person:vladimir putin

  • Trump Can’t Do That. Can He? – Foreign Policy
    https://foreignpolicy.com/2019/01/16/trump-cant-do-that-can-he-nato-russia-congress

    On NATO withdrawal and other issues, it turns out presidential powers are constrained by norms but not laws.

    If U.S. President Donald Trump decides to withdraw from NATO tomorrow, Congress might be unable to stop him.

    That’s the conclusion a group of top lawmakers and some legal experts have reached, as Trump over the past two years has repeatedly bashed the alliance and extended olive branches to Russian President Vladimir Putin—even while his administration has taken some steps to support NATO.


  • Macron n’ira pas à Davos mais réunira des patrons à Versailles
    https://www.lemonde.fr/politique/article/2019/01/11/macron-n-ira-pas-a-davos-mais-reunira-des-patrons-a-versailles_5407882_82344

    Macron n’ira pas à Davos mais réunira des patrons à Versailles
    Cette année, le président ne se rendra pas au Forum économique mondial « en raison d’un agenda chargé », a fait savoir l’Elysée.

    Un Davos sans Donald Trump… ni Emmanuel Macron. Le président français a fait savoir, vendredi 11 janvier, qu’il ne participera pas au Forum de Davos qui rassemble tous les ans en janvier en Suisse le gotha de l’économie mondiale, « en raison d’un #agenda_chargé  ».
    Si le chef de l’Etat avait fait un long discours au Forum de Davos l’an passé, les présidents français ne participent pas systématiquement à ce rendez-vous en Suisse, qui aura lieu cette année du 21 au 25 janvier.

    agenda chargé (hum !) ou protection de son image ?
    • vis-à-vis de l’intérieur, plutôt mal vu, en cette époque jaune, de pavaner dans un séminaire de puissants,
    • et de l’étranger, se taper la honte du donneur de leçon pris les doigts dans la confiture.


  • Macron, Hitler, Marx, Staline, Trump, Lincoln, Jean-Baptiste et Le Monde... (quand l’Absente tue le game !)

    Branle bas de combat ! #Le_Monde aurait osé « la #caricature de trop » ! Comme l’explique brillamment #André_Gunthert sur son « carnet de recherches d’image sociale », cette #Une, grandiloquente et #en_même_temps irrévérencieuse, « vient clore l’impressionnante dégringolade du président Macron »
    http://imagesociale.fr/6975
    seenthissé par @colporteur : https://seenthis.net/messages/747820

    Le récit, commencé en fanfare et qui se clôt sur un champ de bataille, est illustré en couverture du magazine par un photomontage du graphiste Jean-Baptiste Talbourdet

    Mais bien qu’elle contienne toutes les références nécessaires, je ne partage pas les conclusions de cette note, qui prête à l’auteur #Jean-Baptiste_Talbourdet une intension volontairement malveillante sans l’avoir questionné.

    Suite, donc, à cette couverture pour le moins « audacieuse », une shitstorm s’est installée, sur les limites de la représentation du #Chef de l’#État, on croirait presque à un blasphème tant la bronca est générale. #Luc_Bronner, directeur de la rédaction du Monde, oppose un petit justificatif, et c’est là, selon moi, que se joue une couardise dommageable pour tou-te-s :
    https://www.lemonde.fr/m-le-mag/article/2018/12/29/a-nos-lecteurs-a-propos-de-la-une-de-m-le-magazine-du-monde_5403549_4500055.
    Il avait tous les éléments pour faire une démonstration historique avec un filage magistral et ... non, il se réfugie derrière une rapide référence de l’Histoire de l’Art, en bon #sachant, et prend pour exemple... d’autres couvertures du Monde ! En bref, il lâche le choix politique pour une excuse graphique, esthétisante... alors qu’elle-même est issue d’une tradition politique !

    #Hubert_de_Jenlis, en bon chevalier de #Macron, pense porter un coup de grâce par la preuve irréfutable d’un #plagiat de #Lincols_Agnew qui portraitise #Hitler :
    https://twitter.com/HubertdeJenlis/status/1079143667724627968

    Hors, cet portrait a servi pour illustrer un essai ô combien intéressant paru dans le Harpers en juillet 2017 : The Reichstag Fire Next Time, The coming crackdown par #Masha_Gessen :
    https://harpers.org/archive/2017/07/the-reichstag-fire-next-time
    Le portrait, donc, est signé #Lincoln_Agnew et fait partie d’un diptyque où on retrouve donc Hitler :

    Illustrations by Lincoln Agnew. Source photographs: Adolf Hitler © Hulton Archive/Getty Images; crowd saluting Hitler © Visual Studies Workshop/Getty Images

    Mais aussi #Trump, #Putin, #Obama, #Bush :

    Source photographs: Donald Trump © JB Lacroix/WireImage; Vladimir Putin © Mikhail Svetlov/Getty Images; Barack Obama © Ron Sachs-Pool/Getty Images; George W. Bush © Luke Frazza/AFP/Getty Images; protest © Creative Touch Imaging Ltd./NurPhoto/Getty Images; drone © Erik Simonsen/Getty Images

    Ce qui semblait de toute évidence être une copie se révèle, si on prend le temps de lire l’article, puis de chercher les sources d’inspiration de Lincoln Agnew, être un hommage, dans le fil d’une tradition de représentation de la #Puissance et du #Pouvoir de figures d’autorité, dans la _#Droite ligne de #Gauche_ de l’#iconographie #Russe.
    Et il se trouve que Agnew lui-même s’inspire de #Gustav_Klutsis qui portraitise #Marx, #Engels, #Lenine et #Staline de la même manière en... 1933 !

    Gustav Klutsis, Raise Higher the Banner of Marx, Engels, Lenin and Stalin ! 1933

    (L’année même de l’incendie du du Reichstag dont il est question plus haut.) Portrait qu’on peut retrouver dans la superbe exposition de nov 2017 à février 2018 au musée #Tate : Red Star Over Russia at Tate Modern
    https://www.tate.org.uk/whats-on/tate-modern/exhibition/red-star-over-russia
    Il est vraiment intéressant de regarder la vidéo faite par le Tate Modern pour l’exposition : https://youtu.be/Kd_GHlMkwpQ

    qui revient sur

    the story behind graphic designer #David_King's collection of 250,000 artworks, photographs and documents from the Soviet Union.

    Et cette histoire, derrière la collection, c’est le point de départ sur une #Disparition, une #Invisibilisation. Celle de Léon #Trotski. C’est donc l’histoire de la construction de l’image de la Puissance, du Pouvoir, et la représentation de l’Homme Fort, et comment celle-ci écrase tout sur son passage. Pas grand chose à voir donc avec un parti politique particulier, mais bien plus avec une #oppression_systémique, la plus rependue au monde...

    L’affiche de l’expo est peut-être même la première inspiration de la série, et il est troublant de la mettre à côté du portrait de Macron tant les deux visages se répondent ! Elle est datée de 1923 et signée #Strakhov (Braslavsky) Adolf Yosypovych :

    Elle est issue d’une campagne de propagande pour... l’émancipation féminine ! Et ... combien avez-vous vu de #femmes dans cette suite de portraits, jusqu’à présent ? Hein ?!

    Quel dommage ! Quel dommage que les gonades qui s’expriment contre la pseudo-insulte faite au Chef de la France soient quasiment, uniquement, masculines ou assimilées. Quel dommage aussi que pour défendre un choix, d’autres gonades masculines n’osent aller au bout de la filiation. Je n’irait pas jusqu’à dire quel dommage que si peu soient encore #Charlie, mais ceci dit, ça a quand même son sens. L’année 2018 a vu augmenter, terriblement, la pression du #patriarcat, du #masculinisme même, et la #répression, partout : cette fin d’année est maculée de sang sous les coups frénétiques d’un service régalien qui ne fait que protéger un président fantoche dont quasi plus personne ne veut. Et quand, enfin, arrive une occasion de justifier le maintien de leur chef au Pouvoir, la meute de déchaine, écrasant, une fois de plus la continuité des leçons de l’Histoire, de sa contextualisation globale nécessaire, et participe ainsi, encore plus, au #confusionnisme plutôt qu’à l’#éducation_populaire...
    Quelle misère !

    Épilogue : Toute #oppression crée un état de #guerre.
    #Simone_de_Beauvoir, in Le Deuxième #sexe, t.2, L’expérience vécue



  • Scoop: Netanyahu rejected Russian plan to work with U.S. on Syria, Iran
    Axios - 20 déc 2018
    https://www.axios.com/russia-proposal-syria-israel-iran-united-states-c6d0bde9-583a-4dab-8a38-b2a21

    More than three months ago, Russian President Vladimir Putin’s national security adviser Nikolai Patrushev gave his Israeli counterpart a document. It contained an unofficial proposal for a deal between the U.S. and Russia on Syria and Iran intended to start a wider dialogue between Washington and Moscow to improve relations, two Israeli officials with direct knowledge tell me.

