• New #Malakasa : Inhuman subsistence, nine months on


    Nine months after their arrival in Greece, refugees who arrived in March 2020, were deprived of the right to seek international protection due to the suspension of the asylum procedure by way of emergency decree and were automatically placed in arbitrary detention, remain exposed to inhuman living conditions in a newly established facility in Malakasa in the midst of winter and a pandemic.

    The so-called “#new_Malakasa” centre, along with Kleidi, Serres, were initially set up as detention centres in March to accommodate new arrivals held in informal detention sites on Eastern Aegean islands before being detained on board the “Rhodes” Navy vessel. Yet, since the end of March, the two facilities have been incorporated into the state reception system as Temporary Reception Facilities for third-country nationals or stateless persons, managed by the Reception and Identification Service (RIS).

    New Malakasa is Ministry of Migration and Asylum a pilot project in independent establishment of reception facilities, contrary to the collaborative approach followed with international actors and organisations for other centres. This #camp, along with Kleidi, Serres and the prospective new centres on Samos, Leros and Kos,[2] is covered by the #METOIKOS programme funded by the European Union (EU) through #Asylum_Migration_and_Integration_Fund (#AMIF) emergency assistance.

    The Ministry awarded on 10 April 2020 a €4.4m construction and maintenance contract to company #VITAEL via direct award. Following the approval on 9 October 2020 of €4.9m in EU funding for construction and maintenance of the facility, the aforementioned project was brought under the METOIKOS programme on 3 December 2020.

    The date of delivery to the Greek authorities was set for 4 October 2020 following an extension of works. A subsequent extension moved the delivery date to 4 January 2021. Site management support in the camp has been delegated to the International Organisation for Migration (#IOM).[3]

    The camp plan raises serious safety concerns, given that no provision has been made for the necessary emergency exits. Among other works approved in October with a view to completion by 4 January 2021, the Ministry has approved activities to bring the camp in line with fire safety standards.


    #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Grèce #camp_de_réfugiés #EU #UE #aide_financière #OIM #logement #hébergement #violence #insécurité #isolement #conditions_de_vie #soins #accès_aux_soins #éducation

  • Grèce : après la quarantaine, la vie reprend dans le camp de Malakasa - InfoMigrants

    Après des semaines de confinement, les migrants du camp athénien de Malakasa en Grèce peuvent à nouveau circuler librement. Mais les problèmes essentiels demeurent.Le camp de migrants de Malakasa se trouve à environ 40 kilomètres au nord d’Athènes. Le site est entouré de collines et de forêts. Pendant plusieurs semaines, les portes de ce camp normalement ouvertes aux allers-venues sont restées fermées à cause du Covid-19.La frustration n’avait cessé de grandir parmi les résidents. Certains ont soupçonné les autorités grecques de profiter de la pandémie pour tenir les migrants à l’écart de la société. Car au delà de l’interdiction de mouvement, aucune autre mesure comme des distributions de masques, du désinfectant ou des règles de distanciation physique n’a été mise en place.


  • Greece says first migrant dies of COVID-19 since the pandemic

    A male migrant died of COVID-19 on Sunday, the first reported death of an asylum seeker since the pandemic broke out in Greece in late February, a government official told Reuters.

    The 61-year-old Afghan, a father of two children, who lived at the migrant camp of #Malakasa north of Athens, was treated and died at a hospital in Athens, the official said, adding that authorities were tracing his contacts.

    It was not immediately clear how long he had been at the hospital.

    The Malakasa camp, which hosts about 3,000 migrants, has been quarantined since Sept. 7 after positive tests for the new coronavirus.

    Many other migrant facilities in Greece have been sealed off or movement has been restricted to stem the spread of the virus.

    Greece has been the main gateway into the European Union for people fleeing conflict in the Middle East and beyond. More than a million people reached its shores from Turkey in 2015-16.

    At least 110,000 people currently live in migrant facilities - 40,000 of them in overcrowded camps on five islands.

    A fire burnt to the ground a migrant camp on Greece’s biggest, on island of Lesbos this month, leaving about 12,000 people stranded. Most of them have now moved to a temporary tent camp on the island.

    Greece reported 218 COVID-19 cases on Sunday and three deaths, bringing the total number of infections to 17,444 since the first case surfaced late February.

    #décès #mort #covid-19 #coronavirus #grèce #asile #migrations #réfugiés #Athènes #camps_de_réfugiés


    Sur les cas de covid dans les camps de réfugiés :
    #contaminations #contamination

    ping @veronique_petit @luciebacon @karine4 @isskein

    • Greece: Tensions at migrant camp after first Covid death

      Tensions and protests among migrants at Greece’s Malakasa migrant camp on the outskirts of Athens occurred after officials reported the first death of a migrant in the country due to COVID-19.

      Groups of migrants staying at Greece’s Malakasa migrant camp facility blocked one side of the national highway leading to central Greece on Sunday afternoon after it was reported that a 61-year-old Afghan father of two had died in hospital after contracting COVID-19.

      The camp is in the outskirts of Athens: https://www.infomigrants.net/en/post/26627/life-at-a-standstill-in-malakasa-migrant-camp-in-greece

      Despite being on lockdown since September 7, the overcrowded facility has made life difficult for the refugees and migrants staying there to maintain social distancing and follow recommended health protocols.

      The 61-year-old man was being treated at the Evangelismos hospital in central Athens.
      ’Severe overcrowding’

      According to the latest figures from the International Organization for Migration (IOM), the Malakasa facility, which has a capacity for 1,589 people, has been operating at 132.4% of that capacity.

      In recent months, another 1,036 undocumented migrants have been added to the 1,068 registered people staying there.

      The new arrivals are mostly made up of people who have come from the North East Aegean islands and with nowhere to stay have ended up sleeping rough on Victoria Square in Athens’ city center, from where they were transferred by police to several facilities in the greater Attica area.
      More camps placed under lockdown

      In related developments, in the wake of an increase in COVID-19 cases and deaths throughout Greece in recent weeks, migrant reception centers in Thiva, central Greece, and Serres in the north have been put under lockdown.

      The latest lockdowns were announced on Saturday in a joint decision by the ministries of Migration, Citizens’ Protection and Health, and are set to remain in place until October 9 when the situation will be re-evaluated.

      Other migrant facilities already under lockdown are: Elaionas, Malakasa, Oinofyta, Ritsona, Schistos, Koutsohero and Fylakio - all of which are on the mainland. Camps on the islands of Samos and Leros are also under lockdown.

      Meanwhile on Lesvos, the new, temporary ’tent city’ camp at Kara Tepe, which was erected after the Moria camp was destroyed by fires earlier this month, is segregating migrants who have tested positive for COVID-19.

      A total of 243 positive COVID-19 cases had been recorded at the new temporary facility by the end of last week.

      The camp was hastily set up following a series of fires which ripped through and completely destroyed the overcrowded Moria camp.

      Over 9,200 people have been transferred to the new facility and the process of examining their asylum applications is underway.
      ’Living conditions getting worse’

      Meanwhile, there has been large-scale criticism of Greece’s initiative in the creation of the new site at Moria, as well as the government’s handling of the refugee issue relating to the spread of COVID-19.

      Humanitarian organization Doctors Without Borders (Médecins Sans Frontières) have been the most scathing in the criticism. Christina Psarra, director general of MSF, said last week: “The creation of a new camp and a system that will trap people indefinitely exposes the persistence in the same mistakes that led to this catastrophe.”

      She added: “The immediate evacuation of people is the only way to avoid chaos and not be repeated. Living conditions did not meet public health protocols before, so now it’s worse, and they do not allow for the prevention of the transmission of COVID-19. We are clear: there should not be another Moria, and nothing like it should be built on its ashes.”


  • Grèce : nouvelle extension du confinement dans les #camps de demandeurs d’asile

    En Grèce, les autorités ont à nouveau prolongé le confinement des principaux camps de demandeurs d’asile pour 15 jours supplémentaires, soit jusqu’au 21 juin. C’est la troisième fois que ce confinement est prolongé depuis le mois de mai, officiellement en raison de la lutte contre la pandémie de coronavirus. Un virus qui a pourtant relativement épargné le pays, où moins de 200 victimes ont été recensées depuis le début de la crise sanitaire.

    C’est début mai que le confinement de la population grecque a été levé. Depuis, celui-ci se poursuit pourtant dans les centres dits « d’accueil et d’identification » de demandeurs d’asile. Des camps où s’entassent au total près de 35 000 personnes et qui se situent sur cinq îles de la mer Égée - à l’image de #Moria sur l’île de #Lesbos - ou à la frontière terrestre avec la Turquie, comme le centre de l’#Evros.

    Officiellement, il s’agit pour les autorités grecques de lutter contre la propagation du coronavirus. Or, parmi l’ensemble des demandeurs d’asile, seuls quelques dizaines de cas ont été signalés à travers le pays et aucune victime n’a été recensée.

    Avant la crise sanitaire, la tension était vive en revanche sur plusieurs îles qui abritent des camps, en particulier à Lesbos fin février et début mars. Une partie de la population locale exprimait alors son ras-le-bol, parfois avec violence, face à cette cohabitation forcée.

    Athènes a d’ailleurs l’intention de mettre prochainement en place de premiers centres fermés ou semi-fermés. Notamment sur l’île de Samos et à Malakassa, au nord de la capitale. La prolongation répétée du confinement pour plusieurs dizaines de milliers de demandeurs d’asile semble ainsi s’inscrire dans une logique parallèle.


    #asile #migrations #réfugiés #extension #prolongation #confinement #coronavirus #covid-19 #Grèce #camps_de_réfugiés

    ping @luciebacon @karine4 @isskein

    • Νέα παράταση εγκλεισμού στα ΚΥΤ των νησιών με πρόσχημα τον κορονοϊό

      Αν δεν υπήρχε ο κορονοϊός, η κυβέρνηση θα έπρεπε να τον είχε εφεύρει για να μπορέσει να περάσει ευκολότερα την ακροδεξιά της ατζέντα στο προσφυγικό.

      Από την αρχή της εκδήλωσης της πανδημίας του κορονοϊού η κυβέρνηση αντιμετώπισε την πανδημία όχι σαν κάτι από το οποίο έπρεπε να προστατέψει τους πρόσφυγες και τους μετανάστες που ζουν στις δομές, αλλά αντιθέτως σαν άλλη μια ευκαιρία για να τους στοχοποιήσει σαν υποτιθέμενη υγειονομική απειλή. Εξού και δεν πήρε ουσιαστικά μέτρα πρόληψης και προστασίας των δομών, αγνοώντας επιδεικτικά τις επείγουσες συστάσεις ελληνικών, διεθνών και ευρωπαϊκών φορέων.

      Δεν προχώρησε ούτε στην άμεση εκκένωση των Κέντρων Υποδοχής και Ταυτοποίησης από τους περισσότερους από 2.000 πρόσφυγες και μετανάστες που είναι ιδιαίτερα ευπαθείς στον κορονοϊό - άνθρωποι ηλικιωμένοι ή με χρόνια σοβαρά προβλήματα υγείας. Αντιθέτως, ανέβαλε στην πράξη με προσχηματικές αοριστολογίες ή και σιωπηρά για τουλάχιστον δύο μήνες τη σχετική συμφωνία που είχε κάνει το υπουργείο Μετανάστευσης και Ασύλου με την κυρία Γιόχανσον στις αρχές Απριλίου.

      Με άλλα λόγια, αν δεν υπήρχε ο κορονοϊός, η κυβέρνηση θα έπρεπε να τον είχε εφεύρει για να μπορέσει να περάσει ευκολότερα την ακροδεξιά της ατζέντα στο προσφυγικό. Στην πραγματικότητα, αυτό ακριβώς κάνει ο υπουργός Μετανάστευσης και Ασύλου : χρησιμοποιεί την πανδημία του κορονοϊού για να παρατείνει ξανά και ξανά την καραντίνα σε δομές. Ιδίως στα Κέντρα Υποδοχής και Ταυτοποίησης στα νησιά, όπου εξελίχθηκαν σε φιάσκο οι άτσαλες και βιαστικές απόπειρες του υπουργού Νότη Μητασράκη και του υπουργού Προστασίας του Πολίτη Μιχάλη Χρυσοχοΐδη να επιβάλουν με επιτάξεις, απευθείας αναθέσεις και άγρια καταστολή έργα πολλών δεκάδων εκατομμυρίων ευρώ για τη δημιουργία νέων Κέντρων Υποδοχής και Ταυτοποίησης, πολλαπλάσιας χωρητικότητας από ατυτή των σημερινών.

      Η επιβολή καραντίνας στα ΚΥΤ στα νησιά ξεκίνησε στις 24 Μαρτίου, αρκετά πριν την επιβολή καραντίνας στο γενικό πληθυσμό, και από τότε ανανεώνεται συνεχώς. Το Σάββατο 20 Ιουνίου οι υπουργοί Μηταράκης και Χρυσοχοΐδης έδωσαν άλλη μια παράταση υγειονομικού αποκλεισμού των ΚΥΤ μέχρι τις 5 Ιουλίου, οπότε και θα συμπληρωθούν 3,5 μήνες συνεχούς καραντίνας. Τουλάχιστον για τα μάτια των ξενοφοβικών, καθώς στην πράξη οι αρχές αδυνατούν να επιβάλουν καραντίνα σε δομές που εξαπλώνονται σε μεγάλη έκταση έξω από τους οριοθετημένους χώρους των ΚΥΤ.

      Οι υπουργοί ανακοίνωσαν επίσης παράταση της καραντίνας στις δομές της Μαλακάσας, της Ριτσώνας και του Κουτσόχερου, όπου είχαν εμφανιστεί κρούσματα πριν από πολλές εβδομάδες, και έκτοτε δεν υπάρχει ενημέρωση για νέα κρούσματα μέσα στις δομές, παρόλο που έχει παρέλθει προ πολλού το προβλεπόμενο χρονικό όριο της καραντίνας.

      Πρόκειται για σκανδαλωδώς προκλητική διαχείριση, επικοινωνιακή και μόνο, τόσο του προσφυγικού και μεταναστευτικού όσο και του ζητήματος του κορονοϊού.


      #hotspot #hotpspots


      Avec ce commentaire de Vicky Skoumbi, reçu le 21.06.2020 via la mailing-list Migreurop :

      Sous des prétexte fallacieux, le gouvernement prolonge une énième fois les mesures de restriction de mouvement pour les résidents de hotspots dans les #îles et pour trois structures d’accueil au continent, #Malakasa, #Ritsona et #Koutsohero. Le 5 juillet, date jusqu’à laquelle court cette nouvelle #prolongation, les réfugiés dans les camps auront passés trois mois et demi sous #quarantaine. Je rappelle que depuis au moins un mois la population grecque a retrouvé une entière liberté de mouvement. Il est fort à parier que de prolongation en prolongation tout le reste de l’été se passera comme cela, jusqu’à la création de nouveaux centres fermés dans les îles. Cette éternisation de la quarantaine -soi-disant pour des raisons sanitaires qu’aucune donné réel ne justifie, transforme de fait les hotspots en #centres_fermés anticipant ainsi le projet du gouvernement.


