• Gidéon Levy : assassiner le leader du Jihad Islamique n’apporte rien à Israël. Alors pourquoi l’avoir fait ? | Agence Media Palestine
    https://agencemediapalestine.fr/blog/2019/11/14/gideon-levy-assassiner-le-leader-du-jihad-islamique-napporte-ri

    Gidéon Levy, Haaretz le 14 novembre 2019

    Une fois encore, la sacro-sainte unité est venue. Une fois de plus, nous formons un seul peuple, sans opposition ni débat public, une parade d’hommes et de pom-pom girls dans les médias, une effusion de sang sans regrets, comme cela se produit toujours dans ces situations nauséabondes, « calme, nous tournons ».

    Israël simule une scission parmi le peuple, qui se produit toujours comme par magie à chaque assassinat. Nous discutons de la vie mais nous sommes d’accord sur la mort, tant que les morts sont des Arabes. Si nous sommes automatiquement d’accord pour toutes les actions militaires, il n’ya pas vraiment de polarisation ni de débat, et c’est vraiment dommage.

    Une opposition juive doit encore naître qui condamnera une action violente des forces de défense israéliennes quand elle commencera. La résistance ne vient que quand elle commence à échouer. Les gens ont ensuite le courage de manifester, mais il est toujours trop tard. Au début, seule peut émerger la question marginale du timing, ce refuge de lâches. Nous aurions dû le faire avant, cela aurait dû être plus tard, mais pas maintenant ; l’opération actuelle, par exemple, est apparemment ternie par des considérations électorales, comme si cela pouvait être prouvé.

    Si le bain de sang est inévitable, le moment choisi n’est pas important. Et si c’est criminel et nuisible, aucun timing ne changera cela. Juste décider. Même la haine du Premier ministre Benjamin Netanyahu a été oubliée : Yair Lapid se félicite de l’attaque, Benny Gantz la loue comme étant « la bonne décision » et Amir Peretz déclare : « Le plus important est de fournir un soutien total à Tsahal. » Pourquoi ? Parce que. Toujours ? Oui.

    On peut accepter l’argument voulant que Baha Abu al-Ata soit responsable des tirs de roquettes incessants sur Israël, mais il faut savoir que le siège de la bande de Gaza est responsable de plus de roquettes que tous les commandants du Jihad islamique et du Hamas réunis, et Bien sûr, personne n’en parle. Abu al-Ata a grandi dans la bande de Gaza dans des conditions qu’aucun Israël ne peut imaginer, et a choisi la voie de la résistance militaire, une voie brutale. Il y a aussi des Israéliens qui ont choisi de servir leur peuple dans l’armée.

    L’assassinat d’Abou al-Ata ne sert à rien. Qu’avons-nous gagné ? Comment son assassinat et celui des autres ont-ils servi les intérêts d’Israël ? Si même cette question n’est jamais débattue, alors nous sommes victimes d’une grave paralysie cérébrale. La situation d’Israël est-elle plus sûre le lendemain de l’assassinat ? Les communautés du sud sont-elles en meilleure forme ? Le djihad islamique est-il plus faible ? L’armée israélienne est-elle devenue plus forte ? Les réponses sont non et non. Aucun des généraux ou des analystes n’a réussi à expliquer ce que Israël a tiré de tout cela.

    l méritait la peine de mort. Bien, nous vous avons entendu, mais qu’avons-nous gagné ? Voici un bilan provisoire : plus de haine à Gaza, s’il ya encore de la place pour plus de haïr envers ceux qui ont détruit la vie de cinq générations et qui n’ont pas cessé. Beaucoup de sang a été versé et continue de couler – 22 Palestiniens ont été tués dans la bande de Gaza mercredi soir, la destruction et la peur semées des deux côtés ne produisant rien. Et bien sûr, il est clair que le futur héritier d’Abou al-Ata sera de plus en plus extrême et dangereux, de même que ceux qui ont remplacé les centaines de dirigeants et de commandants qu’Israël a tués au fil des ans, le tout en vain .

    Les éliminations acclamées de Khalil al Wazir, Ahmed Yassin, Abdul Aziz Rantisi, Thabet Thabet, Ahmed Jabari ou Abbas Musawi n’ont rien donné ; les assassinats héroïques de toutes ces personnes ont été vains. Israël n’a rien gagné d’eux, si ce n’est plus de sang versé.

    Pourquoi Israël continue-t-il ses assassinats ciblés ? Parce que ça peut. Parce que ce sont des histoires héroïques. Parce qu’il aime les combattants palestiniens morts. Parce que le désir de vengeance et de punition le rend fou. C’est ainsi que vous montrez aux gens que vous faites quelque chose sans vous retenir. C’est ainsi que vous pourrez exécuter des gens tout en affirmant qu’Israël n’a pas la peine de mort. Parce que c’est le moyen d’éviter la vraie solution. Parce que personne n’a le courage de parler de la vraie solution : lever le blocus et parler directement au Hamas. Parce que tout le monde ici applaudit aux assassinats et n’ose jamais les interroger. Demandez-leur à Kahol Lavan et au Parti travailliste, demandez à presque tous les Israéliens s’ils sont opposés. Nous sommes tous en faveur.

    Traduction : Agence Média Palestine

    Source : Haaretz

    #Israël #Palestine #Gaza #Gideon_Levy

  • NSO Group / Q Cyber Technologies
    Citizen Lab, le 29 octobre 2019
    https://citizenlab.ca/2019/10/nso-q-cyber-technologies-100-new-abuse-cases

    As part of our investigation into the [Whatsapp] incident, Citizen Lab has identified over 100 cases of abusive targeting of human rights defenders and journalists in at least 20 countries across the globe, ranging from Africa, Asia, Europe, the Middle East, and North America that took place after Novalpina Capital acquired NSO Group and began an ongoing public relations campaign to promote the narrative that the new ownership would curb abuses.

    Other vectors used in prior cases of NSO targeting include tricking targets into clicking on a link using social engineering. For example, in 2017, the wife of a murdered Mexican journalist was sent alarming text messages concerning her husband’s murder, designed to trick her into clicking on a link and infecting her phone with the Pegasus spyware. In 2018, a close confidant of Jamal Khashoggi was targeted in Canada with a fake package notification, resulting in the infection of his iPhone. Citizen Lab has tracked more than two dozen cases using similar techniques.

    #Palestine #israel #NSO #Pegasus #surveillance #Jamal_Khashoggi #Javier_Valdez

  • Jordan Reacts to Israel’s Air Strikes on Gaza
    November 12, 2019 10:02 PM – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/jordan-reacts-to-israels-air-strikes-on-gaza

    Jordan, on Tuesday, condemned the Israeli air strikes on the Gaza Strip, which have so far left five Palestinians dead, and many others injured, according to, Jordan’s official news agency, Petra.

    Spokesperson for Jordan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates, Daifallah Al-Fayez, said that “the Israeli escalation against the Gaza Strip and targeting of innocent civilians will only increase tension and violence, deepen despair and promote extremist agendas in the region, and will not lead to any solutions,” Petra reported.

    Al-Fayez stated that “the solution to the problem in the Gaza Strip lies in finding a real political horizon through returning to the negotiating table between Israel and Palestine, lifting the unjust blockade on the enclave, promptly addressing the humanitarian needs there and respecting international law.”

    He held Israel accountable for this escalation and its repercussions, calling on the international community to promptly act to stop the Israeli aggression on the Gaza strip, and to provide protection for the Palestinian people, The Palestine News and Info Agency (WAFA) documented.

    #IsraelJordanie

  • La justice européenne valide l’étiquetage pour les produits issus des « colonies israéliennes »
    https://www.lemonde.fr/economie/article/2019/11/12/la-justice-europeenne-valide-l-etiquetage-pour-les-produits-issus-des-coloni

    C’est la fin d’un feuilleton judiciaire qui durait depuis des années. Les denrées alimentaires originaires des territoires occupés par Israël devront porter la mention de leur territoire d’origine, et le cas échéant préciser qu’elles proviennent d’une colonie israélienne, a tranché mardi 12 novembre la Cour de justice de l’Union européenne (CJUE).

    A l’origine de ce jugement figure une décision contestée du ministère de l’économie français en novembre 2016 obligeant à un étiquetage différencié des produits provenant des territoires occupés par Israël. Cette décision avait été prise en application d’un règlement européen de 2011 sur l’information des consommateurs pour les denrées alimentaires.
    Lire aussi Qu’est-ce que le mouvement BDS, à l’origine des appels au boycott d’Israël ?

    En 2015, la Commission avait publié une « notice interprétative » sur l’indication d’origine des marchandises en provenance des territoires occupés par Israël depuis juin 1967 et approuvé la mise en œuvre de l’étiquetage controversé. Selon la CJUE, la mention du territoire d’origine de ces denrées est obligatoire, au vu de ce règlement, « afin d’éviter que les consommateurs ne soient induits en erreur quant au fait que l’Etat d’Israël est présent dans les territoires concernés en tant que puissance occupante et non pas en tant qu’entité souveraine ».

    #Palestine #Israël #Colonies #Etiquetage

  • Israeli Air Force Kills Two, Injures Nine, In Damascus
    November 12, 2019 10:53 AM – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/israeli-air-force-kills-two-injures-nine-in-damascus

    The Israeli Air Force carried out, on Tuesday at dawn, several air strikes targeting a senior leader of the Palestinian airstrikesihad in the Syrian capital, Damascus, killing two, including his son, and injuring nine others, among them the grandson of the slain leader.

    The al-Mayadeen News Agency has reported that the Israeli Air Force struck the home of Akram al-Ajjouri with two missiles.

    It added that the missiles caused excessive damage to the home, and several surrounding buildings, killing Akram’s son, Moath al-‘Ajjouri , and wounding his granddaughter.

    The strike also led to the death of Abdullah Yousef Hasan, and the injury of eight other civilians.

    Israeli missiles also struck a building near the Lebanese Embassy, in the western district of the Syrian capital, where many diplomatic missions and Damascus University are located.

    #IsraelSyrie
    #Palestine_assassinée

    • https://imemc.org/article/tuesday-army-kills-four-palestinians-injures-25-in-gaza

      It is worth mentioning that the Israeli army also attempted to assassinate a senior leader of the Islamic Jihad in the Syrian capital, Damascus, killing two, including his son, and injuring nine others, among them the grandson of the leader.

      The al-Mayadeen News Agency has reported that the Israeli Air Force struck the home of Akram al-Ajjouri with two missiles, killing his son Moath , and wounding his granddaughter. The strike also led to the death of Abdullah Yousef Hasan, and the injury of eight other civilians.

  • Jordanie : Baqura et Al Ghamr reviennent à la Jordanie et les acclamations affluent de tout le Royaume
    Par Rana Husseini , Maram Kayed - Rana Husseini , Maram Kayed
    http://www.ism-france.org/temoignages/Baqura-et-Al-Ghamr-reviennent-a-la-Jordanie-et-les-acclamations-affluent

    Les Forces armées jordaniennes hissent le drapeau national à Baqura, rétablissant pleinement la souveraineté de la Jordanie sur la région. (Al Rai photo)

    AMMAN, 10.11.2019 – Les militants politiques, les jeunes et les citoyens ont exprimé leur joie et leur fierté devant la décision du Royaume de mettre fin aux annexes de Baqura et d’Al Ghamr dans le traité de paix israélo-jordanien.

    Baqura et Al Ghamr reviennent à la Jordanie et les acclamations affluent de tout le Royaume

    Les Forces armées jordaniennes hissent le drapeau national à Baqura, rétablissant pleinement la souveraineté de la Jordanie sur la région. (Al Rai photo)
    Dans son discours du Trône, lors de l’ouverture des sessions ordinaires du Parlement, le Roi a déclaré : « Aujourd’hui, je proclame la fin de la validité des annexes de l’accord de paix concernant Baqoura et Ghoumar, et le rétablissement de notre souveraineté totale sur ces territoires. » (...)


    #IsraelJordanie #Baqura #Al_Ghamr

  • Palestinian shot in back says Israelis abused him for hours
    By MOHAMMED DARAGHMEH | 11 novembre 2019
    https://apnews.com/f1a012a0ada24095b86707b9166dff65

    Palestinian Karam Qawasmi, who was shot in the back by Israeli forces in an incident caught on video last year, gestures as he gives an interview in the West Bank city of Hebron, Sunday, Nov. 10, 2019. In his first interview since the video emerged last week, Karam Qawasmi said he was run over by a military jeep, then beaten for several hours before troops released him, only to shoot him in the back with a painful sponge-tipped bullet as he walked away. (AP Photo/Majdi Mohammed)

    HEBRON, West Bank (AP) — A young Palestinian man who was shot in the back by Israeli forces in an incident caught on video last year says the footage shows just a small part of what was a horrifying day for him.