    Why it matters: The Russian proposal would have tied a U.S. withdrawal from Syria to an Iranian exit from the country, and provided the U.S. and Israel more influence over a future political settlement in Syria. However, it also called for a freeze on U.S. sanctions on Iran — something Netanyahu found unacceptable. Ultimately, the U.S. gave up much of its leverage in Syria with President Trump’s surprise announcement Wednesday of a unilateral withdrawal.

    Background: Last month, I reported that Netanyahu told a closed door hearing at the Knesset that Russia proposed a deal for pushing Iranian forces out of Syria in return for relief from some U.S. sanctions against Iran. We now know that Netanyahu’s comments referred to a document called the “Patrushev Paper.”

    The Patrushev Paper was given to Israel in a meeting that took place in Moscow on Sept. 13 — four days before the downing of a Russian military plane in Syria that kicked off a deep crisis between Israel and Russia.
    The two Israeli officials told me Russia’s proposal was that Israel would act as a facilitator between the U.S. and Russia and encourage the White House to start a dialogue with the Kremlin on Syria and Iran as an opening for a wider bilateral discussion.
    “They asked us to open the gates for them in Washington,” one Israeli official told me. (...)

    #Israel #Russie #Syrie #USA #Iran


  • China y Rusia presionan al gobierno para recibir a tiempo 900.000 b/d
    http://www.el-nacional.com/noticias/economia/china-rusia-presionan-gobierno-para-recibir-tiempo-900000-b-d_262900


    Pdvsa exporta a Estados Unidos 500.000 barriles diarios de crudo, fundamentalmente hacia su filial Citgo.
    Archivo

    Pdvsa solo despacha la mitad del crudo comprometido que adeuda a Moscú y a Pekín, mientras intenta cubrir las exportaciones a Estados Unidos, informaron fuentes del sector

    Petróleos de Venezuela redujo a la mitad los envíos de crudo –900.000 barriles diarios– pactados con China y Rusia como pago de la deuda externa que contrajo el gobierno con los dos países, aseguró una fuente cercana a la empresa.

    Los acuerdos originales disponen enviar 600.000 y 300.000 barriles al día de petróleo a Moscú y Pekín, respectivamente, pero actualmente los despachos llegan a 300.000 y 150.000 barriles. Esto pone a prueba la paciencia de los acreedores y presionan a Pdvsa para que cumpla sus compromisos a tiempo y en las cantidades convenidas”, precisó la fuente.

    Hace dos semanas el jefe de la petrolera rusa Rosneft, Igor Sechin, visitó el país y se entrevistó con el presidente Nicolás Maduro para manifestar su queja por los incumplimientos, informó la fuente.

    Agregó que además del interés geopolítico, el viaje sorpresa de Maduro a Rusia la semana pasada buscó “calmar las cosas y comprometer más producción de Pdvsa”. “Pero eso no significa dinero fresco para el país”.

    La fuente sostuvo que la petrolera nacional afronta una situación muy comprometida debido a la deuda –70 millardos de dólares– con sus proveedores y los tenedores de bonos de deuda externa, fundamentalmente de Estados Unidos.

    Moscú se ha convertido en un financista de emergencia del Ejecutivo  venezolano. El gobierno ruso y Rosneft le han otorgado préstamos y líneas de crédito por 17 millardos de dólares desde 2006, que se cancelan con petróleo.

    Al regreso del viaje a Rusia, donde conversó con el presidente Vladimir Putin, Maduro anunció la firma de más pactos petroleros y auríferos por 6 millardos de dólares con empresas de ese país.

    En 2007, el presidente Hugo Chávez suscribió un acuerdo con China, que creó el Fondo Conjunto Chino-Venezolano, mediante el cual desde esa fecha hasta 2017 el gobierno ha recibido 50 millardos de dólares en préstamos, pagaderos también con crudo.

     “Rusia y China ya no dan dinero fresco a Venezuela sino períodos de gracia a la deuda vigente con la única intención de que les paguen, pues el gobierno ha demostrado ser un maula reiterativo. En esa misma dirección van las inversiones en proyectos petroleros y mineros”, aseveró la fuente.

    Maduro prometió el 19 de octubre que incrementará la exportación de petróleo a Pekin a 1.000.000 de barriles diarios “llueva, truene o relampaguee”.

    José Toro Hardy, ex director de Petróleos de Venezuela, considera que la situación del auxilio financiero ruso-chino es “muy delicada por las limitaciones del gobierno para responder a los compromisos debido al declive de la producción petrolera”, que en octubre alcanzó 1.117.000 barriles al día, según reportes de las fuentes secundarias a la Organización de Países Exportadores de Petróleo, lo cual evidencia una reducción de 739.000 barriles  con respecto al promedio de 2017 de 1.856.000 barriles por día.

    El experto destacó que Venezuela necesita los ingresos fiscales de sus exportaciones petroleras a Estados Unidos, pues son las únicas que representan el pago en efectivo y parte de ese volumen lo resta a China y Rusia, de los que no recibe ni un dólar.

    Se trata de 500.000 barriles al día destinados a Citgo, filial de Pdvsa en Estados Unidos, y las petroleras Valero y Tesoro. “La presión de Rusia para que Venezuela le pague pone en riesgo la propiedad de Pdvsa de Citgo, de la cual Rosneft tiene 49,9% de las acciones en garantía de un préstamo por 1,5 millardos de dólares contraído el año pasado”.

    Toro Hardy afirmó que sobre Citgo pesan las demandas por incumplimientos contra Pdvsa como Cristallex y Conoco, con las que llegó a acuerdos de pago. Pero eso no impide otras querellas de empresas que en el futuro exijan a la filial de Pdvsa en pago, y a esto se suma que el gobierno puso como garantía el 51,1% restante de Citgo a los tenedores de bonos.


  • Ukrainian leader says Putin wants his whole country, asks for NATO help | Reuters
    https://www.reuters.com/article/us-ukraine-crisis-russia-idUSKCN1NY1K5

    Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko accused Russia’s Vladimir Putin on Thursday of wanting to annex his entire country and called for NATO to deploy warships to a sea shared by the two nations.
    […]
    Ukraine’s border service said it would only allow Ukrainian citizens to travel to Crimea via its land border with the annexed territory, while the head of the Ukrainian navy said Kiev would try to get Turkey to close the Bosphorus Strait to Russian ships.

    There were further signs that Russia was pressing ahead with its plans to fortify Crimea and turn it into what Kremlin-backed media have called a fortress.

    Russia on Thursday deployed a new battalion of advanced S-400 surface-to-air missile systems in Crimea, its fourth such battalion, TASS news agency cited a spokesman for Russia’s Black Sea Fleet as saying.

    Citing a Crimean security source, Interfax news agency also reported Russian plans to build a new missile early-warning radar station in Crimea next year that would be able to track ballistic and cruise missiles from a long distance.

    Russia was also working on a new technical system to allow it to better track shipping around the peninsula in order to protect its maritime borders, Interfax said.

    En tous cas, il y en a qui n’ont peur de rien : demander à la Turquie de fouler au pied la #convention_de_Montreux, il faut oser !


  • Russia’s Gazprom says offshore part of TurkStream is complete | Reuters
    https://uk.reuters.com/article/turkey-russia-gas-pipeline-idUKL8N1XU3N5

    Construction of the offshore part of the TurkStream pipeline that will carry Russian gas across the Black Sea to Turkey has been completed, Russian gas producer Gazprom said on Monday.

    TurkStream is part of Moscow’s efforts to bypass Ukraine as a gas transit route to Europe, which imports around a third of its gas needs from Gazprom.

    Projects of this kind and this project in particular are not directed against the interests of anyone. Projects of this kind are purely creative,” Russian President Vladimir Putin said as he and Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan attended an official ceremony in Istanbul.

    Work will now focus onshore and is on track to be completed by the end of 2019, he said.

    Gazprom is building the TurkStream in two lines, each with a capacity of 15.75 billion cubic metres of gas per year. The first will supply Turkey and the second southern Europe.

    Turkey is almost completely reliant on imports to meet its energy needs. A crippling currency crisis which has seen the lira plummet has increased costs, prompting energy companies to hike consumer prices.

    Turkey’s state pipeline operator Botas will build the 69-km section of TurkStream which will carry natural gas from the coast to its distribution centre in Luleburgaz in northwestern Turkey, Energy Minister Fatih Donmez told private broadcaster NTV, adding he expected this to be completed in 2019.