    • Pro-migrant protests in Athens as Greece extends lockdown

      Following protests in Athens slamming the government for its treatment of migrants, the Greek government over the weekend said it would extend the COVID-19 lockdown on the migrant camps on Greek Aegean islands and on the mainland.

      Greece has extended a coronavirus lockdown on its migrant camps for a further two weeks. On Saturday, Greece announced extension of the coronavirus lockdown on its overcrowded and unsanitary migrant camps on its islands in the Aegean Sea for another fortnight.

      The move came hours after some 2,000 people protested in central Athens on Saturday to mark World Refugee Day and denounced the government’s treatment of migrants.

      The migration ministry said migrants living in island camps as well as those in mainland Greece will remain under lockdown until July 5. It was due to have ended on Monday, June 22, along with the easing of general community restrictions as the country has been preparing to welcome tourists for the summer.

      The Greek government first introduced strict confinement measures in migrant camps on March 21. A more general lockdown was imposed on March 23; it has since been extended a number of times. No known coronavirus deaths have been recorded in Greek migrant camps so far and only a few dozen infections have surfaced. Rights groups have expressed concern that migrants’ rights have been eroded by the restrictions.

      On May 18, the Greek asylum service resumed receiving asylum applications after an 11-week pause. Residence permits held by refugees will be extended six months from their date of expiration to prevent the service from becoming overwhelmed by renewal applications.

      ’No refugee homeless, persecuted, jailed’

      During the Saturday protests, members of anti-racist groups, joined by residents from migrant camps, marched in central Athens. They were holding banners proclaiming “No refugee homeless, persecuted, jailed” and chanting slogans against evictions of refugees from temporary accommodation in apartments.

      More than 11,000 refugees who have been living in reception facilities for asylum seekers could soon be evicted. Refugees used to be able to keep their accommodation for up to six months after receiving protected status.

      But the transitional grace period was recently reduced significantly: Since March of this year, people can no longer stay in the reception system for six months after they were officially recognized as refugees — they only have 30 days.

      Refugee advocacy groups and UNHCR have expressed concern that the people evicted could end up homeless. “Forcing people to leave their accommodation without a safety net and measures to ensure their self-reliance may push many into poverty and homelessness,” UNHCR spokesperson Andrej Mahecic said last week.

      The government insists that it is doing everything necessary “to assure a smooth transition for those who leave their lodgings.”

      Moreover, UNHCR and several NGOs and human rights groups have spoken out to criticize the Greek government’s decision to cut spending on a housing program for asylum seekers by up to 30%. They said that it means less safe places to live for vulnerable groups.

      Asylum office laments burden, defends action

      In a message for World Refugee Day, the Ministry for Migration and Asylum said Greece has found itself “at the centre of the migration crisis bearing a disproportionate burden”, news agency AFP cites.

      “The country is safeguarding the rights of those who are really persecuted and operates as a shield of solidarity in the eastern Mediterranean,” it added.

      Government officials have repeatedly said Greece must become a less attractive destination for asylum seekers.

      The continued presence of more than 36,000 refugees and asylum seekers on the islands — over five times the intended capacity of shelters there — has caused major friction with local communities who are demanding their immediate removal.

      An operation in February to build detention centers for migrants on the islands of Lesbos and Chios had to be abandoned due to violent protests.

      Accusations of push-backs

      Greece has also been repeatedly accused of illegal pushbacks by its forces at its land and sea borders, which according to reports have spiked since March.

      On land, a Balkans-based network of human rights organizations said migrants reported beatings and violent collective expulsions from inland detention spaces to Turkey on boats across the Evros River. In the Aegean, a recent investigation by three media outlets claims that Greek coast guard officers intercept migrant boats coming from Turkey and send them back to Turkey in unseaworthy life rafts.

      Athens has repeatedly denied using illegal tactics to guard its borders, and has in turn accused Turkey of sending patrol boats to escort migrant boats into its waters.

      According to UNHCR, around 3,000 asylum seekers arrived in Greece by land and sea since the start of March, far fewer people than over previous months. Some 36,450 refugees and asylum seekers are currently staying on the Aegean islands.



    • Greek government must end lockdown for locked up people on Greek islands

      COVID-19-related lockdown measures have had an impact on the lives of everyone around the world and generated increasing levels of stress and anxiety for many of us. However, the restriction of movement imposed in places like Moria and Vathy, on the Greek islands, have proven to be toxic for the thousands of people contained there.

      When COVID-19 reached Greece, more than 30,000 asylum seekers and migrants were contained in the reception centres on the Greek islands in appalling conditions, without access to regular healthcare or basic services. Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) runs mental health clinics on the islands.

      In March 2020, a restriction of movement imposed by the central government in response to COVID-19 has meant that these people, 55 per cent of whom are women and children, have essentially been forced to remain in these overcrowded and unhygienic centres with no possibility to escape the dangerous conditions which are part of their daily life.

      Despite the fact that there have been zero cases of COVID-19 in any of the reception centres on the Greek islands, and that life has returned to normal for local people and tourists alike, these discriminatory measures for asylum seekers and migrants continue to be extended every two weeks.

      Today, these men, women and children continue to be hemmed in, in dire conditions, resulting in a deterioration of their medical and mental health.

      “The tensions have increased dramatically and there is much more violence since the lockdown, and the worst part is that even children cannot escape from it anymore,” says Mohtar, the father of a patient from MSF’s mental health clinic for children. “The only thing I could do before to help my son was to take him away from Moria; for a walk or to swim in the sea, in a calm place. Now we are trapped.”

      MSF cannot stay silent about this blatant discrimination, as the restriction of movement imposed on asylum seekers dramatically reduces their already-limited access to basic services and medical care.

      In the current phase of the COVID-19 epidemic in Greece, this measure is absolutely unjustified from a public health point of view – it is discriminatory towards people that don’t represent a risk and contributes to their stigmatisation, while putting them further at risk.

      “The restrictions of movement for migrants and refugees in the camp have affected the mental health of my patients dramatically,” says Greg Kavarnos, a psychologist in the MSF Survivors of Torture clinic on Lesbos. “If you and I felt stressed and were easily irritated during the period of the lockdown in our homes, imagine how people who have endured very traumatic experiences feel now that they have to stay locked up in a camp like Moria.”

      “Moria is a place where they cannot find peace, they cannot find a private space and they have to stand in lines for food, for the toilet, for water, for everything,” says Kavarnos.

      COVID-19 should not be used as a tool to detain migrants and refugees. We continue to call for the evacuation of people, especially those who belong to high-risk groups for COVID-19, from the reception centres to safe accommodation. The conditions in these centres are not acceptable in normal times however, they have become even more perilous pits of violence, sickness, and misery when people are unable to move due to arbitrary restrictions.


    • La Grèce prolonge à nouveau le confinement dans les camps de migrants

      Athènes a annoncé vendredi une prolongation jusqu’à la fin du mois d’août du confinement dans les camps de migrants installés sur ses îles et le continent. Le pays connaît une hausse du nombre d’infections mais aucun décès n’a encore été enregistré dans les camps de migrants.

      Les camps de migrants de Grèce resteront confinés au moins jusqu’à la fin du mois d’août. Vendredi 31 juillet, le ministère des Migrations a déclaré que le confinement – entré en vigueur le 21 mars – sera prolongé jusqu’au 31 août "pour prévenir l’apparition et la diffusion des cas de coronavirus". Il s’agit de la 6e prolongation du confinement des camps de migrants, alors que la population grecque, elle, est sortie du confinement le 4 mai dernier.

      La Grèce, avec 203 décès dus au Covid-19, n’a pas été aussi sévèrement touchée que d’autres pays européens et aucun décès n’a été enregistré dans les camps de migrants.

      Mais ces derniers sont surpeuplés, en mer Egée particulièrement. Plus de 26 000 demandeurs d’asile y vivent, pour une d’une capacité d’accueil de moins de 6 100 places. Une situation qui génère de plus en plus de tensions avec la population locale.

      Néanmoins, la prolongation du confinement des seuls camps de migrants ne constitue pas moins une discrimination manifeste des droits des personnes migrantes, ont dénoncé de nombreuses ONG dans un communiqué publié le 17 juillet.

      “Nous sommes de plus en plus inquiets car les températures montent, nous sommes au milieu de l’été, et les migrants sont obligés de vivre dans des espaces saturés avec trop peu d’accès à l’hygiène, l’eau manque ainsi que les produits sanitaires dans la plupart des camps. Il y a un donc un risque que ces prolongement indéterminés provoquent d’importants problèmes sanitaires au sein des camps puisque les gens ne peuvent même plus sortir pour se faire soigner ou acheter des médicaments et des produits de première nécessité”, a indiqué à InfoMigrants Adriana Tidona, chercheuse spécialiste des questions migratoires en Europe pour Amnesty International.
      Augmentation du nombre de cas

      Si les autorités grecques veulent que les migrants restent dans des camps, elles invitent les touristes à venir dans le pays. Les aéroports grecs et les frontières ont ainsi été rouverts aux touristes étrangers. Or, ces mesures se sont accompagnées d’une augmentation du nombre de cas de Covid-19 dans le pays.

      Depuis le 1er juillet, plus de 340 cas confirmés ont été enregistrés parmi les près de 1,3 million de voyageurs entrant en Grèce, a indiqué mardi la protection civile

      Mardi, la Grèce a annoncé qu’elle rendait le masque obligatoire dans les magasins, les banques, les services publics et la quasi-totalité des lieux clos, en réponse à une résurgence des infections.


    • Grèce : prolongation du confinement dans les camps de migrants

      Plus de 24.000 demandeurs d’asile sont logés dans des camps insalubres, d’une capacité d’accueil de moins de 6100 places.

      La Grèce a annoncé vendredi 28 août une prolongation jusqu’au 15 septembre du confinement imposé aux migrants dans les camps aux portes d’entrée de l’Europe, sur les îles et à la frontière terrestre du pays, qui connaît une résurgence des cas de coronavirus. Le confinement des camps, entré en vigueur le 21 mars, sera prolongé jusqu’au 15 septembre « pour empêcher l’apparition et la propagation des cas de coronavirus », a déclaré le ministère des Migrations.

      La présence de plus de 24.000 demandeurs d’asile dans des camps insalubres, d’une capacité d’accueil de moins de 6100 places, situés sur les cinq îles de la mer Égée, est une source d’inquiétude pour les autorités.

      Mais les ONG ont plusieurs fois dénoncé l’enfermement des demandeurs d’asile dans ces structures qui ne sont pas adaptées pour mettre en place les mesures barrières nécessaires. Les nouveaux arrivants sur les îles grecques sont par ailleurs placés en quarantaine dans des structures séparées pour ne pas prendre le risque de contaminer tout le camp. Alors que les arrivées s’étaient taries pendant le confinement, elles ont repris légèrement pendant l’été.

      Dans la nuit de jeudi à vendredi, les gardes-côtes grecs ont entrepris une opération de sauvetage d’un voilier au large de l’île de Rhodes avec à bord 55 migrants. Mercredi, la police portuaire avait déjà effectué une opération similaire au large de l’île de Halki et avait secouru 96 personnes. Pour la troisième journée consécutive, des recherches se poursuivent pour retrouver un homme de 35 ans et son fils de 4 ans, portés disparus depuis le naufrage selon la mère de l’enfant. La Grèce, avec 254 décès dus au Covid-19, n’a pas été aussi sévèrement touchée que d’autres pays européens, et aucun décès n’a été enregistré dans les camps de migrants.


    • More camps locked down

      Migrant reception centers in #Thiva, central Greece, and Serres, in the country’s north, have been put on lockdown following outbreaks of the coronavirus.

      The lockdowns were announced on Saturday in a joint decision by the ministries of Migration, Citizens’ Protection and Health and are to remain in force until October 9 when they will be reviewed.

      Migrant facilities in Elaionas, Malakasa, Oinofyta, Ritsona, Schistos, Koutsohero and Fylakio, on the mainland, and on the islands of Samos and Leros are also under lockdown following outbreaks there.

      On Lesvos, following the destruction of the Moria camp in fires earlier this month, migrants have been transferred to a temporary facility where Covid-19 infected residents have been segregated.


  • Two children transferred out of Malakasa, protection still denied to many

    Following two requests for interim measures before the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), two unaccompanied children from Syria aged 12 and 13 are finally transferred to a shelter for minors after over two months of confinement in unsafe conditions.

    In March 2020, the two Syrian boys arrived in Greece unaccompanied. They were arrested and automatically placed in detention despite being recognised as minors. They were issued with detention and deportation orders and were detained among adults in degrading conditions pursuant to an emergency decree adopted on 2 March 2020 by the Greek government, which suspended access to asylum for one month and foresaw immediate deportation for those entering the Greek territory, without registration to their countries of origin or to Turkey. As a result of the decree, people arriving in Greece in March, including the two minors, were arbitrarily denied the right to make an asylum application and to benefit from the rights and entitlements conferred on asylum seekers by domestic and European Union law.

    On 27 March 2020 RSA appealed before ECtHR, requesting the Court to indicate interim measures under Rule 39 of the Rules of Court for the protection of the two unaccompanied children and their transfer to suitable reception facilities.

    Meanwhile, the two boys received on 7 April 2020 police referral notes informing them that they had been released from detention, although until the end of April no one was permitted to exit the facility.

    Following correspondence between the Court and the government, on 15 April 2020 the ECtHR decided not to grant interim measures, on the ground that the government had already made commitments to ensure that the applicants would receive treatment in accordance with Article 3 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR). Yet, the applicants had submitted information indicating that no change in their situation had taken place.

    RSA lodged a fresh request for interim measures on 23 April 2020, following which the Court adjourned its decision and requested again the government to indicate “what concrete measures have been taken for the applicants’ transfer, as well as for the appointment of a guardian”.

    The children were ultimately transferred to an accommodation place on 7 and 8 May respectively, that is over two months after their arrival in Greece.

    While welcoming the applicants’ recent transfer to a shelter for minors, RSA regrettably notes that demanding litigation procedures and recourse before the Strasbourg Court for interim relief have become necessary to secure the consideration and protection of even the most basic rights of children. Recourse to the ECtHR is not accessible in every case of children at risk and cannot substitute a reliable and well-functioning child protection system, which remains a pressing need for Greece.

    In April 2020, in a different case concerning a homeless unaccompanied boy living in destitution in a Greek city, the ECtHR again refused to grant interim measures requested under Rule 39 including the placement of the child in a shelter for minors. Until today the child still sleeps rough in the streets and the government has taken no measures for the child’s protection.

