organization:

  • Rafael Uzcátegui : « Nicolás Maduro garantit l’impunité pour ceux qui violent les droits humains »
    https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/international/060719/rafael-uzcategui-nicolas-maduro-garantit-limpunite-pour-ceux-qui-violent-l

    Tortures, disparitions forcées, exécutions extrajudiciaires… Le rapport de l’ONU sur les droits de l’homme au Venezuela, présenté le 5 juillet, accable le gouvernement de Nicolás Maduro. Il décrit la répression des oppositions, les manquements pour soigner, pour nourrir la population, pour rendre la justice. Entretien avec le dirigeant de l’organisation vénézuélienne Provea, Rafael Uzcátegui.

    #Amérique_Latine #Rafael_Uzcátegui,_Venezuela,_Nicolas_Maduro

  • « Statues Vivantes » à Paris (75019)

    Pour la compagnie « Le Bateau Ivre » aux côtés de l’artiste Mime Angélique Petit, formée également à l’École Internationale de Mimodrame de Paris – MARCEL MARCEAU j’ai fait ce jeudi une animation de « Statues Vivantes ». C’était lors d’une soirée privée à La Rotonde Stalingrad. Avec Anne-Marie Laussat… https://www.silencecommunity.com/blog/view/47523/« statues-vivantes »-a-paris-75019

    #journal_de_bord #artiste_mime #mime #artiste #prestation #animation #événementiel #Le_Bateau_Ivre #Paris #juillet_2019 #2019 #Statue_Vivante #île_de_france

  • Repression des Gilets Jaunes : appel à témoignage de Amnesty International

    2/Nous souhaitons rentrer en contact avec des personnes qui ont été interpellées/mises en garde à vue/poursuivies pour groupement et/ou outrage et/ou rébellion à l’encontre des personnes dépositaire de l’autorité publique, ou encore dissimulation du visage
    3/Pourquoi ?
    Nous entamons une enquête ayant pour but d’analyser les conséquences de l’application de certaines dispositions du droit pénal sur le respect du droit à la liberté de manifestation pacifique.
    4/Comment ?
    La première prise de contact se fera par mail. Ensuite votre témoignage individuel pourra être récolté par téléphone, en utilisant une messagerie sécurisée, ou lors d’une entretien face à face.
    5/Votre témoignage servira à apporter des éléments d’analyse aux restrictions de la liberté de manifester. Certains témoignages pourront éventuellement être publié dans un rapport public, avec l’accord des personnes concernées et la possibilité de préserver son anonymat.
    contactez moi ici ou par mail : marco.perolini@amnesty.org

    Source twitter : https://twitter.com/esteban80paris/status/1147146677637308418

    #gilets_jaunes #répression #violences_policieres #violences_judiciaires #maintien_de_l'ordre

  • Au procès France Télécom, les peines maximales requises contre l’entreprise et ses anciens dirigeants (Le Monde)
    https://www.crashdebug.fr/actualites-france/16222-au-proces-france-telecom-les-peines-maximales-requises-contre-l-ent

    Le parquet a notamment requis un an de prison contre l’ex-PDG Didier Lombard, jugé pour harcèlement moral dix ans après les suicides de plusieurs salariés.

    L’ancien PDG de France Télécom Didier Lombard lors du procès de l’entreprise à Paris, le 4 juillet 2019.

    STEPHANE DE SAKUTIN / AFP

    Le parquet a requis, vendredi 5 juillet, les peines maximales contre France Télécom et ses ex-dirigeants, dont l’ancien PDG Didier Lombard, jugés pour « harcèlement moral », dix ans après plusieurs suicides de salariés. « Les peines prévues par la loi à l’époque des faits sont très faibles. On ne peut que demander le maximum, a déclaré la procureure Brigitte Pesquié. Je vous demande la publication de ce jugement en pensant à tous ceux en dehors de cette salle qui attendent cette décision dans leur entreprise. »

    Le parquet a (...)

    #En_vedette #Actualités_françaises

  • Venezuela : le rapport de Michelle Bachelet à ll’ONU fustige Nicolas Maduro - Amériques - RFI
    http://www.rfi.fr/ameriques/20190705-venezuela-le-rapport-onu-embarrasse-nicolas-maduro


    Michelle Bachelet, haut commissaire de l’ONU aux droits de l’homme, fustige Nicolas Maduro dans un rapport présenté ce vendredi 5 juillet à Genève.
    REUTERS/Fausto Torrealba

    Michelle Bachelet, haut commissaire de l’ONU aux droits de l’homme, doit présenter ce vendredi 5 juillet à Genève un rapport très attendu sur le Venezuela. En réalité, il est déjà disponible depuis jeudi et c’est un coup dur pour son président, Nicolas Maduro.

    En 2018, 5 287 personnes ont été tuées pour « résistance à l’autorité » au cours d’opérations de sécurité, selon les chiffres même de Caracas. Pour l’ONU, ces opérations cacheraient en fait des meurtres. Les témoins entendus par les enquêteurs accusent les forces spéciales de s’être muées en bataillons de la mort.

    La haut commissaire aux droits de l’homme Michelle Bachelet demande leur dissolution : « L’usage de la force de manière excessive et parfois léthale a été employé à plusieurs reprises contre les manifestants. Y compris lors d’opérations de sécurité par les forces spéciales, et qui ont conduit à plusieurs meurtres, principalement des jeunes hommes », relate-t-elle.

    Selon l’ancienne présidente chilienne, « il pourrait bien s’agir d’exécutions extra-judiciaires. Ces cas doivent faire l’objet d’une enquête approfondie, pour que les auteurs de ces meurtres soient jugés. Des garanties doivent être apportées pour que ces événements ne se reproduisent pas. »

    Michele Bachelet, qui s’est rendue au Venezuela il y a deux semaines, dénonce également les disparitions forcées et les arrestations des voix critiques du régime de Maduro. Près de 800 personnes seraient toujours en détention de manière arbitraire. Les autorités ont mis en place une stratégie « visant à neutraliser, réprimer et incriminer les opposants politiques », indique le rapport.

    Une victoire pour l’opposition, un scandale pour les partisans du président ; quoi qu’il en soit ce rapport fait couler beaucoup d’encre au Venezuela.

    « Le rapport reconnaît l’existence de personnes détenues pour des raisons politiques. Il reconnaît l’existence de disparitions forcées et l’existence de tortures et de traitements inhumains. Je crois que c’est un rapport très important, au moins dans l’histoire de la répression politique que l’on vit depuis 18 à 20 ans », commente Alfredo Romero, directeur de l’organisation Foro Penal.

    • Bachelet en la ONU: Los venezolanos merecen una vida mejor y libre de miedo
      http://www.el-nacional.com/noticias/mundo/bachelet-onu-los-venezolanos-merecen-una-vida-mejor-libre-miedo_287536


      FOTO: EFE

      La alta comisionada de Naciones Unidas para los Derechos Humanos solicitó que las violaciones de derechos humanos sean investigadas a fondo para que se establezcan las responsabilidades

      Michelle Bachelet, alta comisionada de Naciones Unidas para los Derechos Humanos, subrayó este viernes el derecho de los venezolanos de tener una vida mejor, libre de miedo y con acceso a alimentos, agua y servicios sanitarios.

      «El destino de más de 30 millones de venezolanos está en las manos de las autoridades y de su habilidad para poner los derechos humanos por delante de cualquier ambición ideológica o política», señaló en su discurso de presentación del documento en Ginebra.

      El informe acusa a Nicolás Maduro de graves vulneraciones de derechos, y documenta, entre otros graves hechos, más de 6.800 ejecuciones extrajudiciales por las fuerzas de seguridad venezolanas entre enero de 2018 y mayo de 2019.

      «Estos delitos deben ser investigados a fondo, estableciendo responsabilidades para sus autores y garantizando su no repetición», afirmó la alta comisionada.

      Bachelet también denunció las repetidas informaciones recibidas sobre torturas durante detenciones arbitrarias y en este sentido recordó la muerte, recientemente, del oficial de fragata Rafael Acosta cuando se encontraba bajo custodia, un caso que pidió sea investigado de forma imparcial y transparente.

