person:richard spencer

  • Etats-Unis : Le chef des Marines américains proteste contre le financement du mur de Trump

    Le patron des Marines américains, le général Robert Neller, juge que le déploiement militaire à la frontière avec le Mexique et le mur voulu par Donald Trump représentent un « risque inacceptable » pour ses soldats, selon des documents internes cités jeudi 21 mars par le Los Angeles Times

    Dans deux mémos adressés au ministre de la Défense par intérim, Patrick Shanahan, et à son adjoint chargé de l’US Navy, Richard Spencer, le général Neller indique que les déploiements « imprévus et non budgétisés » ordonnés par le président le long de la frontière l’ont obligé à annuler ou réduire des exercices militaires prévus dans cinq pays. Les Marines ne participeront pas à des exercices prévus en Indonésie, en Ecosse et en Mongolie, et leur participation à des manoeuvres conjointes en Australie et en Corée du Sud sera réduite, ajoute le haut gradé américain dans ces documents datés des 18 et 19 mars.

    L’authenticité des documents, dont des copies ont été publiées par le journal, a été confirmée par le corps des Marines. En outre, à cause de la procédure d’urgence que le président a décrétée pour débloquer 6,7 milliards du budget 2019 du Pentagone pour financer la construction du mur, le corps des Marines ne pourra pas financer la reconstruction de ses bases ravagées par des ouragans en Caroline du Nord et en Géorgie, ajoute le général.

  • Les références françaises des suprématistes blancs américains, dans le New Yorker en 2017 : The French Origins of “You Will Not Replace Us”

    Spencer said that “clearly racialist” writers such as Benoist and Faye were “central influences” on his own thinking as an identitarian. He first discovered the work of Nouvelle Droite figures in the pages of Telos, an American journal of political theory. Most identitarians have a less scholarly bent. In 2002, a right-wing French insurrectionary, Maxime Brunerie, shot at President Jacques Chirac as he rode down the Champs-Élysées; the political group that Brunerie was affiliated with, Unité Radicale, became known as part of the identitaire movement. In 2004, a group known as the Bloc Identitaire became notorious for distributing soup containing pork to the homeless, in order to exclude Muslims and Jews. It was the sort of puerile joke now associated with alt-right pranksters in America such as Milo Yiannopoulos.

    Copycat groups began emerging across Europe. In 2009, a Swedish former mining executive, Daniel Friberg, founded, in Denmark, the publishing house Arktos, which is now the world’s largest distributor of far- and alt-right literature. The son of highly educated, left-leaning parents, Friberg grew up in a wealthy suburb of Gothenburg. He embraced right-wing thought after attending a diverse high school, which he described as overrun with crime. In 2016, he told the Daily Beast, “I had been taught to think multiculturalism was great, until I experienced it.”

    Few European nations have changed as drastically or as quickly as Sweden. Since 1960, it has added one and a half million immigrants to its population, which is currently just under ten million; a nationalist party, the Sweden Democrats, has become the country’s main opposition group. During this period, Friberg began to devour books on European identity—specifically, those of Benoist and Faye, whose key works impressed him as much as they impressed Richard Spencer. When Friberg launched Arktos, he acquired the rights to books by Benoist and Faye and had them translated into Swedish and English. Spencer told me that Arktos “was a very important development” in the international popularization of far-right identitarian thought.

  • Des secrets de la marine américaine volés : les failles des sous-traitants de la défense

    Selon le Wall Street Journal, la marine américaine aurait subi des attaques informatiques grave auprès de ses sous-traitants. Washington accuserait de nouveau la Chine. Selon un rapport de Richard Spencer, secrétaire à la marine des États-Unis, des attaques informatiques ont touché la marine américaine et affecté la confidentialité de certaines informations. L’Américain écrit dans un rapport consulté par le Wall Street Journal : « Les menaces contre nos réseaux informatiques ne sont pas nouvelles, mais (...)

    #hacking #USDepartmentOfDefense


  • How YouTube’s « #Super_Chat » System Is Pushing Video Creators Toward More Extreme Content

    L’#argent d’#extrême-droite n’a pas d’#odeur selon YouTube

    Prominent far-right and white nationalist figures have for months been helping YouTube channels earn thousands of dollars thanks to frequently racist commenters who pay for the opportunity to make their voices heard. BuzzFeed News tallied the Super Chat amounts from two recent videos featuring white nationalists Richard Spencer and Mike Enoch and found they brought in just over $4,000, of which #YouTube itself takes a cut. (The company declined to say how much.)