    Speaking to The Associated Press after the video emerged last week, Karam Qawasmi said he was run over by a military jeep, then beaten for several hours before troops released him, only to shoot him in the back with a painful sponge-tipped bullet as he walked away. He said Israeli investigators have never contacted him.

    “I died several times that day,” he said in an interview at his home in the Israeli-occupied West Bank. “They tortured me in a way that I felt they are killing me. And when they shot me, I felt it’s my end. I closed my eyes and prayed.”

    Palestinians often charge that Israeli security forces use excessive or unnecessary force against them. But incriminating video evidence is rare, making such claims hard to prove. (...)

    ““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““
    Karam Qawasmi “23” years reveals the details of the crime committed by Israeli soldiers
    7 nov. 2019
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bxQOxb1M6LY

    Karam Qawasmi “23” years reveals the details of the crime committed by Israeli soldiers a year and a half ago in occupied #Jerusalem

  • The business of building walls

    Thirty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, Europe is once again known for its border walls. This time Europe is divided not so much by ideology as by perceived fear of refugees and migrants, some of the world’s most vulnerable people.

    Who killed the dream of a more open Europe? What gave rise to this new era of walls? There are clearly many reasons – the increasing displacement of people by conflict, repression and impoverishment, the rise of security politics in the wake of 9/11, the economic and social insecurity felt across Europe after the 2008 financial crisis – to name a few. But one group has by far the most to gain from the rise of new walls – the businesses that build them. Their influence in shaping a world of walls needs much deeper examination.

    This report explores the business of building walls, which has both fuelled and benefited from a massive expansion of public spending on border security by the European Union (EU) and its member states. Some of the corporate beneficiaries are also global players, tapping into a global market for border security estimated to be worth approximately €17.5 billion in 2018, with annual growth of at least 8% expected in coming years.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CAuv1QyP8l0&feature=emb_logo

    It is important to look both beyond and behind Europe’s walls and fencing, because the real barriers to contemporary migration are not so much the fencing, but the vast array of technology that underpins it, from the radar systems to the drones to the surveillance cameras to the biometric fingerprinting systems. Similarly, some of Europe’s most dangerous walls are not even physical or on land. The ships, aircrafts and drones used to patrol the Mediterranean have created a maritime wall and a graveyard for the thousands of migrants and refugees who have no legal passage to safety or to exercise their right to seek asylum.

    This renders meaningless the European Commission’s publicized statements that it does not fund walls and fences. Commission spokesperson Alexander Winterstein, for example, rejecting Hungary’s request to reimburse half the costs of the fences built on its borders with Croatia and Serbia, said: ‘We do support border management measures at external borders. These can be surveillance measures. They can be border control equipment...But fences, we do not finance’. In other words, the Commission is willing to pay for anything that fortifies a border as long as it is not seen to be building the walls themselves.

    This report is a sequel to Building Walls – Fear and securitization in the European Union, co-published in 2018 with Centre Delàs and Stop Wapenhandel, which first measured and identified the walls that criss-cross Europe. This new report focuses on the businesses that have profited from three different kinds of wall in Europe:

    The construction companies contracted to build the land walls built by EU member states and the Schengen Area together with the security and technology companies that provide the necessary accompanying technology, equipment and services;

    The shipping and arms companies that provide the ships, aircraft, helicopters, drones that underpin Europe’s maritime walls seeking to control migratory flows in the Mediterranean, including Frontex operations, Operation Sophia and Italian operation Mare Nostrum;
    And the IT and security companies contracted to develop, run, expand and maintain EU’s systems that monitor the movement of people – such as SIS II (Schengen Information System) and EES (Entry/Exit Scheme) – which underpin Europe’s virtual walls.

    Booming budgets

    The flow of money from taxpayers to wall-builders has been highly lucrative and constantly growing. The report finds that companies have reaped the profits from at least €900 million spent by EU countries on land walls and fences since the end of the Cold War. The partial data (in scope and years) means actual costs will be at least €1 billion. In addition, companies that provide technology and services that accompany walls have also benefited from some of the steady stream of funding from the EU – in particular the External Borders Fund (€1.7 billion, 2007-2013) and the Internal Security Fund – Borders Fund (€2.76 billion, 2014-2020).

    EU spending on maritime walls has totalled at least €676.4 million between 2006 to 2017 (including €534 million spent by Frontex, €28.4 million spent by the EU on Operation Sophia and €114 million spent by Italy on Operation Mare Nostrum) and would be much more if you include all the operations by Mediterranean country coastguards. Total spending on Europe’s virtual wall equalled at least €999.4m between 2000 and 2019. (All these estimates are partial ones because walls are funded by many different funding mechanisms and due to lack of data transparency).

    This boom in border budgets is set to grow. Under its budget for the next EU budget cycle (2021–2027) the European Commission has earmarked €8.02 billion to its Integrated Border Management Fund (2021-2027), €11.27bn to Frontex (of which €2.2 billion will be used for acquiring, maintaining and operating air, sea and land assets) and at least €1.9 billion total spending (2000-2027) on its identity databases and Eurosur (the European Border Surveillance System).
    The big arm industry players

    Three giant European military and security companies in particular play a critical role in Europe’s many types of borders. These are Thales, Leonardo and Airbus.

    Thales is a French arms and security company, with a significant presence in the Netherlands, that produces radar and sensor systems, used by many ships in border security. Thales systems, were used, for example, by Dutch and Portuguese ships deployed in Frontex operations. Thales also produces maritime surveillance systems for drones and is working on developing border surveillance infrastructure for Eurosur, researching how to track and control refugees before they reach Europe by using smartphone apps, as well as exploring the use of High Altitude Pseudo Satellites (HAPS) for border security, for the European Space Agency and Frontex. Thales currently provides the security system for the highly militarised port in Calais. Its acquisition in 2019 of Gemalto, a large (biometric) identity security company, makes it a significant player in the development and maintenance of EU’s virtual walls. It has participated in 27 EU research projects on border security.
    Italian arms company Leonardo (formerly Finmeccanica or Leonardo-Finmeccanica) is a leading supplier of helicopters for border security, used by Italy in the Mare Nostrum, Hera and Sophia operations. It has also been one of the main providers of UAVs (or drones) for Europe’s borders, awarded a €67.1 million contract in 2017 by the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) to supply them for EU coast-guard agencies. Leonardo was also a member of a consortium, awarded €142.1 million in 2019 to implement and maintain EU’s virtual walls, namely its EES. It jointly owns Telespazio with Thales, involved in EU satellite observation projects (REACT and Copernicus) used for border surveillance. Leonardo has participated in 24 EU research projects on border security and control, including the development of Eurosur.
    Pan-European arms giant Airbus is a key supplier of helicopters used in patrolling maritime and some land borders, deployed by Belgium, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Lithuania and Spain, including in maritime Operations Sophia, Poseidon and Triton. Airbus and its subsidiaries have participated in at least 13 EU-funded border security research projects including OCEAN2020, PERSEUS and LOBOS.
    The significant role of these arms companies is not surprising. As Border Wars (2016), showed these companies through their membership of the lobby groups – European Organisation for Security (EOS) and the AeroSpace and Defence Industries Association of Europe (ASD) – have played a significant role in influencing the direction of EU border policy. Perversely, these firms are also among the top four biggest European arms dealers to the Middle East and North Africa, thus contributing to the conflicts that cause forced migration.

    Indra has been another significant corporate player in border control in Spain and the Mediterranean. It won a series of contracts to fortify Ceuta and Melilla (Spanish enclaves in northern Morocco). Indra also developed the SIVE border control system (with radar, sensors and vision systems), which is in place on most of Spain’s borders, as well as in Portugal and Romania. In July 2018 it won a €10 million contract to manage SIVE at several locations for two years. Indra is very active in lobbying the EU and is a major beneficiary of EU research funding, coordinating the PERSEUS project to further develop Eurosur and the Seahorse Network, a network between police forces in Mediterranean countries (both in Europe and Africa) to stop migration.

    Israeli arms firms are also notable winners of EU border contracts. In 2018, Frontex selected the Heron drone from Israel Aerospace Industries for pilot-testing surveillance flights in the Mediterranean. In 2015, Israeli firm Elbit sold six of its Hermes UAVs to the Switzerland’s Border Guard, in a controversial €230 million deal. It has since signed a UAV contract with the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA), as a subcontractor for the Portuguese company CEIIA (2018), as well as contracts to supply technology for three patrol vessels for the Hellenic Coast Guard (2019).
    Land wall contractors

    Most of the walls and fences that have been rapidly erected across Europe have been built by national construction companies, but one European company has dominated the field: European Security Fencing, a Spanish producer of razor wire, in particular a coiled wire known as concertinas. It is most known for the razor wire on the fences around Ceuta and Melilla. It also delivered the razor wire for the fence on the border between Hungary and Serbia, and its concertinas were installed on the borders between Bulgaria and Turkey and Austria and Slovenia, as well as at Calais, and for a few days on the border between Hungary and Slovenia before being removed. Given its long-term market monopoly, its concertinas are very likely used at other borders in Europe.

    Other contractors providing both walls and associated technology include DAT-CON (Croatia, Cyprus, Macedonia, Moldova, Slovenia and Ukraine), Geo Alpinbau (Austria/Slovenia), Indra, Dragados, Ferrovial, Proyectos Y Tecnología Sallén and Eulen (Spain/Morocco), Patstroy Bourgas, Infra Expert, Patengineeringstroy, Geostroy Engineering, Metallic-Ivan Mihaylov and Indra (Bulgaria/Turkey), Nordecon and Defendec (Estonia/Russia), DAK Acélszerkezeti Kft and SIA Ceļu būvniecības sabiedrība IGATE (Latvia/Russia), Gintrėja (Lithuania/Russia), Minis and Legi-SGS(Slovenia/Croatia), Groupe CW, Jackson’s Fencing, Sorhea, Vinci/Eurovia and Zaun Ltd (France/UK).

    In many cases, the actual costs of the walls and associated technologies exceed original estimates. There have also been many allegations and legal charges of corruption, in some cases because projects were given to corporate friends of government officials. In Slovenia, for example, accusations of corruption concerning the border wall contract have led to a continuing three-year legal battle for access to documents that has reached the Supreme Court. Despite this, the EU’s External Borders Fund has been a critical financial supporter of technological infrastructure and services in many of the member states’ border operations. In Macedonia, for example, the EU has provided €9 million for patrol vehicles, night-vision cameras, heartbeat detectors and technical support for border guards to help it manage its southern border.
    Maritime wall profiteers

    The data about which ships, helicopters and aircraft are used in Europe’s maritime operations is not transparent and therefore it is difficult to get a full picture. Our research shows, however, that the key corporations involved include the European arms giants Airbus and Leonardo, as well as large shipbuilding companies including Dutch Damen and Italian Fincantieri.

    Damen’s patrol vessels have been used for border operations by Albania, Belgium, Bulgaria, Portugal, the Netherlands, Romania, Sweden and the UK as well as in key Frontex operations (Poseidon, Triton and Themis), Operation Sophia and in supporting NATO’s role in Operation Poseidon. Outside Europe, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia and Turkey use Damen vessels for border security, often in cooperation with the EU or its member states. Turkey’s €20 million purchase of six Damen vessels for its coast guard in 2006, for example, was financed through the EU Instrument contributing to Stability and Peace (IcSP), intended for peace-building and conflict prevention.

    The sale of Damen vessels to Libya unveils the potential troubling human costs of this corporate trade. In 2012, Damen supplied four patrol vessels to the Libyan Coast Guard, sold as civil equipment in order to avoid a Dutch arms export license. Researchers have since found out, however, that the ships were not only sold with mounting points for weapons, but were then armed and used to stop refugee boats. Several incidents involving these ships have been reported, including one where some 20 or 30 refugees drowned. Damen has refused to comment, saying it had agreed with the Libyan government not to disclose information about the ships.

