• #François_Gemenne sur l’#appel_d'air : Ils ne vont pas venir pour une douche à Calais...

    3 minutes pour déconstruire magistralement une #idée_reçue...

    François Gemenne : « Je suis frappé de voir comment toute une série de concepts qui étaient réservées à l’#extrême_droite il y a quelques années encore, c’est le cas de l’appel d’air sont désormais passés dans le langage courant parfaitement acceptés dans le débat public, utilisés tant par la gauche que par la droite, et qu’on va, de surcroit, mener des politiques qui vont s’appuyer sur ces concepts. Et c’est absolument faux !
    L’idée de l’appel d’air c’est de dire que si on accueille des gens dans des conditions décentes, ça va les attirer, ça va faire venir davantage de gens. Or, pourquoi est-ce que ces gens migrent au départ ? Pourquoi est-ce qu’ils vont choisir d’abandonner leurs familles, leurs villages, de prendre tous les risques, de dépenser des milliers d’euro aux passeurs ? Parce qu’ils en ont absolument besoin pour sauver leur vie, pour nourrir leur famille, ou simplement pour accomplir le projet d’une vie meilleure. Ils ne vont pas venir pour une douche à Calais ou pour quelques centaines d’euro d’allocations familiales. Cela n’a aucun sens. Et très souvent ils ne savent pas avant de venir quelles sont les aides auxquelles ils auront droit et d’ailleurs beaucoup n’y prétendent même pas parce qu’ils ne savent pas qu’ils y ont droit. Et donc, vraiment, il y a ici quelque chose de complètement absurde que d’imaginer que les migrants viennent pour les conditions de réception dans le pays. Ce n’est pas ça du tout qui détermine le choix du pays de destination : ça va être la présence de membres de leur famille, d’anciens liens coloniaux, la langue qu’on y parle, l’état du marché du travail, mais pas du tout le niveau des aides disponibles pour les migrants. »

    Journaliste : "Le contre-argument utilisé : Allemagne, 2015, Angela Merkel ouvre les frontières, permet aux migrants de venir parce qu’il y a une crise énorme, et ils viennent. Et là du coup l’Allemagne est débordée...

    François Gemenne : "En réalité c’est un argument qui est assez fallacieux pour deux raisons. D’abord, en fait, parce que ça s’est assez bien passé, au final. Quand on fait le bilan 5 ans après, il est largement positif....

    Journaliste : Avec une poussée de l’extrême droite en Allemagne...

    François Gemenne : « Avec une poussée d’extrême droite en Allemagne, mais enfin soyons sérieux ! On a en France l’extrême droite à 30 ou 35% avec des frontières fermées et une politique complètement hostile aux migrants et aux demandeurs d’asile, en Allemagne ils ont une extrême droite à 10 ou 15% avec une politique bien plus généreuse. Qui sommes nous pour dire ’Ah, regardez en Allemagne, il y a un problème d’extrême droite !’
    Donc, d’une part ça s’est plutôt bien passé. Et d’autre part, les gens croient souvent que c’est la décision de Angela Merkel d’ouvrir les frontières qui a fait venir les réfugiés syriens en Allemagne. En réalité, c’est l’inverse : les réfugiés étaient déjà là et c’est Angela Merkel qui ouvre les frontières quelque part pour accompagner ce mouvement et donc c’est l’arrivée de réfugiés qui la décide à poser un geste humanitaire fort et à ne pas les renvoyer, mais ce n’est pas l’inverse. Au fond, la temporalité des événements... On imagine qu’il y a un lien de cause à effet entre l’ouverture des frontières et l’arrivée des réfugiés, alors qu’en réalité c’est tout l’inverse. »

    https://twitter.com/_alairlibre/status/1308104092745707521
    #frontières #ouverture_des_frontières #asile #migrations #réfugiés #ressources_pédagogiques #vidéo #Merkel #Angela_Merkel #Wir_schaffen_das

    ping @_kg_ @karine4 @isskein @reka

  • #Montreuil (93) : occupation de l’EIF
    https://fr.squat.net/2020/09/21/montreuil-93-occupation-de-leif

    Le 15 septembre dernier, l’occupation de l’EIF (au 97 rue Pierre de Montreuil, à Montreuil) a été rendue publique. Le propriétaire est l’EPFIF, c’est-à-dire le même proprio qui a fait expulser les occupant-e-s de l’ex-AFPA (toujours à Montreuil)… L’EPFIF veut démolir les bâtiments de l’EIF sans se préoccuper de dépolluer les lieux, donc sans respecter […]

    #occupation_EIF #ouverture #Seine-Saint-Denis

  • #Gap : nouveau squat pour les exilés
    https://fr.squat.net/2020/08/31/gap-nouveau-squat-pour-les-exiles-a-gap

