• Hundreds of European parliamentarians protest Israel’s ’de facto annexation’
    Judy Maltz | Feb. 28, 2021 | 7:50 PM | Haaretz.com

    Lawmakers representing 22 European countries say Israeli policy in the West Bank is ’eliminating the possibility of a two-state solution and entrenching a one-state reality of unequal rights and perpetual conflict’

    Nearly 450 European parliamentarians have signed a letter sent Sunday evening to foreign ministers in Europe, urging them to take advantage of the change in U.S. administration to renew pressure on Israel to stop its “de facto annexation” of the West Bank.

    Among the signatories are lawmakers from 22 European countries, as well as members of the European Union parliament. The vast majority are affiliated with parties on the center-left, such as the Social Democrats and the Greens. More than a third of the signatories are from the United Kingdom, most of them members of the Labour party.

    “The beginning of the Biden presidency provides a much-needed opportunity to address the Israeli-Palestinians conflict with renewed effort,” they wrote.

    “The previous U.S. administration left the conflict farther away from peace than ever. The Biden administration presents a chance to correct course and creates greater space for meaningful European engagement and leadership. In parallel, the announcement of Palestinian elections to be held in the coming months offers an opportunity for Palestinian political renewal and reunification.”

    The parliamentarians note in their letter that the normalization agreements recently signed with the United Arab Emirates and Bahrain caused the Israeli government to suspend its plans to annex large chunks of the West Bank. “However, developments on the ground clearly point to a reality of rapidly progressing de facto annexation, especially through accelerated settlement expansion and demolitions of Palestinian structures,” they wrote.

    Such policies, they noted, “are eliminating the possibility of a two-state solution and entrenching a one-state reality of unequal rights and perpetual conflict. For this to be the future of the region is both unacceptable and strategically unviable.”

    In their letter, the parliamentarians call on European nations to work together with the Biden administrations and the relevant parties in the Middle East to prevent “unilateral action” – a reference to Israeli policy in the West Bank – that could undermine the chances of achieving peace.

    “In this effort, the EU and European countries should demonstrate their leadership, making use of their range of available of policy tools,” they wrote.

    The letter was the initiative of four prominent Israeli peace activists: Zehava Galon, the former chairwoman of Meretz; Avrum Burg, a former head of the Jewish Agency and former Labor MK and Knesset speaker; Naomi Chazan, the former president of the New Israel Fund and Michael Ben-Yair, a former attorney general.


  • Covid-19 dans le monde : Israël va vacciner les Palestiniens qui ont un permis de travail

    Des vaccins israéliens pour les travailleurs palestiniens. Les autorités israéliennes ont annoncé dimanche 28 février qu’Israël allait vacciner contre le Covid-19 les 100 000 Palestiniens qui travaillent sur le sol israélien ou dans les territoires occupés en Cisjordanie.Le Cogat, l’organe du ministère de la défense qui supervise les activités civiles dans les territoires occupés, a précisé que cette campagne de vaccination, menée avec le ministère israélien de la santé, débuterait dans les « prochains jours » à des points d’entrée de la Cisjordanie occupée à Israël et dans des « zones industrielles » des colonies israéliennes.
    Plus de 4,65 millions d’Israéliens (50 % de la population) ont reçu au moins une première dose depuis le lancement, le 19 décembre, d’une campagne à la faveur d’un accord avec le laboratoire Pfizer. Les Palestiniens, en revanche, n’ont reçu qu’un peu plus de 30 000 doses de vaccins, dont 2 000 d’Israël, qui s’est engagé à leur en fournir 5 000.Une polémique a enflé la semaine dernière en Israël, car le premier ministre, qui avait assuré que les stocks de vaccins étaient suffisants pour sa population, a souhaité distribuer les excédents pour « acheter la bonne volonté » de pays amis. Une initiative bloquée jeudi par le ministère de la justice.


  • Green pass: how are Covid vaccine passports working for Israel? | Israel | The Guardian

    As the UK and other governments consider whether to give Covid-vaccinated people certificates that allow entry to bars, hotels, and swimming pools, one country, Israel, has already deployed its “green pass”.
    The state of 9 million, which has administered jabs to half its population, released an app a week ago that shows whether people have been fully inoculated against the coronavirus or if they have presumed immunity after contracting the disease.Malls and museums have reopened for all, but green pass holders get exclusive access to gyms, hotels, theatres, and concerts, albeit with some limits. Indoor dining in restaurants and bars is due to be included in the green pass scheme next week.
    Life has not got “back to normal”, but it appears to be on its way. Street-side shops are reopening; hotels are accepting bookings; even live music is reemerging from its long slumber. And while masks remain mandatory, many older people who have already been vaccinated have stopped wearing them outdoors.
    (...)The Israeli system is similar to a British proposal announced last week in which an app would prove someone’s Covid status on entering pubs or theatres in England.Boris Johnson, the prime minister, said there were “deep and complex” issues that needed to be considered first. “Ethical issues about what the role is for government in mandating people to have such things, or indeed banning people from doing such a thing,” he said.The UK’s Equality and Human Rights Commission said vaccine certificates could lead to “unlawful discrimination”.Vaccination pass proposals have already prompted a backlash from privacy campaigners and rights groups in other countries. Germany’s ethics council, an independent body that advises the government, has said special conditions for the inoculated might encourage an “elbow mentality”.In Israel, there is concern that the unvaccinated population, whatever their reasons, will be left behind or shunned. Small protests warning that green passes create a new hierarchy in society have been held.Fresh ethical questions were raised last week when the Knesset, the country’s parliament, agreed to give local authorities personal details of unvaccinated residents to help them carry out targeted inoculation campaigns. Tamar Zandberg, a lawmaker, said it was a “slippery slope” for personal privacy.Israel has also recorded a modest but worrying rise in infections that could stall its green pass plans or even threaten a fresh lockdown.Dr Sharon Alroy-Preis, the director of public health services in the health ministry, said the 7 March date to open restaurants and bars to people with green passes could be pushed back.“We have to see how we do this in an orderly manner,” she told Army Radio. “We will have to see what the infection situation is throughout that reopening.”


  • L’Iran peut-être responsable de l’explosion sur un navire israélien, selon Israël
    Par Le Figaro avec AFP | 27 février 2021

    Le ministre israélien de la Défense Benny Gantz a estimé ce samedi que l’Iran pourrait être responsable de l’explosion qui a touché un navire israélien dans le golfe d’Oman.

    À lire aussi :Avec l’Iran en ligne de mire, Joe Biden imprime déjà sa marque au Moyen-Orient

    Le MV Helios Ray, un bateau israélien transportant des véhicules, effectuait le trajet entre Dammam, ville portuaire de l’est de l’Arabie saoudite, et Singapour, au moment de l’explosion jeudi au nord-ouest d’Oman, selon Dryad Global, une société spécialisée dans la sécurité maritime.

