person:ellen degeneres

  • Un intéressant éditorial du New York Times contre les tentatives du Sénat américain de criminaliser BDS

    Opinion | Curbing Speech in the Name of Helping Israel - The New York Times

    A Senate bill aims to punish those who boycott Israel over its settlement policy. There are better solutions.

    By The Editorial Board
    The editorial board represents the opinions of the board, its editor and the publisher. It is separate from the newsroom and the Op-Ed section.

    One of the more contentious issues involving Israel in recent years is now before Congress, testing America’s bedrock principles of freedom of speech and political dissent.

    It is a legislative proposal that would impose civil and criminal penalties on American companies and organizations that participate in boycotts supporting Palestinian rights and opposing Israel’s occupation of the West Bank.

    The aim is to cripple the boycott, divestment and sanctions movement known as B.D.S., which has gathered steam in recent years despite bitter opposition from the Israeli government and its supporters around the world.

    The proposal’s chief sponsors, Senator Ben Cardin, a Maryland Democrat, and Senator Rob Portman, an Ohio Republican, want to attach it to the package of spending bills that Congress needs to pass before midnight Friday to keep the government fully funded.
    The American Israel Public Affairs Committee, a leading pro-Israel lobby group, strongly favors the measure.

    J Street, a progressive American pro-Israel group that is often at odds with Aipac and that supports a two-state peace solution, fears that the legislation could have a harmful effect, in part by implicitly treating the settlements and Israel the same, instead of as distinct entities. Much of the world considers the settlements, built on land that Israel captured in the 1967 war, to be a violation of international law.

    Although the Senate sponsors vigorously disagree, the legislation, known as the Israel Anti-Boycott Act, is clearly part of a widening attempt to silence one side of the debate. That is not in the interests of Israel, the United States or their shared democratic traditions.

    Critics of the legislation, including the American Civil Liberties Union and several Palestinian rights organizations, say the bill would violate the First Amendment and penalize political speech.

    The hard-line policies of Israel’s prime minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, including expanding settlements and an obvious unwillingness to seriously pursue a peace solution that would allow Palestinians their own state, have provoked a backlash and are fueling the boycott movement.
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    It’s not just Israel’s adversaries who find the movement appealing. Many devoted supporters of Israel, including many American Jews, oppose the occupation of the West Bank and refuse to buy products of the settlements in occupied territories. Their right to protest in this way must be vigorously defended.

    The same is true of Palestinians. They are criticized when they resort to violence, and rightly so. Should they be deprived of nonviolent economic protest as well? The United States frequently employs sanctions as a political tool, including against North Korea, Iran and Russia.

    Mr. Cardin and Mr. Portman say their legislation merely builds on an existing law, the Export Control Reform Act, which bars participation in the Arab League boycott of Israel, and is needed to protect American companies from “unsanctioned foreign boycotts.”

    They are especially concerned that the United Nations Human Rights Council is compiling a database of companies doing business in the occupied territories and East Jerusalem, a tactic Senate aides say parallels the Arab League boycott.

    But there are problems with their arguments, critics say. The existing law aimed to protect American companies from the Arab League boycott because it was coercive, requiring companies to boycott Israel as a condition of doing business with Arab League member states. A company’s motivation for engaging in that boycott was economic — continued trade relations — not exercising free speech rights.

    By contrast, the Cardin-Portman legislation would extend the existing prohibition to cover boycotts against Israel and other countries friendly to the United States when the boycotts are called for by an international government organization, like the United Nations or the European Union.

    Neither of those organizations has called for a boycott, but supporters of Israel apparently fear that the Human Rights Council database is a step in that direction.
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    Civil rights advocates, on the other hand, say that anyone who joins a boycott would be acting voluntarily — neither the United Nations nor the European Union has the authority to compel such action — and the decision would be an exercise of political expression in opposition to Israeli policies.

    Responding to criticism, the senators amended their original proposal to explicitly state that none of the provisions shall infringe upon any First Amendment right and to penalize violators with fines rather than jail time.

    But the American Civil Liberties Union says the First Amendment wording is nonbinding and “leaves intact key provisions which would impose civil and criminal penalties on companies, small business owners, nonprofits and even people acting on their behalf who engage in or otherwise support certain political boycotts.”

    While the sponsors say their bill is narrowly targeted at commercial activity, “such assurances ring hollow in light of the bill’s intended purpose, which is to suppress voluntary participation in disfavored political boycotts,” the A.C.L.U. said in a letter to lawmakers.

    Even the Anti-Defamation League, which has lobbied for the proposal, seems to agree. A 2016 internal ADL memo, disclosed by The Forward last week, calls anti-B.D.S. laws “ineffective, unworkable, unconstitutional and bad for the Jewish community.”

    In a properly functioning Congress, a matter of such moment would be openly debated. Instead, Mr. Cardin and Mr. Portman are trying to tack the B.D.S. provision onto the lame-duck spending bill, meaning it could by enacted into law in the 11th-hour crush to keep the government fully open.

