• Reflections on Four Years of Housing-Justice Support Work with #Mapping_Action_Collective

    Mapping Action Collective, based in #Portland, Oregon, leverages mapping and data to support housing-justice organizing, using #GIS to dismantle systems of oppression, and grounding its work in the needs of the communities and movements with which it works.

    As the interwoven US crises of homelessness, evictions, displacement, and housing instability reach catastrophic levels, students, scholars, practitioners, and activists are joining the call of housing justice for all. In this article, we reflect on the work of Mapping Action Collective (#MAC), a small nonprofit organization based in Portland, Oregon, that over the past four years has leveraged mapping and data to support housing-justice organizing. MAC’s work includes curating and producing relevant nontraditional or hard-to-acquire datasets owned by and in support of community-based groups; developing decision-support software consisting of an interactive map; producing spatial analyses that support campaign work; and organizing educational workshops and events focused on applied critical methods and data literacy.

    MAC formed out of a student club in Portland State University’s geography department, where several members became frustrated with the dominant paradigm of academic geographic information systems (GIS), which often fancies itself value-free, apolitical, or neutral, regardless of outputs or products that suggest otherwise. While critical perspectives have emerged in the domain of GIS since the 1990s, many of those criticisms are rarely considered in the standard quantitative GIS course curriculum. Few spaces are available for students to engage critically with their newfound data and mapping skills. The 2017 Resistance GIS (RGIS) conference provided a space to discuss and learn from other like-minded scholars, students, and organizers. Building on the work of critical geographers around the globe, at RGIS we asked ourselves if there was room for subversion of the status quo in GIS: can mapping and data be used to dismantle systems of oppression, rather than reinforce them?

    Asset mapping and spatial analysis supporting Portland’s unhoused community

    Shortly after the conference, our small student group grew into MAC and began to apply that question to our studies and work in Portland. Through a small grant from Second Nature, we focused our efforts on the exploding crisis of homelessness in our community. Grounding our work in non-extractive collaboration, we began building a relationship with Street Roots, a local nonprofit organization that, in addition to advocacy work, publishes a weekly alternative newspaper sold by people experiencing homelessness to earn an income. One of Street Roots’ main assets to the people it serves is the Rose City Resource (RCR), a comprehensive list of resources and services such as food boxes, bathrooms, needle exchanges, shelters, and counseling and recovery services. No other organization in the area curates such an important dataset for those experiencing homelessness, and this one could only be accessed in a printed three-by-three-inch (7.6 × 7.6 cm) paper booklet, and was updated only twice yearly.

    While honoring the value of this paper booklet as a low-barrier, nontechnical way of sharing resources, we wondered if broadening its reach via mobile phone and web, or structuring its format for wider dissemination, would benefit Street Roots and the community it serves. Simultaneously, we reflected on the inherent problem of our outsider thinking and wanted to avoid preaching technology as savior. We learned more about the work Street Roots was doing, joined their events, and built relationships with Street Roots organizers and staff to learn what they needed to do their work. As it turned out, our thinking and Street Roots’ vision aligned—increasing the reach of the RCR was a necessary endeavor.

    In late 2018, MAC and Street Roots staff began working together to navigate web development, data management, and data communication (the practice of informing, educating, and raising awareness of data-related topics), to create a tool that was accurate, accessible, and easy for Street Roots staff and volunteers to use and update. Most importantly, MAC wanted the tool to be useful to the community that Street Roots serves. To get feedback on the usability of the tool, MAC members stopped by the Street Roots HQ to test it with paper vendors, folks who dropped in to get coffee or use the restroom, and Street Roots volunteers. MAC integrated this feedback into the development of the tool. The end result was the Rose City Resource Online, a web application and data-transformation pipeline that was collaboratively created with the community it was intended to serve—designed to be easy to use, and functional for any member of the community to use to get up-to-date information about resources and services. The tool was officially launched at the onset of the Covid‑19 pandemic.

    We also joined activists working to end the overpolicing and criminalization of people experiencing extreme poverty and homelessness on the streets of Portland. This criminalization occurs through excessive policing within “enhanced service districts” (ESDs). ESDs, similar to business improvement districts (BIDs), are zones where businesses and property owners pay an extra fee collected as a tax to pay for extra security and maintenance. Proponents of ESDs claim they facilitate urban beautification and keep neighborhoods safe, but overlook the reality that this process of so-called revitalization amounts to coercive exclusion of vulnerable people. Clean & Safe, Portland’s largest ESD in downtown, pays for armed and unarmed private security, and supervises six Portland Police officers who solely patrol in their district. In August 2020, an award-winning audit of ESDs revealed the City provides almost no oversight of the activities of these districts, even as they have large budgets and authority over public space. This year, Portland city commissioners will vote on whether to renew Clean & Safe’s 10‑year contract. Organizers and community members are preparing to oppose the contract, especially given recent scrutiny of the district and its managing organization, Portland Business Alliance.

    West Coast–based activists from Right 2 Survive, Sisters of the Road, and the Western Regional Advocacy Project asked us to analyze and map police arrest data to strengthen their argument against ESDs. A report from the city auditor that incorporated arrest data from 2017 to 2018 had already concluded that over half of all arrests made by the Portland Police Bureau were of the unhoused. Building on that fact, our research found that the citywide average of arrests for unhoused individuals was 6.1 per square mile, but within the bounds of ESDs that number was 137.7. And while correlation is not causation, it is hard to ignore the magnitude in difference between these numbers.

    Data on police harassment and arrest of the unhoused community are difficult to obtain and understand. Through our work with the anti-ESD team, MAC members have learned how to navigate the complicated system of roadblocks that keep this data from the public, and use the data to support the argument against policing homelessness.
    Collaboratively developed tools for fighting displacement and speculation

    We have also collaborated with organizations we consider leaders in the intersecting space of data activism and housing justice. In the summer of 2019, we joined the efforts of the Anti-Eviction Mapping Project (AEMP) to develop a tool to facilitate landlord and building research in San Francisco (and soon Oakland). For years, tenant unions and organizers have scrutinized corporate-ownership documents, property records, assessor data, and eviction data to unmask speculators, serial evictors, greedy landlords, and their entangled networks of limited-liability companies (LLCs) and shell companies. Investment companies purchase properties using different LLCs for the purpose of anonymity and liability reduction. The corporate web guarding landlords can make ownership and property research challenging and slow.

    At the commencement of the project, AEMP contributors in San Francisco garnered feedback from their partners at the San Francisco Anti-Displacement Coalition and facilitated workshops with local tenant groups to assess their research needs and questions in fighting displacement. Shortly thereafter, MAC joined AEMP by assisting in the prototyping process, and by providing general support, design capacity, code contributions, and cloud infrastructure for hosting the project. The result is Evictorbook (in development), a web-based tool that simplifies organizer and tenant research by enabling a user to type an address, landlord, or neighborhood into a search bar to reveal a profile of a building’s eviction history, its owner, and the corporate network to which it belongs. The ability to surface this data to the user is the result of a custom data-processing pipeline that links and stores publicly available assessor, eviction, property, and corporate-ownership data in a regularly updated graph database. A public launch of Evictorbook is expected in the coming months.

    Similar collaborative work has evolved through a partnership with the Urban Praxis Workshop (UPX) to redevelop Property Praxis, a research tool focused on speculative and bulk property ownership in the city of Detroit. Every year since 2015, members of UPX have curated a dataset that incorporates assessor data that is augmented with tax-foreclosure data and corporate filings to illuminate the LLCs and individuals that own more than 10 properties in the city. The intention of Property Praxis is to offer a more holistic understanding for organizers and community members of how speculative property ownership impacts Detroit neighborhoods. In late 2019, UPX asked MAC to build upon their previous work by modernizing the Property Praxis user interface and automating their data-curation process. The new version is currently in development and will be launched later this year.
    Final thoughts

    Activist work can be strengthened by research and data, but only if this is done in a way that is not extractive and based on community need (voiced by the community). Four years of experience working with MAC has taught us that grounding our work in the needs of the communities and movements we support is crucial to doing justice-oriented work. This can only happen by building successful, trusting, and long-lasting partnerships. By showing up and participating in community events and never moving forward on project work without meaningful discourse and consideration of community goals, we work towards dismantling the top-down legacy of data work. Even after several years of doing this work, we still have lessons to learn from our community partners on trust-building and accountability.

    Part of our development as an organization over the last few years has been the choice to organize horizontally, make decisions through consensus, and avoid toxic tech culture in our own spaces. Such intentionality promotes healthy working environments and reflects the values at the core of our organization in our day-to-day operations. Organizing in this way is by no means simple, efficient, or profitable. It takes long conversations, trust-building among members, and solid conflict-resolution mechanisms to operate without hierarchy. Despite the extra time and mental and emotional labor that it can require, our group feels strongly that it is worth it.

    While we try to hold these aspirational goals, we are also aware of our own complicity in problematic systems in the fields of research and data analysis. Recognizing and dismantling our own internalized norms of white supremacy, sexism, classism, and colonist behavior is work that is ongoing. We are a work in progress. We continue to be inspired and led by the work of our partners and we look forward to many more years of collaborative work.

    #résistance #cartographie #visualisation #cartographie_participative #USA #Etats-Unis #logement #justice_spatiale #ressources_pédagogiques

    ping @visionscarto @reka

  • How America Became the Money Laundering Capital of the World | The New Republic

    [...] regulatory efforts to clamp down on lawyers who have facilitated some dirty money real estate transactions may be tough to pull off given the recent positions of the American Bar Association, which lobbied against early versions of the new law.

    “The ABA will never allow its members to be required to have AML [anti–money laundering] programs, or be required to file suspicious activity reports,” Jim Richards, the former Wells Fargo official, told me. Further, the “ABA’s position is a major reason the U.S remains noncompliant” with anti–money laundering positions promulgated by the top global standard-setting body known as the Financial Action Task Force, “hurting efforts to attack money laundering worldwide,” Richards added.

    Highlighting another weakness in curbing bank money laundering, Richards told me that if regulators can’t go after powerful bank officials, they will have a hard time deterring banks that can afford to bleed money. Richards said that recent history has shown that fines have had, at best, limited success. “The same group of large financial institutions have been paying hundred-million-dollar-plus fines for 15 to 20 years, with no end in sight.”

    He added, “Let’s try something different: Instead of having bank shareholders pay fines for the misdeeds of bankers, hold bank directors and CEOs personally responsible for the misdeeds of their bankers. The threat of a prison sentence is much more persuasive than the threat of a large money penalty. You start throwing bank directors and CEOs in jail, and all of a sudden bank directors and CEOs see that they have a real problem that can’t be fixed with shareholders’ money. Then you’ll start to see reform.”