    « L’emplacement du bateau, relativement proche de l’Iran à ce moment, peut laisser penser qu’il s’agit des Iraniens mais c’est quelque chose qu’il faut continuer de vérifier », a déclaré Benny Gantz, interrogé sur la chaîne publique israélienne Kan. « C’est une première estimation qui prend en compte la proximité (avec le territoire iranien, ndlr) et le contexte, c’est ce que je pense ». (...)


    • la dépêche Reuters

      Explosion Reported on Car Carrier in Gulf of Oman – gCaptain

      M/V Helios Ray.
      Photo : MarineTraffic.com/Graham Flett

      A Bahamas-flagged ship, the MV HELIOS RAY, was hit by an explosion in the Gulf of Oman on Thursday, the United Kingdom Maritime Trade Operations (UKMTO) and a maritime security firm said on Friday.

      The cause of the explosion is not clear.

      Investigations are ongoing. Vessel and crew are safe,” the UKMTO’s advisory notice said, advising vessels in the area to exercise caution.

      The incident occurred at 2040 GMT, it said, but gave no details about a possible cause.

      Maritime security firm Dryad Global said the MV HELIOS RAY was a vehicle carrier owned by Helios Ray Ltd, an Israeli firm registered in the Isle of Man. The ship was en route to Singapore from Dammam in Saudi Arabia.

      A spokesman for Israel’s Transportation Ministry said it had no information about an Israeli vessel having been struck in the Gulf.

      A company with the name Helios Ray Ltd is incorporated in the Isle of Man. The ship was managed by Stamco Ship Management, Refinitiv ship tracking data showed. Stamco Ship Management declined to comment when contacted by phone by Reuters.

      Whilst details regarding the incident remain unclear it remains a realistic possibility that the event was the result of asymmetric activity by Iranian military,” Dryad said in a report on the incident.

      Refinitiv data shows the ship has set Dubai as its current destination.

      The U.S. Navy’s Bahrain-based Fifth Fleet said it was aware of the incident and monitoring the situation.

    • compagnie israélienne, domiciliée dans l’Île de Man, probablement armateur d’un seul navire, pratique usuelle de séparation des risques
      navire sous pavillon des Bahamas
      exploitant maritime : société grecque

      reste à savoir quel types de véhicule se trouvent à bord… peut-être exportation d’armes (véhicules blindés ou autres) ?

    • Israeli-owned vessel docked in Dubai after mysterious explosion | Conflict News | Al Jazeera

      Israeli-owned cargo ship Helios Ray, partially damaged by an explosion, is seen after it anchored in Dubai, UAE
      Ali Haider/EPA

      The hulking Israeli-owned MV Helios Ray sat at dry dock facilities at Dubai’s Port Rashid on Sunday. Although the crew was unharmed in the blast, the vessel sustained two holes on its port side and two on its starboard side just above the waterline, according to American defence officials.
      The Helios Ray discharged cars at various ports in the Gulf before making its way out of the Middle East towards Singapore. The blast hit as the ship was sailing from the Saudi port Dammam out of the Gulf of Oman, forcing it to turn to Dubai, in the United Arab Emirates, for inspection.

      Iranian authorities have not publicly commented on the ship. The country’s hardline Kayhan daily, whose editor-in-chief was appointed by Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, alleged the Helios Ray was “possibly” on an “espionag_e” mission in the region, without offering any evidence to support the claim. The _Sunday report speculated the ship may have been “trapped in an ambush by a branch of resistance axis”, referring to Iranian proxies in the region.

      The cargo vessel was hit by an explosion in the Gulf of Oman while bound for Singapore
      Ali Haider/EPA

  • Anti-Netanyahu protester pepper-sprayed as demonstrations resume across Israel
    Bar Peleg, Nir Hasson, Noa Shpigel | Feb. 27, 2021 | Haaretz.com

    PMHundreds of people took on Saturday to the streets in Jerusalem and across Israel for the 36th week, protesting Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s government and their handling of the coronavirus crisis.

    In the Tel Aviv suburb of Herzliya, police said they detained an 18-year-old man suspected of pepper-spraying an anti-Netanyahu protester in the city.

    The 50-year-old protester, who was taken to hospital, told Haaretz that pro-Netanyahu activists “were shouting at us, ’traitor leftists’ and at some point an argument broke out and it got violent. My wife was beaten and someone sprayed my eye and ran away.”

    This is the 13th time anti-Netanyahu protesters were pepper-sprayed during demonstrations, since the weekly anti-corruption protests began last year. Charges were filed only in two incidents.

    Some protest groups have argued that travel restrictions the cabinet approved for Jerusalem, as part of a series of measures to limit gatherings over the Purim holiday, were meant to limit participation in the main demonstration near the prime minister’s official residence.

    According to the cabinet’s decision, all public transportation and organized shuttles to and from Jerusalem weren’t allowed to operate starting Saturday at 6 P.M. Services are allowed to resume on Monday.

    Last week, protesters gathered at the Strings Bridge in Jerusalem, and marched to the prime minister’s official residence in Balfour Street, the epicenter of the protest.

    Hundreds more walked through Cesaerea, the upscale coastal resort town where Netanyahu’s private residence is situated. Like in other weeks, they were joined by many smaller groups at bridges and junctions across the country.

    Earlier this month, Netanyahu appeared in court to respond to charges of bribery, fraud and breach of trust in three corruption cases. He pleaded not guilty.

    ’Corrupt alliance’

    The Crime Minister protest group said ahead of Saturday’s protest, “60 percent of Israelis have had enough of your government and your corrupt alliance with the ultra-Orthodox and the Kahanists.”

    The group was referring to a surplus vote agreement signed earlier this month between Netanyahu’s Likud party and the far-right Religious Zionism party.

    Bezalel Smotrich, the chairman of far- right National Union party, and Itamar Ben-Gvir, the head of the Kahanist Otzma Yehudit party, announced they would run on a joint slate in the election at the urging of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu, creating the Religious Zionism party.

    Netanyahu seeks to create a big enough right-wing bloc that would recommend President Reuven Rivlin to give him the first chance to form a government after the election.

    Otzma Yehudit is made up of former disciples and political descendants of Meir Kahane – the infamous American-rabbi-turned-Knesset-member whose vitriolic racism against Arabs got his Kach party banned from running in the 1988 election.

    After Netanyahu convinced Otzma Yehudit to join forces with the Habayit Hayehudi party for the election in April of 2019, AIPAC, the most powerful pro-Israel lobby group in Washington, called it a “racist and reprehensible party.”

    Meretz MK Tamar Zandberg also slammed Netanyahu for “bring(ing) extremist racists into the Knesset just to escape trial for serious corruption charges.”

