person:benito mussolini

  • Polémique Le Corbusier : « Juger les attitudes d’un artiste d’hier dans le climat d’aujourd’hui est bien de notre époque »
    https://www.lemonde.fr/idees/article/2019/04/05/polemique-le-corbusier-juger-les-attitudes-d-un-artiste-dans-le-climat-d-auj

    Chronique. La descente aux enfers se poursuit pour Le Corbusier (1887-1965). L’architecte suisse devenu français en 1930 était considéré comme le dieu de la modernité des années 1920 et 1930 – grands ensembles rationnels pour les masses et maisons pures, blanches et élégantes pour les riches. Mais au fil des ans et des publications, ce Picasso du béton fut qualifié de réactionnaire, vichyste, fasciste, stalinien, antisémite et pro-Hitler. Ce qui donne un millefeuille nauséabond et un personnage qui, même mort, n’est pas fréquentable. Tout cela figure dans une tribune collective, publiée le 2 avril sur le site du Monde.
    Article réservé à nos abonnés Lire aussi « L’antisémite Le Corbusier ne doit plus bénéficier d’aucun soutien public »

    Ce portrait a déjà été brossé dans trois livres sortis en 2015 à l’occasion d’une exposition Le Corbusier au Centre Pompidou. Le contraste était vertigineux : le musée mettait en lumière un génie des formes ; les livres dénonçaient sa face noire. Entre les deux camps, ce fut rude. Mais la tribune est d’abord inédite par le profil des neuf signataires : on y trouve des anti-corbuséens de longue date, mais aussi, et c’est une surprise, le cinéaste Jean-Louis Comolli et l’historienne Michelle Perrot, voix du féminisme, du mouvement ouvrier et aussi de l’univers carcéral, un sujet que les « anti-Corbu » associent aux bâtiments du maître.

    La tribune demande aussi au ministre de la culture, Franck Riester, de se désengager du projet de musée Le Corbusier, à Poissy (Yvelines). De se retirer de la Fondation Le Corbusier, dans le 16e arrondissement de Paris. Et d’agir pour que soit déboulonnée la statue de l’architecte inaugurée il y a quelques semaines à Poissy. Puisque, selon les signataires, Le Corbusier « ne doit plus bénéficier d’aucun soutien public », ils auraient pu demander que nos écoles d’architecture, financées par l’Etat, suppriment l’artiste des enseignements, que ses bâtiments soient fermés à la visite, que les plaques à son nom soient retirées, et que ses œuvres soient expulsées des musées.
    Faire vaciller la statue de l’homme

    Le ministère de la culture nous a fait savoir qu’il ne fera rien de tout cela et qu’il appartient aux historiens de se prononcer. Pas simple car deux camps s’invectivent. Le Corbusier a voulu travailler pour Philippe Pétain et Benito Mussolini. Oui, mais aussi pour Léon Blum, en 1936. Il écrit des mots louangeurs sur Adolf Hitler, mais aussi d’autres de mépris sur l’Allemagne nazie.

    #grand_homme

  • Les yeux doux de Benyamin Nétanyahou à l’extrême droite européenne
    https://orientxxi.info/magazine/les-liaisons-dangereuses-de-benyamin-netanyahou,2651

    « Qu’importe qu’ils soient antisémites pourvu qu’ils soient sionistes » : tel pourrait être le fil rouge de la « drague » ostensible, voire ostentatoire, à laquelle se livre le premier ministre israélien dans les milieux populistes et néofascistes européens. Mais on aurait tort de réduire ces manœuvres à l’expression d’une simple realpolitik. Car elles relèvent aussi de sa génétique personnelle et politique. Personnelle, car son père, Benzion Nétanyahou, a toujours milité aux côtés du leader révisionniste Zeev Jabotinsky dont il fut même, un temps, l’assistant. Politique, car les ancêtres du Likoud, l’Irgoun, le Betar et le Lehi fricotèrent avec le fascisme et le nazisme.

    À force de rabâcher que le mufti de Jérusalem, Amin Al-Husseini, a rejoint (seul) Berlin et créé deux légions SS (bosniaques), on finirait par oublier que le Lehi, en tant que tel, proposa en 1941 une alliance au IIIe Reich. Et que le Betar, puis l’Irgoun, dès les années 1920, bénéficièrent du soutien politique et matériel de Benito Mussolini, qui appréciait Jabotinsky : « Pour que le sionisme réussisse, estimait le Duce, il vous faut un État juif, avec un drapeau juif et une langue juive. La personne qui comprend vraiment cela, c’est votre fasciste, Jabotinsky »

  • https://scontent.fham1-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/41956122_10160896489275204_3723059080181317632_n.jpg?_nc

    En 1933, le ministre allemand de la propagande, Josef Goebbels, a été invité à une conférence à Genève. Le photographe du Magazine Life , Alfred Eisenstadt , est également arrivé sur les lieux et a commencé à photographier goebbels.
    Le ministre a coopéré, a souri, et a même demandé à Eisenstadt s’il voulait qu’il soit dans une position spéciale.
    Puis les deux nazis sont venus à lui et ont murmuré que le photographe est juif.
    Eisenstadt, qui devint plus tard l’un des plus grands photographes du monde, a immortalisé le moment où Goebbels découvre qu’il est juif.
    Depuis lors, cette image a été appelée « les yeux de la haine. »

    • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alfred_Eisenstaedt

      à Londre, 1932

      [...]

      Early life

      Eisenstaedt was born in Dirschau (Tczew) in West Prussia, Imperial Germany in 1898.[3] His family was Jewish and moved to Berlin in 1906. Eisenstaedt was fascinated by photography from his youth and began taking pictures at age 14 when he was given his first camera, an Eastman Kodak Folding Camera with roll film. He later served in the German Army’s artillery during World War I and was wounded in 1918. While working as a belt and button salesman in the 1920s in Weimar Germany, Eisenstaedt began taking photographs as a freelancer for the Pacific and Atlantic Photos’ Berlin office in 1928. The office was taken over by the Associated Press in 1931.

      Professional photographer

      Eisenstaedt became a full-time photographer in 1929 when he was hired by the Associated Press office in Germany, and within a year he was described as a “photographer extraordinaire.”[4] He also worked for Illustrierte Zeitung, published by Ullstein Verlag, then the world’s largest publishing house.[4] Four years later he photographed the famous first meeting between Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini in Italy. Other notable early pictures by Eisenstaedt include his depiction of a waiter at the ice rink of the Grand Hotel in St. Moritz in 1932 and Joseph Goebbels at the League of Nations in Geneva in 1933. Although initially friendly, Goebbels scowled at Eisenstaedt when he took the photograph.[5]

      In 1935, Fascist Italy’s impending invasion of Ethiopia led to a burst of international interest in Ethiopia. While working for Berliner Illustrierte Zeitung, Alfred took over 3,500 photographs in Ethiopia, before emigrating to the United States, where he joined Life magazine, but returned in the following year to Ethiopia to continue his photography.[6]

      Eisenstaedt’s family was Jewish. Oppression in Hitler’s Nazi Germany caused them to emigrate to the U.S.[7] They arrived in 1935 and settled in New York, where he subsequently became a naturalized citizen,[8] and joined fellow Associated Press émigrés Leon Daniel and Celia Kutschuk in their PIX Publishing photo agency founded that year. The following year, 1936, Time founder Henry Luce bought Life magazine, and Eisenstaedt, already noted for his photography in Europe,[4] was asked to join the new magazine as one of its original staff of four photographers, including Margaret Bourke-White and Robert Capa.[7] He remained a staff photographer from 1936 to 1972, achieving notability for his photojournalism of news events and celebrities.[2]

      Along with entertainers and celebrities, he photographed politicians, philosophers, artists, industrialists, and authors during his career with Life. By 1972 he had photographed nearly 2,500 stories and had more than 90 of his photos on the cover.[9] With Life’s circulation of two million readers, Eisenstaedt’s reputation increased substantially.[4] According to one historian, “his photographs have a power and a symbolic resonance that made him one of the best Life photographers.”[10] In subsequent years, he also worked for Harper’s Bazaar, Vogue, Town & Country and others.[10]

      [...]