    #blanchiment #états-unis #complicité #banques #barreau #justice

  • Tensions over Jerusalem Day march, Temple Mount clashes culminate in rocket fire from Gaza
    Nir Hasson, Jack Khoury | May 10, 2021 | 8:57 PM
    - Haaretz.com

    After hundreds of Palestinian casualties in clashes with Israeli forces, police commissioner says they ’showed too much restraint’

    The controversial annual flag march by Jews in Jerusalem’s Old City was canceled by the police and then reinstated against the backdrop of heightened tensions in the city between Jews and Palestinians that culminated late in the afternoon Monday with rocket fire from the Gaza Strip, directed at the Jerusalem area by Hamas.

    At one point in the day, the police decided to break up the Jerusalem Day flag march, which generally attracts large number of religious Jewish young people, moments after it began, following a day of violent clashes in the Old City on Monday. But late in the afternoon, the police announced that the Jerusalem district commander of the police decided that the march would be allowed to proceed after all, but not through the Damascus Gate.

    Speaking to Channel 12 News Monday evening, Israel Police Commissioner Kobi Shabtai said the police had been too restrained in their response to the violence. “I assume that at the moment, we’re at the stage of taking off the kid gloves of sensitivity that had prevailed,” he said.

    Clashes on the Temple Mount compound on Monday morning left more than 300 Palestinians wounded, according to the Palestinian Red Crescent, prompting an Israeli decision to bar Jews from entering the holy site.

    Despite the hundreds of Palestinian casualties, Shabtai said police “showed too much restraint.”

    The Damascus Gate is a main entryway into the Muslim Quarter and a flashpoint in its own right last month over an earlier decision by the police to place crowd barriers in the plaza in front of the gate. The march is timed for Jerusalem Day, which this year falls on Monday, marking the city’s reunification following the 1967 Six-Day War.

    Israel’s decision to reroute the march away from the Damascus Gate and the Muslim Quarter followed a day of intense clashes between Palestinian worshippers and police. The decision was made just one hour before the march was scheduled to begin. Haaretz has learned from several police sources that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu made the decision to reroute the march.

    The march, which the organizers view as a celebration of the return of the Jewish people to the Old City of Jerusalem after Jews were excluded from the area by the 1949 armistice line, is seen as a provocation by many Palestinians, particularly as the route traditionally includes the Muslim Quarter of the Old City.

    Over the past several days, tensions in Jerusalem have centered on clashes between Muslims and Israeli police on the Temple Mount in the closing days of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan and in the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood of East Jerusalem, where a pending court case pitted Jews against Palestinian residents of the neighborhood in a dispute over homes that had been owned by Jews in the 19th century and where the Jordanian government settled Palestinians in the 1950s.

    Netanyahu’s office had been inundated with messages from prominent figures abroad urging Israel to put a halt to the violence in Jerusalem and to change the route of the Jerusalem Day march, a Palestinian source said. “It’s in Netanyahu’s hands. It’s up to him to stop the violence spreading to the West Bank,” the source said.

    Rocket alert sirens warning of incoming rockets from Gaza sounded Monday in the Jerusalem area moments after a 6 P.M. ultimatum issued by Hamas for Israel to remove its forces from Jerusalem’s Temple Mount. A spokesman for the Hamas militant group said the leadership of a joint command of armed movements in the Gaza Strip had given Israel “an ultimatum until 6 P.M.” to withdraw its security forces from the Temple Mount compound and the city’s Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood.

    Hamas, the Islamist movement that controls the Gaza Strip, is closely watching all of the developments in Jerusalem, its leaders have said. “The resistance is ready for any incident, and will not sit idly by if Israel does not curb aggression and stop all plots against the Palestinian people and against the Al-Aqsa mosque,” the leader of Hamas’ political wing, Ismail Haniyeh, said.

    The U.N. Security Council held emergency consultations Monday on the escalating violence in east Jerusalem and was considering a proposed statement calling on Israel to cease evictions and calling for “restraint” and respect for “the historic status quo at the holy sites.”

    Council diplomats said all 15 members expressed concern at the clashes and rising violence but the United States, Israel’s closest ally, said a statement might not be useful at this time. Nonetheless, the U.S. agreed to have council experts discuss the statement.

    With reporting by Josh Breiner, Noa Shpigel, Hagar Shezaf and The Associated Press.


  • Divorce de Melinda et Bill Gates : un scandale sexuel à l’origine de leur guerre des milliards  ? - Gala

    Différents médias américains révèlent que le divorce entre Bill et Melinda Gates serait notamment lié à la relation qu’entretenait le fondateur de Microsoft avec Jeffrey Epstein.

    Le divorce entre Bill et Melinda Gates prend une tournure inattendue. Le couple a officialisé sa séparation ce lundi 3 mai, après 27 ans de mariage. Mais, selon des informations révélées par le Wall Street Journal, et rapportées par Bloomerg ce dimanche 9 mai, Melinda Gates a commencé à travailler avec des avocats spécialisés en divorce dès octobre 2019, affirmant que le mariage était « irrémédiablement rompu ». La raison ? Des préoccupations concernant les relations de son mari avec Jeffrey Epstein, homme d’affaires qui est décédé en prison après avoir été accusé de « trafic sexuel » sur mineures.

    Dès octobre 2019, le New York Times avait rapporté que Bill Gates, fondateur de Microsoft, avait rencontré Jeffrey Epstein à plusieurs reprises et serait même resté une fois assez tardivement dans sa maison de New York de l’Upper East Sidde. À l’époque, le porte-parole de Microsoft avait indiqué que les relations entre les deux milliardaires étaient centrées uniquement sur la philanthropie. Par ailleurs, Bill Gates s’était défendu d’avoir une relation privilégiée avec Epstein : « Je l’ai rencontré, je n’ai pas eu de relation professionnelle ou amicale avec lui. »

    Ce vendredi 7 mai, un article du Daily Beast évoquait également une réunion entre Bill Gates et Jeffrey Epstein, à laquelle Mélinda Gates aurait également assisté, en 2013. Cet échange aurait particulièrement alimenté les tensions au sein du couple Gates. Selon des amis interrogés par le Daily Beast, Melinda Gates serait encore « hantée » par cette entrevue. « C’était un type tout simplement odieux. C’est comme s’il mettait un point d’honneur à mal se comporter, à ne pas prêter attention aux gens aux dîners », a notamment glissé une source au sujet de l’homme d’affaires, retrouvé mort en 2019.

    La fortune du couple Gates, estimée à 146 milliards de dollars, sera au centre du divorce. Ils sont notamment à la tête de la Fondation Bill & Melinda Gates, qui vaudrait 40 milliards de dollars, soit la fondation privée la plus importante au monde. Dès les premiers jours qui ont suivi l’annonce de leur séparation, une société holding créée par Bill Gates a transféré des participations dans quatre sociétés différentes, d’une valeur totale de plus de 2 milliards de dollars, à Melinda Gates, a rapporté Bloomberg. Ce n’est que le début de pourparlers qui doivent aboutir au divorce, prononcé normalement au printemps 2022, mais qui provoque déjà la résurgence de vieux dossiers scabreux...

  • Le peintre breton qui parodie Tintin gagne son procès contre Moulinsart

    Le tribunal de Rennes a rendu sa réponse ce lundi 10 mai 2021. Il reconnaît l’« exception de parodie », au motif qu’il existe bien une « intention humoriste » et que l’artiste a fait œuvre de « critique ». Pour la deuxième chambre civile, devant laquelle s’étaient tenus les débats, le 8 mars 2021, il n’y a « aucun risque de confusion entre Hergé et Marabout », rapportent encore les avocats du peintre, Me Bertrand Ermeneux et Anne-Cécile Le Boudec, qui remportent là une belle victoire.

    De plus, le tribunal estime que la société Moulinsart a « injustement dénigré Xavier Marbaout », parce qu’elle avait contacté les galeries d’art pour leur demander de ne pas exposer ses œuvres. Elle devra verser 10 000 € de dommages et intérêts au peintre breton, auxquels s’ajoutent 20 000 € de frais d’avocats.

  • Archie Shepp : le bon génie de la transmission

    Depuis 1960, ce pionnier du « free jazz » n’a cessé de fouiller toutes les strates de la culture « africaine américaine ». Il poursuit ses explorations dans Let My People Go, en duo avec le pianiste Jason Moran.

    Un long article sur Archie Shepp avec en plus ce documentaire de 1983 dedans :

    #Archie_Shepp #musique #jazz #free_jazz #great_black_music #Histoire #saxophone

  • #Suisse : La première « boîte à bébé » a été ouverte il y a 20 ans à Einsiedeln

    L’hôpital régional d’Einsiedeln (SZ) a ouvert la première « boîte à bébé » de Suisse il y a 20 ans, le jour de la Fête des mères, en 2001. Il existe aujourd’hui sept autres installations de ce genre, dont une à Sion

    Au petit matin du 4 janvier 2020, un nouveau-né était découvert sur un chantier non chauffé de Därstetten, dans l’Oberland bernois, abandonné par sa mère la nuit précédente. Cette femme avait laissé dans une boîte en carton sa petite fille enveloppée dans une simple couverture en laine.

    Un agriculteur l’avait trouvée en état d’hypothermie sévère et avait alerté les secours, qui l’avaient ensuite emmenée par hélicoptère à l’hôpital cantonal de Berne. Peu de temps après, la police avait pu arrêter la mère et le père et les avait placés en détention, exposés à une amende et une peine de prison pour non-assistance à une personne incapable de se protéger elle-même.

    « Si la mère avait déposé son enfant dans la fenêtre à bébé la plus proche à Berne, elle n’aurait pas eu à craindre une amende ou des conséquences pénales », a déclaré à Keystone-ATS Dominik Müggler, l’homme à l’origine de la première boîte à bébé et responsable du projet « Baby window » de l’Aide suisse pour la mère et l’enfant (ASME).

    Aujourd’hui jugée indispensable
    Considérée par certains experts comme problématique sur le plan juridique et éthique il y a 20 ans, la "boîte à bébé" est devenue aujourd’hui une institution jugée indispensable. Depuis 2001, 26 nouveaux-nés y ont été déposés.

    Entre 1997 et 2001, alors qu’il n’y avait pas de "fenêtre à bébé", 13 nouveaux-nés abandonnés ou tués ont été recensés en Suisse. Il y en a eu 17 au cours des vingt dernières années, a indiqué M. Müggler.

    Le principe de la "fenêtre à bébé" est simple : les mères en détresse peuvent déposer leur bébé dans un compartiment accessible depuis l’extérieur d’un bâtiment hospitalier avant de le refermer et de s’en aller. Une alarme signalant la présence du nouveau-né se déclenche trois minutes plus tard.

