• « La nature a parlé » : un feu de forêt attise les rêves de retour des Palestiniens
    Vendredi 3 septembre 2021 | Middle East Eye édition française
    https://www.middleeasteye.net/fr/opinion-fr/israel-jerusalem-incendies-villages-palestiniens-nakba-sionistes-reto

    Au cours de la deuxième semaine d’août, quelque 20 000 dounams (m²) de terre ont été engloutis par les flammes dans les montagnes de Jérusalem.

    C’est une véritable catastrophe naturelle. Cependant, personne n’aurait pu s’attendre à la vision qui est apparue après l’extinction de ces incendies. Ou plutôt, personne n’avait imaginé que les incendies dévoileraient ce qui allait suivre.

    Une fois les flammes éteintes, le paysage était terrible pour l’œil humain en général, et pour l’œil palestinien en particulier. Car les incendies ont révélé les vestiges d’anciens villages et terrasses agricoles palestiniens ; des terrasses construites par leurs ancêtres, décédés il y a longtemps, pour cultiver la terre et planter des oliviers et des vignes sur les pentes des montagnes.

    À travers ces montagnes, qui constituent l’environnement naturel à l’ouest de Jérusalem, passait la route Jaffa-Jérusalem, qui reliait le port historique à la ville sainte. Cette route ondulant à travers les montagnes était utilisée par les pèlerins d’Europe et d’Afrique du Nord pour visiter les lieux saints chrétiens. Ils n’avaient d’autre choix que d’emprunter la route Jaffa-Jérusalem, à travers les vallées et les ravins, jusqu’au sommet des montagnes. Au fil des siècles, elle sera foulée par des centaines de milliers de pèlerins, de soldats, d’envahisseurs et de touristes.

    Les terrasses agricoles – ou plates-formes – que les agriculteurs palestiniens ont construites ont un avantage : leur durabilité. Selon les estimations des archéologues, elles auraient jusqu’à 600 ans. Je crois pour ma part qu’elles sont encore plus vieilles que cela. (...)

  • Breaking| Israeli Supreme Court delays decision regarding Sheikh Jarrah for 7 days
    QudsN - August 2, 2021
    https://qudsnen.co/?p=27823

    Journalists interviewing owners of threatened Sheikh Jarrah houses after today’s court hearing. [Credit: Mahmoud El Kurd]

    Occupied Jerusalem (QNN)- The Israeli Supreme Court has delayed its decision regarding the Seikh Jarrah forced expulsions for seven days.

    The Israeli court has not give a final decision. However, it gave the owners of the Sheikh Jarrah houses seven days to list names that will be considered “protected tenants” in a way to pressure them.

    Considering the owners of the houses protected tenants could delay the forced expulsion of those, whose houses are threatened of confiscation, however, it does not mean that they will be free to use their houses or sell them, and it does not protect them from any future expulsion plans.

    #Sheikh_Jarrah #jerusalem

    • In Sheikh Jarrah, Israel’s Supreme Court seeks to avoid ruling on who’s right
      Nir Hasson | Aug. 3, 2021 - Haaretz.com
      https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium.HIGHLIGHT-in-sheikh-jarrah-israeli-court-seeks-to-avoid-ruling-on-

      By offering a compromise, top court justices showed they did not want to discuss the legal substance of the case nor order the eviction of hundreds of Palestinians from their homes, especially now

      An extraordinary hearing was held in Room D of the Supreme Court of Justice on Monday. Outside were scores of journalists, diplomats, left-wing activists and a small group of right-wingers. There were also scores of Sheikh Jarrah residents who had arrived in a last-ditch effort to prevent eviction from their homes.

      At the start of the proceedings, the justices sought in any way possible, albeit with decidedly moderate pressure, to bring the two parties to a compromise deal.

      The thrust of the arrangement Justices Isaac Amit, Daphne Barak-Erez and Noam Sohlberg sought would let the Palestinian residents remain in their homes with the status of protected tenants. Moreover, they would be recognized as first-generation protected tenants, meaning that their children and grandchildren would be able to stay in the houses. In exchange, they would pay 1,500 shekels ($465) a year to the company Nahalat Shimon, which has been seeking to evict them.

      The problem isn’t the money but the question of recognizing Nahalat Shimon as the owner. The Palestinians refuse to. For their part, representatives of the settlers demanded explicit Palestinian recognition of ownership of the land under the buildings and a promise not to raise further claims in the future. The Palestinians resolutely refused.

      The arrangement the court proposed had other problems, for example, who would be the recognized tenant of each property, because it was often the case that a number of brothers inherited a house but only one of them can be designated a protected tenant.

      Another problem is that protected tenants aren’t wholly protected from eviction. For instance, if the settlers are able to get a construction permit in the framework of the P’nui U’Binui (urban renewal) program, they can order the residents out in exchange for providing them with substitute housing. Justice Amit, the chairman of the three-judge panel, was optimistic that this problem could be solved by “constructive diplomacy.”

      “We will rule that the petitioners declare that they are the protected tenants and that the respondent is registered as the owner, and the issue is resolved. This [compromise] will provide breathing space of a few good years until then either there will be a real estate agreement or peace will come. We do not know what will happen. Is it possible to sum up this matter?” Amit said to the two sides.

      It was clear that Amit and his colleagues didn’t want to sign an order evicting the families from their homes. “What we are saying is let’s bring this down from the level of principles to a pragmatic level. People should be able to continue living there – that’s the idea – to try and reach a practical arrangement without making declarations of one kind or another. We’ve seen how interested the media are in this. We want a practical solution,” said Amit.

      But as the hearing progressed, the justices found it harder and harder to bring the two sides together. In the end, they responded to the request by the Palestinians’ lawyers, Sami Arshid and Salah Abu Hussein, to break for consultations. But the court told them they couldn’t leave the courtroom. The justices expressed concern that if they were allowed to leave they would be subject to outside influences that would cause them to reject any compromise.

      “You will remain here under house arrest but without electronic handcuffs,” joked Amit. The non-Palestinian spectators, who have never experienced arrest or house arrest, perhaps enjoyed the joke more.

      After the hearings resumed, however, the justices despaired of compromise. Instead, they instructed the two parties to begin making their cases over the substance of the legal dispute itself. That was unusual since the Palestinians’ claims have already been rejected for a variety of technical reasons – statute of limitations, a lack of public interest in pursuing the litigation, presumption of administrative correctness and others.

      Arshid and Abu Hussein jumped at the opportunity and began to detail the difficulties and illogic of a foreign company controlled by right-wing activists becoming the owners of an East Jerusalem neighborhood. All the eviction orders to date have been based on two foundations: The first is the registration of the land as Jewish in 1972 and the second is the hearings that took place in the Supreme Court in the 1980s during which the Palestinians recognized Jewish ownership of the land. Since then, in nearly all the legal proceedings, it has been claimed that the Palestinians were not entitled to appeal either of these foundations. This time, they were allowed to.

      Arshid and Abu Hussein claimed, for example, that the 1972 registration was done by accident or fraudulently, that the settlers have no documents attesting to their ownership, that the Israeli Justice Ministry’s Custodian General didn’t have the authority to award control of the land to Jews, that the government of Jordan transferred control of the land to them and that even Yaakov Shapira, when he was Israeli justice minister in 1968, promised that even if the land was restored to the Jews who controlled it before 1948 the tenants wouldn’t be evicted.

      Ilan Shemer, representing Nahalat Shimon, rejected all the Palestinian claims. He asserted that the current Sheikh Jarrah residents aren’t necessarily connected with those who were settled in the place by the Jordanian government. He noted that the defendants had revised their claims over the years and each time raised new ones in their defense.

      “You can’t claim there was fraud 50 years later,” he said and added, “They want us to overturn every ruling since the creation of the world.”

      As the hearings proceeded, it was clear that the judges were even less happy to make a decision and even more determined to get the parties to agree to a compromise. “Contrary to what we wanted, you have both sought to bring this to court. But our hope is not yet lost,” said Amit.

      The justices instructed the Palestinian side to present the court with a list of candidates for protected-tenant status. Most of those in court assumed that the justices’ intention was to use the list in the next hearing to pressure the parties to compromise, thereby avoiding a decision to evict the residents.

      In the end, the Sheikh Jarrah legal battle revolves around one question. Is it simply a real estate dispute, as the settlers assert, or is it part of a campaign by the state – its official arms (the custodian general, Land Registry, the Israel Police) and its unofficial ones (the Nahalat Shimon Company) to dispossess the Palestinians and Judaize the neighborhood? If it’s the latter, it’s a campaign based on discrimination and unjust laws.

      Needless to say, for the rest of the world, apart from Israel, the Palestinian viewpoint is the one that is accepted; the view that it’s a private dispute is rejected.

      The three justices struggled to decide where the court stood on this question. On the one hand, they are clearly not happy reopening a discussion on the legal substance of the affair. On the other, they also very much do not want to order the eviction of hundreds of people from their homes – at least not now, when Sheikh Jarrah is the focus of media and diplomatic attention.

      But the Palestinians also have a problem. Sheikh Jarrah has become a powerful symbol for the Palestinian public. Its residents have become culture heroes, a status that makes it difficult for them to agree to a compromise, even if it ensures they will not be evicted.

      The pressure on them in the time that remains until the next hearing will be immense. It appears that the justices are aware of that as could be seen in Justice Amit’s parting wishes to the lawyers on Monday: “If we meet again, may it be with fewer people. Not that this is a problem – we’re willing to rent Teddy Stadium. But everyone realizes what the problem is.”

    • Palestinians Reject Israeli Court’s Deal That Would Put Them at “Mercy of Settlers” in Sheikh Jarrah
      StoryAugust 03, 2021 | Democracy Now !, Nermeen Shaikh, with Juan González.
      https://www.democracynow.org/2021/8/3/sheikh_jarrah_evictions_israeli_supreme_court
      (...)

      MOHAMMED EL-KURD : The court is really aware of the international media pressure. They even explicitly made a remark about the media pressure. And so, they wanted to reach a, quote-unquote, “diplomatic” solution, and so they’re evading their responsibilities, pressuring us to reach a settlement with the settlers instead.

      Now, the way this is being reported or the way this is being conveyed might sound like a good deal, but what’s happening here is that we would be living at the mercy of settlers, paying rent to live in our own homes, and dealing with all kinds of arbitrary policies. I imagine I don’t — I personally don’t love the idea of having a landlord, let alone having a settler landlord.

      JUAN GONZÁLEZ: And, Mohammed, could you go a little bit, for our listeners and viewers who don’t know the story of the history of your home, going back to, actually, to 1956? And you wrote in an article in The Nation last summer that your grandmother, who was an icon of Palestinian resistance, was one of the original people who settled in that particular home?

      MOHAMMED EL-KURD: Yeah, absolutely. My grandmother was among 27 other families that were forcibly expelled from their homes in the 1948 Nakba upon the establishment of what is called the state of Israel on Palestinian lands through ethnic cleansing, and so they were made refugees. And they went from city to city, and they found themselves in Jerusalem. The United Nations, alongside the Jordanian government, decided to build Sheikh Jarrah, the units at Sheikh Jarrah, as a refugee project to house them. Unfortunately, they never — both of these entities never fulfilled their promises of transferring the land ownership to the Palestinian refugees because of the Naksa in 1967, because of the war with the Israeli forces. And so, in the ’70s, you began seeing Israeli settler organizations, largely registered in the United States and funded by private donors in the United States, claiming our property.

      Now, to understand this, you have to understand the larger picture, that every — almost every neighborhood in occupied Jerusalem is facing the same threat of NGOs, settler NGOs, that are fabricating documents and using an inherently biased judicial system, an inherently colonial judicial system, to expel Palestinians. So you have a partnership here between the settler organizations and the state to expel Palestinians from Sheikh Jarrah. And this is exactly what’s happened in Sheikh Jarrah since 1972. This has been 49 years of postponement and delays and court cases.

      So I think it’s really important for people that are listening to understand that the punishment is not just in the act of the expulsion. The punishment is the process itself. It’s losing your youth, losing your hope, losing the prospects of your future to the lingering threat of homelessness at all times. And this reality is not just for people in Sheikh Jarrah; it’s the reality for hundreds of thousands of Palestinians all across Palestine. (...)

    • Territoires palestiniens : un verdict en demi-teinte pour les familles de Sheikh Jarrah
      RFI - Publié le : 03/08/2021
      https://www.rfi.fr/fr/moyen-orient/20210803-territoires-palestiniens-un-verdict-en-demi-teinte-pour-les-familles-de

      À Jérusalem, à la Cour suprême, c’était une audience que beaucoup ont suivi lundi : celle des familles de Sheikh Jarrah, un quartier stratégique de Jérusalem-Est. Quatre d’entre elles sont menacées d’éviction forcée de leurs maisons au profit de colons israéliens, qui précisent être les propriétaires des terres.