      Por otro lado, la ex presidente de Chile indicó que las instituciones y el Estado de Derecho en Venezuela se han «erosionado» y el ejercicio de las libertades de expresión, asociación, asamblea y participación corre peligro de ser castigado con represalias y represión.

      También denunció el uso repetido de «fuerza excesiva y letal contra manifestantes y ataques contra oponentes políticos y defensores de los derechos humanos, con métodos que van desde las amenazas y las campañas de descrédito a detención arbitraria, tortura, violencia sexual, asesinatos y desapariciones forzadas».

      «La única forma de salir de esta crisis es la unión, y pido que vea a la oposición y los defensores de derechos humanos como socios en la causa común de estos derechos y de la justicia, para plantar las semillas de un acuerdo duradero que lleve a la reconciliación», concluyó.

  • [BD] Mémoires balkaniques 1941-1945 : Terreur en Croatie [4]
    https://www.partage-noir.fr/spip.php?article106

    Guérilla en Dalmatie (hiver 1943-1944) La nature ayant horreur du vide, les Partisans se ruent sur la Dalmatie (façade maritime de la Croatie) abandonnée par les Italiens. Mais les nazis interviennent, afin de restaurer le pouvoir oustacha. Dépourvus d’armes lourdes, les insurgés sont repoussés dans les campagnes où ils établissent fermement leurs maquis, sous la bannière du Conseil Antifasciste de Croatie. A gauche, deux partisans en tenue mi-traditionnelle, mi-maquisard. A ce stade des (...)

    [BD] Mémoires balkaniques 1941-1945

    #[BD]Mémoires_balkaniques_1941-1945

    http://zinc.mondediplo.net/messages/128798 via Partage Noir

  • Autriche : l’extrême droite veut verdir son discours en votant l’interdiction du glyphosate
    https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/international/050719/en-autriche-lextreme-droite-cherche-verdir-son-discours-en-votant-pour-lin

    Le Parlement autrichien a voté mardi 2 juillet l’interdiction totale du glyphosate dans le pays. Une mesure adoptée notamment avec les voix des sociaux-démocrates et de l’extrême droite, qui pourrait peser dans la campagne pour les législatives à l’automne.

    #EUROPE #UE,_Autriche,_glyphosate

  • Burying the Nakba: How Israel systematically hides evidence of 1948 expulsion of Arabs
    By Hagar Shezaf Jul 05, 2019 - Israel News - Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium.MAGAZINE-how-israel-systematically-hides-evidence-of-1948-expulsio

    International forces overseeing the evacuation of Iraq al-Manshiyya, near today’s Kiryat Gat, in March, 1949. Collection of Benno Rothenberg/Israel State Archives

    Four years ago, historian Tamar Novick was jolted by a document she found in the file of Yosef Vashitz, from the Arab Department of the left-wing Mapam Party, in the Yad Yaari archive at Givat Haviva. The document, which seemed to describe events that took place during the 1948 war, began:

    “Safsaf [former Palestinian village near Safed] – 52 men were caught, tied them to one another, dug a pit and shot them. 10 were still twitching. Women came, begged for mercy. Found bodies of 6 elderly men. There were 61 bodies. 3 cases of rape, one east of from Safed, girl of 14, 4 men shot and killed. From one they cut off his fingers with a knife to take the ring.”

    The writer goes on to describe additional massacres, looting and abuse perpetrated by Israeli forces in Israel’s War of Independence. “There’s no name on the document and it’s not clear who’s behind it,” Dr. Novick tells Haaretz. “It also breaks off in the middle. I found it very disturbing. I knew that finding a document like this made me responsible for clarifying what happened.”

    The Upper Galilee village of Safsaf was captured by the Israel Defense Forces in Operation Hiram toward the end of 1948. Moshav Safsufa was established on its ruins. Allegations were made over the years that the Seventh Brigade committed war crimes in the village. Those charges are supported by the document Novick found, which was not previously known to scholars. It could also constitute additional evidence that the Israeli top brass knew about what was going on in real time.

    Novick decided to consult with other historians about the document. Benny Morris, whose books are basic texts in the study of the Nakba – the “calamity,” as the Palestinians refer to the mass emigration of Arabs from the country during the 1948 war – told her that he, too, had come across similar documentation in the past. He was referring to notes made by Mapam Central Committee member Aharon Cohen on the basis of a briefing given in November 1948 by Israel Galili, the former chief of staff of the Haganah militia, which became the IDF. Cohen’s notes in this instance, which Morris published, stated: “Safsaf 52 men tied with a rope. Dropped into a pit and shot. 10 were killed. Women pleaded for mercy. [There were] 3 cases of rape. Caught and released. A girl of 14 was raped. Another 4 were killed. Rings of knives.”

    Morris’ footnote (in his seminal “The Birth of the Palestinian Refugee Problem, 1947-1949”) states that this document was also found in the Yad Yaari Archive. But when Novick returned to examine the document, she was surprised to discover that it was no longer there.

    Palestine refugees initially displaced to Gaza board boats to Lebanon or Egypt, in 1949. Hrant Nakashian/1949 UN Archives

    “At first I thought that maybe Morris hadn’t been accurate in his footnote, that perhaps he had made a mistake,” Novick recalls. “It took me time to consider the possibility that the document had simply disappeared.” When she asked those in charge where the document was, she was told that it had been placed behind lock and key at Yad Yaari – by order of the Ministry of Defense.

    Since the start of the last decade, Defense Ministry teams have been scouring Israel’s archives and removing historic documents. But it’s not just papers relating to Israel’s nuclear project or to the country’s foreign relations that are being transferred to vaults: Hundreds of documents have been concealed as part of a systematic effort to hide evidence of the Nakba.

    The phenomenon was first detected by the Akevot Institute for Israeli-Palestinian Conflict Research. According to a report drawn up by the institute, the operation is being spearheaded by Malmab, the Defense Ministry’s secretive security department (the name is a Hebrew acronym for “director of security of the defense establishment”), whose activities and budget are classified. The report asserts that Malmab removed historical documentation illegally and with no authority, and at least in some cases has sealed documents that had previously been cleared for publication by the military censor. Some of the documents that were placed in vaults had already been published.
    An investigative report by Haaretz found that Malmab has concealed testimony from IDF generals about the killing of civilians and the demolition of villages, as well as documentation of the expulsion of Bedouin during the first decade of statehood. Conversations conducted by Haaretz with directors of public and private archives alike revealed that staff of the security department had treated the archives as their property, in some cases threatening the directors themselves.

    Yehiel Horev, who headed Malmab for two decades, until 2007, acknowledged to Haaretz that he launched the project, which is still ongoing. He maintains that it makes sense to conceal the events of 1948, because uncovering them could generate unrest among the country’s Arab population. Asked what the point is of removing documents that have already been published, he explained that the objective is to undermine the credibility of studies about the history of the refugee problem. In Horev’s view, an allegation made by a researcher that’s backed up by an original document is not the same as an allegation that cannot be proved or refuted.

    The document Novick was looking for might have reinforced Morris’ work. During the investigation, Haaretz was in fact able to find the Aharon Cohen memo, which sums up a meeting of Mapam’s Political Committee on the subject of massacres and expulsions in 1948. Participants in the meeting called for cooperation with a commission of inquiry that would investigate the events. One case the committee discussed concerned “grave actions” carried out in the village of Al-Dawayima, east of Kiryat Gat. One participant mentioned the then-disbanded Lehi underground militia in this connection. Acts of looting were also reported: “Lod and Ramle, Be’er Sheva, there isn’t [an Arab] store that hasn’t been broken into. 9th Brigade says 7, 7th Brigade says 8.”
    “The party,” the document states near the end, “is against expulsion if there is no military necessity for it. There are different approaches concerning the evaluation of necessity. And further clarification is best. What happened in Galilee – those are Nazi acts! Every one of our members must report what he knows.”

