• Architectural Review : The Irish issue

    Un numéro intéressant consacré à l’Irlande

    Avec cette carte de Belfast en page 106

    ‘If there is a canon in Irish architecture, it seems to be one of ambiguity, of refined cross-pollinations, of great thought in small things’, writes Andrew Clancy. He offers an Irishness in relation, between home and away, one that traverses and returns, to stand at the edge of Europe and before the open ocean. By sending this issue to press at the end of May, the idea was to have caught the islands just two months after the UK’s formal departure from the European Union, with whatever strained solution might have been wrought into the land around the border. We remain, however, afloat in the unknown; and as the interminable process grinds on – as Maria McLintock writes – our language around it remains insufficient, the messy and pulsating borderlands collapsed into ‘backstop’.

    Ignoring the rigid, often arbitrary, frontiers dividing countries, choosing to encompass instead the entirety of ‘the islands of Ireland’ is itself a provocation. But in this issue, we ramble the land from end to end and over the sea to Inis Mór, the ambiguity of our appelation proving productive, to rove around rich seams and difficult terrain to cast an eye over a land in the middle of something.

    In the keynote, Shane O’Toole traces the developments of a critical culture of architecture across Ireland, starting in November 1974 when the AR paid a visit to Dublin, and following on through to the threats posed to the culture today. ‘How long can architects survive on house extensions and other small private commissions before their potential atrophies?’, he asks. In reflection, Eleanor Beaumont considers the ambitious architecture packed into Dublin’s domestic projects, such as those by Clancy Moore, TAKA, Ryan W Kennihan Architects, and Arigho Larmour Wheeler Architects, and Noreile Breen features as this issue’s AREA profile. Going back to Group 91, and the introduction of Irish architecture to an international scene, we also feature a retrospective on Grafton Architects, and their offers of silence in the cacophony of the city.

    We go to Galway, on the Republic’s western coast, to review the recently-completed Pálás cinema by dePaor, a small and fantastical gem fourteen years in the making. Further out in the remote western reaches of Rosmuc and the Aran isle of Inis Mór, we also feature two new school buildings by Paul Dillon, the simplicity and clarity of which does not undermine their value. Looking back to a school rooted in 1970s ideals, we revisit Birr Community School by Peter and Mary Doyle, a school found to be ‘no museum piece’, as John McLaughlin and Aiobheann Ní Mhearáin write: ‘the values it embodies are as pertinent today as they were when it was first built.’

    In Belfast, Mark Hackett asserts that the roads that profess to connect the city can be as divisive as its walls, and Gary A Boyd reviews the transport hub designed by Hackett’s former partners, Hall McKnight, as part of a masterplan hoped to catalyse regeneration of the city’s dislocated fringe. In Outrage, Dawn Foster writes that inequalities in access to social housing continue to perpetuate the divide between Catholics and Protestants. In Cantrell Close in Belfast for example, the banners hung around the purportedly mixed community constitute a warning: symbols become violent, even lethal. As Darran Anderson writes, the land is one of iconographers – but also one of iconoclasts, the violence of the conflict mirrored by symbolic acts of destruction carried out on architecture as a receptacle of collective memory.

    In this issue we also feature The raingod’s green, dark as passion, a lyrical story of Cork by Kevin Barry, while Reputations looks at the life of States-based architect, Pritzker laureate and County Cork native, Kevin Roche.

    #irlande #architecture #conflit #frontière #urban_matter

  • Silicon Valley Came to Kansas Schools. That Started a Rebellion. - The New York Times

    Silicon Valley had come to small-town Kansas schools — and it was not going well.

    “I want to just take my Chromebook back and tell them I’m not doing it anymore,” said Kallee Forslund, 16, a 10th grader in Wellington.

    Eight months earlier, public schools near Wichita had rolled out a web-based platform and curriculum from Summit Learning. The Silicon Valley-based program promotes an educational approach called “personalized learning,” which uses online tools to customize education. The platform that Summit provides was developed by Facebook engineers. It is funded by Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook’s chief executive, and his wife, Priscilla Chan, a pediatrician.

    Many families in the Kansas towns, which have grappled with underfunded public schools and deteriorating test scores, initially embraced the change. Under Summit’s program, students spend much of the day on their laptops and go online for lesson plans and quizzes, which they complete at their own pace. Teachers assist students with the work, hold mentoring sessions and lead special projects. The system is free to schools. The laptops are typically bought separately.

    Then, students started coming home with headaches and hand cramps. Some said they felt more anxious. One child asked to bring her dad’s hunting earmuffs to class to block out classmates because work was now done largely alone.

    “We’re allowing the computers to teach and the kids all looked like zombies,” said Tyson Koenig, a factory supervisor in McPherson, who visited his son’s fourth-grade class. In October, he pulled the 10-year-old out of the school.

    “Change rarely comes without some bumps in the road,” said Gordon Mohn, McPherson’s superintendent of schools. He added, “Students are becoming self-directed learners and are demonstrating greater ownership of their learning activities.”

    John Buckendorf, Wellington High School’s principal, said the “vast majority of our parents are happy with the program.”

    The resistance in Kansas is part of mounting nationwide opposition to Summit, which began trials of its system in public schools four years ago and is now in around 380 schools and used by 74,000 students. In Brooklyn, high school students walked out in November after their school started using Summit’s platform. In Indiana, Pa., after a survey by Indiana University of Pennsylvania found 70 percent of students wanted Summit dropped or made optional, the school board scaled it back and then voted this month to terminate it. And in Cheshire, Conn., the program was cut after protests in 2017.

    “When there are frustrating situations, generally ki

    ds get over them, parents get over them, and they all move on,” said Mary Burnham, who has two grandchildren in Cheshire’s school district and started a petition to end Summit’s use. “Nobody got over this.”

    Silicon Valley has tried to remake American education in its own image for years, even as many in tech eschew gadgets and software at home and flood into tech-free schools. Summit has been part of the leading edge of the movement, but the rebellion raises questions about a heavy reliance on tech in public schools.

    For years, education experts have debated the merits of self-directed, online learning versus traditional teacher-led classrooms. Proponents argue that programs like Summit provide children, especially those in underserved towns, access to high-quality curriculums and teachers. Skeptics worry about screen time and argue that students miss out on important interpersonal lessons.❞

    When this school year started, children got laptops to use Summit software and curriculums. In class, they sat at the computers working through subjects from math to English to history. Teachers told students that their role was now to be a mentor .

    Myriland French, 16, a student at Wellington’s high school, said she had developed eye strain and missed talking to teachers and students in class. “Everyone is more stressed now,” she said.

    #Facebook #Education #Summit

  • The United Nations backs seed sovereignty in landmark small-scale farmers’ rights declaration

    On Dec. 17, the United Nations General Assembly took a quiet but historic vote, approving the Declaration on the Rights of Peasants and other People Working in Rural Areas by a vote of 121-8 with 52 abstentions. The declaration, the product of some 17 years of diplomatic work led by the international peasant alliance La Via Campesina, formally extends human rights protections to farmers whose “seed sovereignty” is threatened by government and corporate practices.

    “As peasants we need the protection and respect for our values and for our role in society in achieving food sovereignty,” said #Via_Campesina coordinator Elizabeth Mpofu after the vote. Most developing countries voted in favor of the resolution, while many developed country representatives abstained. The only “no” votes came from the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, New Zealand, Hungary, Israel and Sweden.

    “To have an internationally recognized instrument at the highest level of governance that was written by and for peasants from every continent is a tremendous achievement,” said Jessie MacInnis of Canada’s National Farmers Union. The challenge, of course, is to mobilize small-scale farmers to claim those rights, which are threatened by efforts to impose rich-country crop breeding regulations onto less developed countries, where the vast majority of food is grown by peasant farmers using seeds they save and exchange.
    Seed sovereignty in Zambia

    The loss of seed diversity is a national problem in Zambia. “We found a lot of erosion of local seed varieties,” Juliet Nangamba, program director for the Community Technology Development Trust, told me in her Lusaka office. She is working with the regional Seed Knowledge Initiative (SKI) to identify farmer seed systems and prevent the disappearance of local varieties. “Even crops that were common just 10 years ago are gone.” Most have been displaced by maize, which is heavily subsidized by the government. She’s from Southern Province, and she said their survey found very little presence of finger millet, a nutritious, drought-tolerant grain far better adapted to the region’s growing conditions.

    Farmers are taking action. Mary Tembo welcomed us to her farm near Chongwe in rural Zambia. Trained several years ago by Kasisi Agricultural Training Center in organic agriculture, Tembo is part of the SKI network, which is growing out native crops so seed is available to local farmers. Tembo pulled some chairs into the shade of a mango tree to escape the near-100-degree Fahrenheit heat, an unseasonable reminder of Southern Africa’s changing climate. Rains were late, as they had been several of the last few years. Farmers had prepared their land for planting but were waiting for a rainy season they could believe in.

    Tembo didn’t seem worried. She still had some of her land in government-sponsored hybrid maize and chemical fertilizer, especially when she was lucky enough to get a government subsidy. But most of her land was in diverse native crops, chemical free for 10 years.

    “I see improvements from organic,” she explained, as Kasisi’s Austin Chalala translated for me from the local Nyanja language. “It takes more work, but we are now used to it.” The work involves more careful management of a diverse range of crops planted in ways that conserve and rebuild the soil: crop rotations; intercropping; conservation farming with minimal plowing; and the regular incorporation of crop residues and composted manure to build soil fertility. She has six pigs, seven goats, and 25 chickens, which she says gives her enough manure for the farm.

    She was most proud of her seeds. She disappeared into the darkness of her small home. I was surprised when she emerged with a large fertilizer bag. She untied the top of the bag and began to pull out her stores of homegrown organic seeds. She laughed when I explained my surprise. She laid them out before us, a dazzling array: finger millet; orange maize; Bambara nuts; cowpea; sorghum; soybeans; mung beans; three kinds of groundnuts; popcorn; common beans. All had been saved from her previous harvest. The contribution of chemical fertilizer to these crops was, clearly, just the bag.

    She explained that some would be sold for seed. There is a growing market for these common crops that have all but disappeared with the government’s obsessive promotion of maize. Some she would share with the 50 other farmer members of the local SKI network. And some she and her family happily would consume. Crop diversity is certainly good for the soil, she said, but it’s even better for the body.
    Peasant rights crucial to climate adaptation

    We visited three other Kasisi-trained farmers. All sang the praises of organic production and its diversity of native crops. All said their diets had improved dramatically, and they are much more food-secure than when they planted only maize. Diverse crops are the perfect hedge against a fickle climate. If the maize fails, as it has in recent years, other crops survive to feed farmers’ families, providing a broader range of nutrients. Many traditional crops are more drought-tolerant than maize.

    Another farmer we visited already had planted, optimistically, before the rains arrived. She showed us her fields, dry and with few shoots emerging. With her toe, she cleared some dirt from one furrow to reveal small green leaves, alive in the dry heat. “Millet,” she said proudly. With a range of crops, she said, “the farmer can never go wrong.”

    I found the same determination in Malawi, where the new Farm-Saved Seed Network (FASSNet) is building awareness and working with government on a “Farmers’ Rights” bill to complement a controversial Seed Bill, which deals only with commercial seeds. A parallel process is advancing legislation on the right to food and nutrition. Both efforts should get a shot in the arm with the U.N.’s Peasants’ Rights declaration.

    The declaration gives such farmers a potentially powerful international tool to defend themselves from the onslaught of policies and initiatives, led by multinational seed companies, to replace native seeds with commercial varieties, the kind farmers have to buy every year.

    Kasisi’s Chalala told me that narrative is fierce in Zambia, with government representatives telling farmers such as Tembo that because her seeds are not certified by the government, they should be referred to only as “grain.”

    Eroding protection from GMOs

    As if to illustrate the ongoing threats to farm-saved seed, that same week in Zambia controversy erupted over two actions by the government’s National Biosafety Board to weaken the country’s proud and clear stance against the use of genetically modified crops. The board quietly had granted approval for a supermarket chain to import and sell three products with GMOs, a move promptly criticized by the Zambian National Farmers Union.

    Then it was revealed that the board secretly was drawing up regulations for the future planting of GM crops in the country, again in defiance of the government’s approved policies. The Zambian Alliance for Agroecology and Biodiversity quickly denounced the initiative.

    The U.N. declaration makes such actions a violation of peasants’ rights. Now the task is to put that new tool in farmers’ hands. “As with other rights, the vision and potential of the Peasant Rights Declaration will only be realized if people organize to claim these rights and to implement them in national and local institutions,” argued University of Pittsburgh sociologists Jackie Smith and Caitlin Schroering in Common Dreams. “Human rights don’t ‘trickle down’ — they rise up!”
    #ONU #semences #déclaration #souveraineté #souveraineté_semencière (?) #agriculture #paysannerie #Zambie #OGM #climat #changement_climatique
    ping @odilon

  • Ces femmes qui ont compté dans l’ombre

    photo apparaissant « par magie », donc non créditée

    On trouve beaucoup d’exemples de travaux scientifiques basés sur le travail de « calculatrices féminines », dont les noms apparaissent au mieux dans les remerciements.

    L’un de mes articles scientifiques préférés a été écrit par Edward Lorenz, en 1963, et s’intitule « Deterministic Nonperiodic Flow » (flot déterministe et non périodique). Il s’agit de l’un des textes fondateurs de la théorie du chaos. Son contenu passera dans le grand public un peu plus tard à travers la belle image de l’effet papillon : un battement d’ailes d’un papillon au Brésil pourrait engendrer un ouragan au Texas. Cette publication est un mélange extraordinaire de physique, de météorologie, de mathématiques et de simulations numériques. Je l’ai lue et relue un très grand nombre de fois et je croyais la connaître jusque la semaine dernière.

    Un article de Joshua Sokol dans Quanta Magazine m’a appris que j’aurais dû lire le dernier paragraphe dans lequel l’auteur remercie « Miss Ellen Fetter qui a pris en charge les nombreux calculs et les graphiques ». Comment ? Ce n’est pas Edward Lorenz qui a fait les calculs, mais une assistante ? Il faut comprendre que simuler le mouvement de l’atmosphère sur un ordinateur était une composante essentielle de l’article. En 1963, les ordinateurs étaient primitifs et « prendre en charge les calculs » aurait probablement mérité un peu plus qu’un discret remerciement.

    Ce n’est pas la première fois que des scientifiques utilisent des « calculatrices féminines », dont les noms apparaissent au mieux dans les remerciements. Dix ans auparavant, Enrico Fermi, John Pasta et Stanislaw Ulam publiaient la première simulation numérique d’un système physique complexe. On peut considérer cet article comme la naissance d’une nouvelle discipline de physique mathématique. Il s’agissait d’étudier, sur un ordinateur, les vibrations d’une chaîne constituée d’une soixantaine de ressorts « non linéaires ».

    Là encore, deux lignes discrètes dans la publication remercient Miss Mary Tsingou pour « la programmation efficace du problème et pour avoir effectué les calculs sur l’ordinateur Maniac de Los Alamos », ce qui représente pourtant une partie très importante du travail. Ce n’est qu’en 2008 que le physicien Thierry Dauxois lira ces deux lignes et proposera d’appeler Fermi-Pasta-Ulam-Tsingou cette simulation numérique. J’aurais même proposé de respecter l’ordre alphabétique…


    • Nicole-Reine Lepaute — Wikipédia

      Détail d’un portrait de Nicole-Reine Lepaute
      par Guillaume Voiriot, là aussi, il faut aller chercher l’auteur qui n’est pas mentionné dans les infos WP de l’image, mais en note de l’article…

      Nicole Reine Lepaute, née Étable, le 5 janvier 1723 à Paris, morte dans la même ville le 6 décembre 1788, est une calculatrice et astronome française. Elle est, avec Caroline Herschel et la marquise du Châtelet une des principales femme scientifique du siècle des Lumières.

      Son travail est souvent inclus dans celui d’autres auteurs, dont Jérôme de Lalande et son mari. Mais, s’il faut en croire Lalande, qui l’aimait beaucoup, elle était « un maître plutôt qu’un émule ». Elle a notamment aidé au calcul de la date précise du retour de la comète de Halley de 1759 et contributrice majeure au calcul de l’éphéméride astronomique La connaissance des temps.

    • On trouve beaucoup d’exemples de travaux scientifiques basés sur le travail de « calculatrices féminines », dont les noms apparaissent au mieux dans les remerciements.

      L’un de mes articles scientifiques préférés a été écrit par Edward Lorenz, en 1963, et s’intitule « Deterministic Nonperiodic Flow » (flot déterministe et non périodique). Il s’agit de l’un des textes fondateurs de la théorie du chaos. Son contenu passera dans le grand public un peu plus tard à travers la belle image de l’effet papillon : un battement d’ailes d’un papillon au Brésil pourrait engendrer un ouragan au Texas. Cette publication est un mélange extraordinaire de physique, de météorologie, de mathématiques et de simulations numériques. Je l’ai lue et relue un très grand nombre de fois et je croyais la connaître jusque la semaine dernière.

      Un article de Joshua Sokol dans Quanta Magazine m’a appris que j’aurais dû lire le dernier paragraphe dans lequel l’auteur remercie « Miss Ellen Fetter qui a pris en charge les nombreux calculs et les graphiques ». Comment ? Ce n’est pas Edward Lorenz qui a fait les calculs, mais une assistante ? Il faut comprendre que simuler le mouvement de l’atmosphère sur un ordinateur était une composante essentielle de l’article. En 1963, les ordinateurs étaient primitifs et « prendre en charge les calculs » aurait probablement mérité un peu plus qu’un discret remerciement.

