organization:world health organization

  • WHO Forms Human Gene-Editing Committee To Establish Guidelines : Shots - Health News : NPR,%20ethical,%20social%20and%20legal%20challenges

    Voici le topo :
    – des « scientifiques » voyous manipulent génétiquement des embryons humains
    – la « communauté » scientifique crie au non respect de règles éthiques (et signale qu’il est « un peu tôt » pour se servir de la technique CRISPR qu’on maîtrise encore mal)
    – donc on crée une commission à l’OMS pour « encadrer l’usage futur »
    – donc, c’est comme si c’était déjà en cours, qu’il n’y avait ni interdiction, ni moratoire, juste le besoin de règles
    – et comme les règles vont prendre du temps, les autres « scientifiques » voyous vont « pratiquer » car il faut bien « expérimenter » pour définir l’éthique, n’est-ce pas ?

    En ne se prononçant jamais pour des interdictions ou des moratoires, les instances internationales laissent les entreprises/savants fous définir les règles. On retrouve le même processus en géoengineering, sur les manipulations génétiques des plantes alimentaires, sur les plantes phosphorescentes, sur la biologie de synthèse... Ce n’est au fond que la validation par les instances publiques multilatérales des fameuses « conférences d’Asilomar » dont le but était de laisser les entreprises d’un secteur définir les règles éthiques et environnementales qui s’appliqueront à ce secteur. C’est Facebook qui définit l’éthique des médias sociaux et les Sackler celle de la pharmacie des antidouleur.

    Bienvenue dans le monde de demain.

    The World Health Organization Thursday announced the formation of an international committee aimed at establishing uniform guidelines for editing human DNA in ways that can be passed down to future generations.

    The 18-member committee “will examine the scientific, ethical, social and legal challenges associated with human genome editing,” according to the WHO announcement.

    “The aim will be to advise and make recommendations on appropriate governance mechanisms for human genome editing,” the WHO says.

    The committee’s formation was prompted by the disclosure last year by Chinese scientist He Jiankui that he had created the world’s first gene-edited babies, twin girls.

    That sparked international outrage. Scientists, bioethicists and advocates condemned the experiment as unethical and irresponsible.

    But many scientists think it may be ethical someday to use the powerful new gene-editing technique known as CRISPR to edit the DNA in human embryos to prevent genetic disorders.

    Nevertheless, most scientists say it’s far too early to try to create babies that way since it’s unclear how well CRISPR works to edit DNA in a human embryo and whether it’s safe.

    #Designer_babies #CRISPR #Manipulation_génétique #Ethique

  • Report on the health of refugees and migrants in the WHO European Region: no public health without refugee and migrant health (2018)

    Almost one in 10 people in the WHO European Region is currently an international migrant. Finding work is a major reason why people migrate internationally, although violence, conflict, natural disasters and human rights abuses are also contributors. Migration and displacement are social determinants of health affecting the health of refugees and migrants. The WHO Regional Office for Europe has taken the lead in assisting Member States in promoting refugee and migrant health and addressing the public health aspects of their health. The Regional Office established the Migration and Health programme specifically for this purpose. Gaining an overview of the health status of refugees and migrants and health system response is paramount in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and in ensuring universal health coverage, and is in line with the Health 2020 framework.

    This report, the first of its kind, creates an evidence base with the aim of catalysing progress towards developing and promoting migrant-sensitive health systems in the 53 Member States of the WHO European Region and beyond. This report seeks to illuminate the causes, consequences and responses to the health needs and challenges faced by refugees and migrants in the Region, while also providing a snapshot of the progress being made across the Region. Additionally, the report seeks to identify gaps that require further action through collaboration, to improve the collection and availability of high-quality data and to stimulate policy initiatives. The report is a much-needed boost for Member States and other stakeholders to ensure high-quality health care for all.
    #santé #migrations #réfugiés #asile #santé_publique #Europe #rapport
    ping @_kg_ @isskein

  • OMS | L’Europe doit assurer un meilleur accès aux soins pour les personnes migrantes et réfugiées

    Dans le rapport “Report on the health of refugees and migrants in the WHO European Region. No public health without refugee and migrant health“, l’Organisation mondiale pour la santé (OMS) alerte l’Europe sur la santé des personnes migrantes et réfugiées. C’est la première fois que l’organisation se penche sur cette question. Son analyse met en […]

  • Comparison of Sales Income and Research and Development Costs for FDA-Approved Cancer Drugs Sold by Originator Drug Companies. | Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacology | JAMA Network Open | JAMA Network

    Findings In this observational study of 99 cancer drugs approved by the FDA from 1989 to 2017, the median income return by the end of 2017 was found to be $14.50 (range, $3.30-$55.10) for every $1 research and development spending. Many drugs, particularly biologics, continued to generate high-sales incomes for the originator companies after expiry of patents and exclusive marketing rights.