      Avec notre correspondante dans les Territoires Palestiniens, Alice Froussard

      L’audience à la Cour suprême était entièrement en hébreu, une langue que la plupart des Palestiniens de Jérusalem-Est ne comprennent pas et il n’y avait aucun traducteur. Alors dans la salle, ceux qui comprenaient chuchotaient, traduisaient à l’oreille des autres. Muna et Mohammad al Kurd, les deux jumeaux, devenus les militants emblématiques de la cause de Sheikh Jarrah, le racontaient à travers des lives ou des photos postées sur les réseaux sociaux.
      D’une certaine manière, lundi il y avait donc plus d’informations sur Twitter que dans la salle grâce aux tweets des journalistes, grâce aux médias, aux militants des droits de l’homme qui retraduisaient les paroles en temps réel.
      Ce suivi en ligne, cette présence sur les réseaux sociaux est aussi une manière pour les Palestiniens d’être présent, soutenant les familles en postant des messages, en réexpliquant le contexte. Nombre d’entre eux, sur les réseaux sociaux, faisaient part aussi de leur manque d’espoir quant à la décision finale, confiant qu’ils n’attendaient rien d’un tribunal israélien, avec des juges israéliens, qui ne rendraient « jamais justice à des Palestiniens ».
      ​ De nombreuses réactions après le verdict
      Après le verdict, ou du moins, l’absence de décision, les réactions se sont multipliées, car la solution proposée par les juges de la Cour suprême est un « compromis », où les familles de Sheikh Jarrah peuvent rester dans leur maison, à condition de payer un petit loyer aux associations de colons. En échange, elles « ne sont pas expulsées pour quelques années ». Cela revient en fait, pour les Palestiniens, à abandonner leurs titres de propriété.
      À la sortie du tribunal, dans un live sur Instagram, Mohammad al Kurd expliquait que « ces colons ne sont pas leurs propriétaires et que dans ce compromis, rien ne garantit qu’ils n’augmentent pas le loyer ou que la municipalité de Jérusalem ne démolira pas leurs maisons ». Selon lui, si les juges n’ont pas rendu de verdict final, c’est en partie à cause de la pression médiatique et diplomatique.
      ​ Les militants insistent sur la « résistance populaire »
      Les Palestiniens sont bien décidés à ne pas s’arrêter. Lundi, beaucoup de militants insistaient sur la « résistance populaire », car, comme le précise un tweet de l’association Adalah, regroupant des avocats Palestiniens en Israël, « la justice a utilisé la loi comme une arme contre les Palestiniens ».
      Lundi, c’était aussi le début d’un autre mouvement sur les réseaux sociaux, absolument lié à Sheikh Jarrah : « August Month of Action » avec ce hasthag pour faire du bruit sur toutes les injustices palestiniennes. Même si ces militants le savent, cela ne se réglera pas en une nuit.

  • Silwan: A silent war for Jerusalem’s soul
    By Latifeh Abdellatif , Huthifa Fayyad for Middle East Eye
    – – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/silwan-a-silent-war-for-jerusalems-soul

    Since the Israeli occupation of East Jerusalem in 1967, Silwan has been the target of ongoing illegal Israeli settlement activity. Qutaiba Odeh is one of thousands of Palestinians in the ancient town fighting home demolitions and evictions to remain in their homes.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=220SdttKYnY&t=56s


    Transcribed by IMEMC

    Qutaiba Odeh: “We live in a silent war. It’s a war you don’t hear or see, but as Palestinians in Jerusalem, we live it around the clock. There is not a house in Silwan today that does not have a story or a hardship. Either they have someone in prison, someone wounded or martyred, a child or a young man detained, a house threatened with demolition by the [Israeli] municipality or facing eviction by [Israeli] settlers.

    My name is Qutaiba Odeh, a resident of Silwan town. My dream is that our generation does not live the same Nakba our forefathers lived. I am a from a Palestinian family in Jerusalem living in Silwan. We are a family of 21 members living in three neighborhoods. In Silwan, we have three houses, two of them threatened with demolition and the other one threatened with eviction.

    If we speak about Jerusalem, we speak about Silwan. Yabous (Jebusites), the first Canaanite tribe, started in Silwan. The origin of human settlement in Jerusalem started in Silwan. Silwan is the southern safeguard of the Old City and al-Aqsa Mosque. Palestinians here live in approximately 12 neighborhoods, 6 of these neighborhoods are threatened with forced displacement and ethnic cleansing. We are here today in al-Bustan neighborhood. The [Israeli] occupation municipality decided in 2004 to demolish this neighborhood and turn it into a biblical park.

    They want to settle in Arab towns and neighborhoods in Jerusalem among the Palestinian population in East Jerusalem. they want to abolish the idea of Jerusalem being the capital of Palestine through these settlement projects here and there, so that in the future they’ll be the majority and we the minority. Settler organizations like Ateret Cohanim, Elad and the Jewish National Fund are very active here and have a lot of influence. They are the other face of the right-wing occupation government.” (...)

    #Silwan #colonialisme_de_peuplement #Jerusalem

  • ELNET France
    @ElnetFr - 5:51 PM · 19 juil. 2021
    https://twitter.com/ElnetFr/status/1417150047540682759

    Une délégation de 40 parlementaires français est en Israël. Pour la 1ère fois depuis 18 mois, ils échangent avec d’éminentes personnalités sur des enjeux clés. Une occasion exceptionnelle de rencontrer des membres du nouveau gouvernement et de renforcer les liens entre nos 2 pays

    “““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““
    ELNET
    @elnetwork_eu - 7:56 PM · 19 juil. 2021
    https://twitter.com/elnetwork_eu/status/1417181486701170702

    Delegation of French MPs visited Israel’s south, which only 2 months ago suffered from 4,000+ rockets fired by Gaza terror groups. MPs inspected one of @Tsahal_IDF
    Iron Dome batteries protecting southern communities from the rockets, and talked to mayor of Sderot @AlonDavidi

    Tsahal
    @Tsahal_IDF - https://twitter.com/Tsahal_IDF/status/1417182007386427406

    Une trentaine de députés français ont visité le Dôme de Fer dans le sud d’Israël et ont échangé sur les enjeux sécuritaires auxquels font face nos soldats. Merci à eux et @elnetwork_eu pour cette visite fructueuse.

    ““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““
    Sandra Boëlle
    @SBoelle - 9:13 PM · 19 juil. 2021
    https://twitter.com/SBoelle/status/1417200845842751488

    Mission parlementaire en Israël @AssembleeNat
    @ElnetFr : rencontre avec l’Ambassadeur de France en en Israël @EricDanon
    #situationpolitique #affairesetrangeres [Drapeau de la FranceDrapeau d’Israël–

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    Arié Bensemhoun
    @ariebens - 10:56 AM · 20 juil. 2021
    https://twitter.com/ariebens/status/1417408034540769280

    Énième visite du mémorial de la Shoah, @yadvashem à #Jérusalem, avec la délégation des #ParlementairesFrançaisDrapeau de la France en mission en #IsraëlDrapeau d’Israël. C’est toujours la même émotion et la même révolte. Le combat contre la haine des Juifs et d’Israël est le combat de tous les démocrates.

    #IsraelFrance #Elnet

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    ELNET
    @elnetwork_eu - 1:23 PM · 20 juil. 2021·
    https://twitter.com/elnetwork_eu/status/1417445045196763137

    The ELNET delegation of about 40 French parliament members met with the Prime Minister of Israel @naftalibennett
    to discuss the importance of France-Israel relations, shared values, challenges and opportunties.

    ““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““
    ELNET
    @elnetwork_eu - 2:36 PM · 20 juil. 2021·
    https://twitter.com/elnetwork_eu/status/1417463306160328709

    President @Isaac_Herzog met today with the @ElnetFr
    delegation of French lawmakers.
    On the shared challenge of antisemitism, the President stressed “#Durban is a conference of hate. I call on #France to join other countries and announce it will boycott the Durban conference.”

    “““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““

    L’édito hebdomadaire du 19 juillet 2021
    Retour en Israël après un an et demi d’attente
    http://elnetwork.fr/edito-19-juillet-2021

    Comprendre les enjeux de la région tout en renforçant les liens qui unissent nos deux pays, c’est l’objectif de la délégation d’une quarantaine de parlementaires de tous horizons politiques, en déplacement pour trois jours en Israël. Pour la majorité d’entre eux, il s’agit de leur premier déplacement dans le pays.

    Trois jours intenses en rencontres et en discussions sur des sujets variés, quelques semaines seulement après l’entrée en fonction du nouveau gouvernement.

    Dès leur arrivée, les membres de cette « mission d’information et d’amitié » ont pu échanger avec le Dr. Emmanuel Navon, Professeur de Relations internationales à l’Université de Tel Aviv ainsi qu’avec S.E.M. Eric Danon, ambassadeur de France en Israël depuis deux ans. (...)
    (...)
    Enfin pour leur dernier jour sur place, les députés et sénateurs auront l’opportunité de discuter avec un journaliste arabe israélien. (...)

    • Elnet. Découvrez Israël, ses colonies, ses technologies de surveillance...
      Orient XXI > Jean Stern > 26 janvier 2021
      https://orientxxi.info/magazine/elnet-decouvrez-israel-ses-colonies-ses-technologies-de-surveillance,445

      Enquête · Réseau européen installé à Paris, Bruxelles, Londres, Berlin, Madrid et Varsovie, Elnet (European Leadership Network) œuvre à renforcer les liens entre la France et Israël en ciblant les leaders, patrons et élus. Structure discrète et bien dotée, son activité consiste à vendre le produit Israël, ses start-up comme ses colonies, sur la scène française, en créant et en entretenant un maillage de décideurs pro-israéliens. (...)
      (...)

  • Noga Tarnopolsky
    @NTarnopolsky
    https://twitter.com/NTarnopolsky/status/1406327199045722121

    For no reason, without stone-throwing or any other aggressive action as a trigger @IsraelPolice spray skunk water over Damascus Gate, one of the most beautiful & historically important spots in what the government calls Israel’s sacred & eternal capital

    https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1406309432171155457/pu/vid/848x480/Y348gkxdJNbG2DB2.mp4?tag=12

    #Jerusalem

  • Israel deploys Iron Dome batteries as Hamas warns against Tuesday’s Jerusalem march
    Nir Hasson, Josh Breiner, Jack Khoury | Jun. 14, 2021 | 11:51 AM - - Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/palestinians/.premium-hamas-warns-bennett-tuesday-s-jerusalem-march-will-reignite-tensio

    The right-wing Flag March is a ’fuse for a new explosion,’ Hamas spokesman says a day after PM Bennett takes office

    The Israeli military has deployed Iron Dome air defense batteries and raised its level of alert ahead of the Jerusalem Flag March on Tuesday, as Hamas says it would respond to the right-wing march if it goes through as planned, potentially with rocket fire from the Gaza Strip.

    Omer Bar-Lev, the newly sworn-in public security minister, decided on Monday evening, after a meeting with Police Commissioner Kobi Shabtai and representatives of several Israeli defense agencies, to let the march go on as planned.

    “I was under the impression that the police is well prepared and that a great effort has been made to safeguard the delicate fabric of life and public safety,” Bar-Lev said in a statement.

    Hamas warned Israel that the march will renew unrest, less than a month after the two sides reached a cease-fire following 11 days of fighting in Gaza.

    “We are calling on Palestinians in Jerusalem and within the Green Line to halt the march tomorrow,” said Hamas spokesman Abdulatif al-Qanua on Monday. He dubbed the march, in which right-wing groups parade through the Old City carrying Israeli flags, a “fuse for a new explosion for the protection of the al-Aqsa Mosque and Jerusalem.”

    According to a Monday report on Lebanese newspaper Al-Akhbar, Hamas leadership told Abbas Kamel, the head Egyptian intelligence who was heavily involved in mediating last month’s cease-fire with Israel, that the organization’s response to the march would be “identical” to its actions in May, when rockets were fired at Jerusalem.

    The report also said the group’s military wing has been ordered to stand by, but any action would “depend on Israel’s conduct.”

    The organizers of the Jerusalem Flag March reached an agreement with the Israel Police on Friday to allow for a march to take place on Tuesday. It had been planned for last Thursday, but was canceled after organizers and police failed to agree on a route over police fears that the march would reignite tensions and lead to riots in the city by passing through Palestinian areas.

    The march was originally scheduled, as per tradition, for Israel’s Jerusalem Day last month, and was diverted due to security concerns as clashes between police and Palestinians in the city intensified. It was dispersed shortly after it began, after tensions peaked and Hamas fired rockets from Gaza.

    The march planned for Tuesday will proceed down Sultan Suleiman road before arriving at the Damascus Gate, a flashpoint of tensions between Palestinians and police in recent months. An Israeli flag dance will be held at the plaza in front of the gate. The marchers, however, will not enter the Old City through the Damascus Gate and the gate will be closed off.

    From the Damascus Gate, marchers will pass through the Jaffa Gate and head toward the Western Wall through peripheral areas of the Muslim Quarter of the Old City. Part of the route will be detoured through the Jewish Quarter due to security concerns and to prevent overcrowding.

    The organizers of the march said, “We thank the Israel Police, police commissioner, and Jerusalem District from their cooperation and are happy that Israeli flags will be flown with pride in all parts of the Old City.”

    The organizers added, “We call on all citizens of Israel to join us this Tuesday with Israeli flags, to praise Israeli heroism and dance with joy in Jerusalem.”

    The change to the parade route came after Jerusalem District Commander Doron Turgeman refused to allow the march to pass through the Damascus Gate, or the center of the Muslim quarter. Turgeman said that under no circumstances would he approve the route originally requested by the organizers, fearing that the march would incite riots throughout the Old City.

    The deputy head of Hamas in Gaza, Khalil al-Hayya, issued a warning to Israel on Thursday night, warning that if “settler extremism” and the Flag March aren’t reigned in, the “fragile cease-fire could explode.”

    Hamas’ military wing said it’ is “closely following the provocative and aggressive actions by the usurpers and their leaders in Jerusalem and the Al-Aqsa Mosque. We warn against harming Al-Aqsa, and salute her free defenders in Jerusalem.”

    Last month, Israeli security forces clashed repeatedly with Palestinians near and in the Al-Aqsa mosque, leaving hundreds of Palestinians injured.

    Security officials say that the situation in the Gaza Strip is still very sensitive, and that the leader of Hamas in Gaza, Yahya Sinwar, is looking for an excuse to escalate tensions with Israel – and may find one in the events in Jerusalem.

