• France grants five million euro for preservation, restoration of Lalibela

    October 21, 2022


    Addis Abeba, – The Ministry of Finance of Ethiopia and the Agence Française de Développement (AFD) signed yesterday a €5 million (260 000 000 Birr) grant agreement to conduct the preparatory phase of a program of Preservation and restoration of the churches of Lalibela, and of development of the city around its heritage jewel.

    The UNESCO World Heritage Committee has requested the Ethiopian government to deliver additional studies and a comprehensive strategy to preserve and restore the site of the 11 churches of Lalibela. To support the Ethiopian government and the Ethiopian Cultural Heritage Authority (ECHA) in this endeavor, AFD is granting this additional support to the previous studies conducted in Lalibela from 2019 amounting 109 million Birr. It will moreover support the development of ECHA’s capacity and will enable the study of a complementary local development program for the city of Lalibela.

    “This support complements the financing of the immersive exhibition “Lalibela: Carving Faith”, currently presented in Entoto Fine Arts Center until the end of December, and of the “Sustainable Lalibela” project, implemented by the French Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), jointly with the Church of Lalibela and ECHA,” according to a statement from the French Embassy in Addis Abeba.

    Lalibela site preservation, restoration and enhancement was a commitment that the French President Emmanuel Macron took in March 2019 when he visited the site with PM Abiy Ahmed.

    “AFD demonstrates today its strong support to Ethiopian authorities and Lalibela communities to preserve and promote their unique heritage in Lalibela. Through this multiple support, we are not only trying to support the design of a long lasting solution for the preservation of this exceptional historical and cultural heritage. We also aim at contributing to the development of all actors’ capacities, in particular the Ethiopian Heritage authorities, and to the identification of further support to Lalibela communities and city to strengthen their economic and social development. France has a strong experience in using heritage as a lever for attractiveness and economic development and this multilayer cooperation can help Ethiopia to benefit from it”, said Valérie Tehio, AFD country director in Ethiopia.


  • Army Abducts Ten Palestinians, Injures 79, In Jerusalem
    May 30, 2022 – – IMEMC News

    On Sunday, Israeli soldiers abducted at least ten Palestinians and injured 79, in several parts of occupied Jerusalem after illegal Israeli colonizers conducted provocative marches in the Al-Aqsa Mosque, the Old City, and several parts of occupied Jerusalem.

    Hundreds of Israeli colonizers marched from the Bab al-Amoud area in the Old City while carrying Israeli flags and chanting racist slogans, calling for removing the Palestinians from Jerusalem and denying the Muslims access to the Al-Aqsa Mosque.

    The WAFA Palestinian News Agency said the colonizers were hurling insults at the Palestinians and chanting slurs and racist slogans against the Muslim prophet Mohammad and chanting “Death To Arabs” and other slogans calling for demolishing Al-Aqsa and expelling the Palestinians from occupied Jerusalem.

    |Right-Wing Israeli Settler Leader and Israeli Soldiers Invade Al-Aqsa Mosque – IMEMC|

    Dozens of Israeli soldiers accompanied large groups of colonizers into the courtyards of the Al-Aqsa Mosque and abducted ten young men.

    The Wadi Hilweh Information Center In Silwan (Silwanic) said the soldiers assaulted and injured an elderly Palestinian man, Mousa Hijazi. and prevented dozens of schoolchildren from entering the courtyards of Al-Aqsa. (...)


    • Jalal
      12:21 AM · 30 mai 2022

      A pogrom took place in Sheikh Jarrah this evening, it lasted for hours. When Israeli forces intervened, they secured the perimeter to the aid of raiding settlers.
      they used bullets, gas & water cannon against🇵🇸, while a State-Sponsored Pogrom took place uninterrupted inside SJ.
      Same in the Old City of Jerusalem, where another pogrom took place, conducted in coordination between 🇮🇱 police & flag-waving 🇮🇱marchers.

      All the videos I see from the Old City are settlers insulting & assaulting Palestinians INSIDE THEIR HOMES.

      Police was aiding & abetting.
      Last but not least, all journalists inside old city were harassed, some attacked & had objects thrown at them. I’ve seen plenty of evidence &got told by journo friends who had a press pass.

      The videos again show 🇮🇱police aid & abet by allowing the violence to go uninterrupted.
      This looks and feels like a literal State-Sponsored pogrom, because the Israeli state is now waging a propaganda campaign glorifying the #FlagMarch and showing clips of the dancing outside, while no one is showing the horrors Palestinians witnessed by fascists at their doorsteps.
      In the following thread, I’ll share a few videos I collated, but none of the footage below is mine.

      Starting with this: joint attack by 🇮🇱marchers & 🇮🇱police against Palestinian home in the Old City (...)

    • Nationalist Flag March Returns to Jerusalem in All Its Ugliness
      Nir Hasson - May. 29, 2022 11:38 PM - Haaretz.com

      After a few relatively quiet years, then a year in which the parade was cancelled due to the coronavirus pandemic, and a year in which it was rerouted due to security tensions, the Flag March returned to Jerusalem’s Damascus Gate and Muslim Quarter, in all its ugliness.

      In the years before 2020, under pressure from the High Court of Justice, the media and police, organizers of the march tried hard to minimize the violently racist chants of participants, and it seemed to work. Marchers who started singing “Death to the Arabs” and “May your village burn” were silenced by organizers and threatened with arrest by police. The marches continued in relative quiet, with some Palestinian stores along the route even remaining open.

      This year, everything was reversed. From the morning hours, hundreds of marchers and celebrants started filling the streets of the Old City. At Moghrabi Gate, Temple Mount organizations racked up the highest number of Jews coming to the Mount in one day since 1967, with 2,600 arriving at the compound. Some of them bowed, some raised flags.

      In nearby alleys, dozens of groups of Jewish youths chanted, cursed and blocked access to Palestinians. Police officers started to remove Palestinians from the streets and merchants understood what was about to happen and closed their shops. Some groups found alleys with no policemen and entered private yards, cursing and confronting Arab residents. But this was only the beginning.

      “שועפט עולה האש”
      “יהודי זה נשמה, ערבי זה בן זונה”
      “מוות לערבים”
      “מוחמד מת”
      “שיישרף לכם הכפר”
      מפגן גזענות של היציע המזרחי ותומכיהם בשער שכם. pic.twitter.com/DpyLZCmWzB
      — Josh Breiner (@JoshBreiner) May 29, 2022

      At noon, other groups of Jews started streaming into the Old City, and the tide grew until the march began. Thousands of people passed through Damascus Gate, with the most popular song on their lips being a religious song that was sung at the ill-famed wedding of hate, following the lethal arson attack in Duma, ending with Biblical words taken out of context, calling for blinding Palestinians, “may their name be accursed,” the last words uttered in a scream. This song has replaced a song extolling Jerusalem, which used to be sung on this march in earlier years.

      The more extremist groups went through the gate with ecstatic enthusiasm, singing “Death to the Arabs” and “May your village burn,” “Mohammed is dead,” “Shoafat is burning” and more. Other less extreme groups, singing less inflammatory songs, couldn’t walk by without banging on the tin doors of the shuttered stores. One can only imagine what this sounded like to the hundreds of Palestinian families who were locked in their homes for hours.

      At times it seemed the police had lost control. In one case, an elderly Palestinian woman raised her arms in response to the cursing and was met with pepper spray and kicks by the celebrants. When she was evacuated on a stretcher, water bottles were thrown at it. The Palestinians responded by throwing chairs and other objects. The Jews used tear gas. In another case, a Palestinian journalist was attacked, and in a third instance, a marcher pulled a gun and threatened Palestinians in the plaza outside Damascus Gate.

      Clashes erupted in adjacent streets, with some injuries reported after both sides threw stones. Towards the end of the march, dozens of Jews attacked Palestinian houses and vehicles in Sheikh Jarrah. Palestinians responded by throwing stones. One Jew was injured.

      The answer to the question of why did the march return to its earlier format this year can be found in two places. The first is the extremist campaign by Bibi-ists, which has been sweeping over the right wing in the course of the last year. Among Israeli flags there were three other flags at the march – Likud flags, flags with Benjamin Netanyahu’s face, and flags of the Lehava Jewish supremacist organization.

      It seems that the hatred toward anything perceived as Arab, leftist or linked to the media has percolated for many months in the minds of the marchers, finding a vent as soon as they crossed Damascus Gate or encountered Palestinian passersby.

      The second explanation is what happened to the march last year. The fact that after 30 years the march did not go through the gate and the Muslim Quarter was perceived as a debacle that must be amended, by holding a larger, more extremist march this year.

      Here and there were people trying to silence the racist cries and calm things down, but this was usually met with disdain, if not vilification. One such person was Yaki Saada from the religious village Givat Washington, who argued with dozens of youths in an effort to stop the racist chants. “It drives me crazy,” he said. “I come here every year, it’s important for me to celebrate but not to provoke people. These are small children with no shepherd, it’s not Judaism,” he says. But voices such as his were drowned out by the banging of doors and racist chants.

      In the days preceding Jerusalem Day, a war of flags broke out in Jerusalem. It began with the funeral of journalist Shireen Abu Akleh, which included the flying of Palestinian flags on the Temple Mount and in Palestinian neighborhoods. Jews responded with thousands of flags during the march, but also with huge flags hung on the old municipality and on the Chords Bridge at the entrance to Jerusalem.

      The Old City walls were illuminated with Israeli flags as well. It seemed Israelis were winning this war. But then Palestinian activists managed to fly a drone carrying the Palestinian flag above the celebrants at Damascus Gate. This was no simple feat, requiring the evasion of police monitoring. Police managed to bring it down using technological methods, but it still amounted to a small Palestinian victory.

      At the end of the day, at the time of this writing, Jerusalem Day ended in a relatively calm manner. It may be too early to say a blessing, since past experience shows that thugs will roam the streets of Jerusalem at night, looking for Palestinian victims.

      In Sheikh Jarrah, stone throwing was intensifying. Hamas, as expected, did not launch a new round of hostilities and police managed to control most of the incidents without serious injuries. The marchers will return home and we’ll move on to the next story. It’s Shavuot soon, with people going to the Temple Mount amid more tension.

      But what are the real implications of such a march? What imprint will it leave in the minds of thousands of youths who were fired up with racist and ultra-nationalist hatred? What imprint will it leave on Palestinian residents? At 8:30 P.M., outside Damascus Gate, the ground covered with plastic bottles, stickers and broken flag poles, with the last celebrants walking by, the future looked grim.

    • Jérusalem : des Palestiniens agressés par des ultra-nationalistes israéliens lors de la Marche des drapeaux
      MEE - Par Lubna Masarwa, Huthifa Fayyad Published date : Lundi 30 mai 2022

      Des Palestiniens ont été frappés et aspergés de gaz poivré par des Israéliens qui scandaient « Mohammed est mort ! » lors de cette marche de l’extrême droite dans le quartier musulman de la vieille ville (...)

  • https://www.radioj.fr/2022/02/25/jean-castex-au-diner-du-crif-jerusalem-est-la-capitale-eternelle-du-peuple-ju

    Jean Castex au dîner du CRIF : « Jérusalem est la capitale éternelle du peuple juif »

    Au dîner du CRIF jeudi soir, le Premier ministre, Jean Castex, est venu à la place d’Emmanuel Macron à cause de la guerre en Ukraine. Il a aussi lu son discours avec cette phrase qui a fait grand bruit : « Jérusalem est la capitale éternelle du peuple juif. » Dans le contexte électoral, tous les candidats à la présidentielle étaient présents, sauf les représentants des partis extrêmes, Eric Zemmour, Marine Le Pen et Jean-Luc Mélenchon. Le candidat de gauche, Fabien Roussel, n’était pas présent en raison d’un meeting électoral. 0

    #palestine #israël #jérusalem

  • Le quartier maghrébin de Jérusalem, mille ans de coexistence religieuse - Ép. 3/4 - Histoire de Jérusalem

    Fondé en 1187 par Saladin et son fils, le quartier maghrébin de Jérusalem accueille pendant près de huit cents ans des pèlerins au long cours, venus du Maroc, d’Algérie et de Tunisie. Quand une nuit, du 10 au 11 juin 1967, ces quelques centaines d’habitants sont forcées par les autorités israéliennes de quitter les lieux. Dès le lendemain, les bulldozers rasent toute trace d’existence de ce quartier.

