manufacturing en banlieue de Bangalore. Des images tournées sur place montrent des vitres pulvérisées par des membres de l’équipe de nuit. Les caméras de vidéosurveillance, des lampes et des ventilateurs ont également été brisés, les bureaux des cadres dirigeants étant pris pour cible, et une voiture a été incendiée.

    • Pas si vite ! Mélenchon ou un ami à lui - rentier d’une quelconque république, lui aussi ?- a peut-être choisi de conseiller discrètement l’employeur (cf. passage en gras plus bas).

      ...ils affirment qu’ils étaient sous-payés et que leurs heures supplémentaires n’étaient pas rétribuées.

      Il est 6 h du matin, samedi, et c’est l’heure du changement d’équipe dans cette usine de la banlieue de Bangalore, au sud du pays. Les salariés viennent de recevoir leur paie, et c’est alors que la révolte éclate.

      Beaucoup estiment qu’ils sont exploités par la compagnie taiwainaise Wistron, car ils sont payés environ deux fois moins que ce qui leur était promis. 130 euros pour un ingénieur, 60 euros pour un ouvrier qualifié, qui fabriquent entre autres le modèle iPhone SE. Les heures supplémentaires, elles, ne seraient pas rétribuées.

      Cette gronde dure depuis des mois, elle éclate finalement de manière anarchique. Certains prennent des batons, et détruisent tout ce qu’ils trouvent : les vitres de l’entrée de l’usine, les bureaux à l’intérieur. Ils retournent aussi six voitures et incendient deux véhicules utilitaires.

      Un délégué syndical dénonce une « exploitation brutale des ouvriers », mais la société taiwanaise soutient que ce sont des personnes extérieures qui sont responsables du sacage, sans raison apparente, dit elle. Le producteur d’Iphone restera dans tous les cas fermé pendant une semaine afin de tout remettre en ordre.

      #Inde #salaire #travail #ouvriers #sous-traitance #révolte

    • En toile de fond de la révolte des ouvriers de cette usine de fabrication d’iPhone, grèves ouvrières et blocus paysans

      Inde, colère paysanne (menace de blocus sur New Delhi)

      En Inde, la plus grande #grève de l’histoire mondiale

      La plus grande grève du monde : 200 millions de travailleurs paralysent l’Inde (fin novembre)

      Jeudi, quelque 200 millions de travailleurs ont participé à une grève générale en Inde, à l’appel de dix centrales syndicales, contre les politiques du gouvernement de Narendra Modi, le Premier ministre du pays. Le train de réformes comprend de nouvelles lois sur le travail, une plus grande flexibilisation (des réglementations plus souples) sur les régulations en matière de santé et de sécurité sur le lieu de travail et dans le secteur agricole, ainsi que des privatisations du secteur public.

      Le gouvernement a approuvé quatre codes du travail qui remplacent les lois protégeant les travailleurs. Ces réglementations permettent aux employeurs et aux gouvernements d’augmenter la charge de travail, de contraindre encore davantage l’obtention de salaires équitables, de licencier facilement les travailleurs, de réduire la couverture d’assurance maladie et de rendre plus difficile la création de syndicats.
      En coordination avec les syndicats, une plateforme de plus de 300 organisations d’agriculteurs a appelé à une manifestation pour ce vendredi 27 novembre.

      Les travailleurs des principaux secteurs industriels tels que la production d’acier, de charbon, les télécommunications, l’ingénierie, les transports, les ports et docks, les banques et transporteurs de fond se sont joints à la grève, tandis que dans plusieurs Etats (l’Inde est une république fédérale composée de vingt-huit États et huit territoires de l’Union), une grève rurale est en préparation.

      Les réformes proposées par le gouvernement contre les droits des travailleurs s’inscrivent dans le contexte des effets de la pandémie de coronavirus sur le pays. Le gouvernement de Modi répond à la pandémie en donnant la priorité aux profits des grandes entreprises et en protégeant la fortune des milliardaires plutôt que la vie et les moyens de subsistance des travailleurs.