      Calculs faits à la main

      Ce n’est pas la première fois que des scientifiques utilisent des « calculatrices féminines », dont les noms apparaissent au mieux dans les remerciements. Dix ans auparavant, Enrico Fermi, John Pasta et Stanislaw Ulam publiaient la première simulation numérique d’un système physique complexe. On peut considérer cet article comme la naissance d’une nouvelle discipline de physique mathématique. Il s’agissait d’étudier, sur un ordinateur, les vibrations d’une chaîne constituée d’une soixantaine de ressorts « non linéaires ».

      Là encore, deux lignes discrètes dans la publication remercient Miss Mary Tsingou pour « la programmation efficace du problème et pour avoir effectué les calculs sur l’ordinateur Maniac de Los Alamos », ce qui représente pourtant une partie très importante du travail. Ce n’est qu’en 2008 que le physicien Thierry Dauxois lira ces deux lignes et proposera d’appeler Fermi-Pasta-Ulam-Tsingou cette simulation numérique. J’aurais même proposé de respecter l’ordre alphabétique…

      En remontant encore dans le temps, on arrive à une période où les calculs étaient faits à la main, et où la main en question était bien souvent féminine. Dans les années 1940, un membre d’un institut de mathématiques appliquées ose parler du kilogirl (kilofille) : la quantité de calculs qu’une femme peut produire en mille heures ! Vers 1880, l’astronome Edward Charles Pickering recrute, à Harvard (Massachusetts), une équipe de plus de 80 calculatrices féminines surnommées « harem de Pickering » et payées moins qu’un ouvrier.

      On sait que la comète de Halley est visible dans le ciel à peu près tous les soixante-seize ans. Sa trajectoire est perturbée par l’attraction de Jupiter et de Saturne. Au milieu du XVIIIe siècle, certains savants doutaient encore de la théorie de la gravitation de Newton. Le calcul de la date du retour de la comète fut un grand moment de l’histoire des sciences. En novembre 1758, l’académicien Alexis Clairaut annonce un retour « vers le mois d’avril de l’année prochaine ».

      Ce fut un triomphe quand sa prédiction se réalisa. La théorie est en effet due à Clairaut, mais les calculs monstrueux ont été effectués par Joseph Lalande et Nicole-Reine Lepaute qui « calculaient depuis le matin jusqu’au soir, parfois même à table ». Clairaut « oubliera » de remercier sa collaboratrice. La Ville de Paris rendra partiellement justice à Nicole-Reine, en 2007, en donnant son nom à une rue.

      Nicole-Reine Lepaute (1723-1788), calculatrice et astronome.

      En 2017, l’ingénieur de Google James Damore a été renvoyé après avoir affirmé que le manque d’informaticiennes était d’origine biologique.

  • Harcèlement sexuel au travail : quand on achète le silence des victimes

    La majorité des victimes que nous avons rencontrées ont accepté une transaction parce qu’elles avaient envie de tourner la page rapidement. Mais une autre raison est avancée par Marilyn Baldeck déléguée générale de l’Association contre les violences faites aux femmes au travail (AVFT) : « La plupart des victimes acceptent des transactions faute de mieux, faute de se sentir capable d’affronter une procédure judiciaire, sa longueur, son coût, les attaques incessantes à leur encontre. La plupart disent que si les procédures judiciaires étaient plus courtes et moins chères, elles auraient refusé la transaction. »

    Selon l’avocate Rachel Saada, « ces femmes n’ont souvent pas les moyens d’aller en justice pour un procès long et très éprouvant, car cette affaire les a fragilisées. Elles ont perdu leur travail, et se retrouvent soit avec des allocations maladie soit avec une allocation chômage. Donc grosso modo elles ont perdu entre 40 % et 50 % de leurs revenus. »

    La perte d’emploi pour les victimes de harcèlement sexuel est très fréquente, confirme Marylin Baldeck : « Dans nos dossiers, 95 % des salariés qui ont dénoncé du harcèlement sexuel ont perdu ou finissent par perdre leur travail. » Si les victimes perdent leur emploi, c’est principalement parce qu’elles n’ont plus la force d’y rester. « Ces violences entraînent des désordres physiques et psychiques extrêmement importants, poursuit-elle. Les victimes ne peuvent pas conserver leur travail parce que leur état de santé ne le permet plus, et c’est pour ça qu’elles sont très régulièrement licenciées pour inaptitude. »
    Une clause qui interdit de témoigner dans un autre procès

    Une étrange clause est quasi systématiquement incluse dans les transactions. Elle prévoit, en plus du silence que les victimes doivent observer, une interdiction de témoigner dans tout autre procès pour harcèlement sexuel, dans lequel leur entreprise serait amenée à se justifier. « C’est une pratique que les cabinets anglo-saxons ont largement répandue et c’est donc très fréquent, explique l’avocate Rachel Saada. Mais ces clauses ne sont pas licites. C’est de l’intimidation. C’est comme si on disait à la personne qui a signé : maintenant que tu as obtenu la somme que tu voulais, tu dois te taire à jamais. J’estime qu’il n’est pas question d’interdire à une personne de témoigner de faits dont elle aurait pu être témoin. »

  • A beginner’s guide to Philippine feminism

    Sister #Mary_John_Mananzan, the co-founder of women’s organization Gabriela, was a political activist in the Philippines before she became a feminist.

    It was only when she went to a women’s conference in Venice, Austria and heard discussions about incest and wife-beating that she felt the need to call herself a feminist. “It dawned on me, ‘My goodness these [abuses] are in the Philippines too,” she says. “[I realized] you cannot have a social transformation unless this gender question is resolved.”

    Another known feminist, #Ging_Deles, who helped develop one of the first laws protecting women in the Philippines, got into feminism in the ‘80s. She says that she was working in the social development sector, but after meetings of bigger social development conferences, women began gathering together. Through these smaller get-togethers, it became clear how the issues of women were largely different from men, urging them to further push for women’s rights.

    Mich Dulce, a designer and co-founder of the women’s community collective Grrrl Gang, shares that she got into feminism because of music. In a previous interview with CNN Philippines Life, she said: “The [feminist music movement of the ‘60s] was what led me to become a feminist. I was not born ‘woke.’ I lived in a bubble for such a long time.”

    Deles, Mananzan, and Dulce all call themselves feminists and yet they all had different access points to feminism. We all come from diverse contexts, so if you’re looking for an entry point towards understanding the women’s movement in the Philippines, here’s a list of literature, films, and video discussions that you can consume:

    “The Woman Question in the Philippines”

    According to Gantala Press’ Faye Cura, this booklet by Sr. Mary John Mananzan offers an introduction to the state of women in the Philippines. “It contextualizes the oppression of Filipinas within the country’s colonial/neocolonial history,” she says. “It [also] discusses the challenges faced by women today — inequality and discrimination, gender-based violence, trafficking, and poverty, as well as Filipina women’s constant efforts to overcome these through feminism and the women’s movement.”

    “Daloy I” and “Daloy II”

    Batis AWARE (Association of Women in Action for Rights and Empowerment) is an organization that advocates for the rights of Filipino migrant women. In 2016, together with the publishing outfit Youth and Beauty Brigade, Batis AWARE published “Daloy 1,” a zine that features writings of Filipino migrant women. In 2018, Batis AWARE and YBB published “Daloy 2,” which dives deeper into the issues of Filipino migrant women — their day-to-day struggles, the abuses they face, and the continuous fight for their rights, among others.

    “Centennial Crossings: Readings on Babaylan Feminism in the Philippines”

    While there is a scarcity of recorded historical data on pre-colonial Philippines, there have been pieces of literature that reveal the central role women play during this era. A significant icon of pre-colonial Philippines is the babaylan, a healer or shaman who is usually a woman. In the book “Centennial Crossings: Readings on Babaylan Feminism in the Philippines,” the editors Fe Mangahas and Jenny Llaguno shine a light on how babaylanism is the inherent source of a Filipina’s strength and that babaylanism may perhaps be the forebearer of the women’s movement in the country.

    “Amazons of the Huk Rebellion: Gender, Sex, and Revolution in the Philippines”

    Written by Vina Lanzona, this book details how women in the Philippines were central to the revolution against Japanese occupation. “[This] provides an in-depth narration and analysis of the life and heroism of women warriors of the Hukbong Bayan Laban sa Hapon (Hukbalahap),” says Faye Cura. “[It begins] at the onset of the Japanese occupation of the Philippines until after the war has ended and the ‘Amazons’ were vilified in popular imagination. A must-read for all Filipinos.”

    ... and so on...
    #femmes #féminisme #Philippines #femmes_philippines #livres #livre

  • Une flâneuse à la dérive

    Mary Jones aime à se définir comme une « flâneuse ». Une flâneuse qui, au cours de ses dérives dans la ville de Des Moines, observe les lieux et les habitant⋅e⋅s, fait des photos, remplit des carnets d’esquisses, prend des notes, enregistre parfois aussi des sons. Une masse de matériaux bruts qu’elle assemble ensuite en images hybrides (collages, superpositions, sampling visuels) qui composent une sorte de cartographie personnelle, subjective, voir intime, de la cité et de ses marges.

    #art #cartographie #culturevisuelle #territoires

  • First-ever private border wall built in #New_Mexico

    A private group announced Monday that it has constructed a half-mile wall along a section of the U.S.-Mexico border in New Mexico, in what it said was a first in the border debate.

    The 18-foot steel bollard wall is similar to the designs used by the Border Patrol, sealing off a part of the border that had been a striking gap in existing fencing, according to We Build the Wall, the group behind the new section.

    The section was also built faster and, organizers say, likely more cheaply than the government has been able to manage in recent years.

    Kris Kobach, a former secretary of state in Kansas and an informal immigration adviser to President Trump, says the New Mexico project has the president’s blessing, and says local Border Patrol agents are eager to have the assistance.

    “We’re closing a gap that’s been a big headache for them,” said Mr. Kobach, who is general counsel for We Build the Wall.
    #privatisation #murs #barrières_frontalières #USA #Mexique #frontières #business #complexe_militaro-industriel
    ping @albertocampiphoto @daphne

    • The #GoFundMe Border Wall Is the Quintessential Trump-Era Grift

      In 2012, historian Rick Perlstein wrote a piece of essential reading for understanding modern conservatism, titled “The Long Con” and published by the Baffler. It ties the right’s penchant for absurd and obvious grifts to the conservative mind’s particular vulnerability to fear and lies:

      The strategic alliance of snake-oil vendors and conservative true believers points up evidence of another successful long march, of tactics designed to corral fleeceable multitudes all in one place—and the formation of a cast of mind that makes it hard for either them or us to discern where the ideological con ended and the money con began.

      Lying, Perlstein said, is “what makes you sound the way a conservative is supposed to sound.” The lies—about abortion factories, ACORN, immigrants, etc.—fund the grifts, and the grifts prey on the psychology that makes the lies so successful.

      Perlstein’s piece is all I could think of when I saw last night’s CNN story about the border wall GoFundMe, which seemingly has actually produced Wall. According to CNN, the group We Build the Wall says it has produced a half-mile of border wall in New Mexico. CNN was invited to watch the construction, where Kris Kobach, who is general counsel for the group, spoke “over the clanking and beeping of construction equipment.”

      #Steve_Bannon, who is naturally involved with the group, told CNN that the wall connects existing fencing and had “tough terrain” that means it was left “off the government list.” The half-mile stretch of wall cost an “estimated $6 million to $8 million to build,” CNN reported.

      CNN also quoted #Jeff_Allen, who owns the property on which the fence was built, as saying: “I have fought illegals on this property for six years. I love my country and this is a step in protecting my country.” According to MSN, Allen partnered with United Constitutional Patriots to build the wall with We Build the Wall’s funding. UCP is the same militia that was seen on video detaining immigrants and misrepresenting themselves as Border Patrol; the Phoenix New Times reported on the “apparent ties” between the UCP and We Build the Wall earlier this month.

      This story is bursting at the seams with an all-star lineup of right-wing scammers. The GoFundMe itself, of course, has been rocked by scandal: After the effort raised $20 million, just $980 million short of the billion-dollar goal, GoFundMe said in January that the funds would be returned, since creator Brian Kolfage had originally pledged that “If for ANY reason we don’t reach our goal we will refund your donation.” But Kolfage quickly figured out how to keep the gravy train going, urging those who had donated to allow their donations to be redirected to a non-profit. Ultimately, $14 million of that $20 million figure was indeed rerouted by the idiots who donated it.

      That non-profit became #We_Build_The_Wall, and like all good conservative con jobs, it has the celebs of the fever swamp attached to it. Not only #Kris_Kobach, a tenacious liar who failed at proving voter fraud is a widespread problem—but also slightly washed-up figures like Bannon, Sheriff David Clarke, Curt Schilling, and Tom Tancredo. All the stars are here!

      How much sleazier could it get? Try this: the main contractor working at the site of New Wall, according to CNN, is Tommy Fisher. The Washington Post reported last week that Trump had “personally and repeatedly urged the head of the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers” to give the contract for the border wall to the company owned by Fisher, a “GOP donor and frequent guest on Fox News,” despite the fact that the Corps of Engineers previously said Fisher’s proposals didn’t meet their requirements.

      Of course, like all good schemes, the need for more money never ceases: On the Facebook page for the group, the announcement that Wall had been completed was accompanied with a plea for fans to “DONATE NOW to fund more walls! We have many more projects lined up!”

      So, what we have is: A tax-exempt non-profit raised $20 million by claiming it would be able to make the federal government build Wall by just giving it the money for it and then, when that didn’t happen, getting most of its donors to reroute that money; then it built a half-mile of wall on private land for as much as $8 million, which went to a firm of a Fox News star whom President Trump adores.

      Perlstein wrote in the aforementioned piece that it’s hard to “specify a break point where the money game ends and the ideological one begins,” since “the con selling 23-cent miracle cures for heart disease inches inexorably into the one selling miniscule marginal tax rates as the miracle cure for the nation itself.” The con job was sold through fear: “Conjuring up the most garishly insatiable monsters precisely in order to banish them from underneath the bed, they aim to put the target to sleep.”

      The Trump era is the inartful, gaudy, brazen peak of this phenomenon. This time, instead of selling fake stem cell cures using the language of Invading Liberals, the grifters are just straight-up selling—for real American dollars—the promise of building a big wall to keep the monsters out.

    • Company touted by Trump to build the wall has history of fines, violations

      President Donald Trump appears to have set his sights on a North Dakota construction firm with a checkered legal record to build portions of his signature border wall.
      The family-owned company, #Fisher_Sand_&_Gravel, claims it can build the wall cheaper and faster than competitors. It was among a handful of construction firms chosen to build prototypes of the President’s border wall in 2017 and is currently constructing portions of barrier on private land along the border in New Mexico using private donations.
      It also, however, has a history of red flags including more than $1 million in fines for environmental and tax violations. A decade ago, a former co-owner of the company pleaded guilty to tax fraud, and was sentenced to prison. The company also admitted to defrauding the federal government by impeding the IRS. The former executive, who’s a brother of the current company owner, is no longer associated with it.
      More than two years into his presidency, Trump is still fighting to build and pay for his border wall, a key campaign issue. After failing to get his requests for wall funding passed by a Republican-held Congress during his first two years in office, Trump has met resistance this year from a Democratic-controlled House. His attempt to circumvent Congress through a national emergency declaration has been challenged in the courts.
      On May 24, a federal district judge blocked the administration from using Defense Department funds to construct parts of the wall. The Trump administration has since appealed the block to the 9th US Circuit Court of Appeals and in the interim, asked the district court to allow building to continue pending appeal. The district court denied the administration’s request.
      Despite the uncertainty, construction firms have been competing to win multimillion-dollar contracts to build portions of wall, including Fisher Sand & Gravel.

      Asked by CNN to comment on the company’s history of environmental violations and legal issues, the company said in a statement: “The questions you are asking have nothing to do with the excellent product and work that Fisher is proposing with regard to protecting America’s southern border. The issues and situations in your email were resolved years ago. None of those matters are outstanding today.”
      Catching the President’s attention
      The company was founded in North Dakota in 1952 and operates in several states across the US. It’s enjoyed public support from North Dakota Republican Sen. Kevin Cramer, who as a congressman invited the company’s CEO, Tommy Fisher, to Trump’s State of the Union address in 2018. Cramer has received campaign contributions from Fisher and his wife. A photo of the event shared by Fisher in a company newsletter shows Tommy Fisher shaking Trump’s hand.
      The Washington Post first reported the President’s interest in Fisher. According to the Post, the President has “aggressively” pushed for the Army Corps of Engineers to award a wall contract to Fisher.
      The President “immediately brought up Fisher” during a May 23 meeting in the Oval Office to discuss details of the border wall with various government officials, including that he wants it to be painted black and include French-style doors, according to the Post and confirmed by CNN.
      “The Army Corps of Engineers says about 450 miles of wall will be completed by the end of next year, and the only thing President Trump is pushing, is for the wall to be finished quickly so the American people have the safety and security they deserve,” said Hogan Gidley, White House deputy press secretary.
      A US government official familiar with the meeting tells CNN that the President has repeatedly mentioned the company in discussions he’s had about the wall with the head of the Army Corps of Engineers, Lt. Gen. Todd Semonite.
      Fisher has recently made efforts to raise its public profile, both by upping its lobbying efforts and through repeated appearances on conservative media by its CEO, Tommy Fisher.

      In the past two years, for example, the company’s congressional lobbying expenditures jumped significantly — from $5,000 in 2017 to $75,000 in 2018, according to data compiled by the Center for Responsive Politics, a non-profit that tracks lobbying expenditures.

