person:imran khan

  • Pakistan : des insurgés baloutches visent les intérêts chinois à #Gwadar
    https://www.lemonde.fr/international/article/2019/05/13/pakistan-des-insurges-baloutches-visent-les-interets-chinois-a-gwadar_546151


    Des forces de sécurité pakistanaises patrouillent dans le port de Gwadar, à 700 km à l’ouest de Karachi, le 13 novembre 2016. La cité portuaire doit devenir le point d’ancrage sur la mer du Corridor économique Chine-Pakistan (CPEC).
    AAMIR QURESHI / AFP

    L’attaque, samedi 11 mai, contre le seul hôtel de luxe de la petite ville portuaire de Gwadar, aux confins de la province du Baloutchistan, symbole de la présence chinoise au Pakistan, a fait cinq morts, dont quatre employés de l’établissement et un soldat. Les forces de sécurité sont parvenues à reprendre le contrôle des lieux, dimanche, après avoir tué les trois assaillants qui s’y étaient repliés. L’opération a été revendiquée par l’Armée de libération du Baloutchistan (ALB) qui visait « les Chinois et autres investisseurs étrangers ».

    Le commando armé, habillé en militaires, s’était introduit à l’intérieur de l’hôtel, construit sur une colline faisant face à la mer. Souvent peu occupé, voire quasi désert, le Pearl Continental accueille généralement des officiels pakistanais de passage ou des étrangers, surtout des cadres chinois, travaillant à la construction d’un port en eau profonde qui doit être l’un des maillons des « nouvelles routes de la soie » promues par Pékin. Le premier ministre pakistanais, Imran Khan, a condamné l’attaque, considérant qu’elle voulait « saboter [les] projets économiques et [la] prospérité » du pays.

    Le symbole est fort. Gwadar doit devenir le point d’ancrage sur la mer du Corridor économique Chine-Pakistan (CPEC), dans lequel Pékin a prévu d’investir 55 milliards d’euros pour relier la province occidentale chinoise du Xinjiang et la mer d’Arabie. En 2018, le responsable du développement portuaire de Gwadar, Dostain Jamaldini, indiquait au Monde « qu’en 2014, la ville n’était encore qu’un village de pêcheurs mais en 2020-23, nous disposerons de 2,6 kilomètres de quais capables de recevoir cinq cargos, et dans vingt ans, ce sera l’un des principaux ports du monde ».

    Pour l’heure, en dépit de l’inauguration, au printemps 2018, par le premier ministre pakistanais d’alors, de plusieurs bâtiments construits par les Chinois dans la zone franche qui longe le port, l’activité demeure très faible.

    #OBOR #One_Belt_One_Road

  • #Populisme aux #Philippines : « Duterte est un cas d’école » - Asialyst
    https://asialyst.com/fr/2018/12/21/populisme-philippines-duterte-cas-ecole

    Plus de 12 000 morts dans sa « Guerre contre la drogue », un goût pour la vulgarité, une misogynie affichée et des accointances avec Donald Trump… Aux Philippines, Rodrigo Duterte fait figure de stéréotype parmi les populistes asiatiques. Comme Thaksin Shinawatra en Thaïlande, Imran Khan au Pakistan ou Mahinda Rajapaksa au Sri Lanka… J.-W. Müller définit ainsi le populisme : l’attachement d’un dirigeant à se considérer comme le représentant du « vrai peuple ». À l’évidence, c’est l’un des phénomènes politiques dominants aujourd’hui en Asie. Entretien avec David Camroux, enseignant-chercheur à Sciences Po et à l’Université nationale du Vietnam.

  • Imran Khan leaves for Saudi conference saying #Pakistan ’desperate’ for loans | Reuters
    https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-saudi-khashoggi-pakistan/imran-khan-leaves-for-saudi-conference-saying-pakistan-desperate-for-loa

    Pakistan’s Prime Minister Imran Khan left for Saudi Arabia to attend an investment conference boycotted by other leaders over the death of journalist Jamal Khashoggi at the Saudi consulate in Istanbul.

    • Despite PR duress, Saudi $6bn to Pakistan comes with strings | Asia Times
      http://www.atimes.com/article/despite-pr-duress-saudi-6bn-to-pakistan-comes-with-strings

      Fermer les yeux sur le financement saoudien de groupes armés du Balochistan pakistanais chargés de mener des opérations contre l’Iran en Iran, et amener le Pakistan à s’impliquer plus au Yémen.

      Balochistan is of strategic interest to both Iran and Saudi Arabia, bordering the Islamic Republic and located north of the Arabian Sea.

      Saudi Arabia has faced allegations of backing anti-Shiite jihadist groups in Balochistan, namely Jundullah and Jaish al-Adl, and a heightened influence could be dangerous for Pakistan’s security.

      “If you increase investment, it is not just money that pours in. With the money comes influence,” analyst Siddiqa said.

      “It’s hard to imagine a $6 billion gift with no strings attached,” said Michael Kugelman, a scholar on Southeast Asia at the Woodrow Wilson Center in Washington, D.C.

      “There’s a very good chance Saudi Arabia placed some type of conditions on this support. Riyadh may have made it quite clear that Pakistan will need to rein in its recent efforts to position itself as a neutral actor in the Saudi-Iranian regional rivalry,” Kugelman said.

      “Pakistan has an Iran problem and a Saudi problem. [The Pakistani military] is allowing the Saudis to build up their capacity in Balochistan, which is in effect a certain kind of encirclement around Iran,” said Siddiqa.

      Pakistan and Saudi Arabia have maintained a defense partnership since 1983, though it is very difficult to pinpoint the exact number of Pakistani personnel in the kingdom. According to Kamal Alam of the London-based think tank RUSI, there are at least 1,200 Pakistani trainers in various Saudi security and military sectors.