    In addition to Damen, many national shipbuilders play a significant role in maritime operations as they were invariably prioritised by the countries contributing to each Frontex or other Mediterranean operation. Hence, all the ships Italy contributed to Operation Sophia were built by Fincantieri, while all Spanish ships come from Navantia and its predecessors. Similarly, France purchases from DCN/DCNS, now Naval Group, and all German ships were built by several German shipyards (Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft, HDW, Lürssen Gruppe). Other companies in Frontex operations have included Greek company, Motomarine Shipyards, which produced the Panther 57 Fast Patrol Boats used by the Hellenic Coast Guard, Hellenic Shipyards and Israel Shipyards.

    Austrian company Schiebel is a significant player in maritime aerial surveillance through its supply of S-100 drones. In November 2018, EMSA selected the company for a €24 million maritime surveillance contract for a range of operations including border security. Since 2017, Schiebel has also won contracts from Croatia, Denmark, Iceland, Italy, Portugal and Spain. The company has a controversial record, with its drones sold to a number of countries experiencing armed conflict or governed by repressive regimes such as Libya, Myanmar, the UAE and Yemen.

    Finland and the Netherlands deployed Dornier aircraft to Operation Hermes and Operation Poseidon respectively, and to Operation Triton. Dornier is now part of the US subsidiary of the Israeli arms company Elbit Systems. CAE Aviation (Luxembourg), DEA Aviation (UK) and EASP Air (Netherlands) have all received contracts for aircraft surveillance work for Frontex. Airbus, French Dassault Aviation, Leonardo and US Lockheed Martin were the most important suppliers of aircraft used in Operation Sophia.

    The EU and its member states defend their maritime operations by publicising their role in rescuing refugees at sea, but this is not their primary goal, as Frontex director Fabrice Leggeri made clear in April 2015, saying that Frontex has no mandate for ‘proactive search-and-rescue action[s]’ and that saving lives should not be a priority. The thwarting and criminalisation of NGO rescue operations in the Mediterranean and the frequent reports of violence and illegal refoulement of refugees, also demonstrates why these maritime operations should be considered more like walls than humanitarian missions.
    Virtual walls

    The major EU contracts for the virtual walls have largely gone to two companies, sometimes as leaders of a consortium. Sopra Steria is the main contractor for the development and maintenance of the Visa Information System (VIS), Schengen Information System (SIS II) and European Dactyloscopy (Eurodac), while GMV has secured a string of contracts for Eurosur. The systems they build help control, monitor and surveil people’s movements across Europe and increasingly beyond.

    Sopra Steria is a French technology consultancy firm that has to date won EU contracts worth a total value of over €150 million. For some of these large contracts Sopra Steria joined consortiums with HP Belgium, Bull and 3M Belgium. Despite considerable business, Sopra Steria has faced considerable criticism for its poor record on delivering projects on time and on budget. Its launch of SIS II was constantly delayed, forcing the Commission to extend contracts and increase budgets. Similarly, Sopra Steria was involved in another consortium, the Trusted Borders consortium, contracted to deliver the UK e-Borders programme, which was eventually terminated in 2010 after constant delays and failure to deliver. Yet it continues to win contracts, in part because it has secured a near-monopoly of knowledge and access to EU officials. The central role that Sopra Steria plays in developing these EU biometric systems has also had a spin-off effect in securing other national contracts, including with Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Finland, France, Germany, Romania and Slovenia GMV, a Spanish technology company, has received a succession of large contracts for Eurosur, ever since its testing phase in 2010, worth at least €25 million. It also provides technology to the Spanish Guardia Civil, such as control centres for its Integrated System of External Vigilance (SIVE) border security system as well as software development services to Frontex. It has participated in at least ten EU-funded research projects on border security.

    Most of the large contracts for the virtual walls that did not go to consortia including Sopra Steria were awarded by eu-LISA (European Union Agency for the Operational Management of Large-Scale IT Systems in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice) to consortia comprising computer and technology companies including Accenture, Atos Belgium and Morpho (later renamed Idema).
    Lobbying

    As research in our Border Wars series has consistently shown, through effective lobbying, the military and security industry has been very influential in shaping the discourse of EU security and military policies. The industry has succeeded in positioning itself as the experts on border security, pushing the underlying narrative that migration is first and foremost a security threat, to be combatted by security and military means. With this premise, it creates a continuous demand for the ever-expanding catalogue of equipment and services the industry supplies for border security and control.

    Many of the companies listed here, particularly the large arms companies, are involved in the European Organisation for Security (EOS), the most important lobby group on border security. Many of the IT security firms that build EU’s virtual walls are members of the European Biometrics Association (EAB). EOS has an ‘Integrated Border Security Working Group’ to ‘facilitate the development and uptake of better technology solutions for border security both at border checkpoints, and along maritime and land borders’. The working group is chaired by Giorgio Gulienetti of the Italian arms company Leonardo, with Isto Mattila (Laurea University of Applied Science) and Peter Smallridge of Gemalto, a digital security company recently acquired by Thales.

    Company lobbyists and representatives of these lobby organisations regularly meet with EU institutions, including the European Commission, are part of official advisory committees, publish influential proposals, organise meetings between industry, policy-makers and executives and also meet at the plethora of military and security fairs, conferences and seminars. Airbus, Leonardo and Thales together with EOS held 226 registered lobbying meetings with the European Commission between 2014 and 2019. In these meetings representatives of the industry position themselves as the experts on border security, presenting their goods and services as the solution for ‘security threats’ caused by immigration. In 2017, the same group of companies and EOS spent up to €2.65 million on lobbying.

    A similar close relationship can be seen on virtual walls, with the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission arguing openly for public policy to foster the ‘emergence of a vibrant European biometrics industry’.
    A deadly trade and a choice

    The conclusion of this survey of the business of building walls is clear. A Europe full of walls has proved to be very good for the bottom line of a wide range of corporations including arms, security, IT, shipping and construction companies. The EU’s planned budgets for border security for the next decade show it is also a business that will continue to boom.

    This is also a deadly business. The heavy militarisation of Europe’s borders on land and at sea has led refugees and migrants to follow far more hazardous routes and has trapped others in desperate conditions in neighbouring countries like Libya. Many deaths are not recorded, but those that are tracked in the Mediterranean show that the proportion of those who drown trying to reach Europe continues to increase each year.

    This is not an inevitable state of affairs. It is both the result of policy decisions made by the EU and its member states, and corporate decisions to profit from these policies. In a rare principled stand, German razor wire manufacturer Mutanox in 2015 stated it would not sell its product to the Hungarian government arguing: ‘Razor wire is designed to prevent criminal acts, like a burglary. Fleeing children and adults are not criminals’. It is time for other European politicians and business leaders to recognise the same truth: that building walls against the world’s most vulnerable people violates human rights and is an immoral act that history will judge harshly. Thirty years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, it is time for Europe to bring down its new walls.

    https://www.tni.org/en/businessbuildingwalls

    #business #murs #barrières_frontalières #militarisation_des_frontières #visualisation #Europe #UE #EU #complexe_militaro-industriel #Airbus #Leonardo #Thales #Indra #Israel_Aerospace_Industries #Elbit #European_Security_Fencing #DAT-CON #Geo_Alpinbau #Dragados #Ferrovial, #Proyectos_Y_Tecnología_Sallén #Eulen #Patstroy_Bourgas #Infra_Expert #Patengineeringstroy #Geostroy_Engineering #Metallic-Ivan_Mihaylov #Nordecon #Defendec #DAK_Acélszerkezeti_Kft #SIA_Ceļu_būvniecības_sabiedrība_IGATE #Gintrėja #Minis #Legi-SGS #Groupe_CW #Jackson’s_Fencing #Sorhea #Vinci #Eurovia #Zaun_Ltd #Damen #Fincantieri #Frontex #Damen #Turquie #Instrument_contributing_to_Stability_and_Peace (#IcSP) #Libye #exernalisation #Operation_Sophia #Navantia #Naval_Group #Flensburger_Schiffbau-Gesellschaft #HDW #Lürssen_Gruppe #Motomarine_Shipyards #Panther_57 #Hellenic_Shipyards #Israel_Shipyards #Schiebel #Dornier #Operation_Hermes #CAE_Aviation #DEA_Aviation #EASP_Air #French_Dassault_Aviation #US_Lockheed_Martin #murs_virtuels #Sopra_Steria #Visa_Information_System (#VIS) #données #Schengen_Information_System (#SIS_II) #European_Dactyloscopy (#Eurodac) #GMV #Eurosur #HP_Belgium #Bull #3M_Belgium #Trusted_Borders_consortium #économie #biométrie #Integrated_System_of_External_Vigilance (#SIVE) #eu-LISA #Accenture #Atos_Belgium #Morpho #Idema #lobby #European_Organisation_for_Security (#EOS) #European_Biometrics_Association (#EAB) #Integrated_Border_Security_Working_Group #Giorgio_Gulienetti #Isto_Mattila #Peter_Smallridge #Gemalto #murs_terrestres #murs_maritimes #coût #chiffres #statistiques #Joint_Research_Centre_of_the_European_Commission #Mutanox

    Pour télécharger le #rapport :


    https://www.tni.org/files/publication-downloads/business_of_building_walls_-_full_report.pdf

    déjà signalé par @odilon ici :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/809783
    Je le remets ici avec des mots clé de plus

    ping @daphne @marty @isskein @karine4

    • La costruzione di muri: un business

      Trent’anni dopo la caduta del Muro di Berlino, l’Europa fa parlare di sé ancora una volta per i suoi muri di frontiera. Questa volta non è tanto l’ideologia che la divide, quanto la paura di rifugiati e migranti, alcune tra le persone più vulnerabili al mondo.

      Riassunto del rapporto «The Business of Building Walls» [1]:

      Chi ha ucciso il sogno di un’Europa più aperta? Cosa ha dato inizio a questa nuova era dei muri?
      Ci sono evidentemente molte ragioni: il crescente spostamento di persone a causa di conflitti, repressione e impoverimento, l’ascesa di politiche securitarie sulla scia dell’11 settembre, l’insicurezza economica e sociale percepita in Europa dopo la crisi finanziaria del 2008, solo per nominarne alcune. Tuttavia, c’è un gruppo che ha di gran lunga da guadagnare da questo innalzamento di nuovi muri: le imprese che li costruiscono. La loro influenza nel dare forma ad un mondo di muri necessita di un esame più profondo.

      Questo rapporto esplora il business della costruzione di muri, che è stato alimentato e ha beneficiato di un aumento considerevole della spesa pubblica dedicata alla sicurezza delle frontiere dall’Unione Europea (EU) e dai suoi Stati membri. Alcune imprese beneficiarie sono delle multinazionali che approfittano di un mercato globale per la sicurezza delle frontiere che si stima valere approssimativamente 17,5 miliardi di euro nel 2018, con una crescita annuale prevista almeno dell’8% nei prossimi anni.

      È importante guardare sia oltre che dietro i muri e le barriere d’Europa, perché i reali ostacoli alla migrazione contemporanea non sono tanto le recinzioni, quanto la vasta gamma di tecnologie che vi è alla base, dai sistemi radar ai droni, dalle telecamere di sorveglianza ai sistemi biometrici di rilevamento delle impronte digitali. Allo stesso modo, alcuni tra i più pericolosi muri d’Europa non sono nemmeno fisici o sulla terraferma. Le navi, gli aerei e i droni usati per pattugliare il Mediterraneo hanno creato un muro marittimo e un cimitero per i migliaia di migranti e di rifugiati che non hanno un passaggio legale verso la salvezza o per esercitare il loro diritto di asilo.

      Tutto ciò rende insignificanti le dichiarazioni della Commissione Europea secondo le quali essa non finanzierebbe i muri e le recinzioni. Il portavoce della Commissione, Alexander Winterstein, per esempio, nel rifiutare la richiesta dell’Ungheria di rimborsare la metà dei costi delle recinzioni costruite sul suo confine con la Croazia e la Serbia, ha affermato: “Noi sosteniamo le misure di gestione delle frontiere presso i confini esterni. Queste possono consistere in misure di sorveglianza o in equipaggiamento di controllo delle frontiere... . Ma le recinzioni, quelle non le finanziamo”. In altre parole, la Commissione è disposta a pagare per qualunque cosa che fortifichi un confine fintanto che ciò non sia visto come propriamente costruire dei muri.

      Questo rapporto è il seguito di “Building Walls - Fear and securitizazion in the Euopean Union”, co-pubblicato nel 2018 con Centre Delàs e Stop Wapenhandel, che per primi hanno misurato e identificato i muri che attraversano l’Europa.