    #Jérusalem

  • Éric Cantona, Susan Sarandon, Bella Hadid… ces stars qui s’engagent pour les Palestiniens | Middle East Eye édition française
    https://www.middleeasteye.net/fr/actu-et-enquetes/guerre-gaza-israel-stars-cinema-musique-top-model-reseaux-sociaux-sol

    D’autres stars militantes, connues pour prendre la parole sur divers sujets d’actualité, n’ont pas pris tant de précaution. 

    Sur son fil Twitter, l’actrice et militante #Susan_Sarandon retweete vidéos, photos, articles et commentaires clairement propalestiniens. La comédienne et productrice #Viola_Davis, première actrice afro-américaine noire à avoir été récompensée par un Oscar, a publié un diaporama expliquant la situation à #Sheikh_Jarrah, le quartier de #Jérusalem où les Palestiniens sont menacés d’expulsion par les Israéliens.

    #Palestine

  • Life Under Occupation: The Misery at the Heart of the Israel-Gaza Conflict
    By David M. Halbfinger and Adam Rasgon
    May 22, 2021 - The New York Times
    https://www.nytimes.com/2021/05/22/us/israel-gaza-conflict.html

    An eviction in East Jerusalem lies at the center of a conflict that led to war between Israel and Hamas. But for millions of Palestinians, the routine indignities of occupation are part of daily life.

    JERUSALEM — Muhammad Sandouka built his home in the shadow of the Temple Mount before his second son, now 15, was born.

    They demolished it together, after Israeli authorities decided that razing it would improve views of the Old City for tourists.

    Mr. Sandouka, 42, a countertop installer, had been at work when an inspector confronted his wife with two options: Tear the house down, or the government would not only level it but also bill the Sandoukas $10,000 for its expenses.

    Such is life for Palestinians living under Israel’s occupation: always dreading the knock at the front door.

    The looming removal of six Palestinian families from their homes in East Jerusalem set off a round of protests that helped ignite the latest war between Israel and Gaza. But to the roughly three million Palestinians living in the West Bank and East Jerusalem, which Israel captured in the 1967 war and has controlled through decades of failed peace talks, the story was exceptional only because it attracted an international spotlight.

    For the most part, they endure the frights and indignities of the Israeli occupation in obscurity.

    Even in supposedly quiet periods, when the world is not paying attention, Palestinians from all walks of life routinely experience exasperating impossibilities and petty humiliations, bureaucratic controls that force agonizing choices, and the fragility and cruelty of life under military rule, now in its second half-century. (...)

    #Jerusalem #colonialisme_de_peuplement

  • Jérusalem. La porte de Damas, épicentre de la révolte palestinienne
    https://orientxxi.info/magazine/jerusalem-la-porte-de-damas-epicentre-de-la-revolte-palestinienne,4753
    11 mai 2021 | Mahmoud Muna, Ecrivain et militant palestinien, il dirige la librairie Educational Bookshop à Jérusalem.

    (...) La société israélienne et son establishment politique sont profondément inquiets, mais ils refusent de voir que c’est l’occupation militaire qui est le problème ici. En effet, pour nous, l’occupation est le principal obstacle à notre libération et à notre liberté.

    Nous en avons assez de l’occupation et de tout ce qui l’accompagne, et nous ne pouvons pas continuer à jouer les psychiatres de la société israélienne. Nous sommes les occupés, pas les occupants, nous sommes les opprimés, pas les oppresseurs, nous sommes les colonisés, pas les colonisateurs. Pour le bien-être de tous ceux qui vivent entre le fleuve et la mer, il faut mettre fin à cette occupation. Elle n’a que trop duré.

  • Tensions over Jerusalem Day march, Temple Mount clashes culminate in rocket fire from Gaza
    Nir Hasson, Jack Khoury | May 10, 2021 | 8:57 PM
    - Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-tensions-over-jerusalem-day-march-temple-mount-clashes-culminate-i

    After hundreds of Palestinian casualties in clashes with Israeli forces, police commissioner says they ’showed too much restraint’

    The controversial annual flag march by Jews in Jerusalem’s Old City was canceled by the police and then reinstated against the backdrop of heightened tensions in the city between Jews and Palestinians that culminated late in the afternoon Monday with rocket fire from the Gaza Strip, directed at the Jerusalem area by Hamas.

    At one point in the day, the police decided to break up the Jerusalem Day flag march, which generally attracts large number of religious Jewish young people, moments after it began, following a day of violent clashes in the Old City on Monday. But late in the afternoon, the police announced that the Jerusalem district commander of the police decided that the march would be allowed to proceed after all, but not through the Damascus Gate.

    Speaking to Channel 12 News Monday evening, Israel Police Commissioner Kobi Shabtai said the police had been too restrained in their response to the violence. “I assume that at the moment, we’re at the stage of taking off the kid gloves of sensitivity that had prevailed,” he said.

    Clashes on the Temple Mount compound on Monday morning left more than 300 Palestinians wounded, according to the Palestinian Red Crescent, prompting an Israeli decision to bar Jews from entering the holy site.

    Despite the hundreds of Palestinian casualties, Shabtai said police “showed too much restraint.”

    The Damascus Gate is a main entryway into the Muslim Quarter and a flashpoint in its own right last month over an earlier decision by the police to place crowd barriers in the plaza in front of the gate. The march is timed for Jerusalem Day, which this year falls on Monday, marking the city’s reunification following the 1967 Six-Day War.

    Israel’s decision to reroute the march away from the Damascus Gate and the Muslim Quarter followed a day of intense clashes between Palestinian worshippers and police. The decision was made just one hour before the march was scheduled to begin. Haaretz has learned from several police sources that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu made the decision to reroute the march.

    The march, which the organizers view as a celebration of the return of the Jewish people to the Old City of Jerusalem after Jews were excluded from the area by the 1949 armistice line, is seen as a provocation by many Palestinians, particularly as the route traditionally includes the Muslim Quarter of the Old City.

    Over the past several days, tensions in Jerusalem have centered on clashes between Muslims and Israeli police on the Temple Mount in the closing days of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan and in the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood of East Jerusalem, where a pending court case pitted Jews against Palestinian residents of the neighborhood in a dispute over homes that had been owned by Jews in the 19th century and where the Jordanian government settled Palestinians in the 1950s.

    Netanyahu’s office had been inundated with messages from prominent figures abroad urging Israel to put a halt to the violence in Jerusalem and to change the route of the Jerusalem Day march, a Palestinian source said. “It’s in Netanyahu’s hands. It’s up to him to stop the violence spreading to the West Bank,” the source said.

    Rocket alert sirens warning of incoming rockets from Gaza sounded Monday in the Jerusalem area moments after a 6 P.M. ultimatum issued by Hamas for Israel to remove its forces from Jerusalem’s Temple Mount. A spokesman for the Hamas militant group said the leadership of a joint command of armed movements in the Gaza Strip had given Israel “an ultimatum until 6 P.M.” to withdraw its security forces from the Temple Mount compound and the city’s Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood.

    Hamas, the Islamist movement that controls the Gaza Strip, is closely watching all of the developments in Jerusalem, its leaders have said. “The resistance is ready for any incident, and will not sit idly by if Israel does not curb aggression and stop all plots against the Palestinian people and against the Al-Aqsa mosque,” the leader of Hamas’ political wing, Ismail Haniyeh, said.

    The U.N. Security Council held emergency consultations Monday on the escalating violence in east Jerusalem and was considering a proposed statement calling on Israel to cease evictions and calling for “restraint” and respect for “the historic status quo at the holy sites.”

    Council diplomats said all 15 members expressed concern at the clashes and rising violence but the United States, Israel’s closest ally, said a statement might not be useful at this time. Nonetheless, the U.S. agreed to have council experts discuss the statement.

    With reporting by Josh Breiner, Noa Shpigel, Hagar Shezaf and The Associated Press.

    #Jerusalem

  • Soldiers Attack Palestinians In Sheikh Jarrah, Abduct Five
    May 9, 2021 – – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/soldiers-attack-palestinians-in-sheikh-jarrah-abduct-five

    Israeli soldiers attacked on Sunday night, many Palestinians in the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood, in occupied Jerusalem, causing injuries, and abducted five.

    Eyewitnesses said the soldiers, including mounted police officers, invaded the neighborhood and assaulted dozens of residents, including children and women, causing injuries.

    They added that the invasion was carried out when the situation was calm, and no protests were taking place.

    The Israeli army was also pushing and dragging the Palestinians from the neighborhood and forced them all away. Locals said the streets are now filled with soldiers and police officers.

    Israel has been trying to remove and evict at least 75 Palestinian families from their homes and neighborhood, to replace them with illegal colonialist settlers.

    It is worth mentioning that the soldiers abducted, Sunday, twenty-five Palestinians; 24 of them are former political prisoners, during ongoing invasions and violent searches of homes and buildings, in Jerusalem.

    In addition, the soldiers injured overnight until morning hours, Sunday, at least 205 Palestinians, including some who were injured in the eyes, during protests that erupted after dozens of soldiers and police officers invaded the Al-Aqsa Mosque; The soldiers also abducted and detained many Palestinians.

    Furthermore, a Palestinian father and his four children were injured, on Sunday at dawn, after the soldiers fired concussion grenades at them near Bab

    #Jerusalem #Sheikh_Jarrah

    • Israeli Soldiers Injure Three Palestinians in Gaza
      May 9, 2021
      https://imemc.org/article/israeli-soldiers-injure-three-palestinians-in-gaza-5

      Israeli soldiers shot and injured, on Saturday at night, at least three Palestinians during protests that took place on their lands near the perimeter fence, east of Gaza city, in the besieged coastal region.

      Media sources said dozens of Palestinians protested the escalating Israeli violations in occupied Jerusalem, especially in the Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood and the Al-Aqsa Mosque.

      They added that the soldiers, stationed across the perimeter fence, especially in the Malka military base, fired many live rounds, gas bombs, and rubber-coated steel bullets at the Palestinians, wounding at least three and causing many to suffer the effects of teargas inhalation.

      The protesters carried Palestinian flags and wore the kufiyahs, and chanted in solidarity with Sheikh Jarrah, and in condemnation of the Israeli attempts to displace the Palestinians to replace them with illegal colonialist settlers, in addition to the escalating violations against the Palestinians in occupied Jerusalem.

      They also chanted against the repeated invasions and violations in Al-Aqsa Mosque, the Palestinian neighborhoods, and towns in the city.

      #GAZA

    • Israeli Army Fires Missiles Into Central Gaza
      May 9, 2021
      https://imemc.org/article/israeli-army-fires-missiles-into-central-gaza

      Israeli soldiers fired on Sunday at dawn, several missiles into two sites in Deir al-Balah city, in central Gaza Strip.

      Media sources said an Israeli F16 fighter jet fired missiles into two sites, believed to be run by the al-Qassam Brigades, the armed wing of the Hamas movement, causing damage.

      They added that the missiles also caused damage to nearby homes but did not lead to casualties.

      The Israeli army claimed it fired the missiles after a homemade shell was fired into settlements across the fence and added that the shell landed in an undeveloped area causing no damage or injuries.

      #GAZA

  • Clashes renew in Jerusalem as some 90,000 gather to pray at Al-Aqsa
    Nir Hasson, Jack Khoury, Josh Breiner | May 8, 2021 | 3:03 PM |
    Updated: May. 8, 2021 8:10 PM Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-over-15-palestinians-arrested-in-east-jerusalem-raids-day-after-vi

    Clashes break out near Damascus Gate and in Sheikh Jarrah ■ Israeli police deploy tear gas, stun grenades and sponge-tipped bullets ■ 29 Palestinians arrested in East Jerusalem, two in the Old City

    Violent clashes between Palestinians and Israeli police broke out in Jerusalem Saturday night, one day after 205 Palestinians and 17 police officers were injured in violent clashes that garnered international condemnation.

    Police used sponge-tipped bullets and tear gas against the thousands of Palestinians who were gathered at the Damascus Gate. Palestinians threw stones at Israeli police forces at the site.

    The Palestinian Red Crescent said that 17 Palestinians had been wounded, many by sponge-tipped bullets. Six were evacuated to hospitals. They added that the Israeli police had prevented ambulances from reaching the site to evacuate the injured.

    The clashes began shortly after prayers marking Laylat Al-Qadr, the holiest night in the month of Ramadan, concluded at Al-Aqsa Mosque. Some 90,000 worshippers had come to pray at the site.

    Clashes also broke out in Sheikh Jarrah in East Jerusalem, and police dispersed protesters with stun grenades and stink bombs. The police said that dozens of residents had instigated clashes that included “flying Palestinian flags and throwing stones toward police forces.”

    The police added that officers had been attacked in the Old City and two suspects had been arrested. Palestinian protesters threw stones at officers, and one officer was lightly injured and received medical treatment at the site.

    The Israeli army said some 450 Gazans are protesting near the border fence in solidarity with the Palestinians in Jerusalem. The Israeli army said that protesters are “burning tires and throwing explosives. IDF soldiers are spread out at sites along the border and are using riot dispersal methods.” According to Palestinian reports, dozens, not hundreds, of Palestinian youth are protesting at the border.

    To Jerusalem on foot

    Earlier Saturday, the Jerusalem police halted dozens of buses carrying worshippers on their way to the Al-Aqsa Mosque complex.

    Hundreds of worshippers made their way to the Old City on foot. Police argued that they had reason to believe that some of the passengers were planning to cause disturbances.

    The Israeli Police spokesman Eli Levi said that the police had no intention of closing the road to Jerusalem, but rather were attempting to remove specific individuals from the buses. The police eventually allowed the buses to continue on to Jerusalem.

    The police later allowed the buses to carry the passengers to Jerusalem, after they caused severe roadblocks on the Highway.

    The Israeli army, police and Magen David Adom bolstered their presence in East Jerusalem and around the Temple Mount on Saturday, as they expect violent clashes between Israeli security forces and Palestinians will continue through the night.

