person:khan al-ahmar

  • Israel is indirectly cooperating with The Hague’s probe into 2014 Gaza war despite past criticism

    International Criminal Court’s criminal investigation into Israel’s actions in the Strip could lead to a wave of lawsuits against those involved and even to their arrest abroad

    Yaniv Kubovich
    Nov 11, 2018 9:49 AM

    Over the last few months Israel has been transferring material to the International Criminal Court in The Hague, which is examining whether war crimes were committed in the Gaza Strip. According to defense sources, the material relates to events that took place during Operation Protective Edge, the 2014 Israel-Gaza war. The ICC is also looking into the demonstrations along the Gaza border fence that began on March 30.
    In the past, Israel sharply criticized the court, saying that it had no authority to discuss the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. However, there is concern in the political and military echelons that the court will open a criminal investigation into Israel’s actions in the Strip, a process that could lead to a wave of lawsuits against those involved and even to their arrest abroad.
    >>Rising terrorism in West Bank overshadows optimism around Gaza-Israel deal | Analysis 
    In the last few months, diplomatic, military and legal officials have held discussions, some of them attended by the prime minister, to prepare for the court’s initial findings regarding the 2014 Gaza war. Toward that end, Israel has begun using third parties to transfer documents to the court that could bolster its stance and influence the examination team, which until now has been exposed mainly to the evidence presented by the Palestinian side.

    Demonstration near the Gaza border, November 9, 2018. Adel Hana/AP
    Military advocate general Maj. Gen. Sharon Afek has presented material regarding Israel’s response to the demonstrations in Gaza, but defense sources say these have been for internal use only and have not been passed on to the ICC or to any other body.
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    The sources say Israel has made a distinction between the two subjects of the court’s examination: While Israel is not cooperating with the ICC on its probe of incidents at the Gaza fence, it is already holding indirect discussions with the court over Operation Protective Edge.

    Last April the ICC’s chief prosecutor Fatou Bensouda said that violence against civilians could be considered an international crime, as might the use of civilians as a cover for military operations. She added that the situation in Palestine was under investigation. She warned that the court was following events in Gaza, and emphasized that guidelines for opening fire at demonstrators could be considered a crime under international law.

    Public Prosecutor Fatou Bensouda at the International Criminal Court in the Hague, August 28, 2017. Bas Czerwinski/Pool via REUTERS
    Officials told Haaretz that Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s decision to postpone the evacuation of the Bedouin village of Khan al-Ahmar came after Israel realized that such a move could influence Bensouda, who said she would not hesitate to use her authority with regard to the village. Last month, Bensouda said she was watching with concern the plan to evacuate the West Bank Bedouin community and that a forced evacuation would lead to violence, adding that the needless destruction of property and transfer of populations in occupied territories are a war crime, based on the Treaty of Rome. She linked the planned evacuation to events in Gaza, saying she was concerned by the ongoing violence for which both sides are responsible.

    FILE Photo: The West Bank village of Khan al-Ahmar, September 25, 2018. Emil Salman

    Yaniv Kubovich
    Haaretz Correspondent

  • Territoires palestiniens – Suspension de la démolition du village palestinien de Khan al-Ahmar - France-Diplomatie - Ministère de l’Europe et des Affaires étrangères
    22octobre 2018

    La France prend note de la décision du Premier ministre israélien de surseoir à la démolition du village palestinien de Khan al-Ahmar (Cisjordanie).

    La France, en lien avec ses partenaires européens, a appelé à plusieurs reprises les autorités israéliennes à ne pas procéder à la destruction de Khan al-Ahmar et à l’évacuation forcée de ses habitants.

    Nous demandons aux autorités israéliennes de renoncer définitivement au projet de démolition de Khan al-Ahmar et de lever l’incertitude qui pèse sur le sort de ce village, situé dans une zone essentielle à la continuité d’un futur Etat palestinien et donc à la viabilité de la solution des deux États.


    • France urges Israel to permanently cancel Khan al-Ahmar demolition
      Oct. 23, 2018 4:14 P.M. (Updated: Oct. 23, 2018 5:18 P.M.)

      BETHLEHEM (Ma’an) — The French Foreign Ministry welcomed, on Tuesday, the Israeli Security Cabinet’s decision regarding the postponement of the evacuation of the Bedouin village of Khan al-Ahmar, east of Jerusalem, yet urged Israeli authorities to “permananetly abandon their plans to demolish the village.” (...)

