• NYPD Added Nearly 2,500 New People to Its Gang Database in the Last Year

    The New York Police Department is still listing children as young as 13 in its secret gang database, police officials told a New York City Council committee yesterday. The database is growing, currently including 18,084 people, up 2 percent from last June, when the NYPD last testified about the database. The increase came despite the removal of some 2,125 names from the registry — because the police added nearly 2,500 people to the database. Oleg Chernyavsky, head of legislative affairs for (...)

    #NYPD #BigData #discrimination #harcèlement

  • Garbage In, Garbage Out

    Face Recognition on Flawed Data On April 28, 2017, a suspect was caught on camera reportedly stealing beer from a CVS in New York City. The store surveillance camera that recorded the incident captured the suspect’s face, but it was partially obscured and highly pixelated. When the investigating detectives submitted the photo to the New York Police Department’s (NYPD) facial recognition system, it returned no useful matches.1 Rather than concluding that the suspect could not be identified (...)

    #NYPD #algorithme #biométrie #manipulation #facial #surveillance

  • Police are using flawed data in facial recognition searches, study finds

    When the faces aren’t quite there, police have resorted to using celebrity doppelgangers, artist sketches and computer-generated images. Police across the country are making facial recognition searches even when there’s barely anything to match it with. A study from the Georgetown Law Center on Privacy and Technology released Thursday looked at how police are using flawed data to run facial recognition searches, despite years of studies showing these matches aren’t reliable. That includes (...)

    #NYPD #algorithme #biométrie #manipulation #facial #surveillance

  • NYPD Gang Database Can Turn Unsuspecting New Yorkers into Instant Felons

    Keith Shenery was hanging out with friends in the courtyard of a Harlem public housing project when police saw him remove a small bag from his pants. When police approached him, he told them that it was “just weed.” When the officers searched him, they found a small bag of marijuana and a folding knife, a gift from his grandfather. Shenery, 21 at the time, was arrested and indicted for unlawful possession of marijuana and felony possession of a weapon — an unusually severe charge. Prosecutors (...)

    #NYPD #algorithme #discrimination #criminalité


  • État d’alerte, en ce samedi, à Mauvais Genres qui reçoit celui qui est sans doute, à l’heure présente, le plus grand auteur de #roman_noir au monde : l’écrivain américain #Don_Winslow. Auteur des mythiques « La Griffe du chien » et « Cartel », père de personnages hors norme tels Frankie Machine ou Bobby Z., il publie, dans la collection « Noir » de Harper Collins, « Corruption » ou la descente aux enfers de Denny Malone, flic d’élite de la police new-yorkaise, « roi » de Manhattan North, chevalier jadis blanc de la lutte anti-drogue devenu un ripou puis une balance. Porté, sur près de 600 pages, par une écriture pulsante et électrique, des dialogues au cutter, ce roman nous narre la décadence progressive et inexorable d’un guerrier gagné par ce qu’il s’était voué à combattre : le règne du crime et de l’argent sale. Un monument.

    #polar #NYPD

  • IBM et New York inventent le profilage criminel racial

    D’après le site américain The Intercept, la multinationale américaine IBM a collaboré, dès 2012, avec la police de New York pour développer un logiciel de surveillance de masse, permettant de catégoriser les individus notamment en fonction de leur couleur de peau. Aujourd’hui enterré par la municipalité, le projet n’avait jamais été rendu public. Capuche sur la tête, un jeune homme noir marche dans les rues de New York. À quelques mètres de lui, un crime intervient. Sans raison apparente, le jeune homme (...)

    #NYPD #IBM #algorithme #CCTV #vidéo-surveillance #surveillance #discrimination

  • IBM Used NYPD Surveillance Footage to Develop Technology That Lets Police Search by Skin Color

    In the decade after the 9/11 attacks, the New York City Police Department moved to put millions of New Yorkers under constant watch. Warning of terrorism threats, the department created a plan to carpet Manhattan’s downtown streets with thousands of cameras and had, by 2008, centralized its video surveillance operations to a single command center. Two years later, the NYPD announced that the command center, known as the Lower Manhattan Security Coordination Center, had integrated (...)