    Police believe the clashes on the Temple Mount are led by Hamas operatives, and that they are linked to Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas’ decision to postpone the Palestinian parliamentary elections this month.

    Activists arrested

    Israel Police carried out arrests of 29 Palestinians in East Jerusalem raids earlier Saturday afternoon according to Palestinian activists. The police have been arresting young Palestinians and activists since early Saturday morning, according to the activists.

    Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu met with Defense Minister Benny Gantz, IDF chief of staff Aviv Kochavi, the head of Shin Bet and other senior officials on Saturday to assess the situation in Jerusalem.

    “Israel is acting responsibly to ensure law and order in Jerusalem while maintaining freedom of worship in the holy places,” Netanyahu said in a statement.

    Gantz also commented on the escalation in Jerusalem, saying that "Extremists on both sides cannot be allowed to cause an escalation of the situation. Israel will continue to ensure freedom of worship at the Temple Mount and at the same time not allow terror to raise its head or disturb public order.”

    Adding to the tensions in Jerusalem’s Old City, dozens of young Jewish activists marched through the Muslim Quarter of the Old City ahead of the Al Qadr night, singing the Israeli song “Jerusalem of Gold.”

    Rallies were also held in Israeli-Arab cities on Saturday, with protesters waving Palestinian flags in solidarity with the Palestinians who were injured in East Jerusalem on Friday. The rallies took place in Nazareth, Umm al-Fahm, Tamra and other Arab-Israeli towns. A peaceful protest also took place in Jaffa, which ended just before sunset.

    ’Crosses a red line’

    On Friday night, at least 205 Palestinians and 17 police officers were wounded as clashes erupted at Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, in a serious escalation in tensions that have been building up in Jerusalem over the past weeks.

    United Arab List chairman Mansour Abbas declared that he won’t allow any escalations at Al-Aqsa to prevent freedom of worship for Muslims, calling every injury sustained by a worshipper an act which ’crosses a red line.’

    The United States called for both sides to ease tensions on Friday night.

    “The United States is extremely concerned about ongoing confrontations in Jerusalem, including on the Haram al-Sharif / Temple Mount and in Sheikh Jarrah, which have reportedly resulted in scores of injured people,” State Department spokesperson Ned Price said in perhaps the Biden administration’s most in-depth comment on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to date.

    Jordan and Egypt fiercely condemned Israel for the violence, saying it’s on Israel to uphold freedom of worship for Palestinian locals.

    A spokesperson for the Jordanian Foreign Ministry warned against a “dangerous escalation,” emphasizing that an international law tasks Israel responsible for upholding peace for worshippers at Al-Aqsa, even as an occupying force.

    Egypt’s Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Ahmed Hafez slammed Israel’s behavior, especially abusing the human rights of Palestinians, and Israel’s unacceptable efforts to uproot Palestinians from their homes in the flash point East Jerusalem neighborhood Sheikh Jarrah.

    “““““““““““““““““““ Mise à jour
    100 Palestinians injured as Jerusalem clashes continue for second night
    Clashes break out near Damascus Gate and in Sheikh Jarrah ■ Israeli police deploy tear gas, stun grenades and sponge-tipped bullets ■ Some 90,000 worshippers gather to pray at Al-Aqsa
    Nir Hasson, Jack Khoury, Josh Breiner | May 9, 2021 | 8:37 AM
    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-over-15-palestinians-arrested-in-east-jerusalem-raids-day-after-vi

    About 100 Palestinians were injured in violent clashes between Israeli forces and Palestinians in Jerusalem overnight Saturday into Sunday morning, as some 90,000 Muslim worshipers poured into Al-Aqsa Mosque to mark Ramadan’s holiest night.

    Clashes were concentrated on the Temple Mount, at various sites in the Old City and in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah. They follow escalating tensions in the city throughout the Muslim holy month of Ramadan, and have garnered international condemnation.

    Hundreds of young Palestinians threw fireworks and stones at police after early morning prayers on Sunday morning. Most of them dispersed, but a few dozen remain at the site, clashing with officers. The Palestinian Red Crescent reported that 10 people were injured in the morning’s clashes; six of them were evacuated to the hospital.

    The Red Crescent established a field hospital near Al-Aqsa Mosque to treat the injured, who were hit by sponge-tipped bullets, stun grenades and tear gas fired by Israeli police.

    The organization said that it treated another 90 people over the course of the night, 14 of them at the field hospital. Six children were bruised in the commotion, including a one-year-old infant.

    The Red Crescent had reported earlier in the night that the Israeli police had prevented its ambulances from entering the Damascus Gate area to evacuate the injured.

    Police evacuated the Western Wall plaza twice over the course of the night after Palestinians fired fireworks at the area, but worshipers returned minutes later.

    Police Commissioner Yaakov Shabtai said that police had regained control over the situation by about 1:30 A.M., and that about 20,000 Muslim worshipers remained on the Temple Mount.

    In Sheikh Jarrah, which has become a flashpoint for violence between Jews and Palestinians in the past week over the planned evictions of Palestinian homes in the neighborhood, police dispersed the dozens of protesters who had gathered with stun grenades and stink grenades. Palestinians also pelted a car belonging to Jews with stones.

    Police said that the clashes involved “Waving Palestinian flags and throwing stones at officers. Police began dispersions and were forced to use means.” Two Palestinians were arrested on suspicion of pepper spraying officers. During the arrest, police said that they found weapons on their persons.

    Earlier in the evening, police reported that they arrested two suspects who attacked police officers in the Old City. One officer was lightly injured and received medical treatment after Palestinian protesters began throwing stones at police forces.

    A rocket was fired from Gaza into Israel in the early hours of Sunday morning, landing in an open area. The IDF responded by attacking a Hamas military post in the southern Gaza Strip.

    The Israeli army said some 450 Gazans protested near the border fence in solidarity with the Palestinians in Jerusalem. The Israeli military said that protesters are “burning tires and throwing explosives. IDF soldiers are spread out at sites along the border and are using riot dispersal methods.” According to Palestinian reports, dozens, not hundreds, of Palestinian youth are protesting at the border. (...)

    Jack khoury.جاك خوري
    @KhJacki
    https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1391043084138467329/pu/vid/848x480/iYGDyoZUvv4LfKYc.mp4?tag=12


    https://twitter.com/KhJacki/status/1391043162890715139

    #Jerusalem #Sheikh_Jarrah

    • Alice Froussard
      @alicefrsd
      9:00 PM · 8 mai 2021

      Il y a eu ces grenades assourdissantes, ces gaz lacrymo, ces balles de caoutchouc de l’armée israélienne, toutes ces arrestations, ces restrictions à l’entrée de Jérusalem. Pourtant, l’Esplanade des Mosquées est pleine ce soir. #LaylatulQadr

      #SaveSheikhJarrah
      https://twitter.com/alicefrsd/status/1391105665008119812
      Diana Buttu
      @dianabuttu
      · 2h

      Al Aqsa compound now.


      9:00 PM · 8 mai 2021·Twitter Web App
      https://twitter.com/dianabuttu/status/1391098821325770756

      ““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““““"
      mohammed el-kurd
      @m7mdkurd
      10:07 PM · 8 mai 2021
      https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1391122398699790337/pu/vid/480x848/uUMULIMvB34hPfRx.mp4?tag=12

      Israeli forces have gone mad in Sheikh Jarrah, beating everyone in sight, demolishing the solidarity tents, using excessive force... Impunity breeds fascism.

      the Occupation knows it will not be held accountable by a complicit international community. #SaveSheikhJarrah
      À l’origine en anglais et traduit par
      Les forces israéliennes sont devenues folles à Sheikh Jarrah, battant tout le monde en vue, démolissant les tentes de solidarité, utilisant une force excessive ... L’impunité engendre le fascisme.

      l’Occupation sait qu’elle ne sera pas tenue responsable par une communauté internationale complice.#SaveSheikhJarrah

    • Democrats urge U.S. to act against Israel’s ’abhorrent’ East Jerusalem evictions
      Ben Samuels | May 8, 2021 | 9:22 PM - U.S. News - Haaretz.com
      https://www.haaretz.com/us-news/.premium-warren-urges-u-s-to-act-against-israel-s-abhorrent-sheikh-jarrah-e

      Several Democratic lawmakers are calling for an investigation on whether Israel’s ‘forced displacement for Palestinians’ violates U.S. laws

      WASHINGTON – A steadily increasing number of Democratic lawmakers are calling on the Biden administration to make clear to the Israeli government that the eviction of Palestinians from homes on land claimed by Jewish settlers in Jerusalem must stop immediately.

      Sens. Bernie Sanders, Elizabeth Warren and Chris Murphy have called on Israel to stop efforts at evicting Palestinian residents from their homes in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah based on claims by Jewish settlers, while Reps. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez, Gregory Meeks and Andy Levin also voiced their dismay.

      “The forced removal of long-time Palestinian residents in Sheikh Jarrah is abhorrent and unacceptable,” Warren tweeted, saying the administration must make clear to Israel that these evictions are illegal.

      “The United States must speak out strongly against the violence by government-allied Israeli extremists in East Jerusalem and the West Bank, and make clear that the evictions of Palestinian families must not go forward,” Sanders said.

      Murphy - chairman of the U.S. Senate Foreign Relations Subcommittee on Near East, South Asia, Central Asia and Counterterrorism - noted his deep concern by the recent violence and encouraged all parties to exercise restraint.

      “Evictions of Palestinian residents, who have lived in homes in the East Jerusalem neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah for a generation, are unjustified and must stop. So must Israeli settler attacks on Palestinians, Palestinian attacks on Jewish Israelis, and Hamas rocket and mortar launches,” the Connecticut senator said, adding that he was also concerned about “the Israeli forces’ militarized approach to this unrest, which is escalating, rather than deescalating, the situation.”

      Meeks, chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, called the situation in Sheikh Jarrah “deeply concerning” and calling on Jerusalem’s residents, leaders and officials to ensure that Jerusalem is a city where coexistence, not violence, reigns.

      Ocasio-Cortez called the situation in Sheikh Jarrah “inhumane” and called for the U.S. to show leadership in safeguarding human rights. “From the paramilitary violence in Colombia and Shiekh Jarrah, to the detention of children on our own border and the militarization of US police departments, the United States must seriously assess its role in state violence and condition aid,” she added.

      Ocasio-Cortez and Levin both noted their dismay that these events are occuring during the final days of Ramadan, with Levin similarly urging the State Department to work to immediately deescalate before bringing both sides to the table for a long-term solution.

      The growing criticism comes one day after several progressive House Democrats decried the events in Sheikh Jarrah, urging the State Department to pressure Israel on the matter. Two of those lawmakers, Reps. Marie Newman and Mark Pocan, are circulating a letter intended for Secretary of State Antony Blinken calling the eviction plans “a clear violation of the Fourth Geneva Convention.” They are also calling for an investigation on whether Israel’s “forced displacement of Palestinians” violates two U.S. laws stating U.S. weapons are to be sold only for legitimate self-defense and prohibiting U.S. funding for foreign military forces suspected of human rights abuses.

      The State Department issued their most extensive comment on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict to date on Friday, expressing deep concern about the evictions and urging Israel to avoid steps that would exacerbate tensions while calling on both Israeli and Palestinian authorities to act decisively to de-escalate the situation.

      #IsraelUSA

  • Une nuit à Jérusalem, avril 2021
    https://visionscarto.net/une-nuit-a-jerusalem-avril-2021

    Ces dernières semaines ont été marquées par de nombreux incidents aux portes de la Vieille ville de Jérusalem. Les affrontements entre des ultra-nationalistes juifs, de jeunes Palestiniens et les forces de police de la municipalité ont conduit à de nombreuses arrestations et hospitalisations. Pour beaucoup de personnes en France, l’annonce de ces violences nocturnes a suscité malaise et incompréhension. Face à ces hordes de jeunes d’extrême droite qui prennent d’assaut les abords de la Vieille ville et (...) #Billets

  • A night in Jerusalem, April 2021
    https://visionscarto.net/a-night-in-jerusalem-april-2021-767

    The last few weeks have been marked by numerous incidents at the gates of the Old City of Jerusalem. Clashes between Jewish ultra-nationalists, young Palestinians and the municipality’s police force have led to numerous arrests and hospitalisations. For many people in France, the announcement of this nightly violence caused unease and incomprehension. Faced with these hordes of extreme right-wing youths storming the outskirts of the Old Town and wanting to “smash Arabs”, the memory of the (...) #Articles

  • Dozens of Palestinians wounded in clashes with Jerusalem police as tensions boil over
    Nir Hasson and Jack Khoury - May. 7, 2021 6:12 PM - Updated : May. 7, 2021 10:42 PM - Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/police-protesters-clash-as-tensions-simmer-over-palestinian-evictions-in-je

    Dozens of Palestinians were wounded Friday as clashes erupted at Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, in a serious escalation in tensions that have been building up in Jerusalem over the past weeks.

    The Palestinian Red Crescent emergency service said 53 people were wounded in clashes with police there and elsewhere in Jerusalem, including 23 who were hospitalized. It says most were wounded in the face and eyes by rubber-coated bullets and shrapnel from stun grenades.

    The clashes were the latest in a deadly day that saw Israeli forces shoot and kill two Palestinians after three men opened fire on an Israeli base in the occupied West Bank.Israeli police were standing by as tens of thousands packed in the mosque on the final Friday of Ramadan and many stayed on to protest in support of Palestinians facing eviction from homes on land claimed by Jewish settlers.

    Some 70,000 worshippers attended the final Friday prayers of Ramadan at Al-Aqsa, the Islamic endowment that oversees the site said. Thousands protested afterwards, waving the green flags of the Islamic militant group Hamas and chanting pro-Hamas slogans before dispersing peacefully.