    Communiqué du collectif Cesaï : Le collectif Césaï tient à remercier Roger Didier. Roger Didier ayant été choqué par le communiqué de presse de la préfète du 20/08/2020 concernant l’expulsion du Césaï, a décidé de mettre l’un de ses nombreux bâtiments personnels vides à la disposition des plus démunis. Ne pouvant plus rester sans rien […]

    #3_cours_du_vieux_moulin #CESAI #Chez_Roger #Hautes-Alpes #manifestation #ouverture #sans-papiers

  • #Gap (05) : #ouverture du squat #Chez_Roger
    https://fr.squat.net/2020/08/30/gap-05-ouverture-du-squat-chez-roger

    Lorsque le Cesaï de Gap a été évacué, tout est resté à l’intérieur… Le nouveau squat devrait pouvoir offrir aux éxilés un toit et les mineurs mis à l’abri à Eygliers vont pouvoir revenir à Gap. Mais pour l’aménagement de leur nouveau lieu de vie nous avons besoin de : – matelas et sommiers – […]

    #Hautes-Alpes #sans-papiers

  • #Leipzig : occupation de la #Ludwigstraße_71
    https://fr.squat.net/2020/08/22/leipzig-occupation-de-la-ludwigstrase-71

    Communiqué de presse, occupation Ludwigstraße 71, 22 août 2020. L’occupation de la Ludwigstraße 71 a survécu à la première nuit. Les militant-es sont toujours dans l’immeuble. Selon la LVZ, le propriétaire devrait venir à Leipzig mercredi et être prêt à parler aux militant-es. En attendant, la maison est sous surveillance policière. « Nous serions heureu-ses que […]

    #Allemagne #gentrification #Leipzig_Besetzen #Luwi71 #ouverture

  • Where Will Everyone Go ?

    ProPublica and The New York Times Magazine, with support from the Pulitzer Center, have for the first time modeled how climate refugees might move across international borders. This is what we found.

    #climate #climate_refugee #migration #international_migration #map

    ping @cdb_77

    https://features.propublica.org/climate-migration/model-how-climate-refugees-move-across-continents

  • Turkey sends coronavirus aid to Iraq - Al Monitor

    A Turkish military jet delivered coronavirus-related aid to Iraq today. The assistance comes as Turkey continues its war against Kurdish militants in the country, despite opposition from Baghdad.

    #Covid-19#Moyen-Orient#Iraq#Turquie#Frontière#ouverture#Aide_humanitaire#migrant#migration

    https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2020/07/turkey-flight-coronavirus-covid-19-aid-iraq-medical.html

  • Open Letter to the United Nations Security Council on the Syria cross-border resolution - CARE International

    The United Nations Security Council has until July 10 to renew the Syria cross-border resolution, which ensures lifesaving UN aid reaches over four million Syrians living in areas outside of the Government of Syria’s control. NGO leaders are calling on the Security Council to renew the resolution for a period of 12 months and to re-authorize UN access to Northeast Syria to ensure vulnerable populations are able to receive the aid they need as humanitarian agencies struggle to scale up and respond to COVID-19.
    For more than four million Syrians who live in areas outside of the Government of Syria’s control, the cross-border mechanism is a critical lifeline providing food, shelter, hygiene, and critical medical services. Without it, people will go hungry and will be denied access to critical healthcare services, including those needed to respond to COVID. Simply put, lives will be lost.

    #Covid-19#Moyen-Orient#Rojava#Syrie#Frontièreintérieure#ouverture#Commerce#Aide_humanitaire#ONU#migrant#migration

    https://reliefweb.int/report/syrian-arab-republic/open-letter-united-nations-security-council-syria-cross-border

  • WHO: ‘Breach’ of health regulations, trade with Iran behind new COVID-19 spike in Iraq, Kurdistan - Kurdistan 24

    The World Health Organization (WHO) representative to Iraq, Dr. Adham Ismail, has stated that the public’s failure to follow anti-coronavirus health regulations and the nation’s hasty resumption of trade with neighboring Iran have contributed to the recent dramatic spike in the number of new daily cases and deaths across the Middle Eastern nation.

    The comments came during a live interview with Kurdistan 24 on Wednesday, as the Kurdistan Region’s total reported coronavirus infections topped 1,600 and Iraq’s national tally reaching nearly ten times that at just over 15,000.

    #Covid19#Irak#Iran#WHO#Santé#ouverture_frontière#pandémie#migrant#migration#réfugié

    https://www.kurdistan24.net/en/news/2b14b07d-a13c-4a91-ac92-2ff84a534a78

  • COVID-19: in a single day, 24 deaths and 1,115 new infections of coronavirus in Iraq - Kurdistan 24

    On Monday, the Iraqi Ministry of Health and Environment announced 1,115 new infections and 24 deaths of coronavirus in the past 24 hours, throughout the country.
    The upsurge follows on the re-opening on May 18 of Iraq’s borders with Iran—the original epicenter of the virus in the Middle East, because of Iran’s close ties with China, where the virus originated.

