• Creating an Online Mortgage Service: Tips and Insights
    https://hackernoon.com/creating-an-online-mortgage-service-tips-and-insights-e567d1376155?sourc

    Having started its rise in the 2010s, fintech has changed the image of traditional financial services. With online banking, online investing, and online payments already existing, it has been only a matter of time for mortgage and loans to become digital products. They are becoming much more convenient than their traditional versions, more oriented at customers, and less time-consuming. And all these benefits are completed with the fact that millennials, one of the forces that powered the rise of fintech, are ready to become the target clients of the housing market. As the demand for mortgages is growing and the market orients at the digital users, online mortgage services aim to meet the needs of the present and replace traditional loan services.Here, the essentials of building an (...)

    #online-mortgage-service #mortgage-services #online-mortgage-lenders #online-mortgage #startup


  • Montagne d’or en Guyane: c’est inédit, l’ONU accuse la France de non-respect des droits indigènes
    https://www.terradarwin.com/magazine/montagne-d-or-en-guyane-c-est-in%C3%A9dit-l-onu-accuse-la-france-de-non

    Il fallait s’y attendre. Alors que le projet « Montagne d’or » en Guyane se profile à grands pas, l’Organisation des Nations Unies a décidé de réagir. Elle « somme » la France de suspendre le projet jusqu’à ce que les populations autochtones locales aient pu être consultées correctement. C’est la première fois dans l’histoire que l’ONU intervient directement contre l’État français. La transition énergétique semble bien loin de toute préoccupation politique de ce côté-là de l’océan.


  • Grand Bourgtheroulde en état de siège avec la visite de Macron Anthony Berthelier - 15 Janvier 2018 - huffingtonpost

    https://www.huffingtonpost.fr/2019/01/15/grand-bourgtheroulde-en-etat-de-siege-a-la-visite-du-macron_a_2364276

    Des gilets jaunes voulaient se rendre dans la commune de l’Eure. C’était sans compter sur le déploiement d’un impressionnant dispositif sécuritaire.
    https://o.aolcdn.com/images/dims3/GLOB/crop/3866x1937+0+426/resize/630x315!/format/jpg/quality/85/https%3A%2F%2Fmedia-mbst-pub-ue1.s3.amazonaws.com%2Fcreatr-images%2F2019-0

    Reuters - Bourgtheroulde en état de siège avec la visite du Macron (photo prise le 15 janvier 2019, près de Bourgtheroulde)

    Top départ sous haute surveillance. C’est dans le gymnase de la petite commune de Grand Bourgtheroulde, devant 600 maires normands, qu’Emmanuel Macron donne ce mardi 15 janvier le coup d’envoi du grand débat censé répondre à la fronde des gilets jaunes en donnant pendant deux mois la parole aux Français. Cette première sortie du chef de l’Etat en région depuis un mois se déroule sous haute sécurité, alors que des contestataires et des syndicats relaient depuis plusieurs jours des appels à manifester sur place.

    Outre des interdictions de circulation et de manifestation dans la petite ville de 4000 habitants, le dispositif arrêté prévoit depuis samedi 12 janvier la prohibition de vente à emporter de carburants ou de produits inflammables et la fermeture des établissements bancaires.

    Plusieurs médias présents sur les lieux racontent l’ambiance dans les rues de la ville en ce mardi. Et comme vous pouvez le voir ci-dessous, ce n’est pas l’effervescence qui domine. Entre la peur de débordements et les mesures sécuritaires drastiques... de nombreux commerces et restaurants ont baissé le rideau tandis que les ruelles du village restent vides.


    France 3 Normandie


    France 3 Normandie - La mairie de #Bourgtheroulde encadrée de gendarmes

    Une journaliste du Monde confirme d’ailleurs que le village est bouclé par les gendarmes et que, contrairement à ce qu’indiquait la préfecture de l’Eure la veille, mêmes les commerces aux alentours sont fermés.

    Aline Leclerc
    La préfecture de l’Eure soutenait hier que ce serait un jour comme un autre à Bourgthroulde malgré la venue d’Emmanuel Macron. Mais outre le bouclage du village par les gendarmes, les commerces alentours sont fermés, même le supermarché.

    France 3 Normandie
    #Bourgtheroulde bcp de commerces ont décidé de rester fermés par peur des débordements #grandebatnational #GilletsJaunes

    Fouilles, accès et gilets jaunes
    "Ne sont autorisés à entrer danss Bourgthroulde que les personnes qui y habitent, les parents d’élèves scolarisés dans la commune et les personnes travaillant en ville, le tout sur présentation de justificatifs", explique également la journaliste sur place. Un témoignage laissant présager de grosses difficultés de circulation aux alentours de la petite commune.

    France 3 Normandie
    #Bourgtheroulde barrages filtrants autour de la ville l’accès est compliqué vers #orival nombreux bouchons #grandebatnational

    C’est ce que relate France 3 Normandie. Le site d’informations précise que les ralentissements ont commencé dès 7 heures du matin aux abords de la ville. "De nombreux gendarmes contrôlent les routes qui mènent à cette commune de l’Eure." Des difficultés de circulation confirmées par le témoignage de plusieurs internautes plus ou moins agacés.

    Paz Olivier
    Quel est le gradé qui à 10 km de #Bourgtheroulde interdit de reprendre l’A13 vers Caen nous forçant à repasser par un rond-point avec checkpoint où sont controlés les vehicules qui veulent rentrer dans #Bourgtheroulde ? 45 minutes de bouchon ou l’art d’organiser un embouteillage

    . . . .
    Aline Leclerc


    Contrôle d’identité aux abords de #Bourgthroulde : les gendarmes ne font pas que vérifier les pièces d’identité, ils les prennent en photo. « C’est du fichage » dit un manifestant. Les #giletsjaunes reçoivent l’ordre de retirer leur gilet « sous peine de 135 euros d’amende ».

    Ces précautions inquiètent certains internautes, voyant là une dérive autoritaire du pouvoir, quand d’autres justifient de telles mesures par un climat social particulièrement tendu.

    C’est la première fois que le président de la République retourne au contact des Français depuis qu’il a été violemment pris à partie par des manifestants début décembre au Puy-en-Velay. Seule exception, une visite éclair sur le marché de Noël de Strasbourg le 14 décembre, après l’attentat qui a fait cinq morts.

    Ira-t-il discuter avec des habitants lors d’un de ces bains de foule qu’il affectionne ? Tout dépendra de l’ambiance, indique l’Elysée. Ce n’est pas gagné d’avance.

    #PEUR #trouille #manu #emmanuel_macron #GiletsJaunes #police #enmarche vers le vide #debatblabla ou #pasdedebat


  • La Cina e il nuovo ordine euro-asiatico

    Sin dal 2013, quando il Presidente cinese #Xi_Jinping ne delineò gli obiettivi, l’iniziativa ormai nota come “Nuova Via della Seta” o “#One_Belt_One_Road” (OBOR) è rapidamente divenuta fulcro della politica estera della Cina in Eurasia e a livello globale e simbolo dell’inedito attivismo di Pechino sulla scena internazionale. Dopo cinque anni, l’iniziativa mantiene il suo appeal, nonostante i rischi intrinseci ad un così vasto progetto, le difficoltà interne ed esterne alla Cina e lo scetticismo di molti paesi coinvolti.