    Prise en charge par l’APEA
    Après son dépôt, le bébé est pris en charge par l’hôpital et par l’Autorité de protection de l’enfant et de l’adulte (APEA) en attendant son adoption. La mère peut s’adresser à l’APEA ou à l’ASME pour prendre contact avec son enfant. Elle peut le récupérer avant une éventuelle adoption qui intervient officiellement au plus tôt un an après l’abandon du bébé. La première alarme dans une "boîte à bébé" a retenti le 5 septembre 2002 à 14h30 à Einsiedeln.

    Dominik Müggler a eu l’idée d’installer des « fenêtres à bébé » après avoir entendu parler de la « trappe à bébé » de Hambourg (Allemagne) qui a ouvert en 2000. Il a contacté un ami médecin à Einsiedeln qui a organisé une rencontre avec les responsables de l’hôpital.

    Avant même la réunion, l’hôpital a apporté son soutien à l’idée à la condition que ce service ne s’appelle pas « trappe à bébé », mais « fenêtre à bébé ». La découverte en 1999 d’un bébé abandonné mort au bord du lac de Sihl, près d’Einsiedeln, avait provoqué un choc dans la région. La « boîte à bébé » semblait la bonne solution pour éviter qu’une telle tragédie ne se reproduise.

    Huit « fenêtres à bébé »
    Il existe actuellement huit « fenêtres à bébé » en Suisse. Elles sont installées à Einsiedeln, Olten (SO), Berne, Bâle, Davos (GR), Bellinzone, Zollikerberg (ZH) et Sion. Les coûts de mise en place sont pris en charge par l’ASME, soit en moyenne environ 70’000 francs.

    Depuis 2001, 26 nouveaux-nés ont été déposés dans les « boîtes à bébé ». Treize mères se sont manifestées et ont révélé leur identité et six d’entre elles ont voulu récupérer leur progéniture après avoir surmonté une période de crise. Dans les six cas, l’enfant leur a été rendu.

    Dominik Müggler est convaincu que la Suisse a besoin de plus de « fenêtres à bébé ». Il serait bon d’en installer dans l’Oberland bernois et à St-Gall, estime-t-il notamment.

    Source : https://www.letemps.ch/societe/premiere-boite-bebe-ouverte-y-20-ans-einsiedeln

    #Pauvreté #fenêtre_à_bébé #Baby_window #trappe_à_bébé #boîte_à_bébé

    • J’arrive pas à savoir si c’est ironique ton commentaire @metroet_ les situations concernées sont je l’imagine pour la plus part les conséquences de viols dont une bonne part d’inceste, dénis de grossesses ect. Il me semble que permettre l’abandon d’enfants dans de bonnes conditions est bénéfique avant tout pour les enfants, ca leur donne une petite chance d’échapper à des maltraitances de la part de leurs géniteurices et parfois probablement à l’infanticide.

      Ce qui m’étonne c’est que cette possibilité d’abandon anonyme est ancienne en France, et je m’étonne que ca n’arrive qu’en 2001 en Suisse.

    • #Davos accueille chaque année le forum économique mondial (World Economic Forum, WEF), réunion des dirigeants de la planète avec les plus riches des multi milliardaires.
      Par ailleurs, c’est une destination touristique majeure, très prisée par la #jet-set, qui adore les hôtels de grand luxe.
      La confrontation avec un #fait_divers qui illustrerait le résultat de leurs décisions . . . .. . .

      Berne est un centre politique qui joue un rôle décisif dans la politique financière et monétaire nationale Suisse et internationale.
      Manquerait plus qu’on y trouve des nouveaux nés morts dans la rue, ce serait très mauvais pour l’image de marque.

      Autre chose, en France existe la possibilité d’accoucher sous X, et pas dans la rue.

    • Merci pour ta réponse @metroet_
      Ok pour que la suisse soit un pays de gros riches mais je voie pas le lien avec le sujet. Y a pas de personnes en difficultés dans les pays riches ? Les victimes de viols, d’inceste, celles qui sont dans le deni de grossesse sont plus en faute car elles sont enceintes dans la ville du forum économique mondiale... (et je veux pas dire que les abandons d’enfants se font que chez les pauvres, chez les riches aussi les bons pères de familles violent leurs filles et peuvent les rendre enceintes et je croi pas que les femmes qui laissent les gosses dans une boite le font à la légère pour le fun et si il y en a qui le font à la légère pour le fun, alors tant mieux qu’elles n’aient plus la résponsabilité de gosses)

      Sinon pour la France et l’accouchement sous X, il n’existe plus car les enfants nés sous X ont fait pression afin de pouvoir traquer leurs génitrices et illes obtiennent gain de cause au détriment des femmes qui croyait que l’état leur assurerait l’anonymat. Alors non, y a pas réellement d’accouchement sous X en France.

    • relaté dans un livre de e.badinter, je pense l’amour en plus (1980), en france, la « boite à bébé » remonte à napoléon, cela lui a permis d’avoir de la chair à canon pour ses guerres en Egypte et ailleurs.

  • Soldiers Attack Palestinians In Sheikh Jarrah, Abduct Five
    May 9, 2021 – – IMEMC News

    Israeli soldiers attacked on Sunday night, many Palestinians in the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, in occupied Jerusalem, causing injuries, and abducted five.

    Eyewitnesses said the soldiers, including mounted police officers, invaded the neighborhood and assaulted dozens of residents, including children and women, causing injuries.

    They added that the invasion was carried out when the situation was calm, and no protests were taking place.

    The Israeli army was also pushing and dragging the Palestinians from the neighborhood and forced them all away. Locals said the streets are now filled with soldiers and police officers.

    Israel has been trying to remove and evict at least 75 Palestinian families from their homes and neighborhood, to replace them with illegal colonialist settlers.

    It is worth mentioning that the soldiers abducted, Sunday, twenty-five Palestinians; 24 of them are former political prisoners, during ongoing invasions and violent searches of homes and buildings, in Jerusalem.

    In addition, the soldiers injured overnight until morning hours, Sunday, at least 205 Palestinians, including some who were injured in the eyes, during protests that erupted after dozens of soldiers and police officers invaded the Al-Aqsa Mosque; The soldiers also abducted and detained many Palestinians.

    Furthermore, a Palestinian father and his four children were injured, on Sunday at dawn, after the soldiers fired concussion grenades at them near Bab

    #Jerusalem #Sheikh_Jarrah

    • Israeli Soldiers Injure Three Palestinians in Gaza
      May 9, 2021

      Israeli soldiers shot and injured, on Saturday at night, at least three Palestinians during protests that took place on their lands near the perimeter fence, east of Gaza city, in the besieged coastal region.

      Media sources said dozens of Palestinians protested the escalating Israeli violations in occupied Jerusalem, especially in the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood and the Al-Aqsa Mosque.

      They added that the soldiers, stationed across the perimeter fence, especially in the Malka military base, fired many live rounds, gas bombs, and rubber-coated steel bullets at the Palestinians, wounding at least three and causing many to suffer the effects of teargas inhalation.

      The protesters carried Palestinian flags and wore the kufiyahs, and chanted in solidarity with Sheikh Jarrah, and in condemnation of the Israeli attempts to displace the Palestinians to replace them with illegal colonialist settlers, in addition to the escalating violations against the Palestinians in occupied Jerusalem.

      They also chanted against the repeated invasions and violations in Al-Aqsa Mosque, the Palestinian neighborhoods, and towns in the city.


    • Israeli Army Fires Missiles Into Central Gaza
      May 9, 2021

      Israeli soldiers fired on Sunday at dawn, several missiles into two sites in Deir al-Balah city, in central Gaza Strip.

      Media sources said an Israeli F16 fighter jet fired missiles into two sites, believed to be run by the al-Qassam Brigades, the armed wing of the Hamas movement, causing damage.

      They added that the missiles also caused damage to nearby homes but did not lead to casualties.

      The Israeli army claimed it fired the missiles after a homemade shell was fired into settlements across the fence and added that the shell landed in an undeveloped area causing no damage or injuries.


  • https://lhistgeobox.blogspot.com/2009/04/156-burning-spear-marcus-garvey.html

    Marcus Garvey, le retour en Afrique et le reggae. Article mis à jour. A lire sur l’histgeobox :
    « C’est dans ce contexte explosif que Marcus Garvey développa un message identitaire et s’imposa comme le plus influent des pionniers de la cause noire. Né en Jamaïque en 1887, le jeune homme fonda en 1914 l’Universal Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) dont l’ambition était d’améliorer les conditions de vie des Noirs de son île. Face à l’hostilité des autorités locales, Garvey émigra aux Etats-Unis en 1916 et y fonda une succursale de l’UNIA. Rhéteur de talent, il développa dans ses discours enflammés un message politique identitaire offensif. Son message se démarquait tant des options assimilationnistes d’un Booker T. Washington que de la solidarité interraciale de classe défendue par Du Bois et les socialistes. "Chantre du nationalisme noir, [Garvey] prônait la fierté des origines, la liberté sociale, économique et politique et l’autodétermination pour les Noirs du monde entier. " »

  • Birmanie : "Chaque sanction économique est un revers pour les milit...

    Birmanie : « Chaque sanction économique est un revers pour les militaires »

    Alors que la répression se poursuit en Birmanie, les États-Unis, le Royaume-Uni et l’UE ont progressivement réimposé des sanctions économiques contre les militaires. Leur objectif : couper leurs revenus. Même si ces nouvelles mesures auront certainement un impact limité, elles ont un effet psychologique positif sur les manifestants.

    Couper les revenus des généraux birmans pour mettre fin à la répression sanglante. Après le coup d’État du 1er février, les États-Unis, le Royaume-Uni et l’Union européenne ont progressivement réimposé des sanctions contre les militaires, visant notamment deux vastes conglomérats contrôlés par l’armée, la Myanmar Economic Holdings Public Company Limited (MEHL) et la Myanmar Economic Corporation Limited (...)

  • Clashes renew in Jerusalem as some 90,000 gather to pray at Al-Aqsa
    Nir Hasson, Jack Khoury, Josh Breiner | May 8, 2021 | 3:03 PM |
    Updated: May. 8, 2021 8:10 PM Haaretz.com

    Clashes break out near Damascus Gate and in Sheikh Jarrah ■ Israeli police deploy tear gas, stun grenades and sponge-tipped bullets ■ 29 Palestinians arrested in East Jerusalem, two in the Old City

    Violent clashes between Palestinians and Israeli police broke out in Jerusalem Saturday night, one day after 205 Palestinians and 17 police officers were injured in violent clashes that garnered international condemnation.