    #IBM #algorithme #biométrie #facial #vidéo-surveillance #surveillance #discrimination #NYPD

  • NYPD Attempts to Block Surveillance Transparency Law With Misinformation

    Earlier this year, New York City Council members Vanessa Gibson and Daniel Garodnick introduced the Public Oversight of Surveillance Technology Act, which would require public disclosure and dialogue on the New York Police Department’s purchase and use of surveillance equipment. The bill is in the weaker vein of similar legislation passed or under consideration by lawmakers in 19 cities across the U.S., where elected officials hope to write use policies and approve or deny the purchase of (...)

    #NYPD #surveillance

  • NYPD Refuses to Disclose Information About Its Face Recognition Program, So Privacy Researchers Are Suing

    Researchers at Georgetown University law school filed a Freedom of Information lawsuit against the New York City Police Department today for the agency’s refusal to disclose documents about its longstanding use of face recognition technology. The NYPD’s face recognition system, which has operated in the department’s Real Time Crime Center since at least 2011, allows officers to identify a suspect by searching against databases of stored facial photos. Records pertaining to the NYPD’s program (...)

    #NYPD #immatriculation #criminalité #biométrie #facial #automobilistes #surveillance (...)

    ##criminalité ##vidéo-surveillance

  • New Bill Would Force NYPD to Disclose Its Surveillance Tech Playbook

    Legislation introduced today by New York City council members Dan Garodnick and Vanessa Gibson would finally compel the NYPD — one of the most technology-laden police forces in the country — to make public its rulebook for deploying its controversial surveillance arsenal. The bill, named the Public Oversight of Surveillance Technology (POST) act, would require the NYPD to detail how, when, and with what authority it uses technologies like Stingray devices, which can monitor and interfere (...)

    #NYPD #CCTV #comportement #facial #surveillance #vidéo-surveillance

  • A Walking Tour of New York’s Massive Surveillance Network

    Earlier this month, on the 15th anniversary of the 9/11 attacks, the lower tip of Manhattan was thronged with soldiers in uniform, firefighters marching with photos of lost friends pinned to their backpacks, and tourists bumbling around the new mall at the World Trade Center. Firetrucks and police cars ringed Zuccotti Park and white ribbons adorned the iron fence around the churchyard on Broadway. Trash cans were closed up, with signs announcing “temporary security (...)

    #NYPD #CCTV #écoutes #vidéo-surveillance #surveillance #web

    • Citer juste le premier paragraphe ne résume pas toujours bien de quoi parle l’article...

      Ici il s’agit surtout du livre d’Ingrid Burrington, Networks of New York,

      An Illustrated Field Guide to Urban Internet Infrastructure,” which points out that many of the city’s communications and surveillance programs were conceived and funded in response to the attacks.

      In her book, Burrington, a writer and artist, has sketched the pieces of the internet that are visible on and above the streets of the city, and has explained the business interests and politicking behind their installation. Her book is designed to make the internet tangible, and with that in mind, Burrington (who I first met when she worked on a software project for The Intercept) agreed to take me and a friend on a tour of what she found in the financial district.

      Burrington points out that infrastructure is often designed to be ignored. The field guide, with its cheerful drawings of manhole covers and cable markings, turns the infrastructure into something ordinary and familiar, not intimidating, and not some magical process by which videos and images appear in your phone.

      “If it’s effective, it’s invisible,” she says. “But if it’s taken for granted, we lose the ability to make decisions about how it’s used.”

      #book #infrastructure #internet

  • Etats-Unis : la police new-yorkaise accusée d’espionner les musulmans

    Selon un rapport publié le 23 août 2016 par le Département des investigations (DOI) de New York, la police de l’Etat aurait violé plusieurs réglementations concernant la surveillance de groupes politiques. De plus, elle aurait ciblé les groupes musulmans à 95%. « Cette enquête a démontré une faille de la police new-yorkaise (NYPD). Elle n’a pas suivi les règles déterminant la surveillance des activités politiques, que ce soit dans le respect de la durée ou des autorisations. » C’est ce que constate le (...)