    The Israeli version
    One of the most fascinating documents about the origin of the Palestinian refugee problem was written by an officer in Shai, the precursor to the Shin Bet security service. It discusses why the country was emptied of so many of its Arab inhabitants, dwelling on the circumstances of each village. Compiled in late June 1948, it was titled “The Emigration of the Arabs of Palestine.”

    Read a translation of the document here (1)

    This document was the basis for an article that Benny Morris published in 1986. After the article appeared, the document was removed from the archive and rendered inaccessible to researchers. Years later, the Malmab team reexamined the document, and ordered that it remain classified. They could not have known that a few years later researchers from Akevot would find a copy of the text and run it past the military censors – who authorized its publication unconditionally. Now, after years of concealment, the gist of the document is being revealed here.

    The 25-page document begins with an introduction that unabashedly approves of the evacuation of the Arab villages. According to the author, the month of April “excelled in an increase of emigration,” while May “was blessed with the evacuation of maximum places.” The report then addresses “the causes of the Arab emigration.” According to the Israeli narrative that was disseminated over the years, responsibility for the exodus from Israel rests with Arab politicians who encouraged the population to leave. However, according to the document, 70 percent of the Arabs left as a result of Jewish military operations.

    Palestinian children awaiting distribution of milk by UNICEF at the Nazareth Franciscan Sisters’ convent, on January 1, 1950. AW / UN Photo

    The unnamed author of the text ranks the reasons for the Arabs’ departure in order of importance. The first reason: “Direct Jewish acts of hostility against Arab places of settlement.” The second reason was the impact of those actions on neighboring villages. Third in importance came “operations by the breakaways,” namely the Irgun and Lehi undergrounds. The fourth reason for the Arab exodus was orders issued by Arab institutions and “gangs” (as the document refers to all Arab fighting groups); fifth was “Jewish ’whispering operations’ to induce the Arab inhabitants to flee”; and the sixth factor was “evacuation ultimatums.”

    The author asserts that, “without a doubt, the hostile operations were the main cause of the movement of the population.” In addition, “Loudspeakers in the Arabic language proved their effectiveness on the occasions when they were utilized properly.” As for Irgun and Lehi operations, the report observes that “many in the villages of central Galilee started to flee following the abduction of the notables of Sheikh Muwannis [a village north of Tel Aviv]. The Arab learned that it is not enough to forge an agreement with the Haganah and that there are other Jews [i.e., the breakaway militias] to beware of.”

    The author notes that ultimatums to leave were especially employed in central Galilee, less so in the Mount Gilboa region. “Naturally, the act of this ultimatum, like the effect of the ’friendly advice,’ came after a certain preparing of the ground by means of hostile actions in the area.”
    An appendix to the document describes the specific causes of the exodus from each of scores of Arab locales: Ein Zeitun – “our destruction of the village”; Qeitiya – “harassment, threat of action”; Almaniya – “our action, many killed”; Tira – “friendly Jewish advice”; Al’Amarir – “after robbery and murder carried out by the breakaways”; Sumsum – “our ultimatum”; Bir Salim – “attack on the orphanage”; and Zarnuga – “conquest and expulsion.”

    Short fuse
    In the early 2000s, the Yitzhak Rabin Center conducted a series of interviews with former public and military figures as part of a project to document their activity in the service of the state. The long arm of Malmab seized on these interviews, too. Haaretz, which obtained the original texts of several of the interviews, compared them to the versions that are now available to the public, after large swaths of them were declared classified.

    These included, for example, sections of the testimony of Brig. Gen. (res.) Aryeh Shalev about the expulsion across the border of the residents of a village he called “Sabra.” Later in the interview, the following sentences were deleted: “There was a very serious problem in the valley. There were refugees who wanted to return to the valley, to the Triangle [a concentration of Arab towns and villages in eastern Israel]. We expelled them. I met with them to persuade them not to want that. I have papers about it.”

    In another case, Malmab decided to conceal the following segment from an interview that historian Boaz Lev Tov conducted with Maj. Gen. (res.) Elad Peled:
    Lev Tov: “We’re talking about a population – women and children?”
    Peled: “All, all. Yes.”
    Lev Tov: “Don’t you distinguish between them?”
    Peled: “The problem is very simple. The war is between two populations. They come out of their home.”
    Lev Tov: “If the home exists, they have somewhere to return to?”
    Peled: “It’s not armies yet, it’s gangs. We’re also actually gangs. We come out of the house and return to the house. They come out of the house and return to the house. It’s either their house or our house.”
    Lev Tov: “Qualms belong to the more recent generation?”
    Peled: “Yes, today. When I sit in an armchair here and think about what happened, all kinds of thoughts come to mind.”
    Lev Tov: “Wasn’t that the case then?”
    Peled: “Look, let me tell you something even less nice and cruel, about the big raid in Sasa [Palestinian village in Upper Galilee]. The goal was actually to deter them, to tell them, ‘Dear friends, the Palmach [the Haganah “shock troops”] can reach every place, you are not immune.’ That was the heart of the Arab settlement. But what did we do? My platoon blew up 20 homes with everything that was there.”
    Lev Tov: “While people were sleeping there?”
    Peled: “I suppose so. What happened there, we came, we entered the village, planted a bomb next to every house, and afterward Homesh blew on a trumpet, because we didn’t have radios, and that was the signal [for our forces] to leave. We’re running in reverse, the sappers stay, they pull, it’s all primitive. They light the fuse or pull the detonator and all those houses are gone.”

    IDF soldiers guarding Palestinians in Ramle, in 1948. Collection of Benno Rothenberg/The IDF and Defense Establishment Archives

    Another passage that the Defense Ministry wanted to keep from the public came from Dr. Lev Tov’s conversation with Maj. Gen. Avraham Tamir:
    Tamir: “I was under Chera [Maj. Gen. Tzvi Tzur, later IDF chief of staff], and I had excellent working relations with him. He gave me freedom of action – don’t ask – and I happened to be in charge of staff and operations work during two developments deriving from [Prime Minister David] Ben-Gurion’s policy. One development was when reports arrived about marches of refugees from Jordan toward the abandoned villages [in Israel]. And then Ben-Gurion lays down as policy that we have to demolish [the villages] so they won’t have anywhere to return to. That is, all the Arab villages, most of which were in [the area covered by] Central Command, most of them.”
    Lev Tov: “The ones that were still standing?”
    Tamir: “The ones that weren’t yet inhabited by Israelis. There were places where we had already settled Israelis, like Zakariyya and others. But most of them were still abandoned villages.”
    Lev Tov: “That were standing?”
    Tamir: “Standing. It was necessary for there to be no place for them to return to, so I mobilized all the engineering battalions of Central Command, and within 48 hours I knocked all those villages to the ground. Period. There’s no place to return to.”
    Lev Tov: “Without hesitation, I imagine.”
    Tamir: “Without hesitation. That was the policy. I mobilized, I carried it out and I did it.”

    Crates in vaults
    The vault of the Yad Yaari Research and Documentation Center is one floor below ground level. In the vault, which is actually a small, well-secured room, are stacks of crates containing classified documents. The archive houses the materials of the Hashomer Hatzair movement, the Kibbutz Ha’artzi kibbutz movement, Mapam, Meretz and other bodies, such as Peace Now.
    The archive’s director is Dudu Amitai, who is also chairman of the Association of Israel Archivists. According to Amitai, Malmab personnel visited the archive regularly between 2009 and 2011. Staff of the archive relate that security department teams – two Defense Ministry retirees with no archival training – would show up two or three times a week. They searched for documents according to such keywords as “nuclear,” “security” and “censorship,” and also devoted considerable time to the War of Independence and the fate of the pre-1948 Arab villages.
    “In the end, they submitted a summary to us, saying that they had located a few dozen sensitive documents,” Amitai says. “We don’t usually take apart files, so dozens of files, in their entirety, found their way into our vault and were removed from the public catalog.” A file might contain more than 100 documents.
    One of the files that was sealed deals with the military government that controlled the lives of Israel’s Arab citizens from 1948 until 1966. For years, the documents were stored in the same vault, inaccessible to scholars. Recently, in the wake of a request by Prof. Gadi Algazi, a historian from Tel Aviv University, Amitai examined the file himself and ruled that there was no reason not to unseal it, Malmab’s opinion notwithstanding.