  • At anti-Semitism panel, Linda Sarsour asks, ’I am the biggest problem of the Jewish community?’

    The prominent feminist activist and controversial anti-Zionist speaks out against anti-Semitism and the importance of ’organizing at the intersections of oppression’

    Asher Schechter Nov 29, 2017
    read more:

    Minutes before Palestinian-American activist Linda Sarsour took the stage at The New School’s Alvin Johnson Auditorium as part of a panel on anti-Semitism, one of the organizers went up to deliver a number of key instructions to audience members in case protesters would try to shut down the event.
    But the fears that the event would be disrupted by right-wing protesters turned out to be for naught. Despite two weeks of a media frenzy, a petition signed by more than 21,000 people and loads of criticism from both left and right, the panel concluded with only two very minor interruptions.
    skip - fb

    >> American Jews, lay off Linda Sarsour | Opinion
    skip - A video of the panel on anti-Semitism at The New School

    “Apparently I am the biggest problem of the Jewish community? I am the existential threat, Apparently? I am confused, literally, every day,” said Sarsour, addressing the controversy that preceded the event.
    Sarsour, a prominent advocate for Muslim Americans, criminal justice reform and civil rights, is the former executive director of the Arab American Association of New York and co-chaired last January’s National Women’s March. During the past year, particularly as her profile in progressive circles increased after the march, Sarsour has raised the ire of conservatives, Zionist activists and so-called alt-right figures who accuse her of supporting terrorists and promoting anti-Semitism – largely due to her support of the boycott, divestment and sanctions movement and her criticism of Israel.
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    “I am deeply honored and humbled to be here on this stage with people who have been some of the staunchest allies of the communities that I come from,” Sarsour said during the panel. “We cannot dismantle anti-Black racism, Islamophobia, homophobia, transphobia, every phobia and -ism without also dismantling anti-Semitism.”
    “Intersectionality is not about black and white people organizing together or Jews and Muslims organizing together. It is all of us organizing at the intersections of oppression and seeing oppression [as] connected. Anti-Semitism is one branch on a larger tree of racism,” she added. “You can’t just address one branch, you need to address all branches together so we can get to the root of the problem.”

    In her remarks, Sarsour spoke at length about her criticism of Zionism. “Just in case it’s not clear, I am unapologetically Palestinian-American and will always be unapologetically Palestinian-American. I am also unapologetically Muslim-American. And guess what? I am also a very staunch supporter of the BDS movement. What other way am I supposed to be, as a Palestinian-American who’s a daughter of immigrants who lived under military occupation and still has relatives in Palestine that live under military occupation? I should be expected to have the views that I hold,” she said.
    Regardless of their feelings toward Israel, said Sarsour, Jews and non-Jews alike “must commit to dismantling anti-Semitism. The existential threat resides in the White House, and if what you’re reading all day long in the Jewish media is that Linda Sarsour and Minister [Louis] Farrakhan are the existential threats to the Jewish community, something really bad is going to happen and we are going to miss the mark on it.”
    skip - A tweet from Jonathan Greenblatt