  • 7 injured, 4 detained, including Israelis, at Khan al-Ahmar
    Oct. 15, 2018 5:15 P.M. (Updated : Oct. 15, 2018 5:15 P.M.)

    JERUSALEM (Ma’an) — Seven Palestinians were injured and four others were detained, including two Israelis and one international activist, after Israeli forces stormed the Khan al-Ahmar village, east of Jerusalem, on Monday.

    Israeli forces escorting bulldozers stormed Khan al-Ahmar, in order to raze and level the land, in preparation for the demolition of the village and displacement of its residents.

    Dozens of Palestinians and international activists attempted to stand in the way of bulldozers to prevent them from reaching the village, however, bulldozers found another route through a nearby illegal Israeli settlement into the village. (...)


  • Israeli settlers flood Khan al-Ahmar with wastewater
    Oct. 2, 2018 4:16 P.M. (Updated: Oct. 2, 2018 4:42 P.M.)

    JERUSALEM (Ma’an) — As Israel threatened to raid and demolish the Bedouin village of Khan al-Ahmar at any moment since the evacuation period ended, Israeli settlers stormed the village and flooded the area with wastewater, on Tuesday afternoon.

    Locals said that Israeli settlers from the nearby illegal Israeli settlement of Kfar Adummim stormed the village, and were confronted by international and local activists along with residents of Khan al-Ahmar.

    Israeli settlers managed to flood the area with wastewater before activists and residents were able to stop them.

    Following the Israeli High Court’s approval for the demolition, it had granted a deadline for the residents of Khan al-Ahmar to evacuate the village until October 1st.

    Since the deadline has ended, the village is in danger of being demolished by Israeli forces at any moment, which would displace 181 people, half of whom are children. (...)


    • Amnesty International: ’Demolition of Khan al-Ahmar is a war crime’
      Oct. 2, 2018 5:18 P.M.

      BETHLEHEM (Ma’an) — Amnesty International said, on Tuesday, that the demolition of the Bedouin village of Khan al-Ahmar, east of occupied Jerusalem, and the displacement of its residents by Israeli forces as part of an illegal Israeli settlement expansion plan is a “war crime.”

      Saleh Higazi, Amnesty International’s Middle East and North Africa Deputy Director, denounced Israel’s planned demolition of Khan al-Ahmar and stressed that “this act is not only heartless and discriminatory, it is illegal.”

      The demolition of the village would displace 181 residents, 53% of whom are children and 95% of whom are refugees registered with the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA).

    • La démolition du village palestinien de Khan al Ahmar est un acte cruel et un crime de guerre
      2 octobre | Amnesty International

      La démolition prévue le 1er octobre d’un village en Cisjordanie et le transfert forcé de sa population pour laisser place à des colonies israéliennes illégales est un crime de guerre révélateur du mépris qu’entretient le gouvernement israélien à l’égard des Palestiniens, a déclaré Amnesty International le 1er octobre 2018.

      Quelque 180 habitants de la communauté bédouine de Khan al Ahmar, à l’est de Jérusalem, risquent d’être expulsés de force et transférés par l’armée israélienne. Les autorités israéliennes offrent aux villageois le choix entre deux destinations possibles : un site jouxtant l’ancienne décharge municipale de Jérusalem, non loin du village d’Abou Dis, ou un site à proximité d’une station d’épuration, non loin de la ville de Jéricho.

      « Après presque 10 ans de lutte contre cette démolition injuste, les habitants de Khan al Ahmar redoutent de voir se concrétiser le jour terrible où l’habitation qui est la leur depuis plusieurs générations sera mise en pièces, a déclaré Saleh Higazi, directeur adjoint du programme Afrique du Nord et Moyen-Orient à Amnesty International.

  • The Germans will ignore Israeli apartheid again

    Each day that has passed since May 1999, Europe in general and Germany in particular have crossed another red line in the normalization of the status quo

    Amira Hass SendSend me email alerts
    Oct 02, 2018

    Angela Merkel is the answer to two questions: 1. Will Israel, “having no alternative,” attack the Gaza Strip before Friday, that being “the only possible response” to the multiplying demonstrations at the border fence? And 2. Now that the Monday-evening deadline given to the residents of the West Bank Bedouin village of Khan al-Ahmar to dismantle their simple structures has passed, will Israel’s Civil Administration raze the entire community Tuesday?
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    It probably won’t happen this week, so as not to embarrass Merkel. The German chancellor and her cabinet are scheduled to arrive Wednesday for meetings with their Israeli colleagues, the seventh such intergovernmental consultations since the tradition began in 2008. In between, the German delegation will visit an exhibition on technological innovation sponsored by the Foreign Ministry, at which six Israeli companies will present their wares.