    According to Algazi, there could be several reasons for Malmab’s decision to keep the file classified. One of them has to do with a secret annex it contains to a report by a committee that examined the operation of the military government. The report deals almost entirely with land-ownership battles between the state and Arab citizens, and barely touches on security matters.

    Another possibility is a 1958 report by the ministerial committee that oversaw the military government. In one of the report’s secret appendixes, Col. Mishael Shaham, a senior officer in the military government, explains that one reason for not dismantling the martial law apparatus is the need to restrict Arab citizens’ access to the labor market and to prevent the reestablishment of destroyed villages.
    A third possible explanation for hiding the file concerns previously unpublished historical testimony about the expulsion of Bedouin. On the eve of Israel’s establishment, nearly 100,000 Bedouin lived in the Negev. Three years later, their number was down to 13,000. In the years during and after the independence war, a number of expulsion operations were carried out in the country’s south. In one case, United Nations observers reported that Israel had expelled 400 Bedouin from the Azazma tribe and cited testimonies of tents being burned. The letter that appears in the classified file describes a similar expulsion carried out as late as 1956, as related by geologist Avraham Parnes:

    The evacuation of Iraq al-Manshiyya, near today’s Kiryat Gat, in March, 1949. Collection of Benno Rothenberg/The IDF and Defense Establishment Archives

    “A month ago we toured Ramon [crater]. The Bedouin in the Mohila area came to us with their flocks and their families and asked us to break bread with them. I replied that we had a great deal of work to do and didn’t have time. In our visit this week, we headed toward Mohila again. Instead of the Bedouin and their flocks, there was deathly silence. Scores of camel carcasses were scattered in the area. We learned that three days earlier the IDF had ‘screwed’ the Bedouin, and their flocks were destroyed – the camels by shooting, the sheep with grenades. One of the Bedouin, who started to complain, was killed, the rest fled.”

    The testimony continued, “Two weeks earlier, they’d been ordered to stay where they were for the time being, afterward they were ordered to leave, and to speed things up 500 head were slaughtered.... The expulsion was executed ‘efficiently.’” The letter goes on to quote what one of the soldiers said to Parnes, according to his testimony: “They won’t go unless we’ve screwed their flocks. A young girl of about 16 approached us. She had a beaded necklace of brass snakes. We tore the necklace and each of us took a bead for a souvenir.”

    The letter was originally sent to MK Yaakov Uri, from Mapai (forerunner of Labor), who passed it on to Development Minister Mordechai Bentov (Mapam). “His letter shocked me,” Uri wrote Bentov. The latter circulated the letter among all the cabinet ministers, writing, “It is my opinion that the government cannot simply ignore the facts related in the letter.” Bentov added that, in light of the appalling contents of the letter, he asked security experts to check its credibility. They had confirmed that the contents “do in fact generally conform to the truth.”

    Nuclear excuse
    It was during the tenure of historian Tuvia Friling as Israel’s chief archivist, from 2001 to 2004, that Malmab carried out its first archival incursions. What began as an operation to prevent the leakage of nuclear secrets, he says, became, in time, a large-scale censorship project.
    “I resigned after three years, and that was one of the reasons,” Prof. Friling says. “The classification placed on the document about the Arabs’ emigration in 1948 is precisely an example of what I was apprehensive about. The storage and archival system is not an arm of the state’s public relations. If there’s something you don’t like – well, that’s life. A healthy society also learns from its mistakes.”

    Why did Friling allow the Defense Ministry to have access the archives? The reason, he says, was the intention to give the public access to archival material via the internet. In discussions about the implications of digitizing the material, concern was expressed that references in the documents to a “certain topic” would be made public by mistake. The topic, of course, is Israel’s nuclear project. Friling insists that the only authorization Malmab received was to search for documents on that subject.

    But Malmab’s activity is only one example of a broader problem, Friling notes: “In 1998, the confidentiality of the [oldest documents in the] Shin Bet and Mossad archives expired. For years those two institutions disdained the chief archivist. When I took over, they requested that the confidentiality of all the material be extended [from 50] to 70 years, which is ridiculous – most of the material can be opened.”

    In 2010, the confidentiality period was extended to 70 years; last February it was extended again, to 90 years, despite the opposition of the Supreme Council of Archives. “The state may impose confidentiality on some of its documentation,” Friling says. “The question is whether the issue of security doesn’t act as a kind of cover. In many cases, it’s already become a joke.”
    In the view of Yad Yaari’s Dudu Amitai, the confidentiality imposed by the Defense Ministry must be challenged. In his period at the helm, he says, one of the documents placed in the vault was an order issued by an IDF general, during a truce in the War of Independence, for his troops to refrain from rape and looting. Amitai now intends to go over the documents that were deposited in the vault, especially 1948 documents, and open whatever is possible. “We’ll do it cautiously and responsibly, but recognizing that the State of Israel has to learn how to cope with the less pleasant aspects of its history.”
    In contrast to Yad Yaari, where ministry personnel no longer visit, they are continuing to peruse documents at Yad Tabenkin, the research and documentation center of the United Kibbutz Movement. The director, Aharon Azati, reached an agreement with the Malmab teams under which documents will be transferred to the vault only if he is convinced that this is justified. But in Yad Tabenkin, too, Malmab has broadened its searches beyond the realm of nuclear project to encompass interviews conducted by archival staff with former members of the Palmach, and has even perused material about the history of the settlements in the occupied territories.

    Malmab has, for example, shown interest in the Hebrew-language book “A Decade of Discretion: Settlement Policy in the Territories 1967-1977,” published by Yad Tabenkin in 1992, and written by Yehiel Admoni, director of the Jewish Agency’s Settlement Department during the decade he writes about. The book mentions a plan to settle Palestinian refugees in the Jordan Valley and to the uprooting of 1,540 Bedouin families from the Rafah area of the Gaza Strip in 1972, including an operation that included the sealing of wells by the IDF. Ironically, in the case of the Bedouin, Admoni quotes former Justice Minister Yaakov Shimshon Shapira as saying, “It is not necessary to stretch the security rationale too far. The whole Bedouin episode is not a glorious chapter of the State of Israel.”

    Palestinian refugees leaving their village, unknown location, 1948. UNRWA

    According to Azati, “We are moving increasingly to a tightening of the ranks. Although this is an era of openness and transparency, there are apparently forces that are pulling in the opposite direction.”
    Unauthorized secrecy
    About a year ago, the legal adviser to the State Archives, attorney Naomi Aldouby, wrote an opinion titled “Files Closed Without Authorization in Public Archives.” According to her, the accessibility policy of public archives is the exclusive purview of the director of each institution.
    Despite Aldouby’s opinion, however, in the vast majority of cases, archivists who encountered unreasonable decisions by Malmab did not raise objections – that is, until 2014, when Defense Ministry personnel arrived at the archive of the Harry S. Truman Research Institute at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. To the visitors’ surprise, their request to examine the archive – which contains collections of former minister and diplomat Abba Eban and Maj. Gen. (res.) Shlomo Gazit – was turned down by its then director, Menahem Blondheim.

    According to Blondheim, “I told them that the documents in question were decades old, and that I could not imagine that there was any security problem that would warrant restricting their access to researchers. In response, they said, ‘And let’s say there is testimony here that wells were poisoned in the War of Independence?’ I replied, ‘Fine, those people should be brought to trial.’”
    Blondheim’s refusal led to a meeting with a more senior ministry official, only this time the attitude he encountered was different and explicit threats were made. Finally the two sides reached an accommodation.
    Benny Morris is not surprised at Malmab’s activity. “I knew about it,” he says “Not officially, no one informed me, but I encountered it when I discovered that documents I had seen in the past are now sealed. There were documents from the IDF Archive that I used for an article about Deir Yassin, and which are now sealed. When I came to the archive, I was no longer allowed to see the original, so I pointed out in a footnote [in the article] that the State Archive had denied access to documents that I had published 15 years earlier.”
    The Malmab case is only one example of the battle being waged for access to archives in Israel. According to the executive director of the Akevot Institute, Lior Yavne, “The IDF Archive, which is the largest archive in Israel, is sealed almost hermetically. About 1 percent of the material is open. The Shin Bet archive, which contains materials of immense importance [to scholars], is totally closed apart from a handful of documents.”