    Police used sponge-tipped bullets and tear gas against the thousands of Palestinians who were gathered at the Damascus Gate. Palestinians threw stones at Israeli police forces at the site.

    The Palestinian Red Crescent said that 17 Palestinians had been wounded, many by sponge-tipped bullets. Six were evacuated to hospitals. They added that the Israeli police had prevented ambulances from reaching the site to evacuate the injured.

    The clashes began shortly after prayers marking Laylat Al-Qadr, the holiest night in the month of Ramadan, concluded at Al-Aqsa Mosque. Some 90,000 worshippers had come to pray at the site.

    Clashes also broke out in Sheikh Jarrah in East Jerusalem, and police dispersed protesters with stun grenades and stink bombs. The police said that dozens of residents had instigated clashes that included “flying Palestinian flags and throwing stones toward police forces.”

    The police added that officers had been attacked in the Old City and two suspects had been arrested. Palestinian protesters threw stones at officers, and one officer was lightly injured and received medical treatment at the site.

    The Israeli army said some 450 Gazans are protesting near the border fence in solidarity with the Palestinians in Jerusalem. The Israeli army said that protesters are “burning tires and throwing explosives. IDF soldiers are spread out at sites along the border and are using riot dispersal methods.” According to Palestinian reports, dozens, not hundreds, of Palestinian youth are protesting at the border.

    To Jerusalem on foot

    Earlier Saturday, the Jerusalem police halted dozens of buses carrying worshippers on their way to the Al-Aqsa Mosque complex.

    Hundreds of worshippers made their way to the Old City on foot. Police argued that they had reason to believe that some of the passengers were planning to cause disturbances.

    The Israeli Police spokesman Eli Levi said that the police had no intention of closing the road to Jerusalem, but rather were attempting to remove specific individuals from the buses. The police eventually allowed the buses to continue on to Jerusalem.

    The police later allowed the buses to carry the passengers to Jerusalem, after they caused severe roadblocks on the Highway.

    The Israeli army, police and Magen David Adom bolstered their presence in East Jerusalem and around the Temple Mount on Saturday, as they expect violent clashes between Israeli security forces and Palestinians will continue through the night.

    Police believe the clashes on the Temple Mount are led by Hamas operatives, and that they are linked to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas’ decision to postpone the Palestinian parliamentary elections this month.

    Activists arrested

    Israel Police carried out arrests of 29 Palestinians in East Jerusalem raids earlier Saturday afternoon according to Palestinian activists. The police have been arresting young Palestinians and activists since early Saturday morning, according to the activists.

    Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu met with Defense Minister Benny Gantz, IDF chief of staff Aviv Kochavi, the head of Shin Bet and other senior officials on Saturday to assess the situation in Jerusalem.

    “Israel is acting responsibly to ensure law and order in Jerusalem while maintaining freedom of worship in the holy places,” Netanyahu said in a statement.

    Gantz also commented on the escalation in Jerusalem, saying that "Extremists on both sides cannot be allowed to cause an escalation of the situation. Israel will continue to ensure freedom of worship at the Temple Mount and at the same time not allow terror to raise its head or disturb public order.”

    Adding to the tensions in Jerusalem’s Old City, dozens of young Jewish activists marched through the Muslim Quarter of the Old City ahead of the Al Qadr night, singing the Israeli song “Jerusalem of Gold.”

    Rallies were also held in Israeli-Arab cities on Saturday, with protesters waving Palestinian flags in solidarity with the Palestinians who were injured in East Jerusalem on Friday. The rallies took place in Nazareth, Umm al-Fahm, Tamra and other Arab-Israeli towns. A peaceful protest also took place in Jaffa, which ended just before sunset.

    ’Crosses a red line’

    On Friday night, at least 205 Palestinians and 17 police officers were wounded as clashes erupted at Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, in a serious escalation in tensions that have been building up in Jerusalem over the past weeks.

    United Arab List chairman Mansour Abbas declared that he won’t allow any escalations at Al-Aqsa to prevent freedom of worship for Muslims, calling every injury sustained by a worshipper an act which ’crosses a red line.’

    The United States called for both sides to ease tensions on Friday night.

    “The United States is extremely concerned about ongoing confrontations in Jerusalem, including on the Haram al-Sharif / Temple Mount and in Sheikh Jarrah, which have reportedly resulted in scores of injured people,” State Department spokesperson Ned Price said in perhaps the Biden administration’s most in-depth comment on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to date.

    Jordan and Egypt fiercely condemned Israel for the violence, saying it’s on Israel to uphold freedom of worship for Palestinian locals.

    A spokesperson for the Jordanian Foreign Ministry warned against a “dangerous escalation,” emphasizing that an international law tasks Israel responsible for upholding peace for worshippers at Al-Aqsa, even as an occupying force.

    Egypt’s Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Ahmed Hafez slammed Israel’s behavior, especially abusing the human rights of Palestinians, and Israel’s unacceptable efforts to uproot Palestinians from their homes in the flash point East Jerusalem neighborhood Sheikh Jarrah.

    “““““““““““““““““““ Mise à jour
    100 Palestinians injured as Jerusalem clashes continue for second night
    Clashes break out near Damascus Gate and in Sheikh Jarrah ■ Israeli police deploy tear gas, stun grenades and sponge-tipped bullets ■ Some 90,000 worshippers gather to pray at Al-Aqsa
    Nir Hasson, Jack Khoury, Josh Breiner | May 9, 2021 | 8:37 AM

    About 100 Palestinians were injured in violent clashes between Israeli forces and Palestinians in Jerusalem overnight Saturday into Sunday morning, as some 90,000 Muslim worshipers poured into Al-Aqsa Mosque to mark Ramadan’s holiest night.

    Clashes were concentrated on the Temple Mount, at various sites in the Old City and in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah. They follow escalating tensions in the city throughout the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, and have garnered international condemnation.

    Hundreds of young Palestinians threw fireworks and stones at police after early morning prayers on Sunday morning. Most of them dispersed, but a few dozen remain at the site, clashing with officers. The Palestinian Red Crescent reported that 10 people were injured in the morning’s clashes; six of them were evacuated to the hospital.

    The Red Crescent established a field hospital near Al-Aqsa Mosque to treat the injured, who were hit by sponge-tipped bullets, stun grenades and tear gas fired by Israeli police.

    The organization said that it treated another 90 people over the course of the night, 14 of them at the field hospital. Six children were bruised in the commotion, including a one-year-old infant.

    The Red Crescent had reported earlier in the night that the Israeli police had prevented its ambulances from entering the Damascus Gate area to evacuate the injured.

    Police evacuated the Western Wall plaza twice over the course of the night after Palestinians fired fireworks at the area, but worshipers returned minutes later.

    Police Commissioner Yaakov Shabtai said that police had regained control over the situation by about 1:30 A.M., and that about 20,000 Muslim worshipers remained on the Temple Mount.

    In Sheikh Jarrah, which has become a flashpoint for violence between Jews and Palestinians in the past week over the planned evictions of Palestinian homes in the neighborhood, police dispersed the dozens of protesters who had gathered with stun grenades and stink grenades. Palestinians also pelted a car belonging to Jews with stones.

    Police said that the clashes involved “Waving Palestinian flags and throwing stones at officers. Police began dispersions and were forced to use means.” Two Palestinians were arrested on suspicion of pepper spraying officers. During the arrest, police said that they found weapons on their persons.

    Earlier in the evening, police reported that they arrested two suspects who attacked police officers in the Old City. One officer was lightly injured and received medical treatment after Palestinian protesters began throwing stones at police forces.

    A rocket was fired from Gaza into Israel in the early hours of Sunday morning, landing in an open area. The IDF responded by attacking a Hamas military post in the southern Gaza Strip.

    The Israeli army said some 450 Gazans protested near the border fence in solidarity with the Palestinians in Jerusalem. The Israeli military said that protesters are “burning tires and throwing explosives. IDF soldiers are spread out at sites along the border and are using riot dispersal methods.” According to Palestinian reports, dozens, not hundreds, of Palestinian youth are protesting at the border. (...)

    Jack khoury.جاك خوري


    #Jerusalem #Sheikh_Jarrah

    • Alice Froussard
      9:00 PM · 8 mai 2021

      Il y a eu ces grenades assourdissantes, ces gaz lacrymo, ces balles de caoutchouc de l’armée israélienne, toutes ces arrestations, ces restrictions à l’entrée de Jérusalem. Pourtant, l’Esplanade des Mosquées est pleine ce soir. #LaylatulQadr

      Diana Buttu
      · 2h

      Al Aqsa compound now.

      9:00 PM · 8 mai 2021·Twitter Web App

      mohammed el-kurd
      10:07 PM · 8 mai 2021

      Israeli forces have gone mad in Sheikh Jarrah, beating everyone in sight, demolishing the solidarity tents, using excessive force... Impunity breeds fascism.

      the Occupation knows it will not be held accountable by a complicit international community. #SaveSheikhJarrah
      À l’origine en anglais et traduit par
      Les forces israéliennes sont devenues folles à Sheikh Jarrah, battant tout le monde en vue, démolissant les tentes de solidarité, utilisant une force excessive ... L’impunité engendre le fascisme.

      l’Occupation sait qu’elle ne sera pas tenue responsable par une communauté internationale complice.#SaveSheikhJarrah

    • Democrats urge U.S. to act against Israel’s ’abhorrent’ East Jerusalem evictions
      Ben Samuels | May 8, 2021 | 9:22 PM - U.S. News - Haaretz.com

      Several Democratic lawmakers are calling for an investigation on whether Israel’s ‘forced displacement for Palestinians’ violates U.S. laws

      WASHINGTON – A steadily increasing number of Democratic lawmakers are calling on the Biden administration to make clear to the Israeli government that the eviction of Palestinians from homes on land claimed by Jewish settlers in Jerusalem must stop immediately.

      Sens. Bernie Sanders, Elizabeth Warren and Chris Murphy have called on Israel to stop efforts at evicting Palestinian residents from their homes in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah based on claims by Jewish settlers, while Reps. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Gregory Meeks and Andy Levin also voiced their dismay.

      “The forced removal of long-time Palestinian residents in Sheikh Jarrah is abhorrent and unacceptable,” Warren tweeted, saying the administration must make clear to Israel that these evictions are illegal.

      “The United States must speak out strongly against the violence by government-allied Israeli extremists in East Jerusalem and the West Bank, and make clear that the evictions of Palestinian families must not go forward,” Sanders said.

      Murphy - chairman of the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Near East, South Asia, Central Asia and Counterterrorism - noted his deep concern by the recent violence and encouraged all parties to exercise restraint.