  • L’agression raciste d’une athlète noire choque l’Italie
    https://www.20minutes.fr/monde/2315335-20180730-agression-raciste-athlete-noire-choque-italie
    https://img.20mn.fr/guQcgJP2QQ65sAQ8oq0-eg/960x614_athlete-italienne-daisy-osakue-blessee-oeil-agression-raciste-29-ju

    Une série d’agressions racistes choquent en Italie, où le ministre de l’Intérieur, Matteo Salvini, cite Mussolini et assure que sa priorité reste la lutte contre les migrants délinquants. Lundi, l’annonce de l’agression d’une jeune athlète italienne noire a provoqué une avalanche de réactions d’autant plus indignées qu’elle arrivait après un week-end tendu et la révélation par la presse d’une dizaine d’autres cas en moins de deux mois.

    Daisy Osakue, une lanceuse de disque de 22 ans, née en Italie de parents nigérians, a été blessée à un oeil dimanche soir après avoir reçu un oeuf lancé depuis une voiture près de Turin. Souffrant d’une abrasion et de lésions à la cornée, elle risque de ne pas pouvoir participer aux championnats d’Europe la semaine prochaine à Berlin. Pour elle, il n’y a pas de doute : son ou ses agresseurs cherchaient une cible noire.

    Dans la nuit de samedi à dimanche dans une petite ville au sud de Rome, le soupçon a coûté la vie à un Marocain de 43 ans, pris en chasse en voiture par des Italiens l’accusant d’être un cambrioleur. Après avoir percuté un muret, il a été frappé par ses poursuivants et il est mort à l’hôpital.

    A Palerme, un Sénégalais de 19 ans qui se tenait devant un bar a été roué de coups par un groupe d’Italiens aux cris de « sale nègre ».

    « Toute agression sera punie et condamnée, je serai toujours au côté de qui subit des violences », a réagi Matteo Salvini en souhaitant une guérison rapide à Daisy Osakue mais sans évoquer les autres affaires. En revanche, l’homme fort du nouveau gouvernement populiste, omniprésent et très populaire dirigeant de la Ligue (extrême droite), a assuré : « Alerte au racisme en Italie ? Ne disons pas de bêtises ! ».

    Mais loin de chercher à apaiser les tensions, Matteo Salvini a poursuivi son offensive : « Je rappelle qu’il y a environ 700 délits commis chaque jour en Italie par des immigrés, soit près d’un tiers du total, et ceci est la seule vraie urgence pour laquelle je me bats en tant que ministre ». Son ministère a confirmé lundi : sur les quelque 857.000 personnes arrêtées et/ou dénoncées depuis le début de l’année, tous chefs confondus, 30 % étaient de nationalité étrangère, alors que les étrangers représentent 8,3 % de la population en Italie.
    « Beaucoup d’ennemis, beaucoup d’honneur »

    Les étrangers sont aussi très représentés dans les prisons italiennes : 33 % des détenus au 30 juin (pour plus de la moitié Marocains, Albanais, Roumains ou Tunisiens), même si cette proportion tient beaucoup au fait qu’ils réunissent rarement les conditions pour un aménagement de peine.

    Le discours anti-migrants de Matteo Salvini lui vaut aussi les foudres catholiques, résumées par la une du magazine Famiglia Cristiana la semaine dernière : « Vade retro Salvini ». Mais l’intéressé, adepte des provocations constantes sur les réseaux sociaux, a répondu à ces critiques à sa manière : « Beaucoup d’ennemis, beaucoup d’honneur », a-t-il écrit dimanche matin, en ajoutant l’émoticône d’un baiser. Cette variante d’un slogan de Benito Mussolini très connu des Italiens, utilisée le jour de l’anniversaire de la naissance du Duce, a fait sensation

    #racisme #fascisme #italie #agressions

  • [RussEurope-en-Exil] Emmanuel Macron et le mépris de la République, par Jacques Sapir
    https://www.les-crises.fr/russeurope-en-exil-emmanuel-macron-et-le-mepris-de-la-republique-par-jacq

    La déclaration faite le 24 juillet au soir par le Président de la République, M. Emmanuel Macron, est grave[1]. Elle est grave d’un point de vue constitutionnel. Elle est grave d’un point de vue politique. Elle est grave d’un point de vue moral. Nous devons toujours nous souvenir que le Président de la République est […]

    • . . . . . . . .
      Mais, il y a nettement plus grave.
      Cette manière de revendiquer la totalité de la responsabilité pourrait être considérée comme courageuse, si elle avait été faite devant l’ensemble des français. Mais, tel n’a pas été le cas. Emmanuel Macron a prononcé ces mots devant une assemblée de fidèles qui lui était entièrement acquise et ce alors que les français attendent de lui qu’il s’explique depuis le début de l’affaire. Or, jusqu’à présent, le Président n’a trouvé ni le temps ni le courage de venir s’expliquer devant les français ? Ce n’est donc pas un discours de Chef de l’Etat, c’est un discours de chef de clan, de chef #mafieux, qui parade devant ses obligés.

      Surtout, cette déclaration fait un lointain écho au discours que Benito Mussolini prononça le 3 janvier 1925, devant le Parlement italien, à la suite du meurtre du député Matteotti qui s’était élevé contre les fraudes électorales, les intimidations et les pressions lors des précédentes élections d’avril 1924[6] : « Je vous déclare ici en présence de cette assemblée et devant tout le peuple italien, que j’assume à moi tout seul la responsabilité politique, morale et historique de tout ce qui est arrivé… Si le fascisme n’a été qu’une affaire d’huile de ricin et de matraques, et non pas, au contraire, la superbe passion de l’élite de la jeunesse italienne, c’est à moi qu’en revient la faute !

      Si le fascisme a été une association de délinquants, si toutes les violences ont été le résultat d’une certaine atmosphère historique, politique et morale, à moi la responsabilité de tout cela, parce que cette atmosphère historique, politique et morale, je l’ai créée par une propagande qui va de l’intervention dans la guerre jusqu’à aujourd’hui. »
      L’histoire jugera. Mais, la manière de revendiquer toute la responsabilité, comme si le Président était la seule source d’autorité, est profondément choquante au regard des traditions politiques et de la pratique de la République. La phrase prononcée par Emmanuel Macron subvertit, tant dans la forme que dans le fond, de manière tant directe qu’indirecte, l’ordre politique républicain actuel en France.
      . . . . . . . .
      [6] http://www.gauchemip.org/spip.php?article8465

  • Macrongate : « Le seul responsable c’est moi. Qu’on vienne me chercher »
    https://yetiblog.org/macrongate-le-seul-responsable-cest-moi-et-moi-seul

    RAPPEL HISTORIQUE

    Un autre autre homme politique fit un jour une déclaration similaire à celle d’Emmanuel Macron :

    « Je déclare ici, en présence de cette Assemblée et en présence de tout le peuple italien, que j’assume, moi seul, la responsabilité politique, morale, historique de ce qui s’est produit. »

    Son nom : Benito Mussolini, dans un discours à la Chambre des députés le 3 janvier 1925, juste avant l’avènement du fascisme en Italie.