    L’idea cinese di “riconnessione infrastrutturale e logistica” di uno spazio geografico ma anche politico enorme e variegato com l’Eurasia, in effetti, sembra essere l’unica “grande visione” apparentemente in grado di offrire nuovo slancio all’economia globale in tempi di nazionalismo economico-politico, ripresa incerta e crisi diffuse. Si tratta non soltanto di un ambizioso progetto infrastrutturale, ma in effetti di una strategia transregionale di co-sviluppo industriale ed economico: la regione interessata si estende dalle frontiere continentali della Cina fino alle economie in via di sviluppo della cintura afro-asiatica. Ad oggi, questa macro-area rappresenta (insieme ad alcune regioni interne dell’Africa) l’ultimo grande spazio “disconnesso” dell’economia globale; al contempo, però, è territorialmente contiguo ai grandi poli di crescita economica e demografica dell’Asia costiera.

    L’iniziativa è dichiaratamente non egemonica e aperta a tutti i paesi interessati. Pechino ha finora impegnato intorno ai 500 miliardi di dollari nella OBOR, suddivisi fra isituzioni nazionali come il Silk Road Fund e la China Export-Import Bank, nuove istituzioni multilaterali regionali come la Banca Asiatica di Investimenti nelle Infrastrutture (AIIB) e linee di credito delle banche cinesi.

    La OBOR e le istituzioni ad essa legate non rappresentano, tuttavia, né un nuovo piano Marshall, né tantomeno un coerente disegno di graduale assunzione, da parte della Cina, dei compiti di garante di un ordine economico mondiale liberale. Un ordine aperto – e perciò contrario a chiusure nazionalistiche e protezionistiche – come alcuni teorici dell’ordine liberale sembrano sperare, e altri sembrano temere. Essa si iscrive, a converso, nel vasto piano di “ringiovanimento nazionale” che il Presidente Xi ha posto, come in altri suoi interventi, al centro del suo discorso al 19° Congresso del Partito, in ottobre.

    In effetti, la logica della OBOR appare complessa e si muove su piani molteplici: deve essere essenzialmente definita come una risposta proattiva della leadership cinese a cambiamenti strutturali di breve e di lungo periodo, interni ed esterni al Paese. Vi sono almeno tre dimensioni: domestico/macro-economica, geo-economico/geopolitica continentale, e sistemico/globale. Le tre dimensioni sono legate e si rafforzano reciprocamente.

    In termini domestici e macroeconomici, vengono spesso identificate questi fattori chiave nel lancio della OBOR: la Cina, grazie alle misure di stimolo all’economia approvate dopo il crack di Lehman Brothers (all’inizio della crisi), ha generato sovraccapacità nell’industria pesante, sopratuttto dell´acciaio e del cemento; di conseguenza, le banche hanno accumulato enorme liquidità, mentre a livello interno i consumi interni crescevano d’importanza fino a diventare determinanti nell’economia nazionale. Dunque, l’iniziativa sarebbe strumento funzionale a canalizzare sovraccapacità produttive verso i mercati esteri e l’eccesso di liquidità in un grande progetto infrastrutturale.

    Se questa spiegazione aiuta a cogliere la logica contingente della OBOR non ne spiega, tuttavia, le origini strutturali. Esse sono da ricercarsi nell´impulso dato sin dall´inizio degli anni 2000 ad una graduale ma sostenuta trasformazione nel sistema produttivo del paese. Si è deciso di cambiare la geografia economica cinese per ridurre il gap di sviluppo regionale e per combattere i rischi di destabilizzazione nella regione orientale di confine dello Xijninang. Tale sforzo di trasformazione ha creato poli di crescita e produzione nelle regioni centrali e centro-occidentali, in città come Chengdu, Chongqing e più recentemente Urumqi e Kashgar, ed è stato accompagnato dallo sviluppo massiccio della rete stradale e ferroviaria necessaria a collegare questi centri con le coste e con il resto del Paese.

    Allargando lo sguardo all’intero spazio euro-asiatico, il mutamento nella geografia economica del paese ha anche prodotto conseguenze geopolitiche e geoeconomiche profonde. Pechino è oggi è in grado di pianificare la creazione non solo di vie di trasporto continentali ma di una serie di corridoi multimodali terra-mare alternativi alle sole vie marittime, che finora restano sotto il controllo stringente della marina americana. L’Europa diventa così raggiungibile per nuove rotte che sostituiscono parzialmente o totalmente le vecchie. Inoltre, si allarga il ventaglio dei partner commerciali: Pechino si garantisce non solo una diversificazione delle forniture energetiche ma soprattutto l´accesso ai futuri mercati collocati lungo la cintura meridionale dell´Eurasia, dal Sud-Est asiatico e dall’India a Turchia, Iran e Medio Oriente, sino al Corno d´Africa e al Nordafrica

    Infine, le trasformazioni innescate dalla OBOR all’interno dei confini cinesi e nel continente asiatico, e le nuove opportunità geopolitiche apertesi per Pechino hanno prodotto effetti sistemici: per la dimensione stessa dello spazio interessato e per il peso economico, demografico e geografico della Cina, l’iniziativa è di fatto il primo organico passo verso un ordine globale post-Occidentale. A questo passo, tuttavia, la stessa Cina sembra non ancora pronta.

    In effetti, ciascuna delle tre dimensioni presenta rischi per Pechino, che aumentano proporzionalmente al crescere e al concretizzarsi del progetto OBOR.

    A livello interno, un ulteriore rallentamento della crescita, una crisi del sistema bancario o un crollo dei prezzi dei terreni rappresentato tutti elementi che potrebbero seriamente mettere a rischio la stabilità e la nuova dottirna della “crescita normale” sulla quale si basa la legittimità della leadership cinese. Un simile scenario avrebbe ripercussioni dirette sulla OBOR.

    In termini geopolitici, la Cina è dipendente dalle relazioni con una vasta rete di paesi e aree che hanno, in diversa forma e grado, ragioni di temere o di guardare con sospetto l’iniziativa cinese: tra questi c’è l’Europa, e naturalmente anche gli Stati Uniti – osservatori esterni interessati.

    Inoltre, la riconnessione dell’Eurasia è un processo che precede e trascende i piani cinesi. Essa trova la sua origine nelle trasformazioni che negli ultimi quindici anni hanno visto moltiplicare i legami commeraciali all’interno dell’Asia ed emergere nuovi e autonomi centri di potenza economica. Gli attori principali dell´Eurasia – dalla Russia alle medie potenze turca e iraniana, dagli stati centro-asiatici, abili a bilanciare gli interessi concorrenti delle grandi potenze, all’India, sino all’insulare Giappone – si stanno riposizionando e attrezzando per affrontare la sfida lanciata da Pechino. Questi paesi non negano la validità del concetto di una riconnessione continentale, ma lo concepiscono attraverso proprie strategie, contromisure e nuovi assi, come quello tra Giappone e India o quello all’interno del Sud-Est asiatico (paesi ASEAN).

    Dagli altri player continentali non solo dipende il successo dei programmi infrastrutturali, ma anche l’emergere di un distinto ordine euro-asiatico. Le istituzioni liberali occidentali sono chiaramente insufficienti a “coprire” la portata del cambiamento in corso, ma ad esso manca anche – per il momento – una cornice alternativa definita, politica e di regole condivise.

