• Le jeu de go de la Chine autour des ports européens - Page 1 | Mediapart
    https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/international/211119/le-jeu-de-go-de-la-chine-autour-des-ports-europeens

    La #Chine n’en fait pas mystère. Les #ports européens font partie de ses cibles dans son grand projet de conquête des « #nouvelles_routes_de_la_soie ». Méthodiquement, les sociétés chinoises investissent les quais et les terminaux à conteneurs délaissés par les opérateurs privés européens et les collectivités frileuses.

    La prise de contrôle la plus symbolique est celle du port du Pirée, en Grèce, en avril 2016. Sous la pression de la Troïka (FMI, BCE, Commission européenne), le gouvernement grec a privatisé l’ensemble du port voisin d’Athènes. Le repreneur est un groupe chinois, Cosco, qui détenait déjà 49 % du port.

    Depuis cette privatisation sans précédent dans les transports en Europe, une douzaine d’autres ports de l’Union européenne ont vu récemment débarquer des opérateurs publics chinois en vue de prendre possession des terminaux portuaires. Ils détiennent désormais plus de 10 % des capacités portuaires européennes.

    Cette montée en puissance provoque autant d’enthousiasme que d’appréhension, les opérateurs chinois n’hésitant pas à jouer des rivalités entre pays, entre ports, pour imposer leurs conditions. Bruxelles commence aussi à s’inquiéter de cette percée pouvant porter ombrage à la souveraineté européenne.


    Treize ports européens en partie ou complètement sous pavillon chinois

    En rouge, les parts détenues par l’armateur chinois Cosco ; en jaune, celles détenues par China Merchants. Cliquez sur les anneaux pour plus d’informations.
    #transport #transport_maritime

  • De l’Antiquité aux nouvelles routes de la soie, 2 500 ans d’histoire eurasiatique
    https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/culture-idees/270719/de-l-antiquite-aux-nouvelles-routes-de-la-soie-2-500-ans-d-histoire-eurasi

    Plusieurs initiatives géostratégiques, notamment russes et chinoises, se pensent aujourd’hui à l’échelle d’un immense ensemble continental et maritime : l’Eurasie. Dans son dernier livre, Michel Bruneau reconstruit la manière dont cet espace a fonctionné sur la longue durée.

    #Au_détour_des_livres #nouvelles_routes_de_la_Soie,_Russie,_Michel_Bruneau,_Union_économique_eurasiatique,_Chine,_Eurasie

  • Jichang Lulu: State-managed Buddhism and Chinese-Mongolian relations (article du 23/06/2017)
    https://jichanglulu.tumblr.com/sinified

    No matter what the 14th Dalai Lama says or does, he cannot deny the Central Government’s right to recognise reincarnations,” says Norbu Döndrup ནོར་བུ་དོན་གྲུབ 罗布顿珠, one of the highest-ranking Tibetan officials in the Autonomous Region’s government. Zhu Weiqun 朱维群, former deputy head of the United Front Work Department who now chairs the ethnic and religious affairs committee of the People’s Political Consultative Conference, famously stated that Dalai Lama reincarnations “have never been a purely religious matter;” historical precedent makes the state’s prerogative to manage reincarnations “an important manifestation of the Central Government’s sovereignty over Tibet.” The state clearly cares about reincarnations, and not only when the Dalai Lama is involved. The PRC has now spent decades regulating, codifying and “standardising” the identification and training of increasing numbers of reincarnating lamas, who often are given positions in state administration. The respect they command among many Tibetans makes gaining the “initiative, leadership and control” over reincarnation management a tool for maintaining social stability in Tibetan areas. Extensive research has been devoted to the design of reincarnation policies. The TAR and central governments take reincarnate lamas on trips and training sessions around the country, including visits to Maoist sites. Interviewed during one such educational trip, the Jedrung རྗེ་དྲུང 吉仲 Rinpoche of Dzodzi མཛོ་རྫི 佐孜 monastery in Chamdo, himself installed as such a ‘living Buddha’ by the relevant local authorities in 2000, talks of his and other religious figures’ duty to “develop the good Tibetan Buddhist tradition of love of country and religion (爱国爱教),” contributing to the “mutual adaptation of religion and socialism.” The training seems to be working: the Rinpoche was repeating, verbatim, Party slogans that go back to the Jiang Zemin era.

    • A description of the role of Tibetan Buddhism within the Belt and Road Initiative, elaborating on Xi Jinping’s statements at the Beijing forum, was delivered at a recent meeting by Wang Changyu 王长鱼, Party secretary at the High-level Tibetan Academy of Buddhism (中国藏语系高级佛学院). The Academy’s experience training Tibetan Buddhist monks and its well-developed system of scholarly degrees, says Wang, creates an advantageous position allowing to “help countries and territories along the ‘Belt and Road’ satisfy their demand for religious specialists and scriptures.” Such exchanges can serve two goals: to showcase “the results of our Party and country’s ethnic and religious policies, displaying the healthy heritage and development of Tibetan Buddhism” in China, while reducing “the Dalai clique’s space of activity, upholding national sovereignty.

      #bouddhisme tibétain et #Nouvelles_Routes_de_la_Soie
      #OBOR #One_Belt_One_Road

    • Plus spécifiquement sur la #Mongolie, article du 20/03/2017

      Jichang Lulu: Thinking outside the Urn: China and the reincarnation of Mongolia’s highest lama
      https://jichanglulu.tumblr.com/urn

      The Chinese government’s prerogative to manage the rebirths of incarnate lamas is being tested in Mongolia. One of the highest lineages covered by the Qing’s ‘ #Golden_Urn ’ system at the basis of PRC reincarnation law is passing to its next holder, with the Dalai Lama’s involvement. Despite clear signs that China cares, no public position has emerged so far. To determine what China’s approach to the reincarnation issue might be, we have to go through some Mongolian history and a bit of leaf-reading. The very relevance of state management of rebirths to China’s foreign relations indicates to what extent Qing imperial thought permeates PRC policy. Reincarnation diplomacy is real and has an impact on Chinese policies towards its closest neighbours.