    #Israelmanifs 36

  • Pro-Israel senators to call on Blinken to take stronger action over ICC war crimes probe
    Ben Samuels | Feb. 25, 2021 | 11:46 PM - U.S. News - Haaretz.com

    Sen. Ben Cardin, a Democrat, and Sen. Rob Portman, a Republican say that the ICC probe “unfairly targets Israel, biases any subsequent investigation or trial, and hinders the path towards regional peace.”
    Ben Samuels | Feb. 25, 2021 | 11:46 PM

    Two leading pro-Israel senators are circulating a letter to their colleagues calling on U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken to take a stronger stance against the International Criminal Court’s potential probe into Israeli war crimes according to a letter obtained by Haaretz.

    Sen. Ben Cardin, a Democrat from Maryland, and Sen. Rob Portman, a Republican from Ohio, write that Blinken should “issue a more forceful condemnation of the Court’s actions,” after the court announced earlier this month that it would open legal proceedings against Israel and Hamas on suspicion of committing war crimes in the West Bank, East Jerusalem and the Gaza Strip.

    “We also urge you to work with like-minded international partners to steer the ICC away from further actions that could damage the Court’s credibility by giving the appearance of political bias. We ask that you give this matter your full attention and that you continue to defend Israel against discriminatory attacks in all international fora,” the letter continues.

    The senators, both members of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, say that “while we support the ICC’s stated goal of ensuring accountability for the gravest crimes of concern to the international community, we are concerned that the Court’s recent actions regarding the ’Situation in Palestine’ have inappropriately infused politics into the judicial process” and that “the ICC does not have legitimate territorial jurisdiction in this case.”

    They add that “the ICC’s mandate should not supersede Israel’s robust judicial system, including its military justice system” and that “it is not within the authority of the ICC to accept or deny any party’s claims to these disputed territories, nor has the Court ever before formally investigated allegations taking place in disputed territories. This unprecedented action by the ICC’s Pre-Trial Chamber unfairly targets Israel, biases any subsequent investigation or trial, and hinders the path towards regional peace.”

    Cardin and Portman write that the ruling “creates an exception for the Court to investigate Israel, even while it is unable or unwilling to address some of the most urgent human rights cases in the world today, including those in Iran, Syria, and China.”

    When asked for their position on the Cardin/Portman letter, the left-wing pro-Israel organization J Street provided their own letter criticizing the senators’ position, which they subsequently circulated throughout Senate offices in response.

    J Street called the letter an “unnecessary act of political posturing that purports to seek clarity regarding an already crystal-clear position of the Biden administration,” adding that it “provides fodder for those who are pushing [the Biden administration] to embrace the Trump administration’s appalling attacks on the ICC, its personnel and the rule of law.”

    The response from the liberal Zionist group notes that the State Department already rejected the ICC’s decision, “yet the letter then treats the administration’s position as somehow unclear or inadequate, stating that: ’We encourage you to issue a more forceful condemnation of the Court’s actions.’ The letter even implies in its opening line that the administration has not only failed to oppose the decision, but that it is therefore lacking in its support for Israel.”

    The organization also cautioned against the Cardin/Portman letter’s language that mirrors their May 2020 letter that urged the United States to defend Israel against ICC prosecutor Fatou Bensouda’s defense of the ICC’s jurisdiction to investigate potential war crimes. This letter was later used by the Trump administration to justify sanctions placed on ICC officials and their families. J Street writes that “the new letter’s repeated use of this language must – and will – be read as a call to maintain and enforce these unprecedented Trump-era sanctions, which damaged U.S. credibility and the cause of democratic values on the world stage.”

    J Street also criticized the senators’ use of “disputed territories” instead of “occupied territories” to describe the area beyond the Green Line, stating that “this difference in language is incredibly consequential as a matter of law and policy,” adding that “senators who support the longstanding bipartisan consensus positions on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict should not sign a letter containing this rightwing linguistic Trojan Horse.”

    Neither Sen. Cardin nor Sen. Portman responded to Haaretz’s request for comment.

    #CPI #IsraelCPI

  • En défense de Ken Loach
    21 février | Yanis Varoufakis pour Sidecar |Traduction SF pour l’AURDIP

    Donc, voilà où nous sommes rendus : Ken Loach est désormais la cible d’une campagne de diffamation menée par ceux que rien n’arrêtera dans leur projet de protéger la politique d’apartheid d’Israël. Leur message aux gens de conscience est simple : à moins que vous ne vouliez, vous aussi, être terni comme antisémite, gardez le silence sur les crimes contre l’humanité et les attaques contre les droits humains sur la terre de Palestine. Ils nous avertissent tous : si nous pouvons traiter ainsi Ken Loach, un homme qui a passé sa vie à défendre les victimes de l’oppression, du racisme et de la discrimination, imaginez ce que cela sera pour vous. Si vous osez soutenir les droits humains des Palestiniens, nous affirmerons que vous haïssez les Juifs. (...)

  • Covid-19 : Israël « achète la bonne volonté » de pays alliés avec ses surplus de vaccins

    Mercredi, M. Nétanyahou a rappelé que plus de 5 millions d’Israéliens ont déjà été vaccinés et que l’ensemble de sa population adulte (6,2 millions) pourrait l’être d’ici quelques semaines. Le premier ministre estimait que son pays disposait de stocks « plus que suffisants » et pouvait se permettre de réduire ceux constitués auprès du laboratoire Moderna.Le ministre de la défense, Benny Gantz, a réagi en déplorant que M. Nétanyahou ne l’ait pas consulté au préalable et n’ait pas réuni le cabinet de sécurité. « Le fait que Nétanyahou vende, sans en répondre, les vaccins qui appartiennent aux citoyens d’Israël, lesquels les ont payés avec leurs impôts, montre qu’il pense diriger un royaume plutôt qu’un Etat », dénonçait-il. On ignore si le laboratoire Moderna a été consulté.
    L’Autorité palestinienne (AP) s’est, quant à elle, vu promettre 5 000 doses par Israël, qui en a déjà livré un ou deux milliers. Elle a également reçu de Moscou 10 000 doses du vaccin Spoutnik V et compte sur le système Covax de l’Organisation mondiale de la santé. Un rival du président Mahmoud Abbas, Mohammed Dahlan, a par ailleurs fait livrer cette semaine 20 000 doses des Emirats arabes unis, où il vit en exil, dans la bande de Gaza, par le biais de l’Egypte. Mais ces arrivages ne peuvent assurer l’injection des deux doses aux quelque 25 000 travailleurs de santé en Cisjordanie et dans la bande de Gaza. Israël estime que rien ne l’oblige légalement à combler cet écart, renvoyant l’AP à sa responsabilité en matière de santé, selon les accords d’Oslo. Mais cette situation pose un problème moral autant que d’image. A tout le moins, elle inquiète les autorités sanitaires israéliennes, nombre d’experts faisant valoir que le pays et les territoires occupés forment un écosystème sanitaire uni. Une immunité de masse pourrait ne pas être obtenue en Israël si la Cisjordanie demeure exclue – à l’exception notable des colonies.
    Israël prend la mesure de cette situation en prévoyant, selon la presse, de vacciner une partie des 120 000 travailleurs palestiniens qui franchissent le mur de séparation quotidiennement. Pendant la première vague de contaminations, en mars 2020, leur circulation avait été bloquée. Mais, durant la deuxième vague, à l’été, nombre d’Arabes israéliens avaient contourné le confinement en se rendant dans des centres commerciaux et des restaurants ouverts dans les territoires. Depuis un an, les allers-retours sont demeurés constants entre Jérusalem-Est et le reste de la Cisjordanie.