    Rhooo, un autre point godwin :-)))

  • LE MOUVEMENT #FUTURISTE DES ANNÉES #1920 ET #1930

    http://www.futurisme.net/mouvement.html
    consulté le 05/06/2018

    Durant les années 1920 et 1930, le mouvement futuriste #italien s’associe, en partie, au #fascisme. Il en émergera le #parti_politique_futuriste qui avait la capacité d’influencer la direction artistique de certains gros travaux, notamment en architecture.
    Plusieurs futuristes italiens ont soutenu le fascisme dans l’espoir de moderniser un pays divisé en temps de guerre. Comme les fascistes, ces futuristes étaient des #nationalistes italiens, des radicaux, des admirateurs de la violence, et étaient opposés à la démocratie parlementaire.

    Marinetti fonde en 1918 le #Parti_politique_futuriste (#Partito_politico_futurista) qui fut absorbé en 1919 par Benito Mussolini, faisant de Marinetti l’un des principaux membres du #Parti_national_fasciste. S’il s’oppose aux institutions existantes et quitte le congrès en 1920, il soutient cependant le fascisme jusqu’à sa mort en 1944. Grâce à sa proximité avec le pouvoir de Mussolini, le #futurisme dispose d’une grande liberté d’action et effectue un travail important, notamment en architecture. Marinetti échoua cependant à faire du futurisme l’art officiel de l’État fasciste, en raison du désintérêt de Mussolini pour l’art, ce qui l’amena à donner son patronage à de nombreux style et mouvements dans un but politique : afin de s’assurer de la fidélité des artistes. Accepté dans les premières années du fascisme, le futurisme fut condamné par Mussolini en 1930 par l’Italie de « l’#art_dégénéré ». Il faut cependant reconnaître que le futurisme n’était pas exclusivement lié au fascisme : certains artistes futuristes s’opposaient radicalement à ce régime, mais également à la direction artistique et politique de Marinetti.

    Mon commentaire sur cet article :
    Ici, c’est le concept d’« art dégénéré » qui nous intéresse. On observe en effet que, si elle censure fortement l’art, la dictature ne le condamne cependant pas : si l’art peut véhiculer des idéaux de liberté et de justice, il peut aussi être utilisé en tant qu’arme politique au service de la propagande. Dans le cas du futurisme, l’art permet en effet la diffusion des idées fascistes, même si les artistes fascistes qui appartenaient à ce mouvement véhiculaient ces idées par conviction et par souci artistique, non en tant que propagande comme c’est le cas de l’art dégénéré.

  • Attacks on immigrants highlight rise of fascist groups in Italy | World news | The Guardian

    https://www.theguardian.com/world/2018/feb/06/attacks-on-immigrants-highlight-rise-of-fascist-groups-in-italy

    More than 70 years after Benito Mussolini’s death, thousands of Italians are joining self-described fascist groups in a surge of support that antifascist groups blame on the portrayal of the refugee crisis, the rise of fake news and the country’s failure to deal with its past.

    #itali #xtrême_droite #fascisme

  • Why Are So Many Fascist Monuments Still Standing in Italy?

    In the late nineteen-thirties, as Benito Mussolini was preparing to host the 1942 World’s Fair, in Rome, he oversaw the construction of a new neighborhood, Esposizione Universale Roma, in the southwest of the city, to showcase Italy’s renewed imperial grandeur. The centerpiece of the district was the Palazzo della Civiltà Italiana, a sleek rectangular marvel with a façade of abstract arches and rows of neoclassical statues lining its base. In the end, the fair was cancelled because of the war, but the palazzo, known as the Square Colosseum, still stands in Rome today, its exterior engraved with a phrase from Mussolini’s speech, in 1935, announcing the invasion of Ethiopia, in which he described Italians as “a people of poets, artists, heroes, saints, thinkers, scientists, navigators, and transmigrants.” The invasion, and the bloody occupation that followed, would later lead to war-crimes charges against the Italian government. The building is, in other words, a relic of abhorrent Fascist aggression. Yet, far from being shunned, it is celebrated in Italy as a modernist icon. In 2004, the state recognized the palazzo as a site of “cultural interest.” In 2010, a partial restoration was completed, and five years later the fashion house Fendi moved its global headquarters there.


    https://www.newyorker.com/culture/culture-desk/why-are-so-many-fascist-monuments-still-standing-in-italy
    #Italie #fascisme #histoire #mémoire #monuments

  • Qui a dit « à la race blanche, d’essence supérieure, toutes les autres doivent faire allégeance. [...] En ciselant son corps par l’exercice, l’athlète antique honorait les dieux. L’athlète moderne fait de même : il exalte sa race, sa patrie et son drapeau. » ?
    a. Adolf Hitler aux JO de Berlin en 1936.
    b. Le baron Pierre de Coubertin.
    c. Benito Mussolini lors de la coupe du monde de foot en 1934.

    indice - le même disait :

    « Aux #jeux_olympiques, le rôle [des femmes] devrait être surtout, comme aux anciens tournois, de couronner les vainqueurs »

    Réponse dans le dernier N° de http://www.zelium.info/category/faut-en-etre

  • Nouvel Ordre Mondial: La tyrannie des accords de « partenariat » trans-atlantique et trans-pacifique et le rouleau compresseur capitalo-fasciste…
    http://www.brujitafr.fr/2016/04/nouvel-ordre-mondial-la-tyrannie-des-accords-de-partenariat-trans-atlantiq

    « De manière plus appropriée, le fascisme devrait être appelé ‘corporatisme’/’entrepreneurialisme’ car il est la fusion du pouvoir de l’État et de l’Entreprise ». ~ Benito Mussolini ~ Si ces partenariats passent… La grille de contrôle totale sera presque...

  • Édifiant. Quand un nazi devient un tueur du Mossad

    The Strange Case of a Nazi Who Became an Israeli Hitman
    Otto Skorzeny, one of the Mossad’s most valuable assets, was a former lieutenant colonel in Nazi Germany’s Waffen-SS and one of Adolf Hitler’s favorites.

    http://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/1.711115

    On September 11, 1962, a German scientist vanished. The basic facts were simple: Heinz Krug had been at his office, and he never came home.

    The only other salient detail known to police in Munich was that Krug commuted to Cairo frequently. He was one of dozens of Nazi rocket experts who had been hired by Egypt to develop advanced weapons for that country.

    HaBoker, a now defunct Israeli newspaper, surprisingly claimed to have the explanation: The Egyptians kidnapped Krug to prevent him from doing business with Israel.

    But that somewhat clumsy leak was an attempt by Israel to divert investigators from digging too deeply into the case — not that they ever would have found the 49-year-old scientist.

    We can now report — based on interviews with former Mossad officers and with Israelis who have access to the Mossad’s archived secrets from half a century ago — that Krug was murdered as part of an Israeli espionage plot to intimidate the German scientists working for Egypt.
    Moreover, the most astounding revelation is the Mossad agent who fired the fatal gunshots: Otto Skorzeny, one of the Israeli spy agency’s most valuable assets, was a former lieutenant colonel in Nazi Germany’s Waffen-SS and one of Adolf Hitler’s personal favorites among the party’s commando leaders. The Führer, in fact, awarded Skorzeny the army’s most prestigious medal, the Knight’s Cross of the Iron Cross, for leading the rescue operation that plucked his friend Benito Mussolini out from the hands of his captors.
    But that was then. By 1962, according to our sources — who spoke only on the promise that they not be identified — Skorzeny had a different employer. The story of how that came to be is one of the most important untold tales in the archives of the Mossad, the agency whose full name, translated from Hebrew, is “The Institute for Intelligence and Special Missions.”
    Key to understanding the story is that the Mossad had made stopping German scientists then working on Egypt’s rocket program one of its top priorities. For several months before his death, in fact, Krug, along with other Germans who were working in Egypt’s rocket-building industry, had received threatening messages. When in Germany, they got phone calls in the middle of the night, telling them to quit the Egyptian program. When in Egypt, some were sent letter bombs — and several people were injured by the explosions.