    Tensions boiled over after the evening prayer, when hundreds of Palestinian worshippers began hurling stones and other objects at the Israeli forces, who responded with riot gear.

    Israeli police said six officers involved in the clashes required medical attention.

    Video footage shows worshippers throwing chairs, shoes and rocks toward the police and officers responding by opening fire.

    Sheikh Jarrah protest

    Meanwhile, in the neighborhood of Sheikh Jarrah, dozens partook in the weekly demonstration against the eviction plans, which over the past weeks attract more crowds and attention.

    Police said they dispersed the crowd after some of the protesters started hurling stones. Two demonstrators were detained, and two were wounded by stun grendaes.

    Sheikh Jerrah ce soir
    https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1390403898947559427/pu/vid/320x576/PUN1yjQC175TbgaH.mp4?tag=12


    https://twitter.com/Charles1045/status/1390428825222324227

    Charles Enderlin
    @Charles1045
    L’esplanade des mosquées - Al Aqsa. Ce soir 7 mai.
    https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1390760128379490305/pu/vid/1280x720/Ue3fgihCHA1jkq8J.mp4?tag=12


    https://twitter.com/Charles1045/status/1390770657487728640

    akhbarelbalad
    @akhbarelbalad_
    الان الشرطة تغلق ابواب المسجد القبلي على المصلين ويبدو ان الليل طويل على #الاقصى .

    #اخبار_البلد_2021

    Maintenant, la police ferme les portes de la mosquée aux fidèles et il semble que la nuit sera longue #الاقصى .#اخبار_البلد_2021

    https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1390778223139688452/pu/vid/848x480/IZsJXna64yES-Sb7.mp4?tag=12


    https://twitter.com/akhbarelbalad_/status/1390778385547268096

    סולימאן מסוודה سليمان مسودة
    @SuleimanMas1
    La police tire une grenade assourdissante à l’intérieur de la mosquée al-Aqsa.
    https://video.twimg.com/ext_tw_video/1390778901329293314/pu/vid/848x480/EMlTMUzECgEWD0Bs.mp4?tag=12


    https://twitter.com/SuleimanMas1/status/1390779055713263620
    #Jerusalem

    • Over 200 Palestinians Wounded in Clashes With Jerusalem Police as Tensions Boil Over
      Updated: May. 8, 2021 6:01 AM
      https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/police-protesters-clash-as-tensions-simmer-over-palestinian-evictions-in-je

      Worshippers stayed at the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound after the final Friday prayer of Ramadan to protest planned evictions in Sheikh Jarrah, where police also clashed with protesters ■ 17 Israeli officers were wounded during the clashes

      At least 205 Palestinians and 17 police officers were wounded Friday as clashes erupted at Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa Mosque compound, in a serious escalation in tensions that have been building up in Jerusalem over the past weeks.

      The Palestinian Red Crescent emergency service said some 205 people were wounded in clashes with police there and elsewhere in Jerusalem, including 88 who were hospitalized. The Palestinian Red has also set up a field hospital on the Mosque’s compound due to the large number of wounded protesters, most of them wounded in the face and eyes by rubber-coated bullets and shrapnel from stun grenades.

    • What’s behind the latest flare-up in Jerusalem, and what Israel can do to defuse tensions
      Nir Hasson | May 7, 2021 | 10:37 PM - Haaretz.com
      https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium.HIGHLIGHT-what-s-behind-latest-jerusalem-flare-up-and-what-israel-

      Palestinians in East Jerusalem’s Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood are fighting their eviction by organizations seeking to settle Jews in the area.

      Over the past week, dozens of Palestinians have gathered every evening for the breaking of the daily fast during the month of Ramadan. Their base: across from one of the buildings that Israelis have moved into.

      But the latest demonstrations and clashes are the culmination of decades of tensions and legal battles over the fate of the neighborhood, which sits just north of the Old City.

      Who lived in Sheikh Jarrah before the 1948 war?

      In 1876, Jerusalem’s Sephardic and Ashkenazi communities bought a plot of land near the tomb of Shimon Hatzaddik, a Jewish high priest from ancient times. A small Jewish neighborhood was founded on part of the land.

      When war broke out in 1948, many people fled their homes; the vast majority were Arabs who left behind much property on the western side of the armistice line, while a minority were Jews who left behind relatively little property on the eastern side.

      In most cases, Jewish refugees received compensation for the property they left behind. In 1956, the Jordanian government and the United Nations built 28 small homes at Sheikh Jarrah, east of the line, to house Palestinian refugees.

      How did right-wing Israeli organizations obtain land there?

      Israeli law is very clear that only Jews are eligible to seek and receive land left behind on the other side. The state seized all Palestinian property under the Absentee Property Law. Settler organizations jumped on the Jewish properties left behind and started buying rights to them from the original heirs, including some Jewish families from the western section of Sheikh Jarrah and the two Jewish committees, the Sephardi and Ashkenazi, on the eastern side.

      In 2003, the committees asked a rabbinical court to cancel the religious trust on the land (banning the sale of it). The court permitted the sale, and shortly thereafter the land was sold to the company Nahalat Shimon, which is owned by the American company Nahalat Shimon International. The American company is registered in Delaware, known for corporate laws that stymie transparency; for example, it’s impossible to know who owns shares in the company.

      Nahalat Shimon (and before that the two committees) launched a legal battle to evict the refugees’ descendants from their homes. The company also crafted a plan to demolish the neighborhood and build 200 housing units there.

      So far, the company has managed to evict four families. Another 13 households, numbering 300 people, face the danger of immediate eviction after losing in the courts. This Monday, Jerusalem Day, the Supreme Court will hear the appeal of three families against eviction orders.

      What made the conflict a cause célèbre for Palestinians everywhere?

      The settlers have portrayed the conflict as a legal battle over real estate, but neighborhood residents, helped by left-wing activists in Jerusalem, depict it as a fight against Judaization and discrimination in the capital. In recent weeks, as hundreds of residents faced eviction, and amid tension during Ramadan at Damascus Gate and the postponement of the Palestinian general election, the struggle spilled beyond Jerusalem’s borders. Arab Israelis, the Arab world, international media outlets and, above all, Palestinians in Jerusalem have taken an interest in the fight.

      Israel intends to evict 300 people from their homes in favor of Jews based on lawsuits to realize property claims from before 1948. But this could open a Pandora’s box: According to conservative estimates, 30 percent of West Jerusalem real estate was owned by Arabs before 1948.

      What is the solution?

      In 2010, two researchers at the Jerusalem Institute for Policy Research, Prof. Yitzhak Reiter and Lior Lehrs, proposed a simple solution: expropriating land from Nahalat Shimon. Since 1967, the state has expropriated tens of thousands of dunams from private Palestinian landowners to build huge Israeli neighborhoods in East Jerusalem.

      The thinking is, why shouldn’t the state opt for a small expropriation, this time from Jews for the benefit of Palestinians? Only the finance minister’s signature is needed to expropriate the few dunams on which the Sheikh Jarrah residents live. The land would be handed over to the Palestinians or remain in state hands, ensuring their presence. Nahalat Shimon would be compensated in return.

      In their proposal, Reiter and Lehrs quote an opinion by a deputy attorney general from the past, Menachem Mazuz. In 1999, in response to a similar incident, Mazuz referred to the government’s authority to expropriate property for a “public need.” “It is unacceptable that the government is authorized to expropriate land for cultural or environmental needs or to prevent unemployment, but is not authorized to expropriate land for diplomatic considerations,” Mazuz wrote.

      It is believed that this solution would ease tensions at a potential flash point for violence in the capital, improve Israel’s international standing and Israeli-Palestinian relations in Jerusalem, be a confidence-building measure ahead of renewed negotiations with the Palestinians, remove an issue from the agenda of the International Criminal Court in The Hague, and weaken the Palestinian demand for opening a debate on property left behind in 1948.

      Is there a chance of this solution happening?

      The fight in Sheikh Jarrah has been waged for three decades on two fronts – in the courts and on the streets. In the courtroom, it gives the impression of a simple legal battle over land, but Palestinians say the state has tied their hands with discriminatory laws.

      On the streets, the state – using huge contingents of police forces – stands beside the Jewish settlers and regularly attacks Palestinians trying to protest, despite all the tension.

    • Hundreds hurt as Palestinians protest evictions in Jerusalem
      7 May 2021 | Updated: 5 minutes ago
      https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2021/5/7/al-aqsa-worshippers-protest-palestinian-evictions-in-jerusalem

      Tens of thousands of Palestinian worshippers earlier packed the mosque on the final Friday of Ramadan and many stayed to protest.

      Israeli police fired rubber-coated metal bullets and stun grenades towards rock-hurling Palestinians at Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa mosque as anger grows over the potential eviction of Palestinians from homes on land claimed by Jewish settlers in East Jerusalem.

      At least 205 Palestinians and 17 officers were injured in the night-time clashes at Islam’s third-holiest site and around East Jerusalem, Palestinian medics and Israeli police said, as thousands of Palestinians faced off with several hundred Israeli police in riot gear. (...)

    • IOF Escalation in Occupied East Jerusalem and Al-Aqsa Mosque: 205 Palestinians, including 5 Journalists, Wounded; 3 Lost their Eyes, and 17 Others Arrested
      Date: 08 May 2021
      Time: 11:30 GMT
      https://www.pchrgaza.org/en/iof-escalation-in-occupied-east-jerusalem-and-al-aqsa-mosque-205-palestini

      On Friday, 205 Palestinians, including 5 journalists, were wounded; 2 were deemed serious and 3 others lost their eyes during mass suppression by Israeli Occupation Forces (IOF) against tens of thousands of Palestinian worshipers in al-Aqsa Mosque and its yards , in Bab al-‘Amoud area and in Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood in occupied East Jerusalem. IOF raided al-Aqsa Mosque, violated its sanctity, deprived Palestinian worshipers of performing prayers, assaulted dozens of them, dragged them on the ground, and arrested 17 of them. (...)

  • « On dirait une zone de guerre » : affrontements à Sheikh Jarrah avant des expulsions massives de Palestiniens | Middle East Eye édition française
    Par Sheren Khalel, Mustafa Abu Sneineh, Latifa Abd Altif, Lubna Masarwa | Published date : Jeudi 6 mai 2021 - 09:28
    https://www.middleeasteye.net/fr/reportages/israel-palestine-jerusalem-affrontements-sheikh-jarrah-expulsions-col

    De violents affrontements ont éclaté entre la police israélienne et des jeunes palestiniens dans le quartier de Sheikh Jarrah à Jérusalem-Est occupée. Les habitants protestent contre une vague d’expulsions ordonnée par un tribunal, laquelle devrait chasser une quarantaine de Palestiniens, dont une dizaine d’enfants, de leurs maisons.

    Les policiers israéliens, dont certains à cheval, ont tenté de repousser les manifestants à l’aide de gaz lacrymogènes, de grenades étourdissantes et d’« eau puante », rapporte une correspondante de Middle East Eye présente sur place.

    « On dirait une zone de guerre », confie un manifestant à MEE.

    Par ailleurs, la police a battu plusieurs manifestants avec des matraques et en a arrêté au moins cinq, dont trois ont été identifiés : Seif Hammoda, Ahmad Abbasi et Siwar Qasim.

    Une dizaine de Palestiniens au moins ont été blessés, a signalé le Croissant-Rouge palestinien juste avant minuit heure locale. Six des blessés ont inhalé des gaz lacrymogènes, trois ont été touchés par des balles en caoutchouc et un autre a subi un traumatisme contondant, énumère l’organisation. (...)


    #Jerusalem #Sheikh_Jarrah

    • L’observateur de l’ONU pour la Palestine appelle la communauté internationale à contester les violations commises par Israël.
      6 mai 2021 |
      https://imemc.org/article/un-observer-for-palestine-calls-on-international-community-to-challenge-israe

      L’observateur permanent de la Palestine auprès des Nations unies, Riyad Mansour, a envoyé mercredi une lettre au secrétaire général des Nations unies, au président du Conseil de sécurité des Nations unies et au président de l’Assemblée générale des Nations unies.
      Il a demandé à la communauté internationale d’agir pour mettre fin à la confiscation illégale par Israël de terres palestiniennes et au déplacement des propriétaires palestiniens du quartier de Sheikh Jarrah à Jérusalem.

      Voici sa lettre, dans son intégralité :
      La situation en Palestine occupée continue de s’aggraver alors qu’Israël intensifie ses violations des droits humains et ses crimes de guerre contre le peuple palestinien. En particulier, la puissance occupante a intensifié la confiscation de maisons, de terres et de propriétés palestiniennes, cherchant à accélérer le transfert forcé de civils palestiniens et ses projets de colonisation, notamment dans les zones situées à l’intérieur et autour de Jérusalem-Est occupée. Il est désormais évident que tout cela fait partie d’un plan systématique et délibéré visant à éliminer les Palestiniens - c’est-à-dire à procéder à un nettoyage ethnique de ces zones - en vue de leur annexion.
      De nombreuses lettres ont été envoyées au Conseil de sécurité ces derniers mois pour attirer l’attention sur ces violations, notamment sur le sort des familles palestiniennes des quartiers de Sheikh Jarrah et de Silwan, à Jérusalem-Est occupée, qui sont confrontées à la menace constante d’être expulsées de leurs maisons et de subir une dépossession massive, comme tant d’autres avant elles dans la ville, dans le cadre des mesures illégales prises par Israël pour les remplacer par des colons israéliens. À ce jour, à Sheikh Jarrah, 169 Palestiniens - dont 46 enfants - n’ont nulle part où aller, alors qu’Israël intensifie ses intimidations judiciaires et ses attaques contre les familles palestiniennes de Jérusalem et de ses environs, dans le seul but de consolider le contrôle israélien de la ville en modifiant illégalement sa composition démographique, son caractère et son statut.
      Nous attirons une fois de plus l’attention sur cette crise, en appelant la communauté internationale à agir pour mettre un terme aux actions illégales d’Israël et pour protéger les civils palestiniens des crimes de la puissance occupante, une protection à laquelle ils ont droit en vertu du droit humanitaire international. Les mesures de responsabilisation sont le seul recours pour faire respecter la loi, dissuader de nouveaux crimes, y compris le déracinement de centaines de familles palestiniennes supplémentaires, et sauver les perspectives d’une paix juste qui s’amenuisent.(…)
      Aujourd’hui, plus de 1 500 Palestiniens de Jérusalem sont menacés de déplacement forcé et de démolition de leur maison pour faire place à une colonie illégale appelée « Shimon Hatzadik », ainsi qu’à un parc pour colons sous le nom de « Parc du Roi David ». Alors que ces groupes de colons bénéficient du soutien et des services des tribunaux et de la législation israéliens pour leurs projets illégaux, les familles palestiniennes sont confrontées à des attaques incessantes visant à amasser le plus de terres palestiniennes possible, avec le moins de civils palestiniens possible, et à maintenir l’occupation, ce qui montre à quel point un groupe est fortement privilégié par rapport à un autre dans un système à deux vitesses fondé sur la discrimination et l’oppression. (...)

