person:avigdor lieberman

  • Pushing for an Israeli victory is the only way to end the conflict with the Palestinians

    Il faut lire ce point de vue d’un néoconservateur américain car il reflète une partie de la pensée de la droite pro-israélienne

    Lieberman and Bennett failed to impose a new paradigm on how to deal with Hamas, but more and more people in Israel are recognizing that compromises and concessions have only led to more violence

    Daniel Pipes SendSend me email alerts
    Dec 02, 2018 4:04 PM
    https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-an-israeli-victory-is-the-only-way-to-end-the-conflict-with-the-pa

    From a practical political point of view, Avigdor Lieberman, Naftali Bennett, and their idea to take a tougher stand toward Hamas just went down to defeat, if not humiliation. 
    That’s because Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu once again showed his political skills; the first is now ex-defense minister, the second failed to become defense minister.
    >> ‘Get used to the rockets’: What Netanyahu should tell Israelis living near Gaza | Opinion
    From a longer-term point of view, however, the duo raised an issue that for decades had not been part of the Israeli political discourse but, due to their efforts, promises to be an important factor in the future: that would be the concept of victory, of an Israeli victory over Hamas and, by extension, over the Palestinian Authority and Palestinians in general.
    Victory – defined as imposing one’s will on the enemy so he gives up his war goals - has been the war goal of philosophers, strategists, and generals through human history. Aristotle wrote that “Victory is the end of generalship.” Karl von Clausewitz, the Prussian theorist, concurred: “The aim of war should be the defeat of the enemy.” Gen. James Mattis, the U.S. secretary of defense, finds that “No war is over until the enemy says it’s over.” 
    Palestinians routinely speak of achieving victory over Israel, even when this is fantastical: to cite one example, PA leader Mahmoud Abbas called his Hamas counterpart, Ismail Haniyeh, after eight days of violence with Israel that left Gaza badly battered in November 2012 to “congratulate him on the victory and extend condolences to the families of martyrs.”

    Contrarily, in Israel, the notion of victory has been sidelined since at least the Oslo Accords of 1993, after which its leaders instead focused on such concepts as compromise, conciliation, confidence-building, flexibility, goodwill, mediation, and restraint. Prime Minister Ehud Olmert immemorially articulated this attitude in 2007 when he stated that "Peace is achieved through concessions.”
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    >> Israel is incomparably stronger than Hamas – but it will never win: Interview with Hamas leader in Gaza
    his perverse understanding of how wars end led Israel to make extraordinary blunders in the 15 years after Oslo, for which it was punished by unremitting campaigns of delegitimization and violence, symbolized, respectively, by the Durban conference of 2001  and the Passover Massacre of 2002. 
    Such nonsense ended during Netanyahu’s near-decade-long term as prime minister, but it has not yet been replaced by a sturdy vision of victory. Rather, Netanyahu has put out brush fires as they arose in Sinai, Gaza, the West Bank, the Golan Heights, Syria, and Lebanon. While agreeing with the concept of an Israeli victory when personally briefed, he has not spoken publicly about it.
    Meanwhile, other leading figures in Israel have adopted this outlook. Former deputy chief of staff Uzi Dayan called on the army “to return the path of victory.” Former education and interior minister Gideon Sa’ar has stated that “The ‘victory paradigm,’ like Jabotinsky’s ‘Iron Wall’ concept, assumes that an agreement may be possible in the future, but only after a clear and decisive Israeli victory ... The transition to the ‘victory paradigm’ is contingent upon abandoning the Oslo concept.”
    In this context, the statements by Lieberman and Bennett point to a change in thinking. Lieberman quit his position as defense minister out of frustration that a barrage by Hamas of 460 rockets and missiles against Israel was met with a ceasefire; he called instead for “a state of despair” to be imposed on the enemies of Israel. Complaining that “Israel stopped winning,” Bennett demanded that the IDF “start winning again,” and added that “When Israel wants to win, we can win.” On rescinding his demand for the defense portfolio, Bennett emphasized that he stands by Netanyahu “in the monumental task of ensuring that Israel is victorious again.”
    >> Netanyahu’s vision for the Middle East has come true | Analysis
    Opponents of this paradigm then amusingly testified to the power of this idea of victory. Ma’ariv columnist Revital Amiran wrote that the victory the Israeli public most wants lies in such arenas as larger allocations for the elderly and unbearable traffic jams. Meretz leader Tamar Zandberg, replied to Bennett that for her, a victorious Israel means winning Emmy and Oscar nominations, guaranteeing equal health services, and spending more on education.
    That victory and defeat have newly become a topic for debate in Israel constitutes a major development. Thus does the push for an Israeli victory move forward.
    Daniel Pipes is president of the Middle East Forum think tank, which promotes Israel Victory, a project to steer U.S. policy toward backing an Israeli victory to resolve the conflict with the Palestinians. Follow him on Twitter @DanielPipes


  • Israël : l’Etat abandonne son projet de loi sur la loyauté dans la culture
    Par RFI Publié le 27-11-2018
    De notre correspondant à Jérusalem, Guilhem Delteil
    http://www.rfi.fr/moyen-orient/20181127-israel-etat-abandonne-son-projet-loi-loyaute-culture

    Le gouvernement israélien a certes survécu à la crise politique causée par le départ d’Avigdor Lieberman du ministère de la Défense il y a près de deux semaines, mais l’exécutif de Benyamin Netanyahu se retrouve confronté à la difficulté de gouverner avec une majorité réduite à une seule voix. Son projet de loi sur la loyauté dans la culture, pourtant l’un de ses textes phares de cette dernière année de législature, a dû être retiré de l’ordre du jour du Parlement, lundi 26 novembre, il n’avait pas assez de voix pour être adopté.