    In questo quadro, l’iniziativa #OBOR (e le istituzioni create quale suo corollario) colgono la natura diffusa, interconnessa, fluida, non istiuzionalizzata, al contempo competitiva e cooperativa, del nuovo sistema globale. Ne individua e ne coglie correttamente strumenti e palcoscenico d’azione: commercio, sviluppo economico e connettività anche fra aree sino ad ora ai margini del sistema economico globale. In tal modo, la OBOR posiziona la Cina al centro dei nuovi assetti, con i suoi interessi, la sua forza e le sue chiare priorità nazionali. Tuttavia, per questa stessa ragione, non è ancora in grado di offrire la prospettiva di un ordine – concetto ancora più complesso rispetto a un sistema – accettato e condiviso da tutti gli attori co-protagonisti dei processi in atto. E’ questa la sfida più grande per Pechino negli anni a venire.

    https://www.aspeniaonline.it/la-cina-e-il-nuovo-ordine-euro-asiatico

    #Chine #cartographie #visualisation #nouvelle_route_de_la_soie #route_de_la_soie
    ping @simplicissimus @reka




  • Un Pacte pour rien ? ⋅ GISTI
    https://www.gisti.org/spip.php?article6060

    Une grande part du débat a porté sur le caractère contraignant ou non du texte, débat plutôt curieux s’agissant d’un document aussi vague. Dans les négociations internationales, il est d’usage de recourir à ce que les Anglo-Saxons appellent « soft-law », notamment pour des sujets sur lesquels les États ont des positions très diverses, voire opposées. L’objectif est alors d’arriver à des principes que tous pourront adopter. En l’occurrence, la méthode ne s’est pas montrée d’une grande efficacité : le Pacte ne reprend même pas les principes inscrits dans la Convention internationale sur les droits des travailleurs migrants, adoptée en 1990, dont le socle est pourtant minimaliste... Les pays du Nord, et particulièrement ceux de l’UE, étant à la manœuvre, il était acquis dès le départ que le Pacte serait en deçà de la convention de 1990. In fine, non seulement ce texte n’impose aucune obligation aux États, mais il conforte largement les politiques mises en œuvre par les pays d’arrivée des migrations. Comment comprendre dès lors l’émoi qu’il a suscité ? Peut-être vient-il de ce que beaucoup de gouvernements, dont celui de la France, ont opté pour une signature en catimini...

    https://www.gisti.org/spip.php?article6059
    #Gisti #ONU #pacte_de_Marrakech #immigration


  • La #traite_humaine reste un crime largement impuni, déplore l’ONU
    https://www.francetvinfo.fr/monde/la-traite-humaine-reste-un-crime-largement-impuni-deplore-l-onu_3133761

    La traite d’êtres humains, qui concerne hommes, femmes, enfants victimes d’activités criminelles allant de l’exploitation sexuelle au prélèvement d’organes, reste largement impunie à travers le monde, déplore un rapport des Nations Unies publié lundi 7 janvier. Malgré une tendance récente à l’augmentation du nombre de condamnations prononcées pour des faits relevant de la traite humaine en Afrique et au Moyen-Orient, « le nombre total [de condamnations] dans ces régions reste très faible », explique un rapport de l’Office des Nations Unies contre la drogue et le crime (#ONUDC), dont le siège est à Vienne (Autriche).

    […] Le nombre de cas identifiés de traite humaine s’élevait à un peu moins de 25 000 en 2016, soit une augmentation de plus de 10 000 depuis 2011, avec des hausses « plus prononcées dans les Amériques et en Asie ». Cependant, le rapport met en garde sur le fait que l’augmentation pourrait être due à une identification plus efficace, plutôt qu’à une augmentation du nombre de personnes victimes de traite. L’ONUDC relève que 70% des victimes de traite détectées dans le monde sont des #femmes et 23% de l’ensemble des victimes identifiées sont des #mineures.


  • Top 5 Free #linux Courses for Programmers
    https://hackernoon.com/top-5-free-linux-courses-for-programmers-4a433b4edade?source=rss----3a81

    A curated list of some of the best free online courses to learn Linux in 2019There is no doubt that Linux is one of the most popular operating systems to run server-side applications. I have seen almost all Java applications running on Linux barring a couple of them which runs on Windows as service.If you take out standalone apps like IDEs or tools, most of the real world Java applications run on Linux e.g. payment gateways, trading systems, and other financial applications.That’s why it’s very important for any programmer, IT professional, or a developer to learn and understand Linux, both operating system, as well as command line. Linux as one of the most important skill because it serves you for a long time. It not only makes you productive and teaches a lot of automation by (...)

    #online-courses #software-development #programming #technology


  • 7 janvier 2015 : la Rédaction de #Charlie_Hebdo est décimée par un #attentat. Parmi les victimes, #Bernard_Maris, universitaire, #économiste, essayiste et journaliste. Ses choix iconoclastes l’ont conduit à dénoncer la pensée économique dominante.

    http://sms.hypotheses.org/3383

    #Maris, #charlie, #charlie_hebdo, #économie, #économiste, #journaliste, #journalisme, #hétérodoxe, #oncle, #mon_oncle, #humaniste, #engagement, #keynes, #attentat


  • Petition calls for U.S. to give Northwest Angle to Canada

    ’Make America great by correcting this critical survey error,’ petition says.

    There is a call for the U.S. government to adjust the border near #Manitoba to give Canada the geographic oddity known as the Northwest Angle.

    Known simply as the Angle to the 120 people who live there, it is a jetty of #Minnesota sandwiched between Manitoba and northwestern #Ontario.

    It is the only place in the United States outside Alaska that is north of the 49th parallel. And it was based on a flawed map from 1755.

    “Make America great by correcting this critical survey error,” states a petition, called “Give Canada back the Northwest Angle located in Manitoba,” and created as part of We the People.

    Launched in September 2011 under then-President Barack Obama, We the People is a section of the White House website for petitioning policy experts. Petitions that meet a certain threshold of signatures are typically reviewed by administration officials who are prepared to issue official responses.

    The threshold for a response is 100,000 signatures, so it could take some more for the Northwest Angle petition to find its way onto the desk of U.S. Congress.

    It was created Sunday, and as of Wednesday, had just 32 signatures.

    The international boundary that takes in the #Northwest_Angle was made shortly after the Treaty of Paris in 1783 between the U.S. and Britain.

    However, Benjamin Franklin and British representatives relied on a 1755 map from American John Mitchell, who was not a professional geographer or map-maker.

    He was a physician and botanist who developed an interest in geography and created his map based on materials he found in official archives and private hands. But he misattributed the source of the Mississippi River as being at the edge of Lake of the Woods, and drew the lake itself in the shape of an oval rather than bent and bowed by the multiple bays it actually contains.

    The Treaty of Paris stated the boundary between U.S. territory and the British possessions to the north would run “...through the Lake of the Woods to the northwestern-most point thereof, and from thence on a due west course to the river Mississippi.”

    The source of the Mississippi River, however, actually lies nearly due south of Lake of the Woods, rather than north and west of it.

    The end result is a thumb of land isolated from the rest of the U.S. In those months when Lake of the Woods is free of ice, Angle residents can reach the mainland U.S. directly by boat.

    However, to make the journey by land, residents must pass through two Canada-U.S. borders — at the east and southern boundaries of Manitoba.

    “Even the most mundane tasks involve a certain amount of shuttle diplomacy. Grocery shopping is once a week, and that’s an hour and 15 minutes, one way,” states a story on the region by CBS News in 2016.

    “First, residents have to notify Canadian authorities that they’re about to cross the border. Then, it’s a 60-mile [96.6-km] or so trek through Canada back to the U.S. boundary line to cross back into Minnesota and the nearest town.”

    https://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/northwest-angle-petition-border-1.4962228
    #Canada #USA #Etats-Unis #frontières #disputes_frontalières #disputes_territoriales #différend_frontalier #frontières_mobiles #pétition

    La pétition:
    https://petitions.whitehouse.gov/petition/give-canada-back-northwest-angle-located-manitoba

    ping @reka


  • AP Investigation : Food aid stolen as #Yemen starves
    https://apnews.com/bcf4e7595b554029bcd372cb129c49ab

    Associated Press : l’aide alimentaire du PAM est détournée par TOUTES les parties en conflit (RIEN en français côté #MSM)

    The problem of lost and stolen aid is common in Taiz and other areas controlled by Yemen’s internationally recognized government, which is supported by the Saudi-led military coalition. It is even more widespread in territories controlled by the Houthi rebels, (...)