      Questo nuovo rapporto si focalizza sulle imprese che hanno tratto profitto dai tre differenti tipi di muro in Europa:
      – Le imprese di costruzione ingaggiate per costruire i muri fisici costruiti dagli Stati membri UE e dall’Area Schengen in collaborazione con le imprese esperte in sicurezza e tecnologia che provvedono le tecnologie, l’equipaggiamento e i servizi associati;
      – le imprese di trasporto marittimo e di armamenti che forniscono le navi, gli aerei, gli elicotteri e i droni che costituiscono i muri marittimi dell’Europa per tentare di controllare i flussi migratori nel Mediterraneo, in particolare le operazioni di Frontex, l’operazione Sophia e l’operazione italiana Mare Nostrum;
      – e le imprese specializzate in informatica e in sicurezza incaricate di sviluppare, eseguire, estendere e mantenere i sistemi dell’UE che controllano i movimento delle persone, quali SIS II (Schengen Information System) e EES (Entry/Exii Scheme), che costituiscono i muri virtuali dell’Europa.
      Dei budget fiorenti

      Il flusso di denaro dai contribuenti ai costruttori di muri è stato estremamente lucrativo e non cessa di aumentare. Il report rivela che dalla fine della guerra fredda, le imprese hanno raccolto i profitti di almeno 900 milioni di euro di spese dei paesi dell’UE per i muri fisici e per le recinzioni. Con i dati parziali (sia nella portata e che negli anni), i costi reali raggiungerebbero almeno 1 miliardo di euro. Inoltre, le imprese che forniscono la tecnologia e i servizi che accompagnano i muri hanno ugualmente beneficiato di un flusso costante di finanziamenti da parte dell’UE, in particolare i Fondi per le frontiere esterne (1,7 miliardi di euro, 2007-2013) e i Fondi per la sicurezza interna - Fondi per le Frontiere (2,76 miliardi di euro, 2014-2020).

      Le spese dell’UE per i muri marittimi hanno raggiunto almeno 676,4 milioni di euro tra il 2006 e il 2017 (di cui 534 milioni sono stati spesi da Frontex, 28 milioni dall’UE nell’operazione Sophia e 114 milioni dall’Italia nell’operazione Mare Nostrum) e sarebbero molto superiori se si includessero tutte le operazioni delle guardie costiera nazionali nel Mediterraneo.

      Questa esplosione dei budget per le frontiere ha le condizioni per proseguire. Nel quadro del suo budget per il prossimo ciclo di bilancio dell’Unione Europea (2021-2027), la Commissione europea ha attribuito 8,02 miliardi di euro al suo fondo di gestione integrata delle frontiere (2021-2027), 11,27 miliardi a Frontex (dei quali 2,2 miliardi saranno utilizzati per l’acquisizione, il mantenimento e l’utilizzo di mezzi aerei, marittimi e terrestri) e almeno 1,9 miliardi di euro di spese totali (2000-2027) alle sue banche dati di identificazione e a Eurosur (il sistemo europeo di sorveglianza delle frontiere).
      I principali attori del settore degli armamenti

      Tre giganti europei del settore della difesa e della sicurezza giocano un ruolo cruciale nei differenti tipi di frontiere d’Europa: Thales, Leonardo e Airbus.

      – Thales è un’impresa francese specializzata negli armamenti e nella sicurezza, con una presenza significativa nei Paesi Bassi, che produce sistemi radar e sensori utilizzati da numerose navi della sicurezza frontaliera. I sistemi Thales, per esempio, sono stati utilizzati dalle navi olandesi e portoghesi impiegate nelle operazioni di Frontex.
      Thales produce ugualmente sistemi di sorveglianza marittima per droni e lavora attualmente per sviluppare una infrastruttura di sorveglianza delle frontiere per Eurosus, che permetta di seguire e controllare i rifugiati prima che raggiungano l’Europa con l’aiuto di applicazioni per Smartphone, e studia ugualmente l’utilizzo di “High Altitude Pseudo-Satellites - HAPS” per la sicurezza delle frontiere, per l’Agenzia spaziale europea e Frontex. Thales fornisce attualmente il sistema di sicurezza del porto altamente militarizzato di Calais.
      Con l’acquisto nel 2019 di Gemalto, multinazionale specializzata nella sicurezza e identità (biometrica), Thales diventa un attore importante nello sviluppo e nel mantenimento dei muri virtuali dell’UE. L’impresa ha partecipato a 27 progetti di ricerca dell’UE sulla sicurezza delle frontiere.

      – La società di armamenti italiana Leonardo (originariamente Finmeccanica o Leonardo-Finmeccanica) è uno dei principali fornitori di elicotteri per la sicurezza delle frontiere, utilizzati dalle operazioni Mare Nostrum, Hera e Sophia in Italia. Ha ugualmente fatto parte dei principali fornitori di UAV (o droni), ottenendo un contratto di 67,1 milioni di euro nel 2017 con l’EMSA (Agenzia europea per la sicurezza marittima) per fornire le agenzie di guardia costiera dell’UE.
      Leonardo faceva ugualmente parte di un consorzio che si è visto attribuire un contratto di 142,1 milioni di euro nel 2019 per attuare e assicurare il mantenimento dei muri virtuali dell’UE, ossia il Sistema di entrata/uscita (EES). La società detiene, con Thales, Telespazio, che partecipa ai progetti di osservazione dai satelliti dell’UE (React e Copernicus) utilizzati per controllare le frontiere. Leonardo ha partecipato a 24 progetti di ricerca dell’UE sulla sicurezza e il controllo delle frontiere, tra cui lo sviluppo di Eurosur.

      – Il gigante degli armamenti pan-europei Airbus è un importante fornitore di elicotteri utilizzati nella sorveglianza delle frontiere marittime e di alcune frontiere terrestri, impiegati da Belgio, Francia, Germania, Grecia, Italia, Lituania e Spagna, in particolare nelle operazioni marittime Sophia, Poseidon e Triton. Airbus e le sue filiali hanno partecipato almeno a 13 progetti di ricerca sulla sicurezza delle frontiere finanziati dall’UE, tra cui OCEAN2020, PERSEUS e LOBOS.

      Il ruolo chiave di queste società di armamenti in realtà non è sorprendente. Come è stato dimostrato da “Border Wars” (2016), queste imprese, in quanto appartenenti a lobby come EOS (Organizzazione europea per la sicurezza) e ASD (Associazione delle industrie aerospaziali e della difesa in Europa), hanno ampiamente contribuito a influenzare l’orientamento della politica delle frontiere dell’UE. Paradossalmente, questi stessi marchi fanno ugualmente parte dei quattro più grandi venditori europei di armi al Medio Oriente e all’Africa del Nord, contribuendo così ad alimentare i conflitti all’origine di queste migrazioni forzate.

      Allo stesso modo Indra gioca un ruolo non indifferente nel controllo delle frontiere in Spagna e nel Mediterraneo. L’impresa ha ottenuto una serie di contratti per fortificare Ceuta e Melilla (enclavi spagnole nel Nord del Marocco). Indra ha ugualmente sviluppato il sistema di controllo delle frontiere SIVE (con sistemi radar, di sensori e visivi) che è installato nella maggior parte delle frontiere della Spagna, così come in Portogallo e in Romania. Nel luglio 2018, Indra ha ottenuto un contratto di 10 milioni di euro per assicurare la gestione di SIVE su più siti per due anni. L’impresa è molto attiva nel fare lobby presso l’UE. È ugualmente una dei grandi beneficiari dei finanziamenti per la ricerca dell’UE, che assicurano il coordinamento del progetto PERSEUS per lo sviluppo di Eurosur e il Seahorse Network, la rete di scambio di informazioni tra le forze di polizia dei paesi mediterranei (in Europa e in Africa) per fermare le migrazioni.

      Le società di armamenti israeliane hanno anch’esse ottenuto numerosi contratti nel quadro della sicurezza delle frontiere in UE. Nel 2018, Frontex ha selezionato il drone Heron delle Israel Aerospace Industries per i voli di sorveglianza degli esperimenti pilota nel Mediterraneo. Nel 2015, la società israeliana Elbit Systems ha venduto sei dei suoi droni Hermes al Corpo di guardie di frontiera svizzero, nel quadro di un contratto controverso di 230 milioni di euro. Ha anche firmato in seguito un contratto per droni con l’EMSA (Agenzia europea per la sicurezza marittima), in quanto subappaltatore della società portoghese CEIIA (2018), così come dei contratti per equipaggiare tre navi di pattugliamento per la Hellenic Coast Guard (2019).
      Gli appaltatori dei muri fisici

      La maggioranza di muri e recinzioni che sono stati rapidamente eretti attraverso l’Europa, sono stati costruiti da società di BTP nazionali/società nazionali di costruzioni, ma un’impresa europea ha dominato nel mercato: la European Security Fencing, un produttore spagnolo di filo spinato, in particolare di un filo a spirale chiamato “concertina”. È famosa per aver fornito i fili spinati delle recinzioni che circondano Ceuta e Melilla. L’impresa ha ugualmente dotato di fili spinati le frontiere tra l’Ungheria e la Serbia, e i suoi fili spinati “concertina” sono stati installati alle frontiere tra Bulgaria e Turchia e tra l’Austria e la Slovenia, così come a Calais e, per qualche giorno, alla frontiera tra Ungheria e Slovenia, prima di essere ritirati. Dato che essi detengono il monopolio sul mercato da un po’ di tempo a questa parte, è probabile che i fili spinati “concertina” siano stati utilizzati presso altre frontiere in Europa.

      Tra le altre imprese che hanno fornito i muri e le tecnologie ad essi associate, si trova DAT-CON (Croazia, Cipro, Macedonia, Moldavia, Slovenia e Ucraina), Geo Alpinbau (Austria/Slovenia), Indra, Dragados, Ferrovial, Proyectos Y Tecnología Sallén e Eulen (Spagna/Marocco), Patstroy Bourgas, Infra Expert, Patengineeringstroy, Geostroy Engineering, Metallic-Ivan Mihaylov et Indra (Bulgaria/Turchia), Nordecon e Defendec (Estonia/Russia), DAK Acélszerkezeti Kft e SIA Ceļu būvniecības sabiedrība IGATE (Lettonia/Russia), Gintrėja (Lituania/Russi), Minis e Legi-SGS (Slovenia/Croazia), Groupe CW, Jackson’s Fencing, Sorhea, Vinci/Eurovia e Zaun Ltd (Francia/Regno Unito).

      I costi reali dei muri e delle tecnologie associate superano spesso le stime originali. Numerose accuse e denunce per corruzione sono state allo stesso modo formulate, in certi casi perché i progetti erano stati attribuiti a delle imprese che appartenevano ad amici di alti funzionari. In Slovenia, per esempio, accuse di corruzione riguardanti un contratto per la costruzione di muri alle frontiere hanno portato a tre anni di battaglie legali per avere accesso ai documenti; la questione è passata poi alla Corte suprema.

      Malgrado tutto ciò, il Fondo europeo per le frontiere esterne ha sostenuto finanziariamente le infrastrutture e i servizi tecnologici di numerose operazioni alle frontiere degli Stati membri. In Macedonia, per esempio, l’UE ha versato 9 milioni di euro per finanziare dei veicoli di pattugliamento, delle telecamere a visione notturna, dei rivelatori di battito cardiaco e sostegno tecnico alle guardie di frontiera nell’aiuto della gestione della sua frontiera meridionale.
      Gli speculatori dei muri marittimi

      I dati che permettono di determinare quali imbarcazioni, elicotteri e aerei sono utilizzati nelle operazioni marittime in Europa mancano di trasparenza. È dunque difficile recuperare tutte le informazioni. Le nostre ricerche mostrano comunque che tra le principali società implicate figurano i giganti europei degli armamenti Airbus e Leonardo, così come grandi imprese di costruzione navale come l’olandese Damen e l’italiana Fincantieri.

      Le imbarcazioni di pattugliamento di Damen sono servite per delle operazioni frontaliere portate avanti da Albania, Belgio, Bulgaria, Portogallo, Paesi Bassi, Romania, Svezia e Regno Unito, così come per le vaste operazioni di Frontex (Poseidon, Triton e Themis), per l’operazione Sophia e hanno ugualmente sostento la NATO nell’operazione Poseidon.