      A source close to the Pakistani military said the number is far higher, however. Speaking on condition of anonymity, he told Asia Times there are upwards of 7,000 Pakistani military personnel in the kingdom.

      “One of the big questions coming out of this new deal is whether Riyadh has now asked Islamabad to operationalize that military presence and be willing to join Saudi military efforts in Yemen,” Kugelman said.

      “Islamabad has long resisted this ask from Saudi Arabia, but with this financial assistance Islamabad is now getting, Riyadh has more leverage,” he added.

      According to a political source briefed on the matter but who declined to be named due to the sensitivity of the subject, the Pakistani armed forces have been under mounting pressure from the Saudis to join the conflict in Yemen.

  • Pakistan PM to Offer Citizenship to Afghans Born in #Pakistan

    Pakistani Prime Minister Imran Khan, in an unprecedented announcement Sunday, pledged to offer Pakistani citizenship to hundreds of thousands of Afghans born to refugee families his country has been hosting for decades.

    The United Nations refugee agency and local officials say there are 2.7 million Afghans, including 1.5 million registered as refugees, in Pakistan. The displaced families have fled decades of conflict, ethnic and religious persecution, poverty and economic hardships in turmoil-hit Afghanistan.

    “Afghans whose children have been raised and born in Pakistan will be granted citizenship inshallah (God willing) because this is the established practice in countries around the world. You get an American passport if you are born in America,” said Khan, who took office last month.

    “Then why can’t we do it here. We continue to subject these people to unfair treatment,” the Pakistani prime minister said at a public event in the southern port city of Karachi Sunday night.

    U.N. surveys suggest that around 60 percent of Afghan refugees were either born in Pakistan or were minors when their parents migrated to Pakistan. War-shattered Afghanistan is therefore alien to most of these young people who are already part of the local economy in different ways.

    This group of refugees, officials say, are reluctant to go back to Afghanistan where security conditions have deteriorated in the wake of the stalemated war between U.S.-backed Afghan security forces and the Taliban insurgency.

    Khan noted in his nationally televised remarks that without Pakistani national identification cards and passports, the refugees have been unable to find decent legal jobs or get a quality education in local institutions.

    These people, the prime minister said, will eventually be forced to indulge in criminal activities, posing security issues for areas like Karachi, the country’s largest city and commercial hub. Afghans are a significant portion of the nearly 20 million residents in Karachi.

    “They are humans. How come we have deprived them and have not arranged for offering them national identification card and passport for 30 years, 40 years,” Khan lamented.

    The Pakistani leader explained that since he is also directly overseeing the federal Interior Ministry, which is responsible for granting passports and identification cards, he will instruct his staff to make efforts without further delay to offer Pakistani nationality to the people “who have come from Afghanistan and whose children are raised and born in here.”

    Khan spoke a day after his Foreign Minister, Shah Mehmood Qureshi, visited Afghanistan, where he discussed among other issues the fate of the registered Afghan refugees who have until December 31, 2018, to stay in Pakistan legally.

    An official statement issued after Qureshi’s daylong trip to Kabul said that in his meetings with Afghan leaders, the foreign minister “underlined the need for dignified, sustainable repatriation of Afghan refugees to their homeland through a gradual and time-bound plan.”

    Pakistani authorities have lately complained that Taliban insurgents waging attacks inside Afghanistan have been using the refugee communities as hiding places. Both countries accuse each other of supporting militant attacks against their respective soils. The allegations are at the center of bilateral political tensions.

    In a meeting last week with visiting U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees, Filippo Grandi, Khan assured him that his government will not force Afghan refugees to leave Pakistan.

    https://www.voanews.com/a/pakistan-pm-to-offer-citizenship-to-afghans-born-in-pakistan/4574015.html
    #citoyenneté #naturalisation #asile #migrations #réfugiés #réfugiés_afghans

    ping @isskein

  • لماذا تشعر السعودية والامارات وامريكا بالقلق من فوز عمران خان في الانتخابات البرلمانية الباكستانية الأخيرة؟ وهل سيكون “ذنبا” لإيران مثلما وصفه أحد الامراء السعوديين؟ وما مدى صحة التوقعات بإنسحابه من التحالف الإسلامي احتجاجا على حرب اليمن؟ | رأي اليوم
    https://www.raialyoum.com/index.php/%d9%84%d9%85%d8%a7%d8%b0%d8%a7-%d8%aa%d8%b4%d8%b9%d8%b1-%d8%a7%d9%84%d8%b

    Edito ABA : "Pourquoi l’Arabie saoudite, les Emirats et les USA sont-ils inquiets de la victoire d’Imran Khan aux dernières législatives pakistanaises ? Sera-t-il "la queue de l’Iran" comme l’a écrit un émir saoudien ? Que penser d’un possible retrait du Pakistan de la coalition islamique [créée par les Saoudiens] en réaction à la guerre contre le Yémen ?"
    #pakistan #arabie_saoudite

  • Pakistan’s ‘University of Jihad’ is getting millions of dollars from the government
    https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/worldviews/wp/2016/06/22/pakistans-university-of-jihad-is-getting-millions-of-dollars-from-th

    In nationwide elections, conservative Islamist parties often struggle to get 10 percent of the vote. But in local elections in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in 2014, former cricket star Imran Khan’s Movement for Justice party failed to win an outright majority of provincial assembly seats. It now relies on support from Islamist parties to maintain a coalition government.

    “This money has much more do with provincial politics, and power, than anything else,” said Zahid Hussain, an Islamabad-based political analyst.

    #Pakistan