person:facebook

  • Mark Zuckerberg devient la troisième personne la plus riche au monde
    https://www.nextinpact.com/brief/mark-zuckerberg-devient-la-troisieme-personne-la-plus-riche-au-monde-485

    Avec la dernière hausse de 2,4 % de l’action Facebook, le co-fondateur du réseau social voit sa fortune personnelle grimper de 1,88 milliard de dollars pour atteindre 81,6 milliards, selon le dernier bilan des milliardaires de Fortune. Il dépasse ainsi Warren Buffet qui ne gagne « que » 54,6 millions de dollars pour un total de 81,2 milliards. Le top 3 est désormais composé de Jeff Bezos qui caracole en tête avec 142 milliards, Bill Gates avec 94,2 milliards et enfin Mark Zuckerberg. Tous trois (...)

    #Microsoft #Amazon #bénéfices #Facebook


  • After Las Vegas Shooting, Fake News Regains Its Megaphone - The New York Times
    https://www.nytimes.com/2017/10/02/business/las-vegas-shooting-fake-news.html

    Google and Facebook blamed algorithm errors for these.

    A Google spokesman said, “This should not have appeared for any queries, and we’ll continue to make algorithmic improvements to prevent this from happening in the future.”

    A Facebook spokesman said, “We are working to fix the issue that allowed this to happen in the first place and deeply regret the confusion this caused.”

    But this was no one-off incident. Over the past few years, extremists, conspiracy theorists and government-backed propagandists have made a habit of swarming major news events, using search-optimized “keyword bombs” and algorithm-friendly headlines. These organizations are skilled at reverse-engineering the ways that tech platforms parse information, and they benefit from a vast real-time amplification network that includes 4Chan and Reddit as well as Facebook, Twitter and Google. Even when these campaigns are thwarted, they often last hours or days — long enough to spread misleading information to millions of people.

    The automation of editorial judgment, combined with tech companies’ reluctance to appear partisan, has created a lopsided battle between those who want to spread misinformation and those tasked with policing it. Posting a malicious rumor on Facebook, or writing a false news story that is indexed by Google, is a nearly instantaneous process; removing such posts often requires human intervention. This imbalance gives an advantage to rule-breakers, and makes it impossible for even an army of well-trained referees to keep up.

    Facebook, Twitter and Google are some of the world’s richest and most ambitious companies, but they still have not shown that they’re willing to bear the costs — or the political risks — of fixing the way misinformation spreads on their platforms. (Some executives appear resolute in avoiding the discussion. In a recent Facebook post, Mark Zuckerberg reasserted the platform’s neutrality, saying that being accused of partisan bias by both sides is “what running a platform for all ideas looks like.”)

    Une conclusion imparable :

    Facebook and Google have spent billions of dollars developing virtual reality systems. They can spare a billion or two to protect actual reality.

    #Google #Facebook #Fake_news #Las_Vegas


  • Après la libération de Manning, Moscou prolonge le bail de Snowden en Russie - Amériques -
    RFI - Publié le 18-01-2017
    http://www.rfi.fr/ameriques/20170118-russie-permis-sejour-snowden-prolonge-liberation-manning

    Moscou a décidé, ce mercredi 18 janvier 2017, de prolonger l’autorisation de séjour d’Edward Snowden en Russie. Le permis de séjour de l’ex-consultant du renseignement américain devenu lanceur d’alerte devait se terminer le 1er août prochain. Edward Snowden, 33 ans, vit en Russie depuis 2013.

    Avec notre correspondante à Moscou, Muriel Pomponne

    Sur sa page Facebook, la porte-parole du ministère russe des Affaires étrangères a fait savoir que le permis de séjour d’Edward Snowden était prolongé de deux ans. Elle en a profité pour commenter les propos de l’ex-chef adjoint de la CIA, Mickael Morell, qui avait suggéré dans une tribune que les Russes devraient livrer M. Snowden aux Etats-Unis en guise de cadeaux de bienvenue à Donald Trump.

    Elle ironise sur ce responsable de la CIA, qui ignore que le permis de séjour du ressortissant américain a été prolongé, et qui promeut l’idée de la trahison. « Chez vous, il est normal d’offrir des gens en cadeau, écrit-elle, et de renvoyer ceux qui cherchent une protection. » Quant au Kremlin, il renvoie aux avocats d’Edward Snowden dans cette affaire.