  • Passeport vaccinal, « QR codes »… Emmanuel Macron réfléchit à une manière de « vivre avec » le Covid-19

    Mais Emmanuel Macron veut aussi penser à « l’après ». Lors d’un conseil de défense sanitaire, mercredi, le président de la République a demandé à ses troupes d’imaginer les outils qui permettraient aux Français de revivre – quasi – normalement dans les mois et les années à venir, quand bien même le coronavirus rôderait toujours. Un an après l’apparition du SARS-CoV-2 en France, la lassitude de la population est telle que des mesures qui apparaissaient, hier, comme choquantes ou liberticides pourraient devenir acceptables, estime-t-on au sommet de l’Etat.Il en est ainsi de l’utilisation de données personnelles permettant de tracer les citoyens et de remonter les éventuelles filières de contamination. Mais aussi du passeport vaccinal certifiant une immunité acquise contre le Covid-19, que les Français brandiraient pour pouvoir traverser les frontières mais aussi, pourquoi pas, fréquenter salles de sport, musées, cinémas ou restaurants.
    Emmanuel Macron, qui a promis de ne pas rendre la vaccination obligatoire, manie cet objet avec précaution. Fin décembre 2020, la présentation en conseil des ministres d’un projet de loi sur les urgences sanitaires conditionnant l’exercice de certaines activités à la présentation d’un test de dépistage ou « au suivi d’un traitement préventif, y compris à l’administration d’un vaccin », avait suscité un concert de désapprobations.
    Le texte avait alors été remisé dans un tiroir, dont il ne ressortira pas « avant la sortie de la crise », a promis Olivier Véran. Mais « on nous reprocherait de ne pas regarder le sujet », indique-t-on dans l’entourage de Jean Castex. « Pour le moment, on observe ça de loin. Il nous manque des réponses : le vaccin permettra-t-il d’éviter les contaminations ? Quelle sera la durée de l’immunité obtenue ? Et puis, il faut évidemment que le débat soit concomitant avec la possibilité d’avoir accès au vaccin pour tous. Mais l’idée s’imposera », juge-t-on à Matignon. Un passeport est déjà en vigueur en Israël, note un conseiller, et la population, massivement vaccinée, a pu y reprendre sa vie « d’avant ». Le Conseil économique, social et environnemental (CESE) a donc lancé, mi-février, une consultation en ligne sur le sujet. Pour l’heure, 57 % des Français sont opposés à ce qu’un tel passeport conditionne l’accès à un restaurant ou à une salle de sport, selon un sondage Odoxa publié le 18 février. Mais 59 % s’y montrent favorables en ce qui concerne l’accès au territoire national.


  • Anti-Netanyahu activists report assaults as hundreds protest a month before election
    Bar Peleg, Nir Hasson, Noa Shpigel | Feb. 20, 2021 | Haaretz.com

    Protesters take to the streets in Jerusalem, Caesarea and throughout the country for the 35th week in a row

    With just over a month to go before Israel’s election, hundreds of people gathered on Saturday throughout Israel to protest corruption and the government’s coronavirus response, for the 35th week in a row.

    Earlier this month, Netanyahu appeared in court to respond to charges of bribery, fraud and breach of trust in three corruption cases. He pleaded not guilty.

    Protesters gathered at the Strings Bridge in Jerusalem, and marched to the prime minister’s official residence in Balfour Street, the epicenter of the protest.

    Hundreds more walked through Cesaerea, the upscale coastal resort town where Benjamin Netanyahu’s private residence is situated. Like in other weeks, they were joined by many smaller groups at bridges and junctions across the country.

    At least three incidents were reported of protesters being violently confronted by Netanyahu supporters. 70-year-old Yair Kidan said he was attacked on a bridge in northern Israel. “He tore up our signs, grabbed my phone [...] and hit me with his bike,” Kidan said. Two other incidents in central Israel were reported to the police. Last week, more than ten such incidents were reported.

    Some of the anti-Netanyahu protest groups are also planning to demonstrate outside Defense Minister Benny Gantz’s house next week. They are calling on the Kahol Lavan party leader – who vowed to replace Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu before the 2020 election but ended up joining his government – to quit the race. “Gantz has betrayed his voters more than once,” said one of the protest groups, Kumi Israel. “We won’t let that happen again. It’s simple: If Gantz doesn’t quit, Netanyahu stays.”

    The Movement for Quality Government in Israel, one of the organizers, said: “We won’t give in to the unbearable situation in which the prime minister… holds an entire country hostage in his attempt to evade justice.”

    #Israelmanifs 35

  • Post-Covid tourism hopes buoyed by deal between Greece, Cyprus and Israel | World news | The Guardian

    Accords between Greece, Cyprus and Israel allowing citizens with Covid-19 vaccination certificates to travel unimpeded between the three countries have been hailed as a possible first step towards normalising tourism during the next phase of the pandemic. The prospect of people being able to move freely in the age of coronavirus received a concrete boost last week when the deal was the centrepiece of a visit to Jerusalem by the Greek prime minister, Kyriakos Mitsotakis. After signing the agreement with his Israeli counterpart, Benjamin Netanyahu, the leader suggested similar accords could soon be in the offing.“I expect what we will be doing with Israel to be a trial run of what we can do with other countries,” said Mitsotakis, who first pressed the case for vaccine passports with other EU members last month.
    On Valentine’s Day, the Cypriot president, Nicos Anastasiades, followed suit flying into Israel to strike the same deal. The agreement is expected to come into effect by 1 April. Like Greece, the Mediterranean island’s economy is heavily reliant on tourism. Both have attracted ever more Israeli holidaymakers in a reflection of their deepening political, economic and military alliance with the state but like destinations elsewhere have also seen the sector hammered by the pandemic.“When the world is in upheaval because of corona, the warm relations between our two countries are more important than ever,” Anastasiades said after holding talks with the Israeli president, Reuven Rivlin. “The resumption of unrestricted free movement is of great importance to Cyprus, which is a tourism-dependent country.”
    Mitsotakis’s proposal was initially met with scepticism by the EU amid fears it could be perceived as discriminatory. But in an indication that the idea may be gaining traction the British prime minister, Boris Johnson, said on Monday he believed coronavirus certificates might be “very much in the mix down the road”.