    The predicament of the two boys leaving Malakasa this week illustrates the chronic gaps in the protection of unaccompanied children and the absence of an effective guardianship system in Greece. It is also testament to an increasing disregard on the part of the authorities of obligations enshrined in national, European and international law, and a failure to follow through on guarantees provided to the ECtHR.

    RSA and PRO ASYL continue to defend the rights of the most vulnerable and will assist the children in their family reunification procedure with relatives in Germany.


    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #Grèce #Camp #Malakasa #Mineursnonaccompagnés #Enfants #Transfert

  • AYS Weekend Digest 2–3/5/2020

    392 people on their way from Moria to the mainland
    On Sunday, while migration and asylum minister Mitarakis visited Moria camp on the island of Lesvos, 392 people were bussed from Moria to the port of Mytilini.

    As confirmed by several sources, they had all a ticket to Athens but it is still not clear where they will be taken on the mainland. They reached Pireaus port in Attica, on two different ferries this morning.

    While the evacuation of the Greek eastern islands has to carry on, transfers to mainland camps are not the solution, especially if these are closed structures, where ‘residents’ find themselves even more cut off from the rest of society.


    Tension rises again on Lesvos due to minister Mitarakis visit
    Refocus Media Lab reports of new moments of tension and violence against NGO workers on Sunday. Locals protested and held road blocks against the visit of minister Mitarakis in Moria.


    Lockdown is lifted, but not for all
    From today, Monday 4th of May, lockdown measures are gradually lifted throughout Greece. This means that as of today, it is not necessary to text or write a note to go outside.
    This measure is applied to everyone in Greece, refugees and citizens, with the exception of the residents of the RICs on the islands of Lesvos, Chios, Samos, Leros and Kos and the structures under lockdown on the mainland due to outbreaks of coronavirus (Ritsona camp, Malakasa camp, Kranidi accommodation).
    Still, some measures are in place for the next weeks. Mobile Info Team has published an overview about the lifting of the measures and what will reopen when: https://www.mobileinfoteam.org/lifting-restriction
    Also, from today, masks are compulsory in public indoor spaces, read more in English and French below, or follow the links for Arabic, Farsi and Urdu versions.

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Grèce #Camp #Lesbos #Moria #Transfert #Athènes #Tension #Déconfinement #Chios #Samos #Leros #Kos #Ritsona #Malakasa #Kranidi

  • AYS Weekend Digest 25–26/4/2020

    Many reports confirm that at least two separate fires broke out within Vathi camp on Samos on Sunday evening and one more this morning (Monday).
    As Samos Volunteers report, the first fire, which started around 7pm, “was located in the area directly behind the medical facilities at the lower end of the unofficial jungle, which function as temporary shelters for potential Corona patients. An unknown number of tents were burnt before the local fire brigade managed to control and finally extinguish the fire.”
    After that, it seems that there were other repeated fires at 8pm and 10pm. A fire “reached the centre of the official camp. Several containers have caught fire. Besides housing most of the camp’s facilities, including the asylum service, the containers provide shelter for many camp residents, who share a container with as many as sixty people”.
    As MSF report, at least 100 people are left without shelter:
    Throughout the night, evacuation operations have been going on. It is not yet clear the extent of the damage. Most people left the camp and gathered on a empty plot of land. While solidarians and organisations on the ground tried to assist residents providing shelter, tents, medical assistance, food and water, fights and moments of tensions broke out and riot police entered the camp multiple times. In the night police stopped any kind of assistance or distribution.

    Evacuation at Vathi (Samos) — Photo by AYS
    A new fire broke out this morning.
    Despite the fires, we have confirmed reports that police continue to stop every kind of distribution, and are not letting anybody get into town.
    Around 700 people are being held in a bit of empty land in front of the camp, without adequate access to food or water, women and children included.
    This fire followed the ones in Moria (Lesvos) and Vial (Chios) in the last weeks. As of April 23, 6869 people were recorded living in Vathi camp, with a capacity of 648 people. The population density is the highest in the centre of the camp, where the fire burned most intense.
    These fires are nothing other than the natural consequence of Greek and European policies: keeping people crammed in overcrowded spaces, using the fear of the pandemic to implement widespread detention for all people on the move, stripping them even more of their basic rights, and barring them from participating in society.

    LESVOS: Updates from Moria
    In Moria, the situation is not getting any better. After the halt to the plan to transfer the most vulnerable residents to empty hotels, no other solution has been proposed to decongest the camp. 18293 is the official population (as of April 23rd). Food lines take hours, at least 1000 people don’t get food because there is not enough. There is also not enough water.
    With the limitations of movement outside the camp and the racist policies of supermarkets around Moria which are now prohibiting camp residents from going in, people can only shop in the one supermarket inside the camp, with waiting times of up to three days:
    Team Humanity is crowdfunding to distribute 3,500 food packs. They are doing food distribution for those who cannot stay in the food lines. Support hem HERE.
    Residents are doing what they can to improve the situation, the Moria Corona Awareness Team are starting to recycle water bottles to reduce the amount of waste in the camp.

    MAINLAND: Suicide in police detention
    A young man, who was detained in Komotini police station (Northeastern Greece) hanged himself over the weekend. He had been reportedly sentenced to several years in prison for people smuggling. According to the report authored by the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT) on conditions of detention in Greece: “ill-treatment by the police.. against foreign nationals.. remains a frequent practice”. Around 6,000 people on the move, including minors, are under arrest in the country.

    From the Mothers of Malakasa
    There are reports of frequent water cuts in Malakasa camp (in Attica), which worsen the conditions during quarantine. Refugees report additional sanitary infrastructure for the more than 400 newcomers living in tents was installed but has not yet been connected.
    “How should we wash our hands without water,” a mother asks.
    Read the call for help from mothers in the quarantined Malakasa refugee camp HERE.

    Local media has published a further update on the Bosnian Government’s aim to deport all people on the move. They wish to compile a list of 9000–10,000 people to be deported and are once again framing this as a security crisis rather than a humanitarian one. They have also made it clear that they are struggling to identify the people currently in Bosnian territory meaning that they can not have gone through a proper asylum process. As we know, everybody has the right to claim asylum regardless of where they come from or the recognition rate of their country.
    Meanwhile, as usual it is local people and grass roots groups, not the government, who are actually supporting people on the move.


    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Grèce #Bosnie-Herzégovine #Camp #Samos #Vathi #Incendie #Evacuation #Lesbos #Moria #Transfert #Hôtel #Komotini #Suicide #Malakasa #Expulsion

  • AYS Daily Digest 23/4/20

    Lesvos — While some get shot at, others fear going for food
    The two people who had been shot while the recent peaceful protest was on, were reportedly shot about seven kilometers away from Moria, with a hunting rifle. They claimed they had been “going for a walk,” unrelated to the events at the camp.
    As InfoMigrants stated, “although the motive for this attack has not been clarified, dpa also reported that in March anti-migrant extremists had been known to attack migrants and humanitarian workers on the island.
    They also said that theft had increased around the Moria camp in recent years and is often reported. Again though, there is no clear link to what the migrants may, or may not, have been doing when they were shot at.”
    Reaching food presents a daily fear and a problem for thousands in Moria. Many people reportedly choose to cook themselves if they can get supplies of food, while others fear to queue for food in the camp due to the risk of Covid-19 infection.
    In the Malakasa camp, quarantine continues. At the same time in Corinth and Grevena, camps run by the IOM, apparently there are no doctors available, thus no healthcare provided for the people held inside the camps under the internationally agreed standards, whose minimums define the number of health workers available, and define health care as one of the basics available to the people. As we heard this information from a number of different sources, we hope for some clear scrutiny and reporting on such practices that are present in different places not only in Greece, but along the Balkan route, namely in Bosnia and Herzegovina as well.

    Forcing deportations, regardless of what others think
    The minister of security of Bosnia and Herzegovina announced at the press conference that the plan to deport migrants currently in Bosnia and Herzegovina is ongoing. He stated that “many of those people are terrorists sleepers and that almost everyone hides their real identity”. Therefore, Bosnia and Herzegovina intends to deport all of them, and he said that, instead of providing funds for keeping the people inside the country, he wishes the EU would help them send those people back. He is aware that “some countries in the EU might not be in favour” of his idea, but that is the official plan. He also stated that the Pakistani ambassador will be named persona non grata because he seems to be against the idea. The Bosnian “diplomacy” is yet to receive any real criticism from the international community, and it will be interesting to see which country or organisation will feel blameless enough to point their finger first… The situation for people on the move across Bosnia and Herzegovina has only been worsening, if that is still possible, and we hope that the support for the opening of the Lipa camp in the middle of nowhere will not be considered the maximum the international community can do and the optimal solution for all those people stuck in the area.

    Refusing to take in unaccompanied minors
    The Netherlands has refused to take in any of the children, despite repeated appeals, and the willingness of 43 separate local authorities to house them.
    Over 100 politicians, celebrities and local authorities have urged the Dutch government to take in some of the 2,500 children who are living in squalid refugee camps on Greek islands without parents or guardians, Dutch media report.


    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Grèce #Pays-Bas #Bosnie-Herzégovine #Mineursnonaccompagnés #Transfert #Expulsion #Malakasa #Corinth #Grevena #Camp #Lesbos #Moria

  • Migranti lungo la Rotta, quarantena permanente versione testuale

    A partire da marzo, mano a mano che il coronavirus dilagava per l’Europa, alcuni stati disposti lungo la dorsale balcanica hanno messo in atto provvedimenti che hanno interessato non solamente la popolazione locale, ma anche e soprattutto la popolazione migrante che vive all’interno dei centri di transito e per richiedenti asilo, allestiti e istituiti lungo la cosiddetta Rotta balcanica a partire dal 2016.
    Dopo il 2015, anno della “crisi dei rifugiati”, che ha visto arrivare in Unione europea quasi un milione di persone (di cui oltre 850 mila transitate dalla Grecia), a partire da marzo 2016 la Rotta balcanica è stata dichiarata ufficialmente chiusa, in base al controverso accordo turco-europeo, che prevede fondamentalmente che la Turchia – in cambio di 6 miliardi di euro versati dall’Ue e di un’accelerazione nelle trattative legate all’ingresso in Europa – gestisca i quasi 4 milioni di richiedenti asilo che si trovano nel suo territorio.
    Di fatto, però, quell’accordo (in realtà una dichiarazione congiunta tra le parti coinvolte) non ha fermato il flusso di persone on the move, ma lo ha solamente rallentato e reso più pericoloso; si calcola, in effetti, che tra il 2016 e il 2019 siano comunque passate circa 160 mila persone lungo questo corridoio migratorio.

    Confini incandescenti
    I paesi maggiormente interessati dalla presenza dei migranti in transito sono Grecia, Serbia e – a partire dal 2018 – Bosnia Erzegovina, diventata nella zona nord-occidentale il collo di bottiglia prima di entrare in Croazia e da lì nei Paesi Shengen, la meta cui maggiormente aspirano le persone, che provengono principalmente da Afghanistan, Pakistan, Siria, Iran e Iraq.
    Poco prima che la pandemia prendesse piede a livello globale, a partire da fine febbraio, la Rotta balcanica era tornata sui principali giornali e siti di notizie, perchè il presidente turco Recep Tayyp Erdo?an aveva annunciato di aver aperto i confini del paese ai migranti intenzionati a raggiungere l’Europa. Quella che sino a poco tempo prima sembrava solo una minaccia si è fatta realtà; nel giro di pochi giorni almeno 10 mila persone hanno raggiunto il confine terrestre tra Turchia e Grecia e hanno provato a sfondare i cordoni di sicurezza greci, trovando una risposta violenta, anche con il sostegno delle polizie e dei militari di altri governi europei.
    La situazione incandescente sul confine, che faceva immaginare uno scenario simile a quello del 2015, con migliaia di persone in transito lungo la rotta, si è però interrotta bruscamente con l’arrivo del virus e le misure di chiusura, limitazione di movimento e autoisolamento messe in atto in pratica da quasi tutti gli stati del mondo.
    Gli stati posti lungo la Rotta balcanica hanno non solo imposto misure restrittive alla popolazione locale, ma hanno chiuso la popolazione migrante all’interno dei campi, dispiegando forze speciali a controllarne i perimetri: nessuna nuova persona entra e nessuno esce, in una quarantena permanente.

    Prendono la strada dei boschi
    In Grecia si calcola una presenza di oltre 118 mila tra rifugiati e richiedenti asilo; circa 20 mila abitano nei 30 campi dislocati sul continente, molti vivono in appartamenti o shelter e oltre 38 mila sono bloccati nei campi ufficiali e informali sulle isole di Lesvos, Chios, Samos e Kos.
    In Serbia sono oltre 8.500 i richiedenti asilo e i migranti distribuiti nei 17 centri in gestione governativa all’interno del paese. Durante il mese di marzo polizia ed esercito locali hanno portato le persone che vivevano negli squat delle periferie di Belgrado e di Šid all’interno dei campi, che sono ora sovraffollati.
    Infine si calcola che in Bosnia Erzegovina ci siano circa 5.500 persone alloggiate in 9 campi per l’accoglienza, ma che almeno 2 mila vivano dormendo in edifici e fabbriche abbandonati o in tende e accampamenti di fortuna nei boschi lungo i confini con la Croazia. L’ampia presenza di persone che vivono fuori dai campi ufficiali ha fatto sì che il 17 aprile il consiglio dei ministri della Bosnia Erzegovina decidesse che ogni straniero che non ha un documento di identità valido e un indirizzo di residenza registrato presso l’ufficio stranieri del comune di competenza, verrà obbligatoriamente portato nei centri di ricezione, dove dovrà risiedere senza possibilità di uscire.
    Per questo motivo già dalle settimane precedenti, in località Lipa, cantone di Una Sana, territorio di Bihac, sono stati avviati di gran lena i lavori per mettere in piedi un nuovo centro temporaneo di transito. Il campo, costituito da ampi tendoni in cerata con letti a castello, container sanitari e toilette chimiche, è stato fortumente voluto dalla municipalità di Bihac per spostare dalle strade e da edifici diroccati le migliaia di persone che vagano tra le rovine senza cibo, acqua corrente, elettricità e vestiti. A partire dalla mattina del 21 aprile sono iniziati in maniera pacifica i trasporti dei migranti, scortati dalla polizia locale, al nuove centro in gestione all’Organizzazione mondiale dei migranti e al Danish Refugee Council. Al tempo stesso, decine di persone che non vogliono vivere nei centri e rimanere bloccate in quarantena a tempo indeterminato, hanno deciso di prendere la strada dei boschi e tentare di andare verso la Croazia o rimanere tra le foreste, in attesa che si allentino nei paesi europei le misure anti-Covid.
    Le preoccupazioni nutrite dalle diverse organizzazioni non governative e associazioni in tutti i contesti citati sono le medesime: i campi sono sovraffolati e non permettono di prevenire la diffusione del contagio, in molti centri i servizi igienici e i presidi sanitari sono insufficienti, in alcune realtà l’acqua non è potabile e fondamentalmente è impossibile mantenere le distanze. Le persone passano le giornate chiuse dentro strutture nella maggior parte dei casi fatiscenti, costrette a lunghe file per ricevere i pasti e sotto il controllo o della polizia e dell’esercito (come in Serbia e Grecia), che impediscono i tentativi di fuga dai campi, o delle imprese di sorveglianza private nei campi in Bosnia (campi gestiti da Iom, a differenza di Serbia e Grecia, dove sono in gestione governativa).
    Naturalmente, se già per la popolazione locale è difficile trovare mascherine usa e getta e guanti, per i migranti nei campi è pressochè impossibile, al punto che sia in Grecia che in Serbia, in alcuni dei centri i migranti hanno cominciato a cucire mascherine in stoffa, per la popolazione dei campi ma anche per la popolazione locale, supportati da alcune organizzazioni.
    In tutti i campi le organizzazioni che non si occupano di servizi primari, ma per esempio di interventi psico-sociali come Caritas, hanno dovuto sospendere o modificare le loro attività e instaurare una modalità di lavoro degli staff a rotazione, per preservare i propri operatori.