      When asked about Fisher Sand & Gravel’s lobbying, Don Larson, one of Fisher’s registered lobbyists, said: “I am working to help decision makers in Washington become familiar with the company and its outstanding capabilities.”
      Media Blitz
      As part of a media blitz on outlets including Fox News, SiriusXM Patriot and Breitbart News, Tommy Fisher has discussed his support for the border wall and pitched his company as the one to build it. In a March 5 appearance on Fox & Friends, Fisher said that his company could build 234 miles of border wall for $4.3 billion, compared to the $5.7 billion that the Trump administration has requested from Congress.
      Fisher claimed that his firm can work five-to-10 times faster than competitors as a result of its construction process.
      The President has also touted Fisher on Fox News. In an April interview in which he was asked about Fisher by Sean Hannity, Trump said the company was “recommended strongly by a great new senator, as you know, Kevin Cramer. And they’re real. But they have been bidding and so far they haven’t been meeting the bids. I thought they would.”
      Despite the President’s interest, the company has thus far been unsuccessful in obtaining a contract to build the border wall, beyond that of a prototype.

      Earlier this year, Fisher put its name in the running for border wall contracts worth nearly $1 billion. When it lost the bid to Barnard Construction Co. and SLSCO Ltd., Fisher protested the awards over claims that the process was biased. In response, the Army Corps canceled the award. But after a review of the process, the Army Corps combined the projects and granted it to a subsidiary of Barnard Construction, according to an agency spokesperson.
      It’s unclear whether the project will proceed, given the recent decision by a federal judge to block the use of Defense Department funds to build parts of the border wall and the administration’s appeal.
      Fisher, which has a pending lawsuit in the US Court of Federal Claims over the solicitation process, is listed by the Defense Department as being among firms eligible to compete for future border contracts.

      It has moved forward with a private group, We Build the Wall, that is building sections of barrier on private land in New Mexico using private money raised as part of a GoFundMe campaign. Kris Kobach, the former Kansas Secretary of State who is now general counsel for the group, said a half-mile stretch is nearly complete, at an estimated cost of $6 million to $8 million.

      In a statement, a Customs and Border Protection spokesperson said Fisher Industries has told them that the company has begun construction on private property along the border “in the approximate area of a USBP border barrier requirement that was not prioritized under current funding.”
      The spokesperson added: “It is not uncommon for vendors” to demonstrate their capabilities using “their own resources,” but the agency goes on to “encourage all interested vendors” to compete for border contracts “through established mechanisms to ensure any construction is carried out under relevant federal authorities and meets USBP operational requirements for border barrier.”
      In responses provided to CNN through Scott Sleight, an attorney working on behalf of the company, Fisher maintained that it’s “committed to working with all appropriate federal government officials and agencies to provide its expertise and experience to help secure America’s southern border.”
      The company says it has “developed a patent-pending bollard fence hanging system that [it] believes allows border fencing to be constructed faster than any contractor using common construction methods.” It also added: “Fisher has been concerned about the procurement procedures and evaluations done by the USACE to date, and hopes these issues can be remedied.”
      Relationship with Sen. Cramer
      A month after attending the 2018 State of the Union address with Cramer, Fisher and his wife, Candice each contributed the $5,400 maximum donation to Cramer’s campaign for the US Senate, Federal Election Commission records show.
      Fisher also donated to several Arizona Republicans in the 2018 election cycle, including giving the $5,400-maximum donation to Martha McSally’s campaign, records show.
      A recent video produced by Fisher Sand & Gravel demonstrating its ability to construct the wall includes a clip of Cramer at the controls of a track-hoe lifting sections of barrier wall into place, saying “this is just like XBOX, baby.” Cramer was joined at the demonstration by a handful of other Republican lawmakers from across the country.

      Cramer has been publicly critical of how the Army Corps has handled its border wall construction work, arguing that it has moved too slowly and expressing frustration over how it has dealt with Fisher. In an interview with a North Dakota TV station, Cramer said that he believes the corps “made a miscalculation in who they chose over Fisher” and that the company had been “skunked so to speak.” Cramer added that Fisher “remains a pre-qualified, high level, competitor.”

      In an interview with CNN, Cramer said that the company has come up in conversations he has had with administration officials, including the President and the head of the Army Corps, but while the senator said that he would “love if they got every inch of the project,” he added that he has “never advocated specifically for them.”
      "Every time someone comes to meet with me, whether it’s (Acting Defense Secretary) Shanahan, General Semonite, even with Donald Trump, they bring up Fisher Industries because they assume that’s my thing," Cramer said.
      “One of the things I’ve never done is said it should be Fisher,” Cramer said. “Now, I love Fisher. I’d love if they got every inch of the project. They’re my constituents, I don’t apologize for that. But my interest really is more in the bureaucratic process.”
      According to an administration official familiar with the situation, Cramer sent information about Fisher to the President’s son-in-law and White House adviser Jared Kushner, who then passed it along to the Army Corps of Engineers for their consideration. The source tells CNN that Kushner was not familiar with the company prior to getting information about them from Cramer.
      Cramer said he does recall passing along information about the company to Kushner, but that he did not know what Kushner did with the information.
      On May 24, Cramer told a North Dakota radio station that the President has asked him to examine the process of how federal border wall projects are awarded.
      “We’re going to do an entire audit,” Cramer said. “I’ve asked for the entire bid process, and all of the bid numbers.” Cramer told CNN the President said he wanted the wall built for the “lowest, best price, and it’s also quality, and that’s what any builder should want.”
      Asked about aspects of the company’s checkered legal record, Cramer said “that level of scrutiny is important, but I would hope the same scrutiny would be put on the Corps of Engineers.”
      Environmental violations
      Though its corporate headquarters are in North Dakota, Fisher has a sizable footprint in Arizona, where it operates an asphalt company as well as a drilling and blasting company. It’s there that the company has compiled an extensive track record of environmental violations.
      From 2007 to 2017, Fisher Sand & Gravel compiled more than 1,300 air-quality violations in Maricopa County, culminating in the third highest settlement ever received by the Maricopa County Air Quality Department, according to Bob Huhn, a department spokesperson. That’s a record number of violations for any air-quality settlement in the county, Huhn said. The settlement totaled more than $1 million, though the department received slightly less than that following negotiations, Huhn said.
      Most of the violations came from an asphalt plant that the company was running in south Phoenix that has since closed. While the plant was still running, the City of Phoenix filed 469 criminal charges against the company from August to October of 2009, according to a city spokesperson.
      According to a 2010 article in the Arizona Republic, Fisher reached an agreement with Phoenix officials to close the plant in 2010. As part of the deal, fines were reduced from $1.1 million to an estimated $243,000 and all criminal charges were reduced to civil charges.
      Mary Rose Wilcox was a member of the Maricopa Board of Supervisors at the time the city and county were fighting Fisher over the asphalt plant, which was located in her district. “They tried to persuade us they were good guys since they were a family-owned company. But they were spreading noxious fumes into a residential area,” Wilcox said. “We tried to work with them, but their violations were just so blatant.”
      Michael Pops, a community activist who lived in the area around the plant, remembers fighting with Fisher for six years before the plant finally shut down. “The impact they had on this community was devastating,” Pops said, adding many low-income residents living near the asphalt plant were sickened from the fumes the plant emitted.
      The company has also racked up more than 120 violations with the Arizona Department of Environmental Quality from 2004 until as recently as last summer, according to the department.
      In 2011, Fisher agreed to a Consent Judgement with ADEQ over numerous air quality violations the company had committed. As part of that settlement, Fisher agreed to pay $125,000 in civil penalties, and that it would remain in compliance with state air quality standards. Within two years Fisher was found to be in violation of that agreement and was forced to pay an additional $500,000 in fines, according to the state’s attorney general’s office.
      Legal trouble
      Internally, the company has also confronted issues.
      In 2011, Fisher Sand & Gravel agreed to pay $150,000 to settle a sexual discrimination and retaliation suit filed by the US Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. The lawsuit charged that the company violated federal anti-discrimination laws when it “subjected two women workers to egregious verbal sexual harassment by a supervisor and then fired one of them after she repeatedly asked the supervisor to stop harassing her and complained to a job superintendent.”
      The settlement required Fisher to provide anti-discrimination training to its employees in New Mexico and review its policies on sexual harassment.
      Micheal Fisher, a former co-owner of Fisher and Tommy’s brother, was sentenced to prison in 2009 for tax fraud, according to the Justice Department. Fisher pleaded guilty to “conspiracy to defraud the United States by impeding the [Internal Revenue Service], four counts of aiding in the filing of false federal tax returns for FSG and four counts of filing false individual tax returns,” according to a Justice Department release.
      The company also admitted responsibility for defrauding the US by impeding the IRS, according to the DOJ. Citing a long standing policy of not commenting on the contracting process, the Army Corps declined to comment on whether Fisher’s history factored into its decision not to award Fisher a contract.

    • Private US-Mexico border wall ordered open by gov’t, fights back and is now closed again

      The privately funded portion of the U.S.-Mexico border wall is now fully secure and closed again after one of its gates had been ordered to remain open until disputes about waterway access could be resolved.

      “Our border wall & gate are secure again and we still have not had a single breach. I want to thank the IBWC for acting swiftly and we look forward to working with you on our future projects,” triple amputee Air Force veteran Brian Kolfage posted to Twitter on Tuesday night.

      Kolfage created We Build The Wall Inc., a nonprofit that is now backed by former Trump Administration Chief Strategist Steve Bannon. The group crowd-funded more than $22 million in order to privately build a border wall and then sell it to the U.S. government for $1.

      A portion of that wall has been constructed in Texas for between $6 and $8 million. The 1-mile-long wall is located on private property near El Paso, Texas, and Sunland Park, New Mexico.

      However, the International Boundary and Water Commission (IBWC) had ordered a 33-foot gate within the private border wall to remain open – not locked and closed – over a waterway access issue, according to BuzzFeed News. The IBCW addresses waterway issues between the U.S. and Mexico.

      “This is normally done well in advance of a construction project,” IBWC spokesperson Lori Kuczmanski said. “They think they can build now and ask questions later, and that’s not how it works.”

      BuzzFeed reported that the IBWC said the gate “had blocked officials from accessing a levee and dam, and cut off public access to a historic monument known as Monument One, the first in a series of obelisks that mark the U.S.–Mexico border from El Paso to Tijuana.”

      By Tuesday night, the IBWC said the gate would remain locked at night and issued a statement.

      “The U.S. Section of the International Boundary and Water Commission (USIBWC) will lock the privately-owned gate on federal property at night effective immediately due to security concerns,” it said.

      The statement continues:

      The USIBWC is continuing to work with We Build the Wall regarding its permit request. Until this decision, the private gate was in a locked open position. We Build the Wall, a private organization, built a gate on federal land in Sunland Park, N.M., near El Paso, Texas, without authority, and then locked the gate closed on June 6, 2019. The private gate blocks a levee road owned by the U.S. Government. After repeated requests to unlock and open the private gate, the United States Section of the International Boundary and Water Commission (USIBWC), accompanied by two uniformed law enforcement officers from the Dona Ana County Sheriff’s Office, removed the private lock, opened the gate, and locked the gate open pending further discussions with We Build the Wall. The gate was also opened so that USIBWC employees can conduct maintenance and operations at American Dam.

      The USIBWC did not authorize the construction of the private gate on federal property as announced on We Build the Wall’s Twitter page. The USIBWC is not charged with securing other fences or gates as reported by We Build the Wall. The international border fences are not on USIBWC property. The USIBWC did not open any other gates in the El Paso area as erroneously reported. Other gates and the border fence are controlled by other federal agencies.

      When the proper documentation is received for the permit, USIBWC will continue to process the permit application.

      Before the statement had been released, Kolfage posted to Twitter.

  • A Chypre, Monsieur Tout-le-Monde tuait des femmes étrangères, travailleuses invisibles

    La mort leur a donné un nom. Arian Palanas Lozano, Maricar Valdez, Asmita Khadka Bista, Livia-Florentina Bunea et Mary Rose Tiburcio… Les deux dernières étaient les mamans d’Elena et Sierra, 8 et 6 ans. Cinq femmes et deux fillettes, des étrangères victimes de Nikos Metaxas, suspecté d’être le premier tueur en série de l’histoire de l’île de Chypre. Ces travailleuses invisibles sont devenues les symboles de milliers de migrantes que la société chypriote a longtemps ignorées.

    Au cœur de l’Union européenne, à quelques semaines d’élections continentales, des milliers de femmes sont ainsi « réduites à l’état de choses par des employeurs qui abusent de leur pauvreté », dénonce Ester Beatty. « Certaines bossent jusqu’à quinze heures par jour ! »

    #féminicide #exploitation #migrations

  • Who Was Shakespeare? Could the Author Have Been a Woman? - The Atlantic

    On a spring night in 2018, I stood on a Manhattan sidewalk with friends, reading Shakespeare aloud. We were in line to see an adaptation of Macbeth and had decided to pass the time refreshing our memories of the play’s best lines. I pulled up Lady Macbeth’s soliloquy on my iPhone. “Come, you spirits / That tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here,” I read, thrilled once again by the incantatory power of the verse. I remembered where I was when I first heard those lines: in my 10th-grade English class, startled out of my adolescent stupor by this woman rebelling magnificently and malevolently against her submissive status. “Make thick my blood, / Stop up th’ access and passage to remorse.” Six months into the #MeToo movement, her fury and frustration felt newly resonant.

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    Pulled back into plays I’d studied in college and graduate school, I found myself mesmerized by Lady Macbeth and her sisters in the Shakespeare canon. Beatrice, in Much Ado About Nothing, raging at the limitations of her sex (“O God, that I were a man! I would eat his heart in the marketplace”). Rosalind, in As You Like It, affecting the swagger of masculine confidence to escape those limitations (“We’ll have a swashing and a martial outside, / As many other mannish cowards have / That do outface it with their semblances”). Isabella, in Measure for Measure, fearing no one will believe her word against Angelo’s, rapist though he is (“To whom should I complain? Did I tell this, / Who would believe me?”). Kate, in The Taming of the Shrew, refusing to be silenced by her husband (“My tongue will tell the anger of my heart, / Or else my heart concealing it will break”). Emilia, in one of her last speeches in Othello before Iago kills her, arguing for women’s equality (“Let husbands know / Their wives have sense like them”).
    I was reminded of all the remarkable female friendships, too: Beatrice and Hero’s allegiance; Emilia’s devotion to her mistress, Desdemona; Paulina’s brave loyalty to Hermione in The Winter’s Tale; and plenty more. (“Let’s consult together against this greasy knight,” resolve the merry wives of Windsor, revenging themselves on Falstaff.) These intimate female alliances are fresh inventions—they don’t exist in the literary sources from which many of the plays are drawn. And when the plays lean on historical sources (Plutarch, for instance), they feminize them, portraying legendary male figures through the eyes of mothers, wives, and lovers. “Why was Shakespeare able to see the woman’s position, write entirely as if he were a woman, in a way that none of the other playwrights of the age were able to?” In her book about the plays’ female characters, Tina Packer, the founding artistic director of Shakespeare & Company, asked the question very much on my mind.

    Doubts about whether William Shakespeare (who was born in Stratford-upon-Avon in 1564 and died in 1616) really wrote the works attributed to him are almost as old as the writing itself. Alternative contenders—Francis Bacon; Christopher Marlowe; and Edward de Vere, the 17th earl of Oxford, prominent among them—continue to have champions, whose fervor can sometimes border on fanaticism. In response, orthodox Shakespeare scholars have settled into dogmatism of their own. Even to dabble in authorship questions is considered a sign of bad faith, a blinkered failure to countenance genius in a glover’s son. The time had come, I felt, to tug at the blinkers of both camps and reconsider the authorship debate: Had anyone ever proposed that the creator of those extraordinary women might be a woman? Each of the male possibilities requires an elaborate theory to explain his use of another’s name. None of the candidates has succeeded in dethroning the man from Stratford. Yet a simple reason would explain a playwright’s need for a pseudonym in Elizabethan England: being female.
    Who was this woman writing “immortal work” in the same year that Shakespeare’s name first appeared in print?

    Long before Tina Packer marveled at the bard’s uncanny insight, others were no less awed by the empathy that pervades the work. “One would think that he had been Metamorphosed from a Man to a Woman,” wrote Margaret Cavendish, the 17th-century philosopher and playwright. The critic John Ruskin said, “Shakespeare has no heroes—he has only heroines.” A striking number of those heroines refuse to obey rules. At least 10 defy their fathers, bucking betrothals they don’t like to find their own paths to love. Eight disguise themselves as men, outwitting patriarchal controls—more gender-swapping than can be found in the work of any previous English playwright. Six lead armies.

    The prevailing view, however, has been that no women in Renaissance England wrote for the theater, because that was against the rules. Religious verse and translation were deemed suitable female literary pursuits; “closet dramas,” meant only for private reading, were acceptable. The stage was off-limits. Yet scholars have lately established that women were involved in the business of acting companies as patrons, shareholders, suppliers of costumes, and gatherers of entrance fees. What’s more, 80 percent of the plays printed in the 1580s were written anonymously, and that number didn’t fall below 50 percent until the early 1600s. At least one eminent Shakespeare scholar, Phyllis Rackin, of the University of Pennsylvania, challenges the blanket assumption that the commercial drama pouring forth in the period bore no trace of a female hand. So did Virginia Woolf, even as she sighed over the obstacles that would have confronted a female Shakespeare: “Undoubtedly, I thought, looking at the shelf where there are no plays by women, her work would have gone unsigned.”