  • Histoire de
    par Patrick Boucheron
    dimanche 30 janvier 2022

    Un trou de mémoire à Jérusalem

    Au pied du mur. Vie et mort du quartier maghrébin de Jérusalem . C’est le titre du livre de Vincent Lemire qui établit contre la thèse officielle, que la destruction du quartier maghrébin, a été programmée et planifiée par les Israéliens dans la nuit du 10 au 11 juin 1967.

    Vincent Lemire, Au pied du mur. Vie et mort du quartier maghrébin de Jérusalem (1187-1967), Seuil, 2022.
    #Jerusalem #1967

  • #Israel : Mobileye lance un programme-pilote de voitures autonomes à #Paris

    Les employés d’un magasin de luxe pourront réserver des déplacements pour se rendre à leur travail dans des "robotaxis

    Un véhicule autonome à l’essai à Paris, alimenté par Mobileye, au mois de décembre 2021. (Crédit : Mobileye)

    La compagnie Mobileye, qui développe des systèmes de conduite autonome, a annoncé jeudi qu’elle allait mettre en œuvre un programme-pilote de trajets sur demande à Paris en collaboration avec une firme de transport public française.

    Mobileye, filiale d’Intel, a reçu une autorisation pour faire des essais de ses véhicules autonomes à Paris, ce qui ajoute la capitale française à une liste croissante de villes où la compagnie teste actuellement ses technologies de conduite autonome. Parmi ces villes, Detroit, New York City, Tokyo, et Jérusalem ainsi que Tel Aviv et Munich, où Mobileye va lancer des taxis autonomes et des services de VTC ou « robotaxis » l’année prochaine.

    Les personnes qui souhaitent avoir accès à ce service pourront le faire à travers Moovit, la compagnie israélienne de données de transit rachetée par Intel l’année dernière pour un montant d’environ 900 millions de dollars. Moovit a développé l’application MoovitAV pour les clients désireux de faire du covoiturage avec Mobileye.

    Dans la phase initiale, les employés des Galeries Lafayette, un magasin de luxe parisien, pourront jouir de ce service en demandant ou en programmant un déplacement pour se rendre à la célèbre enseigne du Boulevard Haussmann, quatre jours par semaine. Ce projet-pilote est lancé en partenariat avec l’entreprise française de transport public RATP.

    Ces véhicules, lors de l’essai, pourront transporter deux passagers à la fois. Ils seront accompagnés par un chauffeur de Mobileye, qui sera chargé d’intervenir en cas de problème, et d’un « co-pilote » de la RATP.

    « La conduite autonome dans les rues de Paris est un nouveau tournant dans notre volonté de mettre en œuvre notre vision de mobilité autonome inclusive. Nous sommes heureux de non seulement avoir obtenu cette autorisation de lancer notre programme-pilote mais aussi de le faire aux côtés de partenaires importants à Paris », a déclaré Johann Jungwirth, vice-président du département de la Mobilité en tant que service au sein de Mobileye, dans un communiqué publié jeudi.

    Un véhicule autonome à l’essai à Paris, alimenté par Mobileye, au mois de décembre 2021. (Crédit : Mobileye)

    Côme Berbain, directeur de l’innovation à la RATP, explique que « c’est une opportunité pour la RATP de tester quelque chose de totalement nouveau – un service de voitures autonomes pour les entreprises – mais c’est également l’occasion de tester l’intégration possible de la technologie des véhicules autonomes pour d’autres modes de transport, comme les bus ou les minibus ».

    Cette nouvelle, rendue publique jeudi, survient une semaine après l’annonce par Intel de son projet de faire entrer Mobileye sur le marché boursier en 2022 avec une évaluation d’approximativement 50 milliards de dollars. Intel avait acheté Mobileye en 2017 pour plus de 15 milliards de dollars. La compagnie avait été cotée en 2014 à la bourse de New York.

    Intel a expliqué que cette initiative permettra de « débloquer la valorisation de Mobileye pour les actionnaires d’Intel en créant une entreprise cotée en bourse, ce qui développera encore les réussites de Mobileye au service de son large marché ».

    Intel a précisé que la firme resterait actionnaire majoritaire de Mobileye et que les deux entreprises continueraient à travailler ensemble « à la poursuite de la croissance informatique dans ce secteur de l’automobile ». L’équipe en charge de Mobileye restera en place et le co-fondateur de la compagnie, Amnon Shashua, conservera son poste de directeur-général.

    La multinationale a expliqué que Mobileye s’attendait à générer 40 % de revenu de plus en 2021 en comparaison avec l’année dernière, à travers un certain nombre de produits et de programmes en place, avec plus d’une trentaine de fabricants automobiles et autres partenaires dans le monde.

    Mobileye joue un rôle déterminant dans les opérations globales d’Intel. Au début de l’année, Intel avait indiqué investir 400 millions de dollars dans une nouvelle structure de Recherche & Développement pour Mobileye, devenu le pôle principal de développement de véhicules autonomes pour Intel. Une fois que le centre sera construit, Mobileye devait employer 4 000 personnes supplémentaires.

    « Mobileye est une entreprise connaissant une croissance majeure qui sera assurément un acteur important de l’avenir d’Intel », a souligné la firme.

    ¨ Une voiture Mobileye à New York City, en juillet 2021. (Autorisation) _

    Mobileye avait commencé à tester des véhicules autonomes à Munich, l’année dernière, après avoir obtenu une autorisation pour son programme-pilote de la part du fournisseur de services techniques indépendant TÜV SÜD. Cela avait été le tout premier programme de ce type lancé en Europe qui s’était inspiré du programme qui avait été mis en place en Israël, où Mobileye teste des véhicules autonomes depuis 2018.

    De plus, Mobileye a établi un certain nombre de partenariats qui sont en cours concernant la délivrance de systèmes de conduite autonome à la start-up californienne Udelv, qui prévoit de déployer une flotte de véhicules de livraison autonomes sur les routes d’ici deux ans. L’entreprise Mobileye s’est aussi associée à deux firmes françaises concernant le développement et le déploiement conjoint de navettes commerciales autonomes de transport en commun en Europe en 2023.

    #Intel #startup #Voiture_autonome #MobilEye #Paris #robotaxis #Moovit #Galeries_Lafayette #RATP #Udelv #voiture #voiture_autonome #algorithme #voiture_autopilotée #transport #autopilote #voitures_autonomes #mobilité #automobile #robotisation #technologisme #surveillance #chômage #licenciements #gafa #gafam #domination #licenciements

  • Ces apicultrices palestiniennes qui font le buzz sur les toits de Jérusalem-Est Par Sue Surkes

    En deux ans, le projet Sinsila a enseigné à près de 100 femmes comment élever des abeilles, faire du miel commercialisable et à cultiver des plantes et des légumes à domicile

    Zahia Abu-Armeilah avec sa ruche dans le quartier Abu Tor de Jérusalem-Est. (Crédit : Sue Surkes/Times of Israel)

    Les allées bétonnées qui mènent à l’habitation de Zahia Abu-Armeilah, située dans la partie palestinienne d’Abu Tor, sont trop étroites pour y faire pousser des plantes. Mais il suffit de monter sur le toit de son logement de Jérusalem-Est pour découvrir un véritable jardin d’Eden, riche de végétaux, de jeunes arbres fruitiers qui s’épanouissent dans une cacophonie provoquée par le bourdonnement de centaines d’abeilles.

    C’est par hasard, il y a deux ans, qu’Abu-Armeilah, âgée de 51 ans, a vu un post sur Facebook qui avait été publié par Muslala, une organisation à but non-lucratif de Jérusalem-Ouest qui combine l’art, l’activisme social et le développement durable. Le groupe avait construit une oasis sur le toit du bâtiment Clal, dans un centre commercial délabré installé à proximité du marché Mahane Yehuda – un paradis vert constitué de ruches, de plantes, de légumes et d’arbres fruitiers.

    Sur la publication figuraient les coordonnées de Sinsila – un mot qui signifie « terrasse agricole » en arabe – une nouvelle organisation qui s’efforçait alors d’établir un groupe à peu près similaire pour les Palestiniens.

    Après avoir initialement pensé que c’était « majnun, » une folie, de garder des abeilles chez soi, Abu-Armeilah s’est inscrite au premier cours d’apiculture dispensé par Sinsila et elle en a suivi d’autres là-bas sur la création de jardins végétalisés, sur le développement durable et sur l’hydroponie, qui est l’art de faire pousser des plantes hors-sol. Mère au foyer dans le passé, elle enseigne dorénavant les sciences environnementales à des petits garçons, du CE1 au CM2, qui fréquentent une école du quartier d’A-Tor, à Jérusalem-Est. C’est le tout premier emploi qu’elle a obtenu dans sa vie.

    Que lui a apporté cette expérience ? « La confiance en moi-même », s’exclame-t-elle, « et un bel espace où la famille peut s’installer et se divertir. Ce jardin, c’est mon bébé. Je suis si heureuse quand je m’y trouve ».

    Avant, le toit était nu – et il ne servait que d’espace de stockage.

    Une partie du jardin de Zahia Abu-Armeilah, perché sur les toits, dans le quartier Abu Tor de Jérusalem-Est. (Crédit : Sue Surkes/Times of Israel)

    Avec la ruche que Sinsila l’a aidée à mettre en place, Abu-Armeilah fait du miel pour sa famille et pour ses amis. A terme, espère-t-elle, elle pourra commencer à le vendre et contribuer ainsi aux revenus du foyer.

    La ruche requiert peu d’attention, explique-t-elle, les abeilles se prenant en charge majoritairement de manière autonome – « mais je vais les voir tous les jours », ajoute-t-elle en riant.

    A l’arrivée d’une guêpe, elle montre avec enthousiasme comment les abeilles se rassemblent pour défendre la ruche et écarter l’intruse. Plus tard, elle montre le pollen jaune que ramènent les abeilles à la ruche après avoir butiné.

    Pendant les confinements entraînés par le coronavirus, l’époux d’Abu-Armeilah, qui n’avait pas caché son dédain, à l’origine, à l’égard du projet d’apiculture de son épouse, s’est affairé à construire des rayonnages pour les plantes qui ornent dorénavant le toit – et il y a de tout, des plantes d’ornement, des piments, des aubergines, des tomates, même du citron et des mandariniers. Les restes de fruits et de légumes sont jetés dans un vermicomposteur, qui utilise les vers de terre pour créer un compost de haute qualité.

    Travaux d’apiculture dans le quartier d’al-Thuri-Abu Tor à Jérusalem-Est. (Autorisation : Sinsila)

    « Et maintenant, mon mari est très heureux », note Abu-Armeilah. « Il s’installe là, le soir, pour profiter du grand air ». Son fils, âgé de 26 ans, qui vit encore chez elle parce qu’il ne s’est pas encore marié, vient là avec ses amis pour fumer la chicha. Les abeilles, qui sont plus intéressées par les plantes, ignorent en général les invités.

    Abu-Armeilah est l’une des dizaines de femmes palestiniennes de Jérusalem-Est qui, grâce à Sinsila, élèvent aujourd’hui des abeilles et font pousser des légumes sur leur toit, économisant ainsi l’argent dépensé dans les épiceries et s’assurant, dans quelques cas, un revenu supplémentaire.

    C’est Tariq Nassat, architecte, qui est à l’origine du projet. En seulement deux ans, il a transformé le toit et deux grandes terrasses d’une bibliothèque municipale du quartier Wadi Roz de Jérusalem-Est en école d’apiculture, de jardinage et d’agriculture urbaine. Ce sont 95 femmes, jusqu’à présent, qui ont suivi ses cours.

    Hanan, architecte et membre de Sinsila, montre à une étudiante en architecture de l’Académie des arts Bezalel de l’université hébraïque la culture des concombres s’appuyant sur l’hydroponie sur le toit de Sinsila, le 6 septembre 2021. (Crédit : Sue Surkes/Times of Israel)

    Sur une terrasse, une grande ruche et un vermicomposteur. Sur l’autre, des bacs en bois avec des fleurs et des herbes, qui s’épanouissent grâce à divers systèmes d’hydroponie qui permettent de cultiver des légumes avec de l’eau fertilisée.

    Au mois d’août, l’ONG a organisé une fête sur le toit de la bibliothèque et elle a lancé une coopérative de femmes, avec un café en ligne et un point de vente pour commercialiser le miel et d’autres produits à base de cire d’abeille.