    Officially, Germany — like all European Union member states — opposes the demolition of Khan al-Ahmar and the forced eviction of its residents, actions that violate international law and Israel’s obligations as an occupying power. Officially, Germany is concerned by the military escalation and the deteriorating humanitarian situation in Gaza. Therefore, like all European states, it hopes for a nonviolent resolution of the military tension.
    But the consulting cabinet ministers aren’t supposed to delve into the bottomless expectation gap between the parties on the future of the Palestinian territories that were captured in 1967. The Germans are still talking about a two-state solution, even as Israel is realizing the eight-state vision (of defeated, disconnected Palestinian enclaves scattered throughout the expanse of Jewish sovereignty).
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    In any event, the joint consultations address the real issues of mature countries. The parties will discuss their excellent technological, military and intelligence ties, their common place in the advanced industrial world, their cultural and scientific ties — not to mention, of course, the Holocaust and Germany’s eternal obligations to Israel.
    >> Read more: Israel Gives Residents of West Bank Bedouin Village Week to Evacuate
    We can infer, from the slogans inserted in the joint statement after the 2016 consultations, that some German minister will blurt out something about human rights, and the response will be that Israel is the only democracy in the region. An open expression of Israeli military and bureaucratic superiority during the visit wouldn’t go over well with the foreign guests.
    And so, the bulldozers and the deadly armed drones, the pride of Israeli technology, along with our female combat soldiers who operate them remotely, the pride of Israeli feminism, will be forced to wait patiently. Not this week.
    On the other hand, why should they wait patiently? Why shouldn’t it happen this week? The German ministers already ignore that an important part of Israeli technological, military and intelligence development is linked to maintaining the occupation and keeping the permanent conflict on a low flame that occasionally flares up. They must ignore this, mentally and emotionally, to continue cultivating partnerships with Israel. They can also ignore Israel’s use of its military capabilities during their visit.
    Each day that has passed since May 1999 (when the final-status agreement with the Palestinians was to go into effect), Israel has crossed another red line in shaping its unique regime of separation (apartheid, in Afrikaans). None of these crossings or violations of international resolutions led European countries to put genuine political pressure on Israel.
    Each day that has passed since May 1999, Europe in general and Germany in particular have crossed another red line in the normalization of Israeli apartheid. They make a complete separation between their partner in technological, scientific and intellectual progress and the Israel that plans to erase in the near future the small village and other communities, and that for 10 years has imprisoned 2 million people in the biggest concentration facility in the world.
    And the umbrella of the victims and survivors of the Holocaust is used to excuse and explain this intolerable ability to repress and compartmentalize.

  • Supreme service on behalf of the #Occupation | Hagai El-Ad | The Blogs

    La cour suprême israélienne légalise les #crimes_de_guerre

    Just weeks ago, as they allowed the state to demolish the makeshift homes of the Palestinian community Khan al-Ahmar, the Supreme Court justices attempted to cover the war crime they have sanctioned in a cloak of legality. But a #crime is a crime, and the forced transfer of protected persons in occupied territory constitutes a grave #violation of international law. As they attempted to justify this crime — to themselves or to the world — the justices created in their ruling an imaginary world: a Narnia in the West Bank.

    #justice #Palestine

  • Israel orders Khan al-Ahmar residents to evacuate before October
    Sept. 23, 2018 11:28 A.M. (Updated: Sept. 23, 2018 11:30 A.M.)

    JERUSALEM (Ma’an) — The Israeli Civil Administration ordered on Sunday the Bedouin residents of Khan al-Ahmar village, east of Jerusalem, to demolish their homes and to evacuate the area before the start of October.

    According to local sources, staff members of the Israeli Civil Administration under the protection of Israeli forces stormed Khan al-Ahmar and handed evacuation notices to the residents, ordering them to demolish their homes and evacuate the village within the given timeframe.

    Sources said that Israeli forces threatened the residents in case of non-implementation of the notices, the Israeli army would demolish the village.

    Sources added that large numbers of heavily armed Israeli forces stormed the village and surrounded the open sit-in tent, as well as took photos of the participants.

    Earlier this month, the Israeli High Court rejected an appeal against the demolition of Khan al-Ahmar and ruled for its evacuation and demolition to take place, under the pretext of building without a difficult-to-obtain Israeli permit.