    #NYPD #Islam #surveillance

  • Intelligence policière au NYPD : lorsqu’il s’arrête, le travail vaut quelque chose


    Dans la semaine commençant le 22 décembre, les procès-verbaux de circulation y ont baissé de 94 % par rapport à la même période de l’an dernier, les #interpellations pour délits mineurs, comme la consommation d’alcool ou la miction sur la voie publique, également de 94 %, et les infractions de stationnement automobile de 92 %, a indiqué la police, confirmant des chiffres publiés par le #New_York Post.


    Les arrestations pour drogue par l’Organized Crime Control Bureau, l’un des dix bureaux de la #police de New York (#NYPD), ont aussi baissé de 84 %. L’assassinat des deux policiers, en pleine rue dans leur voiture de patrouille, a exacerbé les relations déjà tendues entre la police et le maire de New York, Bill de Blasio.

    « Ils ont exprimé leur colère de manière solidaire, (...) en tournant le dos (au maire) à plusieurs reprises, pour montrer leur mépris collectif. Mais maintenant leur amertume semble avoir atteint un niveau nouveau et dangereux — en arrêtant de travailler », dénonce le New York Times dans un éditorial très critique.


  • #DeconstructingFerguson and lessons for black South Africa in black America

    There were more people at Chumley’s sports bar during Saturday’s #Ohio_State University game against archival Michigan than there were days later at the Ohio Union nearby on Thursday night.....

    #AFRICA_IS_A_COUNTRY ##BlackLivesMatter #Eric_Garner #Ferguson #Michael_Brown #NYPD #police_brutality #Staten_Island #Tamir_Rice

  • The NYPD Division of Un-American Activities
    Has the NYPD’s Demographics Unit Stopped Any Terror Plots ? — New York Magazine

    Pire que la #surveillance de la #NSA, celle (toujours en cours malgré sa fracassante inefficacité) des #musulmans (et plus au passage) des #Etats-Unis par le #NYPD,


    The activities [NYPD Ray] Kelly set in motion after 9/11 pushed deeply into the private lives of New Yorkers, surveilling Muslims in their mosques, their sporting fields, their businesses, their social clubs, even their homes in a way not seen in America since the FBI and CIA monitored antiwar activists during the Nixon administration. It was a proactive approach, but, in constitutional terms, a novel one.

    To reinvent the Intelligence Division, Kelly called on David Cohen, a former senior CIA officer who was a year into a post-retirement stint with the Wall Street insurance giant American International Group. Kelly offered a rare opportunity not just to return to intelligence work but also to build something from scratch—in effect, the city’s own CIA.


    Cohen eagerly accepted. Cohen didn’t come alone. To build his new program, Cohen wanted someone by his side with access to the most sensitive intelligence, someone who could play a role in day-to-day operations. With a phone call to Langley, Cohen persuaded CIA director George Tenet to lend him Larry Sanchez. Like Cohen, Sanchez was an analyst who’d come up through the ranks. Unlike Cohen, Sanchez still had a blue CIA badge and the privileges that came with it.


    Cohen and Sanchez’s appointments represented a major shift in mind-set at the NYPD. Police are trained to uphold the law. By comparison, CIA officers are trained to subvert laws and operate undetected in places where the Constitution doesn’t apply. They are forbidden from doing this in America.


    Sanchez told colleagues that he had borrowed the idea from Israeli methods of controlling the military-occupied West Bank, the swath of land captured from Jordan in the 1967 Six-Day War. But the proposal ignored some important differences between the U.S. and Israel. Brooklyn and Queens, for instance, were not occupied territories or disputed land. There was no security wall being erected in New York City. And, where Muslims are concerned, no one would choose Israel as a model of civil liberties.

    Nevertheless, Cohen liked the idea. (...)


    Inside the NYPD, the document was regarded as a masterwork and the foundation for everything the department would build subsequently. It was part autobiography, part history, and part ideology. One senior NYPD official took to calling it Cohen’s Mein Kampf.