  • As election campaign kicks off, anti-Netanyahu protesters around Israel face violence
    Bar Peleg, Noa Shpigel | Feb. 13, 2021 | 7:36 PM - Haaretz.com

    As election campaign kicks off, anti-Netanyahu protesters around Israel face violence
    Four detained for attacks on protesters; demonstrators threatened at gun point, pelted with stones and assaulted amid weekly rallies calling for Netanyahu’s resignation

    The demonstrations against Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu on Saturday have been marred by reports of violence, as protesters called for the premier’s removal for the 34th consecutive week.

    Police have detained four suspects in relation to various attacks on protesters, with an eyewitness reporting two additional arrests that are yet to be confirmed by the police.

    Around 1500 protesters gathered outside the prime minister’s residence in Jerusalem. Hundreds marched in Caesarea to the Netanyahus’ private residence, as other demonstrators gathered on key intersections and bridges across the country.

    Protester Avi Shmueli, who was demonstrating on a bridge in central Israel, told Haaretz that he was threatened at gunpoint. “Today, a car came, and a young woman got out and pulled a pistol – I don’t know if it was real or not – and threatened us for a few seconds with the gun.” He said that although he was not able to get a picture of the gun, he gave the car’s details to the police. After she pointed the gun at protesters, Shmueli said that the woman drove off. “It feels like as the election gets closer, the violence increases.”

    Police detained the driver of the vehicle, as well as the suspect accused of making the threat, who had her plastic pistol seized. Both suspects, who are 18 and 19 years old, hail from Givat Shmuel in central Israel, local police sources say.

    Yesh Atid leader Yair Lapid lay the blame squarely with the prime minister in a stern warning: “It will end in murder...The incitement comes from Balfour, and the spirit of violence and hatred is dangerous and destructive. I call on the prime minister - stop the incitement. Your activists have lost their way,” he said.

    The Black Flag movement said in response that “no one is surprised that a gun was drawn on protesters. We have no expectations that the defendant [Netanyahu] or his associates will condemn the act...This is the result of their incitement and this is exactly why we are out here demonstrating,” they wrote.

    In Ramat Gan, a Tel Aviv suburb, an eyewitness said that two Netanyahu supporters attacked an elderly man and another woman. “If there weren’t 40 people there, it would have ended in disaster,” local protest leader Yafit Ezer said.

    “It took the police 25 minutes to arrive. We called them three times and it was frightening. Police detained them for questioning. We will not be scared next week. There will be 80 of us,” she added.

    The Black Flag movement also reported that a car window was smashed at the protest site in the southern kibbutz of Dvira, protesters were verbally abused in Herzliya, pelted with stones in Netanya, and physically assaulted in Rishon Letzion.

    A protest leader at the demonstration in Rishon Letzion, Rosie Keidar, witnessed the assault. “Suddenly, Bibi [Netanyahu] supporters came to our junction and started tearing down flags and beating two demonstrators. A police car arrived and they are filing a complaint. This is the first time there has been physical violence at our intersection. We have gotten used to verbal abuse, but we won’t sit by in silence as violence occurs.”

    Police confirmed that one person was detained at the scene.

    Meanwhile, a police spokesperson said that a 22-year-old has been detained over an alleged assault of a protester in Nahariya in northern Israel. The suspect threw a flag and a drink can at the demonstrators before fleeing the scene.

    Itamar Berger, a local protest organizer, responded to the attack: “Unfortunately, this is not an exceptional event and is almost a routine reality. The police responded quickly and decisively. The attack did not happen on its own. Someone is inciting it against us,” he said.

    The Movement for Quality Government, who organized the demonstration in Caesarea, stated: “This week something happened in Israel for the first time in the country’s history: an incumbent prime minister sat on the dock in court. This is not a normal situation and we should not grow accustomed to it in any way,” they wrote.

    “Netanyahu faces a fundamental conflict of interest every day...The huge failure to manage the coronavirus crisis is largely influenced by his legal status,” the statement added.

    The Black Flag movement also released a statement prior to the protest, stating: “More than 5300 have die due to coronavirus failures. A bankrupt education system and a disconnected education minister. A complete loss of trust in the government led by the defendant, which is driven solely by Netanyahu’s fear of the threat of justice. The citizens of Israel deserve leadership that serves the public interest. The protest will continue.”

    #Israelmanifs 34

  • Biden pas pressé de courtiser Netanyahu et de s’embourber dans le dossier israélo-palestinien
    AFP - Francesco FONTEMAGGI - mer. 10 février 2021 à 9:28 PM

    Le coup de fil se fait attendre. Mais le Premier ministre israélien Benjamin Netanyahu, chouchouté comme jamais par Donald Trump, va devoir composer avec un Joe Biden beaucoup moins pressé d’afficher la même proximité et, au-delà, de s’impliquer dans l’épineux dossier israélo-palestinien.

    Si « Bibi » fait mine de minimiser cette attente de trois semaines depuis l’entrée en fonctions du nouveau président des Etats-Unis, le chef de la branche internationale de son parti, le Likoud, a lui décidé mercredi de l’interpeller directement.

    « Le moment est peut-être enfin venu d’appeler le dirigeant d’Israël, le plus proche allié des Etats-Unis ? », a lancé dans un tweet Danny Danon. Et pour enfoncer le clou, il a fourni à Joe Biden un numéro de téléphone pour joindre son Premier ministre.

    Côté américain aussi, Nikki Haley, ex-ambassadrice aux Nations unies sous Donald Trump, a accusé le gouvernement Biden de « snober » un « ami comme Israël » tout en faisant « ami-ami » avec « un ennemi comme l’Iran ». (...)


  • 15 leçons de 15 ans de BDS

    Le mois de juillet a marqué le 15e anniversaire du lancement du mouvement de boycott, désinvestissement et sanctions BDS). Beaucoup de choses se sont passées au cours de ces années. Voici 15 leçons que j’ai tirées de ce périple pour démanteler l’apartheid israélien.