    A 145-km section of pipeline from the distribution centre to the border will be constructed by Botas and Gazprom, he said.


  • Opinion | Will Deep-Fake Technology Destroy Democracy? - The New York Times
    https://www.nytimes.com/2018/10/17/opinion/deep-fake-technology-democracy.html

    Both images are the result of digital manipulation, and what, in its most ominous form, is called deep fakes: technology that makes it possible to show people saying things they never said, doing things they never did.

    This technology has great potential both as art and snark: One set of deep fakes has cleverly inserted Nicolas Cage into a half-dozen movies he wasn’t involved with, including “Raiders of the Lost Ark.” You can watch that and decide for yourself whether Mr. Cage or Harrison Ford makes for the best Indiana Jones.

    But, as always, the same technology that contains the opportunity for good also provides an opening for its opposite. As a result, we find ourselves on the cusp of a new world — one in which it will be impossible, literally, to tell what is real from what is invented.

    But deep-fake technology takes deception a step further, exploiting our natural inclination to engage with things that make us angriest. As Jonathan Swift said: “The greatest liar hath his believers: and it often happens, that if a lie be believed only for an hour, it hath done its work, and there is no further occasion for it.”

    Consider the image of Emma Gonzalez, a survivor of the Parkland High School shooting in February who has become a vocal activist. A manipulated photo of her tearing up the Constitution went viral on Twitter among gun-rights supporters and members of the alt-right. The image had been digitally altered from another photo appearing in Teen Vogue. That publication’s editor lamented: “The fact that we even have to clarify this is proof of how democracy continues to be fractured by people who manipulate and fabricate the truth.”

    That fake was exposed — but did it really make a difference to the people who wanted to inhabit their own paranoid universe? How many people still believe, all evidence to the contrary, that Barack Obama is a Muslim, or that he was born in Kenya?

    Now imagine the effect of deep fakes on a close election. Let’s say video is posted of Beto O’Rourke, a Democrat running for Senate in Texas, swearing that he wants to take away every last gun in Texas, or of Senator Susan Collins of Maine saying she’s changed her mind on Brett Kavanaugh. Before the fraud can be properly refuted, the polls open. The chaos that might ensue — well, let’s just say it’s everything Vladimir Putin ever dreamed of.

    There’s more: The “liar’s dividend” will now apply even to people, like Mr. Trump, who actually did say something terrible. In the era of deep fakes, it will be simple enough for a guilty party simply to deny reality. Mr. Trump, in fact, has claimed that the infamous recording of him suggesting grabbing women by their nether parts is not really him. This, after apologizing for it.

    #Infox #Fake_news #Manipulation_images


  • Notes sur l’“arrogance israélienne” et conséquences
    http://www.dedefensa.org/article/notes-sur-larrogance-israelienne-et-consequences

    Notes sur l’“arrogance israélienne” et conséquences

    26 septembre 2018 – Pour mieux appréhender les derniers développements entre la Russie et Israëlaprès la destruction de l’Il-20 dans les conditions qu’on sait, ce texte(ci-dessous) de E.J. Magnier nous paraît intéressant. Il y a d’abord la compétence, l’expérience et les sources du commentateur, que nous connaissons bien ; mais il y a aussi et surtout son point de vue, qui nous permet de mieux éclairer la situation en Syrie.

    Magnier, en effet, perçoit la position de Poutine et l’intervention russe en Syrie d’une manière qui est assez peu habituelle aux commentateurs occidentaux, et notamment aux antiSystème pro-Poutine, et notamment à ceux que nous avons nommés affectueusement “hyper-antiSystème”. Pour lui, Poutine est beaucoup moins un allié de la Syrie (...)

    • D’une façon générale, DEBKAFiles estime que la mesure la plus importante décidée par les Russes est la livraison vers la Syrie de matériels de guerre électronique, notamment les stations Krashuka-4 qui, dans l’architecture électronique que les Russes ont mis en place en Syrie, pourraient se révéler comme un élément déterminant en réduisant considérablement sinon radicalement les capacités d’action israéliennes (le Saker-US parle d’une “no-fly-zone”de facto). Le site assortit cette considération de l’annonce que Netanyahou, qui rencontre Trump aujourd’hui à New York, va sans doute lui demander que les USA offrent des concessions à Poutine pour que la Russie retire ses Krashuka-4 qui ont d’ores et déjà commencé à être déployés en Syrie…

    • Russia’s first Krasukha-4 electronic warfare unit lands in Syria. It can jam spy satellites, enemy radar - DEBKAfile
      https://www.debka.com/russias-first-krasukha-4-electronic-warfare-unit-lands-in-syria-it-can-jam-sp

      The Russian Krasukha-4 mobile electronic warfare system, which can neutralize spy satellites and ground-and airborne radars and damage enemy EW, landed in Syria on Tuesday, Sept. 25. It was unloaded at the Russian Khmeimim Air Base near Latakia, one day after Russian Defense Minister Gen. Sergei Shoigu pledged systems for jamming satellite navigation and the on-board radars and communication systems of combat aircraft attacking Syria, in punishment for Israel’s alleged role in downing the Russian IL-20 spy plane.
      The Krasukha-4 is highly advanced, although not the most sophisticated EW system in the Russian arsenal. But it fits Shoigu’s book. The system can jam communications systems, disable  guided missiles and aircraft, and neutralize Low-Earth Orbit spy satellites  and radars (AWACS) at ranges of 150-300km, which cover northern and central Israel. The Krasukha-4 can also damage  opposing EW.
      Israel’s military has focused its response to Russia’s hostile measures on the eight S-300 aid defense batteries promised the Syrian army in the coming weeks.  Little mention has been made by Israeli spokesmen of the electronic warfare duel awaiting the IDF with Russia.  Israel’s military and  air force know about the Krasukha-4 but have never met it in action. However, it is well known to the Americans. Prime Minister Binyamin Netanyahu is expected to ask Donald Trump when they meet at UN Center on Wednesday to offer Vladimir Putin some incentive for removing the EW jamming threat. There is scarcely any chance of any such a trade-off. Our sources believe that Putin will hold out for nothing less than the withdrawal of US troops from Syria, to which President Trump will not agree.


  • With Russia’s S-300 in Syria, Israel will have to think twice about the next strike
    The new missile system provided by Russia is not a total barrier to airstrikes, but Israeli jets’ freedom of action will be significantly curbed

    Amos Harel SendSend me email alerts
    Sep 25, 2018

    https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium-with-russia-s-s-300-in-syria-israel-will-have-to-think-twice-about

    The two latest developments in Moscow – the Defense Ministry’s report that placed full responsibility for last week’s downing of a Russian plane over Syria on Israel, and the announcement of the transfer of advanced S-300 anti-aircraft missile systems to the Assad regime – shouldn’t surprise anyone in Israel except maybe a few foolish supporters of Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. No matter how good his relations with Russian President Vladimir Putin may be, Netanyahu can’t make the problem disappear.
    Russia suffered an embarrassing blow when Assad’s anti-aircraft fire shot down the plane, and it still has widespread interests to promote in Syria. It was quite clear that the affair would lead to a Russian condemnation of Israel and to demands of Israel. The bottom line still depends on Putin, who initially sufficed with a cautiously worded statement the day after the incident. For the time being it seems the result of the Russian steps will be a significant restriction of Israel’s freedom of action over Syria.
    >> Netanyahu warned Putin: S-300 air defense system in irresponsible hands will endanger region
    Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu announced Monday that his country would supply Syria with S-300 ground-to-air missiles. Russia, he said, would also use electronic warfare systems to prevent the activation of satellite tracking systems along Syria’s coast, making it harder for Israel to conduct airstrikes. And Russia will equip Syrian anti-aircraft units with Russian tracking and guidance systems to prevent mishaps in which Syria downs Russian aircraft.

    S-300 Air Defense System infographicHaaretz


  • Russia Is Hunting For Its Crashed Nuclear-Powered Cruise Missile And The U.S. Might Be Too - The Drive
    http://www.thedrive.com/the-war-zone/23058/russia-is-hunting-for-its-crashed-nuclear-powered-cruise-missile-and-the-u


    (je reprends ici l’intégralité de l’article, non accessible en France)

    Russia is reportedly set to launch an operation to recover a prototype of its Burevestnik nuclear-powered and nuclear-armed cruise missile that came down in the Barents Sea in 2017. At the same time, the wreckage presents a prime opportunity for other countries, particularly the United States, to gain major insights into its design and true capabilities.