    Krug, as it happens, was near the top of the Mossad’s target list.

    During the war that ended 17 years earlier, Krug was part of a team of superstars at Peenemünde, the military test range on the coast of the Baltic Sea, where top German scientists toiled in the service of Hitler and the Third Reich. The team, led by Wernher von Braun, was proud to have engineered the rockets for the Blitz that nearly defeated England. Its wider ambitions included missiles that could fly a lot farther, with greater accuracy and more destructive power.

    According to Mossad research, a decade after the war ended, von Braun invited Krug and other former colleagues to join him in America. Von Braun, his war record practically expunged, was leading a missile development program for the United States. He even became one of the fathers of the NASA space exploration program. Krug opted for another, seemingly more lucrative option: joining other scientists from the Peenemünde group — led by the German professor Wolfgang Pilz, whom he greatly admired — in Egypt. They would set up a secret strategic missile program for that Arab country.

    In the Israelis’ view, Krug had to know that Israel, the country where so many Holocaust survivors had found refuge, was the intended target of his new masters’ military capabilities. A committed Nazi would see this as an opportunity to continue the ghastly mission of exterminating the Jewish people.

    The threatening notes and phone calls, however, were driving Krug crazy. He and his colleagues knew that the threats were from Israelis. It was obvious. In 1960, Israeli agents had kidnapped Adolf Eichmann, one of the chief administrators of the Holocaust, in far-off Argentina. The Israelis astonishingly smuggled the Nazi to Jerusalem, where he was put on trial. Eichmann was hanged on May 31, 1962.

    It was reasonable for Krug to feel that a Mossad noose might be tightening around his neck, too. That was why he summoned help: a Nazi hero who was considered the best of the best in Hitler’s heyday.
    On the day he vanished, according to our new information from reliable sources, Krug left his office to meet Skorzeny, the man he felt would be his savior.

    Skorzeny, then 54 years old, was quite simply a legend. A dashing, innovative military man who grew up in Austria — famous for a long scar on the left side of his face, the result of his overly exuberant swordplay while fencing as a youth— he rose to the rank of lieutenant colonel in Nazi Germany’s Waffen-SS. Thanks to Skorzeny’s exploits as a guerrilla commander, Hitler recognized that he had a man who would go above and beyond, and stop at nothing, to complete a mission.

    The colonel’s feats during the war inspired Germans and the grudging respect of Germany’s enemies. American and British military intelligence labeled Skorzeny “the most dangerous man in Europe.”

    Krug contacted Skorzeny in the hope that the great hero — then living in Spain — could create a strategy to keep the scientists safe.

    The two men were in Krug’s white Mercedes, driving north out of Munich, and Skorzeny said that as a first step he had arranged for three bodyguards. He said they were in a car directly behind and would accompany them to a safe place in a forest for a chat. Krug was murdered, then and there, without so much as a formal indictment or death sentence. The man who pulled the trigger was none other than the famous Nazi war hero. Israel’s espionage agency had managed to turn Otto Skorzeny into a secret agent for the Jewish state.

    After Krug was shot, the three Israelis poured acid on his body, waited awhile and then buried what was left in a hole they had dug beforehand. They covered the makeshift grave with lime, so that search dogs — and wild animals — would never pick up the scent of human remains.

    The troika that coordinated this extrajudicial execution was led by a future prime minister of Israel, Yitzhak Shamir, who was then head of the Mossad’s special operations unit. One of the others was Zvi “Peter” Malkin, who had tackled Eichmann in Argentina and in later life would enter the art world as a New York-based painter. Supervising from a distance was Yosef “Joe” Raanan, who was the secret agency’s senior officer in Germany. All three had lost large numbers of family members among the 6 million Jews murdered by the cruel, continent-wide genocide that Eichmann had managed.
    Israel’s motivation in working with a man such as Skorzeny was clear: to get as close as possible to Nazis who were helping Egypt plot a new Holocaust.

    The Mossad’s playbook for protecting Israel and the Jewish people has no preordained rules or limits. The agency’s spies have evaded the legal systems in a host of countries for the purpose of liquidating Israel’s enemies: Palestinian terrorists, Iranian scientists, and even a Canadian arms inventor named Gerald Bull, who worked for Saddam Hussein until bullets ended his career in Brussels in 1990. Mossad agents in Lillehammer, Norway, even killed a Moroccan waiter in the mistaken belief that he was the mastermind behind the 1972 Munich Olympics massacre of 11 Israeli athletes by the terrorist group known as Black September. Ahmed Bouchikhi was shot down in 1973 as he left a movie theatre with his pregnant wife. The Israeli government later paid compensation to her without officially admitting wrongdoing. The botched mission delayed further Mossad assassinations, but it did not end them.

    To get to unexpected places on these improbable missions, the Mossad has sometimes found itself working with unsavory partners. When short-term alliances could help, the Israelis were willing to dance with the proverbial devil, if that is what seemed necessary.

    But why did Skorzeny work with the Mossad?

    He was born in Vienna in June 1908, to a middle-class family proud of its military service for the Austro-Hungarian Empire. From an early age he seemed fearless, bold and talented at weaving false, complex tales that deceived people in myriad ways. These were essential requirements for a commando officer at war, and certainly valuable qualities for the Mossad.

    He joined Austria’s branch of the Nazi Party in 1931, when he was 23, served in its armed militia, the SA, and enthusiastically worshipped Hitler. The führer was elected chancellor of Germany in 1933 and then seized Austria in 1938. When Hitler invaded Poland in 1939 and World War II broke out, Skorzeny left his construction firm and volunteered — not for the regular army, the Wehrmacht, but for the Leibstandarte SS Panzer division that served as Hitler’s personal bodyguard force.

    Skorzeny, in a memoir written after the war was over, told of his years of SS service as though they were almost bloodless travels in occupied Poland, Holland and France. His activities could not have been as innocuous as his book made them seem. He took part in battles in Russia and Poland, and certainly the Israelis believed it was very likely that he was involved in exterminating Jews. The Waffen-SS, after all, was not the regular army; it was the military arm of the Nazi Party and its genocidal plan.
    His most famous and daring mission was in September 1943: leading commandos who flew engineless gliders to reach an Italian mountaintop resort to rescue Hitler’s friend and ally, the recently ousted Fascist dictator Benito Mussolini and spirit him away under harrowing conditions.

    This was the escapade that earned Skorzeny his promotion to lieutenant colonel — and operational control of Hitler’s SS Special Forces. Hitler also rewarded him with several hours of face-to-face conversation, along with the coveted Knight’s Cross. But it was far from his only coup.

    In September 1944, when Hungary’s dictator, Admiral Miklos Horthy, a Nazi ally, was on the verge of suing for peace with Russia as Axis fortunes plunged, Skorzeny led a contingent of Special Forces into Budapest to kidnap Horthy and replace his government with the more hard-line Fascist Arrow Cross regime. That regime, in turn, went on to kill or to deport to concentration camps tens of thousands of Hungarian Jews who had managed to survive the war up to that point.

    Also in 1944, Skorzeny handpicked 150 soldiers, including some who spoke fair to excellent English in a bold plan to fend off the Allies after they landed in Normandy on D-Day in June. With the Allies advancing through France, Skorzeny dressed his men in captured U.S. uniforms, and procured captured American tanks for them to use in attacking and confusing Allied troops from behind their own lines.