  • How Hamas sold out Gaza for cash from Qatar and collaboration with Israel

    Israel’s botched military incursion saved Hamas from the nightmare of being branded as ’sell-outs’. Now feted as resistance heroes, it won’t be long before Hamas’ betrayal of the Palestinian national movement is exposed again

    Muhammad Shehada
    Nov 22, 2018 7:04 PM

    https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/.premium-how-hamas-sold-out-gaza-for-cash-from-qatar-and-collaboration-with

    Earlier this month, Hamas was confronted by one of its worst nightmares. The Palestinian mainstream began to brand Hamas with the same slurs that Hamas itself uses to delegitimize the Palestinian Authority. 
    "They sold us out!” Gazans began to whisper, after Hamas reached a limited set of understandings with Israel in early November. Its conditions required Hamas to distance Gazan protesters hundreds of meters away from the separation fence with Israel and actively prevent the weekly tire-burning and incendiary kite-flying associated with what have become weekly protests.
    In return for this calm, Israel allowed a restoration of the status quo ante – an inherently unstable and destabilizing situation that had led to the outbreak of popular rage in the first place. 

    Other “benefits” of the agreement included a meaningless expansion of the fishing zone for few months, restoring the heavily-restricted entry of relief aid and commercial merchandise to Gaza, instead of the full-on closure of previous months, and a tentative six-month supply of Qatari fuel and money to pay Hamas’ government employees. Basically, a return to square one. 
    skip - Qatari ambassador has stones thrown at him in Gaza
    Qatari ambassador has stones thrown at him in Gaza - דלג

    The disaffected whispers quickly became a popular current, which took overt form when the Qatari ambassador visited Gaza. He was met with angry cries of “collaborator,” as young Gazans threw stones at his vehicle after the ambassador was seen instructing a senior Hamas leader with the words: “We want calm today...we want calm.”
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    Hamas leaders didn’t dare show their faces to the people for several days following, and the movement’s popular base had a very hard time arguing that the agreement with Israel - which offered no fundamental improvement of condition – and sweetened by Qatari cash wasn’t a complete sell-out by Hamas. 
    Inside Hamas, there was evident anxiety about public outrage, not least in the form of social media activism, using Arabic hashtags equivalents to #sell-outs. One typical message reads: “[Suddenly] burning tires have became ‘unhealthy’ and [approaching] the electronic fence is suicide! #sell-outs.”

    Social media is clearly less easy to police than street protests. Even so, there was a small protest by young Gazans in Khan Younis where this “sell-out” hashtag became a shouted slogan; the demonstrators accused Hamas of betrayal.
    But relief for Hamas was at hand – and it was Israel who handed the movement an easy victory on a gold plate last week. That was the botched operation by Israel thwarted by Hamas’ military wing, the al-Qassam brigade, which cost the life of a lieutenant colonel from an IDF elite unit.
    The ensuing retaliation for Israel’s incursion, led by the Islamic Jihad (prodded into action by Iran), who launched 400 improvised rockets into Israel, was intended to draw a bold red line of deterrence, signaling that the Israeli army cannot do as it pleases in Gaza. 
    For days after this last escalation, Hamas leaders rejoiced: that exhibition of muscle power proved their moral superiority over the “collaborationist” Palestinian Authority. Boasting about its heroic engagement in the last escalation, Hamas easily managed to silence its critics by showing that the “armed resistance” is still working actively to keep Gaza safe and victorious. Those are of course mostly nominal “victories.”

    But their campaign was effective in terms of changing the political atmosphere. Now that the apparatus of the Muqawama had “restored our dignity,” further criticism of Hamas’ political and administrative conduct in Gaza was delegitimized again. Criticism of Hamas became equivalent to undermining the overall Palestinian national struggle for liberation.

    Unsurprisingly that silenced the popular outrage about Hamas’ initial agreement of trading Gaza’s sacrifices over the last seven months for a meager supply of aid and money. The few who continued to accuse Hamas of selling out were promptly showered by footage of the resistance’s attacks on Israel, or reports about Israeli Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman’s resignation, for which Hamas claimed credit, coming as it did a day after a Hamas leader demanded he resigned. 
    Mission accomplished, a piece of cake. Now it was time for Hamas to return to business, strengthened by a renewed shield of resistance-immunity that branded criticism as betrayal.
    Although Hamas leaders have admitted the reality: no more fundamental cease-fire is being negotiated, and so no fundamental improvements for Gaza can be expected - it continues to sell Gazans the delusion that their decade of endurance is finally bearing fruit and soon, more prosperity, employment and hope will trickle down to the masses.
    What has actually trickled down so far are temporary and symbolic painkillers, not an actual end to Gaza’s pain.

    Hamas agreed to give a small share of the Qatari spoils to 50,000 poor Gazan families; $100 for each household. They agreed to creating temporary employment programs for 5,000 young university graduates with the aspirational title of Tomoh (“Ambition”). They promised to keep up the fight until Gaza is no longer unlivable, and Hamas leaders pledged with their honor to continue the Gaza Great Return March until the protests’ main goal - lifting the blockade - was achieved.
    But does that really mean anything when the protests are kept at hundreds of meters’ distance from the fence, essentially providing the “Gazan silence” Netanyahu wants? When no pressure is applied anymore on the Israeli government to create a sense of urgency for action to end the disastrous situation in Gaza? And when Hamas continues to avoid any compromises about administering the Gaza Strip to the PA in order to conclude a decade of Palestinian division, and consecutive failures?
    That Hamas is desperately avoiding war is indeed both notable and worthy, as well as its keenness to prevent further causalities amongst protesters, having already suffered 200 deaths and more than 20,000 wounded by the IDF. That genuine motivation though is mixed with more cynical ones – the protests are now politically more inconvenient for Hamas, and the casualty rate is becoming too expensive to sustain.
    Yet one must think, at what price is Hamas doing this? And for what purpose? If the price of Gaza’s sacrifices is solely to maintain Hamas’ rule, and the motive of working to alleviate pressure on Gaza is to consolidate its authority, then every Gazan has been sold out, and in broad daylight.