    CNBC was first to report the Russian expedition, citing unnamed U.S. government sources with knowledge of an American intelligence report on the matter, on Aug. 21, 2018. These individuals said that the Kremlin would dispatch three unspecified ships, including one specially configured to recover the missile’s nuclear reactor, but said there was no set timeline for when the operation would begin or how long it might last. 
    Russia test-fired four Burevestniks in total between November 2017 and February 2018, according to the new information. The longest test flight reportedly lasted over two minutes and saw the weapon travel a total of 22 miles, while the shortest experiment saw the missile fail within seconds, but it still managed to cover a distance of five miles. The missile reportedly uses a nuclear reactor to power its propulsion system, giving it theoretically unlimited range.

    The Russians have otherwise been very tight-lipped about the design, which read more about here. So, it’s not surprising that they would want to recover any wrecks both to prevent foreign intelligence services from getting their hands on it and to gather more information for their test program.

    The official video below offers the best views of the Burevestnik cruise missile available to date.
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IuwMsJlM-pg

    Though CNBC did not say which Russian ships might be heading out on the recovery mission, it is very possible that the Yantar might be among them. Officially an “oceanographic research vessel,” this spy ship has specialized equipment that can reportedly tap or cut submarine cables and investigate and retrieve objects from depths of up to 18,000 feet.

    In 2017, the vessel reportedly sailed off the coast of Syria to recover the remnants of two fighter jets, a Su-33 and a Mig-29KR, that crashed into the Mediterranean Sea during operations from Russia’s aircraft carrier Kuznetsov. In that case, the goal was also, at least in part, to make sure other countries could not retrieve the wrecks for their own purposes.

    In June 2018, the U.K.’s Royal Navy escorted Yantar through the English Channel as it headed into the North Sea. Pictures showed a Saab SeaEye Tiger deep-sea robot on the ship’s deck. Russia acquired this piece of equipment after the Kursk submarine disaster. The Tiger can reach depths of 3,280 feet and private companies have previously used them to do work at sites with heavy radioactive contamination.


    The Russian spy ship Yantar.

    It’s not clear what state the missile wreckage, or the weapon’s reactor, might be in. We at The War Zone have previously explored in detail what might happen if these weapons came down on land or over water after reports that they were crashing first emerged earlier in 2018. It’s also worth noting that these apparent failures might have been successes depending on the actual test points and would have provided Russia important information for further development of the Burevestnik regardless.

    Of course, if the weapon is at all salvageable, the race may be on for the Russians to get it off the bottom of the Barents Sea before anyone else does. The United States has already reportedly been keeping a close eye on the tests and could have a good idea of where the missiles have landed. 

    If they spread any substantial amount of radioactive material when they came down, it might make them even easier to locate. In February 2017, well before the reported test flights, a U.S. Air Force WC-135 atmospheric reconnaissance aircraft was flying around the Barents Sea on what the service has insisted was a routine mission. This coincided with reports of increased radioactivity in the region, but that might have been linked to leaking Russian nuclear waste facilities.

    That U.S. Navy has its own deep sea intelligence gathering and salvage capabilities, notably the super-secret Seawolf-class submarine the USS Jimmy Carter. In September 2017, again before Russia reportedly began firing Burevestniks, that boat returned to its homeport at Naval Base Kitsap-Bangor in Washington State flying a Jolly Roger flag, a symbol representing the completion of a particularly successful mission.


    USN
    The secretive USS Jimmy Carter flying a Jolly Roger flag as it returns to port in September 2017.

    The U.S. government has a long history of trying to steal sensitive Russian equipment from the bottom of the ocean, as well. In the 1970s, the Central Intelligence Agency famously used the Hughes Glomar Explorer to pull a portion of the Soviet Golf II-class ballistic missile submarine K-129 up from the depths of the Pacific Ocean.

    Getting ahold of or even examining pieces of a #Burevestnik, one of six super weapons Russian President Vladimir Putin highlighted in a speech in March 2018, would be a major coup for American intelligence agencies and the U.S. government’s foreign partners. NATO as a whole is also becoming more concerned with Russia’s aggressive policies and various advanced weapons developments, amid threatening training exercises, electronic warfare attacks, and deceptive information operations.

    All told, it might be worth keeping an eye on Yantar’s movements to see if she heads out into the waters above the Arctic Circle any time soon.

    Update: 5:20pm EST
    Canadian analyst Steffan Watkins has found that Russia’s Akademik Primakov, a seismic research vessel has been recently sailing a very deliberate pattern in the Kara Sea, which is to the east of the Novaya Zemlya archipelago. To the west of Novaya Zemlya is the Barents Sea and the area was home to Soviet nuclear weapon testing.


    @steffanwatkins
    Russian seismic research vessel Akademik Primakov (MMSI:273392760) is certainly looking for something in the Kara Sea at 5kn. (Before you get too excited, it could be mapping the Arctic shelf, to aid in Russian claims to it.)

    It is possible that the initial report of where the missile went down was inaccurate and that it instead crashed into the Kara Sea. However, as Watkins notes, the Akademik Primakov is more likely mapping the region. The Russian company JSC Sevmorneftegeofizika acquired the ship in June 2017 specifically to conduct geological exploration activities in the Arctic Shelf.


  • CNBC : Russland har mistet atomdrevet missil i Barentshavet – NRK Finnmark – Lokale nyheter, TV og radio

    https://www.nrk.no/finnmark/cnbc_-russland-har-mistet-atomdrevet-missil-i-barentshavet-1.14175598

    Les russes avouent avoir « perdu » un missile à propulsion nucl"-éaire en mer de Barents. Les Norvégiens se font « du souci ».

    #nucléaire #armement #russie #norvège #se_faire_du_souci #terminologie

    Russland forbereder søk etter en atomdrevet rakett som er forsvunnet til havs, ifølge kilder med tilgang til en amerikansk etterretningsrapport.
    Vladimir Putin

    Russlands president Vladimir Putin framholdt i mars at Russland er nødt til å satse på nye og kraftigere atomvåpen som et svar på USAs rakettskjold. USA kalte det blant annet uansvarlig atomskryt og et klart brudd på internasjonale traktater om nedrustning og våpenkontroll.
    Foto : Mikhail Klimentyev / AP

    Kilde : NTB
    Publisert i dag kl. 08:00 Oppdatert for 2 timer siden
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    Daglig leder Nils Bøhmer i Bellona skriver på Twitter at han er bekymret over nyheten. Bøhmer jobbet i Statens strålevern før han begynte å arbeide for Bellonas Russlandsgruppe og jobber tett med spørsmål knyttet til blant annet atomulykker og Russland.


  • Putin urges Europe to help rebuild Syria so refugees can return | World news | The Guardian

    https://www.theguardian.com/global/2018/aug/18/putin-urges-europe-to-help-rebuild-syria-so-refugees-can-return

    Quand poutine (qui a depuis le début de la guerre quasiment intrdit la présence des réfugiés en Russie) se fait du souci pour le « fardeau » que représenterait les réfugiés pour l’Europe :)

    Russian president Vladimir Putin has called on Europe to contribute to the reconstruction of Syria to allow millions of refugees to return home.

    “We need to strengthen the humanitarian effort in the Syrian conflict,” he said on Saturday, ahead of a meeting with his German counterpart Angela Merkel at the government retreat of Meseberg Palace, north of Berlin.
    Putin holds winning cards as Syrian war nears Idlib showdown
    Read more

    “By that, I mean above all humanitarian aid to the Syrian people, and help the regions where refugees living abroad can return to.”

    There were 1 million refugees in Jordan, the same number in Lebanon, and 3 million in Turkey, Putin said.

    Germany has accepted hundreds of thousands of migrants since 2015 – the height of the migration crisis – which has weakened Angela Merkel politically and split the European Union.

    “This is potentially a huge burden for Europe,” Putin said.

    #syrie #asile #réfugiés #poutine #europe #russie


  • Growing demand for Russian arms in the Middle East: The Syria Effect?
    https://www.mesp.me/2018/06/21/growing-demand-for-russian-arms-in-the-middle-east-the-syria-effect

    A quick look on arms transfers databases reveals a growing demand for Russian arms in the Middle East. In 2012, Russia delivered weapons to four countries (Algeria, Egypt, Jordan and the UAE – in addition to Syria and Iran). Five years later, in 2017, it delivered weapons to eight countries (Algeria, Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Qatar, the UAE and Turkey – in addition to Syria and Iran), and sales grew in variety, size and value. Compared to 2012, the sales, according to announced figures and estimates, at least doubled in size, both because of the expansion to new markets and increased sales to traditional partners. What could explain this increased interest in Russian weapons? Is President Vladimir Putin correct to credit the boost to the “marketing effect” of the Syrian war? Or are there other, more important, factors at play?