    A report written by Yaacov Lozowick, the previous chief archivist at the State Archives, upon his retirement, refers to the defense establishment’s grip on the country’s archival materials. In it, he writes, “A democracy must not conceal information because it is liable to embarrass the state. In practice, the security establishment in Israel, and to a certain extent that of foreign relations as well, are interfering with the [public] discussion.”

    Advocates of concealment put forward several arguments, Lozowick notes: “The uncovering of the facts could provide our enemies with a battering ram against us and weaken the determination of our friends; it’s liable to stir up the Arab population; it could enfeeble the state’s arguments in courts of law; and what is revealed could be interpreted as Israeli war crimes.” However, he says, “All these arguments must be rejected. This is an attempt to hide part of the historical truth in order to construct a more convenient version.”

    What Malmab says
    Yehiel Horev was the keeper of the security establishment’s secrets for more than two decades. He headed the Defense Ministry’s security department from 1986 until 2007 and naturally kept out of the limelight. To his credit, he now agreed to talk forthrightly to Haaretz about the archives project.
    “I don’t remember when it began,” Horev says, “but I do know that I started it. If I’m not mistaken, it started when people wanted to publish documents from the archives. We had to set up teams to examine all outgoing material.”
    From conversations with archive directors, it’s clear that a good deal of the documents on which confidentiality was imposed relate to the War of Independence. Is concealing the events of 1948 part of the purpose of Malmab?

    Palestinian refugees in the Ramle area, 1948. Boris Carmi / The IDF and Defense Establishment Archives

    “What does ‘part of the purpose’ mean? The subject is examined based on an approach of whether it could harm Israel’s foreign relations and the defense establishment. Those are the criteria. I think it’s still relevant. There has not been peace since 1948. I may be wrong, but to the best of my knowledge the Arab-Israeli conflict has not been resolved. So yes, it could be that problematic subjects remain.”

    Asked in what way such documents might be problematic, Horev speaks of the possibility of agitation among the country’s Arab citizens. From his point of view, every document must be perused and every case decided on its merits.

    If the events of 1948 weren’t known, we could argue about whether this approach is the right one. That is not the case. Many testimonies and studies have appeared about the history of the refugee problem. What’s the point of hiding things?
    “The question is whether it can do harm or not. It’s a very sensitive matter. Not everything has been published about the refugee issue, and there are all kinds of narratives. Some say there was no flight at all, only expulsion. Others say there was flight. It’s not black-and-white. There’s a difference between flight and those who say they were forcibly expelled. It’s a different picture. I can’t say now if it merits total confidentiality, but it’s a subject that definitely has to be discussed before a decision is made about what to publish.”

    For years, the Defense Ministry has imposed confidentiality on a detailed document that describes the reasons for the departure of those who became refugees. Benny Morris has already written about the document, so what’s the logic of keeping it hidden?
    “I don’t remember the document you’re referring to, but if he quoted from it and the document itself is not there [i.e., where Morris says it is], then his facts aren’t strong. If he says, ‘Yes, I have the document,’ I can’t argue with that. But if he says that it’s written there, that could be right and it could be wrong. If the document were already outside and were sealed in the archive, I would say that that’s folly. But if someone quoted from it – there’s a difference of day and night in terms of the validity of the evidence he cited.”

    In this case, we’re talking about the most quoted scholar when it comes to the Palestinian refugees.
    “The fact that you say ‘scholar’ makes no impression on me. I know people in academia who spout nonsense about subjects that I know from A to Z. When the state imposes confidentiality, the published work is weakened, because he doesn’t have the document.”

    But isn’t concealing documents based on footnotes in books an attempt to lock the barn door after the horses have bolted?
    “I gave you an example that this needn’t be the case. If someone writes that the horse is black, if the horse isn’t outside the barn, you can’t prove that it’s really black.”

    There are legal opinions stating that Malmab’s activity in the archives is illegal and unauthorized.
    “If I know that an archive contains classified material, I am empowered to tell the police to go there and confiscate the material. I can also utilize the courts. I don’t need the archivist’s authorization. If there is classified material, I have the authority to act. Look, there’s policy. Documents aren’t sealed for no reason. And despite it all, I won’t say to you that everything that’s sealed is 100 percent justified [in being sealed].”

    The Defense Ministry refused to respond to specific questions regarding the findings of this investigative report and made do with the following response: “The director of security of the defense establishment operates by virtue of his responsibility to protect the state’s secrets and its security assets. The Malmab does not provide details about its mode of activity or its missions.”

    Lee Rotbart assisted in providing visual research for this article.

    (1) https://www.haaretz.co.il/st/inter/Heng/1948.pdf

  • Greek election: Voters crave return to mainstream politics
    https://apnews.com/3f6cb9737cda457282ede8e9e43417ed

    Left-wing Prime Minister Alexis Tsipras called the snap poll after being trounced in May’s European parliamentary elections and several months after his coalition with a nationalist partner collapsed. It followed a grueling four years in office for Tsipras, largely defined by economic hardship and a slow recovery after Greece limped out of an international bailout.

    si c’est vrai, ça fait quand même bien chier.

  • Israël a rétabli ses liens avec Oman, annonce le chef du Mossad
    OLJ/AFP - 01/07/2019
    https://www.lorientlejour.com/article/1177129/israel-a-retabli-ses-liens-avec-oman-annonce-le-chef-du-mossad.html

    Yossi Cohen, chef des services secrets israéliens, le Mossad. Photo d’archives. REUTERS/Ronen Zvulun

    Le climat actuel crée « une opportunité sans précédent, peut-être même la première de l’histoire du Moyen-Orient, pour atteindre une entente régionale qui pourrait mener à un accord de paix global », souligne Yossi Cohen.

    Israël a rétabli des « relations officielles » avec le sultanat d’Oman, médiateur discret dans plusieurs crises régionales, a annoncé lundi le chef des services secrets israéliens, le Mossad.

    « Tout récemment, le rétablissement de relations officielles avec Oman a été annoncé ainsi que la mise en place d’un bureau de représentation du ministère (israélien) des Affaires étrangères dans ce pays », a déclaré Yossi Cohen, lors d’une conférence à Herzliya, près de Tel-Aviv.

    Dans les années 1990, Israël et Oman avaient ouvert chacun un bureau de représentation commerciale avant que le sultanat ne décide de les fermer en 2000, dans le sillage de la deuxième Intifada palestinienne.

    Le rétablissement des liens entre les deux pays est « la partie visible d’un effort bien plus large, qui reste secret », selon M. Cohen.

    Cette annonce intervient quelques jours après une conférence à Bahreïn sur le volet économique d’un plan américain censé ouvrir la voie à un règlement du conflit israélo-palestinien. L’Autorité palestinienne a boycotté cette rencontre, accusant Washington de partialité pro-Israël. Israël n’a pas dépêché de représentant officiel, mais fait sans précédent, des chercheurs et des journalistes israéliens, invités par la Maison Blanche, y côtoyaient, dans les grandes salles, des officiels des pays du Golfe. Des représentants du sultanat d’Oman étaient également présents.

    Jeudi, le chef de la diplomatie bahreïnie a déclaré que l’Etat hébreu faisait partie de « l’héritage de cette région historiquement » et que « le peuple juif a une place parmi nous », des déclarations inédites. (...)