    #cancer #pharma #recherche #prix #OMS #datasource

  • WHO’S SHE ? - a guessing game about extraordinary women !

    A wooden guessing game featuring strong, mighty women. It’s all about their adventures not their looks! Made to inspire. Made to last.

    Ce succès fait plaisir ! €332 842 engagés sur un objectif de €15,000


  • Encore une #mesure-sparadrap, cette fois-ci en lien avec l’ #OMS (#WHO) :
    he #Italian Fund for #Africa supports #healthcare for #migrants in #Libya : a 1.118.700 euro new #project in partnership with World #Health Organization - “Enhancing Diagnosis and Treatment for Migrants in detention centers in Libya”
    #migrations #réfugiés #Libye #Italie #externalisation #asile #détention #centres_de_détention

  • World Diabetes Day: The Food System and Human Health – Food Tank

    The World Health Organization estimates the direct costs of diabetes at more than US$827 billion per year, globally. Sugary foods are aggressively marketed throughout the world, especially to children. And multiple studies find that these marketing efforts are especially likely to reach children of color and low-income kids. Food policies impact global sugar consumption, as well, particularly in the younger generation.

    “If we start with global dietary patterns, we know they are shifting towards the U.S. model of high meat and high calorie consumption, coupled with low fruit and vegetable consumption. With this shift, we are seeing increasing obesity and chronic diseases on the human side, and increased land and water degradation on the natural systems side,” says Dr. Michael Hamm, Founding Director of the Michigan State University Center for Regional Food Systems.

    #modèle #etats-unis #sucre #graisses_animale #diabete_sucré #maladies #sols #eau #santé

  • Opinion | We Know How to Conquer Tuberculosis - The New York Times

    And so, tuberculosis remains the world’s leading infectious disease killer, by far. It infects some 10 million people around the world every year, killing roughly 1.5 million. That’s some 4,000 deaths per day. By comparison, Ebola killed four people in 2017. America’s opioid epidemic kills about 115 people a day.

    Still, tuberculosis is rarely the stuff of headlines. It’s ancient. It normally affects only the poorest people in the poorest countries. And when it does spread through wealthier areas, it’s generally curable with antibiotics. But a contingent of doctors, scientists and public health officials have spent the past two decades battling a global epidemic of the disease. And on Wednesday, they got their first hearing at the United Nations General Assembly. In a high-level meeting exclusively about tuberculosis control, those experts called on world leaders to devote more attention and far more resources to the disease. Both are urgently needed. Tuberculosis receives significantly less funding than H.I.V. or malaria, even though TB kills more people each year than both of those diseases combined. The World Health Organization estimates a $3.5 billion funding shortfall for TB control efforts, and says that gap could double in five years.

    But policymakers, industry leaders and doctors on the front lines might also consider a change in strategy: Treat tuberculosis outbreaks in poor countries the same way they are treated in rich ones. That is, don’t just treat those who are sick; find and test their household members, neighbors, classmates and colleagues — and then treat the ones who test positive. Give them medications to kill the bacteria before they develop symptoms and before they pass the bacteria on, through their own coughing, to the next victim.

    #Tuberculose #Maladie_des_pauvres

  • How Climate Change Is Increasing Global Hunger | naked capitalism

    In other words, one in every nine people worldwide doesn’t get enough to eat. Even worse, 22.2 percent of children under five were affected by stunting in 2017 due to hunger.

    What is causing these scary figures?

    The main culprit is climate change and these figures might become even scarier if countries fail to tackle the problem and work to build up resistance to its unavoidable consequences, the report warns.

    Extreme weather events–including extreme heat, droughts, floods and storms–are said to be the key drivers behind rising global hunger.