    Distanziamento impossibile
    Nonostante in Serbia e in Bosnia Erzegovina non siano stati ufficialmente accertati casi di persone positive al Covid19 tra i migranti nei centri, la stessa cosa non si può dire della Grecia, dove sono scoppiati almeno tre focolai, il primo a Ritsona, una ex base militare a 70 chilometri da Atene, che ospita oltre 3 mila persone, il secondo nel campo di Malakasa, dove è stato trovato un caso positivo tra gli oltre 1.600 residenti, il terzo nel sud della Grecia, a Kranidi, dove 150 su 497 persone di un ostello che ospita famiglie monogenitoriali sono risultate positive al test. In tutti i casi i campi sono stati posti in totale isolamento e quarantena per 14 giorni, e le persone non sono autorizzate a uscire dai loro container, stanze o tende. Per evitare che il fenomeno esploda soprattutto nei contesti come le isole, dove i campi sono sovraffolati e le condizioni di vita più miserevoli, il governo greco ha previsto lo spostamento di almeno 2.300 persone considerate più vulnerabili al virus sulla terraferma, in appartamenti, hotel e altri campi.
    In generale le reazioni dei migranti alle misure che sono state messe in atto sono state simili in tutti i luoghi. In primis vi è la sincera preoccupazione di ammalarsi nei campi; le persone sono consapevoli che igiene e misure di distanziamento sociale sono impossibili da tenere. Per fare un esempio, il Bira, un campo in Bosnia Erzegovina per uomini single e minori non accompagnati, che ha una capacità ufficiale di 1.500 persone, ne ospita più di 1.800 e nei container abitativi vivono non 6 persone, ma almeno il doppio. In luoghi così è impossibile fisicamente mettere in atto tutte le procedure necessarie a evitare il contagio.
    Altro punto che risulta particolarmente frustrante, soprattutto nei campi in Serbia e in Bosnia Erzegovina, è l’impossibilità di uscire fisicamente dai centri. Questo significa non poter esercitare nessuna libertà di movimento, non poter andare a comprare beni e cibo, magari non necessari per la sopravvivenza, ma di aiuto per resistere psicologicamente. Significa non poter andare a ritirare i soldi che i parenti mandano tramite Western Union e Money gram e ovviamente significa non poter tentare il game, il “gioco” di recarsi a piedi, da soli o guidati dai trafficanti, verso i confini, per cercare di valicarli.

    Gli interventi Caritas e Ipsia
    La frustrazione di rimanere bloccati a tempo indeterminato è molto alta; in molti dei campi sono scoppiate risse a volte anche molto violente, tra gli stessi migranti ma anche con le forze di polizia e di sicurezza preposte al controllo dei centri. Questi episodi, in Bosnia Erzegovina, sono avvenuti tra i minori non accompagnati del campo Bira, al Miral di Velika Kladuša, a Blažuj vicino a Sarajevo. Stesse dinamiche, con conseguente intervento pesante della security, a Krnja?a, Preševo e Adaševci in Serbia.
    Le organizzazioni impegnate nei centri per migranti potrebbero avere un importante ruolo di stress-relief (supporto in situazione di pressione psicologica) in un contesto di frustrazioni e violenze così diffuse, ma le organizzazioni che gestiscono i campi e i governi locali preferiscono una dimesione di chiusura quasi totale, senza capire che sarebbe importante prevenire la crescita di ulteriori tensioni.
    Caritas e Ipsia Acli, partner dei progetti lungo la rotta dei Balcani dal 2016, continuano – nella misura del possibile – le loro attività in Grecia, Serbia e Bosnia. Gli operatori locali sono portavoce e testimoni dei bisogni delle persone; anche se, a seguito dell’emergenza sanitaria, i ragazzi e le ragazze in Servizio civile all’estero hanno dovuto tornare in patria per non rimanere bloccati, e ciò ha tolto forze ed energie ai team locali, gli operatori sul terreno continuano il supporto alla popolazione migrante lungo la Rotta. Un piccolo apporto, in un mare di bisogni, ma il segno di un’attenzione e una prossimità che non devono essere cancellate dal virus.


    #route_des_balkans #Balkans #Grèce #Croatie #campement #hébergement #camps #forêt #masques #distanciation_sociale #Grèce #Serbie #Bosnie #fermeture_des_frontières #frontières #coronavirus #covid-19 #Lipa #Bihac #OIM #IOM #Danish_Refugee_Council #Ritsona #Athènes #Malakasa #Kranidi #Bira #confinement #liberté_de_mouvement #Miral #Velika_Kladuša #Velika_Kladusa #Blažuj #Blazuj #Preševo #Adaševci #Krnja #Presevo #Adasevci

    ping @luciebacon

    • [Traduit par Chiara Lauvergnac, via Migreurop] 

      Migrants along the Route, permanent quarantine
      April 27, 2020
      Starting in March, as the coronavirus spread to Europe, some states located along the rear Balkan have implemented agreements that have affected not only the local population, but also and above all the migrant population living inside the transit and asylum seeker centers, set up and set up along the so-called Balkan route from 2016.
      After 2015, the year of the “refugee crisis”, which saw almost one million people arrive in the European Union (of which more than 850 thousand passed through Greece), starting from March 2016 the Balkan route was officially declared closed, on the basis of the controversial Turkish-European agreement, which basically provides that Turkey - in exchange for € 6 billion paid by the EU and an acceleration in negotiations related to entry into Europe - handles almost 4 million asylum seekers who we are in its territory.

      In fact, however, that agreement (actually a joint declaration between the parties involved) did not stop the flow of people on the move, but really slowed it down and made it more dangerous; it is estimated, in fact, that between 2016 and 2019 around 160 thousand people have passed through this migratory corridor.

      Red-hot borders

      The countries mainly affected by the presence of migrants in transit are Greece, Serbia and - starting from 2018 - Bosnia and Herzegovina, that became the bottleneck in the north-western area before entering Croatia and from there the Shengen countries, the destination which people aspire to, who are mainly from Afghanistan, Pakistan, Syria, Iran and Iraq.

      Shortly before the pandemic took off globally, starting from the end of February, the Balkan Route had returned to the main newspapers and news sites, because Turkish President Recep Tayyp Erdogan announced he had opened the borders to migrants willing to reach Europe. What seemed only a threat became reality; within a few days at least 10,000 people reached the land border between Turkey and Greece and tried to push through the security cordons, finding a violent response, also with the support of the police and military personnel from other EU countries.
      The incandescent situation on the border, which showed a scenario similar to that of 2015, with thousands of people in transit along the route, however, was abruptly interrupted with the arrival of the virus and the measures of closure of movement and the self-isolation put into practice by almost all states of the world.
      The states located along the Balkan route have not only imposed restrictive measures on the local population, but have closed the migrant population inside the camps, deploying special forces to control their perimeters: no new person enters and no one excludes, in a permanent quarantine.
      They take the road in the woods

      In Greece there are an estimated 118,000 refugees and asylum seekers; about 20 thousand inhabitants in the 30 camps located on the continent, many residents in apartments or shelters and over 38 thousand are blocked in the official and informal camps on the islands of Lesvos, Chios, Samos and Kos.
      In Serbia there are over 8,500 asylum seekers and migrants distributed in the 17 government-run centers within the country. During the month of March the police and army brought the people who lived in the squat on the outskirts of Belgrade and Šid into the camps, which are now overcrowded.
      Finally, it is estimated that in Bosnia and Herzegovina there are about 5,500 people housed in 9 camps for reception, but that at least 2,000 live sleeping in abandoned buildings and factories or in makeshift tents and camps in the woods along the borders with Croatia. On April 17, the Council of Ministers of Bosnia and Herzegovina decided that every foreigner who does not have a valid identity document and a residence address registered at the foreign office of the municipality of competence, will be obligatorily taken to the reception centers, where he must reside without possibility to go out. For this reason, work has already started in the past weeks, in Lipa, in the canton of Una Sana, in the Bihac area, to set up a new temporary transit centre. The camp, consisting of large tents with bunk beds, sanitary containers and chemical toilets, was fortuitously desired by the municipality of Bihac to move the thousands of people who wander through streets and ruined buildings without food, running water, electricity and clothes. Transportation of migrants, escorted by local police, to the new centre managed by the the World Organization for Migrants and the Danish Refugee Council began peacefully from the morning of April 21. At the same time, dozens of people who do not want to live in the centres and remain stuck in quarantine indefinitely, have decided to take the road through the woods and try to go to Croatia or stay in the forests, waiting for anti-Covid measures to loosen in the various countries.
      The concerns raised by the various non-governmental organizations and associations in all the contexts mentioned are the same: thecamps are overcrowded and do not allow to prevent the spread of the infection, in many centers the toilets and health facilities are insufficient, in some situations the water is not drinkable and basically it is impossible to keep your distance. People spend their days locked in structures in most cases dilapidated, forced to wait in long lines to receive meals and under the control of the police and the army (as in Serbia and Greece), which prevent attempts to flee the camps, or private surveillance companies in the camps in Bosnia ( managed by IOM, unlike Serbia and Greece, where they are under government management).
      Of course, if it is already difficult for the local population to find disposable masks and gloves, for migrants in the camps it is almost impossible, to the point that both in Greece and Serbia, in some of the centers the migrants have begun to sew masks in cloth , for the population of the campss but also for the local population, supported by some organizations.
      In all camps, organizations that do not deal with primary services, but for example with psycho-social interventions such as IPSIA/Caritas, have had to suspend or modify their activities and establish a rotating staff working mode, to preserve their operators.
      Impossible distancing

      Although cases of positive Covid19 people among migrants in the centers have not been officially recognized in Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, the same cannot be said of Greece, where at least three outbreaks have erupted, the first in Ritsona, a former military base 70 kilometers from Athens, which houses over 3,000 people, the second in the Malakasa camp, where a positive case was found among the more than 1,600 residents, the third in southern Greece, in Kranidi, where 150 out of 497 people from a hostel hosting single parent families tested positive. In all cases the camps were placed in total isolation and quarantined for 14 days, and people are not allowed to leave their containers, rooms or tents. To prevent the phenomenon from exploding especially in contexts such as the islands, where the camps are overcrowded and the living conditions most miserable, the Greek government has disposed the movement of at least 2,300 people considered most vulnerable to the virus on the mainland, in apartments, hotels and other camps.
      In general, the reactions of migrants to the measures that have been put in place have been similar in all places. First of all, there is the sincere concern of getting sick in the camps; people are aware that hygiene and social distancing measures are impossible to maintain. For example, the Bira, a camp in Bosnia and Herzegovina for single men and unaccompanied minors, which has an official capacity of 1,500 people, is home to more than 1,800 and not just 6 people live in one container, but at least twice as many. In places like this it is physically impossible to put in place all the necessary procedures to avoid contagion.
      Another point that is particularly frustrating, especially in the camps in Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina, is the impossibility of physically leaving the centers. This means not being able to exercise any freedom of movement, not being able to go and buy goods and food, perhaps not necessary for survival, but of help to resist psychologically. It means not being able to go and collect the money that relatives send via Western Union and Money gram and obviously means not being able to try the game, the “game” to go on foot, alone or guided by traffickers, to the borders, to try to cross them.
      The Caritas and Ipsia interventions

      The frustration of getting stuck indefinitely is very high; in many of the camps brawls sometimes even very violent broke out, among the migrants themselves but also with the police and security forces in charge of the control of the centers. These incidents in Bosnia and Herzegovina occurred among unaccompanied minors from the Bira camp, in Velika Kladuša’s Miral, in Blažuj near Sarajevo. Same dynamics, with consequent heavy security intervention, in Krnja? A, Preševo ​​and Adaševci in Serbia.
      Organizations engaged in migrant centers may have an important stress-relief role (support in situations of psychological pressure) in a context of such widespread frustrations and violence, but the organizations that manage the camps and local governments prefer an almost closed closure total, without understanding that it would be important to prevent the growth of further tensions.
      Caritas and Ipsia Acli, partners of projects along the Balkan route since 2016, continue - as far as possible - their activities in Greece, Serbia and Bosnia. Local operators are spokespersons and witnesses to people’s needs; even though, following the health emergency, the young men and women in the Civil Service abroad had to return to their homeland in order not to get stuck, and this took away local forces and energies. The operators on the ground continue to support the migrant population along the Route. A small contribution, in a sea of ​​needs, but the sign of attention and proximity that must not be erased by the virus.

      Silvia Maraone

      Caritas Italiana - Migranti lungo la Rotta, quarantena permanente

  • AYS Daily Digest 17/04/20

    An article has been published in the German newspaper DER SPIEGEL that gives insight into the Greek government’s plans to handle an outbreak of COVID-19 in the camps on the mainland and the islands. The plan is called Agnodike and comprises three levels:
    1. Preventive measures: Lockdown and partial curfew, controlled by police. A special area will be assigned in which new arrivals can be tested and cases of infection can be isolated.
    2. First cases inside the camp: complete curfew. NGOs are only allowed in with special permission. Health stations will be erected with space for 30 people.
    3. The virus spreads, evacuation: complete separation of healthy and infected people. The smaller of the two groups will be evacuated and accommodated in hotels, ships or gyms.

    A total of 2,300 most vulnerable people will be transferred from the islands to the mainland. These people are above 60 years of age or have chronic diseases. They will be transferred together with their families. The transfers are supposed to take place after the Orthodox Easter celebrations on April 19th. The people will be housed in camps, apartments, and hotels.