  • I Went Undercover With a Border Militia. Here’s What I Saw. | Mother Jones
    http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2016/10/undercover-border-militia-immigration-bauer

    I crawl out of the back of the pickup with my rifle in hand. “Keep your weapons nice and tight,” Captain Pain orders. I am traveling light. Unlike the others, I don’t view southern Arizona as a war zone, so I didn’t put steel plates in my chest rig. Next to everyone else’s commando-style AR-15s, my Ruger Mini-14 with a wood stock is slightly out of place. But everything else is square—I’m wearing a MultiCam uniform, desert tan combat boots, and a radio on my shoulder. I fit in just fine.

    We are in a Walmart parking lot in Nogales. Captain Pain and a couple of others go into the store to get supplies. In Pain’s absence, Showtime is our commanding officer. He is a Marine special­-ops veteran who did three tours in Afghan­istan. He has camo paint on his face and a yeti beard. He gets in the cab to check Facebook on his phone while Destroyer, Jaeger, Spartan, and I stand with our backs to the truck, rifles in hand, keeping watch for anything suspicious. The Mexican border is three miles away.

    “There you go,” Jaeger says, looking across the lot. “Camaro with rims.” His hands rest casually on the butt of his camouflage AR-15, which hangs over his chest from a three-point tactical sling.

    “You know every other Mexican has chrome rims on his car,” Destroyer says in a reasoned tone, suggesting that this particular ride might not belong to a drug cartel. He’s clutching the pistol grip of his AK-47, his trigger finger responsibly pointed down the receiver.

    “Last time we were here, [there was] a blacked-out car,” Spartan adds. “Big-ass rims on it. Bumping Mexican music. It cruised us twice. Slowly, too.” He spits out a sunflower seed.

    Patriot Games: A Brief History of Militias in America | Mother Jones
    http://www.motherjones.com/politics/2016/10/timeline-history-militias-america

    After independence, America’s militias were seen as an alternative to a standing army, but they fell by the wayside in the 19th century, only to be revived in the late 20th century by self-appointed patriots animated by fears of big government, illegal immigration, and societal collapse.


  • Arrestation de l’avocat Nabil Halabi
    http://www.lorientlejour.com/article/988597/arrestation-de-lavocat-nabil-halabi.html

    L’avocat et président de l’association Life pour les droits de l’homme, Nabil Halabi, a été arrêté lundi à son domicile d’Aramoun, dans le caza d’Aley, dans le cadre de poursuites pour diffamation engagées contre lui sur plainte du ministre de l’Intérieur, Nohad Machnouk, rapportent les médias locaux.

    Le 15 mars dernier, l’ordre des avocats avait décidé de lever l’immunité de parole et d’écriture du militant des droits de l’homme.

    M. Halabi avait accusé, sur sa page Facebook, le ministre de l’Intérieur de protéger des fonctionnaires corrompus au sein de son ministère et d’être impliqué dans le dossier du réseau de prostitution et de trafic d’êtres humains récemment démantelé à Maameltein et qui a provoqué un scandale dans le pays.


  • The secret rules of the #internet | The Verge
    http://www.theverge.com/2016/4/13/11387934/internet-moderator-history-youtube-facebook-reddit-censorship-free-speech

    Mora-Blanco is one of more than a dozen current and former employees and contractors of major internet platforms from YouTube to Facebook who spoke to us candidly about the dawn of content moderation. Many of these individuals are going public with their experiences for the first time. Their stories reveal how the boundaries of free speech were drawn during a period of explosive growth for a high-stakes public domain, one that did not exist for most of human history. As law professor Jeffrey Rosen first said many years ago of Facebook, these platforms have “more power in determining who can speak and who can be heard around the globe than any Supreme Court justice, any king or any president.”

    #free_speech #modération #surveillance #contrôle #liberté_d'expression #féminisme à plusieurs niveaux (ne serait-ce que parce que la grande majorité des modérateurices sont des femmes et mal payées, et décrivent ce #travail comme une #guerre), des #blackface aussi, etc etc ; énorme article donc, et avec un beau travail d’illustration


    • @tintin : bizarre, pas de paywall chez moi :

      I’m a big real-life laugher, and in recent years, in e-mails, chats, and texts, I’ve become a big “haha”-er. You say something hilarious, I’ll write a few “ha”s. That’s how I e-laugh. I realize that this isn’t especially dignified. My “haha”s make me look the way I do in party photos: open-mouthed, loud, a little vulgar. Writing “hahaha” makes you look deranged, but, then again, so does laughing. I’ve accepted this state of affairs, and my friends have, too, for the most part. I like a good-faith representation of how much laughing we’re doing and how hard we’re doing it. Some of my friends are above it—they don’t “ha” much or at all, which makes me self-conscious. They accept an amusing back-and-forth as a normal course of events and press on hilariously, without a lot of ha-ha goofery. I can’t do that. Even among those regal beagles, I have to laugh away.