    The bold deception — including the act of stealing U.S. soldiers’ property — plunged Skorzeny into two years of interrogation, imprisonment and trial after the war ended. Eventually, Allied military judges acquitted him in 1947. Once again, the world’s newspapers headlined him as Europe’s most dangerous man. He enjoyed the fame, and published his memoirs in various editions and many languages, including the 1957 book “Skorzeny’s Special Missions: The Autobiography of Hitler’s Commando Ace,” published by Greenhill Books. He spun some tall-tale hyperbole in the books, and definitely downplayed his contacts with the most bloodthirsty Nazi leaders. When telling of his many conversations with Hitler, he described the dictator as a caring and attentive military strategist.

    There was much that Skorzeny did not reveal, including how he escaped from the American military authorities who held him for a third year after his acquittal. Prosecutors were considering more charges against him in the Nuremberg tribunals, but during one transfer he was able to escape — reputedly with the help of former SS soldiers wearing American military police uniforms.

    Skorzeny’s escape was also rumored to have been assisted by the CIA’s predecessor agency, the Office of Special Services, for which he did some work after the war. It is certainly notable that he was allowed to settle in Spain — a paradise for Nazi war veterans, with protection from the pro-Western Fascist, Generalissimo Francisco Franco. In the years that followed he did some advisory work for President Juan Peron in Argentina and for Egypt’s government. It was during this period that Skorzeny became friendly with the Egyptian officers who were running the missile program and employing German experts.
    In Israel, a Mossad planning team started to work on where it could be best to find and kill Skorzeny. But the head of the agency, Isser Harel, had a bolder plan: Instead of killing him, snare him.

    Mossad officials had known for some time that to target the German scientists, they needed an inside man in the target group. In effect, the Mossad needed a Nazi.

    The Israelis would never find a Nazi they could trust, but they saw a Nazi they could count on: someone thorough and determined, with a record of success in executing innovative plans, and skilled at keeping secrets. The seemingly bizarre decision to recruit Skorzeny came with some personal pain, because the task was entrusted to Raanan, who was also born in Vienna and had barely escaped the Holocaust. As an Austrian Jew, his name was originally Kurt Weisman. After the Nazis took over in 1938, he was sent — at age 16 — to British-ruled Palestine. His mother and younger brother stayed in Europe and perished.

    Like many Jews in Palestine, Kurt Weisman joined the British military looking for a chance to strike back at Germany. He served in the Royal Air Force. After the creation of Israel in 1948, he followed the trend of taking on a Hebrew name, and as Joe Raanan he was among the first pilots in the new nation’s tiny air force. The young man rapidly became an airbase commander and later the air force’s intelligence chief.

    Raanan’s unique résumé, including some work he did for the RAF in psychological warfare, attracted the attention of Harel, who signed him up for the Mossad in 1957. A few years later, Raanan was sent to Germany to direct the secret agency’s operations there — with a special focus on the German scientists in Egypt. Thus it was Raanan who had to devise and command an operation to establish contact with Skorzeny, the famous Nazi commando.

    The Israeli spy found it difficult to get over his reluctance, but when ordered, he assembled a team that traveled to Spain for “pre-action intelligence.” Its members observed Skorzeny, his home, his workplace and his daily routines. The team included a German woman in her late 20s who was not a trained, full-time Mossad agent but a “helper.” Known by the Hebrew label “saayanit” (or “saayan” if a male), this team member was like an extra in a grandly theatrical movie, playing whatever role might be required. A saayanit would often pose as the girlfriend of an undercover Mossad combatant.

    Internal Mossad reports later gave her name as Anke and described her as pretty, vivacious and truly flirtatious. That would be perfect for the job at hand — a couples game.

    One evening in the early months of 1962, the affluent and ruggedly handsome — though scarred — Skorzeny was in a luxurious bar in Madrid with his significantly younger wife, Ilse von Finckenstein. Her own Nazi credentials were impeccable; she was the niece of Hjalmar Schacht, Hitler’s talented finance minister.

    They had a few cocktails and were relaxing, when the bartender introduced them to a German-speaking couple he had been serving. The woman was pretty and in her late 20s, and her escort was a well-dressed man of around 40. They were German tourists, they said, but they also told a distressing story: that they had just survived a harrowing street robbery.

    They spoke perfect German, of course, the man with a bit of an Austrian accent, like Skorzeny’s. They gave their false names, but in reality they were, respectively, a Mossad agent whose name must still be kept secret and his “helper,” Anke.

    There were more drinks, then somewhat flamboyant flirting, and soon Skorzeny’s wife invited the young couple, who had lost everything — money, passports and luggage — to stay the night at their sumptuous villa. There was just something irresistible about the newcomers. A sense of sexual intimacy between the two couples was in the air. After the four entered the house, however, at a crucial moment when the playful flirting reached the point where it seemed time to pair off, Skorzeny — the charming host — pulled a gun on the young couple and declared: “I know who you are, and I know why you’re here. You are Mossad, and you’ve come to kill me.”

    The young couple did not even flinch. The man said: “You are half-right. We are from Mossad, but if we had come to kill you, you would have been dead weeks ago.”

    “Or maybe,” Skorzeny said, “I would rather just kill you.”

    Anke spoke up. “If you kill us, the ones who come next won’t bother to have a drink with you, You won’t even see their faces before they blow out your brains. Our offer to you is just for you to help us.”

    After a long minute that felt like an hour, Skorzeny did not lower his gun, but he asked: “What kind of help? You need something done?” The Mossad officer — who even now is not being named by colleagues — told Skorzeny that Israel needed information and would pay him handsomely.

    Hitler’s favorite commando paused for a few moments to think, and then surprised the Israeli by saying: “Money doesn’t interest me. I have enough.”

    The Mossad man was further surprised to hear Skorzeny name something that he did want: “I need for Wiesenthal to remove my name from his list.” Simon Wiesenthal, the famous Vienna-based Nazi-hunter, had Skorzeny listed as a war criminal, but now the accused was insisting he had not committed any crimes.

    The Israeli did not believe any senior Nazi officer’s claim of innocence, but recruiting an agent for an espionage mission calls for well-timed lies and deception. “Okay,” he said, “that will be done. We’ll take care of that.”

    Skorzeny finally lowered his weapon, and the two men shook hands. The Mossad man concealed his disgust.

    “I knew that the whole story about you being robbed was bogus,” Skorzeny said, with the boastful smile of a fellow intelligence professional. “Just a cover story.”

    The next step to draw him in was to bring him to Israel. His Mossad handler, Raanan, secretly arranged a flight to Tel Aviv, where Skorzeny was introduced to Harel. The Nazi was questioned and also received more specific instructions and guidelines. During this visit, Skorzeny was taken to Yad Vashem, the museum in Jerusalem dedicated to the memory of the 6 million Jewish victims of the Holocaust. The Nazi was silent and seemed respectful. There was a strange moment there when a war survivor pointed to Skorzeny and singled him out by name as “a war criminal.”

    Raanan, as skilled an actor as any spy must be, smiled at the Jewish man and softly said: “No, you’re mistaken. He’s a relative of mine and himself is a Holocaust survivor.”

    Naturally, many in Israeli intelligence wondered if the famous soldier for Germany had genuinely — and so easily — been recruited. Did he really care so much about his image that he demanded to be removed from a list of war criminals? Skorzeny indicated that being on the list meant he was a target for assassination. By cooperating with the Mossad, he was buying life insurance.

    The new agent seemed to prove his full reliability. As requested by the Israelis, he flew to Egypt and compiled a detailed list of German scientists and their addresses.