      L’Inde compte plus de 9,2 millions de personnes infectées par le COVID-19, le deuxième plus grand nombre au monde et près de 135 000 décès, selon les données officielles. La pandémie s’est étendue aux grandes villes comme Delhi, Mumbai et d’autres centres urbains, ainsi qu’aux zones rurales où les soins de santé publique sont rares ou inexistants.

      Des millions de personnes ont perdu leurs revenus, et ce dans un pays où, avant la pandémie, 50 % des enfants étaient en malnutrition. L’économie indienne a connu une chute de 23,9 % de son produit intérieur brut (PIB) au cours du trimestre d’avril-juin, alors qu’elle devrait baisser au total d’environ 10 % au cours de l’exercice 2020-2021. Dans ce contexte, des dizaines de millions de personnes ont perdu leur emploi de façon permanente, ou ont vu leurs heures de travail réduites. Selon un rapport du FMI publié en octobre, d’ici la fin de 2020, 40 millions d’Indiens supplémentaires se retrouveront dans une « pauvreté extrême », définie comme le fait de survivre avec 1,60€ ou moins par jour.

      Les salariés de l’industrie, les employés du secteur des services et du public exigent une augmentation du salaire minimum, la fin du travail précaire, le contrôle des prix des produits de première nécessité et la fin de la politique gouvernementale de privatisation du secteur public.

      Les revendications incluent 10 kilos de nourriture pour les familles dans le besoin, la fourniture d’une aide d’urgence aux secteurs les plus démunis de la population, effectuer un paiement unique de 7 500 roupies (environ 85 euros), le renforcement du système de distribution publique, le retrait des nouveaux codes du travail et des trois lois agricoles qui ouvrent les portes à l’agrobusiness, ainsi que l’abandon de la nouvelle politique d’éducation.

      En outre, les travailleurs revendiquent l’allocation de 5% du PIB à l’éducation, aux soins de santé pour tous et de 6% du PIB pour la santé. Les agriculteurs réclament depuis des années de meilleurs prix pour leurs produits, que l’exécutif annonce des prix minimaux de soutien sur la base de la recommandation faite il y a 16 ans par la Commission nationale des agriculteurs, et l’élimination de la dette des travailleurs ruraux.

      Les directions syndicales ont appelé à la grève pour désamorcer le mécontentement de millions d’indiens contre le gouvernement, mais pour l’instant elles ne donnent pas de réelle continuité aux protestations.

      Le profil nationaliste et de droite du gouvernement a répondu à la pandémie en intensifiant son discours contre les minorités religieuses, comme les musulmans, et en cherchant à attaquer les droits de millions de personnes avec des lois qui aboutiraient à une plus grande flexibilité du travail au profit des seuls milliardaires locaux et des entreprises étrangères.

      La rhétorique nationaliste de Modi s’est également intensifiée, en particulier contre la Chine, en plus d’approfondir la coopération stratégique et militaire avec les États-Unis en essayant de tirer profit du différend entre Washington et Pékin.

      #paysans #grève_générale

  • Apple faces lawsuits in Europe over slowing down older iPhones

    London (CNN Business) Apple is facing new legal action in Europe over its controversial practice of slowing down older iPhones. Euroconsumers, the advocacy group bringing the action, said in a statement Wednesday that the class-action lawsuits cover up to 2 million iPhone 6, 6 Plus, 6S and 6S Plus devices in Belgium, Spain, Italy and Portugal. Apple has faced public backlash and legal action around the world after it admitted in 2017 that software updates designed to prevent the batteries (...)

    #Apple #iPhone #smartphone #obsolescence

  • Amazon and Apple ’not playing their part’ in tackling electronic waste

    Global retailers should help collect, recycle and repair tech products, say MPs Global giants such as Amazon and Apple should be made responsible for helping to collect, recycle and repair their products to cut the 155,000 tonnes of electronic waste being thrown away each year in the UK, MPs say. An investigation by the environmental audit committee found the UK is lagging behind other countries and failing to create a circular economy in electronic waste. The UK creates the second (...)