    Plusieurs femmes ont transformé leurs activités d’apiculture en affaire et trois d’entre elles – notamment Abu-Armeilah – enseignent le développement durable dans des écoles de Jérusalem-Est. Le groupe crée aussi le lien entre ses diplômées et certains événements. Au début du mois, elles ont par exemple fourni des rafraîchissements lors d’une cérémonie au cours de laquelle les tout premiers arbres d’un verger communautaire ont été plantés sur un terrain surplombé par l’école Hand in Hand, dans le sud de la ville, qui accueille des petits Juifs et des petits Arabes.

    Un atelier de fabrication de panier sur le toit de Sinsila. (Autorisation, Sinsila)

    Nassar tente actuellement d’obtenir le feu vert pour transformer un jardin délabré de la bibliothèque en nursery pour les petits arbres fruitiers. Ailleurs, il a créé un jardin sur un toit qui est cultivé par les jeunes Palestiniens en difficulté et il prévoit d’ouvrir, l’année prochaine, une branche de Sinsila dans un nouveau bâtiment municipal à Abu Tor. Il travaille aussi avec des experts des toits végétalisés et avec des employés municipaux pour redonner vie aux toits de six bâtiments publics – des centres communautaires et des écoles.

    Nassar, 37 ans, le plus jeune d’une fratrie de dix enfants, élevé dans une famille musulmane conservatrice, a grandi dans le quartier Ras el-Amud de Jérusalem-Est et il a fréquenté ce qu’il appelle « une école très médiocre » de la Vieille Ville.

    Tariq Nassar. (Autorisation)

    Nassar, un élève brillant, a étudié l’architecture à l’université Bir Zeit, en Cisjordanie. Il a travaillé aux États-Unis et aux côtés de l’UNRWA – agence de l’ONU des réfugiés palestiniens – en Jordanie. Il a ensuite suivi un programme d’urbanisation intégrée et de conception durable à l’université de Stuttgart, en Allemagne.

    Mais il dit avoir finalement réalisé que la conception était bien davantage que de simples plans esquissés sur le papier : elle est aussi question plus largement de culture et de société.

    « J’ai réfléchi à la manière de développer des quartiers de façon durable. Mais pour ça, il faut travailler avec les locaux. Tout s’entremêle », dit-il.

    Après être revenu en 2015 à Jérusalem, Nassar s’est marié ; il a eu deux enfants et il a travaillé à Jérusalem et ailleurs dans le secteur de la création d’espace – qui mobilise les communautés locales pour qu’elles décident elles-mêmes comment tirer le meilleur des espaces publics où elles vivent.

    S’il a grandi en haïssant les Juifs, il n’a eu l’occasion de parler avec un Juif qu’à l’âge de 17 ans seulement alors qu’il se trouvait dans un vol en direction des États-Unis pour rendre visite à l’un de ses frères. « Ce type, dans l’avion, était sympa et j’ai commencé à me poser des questions », se souvient-il. « A partir de ce moment-là, beaucoup de choses ont changé ».

    Pendant une rencontre d’activistes communautaires en provenance de tout Jérusalem, Nassar a rencontré Matan Israeli, artiste et cofondateur de Muslala.

    « J’avais les toits en tête en permanence », dit Nassar, en raison de l’absence d’espaces vacants à Jérusalem-Est, au sol. Il a également compris que les Palestiniennes de Jérusalem-Est – qui, pour la plupart, ne travaillent pas pour des raisons sociales et culturelles – étaient la force dominante dans le foyer et, en conséquence, les partenaires parfaites pour végétaliser les toits de la ville. Il souligne que les revenus issus de leur implication dans le projet représentent également, pour elles, une opportunité économique.

    Nassar a aussi rencontré l’expert en apiculture biodynamique Yossi Aud, qui cherchait à mettre en place des cours en direction des femmes de Jérusalem-Est.

    Il a trouvé une salle de classe au sein de la bibliothèque de Wadi Joz, créé un prospectus qu’il a envoyé dans les centres communautaires palestiniens. En deux semaines, cent femmes se sont portées candidates au cursus.

    Les apiculteurs du quartier de Jabel Mukaber, à Jérusalem-Est. (Autorisation : Sinsila)

    Amassant à la hâte et à grand peine des donations, Nassar a lancé un premier programme de trois mois qui a réuni 15 femmes au mois d’avril 2019. Ont suivi six mois de supervision des travaux réalisés sur leur toit par chaque participante, sur place. Les cours sont réservés aux femmes et il n’a autour de lui que des assistantes.

    “Yossi, Matan et moi-même avons passé ce mois de juillet à circuler dans tout Jérusalem-Est pour livrer des ruches », explique Nassar qui, jusqu’à une date récente, était le seul salarié employé par Sinsila.

    Tariq Nassar, fondateur de Sinsila, à la ruche de Sinsila. (Crédit : Sue Surkes/Times of Israel) _

    Il a dorénavant de quoi financer deux postes à plein-temps – celui de Hanan, une architecte, et celui de Hashem, un habitant de Jérusalem-Est qui a obtenu un diplôme en études environnementales à l’université Ben-Gurion, dans le sud du pays.

    « La jeune génération de Palestiniens n’a pas d’espoir et c’est dangereux », estime Nassar. « Nous avons besoin d’espoir, mais il faut aussi qu’il soit combiné à l’action. Sinsila aide à redonner de l’espoir et c’est novateur. »

    #Femmes #palestine #israël #gaza #israel #bds #palestine_assassinée #occupation #colonisation #apartheid #miel #apiculture #abeilles

  • « La nature a parlé » : un feu de forêt attise les rêves de retour des Palestiniens
    Vendredi 3 septembre 2021 | Middle East Eye édition française

    Au cours de la deuxième semaine d’août, quelque 20 000 dounams (m²) de terre ont été engloutis par les flammes dans les montagnes de Jérusalem.

    C’est une véritable catastrophe naturelle. Cependant, personne n’aurait pu s’attendre à la vision qui est apparue après l’extinction de ces incendies. Ou plutôt, personne n’avait imaginé que les incendies dévoileraient ce qui allait suivre.

    Une fois les flammes éteintes, le paysage était terrible pour l’œil humain en général, et pour l’œil palestinien en particulier. Car les incendies ont révélé les vestiges d’anciens villages et terrasses agricoles palestiniens ; des terrasses construites par leurs ancêtres, décédés il y a longtemps, pour cultiver la terre et planter des oliviers et des vignes sur les pentes des montagnes.

    À travers ces montagnes, qui constituent l’environnement naturel à l’ouest de Jérusalem, passait la route Jaffa-Jérusalem, qui reliait le port historique à la ville sainte. Cette route ondulant à travers les montagnes était utilisée par les pèlerins d’Europe et d’Afrique du Nord pour visiter les lieux saints chrétiens. Ils n’avaient d’autre choix que d’emprunter la route Jaffa-Jérusalem, à travers les vallées et les ravins, jusqu’au sommet des montagnes. Au fil des siècles, elle sera foulée par des centaines de milliers de pèlerins, de soldats, d’envahisseurs et de touristes.

    Les terrasses agricoles – ou plates-formes – que les agriculteurs palestiniens ont construites ont un avantage : leur durabilité. Selon les estimations des archéologues, elles auraient jusqu’à 600 ans. Je crois pour ma part qu’elles sont encore plus vieilles que cela. (...)

  • Breaking| Israeli Supreme Court delays decision regarding Sheikh Jarrah for 7 days
    QudsN - August 2, 2021

    Journalists interviewing owners of threatened Sheikh Jarrah houses after today’s court hearing. [Credit: Mahmoud El Kurd]

    Occupied Jerusalem (QNN)- The Israeli Supreme Court has delayed its decision regarding the Seikh Jarrah forced expulsions for seven days.

    The Israeli court has not give a final decision. However, it gave the owners of the Sheikh Jarrah houses seven days to list names that will be considered “protected tenants” in a way to pressure them.

    Considering the owners of the houses protected tenants could delay the forced expulsion of those, whose houses are threatened of confiscation, however, it does not mean that they will be free to use their houses or sell them, and it does not protect them from any future expulsion plans.

    #Sheikh_Jarrah #jerusalem

    • In Sheikh Jarrah, Israel’s Supreme Court seeks to avoid ruling on who’s right
      Nir Hasson | Aug. 3, 2021 - Haaretz.com

      By offering a compromise, top court justices showed they did not want to discuss the legal substance of the case nor order the eviction of hundreds of Palestinians from their homes, especially now

      An extraordinary hearing was held in Room D of the Supreme Court of Justice on Monday. Outside were scores of journalists, diplomats, left-wing activists and a small group of right-wingers. There were also scores of Sheikh Jarrah residents who had arrived in a last-ditch effort to prevent eviction from their homes.

      At the start of the proceedings, the justices sought in any way possible, albeit with decidedly moderate pressure, to bring the two parties to a compromise deal.

      The thrust of the arrangement Justices Isaac Amit, Daphne Barak-Erez and Noam Sohlberg sought would let the Palestinian residents remain in their homes with the status of protected tenants. Moreover, they would be recognized as first-generation protected tenants, meaning that their children and grandchildren would be able to stay in the houses. In exchange, they would pay 1,500 shekels ($465) a year to the company Nahalat Shimon, which has been seeking to evict them.

      The problem isn’t the money but the question of recognizing Nahalat Shimon as the owner. The Palestinians refuse to. For their part, representatives of the settlers demanded explicit Palestinian recognition of ownership of the land under the buildings and a promise not to raise further claims in the future. The Palestinians resolutely refused.

      The arrangement the court proposed had other problems, for example, who would be the recognized tenant of each property, because it was often the case that a number of brothers inherited a house but only one of them can be designated a protected tenant.

      Another problem is that protected tenants aren’t wholly protected from eviction. For instance, if the settlers are able to get a construction permit in the framework of the P’nui U’Binui (urban renewal) program, they can order the residents out in exchange for providing them with substitute housing. Justice Amit, the chairman of the three-judge panel, was optimistic that this problem could be solved by “constructive diplomacy.”

      “We will rule that the petitioners declare that they are the protected tenants and that the respondent is registered as the owner, and the issue is resolved. This [compromise] will provide breathing space of a few good years until then either there will be a real estate agreement or peace will come. We do not know what will happen. Is it possible to sum up this matter?” Amit said to the two sides.

      It was clear that Amit and his colleagues didn’t want to sign an order evicting the families from their homes. “What we are saying is let’s bring this down from the level of principles to a pragmatic level. People should be able to continue living there – that’s the idea – to try and reach a practical arrangement without making declarations of one kind or another. We’ve seen how interested the media are in this. We want a practical solution,” said Amit.

      But as the hearing progressed, the justices found it harder and harder to bring the two sides together. In the end, they responded to the request by the Palestinians’ lawyers, Sami Arshid and Salah Abu Hussein, to break for consultations. But the court told them they couldn’t leave the courtroom. The justices expressed concern that if they were allowed to leave they would be subject to outside influences that would cause them to reject any compromise.

      “You will remain here under house arrest but without electronic handcuffs,” joked Amit. The non-Palestinian spectators, who have never experienced arrest or house arrest, perhaps enjoyed the joke more.

      After the hearings resumed, however, the justices despaired of compromise. Instead, they instructed the two parties to begin making their cases over the substance of the legal dispute itself. That was unusual since the Palestinians’ claims have already been rejected for a variety of technical reasons – statute of limitations, a lack of public interest in pursuing the litigation, presumption of administrative correctness and others.

      Arshid and Abu Hussein jumped at the opportunity and began to detail the difficulties and illogic of a foreign company controlled by right-wing activists becoming the owners of an East Jerusalem neighborhood. All the eviction orders to date have been based on two foundations: The first is the registration of the land as Jewish in 1972 and the second is the hearings that took place in the Supreme Court in the 1980s during which the Palestinians recognized Jewish ownership of the land. Since then, in nearly all the legal proceedings, it has been claimed that the Palestinians were not entitled to appeal either of these foundations. This time, they were allowed to.

      Arshid and Abu Hussein claimed, for example, that the 1972 registration was done by accident or fraudulently, that the settlers have no documents attesting to their ownership, that the Israeli Justice Ministry’s Custodian General didn’t have the authority to award control of the land to Jews, that the government of Jordan transferred control of the land to them and that even Yaakov Shapira, when he was Israeli justice minister in 1968, promised that even if the land was restored to the Jews who controlled it before 1948 the tenants wouldn’t be evicted.

