Apple-Facebook-Streit: Die Macht der aufgeklärten Nutzer - Golem.de
Facebook warnt vor hohen Umsatzeinbußen bei Apps, wenn Apple die Trackingvorgaben ändert. Das zeigt den Einfluss informierter Einwilligung. Apple-Facebook-Streit: Die Macht der aufgeklärten Nutzer - Golem.de #Tracking #App #Facebook #GooglePlay #MarkZuckerberg #Onlinewerbung #Software #SozialesNetz #iOS7 #Apple
Paranoia about cheating is making online education terrible for everyone - Vox
Morceaux choisis :
[...] As tests must happen remotely in the Covid-19 crisis, Raza’s school is one of many using a mixture of robots and video feeds to make sure students don’t cheat.
Worse, the tool’s facial detection algorithm seemed to struggle to recognize them, so they needed to sit in the full light of the window to better expose the contours of their face, in their view an indication that the system might be biased.
But there are varying levels of automation, as well. For instance, Examity also uses AI to verify students’ identities, analyze their keystrokes, and, of course, ensure they’re not cheating. Proctorio uses artificial intelligence to conduct gaze detection, which tracks whether a student is looking away from their screens. The company founder and CEO Mike Olsen, apparently bullish about the service’s automated nature, told Recode in an email that the company has fewer than 100 employees and doesn’t need “humans in call centers.”
Some students seem to hate these services, and social media is chock-full of their grievances, from criticisms of the software to objections that the tool is just plain annoying
“We will never be able to stop cheating in online learning, just like we’ve never been able to stop cheating in offline learning,” Dawson admits, explaining that schools might just be investing in a sort of education “security theater.”
The shift to online learning is inevitably changing views not just on cheating but also on what it really means to test students’ knowledge. Some professors are looking for other ways to measure learning, arguing that assessments online don’t necessarily need to be traditional exams.
Pourquoi l’éducation en ligne n’est pas l’avenir de l’école
L’éducation n’est pas un mécanisme, un mouvement simple qu’il suffirait de numériser pour que le prodige advienne et qu’éducation il y ait. L’éducation n’est pas un produit au sens technologique du terme, un dispositif circonscrit et rationalisé, duplicable à l’infini. L’éducation est toujours un processus, par essence imparfait, qui articule une suite de mécanismes tous complexes, depuis l’admission jusqu’à la diplomation, en passant par l’indispensable mais toujours complexe relation élève-professeur. En somme, le processus éducatif dépasse de toutes parts le produit technologique. Nombreuses sont les entreprises de technologie actives dans l’éducation (EdTech) qui tentent de résoudre ce défi, en rationalisant à marche forcée chacun des mécanismes à l’œuvre pour enfin passer à l’échelle. Aucune n’y est parvenue encore.
Autre erreur fondamentale qui explique l’échec relatif de l’éducation en ligne : le second pilier sur lequel s’est construit le succès exponentiel de beaucoup d’applications numériques, est la désintermédiation - ou, pour être plus exact, le remplacement d’une multitude hétéroclite d’intermédiaires et d’intervenants par un seul, placé de fait au centre de l’industrie. Or ce mécanisme est lui aussi inopérant, puisque la transmission de savoir ou son avatar moderne, l’acquisition de compétences, est par essence une médiation : apprendre est avant tout un acte social, le résultat d’une confrontation et d’un échange.
l’éducation est une expérience sociale, un échange prolongé et multiple, une conversation. L’épreuve de la pandémie nous offre une occasion unique, en bouleversant sous la contrainte les usages traditionnels : faisons donc en sorte de bâtir une éducation en ligne raisonnée et efficace, plutôt qu’un simple placebo.
La Bibliothèque Solidaire du confinement #BiblioSolidaire
Les bibliothèques sont fermées, les chercheur.se.s confinés chez eux.elles... Mais la recherche et l’enseignement continuent !
Tou.te.s, nous avons besoin pour nos cours, mémoires ou thèses d’avoir accès à des ouvrages qui nous sont inaccessibles en bibliothèque mais que d’autres chercheur.se.s pourraient avoir dans leur bibliothèque personnelle.
Le concept est donc simple : partagez ici une publication pour demander si quelqu’un a la référence donc vous avez besoin, et cette personne pourra vous l’envoyer par message privé. Certains membres postent aussi le contenu de leurs bibliothèques, vous pouvez les contacter via le groupe pour avoir accès à certains ouvrages.
En revanche, ce groupe public ne peut héberger aucun document dont ceux qui le partagent publiquement ne sont pas les auteurs : tous les échanges se font entre membres, sous leur responsabilité propre.
Nous avons mis en oeuvre un système de classement par sujets pour s’y retrouver dans les différentes disciplines, et vous pouvez utiliser des hashtag pour affiner encore le sujet de votre publication.
Ce groupe a été créé suite à une idée apparue sur Twitter.
Announcing a National Emergency Library to Provide Digitized Books to Students and the Public
To address our unprecedented global and immediate need for access to reading and research materials, as of today, March 24, 2020, the Internet Archive will suspend waitlists for the 1.4 million (and growing) books in our lending library by creating a National Emergency Library to serve the nation’s displaced learners. This suspension will run through June 30, 2020, or the end of the US national emergency, whichever is later.
During the waitlist suspension, users will be able to borrow books from the National Emergency Library without joining a waitlist, ensuring that students will have access to assigned readings and library materials that the Internet Archive has digitized for the remainder of the US academic calendar, and that people who cannot physically access their local libraries because of closure or self-quarantine can continue to read and thrive during this time of crisis, keeping themselves and others safe.