    Only if Hamas resumes the process of Palestinian reconciliation and a democratic process in Gaza would those actions be meaningful. Otherwise, demanding that the world accepts Hamas’ rule over Gaza as a fait accompli – while what a Hamas-controlled Gaza cannot achieve, most critically lifting the blockade, is a blunt betrayal of Palestinian martyrdom.
    It means compromising Palestinian statehood in return for creating an autonomous non-sovereign enclave in which Hamas could freely exercise its autocratic rule indefinitely over an immiserated and starving population.
    Which, according to PA President Mahmoud Abbas, is what Hamas has always wanted since rising to power in 2009: an interim Palestinian state in Gaza under permanent Hamas rule, not solving the wider conflict but rather obliterating in practice the prospect of a two state solution.
    It remains to be seen if the calls of “sell-outs” will return to Gaza’s social networks and streets, not least if Hamas’ obduracy and appetite for power end up selling out any prospect of a formally recognized State of Palestine.
    Muhammad Shehada is a writer and civil society activist from the Gaza Strip and a student of Development Studies at Lund University, Sweden. He was the PR officer for the Gaza office of the Euro-Med Monitor for Human Rights. Twitter: @muhammadshehad2

    Muhammad Shehada


  • Israel’s defense chief resigns, slams Netanyahu for ’surrendering to Hamas terror’
    Haaretz.com - Chaim Levinson Nov 14, 2018 12:47 PM
    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-israel-s-political-arena-holds-breath-as-defense-chief-calls-surpr

    Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman announced his resignation on Wednesday and called for elections to be held as soon as possible, saying he hopes a date will be set by Sunday. Lieberman said of all the members of his party, Yisrael Beiteinu, will quit the coalition.

    However, a senior source in Likud, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s party, said that elections are not neccessarily the next step and added that Netanyahu will initially take on Lieberman’s portfolio. Lieberman, who heads Yisrael Beiteinu, will retake his Knesset seat following his resignation, as provided for by law.

    “I didn’t look for reasons to quit,” Lieberman said. “I tried to remain a loyal government member, in the cabinet, keep differences internal even at an electoral cost.” The two turning points, he said, were the millions of dollars in cash delivered from Qatar to Gaza, and the cease-fire Israel reached with Hamas on Tuesday.

    “There is no other definition, no other significance, but a capitulation to terror,” he said, adding: “What we are doing now as a country is buying short-term quiet at the cost of our long-term security.”

    “It is no secret there were differences between the prime minister and I,” he said. “I did not agree to allow entry of Qatari money [into Gaza], and I had to allow it only after the prime minister announced it.” Lieberman said similar differences revolved around the evacuation of the West Bank Bedouin village of Khan al-Ahmar.

    Yisrael Beiteinu’s departure means Netanyahu still holds a Knesset majority of 61 seats to maintain the coalition. Another key coalition partner in Netanyahu’s government, Habayit Hayehudi (headed by Education Minister Naftali Bennett) said that unless the defense portfolio goes to Bennett, the party will also quit the coalition.

    Hamas, which controls the Gaza Strip, said Lieberman’s resignation is a recognition of Israel’s defeat in this week’s military confrontation with the Islamic group.

    Following the cabinet meeting on Tuesday, Lieberman and Education Minister Naftali Bennett published statements against the truce reached with Hamas. Sources said that as soon as the latest round of fighting erupted, Lieberman demanded a “harsh, decisive” move against Hamas. Sources near Bennett say that his opposition to the cease-fire was clear as could be.

    Other sources, however, say that ultimately, the ministers unanimously supported the defense establishment’s position that action should be taken to restore the calm.

    According to associates of Lieberman, the Prime Minister’s Office’s claim on Tuesday that he had supported the cease-fire agreement that was reached to end hostilities in Gaza infuriated him.

    Senior Hamas official Husan Badran said Tuesday, the third day of hostilities, that “if Netanyahu is interested in ending this round, he must fire [Defense Minister] Lieberman, who in his foolish conduct caused the escalation.”

    In recent weeks, Lieberman and Bennett have publicly argued between them about Gaza and Israel’s actions there. Last month, Bennett charged Lieberman of a weak, left-wing defense policy, while Lieberman retorted that in cabinet meetings, Bennett says the opposite of what he says in public.

    Lieberman and the cabinet were divided about the sale of gasoline and natural gas to Gaza, and in defense forums, it was decided that the defense minister may not make decisions on the subject without the cabinet’s agreement. The ministers were surprised last month by Lieberman’s decision to cut off the fuel supply to Gaza, a decision he made on his own, in contradiction to the position of the defense establishment. Netanyahu and the cabinet members heard of the decision for the first time through the media.


  • Palestinians demand Israel to return withheld bodies of killed Palestinians
    http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?ID=781751

    A picture of one of the Israeli ’cemeteries of numbers’ (File)

    HEBRON (Ma’an) — Dozens of Palestinians protested in Hebron City in the southern West Bank, on Saturday, demanding the Israeli authorities to release the bodies of dozens of Palestinians killed by the Israeli army forces.

    Israel has been withholding the bodies of 33 slain Palestinians since 2016.

    The Israeli authorities had returned the body of a slain Palestinian youth, Muhammad Elayyan, to his family on Friday at the Ofer detention center after the Israeli Minister of Defense, Avigdor Lieberman had agreed on returning Elayyan’s body a day before.

    Israel has long had “cemeteries for the enemy dead,” also referred to as “cemeteries of numbers,” where Palestinians who died during attacks on Israelis are held in nameless graves marked by numbers. (...)


  • Israeli forces shoot, kill Palestinian for alleged attack
    Sept. 19, 2018 11:20 A.M. (Updated: Sept. 19, 2018 1:06 P.M.)
    http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?id=781123

    JERUSALEM (Ma’an) - Un Palestinien de 26 ans a été tué par balle par les forces israéliennes dans le quartier d’al-Musrara, à Jérusalem-Est occupée, pour avoir tenté de commettre une attaque à l’arme blanche.

    Des témoins ont déclaré à Ma’an que les forces israéliennes avaient tué par balle un Palestinien identifié comme étant Muhammad Youssef Shaaban Elayyan, un résident du camp de réfugiés de Qalandiya, qui aurait tenté de mener une attaque à l’arme blanche.

    Un journaliste de Ma’an a déclaré que les autorités israéliennes avaient bouclé la rue dans le quartier d’al-Musrara autour de la scène pendant plusieurs heures, empêchant les résidents locaux d’y accéder.

    Les autorités israéliennes ont ensuite transféré le corps d’Elayyan dans un lieu inconnu après avoir tenu son corps sur les lieux pendant environ trois heures.