    Réaction du PAM ( massivement rapportée par les MSM francophones), menace d’interruption de l’aide à l’appui :

    Au Yémen, le PAM accuse les rebelles houthis de détourner l’aide humanitaire
    https://www.france24.com/fr/video/20190102-yemen-rebelles-houthis-accuses-detourner-laide-humanitaire

    Aucune réaction ni menace du PAM vis-à-vis des mercenaires de l’#Arabie_saoudite

    #ONU


  • #Farida_Amadou
    http://www.radiopanik.org/emissions/moacrealsloa/farida-amadou

    Farida Amadou (née en 1989) est une bassiste électrique basée à Liège. Elle a commencé par jouer de la guitare acoustique pour s’accompagner à la voix, puis s’est essayée à la basse électrique en 2011 pour ne plus jamais quitter cet instrument. Après cela, elle a appris à jouer des standards de jazz, et a commencé à se passionner pour les grooves de hip-hop et l’improvisation libre.

    Farida Amadou a joué avec #Linda_Sharrock, #Eve_Risser, #Mette_Rasmussen, #Mario_Rechtern, #Onno_Govaert, #Jasper_Stadhouders, #John_dikeman, #Ava_Mendoza, #Julien_Desprez, et récemment, depuis mai 2018, avec le batteur anglais #Steve_Noble. Cette année, elle a enregistré et joué des concerts en trio avec Steve Noble, #Alex_Ward, #Thurston_Moore et #Chris_Pitsiokos. Depuis février 2018, Farida Amadou est la bassiste du groupe (...)

    #L’Oeil_Kollectif #Henri_Charlier #Clément_Dechambre #Xavière_Fertin #Louis_Frères #Marius_Morsomme #Tom_Malmendier #Orchestre_National_de_Jazz #Augustin_Bette #Morgane_Carnet #Basile_Naudet #collectif_2035 #Cocaine_Piss #Thomas_Zielinski #Laurent_Orseau #Thurston_Moore,Mette_Rasmussen,Chris_Pitsiokos,L’Oeil_Kollectif,Alex_Ward,Henri_Charlier,Clément_Dechambre,Xavière_Fertin,Louis_Frères,Farida_Amadou,Steve_Noble,Marius_Morsomme,Tom_Malmendier,Orchestre_National_de_Jazz,John_dikeman,Jasper_Stadhouders,Mario_Rechtern,Augustin_Bette,Linda_Sharrock,Morgane_Carnet,Basile_Naudet,Ava_Mendoza,Julien_Desprez,collectif_2035,Cocaine_Piss,Eve_Risser,Onno_Govaert,Thomas_Zielinski,Laurent_Orseau
    http://www.radiopanik.org/media/sounds/moacrealsloa/farida-amadou_05961__1.mp3


  • Les États-Unis et Israël quittent l’Unesco ce lundi soir
    Gwendal Lavina, Le Figaro, le 31 décembre 2018
    http://www.lefigaro.fr/international/2018/12/31/01003-20181231ARTFIG00116-les-etats-unis-et-israel-quittent-l-unesco-ce-lun

    Les deux pays exécutent une décision annoncée en octobre 2017 en réponse à plusieurs résolutions de l’organisation qu’ils jugent « anti-israéliennes ». L’Unesco regrette ces deux retraits mais minimise leurs impacts.

    Certains observateurs craignent qu’au-delà d’affaiblir politiquement l’Unesco, ces deux retraits entament sérieusement le budget de l’organisation. Un diplomate bien informé balaye cet argument de la main et rappelle que les États-Unis et Israël ne payent plus leur cotisation obligatoire depuis 2011. Leur dette auprès de l’organisation s’élève ainsi à 620 millions de dollars pour les États-Unis et 10 millions de dollars pour Israël.

    Feuilleton à plusieurs épisodes :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/636965

    #UNESCO #USA #israel #Palestine #ONU #dette #escrocs #voleurs


  • The Right Way To Onboard People Into Your Product
    https://hackernoon.com/the-right-way-to-onboard-people-into-your-product-137ccc58fafd?source=rs

    Do you remember all the dating sites before Tinder came along? Match.com, eHarmony, OkCupid — the list goes on. What did they all have in common? The worst #onboarding experience imaginable.I remember it like yesterday, the hours 21-year-old me spent setting up my OkCupid profile. Searching for photos, cropping them, uploading them, updating my preferences, writing and having friends edit short-form essay questions about myself — all of this just to start using the service.And then Tinder comes along. Login with Facebook and… you’re done.You went from 0 to actually fully productive and using the app in a matter of seconds. All your pictures are uploaded for you. Your name, age, and location are already pre-filled. All you need to do is update your preferences and start swiping. You could always (...)

    #product-development #product-design #how-to-onboard #customer-experience


  • ‘It’s an Act of Murder’: How Europe Outsources Suffering as Migrants Drown

    This short film, produced by The Times’s Opinion Video team and the research groups #Forensic_Architecture and #Forensic_Oceanography, reconstructs a tragedy at sea that left at least 20 migrants dead. Combining footage from more than 10 cameras, 3-D modeling and interviews with rescuers and survivors, the documentary shows Europe’s role in the migrant crisis at sea.

    On Nov. 6, 2017, at least 20 people trying to reach Europe from Libya drowned in the Mediterranean, foundering next to a sinking raft.

    Not far from the raft was a ship belonging to Sea-Watch, a German humanitarian organization. That ship had enough space on it for everyone who had been aboard the raft. It could have brought them all to the safety of Europe, where they might have had a chance at being granted asylum.

    Instead, 20 people drowned and 47 more were captured by the Libyan Coast Guard, which brought the migrants back to Libya, where they suffered abuse — including rape and torture.

    This confrontation at sea was not a simplistic case of Europe versus Africa, with human rights and rescue on one side and chaos and danger on the other. Rather it’s a case of Europe versus Europe: of volunteers struggling to save lives being undercut by European Union policies that outsource border control responsibilities to the Libyan Coast Guard — with the aim of stemming arrivals on European shores.

    While funding, equipping and directing the Libyan Coast Guard, European governments have stymied the activities of nongovernmental organizations like Sea-Watch, criminalizing them or impounding their ships, or turning away from ports ships carrying survivors.

    More than 14,000 people have died or gone missing while trying to cross the central Mediterranean since 2014. But unlike most of those deaths and drownings, the incident on Nov. 6, 2017, was extensively documented.

    Sea-Watch’s ship and rescue rafts were outfitted with nine cameras, documenting the entire scene in video and audio. The Libyans, too, filmed parts of the incident on their mobile phones.

    The research groups Forensic Architecture and Forensic Oceanography of Goldsmiths, University of London, of which three of us — Mr. Heller, Mr. Pezzani and Mr. Weizman — are a part, combined these video sources with radio recordings, vessel tracking data, witness testimonies and newly obtained official sources to produce a minute-by-minute reconstruction of the facts. Opinion Video at The New York Times built on this work to create the above short documentary, gathering further testimonials by some of the survivors and rescuers who were there.

    This investigation makes a few things clear: European governments are avoiding their legal and moral responsibilities to protect the human rights of people fleeing violence and economic desperation. More worrying, the Libyan Coast Guard partners that Europe is collaborating with are ready to blatantly violate those rights if it allows them to prevent migrants from crossing the sea.

    Stopping Migrants, Whatever the Cost

    To understand the cynicism of Europe’s policies in the Mediterranean, one must understand the legal context. According to a 2012 ruling by the European Court of Human Rights, migrants rescued by European civilian or military vessels must be taken to a safe port. Because of the chaotic political situation in Libya and well-documented human rights abuses in detention camps there, that means a European port, often in Italy or Malta.