    The anti-B.D.S. initiative began in 2014 at the state level before shifting to Congress and is part of a larger, ominous trend in which the political space for opposing Israel is shrinking. After ignoring the B.D.S. movement, Israel is now aggressively pushing against it, including branding it anti-Semitic and adopting a law barring foreigners who support it from entering that country.
    One United States case shows how counterproductive the effort is. It involves Bahia Amawi, an American citizen of Palestinian descent who was told she could no longer work as an elementary school speech pathologist in Austin, Tex., because she refused to sign a state-imposed oath that she “does not” and “will not” engage in a boycott of Israel. She filed a lawsuit this week in federal court, arguing that the Texas law “chills constitutionally protected political advocacy in support of Palestine.”

    Any anti-boycott legislation enacted by Congress is also likely to face a court challenge. It would be more constructive if political leaders would focus on the injustice and finding viable solutions to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict rather than reinforcing divisions between the two parties and promoting legislation that raises free speech concerns.

  • Le nouveau visage du visage

    Le nouveau visage du visage

    Comment la pratique du selfie transforme-t-elle la manière philosophique de voir le visage ?
    Selfie de stars lors de la cérémonie des Oscars (2014)
    Selfie de stars lors de la cérémonie des Oscars (2014)• Crédits : Ellen DeGeneres/Twitter - Getty

    Parlons selfie aujourd’hui grâce à l’excellent livre de Marion Zilio qui paraît aux éditions PUF, Faceworld, le visage au XXIème siècle. Si le selfie fait écho en littérature à l’autobiographie et en peinture, bien sûr, à l’autoportrait, il correspond en philosophie à tout un ensemble de réflexions, questions et tensions sur le visage... dont celle-ci : de plus en plus visible, par l’usage élargi du selfie, que donne à voir le visage aujourd’hui ?

    A la question « que donne à voir un visage ? », on pourrait tout simplement répondre : une personne. Un visage, c’est forcément celui de quelqu’un en particulier, que l’on reconnaît et qui se singularise. Tout de suite, le visage appelle ce genre de réponse liée à l’identité.

    #selfie #narcissisme

  • Ça se passait au tout début du mois de janvier. Une ado demande à son père, un certain Kris Jones, de chanter une vieille
    #chanson_country, Tennessee Whiskey, le filme et balance la vidéo sur les réseaux sociaux…
    En à peine plus d’un mois, la vidéo a déjà été vue par plus de 15 millions de personnes. Jusqu’alors, Kris Jones n’était qu’un modeste chauffeur routier, chanteur amateur à ses moments perdus.
    Regardez bien sur la vidéo les mimiques de l’ado : en adoration complète devant son père. Et nous avec ! Avouez qu’en ces périodes de glauque descente aux enfers, ce genre de scène est un baume au cœur et à l’esprit :

    source :

  • 14 celebrity coming out stories which shocked the world | Gay Star News

    14 celebrity coming out stories which shocked the world
    Gay Star News takes a look at 14 men and women who have inspired thousands to be honest about their sexuality
    11 October 2012 | By Joe Morgan
    When Frank Ocean came out, it inspired thousands of others to do the same. We celebrate him and others for Coming Out Day.

    There is real power when a celebrity is honest about their sexuality or gender identity, as it lets thousands of young gay people know they are not alone.

    So to celebrate Coming Out Day (11 October), GSN has gathered together the stories of 14 celebrities who shocked the world when they were revealed who they really are.
    Ellen DeGeneres

    When Ellen DeGeneres came out as a lesbian in 1997 on an episode of The Oprah Winfrey Show, and later on her sitcom, she didn’t work for three whole years.

    But soon after that, she was given a daytime talk show in 2003. With The Ellen DeGeneres Show, she has become one of the most loved personalities on our screens today.

    Check out a video of the comic talking with her Oscar-nominated actress and co-star of her coming out episode Laura Dern here:

    Ricky Martin

    Before Ricky Martin came out in 2010, he spent 11 years of his life besieged by gay rumors.

    The Puerto Rican singer was linked with TV host Rebecca de Alba as well as his ‘Nobody Wants To Be Lonely’ duet partner Christina Aguilera.

    In a 2000 interview with British tabloid The Mirror, he said: ‘I don’t think I should have to tell anyone if I am gay or not, or who I’ve slept with or not.’

    But in 2010, he finally admitted who he is. In a post on his official website, he said: ‘I am proud to say that I am a fortunate homosexual man. I am very blessed to be who I am.’
    Jessie J

    British bisexual Jessie J became open about her sexuality when she broke the USA.

    In a radio interview last year, she said: ‘I’ve never denied it. Whoopie doo guys, yes, I’ve dated girls and I’ve dated boys – get over it.’

    Despite that, The Sun ‘outed’ her as a lesbian in April 2012. However, she called it a ‘boring, untrue story’.
    Chaz Bono

    Chaz Bono, the only child of Sonny and Cher, is one of the most high-profile transgender advocates in the USA.