    #Apple #Amazon #iPad #iPhone #smartphone #écologie #obsolescence


  • Part human, part machine : is Apple turning us all into cyborgs ?

    With its iPhones, watches and forthcoming smart glasses, Apple’s gadgets are increasingly becoming extensions of our minds and bodies. It’s the big tech dream – but could it turn into a nightmare ? At the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic, Apple engineers embarked on a rare collaboration with Google. The goal was to build a system that could track individual interactions across an entire population, in an effort to get a head start on isolating potentially infectious carriers of a disease (...)

    #Apple #algorithme #lunettes #montre #smartphone #pouls #santé #technologisme #COVID-19 #biométrie (...)

    ##santé ##iPhone

  • « La justice américaine s’attaque au cœur du fonctionnement de Google »

    L’étau se resserre sur les Gafa (sigle pour Google, Amazon, Facebook et Apple). Le 20 octobre, le ministère américain de la Justice a ouvert une enquête contre Google, accusant le géant d’avoir maintenu et développé un monopole illégal avec son moteur de recherche. Cette procédure pourrait, théoriquement, déboucher sur un démantèlement de l’entreprise. Joëlle Toledano, économiste à l’université Paris-Dauphine et spécialiste de la régulation et des marchés numériques, revient sur la portée de l’enquête (...)

    #Alcatel-Lucent #Apple #Google #Nokia_Siemens #Amazon #Instagram #WhatsApp #GoogleSearch #Android #iPhone #smartphone #procès #domination #bénéfices #CloudComputing #GAFAM (...)


  • Apple accuses Facebook of ’disregard for user privacy’

    Criticism made as Apple pushes ahead with transparency feature disliked by advertisers Apple has criticised Facebook for trying to “collect as much data as possible” from users, saying it will push ahead with its planned launch of a new privacy feature despite objections from the advertising industry. The company’s director of global privacy, Jane Horvath, made the criticism in a letter to a coalition of privacy groups, reassuring them that the feature, which will require users to actively (...)

    #Apple #Facebook #algorithme #iPad #iPhone #smartphone #consentement #domination #BigData #marketing #publicité #microtargeting #AccessNow #Amnesty (...)

    ##publicité ##EFF

  • Apple, U.S. states reach $113 million settlement on iPhone throttling

    OAKLAND, Calif., Nov 18 (Reuters) - Apple Inc will pay $113 million to settle allegations from 33 U.S. states and the District of Columbia that it slowed down iPhones to mask battery issues and get users to purchase new devices, state officials announced on Wednesday. The deal with a coalition led by Arizona, Arkansas and Indiana is separate from a proposed settlement Apple reached in March to pay affected iPhone owners up to $500 million to stem a class action. Apple in 2016 quietly (...)

    #Apple #iPhone #smartphone #procès #obsolescence

  • Apple will pay $113 million for batterygate slowing of iPhones

    Apple will pay $113 million to settle an investigation by nearly three dozen states into the tech giant’s past practice of slowing customers’ old iPhones in an attempt to preserve their batteries. The company’s much maligned throttling efforts drew nationwide scorn when they came to light in 2017, stunning consumers who at the time saw it as an attempt to nudge them into buying newer, more expensive devices. States led by Arizona, Arkansas and Indiana soon opened a probe of the matter, and on (...)

    #Apple #iPhone #smartphone #procès #obsolescence

  • iPhone ralentis : Apple va verser 113 millions de dollars à une trentaine d’Etats américains

    Accusé d’avoir volontairement ralenti certains de ses téléphones, Apple a finalement accepté, mercredi 18 novembre, de verser une somme importante pour régler le litige qui l’opposait à une trentaine d’Etats américains. 113 millions de dollars : c’est la somme qu’Apple a accepté, mercredi 18 novembre, de verser à une coalition d’une trentaine d’Etats américains, dans l’affaire des iPhone ralentis qui avait fait grand bruit il y a quelques années. Tout commence en 2017, quand de nombreux propriétaires (...)