    Apart from Sarsour, the panel also featured Rebecca Vilkomerson, the executive director of Jewish Voices for Peace, Leo Ferguson of Jews for Racial and Economic Justice and Lina Morales, a member of Jews of Color and Mizrahi/Sephardi Caucus of JVP. The event was moderated by journalist and author Amy Goodman, the host of the alternative news program “Democracy Now!”
    The panel, organized by JVP, Haymarket Books, Jacobin magazine, Jews for Racial and Economic Justice and The New School’s Creative Publishing and Critical Journalism program, was preceded by great controversy over Sarsour’s participation. Jonathan Greenblatt, the CEO of the Anti-Defamation League, tweeted that “Having Linda Sarsour & head of JVP leading a panel on antisemitism is like Oscar Meyer leading a panel on vegetarianism.” Writing for Tablet Magazine, Phyllis Chesler, a New School alumni, wished that she could give back her diploma.
    “Antisemitism is harmful and real. But when antisemitism is redefined as criticism of Israel, critics of Israeli policy become accused and targeted more than the growing far-right,” read the event’s description.
    The other panelists were similarly critical of Israel and of the Jewish American community that rebukes activists like Sarsour yet embraces far-right figures like Steve Bannon and Sebastian Gorka. “I am angry at the profound hypocrisy of the institutional Jewish community, which has taught us that loving Israel does not mean that you love Jews,” said Vilkomerson. “Because I care about Jews, I am anti-Zionist,” said Morales. “Nothing can be more counterproductive or hurtful to Jews than to be intentionally confusing the issue of anti-Semitism by spreading false charges of anti-Semitism,” said Ferguson, in reference to the “smearing” of pro-Palestinian activists by Jewish-American organizations. Lobbing false accusations of anti-Semitism, he argued, “slowly erodes our ability to accurately assess threats.”
    Two hours before the debate was scheduled to begin, over 15 policemen and security guards and multiple police cars were already surrounding the venue where it was to be held. A small protest took place across the street, with some demonstrators holding signs and chanting against Sarsour and JVP.
    “This panel is spitting in the face of Jews – four anti-Semites talking about anti-Semitism,” Karen Lichtbraun, one of the demonstrators and head of the New York chapter of the Jewish Defense League told Haaretz. JVP, she charged, wanted to “drive a wedge between Jews” by inviting Sarsour. “[Sarsour] wants to bring Sharia law to America. She is brainwashing a lot of young Jews,” she claimed.
    “Nobody has a monopoly on talking about anti-Semitism,” Rabbi Alissa Wise, deputy director of Jewish Voice for Peace and one of the event’s organizers, told Haaretz. “As a rabbi and a Jew, I feel safer in the world knowing that there are more people, non-Jewish allies, Muslims, Christians, people of no faith, who are taking up the question of anti-Semitism seriously.”
    When asked about the commotion in the media that surrounded the event, Wise said: “There’s something particular about the role that Linda plays in the psyche of the American Jewish community. We’ve done these anti-Semitism events in Indianapolis, Chicago, the Bay Area, Philadelphia, and this is not the only one where a Muslim is speaking. Never before have we seen this kind of frenzy. It just seems like a witch hunt of sorts.”
    Tuesday’s event was not the first time a planned appearance by Sarsour caused controversy: Her invitation to deliver the commencement address at the City University of New York School of Public Health in June raised the ire of pro-Israel activists. The uproar included a protest rally against her speech outside CUNY’s main office building, headed by far-right provocateur Milo Yiannopoulos, who called Sarsour a “Sharia-loving, terrorist-embracing, Jew-hating, ticking time bomb of progressive horror.”
    “When I spoke at the CUNY graduate center back in June, something really disturbing happened,” said Sarsour during the panel. “I don’t care if people protest against me. What was confusing to me at that moment was, how is it that people that are Jewish are standing in a really against me with Milo Yiannopoulos, Richard Spencer, and Gavin McInnes? Why are they there with them? I hope the Jewish community stands up and says that’s wrong, that under no circumstance should Jewish people align with people like Milo or Pamela Geller or Richard Spencer or Gavin McInnes.”
    When asked about her previous statement that feminism is “incompatible with Zionism,” Sarsour said: “I am not as important as I am made out to be. I am not the one that actually gets to say who gets to be in the movement and who doesn’t. Let’s stop talking about the civil rights movement that happened 50 years ago because there is a civil rights movement happening right now. We live under fascism, and we need all hands on deck.”

    Asher Schechter
    Haaretz Columnist

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  • White supremacists are finding new homes on Russian social media; black transgender people face the more discrimination; the neo-Nazis at Daily Stormer want to make Papa John’s the official pizza of the alt-right, and more.

    Daily Beast – Purged from Facebook and Twitter, white supremacists are seeking refuge on Russian social media, including VKontakte.

    Salon – The origins of the alt-right are not as new as many believe.

    Washington Post — Posters proclaiming “IT’S OKAY TO BE WHITE” have been appearing on college campuses and on city streets across the country.

    NBC News — Black transgender people in the United States face “deeper and broader forms of discrimination” than their white counterparts.

    Raw Story — The white supremacist “Daily Stormer” wants to make Papa John’s the official pizza of the alt-right.

    CNN – The Daily Caller fires its opinion editor after he offers right-wing provocateur Milo Yiannopoulos a weekly column.