    However, critics say that the displacement of the residents and the demolition of the village is as part of an Israeli plan to expand the nearby illegal Israeli settlement of Kfar Adummim.

    The village is inhabited by about 200 Palestinians, 53% of whom are children and 95% of whom are refugees registered with the United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA).


    • Israël exige que les Bédouins de Khan Al-Ahmar détruisent leurs maisons d’ici à octobre
      LE MONDE | 23.09.2018 à 13h10 • Mis à jour le 23.09.2018 à 13h49

      Israël a demandé dimanche 23 septembre aux habitants d’un village bédouin de Cisjordanie, érigé par ses défenseurs en symbole de la lutte contre la colonisation israélienne, de démolir eux-mêmes « toutes les structures du site » d’ici au 1er octobre.

      Après des années de bataille judiciaire, la Cour suprême israélienne a donné au début de septembre son accord à la démolition de Khan Al-Ahmar, village de tôle et de toile où vivent environ 200 Bédouins à l’est de Jérusalem, coincé entre deux colonies israéliennes.
      Décision de la Cour suprême

      Ce village bédouin palestinien est devenu emblématique du sort de ces communautés confrontées à l’occupation et la colonisation de la Cisjordanie.

      « En application de la décision de la Cour suprême, les habitants de Khan Al-Ahmar ont reçu dimanche l’ordre de détruire toutes les structures du site avant le 1er octobre », a précisé un communiqué du Cogat, l’organisme israélien chargé des affaires civiles dans les territoires palestiniens occupés.

      L’Etat israélien s’est engagé à laisser les habitants du village démolir eux-mêmes leur hameau, mais le communiqué ne précise pas quelles mesures seront prises si les habitants refusent.

      « Personne ne partira, il faudra nous expulser par la force ! », a affirmé à l’Agence France-Presse Eid Abou Khamis, un porte-parole du village contacté par téléphone. Si Khan Al-Ahmar est démoli, « ce sera uniquement par la force », a-t-il ajouté.

      Colonisation de la Cisjordanie

      Huit pays européens, dont la France, ont réclamé jeudi à Israël de ne pas démolir ce hameau, estimant que sa destruction permettrait d’étendre les colonies israéliennes et de couper en deux la Cisjordanie, rendant encore plus compliquée l’éventuelle création d’un Etat palestinien sur le territoire. Les pays arabes à l’Organisation des Nations unies ont souligné par la suite qu’ils approuvaient et soutenaient la prise de position des huit pays européens.

      Israël occupe depuis près de cinquante ans la Cisjordanie où plusieurs communautés de Bédouins se sont installées à l’est de Jérusalem.

      Entre la Cisjordanie et Jérusalem-Est, plus de 600 000 colons israéliens coexistent, de manière souvent conflictuelle, avec près de trois millions de Palestiniens. Les colonies rognent peu à peu les territoires sur lesquels les Palestiniens souhaitent créer leur Etat.

  • Israel to expel French-American professor arrested during West Bank protest
    In a rare move, Frank Romano was arrested according to military law. However, before his hearing he was released and taken into custody by the population authority in preparation for his deportation
    Yotam Berger Sep 16, 2018 5:40 PM

    Israel is set to expel the foreign law professor arrested on suspicion of disrupting the actions of Israeli soldiers on duty at the Bedouin village of Khan al-Ahmar on Friday.


    • ’Bad faith’: Judge slams Israel for West Bank arrest of professor, orders release - Israel News

      Judge criticizes authorities’ handling of case, rejects demand that he be immediately deported
      Yotam Berger Sep 17, 2018 1:53 AM

      The Jerusalem Magistrate’s Court on Sunday ordered the release of Professor Frank Romano from custody under the condition that he leave Israel by September 25, the date of his scheduled flight back to France.

      Romano, 66, who holds both French and American citizenship and teaches law in France, arrested on suspicion of disrupting the actions of Israeli soldiers on duty at the Bedouin village of Khan al-Ahmar on Friday.

      Judge Chavi Toker rejected the government’s request to immediately expel Romano from the country and criticized the way authorities handled the request. The professor is expected to remain in custody pending another hearing to be held on Monday.

      Judge Toker said that the police, military and Interior Ministry “acted in bad faith” and “refused to take responsibility for the appellant.” She noted that the court was not told of the military’s decision to the Population Authority for his immediate deportation, calling this an attempt to bypass a hearing.