    The number of extreme climate-related disasters has doubled since the early 1990s, with an average of 213 annually from 1990 to 2016, harming agricultural productivity and leading to increases in food prices coupled with losses in income. It’s simple math that reduces access to food.

    Data from the FAO study shows that the number of undernourished people tends to be higher in countries highly exposed to climate extremes.

    As such, climate change is threatening to erase any gains made in the global effort to fight hunger.

    “If we are to achieve a world without hunger and malnutrition in all its forms by 2030, it is imperative that we accelerate and scale up actions to strengthen the resilience and adaptive capacity of food systems and people’s livelihoods in response to climate variability and extremes,” the heads of FAO, the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the World Health Organization (WHO) wrote in a joint foreword to the report.

    Undernourishment and severe food insecurity has increased the most in African regions, where some 256.5 million go hungry and nearly 30 percent are in the “severe food insecurity” category.

  • How a Ragtag Group of Oregon Locals Took On the Biggest Chemical Companies in World — and Won

    THE PEOPLE WHO wrote an ordinance banning the aerial spraying of pesticides in western Oregon last year aren’t professional environmental advocates. Their group, Lincoln County Community Rights, has no letterhead, business cards, or paid staff. Its handful of core members includes the owner of a small business that installs solar panels, a semi-retired Spanish translator, an organic farmer who raises llamas, and a self-described caretaker and Navajo-trained weaver.

    #pesticides #agrochimie

  • Offline: Why has global health forgotten cancer? - The Lancet

    Nothing illustrates the embedded irrationality of global health more than our attitudes to cancer. In 2016, according to the Global Burden of Disease, 8·9 million people died from cancer (23% of total worldwide deaths from NCDs, and 16% of deaths from all causes). The leading causes of cancer death are tumours of the trachea, bronchus, and lung (1·7 million deaths); gynaecological cancers (breast, cervix, ovary, and uterus: 1 million deaths); gastric cancer (834 000 deaths); colorectal cancer (829 600 deaths); and liver cancer (828 000 deaths). So why the indifference?

    The NCD community has become trapped in an ideology that privileges prevention over treatment. A similar mistake disfigured the early response to AIDS. I can recall senior WHO leaders two decades ago agreeing that a generation of people living with HIV would have to die before the pandemic could be controlled by prevention. Only anger and activism overturned the complacency of traditional public health practice. But the NCD community has no time for anger or activism

    #cancer #OMS #prévention #traitement (again)

  • Why should work be a baby-free zone? | Melanie Reynolds | Opinion | The Guardian

    The idea that both parents should be out at work, and their children cared for by other people, is rarely questioned. This is as true on the left as on the right, and as true of female politicians and commentators as it is of men. Not without good reason, feminists fear that standing up for the idea that babies and young children should be cared for by their parents is a short step from forcing women out of the workplace.

    Yet many women, and some men – particularly those in low-paid and unsatisfying jobs – go out to work only reluctantly and in spite of the fact that they do not believe separation from their very young children to be in their best interests. Today, as in the 19th century, the main reason for many mothers going out to work is that male wages are too low to support a family.

    Yet history tells us that there is, or once was, another way. During the industrial revolution mothers used the same childcare model they had in pre-industrial times and worked with their babies and toddlers alongside them. In my work as a historian, I have discovered accounts by female mill workers of how they took their infants with them to the factory, placing them at the side of the loom “in a basket”.

    • Je m’en suis fait la réflexion très tôt dans mon processus de maternage : je voulais reprendre le travail, mais je considérais en même temps et de manière scientifique que mon bébé était trop immature comportementalement pour être séparé de moi (surtout que je tentais l’allaitement intégral OMS de 6 mois — que j’ai réussi, au final !).
      Or, pas question → on allait payer des gens pour faire le même boulot que moi, mais moins bien, sachant aussi que la distorsion de l’offre et de la demande faisait qu’on attendait de moi que je ne sois pas trop exigeante sur les compétences des gens que j’allais payer pour faire mon boulot.

      Pourtant, je me souvenais des récits campagnards de ma grand-mère qui parlait des gosses qui restaient tout le temps avec les mères, alors même qu’elles bossaient. Ou des Mama Benz, riches, actives et indépendantes, qui n’ont pas peur d’aller aux négociations avec leur bébé dans le dos.