    The Moria Corona Awarness Team and the Moria White Helmets, two volunteer refugee groups, wrote a dramatic appeal to the European Union.
    “While Corona spread in Greece and here in Lesvos, we expected the worst, because this virus in the camp would be like a death sentence for old, sick and other vulnerable individuals”

    Three groups of people are still camping rough on the northern coast of Lesvos, without any substantial aid or support. They have been there for some 25 days now. The people told Mare Liberum: “different people tell us different things, and that changes day by day”. Apparently it is clear now that they will stay on the island and will eventually be able to apply for asylum. The local authorities are apparently fighting about who should take care of them. According to a new law, the communes in which the people are should take care of them, but they seem to be lacking the political will.

    IOM is proud to present a video of the distribution of food baskets and hygiene kits in the Malakasa camp in central Greece. The camp is run by IOM and hosts 1,600 people, including 620 children. The camp has been under quarantine since April 5th. If people have been without hygiene kits since that time, there is nothing to be proud of. “Immediate response” to a contagious disease for people who are not allowed to leave a facility and take care for themselves should not take almost two weeks.

    The journalist Mortaza Behboudi, who is an indispensable source on the ground who covers the living conditions in Moria for the French /German TV channel ARTE, has been attacked and exposed to threats of physical violence on Twitter by the Greek right wing politician Thanos Tzimeros. Reporters without borders is concerned about Mortaza’s security and calls on the politician to refrain from smearing journalists.

    Movement on the Ground donated 8,000 pieces of essential soap to the Vathy camp management on Samos. About 6,900 people live in and around the camp. The soap was distributed to all of them during the week.

    Recognized refugees in Greece face big challenges after their asylum process is completed. The UNHCR ESTIA program (Emergency Support to Integration and Accomodation) is not designed for recognized refugees. Since it is very difficult for them to find a job or receive state benefits, many of them become homeless. This is especially problematic for families, as homeless shelters do not accept them at all.

    The US Ambassador to Greece Geoffrey Pyatt announced that US will support Greece with 500,000 $ to support COVID-19 response efforts for migrants and refugees.
    This February 2020 Factsheet from UNHR gives a good overview on what UNHCR is doing in Greece.

    About 50 minors who are being transferred to Germany from the Greek islands will arrive in Germany today, on April 18th. We falsely reported that they had already arrived yesterday.

    Violent push-backs from Croatia to Bosnia continue in the time of the pandemic, as No Name Kitchen reports:
    “Over the last several weeks, we have continued to receive reports and news updates of the violent push-back of people-on-the-move by Croatian authorities to the borderlands surrounding Velika Kladusa, Bosnia (the men in the pictures above experienced this brutality within the last week). These testimonies of violence include stories of individuals being beaten with batons, thrown into cold rivers, and having their clothing stolen.”

    The Red Cross in Bihac and the Civil Protection Headquarters of Bosnia’s Federation have set up a new camp, consisting of 50 tents with 200 beds in total. The camp is supposed to accommodate the people on the move who are currently in the northwestern Una-Sana Canton.
    About 7,000 people are currently stranded in the Bihac region. About 3,300 are accommodated in closed camps, the rest live in abandoned buildings and shelters. During the corona pandemic resentment against the people is rising; at the same time their life is getting even harder, as they are not allowed to use public transport, cannot be seen in groups, some shops won’t let them in to buy groceries and the police gets more violent towards them every day.

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #Grèce #Bosnie-Herzégovine #Croatie #Confinement #Isolation #Couvrefeu #Transfert #Grècecontinentale #Hotel #Bateau #Gymnase #Lesbos #Malakasa #Quarantaine #Allemagne #mineursnonaccompagnés #Enfants #Bihac #Unasanacanton


  • Info Park Weekly 8– 14 April 2020


    ➢ In the reporting period, Info Park identified 109 new arrivals to Belgrade - mostly from Afghanistan, followed by Pakistan and Syria. The number shows that COVID- 19 pandemic and the imposed state of emergency did not prevent migrants from coming to Serbia. Given no local or national public transport, the new arrivals completely depend on smugglers’ networks. This was proven by the arrest in Vranje of a local with 9 migrants he transported. In the reporting period, 90 of the newly arrived benefited from Info Park services and a provision of a warm meal during waiting time for transportation to camps. All of them were temporarily accommodated overnight in OSP Miksalište, expecting adequate referral, mainly to a new makeshift camp in Miratovac for 28 days long quarantine, or to a newly open tent camp in the village of Morović (Vojvodina, near the border with Croatia) originally planned to quarantine the locals, with dubious hygienic standards. Given that the overcrowding remained the main issue with nearly 9,000 residents in the camps originally built for 6,000, it was not surprising that Miratovac RC got filled up with 280 migrants in mere 24 hours upon opening.
    ➢ Serbia registers a constant rise of confirmed COVID-19 cases (tested: 20,958; confirmed cases: 4,054; deaths: 85) making refugees and all other migrants even more concerned about their safety. Dr. Predrag Kon, lead Serbian epidemiologist, said that Roma and migrant population are at higher risk from COVID-19 since they are accommodated in collective centers often lacking adequate conditions for successful prevention. So far, there are no infected among these communities. However, it is encouraging that medical workers continued testing migrants, treating them as equal as Serbian nationals.
    ➢ Situation in some of the Serbia’s biggest reception and asylum centers did not get any calmer in the past week. On contrary, a further rise of tensions has continued in Krnjača AC, peaking with a riot police intervention on Saturday 12 April which was carried out with an aim to detain the perpetrators of Monday 7 incident we already reported in Weekly 012. Unfortunately, as reported by various witnesses, the police used excessive force including tear gas in an inappropriate manner so unnecessary stress was put on vulnerable population, including children. Two buses of “troublemakers” were sent to newly open camp Morović. It seems that a relation of trust between beneficiaries and authorities is currently on an extremely low level; most of the refugees and migrants in Krnjača AC complain that MoI special units sadly continued intimidating beneficiaries with loud night visits of riot police or helicopters flying low above the camp.
    ➢ After a long break, the first serious pushback from Serbia was reported on the border with North Macedonia. A group of migrants from Tutin AC (from Algeria, Morocco and Iran) was told by the camp authorities they will be transported to Preševo RC, south of Serbia; instead they were pushed 350km away to a North Macedonia territory near Lojane village. This was a regular practice before 2018, especially with mischiefs from Preševo camp. Lojane village is a long-term smuggling hub and organize crime stronghold.
    ➢ A number of intercepted attempts to cross the Serbo-Hungarian border remained
    low, with 48 attempts for 7 days, ranging between 1 and 11 per day.
    Info Park
    ➢ Info Park remained its daily presence in Belgrade Savamala area and continued the outreach operations in Pirot and Bujanovac camps with 4 information sharing workshops last week. We are happy to report a reasonably peaceful atmosphere in these camps where almost none of the gaps and issues typical for big camps are noticeable thanks to significant efforts of the SCRM staff and proactive approach of the clients.
    Last week, Info Park organized the 7th coordination meeting online, with the participation of representatives from Atina, Praxis, CYI and CRPC. The main topics included current state of emergency and Covid-19 crisis response. None of them have plans of coming back to the field work in the coming weeks, at least not before May.
    ➢ The emergency suspension of asylum applications between 1 and 31 March has ended and got replaced by general suspension of activities of the Greek Asylum Service until at the end of April. Meanwhile, Malakasa camp, north of Athens has been quarantined due to a confirmed corona virus case. This is the second Greek camp which had to be closed over the pandemic.
    ➢ Nine European member states (Germany, France, Portugal, Finland, Lithuania, Croatia, Ireland, Belgium and Bulgaria) pledged in early 2020 to accept a total of 1,600 unaccompanied children to be relocated from camps on the Greek islands. Germany is the first to fulfil the promise. According to DW, German officials have expressed regret over the lackluster response from other eight EU states on resettling unaccompanied boys and girls. Two non-EU countries, Switzerland and Serbia, also pledged to do the same, but with no follow up so far. Serbian authorities agreed to relocate 100 unaccompanied children from Greece.

    Info Park Weekly 08-14 April 2020 5

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #Grèce #Serbie #RépubliquedeMacédoine #Refoulement #Frontières #Camps #Transfert ##Belgrade #Miksaliste #Morovic #Croatie
    #Miratovac #Presevo #Krnjaca #Encampement #Tutin #Lojane #Pirot #Bujanovac #Malakasa #Suspensionasile #Allemagne, #France, #Portugal, #Finlande,#Lituanie, #Croatie #Irlande, #Belgique and #Bulgarie #Révolte

  • Les réfugiés abandonnés à leur sort alors que la COVID-19 se répand en Grèce


    Près de 42.000 réfugiés entassés dans des camps de détention surpeuplés et exposés aux maladies restent coincés dans les îles grecques alors que la pandémie de COVID-19 se propage dans toute la Grèce. Les réfugiés qui n’ont accès ni à de l’eau et du savon – en raison du manque de soins de santé de base – sont entassés dans des quartiers d’habitation surpeuplés dans les camps des îles de Lesbos, Chios, Kos, Samos et Leros, des lieux de propagation parfaits pour le virus.

    Pourtant, le gouvernement de droite du parti Nouvelle Démocratie (Néa Dimokratía – ND) continue de bloquer le transfert des réfugiés des îles vers la Grèce continentale, permettant ainsi au virus de potentiellement infecter – sinon même tuer – des milliers de personnes.

    Le nombre de décès dus à la COVID-19 en Grèce est passé à 73 lundi, avec un total de 1735 cas confirmés. Selon le quotidien Kathimerini, la pression économique causée par la pandémie pourrait entraîner des réductions de salaire pour les travailleurs du secteur public, et peut-être un chômage massif dans les semaines ou les mois à venir, tandis que le ministre des Finances Christos Staikouras a récemment déclaré qu’« aucune question de ce genre n’est en cours de discussion, étant donné que nous attendons un retour à la normale prochainement ».

    Réfugiés syriens provenant de la Turquie à leur arrivée par bateau à Lesbos, en Grèce, en septembre 2015 (AP Photo/Petros Giannakouris)
    Le système de santé grec peut à peine suivre le nombre de tests nécessaires pour contenir le virus, sans parler du traitement des personnes infectées. Les années d’austérité de l’Union européenne (UE), appliquées par le précédent gouvernement de pseudo-gauche de Syriza (Coalition de la gauche radicale), ont ravagé le système de santé publique grec.

    Tentant de se laver les mains du désastre social grandissant, Alexis Charitsis, un représentant de Syriza, accuse le gouvernement ND de « concentrer sa rhétorique entièrement sur la responsabilité personnelle des citoyens » et que cela « ne peut et ne doit pas éclipser la responsabilité du gouvernement de soutenir immédiatement le système de santé ». Il ajoute : « le laisser-aller, l’inefficacité et les interventions sont clairement une question de volonté politique ».

    Syriza a jeté les bases de la politique anti-réfugiés du gouvernement ND avec sa campagne brutale ponctuée d’attaques de la police antiémeute et d’évacuations forcées, ainsi qu’avec la création de camps de concentration. En 2016, le gouvernement de Syriza a négocié avec l’UE et la Turquie un accord établissant la Grèce comme le camp de prisonniers de l’UE pour les réfugiés à sa frontière sud. Il a ensuite contraint tous les réfugiés entrant en Grèce par des voies « irrégulières » – ceux qui effectuent le dangereux voyage en bateau de la Turquie à la Grèce – à être expulsés vers la Turquie. Autrement dit, la plupart des réfugiés.

    Le gouvernement ND poursuit et renforce ces politiques anti-réfugiés. Des réfugiés sont abattus par la police grecque et sont victimes de violences fascistes, tandis que le gouvernement autorise la poursuite de la pratique des refoulements illégaux forçant les bateaux de réfugiés à rebrousser chemin lorsqu’ils approchent du littoral grec.

    Le gouvernement utilise le nombre limité de tests de la COVID-19 disponibles ainsi que la menace croissante du virus sur la population grecque de souche comme raisons pour laisser les réfugiés piégés dans l’enfer des camps dans lesquels la pandémie peut se propager comme un feu de forêt. Des centaines, voire des milliers de réfugiés, y compris des enfants et des personnes âgées, risquent de mourir.

    La pandémie s’est déjà propagée dans les îles grecques. À Lesbos, où vivent quelque 20.000 personnes dans le tristement célèbre camp de détention de Moria, conçu pour accueillir 3000 personnes, une femme de 40 ans revenant d’un séjour en Égypte et en Israël a été confirmée positive à la COVID-19 il y a plus de deux semaines et placée en quarantaine.

    Le nombre limité de tests effectués en Grèce indique qu’il est très possible que la COVID-19 se répande sans avoir été détectée à Lesbos et sur d’autres îles. C’est là un cauchemar imminent pour les personnes entassées dans les camps de réfugiés. La COVID-19 pourrait facilement être propagée par les nouveaux arrivants qui pourraient également contracter le virus de réfugiés asymptomatiques. Le manque d’espace signifie que 120 personnes récemment arrivées à Lesbos n’ont pas encore trouvé d’abri sur l’île, toujours en attente d’être placées dans des cabanes séparées des autres.

    La semaine dernière, il a été révélé que 20 réfugiés ont été déclarés positifs à la COVID-19 au camp de Ritsona sur le continent qui abrite 2300 réfugiés et se trouve à environ 70 kilomètres au nord d’Athènes. Le camp est maintenant fermé pour deux semaines, la police étant sur place pour faire respecter la loi et préparer le terrain pour d’éventuelles attaques contre les réfugiés.

    Des tests sont effectués et l’Organisation internationale pour les migrations (OIM) s’occupe des réfugiés sur place. Dimanche, le gouvernement a été contraint de placer en quarantaine un deuxième camp de migrants sur le continent. Après qu’un homme de 53 ans ait été testé positif à la COVID-19, le camp de Malakasa, situé à 40 kilomètres au nord d’Athènes, a été fermé pour deux semaines et est également gardé par la police qui attend des renforts.

    Ritsona et Malakasa ont l’avantage de se trouver sur le continent, ce qui les rapproche des ressources indispensables plus présentes dans les grandes villes comme Athènes, par opposition aux camps situés sur les îles grecques. Mais avec tant de réfugiés contraints de vivre dans des quartiers surpeuplés, les camps sont confrontés à la possibilité d’une épidémie rapide.

    La commissaire européenne aux affaires intérieures, Ylva Johansson, a demandé au gouvernement ND de déplacer les réfugiés présentant le plus grand risque de contracter la COVID-19 – les personnes âgées et les enfants – des camps insulaires surpeuplés vers la Grèce continentale.