      “Evictions of Palestinian residents, who have lived in homes in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah for a generation, are unjustified and must stop. So must Israeli settler attacks on Palestinians, Palestinian attacks on Jewish Israelis, and Hamas rocket and mortar launches,” the Connecticut senator said, adding that he was also concerned about “the Israeli forces’ militarized approach to this unrest, which is escalating, rather than deescalating, the situation.”

      Meeks, chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, called the situation in Sheikh Jarrah “deeply concerning” and calling on Jerusalem’s residents, leaders and officials to ensure that Jerusalem is a city where coexistence, not violence, reigns.

      Ocasio-Cortez called the situation in Sheikh Jarrah “inhumane” and called for the U.S. to show leadership in safeguarding human rights. “From the paramilitary violence in Colombia and Shiekh Jarrah, to the detention of children on our own border and the militarization of US police departments, the United States must seriously assess its role in state violence and condition aid,” she added.

      Ocasio-Cortez and Levin both noted their dismay that these events are occuring during the final days of Ramadan, with Levin similarly urging the State Department to work to immediately deescalate before bringing both sides to the table for a long-term solution.

      The growing criticism comes one day after several progressive House Democrats decried the events in Sheikh Jarrah, urging the State Department to pressure Israel on the matter. Two of those lawmakers, Reps. Marie Newman and Mark Pocan, are circulating a letter intended for Secretary of State Antony Blinken calling the eviction plans “a clear violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention.” They are also calling for an investigation on whether Israel’s “forced displacement of Palestinians” violates two U.S. laws stating U.S. weapons are to be sold only for legitimate self-defense and prohibiting U.S. funding for foreign military forces suspected of human rights abuses.

      The State Department issued their most extensive comment on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to date on Friday, expressing deep concern about the evictions and urging Israel to avoid steps that would exacerbate tensions while calling on both Israeli and Palestinian authorities to act decisively to de-escalate the situation.


  • Près de 40 films pour tous les âges

    Pour vous permettre de mettre en place des soirées cinéma ! Tous ces films sont issus de la programmation Jeune Public du #Festival_international_du_film-d'éducation, 8 films de la dernière édition de décembre 2020 et les autres #courts_métrages des éditions précédentes.

    #films #jeunes #jeunesse #jeune_public #film_d'animation #enfants #médiathèque

  • Autour des brevets pour les vaccins anti-covid

    #Jérôme_Martin de l’Observatoire de la transparence médicale sur C ce soir, 06.05.2021 :

    « On a l’exemple du laboratoire Teva, un laboratoire israélien, un grand génériqueur israélien qui est en négociation depuis 3 mois avec les détenteurs de #brevets, qui ont refusé de déléguer la production. Si jamais ces brevets avaient été suspendus depuis le mois d’octobre - la première demande date du mois d’octobre... Depuis il y a eu 2 millions 300 miles morts dans le monde du #covid. Depuis cette période là on peut nous dire qu’il faut du temps, mais c’était depuis le mois d’octobre. On a pas de machine à remonter dans le temps pour réparer les erreurs et anticiper, faisons-le maintenant. Tout le monde le sait que ça prendra du temps et tout le monde sait que ce n’est pas la seule solution. La capacité de production au niveau mondiale, elle existe. Singapour, le Rwanda. La demande qui a été déposée en octobre est une demande de #suspension_provisoire des brevets. Elle est prévue par les accords de l’#OMC, par l’accord constitutif de l’OMC, l’article 9 de l’#accord_de_Marrakech, ça n’est pas la même chose que les licences obligatoires, qui sont des flexibilités qui sont déjà prévues. Les licences obligatoires, il n’y a pas besoin de passer par l’OMC pour avoir l’autorisation. La France pourrait le faire, ça n’a pas pas beaucoup d’intérêt dans ce cadre actuel parce que c’est national et qu’on a besoin d’une réponse mondiale. En levant les brevets, on permet à des laboratoires qui ont ces capacités de production de le faire. Ce qu’il faut ensuite, c’est qu’il y ait un #transfert_de_technologie. Il s’agit de quelque chose qui est au sein de l’accord de l’OMC, ça n’est pas du communisme, ce n’est pas la révolution. La décision de Biden est historique mais on reste dans un cas très contraint.
    Elle est où la #légitimité des brevets quand il y a autant d’argent public qui a été investi ? »


    #propriété_intellectuelle #coronavirus

  • Une nuit à Jérusalem, avril 2021

    Ces dernières semaines ont été marquées par de nombreux incidents aux portes de la Vieille ville de Jérusalem. Les affrontements entre des ultra-nationalistes juifs, de jeunes Palestiniens et les forces de police de la municipalité ont conduit à de nombreuses arrestations et hospitalisations. Pour beaucoup de personnes en France, l’annonce de ces violences nocturnes a suscité malaise et incompréhension. Face à ces hordes de jeunes d’extrême droite qui prennent d’assaut les abords de la Vieille ville et (...) #Billets

  • A night in Jerusalem, April 2021

    The last few weeks have been marked by numerous incidents at the gates of the Old City of Jerusalem. Clashes between Jewish ultra-nationalists, young Palestinians and the municipality’s police force have led to numerous arrests and hospitalisations. For many people in France, the announcement of this nightly violence caused unease and incomprehension. Faced with these hordes of extreme right-wing youths storming the outskirts of the Old Town and wanting to “smash Arabs”, the memory of the (...) #Articles

  • Dozens of Palestinians wounded in clashes with Jerusalem police as tensions boil over
    Nir Hasson and Jack Khoury - May. 7, 2021 6:12 PM - Updated : May. 7, 2021 10:42 PM - Haaretz.com

    Dozens of Palestinians were wounded Friday as clashes erupted at Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, in a serious escalation in tensions that have been building up in Jerusalem over the past weeks.

    The Palestinian Red Crescent emergency service said 53 people were wounded in clashes with police there and elsewhere in Jerusalem, including 23 who were hospitalized. It says most were wounded in the face and eyes by rubber-coated bullets and shrapnel from stun grenades.

    The clashes were the latest in a deadly day that saw Israeli forces shoot and kill two Palestinians after three men opened fire on an Israeli base in the occupied West Bank.Israeli police were standing by as tens of thousands packed in the mosque on the final Friday of Ramadan and many stayed on to protest in support of Palestinians facing eviction from homes on land claimed by Jewish settlers.

    Some 70,000 worshippers attended the final Friday prayers of Ramadan at Al-Aqsa, the Islamic endowment that oversees the site said. Thousands protested afterwards, waving the green flags of the Islamic militant group Hamas and chanting pro-Hamas slogans before dispersing peacefully.

    Tensions boiled over after the evening prayer, when hundreds of Palestinian worshippers began hurling stones and other objects at the Israeli forces, who responded with riot gear.

    Israeli police said six officers involved in the clashes required medical attention.

    Video footage shows worshippers throwing chairs, shoes and rocks toward the police and officers responding by opening fire.

    Sheikh Jarrah protest

    Meanwhile, in the neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah, dozens partook in the weekly demonstration against the eviction plans, which over the past weeks attract more crowds and attention.

    Police said they dispersed the crowd after some of the protesters started hurling stones. Two demonstrators were detained, and two were wounded by stun grendaes.

    Sheikh Jerrah ce soir


    Charles Enderlin
    L’esplanade des mosquées - Al Aqsa. Ce soir 7 mai.


    الان الشرطة تغلق ابواب المسجد القبلي على المصلين ويبدو ان الليل طويل على #الاقصى .


    Maintenant, la police ferme les portes de la mosquée aux fidèles et il semble que la nuit sera longue #الاقصى .#اخبار_البلد_2021



    סולימאן מסוודה سليمان مسودة
    La police tire une grenade assourdissante à l’intérieur de la mosquée al-Aqsa.


    • Over 200 Palestinians Wounded in Clashes With Jerusalem Police as Tensions Boil Over
      Updated: May. 8, 2021 6:01 AM

      Worshippers stayed at the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound after the final Friday prayer of Ramadan to protest planned evictions in Sheikh Jarrah, where police also clashed with protesters ■ 17 Israeli officers were wounded during the clashes

      At least 205 Palestinians and 17 police officers were wounded Friday as clashes erupted at Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, in a serious escalation in tensions that have been building up in Jerusalem over the past weeks.

      The Palestinian Red Crescent emergency service said some 205 people were wounded in clashes with police there and elsewhere in Jerusalem, including 88 who were hospitalized. The Palestinian Red has also set up a field hospital on the Mosque’s compound due to the large number of wounded protesters, most of them wounded in the face and eyes by rubber-coated bullets and shrapnel from stun grenades.

    • What’s behind the latest flare-up in Jerusalem, and what Israel can do to defuse tensions
      Nir Hasson | May 7, 2021 | 10:37 PM - Haaretz.com

      Palestinians in East Jerusalem’s Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood are fighting their eviction by organizations seeking to settle Jews in the area.

      Over the past week, dozens of Palestinians have gathered every evening for the breaking of the daily fast during the month of Ramadan. Their base: across from one of the buildings that Israelis have moved into.

      But the latest demonstrations and clashes are the culmination of decades of tensions and legal battles over the fate of the neighborhood, which sits just north of the Old City.

      Who lived in Sheikh Jarrah before the 1948 war?

      In 1876, Jerusalem’s Sephardic and Ashkenazi communities bought a plot of land near the tomb of Shimon Hatzaddik, a Jewish high priest from ancient times. A small Jewish neighborhood was founded on part of the land.

      When war broke out in 1948, many people fled their homes; the vast majority were Arabs who left behind much property on the western side of the armistice line, while a minority were Jews who left behind relatively little property on the eastern side.

      In most cases, Jewish refugees received compensation for the property they left behind. In 1956, the Jordanian government and the United Nations built 28 small homes at Sheikh Jarrah, east of the line, to house Palestinian refugees.

      How did right-wing Israeli organizations obtain land there?

      Israeli law is very clear that only Jews are eligible to seek and receive land left behind on the other side. The state seized all Palestinian property under the Absentee Property Law. Settler organizations jumped on the Jewish properties left behind and started buying rights to them from the original heirs, including some Jewish families from the western section of Sheikh Jarrah and the two Jewish committees, the Sephardi and Ashkenazi, on the eastern side.

      In 2003, the committees asked a rabbinical court to cancel the religious trust on the land (banning the sale of it). The court permitted the sale, and shortly thereafter the land was sold to the company Nahalat Shimon, which is owned by the American company Nahalat Shimon International. The American company is registered in Delaware, known for corporate laws that stymie transparency; for example, it’s impossible to know who owns shares in the company.