This library brings together all the books from Phillips Academy Andover and Marygrove College, and much of Trent University’s collections, along with over a million other books donated from other libraries to readers worldwide that are locked out of their libraries.
This is a response to the scores of inquiries from educators about the capacity of our lending system and the scale needed to meet classroom demands because of the closures. Working with librarians in Boston area, led by Tom Blake of Boston Public Library, who gathered course reserves and reading lists from college and school libraries, we determined which of those books the Internet Archive had already digitized. Through that work we quickly realized that our lending library wasn’t going to scale to meet the needs of a global community of displaced learners. To make a real difference for the nation and the world, we would have to take a bigger step.
“The library system, because of our national emergency, is coming to aid those that are forced to learn at home, ” said Brewster Kahle, Digital Librarian of the Internet Archive. “This was our dream for the original Internet coming to life: the Library at everyone’s fingertips.”
Public support for this emergency measure has come from over 100 individuals, libraries and universities across the world, including the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). “Ubiquitous access to open digital content has long been an important goal for MIT and MIT Libraries. Learning and research depend on it,” said Chris Bourg, Director of MIT Libraries. “In a global pandemic, robust digital lending options are key to a library’s ability to care for staff and the community, by allowing all of us to work remotely and maintain the recommended social distancing.”
We understand that we’re not going to be able to meet everyone’s needs; our collection, at 1.4 million modern books, is a fraction of the size of a large metropolitan library system or a great academic library. The books that we’ve digitized have been acquired with a focus on materials published during the 20th century, the vast majority of which do not have a commercially available ebook. This means that while readers and students are able to access latest best sellers and popular titles through services like OverDrive and Hoopla, they don’t have access to the books that only exist in paper, sitting inaccessible on their library shelves. That’s where our collection fits in—we offer digital access to books, many of which are otherwise unavailable to the public while our schools and libraries are closed. In addition to the National Emergency Library, the Internet Archive also offers free public access to 2.5 million fully downloadable public domain books, which do not require waitlists to view.
We recognize that authors and publishers are going to be impacted by this global pandemic as well. We encourage all readers who are in a position to buy books to do so, ideally while also supporting your local bookstore. If they don’t have the book you need, then Amazon or Better World Books may have copies in print or digital formats. We hope that authors will support our effort to ensure temporary access to their work in this time of crisis. We are empowering authors to explicitly opt in and donate books to the National Emergency Library if we don’t have a copy. We are also making it easy for authors to contact us to take a book out of the library. Learn more in our FAQ.
A final note on calling this a “National Emergency” Library. We lend to the world, including these books. We chose that language deliberately because we are pegging the suspension of the waitlists to the duration of the US national emergency. Users all over the world have equal access to the books now available, regardless of their location.
How you can help:
–Read books, recommend books, and teach using books from the National Emergency Library
–Sponsor a book to be digitized and preserved
– Endorse this effort institutionally or individually
– Share news about the National Emergency Library with your social media followers using #NationalEmergencyLibrary
– Donate to the Internet Archive
If you have additional questions, please check out our FAQ or contact Chris Freeland, Director of Open Libraries.
Update 3/30: To read our latest announcement about the National Emergency Library, please read our post Internet Archive responds: Why we released the National Emergency Library
Link to the #NationalEmergencyLibrary:
DOING FIELDWORK IN A PANDEMIC
Crowdsourced document initiated by Deborah Lupton (@DALupton, email@example.com) on 17 March 2020. Please do add comments and resources below as appropriate
Isolation measures to contain the spread of COVID-19 means that social researchers who conduct face-to-face fieldwork (interviews, focus groups, participant observation, ethnographies etc) are now faced with the challenge of either delaying or re-inventing their methods so that they can continue their research until these measures are relaxed.
This crowdsourced document provides a space for people to share their methods for doing fieldwork in a pandemic - specifically, ideas for avoiding in-person interactions by using mediated forms that will achieve similar ends.
Social research has been conducted online for many years, of course. PlThere are many examples of using online survey tools or doing content analyses or ethnographies using existing online interactions as research materials. Interviews have been conducted by phone or Skype for a long time. This document was initially directed at ways for how to turn fieldwork that was initially planned as using face-to-face methods into a more ‘hands-off’ mode. However, people have added useful material about ‘born digital’ research (content already generated on the internet by online interactions), which provides an alternative source of social research materials if researchers decide to go down that path.
Please add your ideas below - and do share useful references if available.
NB: Deborah also curates a community Facebook page ‘Innovative Social Research Methods’ which may be of interest for those wanting to think about new and creative ways of doing social research .Innovative Social Research Methods Public Group
Or why every other online payment method sucksWhenever someone tells you to start using new technology, the first question that comes to your mind is why? You might think: “I’m already happy current solution, so why change anything?”Therefore let’s look at current online payment gateway situation and see why merchants should start accepting Bitcoin or other #crypto currency payments.What type of online payment options there are?Online wallets: PayPal, Neteller or Skill.Card payments: Visa and Mastercard.Bank transfer: direct or via payment gateway.And how are they? Well honestly they all suck, for various reasons.1. You don’t control your moneyWhen you use banks, credit card companies or online wallet providers, they control your money and can legally do things with them that are not in your best (...)
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Thinking of Self-Studying Machine Learning? Remind yourself of these 6 things
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How to start an online video streaming business | 3 profitable ideas for video content creators
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#amazon wants to be a portal for all I need
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5 Questions to Ask While Building Your Marketplace Platform
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