      Ilan Shemer, representing Nahalat Shimon, rejected all the Palestinian claims. He asserted that the current Sheikh Jarrah residents aren’t necessarily connected with those who were settled in the place by the Jordanian government. He noted that the defendants had revised their claims over the years and each time raised new ones in their defense.

      “You can’t claim there was fraud 50 years later,” he said and added, “They want us to overturn every ruling since the creation of the world.”

      As the hearings proceeded, it was clear that the judges were even less happy to make a decision and even more determined to get the parties to agree to a compromise. “Contrary to what we wanted, you have both sought to bring this to court. But our hope is not yet lost,” said Amit.

      The justices instructed the Palestinian side to present the court with a list of candidates for protected-tenant status. Most of those in court assumed that the justices’ intention was to use the list in the next hearing to pressure the parties to compromise, thereby avoiding a decision to evict the residents.

      In the end, the Sheikh Jarrah legal battle revolves around one question. Is it simply a real estate dispute, as the settlers assert, or is it part of a campaign by the state – its official arms (the custodian general, Land Registry, the Israel Police) and its unofficial ones (the Nahalat Shimon Company) to dispossess the Palestinians and Judaize the neighborhood? If it’s the latter, it’s a campaign based on discrimination and unjust laws.

      Needless to say, for the rest of the world, apart from Israel, the Palestinian viewpoint is the one that is accepted; the view that it’s a private dispute is rejected.

      The three justices struggled to decide where the court stood on this question. On the one hand, they are clearly not happy reopening a discussion on the legal substance of the affair. On the other, they also very much do not want to order the eviction of hundreds of people from their homes – at least not now, when Sheikh Jarrah is the focus of media and diplomatic attention.

      But the Palestinians also have a problem. Sheikh Jarrah has become a powerful symbol for the Palestinian public. Its residents have become culture heroes, a status that makes it difficult for them to agree to a compromise, even if it ensures they will not be evicted.

      The pressure on them in the time that remains until the next hearing will be immense. It appears that the justices are aware of that as could be seen in Justice Amit’s parting wishes to the lawyers on Monday: “If we meet again, may it be with fewer people. Not that this is a problem – we’re willing to rent Teddy Stadium. But everyone realizes what the problem is.”

    • Palestinians Reject Israeli Court’s Deal That Would Put Them at “Mercy of Settlers” in Sheikh Jarrah
      StoryAugust 03, 2021 | Democracy Now !, Nermeen Shaikh, with Juan González.

      MOHAMMED EL-KURD : The court is really aware of the international media pressure. They even explicitly made a remark about the media pressure. And so, they wanted to reach a, quote-unquote, “diplomatic” solution, and so they’re evading their responsibilities, pressuring us to reach a settlement with the settlers instead.

      Now, the way this is being reported or the way this is being conveyed might sound like a good deal, but what’s happening here is that we would be living at the mercy of settlers, paying rent to live in our own homes, and dealing with all kinds of arbitrary policies. I imagine I don’t — I personally don’t love the idea of having a landlord, let alone having a settler landlord.

      JUAN GONZÁLEZ: And, Mohammed, could you go a little bit, for our listeners and viewers who don’t know the story of the history of your home, going back to, actually, to 1956? And you wrote in an article in The Nation last summer that your grandmother, who was an icon of Palestinian resistance, was one of the original people who settled in that particular home?

      MOHAMMED EL-KURD: Yeah, absolutely. My grandmother was among 27 other families that were forcibly expelled from their homes in the 1948 Nakba upon the establishment of what is called the state of Israel on Palestinian lands through ethnic cleansing, and so they were made refugees. And they went from city to city, and they found themselves in Jerusalem. The United Nations, alongside the Jordanian government, decided to build Sheikh Jarrah, the units at Sheikh Jarrah, as a refugee project to house them. Unfortunately, they never — both of these entities never fulfilled their promises of transferring the land ownership to the Palestinian refugees because of the Naksa in 1967, because of the war with the Israeli forces. And so, in the ’70s, you began seeing Israeli settler organizations, largely registered in the United States and funded by private donors in the United States, claiming our property.

      Now, to understand this, you have to understand the larger picture, that every — almost every neighborhood in occupied Jerusalem is facing the same threat of NGOs, settler NGOs, that are fabricating documents and using an inherently biased judicial system, an inherently colonial judicial system, to expel Palestinians. So you have a partnership here between the settler organizations and the state to expel Palestinians from Sheikh Jarrah. And this is exactly what’s happened in Sheikh Jarrah since 1972. This has been 49 years of postponement and delays and court cases.

      So I think it’s really important for people that are listening to understand that the punishment is not just in the act of the expulsion. The punishment is the process itself. It’s losing your youth, losing your hope, losing the prospects of your future to the lingering threat of homelessness at all times. And this reality is not just for people in Sheikh Jarrah; it’s the reality for hundreds of thousands of Palestinians all across Palestine. (...)

    • Territoires palestiniens : un verdict en demi-teinte pour les familles de Sheikh Jarrah
      RFI - Publié le : 03/08/2021

      À Jérusalem, à la Cour suprême, c’était une audience que beaucoup ont suivi lundi : celle des familles de Sheikh Jarrah, un quartier stratégique de Jérusalem-Est. Quatre d’entre elles sont menacées d’éviction forcée de leurs maisons au profit de colons israéliens, qui précisent être les propriétaires des terres.

      Avec notre correspondante dans les Territoires Palestiniens, Alice Froussard

      L’audience à la Cour suprême était entièrement en hébreu, une langue que la plupart des Palestiniens de Jérusalem-Est ne comprennent pas et il n’y avait aucun traducteur. Alors dans la salle, ceux qui comprenaient chuchotaient, traduisaient à l’oreille des autres. Muna et Mohammad al Kurd, les deux jumeaux, devenus les militants emblématiques de la cause de Sheikh Jarrah, le racontaient à travers des lives ou des photos postées sur les réseaux sociaux.
      D’une certaine manière, lundi il y avait donc plus d’informations sur Twitter que dans la salle grâce aux tweets des journalistes, grâce aux médias, aux militants des droits de l’homme qui retraduisaient les paroles en temps réel.
      Ce suivi en ligne, cette présence sur les réseaux sociaux est aussi une manière pour les Palestiniens d’être présent, soutenant les familles en postant des messages, en réexpliquant le contexte. Nombre d’entre eux, sur les réseaux sociaux, faisaient part aussi de leur manque d’espoir quant à la décision finale, confiant qu’ils n’attendaient rien d’un tribunal israélien, avec des juges israéliens, qui ne rendraient « jamais justice à des Palestiniens ».
      ​ De nombreuses réactions après le verdict
      Après le verdict, ou du moins, l’absence de décision, les réactions se sont multipliées, car la solution proposée par les juges de la Cour suprême est un « compromis », où les familles de Sheikh Jarrah peuvent rester dans leur maison, à condition de payer un petit loyer aux associations de colons. En échange, elles « ne sont pas expulsées pour quelques années ». Cela revient en fait, pour les Palestiniens, à abandonner leurs titres de propriété.
      À la sortie du tribunal, dans un live sur Instagram, Mohammad al Kurd expliquait que « ces colons ne sont pas leurs propriétaires et que dans ce compromis, rien ne garantit qu’ils n’augmentent pas le loyer ou que la municipalité de Jérusalem ne démolira pas leurs maisons ». Selon lui, si les juges n’ont pas rendu de verdict final, c’est en partie à cause de la pression médiatique et diplomatique.
      ​ Les militants insistent sur la « résistance populaire »
      Les Palestiniens sont bien décidés à ne pas s’arrêter. Lundi, beaucoup de militants insistaient sur la « résistance populaire », car, comme le précise un tweet de l’association Adalah, regroupant des avocats Palestiniens en Israël, « la justice a utilisé la loi comme une arme contre les Palestiniens ».
      Lundi, c’était aussi le début d’un autre mouvement sur les réseaux sociaux, absolument lié à Sheikh Jarrah : « August Month of Action » avec ce hasthag pour faire du bruit sur toutes les injustices palestiniennes. Même si ces militants le savent, cela ne se réglera pas en une nuit.

  • Silwan: A silent war for Jerusalem’s soul
    By Latifeh Abdellatif , Huthifa Fayyad for Middle East Eye
    – – IMEMC News

    Since the Israeli occupation of East Jerusalem in 1967, Silwan has been the target of ongoing illegal Israeli settlement activity. Qutaiba Odeh is one of thousands of Palestinians in the ancient town fighting home demolitions and evictions to remain in their homes.


    Transcribed by IMEMC

    Qutaiba Odeh: “We live in a silent war. It’s a war you don’t hear or see, but as Palestinians in Jerusalem, we live it around the clock. There is not a house in Silwan today that does not have a story or a hardship. Either they have someone in prison, someone wounded or martyred, a child or a young man detained, a house threatened with demolition by the [Israeli] municipality or facing eviction by [Israeli] settlers.

    My name is Qutaiba Odeh, a resident of Silwan town. My dream is that our generation does not live the same Nakba our forefathers lived. I am a from a Palestinian family in Jerusalem living in Silwan. We are a family of 21 members living in three neighborhoods. In Silwan, we have three houses, two of them threatened with demolition and the other one threatened with eviction.

    If we speak about Jerusalem, we speak about Silwan. Yabous (Jebusites), the first Canaanite tribe, started in Silwan. The origin of human settlement in Jerusalem started in Silwan. Silwan is the southern safeguard of the Old City and al-Aqsa Mosque. Palestinians here live in approximately 12 neighborhoods, 6 of these neighborhoods are threatened with forced displacement and ethnic cleansing. We are here today in al-Bustan neighborhood. The [Israeli] occupation municipality decided in 2004 to demolish this neighborhood and turn it into a biblical park.

    They want to settle in Arab towns and neighborhoods in Jerusalem among the Palestinian population in East Jerusalem. they want to abolish the idea of Jerusalem being the capital of Palestine through these settlement projects here and there, so that in the future they’ll be the majority and we the minority. Settler organizations like Ateret Cohanim, Elad and the Jewish National Fund are very active here and have a lot of influence. They are the other face of the right-wing occupation government.” (...)

    #Silwan #colonialisme_de_peuplement #Jerusalem

  • ELNET France
    @ElnetFr - 5:51 PM · 19 juil. 2021

    Une délégation de 40 parlementaires français est en Israël. Pour la 1ère fois depuis 18 mois, ils échangent avec d’éminentes personnalités sur des enjeux clés. Une occasion exceptionnelle de rencontrer des membres du nouveau gouvernement et de renforcer les liens entre nos 2 pays

    @elnetwork_eu - 7:56 PM · 19 juil. 2021

    Delegation of French MPs visited Israel’s south, which only 2 months ago suffered from 4,000+ rockets fired by Gaza terror groups. MPs inspected one of @Tsahal_IDF
    Iron Dome batteries protecting southern communities from the rockets, and talked to mayor of Sderot @AlonDavidi

    @Tsahal_IDF - https://twitter.com/Tsahal_IDF/status/1417182007386427406

    Une trentaine de députés français ont visité le Dôme de Fer dans le sud d’Israël et ont échangé sur les enjeux sécuritaires auxquels font face nos soldats. Merci à eux et @elnetwork_eu pour cette visite fructueuse.

    Sandra Boëlle
    @SBoelle - 9:13 PM · 19 juil. 2021

    Mission parlementaire en Israël @AssembleeNat
    @ElnetFr : rencontre avec l’Ambassadeur de France en en Israël @EricDanon
    #situationpolitique #affairesetrangeres [Drapeau de la FranceDrapeau d’Israël–

    Arié Bensemhoun
    @ariebens - 10:56 AM · 20 juil. 2021

    Énième visite du mémorial de la Shoah, @yadvashem à #Jérusalem, avec la délégation des #ParlementairesFrançaisDrapeau de la France en mission en #IsraëlDrapeau d’Israël. C’est toujours la même émotion et la même révolte. Le combat contre la haine des Juifs et d’Israël est le combat de tous les démocrates.

    #IsraelFrance #Elnet

    @elnetwork_eu - 1:23 PM · 20 juil. 2021·

    The ELNET delegation of about 40 French parliament members met with the Prime Minister of Israel @naftalibennett
    to discuss the importance of France-Israel relations, shared values, challenges and opportunties.