      Al di fuori dell’Europa, la Libia, il Marocco, la Tunisia e la Turchia utilizzano delle imbarcazioni Damen per la sicurezza delle frontiere, spesso in collaborazione con l’UE o i suoi Stati membri. Per esempio, le sei navi Damen che la Turchia ha comprato per la sua guardia costiera nel 2006, per un totale di 20 milioni di euro, sono state finanziate attraverso lo strumento europeo che contribuirebbe alla stabilità e alla pace (IcSP), destinato a mantenere la pace e a prevenire i conflitti.

      La vendita di imbarcazioni Damen alla Libia mette in evidenza l’inquietante costo umano di questo commercio. Nel 2012, Damen ha fornito quattro imbarcazioni di pattugliamento alla guardia costiera libica, che sono state vendute come equipaggiamento civile col fine di evitare la licenza di esportazione di armi nei Paesi Bassi. I ricercatori hanno poi scoperto che non solo le imbarcazioni erano state vendute con dei punti di fissaggio per le armi, ma che erano state in seguito armate ed utilizzate per fermare le imbarcazioni di rifugiati. Numerosi incidenti che hanno implicato queste imbarcazioni sono stati segnalati, tra i quali l’annegamento di 20 o 30 rifugiati. Damen si è rifiutata di commentare, dichiarando di aver convenuto col governo libico di non divulgare alcuna informazione riguardante le imbarcazioni.

      Numerosi costruttori navali nazionali, oltre a Damen, giocano un ruolo determinante nelle operizioni marittime poiché sono sistematicamente scelti con priorità dai paesi partecipanti a ogni operazione di Frontex o ad altre operazioni nel Mediterraneo. Tutte le imbarcazioni fornite dall’Italia all’operazione Sophia sono state costruite da Fincantieri e tutte quelle spagnole sono fornite da Navantia e dai suoi predecessori. Allo stesso modo, la Francia si rifornisce da DCN/DCNS, ormai Naval Group, e tutte le imbarcazioni tedesche sono state costruite da diversi cantieri navali tedeschi (Flensburger Schiffbau-Gesellschaft, HDW, Lürssen Gruppe). Altre imprese hanno partecipato alle operazioni di Frontex, tra cui la società greca Motomarine Shipyards, che ha prodotto i pattugliatori rapidi Panther 57 utilizzati dalla guardia costiera greca, così come la Hellenic Shipyards e la Israel Shipyards.

      La società austriaca Schiebel, che fornisce i droni S-100, gioca un ruolo importante nella sorveglianza aerea delle attività marittime. Nel novembre 2018, è stata selezionata dall’EMSA per un contratto di sorveglianza marittima di 24 milioni di euro riguardante differenti operazioni che includevano la sicurezza delle frontiere. Dal 2017, Schiebel ha ugualmente ottenuto dei contratti con la Croazia, la Danimarca, l’Islanda, l’Italia, il Portogallo e la Spagna. L’impresa ha un passato controverso: ha venduto dei droni a numerosi paesi in conflitto armato o governati da regimi repressivi come la Libia, il Myanmar, gli Emirati Arabi Uniti e lo Yemen.

      La Finlandia e i Paesi Bassi hanno impiegato degli aerei Dornier rispettivamente nel quadro delle operazioni Hermès, Poseidon e Triton. Dornier appartiene ormai alla filiale americana della società di armamenti israeliana Elbit Systems.
      CAE Aviation (Lussemburgo), DEA Aviation (Regno Unito) e EASP Air (Paesi Bassi) hanno tutte ottenuto dei contratti di sorveglianza aerea per Frontex.
      Airbus, Dassault Aviation, Leonardo e l’americana Lockheed Martin hanno fornito il più grande numero di aerei utilizzati per l’operazione Sophia.

      L’UE e i suoi Stati membri difendono le loro operazioni marittime pubblicizzando il loro ruolo nel salvataggio dei rifugiati in mare. Ma non è questo il loro obiettivo principale, come sottolinea il direttore di Frontex Fabrice Leggeri nell’aprile 2015, dichiarando che “le azioni volontarie di ricerca e salvataggio” non fanno parte del mandato affidato a Frontex, e che salvare delle vite non dovrebbe essere una priorità. La criminalizzazione delle operazioni di salvataggio da parte delle ONG, gli ostacoli che esse incontrano, così come la violenza e i respingimenti illegali dei rifugiati, spesso denunciati, illustrano bene il fatto che queste operazioni marittime sono volte soprattutto a costituire muri piuttosto che missioni umanitarie.
      I muri virtuali

      I principali contratti dell’UE legati ai muri virtuali sono stati affidati a due imprese, a volte in quanto leader di un consorzio.
      Sopra Steria è il partner principale per lo sviluppo e il mantenimento del Sistema d’informazione dei visti (SIV), del Sistema di informazione Schengen (SIS II) e di Eurodac (European Dactyloscopy) e GMV ha firmato una serie di contratti per Eurosur. I sistemi che essi concepiscono permettono di controllare e di sorvegliare i movimenti delle persone attraverso l’Europa e, sempre più spesso, al di là delle sue frontiere.

      Sopra Steria è un’impresa francese di servizi per consultazioni in tecnologia che ha, ad oggi, ottenuto dei contratti con l’UE per un valore totale di più di 150 milioni di euro. Nel quadro di alcuni di questi grossi contratti, Sopra Steria ha formato dei consorzi con HP Belgio, Bull e 3M Belgio.

      Malgrado l’ampiezza di questi mercati, Sopra Steria ha ricevuto importanti critiche per la sua mancanza di rigore nel rispetto delle tempistiche e dei budget. Il lancio di SIS II è stato costantemente ritardato, costringendo la Commissione a prolungare i contratti e ad aumentare i budget. Sopra Steria aveva ugualmente fatto parte di un altro consorzio, Trusted Borders, impegnato nello sviluppo del programma e-Borders nel Regno Unito. Quest’ultimo è terminato nel 2010 dopo un accumulo di ritardi e di mancate consegne. Tuttavia, la società ha continuato a ottenere contratti, a causa del suo quasi monopolio di conoscenze e di relazioni con i rappresentanti dell’UE. Il ruolo centrale di Sopra Steria nello sviluppo dei sistemi biometrici dell’UE ha ugualmente portato alla firma di altri contratti nazionali con, tra gli altri, il Belgio, la Bulgaria, la Repubblica ceca, la Finlandia, la Francia, la Germania, la Romania e la Slovenia.

      GMV, un’impresa tecnologica spagnola, ha concluso una serie di grossi contratti per Eurosur, dopo la sua fase sperimentale nel 2010, per almeno 25 milioni di euro. Essa rifornisce ugualmente di tecnologie la Guardia Civil spagnola, tecnologie quali, ad esempio, i centri di controllo del suo Sistema integrato di sorveglianza esterna (SIVE), sistema di sicurezza delle frontiere, così come rifornisce di servizi di sviluppo logistico Frontex. L’impresa ha partecipato ad almeno dieci progetti di ricerca finanziati dall’UE sulla sicurezza delle frontiere.

      La maggior parte dei grossi contratti riguardanti i muri virtuali che non sono stati conclusi con consorzi di cui facesse parte Sopra Steria, sono stati attribuiti da eu-LISA (l’Agenzia europea per la gestione operazionale dei sistemi di informazione su vasta scale in seno allo spazio di libertà, di sicurezza e di giustizia) a dei consorzi di imprese specializzate nell’informazione e nelle nuove tecnologie, tra questi: Accenture, Atos Belgium e Morpho (rinominato Idemia).
      Lobby

      Come testimonia il nostro report “Border Wars”, il settore della difesa e della sicurezza, grazie ad una lobbying efficace, ha un’influenza considerabile nell’elaborazione delle politiche di difesa e di sicurezza dell’UE. Le imprese di questo settore industriale sono riuscite a posizionarsi come esperti della sicurezza delle frontiere, portando avanti il loro discorso secondo il quale la migrazione è prima di tutto una minaccia per la sicurezza che deve essere combattuta tramite mezzi militari e securitari. Questo crea così una domanda continua del catalogo sempre più fornito di equipaggiamenti e servizi che esse forniscono per la sicurezza e il controllo delle frontiere.

      Un numero alto di imprese che abbiamo nominato, in particolare le grandi società di armamenti, fanno parte dell’EOS (Organizzazione europea per la sicurezza), il più importante gruppo di pressione sulla sicurezza delle frontiere.

      Molte imprese informatiche che hanno concepito i muri virtuali dell’UE sono membri dell’EAB (Associazione Europea per la Biometria). L’EOS ha un “Gruppo di lavoro sulla sicurezza integrata delle frontiere” per “permettere lo sviluppo e l’adozione delle migliori soluzioni tecnologiche per la sicurezza delle frontiere sia ai checkpoint che lungo le frontiere marittime e terrestri”.
      Il gruppo di lavoro è presieduto da Giorgio Gulienetti, della società di armi italiana Leonardo, Isto Mattila (diplomato all’università di scienze applicate) e Peter Smallridge di Gemalto, multinazionale specializzata nella sicurezza numerica, recentemente acquisita da Thales.

      I lobbisti di imprese e i rappresentanti di questi gruppi di pressione incontrano regolarmente le istituzioni dell’UE, tra cui la Commissione europea, nel quadro di comitati di consiglio ufficiali, pubblicano proposte influenti, organizzano incontri tra il settore industriale, i policy-makers e i dirigenti e si ritrovano allo stesso modo in tutti i saloni, le conferenze e i seminari sulla difesa e la sicurezza.

      Airbus, Leonardo e Thales e l’EOS hanno anche assistito a 226 riunioni ufficiali di lobby con la Commissione europea tra il 2014 e il 2019. In queste riunioni, i rappresentanti del settore si presentano come esperti della sicurezza delle frontiere, e propongono i loro prodotti e servizi come soluzione alle “minacce alla sicurezza” costituite dall’immigrazione. Nel 2017, queste stesse imprese e l’EOS hanno speso fino a 2,56 milioni di euro in lobbying.

      Si constata una relazione simile per quanto riguarda i muri virtuali: il Centro comune della ricerca della Commissione europea domanda apertamente che le politiche pubbliche favoriscano “l’emergenza di una industria biometrica europea dinamica”.
      Un business mortale, una scelta

      La conclusione di questa inchiesta sul business dell’innalzamento di muri è chiara: la presenza di un’Europa piena di muri si rivela molto fruttuosa per una larga fetta di imprese del settore degli armamenti, della difesa, dell’informatica, del trasporto marittimo e delle imprese di costruzioni. I budget che l’UE ha pianificato per la sicurezza delle frontiere nei prossimi dieci anni mostrano che si tratta di un commercio che continua a prosperare.

      Si tratta altresì di un commercio mortale. A causa della vasta militarizzazione delle frontiere dell’Europa sulla terraferma e in mare, i rifugiati e i migranti intraprendono dei percorsi molto più pericolosi e alcuni si trovano anche intrappolati in terribili condizioni in paesi limitrofi come la Libia. Non vengono registrate tutte le morti, ma quelle che sono registrate nel Mediterraneo mostrano che il numero di migranti che annegano provando a raggiungere l’Europa continua ad aumentare ogni anno.

      Questo stato di cose non è inevitabile. È il risultato sia di decisioni politiche prese dall’UE e dai suoi Stati membri, sia dalle decisioni delle imprese di trarre profitto da queste politiche. Sono rare le imprese che prendono posizione, come il produttore tedesco di filo spinato Mutinox che ha dichiarato nel 2015 che non avrebbe venduto i suoi prodotti al governo ungherese per il seguente motivo: “I fili spinati sono concepiti per impedire atti criminali, come il furto. Dei rifugiati, bambini e adulti, non sono dei criminali”.

      È tempo che altri politici e capi d’impresa riconoscano questa stessa verità: erigere muri contro le popolazioni più vulnerabili viola i diritti umani e costituisce un atto immorale che sarà evidentemente condannato dalla storia.

      Trent’anni dopo la caduta del muro di Berlino, è tempo che l’Europa abbatta i suoi nuovi muri.

      https://www.meltingpot.org/La-costruzione-di-muri-un-business.html

  • Microsoft funded Israeli company that spied on West Bank Palestinians
    https://www.nbcnews.com/news/all/why-did-microsoft-fund-israeli-firm-surveils-west-bank-palestinians-n107211

    Microsoft invested in a startup that uses facial recognition to surveil Palestinians throughout the West Bank, according to an investigation by NBC News.
    Microsoft has positioned itself as a moral leader among technology companies, which has shielded the company from sustained public criticism faced by others like Facebook and Google.
    The investment in AnyVision raises questions about Microsoft’s public stance on ethical questions surrounding technology.