    Des sources ont confirmé que les forces israéliennes avaient tiré à plusieurs reprises à balles réelles sur Elayyan, brisant la vitre d’un magasin local et endommagé plusieurs véhicules dans le quartier, bien que le magasin et les véhicules se trouvaient à quelques mètres d’Elayyan.

    #Palestine_assassinée

    • Slain Palestinian laid to rest in Qalandiya
      Nov. 10, 2018 2:02 P.M.
      http://www.maannews.com/Content.aspx?id=781749

      RAMALLAH (Ma’an) — Palestinians of the Qalandiya refugee camp, north of Jerusalem City, marched in the funeral of Muhammad Elayyan, 26, on Friday evening after his body was held by the Israeli authorities for some 53 days.

      The funeral procession set off from in front of the Palestine Medical Center in Ramallah City in the central occupied West Bank.

      The family, friends and loved ones of Elayyan said their farewells at his family home before they carried him on shoulders to the local mosque for prayers and burials afterwards.

      Mourners repeated slogans condemning Israeli crimes against Palestinians, and waved Palestinian flags.

      Elayyan was shot and killed by Israeli forces in September, in the al-Musrara neighborhood near Damascus Gate for allegedly attempting to carry out a stabbing attack.

      The Israeli authorities had returned Elayyan’s body to his family earlier Friday at the Ofer detention center after the Israeli Minister of Defense, Avigdor Lieberman had agreed on returning Elayyan’s body, on Thursday.

      The bodies of 33 killed Palestinians, from the West Bank and Gaza Strip, are still held by the Israeli authorities since 2016.



  • Les premières images de la barrière maritime israélienne bloquant Gaza
    Agence Media Palestine | Traduction : J. Ch. pour l’Agence Média Palestine | Source : Middle East Monitor | 6 août 2018
    http://www.agencemediapalestine.fr/blog/2018/08/09/une-barriere-sous-marine-israelienne-destinee-a-aggraver-le-blo

    Le ministère de la Défense d’Israël a diffusé hier les premières images de sa barrière maritime destinée à aggraver le blocus de la Bande de Gaza assiégée. La barrière se situe sur la plage de Zikim, approximativement à trois kilomètres de la frontière nord de Gaza. Le projet devrait être achevé pour la fin de 2018 et coûter environ 25 millions de shekels (6.7 millions $).

    Quand elle sera achevée, la structure s’étendra sur 200 mètres dans la mer Méditerranée, coupant encore plus la Bande de Gaza d’Israël. La barrière sera constituée de trois couches, une base sous-marine, une plate-forme de 50 mètres de large en pierres blindées au niveau de la mer et une barrière de 6 mètres de haut en barbelés. Une clôture supplémentaire entourera ensuite la barrière elle-même en tant que « mesure de sécurité additionnelle ».

    La barrière a reçu les félicitations du ministre de la Défense Avigdor Liebermann. « La construction de cette barrière autour de la Bande de Gaza, à la fois sur terre et en mer, progresse à une allure impressionnante », a dit l’homme d’extrême droite. « Chaque jour qui passe voit nos capacités antiterroristes autour de la Bande de Gaza se renforcer. » D’après Ma’an, Liebermann a ajouté que « Le Hamas perd un peu plus tous les jours de sa capacité à attaquer Israël ». (...)


  • Israël très content d’avoir Assad comme voisin
    http://www.dedefensa.org/article/israel-tres-content-davoir-assad-comme-voisin

    Israël très content d’avoir Assad comme voisin

    Le ministre de la défense israélien Avigdor Lieberman a acté on dirait “officiellement” l’accord officieux établi par les Russes entre leurs partenaires syriens et iraniens d’une part, et Israël d’autre part, d’une sorte de modus vivendi après les dernières victoires en date de l’armée syrienne. Il semble que cet accord “officiel-officieux” ait été confirmé lors de la rencontre Poutine-Trump d’Helsinki.

    L’accord devrait impliquer, – c’était le revendication sine qua non des Israéliens, – le non-engagement et le non-stationnement de forces iraniennes et du Hezbollah sur un territoire donné en Syrie (les précisions géographiques ne sont pas divulguées officiellement et l’on en reste aux supputations). On notera que les déclarations du ministre israélien vont plus loin (...)


  • Israël bloque la fourniture de carburant à Gaza au risque de provoquer des affrontements
    AFP / 02 août 2018 13h43
    https://www.romandie.com/news/ZOOM-Isra-l-bloque-la-fourniture-de-carburant-Gaza-au-risque-de-provoquer-des-affrontements/942028.rom

    Israël a de nouveau bloqué jeudi l’approvisionnement en carburant de la bande de Gaza en réponse aux cerfs-volants incendiaires lancés depuis ce territoire palestinien soumis depuis plus de dix ans à un sévère blocus, au risque de déclencher de nouveaux affrontements.

    Cette mesure annoncée par le ministre israélien de la Défense Avigdor Lieberman va toucher une région coincée entre la Méditerranée, Israël et l’Egypte qui souffre déjà de très graves coupures d’électricité, notamment pour les hôpitaux, ce qui met en danger la vie de malades, selon l’ONU.
    (...)
    - « Vies en danger » -
    L’ONU s’est alarmée des pénuries causées par l’arrêt des fournitures de carburant qui permettent de faire fonctionner des générateurs pour palier les coupures d’électricité.

    Les générateurs sont également utilisés faute de courant pour la distribution et d’assainissement de l’eau.

    « Avec des coupures d’électricité qui durent près de 20 heures par jour, si les livraisons de fioul ne reprennent pas immédiatement, la vie des gens sera en danger », a déclaré récemment le coordinateur de l’ONU pour les affaires humanitaires dans les territoires palestiniens, Jamie McGoldrick, lorsque la fourniture de carburant avait été interrompue le mois dernier. « Les risques sont très grands, notamment pour les patients souffrant de problèmes cardiaques, sous dialyse ou les nouveaux-nés », avait-il prévenu.

    M. Lieberman a justifié cette sanction par « la poursuite du terrorisme à l’aide de ballons incendiaires et des affrontements à la frontière » entre Israël et Gaza. Ces restrictions seront maintenues en place tant que les violences n’auront pas « cessé totalement », a-t-il prévenu.