    @elnetwork_eu - 2:36 PM · 20 juil. 2021·

    President @Isaac_Herzog met today with the @ElnetFr
    delegation of French lawmakers.
    On the shared challenge of antisemitism, the President stressed “#Durban is a conference of hate. I call on #France to join other countries and announce it will boycott the Durban conference.”


    L’édito hebdomadaire du 19 juillet 2021
    Retour en Israël après un an et demi d’attente

    Comprendre les enjeux de la région tout en renforçant les liens qui unissent nos deux pays, c’est l’objectif de la délégation d’une quarantaine de parlementaires de tous horizons politiques, en déplacement pour trois jours en Israël. Pour la majorité d’entre eux, il s’agit de leur premier déplacement dans le pays.

    Trois jours intenses en rencontres et en discussions sur des sujets variés, quelques semaines seulement après l’entrée en fonction du nouveau gouvernement.

    Dès leur arrivée, les membres de cette « mission d’information et d’amitié » ont pu échanger avec le Dr. Emmanuel Navon, Professeur de Relations internationales à l’Université de Tel Aviv ainsi qu’avec S.E.M. Eric Danon, ambassadeur de France en Israël depuis deux ans. (...)
    Enfin pour leur dernier jour sur place, les députés et sénateurs auront l’opportunité de discuter avec un journaliste arabe israélien. (...)

    • Elnet. Découvrez Israël, ses colonies, ses technologies de surveillance...
      Orient XXI > Jean Stern > 26 janvier 2021

      Enquête · Réseau européen installé à Paris, Bruxelles, Londres, Berlin, Madrid et Varsovie, Elnet (European Leadership Network) œuvre à renforcer les liens entre la France et Israël en ciblant les leaders, patrons et élus. Structure discrète et bien dotée, son activité consiste à vendre le produit Israël, ses start-up comme ses colonies, sur la scène française, en créant et en entretenant un maillage de décideurs pro-israéliens. (...)

  • Noga Tarnopolsky

    For no reason, without stone-throwing or any other aggressive action as a trigger @IsraelPolice spray skunk water over Damascus Gate, one of the most beautiful & historically important spots in what the government calls Israel’s sacred & eternal capital



  • Israel deploys Iron Dome batteries as Hamas warns against Tuesday’s Jerusalem march
    Nir Hasson, Josh Breiner, Jack Khoury | Jun. 14, 2021 | 11:51 AM - - Haaretz.com

    The right-wing Flag March is a ’fuse for a new explosion,’ Hamas spokesman says a day after PM Bennett takes office

    The Israeli military has deployed Iron Dome air defense batteries and raised its level of alert ahead of the Jerusalem Flag March on Tuesday, as Hamas says it would respond to the right-wing march if it goes through as planned, potentially with rocket fire from the Gaza Strip.

    Omer Bar-Lev, the newly sworn-in public security minister, decided on Monday evening, after a meeting with Police Commissioner Kobi Shabtai and representatives of several Israeli defense agencies, to let the march go on as planned.

    “I was under the impression that the police is well prepared and that a great effort has been made to safeguard the delicate fabric of life and public safety,” Bar-Lev said in a statement.

    Hamas warned Israel that the march will renew unrest, less than a month after the two sides reached a cease-fire following 11 days of fighting in Gaza.

    “We are calling on Palestinians in Jerusalem and within the Green Line to halt the march tomorrow,” said Hamas spokesman Abdulatif al-Qanua on Monday. He dubbed the march, in which right-wing groups parade through the Old City carrying Israeli flags, a “fuse for a new explosion for the protection of the al-Aqsa Mosque and Jerusalem.”

    According to a Monday report on Lebanese newspaper Al-Akhbar, Hamas leadership told Abbas Kamel, the head Egyptian intelligence who was heavily involved in mediating last month’s cease-fire with Israel, that the organization’s response to the march would be “identical” to its actions in May, when rockets were fired at Jerusalem.

    The report also said the group’s military wing has been ordered to stand by, but any action would “depend on Israel’s conduct.”

    The organizers of the Jerusalem Flag March reached an agreement with the Israel Police on Friday to allow for a march to take place on Tuesday. It had been planned for last Thursday, but was canceled after organizers and police failed to agree on a route over police fears that the march would reignite tensions and lead to riots in the city by passing through Palestinian areas.

    The march was originally scheduled, as per tradition, for Israel’s Jerusalem Day last month, and was diverted due to security concerns as clashes between police and Palestinians in the city intensified. It was dispersed shortly after it began, after tensions peaked and Hamas fired rockets from Gaza.

    The march planned for Tuesday will proceed down Sultan Suleiman road before arriving at the Damascus Gate, a flashpoint of tensions between Palestinians and police in recent months. An Israeli flag dance will be held at the plaza in front of the gate. The marchers, however, will not enter the Old City through the Damascus Gate and the gate will be closed off.

    From the Damascus Gate, marchers will pass through the Jaffa Gate and head toward the Western Wall through peripheral areas of the Muslim Quarter of the Old City. Part of the route will be detoured through the Jewish Quarter due to security concerns and to prevent overcrowding.

    The organizers of the march said, “We thank the Israel Police, police commissioner, and Jerusalem District from their cooperation and are happy that Israeli flags will be flown with pride in all parts of the Old City.”

    The organizers added, “We call on all citizens of Israel to join us this Tuesday with Israeli flags, to praise Israeli heroism and dance with joy in Jerusalem.”

    The change to the parade route came after Jerusalem District Commander Doron Turgeman refused to allow the march to pass through the Damascus Gate, or the center of the Muslim quarter. Turgeman said that under no circumstances would he approve the route originally requested by the organizers, fearing that the march would incite riots throughout the Old City.

    The deputy head of Hamas in Gaza, Khalil al-Hayya, issued a warning to Israel on Thursday night, warning that if “settler extremism” and the Flag March aren’t reigned in, the “fragile cease-fire could explode.”

    Hamas’ military wing said it’ is “closely following the provocative and aggressive actions by the usurpers and their leaders in Jerusalem and the Al-Aqsa Mosque. We warn against harming Al-Aqsa, and salute her free defenders in Jerusalem.”

    Last month, Israeli security forces clashed repeatedly with Palestinians near and in the Al-Aqsa mosque, leaving hundreds of Palestinians injured.

    Security officials say that the situation in the Gaza Strip is still very sensitive, and that the leader of Hamas in Gaza, Yahya Sinwar, is looking for an excuse to escalate tensions with Israel – and may find one in the events in Jerusalem.


  • Éric Cantona, Susan Sarandon, Bella Hadid… ces stars qui s’engagent pour les Palestiniens | Middle East Eye édition française

    D’autres stars militantes, connues pour prendre la parole sur divers sujets d’actualité, n’ont pas pris tant de précaution. 

    Sur son fil Twitter, l’actrice et militante #Susan_Sarandon retweete vidéos, photos, articles et commentaires clairement propalestiniens. La comédienne et productrice #Viola_Davis, première actrice afro-américaine noire à avoir été récompensée par un Oscar, a publié un diaporama expliquant la situation à #Sheikh_Jarrah, le quartier de #Jérusalem où les Palestiniens sont menacés d’expulsion par les Israéliens.


  • Life Under Occupation: The Misery at the Heart of the Israel-Gaza Conflict
    By David M. Halbfinger and Adam Rasgon
    May 22, 2021 - The New York Times

    An eviction in East Jerusalem lies at the center of a conflict that led to war between Israel and Hamas. But for millions of Palestinians, the routine indignities of occupation are part of daily life.

    JERUSALEM — Muhammad Sandouka built his home in the shadow of the Temple Mount before his second son, now 15, was born.

    They demolished it together, after Israeli authorities decided that razing it would improve views of the Old City for tourists.

    Mr. Sandouka, 42, a countertop installer, had been at work when an inspector confronted his wife with two options: Tear the house down, or the government would not only level it but also bill the Sandoukas $10,000 for its expenses.

    Such is life for Palestinians living under Israel’s occupation: always dreading the knock at the front door.

    The looming removal of six Palestinian families from their homes in East Jerusalem set off a round of protests that helped ignite the latest war between Israel and Gaza. But to the roughly three million Palestinians living in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, which Israel captured in the 1967 war and has controlled through decades of failed peace talks, the story was exceptional only because it attracted an international spotlight.

    For the most part, they endure the frights and indignities of the Israeli occupation in obscurity.

    Even in supposedly quiet periods, when the world is not paying attention, Palestinians from all walks of life routinely experience exasperating impossibilities and petty humiliations, bureaucratic controls that force agonizing choices, and the fragility and cruelty of life under military rule, now in its second half-century. (...)

    #Jerusalem #colonialisme_de_peuplement

  • Jérusalem. La porte de Damas, épicentre de la révolte palestinienne
    11 mai 2021 | Mahmoud Muna, Ecrivain et militant palestinien, il dirige la librairie Educational Bookshop à Jérusalem.

    (...) La société israélienne et son establishment politique sont profondément inquiets, mais ils refusent de voir que c’est l’occupation militaire qui est le problème ici. En effet, pour nous, l’occupation est le principal obstacle à notre libération et à notre liberté.

    Nous en avons assez de l’occupation et de tout ce qui l’accompagne, et nous ne pouvons pas continuer à jouer les psychiatres de la société israélienne. Nous sommes les occupés, pas les occupants, nous sommes les opprimés, pas les oppresseurs, nous sommes les colonisés, pas les colonisateurs. Pour le bien-être de tous ceux qui vivent entre le fleuve et la mer, il faut mettre fin à cette occupation. Elle n’a que trop duré.

  • Tensions over Jerusalem Day march, Temple Mount clashes culminate in rocket fire from Gaza
    Nir Hasson, Jack Khoury | May 10, 2021 | 8:57 PM
    - Haaretz.com

    After hundreds of Palestinian casualties in clashes with Israeli forces, police commissioner says they ’showed too much restraint’

    The controversial annual flag march by Jews in Jerusalem’s Old City was canceled by the police and then reinstated against the backdrop of heightened tensions in the city between Jews and Palestinians that culminated late in the afternoon Monday with rocket fire from the Gaza Strip, directed at the Jerusalem area by Hamas.

    At one point in the day, the police decided to break up the Jerusalem Day flag march, which generally attracts large number of religious Jewish young people, moments after it began, following a day of violent clashes in the Old City on Monday. But late in the afternoon, the police announced that the Jerusalem district commander of the police decided that the march would be allowed to proceed after all, but not through the Damascus Gate.

    Speaking to Channel 12 News Monday evening, Israel Police Commissioner Kobi Shabtai said the police had been too restrained in their response to the violence. “I assume that at the moment, we’re at the stage of taking off the kid gloves of sensitivity that had prevailed,” he said.

    Clashes on the Temple Mount compound on Monday morning left more than 300 Palestinians wounded, according to the Palestinian Red Crescent, prompting an Israeli decision to bar Jews from entering the holy site.

    Despite the hundreds of Palestinian casualties, Shabtai said police “showed too much restraint.”

    The Damascus Gate is a main entryway into the Muslim Quarter and a flashpoint in its own right last month over an earlier decision by the police to place crowd barriers in the plaza in front of the gate. The march is timed for Jerusalem Day, which this year falls on Monday, marking the city’s reunification following the 1967 Six-Day War.

    Israel’s decision to reroute the march away from the Damascus Gate and the Muslim Quarter followed a day of intense clashes between Palestinian worshippers and police. The decision was made just one hour before the march was scheduled to begin. Haaretz has learned from several police sources that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu made the decision to reroute the march.

    The march, which the organizers view as a celebration of the return of the Jewish people to the Old City of Jerusalem after Jews were excluded from the area by the 1949 armistice line, is seen as a provocation by many Palestinians, particularly as the route traditionally includes the Muslim Quarter of the Old City.

    Over the past several days, tensions in Jerusalem have centered on clashes between Muslims and Israeli police on the Temple Mount in the closing days of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan and in the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood of East Jerusalem, where a pending court case pitted Jews against Palestinian residents of the neighborhood in a dispute over homes that had been owned by Jews in the 19th century and where the Jordanian government settled Palestinians in the 1950s.