    The Russian military industrial complex showcased the best it has to offer in Syria, deploying a vast array of naval, air and ground weapon systems. Furthermore, the conflict has served as a major testing ground. According to various statements by Russian officials, a minimum of 60 and up to 200 of these weapons have been tested in combat for the first time in Syria. “Combat-proven” is in itself a major marketing argument. As Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov said in 2017, “it cannot be overestimated (…) Customers have started queuing up for the weapons that have proven themselves in Syria.” Among those publicly confirmed first-time combat-tested weapons were both examples of the latest Russian state-of-the-art technology, as well as weapons serving in the Russian military for decades.

    “it cannot be overestimated (…) Customers have started queuing up for the weapons that have proven themselves in Syria” – Russia’s Deputy Defense Minister Yuri Borisov.


  • State Department Silent on #MH17 Anniversary Following Trump-Putin Firestorm – Foreign Policy
    https://foreignpolicy.com/2018/07/18/state-dept-mh17-ukraine-russia-netherlands-malaysian-airlines

    Every year since a Russian missile downed Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 over Ukraine on July 17, 2014, killing all 298 passengers and crew, the U.S. State Department has issued a statement to mark the anniversary.

    But on the anniversary this year—a day after U.S. President Donald Trump met in Helsinki with his Russian counterpart, Vladimir Putin—the State Department was conspicuously silent about it.

    Officials there prepared a draft statement that was sharply critical of Russia for its alleged role in the attack. But for reasons the State Department has not explained, it was never issued.

    Based on a cached version of the U.S. embassy’s website in Moscow, it appeared on the homepage briefly on Tuesday but then was quickly taken down. One U.S. official confirmed this account to Foreign Policy.
    Four years after the downing of MH17, the world still awaits Russia’s acknowledgement of its role,” read the draft, a copy of which was obtained byForeign Policy.

    It is time for Russia to cease its callous disinformation campaign and fully support the next investigative phase … and the criminal prosecution of those responsible for the downing of flight MH17.


  • De toute évidence, une tentative désespérée de torpiller le sommet d’Helsinki.

    Aucune preuve dans l’acte d’accusation de Mueller de 12 Russes.
    Assessment:

    It is not by chance that this indictment was published now, a few days before the first summit between Donald Trump and the Russian President Vladimir Putin and shortly before the successful soccer world championship in Russia ends. The release intends to sabotage the talks.
    The indictment describes a wide ranging operation but includes zero proof of anything it alleges.
    Mueller likely hopes that the indictment will never come in front of a court. The alleged stuff would be extremely difficult to prove. Any decent lawyer would ask how the claimed information was gained and how much of it was based on illegal snooping by the NSA. Something the U.S. would hate to reveal.
    It is unlikely that there will ever be a trial of these cases. The indicted persons are all Russians in Russia and none of them is likely to be stupid enough to follow an invitation to Las Vegas or to Disney World.

    http://www.moonofalabama.org/2018/07/no-evidence-in-muellers-indictment-of-12-russians-release-now-may-sab


  • Russia can mediate a grand bargain on Syria – Indian Punchline
    By M K Bhadrakumar – July 6, 2018
    http://blogs.rediff.com/mkbhadrakumar/2018/07/06/russia-can-mediate-a-grand-bargain-on-syria

    The prevailing impression is that Russia plays a hugely influential role in the Syrian conflict. But it is equally the case that there are serious limits to what Russia can do and/or is willing to do to influence the future trajectory of the conflict.
    Russia and the US have managed through joint efforts to bring the conflict in southwestern Syria to an end. This has been possible because the Syrian government forces undertook the operations against extremist groups in Daraa province without involving the Iranian military advisors or Hezbollah (overtly, at least.) In turn, this provided Israel with a a face-saving pretext to swallow the bitter pill – namely, accept the fait accompli of the decimation of its proxy groups in the border region with Syria.
    However, Israel still swears that it will ensure the rollback of Iranian presence in all of Syria. PM Netanyahu is meeting Russian President Vladimir Putin on July 11 to discuss the subject ahead of the Helsinki summit on July 16 between President Trump and Putin.
    What are the prospects of Russia playing ball with Israel and Trump to “evict” the Iranians from Syrian soil? Frankly, “zero”. When asked for comment on the subject at a media interaction in Moscow on July 4, this is how Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov responded:

    Let us first agree on some basic things. There are many non-Syrian forces in Syria. Some of them stay there with the agreement of the legitimate Syrian government, a UN member-country, while others stay there illegally, in violation of the principles of international law.



  • New U.S.-Russia-Saudi oil alliance could also have implications for Israel and Iran

    A reported deal between Putin and the Saudi crown prince means they will have members of OPEC over a barrel when they meet in Vienna this weekend – but Jerusalem will be an interested spectator as well

    Anshel PfefferSendSend me email alerts
    Jun 20, 2018

    https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/.premium-u-s-russia-saudi-oil-alliance-could-affect-israel-iran-too-1.61968

    Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman didn’t look like someone whose national team was losing 5-0 to Russia last Thursday. The broad smiles as he sat beside Russian President Vladimir Putin in the VIP box at Moscow’s Luzhniki Stadium indicated the opening match of the World Cup was just an excuse for their meeting.
    According to briefings by Russian officials after the crown prince had left Moscow, he and Putin had agreed on a joint policy worth more than any sports trophy.
    The two governments – also two of the world’s major energy producers – had reportedly agreed to “institutionalize” the relationship between Russia and the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Does this include all the OPEC members who are meeting in Vienna on Friday? Almost certainly not.
    OPEC exists in theory to ensure its members’ market share of the global energy market and to try and boost oil prices, ensuring their major source of income remains lucrative. But it depends on consensus and coordination between the members. And geopolitics can intrude – in this case, the deepening enmity between two of the major oil producers: the Saudis and Iran.
    In 2016, following a prolonged dip in oil prices (which saw the price of a barrel of crude drop to below $30), OPEC’s 14 members – along with OPEC Plus, a second group of associated nations, including Russia – agreed to cut back production. Along with the rise in global financial activity, this has gradually pushed oil prices back to over $70 a barrel.
    Now, though, some nations – led by the Saudis and Russia – are calling for an increase in production. They are losing market share to U.S. shale oil producers and argue that, since demand is currently high, putting more oil on the market will not dramatically affect prices. They calculate that any dip in prices will be offset by the increase in production.
    But not all OPEC members are capable of boosting production.
    Iran, about to come under stiff new sanctions from the Trump administration, is already losing orders worth hundreds of thousands of barrels. In Venezuela, production is already plummeting due to political turmoil and the economic meltdown under the Maduro government, which also faces U.S. sanctions. For both countries, lower oil prices will only compound their financial woes.


  • Putin suggested to develop a new Russian Atlas of the World

    RTW May 6, 2018 | MEMRI

    « Today we are facing attempts to gradually remove from the world map Russian names given by our explorers and travellers in past centuries and decades. »

    https://www.memri.org/reports/russia-week-%E2%80%93-may-6-2018

    Putin: ’We Do Not Have The Right To Condone Or Ignore The Distortion Of Historical And Geographical Truth’

    Russian President Vladimir Putin chaired the tenth anniversary meeting of the Russian Geographical Society Board of Trustees. During the meeting, Putin complained of the “distortion” of the geographical truth on the world maps, and suggested to develop a new Russian Atlas of the World.

    Putin: "… In general, toponymics – names of geographical and other places – require special attention. Today we are facing attempts to gradually remove from the world map Russian names given by our explorers and travellers in past centuries and decades. Let me emphasize that this erases the memory of Russia’s contribution to the exploration of the planet and developments in science. This s particularly striking in the Antarctic where the names given by the discoverers of the continent Lazarev and Bellinshausen have almost ceased to exist.

    "Today very few people know that Borodino is the primordial, historical name of the island of Smith, that Snow is Maly Yaroslavets, Livingstone is Smolensk and so on. Meanwhile, we will celebrate the anniversary of the discovery of the Antarctic in 2020. This is the achievement of Russian seafarers. Examples of name substitution are not limited to the remote Antarctic, some are closer, but I will not dwell on them now.

    "All this is the result, among other things, of the lack of modern domestically made maps. Only foreign ones are in the public domain, and they generally provide secondary names of geographical sites. As such, it is proposed to develop a new Russian Atlas of the World involving the Russian Geographical Society, so that all such cases will be addressed properly.

    "We do not intend to impose anything on anyone, it is not necessary, but we do not have the right to condone or ignore the distortion of historical and geographical truth and justice in this case.

    “I would ask Rosreestr (Federal Service for State Registration, Cadastre and Cartography) to develop the atlas together with the Russian Geographical Society and the Defense Ministry, which – provided all necessary procedures are followed – should provide access to its cartographic materials for the atlas developers and for travellers, tourists and motorists, including via modern computer technologies. The classification label on many maps is clearly outdated and looks simply archaic.”