      Pour ma part, je devais retourner à un boulot de back office en pleine cambrousse dans un bureau où je travaillais seule 50% du temps et où le seul contact avec le public se résumait à quelques coups de fil par jour.
      J’aurais très bien pu y caser mon bébé et bosser à côté, comme je l’ai fait à la maison ensuite, après mon licenciement négocié.

      D’ailleurs, jusqu’à l’école, dans les faits, j’ai bossé avec ma fille sur les genoux ou dans la même pièce que moi. Mais j’étais devenue indépendante…

  • This Economist Reveals the Deadly Truth About the Trump Administration’s Assault on Breastfeeding – Mother Jones

    According to a Sunday New York Times scoop, President Donald Trump’s delegation to the United Nations-affiliated World Health Assembly recently bullied smaller, less wealthy nations in an ultimately failed effort to crush a resolution urging mothers to breastfeed infants.

    According to Trump himself, the account was just more “fake news” from the “failing” New York Times.

    The World Health Organization states that “breastfeeding is so critical that it could save the lives of over 820,000 children under the age of 5 years each year.” The American Academy of Pediatrics cites “unequivocal evidence that breastfeeding protects against a variety of diseases and conditions in the infant.” The World Health Assembly’s concern about misleading promotion of infant formula is also grounded in fact. A recent report found more than 800 violations of the World Health Organization’s guidelines for marketing breast milk substitutes in 79 countries between 2014 and 2017.

    As for the Trump team’s push to stop the World Health Assembly from advising women to breastfeed and calling out misleading marketing of substitutes, Berkeley’s Gertler said he was “deeply disgusted” by the revelation. “There are things we should do because they’re the right thing to do, not because we get something out of it, and [promoting breastfeeding] is the right thing to do,” he said. “There is no one who claims infant formula is superior to breast milk.”

    #fake_fake_news, donc ?

    • . . . . . . .

      Excédé par la ténacité du russe, le plus capé des hiérarques socialistes pensera trouver la parade par une astuce, qui s’est révélée grossière, couvrant de ridicule son auteur, le ministre français des Affaires étrangères : Laurent Fabius a en effet proposé lundi 22 octobre 2012 la réforme du recours au Droit de veto au sein du Conseil de sécurité de l’ONU, préconisant que son usage soit réduit au seul cas où un état détenteur de ce droit était menacé d’une action hostile des instances internationales.

      Depuis la création de l’ONU, les pays occidentaux ont fait usage du droit de veto 132 fois contre 124 fois à l’Union soviétique puis de la Russie, dont onze veto américains en faveur d’Israël. Les Occidentaux sont donc bénéficiaires de ce passe-droit, qui leur a permis de bloquer l’admission de la Palestine en tant que membre de plein droit de l’organisation internationale. A l’analyse, la proposition de Laurent Fabius s’est révélée être un bobard diplomatique pour enfumage médiatique en ce qu’en voulant priver la Russie de son droit de veto en faveur de la Syrie, il privait, par ricochet, Israël de son bouclier diplomatique américain. Depuis lors, Fabius, petit télégraphiste des Israéliens dans les négociations sur le nucléaire iranien, frustré par ailleurs d’un Prix Nobel pour son bellicisme outrancier, a été placé en état de congélation politique avancée par sa promotion à la Présidence du Conseil Constitutionnel.

      Alain Juppé, un autre hyper capé de la méritocratie française, a eu droit au même traitement énergisant du russe. Se vantant avec son compère du Qatar, Hamad Ben Jassem, de faire de la bataille de Bab Amro (Syrie), « le Stalingrad du Moyen orient », février 2012, -qui s’est révélé un des grands désastres militaires de la diplomatie française-, Lavrov, excédé par la morgue de son homologue français lui a tout bonnement raccroché au nez sans jamais le reprendre au téléphone jusqu’à son départ du Quai d’Orsay.

      Auparavant, l’anglais David Milliband, impertinent et quelque peu présomptueux, a entrepris de dicter au téléphone les termes d’une résolution qu’il entendait soumettre au vote dans le contexte du conflit russo-géorgien en Ossétie du Sud (Août 2008) : la réponse du russe, mémorable, demeurera dans les annales de la diplomatie onusienne : « WHO ARE YOU TO F***ING LECTURE ME » qui peut se traduire selon la version soft : « Qui es-tu ? pour me dire ce que je dois faire !? » et selon la version hard : « Qui es-tu, putain ! pour me faire la leçon ! ». Ah qu’en termes élégants ces mots-là sont dits.