    Netanyahu’s office had been inundated with messages from prominent figures abroad urging Israel to put a halt to the violence in Jerusalem and to change the route of the Jerusalem Day march, a Palestinian source said. “It’s in Netanyahu’s hands. It’s up to him to stop the violence spreading to the West Bank,” the source said.

    Rocket alert sirens warning of incoming rockets from Gaza sounded Monday in the Jerusalem area moments after a 6 P.M. ultimatum issued by Hamas for Israel to remove its forces from Jerusalem’s Temple Mount. A spokesman for the Hamas militant group said the leadership of a joint command of armed movements in the Gaza Strip had given Israel “an ultimatum until 6 P.M.” to withdraw its security forces from the Temple Mount compound and the city’s Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood.

    Hamas, the Islamist movement that controls the Gaza Strip, is closely watching all of the developments in Jerusalem, its leaders have said. “The resistance is ready for any incident, and will not sit idly by if Israel does not curb aggression and stop all plots against the Palestinian people and against the Al-Aqsa mosque,” the leader of Hamas’ political wing, Ismail Haniyeh, said.

    The U.N. Security Council held emergency consultations Monday on the escalating violence in east Jerusalem and was considering a proposed statement calling on Israel to cease evictions and calling for “restraint” and respect for “the historic status quo at the holy sites.”

    Council diplomats said all 15 members expressed concern at the clashes and rising violence but the United States, Israel’s closest ally, said a statement might not be useful at this time. Nonetheless, the U.S. agreed to have council experts discuss the statement.

    With reporting by Josh Breiner, Noa Shpigel, Hagar Shezaf and The Associated Press.


  • Soldiers Attack Palestinians In Sheikh Jarrah, Abduct Five
    May 9, 2021 – – IMEMC News

    Israeli soldiers attacked on Sunday night, many Palestinians in the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, in occupied Jerusalem, causing injuries, and abducted five.

    Eyewitnesses said the soldiers, including mounted police officers, invaded the neighborhood and assaulted dozens of residents, including children and women, causing injuries.

    They added that the invasion was carried out when the situation was calm, and no protests were taking place.

    The Israeli army was also pushing and dragging the Palestinians from the neighborhood and forced them all away. Locals said the streets are now filled with soldiers and police officers.

    Israel has been trying to remove and evict at least 75 Palestinian families from their homes and neighborhood, to replace them with illegal colonialist settlers.

    It is worth mentioning that the soldiers abducted, Sunday, twenty-five Palestinians; 24 of them are former political prisoners, during ongoing invasions and violent searches of homes and buildings, in Jerusalem.

    In addition, the soldiers injured overnight until morning hours, Sunday, at least 205 Palestinians, including some who were injured in the eyes, during protests that erupted after dozens of soldiers and police officers invaded the Al-Aqsa Mosque; The soldiers also abducted and detained many Palestinians.

    Furthermore, a Palestinian father and his four children were injured, on Sunday at dawn, after the soldiers fired concussion grenades at them near Bab

    #Jerusalem #Sheikh_Jarrah

    • Israeli Soldiers Injure Three Palestinians in Gaza
      May 9, 2021

      Israeli soldiers shot and injured, on Saturday at night, at least three Palestinians during protests that took place on their lands near the perimeter fence, east of Gaza city, in the besieged coastal region.

      Media sources said dozens of Palestinians protested the escalating Israeli violations in occupied Jerusalem, especially in the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood and the Al-Aqsa Mosque.

      They added that the soldiers, stationed across the perimeter fence, especially in the Malka military base, fired many live rounds, gas bombs, and rubber-coated steel bullets at the Palestinians, wounding at least three and causing many to suffer the effects of teargas inhalation.

      The protesters carried Palestinian flags and wore the kufiyahs, and chanted in solidarity with Sheikh Jarrah, and in condemnation of the Israeli attempts to displace the Palestinians to replace them with illegal colonialist settlers, in addition to the escalating violations against the Palestinians in occupied Jerusalem.

      They also chanted against the repeated invasions and violations in Al-Aqsa Mosque, the Palestinian neighborhoods, and towns in the city.


    • Israeli Army Fires Missiles Into Central Gaza
      May 9, 2021

      Israeli soldiers fired on Sunday at dawn, several missiles into two sites in Deir al-Balah city, in central Gaza Strip.

      Media sources said an Israeli F16 fighter jet fired missiles into two sites, believed to be run by the al-Qassam Brigades, the armed wing of the Hamas movement, causing damage.

      They added that the missiles also caused damage to nearby homes but did not lead to casualties.

      The Israeli army claimed it fired the missiles after a homemade shell was fired into settlements across the fence and added that the shell landed in an undeveloped area causing no damage or injuries.


  • Clashes renew in Jerusalem as some 90,000 gather to pray at Al-Aqsa
    Nir Hasson, Jack Khoury, Josh Breiner | May 8, 2021 | 3:03 PM |
    Updated: May. 8, 2021 8:10 PM Haaretz.com

    Clashes break out near Damascus Gate and in Sheikh Jarrah ■ Israeli police deploy tear gas, stun grenades and sponge-tipped bullets ■ 29 Palestinians arrested in East Jerusalem, two in the Old City

    Violent clashes between Palestinians and Israeli police broke out in Jerusalem Saturday night, one day after 205 Palestinians and 17 police officers were injured in violent clashes that garnered international condemnation.

    Police used sponge-tipped bullets and tear gas against the thousands of Palestinians who were gathered at the Damascus Gate. Palestinians threw stones at Israeli police forces at the site.

    The Palestinian Red Crescent said that 17 Palestinians had been wounded, many by sponge-tipped bullets. Six were evacuated to hospitals. They added that the Israeli police had prevented ambulances from reaching the site to evacuate the injured.

    The clashes began shortly after prayers marking Laylat Al-Qadr, the holiest night in the month of Ramadan, concluded at Al-Aqsa Mosque. Some 90,000 worshippers had come to pray at the site.

    Clashes also broke out in Sheikh Jarrah in East Jerusalem, and police dispersed protesters with stun grenades and stink bombs. The police said that dozens of residents had instigated clashes that included “flying Palestinian flags and throwing stones toward police forces.”

    The police added that officers had been attacked in the Old City and two suspects had been arrested. Palestinian protesters threw stones at officers, and one officer was lightly injured and received medical treatment at the site.

    The Israeli army said some 450 Gazans are protesting near the border fence in solidarity with the Palestinians in Jerusalem. The Israeli army said that protesters are “burning tires and throwing explosives. IDF soldiers are spread out at sites along the border and are using riot dispersal methods.” According to Palestinian reports, dozens, not hundreds, of Palestinian youth are protesting at the border.

    To Jerusalem on foot

    Earlier Saturday, the Jerusalem police halted dozens of buses carrying worshippers on their way to the Al-Aqsa Mosque complex.

    Hundreds of worshippers made their way to the Old City on foot. Police argued that they had reason to believe that some of the passengers were planning to cause disturbances.

    The Israeli Police spokesman Eli Levi said that the police had no intention of closing the road to Jerusalem, but rather were attempting to remove specific individuals from the buses. The police eventually allowed the buses to continue on to Jerusalem.

    The police later allowed the buses to carry the passengers to Jerusalem, after they caused severe roadblocks on the Highway.

    The Israeli army, police and Magen David Adom bolstered their presence in East Jerusalem and around the Temple Mount on Saturday, as they expect violent clashes between Israeli security forces and Palestinians will continue through the night.

    Police believe the clashes on the Temple Mount are led by Hamas operatives, and that they are linked to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas’ decision to postpone the Palestinian parliamentary elections this month.

    Activists arrested

    Israel Police carried out arrests of 29 Palestinians in East Jerusalem raids earlier Saturday afternoon according to Palestinian activists. The police have been arresting young Palestinians and activists since early Saturday morning, according to the activists.

    Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu met with Defense Minister Benny Gantz, IDF chief of staff Aviv Kochavi, the head of Shin Bet and other senior officials on Saturday to assess the situation in Jerusalem.

    “Israel is acting responsibly to ensure law and order in Jerusalem while maintaining freedom of worship in the holy places,” Netanyahu said in a statement.

    Gantz also commented on the escalation in Jerusalem, saying that "Extremists on both sides cannot be allowed to cause an escalation of the situation. Israel will continue to ensure freedom of worship at the Temple Mount and at the same time not allow terror to raise its head or disturb public order.”

    Adding to the tensions in Jerusalem’s Old City, dozens of young Jewish activists marched through the Muslim Quarter of the Old City ahead of the Al Qadr night, singing the Israeli song “Jerusalem of Gold.”

    Rallies were also held in Israeli-Arab cities on Saturday, with protesters waving Palestinian flags in solidarity with the Palestinians who were injured in East Jerusalem on Friday. The rallies took place in Nazareth, Umm al-Fahm, Tamra and other Arab-Israeli towns. A peaceful protest also took place in Jaffa, which ended just before sunset.

    ’Crosses a red line’

    On Friday night, at least 205 Palestinians and 17 police officers were wounded as clashes erupted at Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, in a serious escalation in tensions that have been building up in Jerusalem over the past weeks.

    United Arab List chairman Mansour Abbas declared that he won’t allow any escalations at Al-Aqsa to prevent freedom of worship for Muslims, calling every injury sustained by a worshipper an act which ’crosses a red line.’

    The United States called for both sides to ease tensions on Friday night.

    “The United States is extremely concerned about ongoing confrontations in Jerusalem, including on the Haram al-Sharif / Temple Mount and in Sheikh Jarrah, which have reportedly resulted in scores of injured people,” State Department spokesperson Ned Price said in perhaps the Biden administration’s most in-depth comment on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to date.

    Jordan and Egypt fiercely condemned Israel for the violence, saying it’s on Israel to uphold freedom of worship for Palestinian locals.

    A spokesperson for the Jordanian Foreign Ministry warned against a “dangerous escalation,” emphasizing that an international law tasks Israel responsible for upholding peace for worshippers at Al-Aqsa, even as an occupying force.

    Egypt’s Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Ahmed Hafez slammed Israel’s behavior, especially abusing the human rights of Palestinians, and Israel’s unacceptable efforts to uproot Palestinians from their homes in the flash point East Jerusalem neighborhood Sheikh Jarrah.

    “““““““““““““““““““ Mise à jour
    100 Palestinians injured as Jerusalem clashes continue for second night
    Clashes break out near Damascus Gate and in Sheikh Jarrah ■ Israeli police deploy tear gas, stun grenades and sponge-tipped bullets ■ Some 90,000 worshippers gather to pray at Al-Aqsa
    Nir Hasson, Jack Khoury, Josh Breiner | May 9, 2021 | 8:37 AM

    About 100 Palestinians were injured in violent clashes between Israeli forces and Palestinians in Jerusalem overnight Saturday into Sunday morning, as some 90,000 Muslim worshipers poured into Al-Aqsa Mosque to mark Ramadan’s holiest night.

    Clashes were concentrated on the Temple Mount, at various sites in the Old City and in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah. They follow escalating tensions in the city throughout the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, and have garnered international condemnation.

    Hundreds of young Palestinians threw fireworks and stones at police after early morning prayers on Sunday morning. Most of them dispersed, but a few dozen remain at the site, clashing with officers. The Palestinian Red Crescent reported that 10 people were injured in the morning’s clashes; six of them were evacuated to the hospital.

    The Red Crescent established a field hospital near Al-Aqsa Mosque to treat the injured, who were hit by sponge-tipped bullets, stun grenades and tear gas fired by Israeli police.

    The organization said that it treated another 90 people over the course of the night, 14 of them at the field hospital. Six children were bruised in the commotion, including a one-year-old infant.

    The Red Crescent had reported earlier in the night that the Israeli police had prevented its ambulances from entering the Damascus Gate area to evacuate the injured.

    Police evacuated the Western Wall plaza twice over the course of the night after Palestinians fired fireworks at the area, but worshipers returned minutes later.

    Police Commissioner Yaakov Shabtai said that police had regained control over the situation by about 1:30 A.M., and that about 20,000 Muslim worshipers remained on the Temple Mount.

    In Sheikh Jarrah, which has become a flashpoint for violence between Jews and Palestinians in the past week over the planned evictions of Palestinian homes in the neighborhood, police dispersed the dozens of protesters who had gathered with stun grenades and stink grenades. Palestinians also pelted a car belonging to Jews with stones.