    #GAZA


  • Israel warns Iran of military response if it closed key Red Sea strait | Reuters
    https://www.reuters.com/article/us-israel-redsea/israel-warns-iran-against-closing-key-red-sea-waterway-idUSKBN1KM5VM

    Israel would deploy its military if Iran were to try to block the #Bab_al-Mandeb strait that links the Red Sea to the Gulf of Aden, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said on Wednesday.
    […]
    Defence Minister Avigdor Lieberman said in a separate speech at the event that Israel had “recently heard of threats to harm Israeli ships in the Red Sea.” He gave no further details.

    Ships bound for Israel, mainly from Asia, pass through the waterway to Eilat, or continue through the Suez Canal to the Mediterranean Sea. Ships bound for Jordan’s Aqaba port and for some Saudi destinations must also pass through the strait.

    #Bab_el-Mandeb



  • Palestine. Le «  cher Bibi  » emprisonne Salah Hamouri pour trois mois de plus
    L’Humanité – Jeudi, 28 Juin, 2018
    Pierre Barbancey
    https://www.humanite.fr/palestine-le-cher-bibi-emprisonne-salah-hamouri-pour-trois-mois-de-plus-657

    La nouvelle est tombée. Sèche comme le claquement d’une porte de prison  : la détention administrative de l’avocat franco-palestinien Salah Hamouri, qui devait se terminer ce 30 juin, a été renouvelée pour trois mois sur ordre du ministre de la Défense israélien, Avigdor Lieberman.
    (...)
    Interrogé par l’Humanité hier, le ministère français des Affaires étrangères n’a pas souhaité réagir immédiatement «  compte tenu de la complexité de la situation de M. Hamouri que nous suivons avec attention  », en attente d’«  un retour détaillé  » des diplomates sur place.

    #Salah_Hamouri

    • Salah Hamouri : la France botte en touche une nouvelle fois
      Vendredi, 29 Juin, 2018 - Pierre Barbancey
      https://www.humanite.fr/salah-hamouri-la-france-botte-en-touche-une-nouvelle-fois-657547

      Jeudi, nous avons reçu un communiqué du ministère des Affaires étrangères. « Nous ne pouvons que regretter cette décision, sur laquelle doit se prononcer la justice israélienne dans les prochains jours », peut-on lire, soulignant que « nous n’avons cessé, depuis l’arrestation de M. Hamouri, de transmettre des demandes précises aux autorités israéliennes, pour qu’il soit mis fin au régime de sa détention administrative. ». On ne ne sait pas quelles sont ces demandes. Demande de dossier ? Demande de libération ? Ce mot n’apparait qu’en fin de communiqué en ces termes : « Dans l’attente de sa libération, que nous espérons rapide, M. Salah Hamouri continuera de bénéficier de la protection consulaire prévue par la Convention de Vienne, au titre de laquelle il a pu recevoir, depuis le début de sa détention, des visites régulières des autorités consulaires françaises ». Voilà ! Le ministère « espère » la libération de Salah Hamouri en évoquant les interventions du président, dont la dernière en date du 5 juin, lorsqu’il a reçu en grandes pompes Netanyahu. Emmanuel Macron a « renouvelé notre demande qu’il soit mis fin à la détention administrative de M. Salah Hamouri. Ces demandes faites par le président de la République et le ministre sont relayées avec constance auprès des autorités israéliennes en vue de leur mise en œuvre. »

      Mais de libération il n’en est toujours pas question.

    • Israël - Situation de Salah Hammouri
      https://www.diplomatie.gouv.fr/fr/dossiers-pays/israel-territoires-palestiniens/article/israel-situation-de-salah-hammouri
      28 juin 2018

      Le ministère de la Défense israélien a notifié à Salah Hammouri la prolongation de sa détention administrative pour une durée de trois mois. Nous ne pouvons que regretter cette décision sur laquelle la justice israélienne doit se prononcer dans les prochains jours.

      Comme Jean-Yves Le Drian l’a dit à l’Assemblée nationale le 22 février, « nous n’avons cessé, depuis l’arrestation de Salah Hammouri, de transmettre des demandes précises aux autorités israéliennes, pour qu’il soit mis fin au régime de sa détention administrative ». Lors de ses entretiens avec le Premier ministre israélien, le président de la République a lui-même évoqué la situation de Salah Hammouri et a demandé qu’il soit mis fin à sa détention administrative.

      Dans l’attente de sa libération, que nous espérons rapide, Salah Hammouri continuera de bénéficier de la protection consulaire prévue par la Convention de Vienne, au titre de laquelle il a pu recevoir, depuis le début de sa détention, des visites régulières des autorités consulaires françaises.


  • Russia says only Syrian army should be on country’s southern border with Israel

    Israel believes Russia may agree to withdrawing Iranian forces and allied Shi’ite militias from Israel-Syria border

    Noa Landau and Reuters May 28, 2018

    https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/syria/russia-says-only-syrian-army-should-be-on-country-s-southern-border-1.61198

    Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said on Monday that only Syrian government troops should have a presence on the country’s southern border which is close to Jordan and Israel, the RIA news agency reported.
    Lavrov was cited as making the comments at a joint news conference in Moscow with Jose Condungua Pacheco, his counterpart from Mozambique.
    Meanwhile, Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman will leave on Wednesday for a short visit to Russia. He is scheduled to meet with his counterpart, Russia’s Defense Minister Sergei Shvigo, the ministry said in a statement on Monday. Lieberman is expected to discuss with his hosts the recent events in the Middle East, primarily the tension between Israel and Iran over the Iranian military presence in Syria.
    Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu spoke at the Knesset Monday, saying that “there is no room for any Iranian military presence in any part of Syria.”
    Lieberman said that “these things, of course, reflect not only our position, I can safely say that they reflect the positions of others in the Middle East and beyond the Middle East.”
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    On Sunday, Haaretz reported that Israeli political and military officials believe Russia is willing to discuss a significant distancing of Iranian forces and allied Shi’ite militias from the Israel-Syria border, according to Israeli officials.
    The change in Russia’s position has become clearer since Israel’s May 10 military clash with Iran in Syria and amid Moscow’s concerns that further Israeli moves would threaten the stability of Syrian President Bashar Assad’s regime.
    Russia recently renewed efforts to try to get the United States involved in agreements that would stabilize Syria. The Russians might be willing to remove the Iranians from the Israeli border, though not necessarily remove the forces linked to them from the whole country.
    Last November, Russia and the United States, in coordination with Jordan, forged an agreement to decrease the possibility of friction in southern Syria, after the Assad regime defeated rebel groups in the center of the country. Israel sought to keep the Iranians and Shi’ite militias at least 60 kilometers (37 miles) from the Israeli border in the Golan Heights, east of the Damascus-Daraa road (or, according to another version, east of the Damascus-Suwayda road, about 70 kilometers from the border).