      Nahalat Shimon (and before that the two committees) launched a legal battle to evict the refugees’ descendants from their homes. The company also crafted a plan to demolish the neighborhood and build 200 housing units there.

      So far, the company has managed to evict four families. Another 13 households, numbering 300 people, face the danger of immediate eviction after losing in the courts. This Monday, Jerusalem Day, the Supreme Court will hear the appeal of three families against eviction orders.

      What made the conflict a cause célèbre for Palestinians everywhere?

      The settlers have portrayed the conflict as a legal battle over real estate, but neighborhood residents, helped by left-wing activists in Jerusalem, depict it as a fight against Judaization and discrimination in the capital. In recent weeks, as hundreds of residents faced eviction, and amid tension during Ramadan at Damascus Gate and the postponement of the Palestinian general election, the struggle spilled beyond Jerusalem’s borders. Arab Israelis, the Arab world, international media outlets and, above all, Palestinians in Jerusalem have taken an interest in the fight.

      Israel intends to evict 300 people from their homes in favor of Jews based on lawsuits to realize property claims from before 1948. But this could open a Pandora’s box: According to conservative estimates, 30 percent of West Jerusalem real estate was owned by Arabs before 1948.

      What is the solution?

      In 2010, two researchers at the Jerusalem Institute for Policy Research, Prof. Yitzhak Reiter and Lior Lehrs, proposed a simple solution: expropriating land from Nahalat Shimon. Since 1967, the state has expropriated tens of thousands of dunams from private Palestinian landowners to build huge Israeli neighborhoods in East Jerusalem.

      The thinking is, why shouldn’t the state opt for a small expropriation, this time from Jews for the benefit of Palestinians? Only the finance minister’s signature is needed to expropriate the few dunams on which the Sheikh Jarrah residents live. The land would be handed over to the Palestinians or remain in state hands, ensuring their presence. Nahalat Shimon would be compensated in return.

      In their proposal, Reiter and Lehrs quote an opinion by a deputy attorney general from the past, Menachem Mazuz. In 1999, in response to a similar incident, Mazuz referred to the government’s authority to expropriate property for a “public need.” “It is unacceptable that the government is authorized to expropriate land for cultural or environmental needs or to prevent unemployment, but is not authorized to expropriate land for diplomatic considerations,” Mazuz wrote.

      It is believed that this solution would ease tensions at a potential flash point for violence in the capital, improve Israel’s international standing and Israeli-Palestinian relations in Jerusalem, be a confidence-building measure ahead of renewed negotiations with the Palestinians, remove an issue from the agenda of the International Criminal Court in The Hague, and weaken the Palestinian demand for opening a debate on property left behind in 1948.

      Is there a chance of this solution happening?

      The fight in Sheikh Jarrah has been waged for three decades on two fronts – in the courts and on the streets. In the courtroom, it gives the impression of a simple legal battle over land, but Palestinians say the state has tied their hands with discriminatory laws.

      On the streets, the state – using huge contingents of police forces – stands beside the Jewish settlers and regularly attacks Palestinians trying to protest, despite all the tension.

    • Hundreds hurt as Palestinians protest evictions in Jerusalem
      7 May 2021 | Updated: 5 minutes ago

      Tens of thousands of Palestinian worshippers earlier packed the mosque on the final Friday of Ramadan and many stayed to protest.

      Israeli police fired rubber-coated metal bullets and stun grenades towards rock-hurling Palestinians at Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa mosque as anger grows over the potential eviction of Palestinians from homes on land claimed by Jewish settlers in East Jerusalem.

      At least 205 Palestinians and 17 officers were injured in the night-time clashes at Islam’s third-holiest site and around East Jerusalem, Palestinian medics and Israeli police said, as thousands of Palestinians faced off with several hundred Israeli police in riot gear. (...)

    • IOF Escalation in Occupied East Jerusalem and Al-Aqsa Mosque: 205 Palestinians, including 5 Journalists, Wounded; 3 Lost their Eyes, and 17 Others Arrested
      Date: 08 May 2021
      Time: 11:30 GMT

      On Friday, 205 Palestinians, including 5 journalists, were wounded; 2 were deemed serious and 3 others lost their eyes during mass suppression by Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) against tens of thousands of Palestinian worshipers in al-Aqsa Mosque and its yards , in Bab al-‘Amoud area and in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood in occupied East Jerusalem. IOF raided al-Aqsa Mosque, violated its sanctity, deprived Palestinian worshipers of performing prayers, assaulted dozens of them, dragged them on the ground, and arrested 17 of them. (...)

  • « On dirait une zone de guerre » : affrontements à Sheikh Jarrah avant des expulsions massives de Palestiniens | Middle East Eye édition française
    Par Sheren Khalel, Mustafa Abu Sneineh, Latifa Abd Altif, Lubna Masarwa | Published date : Jeudi 6 mai 2021 - 09:28

    De violents affrontements ont éclaté entre la police israélienne et des jeunes palestiniens dans le quartier de Sheikh Jarrah à Jérusalem-Est occupée. Les habitants protestent contre une vague d’expulsions ordonnée par un tribunal, laquelle devrait chasser une quarantaine de Palestiniens, dont une dizaine d’enfants, de leurs maisons.

    Les policiers israéliens, dont certains à cheval, ont tenté de repousser les manifestants à l’aide de gaz lacrymogènes, de grenades étourdissantes et d’« eau puante », rapporte une correspondante de Middle East Eye présente sur place.

    « On dirait une zone de guerre », confie un manifestant à MEE.

    Par ailleurs, la police a battu plusieurs manifestants avec des matraques et en a arrêté au moins cinq, dont trois ont été identifiés : Seif Hammoda, Ahmad Abbasi et Siwar Qasim.

    Une dizaine de Palestiniens au moins ont été blessés, a signalé le Croissant-Rouge palestinien juste avant minuit heure locale. Six des blessés ont inhalé des gaz lacrymogènes, trois ont été touchés par des balles en caoutchouc et un autre a subi un traumatisme contondant, énumère l’organisation. (...)

    #Jerusalem #Sheikh_Jarrah

    • L’observateur de l’ONU pour la Palestine appelle la communauté internationale à contester les violations commises par Israël.
      6 mai 2021 |

      L’observateur permanent de la Palestine auprès des Nations unies, Riyad Mansour, a envoyé mercredi une lettre au secrétaire général des Nations unies, au président du Conseil de sécurité des Nations unies et au président de l’Assemblée générale des Nations unies.
      Il a demandé à la communauté internationale d’agir pour mettre fin à la confiscation illégale par Israël de terres palestiniennes et au déplacement des propriétaires palestiniens du quartier de Sheikh Jarrah à Jérusalem.

      Voici sa lettre, dans son intégralité :
      La situation en Palestine occupée continue de s’aggraver alors qu’Israël intensifie ses violations des droits humains et ses crimes de guerre contre le peuple palestinien. En particulier, la puissance occupante a intensifié la confiscation de maisons, de terres et de propriétés palestiniennes, cherchant à accélérer le transfert forcé de civils palestiniens et ses projets de colonisation, notamment dans les zones situées à l’intérieur et autour de Jérusalem-Est occupée. Il est désormais évident que tout cela fait partie d’un plan systématique et délibéré visant à éliminer les Palestiniens - c’est-à-dire à procéder à un nettoyage ethnique de ces zones - en vue de leur annexion.
      De nombreuses lettres ont été envoyées au Conseil de sécurité ces derniers mois pour attirer l’attention sur ces violations, notamment sur le sort des familles palestiniennes des quartiers de Sheikh Jarrah et de Silwan, à Jérusalem-Est occupée, qui sont confrontées à la menace constante d’être expulsées de leurs maisons et de subir une dépossession massive, comme tant d’autres avant elles dans la ville, dans le cadre des mesures illégales prises par Israël pour les remplacer par des colons israéliens. À ce jour, à Sheikh Jarrah, 169 Palestiniens - dont 46 enfants - n’ont nulle part où aller, alors qu’Israël intensifie ses intimidations judiciaires et ses attaques contre les familles palestiniennes de Jérusalem et de ses environs, dans le seul but de consolider le contrôle israélien de la ville en modifiant illégalement sa composition démographique, son caractère et son statut.
      Nous attirons une fois de plus l’attention sur cette crise, en appelant la communauté internationale à agir pour mettre un terme aux actions illégales d’Israël et pour protéger les civils palestiniens des crimes de la puissance occupante, une protection à laquelle ils ont droit en vertu du droit humanitaire international. Les mesures de responsabilisation sont le seul recours pour faire respecter la loi, dissuader de nouveaux crimes, y compris le déracinement de centaines de familles palestiniennes supplémentaires, et sauver les perspectives d’une paix juste qui s’amenuisent.(…)
      Aujourd’hui, plus de 1 500 Palestiniens de Jérusalem sont menacés de déplacement forcé et de démolition de leur maison pour faire place à une colonie illégale appelée « Shimon Hatzadik », ainsi qu’à un parc pour colons sous le nom de « Parc du Roi David ». Alors que ces groupes de colons bénéficient du soutien et des services des tribunaux et de la législation israéliens pour leurs projets illégaux, les familles palestiniennes sont confrontées à des attaques incessantes visant à amasser le plus de terres palestiniennes possible, avec le moins de civils palestiniens possible, et à maintenir l’occupation, ce qui montre à quel point un groupe est fortement privilégié par rapport à un autre dans un système à deux vitesses fondé sur la discrimination et l’oppression. (...)

      Cette lettre fait suite à nos 712 lettres concernant la crise actuelle dans le territoire palestinien occupé, y compris Jérusalem-Est, qui constitue le territoire de l’État de Palestine. Ces lettres, datées du 29 septembre 2000 (A/55/432-S/2000/921) au 26 avril 2021 (A/ES-10/xxx-S/2021/xxx) constituent un registre de base des crimes commis par Israël, la puissance occupante, contre le peuple palestinien depuis septembre 2000. Pour tous ces crimes de guerre, actes de terrorisme d’État et violations systématiques des droits humains commis à l’encontre du peuple palestinien, Israël, puissance occupante, doit être tenu pour responsable et les auteurs doivent être traduits en justice.
      Je vous serais reconnaissant de bien vouloir faire le nécessaire pour que le texte de la présente lettre soit mis à la disposition des membres du Conseil de sécurité afin qu’ils puissent l’examiner immédiatement et le distribuer comme document officiel du Conseil de sécurité.
      Je vous prie d’agréer, Excellence, l’assurance de ma très haute considération.
      Dr. Riyad Mansour , Ministre, Observateur permanent

    • Que se passe-t-il dans le quartier de Sheikh Jarrah de Jérusalem Est ?
      Par Lina Alsaafin, le 1er mai 2021, Al Jazeera, Traduction J. Ch. pour l’Agence média Palestine

      (...) Quelle est l’histoire de Karm al-Jaouni à Sheikh Jarrah ?