    Police said that the clashes involved “Waving Palestinian flags and throwing stones at officers. Police began dispersions and were forced to use means.” Two Palestinians were arrested on suspicion of pepper spraying officers. During the arrest, police said that they found weapons on their persons.

    Earlier in the evening, police reported that they arrested two suspects who attacked police officers in the Old City. One officer was lightly injured and received medical treatment after Palestinian protesters began throwing stones at police forces.

    A rocket was fired from Gaza into Israel in the early hours of Sunday morning, landing in an open area. The IDF responded by attacking a Hamas military post in the southern Gaza Strip.

    The Israeli army said some 450 Gazans protested near the border fence in solidarity with the Palestinians in Jerusalem. The Israeli military said that protesters are “burning tires and throwing explosives. IDF soldiers are spread out at sites along the border and are using riot dispersal methods.” According to Palestinian reports, dozens, not hundreds, of Palestinian youth are protesting at the border. (...)

    Jack khoury.جاك خوري


    #Jerusalem #Sheikh_Jarrah

    • Alice Froussard
      9:00 PM · 8 mai 2021

      Il y a eu ces grenades assourdissantes, ces gaz lacrymo, ces balles de caoutchouc de l’armée israélienne, toutes ces arrestations, ces restrictions à l’entrée de Jérusalem. Pourtant, l’Esplanade des Mosquées est pleine ce soir. #LaylatulQadr

      Diana Buttu
      · 2h

      Al Aqsa compound now.

      9:00 PM · 8 mai 2021·Twitter Web App

      mohammed el-kurd
      10:07 PM · 8 mai 2021

      Israeli forces have gone mad in Sheikh Jarrah, beating everyone in sight, demolishing the solidarity tents, using excessive force... Impunity breeds fascism.

      the Occupation knows it will not be held accountable by a complicit international community. #SaveSheikhJarrah
      À l’origine en anglais et traduit par
      Les forces israéliennes sont devenues folles à Sheikh Jarrah, battant tout le monde en vue, démolissant les tentes de solidarité, utilisant une force excessive ... L’impunité engendre le fascisme.

      l’Occupation sait qu’elle ne sera pas tenue responsable par une communauté internationale complice.#SaveSheikhJarrah

    • Democrats urge U.S. to act against Israel’s ’abhorrent’ East Jerusalem evictions
      Ben Samuels | May 8, 2021 | 9:22 PM - U.S. News - Haaretz.com

      Several Democratic lawmakers are calling for an investigation on whether Israel’s ‘forced displacement for Palestinians’ violates U.S. laws

      WASHINGTON – A steadily increasing number of Democratic lawmakers are calling on the Biden administration to make clear to the Israeli government that the eviction of Palestinians from homes on land claimed by Jewish settlers in Jerusalem must stop immediately.

      Sens. Bernie Sanders, Elizabeth Warren and Chris Murphy have called on Israel to stop efforts at evicting Palestinian residents from their homes in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah based on claims by Jewish settlers, while Reps. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Gregory Meeks and Andy Levin also voiced their dismay.

      “The forced removal of long-time Palestinian residents in Sheikh Jarrah is abhorrent and unacceptable,” Warren tweeted, saying the administration must make clear to Israel that these evictions are illegal.

      “The United States must speak out strongly against the violence by government-allied Israeli extremists in East Jerusalem and the West Bank, and make clear that the evictions of Palestinian families must not go forward,” Sanders said.

      Murphy - chairman of the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Near East, South Asia, Central Asia and Counterterrorism - noted his deep concern by the recent violence and encouraged all parties to exercise restraint.

      “Evictions of Palestinian residents, who have lived in homes in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah for a generation, are unjustified and must stop. So must Israeli settler attacks on Palestinians, Palestinian attacks on Jewish Israelis, and Hamas rocket and mortar launches,” the Connecticut senator said, adding that he was also concerned about “the Israeli forces’ militarized approach to this unrest, which is escalating, rather than deescalating, the situation.”

      Meeks, chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, called the situation in Sheikh Jarrah “deeply concerning” and calling on Jerusalem’s residents, leaders and officials to ensure that Jerusalem is a city where coexistence, not violence, reigns.

      Ocasio-Cortez called the situation in Sheikh Jarrah “inhumane” and called for the U.S. to show leadership in safeguarding human rights. “From the paramilitary violence in Colombia and Shiekh Jarrah, to the detention of children on our own border and the militarization of US police departments, the United States must seriously assess its role in state violence and condition aid,” she added.

      Ocasio-Cortez and Levin both noted their dismay that these events are occuring during the final days of Ramadan, with Levin similarly urging the State Department to work to immediately deescalate before bringing both sides to the table for a long-term solution.

      The growing criticism comes one day after several progressive House Democrats decried the events in Sheikh Jarrah, urging the State Department to pressure Israel on the matter. Two of those lawmakers, Reps. Marie Newman and Mark Pocan, are circulating a letter intended for Secretary of State Antony Blinken calling the eviction plans “a clear violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention.” They are also calling for an investigation on whether Israel’s “forced displacement of Palestinians” violates two U.S. laws stating U.S. weapons are to be sold only for legitimate self-defense and prohibiting U.S. funding for foreign military forces suspected of human rights abuses.

      The State Department issued their most extensive comment on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to date on Friday, expressing deep concern about the evictions and urging Israel to avoid steps that would exacerbate tensions while calling on both Israeli and Palestinian authorities to act decisively to de-escalate the situation.


  • Une nuit à Jérusalem, avril 2021

    Ces dernières semaines ont été marquées par de nombreux incidents aux portes de la Vieille ville de Jérusalem. Les affrontements entre des ultra-nationalistes juifs, de jeunes Palestiniens et les forces de police de la municipalité ont conduit à de nombreuses arrestations et hospitalisations. Pour beaucoup de personnes en France, l’annonce de ces violences nocturnes a suscité malaise et incompréhension. Face à ces hordes de jeunes d’extrême droite qui prennent d’assaut les abords de la Vieille ville et (...) #Billets

  • A night in Jerusalem, April 2021

    The last few weeks have been marked by numerous incidents at the gates of the Old City of Jerusalem. Clashes between Jewish ultra-nationalists, young Palestinians and the municipality’s police force have led to numerous arrests and hospitalisations. For many people in France, the announcement of this nightly violence caused unease and incomprehension. Faced with these hordes of extreme right-wing youths storming the outskirts of the Old Town and wanting to “smash Arabs”, the memory of the (...) #Articles

  • Dozens of Palestinians wounded in clashes with Jerusalem police as tensions boil over
    Nir Hasson and Jack Khoury - May. 7, 2021 6:12 PM - Updated : May. 7, 2021 10:42 PM - Haaretz.com

    Dozens of Palestinians were wounded Friday as clashes erupted at Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, in a serious escalation in tensions that have been building up in Jerusalem over the past weeks.

    The Palestinian Red Crescent emergency service said 53 people were wounded in clashes with police there and elsewhere in Jerusalem, including 23 who were hospitalized. It says most were wounded in the face and eyes by rubber-coated bullets and shrapnel from stun grenades.

    The clashes were the latest in a deadly day that saw Israeli forces shoot and kill two Palestinians after three men opened fire on an Israeli base in the occupied West Bank.Israeli police were standing by as tens of thousands packed in the mosque on the final Friday of Ramadan and many stayed on to protest in support of Palestinians facing eviction from homes on land claimed by Jewish settlers.

    Some 70,000 worshippers attended the final Friday prayers of Ramadan at Al-Aqsa, the Islamic endowment that oversees the site said. Thousands protested afterwards, waving the green flags of the Islamic militant group Hamas and chanting pro-Hamas slogans before dispersing peacefully.

    Tensions boiled over after the evening prayer, when hundreds of Palestinian worshippers began hurling stones and other objects at the Israeli forces, who responded with riot gear.

    Israeli police said six officers involved in the clashes required medical attention.

    Video footage shows worshippers throwing chairs, shoes and rocks toward the police and officers responding by opening fire.

    Sheikh Jarrah protest

    Meanwhile, in the neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah, dozens partook in the weekly demonstration against the eviction plans, which over the past weeks attract more crowds and attention.

    Police said they dispersed the crowd after some of the protesters started hurling stones. Two demonstrators were detained, and two were wounded by stun grendaes.

    Sheikh Jerrah ce soir


    Charles Enderlin
    L’esplanade des mosquées - Al Aqsa. Ce soir 7 mai.


    الان الشرطة تغلق ابواب المسجد القبلي على المصلين ويبدو ان الليل طويل على #الاقصى .


    Maintenant, la police ferme les portes de la mosquée aux fidèles et il semble que la nuit sera longue #الاقصى .#اخبار_البلد_2021



    סולימאן מסוודה سليمان مسودة
    La police tire une grenade assourdissante à l’intérieur de la mosquée al-Aqsa.


    • Over 200 Palestinians Wounded in Clashes With Jerusalem Police as Tensions Boil Over
      Updated: May. 8, 2021 6:01 AM

      Worshippers stayed at the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound after the final Friday prayer of Ramadan to protest planned evictions in Sheikh Jarrah, where police also clashed with protesters ■ 17 Israeli officers were wounded during the clashes

      At least 205 Palestinians and 17 police officers were wounded Friday as clashes erupted at Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, in a serious escalation in tensions that have been building up in Jerusalem over the past weeks.

      The Palestinian Red Crescent emergency service said some 205 people were wounded in clashes with police there and elsewhere in Jerusalem, including 88 who were hospitalized. The Palestinian Red has also set up a field hospital on the Mosque’s compound due to the large number of wounded protesters, most of them wounded in the face and eyes by rubber-coated bullets and shrapnel from stun grenades.

    • What’s behind the latest flare-up in Jerusalem, and what Israel can do to defuse tensions
      Nir Hasson | May 7, 2021 | 10:37 PM - Haaretz.com

      Palestinians in East Jerusalem’s Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood are fighting their eviction by organizations seeking to settle Jews in the area.

      Over the past week, dozens of Palestinians have gathered every evening for the breaking of the daily fast during the month of Ramadan. Their base: across from one of the buildings that Israelis have moved into.

      But the latest demonstrations and clashes are the culmination of decades of tensions and legal battles over the fate of the neighborhood, which sits just north of the Old City.

      Who lived in Sheikh Jarrah before the 1948 war?

      In 1876, Jerusalem’s Sephardic and Ashkenazi communities bought a plot of land near the tomb of Shimon Hatzaddik, a Jewish high priest from ancient times. A small Jewish neighborhood was founded on part of the land.

      When war broke out in 1948, many people fled their homes; the vast majority were Arabs who left behind much property on the western side of the armistice line, while a minority were Jews who left behind relatively little property on the eastern side.

      In most cases, Jewish refugees received compensation for the property they left behind. In 1956, the Jordanian government and the United Nations built 28 small homes at Sheikh Jarrah, east of the line, to house Palestinian refugees.

      How did right-wing Israeli organizations obtain land there?

      Israeli law is very clear that only Jews are eligible to seek and receive land left behind on the other side. The state seized all Palestinian property under the Absentee Property Law. Settler organizations jumped on the Jewish properties left behind and started buying rights to them from the original heirs, including some Jewish families from the western section of Sheikh Jarrah and the two Jewish committees, the Sephardi and Ashkenazi, on the eastern side.

      In 2003, the committees asked a rabbinical court to cancel the religious trust on the land (banning the sale of it). The court permitted the sale, and shortly thereafter the land was sold to the company Nahalat Shimon, which is owned by the American company Nahalat Shimon International. The American company is registered in Delaware, known for corporate laws that stymie transparency; for example, it’s impossible to know who owns shares in the company.

      Nahalat Shimon (and before that the two committees) launched a legal battle to evict the refugees’ descendants from their homes. The company also crafted a plan to demolish the neighborhood and build 200 housing units there.

      So far, the company has managed to evict four families. Another 13 households, numbering 300 people, face the danger of immediate eviction after losing in the courts. This Monday, Jerusalem Day, the Supreme Court will hear the appeal of three families against eviction orders.

      What made the conflict a cause célèbre for Palestinians everywhere?

      The settlers have portrayed the conflict as a legal battle over real estate, but neighborhood residents, helped by left-wing activists in Jerusalem, depict it as a fight against Judaization and discrimination in the capital. In recent weeks, as hundreds of residents faced eviction, and amid tension during Ramadan at Damascus Gate and the postponement of the Palestinian general election, the struggle spilled beyond Jerusalem’s borders. Arab Israelis, the Arab world, international media outlets and, above all, Palestinians in Jerusalem have taken an interest in the fight.