      . . . . . . .
      #hillary_clinton #david_miliband #william_hague #alain_juppé #laurent_fabius #hamad_ben_jassem #saoud_al_faysal

  • U.S. Opposition to Breast-Feeding Resolution Stuns World Health Officials - The New York Times

    American officials sought to water down the resolution by removing language that called on governments to “protect, promote and support breast-feeding” and another passage that called on policymakers to restrict the promotion of food products that many experts say can have deleterious effects on young children.

    When that failed, they turned to threats, according to diplomats and government officials who took part in the discussions. Ecuador, which had planned to introduce the measure, was the first to find itself in the cross hairs.

    The Americans were blunt: If Ecuador refused to drop the resolution, Washington would unleash punishing trade measures and withdraw crucial military aid. The Ecuadorean government quickly acquiesced.

    #Etats-Unis #corrompu #corruption #lobbying #gangsters #mafia #sans_vergogne

    • Health advocates scrambled to find another sponsor for the resolution, but at least a dozen countries, most of them poor nations in Africa and Latin America, backed off, citing fears of retaliation, according to officials from Uruguay, Mexico and the United States.

    • Breastfeeding: achieving the new normal - The Lancet

      The deaths of 823 000 children and 20 000 mothers each year could be averted through universal breastfeeding, along with economic savings of US$300 billion. The Series confirms the benefits of breastfeeding in fewer infections, increased intelligence, probable protection against overweight and diabetes, and cancer prevention for mothers.

      Via @AndrewAlbertson sur twitter.

    • The Baby-Formula #Crime Ring - The New York Times

      SOME $4.3 BILLION worth of infant formula was sold in the United States last year, a vast majority of it in powdered form. Between factory and baby aisle, its cheap ingredients (dehydrated milk and vitamins) become steeply, even mysteriously expensive. Basic types run about $15 for a 12.5-ounce can, amounting to perhaps $150 a month for a fully formula-fed infant. Specialty recipes like EleCare can cost two or three times as much. Strict Food and Drug Administration regulations govern formula production, and three companies dominate. Abbott Laboratories, which makes Similac, and Mead Johnson, which makes Enfamil, each control about 40 percent of the market. The Nestlé-owned brand Gerber holds a roughly 15-percent share.

      A market with so little competition is bound to have generous margins, and formula makers have grown richer still because a single buyer accounts for roughly half of all domestic sales: the United States government. The Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children, commonly known as WIC, provides needy mothers with cash assistance for certain foods, including powdered formula. When it began, in 1972, WIC represented a fresh, lush source of inelastic demand, by effectively eliminating from the formula market those customers most sensitive to price. During the ’80s, formula prices rose by more than 150 percent, vastly outpacing increases in milk costs. By the middle of that decade, formula was absorbing 40 percent of WIC’s food budget, prompting shortfalls that shunted many eligible families to a waiting list.

    • Allaitement maternel : Trump défend le lait en poudre | États-Unis

      Attitude criminelle des Etats-Unis : ils défendent les intérêts des fabricants du lait en poudre au détriment de la santé des enfants,

      L’article, paru dans le New York Times, affirme que les délégués américains à une réunion annuelle de l’OMS à Genève en mai ont cherché à supprimer un passage d’une résolution sur l’alimentation du nourrisson et du jeune enfant qui invitait les États membres à « protéger, promouvoir et soutenir » l’allaitement maternel.

      Les Américains auraient fait pression sur l’Équateur afin que le pays renonce à proposer la résolution, et c’est la Russie qui aurait pris le relais. La phrase a finalement été approuvée et figure dans le document disponible aujourd’hui en ligne.

      « L’article du New York Times sur l’allaitement doit être dénoncé. Les États-Unis soutiennent fortement l’allaitement, mais nous pensons que les femmes ne doivent pas se voir interdire l’accès au lait en poudre. De nombreuses femmes ont besoin de cette option à cause de la malnutrition et de la pauvreté », a tweeté Donald Trump.