      En 1956, 28 familles de réfugiés ont été délogées de chez elles dans les villes côtières de Yafa et Haïfa, huit ans avant de finalement s’installer dans la zone de Karm al-Jaouni à Sheikh Jarrah.

      La Cisjordanie, dont Jérusalem Est, était à l’époque sous mandat de la Jordanie, qui a conclu un accord avec l’agence de l’ONU pour les réfugiés (UNRWA) pour construire des unités d’habitation pour ces familles. L’accord stipulait que ces familles devaient renoncer à leur statut de réfugiés en échange de titres de propriété signés à leur nom après trois ans de vie dans cette zone.

      Cependant, cela n’a pas eu lieu et, en 1967, la Jordanie a perdu son mandat alors que Jérusalem Est était occupée par Israël.

      Khalil Toufakji, cartographe palestinien et expert sur Jérusalem, a dit qu’il était allé en 2010 à Ankara pour rechercher dans les archives de l’époque ottomane un document qui nie toute propriété juive sur Karm al-Jaouni.

      « J’ai trouvé l’acte et l’ai présenté au tribunal de district israélien, qui l’a promptement rejeté », a dit Toufakji à Al Jazeera.

      Après des recherches plus approfondies, Toufakji a découvert en 1968 que le parlement d’Israël, la Knesset, avait émis un décret – signé par le ministre des Finances de l’époque – qui déclarait qu’Israël était tenu par l’accord entre la Jordanie et l’UNRWA.

      « C’est ce fait qui a été soulevé devant la Haute Cour de Jérusalem au nom des familles palestiniennes de Sheikh Jarrah », a-t-il dit, mais en ajoutant qu’il y avait peu de raisons de croire que la cour statuerait en leur faveur.

      « Les tribunaux israéliens – juge, jury et législation – sont tous au service des colons juifs », a-t-il dit. (...)

    • EN IMAGES : L’histoire de Sheikh Jarrah en sept clichés d’époque | Middle East Eye édition française

      Ce quartier historique de Jérusalem-Est occupée connaît de vives tensions à la suite de la décision d’un tribunal israélien d’en expulser plusieurs familles palestiniennes. MEE revient, en images, sur l’histoire de ce quartier
      Shafik Mandhai
      Vendredi 7 mai 2021 - 09:56 (...)

  • How Frontex Helps Haul Migrants Back To Libyan Torture Camps

    Refugees are being detained, tortured and killed at camps in Libya. Investigative reporting by DER SPIEGEL and its partners has uncovered how close the European Union’s border agency Frontex works together with the Libyan coast guard.

    At sunrise, Alek Musa was still in good spirits. On the morning of June 25, 2020, he crowded onto an inflatable boat with 69 other people seeking asylum. Most of the refugees were Sudanese like him. They had left the Libyan coastal city of Garabulli the night before. Their destination: the island of Lampedusa in Italy. Musa wanted to escape the horrors of Libya, where migrants like him are captured, tortured and killed by militias.

    The route across the central Mediterranean is one of the world’s most dangerous for migrants. Just last week, another 100 people died as they tried to reach Europe from Libya. Musa was confident, nonetheless. The sea was calm and there was plenty of fuel in the boat’s tank.

    But then, between 9 a.m. and 10 a.m., Musa saw a small white plane in the sky. He shared his story by phone. There is much to suggest that the aircraft was a patrol of the European border protection agency Frontex. Flight data shows that a Frontex pilot had been circling in the immediate vicinity of the boat at the time.

    However, it appears that Frontex officials didn’t instruct any of the nearby cargo ships to help the refugees – and neither did the sea rescue coordination centers. Instead, hours later, Musa spotted the Ras Al Jadar on the horizon, a Libyan coast guard vessel.

    With none of them wanting to be hauled back to Libya, the migrants panicked. "We tried to leave as quickly as possible,” says Musa, who won’t give his real name out of fear of retaliation.

    Musa claims the Libyans rammed the dinghy with their ship. And that four men had gone overboard. Images from an aircraft belonging to the private rescue organization Sea-Watch show people fighting for their lives in the water. At least two refugees are believed to have died in the operation. All the others were taken back to Libya.
    Frontex Has Turned the Libyans into Europe’s Interceptors

    The June 25 incident is emblematic of the Europeans’ policy in the Mediterranean: The EU member states ceased sea rescue operations entirely in 2019. Instead, they are harnessing the Libyan coast guard to keep people seeking protection out of Europe.

    The European Court of Human Rights ruled back in 2012 that refugees may not be brought back to Libya because they are threatened with torture and death there. But that’s exactly what Libyan border guards are doing. With the help of the Europeans, they are intercepting refugees and hauling them back to Libya. According to an internal EU document, 11,891 were intercepted and taken back ashore last year.

    The EU provides financing for the Libyan coast guard and has trained its members. To this day, though, it claims not to control their operations. “Frontex has never directly cooperated with the Libyan coast guard,” Fabrice Leggeri, the head of the border agency, told the European Parliament in March. He claimed that the Libyans alone were responsible for the controversial interceptions. Is that really the truth, though?

    Together with the media organization “Lighthouse Reports”, German public broadcaster ARD’s investigative magazine “Monitor” and the French daily “Libération”, DER SPIEGEL has investigated incidents in the central Mediterranean Sea over a period of months. The reporters collected position data from Frontex aircraft and cross-checked it with ship data and information from migrants and civilian rescue organizations. They examined confidential documents and spoke to survivors as well as nearly a dozen Libyan officers and Frontex staff.

    This research has exposed for the first time the extent of the cooperation between Frontex and the Libyan coast guard. Europe’s border protection agency is playing an active role in the interceptions conducted by the Libyans. The reporting showed that Frontex flew over migrant boats on at least 20 occasions since January 2020 before the Libyan coast guard hauled them back. At times, the Libyans drove deep in the Maltese Search and Rescue Zone, an area over which the Europeans have jurisdiction.

    Some 91 refugees died in the interceptions or are considered missing – in part because the system the Europeans have established causes significant delays in the interceptions. In most cases, merchant ships or even those of aid organizations were in the vicinity. They would have reached the migrant boats more quickly, but they apparently weren’t alerted. Civilian sea rescue organizations have complained for years that they are hardly ever provided with alerts from Frontex.

    The revelations present a problem for Frontex head Leggeri. He is already having to answer for his agency’s involvement in the illegal repatriation of migrants in the Aegean Sea that are referred to as pushbacks. Now it appears that Frontex is also bending the law in operations in the central Mediterranean.

    An operation in March cast light on how the Libyans operate on the high seas. The captain of the Libyan vessel Fezzan, a coast guard officer, agreed to allow a reporter with DER SPIEGEL to conduct a ride-along on the ship. During the trip, he held a crumpled piece of paper with the coordinates of the boats he was to intercept. He didn’t have any internet access on the ship – indeed, the private sea rescuers are better equipped.

    The morning of the trip, the crew of the Fezzan had already pulled around 200 migrants from the water. The Libyans decided to leave an unpowered wooden boat with another 200 people at sea because the Fezzan was already too full. The rescued people huddled on deck, their clothes soaked and their eyes filled with fear. "Stay seated!” the Libyan officers yelled.

    Sheik Omar, a 16-year-old boy from Gambia squatted at the bow. He explained how, after the death of his father, he struggled as a worker in Libya. Then he just wanted to get away from there. He had already attempted to reach Europe five times. "I’m afraid,” he said. "I don’t know where they’re taking me. It probably won’t be a good place.”

    The conditions in the Libyan detention camps are catastrophic. Some are officially under the control of the authorities, but various militias are actually calling the shots. Migrants are a good business for the groups, and refugees from sub-Saharan countries, especially, are imprisoned and extorted by the thousands.

    Mohammad Salim was aware of what awaited him in jail. He’s originally from Somalia and didn’t want to give his real name. Last June, he and around 90 other migrants tried to flee Libya by boat, but a Frontex airplane did a flyover above them early in the morning. Several merchant ships that could have taken them to Europe passed by. But then the Libyan coast guard arrived several hours later.

    Once back on land, the Somali was sent to the Abu Issa detention center, which is controlled by a notorious militia. “There was hardly anything to eat,” Salim reported by phone. On good days, he ate 18 pieces of maccaroni pasta. On other days, he sucked on toothpaste. The women had been forced by the guards to strip naked. Salim was only able to buy his freedom a month later, when his family had paid $1,200.

    The EU is well aware of the conditions in the Libyan refugee prisons. German diplomats reported "concentration camp-like conditions” in 2017. A February report from the EU’s External Action described widespread "sexual violence, abduction for ransom, forced labor and unlawful killings.” The report states that the perpetrators include "government officials, members of armed groups, smugglers, traffickers and members of criminal gangs.”

    Supplies for the business are provided by the Libyan coast guard, which is itself partly made up of militiamen.

    In response to a request for comment from DER SPIEGEL, Frontex asserted that it is the agency’s duty to inform all internationally recognized sea rescue coordination centers in the region about refugee boats, including the Joint Rescue Coordination Center (JRCC). The sea rescue coordination center reports to the Libyan Defense Ministry and is financed by the EU.

    According to official documents, the JRCC is located at the Tripoli airport. But members of the Libyan coast guard claim that the control center is only a small room at the Abu Sitta military base in Tripoli, with just two computers. They claim that it is actually officers with the Libyan coast guard who are on duty there. That the men there have no ability to monitor their stretch of coastline, meaning they would virtually be flying blind without the EU’s aerial surveillance. In the event of a shipping accident, they almost only notify their own colleagues, even though they currently only have two ships at their disposal. Even when their ships are closer, there are no efforts to inform NGOs or private shipping companies. Massoud Abdalsamad, the head of the JRCC and the commander of the coast guard even admits that, "The JRCC and the coast guard are one and the same, there is no difference.”

    WhatsApp Messages to the Coast Guard

    As such, experts are convinced that even the mere transfer of coordinates by Frontex to the JRCC is in violation of European law. "Frontex officials know that the Libyan coast guard is hauling refugees back to Libya and that people there face torture and inhumane treatment,” says Nora Markard, professor for international public law and international human rights at the University of Münster.

    In fact, it appears that Frontex employees are going one step further and sending the coordinates of the refugee boats directly to Libyan officers via WhatsApp. That claim has been made independently by three different members of the Libyan coast guard. DER SPIEGEL is in possession of screenshots indicating that the coast guard is regularly informed – and directly. One captain was sent a photo of a refugee boat taken by a Frontex plane. “This form of direct contact is a clear violation of European law,” says legal expert Markard.