    #Covid19#Irak#Iran#Commerce#ouverture_frontière#pandémie#migrant#migration#réfugié

    https://www.kurdistan24.net/en/news/824237a6-6dd0-481c-b99e-9b6b471e538d

  • Turkey to reopen border crossings with Iran, Iraq - Al Monitor

    Turkey will reopen two border crossings with Iraq and Iran this week as the country comes out of months of virus-related closures.

    Turkey’s Gurbulak crossing with Iran and the Habur crossing with Iraq are set to open, Reuters reported Wednesday. The goal is to boost trade in the country following the economic downturn related to the coronavirus pandemic, according to the outlet.

    #Covid19#Turquie#Irak#Iran#Commerce#ouverture_frontière#politique#migrant#migration#réfugié

    https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2020/06/turkey-reopen-border-iraq-iran.html#ixzz6OQyVWleY

  • Resumption of migration will be a responsible and difficult moment for epidemiologists - professor
    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#frontiere#ouverture#diffusion

    https://www.baltictimes.com/resumption_of_migration_will_be_a_responsible_and_difficult_moment_for_

    RIGA - The resumption of international migration and the abolition of the self-quarantine requirements for residents of countries with low Covid-19 incidence will be a responsible and difficult moment for epidemiologists, Professor Girts Brigis, head of the Department of Public Health and Epidemiology at Riga Stradins University, told LETA.

  • Greece to allow tourists from Israel, Lebanon - Al Monitor
    The European country will open up for tourists from Israel, Lebanon and several other European countries in June.

    As of June 15, Greece will allow visitors from Israel, Lebanon and several European countries for its peak summer tourism season, Reuters reported. The Mediterranean country’s economy relies heavily on tourism.

    Israel and Lebanon are the only two countries on Greece’s list in the Middle East. Both nations have been praised for their responses to the virus.

    #Covid-19#Grece#Déconfinement#Ouverture_frontière#Moyen-Orient#réfugiés#migrant#migration

    https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2020/05/greece-allows-visitors-tourists-israel-lebanon.html

  • Semalka crossing opens for returnees from Kurdistan Region of Iraq after three months - North Press Agency

    On Wednesday the administration of the Semalka border crossing with Kurdistan Region of Iraq announced that residents of North and East Syria who entered the region for humanitarian or medical reasons are allowed to return to their area.

    #Covid-19#Moyen-Orient#Rojava#Iraq#Syrie#Frontière#ouverture#Commerce#Aide_humanitaire#ONU#migrant#migration

    https://npasyria.com/en/blog.php?id_blog=2661&sub_blog=12&name_blog=Semalka%20crossing%20opens%20f

  • Bethlehem, Jerusalem churches reopen to limited number of worshipers- Al Monitor
    Churches in the Holy Land have opened their doors to worshippers for the first time in over two months, as Israeli and Palestinian authorities continue rolling back measures designed to curb the coronavirus.

    The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, in Jerusalem’s Old City, will limit entry to 50 people at once. The church, which is identified as the site of Jesus’ crucifixion and resurrection, is barring worshippers from touching any of the stones or religious items.

    #Covid19#Israel#Religion#Jerusalem#Déconfinement#Ouverture_église#Quarantaine#migrant#migration

    https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2020/05/churches-nativity-jesus-sepulchre-bethlehem-open-jerusalem.html

  • Europe Finds Borders Are Harder to Open After Coronavirus Closures

    Nations begin to let in workers or create ‘#travel_bubbles’ with countries deemed to have contained the new coronavirus.

    Europe is grappling with a problem the whole world will soon face, figuring out how to pry open national
    borders and lift economies without restarting the coronavirus pandemic.
    Some European countries want to move faster than their neighbors do, many want to welcome tourists
    this summer and most need workers who commute to jobs across borders. How Europe handles the
    challenge could offer a model for other continents and set the pace for its own economic recovery.
    Governments world-wide have forbidden or severely limited arrivals by foreign nationals. China, where
    the pandemic began, and a handful of other countries have begun taking small steps to reopen borders.
    South Korea and China this month began allowing accelerated “green lane” travel by businesspeople
    between the countries, once they pass through health screening and quarantine procedures. Australia
    and New Zealand want to ease restrictions on travel between the neighboring countries.
    In Europe, the situation is particularly complex because passport-free travel across borders is normally
    allowed among 22 of the European Union’s 27 countries, plus four neighbors. Almost all European
    countries imposed some degree of border controls in March as the virus spread, sparking chaos and
    fears of shortages.
    Governments adapted their closures to permit transportation of vital goods. Lifting restrictions on
    passenger travel is proving tougher, even just for travel within the bloc.
    How Europe opens its internal borders will shape its economic recovery. Tourism is one of the EU’s
    biggest industries, accounting for roughly 10% of gross domestic product and 12% of jobs, according to
    the EU, so allowing leisure travel would help secure millions of jobs.

    European air traffic plunged almost 90% in April from the year earlier. If governments provide clear,
    uniform rules for resuming flights, traffic next February could be down only 15% from February 2019,
    according to scenarios presented by Eurocontrol, the agency overseeing air traffic across the continent.
    Failure by governments to coordinate could mean a 25% decline over the same period, Eurocontrol said.
    The European Commission, the EU’s executive arm, is trying to coordinate governments, though it can’t
    compel action. It plans to present guidelines on Wednesday for resuming tourism through a staged
    approach.
    Greece, whose economy depends on tourism, recently proposed to the commission a system of bilateral
    agreements between countries that would involve requiring travelers to present a coronavirus test not
    older than 72 hours by the time of entering the country of their destination, according to the proposal
    seen by The Waallll Sttrreeeett JJoouurrnnaall .
    Coordination across the bloc has remained limited so far. EU members Austria, the Czech Republic,
    Denmark and Greece, having made headway containing the coronavirus pandemic, are discussing
    allowing travel among themselves. The group is also talking with non-EU countries Norway, Israel,
    Singapore, Australia and New Zealand, which have similarly controlled the virus.
    Germany, Europe’s largest economy and most populous country — with land borders to nine others — will
    announce a partial lifting of border restrictions this week, a senior government official said. Germany’s
    borders are either closed or tightly controlled through Friday. Like most European countries, Germany
    now requires some arriving travelers to stay confined for two weeks.
    In deciding whether to change the travel regime with another country, Berlin will consider that country’s
    virus situation, the official said.
    Germany’s agency for disease control, the Robert Koch Institute, on Tuesday supported a gradual
    opening of borders with countries that have a similar grip on the disease as Germany does.
    “But when the epidemic is not under control in one country, then it is certainly useful for people who
    come in from that country to be put under house quarantine upon arrival,” said the institute’s vice
    president, Lars Schaade.
    Berlin has made exceptions for migrant workers from Eastern Europe who have been deemed essential
    to the economy. They include farm hands and medical staff for hospitals and nursing homes.
    Neighboring Poland last week eased the commute for its citizens who work in Germany by abolishing a
    requirement for them to quarantine for two weeks upon return, Prime Minister Mateusz Morawiecki said.
    In France, which is still working to contain the virus, officials have said borders will remain closed at
    least through June 15, with exceptions for people who need to cross borders for work and several other
    reasons.

    https://www.wsj.com/articles/europe-finds-borders-are-harder-to-open-after-coronavirus-closures-11589302019
    #paywall

    –---

    Et ce concept de #travel_bubbles qu’on pourrait traduire avec quoi ?
    #Bulles_de_voyage ?
    –-> ça serait intéressant d’imaginer une visualisation/cartographie, @reka ! :-)

    ping @isskein @karine4
    #ouverture_des_frontières #Europe #Schnengen (fin de -) #coronavirus #covid-19 #fermeture_des_frontières

  • À Marcinelle, un centre d’accueil temporaire pour migrants a ouvert en plein confinement, face à une demande urgente
    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#Belgique#centrederetention#ouverture

    https://www.sudinfo.be/id188995/article/2020-05-12/marcinelle-un-centre-daccueil-temporaire-pour-migrants-ouvert-en-plein

    Fin mars, un centre d’accueil pour migrants et réfugiés a ouvert ses portes sur le site de la résidence de la Tramontane à la Cité de l’Enfance à Marcinelle. Ce centre ouvert et temporaire est une réponse urgente au manque de place dans les centres belges.

  • CIE: Hoy es un día histórico en España: los CIE se quedan vacíos | Público
    #Covid-19#migrant#migration#Espagne#centrede retention#ouverture

    https://www.publico.es/sociedad/hoy-dia-historico-espana-cie-quedan-vacios.html

    La ley permite internar a estas personas un máximo de 60 días. Si en este plazo no han sido devueltas, deben quedar en libertad.

  • En Allemagne, pas d’#asperges sans Roumains

    Chronique, sur la vie, la vraie, vue d’Allemagne. Ce voisin qu’on croit connaître très bien mais qu’on comprend si mal. Au menu de cette semaine, la passion des Allemands pour les asperges a poussé le gouvernement à ouvrir ses frontières pour faire rentrer des #saisonniers roumains, indispensables à la récolte de leur légume-roi.

    Il a déjà été évoqué dans cette chronique le rapport singulier qu’entretiennent les Allemands avec leurs asperges. Ils les aiment bien blanches, massives, au diamètre imposant, et noyées sous environ douze litres d’épaisse sauce hollandaise. C’est ainsi : entre les Allemands et l’asperge la relation est passionnelle, fusionnelle, et surtout irrationnelle. Comme le dit avec humour la chroniqueuse Margarete Stokowski, que ne ferait-on pas pour célébrer le « culte » du « vieux mâle blanc des arts culinaires » ? Ainsi, tous les ans, le pays, premier producteur européen, surveille ses récoltes comme le lait sur le feu, et on ne compte plus les articles espérant le retour du Spargelzeit, le temps des asperges, comme la promesse de jours meilleurs.
    « Aucun Allemand ne veut faire ce boulot »

    Aussi le pays se trouva-t-il fort dépourvu lorsque le coronavirus menaça de mettre en péril la récolte du légume-roi. Sans travailleurs saisonniers venus de l’Est, pas d’asperges, et pas de sauce hollandaise. Car si les Allemands se bousculent pour acheter leur légume préféré, ils se pressent moins pour les ramasser. « Aucun Allemand ne veut faire ce boulot », déplorait déjà un producteur dans le Brandebourg en 2018. Ramasser des asperges est harassant, et consiste à travailler dix heures par jour le dos courbé pour le salaire minimum.

    Un printemps sans asperges ? Face à cette catastrophe annoncée, le gouvernement allemand n’est pas resté les bras ballants. La ministre de l’Agriculture, Julia Klöckner (CDU), a d’abord proposé d’utiliser des demandeurs d’asile, dont on lèverait l’interdiction de travail. Certaines personnes originaires d’Albanie, de Bosnie-Herzégovine ou du Kosovo ne pourraient-elles pas faire l’affaire ? Finalement, le gouvernement s’est dit : coronavirus ou pas, il nous faut des travailleurs saisonniers. D’un seul homme, les exploitants se sont proposés afin d’aller chercher les volontaires par avion. Seul hic, la plupart des frontières en Allemagne sont fermées depuis la mi-mars.

    Soulagement

    Qu’à cela ne tienne. Si Paris vaut bien une messe, l’asperge vaut bien une entorse à la fermeture des frontières. Le 2 avril, le gouvernement fédéral a permis la venue de 80 000 travailleurs saisonniers. Des images d’ouvriers roumains, photographiés à leur sortie d’avion façon paparazzade, ont alors envahi les médias, qui poussèrent un cri de soulagement : « Les saisonniers sont là. » Même le parti d’extrême droite AfD s’est réjoui, une fois n’est pas coutume, de l’#ouverture_des_frontières.

    Seulement, l’affaire n’est pas sans danger, quand bien même les exploitants assurent respecter les consignes d’hygiène et de sécurité. L’un de ces ouvriers agricoles roumains est mort du Covid-19 lors du week-end de Pâques, près de Fribourg-en-Brisgau (Bade-Wurtemberg). Il avait 57 ans. On suppose qu’il a contracté le virus en Allemagne. Une éditorialiste du Zeit s’est indignée, et elle n’est pas la seule : « Pas besoin d’être diplômée en économie pour comprendre que l’idée d’envoyer des milliers de Roumains démunis en Allemagne pour travailler dans les champs en pleine pandémie n’est pas particulièrement bonne. »

    https://www.liberation.fr/planete/2020/04/21/en-allemagne-pas-d-asperges-sans-roumains_1785811

    #travailleurs_étrangers #migrations #coronavirus #covid-19 #Roumanie #travailleurs_roumains

    Ajouté à cette métaliste :
    https://seenthis.net/messages/849493

  • On Social Reproduction and the Covid-19 Pandemic

    Thesis 1
    Capitalism prioritizes profit-making over life-making: We want to reverse it

    This pandemic, and the ruling class response to it, offers a clear and tragic illustration of the idea at the heart of Social Reproduction Theory: that life-making bows to the requirements of profit-making.

    Capitalism’s ability to produce its own life blood—profit—utterly depends upon the daily “production” of workers. That means it depends upon life-making processes that it does not fully and immediately control or dominate. At the same time, the logic of accumulation requires that it keeps as low as possible the wages and taxes that support the production and maintenance of life. This is the major contradiction at the heart of capitalism. It degrades and undervalues precisely those who make real social wealth: nurses and other workers in hospitals and healthcare, agricultural laborers, workers in food factories, supermarket employees and delivery drivers, waste collectors, teachers, child carers, elderly carers. These are the racialized, feminized workers that capitalism humiliates and stigmatizes with low wages and often dangerous working conditions. Yet the current pandemic makes clear that our society simply cannot survive without them. Society also cannot survive with pharmaceutical companies competing for profits and exploiting our right to stay alive. And it is apparent that the ‘invisible hand of the market’ will not make and run a planet-wide health infrastructure which, as the current pandemic is showing, humanity needs.

    The health crisis is thus forcing capital to focus on life and life-making work such as healthcare, social care, food production and distribution. We demand that this focus remains even when the pandemic has passed so that health, education and other life-making activities are decommodified and made accessible to all.

    Thesis 2
    Social reproduction workers are essential workers: We demand they be recognized as such in perpetuity

    While most commodity-producing companies lacking workers have seen their profits and stock values drop precipitously, they find themselves beholden to the people-making organizations, communities, households and individuals. But, given capitalism’s need to prioritize profit-making over life-making, such organizations, communities, households and individuals are barely equipped to meet the challenge. It is not just that Covid-19 has taken a toll on healthcare, public transit and grocery store workers, various community volunteers and others. Years and years of dismantling essential social services in the name of austerity means that social reproductive workforces are smaller than they used to be, and community organizations fewer and less well resourced.

    To compensate for decades of neglect in a crisis, many capitalist states and corporations are shifting their priorities, but only partially and temporarily. They are sending cheques to households, extending unemployment insurance to precarious workers, ordering automakers to switch from producing cars to producing masks and ventilators. In Spain, the state temporarily took over for-profit hospitals; in the US, insurance companies are forfeiting co-payments for Covid-19 testing. Among other things, this shows just how readily available and plentiful are the resources to actually meet people’s needs when there is political will.

    We demand that workers in social reproduction sectors—nurses, hospital cleaners, teachers, garbage removal staff, food makers and supermarket employees—be permanently recognized for the essential service they perform, and their wages, benefit and social standing be improved to reflect their importance in maintaining society as a whole.

    Thesis 3
    Bail out people not banks

    Our rulers are devoting far more resources to bailing out businesses, in the hope of staving off an utter collapse of capitalist value. The very profits produced, we remind you, by the labor power that social reproductive labor supplies. CEOs of hotel and restaurant chains, tech and airline companies, and more are throwing millions of workers off their payroll, while largely preserving their own hyper-inflated salaries and benefits. This is because the capitalist system requires that the contradiction between life and wage labour always be resolved to the benefit of capital rather than people’s lives.

    We demand that all financial resources and stimulus packages be invested in life-making work, and not in keeping capitalist companies running.

    Thesis 4
    Open borders, close prisons

    This pandemic is hitting immigrants and detainees very hard: those who are stuck in prisons or detention centers with indecent hygienic conditions and no health resources, those who are undocumented and suffer in silence for fear of seeking help and getting deported, those who work in life-making activities (health and social care, agriculture, etc.) and are more at risk of being infected because they have no choice but go to work (lacking adequate or any protective gear), those who are in transit between countries trying to reach their families, and those who cannot leave their countries because of travel bans and sanctions.

    Pandemic or not, Trump will retain the sanctions against Iran (where infection rates and deaths are skyrocketing). And neither Trump nor the European Union will pressure Israel to lift sanctions that rob the 2 million people imprisoned in Gaza of much needed medical supplies. This differentiated response to the pandemic draws upon and reinforces the racist and colonialist oppression that is capitalism’s underbelly.

    We demand that healthcare needs take precedence over any immigration regulations, that those imprisoned for most crimes be released immediately and alternative compassionate sanctions are found for those who are sick, that detention centers and other carceral institutions aimed at disciplining rather than nourishing life be closed.

    Thesis 5
    Solidarity is our weapon: Let’s use it against capital

    The pandemic has revealed to the world how working people in a crisis always get by through a wide and creative array of survival strategies. For most, that has meant relying on immediate friends and family. Some, however, are managing through mutual aid initiatives. For the homeless and those capitalist society has rejected as a burden, support has come from heroic initiatives of social reproduction volunteers who are offering to others nothing less than the right to life. Neighborhoods across the UK are creating Whatsapp groups to stay in touch with the most vulnerable and help them obtain food and medication. Schools are sending food vouchers to poor families with children eligible for free meals. Food banks and charities are seeing the number of volunteers rising. Social reproduction commons are arising as an urgent necessity. But we have also learned the lessons of the past: we will not allow capitalist governments to use social reproduction commons as an excuse for the state’s withdrawal from responsibility.

    As socialist feminists, we need to push this further, to work together to call for public provision of all that is necessary for human life to thrive. This means building solidarity across the different communities that are unequally affected and resourced. This means supporting the most marginalized and arguing for those with any social resources—trade unions, NGOs, community organizations—to share and support those without. This means demanding that the state recognize social reproduction work as the cornerstone of social existence.

    We demand that governments learn from the people and replicate in policy terms what ordinary people are doing to help and support each other.

    Thesis 6
    Feminist Solidarity against Domestic Violence

    The lockdown measures adopted by most countries to contain the spread of Covid-19, while absolutely necessary, have severe consequences for millions of people who live in abusive relationships. Reports of domestic violence against women and LGBTQ folk have multiplied during the pandemic as victims are forced to stay indoors with violent partners or family members. Stay-at-home campaigns that do not take into account the specific plight of domestic abuse are particularly worrisome in a context in which years of rampant neoliberalism have meant that funds have been withdrawn from anti-violence shelters and services

    We demand that governments immediately reverse years of defunding of anti-violence services, and provide the resources agencies need to operate and widely publicize their helplines.

    Thesis 7
    Social reproduction workers have social power: We can use it to reorganize society

    This pandemic can, and should, be a moment when the left puts forward a concrete agenda for how to support life over profit in a way that will help us move beyond capitalism. This pandemic has already shown us how much capitalism needs social reproductive workers—waged and unwaged, in hospitals and infrastructure work, in households, in communities. Let’s keep reminding ourselves of that, and of the social power that such workers hold. This is the moment when we, as social reproduction workers, must develop the consciousness of the social power we hold, in our national contexts, at the borders that divide us, and across the globe.

    If we stop, the world stops. That insight can be the basis of policies that respect our work, it can also be the basis of political action that builds the infrastructure for a renewed anti-capitalist agenda in which it is not profit-making but life-making that drives our societies.

    https://spectrejournal.com/seven-theses-on-social-reproduction-and-the-covid-19-pandemic

    #propositions #thèses #féminisme #reproduction_sociale #le_monde_d'après #marxisme #capitalisme #profit #travail #frontières #ouverture_des_frontières #prisons #solidarité #violence_domestique #solidarité_féminine #pouvoir #pouvoir_social #féminisme_marxiste

    Traduction en français :
    Sept thèses féministes sur le #covid-19 et la reproduction sociale

    Alors que la pandémie de Covid-19 continue de sévir dans le monde entier, il apparaît de plus en plus clairement que les intérêts de l’#économie mondiale sont en contradiction avec la #préservation_de_la_vie. Ainsi a été rendue visible aux yeux de tou·te·s l’importance fondamentale de celles et ceux qu’on trouve en première ligne – les infirmier·e·s et les autres personnels de santé, les ouvrier·e·s agricoles, les ouvrier·e·s des usines alimentaires, les employé·e·s des supermarchés etc. –, celles et ceux dont l’emploi permet la reproduction de la vie même. A travers ces sept thèses que nous traduisons aujourd’hui, le collectif féministe marxiste montre combien la théorie de la reproduction sociale peut nous aider à penser l’épidémie, mais aussi à dresser des pistes pour abolir le monde qui l’a produite.

    https://acta.zone/sept-theses-feministes-sur-le-covid-19-et-la-reproduction-sociale

    via @isskein
    ping @karine4

  • Coronavirus resurging in Iran hotspots amid partial reopening- Al Monitor
    At least three Iranian provinces are experiencing a resurgence of the coronavirus after the government partially relaxed lockdown measures.
    #Covid19#Iran#Santé#Déconfinement#Ouverture_magasin#Pandémie#migrant#migration

    https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2020/04/coronavirus-iran-hotspots-partial-reopening.html#ixzz6JczLvN9F

  • Boston University Is First To Announce It May Postpone Its Fall Term Until January 2021

    Boston University appears to be the first American college or university to announce that it may not re-open its campus until January 2021. If public health officials deem it unsafe for students to congregate, the campus could remain closed until the start of next year.

    BU, a private residential research university with 33,000 students that traces its roots to 1839, revealed its contingency plan on BU Today, a news site managed by its communications department. Since it closed its campus on Sunday, March 22, BU president Robert Brown has convened five working groups who are all contributing to a COVID-19 “Recovery Plan.” They include a group that is examining remote learning and another focused on residential life.

    The BU Today article says the January start date would happen in the “unlikely event” that health officials advise that social distancing should extend through the fall. But it is still significant that a major U.S. university is making public the possibility that face-to-face classes could be delayed for as long as nine months. BU has also canceled all its in-person summer classes.

    Richard Ekman, president of the non-profit Council of Independent Colleges, says that some of the 659 colleges in his group have begun quietly to consider whether they too will have to postpone campus openings. Some are discussing start date delays of a month. Others are looking at more extended closures. “They’re all waiting to get better health information,” he says.

    Roughly one third of those small colleges have cash reserves that would be depleted in less than half a year if they were not able to collect tuition and other revenue from enrolled students. “If they had no income for six months, those schools would be in trouble,” he says.

    Even if colleges can reopen in the fall, enrollments are likely to be down since many families have taken a huge financial hit and students may opt to delay college or to attend less expensive public or community colleges.

    At BU, the working groups are also examining what will have to happen when on-campus classes can finally resume. “[T]his is not going to be as simple as flipping a switch and getting back to business as usual,” says BU President Brown. “Starting that planning now is a necessity.”

    https://www.forbes.com/sites/susanadams/2020/04/13/boston-university-is-first-to-announce-it-may-postpone-its-fall-term-until-january-2021/#1b030ce84bd5

    #septembre_2020 #janvier_2021 #université #USA #Etats-Unis #ouverture #Boston #septembre_2020 #rentrée_2020 #rentrée_universitaire
    Le #déconfinement... c’est pas pour tout de suite tout de suite...

    • Boston University admits classrooms may stay empty in fall

      University sets focus on 2021 and ponders idea of overhauling residential experience.

      Boston University (BU) is telling its community to prepare for the possibility of no on-campus instruction this fall, a blunt warning its president calls a necessary admission of reality, to allow for proper planning.

      The mindset, said the BU president, Robert A. Brown, is helping his staff keep their focus on the preparations that matter most at a time of great uncertainty across higher education, the nation and the world.

      “Facing up to that fact, I think, is important at this time,” Dr Brown, a former provost at the nearby Massachusetts Institute of Technology, who has led BU since 2005, said in an interview.

      It is nevertheless raising anxiety, he admitted, at a time when students, faculty and almost everyone in society is eager for a return to normalcy, while trying to assess the relative costs of a bunkered civilisation.

      For the most part, US universities are still consumed by the unexpected challenges of moving their entire spring semester operations online, while perhaps talking in general terms about evaluating options for the fall.

      A professor of chemical engineering, Dr Brown said he took a hard look at the realities of fighting Covid-19 and the necessary conditions for normal close human contact.

      He concluded that the nation’s current progress against Covid-19 meant that BU could not realistically host on-campus courses this summer and possibly this fall. As a result, it is keeping classrooms closed through this summer while holding out a fall reopening as a possibility. That position clears the way, he said, for BU to seriously begin reimagining the concept of a residential campus once the pandemic eases enough to allow some in-person instruction, with promises to set out specific details.

      In practical terms, Dr Brown said, BU’s assessment process means considering tactics such as reconfiguring classrooms to hold far fewer students, with course time divided into online components and smaller in-class periods.

      In somewhat more abstract terms, he said, the process means gaining a greater appreciation for faculty-student interactions and considering how to take the best possible advantage of them when they can occur.

      By examining details such as touching doorknobs and sharing bathrooms, Dr Brown said, BU’s planners will unavoidably have to ask themselves what level of ongoing infection rate is acceptable while awaiting a vaccine. “That really is the fundamental question,” he said, “because it’s not going to be zero.”

      The pressures on higher education, as with much of the rest of the economy, are substantial. US colleges and universities are especially vulnerable, Moody’s Investors Service said in a global analysis, because they rely so heavily on state funding, foreign students and endowment investments that have been hurt by paralysed economies.

      The US institution with the biggest endowment, Harvard University, has just joined the growing number of campuses that have frozen spending, announcing a hold on hiring, salaries and capital spending, with pay cuts for top executives. Its president, Lawrence Bacow, has acknowledged being consumed by the need to decide about the fall semester while “a tremendous amount of uncertainty” remains globally.

      Dr Brown said he, too, cannot predict the shape of the fall semester, owing to major medical questions such as the future availability of widespread testing for Covid-19.

      But he suggested that US colleges could be clearer to their communities about what simply isn’t possible at this point, and what some of their main choices look like, even while he admitted that broaching the idea of spending the fall semester outside classrooms appears to have amplified fears at BU in the short term.

      “There’s a risk with it,” he acknowledged. “And I think a lot of universities say: ‘Well, there’s a real risk of giving uncertainty by saying you don’t know the answer and exposing yourself.’”

      https://www.timeshighereducation.com/news/boston-university-admits-classrooms-may-stay-empty-fall

      #coronavirus #covid-19

    • Here’s a List of Colleges’ Plans for Reopening in the Fall

      The coronavirus pandemic has left higher-education leaders facing difficult decisions about when to reopen campuses and how to go about it. The Chronicle is tracking individual colleges’ plans. Currently the vast majority say they are planning for an in-person fall semester.

      Here’s our list of colleges that have either disclosed their plans or set a deadline for deciding. New additions include Abilene Christian, Arizona State, Bradley, Central Michigan, Coastal Carolina, Drake, Fairfield, Harding, High Point, Kansas State, McMurry, New Mexico State, Northern Arizona, Norwich, Tarleton State, and Willamette Universities; Bowdoin, Manhattanville, Mount Holyoke, Oberlin, and Roanoke Colleges; and the Universities of Buffalo, Massachusetts at Amherst, Nevada at Reno, and Toledo.

      Tell us your college’s plans or if they are different than reported below. Use this form and provide a relevant link if you want your institution to be included.

      https://www.chronicle.com/article/Here-s-a-List-of-Colleges-/248626?cid=wcontentgrid_hp_1b
      #liste

  • Iran warns of economic fallout from coronavirus as ‘low-risk’ shops reopen - Al Monitor
    As its death toll from the coronavirus hits 4,585, Iran — desperate to get the economy going — allows an assortment of shops to reopen and lifts its ban on travel between provinces.
    #Covid19#Iran#Crise_Economique#Déconfinement#Ouverture_magasin#Pandémie#migrant#migration

    https://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2020/04/iran-warn-economic-fallout-coronavirus-shops-reopen.html#ixzz6JWuviCtb