      Toker added that Romano “stopped a tractor in the middle of the road,” saying that “this happens a hundred times a day in Jerusalem. He is not a dangerous man.”

      Romano was arrested together with two Palestinian activists for attempting to block the road and get in the way of security forces.

      According to military law, which is enforced in the territories, a suspect’s detention can be extended by 96 hours before being brought to a judge.

      According to the civil code, detainees must be brought before a judge no more than 24 hours after their arrest.

      Gabi Lasky, Romano’s attorney, told Haaretz that it is very rare for military code to be used on foreign citizens and that she has encountered only one such other case in the past. Theoretically, Romano could have been arrested under the civil code, because the suspected infraction is supposedly against the authorities of the state.

      Lasky said earlier Sunday that the intent was to bring Romano for a “regular” remand hearing before a Jerusalem Magistrate’s Court judge. But shortly before the hearing the security forces said that Romano was to be released and deported and so he would not be brought to court, although the hearing did ultimately take place.

      “Like thieves in the night, instead of bringing Frank Romano to a hearing on my request that he be released from detention, which was set for today [Sunday] at the Jerusalem Magistrate’s Court, without informing me or the court, at 2 PM [two hours before the scheduled hearing] he was handed over to the immigration police for deportation. Now it is clear why he was arrested according to military law – to give them time to deport him before he sees a judge.”

    • Israeli court not to deport French professor
      Sept. 17, 2018 3:41 P.M. (Updated: Sept. 17, 2018 3:53 P.M.)

      JERUSALEM (Ma’an) — An Israeli court reversed a deportation order against French activist, Frank Romano, after the court had earlier released him from detention to deport him after being accused of “disruptions” at Khan al-Ahmar village, east of Jerusalem.

      Romano, a 66-year-old law professor at the University of Paris and author of “Love and Terror in the Middle East,” and a holder of a French and American citizenship, was detained last week at Khan al-Ahmar, as he protested Israel’s intention to demolish the Bedouin village.

      He declared a hunger strike following his detention, calling on Israel to not demolish the village of Khan al-Ahmar.

      Romano was then released and allowed to return to the village; where he will continue to protest the demolition in solidarity with the residents, in attempt to prevent the demolition.

    • Cisjordanie : un juriste français arrêté après une manifestation va être expulsé (avocat)
      Publié le 16/09/2018 à 22:20 | AFP

      Un juriste français, arrêté par les forces de l’ordre israéliennes lors d’une manifestation contre la démolition d’un village bédouin en Cisjordanie occupée, va être expulsé d’Israël, a annoncé son avocate dimanche.

      Frank Romano, professeur de droit né aux Etats-Unis et de nationalité franco-américaine, a été arrêté vendredi après des échauffourées entre des militants propalestiniens et des garde-frontières israéliens près du village bédouin de Khan al-Ahmar, à l’est de Jérusalem.

      « Il y a une décision administrative stipulant son expulsion », a dit dimanche à la presse son avocate Gaby Lansky. Elle avait affirmé la veille que Frank Romano était accusé d’entraves à l’action de la police et des soldats israéliens.

      M. Romano a dit qu’il contesterait la décision de l’expulser devant les tribunaux israéliens.

      « Je vais faire appel si on veut m’expulser », a dit ce juriste qui s’exprimait en français devant les journalistes lors d’une brève audience tard dimanche sur l’ordre d’expulsion.

      « Il n’y a pas de raison de m’expulser. Je n’ai pas fait d’acte de violence », a-t-il ajouté.

      La cour a ajourné l’audience sans annoncer de décision.

  • Déclaration conjointe de la France, l’Allemagne, l’Espagne, l’Italie et le Royaume-Uni sur la situation du village de Khan al-Ahmar (10.09.18) - France-Diplomatie - Ministère de l’Europe et des Affaires étrangères

    La France, l’Allemagne, l’Espagne, l’Italie et le Royaume-Uni ont à plusieurs reprises exprimé leur préoccupation au sujet du village de Khan al-Ahmar, situé en un lieu sensible de la zone C, d’importance stratégique pour la préservation de la contiguïté d’un futur État palestinien.

    Nous avons pris note de la décision prononcée mercredi dernier par la Cour suprême d’Israël qui laisse la démolition de Khan al-Ahmar à la discrétion du gouvernement israélien.