      Israel intends to evict 300 people from their homes in favor of Jews based on lawsuits to realize property claims from before 1948. But this could open a Pandora’s box: According to conservative estimates, 30 percent of West Jerusalem real estate was owned by Arabs before 1948.

      What is the solution?

      In 2010, two researchers at the Jerusalem Institute for Policy Research, Prof. Yitzhak Reiter and Lior Lehrs, proposed a simple solution: expropriating land from Nahalat Shimon. Since 1967, the state has expropriated tens of thousands of dunams from private Palestinian landowners to build huge Israeli neighborhoods in East Jerusalem.

      The thinking is, why shouldn’t the state opt for a small expropriation, this time from Jews for the benefit of Palestinians? Only the finance minister’s signature is needed to expropriate the few dunams on which the Sheikh Jarrah residents live. The land would be handed over to the Palestinians or remain in state hands, ensuring their presence. Nahalat Shimon would be compensated in return.

      In their proposal, Reiter and Lehrs quote an opinion by a deputy attorney general from the past, Menachem Mazuz. In 1999, in response to a similar incident, Mazuz referred to the government’s authority to expropriate property for a “public need.” “It is unacceptable that the government is authorized to expropriate land for cultural or environmental needs or to prevent unemployment, but is not authorized to expropriate land for diplomatic considerations,” Mazuz wrote.

      It is believed that this solution would ease tensions at a potential flash point for violence in the capital, improve Israel’s international standing and Israeli-Palestinian relations in Jerusalem, be a confidence-building measure ahead of renewed negotiations with the Palestinians, remove an issue from the agenda of the International Criminal Court in The Hague, and weaken the Palestinian demand for opening a debate on property left behind in 1948.

      Is there a chance of this solution happening?

      The fight in Sheikh Jarrah has been waged for three decades on two fronts – in the courts and on the streets. In the courtroom, it gives the impression of a simple legal battle over land, but Palestinians say the state has tied their hands with discriminatory laws.

      On the streets, the state – using huge contingents of police forces – stands beside the Jewish settlers and regularly attacks Palestinians trying to protest, despite all the tension.

    • Hundreds hurt as Palestinians protest evictions in Jerusalem
      7 May 2021 | Updated: 5 minutes ago

      Tens of thousands of Palestinian worshippers earlier packed the mosque on the final Friday of Ramadan and many stayed to protest.

      Israeli police fired rubber-coated metal bullets and stun grenades towards rock-hurling Palestinians at Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa mosque as anger grows over the potential eviction of Palestinians from homes on land claimed by Jewish settlers in East Jerusalem.

      At least 205 Palestinians and 17 officers were injured in the night-time clashes at Islam’s third-holiest site and around East Jerusalem, Palestinian medics and Israeli police said, as thousands of Palestinians faced off with several hundred Israeli police in riot gear. (...)

    • IOF Escalation in Occupied East Jerusalem and Al-Aqsa Mosque: 205 Palestinians, including 5 Journalists, Wounded; 3 Lost their Eyes, and 17 Others Arrested
      Date: 08 May 2021
      Time: 11:30 GMT

      On Friday, 205 Palestinians, including 5 journalists, were wounded; 2 were deemed serious and 3 others lost their eyes during mass suppression by Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) against tens of thousands of Palestinian worshipers in al-Aqsa Mosque and its yards , in Bab al-‘Amoud area and in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood in occupied East Jerusalem. IOF raided al-Aqsa Mosque, violated its sanctity, deprived Palestinian worshipers of performing prayers, assaulted dozens of them, dragged them on the ground, and arrested 17 of them. (...)

  • « On dirait une zone de guerre » : affrontements à Sheikh Jarrah avant des expulsions massives de Palestiniens | Middle East Eye édition française
    Par Sheren Khalel, Mustafa Abu Sneineh, Latifa Abd Altif, Lubna Masarwa | Published date : Jeudi 6 mai 2021 - 09:28

    De violents affrontements ont éclaté entre la police israélienne et des jeunes palestiniens dans le quartier de Sheikh Jarrah à Jérusalem-Est occupée. Les habitants protestent contre une vague d’expulsions ordonnée par un tribunal, laquelle devrait chasser une quarantaine de Palestiniens, dont une dizaine d’enfants, de leurs maisons.

    Les policiers israéliens, dont certains à cheval, ont tenté de repousser les manifestants à l’aide de gaz lacrymogènes, de grenades étourdissantes et d’« eau puante », rapporte une correspondante de Middle East Eye présente sur place.

    « On dirait une zone de guerre », confie un manifestant à MEE.

    Par ailleurs, la police a battu plusieurs manifestants avec des matraques et en a arrêté au moins cinq, dont trois ont été identifiés : Seif Hammoda, Ahmad Abbasi et Siwar Qasim.

    Une dizaine de Palestiniens au moins ont été blessés, a signalé le Croissant-Rouge palestinien juste avant minuit heure locale. Six des blessés ont inhalé des gaz lacrymogènes, trois ont été touchés par des balles en caoutchouc et un autre a subi un traumatisme contondant, énumère l’organisation. (...)

    #Jerusalem #Sheikh_Jarrah

    • L’observateur de l’ONU pour la Palestine appelle la communauté internationale à contester les violations commises par Israël.
      6 mai 2021 |

      L’observateur permanent de la Palestine auprès des Nations unies, Riyad Mansour, a envoyé mercredi une lettre au secrétaire général des Nations unies, au président du Conseil de sécurité des Nations unies et au président de l’Assemblée générale des Nations unies.
      Il a demandé à la communauté internationale d’agir pour mettre fin à la confiscation illégale par Israël de terres palestiniennes et au déplacement des propriétaires palestiniens du quartier de Sheikh Jarrah à Jérusalem.

      Voici sa lettre, dans son intégralité :
      La situation en Palestine occupée continue de s’aggraver alors qu’Israël intensifie ses violations des droits humains et ses crimes de guerre contre le peuple palestinien. En particulier, la puissance occupante a intensifié la confiscation de maisons, de terres et de propriétés palestiniennes, cherchant à accélérer le transfert forcé de civils palestiniens et ses projets de colonisation, notamment dans les zones situées à l’intérieur et autour de Jérusalem-Est occupée. Il est désormais évident que tout cela fait partie d’un plan systématique et délibéré visant à éliminer les Palestiniens - c’est-à-dire à procéder à un nettoyage ethnique de ces zones - en vue de leur annexion.
      De nombreuses lettres ont été envoyées au Conseil de sécurité ces derniers mois pour attirer l’attention sur ces violations, notamment sur le sort des familles palestiniennes des quartiers de Sheikh Jarrah et de Silwan, à Jérusalem-Est occupée, qui sont confrontées à la menace constante d’être expulsées de leurs maisons et de subir une dépossession massive, comme tant d’autres avant elles dans la ville, dans le cadre des mesures illégales prises par Israël pour les remplacer par des colons israéliens. À ce jour, à Sheikh Jarrah, 169 Palestiniens - dont 46 enfants - n’ont nulle part où aller, alors qu’Israël intensifie ses intimidations judiciaires et ses attaques contre les familles palestiniennes de Jérusalem et de ses environs, dans le seul but de consolider le contrôle israélien de la ville en modifiant illégalement sa composition démographique, son caractère et son statut.
      Nous attirons une fois de plus l’attention sur cette crise, en appelant la communauté internationale à agir pour mettre un terme aux actions illégales d’Israël et pour protéger les civils palestiniens des crimes de la puissance occupante, une protection à laquelle ils ont droit en vertu du droit humanitaire international. Les mesures de responsabilisation sont le seul recours pour faire respecter la loi, dissuader de nouveaux crimes, y compris le déracinement de centaines de familles palestiniennes supplémentaires, et sauver les perspectives d’une paix juste qui s’amenuisent.(…)
      Aujourd’hui, plus de 1 500 Palestiniens de Jérusalem sont menacés de déplacement forcé et de démolition de leur maison pour faire place à une colonie illégale appelée « Shimon Hatzadik », ainsi qu’à un parc pour colons sous le nom de « Parc du Roi David ». Alors que ces groupes de colons bénéficient du soutien et des services des tribunaux et de la législation israéliens pour leurs projets illégaux, les familles palestiniennes sont confrontées à des attaques incessantes visant à amasser le plus de terres palestiniennes possible, avec le moins de civils palestiniens possible, et à maintenir l’occupation, ce qui montre à quel point un groupe est fortement privilégié par rapport à un autre dans un système à deux vitesses fondé sur la discrimination et l’oppression. (...)

      Cette lettre fait suite à nos 712 lettres concernant la crise actuelle dans le territoire palestinien occupé, y compris Jérusalem-Est, qui constitue le territoire de l’État de Palestine. Ces lettres, datées du 29 septembre 2000 (A/55/432-S/2000/921) au 26 avril 2021 (A/ES-10/xxx-S/2021/xxx) constituent un registre de base des crimes commis par Israël, la puissance occupante, contre le peuple palestinien depuis septembre 2000. Pour tous ces crimes de guerre, actes de terrorisme d’État et violations systématiques des droits humains commis à l’encontre du peuple palestinien, Israël, puissance occupante, doit être tenu pour responsable et les auteurs doivent être traduits en justice.
      Je vous serais reconnaissant de bien vouloir faire le nécessaire pour que le texte de la présente lettre soit mis à la disposition des membres du Conseil de sécurité afin qu’ils puissent l’examiner immédiatement et le distribuer comme document officiel du Conseil de sécurité.
      Je vous prie d’agréer, Excellence, l’assurance de ma très haute considération.
      Dr. Riyad Mansour , Ministre, Observateur permanent

    • Que se passe-t-il dans le quartier de Sheikh Jarrah de Jérusalem Est ?
      Par Lina Alsaafin, le 1er mai 2021, Al Jazeera, Traduction J. Ch. pour l’Agence média Palestine

      (...) Quelle est l’histoire de Karm al-Jaouni à Sheikh Jarrah ?

      En 1956, 28 familles de réfugiés ont été délogées de chez elles dans les villes côtières de Yafa et Haïfa, huit ans avant de finalement s’installer dans la zone de Karm al-Jaouni à Sheikh Jarrah.

      La Cisjordanie, dont Jérusalem Est, était à l’époque sous mandat de la Jordanie, qui a conclu un accord avec l’agence de l’ONU pour les réfugiés (UNRWA) pour construire des unités d’habitation pour ces familles. L’accord stipulait que ces familles devaient renoncer à leur statut de réfugiés en échange de titres de propriété signés à leur nom après trois ans de vie dans cette zone.

      Cependant, cela n’a pas eu lieu et, en 1967, la Jordanie a perdu son mandat alors que Jérusalem Est était occupée par Israël.

      Khalil Toufakji, cartographe palestinien et expert sur Jérusalem, a dit qu’il était allé en 2010 à Ankara pour rechercher dans les archives de l’époque ottomane un document qui nie toute propriété juive sur Karm al-Jaouni.

      « J’ai trouvé l’acte et l’ai présenté au tribunal de district israélien, qui l’a promptement rejeté », a dit Toufakji à Al Jazeera.

      Après des recherches plus approfondies, Toufakji a découvert en 1968 que le parlement d’Israël, la Knesset, avait émis un décret – signé par le ministre des Finances de l’époque – qui déclarait qu’Israël était tenu par l’accord entre la Jordanie et l’UNRWA.

      « C’est ce fait qui a été soulevé devant la Haute Cour de Jérusalem au nom des familles palestiniennes de Sheikh Jarrah », a-t-il dit, mais en ajoutant qu’il y avait peu de raisons de croire que la cour statuerait en leur faveur.

      « Les tribunaux israéliens – juge, jury et législation – sont tous au service des colons juifs », a-t-il dit. (...)

    • EN IMAGES : L’histoire de Sheikh Jarrah en sept clichés d’époque | Middle East Eye édition française

      Ce quartier historique de Jérusalem-Est occupée connaît de vives tensions à la suite de la décision d’un tribunal israélien d’en expulser plusieurs familles palestiniennes. MEE revient, en images, sur l’histoire de ce quartier
      Shafik Mandhai
      Vendredi 7 mai 2021 - 09:56 (...)