    Skorzeny also provided the names of many front companies in Europe that were procuring and shipping components for Egypt’s military projects. These included Heinz Krug’s company, Intra, in Munich.

    Raanan continued to be the project manager of the whole operation aimed against the German scientists. But he assigned the task of staying in contact with Skorzeny to two of his most effective operatives: Rafi Eitan and Avraham Ahituv.

    Eitan was one of the most amazing characters in Israeli intelligence. He earned the nickname “Mr. Kidnap” for his role in abducting Eichmann and other men wanted by Israeli security agencies. Eitan also helped Israel acquire materials for its secret nuclear program. He would go on to earn infamy in the 1980s by running Jonathan Pollard as an American Jewish spy in the United States government.

    Surprisingly flamboyant after a life in the shadows, in 2006, at age 79, Eitan became a Member of Parliament as head of a political party representing senior citizens.

    “Yes, I met and ran Skorzeny,” Eitan confirmed to us recently. Like other Mossad veterans, he refused to go on the record with more details.

    Ahituv, who was born in Germany in 1930, was similarly involved in a wide array of Israeli clandestine operations all around the globe. From 1974 to 1980 he was head of the domestic security service, Shin Bet, which also guarded many secrets and often conducted joint projects with the Mossad.

    The Mossad agents did try to persuade Wiesenthal to remove Skorzeny from his list of war criminals, but the Nazi hunter refused. The Mossad, with typical chutzpah, instead forged a letter — supposedly to Skorzeny from Wiesenthal— declaring that his name had been cleared.

    Skorzeny continued to surprise the Israelis with his level of cooperation. During a trip to Egypt, he even mailed exploding packages; one Israeli-made bomb killed five Egyptians in the military rocket site Factory 333, where German scientists worked.

    The campaign of intimidation was largely successful, with most of the Germans leaving Egypt. Israel stopped the violence and threats, however, when one team was arrested in Switzerland while putting verbal pressure on a scientist’s family. A Mossad man and an Austrian scientist who was working for Israel were put on trial. Luckily, the Swiss judge sympathized with Israel’s fear of Egypt’s rocket program. The two men were convicted of making threats, but they were immediately set free.

    Prime Minister David Ben-Gurion, however, concluded that all of this being out in public was disastrous to Israel’s image — and specifically could upset a deal he had arranged with West Germany to sell weapons to Israel.

    Harel submitted a letter of resignation, and to his shock, Ben-Gurion accepted it. The new Mossad director, commander of military intelligence Gen. Meir Amit, moved the agency away from chasing or intimidating Nazis.

    Amit did activate Skorzeny at least once more, however. The spymaster wanted to explore the possibility of secret peace negotiations, so he asked Israel’s on-the-payroll Nazi to arrange a meeting with a senior Egyptian official. Nothing ever came of it.

    Skorzeny never explained his precise reasons for helping Israel. His autobiography does not contain the word “Israel,” or even “Jew.” It is true that he sought and got the life insurance. The Mossad did not assassinate him.

    He also had a very strong streak of adventurism, and the notion of doing secret work with fascinating spies — even if they were Jewish — must have been a magnet for the man whose innovative escapades had earned him the Iron Cross medal from Hitler. Skorzeny was the kind of man who would feel most youthful and alive through killing and fear.

    It is possible that regret and atonement also played a role. The Mossad’s psychological analysts doubted it, but Skorzeny may have genuinely felt sorry for his actions during World War II.

    He may have been motivated by a combination of all these factors, and perhaps even others. But Otto Skorzeny took this secret to his grave. He died of cancer, at age 67, in Madrid in July 1975.

    He had two funerals, one in a chapel in Spain’s capital and the other to bury his cremated remains in the Skorzeny family plot in Vienna. Both services were attended by dozens of German military veterans and wives, who did not hesitate to give the one-armed Nazi salute and sing some of Hitler’s favorite songs. Fourteen of Skorzeny’s medals, many featuring a boldly black swastika, were prominently paraded in the funeral processions.

    There was one man at the service in Madrid who was known to no one in the crowd, but out of habit he still made sure to hide his face as much as he could. That was Joe Raanan, who by then had become a successful businessman in Israel.

    The Mossad did not send Raanan to Skorzeny’s funeral; he decided to attend on his own, and at his own expense. This was a personal tribute from one Austrian-born warrior to another, and from an old spy handler to the best, but most loathsome, agent he ever ran.

    Dan Raviv, a CBS News correspondent based in Washington, and Israeli journalist Yossi Melman are co-authors of five books about Israel’s espionage and security agencies, including “Spies Against Armageddon: Inside Israel’s Secret Wars” (Levant Books, 2014). Contact them at feedback@forward.com

    For more stories, go to www.forward.com. Sign up for the Forward’s daily newsletter at http://forward.com/newsletter/signup

    The Forward

    Haaretz Contributor

    #Israel #Mossad #Nazi #Egypte #Histoire #Allemagne #Hitman

  • Élections municipales à Rome : 4 candidats sur 7 admirent Mussolini
    http://lahorde.samizdat.net/2016/03/20/elections-municipales-a-rome-4-candidats-sur-7-admirent-mussolini

    Lu sur le blog de Philippe Ridet, correspondant du Monde en Italie : Le fascisme se porte bien à Rome. A lire les affiches sur les panneaux électoraux de la capitale d’Italie on a parfois l’impression que les héritiers revendiqués de Benito Mussolini sont seuls en lice pour les élections municipales de juin. Quatre des sept candidats [&hellip

  • Vatican Bank is the main shareholder in ’Pietro Beretta’ arms - USAHM Conspiracy
    https://usahitman.com/vbmsipb

    Perhaps few people know that Pietro Beretta arms factory Ltd. (the largest arms industry in the world) and is controlled by the Holding SpA Beretta and the majority shareholder of the Beretta Holding SpA after Gussalli Ugo Beretta, is the IOR (Institute for Works of Religion [commonly known as the Vatican Bank]) private institution founded in 1942 by Pope Pius XII and headquartered in Vatican City.

    The story is this, behind this is as follows:

    Rome was not built in a day, nor the Vatican, and less its present opulence. Has its roots in the fourth century of the Christian era, when the Emperor Constantine converted to Christianity and made available to the Pope Sylvester I a colossal Fortunately, it actually turned into the 1st Pope rich history.

    The Catholic Church is the only religious organization in the world that has as an independent state headquarters: Vatican City. With its 2 Km2 Vatican is much smaller than many golf courses in the world, and to follow it without haste does not take much more than an hour; Counting his riches, however, take considerably longer.

    The modern opulence Vatican relies on the generosity of Benito Mussolini , who thanks to the signing of the Lateran Treaty between his government and the Vatican, gave the Catholic Church a number of safeguards and security measures. The “Holy See” got the recognition as a sovereign state, the benefit of tax exemption of their property for the benefit of their citizens, they had to pay duties so imported from abroad. He was granted diplomatic immunity and its diplomats started to enjoy post-privileges of the profession, as well as foreign diplomats accredited to the Holy See. Mussolini promised to introduce the teaching of the Catholic religion in all schools in the country and let the institution of marriage under the patronage of Canon Law, which did not admit divorce. The benefits were enormous given the Vatican including tax benefits, were predominant.