    En conséquence, nous nous joignons à la Haute représentante et Vice-présidente Mogherini pour appeler de nouveau le gouvernement israélien à ne pas donner suite à son plan de démolition de ce village, y compris son école, et de déplacement de ses résidents.

    Les conséquences qu’une démolition et un déplacement auraient sur les résidents de cette localité, notamment leurs enfants, ainsi que sur les perspectives de la solution des deux États, seraient très sérieuses.

    • Khan Al-Ahmar – Déclaration de M. Jean-Yves Le Drian, ministre de l’Europe et des affaires étrangères (11 septembre 2018)

      La France exprime sa très vive préoccupation concernant la situation du village palestinien de Khan al-Ahmar qui se trouve en Cisjordanie (zone C). Aux termes du jugement de la Cour suprême israélienne, la décision de démolition de ce village relève désormais du gouvernement israélien.

      Je me joins à la voix de la Haute représentante de l’Union européenne et appelle les autorités israéliennes à ne pas procéder à la démolition de ce village.

      La France rappelle que les démolitions d’infrastructures et d’habitations en Cisjordanie, territoire palestinien occupé, sont contraires au droit international humanitaire, et en particulier à la IVème Convention de Genève, en ce qu’elles entraînent des évacuations et des transferts forcés de populations, ainsi qu’aux résolutions du Conseil de sécurité.

      La France prête une attention toute particulière au cas de Khan Al-Ahmar, en raison de sa localisation dans une zone d’importance stratégique pour la continuité d’un État palestinien et pour la viabilité d’une solution à deux États avec Jérusalem pour capitale. Elle alerte donc sur les conséquences que la démolition de ce village et le déplacement de ses habitants auraient sur le plan humanitaire aussi bien que politique.

      La France poursuit ses efforts pour préserver la solution à deux États en lien avec l’Union européenne et ses proches partenaires internationaux.

  • « Nous avons de sérieuses chances de sauver la communauté palestinienne de Khan Al-Ahmar »
    Dans une tribune au « Monde », le directeur de l’ONG israélienne B’Tselem exhorte à redoubler d’efforts pour sauver de la démolition cette communauté proche de Jérusalem.
    Le Monde | 31.07.2018 à 12h41 • Mis à jour le 31.07.2018 à 15h54 | Par Hagai El-Ad (Directeur de B’Tselem, ONG israélienne vouée à la défense des droits de l’homme dans les territoires occupés)

    Tribune. Parfois, le dernier jour d’audience n’est pas vraiment le dernier. Le 24 mai, les juges de la Cour suprême israélienne, Sohlberg, Baron et Willner, rendaient une décision de justice censément juste pour Khan Al-Ahmar, une communauté palestinienne située à quelques kilomètres à l’est de Jérusalem. Ce dernier jour devant les tribunaux aurait dû être suivi par la démolition imminente de toute la communauté par les autorités israéliennes.
    Faisant preuve d’un aveuglement formaliste du plus cynique qui soit, les juges ont aisément ignoré certains « détails »

    Mais aussi unanime et sans équivoque soit-elle, cette décision n’était rien d’autre qu’une tentative de délivrer un semblant de justice pour couvrir des actions étatiques profondément immorales – et fondamentalement illégales. Faisant preuve d’un aveuglement formaliste du plus cynique qui soit, les juges ont aisément ignoré certains « détails », comme le fait qu’Israël ait établi un régime de planification systématique, qui ne permette quasiment jamais aux Palestiniens de recevoir des permis de construire.

    L’essence contextuelle allègrement reléguée au second plan, les juges ont ouvert la voie à un raisonnement fondé sur l’« Etat de droit » pour démolir une école, des dizaines de maisons – et la vie de plus de cent soixante-dix Palestiniens. De telles décisions – dont celle-ci – devraient être contestées localement et internationalement.


  • Once again, Israel denies the Bedouin what it grants the settlers
    On Wednesday the High Court will hear petitions against the demolition of the Bedouin village of Khan al-Ahmar, while two Palestinian villages request that the state demolish illegal structures in a nearby settlement
    Amira Hass Jul 27, 2018 10:23 PM

    Two Palestinian villages, basing their request on Civil Administration data, are asking the Israeli authorities to demolish illegal structures in the settlement of Kfar Adumim and outposts around it. In question are about 120 villas and other buildings in the settlement against which demolition orders have been issued (though, as of the beginning of 2017, at least half the structures had been approved retroactively), and in four outposts.