  • How Poppy Northcutt became the first woman in the Apollo mission control room | Salon.com
    https://www.salon.com/2019/07/04/how-poppy-northcutt-became-the-first-woman-in-the-apollo-mission-control-room

    When most people think about the Apollo space program, and the people behind those historic missions, a slew of white men might come to mind: Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, Jim Lovell — the astronauts who went to the moon. But as Frances “Poppy” Northcutt told me in our interview, just as it takes a village to raise a child, it takes a village to take someone to the moon, too. “The teamwork that was involved is one of the most incredible things about Apollo,” Northcutt told Salon. “The extent of the team — people don’t understand that team wasn’t just what you saw on TV.” Rather, it was about 400,000 people spread all around the world, she explains.

    One of those 400,000 was Northcutt herself. As the first woman to work in Apollo’s Mission Control Room — as an engineer — she was responsible for calculating return trajectories for Apollo 8, the first mission to leave Earth’s orbit and circle the moon. Among other missions to the moon that she worked on, she famously helped retrieve the Apollo 13 astronauts after a mid-flight disaster. But you would never know a woman was behind that from watching the 1995 Hollywood movie about that near-deadly mishap. Northcutt’s erasure from “Apollo 13” embodies how women who were paramount to the Apollo moon missions were confined to the background for decades.

    #Espace #Apollo #Femmes

  • #G7 : une gestion policière dans le sillage de la crise des Gilets Jaunes ?
    https://lemediapresse.fr/politique/g7-une-gestion-policiere-dans-le-sillage-de-la-crise-des-gilets-jaunes

    C’est ce que confirme notre échange à #Biarritz avec le ministre de l’Intérieur Christophe #Castaner, en visite sous haute sécurité pour préparer le sommet des 24, 25 et 26 août 2019. 

    #Politique #Social #abertzale #ETA #G20 #Hambourg #Irun #Macron #Pays_Basque #Seattle

  • How music about space became music about drugs - MIT Technology Review
    https://www.technologyreview.com/s/613762/space-music-drugs

    The rock era and the space age exist on parallel time lines. The Soviets launched Sputnik in October 1957, the same month Elvis Presley hit #1 with “Jailhouse Rock.” The first Beatles single, “Love Me Do,” was released 23 days after John F. Kennedy declared that America would go to the moon (and not because it was easy, but because it was hard). Apollo 11 landed the same summer as Woodstock. These specific events are (of course) coincidences. Yet the larger arc is not. Mankind’s assault upon the heavens was the most dramatic achievement of the 20th century’s second half, simultaneous with rock’s transformation of youth culture. It does not take a deconstructionist to see the influence of the former on the latter. The number of pop lyrics fixated on the concept of space is massive, and perhaps even predictable. It was the language of the era. But what’s more complicated is what that concept came to signify, particularly in terms of how the silence of space was somehow supposed to sound.

    The principal figure in this conversation is also the most obvious: David Bowie. In a playlist of the greatest pop songs ever written about life beyond the stratosphere, 1969’s “Space Oddity” would be the opening cut, a musical experience so definitive that its unofficial sequel—the 1983 synth-pop “Major Tom (Coming Home)” by German one-hit wonder Peter Schilling—would probably be track number two. The lyrical content of “Space Oddity” is spoken more than sung, and the story is straightforward: an astronaut (Major Tom) rockets into space and something goes terribly wrong. It’s odd, in retrospect, that a song with such a pessimistic view of space travel would be released just 10 days before Neil Armstrong stepped on the lunar surface. That level of pessimism, however, would become the standard way for rock musicians to write about science. Outside of Sun Ra or Ace Frehley, it’s hard to find serious songs about space that aren’t framed as isolating or depressing.

    Space is a vacuum: the only song capturing the verbatim resonance of space is John Cage’s perfectly silent “4’33".” Any artist purporting to embody the acoustics of the cosmos is projecting a myth. That myth, however, is collective and widely understood. Space has no sound, but certain sounds are “spacey.” Part of this is due to “Space Oddity”; another part comes from cinema, particularly the soundtrack to 2001 (the epic power of classical music by Richard Strauss and György Ligeti). Still another factor is the consistent application of specific instruments, like the ondes martenot (a keyboard that vaguely simulates a human voice, used most famously in the theme to the TV show Star Trek). The shared assumptions about what makes music extraterrestrial are now so accepted that we tend to ignore how strange it is that we all agree on something impossible.

    Unsurprisingly, the ambiance of these tracks merged with psychedelic tendencies. The idea of “music about space” became shorthand for “music about drugs,” and sometimes for “music to play when you are taking drugs and thinking about space.” And this, at a base level, is the most accurate definition of the genre we now called space rock.

    The apotheosis of all the fake audio signifiers for interstellar displacement, Dark Side of the Moon (and its 1975 follow-up Wish You Were Here) perfected the synthesizer, defining it as the musical vehicle for soundtracking the future. Originally conceived as a way to replicate analog instruments, first-generation synthesizers saw their limitations become their paradoxical utility: though incapable of credibly simulating a real guitar, they could create an unreal guitar tone that was innovative and warmly inhuman. It didn’t have anything to do with actual astronomy, but it seemed to connote both the wonder and terror of an infinite universe. By now, describing pop music as “spacey” usually just means it sounds a little like Pink Floyd.

    What has happened, it seems, is that our primitive question about the moon’s philosophical proximity to Earth has been incrementally resolved. What once seemed distant has microscoped to nothingness. When rock music was new, space was new—and it seemed so far beyond us. Anything was possible. It was a creative dreamscape. But you know what? We eventually got there. We went to space so often that people got bored. The two Voyager craft had already drifted past Pluto before Nirvana released Nevermind in 1991. You can see a picture of a black hole in the New York Times. The notion that outer space is vast and unknowable has been replaced by the notion that space is exactly as it should be, remarkable as it is anodyne.

    #Musique #Espace #David_Bowie #Pink_Floyd

  • L’Autriche devient le premier pays européen à interdire totalement le glyphosate
    https://www.lemonde.fr/planete/article/2019/07/02/autriche-le-parlement-approuve-l-interdiction-totale-du-glyphosate_5484459_3

    Le Parlement autrichien a approuvé, mardi 2 juillet, une interdiction totale du #glyphosate sur le territoire national, faisant de l’Autriche le premier pays de l’#Union_européenne (UE) à bannir l’herbicide controversé au nom du « principe de précaution ».

    [...] Cette mesure d’interdiction totale soumise par la gauche fait débat depuis plusieurs semaines en Autriche, ses opposants faisant valoir qu’elle n’est pas conforme avec la règlementation européenne puisque la licence d’utilisation du glyphosate dans l’UE, renouvelée en 2017 par l’exécutif européen, court jusqu’au 15 décembre 2022.

    [...] En France, le gouvernement a promis que le glyphosate serait interdit « dans ses principaux usages » d’ici 2021 et « pour tous les usages » d’ici cinq ans. Son usage y est déjà restreint, interdit depuis début 2019 pour les non professionnels comme pour les jardiniers amateurs et banni depuis 2017 pour les espaces verts publics.

  • #Féminicides. Mourir sous les coups n’est pas une fatalité | L’Humanité
    https://www.humanite.fr/feminicides-mourir-sous-les-coups-nest-pas-une-fatalite-674525

    Les 72 femmes tuées depuis début 2019 ont-elles effectivement été victimes de ces « dysfonctionnements » ? C’est pour répondre à cette question que le Haut Conseil à l’égalité entre les femmes et les hommes (#HCE) a proposé lundi d’être « officiellement » missionné sur le sujet. L’idée est d’avoir accès aux données des services sociaux, de la police, de la gendarmerie et de la #justice pour comprendre quelles ont été les failles qui ont conduit à ces 72 meurtres. « Y a-t-il eu plainte, enquête, protection de la plaignante et, le cas échéant, de ses enfants, jugement ? Comment ont été mis en œuvre les dispositifs de protection déjà prévus par la loi ? » détaille le HCE. Les deux coprésidents de la commission #violences du Haut Conseil, Ernestine Ronai et le magistrat Édouard Durand, pourraient mener ce travail d’enquête minutieux. Reste à obtenir le feu vert du gouvernement. Pour l’heure, celui-ci répond qu’il a saisi l’Inspection générale de la justice, le 21 juin. « C’est bien, mais ça ne suffit pas, assure la responsable de l’Observatoire départemental des violences envers les femmes de Seine-Saint-Denis, car il faut aussi interroger le rôle de la police, des structures de santé, avoir l’expertise des associations… »

    Une « grande cause », limitée à 0,0066 % du budget de l’État | L’Humanité
    https://www.humanite.fr/une-grande-cause-limitee-00066-du-budget-de-letat-674527

    Pour la seule lutte contre les violences faites aux femmes, le Haut Conseil estime qu’il faudrait au minimum investir 500 millions d’euros, là où la somme totale cédée à Marlène Schiappa est de… 30 millions d’euros.