    #russie #poutine #géographie #toponymie #identité_nationale


  • Sneak peek inside Putin’s new limo : Russian leader showcases his ride (VIDEO) — RT World News
    https://www.rt.com/news/428525-putin-inside-new-limo

    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=COR3yFERV5o


    surtout parce qu’on reconnait fort distinctement Ramzan #Kadyrov au deuxième rang, immédiatement derrière VVP (et son interprète). Y compris sur la vignette de la vidéo.

    Russian President Vladimir Putin showed off the interior of the brand-new addition to his motorcade to Crown Prince of Abu Dhabi Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan, who is visiting Moscow.
    Following talks, Putin invited the prince, nicknamed MbZ, to check out his car from the new ‘Kortezh’ (‘Motorcade’) project. As they approached the black limo parked near the Grand Kremlin Palace, Putin told his guest the car is a little bit bigger than a Mercedes.

    It’s very comfortable,” MbZ said sitting inside with Putin.

    #Cortège


  • Hungary to criminalise migrant helpers in crackdown

    The Hungarian government has drafted new laws to criminalise those who help irregular migrants seeking asylum.

    If passed in its current form, the legislation could make printing leaflets with information for asylum-seekers and offering them food or legal advice a criminal offence.

    The constitution will also be amended to prevent other EU countries from transferring asylum seekers to Hungary.

    Nationalist Prime Minister Viktor Orban is defying EU policy on migration.


    http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-44288242
    #Hongrie #criminalisation #solidarité #délit_de_solidarité #migrations #asile #réfugiés

    • Ungheria, il reato di solidarietà

      In Ungheria, il governo di Viktor Orban ha presentato in Parlamento un “pacchetto” di misure – che comprendono anche una modifica alla Costituzione – volte a “contrastare l’immigrazione irregolare”.

      La stampa magiara ha ribattezzato le riforme col nome di “Stop Soros”, perché lo scopo dichiarato dal governo è quello di colpire le Ong impegnate in attività di solidarietà e di sostegno ai richiedenti asilo e ai rifugiati: e poiché alcune di queste Ong fanno capo a George Soros, o ricevono finanziamenti dalle sue Fondazioni, tutto viene presentato come una battaglia tra il premier ungherese e lo stesso Soros.

      In realtà, ciò che Orban intende colpire è quella parte della società civile ungherese che si impegna per fornire assistenza ai rifugiati, ma anche per garantire i diritti umani dei migranti e dei transitanti. Così, le riforme proposte dall’esecutivo Orban sono un esempio, sicuramente estremo, di una tendenza che si va diffondendo in Europa: quello di criminalizzare la solidarietà e l’impegno civile, trasformandoli in reati.

      Chi scrive non è esperto di cose ungheresi, né conosce a fondo il dibattito che si è sviluppato nel paese magiaro. Per la vicenda della riforma cosiddetta “Stop Soros” si rimanda, in lingua italiana, agli articoli usciti in questi giorni su Il Manifesto, Il Fatto Quotidiano, o su Il Post. Chi è in grado di leggere in inglese può rivolgersi al Guardian, o può vedere i comunicati dell’Hungarian Helsinki Committee, una delle Ong prese di mira dalla furia di Orban.

      Qui, più semplicemente, si propone la traduzione in italiano di una delle norme più controverse del “pacchetto”, quella che riguarda appunto il reato di solidarietà.

      Il testo che trovate qui sotto è tradotto dalla versione non ufficiale in inglese a cura dello stesso Hungarian Helsinki Committee. È quindi la “traduzione di una traduzione”, con i limiti che questo può comportare, e che si possono facilmente immaginare: ma sembra comunque utile per capire più a fondo le forme e i modi in cui viene articolato il “reato di solidarietà” nel dispositivo della riforma. I fortunati lettori che sono in grado di leggere in lingua ungherese possono trovare la versione originale qui.

      https://www.a-dif.org/2018/06/01/ungheria-il-reato-di-solidarieta

    • La Hongrie criminalise les #ONG qui aident les demandeurs d’asile

      Le parti du Premier ministre hongrois a voté ce mercredi une loi qui pourrait conduire à des peines de prison pour toute personne assistant des migrants en situation illégale ou non.

      Viktor Orbán ne se soucie décidément plus des injonctions européennes sur ses dérives autoritaires. Ce mercredi, le Premier ministre hongrois et son parti ultraconservateur, le Fidesz, qui a une large majorité au Parlement, ont voté la loi dite « Stop Soros », du nom du milliardaire américano-hongrois devenu la bête noire du régime. Cette loi initialement présentée en février a été modifiée après les élections législatives du 8 avril qui ont vu une large victoire pour le parti au gouvernement. Elle prévoit maintenant une criminalisation des personnes qui viendraient en aide aux demandeurs d’asile et aux réfugiés.

      « Un avocat pourrait se trouver condamné à une peine jusqu’à un an d’emprisonnement pour avoir apporté des informations sur la procédure de demande d’asile, par exemple, explique le porte-parole d’Amnesty International Hongrie, Aron Demeter. Le but de cette loi est clairement de viser le personnel des ONG. »

      A lire aussi:Hongrie : soupçons de fraudes électorales autour du clan Orbán

      Le texte prévoit aussi qu’en cas de suspicion d’aide aux demandeurs d’asile, l’Etat pourra interdire à la personne concernée de se rendre dans un rayon de 8 kilomètres autour de la frontière. « La loi est assez vague, dans son état actuel, pour que l’aéroport soit compris dans la définition de frontière, détaille András Lederer du Comité Helsinki hongrois pour la défense des droits de l’Homme, une des ONG visées. Des personnes seulement suspectées de violer cette loi pourraient se trouver interdites de quitter le territoire hongrois. »

      Présenté sous sa nouvelle version le 29 mai, le projet de loi a été soumis à l’étude d’un comité parlementaire, jeudi 14 juin. « C’est incroyable, il n’y a eu absolument aucun débat lancé par l’opposition sur ce texte », reprend András Lederer. Quelques minutes auront suffi pour adopter le texte.
      Acharnement législatif

      Ce dernier texte arrive après un an d’attaques répétées par le Fidesz contre les organisations internationales. Depuis juin 2017, le gouvernement force toutes les organisations qui reçoivent des financements de l’étranger à se déclarer et à inscrire la mention « Financé par une institution étrangère » sur tous leurs documents. Une inscription rendue péjorative par la rhétorique gouvernementale.

      Peu après les élections, en avril, des médias proches de Viktor Orbán ont sorti une liste de soi-disant « mercenaires » de George Soros, qui l’aideraient à mener « son plan pour faire venir des immigrés illégaux en Europe », selon les propos du Premier ministre. Dans cette liste, étaient nommés des universitaires, des journalistes d’opposition et des membres du personnel d’ONG qui aident les demandeurs d’asile et réfugiés.

      Le 12 juin, un ancien parlementaire du parti allié au Fidesz, les Chrétiens-Démocrates, a tenu une conférence de presse devant l’immeuble où se trouvent les locaux d’Amnesty International à Budapest. « Il a collé des affiches sur notre porte, disant que nous promouvons la migration », décrit Aron Demeter. Deux jours plus tard, c’est l’ONG hongroise Menedék d’entraide aux réfugiés qui a fait les frais d’une même action.
      La droite européenne impuissante

      Ces campagnes de discréditations portent leurs fruits. Le 15 mai dernier, la fondation philanthropique Open society de George Soros a annoncé que, sous les pressions du gouvernement, elle quittait ses bureaux européens de Budapest pour déménager à Berlin, en Allemagne. De leur côté, Amnesty International et le Comité Helsinki hongrois assurent qu’ils ne partiront pas du pays, quitte à attaquer cette nouvelle loi devant la Cour de justice de l’Union européenne.

      Aron Demeter comme Andra Lederer appellent la Commission européenne à lancer immédiatement une procédure d’infraction contre cette loi. « Les Etats de l’UE devraient exprimer fortement leur indignation face à cette attaque contre la société civile, l’Etat de droit et le principe de solidarité », déclare le porte-parole d’Amnesty International.

      Jusqu’à présent, les critiques contre le régime de Viktor Orbán ont été mesurées au niveau européen. Le Parti populaire européen (PPE) qui réunit plusieurs partis de centre droit et dont fait partie le Fidesz, a tout de même demandé au Premier ministre hongrois d’attendre les conclusions de la Commission Venise pour la démocratie par le droit du Conseil de l’Europe sur ce projet de loi, qui doivent être publiées vendredi. Le 2 juin, le CDA, parti néerlandais membre du PPE, a adopté une motion pour que le Fidesz soit exclu du groupe européen.