    Fox News — Miami art professor turns American flags into KKK hoods causing outrage.

    New York Times — An anti-immigrant group led by the white nationalist Richard Spencer has been told it can’t hold its annual conference in a federal office building, just blocks from the White House.

    Washington Post — Postcards targeting the school board candidates of Asian descent have been arriving in the mailboxes in Edison, New Jersey.

  • Linguistic data analysis of 3 billion Reddit comments shows the alt-right is getting stronger

    You probably have a good idea of who the so-called “alt-right” are: a group of white supremacists and nationalists, bound up by a fiery loathing of “political correctness,” “cultural Marxism,” and those pesky “social-justice warriors.” You might have also seen the articles that tell us to stop using that term and call them out for the fascist, neo-Nazis they are. In the wake of the “Unite the Right” protests in Charlottesville last weekend, these calls have only become more urgent. The phrase has become a catch-all for people like Richard Spencer, the head of the white supremacist National Policy Institute, and Milo Yiannopoulos, the online troll and provocateur who recently fell from mainstream conservative grace. But there’s a lot more people it catches in its (inter)net.
    The alt-right isn’t one group. They don’t have one coherent identity. Rather, they’re a loose collection of people from disparate backgrounds who would never normally interact: bored teenagers, gamers, men’s rights activists, conspiracy theorists and, yes, white nationalists and neo-Nazis. But thanks to the internet, they’re beginning to form a cohesive group identity. And I have the data to prove it.

  • Richard Spencer Calls Himself ‘White Zionist’ – The Forward

    In an interview on Israeli TV, Richard Spencer said that Israelis should ignore the anti-Semitism of the “alt-right” and instead respect and empathize with his desire to create a whites-only ethno state.

    #sionisme #sioniste #suprémaciste

  • Liberal Zionism in the Age of Trump

    Avec l’arrivée au pouvoir de Trump, la contradiction vécue par nombre de Juifs américains entre l’attachement au libéralisme américain (inclusif) et l’attachement au sionisme (exclusif) risque de devenir intenable - une analyse du philosophe Omri Boehm.

    That difficulty was apparent earlier this month at an event at Texas A&M University when Richard Spencer, one of the ideological leaders of the alt-right’s white nationalist agenda — which he has called “a sort of white Zionism” — was publicly challenged by the university’s Hillel Rabbi Matt Rosenberg, to study with him the Jewish religion’s “radical inclusion” and love. “Do you really want radical inclusion into the state of Israel?” Spencer replied. “Maybe all of the Middle East can go move into Tel Aviv or Jerusalem. Would you really want that?” Spencer went on to argue that Israel’s ethnic-based politics was the reason Jews had a strong, cohesive identity, and that Spencer himself admired them for it.

    The rabbi could not find words to answer, and his silence reverberates still.

    #sionisme #israel #trump #alt-right #extrême-droite #nationalisme #libéralisme

  • Neo-Nazi Website Targets Jews In Hometown Of White Nationalist Leader

    The founder of the neo-Nazi website #Daily_Stormer on Friday called for retaliation against people who he said were Jewish residents of #Whitefish, #Montana, the hometown of white nationalist #leader_Richard Spencer.
    #extrême_droite #extrême-droite #néo-nazis #USA #Etats-Unis

  • White supremacist website calls for action in Montana
    "A white supremacist website called The Daily Stormer has posted a call to “TAKE ACTION” against Jewish people in Whitefish, providing personal contact information and urging a “troll storm” against them.

    The story claims the “vicious, evil race” has harmed the Whitefish business of Richard Spencer’s mother. It quotes a story from the British newspaper Daily Mail that said Sherry Spencer “said she is being forced to sell a building she owns in the small town because residents are rebelling against her son.”

    The site posted phone numbers, email addresses, and Twitter handles for the Whitefish residents it alleges are harassing Sherry Spencer, along with a disclaimer that it opposes violence.

    Richard Spencer is president and director of the National Policy Institute, which the Southern Poverty Law Center has identified as a hate group. The institute is “dedicated to the heritage, identity, and future of people of European descent in the United States, and around the world.”"

    En ce moment je vois passer pas mal de choses de cathos intégristes et de royalistes, ce sont un peu les memes. Aurant le fn axe sur l’islam qu’eux font un saut en arrière assez terrifiant. C’est la première fois hors livre que je lis le mot “youpin” assortit de menaces.