    But when the Libyan Coast Guard intercepts migrants, even outside Libyan territorial waters, as it did on Nov. 6, the Libyans take them back to detention camps in Libya, which is not subject to European Court of Human Rights jurisdiction.

    For Italy — and Europe — this is an ideal situation. Europe is able to stop people from reaching its shores while washing its hands of any responsibility for their safety.

    This policy can be traced back to February 2017, when Italy and the United Nations-supported Libyan Government of National Accord signed a “memorandum of understanding” that provided a framework for collaboration on development, to fight against “illegal immigration,” human trafficking and the smuggling of contraband. This agreement defines clearly the aim, “to stem the illegal migrants’ flows,” and committed Italy to provide “technical and technological support to the Libyan institutions in charge of the fight against illegal immigration.”

    Libyan Coast Guard members have been trained by the European Union, and the Italian government donated or repaired several patrol boats and supported the establishment of a Libyan search-and-rescue zone. Libyan authorities have since attempted — in defiance of maritime law — to make that zone off-limits to nongovernmental organizations’ rescue vessels. Italian Navy ships, based in Tripoli, have coordinated Libyan Coast Guard efforts.

    Before these arrangements, Libyan actors were able to intercept and return very few migrants leaving from Libyan shores. Now the Libyan Coast Guard is an efficient partner, having intercepted some 20,000 people in 2017 alone.

    The Libyan Coast Guard is efficient when it comes to stopping migrants from reaching Europe. It’s not as good, however, at saving their lives, as the events of Nov. 6 show.

    A Deadly Policy in Action

    That morning the migrant raft had encountered worsening conditions after leaving Tripoli, Libya, over night. Someone onboard used a satellite phone to call the Italian Coast Guard for help.

    Because the Italians were required by law to alert nearby vessels of the sinking raft, they alerted Sea-Watch to its approximate location. But they also requested the intervention of their Libyan counterparts.

    The Libyan Coast Guard vessel that was sent to intervene on that morning, the Ras Jadir, was one of several that had been repaired by Italy and handed back to the Libyans in May of 2017. Eight of the 13 crew members onboard had received training from the European Union anti-smuggling naval program known as Operation Sophia.

    Even so, the Libyans brought the Ras Jadir next to the migrants’ raft, rather than deploying a smaller rescue vessel, as professional rescuers do. This offered no hope of rescuing those who had already fallen overboard and only caused more chaos, during which at least five people died.

    These deaths were not merely a result of a lack of professionalism. Some of the migrants who had been brought aboard the Ras Jadir were so afraid of their fate at the hands of the Libyans that they jumped back into the water to try to reach the European rescuers. As can be seen in the footage, members of the Libyan Coast Guard beat the remaining migrants.

    Sea-Watch’s crew was also attacked by the Libyan Coast Guard, who threatened them and threw hard objects at them to keep them away. This eruption of violence was the result of a clash between the goals of rescue and interception, with the migrants caught in the middle desperately struggling for their lives.

    Apart from those who died during this chaos, more than 15 people had already drowned in the time spent waiting for any rescue vessel to appear.

    There was, however, no shortage of potential rescuers in the area: A Portuguese surveillance plane had located the migrants’ raft after its distress call. An Italian Navy helicopter and a French frigate were nearby and eventually offered some support during the rescue.

    It’s possible that this French ship, deployed as part of Operation Sophia, could have reached the sinking vessel earlier, in time to save more lives — despite our requests, this information has not been disclosed to us. But it remained at a distance throughout the incident and while offering some support, notably refrained from taking migrants onboard who would then have had to have been disembarked on European soil. It’s an example of a hands-off approach that seeks to make Libyan intervention not only possible but also inevitable.

    A Legal Challenge

    On the basis of the forensic reconstruction, the Global Legal Action Network and the Association for Juridical Studies on Immigration, with the support of Yale Law School students, have filed a case against Italy at the European Court of Human Rights representing 17 survivors of this incident.

    Those working on the suit, who include two of us — Mr. Mann and Ms. Moreno-Lax — argue that even though Italian or European personnel did not physically intercept the migrants and bring them back to Libya, Italy exercised effective control over the Libyan Coast Guard through mutual agreements, support and on-the-ground coordination. Italy has entrusted the Libyans with a task that Rome knows full well would be illegal if undertaken directly: preventing migrants from seeking protection in Europe by impeding their flight and sending them back to a country where extreme violence and exploitation await.

    We hope this legal complaint will lead the European court to rule that countries cannot subcontract their legal and humanitarian obligations to dubious partners, and that if they do, they retain responsibility for the resulting violations. Such a precedent would force the entire European Union to make sure its cooperation with partners like Libya does not end up denying refugees the right to seek asylum.

    This case is especially important right now. In Italy’s elections in March, the far-right Lega party, which campaigned on radical anti-immigrant rhetoric, took nearly 20 percent of the vote. The party is now part of the governing coalition, of which its leader, Matteo Salvini, is the interior minister.

    His government has doubled down on animosity toward migrants. In June, Italy took the drastic step of turning away a humanitarian vessel from the country’s ports and has been systematically blocking rescued migrants from being disembarked since then, even when they had been assisted by the Italian Coast Guard.

    The Italian crackdown helps explain why seafarers off the Libyan coast have refrained from assisting migrants in distress, leaving them to drift for days. Under the new Italian government, a new batch of patrol boats has been handed over to the Libyan Coast Guard, and the rate of migrants being intercepted and brought back to Libya has increased. All this has made the crossing even more dangerous than before.

    Italy has been seeking to enact a practice that blatantly violates the spirit of the Geneva Convention on refugees, which enshrines the right to seek asylum and prohibits sending people back to countries in which their lives are at risk. A judgment by the European Court sanctioning Italy for this practice would help prevent the outsourcing of border control and human rights violations that may prevent the world’s most disempowered populations from seeking protection and dignity.

    The European Court of Human Rights cannot stand alone as a guardian of fundamental rights. Yet an insistence on its part to uphold the law would both reflect and bolster the movements seeking solidarity with migrants across Europe.

    https://www.nytimes.com/interactive/2018/12/26/opinion/europe-migrant-crisis-mediterranean-libya.html
    #reconstruction #naufrage #Méditerranée #Charles_Heller #Lorenzo_Pezzani #asile #migrations #réfugiés #mourir_en_mer #ONG #sauvetage #Sea-Watch #gardes-côtes_libyens #Libye #pull-back #refoulement #externalisation #vidéo #responsabilité #Ras_Jadir #Operation_Sophia #CEDH #cour_européenne_des_droits_de_l'homme #justice #droits_humains #droit_à_la_vie

    ping @reka

    • È un omicidio con navi italiane” L’accusa del Nyt

      Video-denuncia contro Roma e l’Ue per un naufragio di un anno fa: botte dei libici ai migranti, 50 morti.

      Patate scagliate addosso ai soccorritori della Sea Watch invece di lanciare giubbotti e salvagente ai naufraghi che stavano annegando. E poi botte ai migranti riusciti a salire sulle motovedette per salvarsi la vita. Ecco i risultati dell’addestramento che l’Italia ha impartito ai libici per far fuori i migranti nel Mediterraneo. È un video pubblicato dal New York Times che parte da una delle più gravi tra le ultime stragi avvenute del Canale di Sicilia, con un commento intitolato: “‘È un omicidio’: come l’Europa esternalizza sofferenza mentre i migranti annegano”.

