Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones), poète afro-américain (1934-2014)
Fils d’un postier et d’une assistante sociale, Amiri Baraka, né Everett Leroi Jones à Newark (New Jersey) le 7 octobre 1934, est mort le 9 janvier 2014 à l’hôpital d’État de sa ville natale, entouré des siens, à l’âge de 79 ans. Historien radical du blues, dramaturge à scandale, griot révolutionnaire, poète, éditeur, romancier, infatigable fondateur de revues et de mouvements sociaux, il fut aussi un chroniqueur demandé par toutes les revues (Metronome, Down Beat, et même, à Paris, Jazz Magazine).
The dramatist, novelist and poet, Amiri Baraka is one of the most respected and widely published African-American writers. With the beginning of Black Civil Rights Movements during the sixties, Baraka explored the anger of African-Americans and used his writings as a weapon against racism. Also, he advocated scientific socialism with his revolutionary inclined poems and aimed at creating aesthetic through them.
Amiri Baraka’s writing career spans over nearly fifty years and has mostly focused on the subjects of Black Liberation and White Racism. Today, a number of well known poems, short stories, plays and commentaries on society, music and literature are associated with his name. A few of the famous ones include, ‘The Music: Reflection on Jazz and Blues’, ‘The Book of Monk’ and ‘New Music, New Poetry’ among others.
Amiri Baraka- Poets.org - Poetry, Poems, Bios & More
Amiri Baraka was born Everett LeRoi Jones in Newark, New Jersey, on October 7, 1934. His father, Colt LeRoy Jones, was a postal supervisor; Anna Lois Jones, his mother, was a social worker. He attended Rutgers University for two years, then transferred to Howard University, where in 1954 he earned his B.A. in English. He served in the Air Force from 1954 until 1957, then moved to the Lower East Side of Manhattan. There he joined a loose circle of Greenwich Village artists, musicians, and writers. The following year he married Hettie Cohen and began co-editing the avant-garde literary magazine Yugen with her. That year he also founded Totem Press, which first published works by Allen Ginsberg, Jack Kerouac, and others.