      Ignorant ces menaces, le gouvernement hongrois a voté le texte « Stop Soros » ce mercredi. « Le fait que le projet de loi suive son cours en Hongrie et la publication de l’avis de la Commission de Venise sont des procédures indépendantes, affirme le directeur Presse du groupe PPE au Parlement européen, Pedro Lopez de Pablo. Comme on l’a fait par le passé avec la Hongrie et avec la Pologne, nous allons demander aux gouvernements hongrois de faire tous les changements au projet de loi que la Commission de Venise demande. Si ce n’est pas fait, comme on l’a aussi déjà effectué pour la Pologne, on demandera l’ouverture des procédures prévues dans les traités européens pour atteinte aux principes fondamentaux de l’UE. »

      http://www.liberation.fr/planete/2018/06/20/la-hongrie-criminalise-les-ong-qui-aident-les-demandeurs-d-asile_1659369

    • ‘Hungary is the worst’: Refugees become punching bag under PM Viktor Orban

      A proposed law seeks to criminalise anyone who helps refugees, as atmosphere turns ’toxic’

      Hidden behind an overbearing, protective metal door in the centre of Budapest is the entrance to the Hungarian branch of Amnesty International.

      For Julia Ivan, the director of Amnesty here, the events of recent months have certainly given her reason to feel cautious.

      “The atmosphere towards migrants and those trying to support them has become so toxic here.”

      She pauses, her voice expressing the incredulity she feels.

      A former human rights lawyer, Ms Ivan joined the organisation to advocate for human rights defenders abroad.

      “However, as things in Hungary are changing we are now trying to raise awareness about Hungarian human rights defenders who are being attacked,” Ms Ivan tells The Independent.

      Interns, she says, are too scared to return to the NGO, after a narrative shift when it comes to humanitarian work.

      “The interns that we took on last year to work for us this summer all completed their basic training and orientation.

      “Then we had the “Stop Soros” bill in February and Viktor Orbán’s re-election in April and not one of them will still come to work here this summer.

      “They are all terrified what working for an organisation like Amnesty International will mean for them and their futures – this is in a EU country.”

      In 2018 – despite its rich multicultural history – Hungary has become the most anti-migrant country in Europe.

      Consulting firm Gallup recently devised a Migrant Acceptance Index to measure how accepting populations were on issues such as “an immigrant becoming your neighbour”.

      Hungary recorded the third-worst score in the entire world.

      Hungary’s Prime Minister, Viktor Orbán of the Fidesz party, was re-elected for a fourth term in April’s landslide election win, and relentlessly campaigned to a drumbeat of xenophobic rhetoric – laying the blame for the entirety of Hungary’s woes, from its collapsing education system to widespread political corruption, at the feet of the migranj.

      Mr Orban, who enjoys near messianic levels of popularity, has been labelled the EU’s answer to Vladimir Putin and has referred to all refugees as “Muslim invaders” and migrants trying to reach Hungary as a “poison” that his country does not need.

      Buoyed by the election outcome, Mr Orbán’s government has submitted a new piece of anti-migrant legislation, informally called the “Stop Soros” bill.

      The proposition is named after the American/Hungarian billionaire and civil society donor, George Soros, who Mr Orbán claims is trying to “settle millions from Africa and the Middle East” to disrupt Hungary’s homogeneity.

      Controversially, the bill declares that any NGOs that “sponsor, organise or support the entry or stay of third-country citizens on Hungarian territory” will be viewed as a “national security risk”.

      NGOs will have to obtain permission from Hungary’s interior minister to continue to operate and those breaking the rules to support migrants of any kind have been told they will be fined and shut down.

      Incredibly, their employees could then also face jail time.

      “The constant stoking of hatred by the current government for political gain has led to this latest shameful development, which is blatantly xenophobic and runs counter to European and international human rights standards and values,” Zeid Ra’ad al-Hussein, the United Nations high commissioner for human rights (Unhcr), has said.

      According to the Hungarian Helsinki Committee (HHC), just 1,216 asylum seekers were granted protection in Hungary in 2017.

      In the same year, 325,400 asylum seekers were granted protection in Germany, followed by 40,600 in France, 35,100 in Italy, 34,000 in Austria and 31,200 in Sweden.

      A further 2,880 applications were rejected and recognition rates for those arriving from war zones such as Syria and Iraq even remain low.

      The country also refused to resettle even one refugee from the inundated Italy and Greece as part of the EU’s mandatory quota programme.

      Orbán’s government has implemented a three-pronged strategy to attempt to eradicate the arrival of refugees in Hungary.

      The “keep them out” policy was signposted by the triumphant construction, in June 2015, of a mammoth 175km long, 4m high razor wire fence on the Hungarian-Serbian border.

      This impenetrable barrier was later extended to the Hungarian-Croatian frontier.

      A highly controversial “pushback law” was also introduced, whereby potential refugees caught in the country with no legal documentation could be removed by any means possible to Serbia.

      Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF), which provides medical treatment to refugees on the Serbian side of the frontier, has recorded hundreds of cases of intentional injuries allegedly perpetrated by Hungarian border patrols during “pushbacks” – a claim that the Hungarian government has denied.

      They include beating injuries, dog bites and irritation from tear gas and pepper sprays.

      Between January 2016 and February 2017, MSF also recorded that just over one in five of these alleged attacks were inflicted on children.

      “This pushback law is completely arbitrary and massively contradicts EU law,” says Gabor Gyulai, director of the HHC.

      “Violence is a clear accompanying phenomenon of the pushback policy.”

      To action asylum requests from those fleeing conflict, the government has set up two transit camps outside the Hungarian border towns of Tompa and Roeszke to house applicants.

      In 2016, 60 refugees were allowed to enter the transit zones per day but the HHC believes this has plunged to a mere one person a day, on average, at each site.

      This tactic is designed to split up entire families for an infinite time period.

      Refugees fortunate to be allowed to cross into Hungary then experience the second carefully calculated prong – “detain them all”.

      Living conditions are “absolutely inhumane”, according to the HHC.

      “We know what is going on there, it is like a military camp where you are guarded everywhere, minimal privacy,” Mr Gabor says.

      “Plus you live in a shipping container and we have a continental climate. In the summer, temperatures can easily reach 40 degrees inside.

      “Many of the adults who arrive are already in poor mental health; they have been tortured or witnessed death.

      “Then they are then stuck in a space a few metres squared in size.

      Although NGOs are offering psychological assistance to the asylum-seekers, they are denied the opportunity to take it.

      “We have an NGO here, the Cordelia Foundation, which can provide specialist psycho-therapeutic assistance to these individuals but they are not allowed to do so by the government.”

      “It is totally senseless and completely inadequate for the vulnerable.”

      The third deterrent strategy deployed is the “withdrawal of integration support”, which occurs if a refugee is granted permanent residency in Hungary.

      Individuals are transferred to a reception centre near the remote Austrian border town of Vámosszabadi.

      They are given 30 days free board and food and then left to fend for themselves, provided with no language courses or labour integration – as occurs in many other European countries.

      Abdul, a young man from Afghanistan, currently resides in the run-down and very decrepit facility in Vámosszabadi.

      Granted asylum in Hungary after an arduous journey via Iran, Turkey and Serbia, Abdul received death threats from the Taliban for working as an English translator for American troops stationed in his home country.

      “I want to scream, I am going crazy,” he says.

      Abdul claims that those staying at the centre have been the victim of beatings from both security personnel and local residents, which is why he would like to use a pseudonym.

      When approached by The Independent for comment, the Hungarian government refused to address the accusations.

      “I have travelled through so many different places, I thought I would drown in the sea, but Hungary is the worst.

      “The people here, they hate us and the conditions here and on the border are not fit for animals.

      “I have seen my friends beaten, refused food, we are treated like inmates here, second class humans, not actual people with needs and hopes.”

      Like others granted refugee status in Hungary, Abdul planned to leave as soon as his reception permit expired and head for Western Europe.

      The Unhcr has now taken the unprecedented step of urging EU states to stop returning asylum seekers to Hungary over fears about their security on arrival.

      “There is no future here unless you are Hungarian,” Abdul adds. “Europe has forgotten us.”

      https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/europe/hungary-refugees-immigration-viktor-orban-racism-border-fence-a844604

    • La Commission européenne forme un #recours contre la Hongrie devant la #CJUE

      19.07.2018 – Commission européenne - Recours en manquement -
      Migration et asile

      (...)