    #international #israel #bds

  • Israel’s ‘green passports’ plan could lead way in reviving world tourism after Covid-19 vaccination programme is complete | South China Morning Post

    Israel is hoping that its world-leading vaccination programme will allow it to resume tourism later this year and is talking to Greece and Cyprus about reopening their borders.The country, which has vaccinated a higher proportion of its citizens than any other, started to issue “green passport” certificates last week that show holders have been given two full doses of the vaccine, one of its diplomats in China said. It is now trying to negotiate reciprocal arrangements with other countries to permit entry to those carrying the certificates.Israel’s experience is likely to be closely watched around the world as it could become the first country to inoculate enough people to reach the ultimate goal of achieving herd immunity.“What we are planning to do is to open a programme of green passports, which means everybody that’s been vaccinated could travel to other countries without the need for being tested before, during the visit or being quarantined after visiting the country,” said Yuval Waks, deputy chief of the Israeli mission in Beijing.He said Greece could be the first country to sign such an agreement with Israel, followed by Cyprus because “it’s also good for their economy” and “tourists from Israel are eager to go”.Waks continued that talks with China were at an early stage and media reports have suggested that countries in Europe such as Serbia and Romania may also take part in the scheme.


  • Le printemps israélien de la députée Aurore Bergé

    Et côté « gauche », une autre candidate potentielle à la présidence, Anne Hildago, elle aussi très pro-israélienne sans s’être jamais déclarée proche du Printemps républicain « a un côté républicain sincère, elle est très anti-communautariste sauf avec les juifs. Mais elle ne peut pas avoir un positionnement tranché pour une raison simple : elle gouverne avec une alliance de forces politiques différentes » dont le Parti communiste (PCF) et les Verts, explique l’un de ses adjoints. Cependant sa précédente majorité comptait deux élues cofondatrices du Printemps républicain, la maire du 20e arrondissement de Paris, Frédérique Calandra, et Catherine Vieu-Charrier, rare personnalité du PCF à se rallier à ce mouvement. Adjointe au maire chargée de la mémoire, l’élue a été à l’origine de la création d’une place de Jérusalem dans le 17e arrondissement. Elle a été inaugurée en juin 2019 en présence du maire de Jérusalem, Moshe Leon, un proche de Nétanyahou, ce qui causa un certain embarras chez ses camarades communistes, mais n’a pas dérangé Hidalgo. Mais si « beaucoup d’élus socialistes pouvaient se dire un moment plus ou moins proches du Printemps républicain sur la laïcité, ils ont très vite mal supporté l’obsession islamophobe et l’hystérisation du débat. Pour quelqu’un comme Emmanuel Grégoire, l’actuel premier adjoint de la maire, tout ça c’est too much », dit une adjointe Europe Écologie Les Verts (EELV). « Avec Frédérique Calandra, qui était à fond dans le Printemps républicain, ils ont fait des dégâts, ils ont radicalisé pas mal de gens, ajoute la communiste Raphaëlle Primet, conseillère de Paris et elle aussi élue du 20e arrondissement. Maintenant, je le les trouve moins virulents, moins présents ».

    #Anne_Hidalgo #Israël

  • Désormais, les soldats et les officiers de l’armée israélienne doivent réfléchir à deux fois avant d’obéir à l’ordre de détruire des maisons palestiniennes.

    Communiqué de presse de Gush Shalom (Bloc de la paix israélien), 6 décembre 2020

    Les juges de la Cour pénale internationale de La Haye ont décidé sans équivoque que la Cour a pleine autorité pour entendre et décider des plaintes palestiniennes concernant les violations du droit international par l’État d’Israël et son armée. Les règles du jeu ont donc fondamentalement changé.


    #israël #palestine

  • Thousands of Israelis protest in front of Netanyahu’s residence in Jerusalem
    Nir Hasson, Noa Shpigel | Feb. 6, 2021 | 9:56 PM - Israel News - Haaretz.com

    Israelis and Palestinians march from the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Silwan to join the 33rd week of protests against Netanyahu

    Thousands of Israelis showed up to protest against Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu in front of his official residence in Jerusalem on Saturday evening, for the 33rd week in a row.

    Before gathering at the Balfour Street destination, several groups marched through the city streets. Hundreds of Israelis and Palestinians assembled in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Silwan to protest against systematic evictions of Palestinian residents from the neighborhood.

    The joint Israeli-Palestinian protest was an unusual event, since Palestinians who live in East Jerusalem do not protest in the western part of the city, particularly for political issues. Additionally, it was the first protest in years against activities carried out by right wing organizations in Silwan where both Palestinians and Israelis protested together.

    Clashes broke out between officers and protesters, after the police blocked one of the exits from Paris Square, the site of the protests. One protester, Asaf Agmon, sustained a head injury and was evacuated from the scene.

    Waving placards and banners branded with the logo of the Peace Now organization, and waving pink flags, one of the symbols of the greater protest movement, they then marched towards Balfour, joining the rest of the protesters.

    According to Peace Now, this is the first time that Palestinians from East Jerusalem have engaged with the Balfour Street protest movement. The message they were trying to convey was that “the pro-democracy struggle against corruption and the struggle against the occupation are interconnected,” a spokesperson for the organization said.

    Prior to the demonstration, police had blocked the streets near the prime minister’s residence.

    At the same time, hundreds of people marched in Caesarea, where the Likud leader has his private residence. The demonstration ended around 9 P.M.

    Earlier in the day, demonstrations took place at bridges and intersections throughout the country. “All over... there are people who keep the embers of democracy burning,” Shikma Schwartzman of the Black Flags Movement said: “Our job from now until the election is to press with all our might so that all the people go out to vote.”

    The protest movement has coalesced around one idea - to force Benjamin Netanyahu to step down. It is home to a very diverse crowd, with different parts of the body of demonstrators sometimes holding opposite views regarding things as crucial to Israeli lives as the conflict with the Palestinians.

    #Israelmanifs 33

  • La CPI juge que sa « juridiction territoriale » s’étend aux territoires palestiniens
    Publié le vendredi 05 février 2021

    La Cour pénale internationale s’est déclarée compétente vendredi pour les faits survenus dans les territoires palestiniens occupés, ce qui pourrait ouvrir la voie à une enquête pour crimes de guerre.

    Le Premier ministre palestinien Mohammed Shtayyeh a salué une « victoire pour la justice », tandis que son homologue israélien Benjamin Netanyahu y voyait la preuve que la CPI est un « organe politique ».

    La CPI a expliqué dans un communiqué avoir « décidé à la majorité que la juridiction territoriale de la Cour pour la situation en Palestine (qui en est membre depuis 2015, ndlr) s’étendait aux territoires occupés par Israël depuis 1967 ». (...)

    « Le tribunal a une nouvelle fois prouvé qu’il est un organe politique et pas une institution judiciaire », a déclaré le Premier ministre Benjamin Netanyahu dans un communiqué, considérant que, par sa décision, la CPI nuisait au « droit des démocraties à se défendre contre le terrorisme ».