    Outed by the tabloid press in 1995 as a lesbian, Bono spent years writing about gay rights.

    Between 2008-2010, he began his transition and saw his celebrity rise and rise which culminated in appearing as a contestant on one of the highest rated American TV shows Dancing On The Stars.

    Check out Bono discussing his transition here:

    Sally Ride

    As the first American woman to fly in space, little was known about Sally Ride’s sexuality and personal life for years.

    But it was only when she died of pancreatic cancer, in July this year, her obituary revealed she had been in a 27 year relationship with a woman.

    On the day of her death, President Barack Obama described her as a ‘national hero and a powerful role model.’
    Orlando Cruz

    The first openly gay man to come out and continue competing in professional boxing, Orlando Cruz has made sport history.

    In October 2012, the Puerto Rican made an announcement he wanted to be true to himself.

    He said: ‘I want to try to be the best role model I can be for kids who might look into boxing as a sport and a professional career.

    ‘I have and will always be a proud Puerto Rican. I have always been and always will be a proud gay man.’
    Cynthia Nixon

    When you try to think of the one television show most straight women would most identify with, it would likely be Sex and the City.

    The comic drama set in New York featured four heterosexual women finding love in the big city, and it starred Cynthia Nixon as tough businesswoman Miranda.

    While Miranda met marital difficulties with partner Steve, Cynthia Nixon had found true love with a woman. Nixon and her partner activist Christine Marinoni married in May 2012.
    Gareth Thomas

    Welsh rugby star Gareth Thomas isn’t exactly the stereotype of a gay guy, considering he is a star of one of the most macho, tough sports in the world.

    But when he came out in 2010, he was the first openly gay athlete on any major sports team in the world.

    Thomas says: ‘If sportspeople come out and share such a powerful story, and such a positive message, it changes the world. If someone is openly gay in sport, and being able to continue that sport, it is such a positive message for the world.’
    Chely Wright

    You may not have heard of Chely Wright, but she is one of the USA’s biggest country stars.

    For an industry that is renowned to be Republican, and by default, homophobic, Wright has been able to forge out a successful career.

    In an interview with Ellen DeGeneres, she said when the TV host came out it inspired her but also terrified her.

    ‘I was watching it with my sister and my father who did not know I was gay.The minute you came out, my father reached for the remote control and flipped the TV off and said it was disgusting.

    ‘It sent me into a spiral. I made that promise again to never tell anyone in my family, or the record-buying public, that I was gay.’

    But as years past, and they grew further apart, she had no choice to tell her father.

    He got up on stage the next night at one of Wright’s gigs and said: ‘I’m so glad you guys came out to see my daughter, I’m really proud of her. Now kid, get back to singing.’

    Check out the interview here:

    Matt Bomer

    Matt Bomer has played a male stripper, a detective, and is now being lined up to play female fantasy Christian in the film adaption of Fifty Shades of Grey.

    And he is gay. After he came out in February 2012, he said: ‘I never really endeavored to hide anything.

    ‘But there were times I chose not to relegate my history to the back page of a magazine, which to me is sort of akin to putting your biography on a bathroom wall.’
    Lady Gaga

    One of the most successful pop stars today, openly bisexual Lady Gaga is one of the most famous gay rights advocates.

    While she is openly Christian, she has risked backlash by slamming the Pope for his anti-gay views.

    She said: ‘What the Pope thinks of being gay does not matter. It doesn’t matter to the world. It matters to the people who like the Pope and follow the Pope.’

    Check out Gaga performing John Lennon’s Imagine at a Human Rights benefit here:

    Jim Parsons

    When The Big Bang Theory star Jim Parsons came out, it wasn’t by announcing it on the cover of a magazine.

    He came out publicly in a New York Times profile interview when he was starring in Broadway in the play Harvey.

    The article simply said: ‘Mr. Parsons is gay and in a 10-year relationship.’
    KD Lang

    Canadian born KD Lang is one of the most successful artists of all time.

    Winning multiple Grammy awards, Lang came out in an interview with The Advocate in 1992.

    In an interview with Canadian LGBT news website Xtra!, she said: ‘To celebrate your own uniqueness is the biggest celebration of confidence.

    ‘It’s a testimony to your parents and to yourself to live your life as who you are.’

    ‘Coming out as a lesbian was important,’ she said. ‘When you’re holding in things or not being honest, all these things affect your voice. My voice is definitely designated to who I am as a person.’
    Frank Ocean

    Ever since R&B star Fran Ocean came out, he has seen his career skyrocket to success.

    In July, the Odd Future member published what was meant to be the notes for his album Channel Orange.

    He describes meeting a man when he was 19 years old and falling in love, for real, for the first time.

    Ocean says when he looked back on his previous girlfriends and the love songs he used to play for them, the lyrics were ‘written in a language’ he did not yet speak.

    When it was released, Channel Orange reached the top of the US Billboard R&B Chart. It just shows that honesty really is the best policy.