    A tantalizing nudge lies buried in the writings of Gabriel Harvey, a well-known Elizabethan literary critic. In 1593, he referred cryptically to an “excellent Gentlewoman” who had written three sonnets and a comedy. “I dare not Particularise her Description,” he wrote, even as he heaped praise on her.

    All her conceits are illuminate with the light of Reason; all her speeches beautified with the grace of Affability … In her mind there appeareth a certain heavenly Logic; in her tongue & pen a divine Rhetoric … I dare undertake with warrant, whatsoever she writeth must needs remain an immortal work, and will leave, in the activest world, an eternal memory of the silliest vermin that she should vouchsafe to grace with her beautiful and allective style, as ingenious as elegant.

    Who was this woman writing “immortal work” in the same year that Shakespeare’s name first appeared in print, on the poem “Venus and Adonis,” a scandalous parody of masculine seduction tales (in which the woman forces herself on the man)? Harvey’s tribute is extraordinary, yet orthodox Shakespeareans and anti-Stratfordians alike have almost entirely ignored it.

    Until recently, that is, when a few bold outliers began to advance the case that Shakespeare might well have been a woman. One candidate is Mary Sidney, the countess of Pembroke (and beloved sister of the celebrated poet Philip Sidney)—one of the most educated women of her time, a translator and poet, and the doyenne of the Wilton Circle, a literary salon dedicated to galvanizing an English cultural renaissance. Clues beckon, not least that Sidney and her husband were the patrons of one of the first theater companies to perform Shakespeare’s plays. Was Shakespeare’s name useful camouflage, allowing her to publish what she otherwise couldn’t?
    Shakespeare’s life is remarkably well documented—yet no records from his lifetime identify him unequivocally as a writer.

    But the candidate who intrigued me more was a woman as exotic and peripheral as Sidney was pedigreed and prominent. Not long after my Macbeth outing, I learned that Shakespeare’s Globe, in London, had set out to explore this figure’s input to the canon. The theater’s summer 2018 season concluded with a new play, Emilia, about a contemporary of Shakespeare’s named Emilia Bassano. Born in London in 1569 to a family of Venetian immigrants—musicians and instrument-makers who were likely Jewish—she was one of the first women in England to publish a volume of poetry (suitably religious yet startlingly feminist, arguing for women’s “Libertie” and against male oppression). Her existence was unearthed in 1973 by the Oxford historian A. L. Rowse, who speculated that she was Shakespeare’s mistress, the “dark lady” described in the sonnets. In Emilia, the playwright Morgan Lloyd Malcolm goes a step further: Her Shakespeare is a plagiarist who uses Bassano’s words for Emilia’s famous defense of women in Othello.

    Could Bassano have contributed even more widely and directly? The idea felt like a feminist fantasy about the past—but then, stories about women’s lost and obscured achievements so often have a dreamlike quality, unveiling a history different from the one we’ve learned. Was I getting carried away, reinventing Shakespeare in the image of our age? Or was I seeing past gendered assumptions to the woman who—like Shakespeare’s heroines—had fashioned herself a clever disguise? Perhaps the time was finally ripe for us to see her.

    The ranks of Shakespeare skeptics comprise a kind of literary underworld—a cross-disciplinary array of academics, actors (Derek Jacobi and Mark Rylance are perhaps the best known), writers, teachers, lawyers, a few Supreme Court justices (Sandra Day O’Connor, Antonin Scalia, John Paul Stevens). Look further back and you’ll find such illustrious names as Ralph Waldo Emerson, Walt Whitman, Mark Twain, Henry James, Sigmund Freud, Helen Keller, and Charlie Chaplin. Their ideas about the authorship of the plays and poems differ, but they concur that Shakespeare is not the man who wrote them.

    Their doubt is rooted in an empirical conundrum. Shakespeare’s life is remarkably well documented, by the standards of the period—yet no records from his lifetime identify him unequivocally as a writer. The more than 70 documents that exist show him as an actor, a shareholder in a theater company, a moneylender, and a property investor. They show that he dodged taxes, was fined for hoarding grain during a shortage, pursued petty lawsuits, and was subject to a restraining order. The profile is remarkably coherent, adding up to a mercenary impresario of the Renaissance entertainment industry. What’s missing is any sign that he wrote.

    From January 1863: Nathaniel Hawthorne considers authorship while visiting Stratford-upon-Avon

    No such void exists for other major writers of the period, as a meticulous scholar named Diana Price has demonstrated. Many left fewer documents than Shakespeare did, but among them are manuscripts, letters, and payment records proving that writing was their profession. For example, court records show payment to Ben Jonson for “those services of his wit & pen.” Desperate to come up with comparable material to round out Shakespeare, scholars in the 18th and 19th centuries forged evidence—later debunked—of a writerly life.

    To be sure, Shakespeare’s name can be found linked, during his lifetime, to written works. With Love’s Labour’s Lost, in 1598, it started appearing on the title pages of one-play editions called “quartos.” (Several of the plays attributed to Shakespeare were first published anonymously.) Commentators at the time saluted him by name, praising “Shakespeare’s fine filed phrase” and “honey-tongued Shakespeare.” But such evidence proves attribution, not actual authorship—as even some orthodox Shakespeare scholars grant. “I would love to find a contemporary document that said William Shakespeare was the dramatist of Stratford-upon-Avon written during his lifetime,” Stanley Wells, a professor emeritus at the University of Birmingham’s Shakespeare Institute, has said. “That would shut the buggers up!”
    October 1991 Atlantic cover

    In 1991, The Atlantic commissioned two pieces from admittedly partisan authors, Irving Matus and Tom Bethell, to examine and debate the argument:
    In Defense of Shakespeare
    The Case for Oxford

    By contrast, more than a few of Shakespeare’s contemporaries are on record suggesting that his name got affixed to work that wasn’t his. In 1591, the dramatist Robert Greene wrote of the practice of “underhand brokery”—of poets who “get some other Batillus to set his name to their verses.” (Batillus was a mediocre Roman poet who claimed some of Virgil’s verses as his own.) The following year, he warned fellow playwrights about an “upstart Crow, beautified with our feathers,” who thinks he is the “onely Shake-scene in a countrey.” Most scholars agree that the “Crow” is Shakespeare, then an actor in his late 20s, and conclude that the new-hatched playwright was starting to irk established figures. Anti-Stratfordians see something else: In Aesop’s fables, the crow was a proud strutter who stole the feathers of others; Horace’s crow, in his epistles, was a plagiarist. Shakespeare was being attacked, they say, not as a budding dramatist, but as a paymaster taking credit for others’ work. “Seeke you better Maisters,” Greene advised, urging his colleagues to cease writing for the Crow.

    Ben Jonson, among others, got in his digs, too. Scholars agree that the character of Sogliardo in Every Man Out of His Humour—a country bumpkin “without brain, wit, anything, indeed, ramping to gentility”—is a parody of Shakespeare, a social climber whose pursuit of a coat of arms was common lore among his circle of actors. In a satirical poem called “On Poet-Ape,” Jonson was likely taking aim at Shakespeare the theater-world wheeler-dealer. This poet-ape, Jonson wrote, “from brokage is become so bold a thief,”

    At first he made low shifts, would pick and glean,
    Buy the reversion of old plays; now grown
    To a little wealth, and credit in the scene,
    He takes up all, makes each man’s wit his own

    What to make of the fact that Jonson changed his tune in the prefatory material that he contributed to the First Folio of plays when it appeared seven years after Shakespeare’s death? Jonson’s praise there did more than attribute the work to Shakespeare. It declared his art unmatched: “He was not of an age, but for all time!” The anti-Stratfordian response is to note the shameless hype at the heart of the Folio project. “Whatever you do, Buy,” the compilers urged in their dedication, intent on a hard sell for a dramatist who, doubters emphasize, was curiously unsung at his death. The Folio’s introductory effusions, they argue, contain double meanings. Jonson tells readers, for example, to find Shakespeare not in his portrait “but his Booke,” seeming to undercut the relation between the man and the work. And near the start of his over-the-top tribute, Jonson riffs on the unreliability of extravagant praise, “which doth ne’er advance / The truth.”

    From September 1904: Ralph Waldo Emerson celebrates Shakespeare

    The authorship puzzles don’t end there. How did the man born in Stratford acquire the wide-ranging knowledge on display in the plays—of the Elizabethan court, as well as of multiple languages, the law, astronomy, music, the military, and foreign lands, especially northern Italian cities? The author’s linguistic brilliance shines in words and sayings imported from foreign vocabularies, but Shakespeare wasn’t educated past the age of 13. Perhaps he traveled, joined the army, worked as a tutor, or all three, scholars have proposed. Yet no proof exists of any of those experiences, despite, as the Oxford historian Hugh Trevor-Roper pointed out in an essay, “the greatest battery of organized research that has ever been directed upon a single person.”
    Emilia Bassano’s life encompassed the breadth of the Shakespeare canon: its low-class references and knowledge of the court; its Italian sources and Jewish allusions; its music and feminism.

    In fact, a document that does exist—Shakespeare’s will—would seem to undercut such hypotheses. A wealthy man when he retired to Stratford, he was meticulous about bequeathing his properties and possessions (his silver, his second-best bed). Yet he left behind not a single book, though the plays draw on hundreds of texts, including some—in Italian and French—that hadn’t yet been translated into English. Nor did he leave any musical instruments, though the plays use at least 300 musical terms and refer to 26 instruments. He remembered three actor-owners in his company, but no one in the literary profession. Strangest of all, he made no mention of manuscripts or writing. Perhaps as startling as the gaps in his will, Shakespeare appears to have neglected his daughters’ education—an incongruity, given the erudition of so many of the playwright’s female characters. One signed with her mark, the other with a signature a scholar has called “painfully formed.”

    “Weak and unconvincing” was Trevor-Roper’s verdict on the case for Shakespeare. My delving left me in agreement, not that the briefs for the male alternatives struck me as compelling either. Steeped in the plays, I felt their author would surely join me in bridling at the Stratfordians’ unquestioning worship at the shrine—their arrogant dismissal of skeptics as mere deluded “buggers,” or worse. (“Is there any more fanatic zealot than the priest-like defender of a challenged creed?” asked Richmond Crinkley, a former director of programs at the Folger Shakespeare Library who was nonetheless sympathetic to the anti-Stratfordian view.) To appreciate how belief blossoms into fact—how readily myths about someone get disseminated as truth—one can’t do better than to read Shakespeare. Just think of how obsessed the work is with mistaken identities, concealed women, forged and anonymous documents—with the error of trusting in outward appearances. What if searchers for the real Shakespeare simply haven’t set their sights on the right pool of candidates?

    Read: An interview with the author of ‘The Shakespeare Wars’

    I met Emilia Bassano’s most ardent champion at Alice’s Tea Cup, which seemed unexpectedly apt: A teahouse on Manhattan’s Upper West Side, it has quotes from Alice in Wonderland scrawled across the walls. (“off with their heads!”) John Hudson, an Englishman in his 60s who pursued a degree at the Shakespeare Institute in a mid-career swerve, had been on the Bassano case for years, he told me. In 2014, he published Shakespeare’s Dark Lady: Amelia Bassano Lanier, the Woman Behind Shakespeare’s Plays? His zeal can sometimes get the better of him, yet he emphasizes that his methods and findings are laid out “for anyone … to refute if they wish.” Like Alice’s rabbit hole, Bassano’s case opened up new and richly disorienting perspectives—on the plays, on the ways we think about genius and gender, and on a fascinating life.

    Hudson first learned of Bassano from A. L. Rowse, who discovered mention of her in the notebooks of an Elizabethan physician and astrologer named Simon Forman. In her teens, she became the mistress of Henry Carey, Lord Hunsdon, the master of court entertainment and patron of Shakespeare’s acting company. And that is only the start. Whether or not Bassano was Shakespeare’s lover (scholars now dismiss Rowse’s claim), the discernible contours of her biography supply what the available material about Shakespeare’s life doesn’t: circumstantial evidence of opportunities to acquire an impressive expanse of knowledge.

    Bassano lived, Hudson points out, “an existence on the boundaries of many different social worlds,” encompassing the breadth of the Shakespeare canon: its coarse, low-class references and its intimate knowledge of the court; its Italian sources and its Jewish allusions; its music and its feminism. And her imprint, as Hudson reads the plays, extends over a long period. He notes the many uses of her name, citing several early on—for instance, an Emilia in The Comedy of Errors. (Emilia, the most common female name in the plays alongside Katherine, wasn’t used in the 16th century by any other English playwright.) Titus Andronicus features a character named Bassianus, which was the original Roman name of Bassano del Grappa, her family’s hometown before their move to Venice. Later, in The Merchant of Venice, the romantic hero is a Venetian named Bassanio, an indication that the author perhaps knew of the Bassanos’ connection to Venice. (Bassanio is a spelling of their name in some records.)

    Further on, in Othello, another Emilia appears—Iago’s wife. Her famous speech against abusive husbands, Hudson notes, doesn’t show up until 1623, in the First Folio, included among lines that hadn’t appeared in an earlier version (lines that Stratfordians assume—without any proof—were written before Shakespeare’s death). Bassano was still alive, and by then had known her share of hardship at the hands of men. More to the point, she had already spoken out, in her 1611 book of poetry, against men who “do like vipers deface the wombs wherein they were bred.”

    Prodded by Hudson, you can discern traces of Bassano’s own life trajectory in particular works across the canon. In All’s Well That Ends Well, a lowborn girl lives with a dowager countess and a general named Bertram. When Bassano’s father, Baptista, died in 1576, Emilia, then 7, was taken in by Susan Bertie, the dowager countess of Kent. The countess’s brother, Peregrine Bertie, was—like the fictional Bertram—a celebrated general. In the play, the countess tells how a father “famous … in his profession” left “his sole child … bequeathed to my overlooking. I have those hopes of her good that her education promises.” Bassano received a remarkable humanist education with the countess. In her book of poetry, she praised her guardian as “the Mistris of my youth, / The noble guide of my ungovern’d dayes.”
    Bassano’s life sheds possible light on the plays’ preoccupation with women caught in forced or loveless marriages.

    As for the celebrated general, Hudson seizes on the possibility that Bassano’s ears, and perhaps eyes, were opened by Peregrine Bertie as well. In 1582, Bertie was named ambassador to Denmark by the queen and sent to the court at Elsinore—the setting of Hamlet. Records show that the trip included state dinners with Rosencrantz and Guildenstern, whose names appear in the play. Because emissaries from the same two families later visited the English court, the trip isn’t decisive, but another encounter is telling: Bertie met with the Danish astronomer Tycho Brahe, whose astronomical theories influenced the play. Was Bassano (then just entering her teens) on the trip? Bertie was accompanied by a “whole traine,” but only the names of important gentlemen are recorded. In any case, Hudson argues, she would have heard tales on his return.

    Later, as the mistress of Henry Carey (43 years her senior), Bassano gained access to more than the theater world. Carey, the queen’s cousin, held various legal and military positions. Bassano was “favoured much of her Majesty and of many noblemen,” the physician Forman noted, indicating the kind of extensive aristocratic associations that only vague guesswork can accord to Shakespeare. His company didn’t perform at court until Christmas of 1594, after several of the plays informed by courtly life had already been written. Shakespeare’s history plays, concerned as they are with the interactions of the governing class, presume an insider perspective on aristocratic life. Yet mere court performances wouldn’t have enabled such familiarity, and no trace exists of Shakespeare’s presence in any upper-class household.

    And then, in late 1592, Bassano (now 23) was expelled from court. She was pregnant. Carey gave her money and jewels and, for appearance’s sake, married her off to Alphonso Lanier, a court musician. A few months later, she had a son. Despite the glittering dowry, Lanier must not have been pleased. “Her husband hath dealt hardly with her,” Forman wrote, “and spent and consumed her goods.”

    Bassano was later employed in a noble household, probably as a music tutor, and roughly a decade after that opened a school. Whether she accompanied her male relatives—whose consort of recorder players at the English court lasted 90 years—on their trips back to northern Italy isn’t known. But the family link to the home country offers support for the fine-grained familiarity with the region that (along with in-depth musical knowledge) any plausible candidate for authorship would seem to need—just what scholars have had to strain to establish for Shakespeare. (Perhaps, theories go, he chatted with travelers or consulted books.) In Othello, for example, Iago gives a speech that precisely describes a fresco in Bassano del Grappa—also the location of a shop owned by Giovanni Otello, a likely source of the title character’s name.

    Her Bassano lineage—scholars suggest the family were conversos, converted or hidden Jews presenting as Christians—also helps account for the Jewish references that scholars of the plays have noted. The plea in The Merchant of Venice for the equality and humanity of Jews, a radical departure from typical anti-Semitic portrayals of the period, is well known. “Hath not a Jew hands, organs, dimensions, senses, affections, passions?” Shylock asks. “If you prick us, do we not bleed?” A Midsummer Night’s Dream draws from a passage in the Talmud about marriage vows; spoken Hebrew is mixed into the nonsense language of All’s Well That Ends Well.
    Stephen Doyle

    What’s more, the Bassano family’s background suggests a source close to home for the particular interest in dark figures in the sonnets, Othello, and elsewhere. A 1584 document about the arrest of two Bassano men records them as “black”—among Elizabethans, the term could apply to anyone darker than the fair-skinned English, including those with a Mediterranean complexion. (The fellows uttered lines that could come straight from a comic interlude in the plays: “We have as good friends in the court as thou hast and better too … Send us to ward? Thou wert as good kiss our arse.”) In Love’s Labour’s Lost, the noblemen derisively compare Rosaline, the princess’s attendant, to “chimney-sweepers” and “colliers” (coal miners). The king joins in, telling Berowne, who is infatuated with her, “Thy love is black as ebony,” to which the young lord responds, “O wood divine!”