      Era il 6 novembre 2017 e le operazioni in mare erano gestite dalla guardia costiera libica, in accordo con l’allora ministro dell’Interno, Marco Minniti. Il dettaglio non è secondario, lo stesso video mostra la cerimonia di consegna delle motovedette made in Italy ai partner nordafricani. Una delle imbarcazioni, la 648, la ritroviamo proprio al centro dell’azione dove, quel giorno, cinquanta africani vennero inghiottiti dal mare. Al tempo era consentito alle imbarcazioni di soccorso pattugliare lo specchio di mare a cavallo tra le zone Sar (Search and rescue, ricerca e soccorso) di competenza. Al tempo i porti italiani erano aperti, ma il comportamento dei militari libici già al limite della crudeltà. Il video e le foto scattate dal personale della Sea Watch mostrano scene durissime. Un migrante lasciato annegare senza alcun tentativo da parte dei libici di salvarlo: il corpo disperato annaspa per poi sparire sott’acqua, quando il salvagente viene lanciato è tardi. Botte, calci e pugni a uomini appena saliti a bordo delle motovedette, di una violenza ingiustificabile. Il New York Times va giù duro e nel commento, oltre a stigmatizzare attacca i governi italiani. Dalla prova delle motovedette vendute per far fare ad altri il lavoro sporco, al nuovo governo definito “di ultradestra” che “ha completato la strategia”. Matteo Salvini però non viene nominato. L’Italia, sottolinea il Nyt, ha delegato alle autorità della Tripolitania il pattugliamento delle coste e il recupero di qualsiasi imbarcazione diretta a nord. Nulla di nuovo, visto che la Spagna, guidata dal socialista Sanchez e impegnata sul fronte occidentale con un’ondata migratoria senza precedenti, usa il Marocco per “bonificare” il tratto di mare vicino allo stretto di Gibilterra da gommoni e carrette. Gli organismi europei da una parte stimolano il blocco delle migrazioni verso il continente, eppure dall’altra lo condannano. Per l’episodio del 6 novembre 2017, infatti, la Corte europea dei diritti umani sta trattando il ricorso presentato dall’Asgi (Associazione studi giuridici sull’immigrazione) contro il respingimento collettivo. Sempre l’Asgi ha presentato due ricorsi analoghi per fatti del dicembre 2018 e gennaio 2018; infine altri due, uno sulla cessione delle motovedette e l’altro sull’implementazione dell’accordo Italia-Libia firmato da Minniti.

      https://www.ilfattoquotidiano.it/premium/articoli/e-un-omicidio-con-navi-italiane-laccusa-del-nyt

    • Comment l’Europe et la Libye laissent mourir les migrants en mer

      Il y a un peu plus d’un an, le 6 novembre 2017, une fragile embarcation sombre en mer avec à son bord 150 migrants partis de Tripoli pour tenter de rejoindre l’Europe. La plupart d’entre eux sont morts. Avec l’aide de Forensic Oceanography – une organisation créée en 2011 pour tenir le compte des morts de migrants en Méditerranée – et de Forensic Architecture – groupe de recherche enquêtant sur les violations des droits de l’homme –, le New York Times a retracé le déroulement de ce drame, dans une enquête vidéo extrêmement documentée.

      Depuis l’accord passé en février 2017 entre la Libye et l’Italie, confiant aux autorités libyennes le soin d’intercepter les migrants dans ses eaux territoriales, le travail des ONG intervenant en mer Méditerranée avec leurs bateaux de sauvetage est devenu extrêmement difficile. Ces dernières subissent les menaces constantes des gardes-côtes libyens, qui, malgré les subventions européennes et les formations qu’ils reçoivent, n’ont pas vraiment pour but de sauver les migrants de la noyade. Ainsi, en fermant les yeux sur les pratiques libyennes régulièrement dénoncées par les ONG, l’Europe contribue à aggraver la situation et précipite les migrants vers la noyade, s’attache à démontrer cette enquête vidéo publiée dans la section Opinions du New York Times. Un document traduit et sous-titré par Courrier international.

      https://www.courrierinternational.com/video/enquete-comment-leurope-et-la-libye-laissent-mourir-les-migra

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?time_continue=10&v=dcbh8yJclGI


  • Video Distribution: Challenges and Opportunities in an Unknown Future
    https://hackernoon.com/video-distribution-challenges-and-opportunities-in-an-unknown-future-897

    Adoption of new innovative technologies coupled with a fresh look at current regulation offers an enormous opportunity for future progress and prosperity for the video industry. The complexities that exist in today’s video marketplace are screaming out for new solutions to meet the evolving consumer demands and technological requirements. However, rapid changes present many challenges and opportunities as the ecosystem continues to transform in the digital age. And while the problems are extremely complicated, I believe the overarching challenges in the current video distribution infrastructure can be analyzed in four distinct categories.Multiscreen and Multichannel DistributionRemember when people watched #videos only on TV? Well, even though that simple reality was relatively recent, (...)

    #television #online-video #broadcasting #media


  • #radio_Pogge
    http://www.radiopanik.org/emissions/radiografi/radio-pogge-21

    Diffusion du mercredi 27-12-2017 à 15.00 sur Radio Panik 105.4 fm

    Radio Pogge se veut un outil participatif d’information pour le Quartier. Mais aussi, un lieu de recréation pour favoriser le dialogue et de rencontres ! Les habitants, usagers ou associations du quartier peuvent collaborer au projet s’ils le souhaitent, soit en faisant appel à Radio POGGE pour réaliser un reportage sur leurs activités, ou en proposant un projet, une idée d’émission...

    Nous vous invitons à envoyer votre sujet de reportage ou votre proposition via un petit email à l’adresse suivante : radiopogge@gmail.com

    RADIO POGGE : #Spéciale_dédicace ! Diffusion, ce mercredi 27-12-2017 à 15.00 sur Radio Panik 105.4 (...)

    #studio1BIS #oncle_Kinch #Spéciale_dédicace,studio1BIS,radio_Pogge,oncle_Kinch
    http://www.radiopanik.org/media/sounds/radiografi/radio-pogge-21_05943__1.mp3


  • How to start an online video streaming business | 3 profitable ideas for video content creators
    https://hackernoon.com/how-to-start-an-online-video-streaming-business-3-profitable-ideas-for-v

    With the internet in its full-fledged, now seems a good time to start an online video streaming business. When online videos will make up more than 80% of internet traffic by 2022, why would not anyone think of starting a video streaming service like Netflix, Hulu, YouTube, and Amazon Prime?Now, one can ask, if giants like Netflix, Hulu, etc. are already ruling the video streaming market, would it be practical to start your own video streaming business and expect a survival?Indeed, Yes!Considering the latest entry by Disney streaming service (which is yet to be released), it is impractical to think that you cannot claim your share of audience and revenue if these giants are already in the market. Like every other new entrant, if you have some interesting content to show, people will (...)

    #online-business #content-creators #netflixclone #streaming-video #video-streaming-online


  • U.N. tells UK - Allow #Assange to leave Ecuador embassy freely | Reuters
    https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-britain-assange-un-idUKKCN1OK1U1

    Les experts de l’#ONU exhortent le #Royaume-Uni à honorer ses obligations en matière de droits et à laisser M. Julian Assange quitter librement l’ambassade d’Équateur à Londres
    https://www.legrandsoir.info/les-experts-de-l-onu-exhortent-le-royaume-uni-a-honorer-ses-obligation

    GENÈVE (21 décembre 2018) - Les experts des #droits de l’homme de l’ONU ont réitéré aujourd’hui leur demande que le Royaume-Uni respecte ses obligations internationales et permette immédiatement au fondateur de #Wikileaks, Julian Assange, de quitter l’ambassade d’#Equateur à Londres où il est depuis plus de 6 ans, craignant une arrestation par les autorités britanniques et une #extradition aux #Etats-Unis.