      Cette lettre fait suite à nos 712 lettres concernant la crise actuelle dans le territoire palestinien occupé, y compris Jérusalem-Est, qui constitue le territoire de l’État de Palestine. Ces lettres, datées du 29 septembre 2000 (A/55/432-S/2000/921) au 26 avril 2021 (A/ES-10/xxx-S/2021/xxx) constituent un registre de base des crimes commis par Israël, la puissance occupante, contre le peuple palestinien depuis septembre 2000. Pour tous ces crimes de guerre, actes de terrorisme d’État et violations systématiques des droits humains commis à l’encontre du peuple palestinien, Israël, puissance occupante, doit être tenu pour responsable et les auteurs doivent être traduits en justice.
      Je vous serais reconnaissant de bien vouloir faire le nécessaire pour que le texte de la présente lettre soit mis à la disposition des membres du Conseil de sécurité afin qu’ils puissent l’examiner immédiatement et le distribuer comme document officiel du Conseil de sécurité.
      Je vous prie d’agréer, Excellence, l’assurance de ma très haute considération.
      Dr. Riyad Mansour , Ministre, Observateur permanent

    • Que se passe-t-il dans le quartier de Sheikh Jarrah de Jérusalem Est ?
      Par Lina Alsaafin, le 1er mai 2021, Al Jazeera, Traduction J. Ch. pour l’Agence média Palestine
      https://agencemediapalestine.fr/blog/2021/05/05/que-se-passe-t-il-dans-le-quartier-de-sheikh-jarrah-de-jerusale

      (...) Quelle est l’histoire de Karm al-Jaouni à Sheikh Jarrah ?

      En 1956, 28 familles de réfugiés ont été délogées de chez elles dans les villes côtières de Yafa et Haïfa, huit ans avant de finalement s’installer dans la zone de Karm al-Jaouni à Sheikh Jarrah.

      La Cisjordanie, dont Jérusalem Est, était à l’époque sous mandat de la Jordanie, qui a conclu un accord avec l’agence de l’ONU pour les réfugiés (UNRWA) pour construire des unités d’habitation pour ces familles. L’accord stipulait que ces familles devaient renoncer à leur statut de réfugiés en échange de titres de propriété signés à leur nom après trois ans de vie dans cette zone.

      Cependant, cela n’a pas eu lieu et, en 1967, la Jordanie a perdu son mandat alors que Jérusalem Est était occupée par Israël.

      Khalil Toufakji, cartographe palestinien et expert sur Jérusalem, a dit qu’il était allé en 2010 à Ankara pour rechercher dans les archives de l’époque ottomane un document qui nie toute propriété juive sur Karm al-Jaouni.

      « J’ai trouvé l’acte et l’ai présenté au tribunal de district israélien, qui l’a promptement rejeté », a dit Toufakji à Al Jazeera.

      Après des recherches plus approfondies, Toufakji a découvert en 1968 que le parlement d’Israël, la Knesset, avait émis un décret – signé par le ministre des Finances de l’époque – qui déclarait qu’Israël était tenu par l’accord entre la Jordanie et l’UNRWA.

      « C’est ce fait qui a été soulevé devant la Haute Cour de Jérusalem au nom des familles palestiniennes de Sheikh Jarrah », a-t-il dit, mais en ajoutant qu’il y avait peu de raisons de croire que la cour statuerait en leur faveur.

      « Les tribunaux israéliens – juge, jury et législation – sont tous au service des colons juifs », a-t-il dit. (...)

    • EN IMAGES : L’histoire de Sheikh Jarrah en sept clichés d’époque | Middle East Eye édition française
      https://www.middleeasteye.net/fr/actu-et-enquetes/israel-palestine-jerusalem-sheikh-jarrah-histoire-cliches-occupation-

      Ce quartier historique de Jérusalem-Est occupée connaît de vives tensions à la suite de la décision d’un tribunal israélien d’en expulser plusieurs familles palestiniennes. MEE revient, en images, sur l’histoire de ce quartier
      Shafik Mandhai
      Vendredi 7 mai 2021 - 09:56 (...)

  • Israel’s ultra-Orthodox are its latest neo-fascist thugs
    Gideon Levy | Apr. 24, 2021 | 11:41 PM - Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium.HIGHLIGHT-israel-s-ultra-orthodox-are-its-latest-neofascist-thugs-

    The most frightening and depressing thing that happened in Jerusalem recently isn’t the pogroms against the Palestinians. These of course are endlessly frightening and depressing, but most frightening and depressing is something new about the identity of the assailants.

    We already had the Lehava phalanxes, the La Familia militias and the hilltop thugs, and now the ultra-Orthodox have joined in. There’s a new bully in the neighborhood and they’re scarier than all the rest.

    The rioters in shtreimels might sweep Israel to fascist places it hasn’t known before, thanks to their huge electoral potential. The ultra-Orthodox are the reserves of the neo-Nazi movement developing in Israel, and they promise a great future for MKs Bezalel Smotrich and Itamar Ben-Gvir.

    Without the ultra-Orthodox, those two are a mere curiosity. Thanks to the ultra-Orthodox, their party might become the Alternative for Germany or the Sweden Democrats of Israel, yet much more extreme than those two most far-right parties in Western Europe. The brownshirts could change their color to white. This is frightening because the ultra-Orthodox are many, and it’s depressing because there was once a different ultra-Orthodox majority that I once respected and knew, one fallen victim to persecution and ostracism.

    The original sin was the establishment of huge ultra-Orthodox settlements in the 1990s that became the largest settlements in the West Bank, much larger than their ideological predecessors. What began as a low-cost housing solution, free of political beliefs, became extreme nationalism. With terrifying speed, those who until a generation ago were considered non-Zionist or political doves with leaders like Rabbi Elazar Shach and Rabbi Ovadia Yosef became bearers of the flag of Israeli fascism.

    Where are the days when they burned trash bins only because of desecration of the Sabbath, and who would have thought we would miss those days? Where are the rabbis who said “there’s no obstacle to relinquishing parts of the Land of Israel” and “relinquishing [these lands] for peace is not relinquishing,” as Rabbi Shach said.

    The fear came true: The views of the ultra-Orthodox were decided by their place of residence. They proved that it’s impossible to live on stolen Palestinian land without hating its owners. They settled in the Palestinian West Bank and became wonderfully integrated into the apartheid landscape around them. They became haters of Arabs and supporters of the far right. The road from there to participation in pogroms was short.

    In last month’s election they expressed this clearly. The Religious Zionism alliance became the third largest party in their community. In Jerusalem it won 9 percent of the vote and in Betar Ilit 10 percent, six times more than Likud. In Bnei Brak and in Modi’in Ilit, the largest Jewish city in the territories, it’s the third largest party. With reserves like this, one day we’ll have a Kahanist as prime minister; half of Israel already considers Naftali Bennett a legitimate candidate and even longs for him.

    True, only a few hundred ultra-Orthodox took part in the pogroms, but the rabbis did nothing to stop them, maybe because they knew that the genie was out of the bottle. Now the numbers will grow. The young ultra-Orthodox might change the rules of the game.

    The pictures from the past few days in Jerusalem are terrifying. Leave aside “proper” media coverage, which tries to maintain “balance” when on one side is the occupation, which has no balance. Leave aside the shocking pronouncements by the public security minister and the police commanders who condemned only Palestinian violence. This violence is the most justified and restrained act of resistance against injustice and other violence, and it comes as a direct response to the police’s ongoing abuse of the Palestinians in Jerusalem and the pogroms against them by far-right extremists.

    Make no mistake: The mass attacks on Arabs in Jerusalem are the harbingers of Israeli neo-Nazism. Intimidating marches, beatings, arson, looting and calls for death are exactly what neo-Nazism looks like. God save us from its ultra-Orthodox emissaries who have joined the fray.

    #Jerusalem #pogroms

    • The privatization of violence: Right-wing Jerusalem thugs are an arm of the state
      Don’t look at the rioters in Jerusalem as some eccentric Haredi nationalists, a mob unrelated to us, the civilized Israelis
      Amira Hass | Apr. 26, 2021- Haaretz.com
      https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-the-privatization-of-violence-right-wing-jerusalem-thugs-are-an-ar

      “When you hear the cries ‘May your village burn down,’ does that represent you?” Suleiman Masswadeh, a reporter for the Kan Public Broadcasting Corporation, asked a young woman who participated in the rioting by Lehava – a hard-right, anti-Arab organization – in downtown Jerusalem on Thursday. Sporting a “Kahane was right” sticker on her chest, she replied: “Not in that way. I don’t say that it should burn down, but that you should leave the village and we’ll go live in it.”

      Now that’s an answer that sums up our history in a nutshell: It’s not necessary to burn things down, it’s enough merely to expel the Palestinians and then inhabit their homes.

      The Lehava people are not alone in this battle. Almost at the outset of the holy month of Ramadan on April 12, the Israel Police created a provocation when they blocked the Damascus Gate plaza as a sitting and gathering place for Jerusalem’s young men, with the pathetic excuse of easing access for the masses of worshippers. And yet such a step wasn’t taken prior to the coronavirus period, when the number of worshippers was far greater.

      So why now? Whether the provocation was the result of foolishness, or a deliberate attempt to destroy the atmosphere of togetherness typical of these days of Ramadan – it should be viewed in a more general context, as Yudith Oppenheimer and Aviv Tatarsky of Ir Amim, an NGO that focuses on Israel’s policies in Jerusalem, write on the website Siha Mekomit (Local Call, the Hebrew version of the +972 website): "Those who are following what’s been happening in Jerusalem in the past two years will detect a direct line linking incessant police harassment in [the East Jerusalem neighborhood of] Isawiyah and the events of recent days at the Damascus Gate.

      "What the two have in common is the targeting of an area in which there is active Palestinian life, entering it with large police forces and unrelenting attempts to cause friction during a period whose end is not in sight.”

      “Why did the Israel Police declare a curfew here of all places,” ask Oppenheimer and Tatarsky, and reply: “The implied message is: You want a holiday? Fine, observe it in your own home, behind walls and doors. The holiday lights are on display above Damascus Gate as they are every year, but the city square is empty, battered and bleeding, and the municipality that put up the lights is keeping mum. The police are creating ‘evidence’ by means of ongoing friction with the Palestinian residents. In the end, if not by force then by even more force, the disturbing pictures surface, which in turn justify the additional use of force and the further displacement of Palestinian residents from their public sphere.”

      Just as there is a connection between the police harassment in Isawiyah and at Damascus Gate, there’s a connection between the right-wing spectacles of hatred and high-handedness in downtown Jerusalem and the Old City – and the attacks by the settlers throughout the West Bank (another one was reported at the time this article was being written on Saturday: Israelis leaving the outpost of Havat Ma’on attacked farmers from the village of Al-Tawani who were working their land. According to initial reports, two Palestinians and two activists from the Israeli-Palestinian anti-occupation group Ta’ayush, who escorted them, were wounded.

      Lehava and the impassioned young people who answer its call are among the privatized branches of the government, the Jerusalem Municipality and the police, who implement their policy of making Palestinians disappear from the public sphere – just as the hilltop hooligans are another privatized arm for implementing the government policy of cramming Palestinians into densely populated enclaves and taking over most of the area of the West Bank.

      Land-grabbing right-wing NGOs with a religious and messianic patina, such as Regavim, Amana, Elad, Ateret Cohanim and Ad Kan, are other nongovernment branches, which, with their impressive financial resources, constitute a tailwind for the state’s institutions and their consistent Zionist policy. Their mother ship is the Gush Emunim movement and its incarnation as the Yesha (Judea and Samaria) Regional Council.

      Individual, unbridled and messianic violence – which for decades has been met by one blind eye and one winking eye of the law enforcement authorities – is a vital component of the belligerence of the most Jewish country in the world. In its democratic way (namely, with the support of most of its Jews), this Jewish state is working on the erasure of the Palestinian past, present and future in this land.

      The appetite of those rioters, the ultranationalist right-wing posses in Jerusalem and the South Hebron Hills, increases with every judicial decision that permits the takeover by a right-wing NGO of a Palestinian neighborhood such as Sheikh Jarrah and Silwan, with every uninvestigated attack against a Palestinian farmer on his own land by Israelis who emerge from Havat Ma’on or Yitzhar, with every license allowing the Civil Administration to declare Palestinian land as state land, and to allocate it to a settlement or adjacent outpost.