    Bassano’s life sheds possible light, too, on another outsider theme: the plays’ preoccupation with women caught in forced or loveless marriages. Hudson sees her misery reflected in the sonnets, thought to have been written from the early 1590s to the early 1600s. “When, in disgrace with fortune and men’s eyes, / I all alone beweep my outcast state, /And trouble deaf heaven with my bootless cries, /And look upon myself and curse my fate,” reads sonnet 29. (When Maya Angelou first encountered the poem as a child, she thought Shakespeare must have been a black girl who had been sexually abused: “How else could he know what I know?”) For Shakespeare, those years brought a rise in status: In 1596, he was granted a coat of arms, and by 1597, he was rich enough to buy the second-largest house in Stratford.

    Read: What Maya Angelou meant when she said ‘Shakespeare must be a black girl’

    In what is considered an early or muddled version of The Taming of the Shrew, a man named Alphonso (as was Bassano’s husband) tries to marry off his three daughters, Emilia, Kate, and Philema. Emilia drops out in the later version, and the father is now called Baptista (the name of Bassano’s father). As a portrait of a husband dealing “hardly” with a wife, the play is horrifying. Yet Kate’s speech of submission, with its allusions to the Letters of Paul, is slippery: Even as she exaggeratedly parrots the Christian doctrine of womanly subjection, she is anything but dutifully silent.

    Shakespeare’s women repeatedly subvert such teachings, perhaps most radically in The Winter’s Tale, another drama of male cruelty. There the noblewoman Paulina, scorned by King Leontes as “a most intelligencing bawd” with a “boundless tongue,” bears fierce witness against him (no man dares to) when he wrongly accuses Queen Hermione of adultery and imprisons her. As in so many of the comedies, a more enlightened society emerges in the end because the women’s values triumph.

    I was stunned to realize that the year The Winter’s Tale was likely completed, 1611, was the same year Bassano published her book of poetry, Salve Deus Rex Judæorum. Her writing style bears no obvious resemblance to Shakespeare’s in his plays, though Hudson strains to suggest similarities. The overlap lies in the feminist content. Bassano’s poetry registers as more than conventional religious verse designed to win patronage (she dedicates it to nine women, Mary Sidney included, fashioning a female literary community). Scholars have observed that it reads as a “transgressive” defense of Eve and womankind. Like a cross-dressing Shakespearean heroine, Bassano refuses to play by the rules, heretically reinterpreting scripture. “If Eve did err, it was for knowledge sake,” she writes. Arguing that the crucifixion, a crime committed by men, was a greater crime than Eve’s, she challenges the basis of men’s “tyranny” over women.

    “I always feel something Italian, something Jewish about Shakespeare,” Jorge Luis Borges told The Paris Review in 1966. “Perhaps Englishmen admire him because of that, because it’s so unlike them.” Borges didn’t mention feeling “something female” about the bard, yet that response has never ceased to be part of Shakespeare’s allure—embodiment though he is of the patriarchal authority of the Western canon. What would the revelation of a woman’s hand at work mean, aside from the loss of a prime tourist attraction in Stratford-upon-Avon? Would the effect be a blow to the cultural patriarchy, or the erosion of the canon’s status? Would (male) myths of inexplicable genius take a hit? Would women at last claim their rightful authority as historical and intellectual forces?

    I was curious to take the temperature of the combative authorship debate as women edge their way into it. Over more tea, I tested Hudson’s room for flexibility. Could the plays’ many connections to Bassano be explained by simply assuming the playwright knew her well? “Shakespeare would have had to run to her every few minutes for a musical reference or an Italian pun,” he said. I caught up with Mark Rylance, the actor and former artistic director of the Globe, in the midst of rehearsals for Othello (whose plot, he noted, comes from an Italian text that didn’t exist in English). A latitudinarian doubter—embracing the inquiry, not any single candidate—Rylance has lately observed that the once heretical notion of collaboration between Shakespeare and other writers “is now accepted, pursued and published by leading orthodox scholars.” He told me that “Emilia should be studied by anyone interested in the creation of the plays.” David Scott Kastan, a well-known Shakespeare scholar at Yale, urged further exploration too, though he wasn’t ready to anoint her bard. “What’s clear is that it’s important to know more about her,” he said, and even got playful with pronouns: “The more we know about her and the world she lived in, the more we’ll know about Shakespeare, whoever she was.”
    Related Stories

    Such Ado: The Fight for Shakespeare’s Puns
    Shakespeare in Love, or in Context

    In the fall, I joined the annual meeting of the Shakespeare Authorship Trust—a gathering of skeptics at the Globe—feeling excited that gender would be at the top of the agenda. Some eyebrows were raised even in this company, but enthusiasm ran high. “People have been totally frustrated with authorship debates that go nowhere, but that’s because there have been 200 years of bad candidates,” one participant from the University of Toronto exclaimed. “They didn’t want to see women in this,” he reflected. “It’s a tragedy of history.”

    He favored Sidney. Others were eager to learn about Bassano, and with collaboration in mind, I wondered whether the two women had perhaps worked together, or as part of a group. I thought of Bassano’s Salve Deus, in which she writes that men have wrongly taken credit for knowledge: “Yet Men will boast of Knowledge, which he tooke / From Eve’s faire hand, as from a learned Booke.”

    The night after the meeting, I went to a performance of Antony and Cleopatra at the National Theatre. I sat enthralled, still listening for the poet in her words, trying to catch her reflection in some forgotten bit of verse. “Give me my robe, put on my crown,” cried the queen, “I have / Immortal longings in me.” There she was, kissing her ladies goodbye, raising the serpent to her breast. “I am fire and air.”

  • Lunéville : une femme meurt devant les #urgences, le #Samu avait refusé de se déplacer

    Les faits remontent au 14 mars dernier, mais ne sont révélés que ce vendredi par L’Est Républicain : Maryse Rabah-Otmani, 56 ans, s’est faite retirer la vésicule biliaire à la clinique Jeanne-d’Arc de Lunéville (Meurthe-et-Moselle) et a souffert de fortes douleurs le lendemain de sa sortie de l’établissement. Malgré la prescription d’un antidouleur, l’état de la patiente s’aggrave, les douleurs persistent.

    Quatre jours après l’intervention, les proches de Maryse Rabah-Otmani appellent le Samu. L’opératrice refuse d’envoyer un véhicule. C’est donc à un proche de la conduire aux urgences qui se trouvent à 30 minutes en voiture. En chemin, la cinquantenaire perd connaissance - on ignore pour le moment si son coeur s’est arrêté de battre à ce moment. Aux urgences, elle est prise en charge par une équipe hospitalière et les pompiers, qui lui font un massage cardiaque. Rien y fait, Maryse Rabah-Otmani est décédée. Sa famille a déposée plainte contre X et une enquête pour homicide involontaire a été transmise à la police judiciaire de Nancy.


  • Visages de la Silicon Valley, Fred Turner et Mary Beth Meehan -

    A l’automne dernier les éditions C&F, basées à Caen, ont publié un ouvrage d’une grande originalité, intitulé Visages de la Silicon Valley, un essai signé Fred Turner avec des photographies et récits de Mary Beth Meehan.

    Cela débute par Cristobal,vétéran de l’armée américaine durant sept ans, dont trois dans l’Irak en guerre, aujourd’hui agent de sécurité chez Facebook, il gagne une vingtaine de dollars de l’heure, et vu le prix de l’immobilier dans la Silicon Valley, il vit dans un abri au fond d’une cour à Mountain View ! Il constate que les immenses richesses des grandes entreprises ne ruissellent pas vraiment.

    Victor, 80 ans, qui survit dans une petite caravane, au milieu d’autres, non loin du magnifique campus de Google. Ni électricité, ni eau. Et aussi Mary, venue d’un village en Ouganda où elle enseignait l’anglais dans toute l’Afrique, venue rejoindre sa fille, et qui voudrait bien repartir : « C’est la solitude ici, tellement de solitude. »

    Ainsi se succèdent les portraits, magnifiques photographies et textes édifiants, matérialisme partout, spiritualité nulle part, argent coulant à flots mais pas pour tous. Précarité, pauvreté, invisibilité, et parfois peur, l’envers terrible de ce que l’on appelait jadis, le rêve américain !

    #Visages_Silicon_Valley #Mary_Beth_Meehan #C&F_éditions #Silicon_Valley

  • Spain’s Far-right Vox Received Almost $1M from ’Marxist-Islamist’ Iranian Exiles: Report | News | teleSUR English

    It is unlikely that Vox’s hyper-nationalist voters know that their party scored a significant presence in Spain’s parliament mostly thanks to Zionists, Islamists and foreigners.

    With the April 28 general elections in Spain over, the far-right party Vox gained about 10 percent of parliamentary seats, marking the far-right’s rising comeback into politics four decades after Francisco Franco’s dictatorship. While a less alarmist reading would say that the far-right was always there, hidden in the conservative People’s Party (PP), the fact that they are out in the open strengthens Europe’s wave of far-right xenophobic and anti-European advance.

    The party appealed to voters in one of Spain’s most contested elections since its return to democracy, mostly basing its arguments against leftists politics, social liberals, migrants, charged mainly with an Islamophobic narrative. Emphasizing the return of a long lost Spain and pushing to fight what they refer to as an “Islamist invasion,” which is the “enemy of Europe.” One could summarize it as an Iberian version of “Make Spain Great Again.”

    Yet while this definitely appealed to almost two million voters, many are unaware of where their party’s initial funding came from. Back in January 2019, an investigation made by the newspaper El Pais revealed, through leaked documents, that almost one million euros - approximately 80 percent of its 2014 campaign funding - donated to Vox between its founding in December 2013 and the European Parliament elections in May 2014 came via the National Council of Resistance of Iran (NCRI), a self-declared “Marxist” organization and an Islamist group made up of Iranian exiles.

    However, this is where things get complicated. The NCRI is based in France and was founded in 1981 by Massoud Rajavi and Abolhassan Banisadr, nowadays its president-elect is Maryam Rajavi (Massoud’s wife). The Rajavis are also the leaders of the Mojahedin-e-Khalq (MEK). A reason for many to believe that the NCRI is just a front for the MEK, which over the past few decades has managed to create a complicated web of anti-Iranian, pro-Israel and right-wing government support from all over the world.

    To understand MEK, it’s necessary to review the 1953 U.S. and British-backed coup which ousted democratically elected prime minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh and instituted a monarchical dictatorship led by Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.

    The oppression carried out by the Pahlavi royal family led to the creation of many radical groups, one which was MEK, whose ideology combined Marxism and Islamism. Its original anti-west, especially anti-U.S. sentiment pushed for the killing of six U.S citizens in Iran in the 1970s. While in 1979, they enthusiastically cheered the seizure of the U.S. embassy in Tehran. After the Iranian Revolution, its young leaders, including Rajavi, pushed for endorsement from the Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini, but were denied.

    So Rajavi, allied with the winner of the country’s first presidential election, Abolhassan Banisadr, who was not an ally of Khomeini, either. Soon Banisadr and MEK became some of Khomeini’s main opposition figures and had fled to Iraq and later to France.

    In the neighboring country, MEK allied with Sadam Hussein to rage war against Iran. In a RAND report, allegations of the group’s complicity with Saddam are corroborated by press reports that quote Maryam Rajavi encouraging MEK members to “take the Kurds under your tanks, and save your bullets for the Iranian Revolutionary Guards."

    The organization was deemed a terrorist organization by the U.S. and European Union for the better part of the 1990s, but things changed after the U.S. invasion to Iraq in 2003. This is when the U.S. neoconservative strategist leading the Department of State and the intelligence agencies saw MEK as an asset rather than a liability. Put simply in words they applied the dictum of “the enemy of my enemy is my friend.”

    The U.S.’s dismissal of past crimes reinvigorated MEK’s intense lobbying campaign to have itself removed from terrorist lists in the U.S. and the European Union. MEK, which by the beginning of the 21 century had morphed into a cult-like group according to many testimonies from dissidents, moved from Camp Ashraf to the U.S-created Camp Liberty outside of Baghdad. And that’s when things rapidly changed.

    According to the Guardian, between 2007 and 2012, a number of Iranian nuclear scientists were attacked. In 2012, NBC News, citing two unnamed U.S. officials, reported that the attacks were planned by Israel’s Mossad and executed by MEK operatives inside Iran. By 2009 and 2012, the EU and the U.S. respectively took it out of its terrorist organizations list.

    Soon after it gained support from U.S. politicians like Rudy Giuliani and current National Security Advisor John Bolton, who now call MEK a legitimate opposition to the current Iranian government. As the U.S. neocon forefathers did before, MEK shed its “Marxism.” After the U.S.’s official withdrawal from Iraq, they built MEK a safe have in Albania, near Tirana, where the trail of money can be followed once again.

    Hassan Heyrani, a former member of MEK’s political department who defected in 2018, and handled parts of the organization’s finances in Iraq, when asked by Foreign Policy where he thought the money for MEK came from, he answered: “Saudi Arabia. Without a doubt.” For another former MEK member, Saadalah Saafi, the organization’s money definitely comes from wealthy Arab states that oppose Iran’s government.

    “Mojahedin [MEK] are the tool, not the funders. They aren’t that big. They facilitate,” Massoud Khodabandeh, who once served in the MEK’s security department told Foreign Policy. “You look at it and say, ‘Oh, Mojahedin are funding [Vox].’ No, they are not. The ones that are funding that party are funding Mojahedin as well.”

    Meanwhile, Danny Yatom, the former head of the Mossad, told the Jersulamen Post that Israel can implement some of its anti-Iran plans through MEK if a war were to break out. Saudi Arabia’s state-run television channels have given friendly coverage to the MEK, and Prince Turki al-Faisal, Saudi Arabia’s former intelligence chief, even appeared in July 2016 at a MEK rally in Paris.

    With Israel and Saudi Arabia backing MEK, the question of why a far-right movement would take money from an Islamist organization clears up a bit. Israel’s support of European far-right parties has been public. In 2010, a sizeable delegation arrived in Tel Aviv, consisting of some 30 leaders of the European Alliance for Freedom, gathering leaders such as Geert Wilders of the Netherlands, Philip Dewinter from Belgium and Jorg Haider’s successor, Heinz-Christian Strache, from Austria.

    Yet for the U.S., Israel, and Saudi Arabia, MEK represents an anti-Iranian voice that they so desperately need, and that on the surface didn’t come from them directly. It is unlikely that Vox’s hyper-nationalist voters know that their party scored a significant presence in Spain’s parliament mostly thanks to Zionists, Islamists and foreigners.

    #Espagne #extrême_droite #Israël #Iran #Arabie_Saoudite #OMPI #Albanie

  • #Eden

    Quand la crise des migrants bouleverse les destins d’une galerie de personnages, entre la #Grèce, l’#Allemagne et la #France. Réalisé par #Dominik_Moll, une fresque lucide et humaniste en six épisodes, ancrée dans la réalité, avec notamment Sylvie Testud.

    Une frêle embarcation de migrants accoste sur une plage grecque. C’est le point de départ de plusieurs histoires qui s’entremêlent à travers l’Europe : à #Athènes, Amare et son frère Daniel sont accueillis dans un camp dirigé par Hélène, une femme d’affaires qui défend un projet de gestion privée des flux de réfugiés ; à #Mannheim, en Allemagne, Silke et Jürgen décident d’héberger un jeune Syrien, Bassam, ce qui contrarie leur fils Florian ; à #Paris, Hamid et Maryam demandent l’asile politique, aidés par un journaliste qui enquête sur les exactions du régime de Bachar el-Assad. Bientôt, Daniel et Amare tentent de s’évader pour gagner l’Angleterre…

    Exigence de véracité
    Fruit d’une collaboration entre les pôles français et allemand d’ARTE et le groupe ARD, Eden aborde la problématique de l’#accueil des réfugiés à travers cinq histoires et une douzaine de protagonistes répartis dans trois pays d’Europe. Cette diversité d’ambiances et de situations donne à la série une ampleur à la hauteur de son sujet. Comment accueillir ? Comment s’intégrer ? La fluidité du récit, soutenue par un intérêt égal pour tous les personnages, permet d’appréhender ces questions dans toute leur complexité. #Dominik_Moll, habitué des histoires inquiétantes à la limite du fantastique (Harry, un ami qui vous veut du bien, Lemming…), change de registre pour composer une fresque ancrée dans la réalité, qui s’autorise des envolées romanesques et quelques pointes d’humour grinçant. Le choix des comédiens, des décors, et la diversité des langues parlées témoignent d’une exigence de véracité exempte de tout moralisme, dans le sillage de personnages fragiles, courageux, émouvants, qui donnent vie à un constat lucide et plein d’humanité.
    #film #série #asile #migrations #réfugiés #intégration
    ping @reka

  • Documentaire sur les religieuses abusées, la justice contraint Arte à cesser toute diffusion

    À la suite d’une plainte en référé, le tribunal d’instance de Hambourg (Allemagne) a rendu sa décision le 20 mars dans laquelle il interdit à ARTE de diffuser à nouveau le documentaire Religieuses abusées, l’autre scandale de l’Église dans sa version actuelle. Source : La Croix

    • Voisi le texte àl’origine du sujet mentinonné dans une interview avec l’auteure


      lien mort vers le texte original

      Enrôlées comme religieuses à destination des couvents du monde entier, les jeunes filles du Tiers-monde sont utilisées comme esclaves sexuelles par le corps ecclésiastique.