    Most important for the secretly planned Demographics Unit, Haight ruled: “For the purpose of detecting or preventing terrorist activities, the NYPD is authorized to visit any place and attend any event that is open to the public on the same terms and conditions as members of the public generally.”


    To accomplish their goals, however, Cohen and Sanchez needed to go far beyond what the FBI could do. (...)

    Far from raising concerns about a police department taking it upon itself to reconsider constitutional rights, Congress enthusiastically embraced Cohen’s views.


    About once a week, they filed reports on conversations they’d eavesdropped on. Nobody trained the rakers on what exactly qualified as suspicious, so they reported anything they heard. (...)


    Surveillance turned out to be habit-forming. Cohen and Sanchez’s efforts also reached beyond the Muslim community. Undercover officers traveled the country, keeping tabs on liberal protest groups like Time’s Up and the Friends of Brad Will. Police infiltrated demonstrations and collected information about antiwar groups and those that marched against police brutality. (...)


    Confirmation that the activities of the Demographics Unit went far beyond what federal agencies were permitted to do was provided by the FBI itself. Once, Sanchez tried to peddle the Demographics reports to the FBI. But when Bureau lawyers in New York learned about the reports, they refused. The Demographics detectives, the FBI concluded, were effectively acting as undercover officers, targeting businesses without cause and collecting information related to politics and religion. Accepting the NYPD’s reports would violate FBI rules.

    Cohen told his officers the FBI had its rules and the NYPD had its own. He was no longer constrained by the politicians. The NYPD was governed by the City Council, which had effectively given Kelly carte blanche to run the department as he saw fit.

    In the fall of 2005, a senior CIA officer named Margaret Henoch attended a briefing with Sanchez and other NYPD officials. The meeting was a wide-ranging discussion of the NYPD’s new capabilities, including its Demographics Unit.

    Henoch had a reputation as a skeptic. During the run-up to the Iraq War, when CIA analysts concluded that Saddam Hussein possessed weapons of mass destruction, they put a lot of stock in statements by an Iraqi defector code-named Curveball. (...)

    She didn’t see how the Demographics reports could be used to draw conclusions. “I think this is a really impressive collection of what’s where, but I don’t understand how it helps you,” Henoch told the NYPD brass. If it was useful, she figured, maybe the CIA could replicate it. But she didn’t understand how collecting troves of information on local businesses and religious affiliations helped find terrorists.

    She asked if there was some success story that summed up the program’s usefulness in its first two years. When she didn’t get an answer, she assumed that the NYPD was being coy with a potential rival. Even in the post-9/11 era, intelligence agencies often jealously guarded their secrets.

    “I figured they were just lying to me,” Henoch recalled. It did not occur to her that there might not be any stories to tell.


    “At the very least, we can eliminate this guy from our list if he’s not a terrorist,” (...) “And we can find out who the terrorists are. And that’s your job.”

    The truth, though, was that raking didn’t eliminate anybody from a list. It just expanded the NYPD’s files. (...)


    Because the rakers never received specialized training, their reports contained numerous errors. Sephardic Jews and Lebanese Christians were mistaken for Syrian Muslims.

    The reports began looking the same (...). No matter how detailed, they never matured into criminal cases. If terrorist cells operated in New York, (...), why weren’t the police making arrests? That’s how they’d dismantled drug gangs in the Bronx. Gang members, like terrorists, were secretive, insular, and dangerous. (...)


    Whatever the shortcomings of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act oversight system, at least there is, theoretically, a check on the agency’s activities. But in New York City, for Muslim citizens and activists of many stripes, there is no such outside system meant to safeguard their privacy. The NYPD conducts its oversight in-house. City Hall doesn’t review intelligence programs the way Congress does. Courts can step in to settle questions about constitutionality, but only if somebody finds out about programs that are designed to remain secret forever.

    In 2010, the Demographics Unit was renamed the Zone Assessment Unit over fears about how the title would be perceived if it leaked out. But *rakers still troll Muslim neighborhoods, filing an average of four new reports every day, searching for hot spots. The Muslim community is marbled with fear, afraid to speak openly because an informant could be lurking near.