  • Libya Against Itself by Nicolas Pelham | The New York Review of Books
    http://www.nybooks.com/articles/archives/2015/feb/19/libya-against-itself

    Libya in its current shape is a recent, fragile construct, originating in Italy’s invasion of 1911, exactly a century before the Arab Spring. It has been fracturing and reuniting ever since. Unable to overcome the Arab Bedouin tribes in the east, Italy’s first wave of colonizers sanctioned the creation of an autonomous Emirate of Cyrenaica. In 1929 Benito Mussolini tried again, and succeeded by imprisoning tens of thousands of Bedouins in concentration camps, where half of them died. After World War II, the British backed the revival of the Cyrenaican emirate replete with a king, Idris I. But the discovery of oil, whose fields and pipelines straddled boundaries, drew Libya’s disparate provinces into ever closer union. In 1951, Cyrenaica established a federation with the Fezzan region in the south, hitherto under French hegemony, and Tripolitania in the northwest, also under the British. King Idris added a green and a red band below and above his black flag with a white crescent. And in 1963, under King Idris, Libya abolished the federation and declared itself a single unified state.

    For forty-two years, Qaddafi, who called himself Il Duce with overtones of Mussolini, suppressed these separate identities. But once he had fallen, vulnerable Libyans floundering for some means of protection turned to their closest kin. In Tripoli each district of the city assembled its armed wing. Islamists organized anti-vice squads, and the Imazighen established “rapid deployment forces” to support neighborhoods with high concentrations of Berbers. Libya’s new power brokers revived and inflamed ancient grievances to consolidate their hold.

    (...)

    Bernardino León, the UN’s special envoy to Libya, recalls how careful he was to separate the negotiating parties before the start of the discussions he organized on the Algerian border last September, only to be taken aback when they bumped into each other in the hotel lobby and hugged and kissed.

  • Radiographie du fascisme italien
    http://www.monde-diplomatique.fr/2015/01/VENTURA/51960

    « A suivre la voie allemande, on va droit à la guerre, et nous y allons dans les conditions les plus défavorables pour l’Axe, et tout spécialement pour l’Italie. » Ce 6 août 1939, l’analyse du jeune ministre des affaires étrangères et numéro deux du régime fasciste italien, Galeazzo Ciano, témoigne d’une certaine lucidité. Arraché à l’oubli, le journal politique de celui que son beau-père Benito Mussolini fit exécuter pour haute trahison en 1944 est réédité pour la première fois en France depuis 1946. Rien d’étonnant : le fascisme italien suscite de nombreux débats portant sur sa nature et son héritage.

  • Cogolin : un fan de Mussolini assure la com’ du maire FN
    http://lahorde.samizdat.net/2014/11/12/cogolin-un-fan-de-mussolini-assure-la-com-du-maire-fn

    Le maire #Front_National de Cogolin (Var), Marc-Etienne Lansade, a engagé comme chargé de communication un certain #Julien_Langella (info révélée sur le site Place publique), longtemps cadre identitaire de la région et initiateur d’une campagne sur internet pour la réhabilitation de Benito Mussolini.Le FN se normalise, paraît-il : pourtant, les #Identitaires nostalgiques du fascisme historique [&hellip

    #Extrême_droite_institutionnelle #Extrême_droite_radicale #Génération_Identitaire #Ligue_du_Sud

  • Au Testet : « Ils m’ont écrasé la tête sur le bitume en me disant que je n’étais qu’une merde » - Reporterre
    http://www.reporterre.net/spip.php?article6252

    J’ai 19 ans, je suis étudiante en 2e année de licence de droit à l’université Champollion d’Albi. Depuis quelques temps, je participe à la mobilisation contre le barrage inutile du #Testet. Ce matin, sur la ZAD du Testet, au lever, avec quelques dizaines de personnes, nous avons décidé de nous grouper pour ralentir la progression des gendarmes et bucherons qui menaçaient d’arriver sur le site par la route départementale D999.

    Vers 8 heures et quart, nous avons vu arriver de nombreux fourgons chargés de gardes mobiles et des voitures de gendarmerie. Au total, une bonne cinquantaine. À peine étaient-ils sortis des fourgons qu’ils brandissaient déjà leurs boucliers et leurs matraques télescopiques. Ils ont directement chargé sur nous, sans sommation. La plupart des militants ont aussitôt reculé. Avec Alain, mon voisin de circonstance, nous sommes restés pour nous opposer de manière non-violente. Mais nous n’étions plus que deux devant eux.

    J’ai reçu un premier coup de tonfa sur la fesse droite, la douleur m’a immobilisé par terre quelques instants. Les gendarmes ont alors continué à me tabasser au sol. Alors qu’Alain tentait de s’interposer, ils s’en prirent violemment à lui en disant : « On n’en n’a rien à foutre, qu’elle crève et toi aussi, tu n’as qu’à crever ». Ils s’en sont alors pris à ses jambes. Il a protesté expliquant un problème de santé au genou. Leurs coups ont alors redoublé sur sa rotule déjà meurtrie.

    Avant que je ne puisse réagir, ils m’ont tiré par les cheveux sur vingt mètres et m’on plaqué sur le dos en m’insultant copieusement : « Salope, connasse. Tu ferais mieux d’aller travailler ». Ils étaient extrêmement agressifs, quatre ou cinq sur moi et une trentaine autour. Ils ont continué de m’engueuler et m’ont ensuite frappé ma tête contre le sol à coups de pied.

    Ils m’ont ensuite hurlé dessus en me reprochant de ne pas me mettre sur le ventre, alors qu’ils m’empêchaient tout mouvement. L’un d’entre eux a sorti un couteau et tranché les lanières de mon sac à dos et de ma sacoche. L’un d’entre eux m’a écrasé la tête sur le bitume avec son pied et m’a répété : « On n’en a rien à foutre que tu crèves, pauvre connasse ». Il a alors écrasé ma tête avec ses rangers comme si j’étais une merde. C’était impressionnant, je pensais que je n’allais pas m’en tirer.

    Tout s’est passé très vite. Mais je me souviens qu’il était 8 heures 30 du matin quand ils m’ont passé les menottes m’ont signifié ma mise en garde à vue. Ils m’ont alors appris que j’étais accusée d’avoir lancé un cocktail molotov sur eux. Au cours des événements, je n’ai pas pu tout voir, mais si j’ai bien vu une bouteille vide brisée par terre à un moment donné, j’ai réagi de manière non violente et je n’ai certainement pas lancé de cocktail molotov.

    Une fois en garde à vue, j’ai fait valoir mes droits et j’ai pu avertir mes proches, voir un médecin qui a listé toutes mes contusions, puis disposer d’un avocat, que j’ai préféré commis d’office. J’ai été relâchée au bout de quatre heures, mon interpellation n’ayant aucun fondement. Alain a quant à lui été accusé indûment d’avoir jeté des pierres et a été relâché lui aussi au bout de quelques heures. J’ai encore beaucoup d’hématomes, je boite un peu mais je n’ai aucune lésion interne. Je m’appelle Nad’, je suis étudiante et je m’oppose à la construction du barrage du Testet.

    #gpii #terrorisme_d'état #déshumanisation #barbarie

  • Médias : #Hitler sur un petit pot de crème

    Antoine Fleury, historien et professeur honoraire de l’UNIGE. Hitler et #Mussolini ont figuré sur des opercules de #crèmes_à_café dans le canton d’#Argovie. Un consommateur scandalisé à fait casser net le contrat entre la #Migros et le producteur de la série de portraits de personnalités historiques. Qu’en pense l’historien ?

    http://ht.ly/Dh8xT

    v. aussi :
    Des portraits d’Hitler sur des pots de crème à café

    Une filiale de Migros a produit des dosettes de crème à café, illustrées par des portraits d’Adolf Hitler et Benito Mussolini. Migros a rompu ses relations commerciales avec la société qui avait conçu ces illustrations.

    http://www.tdg.ch/suisse/portraits-hitler-pots-creme-cafe-migros/story/19507922
    #Suisse

  • Crash on Demand: Welcome to the Brown Tech Future
    http://permaculturenews.org/2014/01/16/crash-demand-welcome-brown-tech-future

    My argument is essentially that radical, but achievable, behaviour change from dependent consumers to responsible self reliant producers (by some relatively small minority of the global middle class), has a chance of stopping the juggernaut of consumer capitalism from driving the world over the climate change cliff.