    When confronted, Frontex no longer explicitly denied direct contact with the Libyan coast guard. The agency says it contacts everyone involved in emergency operations in order to save lives. And that form of emergency communication cannot be considered formal contact, a spokesman said.

    But officials at Frontex in Warsaw are conscious of the fact that their main objective is to help keep refugees from reaching Europe’s shores. They often watch on their screens in the situation center how boats capsize in the Mediterranean. It has already proven to be too much for some – they suffer from sleep disorders and psychological problems.


    #Libye #push-backs #refoulements #Frontex #complicité #milices #gardes-côtes_libyens #asile #migrations #réfugiés #externalisation #Ras_Al_Jadar #interception #Fezzan #Joint_Rescue_Coordination_Center (#JRCC) #WhatsApp #coordonnées_géographiques

    ping @isskein @karine4 @rhoumour @_kg_ @i_s_

    • Frontex : l’agence européenne de garde-frontières au centre d’une nouvelle polémique

      Un consortium de médias européens, dont le magazine Der Spiegel et le journal Libération, a livré une nouvelle enquête accablante sur l’agence européenne des gardes-frontières. Frontex est accusée de refouler des bateaux de migrants en mer Méditerranée.

      Frontex, c’est quoi ?

      L’agence européenne des gardes-frontières et gardes-côtes a été créée en 2004 pour répondre à la demande d’aides des pays membres pour protéger les frontières extérieures de l’espace Schengen. Frontex a trois objectifs : réduire la vulnérabilité des frontières extérieures, garantir le bon fonctionnement et la sécurité aux frontières et maintenir les capacités du corps européen, recrutant chaque année près de 700 gardes-frontières et garde-côtes. Depuis la crise migratoire de 2015, le budget de l’agence, subventionné par l’Union Européen a explosé passant 142 à 460 millions d’euros en 2020.

      Nouvelles accusations

      Frontex est de nouveau au centre d’une polémique au sein de l’UE. En novembre 2020, et en janvier 2021 déjà, Der Spiegel avait fait part de plusieurs refoulements en mer de bateaux de demandeurs d’asile naviguant entre la Turquie et la Grèce et en Hongrie. Dans cette enquête le magazine allemand avait averti que les responsables de Frontex étaient"conscients des pratiques illégales des gardes-frontières grecs et impliqués dans les refoulements eux-mêmes" (https://www.spiegel.de/international/europe/eu-border-agency-frontex-complicit-in-greek-refugee-pushback-campaign-a-4b6c).

      A la fin de ce mois d’avril, de nouveaux éléments incriminants Frontex révélés par un consortium de médias vont dans le même sens : des agents de Frontex auraient donné aux gardes-côtes libyens les coordonnées de bateaux de réfugiés naviguant en mer Méditerranée pour qu’ils soient interceptés avant leurs arrivées sur le sol européen. C’est ce que l’on appelle un « pushback » : refouler illégalement des migrants après les avoir interceptés, violant le droit international et humanitaire. L’enquête des médias européens cite un responsable d’Amnesty International, Mateo de Bellis qui précise que « sans les informations de Frontex, les gardes-côtes libyens ne pourraient jamais intercepter autant de migrants ».

      Cet arrangement entre les autorités européennes et libyennes « constitue une violation manifeste du droit européen », a déclaré Nora Markard, experte en droit international de l’université de Münster, citée par Der Spiegel.

      Une politique migratoire trop stricte de l’UE ?

      En toile de fond, les détracteurs de Frontex visent également la ligne politique de l’UE en matière d’immigration, jugée trop stricte. Est-ce cela qui aurait généré le refoulement de ces bateaux ? La Commissaire européenne aux affaires intérieures, Ylva Johansson, s’en défendait en janvier dernier, alors que Frontex était déjà accusé d’avoir violé le droit international et le droit humanitaire en refoulant six migrants en mer Egée. « Ce que nous protégeons, lorsque nous protégeons nos frontières, c’est l’Union européenne basée sur des valeurs et nous devons respecter nos engagements à ces valeurs tout en protégeant nos frontières (...) Et c’est une des raisons pour lesquelles nous avons besoin de Frontex », expliquait la Commissaire à euronews.

      Pour Martin Martiniello, spécialiste migration à l’université de Liège, « l’idée de départ de l’Agence Frontex était de contrôler les frontières européennes avec l’espoir que cela soit accompagné d’une politique plus positive, plus proactive de l’immigration. Cet aspect-là ne s’est pas développé au cours des dernières années, mais on a construit cette notion de crise migratoire. Et cela renvoie une image d’une Europe assiégée, qui doit se débarrasser des migrants non souhaités. Ce genre de politique ne permet pas de rencontrer les défis globaux des déplacements de population à long terme ».

      Seulement trois jours avant la parution de l’enquête des médias européens incriminant Frontex, L’Union européenne avait avancé sa volonté d’accroître et de mieux encadrer les retours volontaires des personnes migrantes, tout en reconnaissant que cet axe politique migratoire était, depuis 2019, un échec. L’institution avait alors proposé à Frontex un nouveau mandat pour prendre en charge ces retours. Selon Martin Martiniello, « des montants de plus en plus élevés ont été proposés, pour financer Frontex. Même si le Parlement européen a refusé de voter ce budget, celui-ci comporte de la militarisation encore plus importante de l’espace méditerranéen, avec des drones et tout ce qui s’en suit. Et cela fait partie d’une politique européenne ».

      Les accusations de novembre et janvier derniers ont généré l’ouverture d’une enquête interne chez Frontex, mais aussi à l’Office européen de lutte antifraude (OLAF). Pour Catherine Woolard, directrice du Conseil européen des Réfugiés et Exilés (ECRE), « On voit tout le problème des structures de gouvernance de Frontex : ce sont les États membres qui font partie du conseil d’administration et de gestion de Frontex, et ces États membres ont fait une enquête préliminaire. Mais cette enquête ne peut pas être profonde et transparente, puisque ces États membres sont parties prenantes dans ce cas de figure ».

      Pour la directrice de l’ECRE, une enquête indépendante serait une solution pour comprendre et réparer les torts causés, et suggère une réforme du conseil d’administration de Frontex. « La décision du Parlement concernant le budget est importante. En plus des enquêtes internes, le Parlement a créé un groupe de travail pour reformer le scrutin au sein du conseil administratif de l’agence, ce qui est essentiel. Nous attendons le rapport de ce groupe de travail, qui permettra de rendre compte de la situation chez Frontex ».

      Certains députés européens ont demandé la démission du directeur exécutif de Frontex. « C’est un sujet sensible » souligne Catherine Woolard. « Dans le contexte de l’augmentation des ressources de Frontex, le recrutement d’agents de droits fondamentaux, ainsi que les mesures et mécanismes mentionnés, sont essentiels. Le Parlement européen insiste sur la création de ces postes et n’a toujours pas eu de réponse de la part du directeur de Frontex. Entretemps, l’agence a toujours l’obligation de faire un rapport sur les incidents où il y a une suspicion de violation du droit international et humanitaire ».


  • #Julie_Bindel : Message aux hommes : le sexe n’est absolument pas un droit de l’homme

    Dans un billet du Times publié aujourd’hui et intitulé « When sex with a prostitute is a human right » (Quand le sexe avec une prostituée constitue un droit de l’homme), la chroniqueuse Melanie Phillips fait l’éloge du juge britannique Anthony Hayden qui, dans un jugement rendu la semaine dernière, a déclaré qu’il serait légal pour des soignants de faciliter l’achat de sexe par un autiste de 27 ans, identifié comme « C ».

    Madame Phillips affirme que Hayden a « fait preuve de compassion » et mentionne un article que j’ai écrit sur le sujet, en disant : « L’opposition de Julie Bindel à la prostitution est puissante et convaincante. Cependant, elle n’a pas accepté que la décision du juge mette, à juste titre, au premier plan les intérêts d’une personne défavorisée. » (Mel Phillips, The Times)

    C’est tout le contraire ; ma préoccupation pour les « personnes défavorisées » détermine ma position sur la prostitution – à savoir qu’elle devrait être abolie et que les femmes devraient être soutenues pour sortir du commerce du sexe.

    Il est assez incroyable que les droits des femmes aient été largement ignorés, non seulement dans le jugement Hayden, mais aussi par plusieurs défenseurs des « droits de l’homme » qui ont commenté cette affaire.

    Version originale : https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/when-sex-with-a-prostitute-is-a-human-right-lfzxrf88z
    Traduit par #TRADFEM

  • #Julie_Bindel : Le nouveau harcèlement imposé sur les campus

    L’une des grandes réussites du féminisme contemporain tient aux campagnes de sensibilisation du public à la reconnaissance du harcèlement sexuel en milieu de travail. Les universités ont encouragé les dénonciations et les procédures de plaintes anonymes afin que les femmes puissent signaler en toute sécurité ce type de ciblage. Mais lorsque les femmes universitaires font l’objet d’insultes infâmes telles que « TERF », tout bascule ; il est considéré comme raisonnable de traquer et d’humilier publiquement ces femmes.

    Il est intéressant de noter que la foule vicieuse des censeurs n’a pas tendance à s’en prendre à la poignée d’universitaires masculins qui s’élèvent contre le type d’idéologie transgenriste extrême qui entraîne la suppression des droits sexuels durement acquis par les femmes.

    Holly Lawford-Smith est professeure associée en philosophie politique à l’université de Melbourne (UM), en Australie. En 2020, elle a lancé le site noconflicttheysaid.org pour recueillir des données et des témoignages sur l’impact qu’avait sur les femmes l’utilisation par des hommes d’espaces réservés aux femmes, tels que les prisons, les vestiaires, les salles de bain, les services hospitaliers et les refuges pour les victimes de viol et de violence conjugale.

    Version originale : https://spectator.us/topic/campus-harassment-university-terf-trans
    Traduction : TRADFEM. Tous droits réservés à Julie Bindel et The Spectator (US).

  • Autres dialogues (14)

    J’ai séparé arbitrairement les disques où les instruments sont doublement présents (Jazz en dialogues) de ceux où les musiciens utilisent des instruments différents. Sans oublier trois autres rubriques plus centrées sur la présence du piano, actuellement : duo piano/saxophone ou clarinette ou trombone, duo piano/trompette et duo piano/cordes. Quoiqu’il en soit, ces errances hors des sentiers trop souvent parcourus, offrent des panoramas sonores souvent réjouissants. Échanges et constructions. Promenades dans des musiques qui ne s’épuisent pas dès une première écoute. Au hasard de ré-écoutes récentes.


    #musique #jazz