    Kelly is unapologetic. Like the department’s use of the tactic known as stop-and-frisk, raking is a tactic Kelly maintains is legal. He said the program is operating just as it always has. “Nothing” has changed, Kelly boasted to The Wall Street Journal earlier this year.

    (...) [but] now, the lawyers [are] arguing that Kelly and Cohen, in their effort to keep the city safe, have crossed constitutional lines. Regardless of the outcome, the NYPD’s programs are likely to join waterboarding, secret prisons, and NSA wiretapping as emblems of post-9/11 America, when security justified many practices that would not have been tolerated before.

  • Another NYPD Terrorist ’Investigation’ Turns Up Nothing But Privacy Invasions And Rights Erosion | Techdirt

    It’s no secret that the “War on Terror” has resulted in little more than steady paychecks for those in the loop and plenty of rights erosion everywhere else. As was detailed earlier this year, the New York Police Department has decided to follow in the clumsy footsteps of the FBI’s anti-terrorism efforts, crafting its own “elite” agency (with the help of the CIA) to infiltrate the Muslim community and smoke out terrorists. The end result? Not a single lead generated.

    #NYPD #antiterrorisme #fail #privacy

  • heise online - Bundesregierung hält an Export von Überwachungssoftware fest

    Die Bundesregierung sieht trotz Berichten über das blühende Geschäft deutscher Firmen mit dem Verkauf von Überwachungssoftware an Diktaturen keinen Handlungsbedarf.

    Big Brother 2.0: 10 New ways that the government will be spying on you and controlling your behavior http://www.presstv.ir/usdetail/194235.html

    In a world where everyone is a “potential terrorist”, we are told that things like liberty, freedom and privacy are “luxuries” that we can no longer afford.

    The following are 10 new ways that the government will be spying on you and controlling your behavior....

    –1 Are you ready for “electronic skin tattoos”? One team of researchers has created an extremely thin, extremely flexible “smart skin” that will open up a whole new world of possibilities. Wearing “skin-mounted electronics” might seem like a great idea to tech geeks, but it also could create a whole lot of new problems. The following is how an article in one UK newspaper described this new breakthrough....

    The “epidermal electronic system” relies on a highly flexible electrical circuit composed of snake-like conducting channels that can bend and stretch without affecting performance. The circuit is about the size of a postage stamp, is thinner than a human hair and sticks to the skin by natural electrostatic forces rather than glue.

    Yes, this kind of technology would be a great way to connect wirelessly to the Internet and it would be helpful for doctors that need to monitor their patients, but the potential for abuse is also there.

    Once this type of technology becomes widespread, governments will be able to monitor the location and activities of their citizens like never before.

    In addition, this type of technology could one day become mandated by governments. For example, someday you may be required to have an “electronic skin tatoo” in order to prove your identity or to participate in commerce.

    Also, it is not too far of a stretch to imagine that “skin-mounted electronics” could be used to control large populations. Just remember, if you connect yourself physically to the Internet that also means that the Internet is connected to you.

    –2 According to a shocking document obtained by Oath Keepers, the FBI is now instructing store owners to report many new forms of “suspicious activity” to them. According to the document, “suspicious activity” now includes....

    – paying with #cash

    – missing a hand or fingers

    – “strange odors”

    – making “extreme religious statements”

    – “radical theology”

    – purchasing weatherproofed ammunition or match containers

    – purchasing meals ready to eat

    – purchasing night vision devices, night flashlights or gas masks

    According to WorldNetDaily, this document is part of a “series of brochures” that will be distributed “to farm supply stores, gun shops, military surplus stores and even hotels and motels.”

    –3 The U.S. military has developed an invisible #pain_ray"that is remarkably effective. The following is how a recent article posted on Alternet described this weapon....

    It sounds like a weapon out of Star Wars. The Active Denial System, or ADS, works like an open-air microwave oven, projecting a focused beam of electromagnetic radiation to heat the skin of its targets to 130 degrees. This creates an intolerable burning sensation forcing those in its path to instinctively flee (a response the Air Force dubs the “goodbye effect.”)