    In the outposts, most of the structures have been built on land defined as state land back in the days of Jordanian rule, and a smaller number have been built on land privately owned by village residents. This past Tuesday, at the Justice Ministry High Court department, Attorney Tawfiq Jabareen filed this request for the villages of Deir Dibwan and Anata, east of Ramallah, as the prelude to petitioning for the villages and some of their residents, owners of private land.

    In a preliminary argument, Jabareen talks about Israel’s “selective enforcement” policy. And as a reverse example — of “legalizing” the illegal construction in Kfar Adumim — he mentions the Bedouin village at Khan al-Ahmar, which existed long before the settlements were established and is now threatened by demolition, along with the expulsion of its residents. Before this request, a team of lawyers headed by Jabareen submitted two new petitions on behalf of the residents of Khan al-Ahmar.

    The deliberations on these petitions will be held this Wednesday, at a time when Khan al-Ahmar has become a focus of international interest and hosts protest gatherings every day. This comes against the backdrop of European and UN condemnations of the planned demolition and, in general, of Israel’s policy of thwarting Palestinian construction in the West Bank’s Area C, which is under exclusive Israeli control.

    Thus, three months before the law comes into effect denying the High Court authority to deliberate on matters concerning West Bank land and techniques for grabbing it from the Palestinians, a team of Palestinian lawyers who are Israeli citizens insists on bringing to the High Court matters of principle concerning discrimination, inequality and government arbitrariness.

    Settlements’ concerted action

    For its part, Kfar Adumim continues to demand implementation of the decision to demolish Khan al-Ahmar. This past Sunday, the settlement and two of its offshoots — Nofei Prat and Alon — asked to join the Israel Defense Forces and the Civil Administration as respondents in one of the two new Khan-al Ahmar petitions. This is the petition that asks to oblige the Civil Administration to relate to the detailed master plan recently submitted by the village. On behalf of the three settlements, attorneys Avraham Moshe Segal and Yael Cinnamon asked that the petition be rejected.

    A concerted legal and media battle by the three settlements over the past decade, as well as pressure from the Knesset Foreign Affairs and Defense Committee’s subcommittee on West Bank affairs, led to the Civil Administration’s decision to demolish the village. During all those years, the previous attorney for the Bedouin village, Shlomo Lecker, managed to delay implementation of the demolition orders, including the order against the ecological school made out of tires.

    But in May a panel of justices headed by Noam Sohlberg, a resident of the settlement of Alon Shvut, ruled that there was no legal reason to intervene in the state’s decision to expel and forcibly transfer the village’s residents to an area the Civil Administration has allotted them next to the Abu Dis garbage dump.

    His partners in the decision were justices Anat Baron and Yael Willner; Willner has a brother and a sister living in Kfar Adumim, but she did not recuse herself from deliberating on the fate of Khan al-Ahmar, nor did she agree to attorney Lecker’s request that she do so. About a week after the High Court’s green light for the demolition, the Civil Administration’s Supreme Planning Council approved the construction of a new neighborhood for Kfar Adumim called Nofei Bereshit about 1 kilometer (0.6 miles) from the Bedouin community at Khan al-Ahmar.

    Preparations for the demolition and eviction began at the end of June, but the new petitions have halted them. It was Baron who issued a temporary injunction that has suspended the demolition.

    Attorneys Segal and Cinnamon, acting on behalf of the three settlements, write that the new petition (asking that the Civil Administration consider the master plan for the village) “is part of a broader move by the petitioners and influential elements on the ‘left’ side of the political map to ‘leave’ the ‘Palestinian construction criminals’ adjacent to the Israeli locales there and adjacent to Route 1 in order to create contiguous Palestinian settlement there.” (The internal quotation marks are in the original document).

    The settlements say that this is an illegitimate way to deliberate; it will let any judicial ruling be reopened in the hope that a different panel of judges will make a change. Regarding the matter at hand, the settlements note that the High Court has already addressed the possibility of preparing a master plan for the village at its current location and has ruled that there is nothing wrong with the state’s intention to demolish it.

    In their statement accompanying the request to join the respondents, the settlements write that the petitioners from Khan al-Ahmar are “construction criminals who have made a law unto themselves and have wittingly and without building permits built on lands that do not belong to them, adjacent to a major transportation artery [and then] brazenly applied to the honorable court to help them prevent the implementation of the demolition orders.”

    The settlements argue that the petitioners built the structures without any building permits and on land that “no one disputes that they do not have even a speck of a right to claim as theirs.”

