Musée des Beaux-Arts Zanabazar d’Oulan-Bator : inauguration d’une nouvelle salle avec répliques des peintures murales de la tombe de #Choroon_Bumbagar
УЛААН ХЭРЭМИЙН ШОРООН БУМБАГАРЫН БУНХАНТ БУЛШНЫ ХАНЫН ЗУРАГ
Булган аймгийн Баяннуур сумын нутгаас эрдэмтэд Улаан хэрэмийн шороон бумбагар хэмээх дурсгал илрүүлснээ 2011 оноод малтан судалсан. 43 метрийн урттай бунхны ханан дээрх зургийг хуулбарлах ажлыг Соёлын өвийн төвийнхөн “Түүхийн дурсгалан” компанийнхантай хамтран хийжээ. Тэд өнөөдөр Занабазарын нэрэмжит Дүрслэх урлагийн музейд хуулбар зургуудаараа үзэсгэлэн дэлгэсэн юм.
La tombe, découverte en mars 2011 dans la province (aïmag) de Bulgan était intacte, contenait de nombreux objets et des peintures murales. Elle a été fouillée avec l’aide de l’Université d’Astana au Kazakhstan.
Le toponyme Choroon Bumbarag signe « rotonde de poussière ». La datation des objets trouvés les rattache entre la fin du VIe et la fin du VIIe siècle.
Luminescence dating of mortar and terracotta from a Royal Tomb at Ulaankhermiin Shoroon Bumbagar, Mongolia - ResearchGate [abstract]
A breathtaking discovery took place in 2011, at the Royal tomb “Ulaankhermiin Shoroonbumbagar” in Bayannuur somon Bulgan province, Mongolia (N:47057’305”; E:104032’340”). It features 117 clay figurines, 150 gold and stone wares, ancient coins and altogether over 550 items (Ochir A., et al. 2013) at a depth of 7 meter below the ground. A slope of over 40 meters long leads down to the chamber; the walls were covered by mortar and chalk with paintings which are unique and more or less influenced by the style in the early Tang Dynasty (618-907).
The ages obtained on different materials using pIRIR150 and pIRIR180 are from 685±85AD to 580±77AD; which are in good agreement with the historically expected age of the Royal tomb at Ulaanhermiin Shoroon Bumbagar (Mongolia).
L’annonce le 24/08/2011
Historical findings have been discovered : InfoMongolia.com
The Institute of History of the Mongolian Academy of Sciences (MAS) in association with the Centre of Turkic languages and Altai studies at Astana University, Republic of Kazakhstan have discovered a unique historic finding while conducting a digging in “Shoroon Bumbagar” Ulaan Kherem monument in Bayannuur sum, Bulgan aimag, informed MAS on August 24, 2011.
Shoroon Bumbagar is like ger shaped earth structure with a 4.2m in height and 25m in diameter. The archeologists first discovered the vestibule, and as they were digging further they had noticed different kinds of paintings in black and red on the 2 sides of the wall; paintings of 2 dragons, figures of 8 people, 2 figures leading horses, a temple, flags, lotus and the head of a cow.
This new discovery comes as a surprise to the archeologists as it has never been discovered before in Mongolia. According to the experts, these findings are connected to the ancient Turkic people living in Mongolia in the VI-VIII centuries. The vestibule is a very rare historical value with a 32m in length, 7m deep and 1.85m in width. The digging process is still being continued.
Turkic peoples and related groups migrated west from Turkestan and what is now Mongolia, towards Eastern Europe, Iranian plateau and Anatolia and modern Turkey in many waves. Later, Turkic peoples included the Avars, Karluks (mainly 8th century), Uyghurs, Kyrgyz, #Oghuz (or Guz) Turks and Turkmens. As these peoples were founding states in the area between Mongolia and Transoxiana, they came into contact with Muslims, and most of them gradually adopted Islam. Small groups of Turkic people practice other religions, including Christianity, Jewish (Khazars), Buddhism and Zoroastrians.
En 2012, exposition d’objets (et photos des fouilles)
Photo news : Over 500 valuable findings of ancient aristocrats found : InfoMongolia.com
The project was conducted under the supervision of professor A.Ochir, where around 570 valuable findings of Turkish aristocrats were found from the Shoroon Bumbagar tomb, related to the VII century. Over 300 of these findings are shown at the exhibition in the sequence they were found, where these historical findings are categorized into substantial archeological finds, antiques, photography, maps, art pieces, printed pictures, models and copies. The most interesting find from this tomb are the tomb wall pictures.
There are a total of over 40 pictures, where 24 male and female persons with swans, birds, tigers, dogs and horses are illustrated dancing, singing, holding ceremonies and entertaining themselves. There were no cases of such underground tombs with wall pictures to have been previously found in Mongolia, where these types of tombs were found only in China, Japan and Korea. This tomb is 42 meters in length and 1.8 meters in width and located 8 meters underground, and was organized with 4 ditched entrances, 2 small holes and a main tomb. Very valuable findings were found from the tomb, including 134 gold wares, 117 clay wares, and 41 golden coins, possessions made of silver and other metals and 30 wood wares. Also, there are many other interesting findings as well as golden earrings, rings, bracelets and vessels, 4 clay made tomb protectors, clay horseman playing music and golden coins with Rune and Latin scripts with signs of Byzantine craft. The owner of the tomb is not yet identified, although it is certain the person was of a significant position in society.
Interview de l’archéologue A. Ochir en août 2012
A.Ochir : The Shoroon Bumbagar Tomb is under the state protection | The UB Post
-I heard that the Shoroon Bumbagar Tomb has been found. How old is this tomb?
–The joint exploration team from the Institute of History of the MAS and the Centre for Turkic and Altaic Studies of the National Eurasia University at Astana in Kazakhstan, has conducted an excavation for archaeological purposes. They discovered a complete tomb of an aristocrat from an ancient nomadic tribe at Shoroon Bumbagar of Bayannuur Soum in Bulgan Province in 2011. We are assuming the tomb dates back to the 7th Century AD. As no finds have been discovered from this area, the tomb is drawing special attention from experts and scientists.
Présentation de la collection au Musée des Beaux-arts Zanabazar (pas de galeries de photos)
The Fine Arts Zanabazar Museum
In this room you can find exhibits from an escavation carried out recently during which a 7-8th century tomb came into surface from the Turkish period. The creators dug 6 meters deep for a tomb of 4.5m x 5.6m x 2.8m in size with a dirt foundation 5 m high and 30 m in diameter, with a wall 110m x 96m to protect the tomb. It has entry hall way of 25 meters and covered by dirt but still noticeable from outside. The archeologists found the entry hall way first, cleaned out the overlying dirt and then reached the tomb. They have discovered wooden crafts, ceramic dolls of soldiers on horses with flags in their hands, and also ceramic dolls, horses, camels, cows, lions, fish, pheasants, pigs, male and female figures. Also, discovered were two blue square stones 75cm x 75cm, on top of which was written a biography of the person who was buried, and kept it near the tomb’s entry door. It had been long time, since archeologists discovered a stone with so many writings. It said that all the animals and dolls were created for the person’s next life (reincarnation), and represented his future wealth and good life and dedicated to his soul and pride.
Quelques peintures (ou leur reproduction ?) (sous le premier lien du billet)