    Voir aussi la compil de @Dror ici : https://seenthis.net/messages/799817

    #palestine #microsoft #cybersurveillance #Palestine #israël

  • Israel destroyed record number of Palestinian homes in Jerusalem in 2019 – Mondoweiss
    https://mondoweiss.net/2019/10/israel-destroyed-record-number-of-palestinian-homes-in-jerusalem-in-2019

    Israel has demolished a record number of homes in occupied East Jerusalem in 2019, the most in the past 15 years, Israeli rights group B’Tselem reported on Thursday.

    More than 140 Palestinian homes were demolished, resulting in the displacement of 238 Palestinians, 127 of them minors.

    Of the homes that were destroyed, 39 were destroyed by the owners themselves after they received demolition orders from Israel, in order to avoid incurring the municipality’s demolition fees.

    #palestine #démolition #colonisation #occupation #israël #accaparement #vol_de-terre

  • #Israël : La Cour suprême confirme l’expulsion du représentant de Human Rights Watch | #Human_Rights_Watch

    https://www.hrw.org/fr/news/2019/11/05/israel-la-cour-supreme-confirme-lexpulsion-du-representant-de-human-rights-watc

    Le 5 novembre 2019, la Cour suprême israélienne a confirmé que le gouvernement israélien a l’autorité d’expulser Omar Shakir, directeur de Human Rights Watch pour Israël et la Palestine. Si le gouvernement israélien maintient sa décision initiale, Shakir devra quitter Israël au plus tard le 25 novembre.

    Human Rights Watch a par le passé appelé les entreprises internationales à suspendre leurs activités commerciales dans les colonies israéliennes en #Cisjordanie occupée, invoquant l’obligation qui leur incombe de ne pas se rendre complice de violations des droits humains. Bien que Human Rights Watch ait lancé des appels similaires adressés à des entreprises menant des activités dans de nombreux autres pays, la Cour suprême israélienne a estimé qu’appliquer ce principe en vue de garantir le respect des droits des Palestiniens constituerait un appel au boycott. Cet arrêt s’appuie sur une lecture élargie de la loi de 2017 interdisant l’entrée aux personnes qui préconisent un boycott d’Israël ou de ses colonies en Cisjordanie.

    #droits_humains #colonisation #démolition #occupation

    • « Israël dénigre systématiquement les organisations humanitaires » - Libération
      https://www.liberation.fr/planete/2019/11/05/israel-denigre-systematiquement-les-organisations-humanitaires_1761712

      La Cour suprême israélienne a donné son aval à l’expulsion d’Omar Shakir, directeur de la branche locale de l’ONG Human Rights Watch, accusé de soutenir le boycott de l’Etat hébreu. Entretien.

      « Israël dénigre systématiquement les organisations humanitaires »

      Mardi, la Cour suprême israélienne a entériné l’expulsion du directeur local de l’ONG Human Rights Watch (HRW), accusé de soutenir le boycott de l’Etat hébreu. Il s’agissait du dernier recours légal d’Omar Shakir, citoyen américano-irakien en poste depuis 2017.

      Point d’orgue d’un long feuilleton judiciaire, la décision de la plus haute cour du pays établit un précédent. Pour la première fois, Israël entend expulser un de ses résidents, sous couvert d’une loi de 2017 visant à interdire l’accès du pays aux soutiens du mouvement pro-palestinien BDS (boycott, désinvestissement, sanction), bête noire de la droite israélienne qui en a fait une menace quasi-existentielle, accusant ses partisans d’antisémitisme. La législation anti-BDS avait déjà été utilisée cet été pour faire capoter la visite en Cisjordanie de deux représentantes du Congrès américain, Ilhan Omar et Rashida Tlaib.

      à lire aussi Israël interdit à deux élues américaines d’entrer sur son territoire

      Le ministère de l’Intérieur, qui avait révoqué le visa de travail de Shakir dès 2017, s’est appuyé sur d’anciens tweets de l’employé de HRW publiés il y a plusieurs années, alors que ce dernier était étudiant aux Etats-Unis, le qualifiant de « propagandiste propalestinien ». (Shakir conteste l’interprétation de ces tweets). En outre, le gouvernement israélien considère que les rappels au droit international de HRW à l’attention d’entreprises comme AirBnb pour les dissuader d’opérer dans les Territoires occupés s’apparentent à une forme d’incitation au boycott.

      « Omar Shakir est un activiste du BDS qui a profité de son séjour en Israël pour y nuire, ce qu’aucun pays sensé ne peut accepter », a réagi Gilad Erdan, ministre de la Sécurité intérieure et principal architecte de la législation anti-BDS. L’ONG israélienne B’Tselem estime quant à elle que la décision de la Cour suprême est une nouvelle étape dans le « rétrécissement de l’espace déjà limité en Israël pour s’opposer à l’occupation. Depuis des décennies, cet espace est inexistant pour les Palestiniens. Désormais, il se réduit plus encore pour les acteurs internationaux, et bientôt, pour les Israéliens. »

      Joint par Libération peu après la décision des juges, Omar Shakir, déjà expulsé par le passé d’Egypte et de Syrie pour ses activités au sein de HRW, dénonce « un précédent décisif […] et un blanc-seing à la répression et à la limitation d’accès des défenseurs des droits de l’homme ».
      Vous attendiez-vous à cette décision ?

      En tant que militant des droits de l’homme, je me dois d’être toujours optimiste en espérant que le droit prévaudra. Mais je suis parfaitement conscient que le gouvernement israélien s’est engagé dans une campagne de dénigrement systématique des organisations humanitaires sur son sol, et de Human Rights Watch en particulier [la diplomatie israélienne dénonce depuis des années le « biais anti-israélien » de l’ONG, ndlr], dans le but de faire taire tout plaidoyer en faveur des droits des Palestiniens, considéré désormais comme non seulement illégitime mais aussi criminel.
      Vous mettez en garde contre les ramifications juridiques de cette affaire…

      Cette affaire dépasse largement mon cas personnel ou celle de mon organisation : c’est un précédent décisif. La Cour suprême vient de donner son blanc-seing à la répression et à la limitation d’accès d’un acteur international dans la défense des droits de l’homme. Demain, est-ce que cela pourra s’étendre aux organisations israéliennes qui se battent pour les droits des Palestiniens, et rendre leur travail virtuellement impossible ? D’autant que celles-ci sont déjà dénigrées dans la sphère publique comme des « traîtres » et des « conspirateurs contre l’Etat et l’armée ». Il y a aussi un réel danger à considérer que toute campagne visant des compagnies internationales en activité dans les colonies s’apparente à un boycott d’Israël. Nous leur rappelons seulement le droit international, comme nous le faisons dans le reste du monde.
      Vous avez épuisé tous vos recours. Espérez-vous néanmoins que le gouvernement israélien suspende sa décision de vous expulser ?

      Les derniers signes laissent peu d’espoir. La Cour suprême a confirmé la légalité de la procédure d’expulsion, mais l’ordre doit encore être donné par le gouvernement. Une fois notifié, j’aurai alors vingt jours pour quitter ce pays qui est ma maison depuis deux ans et demi maintenant. J’en appelle donc à nouveau au gouvernement israélien, qui doit décider s’il se range au côté de l’Egypte, de Cuba ou de la Corée du Nord, ces pays qui ont expulsé des employés de HRW, ou s’il me permet de continuer mon travail en faveur des droits de l’homme.
      Guillaume Gendron correspondant à Tel-Aviv

    • Le représentant de Human Rights Watch en Israël et Palestine bientôt expulsé ?
      Publié le 05/11/2019
      https://www.courrierinternational.com/article/moyen-orient-le-representant-de-human-rights-watch-en-israel-

      Après une décision de la Cour suprême israélienne, Omar Shakir, directeur de la branche locale de l’ONG, a vingt jours pour quitter le pays. Il est accusé de soutenir le boycott de l’État hébreu.

      La Cour suprême israélienne a confirmé l’expulsion du représentant de l’ONG Human Rights Watch en Israël et en Palestine, Omar Shakir, mardi 5 novembre. “Il était accusé par l’État hébreu de soutenir le mouvement BDS [boycott, désinvestissement et sanction]”, rappelle Haaretz. (...)

  • Maroc : Une annonce de l’ambassade de France invite des Israéliens à Essaouira
    https://www.yabiladi.com/articles/details/85209/maroc-annonce-l-ambassade-france-invite.html

    Prévu à Essaouira du 15 au 17 novembre par l’ambassade de France au Maroc et l’Institut français, le cinquième Forum euro-méditerranéen des Jeunes Leaders est d’ores et déjà dans le viseur des organisations anti-normalisation. Parmi eux, le réseau Moroccan campaing for academic and cultural boycott (MACBI) et son homologue tunisien (TACBI) ont alerté, dimanche, sur les manœuvres de l’ambassade française à Rabat pour inviter des associatifs israéliens, âgés de 18 à 25 ans.

    « Vous êtes animés d’un engagement citoyen fort ? Vous êtes bénévole dans une association (…) ou en cours de réflexion sur un projet ? Lors de ce Forum, vous aurez la possibilité de participer à des tables rondes (…) pour consolider vos projets et acquérir de nouvelles compétences », peut-on lire sur l’annonce du site de l’ambassade de France au Maroc.

    Dans un communiqué parvenu à Yabiladi, le mouvement BDS Maroc dont le MACBI est membre préconise de boycotter l’évènement, qui aura pour thème cette année « engagement et partage pour une nouvelle citoyenneté », si les invitations sont maintenues. Ainsi, il « appelle toutes les parties concernées à faire pression pacifiquement pour l’annulation de l’appel israélien et à boycotter le forum si cette demande n’est pas satisfaite. Il appelle également les autorités marocaines officielles à empêcher les Israéliens d’entrer sur le territoire national ».

    MACBI, à travers BDS Maroc, dénonce en effet que cette annonce « constitue une nette normalisation et une tentative de présenter un Etat d’occupation comme un partenaire régulier au Maroc, où la majorité de la population rejette nettement la normalisation ». « Par cette invitation, l’ambassade de France s’accorde le droit, même si elle est invitée au Maroc, de réunir des jeunes en âge de servir dans une armée colonisatrice qui pratique quotidiennement des crimes de guerre contre le peuple palestinien, notamment à Gaza et à Al-Qods, et pour laquelle ils ont déjà servi ou seront mobilisés bientôt en première ligne de front », écrit encore la plateforme.

    #maroc #israël #normalisation #bds

  • Einreise nach Gaza ohne Begründung verweigert
    29 octobre 2019 - Dr. Achim Kessler
    https://www.achim-kessler.de/post/einreise-nach-gaza-ohne-begr%C3%BCndung-verweigert

    „Ohne Begründung hat die israelische Regierung meinen für gestern und heute geplanten Besuch in Gaza verweigert, wo ich, begleitet vom Vertreter der Bundesrepublik Deutschland, in den autonomen palästinensischen Gebieten humanitäre Einrichtungen der Gesundheits- und Wasserversorgung besichtigen wollte, die mit Geldern der deutschen Entwicklungszusammenarbeit betrieben werden. Ich protestiere gegen diese Einschränkung meines Rechtes als gewählter Abgeordneter, Projekte zu besuchen, die mit deutschen Steuergeldern finanziert werden. Was für deutsche Militärbasen in der Türkei gilt, muss auch für deutsche humanitäre Projekte in Gaza gelten. Ich fordere die Bundesregierung auf, bei der israelischen Regierung gegen die wiederholte Weigerung zu protestieren, deutschen Abgeordneten die Einreise nach Gaza zu erlauben“, erklärt Achim Kessler, Bundestagsabgeordneter und stellvertretendes Mitglied im Unterausschuss für Globale Gesundheit der Fraktion DIE LINKE. (...)

    #IsraelAllemagne

  • La Jordanie rappelle son ambassadeur à Tel Aviv pour le maintien en détention de Labadi et de Marei par l’occupation
    http://french.wafa.ps/page.aspx?id=K0OLYua76485726339aK0OLYu

    Ramallah, le 30 octobre 2019, WAFA- Le Club du prisonnier a bien accueilli la décision du ministère des Affaires étrangères jordanien de convoquer l’ambassadeur de Jordanie à Tel Aviv, qui constitue une démarche par laquelle la Jordanie exprime sa colère et son rejet des mesures prises à l’encontre des prisonniers jordaniens Heba Al-Labadi et Abdul Rahman Merhi.