    Les Etats-Unis se sont dits de leur côté « sérieusement préoccupés par les tentatives de la CPI d’exercer une juridiction sur les militaires israéliens ».

    « Nous avons toujours adopté la position selon laquelle la juridiction de la cour devrait être réservée aux pays qui l’acceptent ou qui y sont renvoyés par le Conseil de sécurité de l’ONU », a dit à la presse le porte-parole du département d’Etat américain, Ned Price. (...)


    • [Communiqué du BNC] Le BNC salue la décision de la CPI et appelle à agir
      / 6 février 2021
      Par le Comité National BDS palestinien (BNC), le 6 février 2021

      Nous appelons la Cour Pénale Internationale à cesser de traîner les pieds, à résister à la pression des Etats Unis, d’Israël et des pays occidentaux, et à faire immédiatement son travail.

      Nous saluons la décision de la Cour Pénale Internationale qui confirme sa compétence sur le Territoire Palestinien Occupé.

      Le régime d’apartheid israélien a tué plus de 3.600 Palestiniens depuis que la CPI a commencé son examen préliminaire de la situation en Palestine. (...)

    • Palestine. La justice internationale va enquêter sur les crimes de guerre d’Israël
      Lundi 8 Février 2021 - Pierre Barbancey

      (...) En dépit des pressions exercées par le gouvernement de Donald Trump notamment contre Fatou Bensouda, les juges de la chambre préliminaire ont enfin décidé vendredi que la compétence de la CPI « s’étend aux territoires occupés par Israël depuis 1967, à savoir Gaza et la Cisjordanie, y compris Jérusalem-Est ». Tout en prenant bien soin de préciser que cette cour « n’était pas constitutionnellement compétente pour statuer sur les questions de statut d’État qui lieraient la communauté internationale » et que « la chambre ne se prononce pas sur un différend frontalier en vertu du droit international ni ne préjuge de la question d’éventuelles futures frontières ». (...)

    • Quelques réflexions sur la décision de la Chambre préliminaire de la Cour pénale internationale du 5 février, se prononçant sur la juridiction territoriale de la Cour en Palestine – François Dubuisson
      6 février 2021

      (...) Dans sa décision rendue le 5 février, la Chambre préliminaire confirme la position du Bureau du procureur, énoncée dans le document qui lui avait été transmis en décembre 2019, selon laquelle la Palestine doit être considérée comme un Etat pour les besoins de la mise en œuvre de la compétence de la CPI, que la juridiction territoriale de la Cour s’étend à l’ensemble des territoires palestiniens occupés, en ce compris Jérusalem-Est et que les Accords d’Oslo n’ont aucune incidence sur la compétence et la juridiction de la Cour.

      Examinons la manière dont chacun de ces points ont été tranchés par la Chambre, pour ensuite évaluer quelles seront les conséquences de la décision, tant dans le cadre de la CPI que de manière plus générale. (...)

    • German foreign minister says ICC has no jurisdiction over Palestinian territories
      Feb. 9, 2021 10:05 PM - Haaretz.com

      Germany’s Foreign Minister Heiko Maas said on Tuesday that the International Criminal Court “has no jurisdiction” in the West Bank, Gaza Strip and East Jerusalem, “because of the absence of the element of Palestinian statehood required by international law.”

      Maas’s remarks on Twitter follow a decision issued over the weekend by ICC judges that it did have jurisdiction in these territories, allowing for an investigation against Israel and Hamas of suspected war crimes.

      Our positions on #MEPP and the ICC in general remain unchanged, too: Since its foundation, 🇩🇪 has been one of the ICC’s strongest supporters. We support the establishment of a future Palestinian state as part of a two state solution negotiated by Israelis and Palestinians. (2/2)
      — Heiko Maas 🇪🇺 (@HeikoMaas) February 9, 2021

      “Since its foundation, Germany has been one of the ICC’s strongest supporters,” Maas added. “We support the establishment of a future Palestinian state as part of a two state solution negotiated by Israelis and Palestinians.”

      Hanan Ashrawi, a former senior Palestinian official, responded to Maas’ tweet: “So your ‘legal view’ supersedes the ruling of the ICC judges and the resolutions of the UNGA? No self-respecting state should accept instructions from (or intimidation by) Israel. #IsraeliCrimes must be investigated and judicial #accountability must be respected.”

      So your “legal view” supersedes the ruling of the ICC judges & the resolutions of the UNGA? No self-respecting state should accept instructions from (or intimidation by) Israel. #IsraeliCrimes must be investigated & judicial #accountability must be respected.
      — Hanan Ashrawi (@DrHananAshrawi) February 9, 2021

      On Monday, Foreign Minister Gabi Ashkenazi launched a round of talks with his counterparts from around the world with the aim of pressuring the court to keep it from taking any additional steps against Israel.

      The decision on jurisdiction came despite Israel’s objections, and the issue came up in telephone conversations Ashkenazi had on Monday with Maas, Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken. It was also mentioned in a personal conversation with Greek Foreign Minister Nikos Dendias, who is part of a delegation that visited Israel, led by Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis.

      The United States, Russia and Greece, like Israel, are not members of the ICC. Germany, however, is a member, and was one of seven member states to present an opinion supportive of Israel’s position that the court does not have any legal jurisdiction in the territories occupied during the 1967 Six-Day War.

  • Police arrest one, deploy water cannons at anti-Netanyahu protest in Jerusalem
    Noa Shpigel, Bar Peleg, Nir Hasson | Jan. 30, 2021 | 7:28 PM - Haaretz.com

    Police arrested one person and used water cannons against anti-Netanyahu protesters in Jerusalem for the first time in months on Saturday, as demonstrators rallied for the 32nd consecutive week.

    About a thousand protesters gathered at Jerusalem’s Chords Bridge and marched toward Paris Square near Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s official residence, but changed course in order to pass by the homes of the Netanyahu family in the Katamon neighborhood. There, a number of marchers clashed with police, and one of the protest organizers was arrested. A short while later, the march continued to Balfour street, where the official residence is located.

    There, about a thousand people protested against the prime minister’s coronavirus response and called on him to step down due to his criminal indictments. They are also demanding a commission of inquiry into the government’s handling of the crisis, and the fact that the minutes of coronavirus cabinet meetings, in which the decisions that dictate the country’s pandemic response are made, remain classified.

    According to the demonstrators, one person was injured by the water cannon, and was evacuated to the hospital. Israel Police said that they had arrested one person for disturbing the peace and that he had been taken in for questioning.

    The police added that marchers “made violent attempts to break through police barriers, threw objects, attacked officers and as a result one officer had sustained an injury to his eye.” Police said that they arrested one man for arresting an officer; the perpetrator “smelled strongly of alcohol and had in his possession a drug-like suspicious substance.”