    « Nous travaillons avec les autorités et le gouvernement grecs pour convenir d’un plan d’urgence afin de réduire autant que possible le risque dans les points chauds surpeuplés des îles, déclare Johansson. Cela pourrait inclure de déplacer les personnes les plus vulnérables des camps surpeuplés vers d’autres zones dans les îles. »

    Mais comme le rapportent nombre d’ONG et groupes de réfugiés, il n’y a pratiquement pas de tests disponibles pour les réfugiés. Alors il est donc presque impossible de déterminer qui, dans les camps, peut être positif ou non.

    En faisant du surplace, le gouvernement ND met en danger des milliers de réfugiés.

    Au cours des dernières semaines, les groupes de défense des droits de l’homme ont demandé au gouvernement ND d’agir de toute urgence, un groupe déclarant : « Des milliers de personnes, y compris des personnes âgées, des malades chroniques, des enfants... des femmes enceintes, des nouvelles mères et des handicapés sont piégés dans des conditions déplorables et dangereusement surpeuplées sur les îles en pleine pandémie de COVID-19. »

    Jan Egeland, secrétaire général du Conseil norvégien pour les réfugiés, déclarait il y a plus de trois semaines déjà : « Nous devons agir maintenant... Lorsque le virus frappera des zones surpeuplées dans des endroits comme l’Iran, le Bangladesh, l’Afghanistan et la Grèce, les conséquences seront dévastatrices. »

    Les conditions dans les camps font qu’il est presque impossible pour les réfugiés de se protéger de la pandémie.

    George Makris, médecin et coordinateur de Médecins sans Frontières en Grèce, a qualifié de « tragiques » les conditions sanitaires et en matière d’eau dans le camp de Moria à Lesbos et dans d’autres camps, ajoutant : « La transmission du virus ne peut pas y être contenue. Nous l’avons déjà dit à plusieurs reprises dans le passé dans le contexte d’autres épidémies de maladies infectieuses comme la méningite et la rougeole. Notre message est simple... de la même façon que les autorités sanitaires disent que tout rassemblement de masse doit être interdit, il faut également éviter tout confinement de masse. »

    Gerald Knaus, l’un des principaux architectes de l’accord de 2016 conclu entre l’UE, la Grèce et la Turquie ayant entraîné le retour forcé de milliers de réfugiés en Turquie, a déclaré que les réfugiés pourraient être mis en sécurité dans quelques semaines.

    Interviewé sur DW.com alors que le bilan humain dévastateur de ses politiques devient de plus en plus évident avec la pandémie, Knaus a déclaré : « Il faut évacuer des îles 35.000 réfugiés aussi vite que possible et les transporter en Grèce continentale. Vous pouvez également vite disposer de 15.000 lits supplémentaires dans des camps de tentes temporaires. L’Organisation internationale des migrations (OIM) est en mesure de construire de telles installations en quelques semaines.

    « Un total de 10.000 personnes de plus peuvent être hébergées dans des hôtels en Grèce qui sont maintenant vides. Enfin, 10.000 autres personnes peuvent facilement être hébergées dans des endroits déjà pris en charge par l’UE – des endroits où les réfugiés reconnus sont actuellement hébergés. Si des pays comme l’Allemagne pouvaient accueillir rapidement ces réfugiés reconnus, ils créeraient immédiatement des places pour les familles venant des îles. Cela enverrait également un signal fort aux Grecs pour leur faire comprendre qu’ils ne sont pas seuls. »

    La réalité est que l’Allemagne, première puissance de l’UE, a joué un rôle essentiel dans l’élaboration de la politique du bloc en matière de réfugiés et porte une responsabilité centrale dans la terrible situation des réfugiés et des immigrants emprisonnés dans les îles grecques.

    Le rôle de l’UE, du gouvernement ND, de Syriza et des gouvernements capitalistes du monde entier dans la facilitation des attaques contre les réfugiés et dans la propagation incontrôlée de la COVID-19 montre clairement l’urgence pour la classe ouvrière d’intervenir et de faire passer la vie des gens avant les profits.

    La propagation de la COVID-19 en Grèce est grossièrement exacerbée par les politiques socio-économiques de ND au gouvernement et de Syriza. La défense des réfugiés en Grèce doit être prise en charge par la classe ouvrière grecque et internationale, en opposition aux politiques de ND et de Syriza qui représentent les intérêts de la classe moyenne supérieure et de l’élite financière.

    (Article paru en anglais le 7 avril 2020)

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #Grèce #Camp #Lesbos #Chios #Kos #Samos #Leros #îlesgrecques #transfert #continent #Moria #Ritsona #Malakasa #confinementdemasse

  • Coronavirus. La Grèce met un deuxième camp de migrants en quarantaine après un test positif


    Une personne contaminée par le Covid-19 a été détectée dans un nouveau camp de migrants en Grèce, annoncent les autorités dimanche.
    Un deuxième camp de migrants près d’Athènes a été placé dimanche 5 avril 2020 en quarantaine par les autorités grecques après un test au coronavirus qui s’est révélé positif pour un ressortissant afghan, a annoncé le ministère des Migrations.

    Le camp de Malakasa, à quelque 38 km au nord-est d’Athènes, a été placé en confinement sanitaire total pour 14 jours, avec interdiction d’y entrer ou d’en sortir.

    L’Afghan contaminé transféré dans un hôpital d’Athènes
    Selon le ministère, un Afghan âgé de 53 ans, souffrant déjà d’une maladie, s’est présenté de lui-même au dispensaire du camp après avoir ressenti des symptômes du Covid-19.

    Il a été emmené dans un hôpital d’Athènes où il a été testé positif au nouveau coronavirus. Sa famille a été placée à l’isolement et un examen complet du camp est en cours, a ajouté le ministère.

    Les camps de migrants qu’abrite la Grèce accueillent des dizaines de milliers de demandeurs d’asile dans des conditions précaires. Un foyer d’infection avait été repéré jeudi dans celui de Ritsona, à 80 km au nord d’Athènes, où 23 personnes ont jusqu’à présent été testées positives.

    #Covid-19 #Migration #Migrant #Balkans #Grèce #Camp #Malakasa

  • #Grèce : un cas de #coronavirus dans un deuxième camp de migrants

    Le camp de #Malakasa, non loin d’#Athènes, a été placé en « confinement sanitaire total ».

    Un deuxième camp de migrants près d’Athènes a été placé dimanche 5 avril en quarantaine par les autorités grecques après un test au coronavirus qui s’est révélé positif pour un ressortissant afghan, a annoncé le ministère des Migrations.

    Le camp de Malakasa, à quelque 38 km au nord-est d’Athènes, a été placé « en confinement sanitaire total » pour 14 jours, avec interdiction d’y entrer ou d’en sortir.

    Selon le ministère, un Afghan âgé de 53 ans, souffrant déjà d’une maladie, s’est présenté de lui-même au dispensaire du camp après avoir ressenti des symptômes du Covid-19. Il a été emmené dans un hôpital d’Athènes où il a été testé positif au nouveau coronavirus. Sa famille a été placée à l’isolement et un examen complet du camp est en cours, a ajouté le ministère.

    Les camps de migrants qu’abrite la Grèce accueillent des dizaines de milliers de demandeurs d’asile dans des conditions précaires. Un foyer d’infection avait été repéré jeudi dans celui de Ritsona, à 80 km au nord d’Athènes, où 23 personnes ont jusqu’à présent été testées positives. Aucun membre du personnel du camp ne semblait touché par le virus, selon « le Monde ». « Nous alertons depuis des mois sur le manque d’hygiène dans les camps des îles. Face à cette épidémie, il devient urgent de transférer au plus vite les personnes les plus vulnérables vers le continent, vers des hébergements adaptés », estimait Boris Cheshirkov, porte-parole du Haut-Commissariat des Nations unies pour les réfugiés en Grèce, cité par le quotidien du soir.

    #confinement #confinement_sanitaire_total #asile #migrations #réfugiés #covid-19 #camp_de_réfugiés

    Sur le camp de Ritsona :

    ping @luciebacon

    • Coronavirus : dans le camp de Malakasa en quarantaine, « personne ne manque de nourriture »

      Le camp de Malakasa, situé à 38 kilomètres au nord-est d’Athènes, a été placé en “confinement sanitaire total” pour 14 jours après qu’un cas de coronavirus y a été détecté. Les autorités grecques et l’OIM doivent assurer l’approvisionnement des résidents en nourriture et produits d’hygiène. Des tests sont également effectués.

      Plus personne n’entre ni ne sort du camp de Malakasa, en Grèce. Installé près d’un terrain militaire, à quelque 38 kilomètres au nord-est d’Athènes, ce camp – normalement ouvert – a été placé dimanche 5 avril en "confinement sanitaire total" pour 14 jours.

      Un migrant afghan y a été testé positif au Covid-19, a annoncé le ministère des Migrations. Cet homme de 53 ans, souffrant déjà d’une maladie, s’est présenté de lui-même au dispensaire du camp après avoir ressenti des symptômes du Covid-19.

      Il a été emmené dans un hôpital d’Athènes où il a été testé positif au nouveau coronavirus. Sa famille a été placée à l’isolement et un examen complet du camp est en cours, a ajouté le ministère.

      Interrogée par InfoMigrants, Christine Nikilaidou, responsable des informations publiques de l’Organisation internationale des migrations (OIM) – qui gère le camp – confirme que les résidents sont soumis à des tests. Si elle affirme ne pas savoir exactement combien de tests ont déjà été effectués, elle avance que l’entourage proche de l’Afghan malade a été testé en priorité.
      Distribution de nourriture et kits d’hygiène

      L’immense majorité des 1 611 personnes qui vivent dans le camp de Malakasa est originaire d’Afghanistan. En temps normal, les allées de graviers du camp grouillent d’enfants qui courent. Mais, ces jours-ci, le camp semble désert. La pluie tombe en permanence et l’OIM incite les familles à rester à l’intérieur de leur conteneur.

      Dans ces petits bâtiments posés sur le sol, les familles disposent de l’eau courante et de l’électricité mais les murs sont tachés d’humidité et le manque d’espace est criant.

      Jusqu’à la fermeture du camp, les résidents pouvaient aller faire leurs courses dans les commerces de la ville ou à Athènes. Toute sortie étant désormais interdite, l’OIM assure se coordonner avec les autorités grecques pour permettre des distributions de nourriture et de kits d’hygiène aux résidents du camp.

      "Ces distributions commenceront dans quelques jours. Les kits sont prêts mais nous attendons de recevoir les résultats des tests déjà effectués. Nous savons que, pour le moment, tout le monde a des provisions et personne ne manque de nourriture", affirme Christine Nikilaidou.

      Le camp de Malakasa est le deuxième camp de migrant en Grèce à être placé en quarantaine en raison du coronavirus. Un foyer d’infection avait déjà été repéré jeudi dans le camp de Ritsona, à 80 km au nord d’Athènes, où 23 personnes ont jusqu’à présent été testées positives.

      Comme de nombreux autres pays européens, la Grèce a imposé à sa population des mesures de confinement depuis le 23 mars. Les autorités grecques ont annoncé samedi qu’elles seraient étendues pour trois semaines, jusqu’au 27 avril.


    • Greece Quarantines Second Migrant Camp After COVID-19 Case Confirmed

      Greece has quarantined a second migrant facility on its mainland after a 53-year-old man tested positive for the new coronavirus, the migration ministry said on Sunday.

      The Afghan man lives with his family at the Malakasa camp, just north of Athens, along with hundreds of asylum seekers. He has been transferred to a hospital in Athens and tests on his contacts will continue as authorities try to trace the route of the virus.

      Greece confirmed 62 new cases of COVID-19 later in the day, bringing the total in the country to 1,735 since its first case was reported in February. Seventy three people have died.

      Last week, the Ritsona camp in central Greece was sealed off after 20 tested positive for the new coronavirus. It was the first such facility in the country to be hit since the outbreak of the disease. [L8N2BQ1V9]

      Greece has been the main gateway into the European Union for people fleeing conflict in the Middle East and beyond. More than a million people reached its shores from Turkey in 2015-16.

      At least 110,000 people currently live in migrant facilities - 40,000 of them in overcrowded camps on five islands.

      “The number (of migrants and refugees) is very large, therefore it is a given, mathematically, that there will be confirmed cases,” Migration Minister Notis Mitarachi told Skai TV. “We have an emergency plan in place ... But it is more difficult to implement it on the islands.”

      No cases have been recorded in camps on Greek islands so far.

      The conservative government wants to replace all existing camps on islands with enclosed detention centers, but its plans have been met with resistance from local authorities and residents who want all facilities shut.

      To contain the spread of the virus the government also wants new arrivals isolated from the rest of the migrants but most islands have not designated areas of accommodation, ministry officials said. About 120 people who recently arrived on Lesbos have not yet found a shelter, according to sources.
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      Aid groups have urged Greece to evacuate the camps, warning the risk of the fast-moving virus spreading among people living in squalid conditions is high and containing an outbreak in such settings would be “impossible”.

      The camp in Malakasa, 40 km (25 miles) northeast of Athens, will be put into quarantine for two weeks, the ministry said on Sunday, adding that police guarding the site would be reinforced to ensure the restrictions are implemented.

      A separate, enclosed facility started operating last month for migrants who arrived after March 1, the ministry said.

      Greece has imposed a nationwide lockdown and banned arrivals from non-EU countries as well as Germany, Britain, Italy and Spain. The measures have hit its economy which is relying on tourism for a recovery after a decade-long debt crisis.


    • COVID-19 : Διαμαρτυρία μεταναστών στη Μαλακάσα

      Στο προσφυγικό κέντρο της Μαλακάσας μετανάστες διαμαρτύρηθηκαν και ζητούν να υποβληθούν σε τεστ για τον COVID-19. Η κυβέρνηση αποφάσισε τον υγειονομικό αποκλεισμό του κέντρου για 14 ημέρες, αφού ένας 53χρονος Αγφανός βρέθηκε θετικός στον ιό. Στο μεταξύ, ο Εθνικός Οργανισμός Δημόσιας Υγείας συνεχίζει την ιχνηλάτηση με στόχο τον εντοπισμό άλλων κρουσμάτων εντός της δομής φιλοξενίας, ενώ ειδικά συνεργεία απολυμαίνουν τους κοινόχρηστους χώρους.

      Οι υγιείς μετανάστες και πρόσφυγες διαμένουν σε χώρο πλήρως απομονωμένο, ενώ η αστυνομία έχει ενισχύσει την παρουσία της στην περίμετρο του χώρου φιλοξενίας. Μετά την Ριτσώνα, η παλιά δομή της Μαλακάσας είναι το δεύτερο προσφυγικό κέντρο που μπαίνει σε καραντίνα με στόχο να περιοριστεί η εξάπλωσης της πανδημίας.