    Le Club du prisonnier a affirmé que par cette position, qui pourrait évoluer, le gouvernement israélien est obligé de les libérer et de briser l’arrogance persistante de l’occupation contre les prisonniers.

    Il est à noter que les autorités d’occupation israéliennes continuent de détenir la prisonnière Hiba al-Labadi, en grève de la faim depuis 37 jours dans des conditions difficiles dans les cellules de la prison de « \Jamla », ainsi que le prisonnier Abdul Rahman Marei, atteint d’un cancer qui est aussi en détention administrative.

    F.N

    #IsraelJordanie

    • Piégée par le traité, la Jordanie a peu d’options
      Omar Karmi, The Electronic Intifada, 26 octobre 2019
      https://agencemediapalestine.fr/blog/2019/10/30/piegee-par-le-traite-la-jordanie-a-peu-doptions

      Rien ne témoigne davantage de la température des relations jordano-israéliennes que les célébrations prévues pour samedi en commémoration du 25ème anniversaire du traité de paix entre la Jordanie et Israël.

      Rien n’est prévu.

      Israël est peut-être capable de pousser à la normalisation des relations avec certains pays arabes. Il peut même réaliser quelques avancées.

      Mais tout ceci sera inutile si son traité de paix avec la Jordanie ne débouche sur rien. Après tout, c’était celui qui aurait dû ouvrir la voie à tous les autres.

      C’est celui qui a vu les Israéliens rêver d’une paix chaleureuse dans la région, plutôt que la paix glaciale qu’ils ont eue jusqu’ici avec l’Egypte, une paix qui a coûté la vie à un président égyptien.

      Mais le fait que le traité de paix avec la Jordanie – vanté pour sa possibilité d’être bénéfique pour tant de gens – soit maintenant apparemment en danger, témoigne de la suffisance et de l’incompétence d’une succession de gouvernements israéliens.

      Il témoigne de l’ineptie de la diplomatie américaine.

      Et il sert d’avertissement à quiconque autre pourrait souhaiter des relations plus étroites avec Israël.

    • PressTV Français
      6 nov. 2019
      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2N44X4pvr1k

      Israël avait arrêté Hiba al-Labdi et Abdelrahmane Merhi, respectivement en août et en septembre, alors qu’ils traversaient “le pont du roi Hussein” reliant la Jordanie à la Cisjordanie.

      Le ministre jordanien des Affaires étrangères, Ayman Safadi a écrit sur Twitter : “Heba et Abdul Rahman Merhi seront de retour au pays avant la fin de la semaine. Le gouvernement a œuvré à les libérer dès le premier jour de détention sur instructions de Sa Majesté le roi Abdallah II d’effectuer les mesures nécessaires pour les rapatrier, quoi qu’il en coûte, sains et saufs”

    • Israël sauve ses relations avec la Jordanie
      06 Nov 2019
      https://alroeya-news.com/monde/israel-sauve-ses-relations-avec-la-jordanie.html

      Abu Dhabi, Emirats Arabes Unis : Afin de préserver ses relations avec la Jordanie, Israël a libéré deux ressortissants jordaniens qu’il avait arrêtés, contraignant les autorités d’Amman à retirer l’ambassadeur de Jordanie à Tel Aviv, et a déclaré qu’il ne reviendrait pas avant leur libération.

      Les citoyens jordaniens, Heba al-Labadi et Abdulrahman Merhi, sont arrivés dans leur pays par le pont du pont King Hussein, à la frontière israélo-jordanienne.

      Al-Labadi et Mari ont été accueillis par leurs familles, accompagnés d’équipes d’ambulances chargées de fournir des soins médicaux en raison de leurs problèmes de santé, par une délégation du ministère jordanien des Affaires étrangères et par de nombreux citoyens.

      Les responsables israéliens ont affirmé que les détenus n’auraient pas pu être libérés sans le feu vert des services de renseignement israéliens, le Shin Bet, soulignant que les soupçons qui pesaient sur eux les avaient permis de les libérer en vertu d’un règlement et d’un « geste de bonne volonté ».

  • إسرائيل تعتقل القيادية الفلسطينية خالدة جرار - الخليج الجديد
    https://thenewkhalij.news/article/169371/%D8%A5%D8%B3%D8%B1%D8%A7%D8%A6%D9%8A%D9%84-%D8%AA%D8%B9%D8%AA%D9%82%D

    Une fois de plus, la députée palestinienne Khalida Jarrar à nouveau arrêtée cette nuit. La dernière fois, elle était restée 20 mois en prison sans que le chef d’accusation soit rendu public...

    #palestine

  • Burning trees and beating farmers: Israeli settlers wreak havoc on another olive harvest – Mondoweiss
    https://mondoweiss.net/2019/10/burning-trees-and-beating-farmers-israeli-settlers-wreak-havoc-on-anothe

    Every year, without fail, Palestinians mark the beginning of autumn with the olive harvest. A sacred cultural event, families from across the country leave their towns and cities and head for their olive groves, passed down to them from the generations before.

    And every year, without fail, much of the harvest is characterized by attacks on Palestinian farmers and families by Israeli settlers and armed soldiers. This year is no different.

    Since the harvest began in early October, several incidents of settler attacks on farmers and their crops have been reported by activists and organizations in the occupied West Bank.

    #cisjordanie #palestine #israël #colonisation #destruction #violences #humiliation #démolition

  • تحقيقٌ استقصائيٌّ : خريجو الوحدات الاستخباراتيّة الأكثر نخبويّةً وسريّةً بجيش الاحتلال يُهاجِرون لأوروبا ويُقيمون شركاتٍ ويُنتِجون أسلحة هجوميّة الكترونيّة تُباع لدولٍ عربيّةٍ | رأي اليوم
    https://www.raialyoum.com/index.php/%D8%AA%D8%AD%D9%82%D9%8A%D9%82%D9%8C-%D8%A7%D8%B3%D8%AA%D9%82%D8%B5%D8%A7

    Publié il y a deux semaines,mais bien intéressant : plusieurs articles israéliens (repris dans celui-ci en arabe) font état des difficultés de l’Etat israélien à attirer durablement les petits génies du pays dans les super services informatiques de ses forces armées. Après trois années d’expérience sur le terrain (dans l’unité 8200 notamment) ils préfèrent en général partir à l’étranger pour créer leurs propres boîtes spécialisées dans la guerre électronique.

    #israël #tic_arabes

  • Israël - Suède : Le BDS est légitime pour Stockholm - Maghreb Online
    https://www.moroccomail.fr/2019/10/30/israel-suede-le-bds-est-legitime-pour-stockholm

    La nouvelle ministre suédoise des Affaires étrangères, Ann Linde, a déclaré que le mouvement de boycott (BDS) est légitime et que le gouvernement de son pays « ne voit pas de similitude entre ses activités et des activités antisémites ».

    Pour la ministre, « la Suède et l’UE soutiennent les organisations de la société civile travaillant de différentes manières pour promouvoir la démocratie et les droits de l’homme en Israël et en Palestine ».

    Elle estime également que « le BDS est un outil politique légitime s’inscrivant dans une lutte politique non violente pour les droits de l’homme et la démocratie, la liberté d’expression et la fin de l’occupation. « 

    Source : Yediot Aharonot
    https://www.ynetnews.com/articles/0,7340,L-5615406,00.html
    #IsraelSuede #BDS

  • Angela Godfrey-Goldstein sur FB écrit :

    « Anyone driving or walking through Silwan recently must have noted the terrible stench of sewage. Caused, one hears, by the archaelogical digs underground... which are also making Palestinian homes unsafe to live in (and renovation’s often complex, requiring permits..)."

    "Palestinians living and working in this East Jerusalem area complain about damage to their homes and businesses from the digging, while the central focus on a famous period of Jewish history has irked others. The Palestinian Authority decried the tunnel as part of a plan to “Judaize” East Jerusalem, which it and much of the rest of the world considers occupied territory. »

    Road built by biblical villain uncovered in Jerusalem

    https://www.nationalgeographic.com/history/2019/10/road-built-biblical-villain-uncovered-jerusalem

    Road built by biblical villain uncovered in Jerusalem
    A long-buried street that led pilgrims to the Jewish Temple 2,000 years ago was commissioned by Roman governor Pontius Pilate.

    #israël #jérusalem #silwan #occupation #colonisation #démolition #accaparement

  • Malaysia To Open Embassy To Palestine
    October 26, 2019 – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/malaysia-to-open-embassy-to-palestine

    Malaysia will soon open an embassy to Palestine, the country’s Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad announced Friday.

    He said that since Israel will ban a Malaysian embassy in the occupied Palestinian territories, Malaysia will open this embassy in Jordan but will be accredited to Palestine, enabling his country to offer aid to the Palestinians more easily.

    Addressing the 18th summit of Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) in Azerbaijan, Mahathir criticized the silence of the international community for “doing nothing” against Israeli actions, Malaysia’s Bernama news agency reported.

    “We know that Israel will not allow Malaysia to open an embassy in the Occupied Territory. As such, we will open the embassy in Jordan,” Mahathir announced.

    “I would also like to bring to this occasion on the fate that awaits our poor Palestinian brothers. Palestine remains occupied by a brutal regime. This regime continues to expand illegal settlements on land that rightfully belongs to the Palestinians,” the Malaysian leader said.

    “It is unfortunate that a world organization set up by powerful nations now sees those very people ignoring the resolutions of that world body. Now, we see others doing the same,” Mahathir added.

    The Malaysia premier slammed Israel for its plans to annex parts of the West Bank, as well as claiming Jerusalem as its capital.

    #Malaisie
    #IsraelMalaisie

  • Female Jordanian Hunger-striker Transferred to Hospital
    October 26, 2019 – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/female-jordanian-hunger-striker-transferred-to-hospital

    sraeli authorities have transferred a Jordanian woman who is being held at a detention center in the occupied territories, to a hospital, following a deterioration in her health condition more than a month after she went on hunger strike, in protest against her administrative detention.

    Sufyan al-Qudah, a spokesman for Jordan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates, said, in a statement published on his Twitter page, that Heba Abdel-Baqi Labadi had been taken to hospital on Thursday, and provided with the necessary treatment before being returned to prison on the same day.

    “Heba’s health condition is now stable,” Qudah affirmed.

    Ahmad al-Labadi, the Jordanian woman’s father, said, in statements to the Palestinian Arabic-language Quds Press news agency, that his daughter is currently suffering from fatigue, dizziness and heart-related complications.

    On October 18, the Jordanian foreign minister rejected a ruling by an Israeli military court to extend the detention of Labadi as illegal and invalid.

    Qudah said, at the time, that his ministry had informed the Israeli side of its complete rejection of the verdict, and called for the immediate release of the Jordanian woman.

    On October 14, Qudah said that Jordan’s Ambassador to Tel Aviv, Walid Obeidat, had demanded the immediate release of Labadi and Abdurrahman Marei, and their repatriation, in his meetings and frequent contacts with Israeli officials, Jordan’s official news agency Petra reported. (...)

    #IsraelJordanie

  • Israel is turning an ancient Palestinian village into a national park for settlers
    Gideon Levy and Alex Levac Oct 24, 2019 6:33 PM - Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-israel-is-turning-an-ancient-palestinian-village-into-a-national-p

    The unbelievable story of a village outside Jerusalem: from its destruction in 1948 to the ticket issued last week by a parks ranger to a descendent of its refugees, who had the gall to harvest the fruits of his labor on his own land

    Thus read the ticket issued last Wednesday, during the Sukkot holiday, by ranger Dayan Somekh of the Israel Nature and Parks Authority – Investigations Division, 3 Am Ve’olamo Street, Jerusalem, to farmer Nidal Abed Rabo, a resident of the Jerusalem-area village of Walaja, who had gone to harvest olives on his private land: “In accordance with Section 228 of the criminal code, to: Nidal Abed Rabo. Description of the facts constituting the offense: ‘picking, chopping and destroying an olive tree.’ Suspect’s response: ‘I just came to pick olives. I pick them and put them in a bucket.’ Fine prescribed by law: 730 shekels [$207].” And an accompanying document that reads: “I hereby confirm that I apprehended from Nidal Abed Rabo the following things: 1. A black bucket; 2. A burlap sack. Name of the apprehending officer: Dayan Somekh.”