    Si vous n’avez pas encore entendu parler de l’alt-right (contraction en anglais de « droite alternative »), l’accession de Donald Trump au pouvoir devrait rapidement vous en donner un aperçu. Derrière le terme encore méconnu en France, on trouve une nébuleuse d’#extrême_droite, raciste, viscéralement antiféministe et qui se donne pour but de sauver « l’identité blanche » aux États-Unis. Une nébuleuse qui rappelle la fachosphère française, et dont l’un des principaux représentants, le patron de Breitbart, vient d’être nommé chef de la stratégie de Trump à la Maison Blanche. Un peu comme si le fondateur de #Fdesouche était nommé à l’Élysée.

    #Twitter suspend d’importants comptes d’extrême droite américains

    Au moins une dizaine de comptes influents de l’« alt-right », ce mouvement suprémaciste américain, ont été suspendus cette semaine sur Twitter, ont signalé mardi 15 novembre USA Today et le Washington Post. Parmi eux, celui de Richard Spencer, autoproclamé « Karl Marx de l’alt-right » et figure tutélaire du mouvement, ainsi que les comptes qui lui sont indirectement affiliés, comme son « think tank » NPI America, et son journal en ligne Radix. Dans une vidéo sur YouTube, Richard Spencer a dénoncé une action de « stalinisme d’entreprise, au sens où il s’agit d’une purge, et qu’elle vise les gens en fonction de leurs opinions ».

    Twitter a refusé comme à son habitude de commenter la suspension de ces comptes, se contentant, dans un communiqué, de rappeler que « les règles de Twitter interdisent les insultes et le harcèlement » et que l’entreprise « suspend les comptes qui [les] violent ».

    The amplification of censorship: How attacking the alt-right only adds to the flames

    What blissful days these must be for the alt-right.

    Their preferred candidate for president is transitioning into the White House.

    Their champion, Steve Bannon, formerly CEO of the most mainstream media platform for alt-right voices on the internet,, has secured a place in the West Wing at elbow’s length from the new president.

    And the conventional media! They seem to be stumbling around trying to decide whether to explain the alt-right, ignore it, censor it or refuse to even speak its name.

    Josh Marshall, at Talking Points Memo, fears the very term “alt-right” is a sinister “branding move” to give cover to racists. Instead he suggests journalists should use phrases such as “the alt-right, a white nationalist, anti-Semitic movement.”

  • Stephen Bannon, un idéologue controversé à la Maison Blanche

    La nomination de Stephen Bannon comme conseiller stratégique du futur président américain suscite de vives critiques. L’ex-patron du site « Breitbart News » est accusé d’antisémitisme et de racisme.

    Le site ultraconservateur Breitbart News a donné l’impression, mardi 15 novembre, d’avoir pour unique mission de défendre Stephen Bannon. La nomination de son ancien dirigeant comme conseiller stratégique du président élu Donald Trump, une fonction aux contours encore incertains, a suscité en effet une vague de critiques compte tenu de l’idéologie identitaire qui lui est prêtée. L’Anti-Defamation League et le Southern Poverty Law Center notamment, spécialisés dans la surveillance des groupuscules d’extrême droite, s’en sont indignés, assurant que, sous sa responsabilité, le site a banalisé les thèses de suprémacistes blancs et une forme d’antisémitisme.

    Breitbart News a dénoncé une cabale ourdie par « des élites battues et humiliées » à la suite de l’élection de M. Trump le 8 novembre. Mais la défiance s’étend au Parti républicain. « Ce site, c’est la poubellisation des esprits », déplore sous couvert d’anonymat un consultant conservateur rencontré mardi.

    Entré définitivement au service du milliardaire en août, après l’avoir activement soutenu par l’intermédiaire du site créé en 2007 par Andrew Breitbart, mort subitement en 2012, M. Bannon a tout pour détoner à la Maison Blanche. Il n’a aucune expérience du pouvoir et est entré tardivement en politique après une carrière passée dans l’armée, au sein de la marine, chez la banque Goldman Sachs, puis à Hollywood où il a produit des films avant de réaliser des documentaires consacrés successivement à Ronald Reagan, à Sarah Palin, la candidate républicaine à la vice-présidence en 2008, et enfin au mouvement Occupy Wall Street – deux hagiographies, et un brûlot contre la gauche américaine.