  • #Fonds_fiduciaire de l’UE pour l’Afrique : 90.5 millions d’euros supplémentaires pour renforcer la gestion des frontières et la protection des migrants en Afrique du Nord

    La Commission européenne a approuvé ce jour 3 nouveaux programmes relatifs à la migration en #Afrique_du_Nord, pour un montant total supérieur à 90 millions d’euros.

    Cette décision fait suite aux conclusions du #Conseil_européen de la semaine dernière, au cours duquel les dirigeants européens se sont engagés à intensifier l’aide le long de la route de la #Méditerranée_centrale. Les nouveaux programmes au titre du fonds fiduciaire de l’UE pour l’Afrique accroîtront l’aide de l’UE en faveur des réfugiés et des migrants vulnérables et amélioreront les capacités de gestion des frontières des pays partenaires.

    Mme Federica Mogherini, haute représentante/vice-présidente, a fait le commentaire suivant : « Les nouveaux programmes adoptés aujourd’hui intensifieront l’action que nous menons en vue de gérer les flux migratoires de manière humaine et durable, en sauvant et en protégeant la vie de réfugiés et de migrants et en leur fournissant une aide et en luttant contre les trafiquants et les passeurs. Notre approche intégrée combine une action en mer et une action conjointe avec des pays partenaires le long des routes migratoires, y compris en Libye et au Sahel. Ce travail a déjà porté ses fruits et en portera encore davantage si les États membres se conforment aux engagements qu’ils ont pris depuis la création du fonds fiduciaire à La Valette, en 2015. »

    M. Johannes Hahn, commissaire chargé de la politique européenne de voisinage et des négociations d’élargissement, a ajouté : « La formule du #partenariat est déterminante pour relever les défis posés par la migration irrégulière. En travaillant de concert avec nos voisins du sud, nous pouvons faire face à ce problème et procurer des avantages aux pays partenaires, aux migrants et à l’Europe. Les nouveaux programmes de ce jour aideront les autorités à améliorer la gestion des frontières, tout en assurant la protection des migrants vulnérables et l’octroi d’une aide d’urgence à ces derniers. »

    D’un montant de 90,5 millions d’euros, l’aide récemment adoptée financera 3 programmes, qui viendront compléter les efforts actuellement déployés par l’UE dans la région :

    Au moyen du programme de gestion des frontières de la région du Maghreb, d’une valeur de 55 millions d’euros, l’UE soutiendra les efforts consentis par les institutions nationales au #Maroc et en #Tunisie en vue de sauver des vies humaines en mer, d’améliorer la gestion des frontières maritimes et de lutter contre les passeurs opérant dans la région. Mis en œuvre par le ministère de l’intérieur italien et le #Centre_international_pour_le_développement_des_politiques_migratoires (#CIDPM), ce programme mettra l’accent sur le renforcement des capacités, ainsi que sur la fourniture d’équipements et leur entretien.
    En s’appuyant sur les programmes existants, l’UE accroîtra son aide en faveur de la protection des réfugiés et des migrants en #Libye aux points de #débarquement, dans les centres de #rétention, dans les régions méridionales désertiques éloignées et en milieu urbain. D’une valeur de 29 millions d’euros, le programme d’« approche intégrée de la protection et d’aide d’urgence aux migrants vulnérables et bloqués en Libye » sera mis en œuvre conjointement avec l’Organisation internationale pour les migrations (#OIM) et le Haut-Commissariat des Nations unies pour les réfugiés (#HCR). Il encouragera aussi les initiatives visant à ouvrir des perspectives économiques aux migrants sur le marché du travail national, en concertation avec le ministère libyen du travail.
    Avec 6,5 millions d’euros supplémentaires, l’UE renforcera son aide aux migrants vulnérables, à l’appui de la stratégie nationale du #Maroc en matière de migration, adoptée en 2014. L’accès des migrants vulnérables aux services de base en sera facilité et la capacité des associations et organisations locales à fournir efficacement ces services s’en trouvera améliorée. Les organisations de la société civile mettront en œuvre ce programme.


    Le fonds fiduciaire d’urgence de l’UE pour l’Afrique a été créé en 2015 en vue de remédier aux causes profondes des migrations irrégulières et des déplacements forcés. Le budget alloué s’élève jusqu’ici à 3,43 milliards d’euros et provient de l’UE, de ses États membres et d’autres donateurs. À ce jour, 164 programmes ont été approuvés pour les 3 régions concernées (Afrique du Nord, Sahel/lac Tchad et Corne de l’Afrique), pour un montant total d’environ 3,06 milliards d’euros.