      “Disappearing” the Palestinians from the public sphere and crowding them into enclaves may turn out to be a preface to another mass expulsion of Palestinians from the country. That crime against humanity was in the past advocated by a religious Jew like Meir Kahane and a secular Jew like Rehavam Ze’evi, and is now being repeated by their successors, the Hardalim (Haredi nationalists) Itamar Ben-Gvir and Bezalel Smotrich, in various guises.

      Don’t look at the rioters in Jerusalem as just some eccentric Hardalim and Haredim, a rabble that is unrelated to us, the civilized Israelis who, with good taste and good manners, ostensibly uphold the rule of law. The rioters are becoming stronger and multiplying, because Israelis who consider themselves “decent” centrists (and support parties including Labor, Kahol Lavan and Yesh Atid) have lived and are living in peace with these despicable acts of Israel’s governments and their privatized and reinforced satellites.

      Perhaps if this country’s friends – Europe and the United States – warn Israel about its policies and impose sanctions against it – the Israeli “center” will wake up and stop being silent, indifferent, remaining on the sidelines or actively supporting that policy.

    • Point de presse du 26 avril 2021 - France-Diplomatie-Ministère des Affaires étrangères
      https://basedoc.diplomatie.gouv.fr/vues/Kiosque/FranceDiplomatie/kiosque.php?fichier=ppfr2021-04-26.html#Chapitre3

      3. Israël/Territoires palestiniens - Dégradation de la situation sécuritaire (26 avril 2021)

      La France est vivement préoccupée par les tensions et les violences des derniers jours à Jérusalem, notamment autour de la vielle ville, ainsi qu’en Cisjordanie. Elle condamne fermement les tirs de roquette depuis la bande de Gaza qui ont visé des zones habitées du territoire israélien en violation du droit international. La France rappelle dans ce contexte son attachement indéfectible à la sécurité d’Israël.

      La France appelle l’ensemble des acteurs à la retenue, à mettre un terme à toutes les violences et à permettre un retour au calme dans l’ensemble des territoires palestiniens. Toutes les actions qui concourent à l’escalade doivent cesser.

      Les violences des derniers jours viennent souligner la nécessité de la relance d’un processus politique crédible, dans le cadre du droit international et sur la base de la solution des deux Etats. La France y est engagée aux côtés de ses partenaires allemand, égyptien et jordanien.

      #FranceDiplo

  • A mes amis journalistes
    25 avr. 2021 Par dominique vidal
    https://blogs.mediapart.fr/dominique-vidal/blog/250421/mes-amis-journalistes

    Depuis une semaine, des centaines de jeunes fascistes du mouvement Lehava accompagnés par des policiers « ratonnent » à Jérusalem-Est au cri de « Mort aux Arabes ! ». Dans la plus totale impunité sur place. Et dans le quasi silence des grands médias internationaux, y compris chez nous. J’ai honte. Comme Français. Comme journaliste. Et comme juif. (...)

    #Jerusalem

  • After violent clashes, barricades removed at Jerusalem’s Damascus Gate
    Nir Hasson, Josh Breiner | Apr. 25, 2021 | 10:06 PM - Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-after-days-of-clashes-barricades-removed-at-jerusalem-s-damascus-g

    Decision to close off plaza during Ramadan, when it is one of the most popular areas for crowds to gather, led to protests that have been linked to wider unrest

    Police barriers at Jerusalem’s Damascus Gate plaza were removed on Sunday evening on the orders of the police commissioner, allowing crowds to sit in the area for the first time in two weeks.

    The area’s closure, which took place during Ramadan, sparked protests by Palestinians angered by the decision to prevent people from gathering in the area, the most popular public area in East Jerusalem during the holiday. Authorities explained the decision as an attempt to regulate the number of pedestrians entering the Old City.

    Police Commissioner Kobi Shabtai gave the order to remove the barriers after requests by Islamic religious figures and in coordination with the Jerusalem District police commander Maj. Gen. Doron Turgeman.

    Senior police officials were opposed to Shabtai’s decision, saying it could be seen as a surrender to violence in the wake of clashes. Associates of Shabtai rejected the criticism, saying that the barriers may be put back in place if there are further disturbances. Earlier on Sunday, Turgeman said he did not plan to remove the barricades, despite requests from representatives of East Jerusalem’s residents.

    As has been the case every day recently, police deployed in large numbers in the area on Sunday evening, but there were no disturbances. Mohammed Abu Humus, an East Jerusalem resident who was among the first in the crowd to enter the plaza upon its reopening, said: “This is a victory. The Jerusalemites succeeded. The government is always coming down on us with new laws, but we took to the streets and pulled it off, and now we are celebrating.”

    Bezalel Smotrich, chairman of the far-right Religious Zionism party, said after news of the gate’s reopening that “[h]e who runs away from terrorism will be chased by terrorism. These are the rules of the game in the Middle East,” adding that authorties should not “destroy Israel’s sterrence and sending a message of weakness to our enemies around us.” Smotrich’s party colleague, lawmaker Itamar Ben-Gvir, said that “Israel’s government has surrendered to rioters” and warned that “this capitulation will yet cost us much blood.”

    Ayman Odeh, chairman of the Joint List alliance of majority Arab parties, meanwhile said: “This is not the first time that the police and government have acted violently, then try to paper over it and are ultimately caught lying. It’s good that they removed the barriers at Damascus Gate, which did nothing but sow violence and hatred. The price was paid by the residents of East Jerusalem, who will continue to struggle against the occupation policy’s oppression and discrimination.”

    On Saturday, Shabtai told reporters asking why the steps near the gate had been closed off that “the status quo forbidding people from sitting in the area around the Damascus Gate has existed for over a decade.”

    Yet investigations by Haaretz contradict this statement. Testimonies from Old City residents, Israeli activists and photos from the last decade show that the stairs leading to the main square have never been blocked off with barricades, as they have been this year.

    The area surrounding the Damascus Gate is one of the main social gathering places for the Palestinian public during Ramadan. In all the photographs located by Haaretz that depict the area during Ramadan in recent years, hundreds of people can be seen gathering there.

    However, in times of high tension, and occasionally during Ramadan, the police have been known to forcefully disperse groups of Palestinians and prevent loitering in the area for short periods of time. None of the people Haaretz spoke with could recall a time when the stairs were closed off for the entire month of Ramadan.

    In 2016, during a wave of stabbing attacks in the area of the Damascus Gate, Israel closed off the stairs for a number of weeks, but it was not during the month of Ramadan.

    Last week, clashes broke out after young Palestinian men tried to breach the barriers. The clashes involved dozens of police officers and residents, who hurled stones and bottles at the police. Twenty Palestinians and a few officers were slightly hurt during the confrontations.

    Since then, violence in Jerusalem between its Jewish and Arab residents has been on the rise, with several incidents causing tensions to escalate. A number of young Palestinians posted videos on social media of attacks on Jews, while in central Jerusalem young right-wing Jews marched and assaulted Palestinians. Last week, dozens of Palestinians were wounded and dozens of people, both right-wing Israelis and Palestinians, were arrested as the far-right, anti-Arab group Lehava held a march in the city. Palestinian groups in Gaza that took credit for the firing of rockets on Friday said the action was in response to events in Jerusalem. Several attacks on Jews in Jerusalem were reported on Friday, ranging from firebombs and beatings.

    #Jérusalem

    • Palestinians Remove Israeli Barriers Blocking Access to Al-Aqsa Mosque
      Apr 26, 2021 – – IMEMC News
      https://imemc.org/article/palestinians-remove-israeli-barriers-blocking-access-to-al-aqsa-mosque

      In a massive show of solidarity on Sunday, Palestinians from the West Bank and Jerusalem came together to remove barriers that had been placed by the Israeli police to block Muslim worshipers from accessing the al-Aqsa Mosque.

      The mosque is considered the third-holiest site in Islam, and has been the site of numerous Israeli violations against the Palestinian Muslim worshipers attending prayer services there. These violations escalated with the beginning of the Muslim holy month of Ramadan two weeks ago.

      Before the Palestinian worshipers removed the barricades on Sunday, a large group of right-wing Israeli settlers invaded the holy site, accompanied by Israeli soldiers who permitted the violation to take place.

      According to the Islamic Waqf, which administers the al-Aqsa Mosque, 74 Israeli settlers stormed the Al-Aqsa courtyards and performed Talmudic rituals, while the occupation forces closed the Mughrabi Gate.

      Following this violation of the Muslim holy site, hundreds of Palestinians took to the streets and removed barricades that had been placed by Israeli forces.

      The Jerusalem Residency Committee issued a statement in support of the barricade removal, stating “Today, Jerusalem and its revolutionaries are celebrating a victory. We voice our support for this proud resistance to the Israeli occupation that takes away the rights of Palestinian Jerusalemites by force. We confirm that resistance is the best and most feasible way to extract our rights and to liberate our homeland.”

  • Israeli Forces Continue to Attack Worshipers in Jerusalem
    Apr 25, 2021 – – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/israeli-forces-continue-to-attack-worshipers-in-jerusalem

    Several Israeli soldiers and police, on Saturday night, used excessive force in an attempt to evacuate hundreds of Palestinian worshipers gathered at the Damascus Gate, one of the entrances into the Old City of occupied Jerusalem.

    The Palestinian Muslim worshipers were trying to go to the sacred Al-Aqsa mosque for the Ramadan nightly
    Taraweeh prayers, according to Palestinian WAFA News Agency.

    It stated that Israeli police fired tear gas, stun grenades and waste-water cannons to force the peaceful worshipers to leave the plaza, adding that police physically attacked some of the worshipers during the evacuation.

    No injuries were reported at the time of this report, and one Palestinian man was detained, no identity was provided.

    Palestinians demonstrated in many areas of the West Bank and the besieged Gaza Strip to reject the Israeli assault on peaceful Muslim worshipers in occupied Jerusalem, during the holy month of Ramadan.

    The head of the Higher Islamic Council in Occupied Jerusalem, Sheikh Ekrima Sabri, on Saturday, commended the Palestinian youths for their bravery in confronting the occupation forces and defending the Al-Aqsa mosque from further violations, the Palestinian Information Center reported. (...)

    #Jerusalem

    • After 40 Gaza rockets, Israel fears Jerusalem clashes will lead to full-blown escalation
      Yaniv Kubovich, Nir Hasson | Apr. 25, 2021 | 9:13 AM | Haaretz.com
      https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-40-gaza-rockets-israel-jerusalem-clashes-full-blown-escalation-wes

      Intelligence officials tie the recent tensions in Jerusalem to the escalation Israel has seen in other fronts and urge that incidents be handled with restraint

      If the violence and tensions in Jerusalem persist, Israel is likely to witness a deterioration across Israel and the region, top Israeli security officials say, following a security assessment meeting on Saturday.

      Officials are worried that the recent outbursts of violence in Jerusalem could further escalate the flare-up with Gaza, tensions in the West Bank and may even lead to numerous protests in Muslim countries.

      Israeli intelligence officials have linked the violence in Israel’s capital to Friday night’s Gaza rocket barrage, and the subsequent rocket fire on Saturday night. They expressed concern that Israeli attacks on Gaza will strengthen the relationship between Hamas and Israeli Arabs.

      The Israeli army and Hamas have exchanged messages through intermediaries, the gist of which is that if Hamas refrains from additional rocket fire, Israel will not pursue further retaliation.

      After the security assessment, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu instructed the officials to prepare for every scenario. Netanyahu has also called for “a calming of tempers on all sides.”

      The army has concluded that restraint is necessary during this sensitive period. Muslims worldwide are observing Ramadan, Gaza and the West Bank are seeing high coronavirus infections rates and the Palestinian parliamentary elections are fast approaching. To avoid sparking a broad escalation on multiple fronts, Israeli security agencies are preaching restraint.

      Meanwhile, the police are preparing for continued clashes in Jerusalem in the coming days and are concerned that confrontations may spread to Arab cities and mixed Jewish and Arab cities.

      Over the weekend, Police Commissioner Kobi Shabtai ordered to deploy reinforcements, for the second time, and on Saturday night some 1,500 police officers were on duty in Jerusalem in an attempt to quell riots, mainly in the eastern part of the city, Damascus Gate and Sheikh Jarrah neighborhood.

      Clashes broke out at the Damascus and Herod’s Gates, with at least ten Palestinians arrested. Meanwhile, Palestinains clashed with Israeli Border Police at the Qalandiya border crossing with the West Bank, north of Jerusalem.

      Officers were also placed on the Ben Yehuda Street in downtown western Jerusalem to prevent far-right activists assaults on Arabs or leftist activists. The main concern, however, is that one of the sides will perpetrate a terror attack. Shabtai was present on Saturday evening at Damascus Gate and elsewhere in the district.

  • Israeli Soldiers Injure Dozens of Palestinians In Jerusalem
    Apr 24, 2021 – – IMEMC News
    https://imemc.org/article/israeli-soldiers-injure-dozens-of-palestinians-in-jerusalem

    Update: At least twenty Palestinians have been injured by Israeli rubber-coated steel bullets, and many others were wounded after being assaulted by the soldiers, on Friday at night, in and around the Old City of occupied Jerusalem.

    Palestinian Red Crescent Medics moved many of the wounded to several Palestinian hospitals and clinics in Jerusalem.

    In ongoing Israeli escalation against the Palestinians in the occupied Palestinian capital, Jerusalem, the soldiers shot at least eleven Palestinians with rubber-coated steel bullets and caused dozens to suffer the severe effects of teargas inhalation in yet another invasion into the at-Tour town, and the Old City, on Friday at night.

    Media sources said the soldiers shot three Palestinians with rubber-coated steel bullets near the main junction of at-Tour town, in addition to firing a barrage of gas bombs and concussion grenades, causing dozens to suffer the effects of tear gas inhalation, cuts, and bruises.

    The sources added that the soldiers also used trucks to spray the Palestinians with wastewater mixed with chemicals.