      Des religieuses-prostituées comme ces filles chrétiennes de l’état du Kerala - "la réserve « christianisée » des jésuites en Inde" sont envoyées au loin pour en faire des nonnes d’un genre spécial. Quelque part en Afrique, en guise de promesse du ciel, c’est l’enfer qu’elles découvrent à l’abri de la sainte Église qui les utilise comme bétail sexuel au service de son corps ecclésiastique. On a bien fait voeu de célibat mais pas de chasteté. Cette hypocrisie empoisonne l’Occident depuis dix-huit siècles, et serait même à l’origine de la prostitution moderne. Durant des siècles, ce commerce fut pris en mains par l’Église qui était à la fois cliente et maquereau. La moitié de la population féminine de Rome "la ville de pèlerinage obligée pour tout sémina-riste" fut réduite à la prostitution à certaines époques de l’histoire.

      Pour que ce scandale puisse être connu, il aura fallu que des religieuses-médecins, débordées par l’ampleur de ce crime organisé, se décident courageusement à publier des rapports. Mais, immanquablement, ces rapports destinés au Saint-Siège finissent aux oubliettes avec celles qui les ont rédigés.

      Selon l’agence Reuters, « accusé d’entretenir une conspiration du silence autour des cas d’abus sexuels dans les couvents, notamment en Afrique, le Vatican a reconnu l’existence d’une série de scandales, tout en assurant qu’ils étaient limités. » Selon un rapport, des prêtres et des missionnaires ont contraint des religieuses à avoir des relations sexuelles avec eux, en les violant. Certaines victimes ont été obligées de prendre la pilule, d’autres d’avorter. L’ampleur du scandale a amené Joaquin Navarro-Valls, porte-parole du Vatican, à déclarer que le Saint-Siège était « au courant du problème », mais que celui-ci était « limité à certaines zones géographiques » non précisées.

      Conspiration du silence.

      Le rapport, qui a été soumis il y a six ans au cardinal Martinez Solamo, préfet de la Congrégation pour les instituts de vie consacrée et pour les sociétés de vie apostolique, a été rédigé par une religieuse et médecin, Maura O’Donohue. Celle-ci a recensé des cas d’abus dans 23 pays, y compris les Etats-Unis, l’Italie et l’Irlande. Mais elle écrit que la plupart des violences sexuelles commises par des prêtres et missionnaires se sont produites en Afrique, où les religieuses présentent, aux yeux de leurs partenaires potentiels, l’avantage de passer pour être exemptes du virus du sida qui ravage le continent noir.

      L’auteur du rapport, qui mentionne des noms, cite le cas d’un prêtre qui avait mis enceinte une religieuse. Après l’avoir forcée à avorter, ce dont elle est morte, c’est lui qui a célébré la messe d’enterrement.

      Maura O’Donohue rapporte des cas de nombreuses religieuses tombées enceintes en même temps dans des communautés religieuses africaines, notamment celui d’une supérieure relevée de ses fonctions par son évêque après avoir signalé "la grossesse simultanée de 29 de ses soeurs" sans qu’aucune mesure ne soit prise par ailleurs. Selon Marco Politi, correspondant de la Republica au Vatican, ces scandales, qui n’ont commencé à transpirer hors des murs du Vatican qu’il y a peu de temps, ont été portés à l’attention du Saint-Siège à plusieurs reprises au cours de la décennie passée. Sans résultat.

      Une autre religieuse, Marie McDonald, supérieure des Missions de Notre-Dame d’Afrique, avait à son tour soumis en 1998 un rapport sur les « abus sexuels et viols commis par des prêtres et évêques ». « Que je sache, aucune inspection n’a eu lieu. La conspiration du silence aggrave le problème », a t-elle déclaré. Le Vatican observe la situation mais n’a pris aucune mesure concrète.

      Cherchez la secte.

      L’Église est beaucoup plus loquace en ce qui concerne les dérives des prétendues « sectes » qui lui font de la concurrence. Il y a environ 25 ans, un prêtre français au sourire immuable, manipulateur et ambitieux, le père Jean Vernette, fut chargé de répandre l’idéologie antisecte par une propagande extrêmement habile et efficace. Selon l’adage « hors de l’Église, point de salut », Jean Vernette et ses amis inquisiteurs ont fourni à l’association antisecte ADFI toute une panoplie d’armes intellectuelles et logistiques pour traquer les « sectes ». Après avoir quitté l’ADFI, trop virulente, il peaufine son image de saint homme qui prêche la « tolérance » et « l’évangélisation des sectes ».

      En réalité, derrière cette langue de bois onctueuse, « évangélisation » signifie guerre totale. Pour l’ADFI, Vernette rédigea la liste des « symptômes de sectarisme » qui est à l’origine de la persécution de milliers de non-conformistes (long temps de lecture et de méditation, changement de régime alimentaire...).

      Par cette manipulation, l’épiscopat de France nous a fait croire que la secte c’est l’autre, que la pédophilie c’est chez les autres, et que les pratiques mafieuses c’est chez ceux d’en face. Pourtant, dans le seul registre des moeurs, chaque semaine apporte un nouveau cas de pédophilie ecclésiastique en France.

      En bon jésuite, le porte-parole du Vatican a trouvé la parade : « Certaines affaires négatives ne doivent pas nous faire oublier la foi souvent héroïque manifestée par une grande majorité de ces hommes et femmes des ordres religieux et du clergé », a- t-il plaidé.

      Certes, mais lorsqu’un enfant attrape un mauvais rhume dans une « secte » pas très catholique, le journal La Croix et les bons cathos de l’ADFI n’hésitent pas à crier au « crime contre l’humanité ».

      Quant à « la foi souvent héroïque », si c’est de l’évangélisation planétaire dont on parle, il aurait mieux fallu pour l’humanité souffrante que les hordes de missionnaires incultes et arrogants qui ont la prétention de sauver l’âme des païens, restent tranquillement à la maison en s’exerçant à un métier honnête.

      #religion #catholicisme #abus_sexuel #église

    • « Religieuses abusées, l’autre scandale de l’Église » : une enquête choc qui rompt l’omerta

      Pendant deux ans, les documentaristes Marie-Pierre Raimbault et Éric Quintin, épaulé.e.s par la journaliste Élizabeth Drévillon, ont enquêté à travers le monde sur des faits d’abus sexuels commis par des prêtres sur les religieuses. Abusées pendant des années pour certaines, violées et avortées de force ... Ce documentaire permet aux victimes de sortir d’un trop long silence.

      Pourquoi ce phénomème est resté secret

      Ces rapports avaient été envoyés au Vatican par Maura O’Donohue et Mary Mac Donald, deux religieuses gynécologues, dans les années 1990. Elles étaient dignes de confiance puisqu’elles se sont retrouvées plusieurs fois confrontées à des religieuses violées, et parfois même, enceintes à la suite de ces viols. Au-delà de la thèse culturelle et des stéréotypes, puisqu’il était coutumier de renvoyer l’existence de ces abus sexuels à l’Afrique, les rapports faisaient mention du nombre de religieuses violées par des prêtres, dans 23 pays à travers le monde. C’était donc un mode de fonctionnement systémique dans l’Eglise catholique et le Vatican en avait connaissance. D’ailleurs, Rome n’a jamais répondu à ces religieuses. Elle demandaient une intervention de la part des autorités du clergé et réclamaient justice. Elles n’ont été entendues sur aucun de ces deux points.

      A ceci s’ajoute souvent une dualité de la part de ces lanceuses d’alertes. Elles ont certes dénoncé les abus des prêtres sur leurs consœurs religieuses, mais voulaient aussi protéger l’institution, en laquelle elles ont placé leurs croyances et à laquelle elles se sont dévouées. Pour ces raisons, elles n’ont pas osé en parler publiquement. Et si quelqu’un n’avait pas fait fuiter le contenu de ces rapports, l’opinion publique n’en aurait jamais rien su.

    • Religieuses abusées : une censure inexplicable
      Par Bernadette Sauvaget, Journaliste au service Société

      Personne ne s’attendait à cette censure. Et pour l’heure, rien n’indique qu’elle sera levée, ni, si c’est le cas, à quelle échéance. Le 20 mars, le tribunal de Hambourg, en Allemagne, a estimé - mais sans que cela ne soit rendu public à ce moment-là - qu’Arte devait suspendre illico la diffusion du documentaire Religieuses abusées, l’autre scandale de l’Eglise. Une enquête approfondie qui a provoqué un immense choc, particulièrement dans les milieux catholiques.

      Aucune voix ne s’était pourtant élevée pour remettre en cause la véracité des accusations, ni la réalité des abus sexuels subis par les religieuses catholiques, un tabou qui commence à se lever. Personne, sauf un prêtre qui estime pouvoir être reconnu comme l’un des abuseurs ! Pensant être en mesure d’arrêter la marche de l’histoire, il s’est adressé à la justice qui lui a donné, pour l’heure, gain de cause. Seul contre tous. Même contre le pape, qui a pris acte de ces abus. « C’est une procédure inique, dénonce à Libération le producteur Eric Colomer. L’objectif du film est de donner la parole aux victimes, pas de jeter en pâture tel ou tel. » A Hambourg, la défense, conformément aux règles de la procédure, n’a pas pu faire valoir ses droits mais prépare sa contre-attaque. La bataille ne fait que commencer. Doris, l’une des ex-religieuses qui témoignent, a déjà publié un livre et s’est largement exprimée dans la presse. Sans jamais subir les foudres de la justice. A l’aune du succès du documentaire (plus de 2 millions de personnes l’ont visionné), la peur pourrait bien avoir changé de camp.

  • Séparés du corps, des cerveaux de porcs sont maintenus en vie pendant plusieurs heures

    Un article de la revue scientifique Nature du 18 avril 2019 (à ouvrir ci-dessous) nous apprend que des scientifiques américains ont maintenu vivants durant plusieurs heures des cerveaux de porcs extraits de leur boîte crânienne. Des cathéters leur injectant une solution de conservation, qui fournissait l’oxygène et les nutriments nécessaires. S’ils avaient été ceux du professeur Pearl dans la nouvelle de Roald Dahl William et Mary, ces cerveaux auraient pu continuer à lire le Times dans leur cuvette. Quelle merveilleuse perspective d’immortalité ! De quoi stimuler les chirurgiens Xiao-Ping Ren et Sergio Canavero, qui s’entraînent depuis des années à greffer des têtes (de rats, de singes ou d’humains morts) sur des corps (d’autres rats, singes et humains morts), avant, espèrent-ils, de greffer une (...)

    « » #Service_compris

  • L’« argent obscur » américain veut s’offrir l’âme européenne by Mary Fitzgerald - Project Syndicate

    LONDRES – Les tentatives russes d’influencer les #élections européennes reçoivent beaucoup d’attention des #médias. Mais on ne peut en dire autant de l’#ingérence de groupes de chrétiens conservateurs établis aux #États-Unis, dont certains sont liés à l’administration du président Donald Trump et à son ancien conseiller, Stephen Bannon.


  • Pourquoi « gilets jaunes » et black blocs ont fini par faire cause commune

    « Au début, je considérais leur présence comme quelque chose de très mauvais. Je les classais en tant que casseurs, mais mon avis a évolué, explique Sebastian. J’ai vu qu’ils ne s’en prenaient pas aux petits commerçants mais uniquement aux symboles du pouvoir et du capitalisme. » Même son de cloche pour Mary : "Je ne vais pas pleurer pour quelques vitrines cassées, alors que des milliers de manifestants ont été mutilés par la police. J’ai 50 ans, mais j’imagine que le gamin qui a 20 ans, sa seule envie, c’est de prendre des pavés et de tout casser, renchérit cette « gilet jaune » originaire du Morbihan. Peut-être que si j’avais eu son âge, j’aurais fait la même chose."

    Tous les « gilets jaunes » interrogés par franceinfo citent les premiers face-à-face avec la police comme un point de bascule. « Dans les manifs à Paris, j’ai vu les forces de l’ordre molester des femmes, des personnes âgées, des gens qui n’avaient rien fait. Ca m’a choqué », accuse Nicolas, un « gilet jaune » de l’Oise.

    « Le 17 novembre, beaucoup d’entre eux dialoguaient naïvement avec les CRS, criaient : ’la police avec nous’, se rappelle Anthony, militant antifasciste. Quand ils se sont rendu compte que la police n’était pas là pour les défendre, mais pour leur taper dessus, ils ont déchanté. » Christophe, un militant de 32 ans à l’origine du site abonde : « Les black blocs ont l’habitude de l’opposition frontale avec la police. Les ’gilets jaunes’ pas du tout. Certains ont pété les plombs. »

  • The family that took on Monsanto: ’They should’ve been with us in the chemo ward’ | Business | The Guardian

    Becoming ‘the face’ of the fight

    Edwin Hardeman and his wife, Mary, never expected that they would become de facto leaders of the federal court fight against the world’s most widely used weedkiller. They just wanted Monsanto to acknowledge the dangers – and potentially save other families from the horror they endured.

    “This is something that was egregious to me. It was my personal battle and I wanted to take it full circle,” said Edwin, whose cancer is now in remission. “It’s been a long journey.”

    Mary bristled when she thought about Monsanto’s continued defense of its chemical: “They should have been with us when we were in the chemo ward … not knowing what to do to relieve the pain.

    “I get angry,” she added. “Very angry.”

    Monsanto first put Roundup on the market in 1974, presenting the herbicide, which uses a chemical called glyphosate, as a breakthrough that was effective at killing weeds and safe. The product has earned the corporation billions in revenue a year, and glyphosate is now ubiquitous in the environment – with traces in water, food and farmers’ urine.

    Hardeman didn’t recognize the term glyphosate when he saw the news report about the Iarc ruling on TV. At that time, the chemotherapy side effects had devastated him – causing violent nausea, swelling that made his face unrecognizable and terrifying feelings of electric shocks jolting his body.

    But when he realized that glyphosate was the main ingredient in Roundup and that research suggested it could be responsible for his form of NHL, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, it clicked: “It just hit me. There’s something going on here.”

    He filed a lawsuit in February 2016. So did hundreds of other cancer survivors and families who lost loved ones, and many of the parallel suits were consolidated as one case under federal judge Vince Chhabria in San Francisco.

    The judge selected Hardeman to be first – the so-called “bellwether” trial, meaning it would be the official test case that would inform future litigation and potentially impact settlements for others.

    It was a lot of pressure.

    “Learning I was going to be the plaintiff, the one, the face of the … litigation, was a shock,” he said.

    The unsealed emails and documents suggested that Monsanto had an aggressive PR strategy for years that involved attacking negative research and ghostwriting and pushing favorable studies.

    In one email, a Monsanto executive advised others in the company to be cautious about how they describe the safety of the product, warning: “You cannot say that Roundup is not a carcinogen … we have not done the necessary testing on the formulation to make that statement.”
    Edwin and his wife, Mary, never expected that they would become de facto leaders of the federal court fight against the world’s most widely used weedkiller.

    Edwin and his wife, Mary, never expected that they would become de facto leaders of the federal court fight against the world’s most widely used weedkiller. Photograph: Brian Frank/The Guardian

    Monsanto officials also privately talked about the company writing science papers that would be officially authored by researchers, with one email saying: “We would be keeping the cost down by us doing the writing and they would just edit and sign their names.” The internal documents also shined a harsh light on Monsanto’s cozy relationship with US regulators and its media campaign to combat the Iarc ruling.

    (The company has said it was open about its involvement in research.)

    One executive eventually revealed that the company had a roughly $17m budget for PR and public affairs related to Iarc and glyphosate.

    The unusual and severe limitations made the message of the victory all the more powerful, Wagstaff said in an interview: “We were forced, over our objections, to argue just the science. Any argument by Bayer or Monsanto that this was a sympathetic jury to Mr Hardeman … is just not supported by the facts.”

    Mary, who was home sick the day the jury announced, first saw the verdict on Twitter before her husband could break the news: “I let out a scream. It’s a wonder one of my neighbors didn’t come in.”

    With the cancer science proven, Hardeman’s legal team was finally allowed to present evidence and arguments about Monsanto’s “despicable” and “reckless” behavior – and that was a success, too. The jury ruled Monsanto was negligent and owed him $80m in damages.

    Within minutes of the final verdict, a Bayer spokesperson issued a response: The company would appeal.

    In US federal court, there are around 1,200 plaintiffs with similar Roundup cancer cases – and roughly 11,000 nationwide. Despite two jury rulings saying Roundup causes cancer, the corporation’s defense has not changed: Roundup is safe for use.

    “We continue to believe strongly in the extensive body of reliable science that supports the safety of Roundup and on which regulators around the world continue to base their own favorable assessments,” a Bayer spokesperson told the Guardian. “Our customers have relied on these products for more than 40 years and we are gratified by their continued support.”

    Bayer, which has faced backlash from investors and a share price drop in the wake of the Roundup controversy, could be pushed to negotiate a massive settlement with plaintiffs following Hardeman’s victory.

    Hardeman said the very least the company could do is warn consumers: “Give us a chance to decide whether we want to use it or not … Have some compassion for people.”

    Hardeman said it also disturbed him that Bayer and Monsanto still have not done their own study on the carcinogenicity of Roundup, even after all these years. (Monsanto has said the company has gone beyond what was required in testing glyphosate exposure risks.)

    “I worry about the younger generation,” Hardeman said. “Why haven’t you tested this product? Why, why, why? You’ve got the money. Are you afraid of the answer?”