    « Les États qui sont fondés sur la primauté du droit et qui en font la promotion n’aiment pas être confrontés à leurs propres #violations du droit, ce qui est compréhensible. Mais lorsqu’ils admettent honnêtement ces violations, ils honorent l’esprit même de la primauté du droit, gagnent un plus grand respect à cet égard et donnent des exemples louables dans le monde entier », a déclaré le Groupe de travail sur la détention #arbitraire (GTDA) des Nations Unies.


  • Fires in the Void : The Need for Migrant Solidarity

    For most, Barcelona’s immigrant detention center is a difficult place to find. Tucked away in the Zona Franca logistics and industrial area, just beyond the Montjuïc Cemetery, it is shrouded in an alien stillness. It may be the quietest place in the city on a Saturday afternoon, but it is not a contemplative quiet. It is a no-one-can-hear-you-scream quiet.

    The area is often described as a perfect example of what anthropologist Marc Augé calls a non-place: neither relational nor historical, nor concerned with identity. Yet this opaque institution is situated in the economic motor of the city, next to the port, the airport, the public transportation company, the wholesale market that provides most of the city’s produce and the printing plant for Spain’s most widely read newspaper. The detention center is a void in the heart of a sovereign body.

    Alik Manukyan died in this void. On the morning of December 3, 2013, officers found the 32-year-old Armenian dead in his isolation cell, hanged using his own shoelaces. Police claimed that Manukyan was a “violent” and “conflictive” person who caused trouble with his cellmates. This account of his alleged suicide was contradicted, however, by three detainees. They claimed Alik had had a confrontation with some officers, who then entered the cell, assaulted him and forced him into isolation. They heard Alik scream and wail all through the night. Two of these witnesses were deported before the case made it to court. An “undetectable technical error” prevented the judge from viewing any surveillance footage.

    The void extends beyond the detention center. In 2013, nearly a decade after moving to Spain, a young Senegalese man named #Alpha_Pam died of tuberculosis. When he went to a hospital for treatment, Pam was denied medical attention because his papers were not in order. His case was a clear example of the apartheid logic underlying a 2012 decree by Mariano Rajoy’s right-wing government, which excluded undocumented people from Spain’s once-universal public health care system. As a result, the country’s hospitals went from being places of universal care to spaces of systematic neglect. The science of healing, warped by nationalist politics.

    Not that science had not played a role in perpetuating the void before. In 2007, during the Socialist government of José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, #Osamuyi_Aikpitanyi died during a deportation flight after being gagged and restrained by police escorts. The medical experts who investigated Aikpitanyi’s death concluded that the Nigerian man had died due to a series of factors they called “a vicious spiral”. There was an increase in catecholamine, a neurotransmitter related to stress, fear, panic and flight instincts. This was compounded by a lack of oxygen due to the flight altitude and, possibly, the gag. Ultimately, these experts could not determine what percentage of the death had been directly caused by the gag, and the police were fined 600 euros for the non-criminal offense of “light negligence”.

    The Romans had a term for lives like these, lives that vanish in the void. That term was #homo_sacer, the “sacred man”, who one could kill without being found guilty of murder. An obscure figure from archaic law revived by the philosopher #Giorgio_Agamben, it was used to incorporate human life, stripped of personhood, into the juridical order. Around this figure, a state of exception was produced, in which power could be exercised in its crudest form, opaque and unaccountable. For Agamben, this is the unspoken ground upon which modern sovereignty stands. Perhaps the best example of it is the mass grave that the Mediterranean has become.

    Organized Hypocrisy

    Its name suggests that the Mediterranean was once the world’s center. Today it is its deadliest divide. According to the International Organization for Migration, over 9,000 people died trying to cross the sea between January 1, 2014 and July 5, 2018. A conservative estimate, perhaps. The UN Refugee Agency estimates that the number of people found dead or missing during this period is closer to 17,000.

    Concern for the situation peaks when spectacular images make the horror unavoidable. A crisis mentality takes over, and politicians make sweeping gestures with a solemn sense of urgency. One such gesture was made after nearly 400 people died en route to Lampedusa in October 2013. The Italian government responded by launching Operation #Mare_Nostrum, a search-and-rescue program led by the country’s navy and coast guard. It cost €11 million per month, deploying 34 warships and about 900 sailors per working day. Over 150,000 people were rescued by the operation in one year.

    Despite its cost, Mare Nostrum was initially supported by much of the Italian public. It was less popular, however, with other European member states, who accused the mission of encouraging “illegal” migration by making it less deadly. Within a year, Europe’s refusal to share the responsibility had produced a substantial degree of discontent in Italy. In October 2014, Mare Nostrum was scrapped and replaced by #Triton, an operation led by the European border agency #Frontex.

    With a third of Mare Nostrum’s budget, Triton was oriented not towards protecting lives but towards surveillance and border control. As a result, the deadliest incidents in the region’s history occurred less than half a year into the operation. Between April 13 and April 19, 2015, over one thousand people drowned in the waters abandoned by European search and rescue efforts. Once again, the images produced a public outcry. Once again, European leaders shed crocodile tears for the dead.

    Instead of strengthening search and rescue efforts, the EU increased Frontex’s budget and complemented Triton with #Operation_Sophia, a military effort to disrupt the networks of so-called “smugglers”. #Eugenio_Cusumano, an assistant professor of international relations at the University of Leiden, has written extensively on the consequences of this approach, which he describes as “organized hypocrisy”. In an article for the Cambridge Review of International Affairs (https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0010836718780175), Cusumano shows how the shortage of search and rescue assets caused by the termination of Mare Nostrum led non-governmental organizations to become the main source of these activities off the Libyan shore. Between 2014 and 2017, NGOs aided over 100,000 people.

    Their efforts have been admirable. Yet the precariousness of their resources and their dependence on private donors mean that NGOs have neither the power nor the capacity to provide aid on the scale required to prevent thousands of deaths at the border. To make matters worse, for the last several months governments have been targeting NGOs and individual activists as smugglers or human traffickers, criminalizing their solidarity. It is hardly surprising, then, that the border has become even deadlier in recent years. According to the UN Refugee Agency, although the number of attempted crossings has fallen over 80 percent from its peak in 2015, the percentage of people who have died or vanished has quadrupled.

    It is not my intention, with the litany of deaths described here, to simply name some of the people killed by Europe’s border regime. What I hope to have done instead is show the scale of the void at its heart and give a sense of its ruthlessness and verticality. There is a tendency to refer to this void as a gap, as a space beyond the reach of European institutions, the European gaze or European epistemologies. If this were true, the void could be filled by simply extending Europe’s reach, by producing new concepts, mapping new terrains, building new institutions.

    But, in fact, Europe has been treating the void as a site of production all along. As political theorist #Sandro_Mezzadra writes, the border is the method through which the sovereign machine of governmentality was built. Its construction must be sabotaged, subverted and disrupted at every level.

    A Crisis of Solidarity

    When the ultranationalist Italian interior minister Matteo Salvini refused to allow the MV #Aquarius to dock in June 2018, he was applauded by an alarmingly large number of Italians. Many blamed his racism and that of the Italians for putting over 600 lives at risk, including those of 123 unaccompanied minors, eleven young children and seven pregnant women.

    Certainly, the willingness to make a political point by sacrificing hundreds of migrant lives confirms that racism. But another part of what made Salvini’s gesture so horrifying was that, presumably, many of those who had once celebrated increasing search and rescue efforts now supported the opposite. Meanwhile, many of the same European politicians who had refused to share Italy’s responsibilities five years earlier were now expressing moral outrage over Salvini’s lack of solidarity.