  • stop aux violences familiales, conjugales et sexuelles : 40 ans après la Suède, la France devient le 56ème pays à interdire les châtiments corporels et toute forme de violences éducatives y compris dans la famille.
    http://stopauxviolences.blogspot.com/2019/07/40-ans-apres-la-suede-la-france-devient.html

    C’est une victoire ! Le long combat que nous sommes nombreux.ses à avoir mené menons depuis plusieurs années contre ces violences faites aux enfants sous couvert d’éducation et exercées dans le cadre de l’autorité parentale pour qu’elles soient enfin reconnues et interdites explicitement comme des violations des droits de l’enfants et des atteintes à leur dignité et à leur intégrité physique et mentale a enfin abouti au vote définitif d’une interdiction des violences éducatives ordinaires ce mardi 2 juillet 2019 .

    Cette loi était très attendue après la déception causée par la déclaration d’anticonstitutionnalité à la suite d’une QPC pour une raison de forme en 2017 d’une première loi présentée par Laurence Rossignol alors ministre des familles, de l’enfance et des droits des femmes et votée en 2016.

    Le Sénat a adopté à l’unanimité sans modification, en première lecture le 2 juillet 2019, la proposition de loi relative à l’interdiction des violences éducatives ordinaires, adoptée par l’Assemblée nationale en première lecture le 29 novembre 2018, dont la teneur suit :

  • Ruha Benjamin : ‘We definitely can’t wait for Silicon Valley to become more diverse’
    https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2019/jun/29/ruha-benjamin-we-cant-wait-silicon-valley-become-more-diverse-prejudice

    The sociologist on how discrimination is embedded in technology – and how we go about building a fairer world Ruha Benjamin is an associate professor of African American studies at Princeton University, and lectures around the intersection of race, justice and technology. She founded the Just Data Lab, which aims to bring together activists, technologists and artists to reassess how data can be used for justice. Her latest book, Race After Technology, looks at how the design of technology (...)

    #algorithme #discrimination #GAFAM

    https://i.guim.co.uk/img/media/514189e4635af958ac9e95f8d9286ee18e69a7db/0_187_4016_2408/master/4016.jpg

  • Le #HCR se félicite du soutien de 175 villes à travers le #monde entier en faveur des réfugiés

    A l’occasion de la Journée mondiale 2019 du réfugié, le HCR, l’Agence des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés, remercie les maires de dizaines de villes dans environ 50 pays d’avoir ajouté leur soutien à une déclaration mondiale d’accueil et d’inclusion pour les familles déracinées. Cette déclaration s’inscrit dans le cadre de l’initiative du HCR Cities#WithRefugees ou « Villes #Aveclesréfugiés », qui existe depuis un an et qui a été signée par près de 175 villes.

    Ce geste de #solidarité envers les réfugiés est d’autant plus important car, selon le rapport statistique annuel du HCR sur les Tendances mondiales publié hier, environ 61% des réfugiés et 80% des personnes déplacées internes vivent en milieu urbain. Les villes, les autorités locales et les municipalités jouent un rôle essentiel dans le soutien et l’accueil des réfugiés et d’autres personnes déplacées. Ils offrent la sécurité et un logement décent. Par ailleurs, ils peuvent permettre l’accès aux services locaux, à l’éducation et à des opportunités d’emploi.

    Dans l’ensemble, le rapport statistique annuel sur les Tendances mondiales montre que le nombre de personnes déracinées par la guerre, les conflits ou les persécutions a doublé ces 20 dernières années.

    Face à des niveaux toujours plus élevés de déplacement forcé - et parallèlement à des niveaux croissants de xénophobie dans le monde - des villes comme Paris en France, Montevideo en Uruguay, Lahore au Pakistan, Bucarest en Roumanie, Vancouver au Canada et Atlanta aux Etats-Unis appellent également d’autres maires et autorités locales à travers le monde à se joindre à eux dans leurs efforts concertés pour accueillir et inclure des réfugiés dans leurs communautés.

    « Les villes sont à l’avant-garde des nouvelles approches en matière d’accueil, d’inclusion et d’offre d’opportunités aux réfugiés », a déclaré Filippo Grandi, Haut Commissaire des Nations Unies pour les réfugiés. « J’ai une grande admiration pour ces maires, pour ces autorités locales et pour les habitants de ces villes qui oeuvrent en faveur de la solidarité. Nous attendons d’eux qu’ils défendent ces valeurs et qu’ils poursuivent cet important travail. »

    « Nous n’avons pas le luxe de faire de la politique car il nous faut que les choses fonctionnent, non seulement pour les nouveaux arrivants mais aussi pour les communautés établies dans nos villes. Ce que nous avons, c’est la capacité de réunir nos forces et des ressources différentes pour faire de l’inclusion une réalité – tout en mobilisant les contributions des secteurs public, privé et bénévole afin de trouver des solutions concrètes à nos défis les plus urgents », a déclaré Marvin Jonathan Rees, le maire de Bristol au Royaume-Uni et l’un des premiers signataires de l’initiative Cities #WithRefugees, pour décrire le rôle unique des dirigeants au niveau local.

    Au niveau mondial, le Pacte mondial sur les réfugiés, qui vise à mettre en œuvre une approche plus globale de la gestion des crises de réfugiés, reconnaît le rôle important des autorités locales en tant que premiers intervenants dans les situations de réfugiés à grande échelle. Le HCR organisera le tout premier Forum mondial sur les réfugiés en décembre 2019, qui sera l’occasion de catalyser des partenariats novateurs entre les secteurs et pour tous les acteurs concernés - gouvernements, société civile, secteur privé, organisations internationales et autres - afin de changer concrètement la vie des réfugiés et des communautés hôtes.

    https://www.unhcr.org/fr-fr/news/press/2019/6/5d0b8549a/hcr-felicite-soutien-175-villes-travers-monde-entier-faveur-refugies.html
    #villes-refuge #asile #migrations #réfugiés #accueil
    #Cities#WithRefugees

    Ajouté à la métaliste :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/759145

  • Par un arrêt du 28 juin 2019, le Conseil d’État dépossède les communes ayant apporté la compétence d’organisation de la distribution d’électricité à des syndicats intercommunaux de la propriété du réseau de distribution électrique basse tension. Les syndicats, dans l’immense majorité syndicats départementaux, en deviennent propriétaires.

    #Linky et le lien intercommunal
    https://blog.landot-avocats.net/2019/07/04/linky-et-le-lien-intercommunal

    La commune est-elle encore compétence pour délibérer sur les compteurs Linky alors que sa qualité d’autorité organisatrice de ces réseaux a été transférée à un EPCI ou à un syndicat mixte ? NON répond le Conseil d’Etat, ce qui rend encore plus compliqué pour les communes leur fronde anti-Linky.

    C’est peu de dire que la fronde de nombre de communes en matière de compteurs Linky n’est que rarement couronnée de succès au contentieux, sauf à se limiter à de prudentes informations sur les droits d’opposition des usagers en ce domaine. Voir par exemple :
    […]
    Mais nombre de communes vont maintenant connaître, sur ce terrain, des échecs contentieux encore plus en amont que ce qui résulte d’une étude sur le fond : souvent, elles vont, maintenant, être jugées irrecevables, tout simplement.

    La raison en est qu’elles ont perdu leur compétence (sauf à ce que ce ne soit pas une délibération qui aura été prise, mais un arrêté du maire au titre de ses pouvoirs de police… mais là encore en allant vers un échec quasi certain sauf cas particulier ou sauf [peut-être] arrêté de rappel de quelques règles minimales d’information et de sécurité).