    #Apple #iPhone #smartphone #procès #obsolescence

  • Apple dropped plan for encrypting backups after FBI complained - sources

    SAN FRANCISCO (Reuters) - Apple Inc AAPL.O dropped plans to let iPhone users fully encrypt backups of their devices in the company’s iCloud service after the FBI complained that the move would harm investigations, six sources familiar with the matter told Reuters. The tech giant’s reversal, about two years ago, has not previously been reported. It shows how much Apple has been willing to help U.S. law enforcement and intelligence agencies, despite taking a harder line in high-profile legal (...)

    #Apple #cryptage #iPhone # #CloudComputing #écoutes #surveillance


  • noyb files complaints against Apple’s tracking code «IDFA»

    IDFA (Apple’s Identifier for Advertisers) allows Apple and all apps on the phone to track a user and combine information about online and mobile behaviour. Just like for cookies, this would require the users’ consent under EU law. Apple places these tracking codes without the knowledge or agreement of the users. noyb therefore filed two complaints against the company. Complaint filed to the Data Protection Authority Berlin (PDF) Complaint filed to the Spanish Data Protection (...)

    #Apple #cookies #iPhone #smartphone #consentement #[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données_(RGPD)[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR)[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation_(GDPR) #écoutes #profiling #surveillance (...)

    ##[fr]Règlement_Général_sur_la_Protection_des_Données__RGPD_[en]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_[nl]General_Data_Protection_Regulation__GDPR_ ##NOYB

  • "˜Big Brother’ ? No, It’s Parents

    When her children were ready to have laptops of their own, Jill Ross bought software that would keep an eye on where they went online. One day it offered her a real surprise. She discovered that her 16-year-old daughter had set up her own video channel. Using the camera on her laptop, sometimes in her bedroom, she and a friend were recording mundane teenage banter and broadcasting it on YouTube for the whole world to see. For Ms. Ross, who lives outside Denver, it was a window into her (...)

    #Facebook #YouTube #Apple #iPhone #smartphone #iPad #famille #tablette #jeunesse (...)


  • Big Tech Continues Its Surge Ahead of the Rest of the Economy

    Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Alphabet reported the latest in a string of enormous quarterly profits on Thursday. While the rest of the U.S. economy languished earlier this year, the tech industry’s biggest companies seemed immune to the downturn, surging as the country worked, learned and shopped from home. On Thursday, as the economy is showing signs of improvement, Amazon, Apple, Alphabet and Facebook reported profits that highlighted how a recovery may provide another catalyst to help (...)

    #Alphabet #Apple #Google #Amazon #Facebook #Instagram #Messenger #Twitter #WhatsApp #YouTube #iPhone #domination #bénéfices #CloudComputing #GAFAM (...)


  • Now You Can Use Instagram to Chat With Friends on Facebook Messenger

    Facebook began integrating its Instagram and Messenger apps, allowing users of the services to directly communicate with each other. SAN FRANCISCO — Facebook began allowing people to use the photo-sharing app Instagram and the messaging app Messenger to communicate with each other on Wednesday, as part of a planned integration of the social network’s major messaging applications. With the changes, people who use Instagram can now send photo, video or text messages to those who use Facebook (...)

    #Apple #Facebook #iMessage #Instagram #Messenger #Signal #WhatsApp #iPhone #smartphone #technologisme #domination #FTC #Tencent (...)


  • One Way to Prevent Police From Surveilling Your Phone

    Use Signal and add a PIN code to your phone’s SIM card to help protect against spying. Federal agents from the Department of Homeland Security and the Justice Department used “a sophisticated cell phone cloning attack—the details of which remain classified—to intercept protesters’ phone communications” in Portland this summer, Ken Klippenstein reported this week in The Nation. Put aside for the moment that, if the report is true, federal agents conducted sophisticated electronic surveillance (...)

    #SIM #smartphone #iPhone #DoJ #Verizon #T-Mobile #Sprint #Google #DHS #activisme #BlackLivesMatter #écoutes (...)