    Ostensibly, an amusing parody about the occupation. An inspector fines a person for harvesting the fruits of his own labor on his own private land and then fills out a report about confiscating a bucket, because order must be preserved, after all. But no one actually found this report amusing – not the inspector who apparently wrote it in utter seriousness, nor the farmer who must now pay the fine.

    Indeed, the story of Walaja, where this absurdity took place, contains everything – except humor: the flight from and evacuation of the village in 1948; refugee-hood and the establishment of a new village adjacent to the original one; the bisection of the village between annexed Jerusalem and the occupied territories in 1967; the authorities’ refusal to issue blue Israeli IDs to residents, even though their homes are in Jerusalem; the demolition of many structures built without a permit in a locale that has no master construction plan; the appropriation of much of its land to build the Gilo neighborhood and the Har Gilo settlement; the construction of the separation barrier that turned the village into an enclave enclosed on all sides; the decision to turn villagers’ remaining lands into a national park for the benefit of Gilo’s residents and others in the area; and all the way to the ridiculous fine issued by Inspector Somekh.

    This week, a number of villagers again snuck onto their lands to try to pick their olives, in what looks like it could be their final harvest. As it was a holiday, they hoped the Border Police and the parks authority inspectors would leave them alone. By next year, they probably won’t be able to reach their groves at all, as the checkpoint will have been moved even closer to their property.

    Then there was also this incident, on Monday, the Jewish holiday of Simhat Torah. Three adults, a teenager and a horse arrived at the neglected groves on the mountainside below their village of Walaja. They had to take a long and circuitous route; they say the horse walked 25 kilometers to reach the olive trees that are right under their noses, beneath their homes. A dense barbed-wire fence and the separation barrier stand between these people and their lands. When the national park is built here and the checkpoint is moved further south – so that only Jews will be able to dip undisturbed in Ein Hanya, as Nir Hasson reported (“Jerusalem reopens natural spring, but not to Palestinians,” Oct. 15) – it will mean the end of Walaja’s olive orchards, which are planted on terraced land.

    The remaining 1,200 dunams (300 acres) belonging to the village, after most of its property was lost over the years, will also be disconnected from their owners, who probably won’t be able to access them again. An ancient Palestinian village, which numbered 100 registered households in 1596, in a spectacular part of the country, will continue its slow death, until it finally expires for good.

    Steep slopes and a deep green valley lie between Jerusalem and Bethlehem, filled with oak and pine trees, along with largely abandoned olive groves. “New” Walaja overlooks this expanse from the south, the Gilo neighborhood from the northeast, and the Cremisan Monastery from the east. To the west is where the original village was situated, between the moshavim of Aminadav and Ora, both constructed after the villagers fled – frightened off by the massacre in nearby Deir Yassin and in fear of bombardment.

    Aviv Tatarsky, a longtime political activist on behalf of Walaja and a researcher for the Ir Amim nonprofit organization, says the designated national park is supposed to ensure territorial contiguity between the Etzion Bloc and Jerusalem. “Since we are in the territory of Jerusalem, and building another settler neighborhood could cause a stir, they are building a national park, which will serve the same purpose,” he says. “The national park will Judaize the area once and for all. Gilo is five minutes away. If you live there, you will have a park right next door and feel like it’s yours.”

    As Tatarsky describes the blows suffered by the village over the years, brothers Walid and Mohammed al-‘Araj stand on a ladder below in the valley, in the shade of the olive trees, engrossed in the harvest.

    Walid, 52, and Mohammed, 58, both live in Walaja. Walid may be there legally, but his brother is there illegally, on land bequeathed to them by their uncle – thanks to yet another absurdity courtesy of the occupation. In 1995, Walid married a woman from Shoafat in East Jerusalem, and thus was able to obtain a blue Israeli ID card, so perhaps he is entitled to be on his land. His brother, who lives next door, however, is an illegal resident on his land: He has an orange ID, as a resident of the territories.

    A sewage line that comes out of Beit Jala and is under the responsibility of Jerusalem’s Gihon water company overflows every winter and floods the men’s olive grove with industrial waste that has seriously damaged their crop. And that’s in addition, of course, to the fact that most of the family is unable to go work the land. The whole area looks quite derelict, overgrown with weeds and brambles that could easily catch fire. In previous years, the farmers would receive an entry permit allowing them to harvest the olives for a period of just a few days; this year, even that permit has not yet been forthcoming.

    The olives are black and small; it’s been a bad year for them and for their owners.

    “We come here like thieves to our own land,” says Mohammed, the older brother, explaining that three days beforehand, a Border Police jeep had showed up and chased them away. “I told him: It’s my land. They said okay and left. Then a few minutes later, another Border Police jeep came and the officer said: Today there’s a general closure because of the holiday. I told him: Okay, just let me take my equipment. I’m on my land. He said: Don’t take anything. I left. And today I came back.”

    You’re not afraid? “No, I’m not afraid. I’m on my land. It’s registered in my name. I can’t be afraid on my land.”

    Walid says that a month ago the Border Police arrived and told him he wasn’t allowed to drive on the road that leads to the grove, because it’s a “security road.” He was forced to turn around and go home, despite the fact that he has a blue ID and it is not a security road. Right next to it, there is a residential building where a Palestinian family still lives.

    Some of Walaja’s residents gave up on their olive orchards long ago and no longer attempt to reach their lands. When the checkpoint is moved southward, in order to block access by Palestinians to the Ein Hanya spring, the situation will be even worse: The checkpoint will be closer to the orchards, meaning that the Palestinians won’t be permitted to visit them.

    “This place will be a park for people to visit,” says Walid, up on his ladder. “That’s it; that will be the end of our land. But we won’t give up our land, no matter what.” Earlier this month, one local farmer was detained for several hours and 10 olive trees were uprooted, on the grounds that he was prohibited from being here.

    Meanwhile, Walid and Mohammed are collecting their meager crop in a plastic bucket printed with a Hebrew ad for a paint company. The olives from this area, near Beit Jala, are highly prized; during a good year the oil made from them can fetch a price of 100 shekels per liter.

    A few hundred meters to the east are a father, a son and a horse. Khaled al-‘Araj, 51, and his son, Abed, 19, a business student. They too are taking advantage of the Jewish holiday to sneak onto their land. They have another horse, an original Arabian named Fatma, but this horse is nameless. It stands in the shade of the olive tree, resting from the long trek here. If a Border Police force shows up, it could confiscate the horse, as has happened to them before.

    Father and son are both Walaja residents, but do not have blue IDs. The father works in Jerusalem with a permit, but it does not allow him to access his land.

    “On Sunday,” says Khaled, “I picked olives here with my son. A Border Police officer arrived and asked: What are you doing here? He took pictures of our IDs. He asked: Whose land is this? I said: Mine. Where are the papers? At home. I have papers from my grandfather’s time; everything is in order. But he said: No, go to DCO [the Israeli District Coordination Office] and get a permit. At first I didn’t know what he meant. I have a son and a horse and they’ll make problems for me. So I left.”

    He continues: “We used to plow the land. Now look at the state it’s in. We have apricot and almond trees here, too. But I’m an illegal person on my own land. That is our situation. Today is the last day of your holiday, that’s why I came here. Maybe there won’t be any Border Police.”

    “Kumi Ori, ki ba orekh,” says a makeshift monument in memory of Ori Ansbacher, a young woman murdered here in February by a man from Hebron. Qasem Abed Rabo, a brother of Nidal, who received the fine from the park ranger for harvesting his olives, asks activist Tatarsky if he can find out whether the house he owns is considered to be located in Jerusalem or in the territories. He still doesn’t know.

    “Welcome to Nahal Refaim National Park,” says a sign next to the current Walaja checkpoint. Its successor is already being built but work on it was stopped for unknown reasons. If and when it is completed, Ein Hanya will become a spring for Jews only and the groves on the mountainside below the village of Walaja will be cut off from their owners for good. Making this year’s harvest Walaja’s last.

  • Vous avez entendu parler de la violence au Chili. Vous n’avez probablement pas entendu dire que leurs militaires ont appris leurs tactiques en Israël.
    Independent - Benjamin Zinevich – New York – 22 octobre 2019 | traduction CSPRN
    https://agencemediapalestine.fr/blog/2019/10/23/vous-avez-entendu-parler-de-la-violence-au-chili-vous-navez-pro

    (...) Alors que les militaires font régner une brutalité sans précédent contre les civils depuis la dictature qui a pris fin au début des années 1990, il est important de souligner les liens internationaux de cette brutalité. Il convient de noter en particulier l’appui tactique passé et présent et les ressources militaires fourni par l’État d’Israël au Chili.

    Sous le régime d’Augusto Pinochet, soutenu par les États-Unis, le Chili a vu des dizaines de milliers1d’adversaires politiques emprisonnés, tués ou disparus2. Au cours de ces années, Israël et le Chili ont entretenu des relations de collaboration, Israël étant l’un des principaux fournisseurs d’armes de la junte militaire.

    L’ère sombre du règne de Pinochet a des liens notoires avec le présent. Le Président Piñera, après avoir nommé des membres de son cabinet qui ont fait des commentaires pour défendre Pinochet, a également travaillé à affiner les lois dites « anti-terroristes » de l’époque de la junte. Ces lois ont à leur tour accru la surveillance et l’oppression des Mapuches et des groupes de gauche.

    Aujourd’hui, les forces armées du Chili et d’Israël ne tentent pas de cacher leurs alliances, citant sur le site Internet de l’ambassade du Chili en Israël3l’objectif de « resserrer les liens avec… Israël, afin de rendre possibles la connaissance, la formation et les échanges d’expériences ». Le Chili et Israël ont signé un accord en 2018 qui préconisait une « coopération accrue en matière d’éducation, de formation et de doctrine militaires » lors de la visite du général israélien Yaacov Barak au Chili cette année-là.

    Bien que cette alliance bénéficie aux forces militaires des deux pays, ceux qui sont le plus touchés sont la classe ouvrière et les peuples autochtones des deux régions. En Israël, les Palestiniens sont soumis à un système d’occupation et d’apartheid et au Chili, la classe ouvrière et des groupes autochtones, tels que les Mapuches, vivent des siècles d’oppression coloniale. (...)

    #Chili #IsraelChili
    traduction de cet article : https://seenthis.net/messages/807470

  • You’ve heard about the violence in Chile. You probably haven’t heard their military learns its tactics in Israel
    Benjamin Zinevich | New York | The Independent | 22 octobre 2019
    https://www.independent.co.uk/voices/chile-protests-army-israel-palestine-santiago-pinera-pinochet-mapuche

    What started as a student act of civil disobedience against Santiago’s rising metro fares has now expanded outside the Chilean capital. In a sudden uprising against austerity and persistent economic inequality, a proposed fare increase (the equivalent of €0.02) was simply salt on an open wound for the poor and working-class citizens of Chile. Peaceful protests, when forcibly dispersed by the national police, have turned violent. The government, led by conservative billionaire President Sebastián Piñera, responded by declaring a state of emergency and calling in the military to quell protests, declaring that the state was “at war”.

    While the military enforces brutality towards civilians not seen since the dictatorship that ended in the early 1990s, it is important to highlight the international connections to such brutality. The state of Israel’s tactical and resource-based military support in the past and present for Chile should be noted in particular.

    During Augusto Pinochet’s US-supported regime, Chile witnessed tens of thousands of political adversaries imprisoned, killed, or disappeared. During these years, Israel and Chile had a collaborative relationship, as Israel was one of the main suppliers of arms to the military junta.

    (...)
    Today, the armed forces of both Chile and Israel make no attempts to hide their alliances, citing on the Chilean Embassy to Israel’s website the aims of “increasing the bonds with...Israel, in order to make knowledge, training and experiences exchange possible.” Chile and Israel signed an agreement in 2018 which spoke of encouraging further “cooperation in military education, training and doctrine” during Israeli General Yaacov Barak’s visit to Chile that year.

    (...)
    Outside of Chile and Israel, it’s important that we call out military partnerships that perpetuate the oppression of marginalized indigenous people. Such ties between the IDF and other countries’ armed forces should be investigated and questioned. Further militarization of communities does not produce peace, but further brutality and injustice — and it’s time we talked about why we’re ignoring that fact.

    #IsraelChili
    traduction en français : https://seenthis.net/messages/807604