    FILE – Iran’s Army Chief of Staff Maj. Gen. Mohammad Bagheri, left, in Aleppo, Syria, in photo provided October 20, 2017/AP
    According to Israeli intelligence, in Syria there are now around 2,000 Iranian officers and advisers, members of the Revolutionary Guards, around 9,000 Shi’ite militiamen from Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq, and around 7,000 Hezbollah fighters. Israel believes that the Americans are now in a good position to reach a more effective arrangement in Syria in coordination with the Russians under the slogan “Without Iran and without ISIS.”
    The United States warned Syria on Friday it would take “firm and appropriate measures” in response to ceasefire violations, saying it was concerned about reports of an impending military operation in a de-escalation zone in the country’s southwest.
    Washington also cautioned Assad against broadening the conflict.
    “As a guarantor of this de-escalation area with Russia and Jordan, the United States will take firm and appropriate measures in response to Assad regime violations,” State Department spokeswoman Heather Nauert said in a statement late on Friday.
    A war monitor, the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, reported on Wednesday that Syrian government forces fresh from their victory this week against an Islamic State pocket in south Damascus were moving into the southern province of Deraa.
    Syrian state-run media have reported that government aircraft have dropped leaflets on rebel-held areas in Deraa urging fighters to disarm.
    The U.S. warning comes weeks after a similar attack on a de-escalation zone in northeastern Syria held by U.S.-backed Syrian Democratic Forces. U.S. ground and air forces repelled the more than four-hour attack, killing perhaps as many as 300 pro-Assad militia members, many of them Russian mercenaries.
    Backed by Russian warplanes, ground forces from Iran and allied militia, including Lebanon’s Hezbollah, have helped Assad drive rebels from Syria’s biggest cities, putting him in an unassailable military position.


  • Palestine. L’ONU dénonce la détention de Salah Hamouri
    Pierre Barbancey | Lundi, 28 Mai, 2018 | L’Humanité
    https://www.humanite.fr/palestine-lonu-denonce-la-detention-de-salah-hamouri-655926

    Le groupe de travail du Conseil des droits de l’homme des Nations unies vient de publier un rapport concernant l’avocat franco-palestinien et estime que celui-ci doit être libéré immédiatement.

    Fait rare qui montre la gravité de la situation  : le groupe de travail du Conseil des droits de l’homme de l’ONU dédié aux détentions arbitraires vient de publier un rapport sur Salah Hamouri. Depuis le 23 août 2017, l’avocat franco-palestinien est en détention. Simple, au départ (il a été arrêté en toute illégalité à son domicile de Jérusalem-Est, occupée par Israël depuis 1967), transformée ensuite en détention administrative. Aux six mois exigés par le ministre de la Défense, Avigdor Lieberman, se sont ensuite ajoutés quatre-vingt-dix jours. Pourquoi  ? Personne ne le sait. Le dossier est secret et même les défenseurs de Salah Hamouri n’en connaissent pas le contenu  ! Tous les recours, y compris devant la Haute Cour de justice d’Israël, ont été rejetés. (...)


  • Un bateau partira de Gaza mardi pour « briser le blocus » israélien |AFP.com | 27 Mai 2018
    https://www.afp.com/fr/infos/259/un-bateau-partira-de-gaza-mardi-pour-briser-le-blocus-israelien-doc-15e2xt3

    Un bateau partira mardi de la bande de Gaza afin de « briser le blocus » israélien imposé à l’enclave palestinienne depuis plus de dix ans, a annoncé dimanche le comité d’un mouvement baptisé la « Grande marche du retour ».
    (...)
    « Nous annonçons le départ du premier navire depuis la bande de Gaza vers le monde mardi prochain à 11H00 (08H00 GMT). Le navire transportera un groupe de malades, des étudiants et des diplômés au chômage », a annoncé dimanche le militant des droits de l’Homme et membre du comité d’organisation de la « Grande marche du retour » Salah Abdel Ati.

    Il s’exprimait lors d’une conférence de presse organisée dans un port de pêcheurs à l’ouest de la ville de Gaza. Il n’a toutefois pas précisé la destination finale du navire.

    Il s’agit de la première initiative du genre lancée depuis Gaza, selon les organisateurs.

    Ce départ coïncide avec le huitième anniversaire du « massacre du Mavi Marmara », a ajouté Salah Abdel Ati. (...)

    #Gaza


  • Israël entame la construction d’une barrière maritime au nord de Gaza ats/jop - 27 Mai 2018 - RTS
    http://www.rts.ch/info/monde/9600461-israel-entame-la-construction-d-une-barriere-maritime-au-nord-de-gaza.ht

    Cette nouvelle barrière à quelques kilomètres au nord de la bande de Gaza, en Méditerranée, est une digue fortifiée surmontée de barbelés, a indiqué le ministère dans un communiqué. Selon lui, cette barrière « infranchissable » est la première du genre dans le monde et devrait être achevée fin 2018.

    Elle « empêchera de manière efficace l’infiltration d’Israël par la mer », a déclaré le ministre de la Défense Avigdor Lieberman. Israël poursuit par ailleurs ses travaux pour renforcer sa barrière terrestre avec la bande de Gaza, avec notamment un dispositif souterrain empêchant la construction de tunnels.