    First construction, then legalization

    The Bedouin village’s tents and makeshift shacks are on plots of land belonging to residents of Anata, for which they have received the owners’ permission. These plots include a are part of a large area of lands under private Palestinian ownership listed in the Land Registry, which Israel expropriated in 1975 but has not used since. Route 1, which links Jerusalem to Jericho, was far from Khan al-Ahmar, and only when the road was widened was the distance decreased.

    One of the founders of Kfar Adumim, current Agriculture Minister Uri Ariel, submitted an action plan to the IDF back at the end of 1978 or the beginning of 1979. The plan confirms that Bedouin communities were living in the area before the settlements were established, but the plan demands that these communities be expelled, Palestinian construction be curtailed and contiguous Jewish settlement be established.

    On the basis of Civil Administration data, the planning rights group Bimkom published an opinion in 2010 on the pattern of planning and construction in Kfar Adumim and its offshoots: first construction without permits and only then planning that legalizes it.

    The settlement was established in 1979 but a detailed master plan was approved only in 1988. New homes were built without permits, awaiting legalization in another master plan approved years later. Before all the possibilities for construction in the 1988 plan were used up, detailed master plans were advanced aimed at establishing Alon and Nofei Prat, which are called neighborhoods even though they are not contiguous with the mother settlement. Each of these “neighborhoods” spawned an illegal outpost of its own.

    In his preliminary argument to the High Court, Jabareen mentions the Civil Administration’s demolition orders against large private homes in Kfar Adumim. He also mentions the legalization of at least half the structures against which orders were issued, and the four outposts created by the settlement and its offshoots Alon and Nofei Prat. The information about the outposts is based on Civil Administration and Peace Now data.

    The outpost Givat Granit was established in 2002 on about 70 dunams (17.3 acres) of land, of which 10 are privately owned land and the rest is state land from the Jordanian period. Five residential structures and part of the approach road are located on privately-owned land.

    The outpost Haroeh Ha’ivri was established without a master plan in 2015 on about 20 dunams of state land and serves as an educational farm school. The road to the outpost runs along private land, and the outpost receives funding from the Education Ministry. An events venue and desert field lodge was established on about 15 dunams of state land in 2012, and the outpost Ma’aleh Hagit was established in 1999 on about 70 dunams of state land with incursions onto privately-owned parcels.

    In the Kfar Adumim statement to the High Court, the attorneys write that the Khan al-Ahmar petition is political, “and to this will testify the deeds of the petitioners who exploited the temporary order they received for purposes of opening the school year and populating the school building (made of tires) with pupils . The entire aim of the petition is to advance the petitioners’ political agenda and their attempt to create contiguous Palestinian settlement in strategic areas of Judea and Samaria. The petitioners’ attempt to depict the issue as a legal issue is flawed to a large extent by artificiality and testifies to the petitioner’s lack of good faith.”

  • Des pays européens dénoncent la démolition imminente d’un village bédouin de Cisjordanie : ‘Nous allons prendre des mesures’ - AURDIP - 5 juillet | Noa Landau et Yotam Berger pour Haaretz |Traduction J.Ch. pour l’AURDIP

    Le Coordinateur Spécial de l’ONU pour le Moyen Orient, Nikolay Mladenov, condamne Israël, disant dans un tweet que ‘ces actions sapent la solution à deux Etats’. Un émissaire britannique en Israël relaie la protestation auprès du Conseiller à la Sécurité Nationale israélienne Meir Ben Shabbat.

    Des pays européens unissent leurs forces pour empêcher la démolition de la communauté bédouine de Khan al-Ahmar en Cisjordanie, a dit mercredi au Parlement le ministre d’État britannique pour le Moyen Orient, Alistair Burt.

    La France et l’Irlande ont depuis toutes deux fait écho à l’opposition de la Grande Bretagne dans une déclaration similaire de la part de leurs ministères des Affaires étrangères. On s’attend à ce que d’autres pays européens expriment leurs inquiétudes.

    L’ONU a elle aussi exprimé sa consternation devant les récentes actions d’Israël. Le bureau du Coordinateur Spécial de l’ONU pour le processus de paix au Moyen Orient a envoyé un tweet comme quoi l’émissaire « condamne les destructions à Abu Nuwar et celle en préparation à Khan Al Ahmar ». « Israël devrait arrêter ce genre d’actions et de projets pour reloger les communautés bédouines en Cisjordanie occupée », dit le tweet. « Ces actions sont contraires au droit international et sapent la solution à deux Etats. » (...)