      The terms of e-laughter—“ha ha,” “ho ho,” “hee hee,” “heh”—are implicitly understood by just about everybody. But, in recent years, there’s been an increasingly popular newcomer: “hehe.” Not surprisingly, it’s being foisted upon us by youth. What does it mean?

      Let’s start with the fundamentals. The basic unit of written laughter, which we’ve long known from books and comics, is “ha.” The “ha” is like a Lego, a building block, with which we can construct more elaborate hilarity. It sounds like a real laugh. Ha! The “ha” is transparent, like “said.” If you’re chatting or texting, a single “ha” means that a joke has occurred, and you’re respectfully tipping your hat to it, but that’s all it deserves. If I say something hilarious and I get one “ha,” it’s a real kick in the teeth. If I make a mild observation, a “ha” is just great.

      The feel-good standard in chat laughter is the simple, classic “haha”: a respectful laugh. “Haha” means you’re genuinely amused, and that maybe you laughed a little in real life. (The singsong Nelson Muntz-style “ha ha,” of course, is completely different—we don’t do this to our friends. There’s also the sarcastic “ha ha,” a British colleague reminded me: he’s used to reading “ha ha” as “Oh, ha ha,” as in, Aren’t you a wag. “But I’m learning to read it as good,” he said. Poor guy.) “Hahaha” means that you’re really amused: now you’re cooking. More than three “ha”s are where joy takes flight. When you’re doing this, you’re laughing at your desk and your co-workers can hear you, or you’re texting with both hands, clacking and laughing away. Somebody has been naughty and fun: a scandalous remark, a zinger, a gut laugh, the high-grade stuff. If things get totally bananas, you might throw a few “j”s in there, because you’re too incapacitated by joy to type properly.

      I tend to put spaces between my “ha”s, but, if I’m laughing and typing like a house afire, I leave them out. If I’m about to lose my marbles, I’ll use all caps, maybe an exclamation point, but at that point exclamation points are mostly superfluous. My phone has a “haha” autocorrect that turns a reasonably good laugh into a deranged mess—an incoherent hahhhahaahahhh or a crazy HAHAHAHAHA—and if I hit send before catching it, I send a retraction. You need to be judicious with your all-caps—honest about how violently you’re laughing and how sane you are.

      There are other terms in the lexicon. “Heh” is for a sort of satisfyingly good point, a nice moment shared, with a possible hint of down-home vulgarity. “Ho ho” indicates that someone needs a mild scolding after a bad joke, as when a friend mentioned “the Genesis stuff” and I, knowing that he meant Noah’s ark, typed something about Phil Collins and Peter Gabriel. That was beneath me, and I deserved “ho ho,” or worse. (My friend who often uses a single “ha,” a “heh,” or a “ho ho” is also my friend who is most reluctant to high five. If you get a high five or a “ha ha” out of him, it’s a red-letter day. If he ever wrote “hahaha,” I’d take him to the emergency room.) “Hee hee” is cute and conspiratorial. Hee hee, we’re gossiping in the corner! Hee hee, he texted me! Hee hee, isn’t life grand! It’s similar to “tee hee,” which is extremely cute. Possibly too cute. If you’re saying “tee hee,” you’re in love, beautifully giddy, or up to no good. You might need to take it down a notch.

      Then there’s the mysterious “hehe.” “Hehe” is a younger person’s e-laugh. My stepsister has used it, and she’s a person who also says “hiiii”—but, reassuringly to me, she’s also one of the best hahahahaha-ers in the business. A friend who’s in his thirties and savvy, with friends of all ages, uses “hehe.” I find it charming—he’s a perfect speller, and he’s a lively, tidy writer, and his “hehe”s are a strange mystery. I know what they mean: friendly, somewhat sneaky giggling at a shared joke. But why the single “e”?

      I consider “hehe” to be the “woah” of laughter—an odd but common enough misspelling of a common term of social communication. I think it’s “hee hee,” our conspiratorial buddy, sweetly shortened to “haha” length in a slightly bizarre way. Is it more a masculine “hee hee”—literally a bunch of “he”s? Is it a squished-up “heh,” with some filigree? Is it a cross between “haha,” “hee hee,” and “heh”? I asked around.