    Ethno-nationalisme anti-immigration

    A cet égard, il est un outsider au même titre que le futur 45e président des Etats-Unis, pourfendeur des « élites » malgré un passage par la Harvard Business School (comme M. Trump à la Wharton School of Business de l’University of Pennsylvania), et contempteur de la mondialisation. Son ethno-nationalisme anti-immigration doublé d’une défiance absolue vis-à-vis de l’islam l’a rapproché de figures telles que la polémiste Ann Coulter ou la militante islamophobe Pamela Geller.
    M. Bannon s’est retrouvé spontanément dans la candidature de M. Trump, qui avait lancé en 2011 une croisade « nativiste » contre le président Barack Obama, accusé d’avoir menti sur son lieu de naissance et d’être en fait inéligible.

    Cette proximité a été entretenue par une série d’entretiens sur une radio rattachée à Breitbart News. Des extraits donnés par le Washington Post, mardi, mettent en évidence l’influence du polémiste sur le candidat, notamment au sujet de l’islam.
    Les deux hommes y partagent la dénonciation du politiquement correct, Breitbart étant devenu le refuge des républicains radicaux jugeant la chaîne conservatrice Fox News trop policée. Un puissant moteur de mobilisation, puisqu’une étude du Policy Religion Research Institute a montré, en octobre, que 69 % des électeurs blancs, la base électorale de M. Trump, jugent qu’il faut « parler franchement des sujets sensibles et des problèmes auxquels le pays est confronté même si cela peut offenser certaines personnes ».

    Le blanchiment opéré par M. Bannon, via son site, des thèses radicales de l’« alternative right » ou Alt-Right, tenue longtemps à la lisière du camp conservateur, explique que sa nomination ait été perçue comme une victoire stratégique et saluée par le nationaliste blanc Richard Spencer, du National Policy Institute comme du site Vdare, classés racistes par le Southern Poverty Law Center. David Duke, ancien responsable du Ku Klux Klan, battu aux élections pour le poste de gouverneur de la Louisiane en 1991, a été également un des premiers à louer la nomination de M. Bannon.

    Un ancien du site qui avait rompu avec lui en mars, Ben Shapiro, qui anime désormais sa propre plate-forme, The Daily Wire, a estimé après l’annonce de sa nomination que le procès pour racisme et antisémitisme instruit contre M. Bannon éclipse ce qui figure au cœur de la stratégie d’un guerrier idéologique fasciné par le pouvoir. A savoir la volonté de transformation du Parti républicain – qu’il abhorre autant que la gauche américaine – alignée sur les mots d’ordre des extrêmes droites européennes.

    C’est ce conflit que M. Trump a importé à la Maison Blanche. Il a nommé en effet le même jour le patron du Grand Old Party (GOP), Reince Priebus, au poste également stratégique de chief of staff, proche à la fois d’une fonction de chef de cabinet et de premier ministre. Cette association peut s’avérer explosive. Pour Breitbart, un proche de M. Priebus, le speaker (président) de la Chambre des représentants du Congrès, le républicain Paul Ryan, jugé trop modéré, est en effet une cible à abattre.

    M. Bannon a montré par le passé que la fin justifiait les moyens. Breitbart News a diffusé, mardi, un article sur la menace islamiste agrémenté d’une photo menaçante d’hommes masqués. Elle avait été publiée en mars 2015 par le site britannique The Independent avec une légende précisant qu’il s’agissait de soldats irakiens à l’exercice avant une offensive contre l’organisation Etat islamique.

    La veille, un titre laissait entendre que M. Trump avait remporté le vote populaire sans préciser que, pour parvenir à ce résultat, l’auteur avait exclu les villes où les démocrates sont nettement majoritaires.

  • Fleeing Syria for Europe : Safaa’s fatal journey

    signalé par, cette contribution présentée de manière très originale avec des animations, minimalistes, simples et très efficace. L’ensemble, du point de vue de la présentation est très réussi. L’histoire, elle est horrible.

    Eight-year-old Safaa and her family fled war-torn Syria three years ago. Now, after a doomed attempt to get to Europe from Egypt, she is dead. But why are so many desperate to make the same journey?

    Richard Spencer, Tuesday 29 September, 2015

    #réfugiés #syrie #cartographie #visualisation #flêches