    [...] this could happen by reducing consumption and capital enough to trigger a crash of the fragile global financial system. This provocative idea is intended to increase understanding while taking the risk that the argument could turn people away from permaculture as positive environmentalism, and brand me a lunatic, if not a terrorist.

    #David_Holmgren
    #permaculture #climat #énergie

    • Brown tech; Here and now

      So, a decade after our “debate” I have to concede that Peter Harper was right about the climate emergency, and that so far, Peak Oil has accelerated GGE through the rapid development of coal, non-conventional oil and gas along with the biofuel fiasco. (9) Maybe those discussions with Peter had a substantial influence on Future Scenarios because only 5 years after I wrote the scenarios I have come to the conclusion that the Brown Tech world (of Severe climate change but Slow decline in energy ) is already emergent.

      Pour rappel :

      Brown Tech Scenario

      The political system could be described as Corporatist or Fascist (which Mussolini described as a merger of state and corporate power).

      The tendency in existing systems for massive centralised investment by corporations and governments, give priority to getting more energy out of lower grade non-renewable resources (eg. tar sands, coal and uranium) and biofuels from industrial agriculture and forestry. “Breakthrough” technologies provide the constant promise of a better future but much of the investment in energy harvesting accelerates global warming, at least in the short term.

      http://www.futurescenarios.org/content/view/28/48/index.html

    • La nécessité d’utiliser des masses considérables pour réaliser d’urgence le maximum de puissance crée dans l’armée moderne une société d’un type nouveau, société massive et organisée qui n’obéit qu’à des fins pratiques. Que le système militaire s’étende à la vie civile, et la société totalitaire est née : or, le propre de la guerre moderne est de s’étendre à tout. L’obligation et la volonté d’être efficace y imposent une mobilisation grandissante des hommes et des biens. Cette tâche, chaque jour plus considérable et complexe, absorbe les esprits dans l’immédiat, au moment où la décadence des religions déchaîne une soif d’action pratique que la guerre peut seule apaiser. Ainsi la guerre va jusqu’au bout de l’espace et du temps, jusqu’au bout de la société, jusqu’au bout de la morale. Sous la pression, et dans le culte de la nécessité, elle centralise tous les pouvoirs entre les mains d’une seule direction politique ; afin d’obtenir un rendement maximum elle substitue au libre jeu de la société le plan et l’organisation méthodique de toutes les fonctions.

      http://seenthis.net/messages/285552

  • Des Ethiopiens emprisonnés pour avoir protesté contre l’édification d’un Mémorial au “Boucher de l’Ethiopie” · Global Voices en Français
    http://fr.globalvoicesonline.org/2013/03/25/141945

    43 manifestants ont été arrêtés en Éthiopie pour avoir protesté contre un monument financé par des fonds publics dans un petit village italien, érigé à la mémoire de Rodolfo Graziani, un général italien sous le dictateur fasciste Benito Mussolini et dont les atrocités pendant la guerre lui ont valu le surnom de “boucher de l’Éthiopie”.

    Les autorités ont affirmé que les manifestants n’avaient pas eu l’autorisation de manifester et encerclé l’assistance à peine s’était-elle rassemblée devant l’ambassade d’Italie à Addis-Abéba, la capitale du pays le 17 mars 2013. Les manifestants ont été contraints de passer la nuit en prison jusqu’à leur libération le lendemain.

    La construction d’un mausolée et d’un parc à la mémoire du Général Graziani dans le village italien de Affile, inaugurés en août 2012, a touché une corde sensible en Éthiopie. Commandant militaire impitoyable, Graziani a dirigé l’invasion italienne de l’Éthiopie en 1935. Au cours de l’année, il avait vaincu les forces éthiopiennes et le pays est devenu une colonie italienne.

    Après une tentative d’assassinat en 1937 par deux résistants locaux, Graziani avait ordonné le massacre de milliers d’Ethiopiens.

  • Le parfait manifestant
    http://www.article11.info/?Le-parfait-manifestant

    Enfin, sur la base de tout que j’ai entendu à la télé au sujet des manifestations d’aujourd’hui, je pense qu’il n’existe qu’une solution logique : à partir d’aujourd’hui, dans les manifs, il convient de faire défiler directement et uniquement les forces de l’ordre et les militaires. Comme ça, nous aurons des cortèges tranquilles, parfaits et rassurants. Doux comme l’huile de ricin.

    • Dans l’Italie fasciste sous le régime de Benito Mussolini, l’huile de ricin était l’un des instruments des Chemises noires6,7,8. Les fascistes forçaient les adversaires politiques à avaler de fortes doses de cette huile. Dans les années 1920, certains fascistes étaient des cogneurs payés par certains patrons des ouvriers en grève, l’huile de ricin provoquant des diarrhées, ceci visait à humilier les adversaires. Dans un dessin de propagande, on voit une scène où un ouvrier est guéri de ses « mauvaises idées rouges » par un fasciste qui lui « prodigue » (lors d’une bastonnade) l’huile. Mais à forte dose, les diarrhées et la déshydratation qui en résultait étaient si importantes qu’elles étaient parfois mortelles9. Cette technique semble avoir été lancée par Gabriele D’Annunzio.

      Lorsque les Chemises noires voulaient s’assurer que leurs victimes meurent, ils ajoutaient de l’essence à l’huile de ricin.

      On disait parfois que le pouvoir de Mussolini reposait sur « le gourdin et l’huile de ricin ».

      http://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Huile_de_ricin

  • Mussolini : devoir de mémoire | groupe Pavillon Noir

    La tombe de Benito Mussolini, au cimetière de San Cassiano à Pennino, a été couverte de peinture. Le raid des vandales a été commis ce week-end, et découvert dimanche matin. Deux tags à caractère cubique sont apparus sur les côtés de la crypte : « Fascisme et clergé complices corrompus » et « Le seul bon fasciste est un fasciste mort ». Lors de leur incursion, les inconnus ont également jeté de la peinture blanche contre les portes de la crypte…

    Le maire de Predappio, Giorgio Frassineti, a annoncé que des caméras de surveillance seraient installées dans la zone. Le raid a été accompli le week-end de l’inauguration de l’exposition « Predappio, ville du X

    http://fa86.noblogs.org/?p=1417

    • sinon, on ne sait pas si sa tombe fait l’objet d’une vénération sinistre comme celle de Rudolf Hess en Bavière

      En Bavière, la tombe du bras droit de Hitler était devenue l’objet d’un culte malsain. Ses restes ont été exhumés et brûlés.

      Le 17 août, date anniversaire de sa mort, rassemblait plusieurs centaines de personnes, parfois des milliers, autour de sa tombe. Devenue un lieu de culte pour néonazis, la sépulture de Rudolf Hess, l’ancien bras droit d’Adolf Hitler, érigé en martyr par les nostalgiques du IIIe Reich, faisait la honte des habitants de Wunsiedel, un petit village de Haute-Franconie en Bavière. Depuis mercredi, le tombeau controversé n’existe plus. Les restes de Hess ont été exhumés et brûlés. Sa pierre tombale portant l’épitaphe « Ich habe gewagt », « j’ai osé », a été retirée.

      http://convoi6.blogspot.com/2011/07/rudolf-hess-nas-plus-de-sepulture.html