    Also, the soldiers invaded the al-‘Isawiya town, in Jerusalem, and fired a barrage of gas bombs in addition to concussion grenades.

    #Jerusalem

  • Les méthodes douteuses des firmes de renseignement privées israéliennes exposées
    https://fr.timesofisrael.com/les-methodes-douteuses-des-firmes-de-renseignement-privees-israeli

    Selon un reportage, une agence de renseignements aurait usurpé l’identité de journalistes, soulevant des questions sur la régulation et les limites de l’industrie

    Un reportage a accusé, la semaine dernière, une firme israélienne des renseignements d’avoir usurpé l’identité de journalistes pour obtenir de manière illicite des informations d’opposants à un membre de la famille royale émiratie – mettant en lumière ces entreprises israéliennes de cyber-renseignements qui acceptent de travailler pour des régimes totalitaires.

    Une enquête du Times of Israël a révélé que le propriétaire de la firme en question, Bluehawk CI, a été traduit devant la justice au sein de l’État juif, dans le passé, et notamment pour fraude. Le ministère de la Défense a choisi de ne pas répondre à une requête de commentaire du Times of Israël concernant la raison pour laquelle il n’avait pas été amené à réguler les activités menées par la firme à l’étranger.

    Selon un reportage paru le 6 avril sur le site du Daily Beast , des individus qui avaient prétendu, début 2020, être journaliste pour Fox News et reporter pour le journal italien La Stampa avaient approché deux hommes qui s’opposaient aux autorités de Ras Al Khaimah, l’un des sept émirats constituant les Émirats arabes unis (EAU). Selon le Daily Beast , les deux individus qui avaient usurpé l’identité des deux journalistes avaient tenté d’extraire des informations aux deux hommes concernant leurs conflits judiciaires respectifs avec l’émirat.

    L’article publié sur le site souligne comment Israël, ces dernières années, a fait naître une industrie de firmes d’espionnage privées qui, de toute évidence, ne sont pas régulées – avec certains officiers militaires israéliens qui offrent au secteur privé les compétences qu’ils ont acquises dans les unités de renseignement secrètes, vendant souvent leur savoir-faire à des personnalités douteuses ou à des régimes autoritaires.

    Le Daily Beast aurait réussi à établir l’identité de la firme privée de renseignement en contactant Facebook, qui a révélé que les comptes utilisés par les deux journalistes présumés étaient associés à Bluehawk CI.

    Bluehawk CI s’est refusé, de son côté, à tout commentaire.

    Un porte-parole du ministère de la Défense a noté que Bluehawk CI n’apparaissait pas sur sa liste de vendeurs approuvés, mais il n’a pas répondu à une question de suivi sur le rôle présumé du ministère en termes de régulation initiale des initiatives de l’entreprise.

    Selon la loi sur le contrôle des exportations, tout exportateur d’équipements de défense ou de savoir-faire particulier, dans le secteur, doit d’abord s’inscrire et recevoir une autorisation de la part de l’Agence de contrôle des exportations de la Défense au sein de l’État juif.

    Bluehawk CI est l’une des firmes de renseignement privées les moins connues dans le pays. Fondée en juin 2018, elle offre des solutions dans les domaines de la cybertechnologie et des renseignements, notamment dans la « gestion du génie social et de la campagne de relations publiques » et dans les « enquêtes de renseignement complexes », selon son site internet.

    La compagnie a été fondée par Guy Klisman, ancien major au sein de Tsahal – elle lui appartient encore aujourd’hui. Klisman est aussi directeur académique de l’Institut d’innovation Pafos à Chypre, un institut d’études en cybersécurité fondé par Uriel Reichman, professeur de droit à la tête de l’Institut interdisciplinaire de Herzliya. La compagnie de Klisman, Bluehawk CI, est l’un des sponsors de l’équipe de basket du Hapoel Tel Aviv.

    Des documents judiciaires révèlent qu’avant de fonder l’entreprise, Klisman a été mis en examen à deux reprises par les procureurs israéliens – une fois pour contrefaçon et une autre pour répondre de multiples débits non-autorisés réalisés sur la carte de crédit de l’une de ses connaissances. Il a plaidé coupable dans le premier dossier. La mise en examen a finalement été annulée dans le second.

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XifQHRaSWdQ&feature=emb_imp_woyt

    Selon le Daily Beast , au mois de février 2020, une personne prétendant s’appeler « Samantha », journaliste de Fox News, a contacté un homme nommé Oussama El Omari par courriel. El Omari est l’ancien directeur-général de l’Autorité chargée de la zone de libre-échange de Ras Al Khaimah. Il a été condamné par contumace aux Émirats arabes unis pour « détournement de fonds et abus de pouvoir » suite à une bataille de succession à Ras Al Khaimah. El Omari, pour sa part, a dénoncé des inculpations purement politiques.

    « Samantha » aurait tenté d’obtenir des informations sur ses affaires judiciaires l’opposant à Ras Al Khaimah. Contacté par le Daily Beast , Facebook aurait déclaré à ce dernier que le compte de « Samantha » était lié à Bluehawk CI.

    Selon le site d’information, un autre utilisateur de Facebook prétendant être un journaliste pour La Stampa , un journal italien, a contacté Khater Massaad, autre adversaire du régime actuel de Ras Al Khaimah. Massaad était à la tête du fonds souverain de Ras Al Khaimah, RAKIA, jusqu’en 2021. Il a été condamné par une cour émiratie en 2015 pour détournement de fonds au sein de RAKIA, des accusations qui, selon Massaad, étaient tronquées et politiquement motivées.

    Le faux journaliste, que Facebook a lié à Bluehawk CI, a de la même façon tenté d’extraire des informations sur sa relation avec les gouvernants de Ras Al Khaimah, a fait savoir le Daily Beast .

    « Coût de la vie élevé »
    La normalisation récente des liens entre Israël et les Émirats arabes unis a été une aubaine pour les entreprises de renseignement et de cybersécurité, avec des entreprises comme NSO Group, spécialisée dans le hacking téléphonique, Synaptech Capital, spécialisée dans le capital-risque, et Cellebrite, qui ont toutes conclu des accords lucratifs dans ces émirats du désert.

    La cybersécurité est l’un des premiers secteurs technologiques en Israël en terme d’investissements récoltés, selon l’Autorité de l’innovation israélienne.

    Pour Bluehawk CI, travailler aux EAU a pu être une source de liquidités désespérément nécessaire.

    En 2015, avant de fonder Blackhawk CI, Klisman et son épouse – ils ont depuis divorcé – ont déclaré leur faillite devant les tribunaux israéliens. Le couple était endetté à hauteur de centaines de milliers de shekels, dettes qu’ils avaient attribuées au « coût de la vie élevé » au sein de l’État juif.

    Israël est l’un des pays les plus chers au monde. Tel Aviv a récemment intégré la cinquième place des villes les plus chères sur le globe.

    En 2016, les procureurs israéliens ont mis en examen Klisman pour avoir contrefait des documents judiciaires et des assignations de huissiers de justice pour tenter d’empêcher l’armée israélienne de saisir son salaire pour payer des créditeurs. Un juge l’a reconnu coupable, mais il n’a pas été officiellement condamné et a dû effectuer 250 heures de service communautaire. Klisman s’est retiré de Tsahal à la fin de l’année 2017 et a fondé son entreprise six mois plus tard.

    Au mois de janvier 2018, Klisman a été accusé par la police des fraudes d’avoir utilisé la carte de crédit d’une femme rencontrée via un groupe WhatsApp consacré au tennis pour procéder à des achats non-autorisés à hauteur de 1 577 shekels. Une année plus tard, le gouvernement a retiré cette mise en examen.

    Klisman n’a pas donné suite à une requête de commentaire de la part du Times of Israël .

    Tandis que la personnalité qui a eu recours aux services de Bluehawk reste indéterminée, Radha Stirling, directeur-général de Detained à Dubaï – une entreprise qui représente des clients dans des conflits juridiques avec les gouvernements aux EAU – a la certitude qu’il s’agit bien du gouvernement de Ras Al Khaimah.

    « C’est monstrueux », a déclaré Stirling dans un communiqué de presse.

    « En confiant par contrat une mission d’espionnage à une firme privée, le gouvernement de Ras Al Khaimah tente d’échapper à la responsabilité de devoir rendre des comptes pour espionner des ressortissants étrangers en-dehors de sa juridiction – mais c’est bien là une violation majeure. Les EAU et Israël doivent assumer leurs responsabilités », a-t-il ajouté.

    Où placer la ligne rouge de l’éthique ?
    Selon un rapport émis par la cyberadministration israélienne, fin 2018, Israël comptait 421 cyber-entreprises actives dont 7 % – soit une trentaine – sont spécialisées dans le « cyber-renseignement ».

    Elad Ratson, ex-diplomate israélien, qui est aussi le fondateur et le directeur-général de Vayehee, une compagnie qui utilise les technologies pour contrer les Fake-news , la désinformation venant de l’étranger ou ce qu’il qualifie « d’armes en ligne d’obstruction massive », a déclaré au Times of Israël qu’il pensait que ce nombre était supérieur, selon ses propres estimations.


    Elad Ratson. (Autorisation)

    La plus grande partie des firmes de cyber-renseignements israéliennes sont spécialisées dans l’OSINT, ou « renseignements open-source », a-t-il noté. « C’est un secteur d’expertise des services israéliens de renseignement. Il y a une forte quantité de données, en ligne, qui sont ouvertement disponibles et les services israéliens de renseignement sont connus pour leur usage efficace de l’apprentissage automatique et de l’intelligence artificielle et pour extraire des informations de qualité de cet océan de données. »

    La majorité des firmes israéliennes de renseignement se concentrent sur l’OSINT (Renseignement d’Origine Source Ouverte) passif, poursuit-il, en collectant des données qui sont largement disponibles.

    D’autres s’engagent toutefois également dans ce qu’il appelle « l’ingénierie de perception » ou la manipulation du point de vue d’une cible par le biais de méthodes appelées « duperie en ligne ». De telles firmes, affirme-t-il, peuvent souvent avoir mauvaise réputation en résultat de leurs activités. L’une des plus célèbres est Black Cube.

    Toutefois, Ratson estime que de nombreuses entreprises de cyber-renseignement se fixent des lignes rouges en termes d’éthique et qu’elles ne les franchissent pas.

    « Contrairement aux autres ministères en Israël, celui de la Défense a un bureau de régulation des exportations qui est fort. Les cyber-entreprises israéliennes font attention à ne pas travailler avec le ‘mauvais’ type de client et à ne pas se mettre, pour cela, dans une situation délicate vis-à-vis du ministère de la Défense », commente-t-il.

    Toutefois, la « tentation est élevée », ajoute Ratson. « Parfois, quand il y a beaucoup d’argent sur la table, certaines entreprises ont pu tenter de fermer un peu les yeux sur l’éthique. Et c’est là qu’on a pu voir apparaître, dans les médias, une couverture internationale négative concernant des firmes de cyber-renseignement israéliennes. »

    #Émirats_arabes_unis #EAU #israel #Tel_Aviv #espionnage #espionnage_privé #Bluehawk_CI #renseignement #cybertechnologie #cybersécurité #cyber-renseignement #Tsahal #fonds souverain #RAKIA #NSO_Group #hacking #Synaptech_Capital #Cellebrite #Detained #cyberadministration #cyber-entreprises actives #cyber-renseignement #Vayehee #Fake-news #cyber-renseignements #OSINT renseignements_open-source #IA #intelligence_artificielle #ingénierie_de_perception #duperie_en_ligne #Black_Cube #journalistes

  • L’ #Histgeobox a invité #Coline_Houssais, spécialiste des cultures du monde arabe et auteure d’une très précieuse Anthologie des musiques du monde arabe (Le mot et le reste, 2020), à nous faire découvrir la richesse des musiques de cet espace.

    "Il y a tellement de genres musicaux dans le monde arabe" - Entretien avec Coline Houssais
    L’histgeobox, le 11 novembre 2020
    https://lhistgeobox.blogspot.com/2020/11/il-y-tellement-de-genres-musicaux-dans.html

    Avec cette playlist de 23 morceaux :
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?list=PLC4aXCnIeE1tT5R-s-9NCBfDUyXbWwxn2&v=vEQcgPWAciU

    Dont je retiendrai deux titres :

    #Abdel_Halim_Hafez - Gana El Hawa (1969) tirée de la comédie musicale égyptienne à succès Abi fawq al-chagara, dernier film avec Abdel Halim Hafez, connu à l’époque pour son grand nombre de baisers entre lui et #Nadia_Lutfi... La séquence de cette chanson se déroule lors d’un voyage du couple à #Beyrouth...
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dy8d_bg88ZY

    Le film en question, mais sans sous-titres :
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W6XW_plS_dk

    Et #Vigon - Sidi H’bibi (2019)
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HlJfPgjttk8

    Contrairement à ce que dit l’article, la version funk de ce classique de la musique arabo-andalouse ne date pas des années 1960, où le marocain Vigon chantait effectivement déjà de la soul, mais de son retour sur le devant de la scène en 2019, avec le groupe de Didier Marty... Vous en connaissiez peut-être aussi la reprise punk de La Mano Negra en 1989 ? Par Renaud en 1990 ?

    Deuxième article de Coline Houssais, complémentaire :

    #Fayrouz - Al Qouds Al Atiqa (La vieille ville de Jérusalem) (1967)
    L’histgeobox, le 11 novembre 2020
    https://lhistgeobox.blogspot.com/2020/11/fayrouz-al-qouds-al-atiqa-la-vieille.html
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zeotb4UrmAo

    #Musique #Musique_et_politique #Musique_Arabe #Egypte #Maroc #Liban #Palestine #Jérusalem

    Je ne sais pas pourquoi @bricabraque ne l’a pas annoncé ici, du coup je le découvre en retard...