    Un regain de tension
    L’annonce de dimanche intervient après des semaines de tensions le long de la frontière entre l’Etat hébreu et l’enclave palestinienne, qui vit sous blocus terrestre, aérien et maritime depuis plus de dix ans.
    Au moins 119 Palestiniens ont été tués par des tirs israéliens lors de manifestations dénonçant ce blocus israélien.

    #Palestine #israël #Gaza #Palestine_assassinée #occupation #apartheid construction de #ghetto , de #camps #faim


  • Cisjordanie : Israël veut construire 3900 logements de colons - Monde
    lematin.ch | 24.05.2018
    https://www.lematin.ch/monde/Israel-veut-construire-3900-logements-de-colons/story/10293829

    Le ministre de la Défense israélien Avigdor Lieberman a annoncé jeudi qu’il allait demander à un comité de donner son approbation finale à la construction de 2500 logements israéliens en Cisjordanie occupée.

    « Les 2500 nouveaux logements que nous allons approuver lors (d’une réunion) du comité de planification la semaine prochaine seront construits immédiatement en 2018 », a-t-il expliqué dans un communiqué.

    « Augmenter les constructions en Judée-Samarie »
    Il a ajouté qu’il allait également solliciter le feu vert du comité pour la construction de 1400 autres logements qui sortiraient de terre ultérieurement. Ces 1400 logements en sont encore à un stade préalable de validation, à la différence des 2500 autres. (...)

    #colonisation


  • Israel in major raids on ’Iran’ targets in Syria after rocket fire | AFP.com
    https://www.afp.com/en/news/205/israel-major-raids-iran-targets-syria-after-rocket-fire-doc-14q3b14

    Elle est pas belle la vie ? Ça fait une bonne semaine que l’armée israélienne est en alerte maximale dans le Golan occupé. C’est donc le moment idéal pour lui envoyer une bordée de roquettes dont aucune n’a atteint le territoire israélien…
    Israël est forcément obligé de riposter.

    Israel carried out widespread deadly raids against what it said were Iranian targets in Syria on Thursday after rocket fire towards its forces which it blamed on Iran, marking a sharp escalation between the two enemies.

    The incident came after weeks of rising tensions and followed US President Donald Trump’s decision to withdraw from a key 2015 Iran nuclear deal on Tuesday, a move Israel had long advocated.

    It led to immediate calls for restraint from Russia, France and Germany. “The escalation of the last hours shows us that it’s really about war and peace,” warned German Chancellor Angela Merkel.

    The raids that a monitor said killed 23 fighters were one of the largest Israeli military operations in recent years and the biggest such assault on Iranian targets, the military said.

    We hit nearly all the Iranian infrastructure in Syria,” Defence Minister Avigdor Lieberman told a security conference.

    I hope we’ve finished this episode and everyone understood.

    Israel carried out the raids after it said 20 rockets, either Fajr or Grad type, were fired from Syria at its forces in the occupied Golan Heights at around midnight.

    It blamed the rocket fire on Iran’s Al-Quds force, adding that Israel’s anti-missile system intercepted four while the rest did not land in its territory.

    No Israelis were wounded.


  • Dear occupiers, sorry if we hurt your feelings - Opinion - Israel News | Haaretz.com
    Not one Israeli statesman today intends to apologize for the Nakba – not for the ethnic cleansing, nor for the exiling. But Abbas had no choice but to apologize for his Holocaust remark

    Gideon Levy May 06, 2018

    https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-dear-occupiers-sorry-if-we-hurt-your-feelings-1.6055095

    It’s hard to imagine a more unfounded, bizarre and insane scenario than this: The leader of the Palestinian people is forced to apologize to the Jewish people. The one who was robbed apologizes to the robbers, the victim apologizes to the rapist, the dead to the killer.
    After all, the occupiers are so sensitive – and their feelings, and only theirs, must be taken into account. A nation that hasn’t stopped occupying, destroying and killing, and has never considered apologizing for anything – anything – gets its victims to apologize for one measly sentence by their leader. The rest is known: “apology not accepted.” What did you think would happen? That it would be “accepted”?
    You don’t have to be an admirer of Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas to understand the depths of the absurd. You don’t have to be an Israel hater to understand the extent of the chutzpah.
    Israel holds a magic card, the lottery of the century: the horror of anti-Semitism. The value of this card is on a dizzying rise, especially now as the Holocaust recedes and anti-Semitism is being replaced in many countries by criticism of Israel. Playing this lucky card covers everything. Its holders not only can do anything they please, they can be insulted and put on the squeeze.
    The world became agitated over Abbas like it never was over any Israeli incitement – the chorus of the European Union, the UN envoy and of course, the ambassador of the settlers, David Friedman, who never denounces Israel for anything, only the Palestinians. Even The New York Times took on an amazingly sharp tone: “Let Abbas’ vile words be his last as Palestinian leader.”
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    It’s hard to imagine that the newspaper the Jewish right has marked as an Israel hater, baselessly of course, would use similar language against an Israeli prime minister; the one responsible, for example, for the massacre of unarmed protesters.

    There’s a double standard in Israel as well: It will never attack the anti-Semitic right in Europe as it attacks Abbas, who is certainly much less anti-Semitic, if at all, than Austrian Vice Chancellor Heinz-Christian Strache or Hungarian Prime Minister Viktor Orban.
    Abbas said something that should not have been said. A day later he apologized. He regretted and retracted what he said, condemned the Holocaust and anti-Semitism, and reaffirmed his commitment to the two-state solution. It wouldn’t have taken much more for him to bend his knee to Israel’s hobnail boots and ask forgiveness for continuing to live under them.
    But Israel won’t let any apology stop its nefarious gloating. Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman was quick to damn the other side, as usual: “despicable Holocaust denier apology not accepted.”


  • Despite Iran’s threats, Israeli army pushes aggressive line against Tehran in Syria

    IDF believes Iran won’t strike back before Trump’s deadline on nuclear deal, elections in Lebanon

    Amos Harel May 04, 2018
    Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/.premium-israeli-army-chief-eisenkot-stay-forceful-in-syria-despite-iran-1.