      First, I asked people my age and older. (I’m forty-two.) A TV writer said, “ ‘Hehehe’ reminds me of Scooby-Doo. Unless it’s ‘heh’ as in ‘hepatitis’?” Good point: Scooby’s laugh is a sneaky, musical series of “hee-hee”s. And he’s no speller. (I don’t think it’s heh as in “hepatitis.”) A writer and professor visiting the office said that his students use it, perplexing him. He imagines it sounding like a lofty “Hee-hee-hee!,” which, as he pronounced it, was an airy la-di-da sound that evoked brandy snifters and drollery. He, too, has to remind himself to read it as standard giggling.

      Then, the nitty-gritty: the hehe-ers themselves. One user said that she thought of “hehe” as “more of an evil giggle and less of a straightforward crack-up.” That’s definitely a hee-hee. Her friend thinks of it as “a more covert laugh” and pronounces it “heh heh,” and said that it can be “evil or private and shared.” Was it like “hee hee” and “heh heh” smashed together? I asked. Yes, it was, she said. An adventurous writer in his mid-thirties agreed that it was a mischievous laugh, pronounced “heh heh,” and said that he uses it to indicate that he’s being “super-casual,” and as a “sort of knot to tie off a back-and-forth exchange.” If he senses that there’s a “small amount of awkwardness” in the exchange, he uses “hehehe” to dissolve it or to inoculate both parties against it. He waved his hands around while describing this, and I imagined a baker using frosting to cover imperfections in a cake.

      My savvy friend whose use of “hehe” provoked all these questions said that “hehe” is one of his favorite words. He pronounces it “heh heh,” to indicate mild amusement “without having to resort to emoticons, LOLs, or ROTFLs.” He said that “haha” indicates “more serious amusement,” and adds extra “ha”s for “more serious mirth.” He wrote, “There is no such thing as “hehehe” in my vocab, though.” Noted.

      Another young “hehe”-er thinks that it’s “hee-hee,” doesn’t know where he picked it up, and enjoys that it helps him avoid older terms like “hahaha” and “LOL.” “Have to keep things updated,” he wrote me in a chat.

      That’s just what I’d suspected and feared: while I’m ha-ha-ing my way into middle age, younger people have coined a new laugh. Good for them. They’re “heh-heh”ing to professors who hear “hee-hee”ing; they’re being conspiratorial with fortysomethings confused by the terms of the conspiracy. I’m just glad we’re all having a good time. If you’ll excuse me, I’m off to watch “Hee Haw.”


  • #Nétanyahou tire à droite, la #Knesset vacille
    http://www.liberation.fr/monde/2014/11/24/netanyahou-tire-a-droite-la-knesset-vacille_1149912

    Sur sa page Facebook, la ministre de la Justice, Tzipi #Livni, a affiché les premiers paragraphes de la déclaration d’indépendance de l’Etat d’#Israël, lue par David Ben Gourion en 1948, dont elle a rayé au feutre rouge les éléments qui deviendraient caduques si cette loi était adoptée par le Parlement. Ainsi, du « développement du pays dans l’intérêt de tous ses habitants », elle a retiré « dans l’intérêt de tous ses habitants ». Idem pour les termes « égalité absolue des droits sociaux et politiques pour tous les habitants sans différence de religion, de race et de sexe ». De son côté, Yaïr Lapid affirme que ce texte de loi, « qui place l’Etat juif avant l’Etat démocratique » n’aurait été approuvé « ni par Ben Gourion, ni par Begin, ni par Jabotinsky », des sionistes ayant marqué l’histoire de l’Etat d’Israël.


  • Arab nationalists take up arms in the battle for #syria
    http://english.al-akhbar.com/content/arab-nationalists-take-arms-battle-syria

    Arab Nationalist Guard members in Syria. (Photo: #Arab_Nationalist_Guard Facebook page) Arab Nationalist Guard members in Syria. (Photo: Arab Nationalist Guard Facebook page)

    Hundreds of Arab nationalists from across the region have formed their own volunteer militia force, the Arab Nationalist Guard (ANG), to fight in Syria on behalf of #Bashar_al-Assad’s regime.

    Rana Harbi

    read more

    #Mideast_&_North_Africa #Aleppo #Articles #Baath_Party #benjamin_netanyahu #Damascus #Daraa #Egypt #Gamel_Abdel_Nasser #George_Habash #Idlib #Iraq #Israel #Lebanon #Palestine #Popular_Front_for_the_Liberation_of_Palestine #Raqqa