    Le raisonnement est le suivant… et il est peu parable car tenu par le Conseil d’Etat lui-même.

    Le Conseil d’Etat a en effet estimé qu’il résulte de la combinaison du premier alinéa de l’article L. 1321-1, de l’article L. 1321-4 et du deuxième alinéa du IV de l’article L. 2224-31 du code général des collectivités territoriales (CGCT) ainsi que du premier alinéa de l’article L. 322-4 du code de l’énergie que la propriété des ouvrages des réseaux publics de distribution d’électricité est attachée à la qualité d’autorité organisatrice de ces réseaux.

    Sur ce point, nul doute.

    Le Conseil d’Etat en déduit que lorsqu’une commune transfère sa compétence en matière d’organisation de la distribution d’électricité à un établissement public de coopération, celui-ci devient autorité organisatrice sur le territoire de la commune, et propriétaire des ouvrages des réseaux en cause, y compris des installations de comptage visées à l’article D. 342-1 du code de l’énergie.

    Il en résulte que la commune n’était pas compétente pour s’opposer aux compteurs Linky qui relèvent d’une compétence qu’elle n’a plus, car en l’espèce ladite compétence avait (comme presque partout en France) transférée à un grand syndicat départemental d’électricité.

    Donc les délibérations en ce domaine, usuellement illégales sur le fond, le sont désormais nettement aussi pour incompétence. Encore une fois, seul le maire (ou la structure en charge des compétences énergétiques correspondantes) pourrait agir. Via des mesures d’information ou des pouvoirs de police pour le maire, avec des mesures légales limitées à de très prudentes informations des usagers, sans plus.

    • communiqué de Stéphane Homme

      Linky : avec la bénédiction du Conseil d’Etat, les communes se font officiellement voler leurs compteurs d’électricité...
      Stop Linky 28 - NON AUX COMPTEURS COMMUNICANTS ET À LA 5G !
      http://stoplinky28.blogg.org

      Très concrètement, avec la bénédiction du Conseil d’Etat, les communes sont littéralement en train de se faire voler leurs compteurs d’électricité, ce qui est totalement inadmissible. De plus, s’il n’est pas remis en cause, ce coup de force pourra être réédité concernant d’autres éléments de patrimoine.

      Les 36 000 maires de France vont-ils se laisser dépouiller sans réagir ? Il est vrai que l’Association des maires de France a pris fait et cause pour Enedis et non pour ses communes adhérentes.

  • Alexandre Langlois, secrétaire général de VIGI a été suspendu sans paie pour 12 mois, dont six avec sursis.

    Ma réponse à la tentative de censure politique de Monsieur CASTANER jeudi 4 juillet 2019
    https://vigimi.fr/f/actualites-fr/entry/ma-reponse-a-la-tentative-de-censure-politique-de-monsieur-castaner

    (...) Du coup qu’est ce qui a froissé tout ce beau monde et que je n’aurais pas dû dénoncer au nom de mon organisation syndicale ?

    Il fallait taire la falsification des chiffres de la délinquance, qui permet à des directeurs de la Police Nationale de toucher des primes conséquentes sur un travail non fait ou avoir une promotion, alors même que ce trucage est aussi constaté par un rapport parlementaire et deux rapports de l’Inspection Général de l’Administration. Je tiens à féliciter Monsieur SALANOVA, qui grâce à ses « bons résultats » est passé de directeur de la sécurité public des Bouches du Rhône à Directeur central de la sécurité publique, sans attendre que la Justice se prononce sur ses manquements éventuels. A noter que la baisse de la délinquance à Marseille s’est traduite par … des règlements de comptes à coups d’armes à feu.

    Il fallait taire la part de responsabilité de la haute hiérarchie policière dans les causes du suicides de mes collègues et ne pas indiquer qu’au 19 février 2018, le Directeur Général de la Police National avait vu 24 de mes collègues se suicider depuis sa prise de fonction. Depuis ce chiffre est passé à 87 suicidés, malgré une note ordonnant aux chefs de service de faire preuve d’empathie et une seconde demandant l’organisation de barbecues conviviaux en dehors du temps de service…. Comme quoi du sparadrap sur une jambe de bois ça ne sert à rien.

    A titre de comparaison toute la direction de France Telecom, devenue Orange, passe en correctionnel jusqu’au au 11 juillet 2019 pour 19 suicides entre 2008 et 2009 au sein de l’entreprise.

    Il ne fallait pas dénoncer les agissements, comme les agressions sexuelles du médecin police de Metz. Malgré que le Ministre de l’Intérieur soit au courant de la situation, il soutenu ce médecin. Finalement ce docteur a été condamné par la Justice à 12 mois de prison avec sursis, interdiction d’exercer la médecine, injonction de soins et fichage au fichier des délinquants sexuels. Cette condamnation a été prononcée avant que Monsieur le Ministre de l’Intérieur ne décide de sa sanction politique à mon encontre, donc Monsieur CASTANER sous-entend que dans la police les agressions sexuelles sont autorisées si on fait partie de la haute hiérarchie.

    Je paye également les prises de positions de notre syndicat sur la gestion du maintien de l’ordre, ou plus exactement de la répression sociale, lors du mouvement des gilets jaunes.

    Enfin le gouvernement n’a pas digéré et Monsieur le Président de la République Emmanuel MACRON en particulier, que nous déposions plainte et nous portions partie civile dans l’affaire BENALLA/MACRON. D’ailleurs ma sanction a été signée le 21 juin 2019, lendemain de mon passage dans Envoyé Spécial sur France 2, sur ce sujet. (...)

  • The Chernobyl Podcast


    RSS: https://feeds.megaphone.fm/thechernobylpodcast

    The official podcast of the miniseries Chernobyl, from HBO and Sky. Join host Peter Sagal (NPR’s “Wait Wait...Don’t Tell Me!”) and series creator, writer and executive producer Craig Mazin after each episode as they discuss the true stories that shaped the scenes, themes and characters.

    Great podcast to listen to once you’ve watched the HBO series. The author explains the narrative choices he had to make and how much/when the series departs from what actually happened.

    And for good measure, two episodes of the BBC’s ’More or Less’:
    (RSS: https://podcasts.files.bbci.co.uk/p02nrss1.rss )
    1) Questioning the Chernobyl disaster death count

    The recent TV miniseries ‘Chernobyl’ has stirred up debate online about the accuracy of its portrayal of the explosion at a nuclear power plant in the former Soviet state of Ukraine. We fact-check the programme and try and explain why it so hard to say how many people will die because of the Chernobyl disaster.

    http://open.live.bbc.co.uk/mediaselector/6/redir/version/2.0/mediaset/audio-nondrm-download/proto/http/vpid/p07dtdwq.mp3

    2) Is nuclear power actually safer than you think?

    We questioned the death count of the Chernobyl nuclear disaster in last week’s More or Less podcast. In the end, Professor Jim Smith of Portsmouth University came up with an estimate of 15,000 deaths.

    But we wondered how deadly nuclear power is overall when compared to other energy sources? Dr Hannah Ritchie of the University of Oxford joins Charlotte McDonald to explore.

    http://open.live.bbc.co.uk/mediaselector/6/redir/version/2.0/mediaset/audio-nondrm-download/proto/http/vpid/p07fgfl5.mp3

    #podcast #chernobyl #statistics

  • A Niamey, les chefs d’Etat africains inaugurent l’ère du libre-échange
    https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/international/040719/niamey-les-chefs-d-etat-africains-inaugurent-l-ere-du-libre-echange

    Le douzième sommet de l’Union africaine, qui s’ouvre jeudi 4 juillet à Niamey, va officiellement lancer une immense zone de libre-échange englobant les 54 États du continent, avec la création d’un marché unique pour les marchandises et les services. Des voix, minoritaires, dénoncent une « folie suicidaire ».

    #Afrique #UA,_Niger,_ZLEC,_Union_africaine,_libre_échange