    #Roundup #Perturbateurs_endocriniens #Pesticides #Monsanto #Bayer

  • Indiedrome du 23/4/2019

    Matmos : The Crying Pill « Plastic Anniversary » (Thrill Jockey)

    Michele Mercure : An Accident Waiting To Happen « Beside Herself » (RVNG Intl.)

    Marja Ahti : Coastal Inversion « Vegetal Negatives » (Hallow Ground)

    Club Cactus : Rue De Seine « S/T » (Beg Rose)

    Mary Lattimore : It Feels Like Floating « Hundreds Of Days » (Ghostly International)

    The Staches : WV Race « This Lake Is Pointless » (Les Disques Bongo Joe)

    Anne-James Chaton & Andy Moor : Coquins coquettes et cocus « Tout ce que je sais » (Unsounds)

    Anne-James Chaton & Andy Moor : Clair obscur « Tout ce que je sais » (Unsounds)

    Pylône : Ping « A Jamais/Ping » (Sound On Probation)

  • soundtrack du 01/04

    April Fool’s Day mix by Moonshine Maverick, dedicated to Felix. A hypnotic, potent and perplexing mix to welcome springtime and forget about Brexit...


    1. John Barry - Capsule In Space

    2. Jim O’Rourke - Never Again

    3. Henri Pousseur - Scambi

    4. Maryanne Amacher - Living Space

    5. Aphex Twin - avril 14th

    6. Michael O’Shea - No Journey’s End

    7. Robert Hampson - Umbra

    8. Sarah Davachi - Matins

    9. Lea Bertucci - At Dawn

    10. David Tudor & Takehisa Kosugi - Event: February 16, 1993, Red Wing Minnesota

    11. Fennesz / O’Rourke / Rehberg - Fenn O’Berg Theme

    12. Continental OP - La La La

    Contact us at

    • Invisibilisées dans les maladies non reconnues mais sur-visibilisées dans les maladies imaginaires qu’on leur impute pour leur détruire la vie.

      Le désarroi des familles d’enfants autistes face aux soupçons des services sociaux

      Des parents dénoncent des enquêtes menées à leur encontre par la protection de l’enfance, en raison de la méconnaissance du handicap de leur enfant.

      « Mère fusionnelle », « nomadisme médical », « syndrome de Münchhausen par procuration »… Les mêmes termes se retrouvent, de dossier en dossier, pour caractériser les comportements des parents d’enfants autistes qui se retrouvent dans le viseur de l’aide sociale à l’enfance (ASE). De nombreuses familles dénoncent depuis des années, sans rencontrer grand écho, l’acharnement dont elles s’estiment victimes et qu’elles attribuent à la méconnaissance, en France, des manifestations des troubles du spectre autistique (TSA).

      Pour elles comme pour les autres, bien souvent, tout commence avec un courrier, envoyé par les services sociaux du département. La famille destinataire apprend à sa lecture qu’une « information préoccupante », concernant un ou plusieurs de ses enfants, a été émise à son encontre, sans qu’elle sache nécessairement par qui, ni pourquoi. Ces procédures d’alerte, qui permettent de signaler un enfant en danger ou en risque de danger, peuvent être faites par les institutions en contact avec les enfants – l’éducation nationale étant un gros pourvoyeur – ou par des particuliers. Elles déclenchent une enquête administrative qui a pour objectif, justement, d’évaluer le danger supposé, et peut à terme conduire à une saisie du parquet.
      « Faillite collective »

      C’est le début de la « spirale infernale », résume Marion Aubry, vice-présidente de TouPi, une association d’entraide. Les comportements des autistes (tri alimentaire, hypersensibilité sensorielle) peuvent être confondus, pour un œil non averti, avec des signes de maltraitance ou de défaillance éducative.
      Lire aussi De nouvelles recommandations pour dépister l’autisme chez l’enfant

      Pour Julie (elle a requis l’anonymat), mère de trois enfants issus de deux unions, l’engrenage a débuté fin 2011. Alertée par le médecin de la crèche d’un possible autisme concernant son fils, elle se rend au centre d’action médico-sociale précoce le plus proche. « A l’époque, mon plus jeune fils avait 3 ans et demi, 4 ans. Il ne me regardait jamais, il pleurait énormément, avait une façon de jouer très spécifique, en alignant les objets. Il pouvait rester des heures à la même place sans bouger. Tout le tableau clinique de l’autisme, comme je l’ai appris plus tard. » Mais la pédopsychiatre balaie d’un revers de main ses soupçons, évoque une « dysharmonie évolutive ». Elle accuse Julie de projeter des angoisses sur ses enfants et de vouloir à tout prix qu’ils soient malades. Le fameux syndrome de Münchhausen par procuration.

      L’article sous #paywall parle de familles dans le désarroi alors qu’il s’agit de mères. Ici c’est encore une nouvelle forme d’invisibilisation puisqu’on parle des femmes en les nommant « familles »

    • Il y a aussi des recommandations pour un prétendue meilleur dépistage mais sans un mot au sujet d’un meilleur dépistage de l’autisme chez les filles

      De nouvelles recommandations pour dépister l’autisme chez l’enfant

      La Haute Autorité de santé a émis lundi 19 férier de nouvelles recommandations sur le dépistage de l’autisme, afin de permettre un diagnostic plus précoce chez les enfants, crucial pour leur avenir.

      Le Monde avec AFP Publié le 19 février 2018 à 05h42 - Mis à jour le 19 février 2018 à 06h37

      Temps de Lecture 1 min.

      Les troubles du spectre de l’autisme (TSA) touchent un Français sur 100, soit 100 000 jeunes de moins de 20 ans et près de 600 000 adultes, selon des estimations des pouvoirs publics.

      La Haute Autorité de santé (HAS) a établi lundi 19 février des « recommandations de bonnes pratiques », a fléché le « parcours de l’enfant et de sa famille », « de l’identification des signes d’alerte jusqu’à la consultation dédiée » de l’autisme. « Plus le diagnostic est posé tôt, plus les interventions pourront être mises en place précocement et aideront l’enfant dans son développement », a expliqué la HAS dans un communiqué. « Malheureusement le diagnostic est encore trop tardif en France et les parents inquiets ne savent pas vers qui se tourner », a-t-elle déploré.

      Alors que « l’autisme est un trouble qui peut se manifester entre 1 et 2 ans », le diagnostic tombe souvent à un âge bien plus avancé, « en moyenne entre 3 et 5 ans ». Or les connaissances ont progressé depuis les précédentes recommandations de la HAS, qui dataient de 2005.
      Article réservé à nos abonnés Lire aussi Raisons d’autistes
      Rôle crucial des personnels de crèches

      Dès l’âge d’un an et demi, voire avant, certaines difficultés doivent éveiller l’attention, si par exemple un enfant ne réagit pas à son prénom, ne pointe pas du doigt à distance, ne partage pas de sourire, ne prononce pas un mot, etc.

      « Aucun de ces signes pris de façon isolée n’a de valeur prédictive, mais l’association d’au moins deux signes nécessite un examen clinique approfondi du développement de l’enfant », a souligné la Haute Autorité.

      Jouent un rôle crucial dans ce dépistage « les personnels des crèches et des écoles » qui doivent « porter une attention particulière et continue au développement de la communication sociale de chaque enfant », et « le médecin traitant, l’acteur-clé pour établir un premier bilan ».

      Surtout, a affirmé la HAS, « l’inquiétude que peuvent manifester les parents concernant le développement de leur enfant ne doit jamais être minimisée ».


      Avec 88% des femmes autistes victimes de violences sexuelles c’est vraiment pas urgent du tout de dépister les filles autistes !

    • Il y a eu une audition au Sénat le Jeudi 14 février 2019 sur Violences envers les femmes autistes mais manifestement l’HAS ne s’y est pas intéressé.
      ici le compte rendu complet :

      Mme Marie Rabatel. - J’aimerais vous donner un exemple concret de ce qui se passe sur le terrain. Onze enfants ont été victimes d’agressions sexuelles, et notamment de viol par sodomie, commis par des éducateurs dans une institution. Les parents ont porté plainte contre celle-ci, mais on leur a fait comprendre qu’ils risquaient de se retrouver avec leur enfant à charge. L’institution les a également menacés de faire un signalement à l’ASE pour refus de scolarisation. Lorsque l’enquête a été lancée, elle a été classée sans suite, car les enfants ne verbalisent pas, malgré tout ce qui peut être fait au niveau de l’écoute. Les dires des enfants, mais aussi la communication non verbale, n’ont pas été véritablement pris en compte par la gendarmerie. Tout a été interprété de manière décousue.

      Au final, trois parents ont fait appel et ont retiré leurs enfants de l’institution. Les autres enfants y sont toujours et restent exposés à l’environnement où ils ont vécu des tortures. Cela ne peut qu’entraver leur parcours vers l’autonomie. Les trois parents ont reçu un signalement de l’ASE pour maltraitance, au motif qu’ils priveraient leur enfant de scolarité.


      Mme Marie Rabatel. - Pour revenir sur la situation que j’ai évoquée, onze enfants ont été victimes d’agression sexuelle et de viol. Les parents ont signalé leur inquiétude à l’établissement. Les enfants avaient des réactions étranges et se plaignaient de douleurs constamment. Une mère a retrouvé une culotte avec du sperme et du sang. Il était tellement inconcevable pour elle d’imaginer une agression sexuelle ou un viol qu’elle l’a jetée à la poubelle. La preuve a donc disparu, malheureusement. Les onze parents ont porté plainte à la gendarmerie contre les éducateurs. L’un d’entre eux avait déjà été condamné plusieurs années auparavant pour détention d’images pédopornographiques et avait été emprisonné pour ce motif. Malgré cela, il a pu être embauché dans une institution. C’est terrible !

      La parole des enfants n’a pas été retenue. Les parents ont refusé de laisser faire. Devant la souffrance de leurs enfants et le besoin d’accompagnement, trois familles sont parties. Les parents des sept enfants restants ont fait appel avec l’association Innocence en danger. À ce stade, l’institution a menacé de faire un signalement auprès de l’ASE pour retirer les enfants de leur famille. Quatre familles ont donc abandonné et laissé leurs enfants dans l’institution. Les trois dernières familles ont retiré leurs enfants de l’institution et continué le combat.

      Ces faits datent de 2012 et les procédures sont toujours en cours. Parmi les trois agresseurs, l’un a vu son contrat se terminer tandis qu’un autre est resté en arrêt maladie pendant trois ans. Le troisième, qui avait déjà été condamné, a été condamné à nouveau, non pas pour l’affaire en question, mais pour possession d’images pédopornographiques.

      Les parents des trois enfants ayant quitté l’institution ont reçu des signalements et ont eu des difficultés avec l’ASE. Ils doivent prouver en permanence que l’éducation de leurs enfants se poursuit. C’est le monde à l’envers !

      Mme Joëlle Garriaud-Maylam. - Avez-vous essayé de mobiliser des responsables politiques ?

      Mme Marie Rabatel. - L’association l’a fait, mais sans succès.

      Dr Muriel Salmona. - Je ne comprends pas que la justice ne prenne pas en compte que le fait de posséder des images pédopornographiques signifie obligatoirement d’avoir fait des échanges d’images sur les réseaux du darknet. Tout le monde sait que, pour détenir des images pédopornographiques, il faut en donner. Or pour disposer de telles images, il faut les faire, et pour cela, il faut agresser et violer des enfants. Il y a là aussi une forme de crédulité et de naïveté. Il ne s’agit pas d’un phénomène virtuel, mais bien réel. Il faut monter au créneau, car il existe plus d’un million de sites pédopornographiques ! Mais tout le monde ne veut pas voir cette réalité.

      Par ailleurs, les agresseurs hors institution sont principalement des membres de la famille. En cas d’inceste, des femmes portent plainte au nom de leurs enfants et se voient ensuite privées de leur garde. Cela arrive fréquemment. L’enfant est confié au prédateur. Mais plus nous montons au créneau, plus la situation empire. Je délivre des certificats, ce faisant je prends des risques, mais rien n’y fait. Cela donne envie de pleurer, car ces cas sont légion. Récemment, deux petites filles ont été enlevées à leur mère alors qu’elle les protégeait. L’ASE les a placées en prétextant le syndrome d’aliénation parentale. L’une des fillettes a parlé de se suicider si elle devait revoir son père...

      Mme Maryvonne Blondin. - Où se trouve votre lieu de consultation ?

      Dr Muriel Salmona. - À Bourg-la-Reine, dans les Hauts-de-Seine. Je peux citer tellement de cas similaires ! Ces deux fillettes n’ont plus le droit d’être en contact avec leur mère. C’est absurde !

      Je vous ai apporté l’enquête que nous avons faite, qui vous donnera plus de précisions, notamment sur les prédateurs. En outre, j’aimerais souligner la nécessité que des condamnations soient prononcées pour non-signalement. Il faut que les non-signalements coûtent cher aux institutions pour qu’elles soient obligées de signaler au lieu de penser avant tout à protéger leur réputation. De plus, l’obligation d’affichage pour le 119 doit être respectée dans tout lieu qui reçoit des enfants.

      Concernant les moyens dont nous disposons, nous n’avons presque jamais reçu de subvention en dix ans d’existence. Je réalise les enquêtes grâce à des dons et grâce à mon travail. J’assure près de 90 journées de formation par an dans le cadre de mon travail. Ces formations rémunérées financent l’association.

      Par ailleurs, j’ai formé de nombreux psychiatres. Nous avons organisé des groupes de réflexion professionnels, entre autres initiatives. Mais je reste très isolée. Pourquoi ? Parce que ce travail nécessite un engagement de chaque instant. Je consacre beaucoup de temps à chaque patient et je ne peux dire que mon travail m’enrichit...

      Un article dans Le Monde sortira prochainement sur la disparition des cent centres de psycho-traumatologie que nous souhaitions. Or il est indispensable d’ouvrir de tels centres. Dans certains pays, il existe des centres ouverts vingt-quatre heures sur vingt-quatre où les victimes sont prises en charge. Il est indispensable que les professionnels puissent être soutenus. Personne ne peut me suivre, et je le comprends. Nous avons besoin de plus de moyens.

      Mme Marie Rabatel. - J’aimerais revenir sur la question de la prise en charge. En tant que victime, je trouve inhumain que notre vie soit un combat, alors que cela peut être pris en charge pour l’agresseur. Il faut savoir qu’une victime a des difficultés à travailler. Par exemple, je touche 650 euros par mois de pension d’invalidité, sur lesquels je paie 200 euros de mutuelle. En effet, la prise en charge de ces traumatismes suppose de souscrire une mutuelle très coûteuse permettant le choix de ces soins, faute de quoi le risque est d’être adressé à des structures non spécialisées dans la psycho-traumatologie.

      Il est inhumain que les victimes peinent à financer des soins leur permettant simplement de rester en vie, contrairement à l’agresseur.

      Mme Dominique Vérien, co-rapporteure. - Cela n’est pas le cas partout. Dans l’Yonne par exemple, les traitements sont à la charge des agresseurs.

      A la charge des agresseurs alors que 0,3% des viols sont l’objet de condamnations en France selon ce rapport du Sénat...

    • @monolecte Ah désolé. Quand c’est dans le corps du texte, ou pire, dans le titre, mes armes de défense de léger dyslexique bloquent les mots-dièse en tant que tels (sinon ma lecture deviendrait tellement syncopée que je ne percevrais plus le sens de ce que je lis).

      Julie Dachez dit souvent des choses qui sont sidérantes d’intelligence sur le sujet. Elle me rappelle une autre personnalité brillante dont je suivais beaucoup les parutions il y a une dizaine d’années et qui m’a apporté de nombreuses clefs de compréhension, je viens de me reconnecter à mon Netvibes (pour la première fois depuis, je ne sais même plus quand) pour retrouver le nom de cette personne Michelle Dawson, absolument géniale.

      Désormais je peine un peu avec les témoignages, ils viennent me chercher sur mon côté le plus faible, je n’y arrive plus, alors l’audition, comment te dire... je crois que je vais passer mon tour. J’ai pris un sacré coup de vieux sur le sujet.

    • et on sent encore en sous-main certains délires issus de la psychanalyse, cette pseudo-science qui a toujours détesté les femmes et qui a toujours accusé les mères d’êtres responsables de l’autisme de leurs enfants.

      Oui @alexcorp et à cela on peu ajouter le lobbyisme des masculinistes type Sos-papa et le #sap (syndrome d’aliénation parentale).

      Dans la foulée je suis tombée hier sur cette tribune désépérante :

      « Les voies de renouvellement de la psychanalyse sont nombreuses »
      qui montre que dans les université on enseigne encore les escroqueries intellectuelles de Lacan.

      Sophie Marret-Maleval

      Psychanalyste, professeur et directrice du département de psychanalyse de l’université Paris 8 Saint-Denis

      Aurélie Pfauwadel

      Psychanalyste, maître de conférences au département de psychanalyse de l’université Paris 8 Saint-Denis

      écrivent que :

      Là où Mme Roudinesco s’empresse de sonner l’hallali, nous voudrions présenter ces voies prometteuses du côté de la psychanalyse lacanienne.

    • Chère @mad_meg je me demandais s’il existait une sorte de post fondateur sur Seenthis dans lequel je pourrais lire ton argumentation apparemment très opposée à la psychanalyse, quelque chose qui serait plus développé que les tags ou les commentaires rapides et qui ne m’aident pas du tout à comprendre, alors que cela m’intéresse. Et si un tel billet ou commentaire n’existe pas encore, est-ce que tu pourrais tenter de le faire par exemple ici, mais je t’en supplie vu que c’est moi qui te le demandes, je veux bien que tu n’aies pas trop recours aux tags dans le corps du texte qui sont autant obstacles à ma lecture dyslexique, de même j’ai déjà compris qu’à peu de choses près tu reprochais, sans doute à raison, aux psychanalystes d’être sexistes et je ne veux ni ne peux pas nécessairement te donner tort, en revanche je veux bien que ce soit argumenté, histoire que je comprenne. Ca m’intéresse vraiment.