    Once again, the crisis mode of European border politics was activated. Once again, European politicians and media talked about a “migrant crisis”, about “flows” of people causing unprecedented “pressure” on the southern border. But attempted crossings were at their lowest level in years, a fact that led many migration scholars to claim this was not a “migrant crisis”, but a crisis of solidarity. In this sense, Italy’s shift reflects the nature of the problem. By leaving it up to individual member states, the EU has made responding to the deaths at the border a matter of national conviction. When international solidarity is absent, national self-interest takes over.

    Fortunately, Spain’s freshly sworn-in Socialist Party government granted the Aquarius permission to dock in the Port of #Valencia. This happened only after Mayor Ada Colau of Barcelona, a self-declared “City of Refuge”, pressured Spanish President Pedro Sánchez by publicly offering to receive the ship at the Port of Barcelona. Party politics being as they are, Sánchez authorized a port where his party’s relationship with the governing left-wing platform was less conflictive than in Barcelona.

    The media celebrated Sánchez’s authorization as an example of moral virtue. Yet it would not have happened if solidarity with refugees had not been considered politically profitable by institutional actors. In Spain’s highly fractured political arena, younger left-wing parties and the Catalan independence movement are constantly pressuring a weakened Socialist Party to prove their progressive credentials. Meanwhile, tireless mobilization by social movements has made welcoming refugees a matter of common sense and basic human decency.

    The best known example of this mobilization was the massive protest that took place in February 2017, when 150,000 people took to the streets of Barcelona to demand that Mariano Rajoy’s government take in more refugees and migrants. It is likely because of actions like these that, according to the June 2018 Eurobarometer, over 80 percent of people in Spain believe the country should help those fleeing disaster.

    Yet even where the situation might be more favorable to bottom-up pressure, those in power will not only limit the degree to which demands are met, but actively distort those demands. The February 2017 protest is a good example. Though it also called for the abolition of detention centers, racial profiling and Spain’s racist immigration law, the march is best remembered for the single demand of welcoming refugees.

    The adoption of this demand by the Socialist Party was predictably cynical. After authorizing the Aquarius, President Sánchez used his momentarily boosted credibility to present, alongside Emmanuel Macron, a “progressive” European alternative to Salvini’s closed border. It involved creating detention centers all over the continent, with the excuse of determining people’s documentation status. Gears turn in the sovereign machine of governmentality. The void expands.

    Today the border is a sprawling, parasitic entity linking governments, private companies and supranational institutions. It is not enough for NGOs to rescue refugees, when their efforts can be turned into spot-mopping for the state. It is not enough for social movements to pressure national governments to change their policies, when individual demands can be distorted to mean anything. It is not enough for cities to declare themselves places of refuge, when they can be compelled to enforce racist laws. It is not enough for political parties to take power, when they can be conditioned by private interests, the media and public opinion polls.

    To overcome these limitations, we must understand borders as highly vertical transnational constructions. Dismantling those constructions will require organization, confrontation, direct action, sabotage and, above all, that borderless praxis of mutual aid and solidarity known as internationalism. If we truly hope to abolish the border, we must start fires in the void.

    https://roarmag.org/magazine/migrant-solidarity-fires-in-the-void
    #solidarité #frontières #migrations #réfugiés #asile #détention_administrative #rétention #Barcelone #non-lieu #Espagne #mourir_en_détention_administrative #mort #décès #mourir_en_rétention #Alik_Manukyan #renvois #expulsions #vie_nue #Méditerranée #hypocrisie #hypocrisie_organisée #ONG #sauvetage #sabotage #nationalisme #crise #villes-refuge #Valence #internationalisme #ouverture_des_frontières #action_directe

    signalé par @isskein


  • Amal Mudallali représentante du #Liban à l’#ONU :
    https://www.lorientlejour.com/article/1149129/frontiere-sud-letat-libanais-na-commis-aucune-violation-affirme-mudal

    « Imaginez , chers membres du Conseil, si nous demandions une réunion du Conseil de sécurité chaque fois qu’#Israël violait la souveraineté du Liban depuis 2006 ... Vous serez en train d’en discuter 24 heures sur 24, 7 jours sur 7. »


  • i24NEWS - SodaStream va ouvrir à Gaza
    https://www.i24news.tv/fr/actu/israel/191518-181222-sodastream-va-ouvrir-a-gaza

    SodaStream, la célèbre multinationale israélienne spécialisée dans la fabrication d’appareils de gazéification de boissons va ouvrir une usine à Gaza, a déclaré le directeur-général de l’entreprise lors d’une conférence en Israël.

    SodaStream a été racheté par le géant américain PepsiCo Inc. le 19 août dernier pour 2.7 milliards d’euros.

    L’entreprise SodaStream qui prône déjà la coexistence Juifs-Arabes, souhaite élargir ce projet en installant une usine dans la bande de Gaza, selon Reuters.

    « Nous voulons que les habitants de Gaza aient un vrai emploi, parce que là où règne la pauvreté, la paix est impossible », a déclaré le directeur de SodaStream, Daniel Birnbaum.

    #gaza #bds #palestine #les_bras_m'en_tombent


  • #amazon wants to be a portal for all I need
    https://hackernoon.com/amazon-wants-to-be-a-portal-for-all-i-need-ff01148df64f?source=rss----3a

    The worrying thing is they are succeedingPhoto by Pedro Lastra on UnsplashLast night, I was talking to a friend who was trying to persuade me to switch my online shopping back to the local offline merchants. He feels that if we don’t, we will end up helping the Amazons and Flipkarts, which are non-Indian business entities, to put more and more small Indian businesses out of business. Once that happens, these big businesses will become monopolies or duopolies and we will be at their mercy, be it in terms of price or choice or availability of things or whatever.Oddly enough, I have been advocating a boycott of Amazon for the same reasons, as well as Amazon’s lack of #ethics, which is another story. In fact, I have managed to avoid shopping online for long stretches of time. Sadly, to my own (...)

    #online-shopping #ecommerce #india


  • Kampuchea, il diritto e le menzogne


    –-> document trouvé dans des archives en Italie par @wizo.
    Archives : Fondazione Avvenire à Côme (http://www.fondazioneavvenire.it)

    Il s’agit de la reproduction d’un article écrit par #Virgilio_Calvo, paru dans la revue « Tricontinental » en 1981.

    «Lo scritto di Calvo costituisce un appassionante appello alla comunità mondiale perché venga riconosciuta, da tutti i popoli, la Repubblica Popolare di Kambuchea, legittima rappresentante del popolo cambogiano, sollevatosi per abbattere la tirannia del genocida Pol Pot»

    #Cambodge #histoire #gauche #vérité #mensonge #journalisme #presse #médias #génocide #Pol_Pot #guerre_froide #impérialisme #ONU #Nations_Unies

    • #Tricontinental

      Tricontinental is a leftist quarterly magazine founded during the Tricontinental Conference. The magazine is the official publication of the Cuban organisation #OSPAAAL which also publishes it. It has its headquarters in Havana.

      From the founding of Tricontinental in August 1967 until the dissolution of the Soviet Union, which led to a rapid recession in the Cuban economy, propaganda posters were folded up and placed inside copies of the magazine, however, this was stopped, along with publication of Tricontinental, due to ink shortages and financial trouble.

      Tricontinental began to be printed again in 1995. In 2000, the decision was made to begin to reprint posters.

      The magazine is distributed around the world, and at its height, 87 countries received Tricontinental, and there were more than 100,000 subscribers, mostly students. At one time, it was very common for posters from issues of Tricontinental to be posted on the walls of student community centres.


      https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tricontinental