      –-> Commentaire de Vicky Skoumbi reçu via mail via la mailing-list Migreurop :

      Aujourd’hui, c’était le deuxième jour d’une quarantaine de quatorze jours pour l’ancien camp de réception de Malakasa – celui qui se trouve juste à côté du nouveau camp fermé destinés à ceux qui sont arrivés après le 1 mars. A cet ancien camp géré par l’OIM mis sous quarantaine suite au recensement d’un cas de coronavirus -voir mail précédent- les migrants ont organisé une protestation juste derrière les barbelés pour réclamer un dépistage généralisé dans le camp –voir la vidéo sur https://gr.euronews.com/2020/04/06/covid-19-diamartyria-metanaston-sti-maklakasa

      Jusqu’à maintenant les seules personnes dépistées ont été la famille du malade et quelques contacts. 1.611 personnes habitent dans le camp, la plupart en containers de six personnes, mais il y a 133 personnes qui sont logés dans des espaces communs et 116 dans des abris de fortunes- voir photo.

      Pour les personnes qui ne sont pas logés en containers, il y 30 toilettes chimiques et 16 douches, tandis que chaque container dispose de sa propre toilette et d’une douche.

      D’après le quotidien grec Journal de Rédacteurs (Efimerida tôn Syntaktôn : https://www.efsyn.gr/ellada/ygeia/237999_poly-liga-kai-poly-arga-ta-metra-kai-sti-malakasa) les autorités ont fait trop peu et trop tard. Trois jours avant que le malade de 53 ne soit transféré à Athènes, un cas suspect d’une femme enceinte présentant tous les symptômes n’a pas été dépisté et aucune mesure n’a été prise.

    • How my dream of freedom died in Greece’s ‘holding pens’

      Ahmed fled Syria only to end up in the Malakasa refugee camp, where more than 1,000 people are being denied basic human rights.

      When Ahmed landed in darkness on the Greek island of Lesbos he was convinced that the road ahead could not be as hard as the one he had just travelled.

      But, instead of the volunteers and blankets that have met hundreds of thousands of asylum seekers before him, he was greeted by a jeering crowd of locals and had to be rescued by police. “It was the worst feeling I’ve ever had,” he said. “I felt that my dream of Greece was a false one.”

      Ahmed was among the more than 2,000 refugees who have arrived in Greece since the beginning of March, when the country suspended all access to asylum.

      Their experiences, from seeing their children drowned at sea to being attacked by angry islanders, separated from family and dumped in remote detention camps, offer a month-long, nightmarish vision of what Europe would look like with no asylum rights.

      Greece shut off access after Turkey opened its borders in February and encouraged refugees to cross in a bid to pressure the European Union for more aid money in support of its military involvement against Russia and the Assad regime over the Syrian enclave of Idlib.

      Born in Syria’s capital, Damascus, Ahmed fled his home to escape military service with the regime. The 30-year-old told his story from inside the Malakasa detention camp in central Greece.

      He spent the past four years in Turkey, where he met and married his wife, Hanin. Their precarious life and their wedding were documented in a Guardian photo essay last year.

      But the couple were unable to make ends meet and Hanin, by now pregnant, made the journey by dinghy to Lesbos six months ago, with Ahmed promising to follow. She arrived safely and gave birth to their daughter, who is now two months old. Ahmed has yet to meet his child.

      His first week on Lesbos was spent camping in a fenced-off area of the port city of Mytilene before he was shipped off, along with 450 other new arrivals, on a Greek navy vessel.

      Amelia Cooper, a case worker at the Lesbos Legal Centre who spoke to some of those detained at the port, said: “The suspension of the right to seek asylum was followed by deliberate attempts to isolate new arrivals and prevent their access to lawyers, journalists and members of the European parliament.”

      In the middle of last month, Greek authorities began work on two sites, one in Malakasa, where 1,340 people have been sent, and another near the border with Bulgaria in Serres, which is housing 600 people. A video of Malakasa shows white tents behind a chainlink fence topped with razor wire. A Greek contractor who posted the video on 28 March, with construction work still going on, acts as narrator: “The money is flowing. These illegal strays are good business.”

      “These sites are fundamentally different,” said Belkis Wille from Human Rights Watch. “They are open-air prisons, filled with people who have been denied their basic rights and are being held as de facto detainees without any legal framework.”

      Most people in Malakasa and Serres are thought to be holding a deportation order from the Greek police. Refugees say they were forced to sign this Greek-language document despite being unable to read it. Under European law everyone is entitled to an individual assessment of their claim for protection but these documents declare that the accused must be deported for illegally entering Greece.

      For the past four years, the larger flow of people across the eastern Aegean has been reduced by an arrangement between the EU and Ankara that saw Turkey get €6bn in aid in return for restricting crossings. Under this deal, Greece has returned 2,000 new arrivals. Since early March, Turkey has stated that even this deal is dead.

      Ahmed said the uncertainty of the situation was unbearable: “I lived through four years of war in Syria. This month is worse than those four years: can you imagine?”

      Conditions at the Serres site, where tents are packed tightly together behind fences on a dry riverbed, are even worse than at Malakasa. Detainees say they have no electricity to even charge a phone. The Serres police union said in a statement that the site was “totally unsuitable”.

      Spyros Leonidas, mayor of the nearest village, Promaxonas, said the camp was “unfit for animals, let alone people”. “There are newborns and pregnant women among the people. And there is no hot water,” he said.

      The fate of those in detention remains unclear.

      The Greek government has said that the suspension of asylum will be lifted , and the EU home affairs commissioner, Ylva Johansson, said last week she had received assurances that those who arrived in March would be able to apply for asylum.

      However, Greece’s migration and asylum minister, Notis Mitarakis, subsequently said that people who had been issued with deportation orders would not be granted an asylum process.

      None of the detainees reached by the Observer had been notified of any change in their access to asylum. The Greek asylum service is closed until 10 April 10 because of the Covid-19 crisis.

      Vassilis Papadopoulos, a lawyer and former senior official at the migration ministry under the previous government, said that Ahmed and the other detainees were “being made an example of” to show there was a tough new policy.

      “What happened in March brought the numbers [of crossings] down so they’re going to keep doing it, even if they say something different,” he added.


      –-> commentaire de Vicky Skoumbi reçu via mail, le 06.04.2020:

      Dans un article du Guardian sont décrites les conditions de vie inhumaines et les violations systématiques de droits fondamentaux dans les centres fermés de Malakassa et Serres. Ces centres ont été créés récemment pour que ceux et celles qui sont arrivés après le 1 mars y sont détenus en vue d’une expulsion ou d’un renvoi forcé vers la Turquie. Il s’agit de véritables prisons à ciel ouvert, où le manque d’eau courante et l’absence totale de toute mesure d’hygiène créent les conditions idéales pour une propagation généralisée de coronavirus. Le camp à l’endroit dit Klidi de Serres, construit au milieu de nulle part sur le lit d’une rivière asséchée, expose les personnes qui y sont détenus même au risque d’inondation. Vu l’extrême urgence de la situation- en Grèce les derniers jours des très fortes pluies sont tombées- j’aimerais vous rappeler l’appel à fermer immédiatement ce camp (en grec) et dont la traduction en français se trouve en PJ. Merci de partager.

      #Malakassa #Serres #Klidi

    • Coronavirus en Grèce : deux camps de réfugiés en quarantaine

      Ritsona et Malakasa, deux camps de réfugiés de la région d’Athènes, ont été mis en quarantaine après le dépistage de plusieurs cas de coronavirus. Les ONG craignent la propagation du virus dans des lieux pas du tout adaptés aux règles d’hygiène ni de distanciation sociale.

      « Les paniers repas distribués ne sont pas suffisants et ne couvrent pas les besoins nutritionnels de la population », explique Parwana, une réfugiée afghane, dans une vidéo publiée sur le groupe facebook (https://www.facebook.com/watch/?ref=external&v=969395506808816) d’une initiative solidaire. « Nous manquons également de médicaments, alors que des personnes vulnérables qui ont besoin de suivre des traitements résident dans le camp. »

      Depuis jeudi, le camp de Ritsona, au nord-est d’Athènes, où vit cette adolescente, a été mis en quarantaine après le dépistage de 23 cas de coronavirus parmi les demandeurs d’asile. Les tests ont été effectués après qu’une résidente du camp, une Camerounaise de 22 ans, a été détectée positive au lendemain de son accouchement le 28 mars dans un hôpital athénien. Les 23 demandeurs d’asile atteints du virus ont été mis à l’isolement pour éviter la contamination des autres résidents.

      L’accès au camp est désormais interdit, sauf au personnel de l’agence sanitaire publique et de l’Organisation International des migrations (OIM) en charge du camp. Les demandeurs d’asile ne peuvent plus sortir et reçoivent des paniers repas et des objets de première nécessité distribués par l’OIM, alors qu’en temps normal ils reçoivent une assistance financière du Haut-Commissariat aux Réfugiés (UNHCR) et peuvent aller faire leurs courses à la ville la plus proche, qui se trouve à huit kilomètres...

      À Ritsona, les conditions de vie ne sont pas les plus mauvaises parmi les 30 camps établis en Grèce continentale : quelque 2700 personnes logent dans 195 conteneurs et 222 dans des petits appartements qui disposent d’une cuisine, d’une douche et de toilettes. La quarantaine, l’absence d’activités, les paniers repas peu fournis, le manque de médicaments, les difficultés à voir un médecin et le report des rendez-vous pour la demande d’asile rendent toutefois le quotidien des demandeurs d’asile de plus en plus éprouvant.

      Malakasa, « une bombe à retardement »

      Dimanche, un deuxième camp a été mis en quarantaine, celui de Malakasa à 38 km au nord-est d’Athènes. Un Afghan de 53 ans qui s’était présenté de lui-même dans la clinique du camp, toussant et avec de la fièvre, a été diagnostiqué positif au coronavirus après avoir été transporté dans un hôpital athénien.

      La famille du réfugié a été mise à l’isolement et le camp bouclé par des renforts de police. Selon Human Rights Watch (HRW), les conditions sont déplorables dans ce centre où ont notamment été transférées toutes les personnes arrivées après le 1er mars sur les îles grecques en face de la Turquie. La Grèce avait alors suspendu le droit d’asile face à la menace d’Ankara de laisser passer les réfugiés en Europe. D’après HRW, qui a recueilli plusieurs témoignages, dans chaque tente vivent jusqu’à dix demandeurs d’asile. Les mesures de distanciation sociale et les gestes barrières ne peuvent donc pas être appliqués. Dans un communiqué du 26 mars, le syndicat de la police d’Athènes et de l’Attique dénonce aussi le manque d’hygiène à Malakasa. « C’est une bombe à retardement, tous les moyens sanitaires de base manquent… »


    • Via Migreurop

      Il me semble qu’en ce qui concerne le camp de Malakasa, il y a une erreur due au fait qu’actuellement à Malakasa il y a deux camps, un camp fermé destiné à ceux qui sont arrivés après le 1 mars et où en effet les conditions sont terribles, et un camp plus ancien, le camp ouvert géré par l’OIM où la grande majorité est dans de containers pour 6 personnes avec toilette et douche. Comme je vous ai écrit dans un mail précédent
      1.611 personnes habitent dans le camp, la plupart en containers de six personnes, mais il y a 133 personnes qui sont logés dans des espaces communs et 116 dans des abris de fortunes
      Et c’est bien ce camp ouvert qui a été mis en quarantaine, il ne faudrait pas confondre les deux camps
      Merci de transmettre

    • Il me semble qu’en ce qui concerne le camp de Malakasa, il y a une erreur due au fait qu’actuellement à Malakasa il y a deux camps, un camp fermé destiné à ceux qui sont arrivés après le 1 mars et où en effet les conditions sont terribles, et un camp plus ancien, le camp ouvert géré par l’#OIM où la grande majorité est dans de #containers pour 6 personnes avec toilette et douche.
      1’611 personnes habitent dans le camp, la plupart en containers de six personnes, mais il y a 133 personnes qui sont logés dans des espaces communs et 116 dans des abris de fortunes
      Et c’est bien ce camp ouvert qui a été mis en quarantaine, il ne faudrait pas confondre les deux camps

      –-> Commentaire de Vicky Skoumbi, reçu via la mailing-list Migreurop, le 08.04.2020

    • Greece’s Malakasa migrant camp: What life is like during the coronavirus lockdown

      On April 5, the Malakasa camp near Athens was placed in “full sanitary isolation” for 14 days, after a migrant tested positive for the novel coronavirus. Greek authorities and the UN migration agency are providing the camp’s residents with both food and hygiene products. But residents told us: “We feel like we’ve been completely abandoned.”

      For the next 14 days, no one is allowed to enter or leave Greece’s Malakasa migrant camp. Located on a vast military field, 38 kilometers northeast of Athens, the camp has been placed in “full sanitary isolation” after an Afghan migrant living there tested positive for COVID-19, Greece’s ministry of migration announced earlier this week.

      The 53-year-old man, who was already suffering from another illness, visited the camp clinic after experiencing COVID-19 symptoms. The man was then taken to a hospital in Athens where he tested positive for the coronavirus. The ministry said that his family had been placed in quarantine, and that officials were screening the camp to get a full overview of the gravity of the situation.

      Christine Nikilaidou, a spokewoman for the UN migration agency (IOM), told InfoMigrants that all camp residents were currently being tested. She could not specify exactly how many tests had been carried out so far, but she said that the people who had been in contact with the ill Afghan had been given priority.

      ‘Feel completely abandoned’

      The vast majority of the 1,611 people living in the Malakasa camp are from Afghanistan. Under normal circumstances, the gravel paths that run through the camp are full of children playing with each other. But after the lockdown went into force, the camp feels totally deserted. For days, rain has been pouring down non-stop, and the IOM has told all camp residents to stay inside.

      Although residents live in fitted shipping containers that contain both running water and electricity, the space inside them is cramped and the walls are often stained with mold from the humidity.

      Souad* lives with her husband and three children in one of the containers. On Sunday, she abruptly woke to the sound of loudspeakers. “I went to the window and saw police cars driving through the camp and a voice announcing that we had been placed in lockdown and wouldn’t be allowed to go out anymore,” she told InfoMigrants.

      Souad, who comes from a Middle Eastern country she did not want to identify, said that aside from that, the camp’s residents have not received much information about the situation. “We are completely isolated and no one has told us what we should do, we feel like we’ve been completely abandoned. My husband has health problems related to high blood pressure and diabetes, and we don’t have enough medication,” she said.

      Food distribution and hygiene kits

      Prior to the lockdown, camp residents would either do their grocery shopping in Malakasa village, or in Athens. But after the camp went into lockdown and all outings were banned, IOM and Greek authorities are in charge of providing the camp’s residents with both food and hygiene products.