      Par ailleurs sur la question de la psychanalyse qui serait en échec ou, pire, maltraitante vis-à-vis des autistes et de leur entourage, je ne peux pas te dire que cela n’existe pas qu’il n’y a jamais eu de cas où de telles choses ne se soient produites, en revanche je te mets en garde sur le fait que ce soit finalement le seul argument, et c’est un argument d’exception, de l’argumentaire d’un tout autre bord, le comportementalisme dont je pourrais tout à loisir, si tu le souhaites, expliquer à quel point il est maltraitant vis-à-vis des personnes autistes de façon systémique, j’ai même écrit des articles sur le sujet.

      En revanche, il arrive, de temps en temps, que la psychanalyse vienne en aide à des personnes autistes et leur permette, au long cours, c’est vrai, voire au très long cours, de poser quelques baumes réparateurs sur des sources d’angoisse autrement inextinguibles ou encore de les extraire sans violence de leur autisme dans ce qu’il a d’incapacitant, parfois même en allant jusqu’à respecter leur altérité. Mais je t’accorde que ce soit rare et fragile.

      Du côté comportementaliste en revanche ce qui est présenté comme des victoires voire des guérisons est au contraire souvent acquis dans une certaine forme de violence (notamment psychologique) et a seulement l’apparence d’une victoire : dit plus simplement que l’obsession autistique d’un enfant autiste devienne de se présenter formellement à tout bout de champ, « bonjour je m’appelle Nathan et toi comment t’appelles-tu, aimerais tu que nous jouions ensemble ? », plutôt que de rester isolé au calme à aligner ses jouets de façon non moins obsessionnelle, j’ai un peu du mal à considérer cela comme une victoire.

      Enfin sur la question des violences sexuelles sur les femmes autistes, les chiffres font froid dans le dos et sans doute les pourcentages sont moindres chez les autistes hommes, il reste que ce pourcentage est plus élevé chez les homme autistes que chez les hommes neurotypiques, l’autisme des personnes ne les aidant précisément pas à anticiper le danger quand l’autisme n’est pas en fait la source même de ce danger. Les violeurs sont toujours très intéressés par l’impunité potentielle (ce n’est pas à toi que je vais l’apprendre, c’est plutôt dans l’autre sens que cet apprentissage se produit, j’en ai pleinement conscience). Les violences sexuelles, et parfois le viol, sont fréquentes chez les jeunes autistes, même masculins. Et quand la chose se produit, quand en tant que parent, tu tentes de demander des explications, voire justice, on a vite fait de t’opposer que ton entêtement à vouloir scolariser ton enfant est la cause de ces violences. Et c’est là qu’à ta plus grande surprise, je te remercie car par le passé il m’est arrivé de lire certaines de tes contributions sur la culture du viol qui m’auront permis de retourner de tels arguments.

      Donc oui, un peu d’argumentation à propos de ta détestation de la psychanalyse, je veux bien, même si tu l’as compris, je ne serais pas nécessairement d’accord. Mais est-ce grave ?

    • @philippe_de_jonckheere nous avons déjà eu des échanges assez houleux sur le sujet au point que tu m’a bloqué depuis 2016, ( ) ce qui fait que tu n’as probablement pas vu passé toute la documentation que j’ai mise sur ce sujet depuis plusieurs années. Je vais aller fouiller et te sortir quelques unes de mes sources que tu disqualifira d’office comme tu le fait à chaque fois puisque c’est des « compormentalistes » tes fameux psy pour chiens.

      au sujet de ceci

      En revanche, il arrive, de temps en temps, que la psychanalyse vienne en aide à des personnes autistes et leur permette, au long cours, c’est vrai, voire au très long cours, de poser quelques baumes réparateurs sur des sources d’angoisse autrement inextinguibles ou encore de les extraire sans violence de leur autisme dans ce qu’il a d’incapacitant, parfois même en allant jusqu’à respecter leur altérité. Mais je t’accorde que ce soit rare et fragile.

      Il arrive effectivement de temps en temps que la psychanalyse vienne en aide à des personnes, comme peuvent le faire de temps en temps l’homéopathie, la prière, le systhème galien, la médecine traditionnelle chinoise et des tas de choses farfelues. La psychothérapie c’est aussi une relation interpersonnelle et il arrive que certaines personnes psychanalyste fassent du bien à certaines personnes, malgré la psychanalyse. Tout comme des religieux·se peuvent faire du bien à certaines personnes, malgré la religion. A mon avis la psychanalyse a des facilité à faire du bien aux hommes puisque cette discipline est conçu pour les libérés de leur culpabilité en imaginant des mères castratrices, des complexes d’œdipe, des filles qui aguichent leurs pères agresseurs...

      La psychanalyse ca fait du bien à certaines personnes qui en ont les moyens car c’est toujours sympas de pouvoir se payer un·e confident·e qui s’intéresse à ce qu’on ressent, ce qu’on pense, ce qu’on vie.

      Pour les garçons et hommes autistes victimes de violences sexuelles je sais qu’ils sont aussi plus touchés que les garçons et hommes non autistes mais ici le sujet c’est les femmes autistes et les injustices qui leurs sont faites à elles. Si tu veux parler des violences sexuelles subit par les garçons et hommes autistes, sujet qui est tout à fait légitime et qui mérite d’être documenté, ca serait plus sympa d’en faire un sujet à part pour ne pas invisibiliser les violences spécifiques faites aux femmes autistes.

      Pour les sources voici ce que j’ai retrouvé :


    • @philippe_de_jonckheere vous voulez croire à la psychanalyse, coûte que coûte, sans doute d’ailleurs parce qu’il vous en coûterait trop d’abandonner ces théories, mais ça j’ai envie de dire que c’est votre problème. Ce ne sont pas les comportementalistes qui ont inventé la culpabilisation des parents (et surtout des mères donc) au sujet de l’autisme. C’est facile de trouver de la documentation sur le sujet, à moins de ne pas vouloir savoir :
      On trouvera aussi quelques témoignages intéressants sur le site de Martin Winckler dont celui-ci :
      Toutes ces théories seraient risibles si seulement autant de soignants en France ne continuaient pas d’y croire et de les enseigner.
      Sur le sexisme de la psychanalyse, voir cet article édifiant qui mentionne même l’existence d’un annuaire de psychanalystes « safe », sous entendant que les autres sont des sexistes invétérés. Quand on en est là, c’est qu’il y a un problème intrinsèque dans les théories qui sous-tendent ces pratiques.

    • Merci à toutes les deux. De la lecture pour le train demain, chouette !

      @mad_meg précision importante, déjà expliquée ailleurs, tu n’es pas bloquée par moi pour d’autres raisons que celle que je me sers de mon fil seenthis comme cahier de brouillon pour d’autres trucs et qu’il est arrivé par le passé que certaines de tes interventions ne soient pas exactement aimables et après cela me gêne dans mon travail, mais tu sais déjà tout ça.

      En revanche je suis souvent ce que tu postes ici, je suis souvent contrarié dans ma lecture par une tonalité et ses tags qui à mon avis nuisent (pour moi) à ton propos, je ne cherche évidemment pas à te dissuader à procéder comme tu l’entends, manquerait plus que ça, en revanche de mon côté pour bénéficier de tes lumières en somme cela demande un sérieux travail de décryptage (comme par exemple de copier coller dans un traitement de texte, virer les dièses et les barres de soulignement et tenter d’atténuer la charge, tout en gardant le sens général.

      Enfin, et je crois que c’est une difficulté sur ce sujet et d’autres, je me méfie des témoignages, un peu comme Raul Hilberg qui leur reproche de l’empêcher de réfléchir. Mais c’est une autre histoire. Et pour moi les témoignages ne font pas une argumentation. Dans ma petite recherche sur le sujet, j’ai eu des témoignages de première main à propos des agissements des comportementalistes qui font un peu froid dans le dos (juste une histoire la route, des parents algériens se plaignant du peu de résultats apportés par la méthode A.B.A. et auxquels on a fait comprendre que s’ils n’étaient pas contents on pouvait aussi les dénoncer à la police parce qu’on les savait dans une situation irrégulière, et d’autres qui sont un peu de la même farine pas très ragoutante) mais je préfère m’en tenir à une critique des méthodes et de ce qu’elles impliquent intellectuellement et qui est très sérieusement dextrogène, pour le moins.

    • Je suis d’accord que les témoignages ont leur limite pour analyser un phénomène, une théorie ou des pratiques. Cela étant dit, c’est aussi très pénible que dès qu’on aborde des pratiques qui posent problème (en l’occurrence des pratiques issues de théories psychanalytiques) il y a toujours quelqu’un qui ne veut pas en parler et attaque d’autres praticiens (les comportementalistes) pour faire dévier le sujet sur autre chose. Cette stratégie d’évitement est assez grossière. Je me souviens d’ailleurs de l’anti-livre noir de la psychanalyse qui en fait ne parlait pas de psychanalyse et ne répondait pas au livre initial mais était juste une suite d’anathèmes sans intérêt contre les comportementalistes (présentés comme des scientifiques obtus qui se seraient arrêtés à Pavlof). Bref, j’arrête là ce plus ou moins hors sujet, sans doute qu’un post dédié serait plus opportun.

    • Autisme, quand la secrétaire d’Etat déclare illégale la psychiatrie

      La phrase est passée presque inaperçue. Interrogée par Jean-Jacques Bourdin, sur RMC, lundi, veille de la « journée mondiale de l’autisme », la secrétaire d’Etat aux Personnes handicapées, Sophie Cluzel, a eu ces mots qui se voulaient explicatifs sur la stratégie du gouvernement : « Avec notre plan, il s’agit de ne plus placer des enfants autistes devant des psychiatres. » Et encore : « Face à un spectre de l’autisme très large, il faut que l’on arrête de parler de psychiatrie. » Mettre « l’accent sur la détection et la prise en charge précoce des enfants autistes » et en finir avec « des prises en charge inadéquates dans des hôpitaux psychiatriques où ils n’ont rien à faire ».

    • On sent que le gouv veux faire des économies sur le dos des autistes en profitant de la notion de spectre. Exit les prises en charge hospitalières puisque le spectre de l’autisme est si large. Alors que seuls les psychiatres sont habilités à établir le diagnostique, comment est-ce possible de ne pas faire passer ces personnes devant un psychiatre ?
      Le gouv entretins aussi intentionnellement le confusionnisme entre psychiatres, psychologues et psychanalystes. Ces 30 années de culpabilisation des mères qui sont ici imputé aux psychiatres sont en fait les méfaits des psychanalystes en particulier les lacanien·nes.

  • Maryse Condé : « La France est l’un des pays les plus racistes au monde »97land | 97land

    Pour ABC, quotidien espagnol fondé en 1903 et tiré à 280 000 exemplaires, Inés Matin Rodrigo a réalisé l’interview de Maryse Condé, Nobel Alternatif de Littérature à l’occasion de la sortie de ses mémoires d’enfance dans la langue de Cervantes. Extraits.

    #racisme #Maryse-Condé

  • Dorothy Garrod (1892 –1968), archéologue, pionnière du paléolithique

    Dorothy Garrod, c.1913. Photograph by Newnham College, Cambridge

    Praise has been heaped upon paleoanthropologist Lee Berger for hiring a number of women for crucial roles in the excavation of Homo naledi in South Africa, but archaeologist Dorothy Garrod beat him to that gender-equalizing trick by several decades. Starting in 1929, she oversaw excavations at Mount Carmel, Palestine, and hired many local women to do the fieldwork. She appreciated their work, as well as the fact that their wages helped support their families. In 1996, Mary Kitson Clark, the last of those women still living, then aged 92, remembered Garrod as “small, dark, alive!”
    Garrod was born in England in 1892. In the First World War, her father, Sir Archibald Garrod, was stationed in Malta as the director of war hospitals. Dorothy Garrod spent time in Malta after the Great War, and developed in interest in archaeology. By that time, she had already earned a history degree from Newnham College, Cambridge. Returning to England from Malta, she enrolled at Oxford to study archaeology. She had lost three brothers in WWI, and she wanted to continue her family’s long legacy in academic achievement. After graduating from Oxford, she went on to work with the Abbé Breuil at the Institut de Paleontologié Humaine, Paris. At that time, France was perhaps the epicenter of prehistoric archaeology; archaeologists classified ancient artifacts based on a system devised by 19th-century archaeologist Gabriel de Mortillet. Breuil began to revise Mortillet’s system, and Garrod continued Breuil’s work.
    Breuil and Garrod ranked among the first archaeologists to think globally about human prehistory. That might not sound like much of a breakthrough today, but consider the times. Garrod began working with Breuil in the early 1920s. Anthropologists and paleontologists still believed Piltdown Man to be a valid human ancestor. Eugène Dubois had discovered Java Man (the first recognized specimen of Homo erectus) in the late 19th century, but for a variety of reasons (including Dubois’s own prickly personality), the find hadn’t enjoyed widespread acceptance. Charles Darwin had surmised that early humans arose in Africa, but his astute prediction wasn’t very popular among early-20th-century anthropologists. So after Raymond Dart described Australopithecus africanus in 1925, he had to wait decades for the fossil to be accepted as a human ancestor. In an age of widespread prejudice and eugenic enthusiasms, many Europeans eschewed ancestors outside Europe. For Garrod to excavate elsewhere was an innovation. And excavate elsewhere she did.
    Between 1923 and 1963, Garrod conducted archaeological digs in France, Britain, Gibraltar, Bulgaria, Lebanon, Palestine and Iraq. On Gibraltar, she excavated Neanderthal sites, including a child she nicknamed Abel. Perhaps her most important fieldwork occurred at Mount Carmel, Palestine. Fieldwork there picked up speed ahead of the construction of Haifa Harbor as archaeologists feared that the site would be quarried right out of the harbor’s way. In a Mount Carmel cave named Skhul, she found apparent remains of at least 10 modern Homo sapiens; in a nearby cave named Tabun, she found remains of at least two people with Neanderthal characteristics. She studied and classified some 92,000 artifacts from Mount Carmel, and the sites she oversaw there eventually yielded a nearly continuous succession from the Old Stone Age to the Middle Stone Age.

    #Dorothy_Garrod #archéologie

  • What you don’t know about your health data will make you sick

    Chances are, at least one of you is being monitored by a third party like data analytics giant Optum, which is owned by UnitedHealth Group, Inc. Since 1993, it’s captured medical data—lab results, diagnoses, prescriptions, and more—from 150 million Americans. That’s almost half of the U.S. population.

    “They’re the ones that are tapping the data. They’re in there. I can’t remove them from my own health insurance contracts. So I’m stuck. It’s just part of the system,” says Joel Winston, an attorney who specializes in privacy and data protection law.

    Healthcare providers can legally sell their data to a now-dizzyingly vast spread of companies, who can use it to make decisions, from designing new drugs to pricing your insurance rates to developing highly targeted advertising.

    Yet not all health-related information is protected by privacy rules. Companies can now derive insights about your health from growing piles of so-called “alternative” data that fall outside of HIPAA. This data—what some researchers refer to as your “shadow health record”—can include credit scores, court documents, smartphone locations, sub-prime auto loans, search histories, app activity, and social media posts.

    Your health data can be deployed in alarming ways, privacy experts say. Insurance companies can raise your rate based on a photo on your Instagram feed. Digital advertisers can fold shadow health data into ads that target or discriminate against you. It can even seem invasive and predatory. One trend among personal injury lawyers, for example, is geo-targeted ads to patients’ phones in emergency rooms.

    Uniquely valuable health data is also increasingly the target of hackers, ransomware attacks, breaches, or what some patients call just plain shadiness, which has led to litigation and can ultimately further undermine trust in the healthcare system. A 2017 breach at a New York hospital leaked sensitive information about more than 7,000 patients, including addiction histories, medical diagnoses, and reports of sexual assault and domestic violence. Criminals can use that kind of data to commit identity and insurance fraud.

    “There’s a great deal of trust that’s placed in our interactions with doctors and healthcare institutions,” says Mary Madden, research lead at Data & Society, who studies consumer and health privacy. “The current process of seeking consent for data collection and use in many health settings is often treated as an administrative afterthought, rather than a meaningful exchange that makes patients feel empowered and informed.”

    Your health-related data are compiled into a specialty report akin to the consumer credit reports made famous—or infamous—by Experian, Equifax, and TransUnion. Insurers claim these reports are crucial to evaluating and pricing risk, and they can use this data to raise your rate, or to deny your application entirely. If your application is rejected—it’s called an “adverse event”—you are legally entitled to receive a copy of your specialty report and to potentially dispute an error.

    “Many people don’t understand that the data from a Fitbit or other health wearable or health device can actually be sold and is, in fact, today being sold. It is being sold for behavioral analytics, for advertising targeting. People don’t understand that is happening,” she told the committee. (After this story was published, a Fitbit spokesperson sent Fast Company a statement saying that the company does not “sell customer personal data, and we do not share customer personal information except in the limited circumstances described in our privacy policy.”)

    The demand for all this data is rising, as it has for years. The health data market was approximately $14.25 billion in 2017, according to BIS Research. The firm predicts that in just under seven years—by the end of 2025—the market will grow nearly five times bigger, to $68.75 billion.

    #Données_médicales #Etats_unis #Assurances