    Both the government and the military are sticking to an aggressive policy on Iran, arguing that Israel must continue to act in any way possible to stop Iran’s military consolidation in Syria.
    To really understand Israel and the Middle East - subscribe to Haaretz
    Even after the two latest airstrikes attributed to Israel in Syria, on April 9 and April 29, and despite Iran’s threats of revenge, there has been no sign of any change in Israeli policy.
    The person spearheading this activist policy in the north is Israel Defense Forces Chief of Staff Gadi Eisenkot, whose position is backed by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman. Reportedly, no cabinet minister has voiced opposition to the IDF’s stance, despite the risks it entails.
    According to the defense establishment’s analysis, Iran continues to send advanced weapons systems to Syria. But these arms are no longer necessarily slated to be passed on to Hezbollah in Lebanon. Instead, they are being used to bolster Iran’s military deployment in Syria, and may even be meant to prepare an Iranian military response against Israel.

    For now, however, Tehran seems to be debating over the nature of its promised retaliation against Israel, and even more, over its timing.
    One theory being advanced is that Tehran may be reluctant to respond prior to Lebanon’s parliamentary elections this coming Sunday and U.S. President Donald Trump’s expected announcement on May 12 as to whether his country is quitting the nuclear agreement with Iran. Israel’s announcement of the theft of Iran’s nuclear archive by Mossad agents is likely to increase Iranian leaders’ embarrassment.


  • Gaza
    Once again: Stop shooting
    – Haaretz Editorial - Israel News | Haaretz.com
    https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/editorial/once-again-stop-shooting-1.6032762

    This Friday the “March of Return” demonstrators in the Gaza Strip will once again face off with Israel Defense Forces soldiers. But this Friday must not, for the fifth time in a row, become the last day in the lives of yet more desperate but unarmed young men who aren’t endangering anyone, or the day on which more and more young demonstrators become disabled for the rest of their lives.
    Whether this happens is in the hands of the IDF and its officers. This fifth Friday in the ongoing series of demonstrations must finally bring the cessation of the IDF’s use of potentially lethal fire at unarmed demonstrators. It must end without casualties.
    >> Hamas hijacked the Gaza protests ■ Killing of Gaza protesters undermines Israel’s claims of self-defense >>
    On Wednesday, the 40th victim of this shooting at demonstrators died of his wounds. The victim was press photographer Ahmed Abu Hussein, who was severely wounded in the stomach two weeks ago by a sniper’s bullet.
    Abu Hussein was one of only four casualties, including an 11-year-old boy who lost his leg, whom Israel allowed to be sent to a hospital in Ramallah. And even those four were allowed to be transferred only after a petition to the High Court of Justice. Of the 5,511 people who have so far been wounded in the demonstrations along the Gaza-Israel border fence, some 1,700 were wounded by live bullets.

    According to doctors in Gaza, the wounds during these demonstrations have been especially severe. Thousands of wounded is a frightening statistic considering that the demonstrators whom the army is confronting are unarmed and, as a rule, nonviolent. Given the collapse of Gaza’s health system, the fact that the defense establishment, on orders from Defense Minister Avigdor Lieberman, isn’t letting more of the casualties receive treatment in Ramallah or Israel adds insult to injury. Abu Hussein ultimately died in an Israeli hospital, after his condition deteriorated.

    The 40 people who have been killed in the demonstrations were all young, and two were children. Their deaths could have been avoided had restrictions been imposed on the IDF’s use of live fire against the protesters.
    The consistent, ongoing decline in the number of casualties from week to week isn’t only due to the decline in the number of demonstrators from week to week. It also attests to relative restraint in the conduct of IDF soldiers. But this isn’t enough. Starting on Friday, the IDF must set itself a clear goal – zero Palestinian casualties as long as they aren’t endangering anyone’s life.



  • Son of a bitch, what a video
    We should thank the soldiers in that video for sharing their genuine emotions and rejoicing at the sight of an unarmed Arab flying in the air after being shot

    Gideon Levy Apr 12, 2018

    https://www.haaretz.com/opinion/.premium-son-of-a-bitch-what-a-video-1.5992610

    Let’s say the soldiers in that video clip didn’t cheer and hoot, using foul language. Let’s say they recited Yehuda Amichai’s poem “God has pity on kindergarten children” before kneeling to take aim at demonstrators, and that after using live fire to shoot an unarmed protester they recited “El Malei Rachamim,” the Jewish prayer for the soul of the dead, assuming the protester had been killed like dozens of others. Let’s say the soldiers were shocked, meeting later for soul-baring talks into the night to discuss values.
    Let’s imagine some of them required psychological aid for trauma or post-trauma, with a few joining Breaking the Silence, confessing their deeds and repenting. And then a leftist filmmaker would make a movie about them, showing how deep was their sacrifice, how agonizing their suffering, just like in “Waltz with Bashir” or “Foxtrot.” How beautiful we could be. And then came this video and ruined everything.
    Let’s say the sharpshooters were value-driven soldiers, who had to carry out their duty while suffering wrenching pangs of guilt. Would that make them better human beings? More humane? More moral? They would tug at our heartstrings much more than those lowlifes in the video. No scandal would erupt and the beautiful soldiers would continue aiming at and shooting protesters.
    Half the country was shocked for a moment by the video. This was after two Fridays in which army snipers had killed and wounded hundreds of unarmed people who endangered no one, with Israel remaining silent. The country lived in peace with the massacre, justifying it in unified chorus. Then came the video and halted the celebrations for a moment. Is that how one talks? Is that how one takes photos? Not nice, soldiers. Even the campaign’s commander Avigdor Lieberman said that the soldier who took the pictures should be demoted. A miniature scandal over etiquette. Soldiers are allowed to kill and wound civilians to their hearts’ content but one doesn’t talk like that and one doesn’t film it.
    One should learn from the pilots. This wouldn’t have happened to them. When they dropped a one-ton bomb on a residential building in Gaza they didn’t cheer in the cockpit and they didn’t curse. Their language is as pure as the driven snow. You won’t hear them saying: “The son of a bitch. What a clip. Wow, we got someone in the head, he flew up with his leg in the air. Go, you sons of bitches.” That’s not their style. Some of them actually squirm during the debriefing session, even though they never the see the whites of their victims’ eyes, like their brothers-in-arms, the snipers, do. Maybe that’s why pilots are more value-driven.