      “These distributions will start in a few days. The kits are ready but we are waiting to receive the results of the tests that we’ve already carried out. We know that for the moment, everyone has provisions, and no one is running out of food,” Nikilaidou said.

      Souad confirmed that her family has enough food to last them for at least another few days, but said their biggest concern is the lack of access to medication and protective gear, such as gloves and masks. “They don’t let us out and they don’t provide us with what we need to protect ourselves from COVID-19. All they did was give each family a bottle that contained a cleaning liquid, that’s all I have with my husband and my three children to deal with the virus,” she said.

      Malakasa is the second migrant camp in Greece to have been placed in full lockdown due to the coronavirus. Last Thursday, an outbreak was detected in the Ritsona camp, 80 kilometers north of Athens, where 23 people have tested positive so far.

      Like many other European countries, Greece went into lockdown on March 23. On Saturday, April 4, the government announced the lockdown would be extended for another three weeks, until April 27.


  • #Transferts de migrants des #îles à la #Grèce_continentale...

    20 mars

    Samedi dernier, 500 personnes qui sont arrivées après le 1 mars et ont été détenues sur Lesbos, refusé leur droit de demander asile, ont été transportées au centre de détention fermée à #Malakasa, en attente d’être déportés. Aujourd’hui, le #transfert des personnes restantes en détention des autres îles a commencé.

    Les gens de #Samos et #Chios sont déjà sur le « #Aqua_Blue », direction #Lesbos, #SuperJet a déjà ramassé des gens sur #Kastelorizo et #Rhodes en direction #Symi. Combien de temps ils resteront dans ces centres fermés est inconnu.

    Aujourd’hui et demain le transfert de 1513 personnes aura lieu, 794 personnes seront emmenées sur le site de #Klidi à #Sintiki_Sères, et 719 seront emmenées à Malakasa, au nord d’#Athènes. Au total, plus de 2000 personnes, beaucoup d’entre eux, seront enfermés derrière des fils barbelés jusqu’à ce qu’ils soient déportés, pour une durée indéterminée.

    Les arrivées en détention de Lesbos (192 personnes), Chios (283 personnes), Samos (129 personnes) et Kea (190 personnes), seront emmenées au #centre_de_déportation de #Sères.

    Arrivées en détention de #Leros (252 personnes), #Kos (237 personnes), #Kastelorizo (106 personnes), #Symi (21 personnes), #Kalymnos (60 personnes) et #Rhodes (43 personnes) , sera emmené au centre d’expulsion de Malakasa.

    Aqua Blue et Superjet ont été chartés par le Ministère de l’Immigration et de l’asile pour transporter des réfugiés des îles de la mer Égée vers la Grèce continentale. Les 2 navires SEAJETS exploiteront 4 itinéraires, qui sont les suivants :

    1. Samos - Chios - Lesbos - Kavala (Aqua Bleu)
    2. Castelorizo - Rhodes - Symi - Kos - Rafina (SuperJet)
    3. Leros - Kalymnos - Kos - Rafina (SuperJet)
    4. Kea - Kavala.

    –-> Pour plus de statistiques et d’informations détaillées, rendez-vous sur aegeanboatreport.com (https://aegeanboatreport.com) / Statistiques ABR.

    Reçu via mail, le 21.03.2020 via la mailing-list Migreurop

    #centres_fermées #détention #migrations #asile #réfugiés #statistiques #chiffres #Grèce_continentale #déplacements_de_masse

    • More than 2,300 refugees to be transferred to mainland after Easter

      Greek authorities will begin the gradual transfer of 2,380 asylum seekers and their families from island camps to accommodation facilities on the mainland after Orthodox Easter (April 19), the country’s Migration Ministry said Thursday.

      The move, which will take place over two weeks, aims to reduce the risk of refugees being infected by the coronavirus.

      The refugees will be housed in camps, apartments or hotels, the ministry said.

      Among the 2,380 are 200 people aged over 60, while 1,730 are asylum seekers of all ages with facing chronic illnesses, who will be transferred with their families.

      Medical NGOs and human rights groups have beeing appealing to the Greek government since the start of the pandemic to evacuate the country’s overcrowded migrant and refugee camps to protect their residents and workers from infection.

      A camp in Ritsona, northeast of the capital, was quarantined earlier this month after 20 residents tested positive for Covid-19.


    • Transfers out of islands continue, but at slow pace

      Against this backdrop of criticism, Greece’s government continues to try and ease pressure at the overcrowded reception centers on the north eastern Aegean islands.

      According to local media reports, approximately 1,500 people from the notoriously cramped Moria camp on Lesbos are set to be transferred to the mainland on Saturday, despite restrictions on movement. These people will be the first from a total of 2,380 members of “vulnerable” groups, such as people with health problems, disabilities, women and children, who will be transferred over the next few weeks.

      Still, HRW said that this is not adequate considering the desperate overcrowding. “This plan is not enough to relieve the severe overcrowding,” Willie concluded.

      “Also, the plan also does not address the continued gaps in water, sanitation, hygiene products, and health care — nor the lack of accessibility for people with disabilities — in the camps and adjacent overspill sites for those who will remain.”


    • Migrants on Greek islands told to wait as Greece extends lockdown

      Greece has announced that it will be extending lockdown measures by a week. The Greek government said that the move will delay the planned removal of hundreds of migrants from congested camps.

      Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis said that the extension of the lockdown in Greece until May 4 will mean that the planned removal of hundreds of asylum seekers from overcrowded migrant camps on the Greek islands will now have to be postponed. Elderly and ill migrants will be most affected by the change.

      Local officials on Lesbos said that one of the largest transfers of migrants, involving 1,500 people from the island’s largest camp, Moria, and another 900 others from elsewhere on Lesbos, will now be delayed and scaled back in size. The move was planned for Saturday.

      Greece has already transferred some 10,000 people in the first quarter of 2020, but in April managed to only move 627 migrants away from the unsanitary conditions at island camps. NGOs like Human Rights Watch have issues warnings saying that a potential COVID-19-related health crisis could ensue if the issue of camp decongestion was not immediately addressed.

      COVID-19 among migrant population

      Despite strict quarantine measures across the country, there have been several coronavirus cases recorded in migrant facilities in Greece. Roughly 150 people have tested positive this week at two camps and a migrant hotel on the Greek mainland.

      So far, there have been no cases reported at migrant camps on the Greek islands; however, authorities on the islands say they only have limited capacities available for screening procedures.

      Slow return to normality

      Greece is set to introduce a partial reopening of courts and land registers on April 27, though it remains unclear whether during this relaxation of lockdown rules asylum cases will already be assessed in courts.

      Under the current lockdown rules, which are now extended until May 4, Greek citizens must inform authorities when they are planing to leave their homes for necessities such as going to banks or supermarkets (which remain open), or they will risk fines.

      The country has managed to keep fatalities at a low level after registering its first virus death on March 12, introducing country-wide lockdown measures ten days later. Greece has so far recorded 121 coronavirus-related deaths, with 55 people still remaining in intensive care.



    • Χωρίς αποσυμφόρηση ελέω… « Αγίας οικογένειας »

      Με παρέμβαση Δημάρχου Αθηναίων (και Πρωθυπουργικού ανιψιού) η ακύρωση της μετακίνησης 1500 προσφύγων και αιτούντων άσυλο από τη Μόρια στην ενδοχώρα

      Με παρέμβαση του Δημάρχου Αθηναίων και πρώην αυτοδιοικητικού στην Ευρυτανία Κώστα Μπακογιάννη ματαιώθηκε η πολυδιαφημισμένη μετακίνηση 1500 αιτούντων άσυλο που ανήκουν σε ευάλωτες κατηγορίες, από τη Λέσβο στην ενδοχώρα. Επιχείρηση που είχε ανακοινωθεί επίσημα ως αποσυμφόρηση κατά 8% του πληθυσμού της Μόριας για την οποία μάλιστα θα ερχόταν στη Λέσβο ο υπουργός μετανάστευσης και ασύλου.

      Σύμφωνα με « αποκλειστική είδηση » της εφημερίδας « Ευρυτανικά Νέα » που δεν διαψεύστηκε ποτέ ο Δήμαρχος Αθηναίων, Κώστας Μπακογιάννης ανηψιός του Πρωθυπουργού Κυριάκου Μητσοτάκη κα γιός της βουλευτή και κορυφαίου κομματικού στελέχους Ντόρας Μπακογιάννη, με πολιτική του παρέμβαση ενδιαφέρθηκε προσωπικά για το θέμα.

      « Αφουγκραζόμενος », σύμφωνα με το δημοσίευμα της εφημερίδας, « την κοινή γνώμη αλλά και τα πραγματικά δεδομένα όσον αφορά στην υγειονομική κρίση της Ευρυτανίας, δεδομένου ότι στον νομό δεν υπάρχει κανένα κρούσμα κοροναϊού, αλλά και τη δραματική μείωση του πληθυσμού τα τελευταία χρόνια με την οικονομική κρίση, η έλευση προσφύγων στο Καρπενήσι καθίσταται προβληματική για την τοπική κοινωνία. Ο κ. Μπακογιάννης επιχείρησε παρεμβαίνοντας σε πολύ υψηλά κυβερνητικά κλιμάκια και πέτυχε την αναβολή έλευσης μεταναστών στο Καρπενήσι ».

      Επίσης και εκτός της παρέμβασης Μπακογιάννη, ο βουλευτής και οι δήμαρχοι της Ευρυτανίας απέστειλαν επιστολή, (που δημοσιεύθηκε στα evrytanika.gr), στον Πρωθυπουργό Κυριάκο Μητσοτάκη, ζητώντας την παρέμβασή του για την αποτροπή μεταφοράς « λαθρομεταναστών » στο Καρπενήσι.

      Ενώ συγκέντρωση διαμαρτυρίας πραγματοποίησαν εν μέσω καραντίνας, κάτοικοι του Καρπενησίου όπως μεταδόθηκε σε ρεπορτάζ του τοπικού tvstar.gr, μετά από πληροφορίες πως λεωφορεία πρόσφυγες θα έφταναν στην πόλη για να φιλοξενηθούν σε ξενοδοχείο. Μαζί τους ο « γαλάζιος » βουλευτής του νομού Κώστας Κοντογεώργος και οι δύο Δήμαρχοι, Καρπενησίου Νίκος Σουλιώτης και Αγράφων Αλέξης Καρδαμπίκης.


      Commentaire/traduction de Eirini Markidi reçu via la mailing-list Migreurop, le 26.04.2020 :

      Par l’intervention du Maire d’Athènes (et neveu du Premier Ministre) #Kostas_Mpakogiannis, le transport de 1500 réfugiés et demandeurs d’asile depuis Moria vers le continent a été annulé.

      Par l’intervention du Maire d’Athènes et ancien Maire d’Eurytanie Kostas Mpakogiannis (neveu en plus du Premier Ministre Kyriakos Mitsotakis), a été annulé le transport de 1500 demandeurs d’asile appartenant à des groupes vulnérables, depuis Lesbos vers le continent. L’annonce officielle parlait d’une décongestion de l’ordre de 8% de la population de Moria.

      Selon le quotidien « Eurytanika Nea » (Les Nouvelles d’Eurytanie), le Maire d’Athènes s’est intéressé personnellement à l’affaire : « en prêtant une oreille attentive à l’opinion publique ainsi qu’aux données réelles en ce qui concerne la pandémie, vu qu’il n’existe aucun cas de coronavirus dans le département d’Eurytanie, mais aussi en prenant en compte la diminution dramatique de la population les dernières années à cause de la crise économique, l’arrivée des réfugiés à Karpenisi est jugée problématique par la société locale. En faisant recours à des étapes gouvernementales supérieures, Monsieur Mpakogiannis est parvenu à annuler l’arrivée de migrants à Karpenisi ».
      A part l’intervention de Mpakogiannis, les maires d’Eurytanie ont envoyé une lettre au Premier Ministre (lettre publiée sur https://www.evrytanika.gr/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1440291:2020-04-23-21-49-37& ) lui demandant d’intervenir afin que le transport d’ « immigrants illégaux » à Karpenisi soit empêché.
      En pleine quarantaine, un rassemblement de protestation d’habitants de Karpenisi a eu lieu, auquel ont participé le débuté de l’Eurytanie en provenance de la Nouvelle Démocratie (le parti au pouvoir) ainsi que les Maires de Karpenisi et d’Agrafa.

      Notons pourtant qu’une plainte a été déposée par Greek Helsinki Monitor contre le député de l’Eurytanie, le Maire de Karpenisi et le Maire d’Agrafa pour l’usage du terme d’ « immigrants illégaux » dans leur lettre « xénophobique » au Premier Ministre.
      Source en grec : https://www.evrytanika.gr/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1441618:2020-04-26-18-00-40&

    • Coronavirus : 400 demandeurs d’asile transférés de l’île grecque de Lesbos sur le continent

      Des centaines de demandeurs d’asile se sont rassemblés dimanche à l’entrée du camp surpeuplé de Moria, sur l’île de Lesbos, après avoir été informés du transfert imminent de 392 personnes vers la Grèce continentale, a constaté l’AFP.

      Deux groupes de 142 et 250 personnes « vulnérables » devaient être transférés dimanche à bord de ferries de Lesbos, en mer Egée, vers le port du Pirée près d’Athènes, a-t-on appris de source policière locale.

      Il s’agit du premier transfert massif de demandeurs d’asile du camp de Moria depuis le début du confinement imposé par le gouvernement grec le 23 mars pour endiguer la propagation du nouveau coronavirus.

      Le dernier transfert massif avait eu lieu le 20 mars : 600 personnes avaient alors quitté les camps des îles, avant deux groupes moins nombreux quelques jours plus tard.

      La surpopulation des camps installés sur cinq îles de la mer Egée, dont Lesbos, est un casse-tête pour le gouvernement conservateur de Kyriakos Mitsotakis.

      Au total, près de 37.000 personnes vivent dans des conditions épouvantables dans ces camps, dont la capacité n’est que de 6.200 places.

      Surnommé « la jungle », le camp de Moria abrite 19.300 personnes, plus de six fois sa capacité.

      Le plan de décongestionnement des camps a connu un nouveau retard après l’apparition de la pandémie et les mesures de restriction en vigueur jusqu’à lundi.

      Outre les 392 personnes qui vont quitter Lesbos dimanche, 2.000 seront transférées graduellement dans les semaines à venir vers la Grèce continentale.

      Au cours du premier trimestre, 10.000 personnes ont quitté les îles pour le continent, a récemment indiqué le ministre des Migrations et de l’Asile, Notis Mitarachi.

      De nombreuses ONG de défense des droits de l’homme, dont Human Rights Watch, ont appelé le gouvernement grec à décongestionner « immédiatement » ces camps, craignant une crise sanitaire.