    Police added later that dozens of protesters have intermittently blocked traffic on the Chords Bridge, and at the same time, rocks were thrown at a police car and truck near the protest site, causing damage. Police are searching for the perpetrators.

    About a thousand protesters gathered in Tel Aviv’s Habima Square to protest the government’s inaction during the coronavirus crisis. Demonstrators are projecting the number of COVID-19 deaths in Israel – over 4,600 – on the wall of the Habima Theater, and a sticker has been placed on the ground for each victim with the number on it. Afterwards, about 500 protesters began marching in the city.

    Shikma Schwartzman, a protester with the Black Flags movement, said that Israel’s handling of the pandemic “is a massive failure and the number of dead here is overtaking those of all of Israel’s wars combined. Someone is taking advantage of the situation to save himself from the threat of justice and cling to the vaccination campaign. It’s an unacceptable situation, and one person is responsible for this failure, and we are demanding that he takes responsibility,” she said.

    Earlier in the evening, hundreds of protesters also gatheried outside Netanyahu’s private Caesaria home. Smaller demonstrations were also held on bridges, in town squares and intersections throughout the country.

    Ahead of the demonstration, the Crime Minister protest movement said that Netanyahu has “taken Israel hostage in order to delay his criminal trial, is ingratiating himself to the ultra-Orthodox” at the height of a public health catastrophe.

    “Instead of handling the crisis, he is extending the lockdown and presenting an ’economic plan’ that includes bribing voters. The loss of control over the pandemic and the reckless behavior is a more severe failure than the Yom Kippur [War],” the group said.

    The Black Flags protest movement said that this is “a protest of pain over the deaths of 4,600 Israelis from the coronavirus failure.” Netanyahu, the group said, “is ignoring the grave situation and cynically focusing on vaccines in order to save himself from the threat of justice, at a time when Israel is finding itself in a national disaster.”

    The Ein Matzav ("No Way") protest group also released a statement: “The number of coronavirus victims continues to rise, and the lives of thousands are being cut off due to a weak government that is not functioning and is not dealing with the pandemic professionally for its citizens.”

    It continued, “The coronavirus pandemic has exposed a government a prime minister that do not serve the public, some of whom will pay with their lives, and we want a new leadership!”

    On Friday, dozens of protesters showed up to the back entrance of the prime minister’s residence in Jerusalem for about an hour. Police separated them from the entrance to the complex, but the demonstrators did not clash with the officers and did not try to breach the barricades.

    #Israel_manifs 32

  • B’Tselem. Un #apartheid « sur tout le territoire sous l’autorité de l’État d’Israël »

    B’Tselem, l’organisation israélienne de défense des #droits_humains la plus représentative, a publié le 12 janvier 2021 Un régime de suprématie juive entre le Jourdain et la mer Méditerranée, c’est un apartheid, un rapport qui constitue un véritable basculement dans l’histoire de cette organisation fondée en 1989, en pleine première intifada palestinienne.

    #israël #palestine #colonisation

  • Les Émirats arabes unis complotent-ils avec Israël contre les réfugiés palestiniens ?
    Jonathan Cook - Mardi 26 janvier 2021 - Middle East Eye édition française

    Un article selon lequel les Émirats arabes unis collaborent secrètement avec Israël à l’élaboration d’un possible plan d’élimination de l’agence des Nations unies pour les réfugiés palestiniens (UNRWA) – une mesure qui pourrait empêcher ces derniers de retourner un jour chez eux – doit être pris au sérieux.

    Selon le quotidien français Le Monde, les responsables israéliens et émiratis ont forgé un « axe stratégique » dans le cadre duquel ils réfléchissent à « un plan d’action visant à faire progressivement disparaître l’UNRWA, sans conditionner cela à une quelconque résolution du problème des réfugiés [palestiniens] ». Le ministre émirati des Affaires étrangères n’a pas répondu à la demande de commentaires adressée par Le Monde. (...)

    #Israel EAU #UNRWA

  • Avraham Burg, ancien président du Parlement israélien : « Pourquoi je ne veux plus être juif » - Page 1 | Mediapart

    Mais depuis l’adoption, en juillet 2018, de la loi sur l’État-nation du peuple juif (voir l’onglet Prolonger), tout est changé. Ce qui définit Israël, désormais, c’est le seul monopole juif. Sans l’équilibre constitutionnel des droits et libertés. En vertu de cette loi, un citoyen d’Israël qui n’est pas juif est assigné à un statut inférieur. Comparable à celui qui a été assigné aux juifs pendant des générations. Ce qui fut odieux pour nous, nous l’infligeons maintenant à nos citoyens non juifs.

    Cette législation est en fait une nouvelle définition des relations entre majorité et minorité en Israël. Elle constitue aussi un changement dans ma définition existentielle. Dans mon identité. Dans ces conditions, ma conscience m’interdit désormais d’appartenir à la nationalité juive, d’être classé comme membre de cette nation, ce qui impliquerait pour moi d’appartenir au groupe des maîtres, statut que je refuse. Je ne veux pas appartenir à un collectif défini par les promoteurs de cette loi.

    Vous voulez quitter le peuple juif ?

    Qu’est-ce qu’être juif ? Il est très difficile de répondre à cette question. Est-ce une religion ? Est-ce une culture ? Est-ce une civilisation ? Je peux dire ce qu’a été le judaïsme de mes parents, le judaïsme de la diaspora. Le mien. Être juif, pour nous, c’était appartenir à un groupe de gens définis historiquement par leur volonté d’être égaux mais différents. Nous étions égaux dans notre citoyenneté. Et nous demandions à ceux parmi lesquels nous vivions de préserver ce droit d’être différents, mais égaux. Égaux, mais différents. J’ajouterai que lorsque j’ai commencé ma vie politique, dans les années 1980, j’ai adopté deux principes auxquels je reste attaché : la séparation de la religion et de l’État, et la fin de l’occupation.

    La loi sur l’État-nation remet tout cela en question. Tout à coup, dans l’État des juifs au sein duquel nous sommes une majorité, la définition du collectif juif telle qu’elle existe dans la Déclaration de 1948 disparaît. Nous voulons être une majorité mais nous refusons aux autres d’être différents et égaux. Ils peuvent être différents mais pas égaux. C’est une façon de redéfinir le collectif juif que je refuse. Au nom de mon héritage philosophique et moral.

    Je dis aujourd’hui à l’État : je n’appartiens pas à votre nouveau peuple juif. Je demande donc au tribunal que mon nom soit retiré du registre national du peuple juif. Je suis un juif historique. Je crois à l’égalité, à l’universalisme, à l’humanisme, aux droits des minorités. Ce nouveau judaïsme, je n’en fais pas partie.

    #Israel #Apartheid #Avraham_Burg