    Sadly, this weapon is already being used in American #prisons. How long will it be before it is used on the general population?

    –4 Be careful about what you put up on #Facebook or #Twitter. Law enforcement agencies all over the globe are now focusing on social media as never before. For example, the #NYPD has just created a special “social media” unit dedicated to looking for criminals on Facebook and Twitter.

    –5 #Facial_recognition technology has now come of age. With the millions of security cameras that are going up all over the world, such technology is proving to be very useful for law enforcement authorities. In fact, police in London are using it to track down people that were involved in the London riots. The following is an excerpt from a recent CBC report that described these efforts....

    Facial recognition technology being considered for London’s 2012 Games is getting a workout in the wake of Britain’s riots, with officers feeding photographs of suspects through Scotland Yard’s newly updated face-matching program.

    Facial recognition technology is rapidly going to become part of our everyday lives. In fact, now even Facebook is using it. Eventually it is going to become very difficult to avoid the reach of this technology.

    –6 “Smart meters" are going into homes all over North America and Europe. These smart meters monitor your home every single minute of every single day and they transmit very sophisticated data about your personal behavior back to the utility company. They are already being used by police all over the United States in drug cases. If a smart meter catches you using an “unusual” amount of energy there is a good chance that your home will be raided. The European Parliament has set a goal of having #smart_meters in the homes of 80 percent of all electricity consumers by the year 2020, and Barack Obama is working very hard to get them into as many American homes as he can.

    –7 Our children are being trained to accept being under surveillance almost constantly. For example, the U.S. Department of Agriculture is spending huge amounts of money to install #surveillance cameras in the cafeterias of U.S. public schools so that government control freaks can closely monitor what our children are eating.

    –8 Perhaps you thought that only Tom Cruise had to worry about #pre-crime. Well, now “pre-crime” is popping up in the real world too. The Florida State Department of Juvenile Justice has announced that it will begin using analysis software to predict crime by young delinquents and will place “potential offenders” in specific prevention and education programs.

    –9 According to the ACLU, state police in Michigan are now using “extraction devices” to download data from the #cellphones of motorists that they pull over. This is taking place even if those pulled over are not accused of doing anything wrong.

    The following is how an article on CNET News described the capabilities of these “extraction devices”....

    The devices, sold by a company called #Cellebrite, can download text messages, photos, video, and even GPS data from most brands of cell phones. The handheld machines have various interfaces to work with different models and can even bypass security passwords and access some information.

    –10 #LRAD sound cannons are already been used by law enforcement authorities to disperse large crowds inside the United States. So how much “damage” can sound do? Well, it turns out that sound can actually do a whole lot of damage. The following is how Alternet describes these cruel weapons....

    The Long Range Acoustic Device, or LRAD, built by American Technology Corporation, focuses and broadcasts sound over ranges of up to hundreds of yards. LRAD has been around for years, but Americans first took notice when police used it in Pittsburgh to ward off protesters at the 2009 G-20 summit. It is generally used in two ways: as a megaphone to order protesters to disperse; or, if they disobey, as an “ear-splitting siren” to drive them away. While LRAD may not be deadly, it can permanently damage hearing, depending on how it’s used.

    LRAD sound cannons do not discriminate. When they are being used to disperse protesters, any innocent bystanders in the area will be affected as well. If anyone gets too close to an LRAD sound cannon while it is in use, permanent damage can result. Small children and the elderly are particularly vulnerable. Sadly, the use of LRAD sound cannons is becoming more common. In fact, they have even been used to break up college block parties.

  • #OccupyWallSt, #OWS or #Occupy? Over 100K Different Hashtags Used In Occupy Protests - AllTwitter

    Twitter has announced that the Occupy Wall Street protesters have created over 100,000 different hashtags related to the cause.

    Taking to Twitter in a four-part tweet, @TwitterComms announced some interesting Occupy Wall Street stats on Friday.

    Among them is the fact that protesters have created more than 100,000 different hashtags about the movement, many of which contain the name of the separate cities that have joined New York as a site for the occupiers.

    The most popular Occupy-related hashtags include: