• Clinatec : rencontre avec un repenti
    https://www.piecesetmaindoeuvre.com/spip.php?article1749

    Toujours en librairie : Manifeste des Chimpanzés du futur contre le transhumanisme. Voir ici

    Dans une récente tribune du Monde, le pédopsychiatre Bruno Falissard dénonce la technolâtrie de ses confrères : « La médecine est le meilleur alibi de l’hubris technoscientifique, écrit-il. Dans l’espoir utopique de pouvoir vaincre la mort et la souffrance par la puissance sans limite de notre science, nous tous, médecins, patients, autorités de santé, politiques… nous enivrons du flot ininterrompu des découvertes (…) Il est grand temps d’arrêter cette folie. » Bruno Falissard doit passer de bons moments avec ses collègues de l’académie de Médecine, où siège également Alim-Louis Benabid, le neurocrate grenoblois, fondateur de Clinatec et incarnation de l’hubris technoscientifique en milieu médical. On imagine leurs (...)

    http://www.piecesetmaindoeuvre.com/spip.php?page=resume&id_article=960 #Nécrotechnologies
    https://www.piecesetmaindoeuvre.com/IMG/pdf/clinatec_repenti.pdf

  • Sieben Museen in Berlin, die keinen Eintritt kosten
    https://www.berliner-zeitung.de/ratgeber/berlin-umsonst-und-aussergewoehnlich-sieben-museen-in-berlin-die-ke

    09.10.2022 von Nicole Schulze - In Nicht-Corona-Zeiten liegen die jährlichen Besucherzahlen stadtweit im zweistelligen Millionenbereich. Jedoch sind es auch die kleinen Schätze, die besonderen Ausstellungsperlen, die unsere Museumslandschaft so unverwechselbar und einzigartig machen. Davon möchten wir Ihnen einige vorstellen. Und weil die Zeiten hart sind, wir alle sparen müssen, zeigen wir Ihnen Museen, die Sie komplett gratis besuchen können.

    Tränenpalast
    https://www.hdg.de/en/traenenpalast


    Adresse: #Reichstagufer 17, 10117 #Mitte, direkt am Bahnhof #Friedrichstraße
    https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/8888473363#map=19/52.52091/13.38715

    Öffnungszeiten: Dienstags bis freitags 9 bis 19 Uhr, am Wochenende 10 bis 18 Uhr

    Energiemuseum
    https://energie-museum.de


    Adresse: #Teltowkanalstraße 9, 12247 #Steglitz, direkt an der Haltestelle Teltowkanalstraße (Bus 186, 283)
    https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/45524990

    Öffnungszeiten: Da das Energiemuseum ehrenamtlich betrieben wird, gibt es keine festen Öffnungszeiten. Wer vorbeikommen möchte, kann telefonisch einen Termin vereinbaren: 030 701777-55 oder -56 (nur dienstags von 10 bis 12 Uhr).

    Militärhistorisches Museum
    https://mhm-gatow.de/de


    Adresse: #Am_Flugplatz #Gatow 33, 14089 #Spandau. Von den Bushaltestellen #Kurpromenade oder #Seekorso (Bus 135) läuft man etwa 10 Minuten. Tipp: Fall Sie mit dem Fahrrad kommen, können Sie von #Wannsee aus mit der Fähre F10 nach #Kladow übersetzen.
    https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/8428338215#map=19/52.47420/13.14174

    Öffnungszeiten: Dienstags bis sonntags von 10 bis 18 Uhr, montags ist geschlossen.

    Archenhold-Sternwarte
    https://www.planetarium.berlin/archenhold-sternwarte


    Achtung: Noch bis zum 20. Oktober läuft eine Sonderausstellung, weshalb der Eintritt bis dahin nicht umsonst ist. Erwachsene zahlen derzeit 15 Euro, Kinder 8 Euro Eintritt.

    Adresse: #Alt_Treptow 1, 12435 #Treptow. Die Sternwarte befindet sich unweit vom Zenner-Biergarten, von der Haltestelle Bulgarische Straße (Bus 165, 166, 265) sind es nur vier Minuten zu Fuß. Sie können auch vom S-Bahnhof #Treptower_Park (Ringbahn, S8, S9, S85) hinlaufen, das dauert 18 Minuten, ist aber ein schöner Spaziergang durch den Park.
    https://www.openstreetmap.org/relation/2309788

    Öffnungszeiten: Freitags von 17 bis 22 Uhr, samstags von 12.30 Uhr bis 22 Uhr, sonntags von 12.30 Uhr bis 17 Uhr.

    Street-Art-Museum Urban Nation
    https://urban-nation.com


    Adresse: #Bülowstraße 7, 10783 #Schöneberg. Vom U-Bahnhof Bülowstraße (U2) sind es nur fünf Minuten zu Fuß
    https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/4708547016

    Öffnungszeiten: Dienstags und mittwochs von 10 bis 18 Uhr, donnerstags bis sonntags von 12 bis 20 Uhr. Montags ist geschlossen.

    Jüdisches Museum
    https://www.jmberlin.de


    Adresse: #Lindenstraße 9–14, 10969 Kreuzberg, vor dem Haus liegt die Haltestelle Jüdisches Museum (Bus 248). Vom U-Bahnhof #Kochstraße / #Checkpoint_Charlie (U6) sind es aber auch nur zehn Minuten zu Fuß.
    https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/302942554

    Öffnungszeiten: täglich 10 bis 19 Uhr.

    Zweiradmuseum
    https://www.ideal-seitenwagen.eu/museum


    Adresse: #Köpenicker_Straße 8, 10997 #Kreuzberg, drei Fußminuten vom U-Bahnhof #Schlesisches_Tor (U1).
    https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/856410965#map=19/52.50268/13.43925

    Öffnungszeiten: Montags bis freitags von 10 bis 17 Uhr, samstags von 10 bis 13 Uhr.

    Diese Geheimtipps sollte jeder Berliner kennen
    https://www.berliner-zeitung.de/ratgeber/berlin-ausstellung-museum-mal-anders-diese-geheimtipps-sollte-jeder

    03.07.2022

    Industriesalon
    https://www.industriesalon.de/industriesalon


    #Reinbeckstraße 10 in 12459 #Schöneweide, Straßenbahnhaltestelle #Firlstraße (Tram 27, 60, 61, 67).
    https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/199532111

    Öffnungszeiten: Mittwochs bis sonntags von 14 bis 18 Uhr. Der Eintritt ist kostenlos.

    Classic Remise
    https://remise.de/berlin


    #Wiebestrasse 36-37 in 10553 #Moabit (ca. 10 Minuten vom S-Bahnhof# Beusselstraße, Ringbahn). Der Eintritt ist kostenlos.
    https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/2703829986

    Öffnungszeiten: Montags bis samstags 8 bis 20 Uhr, sonn- und feiertags 10 bis 20 Uhr.

    Gedenkort SA-Gefängnis Papestraße
    https://www.gedenkort-papestrasse.de


    #Werner-Voß-Damm 54a in 12101 #Tempelhof. Zu erreichen mit der S-Bahn, Haltestelle #Südkreuz (Ausgang #General-Pape-Straße / Werner-Voß-Damm).
    https://www.openstreetmap.org/way/30419819

    Geöffnet ist dienstags bis donnerstags sowie am Wochenende jeweils von 13 bis 18 Uhr, montags und freitags ist geschlossen. Der Eintritt ist kostenlos. Öffentliche Führungen finden immer sonntags um 13 Uhr statt (kostenfrei, Anmeldung nicht erforderlich).

    Computermuseum
    https://computermuseum.htw-berlin.de


    https://www.sammlungen.htw-berlin.de/computermuseum
    Ausstellung im Gebäude C, Campus Wilhelminenhof der HTW Berlin, 6.Etage, #Wilhelminenhofstraße 75a, 12459 #Köpenick. Von der Straßenbahnhaltestelle #Parkstraße (Tram 27, 60, 61, 67) läuft man eine gute Viertel Stunde.
    https://www.openstreetmap.org/node/1632937492#map=19/52.45724/13.52694

    Pandemiebedingt und aufgrund von aktuellen Personalengpässen werden derzeit nur Gruppenführungen angeboten (Anfragen an Frank Burghardt: Frank.Burghardt@HTW-Berlin.de). Erst ab Herbst soll es wieder reguläre Öffnungszeiten geben. Der Eintritt ist kostenlos.

    #Berlin #Tourismus #Museum

    • @sandburg Musée de Pergame avant ou après la rénovation ? Il est payant !


      Voici ce que Peter Weiss a écrit sur l’hôtel de Pergame en 1938. Je m’excuse car je n’ai pas de version numérique allemande. On a détruit l’ancienne présentation où on on entrait dans une pièce consacrée à la contemplation de l’oeuvre antique. Là il semble que l’hôtel soit retourné afin de permettre de faire passer devant des dizaines de milliers de touristes par jour.

      The Aesthetics of Resistance, Volume 1

      All around us the bodies rose out of the stone, crowded into groups, intertwined, or shattered into fragments, hinting at their shapes with a torso, a propped-up arm, a burst hip, a scabbed shard, always in warlike gestures, dodging, rebounding, attacking, shielding themselves, stretched high or crooked, some of them snuffed out, but with a freestanding, forward-pressing foot, a twisted back, the contour of a calf harnessed into a single common motion. A gigantic wrestling, emerging from the gray wall, recalling a perfection, sinking back into formlessness. A hand, stretching from the rough ground, ready to clutch, attached to the shoulder across empty surface, a barked face, with yawning cracks, a wide-open mouth, blankly gaping eyes, the face surrounded by the flowing locks of the beard, the tempestuous folds of a garment, everything close to its weathered end and close to its origin. Every detail preserving its expression, brittle fragments from which the whole could be gleaned, rough stumps next to polished smoothness, enlivened by the play of muscles and sinews, tautly harnessed chargers, rounded shields, erect spears, a head split into a raw oval, outspread wings, a triumphantly raised arm, a leaping heel circled by a fluttering tunic, a clenched fist on a now absent sword, shaggy hounds, their jaws clamped into loins and necks, a falling man, his finger stub aiming at the eye of the beast hanging over him, a charging lion protecting a female warrior, his paw swinging back to strike, hands endowed with bird claws, horns looming from weighty brows, scaly legs coiling, a brood of serpents everywhere, with strangleholds around bellies and throats, darting their tongues, baring sharp teeth, bashing into naked chests.

      These only just created, already dying faces, these tremendous and dismembered hands, these wide-sweeping pinions drowning in the blunt rock, this stony gaze, these lips torn open for a shriek, this striding, stamping, these blows of heavy weapons, this rolling of armored wheels, these clusters of hurled lightning bolts, this grinding underfoot, this rearing and collapsing, this endless straining to twist upward out of grainy boulders. And how gracefully curly the hair, how elaborately gathered and girded the lightweight mantle, how delicate the ornamentation on the straps of the shield, on the bulge of the helmet, how gentle the shimmer of the skin, ready for caresses yet exposed to the relentless rivalry, to slaughter and annihilation. With mask-like countenances, clutching one another and shoving one another away, strangling one another, clambering over one another, sliding from horses, entangled in the reins, utterly vulnerable in nakedness, and yet enrapt in Olympic aloofness, appearing indomitable as an ocean monster, a griffin, a centaur, yet grimacing in pain and despair, thus they clashed with one another, acting at higher behest, dreaming, motionless in insane vehemence, mute in inaudible roaring, all of them woven into a metamorphosis of torture, shuddering, persisting, waiting for an awakening, in perpetual endurance and perpetual rebellion, in outrageous impact, and in an extreme exertion to subdue the threat, to provoke the decision. A soft ringing and murmuring resounded now and again, the echoes of footfalls and voices surrounded us for moments at a time; and then once more, only this battle was near, our gazes glided over the toes in the sandals, bouncing off the skull of a fallen man, over the dying man whose stiffening hand lay tenderly on the arm of the goddess who held him by the hair. The cornice was the ground for the warriors: from its narrow, even strip they threw themselves up into the turmoil, the hooves of the horses banged upon the cornice, the hems of the garments grazed it, and the serpentine legs twisted across it; the ground was perforated at only one place: here, the demoness of the earth rose up, her face hacked away under her eye sockets, her breasts massive in a thin covering, the torn-off clump of one hand lifted in a search, the other hand, asking for a standstill, loomed from the stone edge, and knotty, long-jointed fingers stretched up to the profiled corbel as if they were still underground and were trying to reach the wrist of the open thumbless female hand, they moved along under the cornice, seeking the blurred traces of incised script, and Coppi’s face, his myopic eyes behind glasses with a thin steel frame, approached the letters, which Heilmann deci-hered with the help of a book he had brought along. Coppi turned toward him, attentive, with a broad, sharply drawn mouth, a large, protruding nose, and we gave the opponents in this melee their names and, in the torrent of noises, discussed the causes of the fight. Heilmann, the fifteen-year-old, who rejected any uncertainty, who tolerated no undocumented interpretation, but occasionally also adhered to the poetic demand for a conscious deregulation of the senses, who wanted to be a scientist and a seer, he, whom we nicknamed our Rimbaud, explained to us, who were already about twenty years old and who had been out of school for four years by now and were familiar with the world of labor and also with unemployment, while Coppi had spent a year in prison for circulating subversive literature —

      Heilmann explained to us the meaning of this dance round, in which the entire host of deities, led by Zeus, were striding toward vicory over a race of giants and fabulous creatures. The Giants, the sons of the lamenting Gaea, in front of whose torso we were now standing, had blasphemously mutinied against the gods; but other struggles that had passed across the kingdom of Pergamum were concealed under this depiction. The regents in the dynasty of the Attalids had ordered their master sculptors to translate the swift transience, paid for with thousands of lives, to a level of timeless permanence, thereby putting up a monu-ment to their own grandeur and immortality. The subjugation of the Gal-lic tribes invading from the north had turned into a triumph of aristocratic purity over wild and base forces, and the chisels and mallets of the stone carvers and their assistants had displayed a picture of incontestable order to make the subjects bow in awe. Historic events appeared in mythi-cal disguise, enormously palpable, arousing terror, admiration, yet not understandable as man-made, but endurable only as a more-than-personal power that wanted enthralled, enslaved people galore, though few at the top, who dictated destinies with a mere stirring of the finger. The populace, when trudging by on solemn days, scarcely dared to glance up at the effigy of its own history, while—along with the priests—the philosophers and poets, the artists from elsewhere, all full of factual knowledge, had long since walked around the temple; and that which, for the ignorant, lay in magical darkness was, for the informed, a handicraft to be soberly assessed. The initiates, the specialists talked about art, praising the harmony of movement, the coordination of gestures; the others, however, who were not even familiar with the concept of “cultured,” stared furtively into the gaping maws, felt the swoop of the paw in their own flesh.

      The work gave pleasure to the privileged; the others sensed a segregation under a draconian law of hierarchy. However, a few sculptures, said Heilmann, did not have to be extracted from their symbolism; the falling man, the man of Gaul taking his own life, showed the immediate tragedy of a concrete situation; but these sculptures, replied Coppi, had not been outside, they had remained among the trophies in the throne rooms, purely in order to indicate from whom the shields and helmets, the bundles of swords and spears had been taken. The sole aim of the wars was to safeguard the territories of the kings. The gods, confronted with the spirits of the earth, kept the notion of certain power relationships alive. A frieze filled with anonymous soldiers, who, as tools of the higher-ups, fought for years, attacking other anonymous soldiers, would have altered the attitude toward those who served, boosting their position; the kings, not the warriors, won the victories, and the victors could be like the gods, while the losers were despised by the gods. The privileged knew that the gods did not exist, for they, the privileged, who donned the masks of the gods, knew themselves. So they were even more insistent on being surrounded with splendor and dignity. Art served to give their rank, their authority the appearance of the supernatural. They could permit no skepticism about their perfection. Heilmann’s bright face, with its regular features, bushy eyebrows, and high forehead, had turned to the demoness of the earth. She had brought forth Uranus, the sky, Pontus, the sea, and all mountains. She had given birth to the Giants, the Titans, the Cyclopes, and the Furies. This was our race. We evaluated the history of the earthly beings. We looked up at her again, the demoness stretching out of the ground. The waves of loosened hair flowed about her. On her shoulder, she carried a bowl of pomegranates. Foliage and grape vines twirled at the back of her neck. The start of the lips, begging for mercy, was discernible in the raw facial plane, which veered sideways and upward. A gash gaped from her chin to her larynx. Alcyoneus, her favorite son, slanted away from her while dropping to his knees. The stump of his left hand groped toward her. She was still touching his left foot, which dangled from his stretched and shattered leg. His thighs, abdomen, belly, and chest were all tensing in convulsions. The pain of death radiated from the small wound inflicted between his ribs by the venomous reptile. The wide, unfurled wings of the kingfisher, growing from his shoulder, slowed down his plunge. The silhouette of the burst-off face above him, with the hard line of the neck, of the hair, which was tied up and tucked under the helmet, spoke of the pitilessness of Athena. As she swung forward, her wide, belted cloak flew back. The downward glide of the garment revealed, on her left breast, the scale armor with the small, bloated face of Medusa. The weight of the round shield, her arm thrust into its thong, pulled her along to new deeds. Nike, leaping up, with mighty wings, in loose, airy tunics, held the wreath, invisible but implied by the gesture, over her head. Heilmann pointed: at the dissolving goddess of the night, Nyx, who, with a loving smile, was hurling her vessel full of serpents toward a downcast creature; at Zeus, who, in his open, billowing cloak, was using his woolen aegis, the goatskin of doom, to whip down three adversaries; and at Eos, the goddess of dawn, who was riding like a cloud in front of the rising team of the naked sun god, Helios.

      Thus, he said gently, a new day dawns after the dreadful butchery, and now the glass-covered room became noisy with the scraping of feet on the smooth floor, with the ticking echoes of shoe soles on the steep steps leading up the reconstructed western façade of the temple to the colonnades of the interior court. We turned back toward the relief, which throughout its bands demonstrated the instant when the tremendous change was about to take place, the moment when the concentrated strength portends the ineluctable consequence. By seeing the lance immediately before its throw, the club before its whizzing plunge, the run before the jump, the hauling-back before the clash, our eyes were driven from figure to figure, from one situation to the next, and the stone began to quiver all around us. However, we missed Heracles, who, according to the myth, was the only mortal to ally himself with the gods in the battle against the Giants; and, combing the immured bodies, the remnants of limbs, we looked for the son of Zeus and Alcmene, the earthly helper whose courage and unremitting labor would bring an end to the period of menace. All we could discern was a sign bearing his name, and the paw of a lion’s skin that had cloaked him; nothing else testified to his station between Hera’s four-horse team and Zeus’s athletic body; and Coppi called it an omen that Heracles, who was our equal, was missing, and that we now had to create our own image of this advocate of action. As we headed toward the low, narrow exit on the side of the room, the red armbands of the men in black and brown uniforms shone toward us from the whirling shifts in the throng of visitors; and whenever I spotted the emblem, rotating and chopping in the white, round field, it became a venomous spider, ruggedly hairy, hatched in with pencil, ink, or India ink, under Coppi’s hand, as I knew it from the class at the Scharfenberg Institute, where Coppi had sat at the next desk, doodling on small pictures, cards from cigarette packs, on illustrations clipped from newspapers, disfiguring the symbol of the new rulers, adding warts, tusks, nasty creases, and rivulets of blood to the plump faces looming from the uniform collars. Heilmann, our friend, also wore the brown shirt, with rolled-up sleeves, the shoulder straps, the string for the whistle, the dagger on the short pants; but he wore this garb as a disguise, camouflaging his own knowledge and camouflaging Coppi, who was coming from illegal work, and camouflaging me, who was about to leave for Spain. And thus, on the twenty-second of September, nineteen thirty-seven, a few days before my departure, we stood in front of the altar frieze, which had been brought here from the castle mountain of Pergamum to be reconstructed, and which, painted colorfully and lined with forged metals, had once reflected the light of the Aegean sky. Heilmann indicated the dimensions and location of the temple, as the temple, still undamaged by sandstorms or earthquakes, pillage or plunder, had shown itself on a protruding platform, on the terraced hill of the residence, above the city known today as Bergama, sixty-five miles north of Smyrna, between the narrow, usually dried-out rivers Keteios and Selinos, gazing westward, across the plain of Caicus, toward the ocean and the isle of Lesbos, a structure with an almost square ground plan, one hundred twenty by one hundred thirteen feet, and with a perron sixty-five feet wide, the whole thing dedicated by Eumenes II, to thank the gods for helping him in his war — the construction having begun one hundred eighty years before our era and lasting for twenty years, the buildings visible from far away, included among the wonders of the world by Lucius Ampelius in his Book of Memorabilia, second century a.d., before the temple sank into the rubble of a millennium.

      And has this mass of stone, Coppi asked, which served the cult of princely and religious masters of ceremony, who glorified the victory of the aristocrats over an earthbound mix of nations—has this mass of stone now become a value in its own right, belonging to anyone who steps in front of it.

      It was no doubt highbred figures who trod barbaric mongrels underfoot here, and the sculptors did not immortalize the people who were down in the streets, running the mills, smithies, and manufactories, or who were employed in the markets, the workshops, the harbor shipyards; besides, the sanctuary on the thousand-foot-high mountain, in the walled district of the storehouses, barracks, baths, theaters, administration buildings, and palaces of the ruling clan, was accessible to the populace only on holidays; no doubt, only the names of some of the master artists were handed down, Menecrates, Dionysades, Orestes, and not the names of those who had transferred the drawings to the ashlars, had defined the intersections with compasses and drills, and had practiced expertly on some veins and shocks of hair, and nothing recalled the peons who fetched the marble and dragged the huge blocks to the oxcarts, and yet, said Heilmann, the frieze brought fame not only for those who were close to the gods but also for those whose strength was still concealed, for they too were not ignorant, they did not want to be enslaved forever, led by Aristonicus they rebelled at the end of the construction, rising up against the lords of the city. Nevertheless the work still incorporated the same dichotomy as at the time of its creation. Destined to emanate royal power, it could simultaneously be questioned about its peculiarities of style, its sculptural persuasiveness. In its heyday, before falling to the Byzantine Empire, Pergamum was renowned for its scholars, its schools and libraries, and the special writing pages of cured, fleshed, and buffed calfskin made the fruits of poetic invention, of scholarly and scientific investigation permanent. The silence, the paralysis of those fated to be trampled into the ground continued to be palpable. They, the real bearers of the Ionian state, unable to read or write, excluded from artistic activity, were only good enough to create the wealth for a small privileged stratum and the necessary leisure for the elite of the mind. The existence of the celestials was unattainable for them, but they could recognize themselves in the kneeling imbruted creatures. The latter, in crudeness, degradation, and maltreatment, bore their features. The portrayal of the gods in flight and of the annihilation of urgent danger expressed not the struggle of good against evil, but the struggle between the classes, and this was recognized not only in our present-day viewing but perhaps also back then in secret glimpses by serfs. However, the afterdays of the altar were likewise determined by the enterprising spirit of the well-to-do. When the sculptural fragments that had lain buried under the deposits of Near Eastern power changes came to light, it was once again the superior, the enlightened who knew how to use the valuable items, while the herdsmen and nomads, the descendants of the builders of the temple, possessed no more of Pergamum’s grandeur than dust.

      But it was a waste of breath complaining, said Heilmann, for the preservation of the showpiece of Hellenic civilization in a mausoleum of the modern world was preferable to its traceless entombment in Mysian detritus. Since our goal was to eliminate injustice, to wipe out poverty, he said, and since this country too was only going through a transition, we could imagine that this site would some day demonstrate the expanded and mutual ownership intrinsic in the monumentality of the formed work. And so, in the dim light, we gazed at the beaten and dying. The mouth of one of the vanquished, with the rapacious hound hanging over his shoulder, was half open, breathing its last. His left hand lay feeble on the forward-charging leather-shod foot of Artemis, his right arm was still raised in self-defense, but his hips were already growing cold, and his legs had turned into a spongy mass. We heard the thuds of the clubs, the shrilling whistles, the moans, the splashing of blood. We looked back at a prehistoric past, and for an instant the prospect of the future likewise filled up with a massacre impenetrable to the thought of liberation. Heracles would have to help them, the subjugated, and not those who had enough armor and weapons. Prior to the genesis of the figurations, there had been the bondage, the enclosure in stone. In the marble quarries on the mountain slopes north of the castle, the master sculptors had pointed their long sticks at the best blocks while eying the Gallic captives toiling in the sultry heat. Shielded and fanned by palm branches, squinting in the blinding sun, the sculptors took in the rippling of the muscles, the bending and stretching of the sweating bodies. The defeated warriors, driven here in chains, hanging from ropes on the rock faces, smashing crowbars and wedges into the strata of glittering, bluish white, crystalline-like limestone, and transporting the gigantic ashlars on long wooden sleds down the twisting paths, were notorious for their savagery, their brutal customs, and in the evenings the lords with their retinues passed them timidly when the stinking prisoners, drunk on cheap rotgut, were camping in a pit. Up in the gardens of the castle, however, in the gentle breeze wafting up from the sea, the huge bearded faces became the stuff of the sculptors’ dreams, and they remembered ordering one man or another to stand still, opening his eye wide, pulling his lips apart to view his teeth, they recalled the arteries swelling on his temples, the glistening nose, zygomas, and forehead emerging from the cast shadows.They could still hear the lugging and shoving, the stemming of shoulders and backs against the weight of the stone, the rhythmic shouts, the curses, the whip cracks, the grinding of sled runners in the sand, and they could see the figures of the frieze slumbering in the marble coffins. Slowly they scraped forth the limbs, felt them, saw forms emerge whose essence was perfection.

      With the plundered people transferring their energies into relaxed and receptive thoughts, degradation and lust for power produced art. Through the noisy maelstrom of a school class we pushed our way into the next room, where the market gates of Miletus loomed in the penumbra.

      At the columns flanking the gates, which had led from the town hall of the port to the open emporium, Heilmann asked whether we had noticed that inside, in the altar room, a spatial function had been inverted, so that exterior surfaces had become interior walls. In facing the western perron, he said, we had our backs to the eastern side, the rear of the temple, that is, in its merely rudimentary reconstruction, and the unfolded southern frieze stretched out to the right while the relief on the northern cornice ran to the left. Something the viewer was to grasp by slowly circling it was now surrounding him instead.

      This dizzying procedure would ultimately make us understand the Theory of Relativity, he added when, moving a few centuries deeper, we walked along the claybrick walls that had once stood in the cluster of Nebuchadnezzar’s Babylonian towers, and we then suddenly stepped into an area where yellowing leaves, whirring sunspots, pale-yellow double-decker buses, cars with flashing reflections, streams of pedestrians, and the rhythmic smashing of hobnailed boots demanded a readjustment in our bearings, a new indication of our whereabouts. We are now, said Coppi, after we crossed the square between the museum, the cathedral, and the Armory Canal, in front of the motionless fieldgray steel-helmeted sentries at the monument, whose dungeon still has room enough for the mangled marchers who, having bled to death, are en route here, willing or not, in order to lie down under the wreaths with silk ribbons. Heilmann, beneath the foliage of the Lindens, pointed between the Brothers Humboldt, who, enthroned loftily in armchairs with griffin feet, were brooding over open books, and he motioned across the wide forecourt, toward the university, where, reckoning with an accelerated high school diploma, he intended to study foreign affairs. He already knew English and French, and at the night school where we had met him, he had been seeking contacts for teaching him the taboo Russian language.

      The municipal night school, a gathering place for proletarians and renegade burghers, had been our chief educational institution after Coppi had left the Scharfenberg School Island at sixteen, and I, one year later, had likewise taken my last ferry to the mainland near Tegel Forest. Here, basic courses on Dostoyevsky’s and Turgenev’s novels served for debates on the prerevolutionary situation in Russia, just as lectures on economics guided us in our perusal of Soviet economic planning. The Association of Socialist Physicians plus scholarships from the Communist Party, where Coppi belonged to the Youth Organization, had enabled us to attend the Scharfenberg School, a progressive institution at that time. Our chief advocate had been Hodann, a municipal physician, head of the Health Office of the Reinickendorf district and director of the Institute of Sexology. We had met him at the question-and-answer evenings in the Ernst Haeckel Auditorium, and until his imprisonment and escape in nineteen thirty-three we often participated in the regular discussions on psychology, literature, and politics taking place every second week at his home in a settlement on Wiesener Strasse, Tempelhof. After the summoning of the National Socialist government, known as the Machtübernahme, the takeover of power, when it was no longer possible for us to go to school, Coppi had begun training at Siemens, and I had gotten a job as a shipping clerk at Alfa Laval, where my father had been foreman in the separator assembly department.

      #Berlin #Pergamonmuseum #Mitte #Kupfergraben #Bodestraße #Kunst #Geschichte

  • Nintendo hit with National Labor Relations Board complaint
    https://www.axios.com/2022/04/19/nintendo-nlrb-complaint

    An unnamed worker is alleging that Nintendo, and a firm it uses for hiring contractors, violated their legally protected right to unionize, according to a new filing with the National Labor Relations Board.

    Nintendo Of America Workers Speak Up After Years Of Silence
    https://kotaku.com/nintendo-america-switch-employee-treatment-unionize-nlr-1848828975

    A union-busting complaint recently filed with the National Labor Relations Board accused Nintendo of America and contract worker agency Aston Carter of surveillance, retaliation, and other unfair labor practices. According to four sources familiar with the incident, that complaint, first reported by Axios, comes after a part-time employee spoke about unions in a business meeting and was later fired mid-contract. In an unprecedented move, others are now speaking up about feeling disrespected and exploited at the notoriously secretive Mario maker.

    Nintendo contractors say company unfairly exploits temporary workers
    https://www.axios.com/2022/05/12/nintendo-contractors-investigation

    Driving the news: Current and former Nintendo contractors have been speaking up over the past three weeks, since Axios first reported a complaint filed with the National Labor Relations Board against Nintendo and a contracting firm.

    #jeu_vidéo #jeux_vidéo #nintendo #nintendo_of_america #noa #business #ressources_humaines #syndicalisme #aston_carter #national_labor_relations_board #activision_blizzard #raven_software #licenciement #confidentialité #secret_des_affaires #jeu_vidéo_mario #jeu_vidéo_zelda #travail_temporaire #précarité #jeu_vidéo_call_of_duty_warzone #amazon #starbucks #jelena_džamonja #parker_staffing #assurance_qualité #console_nes #nintendo_seal_of_quality #jeu_vidéo_super_mario #shigeru_miyamoto #reggie_fils-aimé #travail_précaire #assurance_santé #heures_supplémentaires #mario_time #don_james #jeu_vidéo_the_legend_of_zelda #console_wii_u #micromanagement #elisabeth_pring #microsoft_teams #aston_carter #console_switch #console_nintendo_switch

  • Vélos et #Transports_publics : le mariage parfait
    http://carfree.fr/index.php/2022/03/07/velos-et-transports-publics-le-mariage-parfait

    Les planificateurs des transports urbains ont souvent tendance à sous-estimer la valeur du #Vélo et son potentiel en tant que complément des systèmes de transport public. Pourtant, la planification et Lire la suite...

    #Alternatives_à_la_voiture #cyclistes #intermodalité #parkings #Pays-Bas #transports_en_commun #utrecht

  • #paris, #londres, #new-york, découvrez le classement des villes sans voiture
    http://carfree.fr/index.php/2022/02/08/paris-londres-new-york-decouvrez-le-classement-des-villes-sans-voiture

    👉Après une première année de recherches, d’évaluations et de comparaisons, l’équipe internationale de Car Free Megacities vient de publier le classement décernant, à chacune des 3 villes du challenge, Paris, Lire la suite...

    #Fin_de_l'automobile #Insécurité_routière #Pollution_automobile #Ville_sans_voitures #carfree #école #parkings #vélo-cargo #ville #ville_sans_voiture #ZFE

  • L’#Inserm met en évidence de nouvelles #pathologies liées aux #pesticides

    Les liens sont de plus en plus évidents entre usage des pesticides et certains #cancers, en particulier chez les agriculteurs et chez les enfants. C’est ce que montre une nouvelle étude de l’Inserm, huit ans après celle qui faisait référence jusqu’à présent.

    https://www.mediapart.fr/journal/france/070721/l-inserm-met-en-evidence-de-nouvelles-pathologies-liees-aux-pesticides
    #santé #maladie #industrie_agro-alimentaire #agriculture #rapport

    • Pesticides et santé – Nouvelles données (2021)

      Ce document présente la synthèse issue des travaux du groupe d’experts réunis par l’Inserm dans le cadre de la procédure d’expertise collective pour répondre à la demande de cinq directions de l’État, la Direction générale de la prévention des risques, la Direction générale de la santé, la Direction générale du travail, la Direction générale de la recherche et de l’innovation, ainsi que le secrétariat général du ministère de l’Agriculture et de l’Alimentation. Ce travail s’inscrit dans le cadre de l’actualisation du rapport d’expertise collective Inserm intitulé Pesticides : Effets sur la santé, publié en 2013.

      Ce travail s’appuie essentiellement sur les données issues de la littérature scientifique disponible en date du premier trimestre 2020. Plus de 5 300 documents ont été rassemblés à partir de l’interrogation de différentes bases de données (PubMed/ Medline, Scopus, Cairn...) et des recherches complémentaires ont été effectuées par les experts ou en collaboration avec le Pôle expertise collective. Le Pôle expertise collective de l’Inserm, rattaché à l’Institut thématique Santé publique, a assuré la coordination de cette expertise.

      Les pesticides regroupent l’ensemble des produits utilisés pour lutter contre les espèces végétales indésirables et les organismes jugés nuisibles. Qu’il s’agisse de pesticides autorisés aujourd’hui ou utilisés par le passé (dont certains sont rémanents), ils suscitent des inquiétudes concernant leurs effets possibles sur la santé humaine et plus largement sur l’environnement. Afin de mieux apprécier leurs effets sanitaires, l’Inserm a été saisi en 2018 par cinq directions générales ministérielles en vue d’actualiser l’expertise collective intitulée « Pesticides : Effets sur la santé » publiée en 2013.

      L’expertise collective de 2021 dresse un bilan des connaissances dans le domaine au travers d’une analyse critique de la littérature scientifique internationale publiée depuis 2013. Plus de 5 300 documents ont été rassemblés et analysés par un groupe d’experts multidisciplinaire. L’expertise commence par une analyse sociologique de la montée des préoccupations concernant les pesticides et une présentation des connaissances sur l’exposition aux pesticides de la population française, puis elle aborde une vingtaine de #pathologies dont les #troubles_du_développement_neuropsychologique_et_moteur de l’enfant, les #troubles_cognitifs et anxio-dépressifs de l’adulte, les #maladies_neurodégénératives, les cancers de l’#enfant et de l’adulte, l’#endométriose et les #pathologies_respiratoires ainsi que thyroïdiennes. Une dernière partie est consacrée à des pesticides ou familles de pesticides particuliers : le #chlordécone, le #glyphosate et les #fongicides_inhibiteurs_de_la_succinate_déshydrogénase (#SDHi). La présomption d’un lien entre l’exposition aux pesticides et la survenue d’une pathologie est appréciée à partir des résultats des #études_épidémiologiques évaluées et est qualifiée de forte, moyenne ou faible. Ces résultats sont mis en perspective avec ceux des #études_toxicologiques pour évaluer la plausibilité biologique des liens observés.

      Exposition en milieu professionnel

      En considérant les études sur des populations qui manipulent ou sont en contact avec des pesticides régulièrement, et qui sont a priori les plus exposées, l’expertise confirme la présomption forte d’un lien entre l’exposition aux pesticides et six pathologies : #lymphomeslymphomes_non_hodgkiniens (#LNH), #myélome multiple, cancer de la #prostate, #maladie_de_Parkinson, troubles cognitifs, #bronchopneumopathie chronique obstructive et #bronchite chronique. Pour les LNH, il a été possible de préciser des liens (présomption forte) avec des substances actives (#malathion, #diazinon, #lindane, #DDT) et avec une famille chimique de pesticides (#organophosphorés), et pour la maladie de Parkinson et les troubles cognitifs avec les #insecticides organochlorés et les organophosphorés, respectivement. Il s’agit essentiellement de pesticides pour lesquels les études se sont appuyées sur des biomarqueurs permettant de quantifier l’exposition. Les études toxicologiques confirment que les mécanismes d’action de ces substances actives et familles de pesticides sont susceptibles de conduire aux effets sanitaires mis en évidence par les études épidémiologiques.

      Des liens ont été identifiés pour d’autres pathologies ou événements de santé avec une présomption moyenne. C’est le cas notamment pour la maladie d’#Alzheimer, les troubles anxio-dépressifs, certains cancers (#leucémies, système nerveux central, vessie, rein, sarcomes des tissus mous), l’#asthme et les #sifflements_respiratoires, et les pathologies thyroïdiennes.

      Exposition pendant la #grossesse ou l’#enfance

      Les études épidémiologiques sur les cancers de l’enfant permettent de conclure à une présomption forte de lien entre l’exposition aux pesticides de la mère pendant la grossesse (exposition professionnelle ou par utilisation domestique) ou chez l’enfant et le risque de certains cancers, en particulier les leucémies et les tumeurs du système nerveux central.

      Les études de cohortes mères-enfants ont permis de caractériser les liens entre l’exposition professionnelle ou environnementale (c’est-à-dire en population générale) des mères pendant la grossesse et les troubles du développement neuropsychologique et moteur de l’enfant. Il est difficile de pointer des substances actives en particulier, mais certaines familles chimiques de pesticides sont impliquées, avec un niveau de présomption fort, notamment les #insecticides organophosphorés et les #pyréthrinoïdes dont l’usage a augmenté en substitution aux insecticides organophosphorés. Le lien entre les #organophosphorés et l’altération des #capacités_motrices, cognitives et des fonctions sensorielles de l’enfant est confirmé et les nouvelles études sur les #pyréthrinoïdes mettent en évidence un lien entre l’exposition pendant la grossesse et l’augmentation des #troubles_du_comportement de type internalisé tels que l’#anxiété chez les enfants. Les données expérimentales sur des rongeurs suggèrent une #hyperperméabilité de la barrière hémato-encéphalique aux #pyréthrinoïdes aux stades les plus précoces du développement, confortant la plausibilité biologique de ce lien. De plus, comme le montrent les études récentes d’expologie, ces insecticides, qui ont été à la fois utilisés en #agriculture mais également dans les sphères domestiques, induisent une contamination fréquente des environnements intérieurs.

      Exposition des #riverains des #zones_agricoles

      Les populations riveraines des zones agricoles peuvent être concernées par la dérive des produits épandus sur les cultures. En effet, des études suggèrent une influence de la #proximité aux zones agricoles sur la #contamination par les pesticides du lieu de vie, variable selon les substances, leur mode d’application et la manière d’estimer l’exposition. Des études écologiques ou cas-témoins avec géolocalisation reposant sur la caractérisation de l’activité agricole au voisinage des adresses de résidences suggèrent un lien entre l’exposition des riverains des terres agricoles et la maladie de #Parkinson, et également entre la #proximité_résidentielle à des zones d’#épandages de pesticides (rayon <1,5 km) et le comportement évocateur des troubles du spectre autistique chez l’enfant. Cependant, ces études présentent des limites importantes liées à l’évaluation fine de l’exposition ou à l’absence de données individuelles, ce qui rend le niveau de présomption faible.

      Focus sur le chlordécone, le glyphosate et les inhibiteurs de la succinate déshydrogénase

      Le chlordécone, #insecticide utilisé aux #Antilles_françaises dans le passé, persiste de nos jours dans les milieux naturels insulaires. La consommation des denrées alimentaires contaminées a entraîné une contamination de l’ensemble de la population. La présomption forte d’un lien entre l’exposition au chlordécone de la population générale et le risque de survenue de #cancer_de_la_prostate a été confirmée. En considérant l’ensemble des données épidémiologiques et toxicologiques disponibles, la causalité de la relation est jugée vraisemblable.

      Concernant l’herbicide glyphosate, l’expertise a conclu à l’existence d’un risque accru de LNH avec une présomption moyenne de lien. D’autres sur-risques sont évoqués pour le #myélome multiple et les #leucémies, mais les résultats sont moins solides (présomption faible). Une analyse des études toxicologiques montre que les essais de #mutagénicité sur le glyphosate sont plutôt négatifs, alors que les essais de #génotoxicité sont plutôt positifs, ce qui est cohérent avec l’induction d’un stress oxydantstress oxydant. Les études de cancérogenèse expérimentale chez les rongeurs montrent des excès de cas, mais ne sont pas convergentes. Elles observent des #tumeurs différentes, pour les mâles ou les femelles, qui ne se produisent qu’à des doses très élevées et uniquement sur certaines lignées. D’autres mécanismes de #toxicité (effets intergénérationnels, perturbation du microbiote...) sont évoqués qu’il serait intéressant de considérer dans les procédures d’évaluation réglementaire.

      Pour les fongicides SDHi, qui perturbent le fonctionnement mitochondrial par l’inhibition de l’activité SDH, un complexe enzymatique impliqué dans la respiration cellulaire et le #cycle_de_Krebs, il n’existe à ce jour pratiquement aucune donnée épidémiologique portant sur les effets possibles de ces substances sur la santé des agriculteurs ou de la population générale. Les études toxicologiques ou mécanistiques montrent que certains SDHi pourraient être considérés comme des #perturbateurs_endocriniens au moins chez les modèles animaux utilisés (poissons). Alors que les SDHi ne présentent aucune génotoxicité, certains montrent des effets cancérogènes chez les rongeurs mais ce résultat est discuté sur la base d’un mécanisme de cancérogenèse non extrapolable aux humains. Des recherches sont nécessaires pour améliorer l’évaluation du potentiel cancérogène des SDHi, et plus généralement des composés non génotoxiques, et pour combler les lacunes dans les données humaines par le renforcement de la biosurveillance et l’exploitation des cohortes existantes.

      En conclusion

      L’expertise souligne l’importance de réévaluer périodiquement les connaissances dans ce domaine. La confirmation et la mise en évidence de présomptions fortes de liens entre certaines pathologies et l’exposition aux pesticides doivent orienter les actions publiques vers une meilleure protection des populations. Ces questions relatives aux liens entre une exposition aux pesticides et la survenue de certaines pathologies s’inscrivent dans une complexité croissante, la littérature faisant apparaître une préoccupation concernant les effets indirects de certains pesticides sur la santé humaine par le biais des effets sur les #écosystèmes. L’#interdépendance en jeu mériterait d’être davantage étudiée et intégrée, au même titre que les aspects sociaux et économiques afin d’éclairer les prises de décisions lors de l’élaboration des politiques publiques.

      https://www.inserm.fr/information-en-sante/expertises-collectives/pesticides-effets-sur-sante

      Pour télécharger l’étude :


      https://www.inserm.fr/sites/default/files/2021-07/Inserm_ExpertiseCollective_Pesticides2021_RapportComplet_0.pdf

      #toxicologie #thyroïde #autisme

  • Dans les #parkings souterrains de #lyon, les vélos prennent la place des voitures
    http://carfree.fr/index.php/2021/06/23/dans-les-parkings-souterrains-de-lyon-les-velos-prennent-la-place-des-voitur

    Au détour d’un reportage de France Info, on prend conscience de la révolution en cours en matière de mobilité dans les villes françaises. À Lyon, le principal gestionnaire de parkings Lire la suite...

    #Alternatives_à_la_voiture #Fin_de_l'automobile #Vélo #stationnement #vélo-cargo #Vélogistique #vidéo

  • Living in a Car on $800 a Month - YouTube
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b0EoyTzcFOI

    Today we meet Dee, who is living in her car on $800 a month. She tried renting an apartment but found it impossible. After paying rent, she had so little money left over her quality of life was tragically low. But, by living in her car, all that money is available for her to live and thrive on so she isn’t just surviving and enduring life. She’s done a brilliant job of making the car livable by taking out some seats, let’s see how...

    #Nomadisme #crise #habitat #cheap #nomadland #retraite #loyer #récession #camping #lifestyle

  • #Marseille privatopia : les #enclaves_résidentielles à Marseille : logiques spatiales, formes et représentations

    Marseille : privatopia ?

    La forte multiplication des « #résidences_fermées_sécurisées » est une tendance observée dans les #villes européennes et françaises, après celles d’Amérique latine, des USA, d’Afrique du sud etc. En #France, elle a surtout été repérée et analysée en contextes péri-urbains (Ile de France, Côte d’Azur, banlieues de Toulouse et Montpellier). Partout où elle se développe, cette tendance est souvent attribuée aux inquiétudes des habitants pour la #sûreté, ou leur #qualité_de_vie, ainsi qu’à des #replis_sociaux, thèmes récurrents dans les médias et discours politiques. Elle est aussi liée au rôle d’une « offre » portée par les majors de l’immobilier. Mais elle est aussi soutenue indirectement, dans le contexte néolibéral, par des pouvoirs publics qui se déchargent ainsi de l’aménagement et de la gestion d’#espaces_de_proximité.

    Nous observons et analysons depuis 2007 cette prolifération des #fermetures à Marseille. Après un premier état des lieux (Dorier et al, 2010), nous avons mené une second #inventaire exhaustif en 2013-2014. Et depuis lors, nous menons une veille ciblée sur certains secteurs. Démarrée au début des années 90, la diffusion des #enclosures atteint des sommets à Marseille où elle n’a quasiment pas été régulée : des #marges et des #enclaves se construisent ainsi dès qu’on s’éloigne du centre historique (Dorier, Dario, 2016). Au point que la #fermeture des #espaces_résidentiels, de leurs #rues et espaces de plein air semble en train de devenir la norme (Dorier, Dario, 2018)

    Depuis 25 ans, Marseille n’a cessé de se cloisonner de plus en plus et ce processus est venu aggraver les #inégalités d’#accès_aux_équipements et aux « #aménités » urbaines. Le #parc bâti du centre ville paupérisé s’est dégradé jusqu’à l’effondrement et au risque de péril imminent de centaines d’immeubles, qui ont du être évacués en urgence depuis novembre 2018, comme on le voit sur la carte de droite (voir aussi page dédiée). Pendant ce temps, les quartiers du sud et de l’est, ainsi que les zones en rénovation, se sont transformées en mosaïques résidentielles clôturées, sous le double effet de la #promotion_immobilière et de ré-aménagements voulus par les associations de #copropriétaires. Ils dessinent des espaces pour classes moyennes à aisées, sous forme de #lotissements et d’#ensembles_immobiliers majoritairement fermés et sécurisés, chacun doté de ses propres espaces « communs » privés : parkings, voirie privée, jardins.

    Cette « #Privatopia » tourne d’abord le dos au centre historique, à ses ilots anciens décrépis où l’action publique s’est illustrée par son inefficience pendant des décennies. La fermeture se diffuse d’abord dans les zones favorisées, puis dans les périphéries ouvertes à l’urbanisation, enfin dans les zones de rénovation urbaine : la création de nouvelles résidences fermées est devenue un moyen pour valoriser des opérations immobilières et y attirer des classes moyennes, face aux copropriétés dégradées et aux ensembles HLM appauvris. Lorqu’un bailleur rénove un ensemble de logements sociaux, celui-ci est également « résidentialisé », même si, avec des années de recul sur cette pratique, on sait désormais que clôturer ne résoud pas les problèmes socio-économiques des quartiers, ni même les problèmes de sécurité. Au contraire, la fragmentation physique pourrait bien alimenter les tendances aux séparatismes sociaux en tous genres.

    D’après nos enquêtes, en dehors des formes d’entresoi spécifique de quartiers particulièrement aisés, comme la colline Périer, et ses « gated communities » surplombant la mer, la fermeture est d’abord fortement associée au « tout voiture » qui caractérise encore Marseille et à la concurrence pour le stationnement résidentiel : les premiers espaces à être clôturés sont les parkings. Elle est également liée à 25 années de désengagement croissant de la municipalité dans la gestion de proximité (propreté, entretien des espaces verts, sécurisation publique des rues) ainsi qu’un encouragement de l’urbanisation privée par des ventes de parcelles publiques ou des zones d’aménagement favorisant la promotion immobilière. La fermeture résidentielle traduit l’affirmation d’une économie résidentielle, le rôle des promoteurs, syndics, copropriétés étant crucial : la « sécurisation » (privée) est supposée faire augmenter la valeur marchande des biens immobiliers… Enfin, la fermeture traduit une accentuation des replis sociaux : à Marseille la clôture « a posteriori » de rues qui étaient auparavant ouvertes au passage représente 55% des cas observés.

    Certains espaces du 8ème, 9ème, 12ème , nord du 13ème arrondissements (Les Olives), caractéristiques de cette urbanisation privée, deviennent un assemblage désordonné de copropriétés et d’enclaves de moins en moins accessibles et traversantes. La fermeture se diffuse par mimétisme, les ensembles résidentiels forment des « agrégats », qui bloquent les circulations : une véritable situation de thrombose dans certains quartiers, anciens comme récents (les Olives, Ste Marthe). Le comble, c’est que dans ces quartiers, les plus favorisés, au cadre de vie « a priori » le plus agréable, les déplacements à pied ou en vélo tiennent désormais de l’exploit. Les détours imposés par les barrières qui enserrent chaque rue ou jardin privé de résidence obligent à prendre la voiture pour accompagner un enfant à l’école du coin, acheter le pain… La ville perd de plus en plus en cohérence, et, avec cette juxtaposition de résidences sécurisées certains quartier ressemblent plus à une mosaïque de co-propriétés qu’à… une ville. Cela a été mis en évidence et modélisé par la toute récente thèse de Julien Dario (2019), réalisée dans le cadre de ce projet.

    A Marseille, depuis 2007, nous avons opté pour une étude empirique, directe, sur le terrain. Nous pu ainsi vérifier l’hypothèse qu’aux initiatives spontanées de fermeture de rues et de lotissements a posteriori, longtemps après leur construction, s’ajoutent des stratégies nouvelles. Elles associent promotion privée et action publique, et sont destinées à faire évoluer le peuplement de quartiers de la ville, à travers la production de logement « de qualité » attirant des classes moyennes et supérieures. Promoteurs et décideurs semblent juger utile de les rassurer à travers la livraison d’ensembles qui sont quasiment tous fermés dès la construction … En 12 ans, de 2008 à 2020 une série d’études, de masters et thèses ont permis de décrire et quantifier ce processus, d’observer la progression d’une fragmentation urbaine qui s’accroît aux échelles fines et d’évaluer ses impacts.

    Nos études se sont focalisées sur les fermetures massives des aires privilégiées (Colline Périer, Littoral Sud, Nord-Est avec la technopole de Chateau Gombert), et la transformation résidentielle de certains territoires périphériques en zones d’investissements immobiliers rentables, attirant des classes moyennes et supérieures (Littoral Nord, Sainte Marthe, grand centre ville/Euromed, franges du parc National des Calanques comme la ZAC de la Jarre). les résidences fermées deviennent ainsi un outil de plus value foncière… et de recompositions urbaines, valorisant toutes les zones ayant un attrait environnemental, tout en en restreignant l’accès.

    La diffusion d’un modèle

    Notre méthodologie a permis de prendre la mesure du phénomène à l’échelle d’une ville entière, et sur la durée, ce qui n’a pas été réalisé ailleurs en France. A deux reprises (2008-2009 et 2013-2014), la commune entière a été arpentée, chaque ensemble résidentiel fermé a été géolocalisé dans un SIG, inventorié, décrit, photographié, afin d’établir un corpus exhaustif : 1001 résidences ou lotissements étaient enclos en 2009, plus de 1550 en 2014. L’ensemble des clôtures ont été datées à partir d’enquête directe ou par photo-interprétation. Cette démarche est relatée dans deux rapports de recherche (Dorier et al., 2010 et 2014), 13 masters et une thèse (Dario, 2019).

    Le recours au SIG (Système d’information géographique) a permis de tracer leur histoire, en croisant les localisations avec des images aériennes anciennes, le cadastre, la chronologie des programmes immobiliers. En 2011 et 2012, la première étude du LPED est actualisée à travers plusieurs mémoires d’étudiants sous la direction d’E.Dorier et S.Bridier. Ceux-ci observent une accélération des dynamiques d’enclosures dans les quartiers sud (Dario J. 2010, Toth P.2012), leur multiplication et leur diffusion dans les quartiers nord (Balasc et Dolo 2011, Dolo 2012, Robillard 2012). La propagation se fait beaucoup par mimétisme : plus de la moitié des ensembles fermés sont collés les uns aux autres, par grappes, transformant la physionomie et les usages possibles de l’espace urbain et développant des « marges » urbaines cloisonnées. On peut le vérifier, à travers l’exemple d’une marge Nord-Est de Marseille, sur les franges ville-espaces péri-urbains Les Olives : une juxtaposition désordonnée de lotissements fermés.

    Nous avons aussi beaucoup observé, recueilli de nombreux témoignages auprès de résidents, de riverains, de syndics, d’agences, de techniciens de l’urbanisme… Nous avons séjourné dans plusieurs de ces résidences. Nous poursuivons la veille sur certains contextes sensibles à haut potentiel spéculatif immobilier, comme la frange du massif des calanques ou sainte Marthe, ou encore des espaces où les fermetures sont conflictuelles. Par des analyses d’archives, des enquêtes fines sur des contextes urbains, des entretiens avec acteurs et habitants, des analyses de périmètres de la politique de la ville, le suivi de conflits de voisinages nous avons ensuite analysé les facteurs historiques et les impacts associés à cette dynamique d’enclosures, les inégalités sociales, les impacts sur la circulation, les inégalités environnementale (D.Rouquier 2013, J.Dario, 2019 et la thèse en cours de P. Toth, consacrée aux 8ème et 9ème arrondissements).

    Au final, on met à jour une dynamique de transition libérale, individualiste et sécuritaire, associée au règne de la voiture dans la ville (beaucoup de clôtures ont au départ pour justification le seul parking), qui freine d’autres évolutions souhaitables (transition écologique, inclusion sociale). Si le phénomène se banalise, on constate aussi une complexité territoriale du processus et son épaisseur historique. Dans des contextes de fortes recompositions urbaines (spatiales, foncières, sociales, démographiques), et dans les périmètres de nouvellement urbain, la fermeture d’espaces résidentiels est utilisée comme outil de diversification de l’habitat et de mixité sociale. Le processus n’a pas partout les mêmes motifs ni les mêmes impacts socio-environnementaux. D’où l’intérêt d’approches qualitatives par observations sensibles, entretiens avec des acteurs et habitants, dépouillements d’archives historiques (histoires de rues).

    Les quartiers sud

    En observant le facteur de proximité dans la diffusion, ainsi que le potentiel de valorisation immobilière des terrains vacants ou susceptibles de l’être, plusieurs scénarios de prospective ont été mis au point par Julien Dario pour anticiper l’évolution des espaces susceptibles d’être fermés, transmis à la Ville dans le cadre d’un contrat, comme aide à la décision (Dario 2011, 2014 et 2019). Dans les quartiers sud, on est frappé par la perspective de 53% de taux d’évolution spontané probable de la fermeture dans les 8ème et 9ème arrondissements, si aucune intervention publique ne vient réguler la tendance. Les surfaces touchées par les enclosures (résidences et périmètres d’entreprises) déjà localement très importantes pourraient y atteindre le tiers de la surface totale urbanisée. Des études de cas à échelle fine ont permis d’anticiper plusieurs conflits liés à ces processus (progressifs ou brutaux) en lien avec des dynamiques sociale locales.

    Les cas des lotissements « Coin Joli » et « Barry » (analysés ici par J.Dario entre 2011 et 2019) montrent comment certains dispositifs informels préfigurant l’enclosure sont mis en place progressivement, informellement, parfois subrepticement : enrochements, systèmes physiques fixes contraignants (plots métalliques) permettant encore le passage prudent de deux roues et piétons ; panneaux de sens interdit « privés » et informels apposés à l’extrémité de certaines rues. On passe d’une délimitation par panneautage à une fermeture symbolique et partielle, avant d’évoluer vers l’enclosure, qui peut être conflictuelle en privant de passage les riverains, en réduisant les perméabilités urbaines.

    Les quartiers nord : diffusion des ensembles résidentiels fermés dans les contextes de rénovation urbaine

    Un fait remarquable est la diffusion des enclaves résidentielles fermées au cœur et en bordure des zones urbaines sensibles (ZUS) telles qu’elles ont été définies par l’Agence Nationale de la Rénovation Urbaine (ANRU). Bénéficiant de la TVA réduite, les promoteurs sont incités à y produire une nouvelle offre de logement privée, afin de permettre une diversification et l’installation de classes moyennes. Mais les enclosures, supposées rassurer les candidats à l’accession à la propriété, et maintenir un niveau de prix élevé ne favorisent pas les relations sociales … et nos études montrent qu’en fait de « mixité », apparaissent de nouvelles formes de fragmentations et même de tensions résidentielles (Dorier et al, 2010, 2012), qui s’accompagnent, par ailleurs de formes d’évitement fonctionnel (Audren, 2015, Audren Baby-Collin, Dorier 2016 , Audren, Dorier, Rouquier, 2019). Le secteur du Plan d’Aou dans le 15ème arrondissement de Marseille, où la restructuration résidentielle est achevée a été analysé à l’aide d’étudiants (Balasc et Dolo 2011). Dans ce secteur cohabitent des zones de logements HLM en fin de réhabilitation, des lotissements anciens qui se sont fermés ou sont en cours de fermeture, des projets immobiliers récents, conçus sécurisés. La juxtaposition de ces différents types d’habitats aux profils sociaux différenciés engendre plus une fragmentation qu’une mixité Fonctionnelle, malgré la proximité. Les interrelations sont faibles entre les ensembles et les espaces. (Dorier, Berry-Chikahoui et Bridier, 2012)

    une crise des urbanités

    Tandis que cette transformation des espaces de copropriétés et rues privées de Marseille se poursuit, des pans entiers de vieux quartiers populaires se délabrent. En 2019, notre cartographie de ces ensembles résidentiels privés fermés ainsi que des HLM « résidentialisés » et enclos (dans les projets de rénovation urbaine) tranche avec la géographie des constructions déclarées en péril et brutalement évacuées de leurs habitants, suite à l’effondrement de deux immeubles vétustes du quartier Noailles, près du Vieux port de Marseille. Notre carte révèle des politiques de l’habitat à plusieurs vitesses, où des décennies de laisser-faire public face à la ville privée s’expriment d’un côté par la dégradation du bâti, et de l’autre par la multiplication de formes de repli et d’entre soi urbain ayant des impacts sur les circulations et sur l’accès aux équipements. A ce stade, des rééquilibrages publics sont indispensables. Quelques initiatives publiques pour maintenir des traverses piétonnières ont été lancées dans certains quartiers très touchés, elles sont compliques par les évolutions législatives (qui facilitent la clôture des espaces privés) ainsi que par la dévolution de la compétence en matière de voirie à la Métropole. Rétablir des accès et servitudes de passage pour les piétons est compliqué dans les espaces privés : il faut passer par une DUP, puis par l’achat d’une bande de terrain par la collectivité pour tracer un cheminement piétonnier. Des interventions seraient possibles dans certains cas où les clôtures ont été posées sur des rues non privées, ou hors de la légalité. Mais la collectovité ne s’auto-saisit pas des cas d’infraction. Les actions au cas par cas risquent de ne pas suffire à endiguer cette véritable crise d’urbanité.

    (observations menées conjointement à nos études sur le mal logement et des évacuations à Marseille).

    le projet ci-dessous a fait l’objet d’une exposition art-science, présentée à l’Espace Pouillon, campus centre Saint Charles de l’Université Marseille Privatopia 8-24 octobre 2020.

    Depuis 2014, une collaboration avec l’artiste peintre Anke Doberauer (photos et tableaux) a été rendue possible grâce à une résidence commune à la Fondation Camargo (2014). La jeune cinéaste Marie Noëlle Battaglia a également réalisé en 2020 un documentaire « En remontant les murs » inspiré par nos recherches, et en lien avec l’équipe (avant première le 18 octobre 2020, dans le cadre du festival Image de ville). Ces collaborations ont déjà donné lieu à des présentations croisées, comme celle du 3 avril 2019 organisée par le Goethe Institut à la Friche de la belle de mai, et pourraient déboucher sur une exposition et un ouvrage commun.

    Rapports de recherche-action :

    Dorier E. Dario J. Rouquier D. Bridier S. , (2014), Bilan scientifique de l’étude « Marseille, ville passante », Contrat de collaboration de recherche : « Développement urbain durable à Marseille » n°12/00718, 13 cartes, 18 croquis, 24 tableaux. juin 2014, 90 p.

    Dorier E. (dir), BERRY-CHIKHAOUI I., BRIDIER S., BABY-COLLIN V., AUDREN G., GARNIAUX J. (2010), La diffusion des ensembles résidentiels fermés à Marseille. Les urbanités d’une ville fragmentée, rapport de recherche au PUCA, Contrat de recherche D 0721 ( E.J. 07 00 905), 202 p, 35 cartes et croquis, 30 graphiques, 68 illustrations photographiques.

    Ces rapports ont donné lieu à de nombreuses restitutions publiques auprès des services de l’Urbanisme de la Ville, la Communauté urbaine, l’Agence d’Urbanisme (Agam), le département.

    Articles scientifiques :

    Dorier E. Dario J., 2018, « Gated communities in Marseille, urban fragmentation becoming the norm ? », L’Espace géographique, 2018/4 (Volume 47), p. 323-345. URL : https://www.cairn.info/journal-espace-geographique-2018-4-page-323.htm (traduction texte intégral ) texte intégral (ENG.) DORIER DARIO Espace geo anglais EG_474_0323

    Dorier E. Dario J., 2018, « Les espaces résidentiels fermés à Marseille, la fragmentation urbaine devient-elle une norme ? » l’Espace géographique, 2018-4 pp. 323-345.

    Dorier E., Dario J., 2016, « Des marges choisies et construites : les résidences fermées », in Grésillon E., Alexandre B., Sajaloli B. (cord.), 2016. La France des marges, Armand Colin, Paris, p. 213-224.

    Audren, G., Baby-Collin V. et Dorier, É. (2016) « Quelles mixités dans une ville fragmentée ? Dynamiques locales de l’espace scolaire marseillais. » in Lien social et politiques, n°77, Transformation sociale des quartiers urbains : mixité et nouveaux voisinages, p. 38-61 http://www.erudit.org/revue/lsp/2016/v/n77/1037901ar.pdf

    Audren, G., Dorier, É. et Rouquier, D., 2015, « Géographie de la fragmentation urbaine et territoire scolaire : effets des contextes locaux sur les pratiques scolaires à Marseille », Actes de colloque. Rennes, ESO, CREAD, Université de Rennes 2. Actes en ligne.

    Dorier E, Berry-Chickhaoui I, Bridier S ., 2012, Fermeture résidentielle et politiques urbaines, le cas marseillais. In Articulo– – Journal of Urban Research, n°8 (juillet 2012).

    Thèses

    Audren Gwenaelle (2015), Géographie de la fragmentation urbaine et territoires scolaires à Marseille, Université d’Aix Marseille, LPED. Sous la dir. d’Elisabeth Dorier et de V.Baby-Collin

    Dario Julien (2019) Géographie d’une ville fragmentée : morphogenèse, gouvernance des voies et impacts de la fermeture résidentielle à Marseille, Sous la dir. d’Elisabeth Dorier et de Sébastien Bridier. Telecharger ici la version complète. Cette thèse est lauréate du Grand prix de thèse sur la Ville 2020 PUCA/ APERAU/ Institut CDC pour la Recherche, Caisse des Dépôts

    Toth Palma (soutenance prévue 2021), Fragmentations versus urbanité(s) : vivre dans l’archipel des quartiers sud de Marseille Université d’Aix Marseille, LPED , Sous la direction de Elisabeth Dorier

    Posters scientifiques :

    Dario J. Rouquier D. et Dorier E., 2014, Les Ensembles résidentiels fermés à Marseille, in SIG 2014, Conférence francophone ESRI, 1-2 octobre 2014 – http://www.esrifrance.fr/iso_album/15_marseille.pdf

    Dario J. Rouquier D. et Dorier E, 2014, Marseille, fragmentation spatiale, fermeture résidentielle, LPED – Aix-Marseille Université, poster scientifique, Festival international de géographie de Saint Dié, oct 2014. https://www.reseau-canope.fr/fig-st-die/fileadmin/contenus/2014/conference_Elisabeth_Dorier_poster_LPED_1_Marseille.pdf

    Dario J. Rouquier D. et Dorier E., 2014, Marseille, Voies fermées, Ville passante, LPED – Aix-Marseille Université, poster. http://www.reseau-canope.fr/fig-st-die/fileadmin/contenus/2014/conference_Elisabeth_Dorier_poster_LPED_2_Marseille.pdf

    Contributions presse et médias

    Dorier E. Dario J. Audren G. aout 2017, collaboration avec le journal MARSACTU. 5 contributions à la série « Petites histoires de résidences fermées », collaboration journal MARSACTU / LPED, aout 2017. https://marsactu.fr/dossier/serie-petites-histoires-de-residences-fermees

    Dorier E. et Dario J. 23 aout 2017, interview par B.Gilles, [Petites histoires de résidences fermées] Les beaux quartiers fermés de la colline Périer, interview pr B.Gilles, MARSACTU, https://marsactu.fr/residences-fermees-dorier

    Dorier E. Dario J. 30 janv. 2017, interview par L.Castelly, MARSACTU : https://marsactu.fr/discussion-ouverte-residences-fermees

    Dorier E. , et Dario.J. 20 mars 2014, interview in MARSACTU , société : 29% de logements sont situes en residences fermees à Marseille

    Dorier E. Dario J., 4 oct 2013, « Hautes clôtures à Marseille », in Libération, le libé des géographes. (1 p, 1 carte) http://www.liberation.fr/societe/2013/10/03/hautes-clotures-a-marseille_936834
    Dorier E. , 7 avril 2013, « Le phénomène des résidences fermées est plus important à Marseille qu’ailleurs », Marsactu, talk quartiers, archi et urbanisme, http://www.marsactu.fr/archi-et-urbanisme/le-phenomene-des-residences-fermees-est-plus-important-a-marseille-quailleu

    Dorier E. Dario J., 10 fev 2013, « Fermetures éclair » in revue Esprit de Babel, Fermetures éclair

    télévision

    M6, Résidences fermées à Marseille – étude du LPED. Journal national, octobre 2013 : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hDM

    FR3, 19/20, Résidences fermées à Marseille – étude du LPED, 24 mai 2013, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o-O

    FR 5 (minutes 38 à 50) : « En toute sécurité », documentaire de B.Evenou, http://www.france5.fr/emission/en-t

    podcast radio

    Collaboration entre chercheurs et cinéaste, janvier 2021 : https://ecoleanthropocene.universite-lyon.fr/documenter-la-geographie-sociale-grand-entretien-a

    Collaboration entre chercheurs et artiste peintre, octobre 2020 : Sonographies marseillaises – Radio Grenouille et Manifesta 13 « Ce monde qui nous inspire #4 Marseille ville privée ? »

    https://urbanicites.hypotheses.org/688

    #sécurisation #privatisation #espace_public #classes_sociales #urban_matter #géographie_urbaine #TRUST #master_TRUST #immobilier #foncier #rénovation_urbaine #urbanisme #fragmentation_physique #inégalités #tout_voiture #voiture #automobile #stationnement_résidentiel #parkings #proximité #promotion_immobilière #urbanisation_privée #détours #barrières #mosaïque #
    #cartographie #visualisation

  • Que feriez-vous de 10m² en bas de chez vous ?
    http://carfree.fr/index.php/2021/03/18/que-feriez-vous-de-10m2-en-bas-de-chez-vous

    Et si nous pouvions enfin lâcher la main de nos enfants dans les rues parisiennes ? Ne plus longer des #parkings à ciel ouvert au cœur de nos quartiers lorsque nous Lire la suite...

    #Alternatives_à_la_voiture #Fin_de_l'automobile #Marche_à_pied #Vélo #parcs #paris #piétons #stationnement #ville

  • Pesticides en Loire-Atlantique : colère, honte et oubli, la triple peine des victimes | Mediacités
    https://www.mediacites.fr/enquete/nantes/2021/01/28/pesticides-en-loire-atlantique-colere-honte-et-oubli-la-triple-peine-des-

    Cinquième et dernier épisode de notre grande enquête sur les pesticides en Loire-Atlantique. Où l’on s’intéresse aux victimes des #pesticides et notamment aux premières d’entre elles : les #agriculteurs. Plus fréquemment touchés que le reste de la population par certaines pathologies (maladie de #Parkinson, #lymphomes, #cancers de la prostate), ils doivent batailler pied à pied pour les faire reconnaître comme #maladies_professionnelles. Mais aussi, entre fidélité au métier et culpabilité, lutter contre le silence qui pèse encore sur le sujet au sein de la profession.

    #paywall

  • Gaza : le parkour, synonyme de liberté
    Victor Buu - franceinfo - Mis à jour le 26/01/2021
    https://www.francetvinfo.fr/monde/palestine/gaza/gaza-le-parkour-synonyme-de-liberte_4272511.html

    À Gaza, Mohamed Aliwa est un amateur de parkour pas comme les autres. Avec une seule jambe et des béquilles, le jeune de 18 ans pratique cette discipline acrobatique consistant à franchir des obstacles urbains ou naturels. Mohamed a été amputé en 2018 suite à un tir israélien. Il essaie depuis de se reconstruire et n’a pas abandonné sa passion. « Mon rêve est d’avoir une prothèse adaptée au sport pour pouvoir pratiquer correctement la gymnastique et le parkour », explique-t-il. (...)

    https://twitter.com/AFP/status/1353640000827568128
    #GAZA

  • Le #Livre_de_Jessie. Journal de guerre d’une famille coréenne

    Adapté du journal original rédigé par #Yang_Wu-Jo et sa femme #Choi_Seon-hwa pendant l’#occupation_japonaise de la #Corée.

    Le dessinateur coréen #Park_Kun_Woong s’empare d’un #témoignage très sensible sur l’occupation japonaise : un #journal rédigé à quatre mains par un couple et commencé à la naissance de leur fille Jessie. Ce récit qui court sur plusieurs années et capte avec beaucoup de densité le quotidien familial en temps de guerre, est régulièrement comparé au Journal d’Anne Franck.
    C’est aussi un récit de transmission, dans lequel des jeunes parents confient à leur fille leur combat pour l’indépendance, leur engagement pour un pays qu’ils sont obligés de fuir et retrouveront en 1945.

    https://www.casterman.com/Bande-dessinee/Catalogue/albums/le-livre-de-jessie

    #histoire #Chine #exil #guerre_sino-japonaise #WWII #seconde_guerre_mondiale #deuxième_guerre_mondiale #réfugiés #réfugiés_coréens #Corée #guerre_sino-japonaise #Changsha #guerre #apatridie #Liuzhou #Front_indépendantiste_coréen #Front_populaire_Joseon #Chongqing #Qijiang #Gouvernement_provisoire_de_la_République_de_Corée
    #BD #bande_dessinée #livre

  • #Parkinson : une maladie professionnelle invisible causée par les pesticides - Basta !
    https://www.bastamag.net/Parkinson-une-maladie-professionnelle-invisible-causee-par-les-pesticides

    Plusieurs milliers de personnes se voient diagnostiquer, chaque année, une maladie de Parkinson. Autrefois « réservée » aux plus de 70 ans, cette affection neurodégénérative touche désormais des personnes d’une cinquantaine d’années. Nombre d’entre elles ont exercé une activité professionnelle qui les a exposées aux pesticides, dans le milieu agricole surtout. La plupart ignorent qu’elles peuvent obtenir une reconnaissance en maladie professionnelle ; et supportent donc seules les difficultés et les frais qu’imposent cette affection.

  • « Carrefour #issoire devient Carrefriche » : une (h)iss(t)oire #sans_voiture… (ou presque !)
    http://carfree.fr/index.php/2020/09/11/carrefour-issoire-devient-carrefriche-une-hisstoire-sans-voiture-ou-presque

    C’est l’histoire d’une vidéo postée en ligne (depuis un compte baptisé « Carrefriche Coopérative ») lundi 31 août 2020 sur la plateforme Youtube… Et de sa page Facebook afférente, créée également pour Lire la suite...

    #Etalement_urbain #Fin_de_l'automobile #actions #clermont-ferrand #commerce #parkings

  • Park(ing) Day | Chantier Mabon
    https://topophile.net/rendez-vous/chantier-mabon

    Le Forum participe à PARK(ing) DAY en investissant les places de parking devant son espace avec un projet original, résultat d’un appel à candidature ouvert à tous dès mars 2020 : CHANTIER MABON​ A l’approche de l’hiver, l’équinoxe d’automne était hier célébré comme la fête des récoltes, une pause bienvenue pour les paysans après les travaux... Voir l’article

  • Call for probe after man found dead in Covid-19 asylum seeker hotel

    Refugee activists have called for an independent inquiry into the decision to move asylum seekers from their flats in Glasgow into hotels, after a man died suddenly at a guest house.

    Adnan, a 30-year-old Syrian, who had been in the city for about six months and was claiming asylum, was found dead in his room at #McLay’s_Guest_House on Tuesday 5 May.

    He had been living in the hotel for about a month, after accommodation provider, #Mears_Group, moved him from the flat where he had been living alone as part of its Covid-19 response.

    It is understood he may have died after a drug overdose. A postmortem will be carried out to confirm the cause of death.

    Hundreds of asylum seekers across the city have been moved to hotels by #Mears since the start of the Covid-19 outbreak. Their asylum support of £35 per week has stopped and instead they are provided with three meals per day in communal dining rooms, where it is claimed social distancing is difficult.

    They have no money for essentials such as toiletries, phone top-ups or snacks. After The Ferret reported that shared coffee and tea facilities put people at risk of being infected by Covid-19, they were taken away in at least one dining room. No in-room alternatives have been offered.

    Those supporting asylum seekers in hotels have said the situation is having a toll on their emotional well-being and are concerned about the risks that the situation poses to their physical health during the pandemic.

    The Ferret spoke to a friend of Adnan, who is also staying at McLay’s Guest House. He said his friend had addiction issues, was taking street Valium, and had become increasingly distressed during his time at the hotel.

    It is claimed that he had experienced past #trauma including abuse in jail and his friend said he had been expressing suicidal thoughts in the weeks leading up to his death.

    The day before he died, his friend said he was having flashbacks and had asked to see a GP.

    Pinar Aksu, an activist who also works for Maryhill Integration Network, said: “There needs to be an independent inquiry into this death. If people don’t get the help they need then we risk more people dying.

    “We also need to stop moving people into hotels. It seems very clear to me that this is being done so that Mears and the Home Office can protect profit. If they care about people’s welfare then why are they moving people out of their flats in the midst of a pandemic to places where they have to eat meals in shared areas and share bathrooms?

    “This tragedy is evidence of the damage caused by the asylum system. Moving people to hotels like this is only causing more stress and isolation. It has to stop.”

    A spokesperson from the No Evictions Network said: “We are deeply saddened and utterly outraged by the lack of humanity, dignity, or consideration shown to asylum seekers by Mears, the Home Office, and the UK government. They have failed to comply with basic duties and to treat human life with respect.

    “Individuals, racist policies and systems are directly to blame for this man’s death. This situation was entirely avoidable. Despite this, pleas for change made by both individuals and organisations have been ignored and a young life has now been lost.”

    At oral evidence given to the Home Affairs Committee inquiry into Home Office work on Covid-19, Mears Group said it had taken the decision “on balance” to move people in flats into hotels with meals provided because it meant staff would not need to deliver cash to them. It was also claimed they would have better access to health services.

    Mears, along with Clearsprings Real Homes and Serco who have accommodation contracts elsewhere in the UK, said it was “concerning” that asylum seekers had had their support stopped.

    A spokesman for Mears Group said: “We are deeply sad to confirm the death of an asylum-seeker who had been in Mears supported accommodation. The cause of death has not been determined.”

    A Police Scotland spokesperson said the death is being treated as “unexplained” and that a report will be submitted to the Procurator Fiscal.

    The Ferret tried to contact McLay’s Guest House for comment but was not able to speak to management. The Home Office has also been contacted.

    https://theferret.scot/covid-19-syrian-man-dies-asylum-seeker-hotel
    #décès #mort #mourir_dans_un_hôtel #Glasgow #Ecosse #UK #asile #migrations #réfugiés #hôtel #covid-19 #coronavirus #hébergement #logement #santé_mentale #suicide (?) #traumatisme #privatisation

    ping @karine4 @isskein @thomas_lacroix

    • Fury after Syrian asylum seeker found dead in Scottish hotel

      CAMPAIGNERS have slammed the UK Government after a Syrian man was found dead in a Scottish hotel.

      Initially named by friends as Adnan Olpi, that can today be confirmed as Adnan Olbeh.

      The 30-year-old was amongst scores of asylum seekers placed in a private guest house by Home Office housing contractor Mears Group.

      Emergency services were called to the 81-bedroom McLays Hotel in Glasgow on Tuesday afternoon but were unable to save him.

      Police Scotland said his death is being treated as unexplained, and friends told The National that he had sought support for mental health struggles and had developed drug problems while in the UK asylum system.

      However, despite some reports on social media that he had taken his own life, it is not known whether or not his death was intentional.

      Friends living alongside Mr Olbeh at the city site were afraid to speak out on the record, for fear of harming their claims for sanctuary in the UK.

      However, speaking on condition of anonymity, one fellow Syrian told how he had accompanied Mr Olbeh to appointments in which he had asked for mental health support. The friend said: “He had suicidal thoughts and told the Home Office that. I went to the hospital with him, he was seeking help. He tried many times. They would ask, ‘can you wait a few days?’”

      However, it is claimed that the move into the hotel exacerbated Mr Olbeh’s distress due to the inability to carry out basic independent tasks, like cooking his own meals. The friend went on: “I’m in shock. It’s really tough for me because I was so close with him.

      “He was under more pressure. I wonder if there was any small thing I could have done to save him.

      “He had a dream, he wanted his life to become better. He wanted to work and send money back to his family. He wanted to improve himself and he was learning the language. He wanted to get married and start a family.”

      The No Evictions Network held an online vigil yesterday evening. A spokesperson said: “We are deeply saddened by the situation, and utterly outraged by the lack of humanity, dignity or consideration shown to asylum seekers by Mears, the Home Office, and the UK Government.

      “They have failed to comply with basic duties and to treat human life with respect. This situation was entirely avoidable. Despite this, pleas for change made by both individuals and organisations have been ignored. We have lost a young life.”

      It is understood that around 500 asylum seekers in total are now being housed in Glasgow hotels, including some brought in from elsewhere in the UK. Mears Group claims it had to move people out of the short-term let accommodation used for new applicants but has been unable to find new provision due to coronavirus restrictions on the property market.

      Advocacy groups have raised fears about welfare, safety and social distancing but Mears Group insists all movement is being undertaken in accordance with health authority guidance on social distancing.

      Last night, a Mears Group spokesperson said: “We are deeply sad to confirm the death of an asylum seeker who had been in Mears supported accommodation. Mears are working with the Home Office to contact the asylum seeker’s family before disclosing more information.”

      The Home Office said: "We are aware of an incident resulting in an individual sadly losing his life.

      “It would be inappropriate to comment before all of the facts have been established and his family have been notified.”

      https://www.thenational.scot/news/18439256.fury-syrian-asylum-seeker-found-dead-scottish-hotel

    • Syrian man dies in Glasgow amid fears over refugees’ mental health

      Concerns raised over hundreds of asylum seekers moved en masse into hotels for lockdown.

      A Syrian man has been found dead in a Glasgow guesthouse after outreach workers raised significant concerns about the spiralling mental distress of hundreds of asylum seekers who were moved en masse into hotels at the beginning of lockdown.

      The man, who was 30 and had been living in Glasgow for the past six months while he completed his asylum application, was found dead in his room at McLay’s Guest House in the city centre on 5 May. A postmortem will take place to establish the cause of death, but a friend said the man had been experiencing suicidal thoughts for several weeks.

      Last month the Guardian reported that more than 300 asylum seekers housed in the city – the UK’s largest dispersal area – had been given less than an hour’s notice to pack up their flats before being moved into city centre hotels, where they claimed physical distancing was “impossible”. In a move condemned by campaigners, they also had all financial support withdrawn.

      The private housing provider Mears, which is subcontracted by the Home Office, moved them from mainly self-contained apartments into hotels where residents and campaigners describe continuing difficulties with maintaining physical distancing.

      Mears said people were being “safely and appropriately” housed in accordance with health authority guidance, while a Home Office spokesperson said it was “totally incorrect” to suggest that there were problems with physical distancing.
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      Since then, outreach workers have identified increasing fear, stress and anxiety among this vulnerable population, who have no information about future housing arrangements and no money to top up their phones to continue communication with lawyers, or buy extra food, hand sanitiser or period products for women.

      A friend of the dead man said that since the move into the guesthouse, he had spoken of worsening flashbacks to torture he had experienced on his journey through Libya to the UK.

      Ako Zada, the director of Community InfoSource, an asylum housing charity, has been visiting hotel residents regularly. He said: “I’ve been shocked to see people so mentally unwell. They are worried about cleaning of shared areas, and they don’t know when they will be moving again because they keep getting told different stories.”

      Hotel residents have complained about the quality of food provided, the fact that windows cannot be opened, as well as the psychological isolation. A number of hotel workers have also contacted the Guardian to raise concerns about large numbers of asylum seekers congregating in enclosed areas.

      Robina Qureshi of Positive Action in Housing said the “hotel asylum seekers” were being treated as “less than human”. “Many people, men and women are suffering from severe mental health conditions. The fact that Mears and the Home Office see fit to dump hundreds of people in hotels where there is no social distancing, people cannot keep their personal environment aired or hygienic, and have had their meagre card payment of £35 a week cut to £0 deserves further investigation.”

      Sabir Zazai, the chief executive of the Scottish Refugee Council, said: “This tragic death must be a chilling reminder of the chronic vulnerabilities of those going through the complexities of the asylum system.”

      A Mears spokesperson said: “We are deeply sad to confirm the death of an asylum – seeker who had been in Mears-supported accommodation. Mears are working with the Home Office to contact the asylum seeker’s family before disclosing more information.”

      A home office spokesperson said: “We are aware of an incident resulting in an individual sadly losing his life. It would be inappropriate to comment before all of the facts have been established and his family have been notified.”

      https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2020/may/11/syrian-man-dies-glasgow-fears-refugees-mental-health

    • Mears Group 2020 update: scandal-ridden landlord under fire from Glasgow to Gloucester

      At the start of 2019 we published a profile on Mears Group. The #Gloucester based housing repairs outsourcer had just won a £1.15 billion contract to run the refugee accommodation system in Scotland, Northern Ireland and much of the north of England.

      In the last year, refugee and housing campaigners have been keeping a close eye on Mears, with local resistance to its slum landlord practices emerging across the UK. This report just gives a quick update on some recent news on the company.

      Unless you live in one of the properties it manages, you may well not have heard of Mears. But it has quietly built up a small empire across the UK, primarily by taking over privatised housing services from local councils. Along the way it’s already clocked up a list of scandals from Glasgow down to Brighton, involving accusations of local government corruption and numerous alleged overcharging scams.

      The death of Adnan Olbeh

      Adnan Olbeh was found dead on 5 May 2020 in a Glasgow hotel where he had been placed by Mears Group under its management of the UK’s “asylum dispersal” scheme. He was 30 years old, from Syria. The cause of death is unclear, with any postmortem examination delayed by the corona crisis.

      What is known is that Adnan was one of hundreds of refugees recently evicted from their flats by Mears and other asylum landlords.

      The mass evictions were part of the Home Office’s coronavirus strategy. Often with just an hour’s notice, people were told to pack and leave their flats and moved into hotels. The logic behind this is not entirely clear, but it seems in line with other aspects of the government’s shambolic covid-19 response. “Social distancing” measures included people being transported four or five to a small van, stripped of cash support and facilities to cook for themselves, and instead being made to eat close together in hotel canteens — with food including the likes of undercooked chicken and mouldy bread.

      According to Smina Akhtar, interviewed by John Grayson for the Institute for Race Relations:

      “We have had lots of reports from people in the hotels about really awful food and poor conditions there. Adnan’s friend told me that his mental health really deteriorated in the hotel. A week before he died his friend asked the hotel to call an emergency ambulance because Adnan was in a terrible state. His friend went with him to the hospital but said that the staff there did nothing, they offered him no medication, and sent him back to his hotel.”

      According to Mears, in evidence to the House of Commons Home Affairs select committee, it was acting on a directive from the Home Office.

      Mears’ Home Office contracts so far

      Adnan Olbeh’s death is one visible tragedy linked to the misery of the UK asylum system. Thousands more people live with the everyday effects of a housing system which “disperses” people into run-down slum housing in the country’s most impoverished communities.

      For Mears, this means a ten year profit stream. For Mears’ new tenants – rat infestations, broken boilers, collapsed ceilings, piles of rubbish, and environmental hazards of all kinds seem the norm.

      John Grayson of South Yorkshire Asylum Action Group (Symaag) has been documenting the “chaotic” and “failed” Mears contract in Yorkshire. In the past he reported on similar conditions under the last contract holder, G4S.

      So have Mears even managed to underperform the shambles of G4S’ housing management? It’s maybe too early to make a full comparison. But it doesn’t look like things have got off to a good start.

      G4S and others had complained bitterly about making losses on the former round of asylum housing contracts. To drive profits up, Mears started their own tenure by trying to slash the amounts they pay to the smaller landlords they rent from. In South Yorkshire, Mears offered landlords new contracts paying up to 20% less than G4S had done. Many refused to sign up in what John Grayson calls a “virtual landlords strike” which left Mears struggling to place the asylum seekers it was contracted to house.

      In the North East, Mears had similar problems negotiating with G4S’ main sub-contractor Jomast – development company headed by Teesside multi-millionaire Stuart Monk. According to Grayson, this left over 1000 people stuck in hotels across West Yorkshire and Humberside in Wakefield’s “Urban House” temporary asylum accommodation over the winter. And, as he explained to us, the problem is by no means solved.

      “When Covid-19 arrived the whole asylum housing system was frozen in the Mears contract areas with around 400 people still in hotels and 270 in Urban House. Many people have now spent four months in Urban House, when they are only meant to stay there a few weeks. Urban House has appalling conditions which have been extensively documented in pictures and videos sent out from people resisting inside.”

      One thing Mears has achieved in Yorkshire is provoking a major local authority to come out against the contract. In January, as well as launching inspections of 240 Mears properties, Sheffield Council called on the Home Office to terminate the Mears contract and transfer asylum housing in the city directly to the council. This is only really a token gesture – the council has no say in national asylum policy. But it could be one move in a shift against the outsourced asylum housing system, if followed up elsewhere in the country.

      In Scotland, there is a strong solidarity network in support of refugee housing rights – including the Glasgow No Evictions campaign and groups such as the Unity Centre, Living Rent tenants union, and charity Positive Action in Housing. The main rallying point in 2019 was previous contractor Serco’s threatened “lock change evictions” of 300 of its tenants. Well aware of the opposition, Mears has so far tried to tread more carefully. It has promised not to carry out similar evictions, and set up a so-called “independent scrutiny board” to deflect criticism.

      In the North of Ireland, the PPR Project is one association monitoring and exposing conditions in Mears’ housing there.

      Milton Keynes mystery

      Before it turned asylum landlord, Mears’ big profit hope was getting more involved in the very lucrative business of housing development. One of its potential jackpots was a 50/50 joint venture with Milton Keynes council to redevelop seven major estates. The deal was valued at £1 billion, and branded as “YourMK”.

      But as of last year, the scheme was dead in the water. In July 2018, the council said it was putting the regeneration deal “on hold”. In October 2018, whistleblower allegations emerged that Mears had been overcharging Milton Keynes for repairs by up to £80,000 a month, with overall some £15 million “unaccounted for”. When we looked at Mears last February, the YourMK website had gone dead, with a page announcing that further information would be coming soon.

      The MK scandal still seems to be quietly brewing. In July 2019, the MK Citizen reported first of all that the regeneration scheme was definitively “scrapped”. But a couple of weeks later a second Citizen report corrected that YourMK was “not dead but dormant”, with the council and Mears “in discussions about whether it will remain the right partnership structure in future”.

      In May 2020, we haven’t seen any new announcements. The YourMK website is still down, and there is no official word on that supposedly missing 15 million. Where are the budding investigative journalists of Milton Keynes to get to the bottom of this?

      Booted out of Brighton

      Mears’ ten year housing maintenance contract with Brighton and Hove council finally came to an end on 31 May. Again, customer complaints came together with whistleblower revelations – and, yet again, the apparent disappearance of large sums of money.

      A council investigation found it had been overcharged by £500,000 by a plastering subcontractor hired by Mears. A second investigation was later opened into overcharging for electrical work.

      Mears will not be missed in #Brighton. And just before they left, in February 2020 their workers were balloting for strike action over pay and Mears’ plan to combine holiday and sick pay.

      Newham: Mears Cats

      In East London, Mears run 250 homes which are set for demolition as part of Newham Council’s “Regeneration Zone” in Canning Town and Custom House, E16.

      Like Milton Keynes, this is another overlong saga of a failing regeneration project leaving people stuck in poor housing. Back in 2011, Newham handed the properties to a private management company called Omega to let out on short term commercial tenancies. This was supposed to be a “temporary” arrangement before the bulldozers came in. Mears bought out the contract in 2014, and six years later are still in place. While the buildings are still owned by the council, Mears collect the rent and do the repairs – in theory.

      In reality, Custom House tenants speak of conditions that would be very familiar to anyone in Mears’ asylum accommodation in Sheffield or Glasgow. Months overdue repairs, water leaks, exposed asbestos, rat infestations and a “war” to get anything done – all whilst paying average rents twice as high as in directly run Newham council properties.

      Tenants have set up a vocal campaign group called Mears Cats, part of the Peoples Empowerment Alliance of Custom House, pushing to get their repairs done and for Newham Council to take direct responsibility. Boglarka Filler, one of the Mears Cats, told Corporate Watch:

      “Schemes such as the partnership between Mears and Newham Council have brought further misery to people already on the receiving end of austerity and insecure employment. Mears Cats are campaigning for better quality, cheaper housing for Mears tenants struggling to cope with disrepair and debts caused by high rents. We will take action to ensure that the Mears contract will not be renewed in Newham when it runs out in 2021, and that we get a fair deal next time.”

      Steady profits, feisty shareholders

      On a business front, Mears continues to turn a decent profit and pay out to its shareholders. Its last year (2018) annual results clocked operating profits up 4.7% (though revenue was 3% down), and shareholders pocketed a dividend up 3% on the year before.

      Mears has kept up its strategy of honing in on its “core” housing maintenance business. After buying up Mitie’s property division last year, it sold off its own home care wing.

      Most recently, Mears has said that it only expects a modest impact from the covid crisis. Housing is what is called “non-discretionary” spending – unlike foreign holidays or consumer fads, there is still demand for essential repairs in a downturn. The bulk of Mears’ income is locked in from long term contracts, largely with the public sector. As the company explained, 90% of its order book comes from public bodies and “the government has made a clear commitment that invoices will be settled quickly”.

      Through the lockdown, Mears has said it is only carrying out only emergency repairs. Although workers complain they are still being sent on unnecessary jobs without “social distancing” in place, or called in just to sit in company offices.

      Less positive for management, there are new rumbles from rebellious shareholders. Back in 2018 one of the two biggest shareholders, a German investment manager called Shareholder Value Management (SVM) successfully pushed out the company’s long-term chairman. At the latest AGM in June 2019, the other big investor also threw its weight around.

      PrimeStone Capital, a Mayfair based investor which owns over 13% of Mears’ shares, tried to get two new nominees on the board of directors against management’s wishes. The shareholder rebellion was narrowly defeated. In a statement, PrimeStone explained it was unhappy that “the company’s revenues and profit have remained flat despite its strong market position and growth prospects [while] average net debt has doubled”.

      It argued that:

      “Mears’ underperformance is predominantly due to a lack of strategic, commercial and financial experience on the board. The current board has a strong concentration of directors with a background in social housing, health & safety and charities.”

      Mears’ profit-hungry management guarantee shareholder payoffs by squeezing their repair costs to the bone. The outcome is the lived experience of their tenants across the UK. But, for some shareholders, they’re still not doing enough.

      Students and shirts

      Despite its well documented failings, Mears continues to win new contracts – for example, a new housing development project in North Lanarkshire, and a housing maintenance and repairs contract with Crawley council.

      Another sideline is its student housing offshoot Mears Student Life, so far with just two complexes in Dundee and Salford.

      Mears also likes a bit of football. In May 2019 the League One side Rotherham United confirmed it had extended its contract to emblazon the company’s classy red and black logo on its away kits for the 2019/20 season.

      Flowers left for Adnan Olbeh

      https://corporatewatch.org/mears-group-2020-update-scandal-ridden-landlord-under-fire-from-glas

    • From Sudan to the #Park_Inn: the tragic story of a migrant’s killing

      A mass stabbing in Glasgow in June revealed the plight of asylum seekers crammed into hotels during lockdown

      On the last Friday of June, at about midday, Badreddin Abadlla Adam left his room at the Park Inn hotel in Glasgow, walked down to reception, and stabbed six people. The 28-year-old, an asylum seeker from Sudan who had been placed in the hotel as part of the UK government’s emergency response to the coronavirus pandemic, stabbed and seriously injured three other residents, two staff members and a policeman who arrived on the scene. Adam was shot dead by armed officers shortly afterwards.

      The incident, which took place as Scotland was still under stringent lockdown, was initially reported by some media outlets as a potential terrorist attack, although police later dismissed this explanation. It was immediately seized on by rightwing activists, to claim that the country was threatened by an influx of “illegal” immigrants.

      Instead, the Park Inn incident has highlighted the increasingly precarious situation of people who seek a safe haven in the UK, even as the government proposes more severe measures to deter them. Adam is one of three asylum seekers who have died in Glasgow since the start of the pandemic, a series of events that has shocked the city, and left campaigners and politicians calling for a public inquiry.

      At the end of March, B, a 30-year-old Syrian who spoke to the Observer on condition of anonymity, was one of several hundred asylum seekers in Glasgow who unexpectedly received a knock on the door. He had been sent to Scotland’s largest city after arriving in the UK the previous autumn. Glasgow hosts about 10% of the 35,000 people who claim asylum in the UK each year, under a policy known as dispersal. Like other recent arrivals, B was living in his own small apartment; a two-room space in a hostel. He had his own bathroom, and he had privacy.

      At the door, however, was an employee of Mears Group, the Home Office contractor that manages asylum accommodation in Glasgow. “They said, ‘you need to get ready,’” B told the Observer, “‘you’re being moved to a hotel because of coronavirus.’” Across the city, hundreds of others were receiving the same call, as Mears abruptly moved about 350 asylum seekers – for the most part, recent arrivals who were living in temporary accommodation – into six hotels. Parliament heard in June that many received little or no notice, and that among them were pregnant women and survivors of trafficking and torture.

      In theory, this was a decision taken to ensure people’s safety during the pandemic. But, B said, when he arrived at his new accommodation, a bed and breakfast in the city centre, he found a “horrible situation”. More than 100 people had suddenly been thrust into communal living, sharing washing facilities and queueing for meals. Before, most had been receiving the standard asylum support payment of £37.50 a week, but because food was being provided, this was halted by the Home Office.

      “We didn’t have freedom,” B said. “We had no money, we couldn’t choose when to eat or what to eat, and nobody could tell us how long we would be there.” B was also concerned that social distancing was more difficult than in his previous home.

      Throughout April, the hotel population grew to more than 500 as asylum seekers continued to be sent to Glasgow. J, a young Iranian who arrived in the city that month, told the Observer – also on condition of anonymity – that while at first he found it a relief to be somewhere safe after a “painful” journey to the UK, the accommodation soon came to feel like a “stylish prison”. Both interviewees said that food sometimes arrived undercooked, and that this led to protests by residents.

      “We had so many people ask us, ‘when will this change?’” said Selina Hales, director of Refuweegee, one of several local charities that provided additional food parcels to hotel residents. “People were in a totally controlled environment and one of the main frustrations was the isolation.” A spokesperson for Mears told the Observer that meals were in line with NHS nutrition guidelines, and rated “good” in a survey of residents. They added that there were no recorded cases of Covid-19 in hotels during lockdown.

      According to the two asylum seekers, however, the fear and uncertainty prompted by this new situation began to take its toll on people’s mental health; B said that some of his friends were reminded of their experiences of being detained, either in the countries they had fled or on their journeys to the UK. “You could see people starting to unravel,” said Jack Macleod, 21, who worked for several months serving food to residents of the six hotels. Housing and welfare managers, employed by Mears, were available on site, but according to Macleod, many asylum seekers he spoke to felt abandoned.

      “People would come and talk to me,” said Macleod, “they would say ‘this place is making me really depressed’. The only thing I could say, because I’m not a counsellor, is ‘just try and hold on’.” Eventually, Macleod said, he left the job – a minimum-wage role he applied for via an agency when he lost his previous job at the start of the pandemic – because he felt he was being forced into the role of ad hoc social worker.

      Many asylum seekers suffer abuse before they reach the UK, and the Observer spoke to several people who work with refugees in Glasgow who described how the hotel conditions exacerbated some people’s existing psychological trauma. “We got used to hearing people express suicidal thoughts,” said Dylan Fotoohi, a Glasgow-based activist who helped organise food distribution during lockdown, and has since co-founded the campaign group Refugees for Justice. The spokesperson for Mears said all residents had access to mental health support through a dedicated NHS team. During lockdown, however, this team was stretched as members were seconded to hospital coronavirus wards.

      On 5 May, Adnan Olbeh, a 30-year-old Syrian, was found dead in his room at McLays guest house, one of the six hotels. According to friends, Olbeh had been detained and tortured in Libya, on his journey to Europe, and was complaining of flashbacks. In response, the Scottish Refugee Council – the country’s leading refugee charity – sent a letter to the UK home secretary asking for urgent action to “lessen the risk of further tragedies” in the hotels. There was no reply. The Observer has seen a copy of this letter, dated 14 May, but a spokesperson for the Home Office said they did not receive it.

      It was not until the stabbings in June – six weeks after Olbeh’s death – that some people began to be moved out of the hotels: the Park Inn was evacuated soon after the incident, and many of the residents were later rehoused in apartments. But why did the Home Office and its contractor find it necessary to put so many there in the first place? In public statements, Mears has said that it was partly for health and safety reasons: housing people together reduced the number of trips across Glasgow that staff had to make during lockdown, and made it easier for health workers to visit asylum seekers.

      Another possible reason is that it was running out of places to house people. Since 2012, asylum accommodation has been outsourced to a set of private contractors, but the system has been beset with problems: a report by the National Audit Office in July found that “providers had struggled to establish their supply chains, resulting in poor performance, delays and additional costs”.

      One particular pressure point is in the provision of what’s known as “initial accommodation” – the temporary housing that people who have no means to support themselves are placed in when they arrive in the UK. Mears, one of the UK’s largest private social housing providers, took over the contract that covers Glasgow in September last year, from the outsourcing giant Serco. Within weeks, it was facing a shortage of accommodation.

      In response, the company began renting serviced apartments – short-term lets, normally used by tourists and visitors to the city – on the open market. On 22 April, a spokesperson for Mears Group told the Scottish news website the Ferret that it had been using these short-term lets, and that it had been forced to move people into hotels because of “restrictions on the property market” brought by the pandemic.

      The spokesperson stressed that this decision was taken to ensure the “safety and wellbeing” of the asylum seekers, but was such a move really in people’s best interests? A condition of the Home Office housing contract is that providers must be “proactive” in identifying the needs of vulnerable people in their care – yet Mears’s account of whether it carried out adequate checks before moving people into hotels has been inconsistent.

      During the summer, parliament’s home affairs committee held hearings on the UK government’s response to the pandemic. In written evidence supplied to the committee on 10 June, Mears Group stated that it “risk assessed which service users it was appropriate to move, taking into account health advice”. At a press conference on 25 June, however, the company’s chief operating officer John Taylor described the move as a “blanket decision”. Once people were in hotels, he said, “it became obvious that there were vulnerabilities and that the hotel setting isn’t appropriate for some people”. The company then backtracked a few hours later, saying it held “discussions” with asylum seekers prior to deciding whether to move them. The Home Office also says that Mears held a meeting with each person before deciding whether or not to move them.

      In its report, published on 28 July, the home affairs committee advised that asylum seekers “should not have been moved to new accommodation during the pandemic without justified and urgent reasons for doing so, or without a vulnerability assessment demonstrating that the move could be made safely”. A spokesperson for the Home Office told the Observer that the department was conducting an evaluation of asylum accommodation and support services in Glasgow during the pandemic. On 24 August, however, Glasgow’s seven MPs walked out of a meeting with the Home Office, in protest at what they said was a refusal to commit to publish the evaluation, or share its results with them. In an open letter, the MPs stressed their dismay and anger at the “mistreatment” of people who were “unceremoniously shunted, at very short notice, from safe, secure serviced accommodation into hotel rooms, for an indefinite period, with no money and no control”.

      Within hours of the stabbings at the Park Inn, the incident attracted the attention of rightwing activists. “Horrible tragedy in a Glasgow hotel housing illegal immigrants,” tweeted the Brexit party leader Nigel Farage. “All over the UK, hotels are filling up with young men who are coming across the Channel every day. It is a massive risk to our wellbeing.”

      Farage’s comments were immediately condemned by a range of politicians, including Scotland’s justice minister. But throughout the pandemic, Farage has used his platform to encourage a sense of crisis around asylum, describing the recent rise in boat journeys across the Channel as an “invasion” and publishing short films on social media in which he claims to “investigate” the use of hotels across the country to house migrants. Members of the fascist group Britain First have also tried to exploit the issue, forcing their way into several hotels in England, confronting and intimidating residents on camera.

      All this, combined with the government’s own tough talk on migration, gives the impression that the UK is experiencing an unprecedented influx of asylum seekers. Yet although there was a slight increase in asylum claims last year, they fell sharply in the first six months of 2020. While more than 2,000 people crossed the Channel in boats during this period – a phenomenon that has dominated the headlines – arrivals by other routes dropped from 8,455 to 4,850, according to the head of UK Visas and Immigration.

      Rather, the increased use of hotels is due to a combination of the pandemic and a housing system that was already struggling to cope. While many hotels were hired by local authorities and government housing contractors during lockdown – both for asylum seekers who had nowhere else to live, and rough sleepers, some of whom may also come from migrant backgrounds – their use as temporary asylum accommodation was already on the rise. According to a recent briefing by the House of Commons library, shortly before lockdown, about 1,200 asylum seekers were being housed in “contingency accommodation” such as hotels or short-term lets, because of shortages.

      At the same time, delays in processing asylum claims – which mean people spend more time in state-provided housing, putting further pressure on space – have soared: about 40,000 people currently wait more than six months for a decision on their claim, an increase of 75% compared with a year ago. In an attempt to deal with the backlog, the Home Office is now considering outsourcing the asylum interview process to private contractors. Today, about 9,500 asylum-seekers are being housed in 91 hotels across the UK. The government has also modified several disused military barracks to accommodate new arrivals, in conditions exposed in the Observer last week as “squalid”. A Home Office spokesperson said that the use of former military sites “will ease our reliance on hotels and save the taxpayer money”.

      Sabir Zazai, chief executive of the Scottish Refugee Council, is worried that the use of mass accommodation will become the norm. “We are deeply concerned about this shift in asylum housing policy,” he said. “People have come here for protection, and need to be supported to rebuild their lives, not pushed to the margins.”

      Alison Phipps, a professor at the University of Glasgow and an expert in refugee integration, shares Zazai’s concerns. “People are arriving from situations where they’ve lived in fear,” she said, “and the question should be, how do you put people as quickly as possible in a situation where they can live in safety and be able to integrate? You can’t do that when you put people in managed facilities that are separate from the population. It’s not far from a prison regime.”

      In Glasgow, several hundred people are still being housed in three city hotels, which Mears has said will continue until at least the beginning of next year. Some residents have now been there for more than five months. “Hotels are never a long-term solution,” the company acknowledged, explaining that it is still having difficulty finding alternative accommodation in the city. The hardship asylum seekers face was emphasised once again in August, when Mercy Baguma, 34, from Uganda, was found dead at home next to her severely malnourished child. The circumstances of her death are still unclear – Baguma was reportedly seeking asylum, although she was not being housed in one of the hotels – but on 20 September, Glasgow’s MPs called for a public inquiry into all three deaths.

      “We take the wellbeing of everyone in the asylum system extremely seriously,” said the Home Office spokesperson. “These deaths are deeply tragic and our thoughts are with the families of these individuals.”

      Currently, Scotland’s police complaints body is conducting an investigation into the use of firearms at the Park Inn. But this will not examine what caused Badreddin Abadlla Adam to attack people, or whether his actions could have been prevented. At the Park Inn, he was quiet and withdrawn until the night before the stabbings, when he threatened his neighbour for playing music too loudly. “He never came to anybody’s attention,” one witness told the Daily Record, explaining that Adam had become so frustrated at his situation that he’d asked to be allowed to return to Sudan. Residents of the Park Inn, several of whom were left traumatised by the attack, were offered counselling by Mears after being moved; a group of them handed a thank-you card to police officers a few days later.

      An inquiry, said Phipps, would be “about justice”. “The people of Glasgow, just like the people who were seriously injured in the attacks, and the hotel staff whose lives have changed radically over the last few months, deserve to know why it was that people were hothoused in this way, and why people are still living in accommodation that they have repeatedly said is bad for them.”

      https://www.theguardian.com/uk-news/2020/oct/18/from-sudan-to-the-park-inn-the-tragic-story-of-a-migrants-killing

  • Toponymic Contestations Surrounding the Mama Ngina Waterfront Park, Mombasa, Kenya
    https://neotopo.hypotheses.org/2920

    By Melissa Wanjiru-Mwita – Post-Doctoral Fellow at Department of Geography and Environment, University of Geneva. On 20th October, 2019, the annual Mashujaa Day (Heroes’ Day) celebration was held at the recently renovated Mama Ngina Drive,...

    #African_Neotoponymy_Observatory_in_Network #Billets #ExploreNeotopo #Toponobservations

  • How Much Money Do Parking Lots Actually Make?
    https://melmagazine.com/en-us/story/how-much-money-do-parking-lots-actually-make

    That little asphalt lot in the middle of a downtown block is a goldmine — but not for the reasons you might think

    Paid parking lots: Those slabs of asphalt in the middle of cities with narrow spaces and often extortionate rates are pretty much a necessary evil if you own a car and spend any time in the city. But what’s their side of it like? Why even run a parking lot on a piece of urban land instead of building, like, an actual building? Are they goldmines, or what? What are their costs like?

    Alongside Keith Bawolek, a real-estate expert who says he’s been involved in over a billion dollars in parking lot deals all over the country (and, we imagine, has a nice parking spot for himself), we’re going to try and find the perfect space to explain.
    First things first: Why would someone who owns land in a city put a parking lot on it instead of an outrageously overpriced apartment block or whatever?

    Oftentimes, surface parking lots are a long-term play, according to Bawolek. Someone buys the land… and waits. Maybe the land is currently a few blocks from the action and still a bit, for lack of a better word, undesirable. They’ll wait for gentrification to creep closer, block by block. Maybe there are proposals for a stadium, arena or convention center to be built nearby. “To be in the path of future development,” is how Bawolek puts it.

    Whatever the case, the owner is betting on the future value of the land. So the idea is to swoop it up now and cover their costs until it’s worth it to build condos, an apartment building, an office tower or whatever else.

    This is happening in every city, by the way. “There are cranes up in places like Cincinnati and Milwaukee,” says Bawolek. There’s simply lots more urban living than there was even 10 years ago and running a surface parking lot is like putting your quarter on the arcade machine until it makes financial sense to build that building.
    How do they cover their costs?

    By leasing the land to a parking-lot operator. As long as the property tax on the land is paid for by leasing it, a parking lot is a good temporary use of the property, and can maybe even earn the landowner a little profit. For one thing, they obviously leave a tiny footprint: When the time is right to build on the land, all they have to do is tear up the asphalt and remove the little electronic gates, chain fences and orange cones. And cities are in need of parking lots: There are huge fluxes of people into cities every day, for different reasons — work, dining, entertainment, personal stuff, you name it.

    So how much does a parking lot make?

    It’s extremely hard to give numbers because they’re all so different. But it’s pretty easy to figure how much one near the baseball stadium will make on game day when parking costs, say, $50, and you see that it has 30 spots or whatever.
    Are they goldmines, then?

    Bawolek calls paid parking lots “reasonably profitable,” bearing in mind all the variables, the main one of which is the old real-estate saw — location, location, etc. “Two exact garages three blocks apart in the same city could have two completely different operating incomes because of who’s parking there,” he says.
    What kinds of expenses do they have?

    Not many! Whereas in the old days you’d have a guy in a folding chair with a coffee can collecting fees, nowadays it’s as automated as possible. Maybe it’s the type where you pull a ticket when you drive in, then pay your fee at a pay-on-foot machine before you return to your car. Or you pay at the exit. Or pay via app. The goal for an operator is to cut costs as much as possible. Which, in the 21st century, we all realize technology is great at doing.

    But for certain lots, that’s not possible. Think about fancy-hotel parking lot operators: They pay for the wages (and perhaps benefits) of valets to drive your car away for you, and they also pay high insurance premiums, Bawolek says, to cover their asses if they accidentally hired valets like the ones in Ferris Bueller’s Day Off.

    Do parking lots get specifically taxed for anything?

    It’s usually up to individual cities, but yes, many cities have a specific “parking tax” (of course they do). Here’s a look at the city of Chicago’s parking tax rates, as an example.
    Are there any laws governing the amount a parking lot can charge?

    Sorry, Bawolek says no. The market really dictates what a lot can reasonably (ha!) charge. Much depends on who’s parking there, and again, where it’s located. Is it office worker bees? Minimum-wage employees? Sports fans? Concert goers? The local parking-lot economy is at the mercy of the essential economic forces: supply and demand. “Because at a certain point you can’t be 50 bucks and everyone else around you is 20,” Bawolek points out.
    What’s the perfect parking lot like?

    “Ideally, during Monday through Friday you have daily office parkers,” Bawolek says. “At night maybe you have the residential that’s in the area, and some activity like theaters. And then on the weekends, you have theaters and sporting events.” If the whole process is automated, all the better (for the parking lot operator, that is).

    Bear in mind, though, an ideal lot wouldn’t be full of only office workers. They’re parked there all day! Ideally you get shoppers, who turn over their parking spot every hour or two.
    So is this a cutthroat environment, or what?

    Oh yeah. One thing is the rates that we just explained. Bawolek also says a fascinating sub-economy is that of off-site airport parking. These are large surface lots near the airport that aren’t owned by the airport. They’re usually the purview of large corporations, because you need a lot of volume to make them work. For one thing, the operating expenses are high: Since these are often too far away to just walk to the terminal, you’ve got to have a shuttle to take parkers to and from the airport — and it better be a good shuttle! If it’s not coming through the terminal every few minutes, best of luck surviving. Then there’s the competition with the airport. They usually have the ability to charge below-market rates for a time, Bawolek says, to price the private operators out. It’s a doggy-dog world we’re living in.
    How does all this get affected by Uber and the like?

    Ride-sharing is the elephant in the room when it comes to paid parking. It’s affecting not only public and private airport parking, but airport car rental as well. And even more so, the whole concept of parking.

    Thinking ahead then, when we’re all being ferried around in self-driving cars, will there be a need for parking lots? Maybe not — in which case, the parking lot owners will figure out something else to do with the land if they’re not ready to build on it.

    Basically, whether it’s a car sitting in a single spot or a whole lot on a city block, parking, it seems, is always just a temporary occurrence: Usually an expensive one for you, a profitable one for the parking operator and a cost-covering one for the landowner.

    #Parkplatz #Business

  • Tagesspiegel Leute Newsletter | Tempelhof-Schöneberg 15.10.19
    https://leute.tagesspiegel.de/tempelhof-schoeneberg/macher/2019/10/15/99465/parkraumbewirtschaftung-innerhalb-des-s-bahn-rings

    15.10.2019 - Die Zeiten, in denen man in verschiedenen Stadtvierteln kostenlos parken kann, gehen dem Ende entgegen. Wie der Bezirk auf eine parlamentarische Anfrage antwortete (hier als PDF), ist „für die Flächen innerhalb des S-Bahnringes eine Parkraumbewirtschaftung
    flächendeckend geplant“, die bis Ende 2020 umgesetzt werden soll. Dies sei im Hinblick auf die Ziele des im Juli dieses Jahres beschlossenen Luftreinhalteplans notwendig. Der Bezirk bereitet derzeit die Vergabe für eine Machbarkeitsstudie der im S-Bahnring gelegenen Areale vor, in denen es bislang noch keine Ticketautomaten gibt. Im Frühjahr war im Schöneberger Norden eine neue Parkraumbewirtschaftungszone eingeführt worden.

    Und was geschieht außerhalb des S-Bahn-Rings? Für die Region rund um den Tempelhofer Damm zwischen Alt-Tempelhof und Ullsteinstraße wurde im Zuge des „Verkehrsversuchs Tempelhofer Damm“ ebenfalls eine Machbarkeitsstudie in Auftrag gegeben. Die Ergebnisse werden bis Jahresende erwartet. Bei dem Verkehrsversuch Tempelhofer Damm handelt es sich um das Vorhaben, auf der Hauptverkehrsstraße geschützte Fahrradspuren einzurichten. Auch für Friedenau wird eine Studie in Auftrag gegeben werden, einen Terminplan gibt es aber noch nicht.

    #Berlin #Tempelhof #Verkehr #Parkraumbewirtschaftung