      MIGRATION ET ASILE : LA COMMISSION FRANCHIT DE NOUVELLES ÉTAPES DANS DES
      PROCÉDURES D'INFRACTION OUVERTES CONTRE LA HONGRIE

      La Commission européenne a décidé aujourd’hui de former un recours
      contre la Hongrie devant la Cour de justice de l’Union européenne pour
      non-conformité de sa législation en matière d’asile et de retour avec
      le droit de l’Union. La Commission a également envoyé aujourd’hui une
      lettre de mise en demeure à la Hongrie concernant une nouvelle
      législation hongroise qui érige en infractions pénales les activités
      de soutien aux demandes d’asile et de séjour et restreint davantage
      encore le droit de demander l’asile. Au sujet de la saisine de la Cour
      pour non-respect de la législation de l’Union en matière d’asile et de
      retour : la Commission a lancé pour la première fois une procédure
      d’infraction contre la Hongrie au sujet de sa législation en matière
      d’asile en décembre 2015. À la suite d’une série d’échanges au
      niveau tant administratif que politique et de l’envoi d’une lettre de
      mise en demeure complémentaire, la Commission a adressé un avis
      motivé à la Hongrie en décembre 2017. Après avoir analysé la
      réponse fournie par les autorités hongroises, la Commission considère
      que la plupart des préoccupations soulevées n’ont toujours pas été
      abordées et a donc à présent décidé de former un recours contre la
      Hongrie devant la Cour de justice de l’Union européenne, la dernière
      étape de la procédure d’infraction. Au sujet de la lettre de mise en
      demeure concernant la nouvelle législation hongroise qui érige en
      infractions pénales les activités de soutien aux demandes d’asile :
      cette nouvelle législation – baptisée « Stop Soros » par les
      autorités hongroises – érige en infraction pénale toute assistance
      offerte par des organisations nationales, internationales et non
      gouvernementales ou par toute personne à des personnes qui souhaitent
      introduire une demande d’asile ou de permis de séjour en Hongrie. Cette
      législation comprend également des mesures qui restreignent les
      libertés individuelles, en empêchant toute personne faisant l’objet
      d’une procédure pénale au titre de cette législation d’approcher les
      zones de transit aux frontières hongroises où les demandeurs d’asile
      sont retenus. Les sanctions vont d’une détention temporaire à une
      peine d’emprisonnement pouvant aller jusqu’à un an et à l’expulsion du
      pays. En outre, la nouvelle législation et une modification
      constitutionnelle ont instauré de nouveaux motifs pour déclarer une
      demande d’asile irrecevable, en limitant le droit d’asile aux seules
      personnes qui arrivent en Hongrie directement depuis un lieu où leur
      vie ou leur liberté sont menacées. La Commission est donc parvenue à
      la conclusion que la Hongrie manque aux obligations qui lui incombent en
      vertu des traités de l’Union, de la législation de l’Union et de la
      charte des droits fondamentaux de l’Union européenne. Les autorités
      hongroises disposent de deux mois pour répondre aux préoccupations
      exprimées par la Commission. La Commission est prête à soutenir les
      autorités hongroises et à les aider à remédier à ce problème. Pour
      de plus amples informations, voir la version intégrale du communiqué
      de presse.

      Lettres de mise en demeure

      MIGRATION LÉGALE : LA COMMISSION INVITE INSTAMMENT LA HONGRIE À METTRE
      EN ŒUVRE CORRECTEMENT LA DIRECTIVE SUR LES RÉSIDENTS DE LONGUE DURÉE

      La Commission a décidé ce jour d’envoyer une lettre de mise en demeure
      à la Hongrie au motif qu’elle exclut les ressortissants de pays tiers
      ayant le statut de résident de longue durée de l’exercice de la
      profession de vétérinaire et ne met donc pas correctement en œuvre la
      directive sur les résidents de longue durée (directive 2003/109/CE du
      Conseil). La directive exige que les ressortissants de pays tiers qui
      résident légalement dans un État membre de l’UE depuis au moins cinq
      ans bénéficient d’un traitement égal à celui des ressortissants
      nationaux dans certains domaines, y compris l’accès aux activités
      salariées et indépendantes. La législation hongroise n’autorise pas
      les ressortissants de pays tiers ayant la qualité de vétérinaire
      professionnel, y compris ceux ayant obtenu leur diplôme en Hongrie, à
      exercer leur profession dans le pays. La Hongrie dispose à présent de
      deux mois pour répondre aux arguments avancés par la Commission.

      MIGRATION LÉGALE : LA COMMISSION DEMANDE À 17 ÉTATS MEMBRES DE METTRE
      EN ŒUVRE LA DIRECTIVE SUR LES ÉTUDIANTS ET LES CHERCHEURS DE PAYS
      TIERS

      La Commission a décidé aujourd’hui d’envoyer des lettres de mise en
      demeure à 17 États membres (AUTRICHE, BELGIQUE, CROATIE, CHYPRE,
      RÉPUBLIQUETCHÈQUE, FINLANDE, FRANCE, GRÈCE, HONGRIE, LETTONIE,
      LITUANIE, LUXEMBOURG, POLOGNE, ROUMANIE, SLOVÉNIE, ESPAGNEET SUÈDE)
      pour défaut de communication de la législation nationale destinée à
      transposer intégralement la directive relative aux conditions
      d’entrée, de séjour et de mobilité sur le territoire de l’Union des
      ressortissants de pays tiers à des fins de recherche, d’études, de
      formation, de volontariat et de programmes d’échange d’élèves ou de
      projets éducatifs et de travail au pair (directive 2016/801). Les
      États membres avaient jusqu’au 23 mai 2018 pour mettre leur
      législation nationale en conformité avec cette directive et en
      informer la Commission. Ils ont à présent deux mois pour transposer
      intégralement la directive en droit national. À défaut, la Commission
      pourrait envisager de leur adresser des avis motivés.

      Source : Commission européenne - Communiqué de presse

      http://europa.eu/rapid/press-release_IP-18-4522_fr.htm


  • Putin’s War on Women – Foreign Policy
    http://foreignpolicy.com/2018/04/09/putins-war-on-women


    Women protest a bill decriminalizing domestic violence in Moscow’s Sokolniki Park in February 2017.
    Sergei FadeichevTASS via Getty Images

    нет домашнему насилию
    заплати и колоти ?

    Non à la violence domestique
    –Cogner et payer ?_

    When Russia decriminalized domestic violence in February 2017, civil servants tasked with protecting women in the country’s far east were dismayed by the new vulnerability of their wards. Yet few officials opposed the measure. President Vladimir Putin signed off on the bill after the lower house of the Russian parliament, the Duma, overwhelmingly approved it by a vote of 380 to 3. The new law recategorized the crime of violence against family members: Abuse that does not result in broken bones, and does not occur more than once a year, is no longer punishable by long prison sentences. The worst sanctions that abusers now face are fines of up to $530, 10- to 15-day stints in jail, or community service work. That’s if the courts side with the victim. They rarely do.


  • Netanyahu Needs Conflict to Survive – Foreign Policy
    http://foreignpolicy.com/2018/05/16/netanyahu-needs-conflict-to-survive

    The more Israel’s prime minister escalates tensions, the more his popularity grows.
    […]
    Netanyahu has mastered the use of crises to shore up his support. Periodic escalation reminds nearly half of Israeli voters that they are relieved to keep the right in power. Just one-quarter of Israelis even believe peace is possible, and at present fewer than half of Israeli Jews support the two-state solution. The question in their minds is who knows how to manage a security problem, not who can bring peace. One Israeli voter recently told me she appreciates Netanyahu for knowing when to end military escalations. In other words, not only do many centrists and right-wingers not blame him for wars; they laud him for restraint.
    […]
    Trump’s withdrawal from the Iran deal was the jewel in Netanyahu’s crown. Whether the deal survives or whether it hinders or helps Iran’s presumed quest for military nuclear capabilities wasn’t truly the point. Netanyahu spoke, and a few days later the most powerful man in the world listened. That’s power. That’s power.

    It’s also vindication. For eight years, Netanyahu antagonized President Barack Obama. Israelis know the United States is Israel’s best friend; Netanyahu’s defiant attitude was a risky course not only for U.S.-Israeli relations but for Netanyahu’s homefront, too. After the 2015 elections, just one-quarter of Israelis thought U.S.-Israeli relations were good; three quarters rated relations bad or neutral; and Israeli Jews were split on whether Obama or Netanyahu was to blame. Trump’s electoral victory set the relationship between the leaders back on solid ground; colossal policy victories such as pushing Washington to abandon the Iran deal and moving the U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem conveyed to voters that Netanyahu was right all along. He had the grand plan before anyone believed in it.

    There was another side of the foreign-policy scheme. In his fourth term, Netanyahu has made a big show of cultivating other friends beyond the United States or Europe — including India and Azerbaijan — to build economic ties and enhance the country’s regional security interests. The most important, if cryptic, relationship is with Vladimir Putin’s Russia. It’s no accident that Netanyahu met Putin last week between the two strikes against Iranian targets in Syria or numerous times over the last two years as Israel has stepped up attacks of the same nature.