    Avec l’enveloppe supplémentaire d’aujourd’hui, 461 millions d’euros du volet « Afrique du Nord » ont été mobilisés en faveur de 19 programmes satisfaisant aux multiples besoins dans la région et au-delà.

    Les programmes adoptés se conforment à l’engagement pris lors du Conseil européen du 28 juin 2018 d’intensifier l’aide le long de la route de la Méditerranée centrale en faveur des communautés côtières et méridionales, de conditions d’accueil humaines et d’une coopération avec les pays d’origine et de transit, tout en augmentant l’aide aux pays touchés par l’augmentation des flux migratoires le long de la route de la Méditerranée occidentale, et notamment le Maroc. L’UE maintient son soutien aux activités menées en Libye par l’Organisation internationale pour les migrations et le Haut-Commissariat des Nations unies pour les réfugiés.
    #fonds_fiduciaire_d’urgence_de_l'Union_européenne_pour_l’Afrique #Afrique #fonds_fiduciaire #externalisation #frontières #asile #migrations #réfguiés #UE #EU #détention_administrative #désert #IOM

    cc @_kg_

  • ’Disease of poverty’: #Malaria ’back with a vengeance’ in Australia’s closest neighbours

    In 2016 there were an estimated 216 million malaria cases globally.

    Papua New Guinea recorded a staggering 400 per cent surge in malaria between 2010 and 2016, WHO figures show, with an estimated 1.4 million malaria cases and 3000 deaths in 2016.

    Solomon Islands recorded a 40 per cent rise in cases of the disease transmitted by the bite of mosquitoes infected with a #plasmodium parasite. The rise was partly due to inadequate access to services and improved surveillance, according to WHO.


    “Malaria can often be the victim of its own success,” Professor Crabb said of the “disease of poverty”.

    “As you make progress, health departments tend to focus on other health issues and as soon as you do that with malaria, it comes back with a vengeance.”

    The rise in prevalence coincides with economic upheaval in PNG and significant cuts to public health expenditure. PNG is also grappling with a polio outbreak – 18 years after the country was declared polio-free.

    “It doesn’t take long for malaria to come back if you take your foot off the public health accelerator,” Professor Crabb said.


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  • It Was Supposed to Be an Unbiased Study of Drinking. They Wanted to Call It ‘Cheers.’ - The New York Times

    The director of the nation’s top health research agency pulled the plug on a study of alcohol’s health effects without hesitation on Friday, saying a Harvard scientist and some of his agency’s own staff had crossed “so many lines” in pursuit of alcohol industry funding that “people were frankly shocked.”

    A 165-page internal investigation prepared for Dr. Francis Collins, director of the National Institutes of Health, concluded that Kenneth J. Mukamal, the lead investigator of the trial, was in close, frequent contact with beer and liquor executives while designing the study.

    Buried in that document are disturbing examples of the coziness between the scientists and their industry patrons. Dr. Mukamal was eager to allay their concerns, respond to their questions and suggestions, and secure the industry’s buy-in.

    Dr. Mukamal has repeatedly denied communicating with the alcohol industry while planning the trial, telling The Times last year that he had, “literally no contact with the alcohol industry.”

    The study was intended to test the hypothesis that one drink a day is better for one’s heart than none, among other benefits of moderate drinking. But its design was such that it would not pick up harms, such as an increase in cancers or heart failure associated with alcohol, the investigation found.
    Scientists who designed the trial were aware it was not large enough to detect a rise in breast cancer, and acknowledged to grant reviewers in 2016 that the study was focused on benefits and “not powered to identify negative health effects.”

    “Clearly, there was a sense that this trial was being set up in a way that would maximize the chances of showing a positive effect of alcohol,” Dr. Collins said last week as he accepted his advisers’ recommendation to terminate the trial.

    “Understandably, the alcoholic beverage industry would like to see that.”

    If the study failed to find health benefits in moderate drinking but provided no evidence of harm, the results still would be a boon for the beverage makers. The findings would counter a 2014 World Health Organization edict that no level of alcohol consumption is safe because it raises the risk of cancer.

    #Santé_publique #Alcool #Conflit_intérêt